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TUB AC, THURSDAY, MARCI
pfi To ADVKitTisKns.ft-Poraafas desiririg tSnd-
vortiso in this papor, arc requested to sond in thoir
favors without dolay, addressed to Tiik Amzonuh,
Vo cbVnmence to day the publteVtton- of a
wccKiv 'newspaper under-the above title, devo
te'd' tV the interest's of 'Arizona and the dcvcl
opeihetit of its "re'sourcdsl The' territory wo
hate fleeted for our lidra'b is 'tinlike" any other
portion of the United Statcf). Separated Oh the
one hand by 'the broad, Unsettled wastes of
TdxaS aiid Now' Mexico from the Atlantic
Sfatcs, rindd.iytlu? o'Oi'er from the golden sands ,
of California, it resembles neither region in its
climate soil 'or resources. ' Attached aS we now
are nominally to thcTerritOry' of 'NdV Mexico,''
and situated' nia'riy 'hundred miles Trd'm its seat
of government, Ihd'wcstern p'drtion of Ariz'dha
is . a region without the shadoW'dfanytliirig'tliat:'
clatnlri'td be law. ' Thd highest' crimes' rimy.' 'be
cdrhmitt'cuand'justi'co can 'hover overtake 'thd '
fiigifivb.1' So'Tar'as we lihdw, no judge or ''jus
tice; ditlidr'Fdderai'br'Tdrritdrial, has'evdr vis
.? ited this1 portion of the coilniry.- 'Oiie great 6b
jeewd sliall hnvd iri 'view1 will be ' tb advocate
. the establishment 'dtt law ttri'd ' ''government in
In politics our opinions arc fixed, ' and whbri'
jhe 'sbcml Requirements ofdur state demand it
Ftfr thd present, and ilntil government extends '
Jtojis tlid rigiit of ' Suffrage, we shall ' ignore the
subjdd't, till 'our dozens are vouchsafed the
fright j&tjip P'arf'nt thejgyjbliticalquest:j
( In generfffifyjps we will cirfloavorr'give our-
readers a summary "Oflpjjie events wmeh;5irjj
passing in the world. Thqlirffts'o'f our paper
are necessarily small, but they are thought" to
be sufficient for our wants at the 'present time.
We shall enlarge thm, as the necessities of the ,
Territory justify. , . . ,
namely, the import duty at Guaymas, and ills'
o.vnnrt dntwinto, thoUniteiLStatos. besides ibH
ri3K oi transportation tnrougii xuuxicun irrnu
fry, tlfo rislc, . ofconfcationnind plunder, )
Am oonora notning, uiuyanuruiyr uaijus. jliuwu
is neither law, nor order, nor any rcspeefcfor1
right neither security for life npr'propcrty
The murder and robbery of strangers' is consid;
cred legitimate business, whenever opportunity
r offers and the American who travels in SnUE;
ra must be wary-of Ins lifo'l Nd American can
obtain redrcs3 for insult, ubuse, or the loss of
property; nor can he peachbly follow any legit
imate business without constant annoyance and
heavy taxation. The enlir'o frontier of Arizona
is open to tlie depredations of Mexican thieVes,
who are incessant in their operations, 'receiving
open encouragement from the authorities'
tjpn of, the Tariff, -without accpmplishing.any-,
d (thing. By a votp pf five to. four, the. House
Uommittce on Military apairs rentSQU to inti q-.
,fhj$jp?v lill tollable the President ,to carry out
his rflegfof xupying Sonora,. A bill to. organ
ize the Teffftofjf of. Arizonar was reported to (ho
Houso,but we have not yet learned how it. was
In the enterprise , wo have now. begun,, wo Uiorinsnf :A Rnon!iho.nmmtiinMMm.d
T selecfeW mstigate great frauds wluqh
ing population or Arizona, is, small,, ana. tnp ex
pense, of publication great. It, is not, therefore,
with, very bright prospects of pecuniary return
that we begin our Jabprs. Yet, if we feel that
We have the sympathy and good wishes, of the
people of pur country, and that our labors con
tribute somewhat, however Jittle, to procure for
them the boon they-arc jjoiT-asking of the Gen
eral Govcrumcnt,..va shall f'eellamply rewarded
for the toils and labors we have undertaken.,
f. -.n. ti'f ; 1 ' ' .'.I
JL1U AlUUIO 1UJL, a.
"Congress Refuses to second, the. President's,
rcQomendatipn t.q station American troops . in
luiunhiii a'pd Sonera,, and take possession of
tjje country. In, view .-pf the condition, of af
fairs in those states' we can but regard this rofu
sal n''a"'' ihis'tak'e The' Territory of
Arizona neycy can bo fujly opened to settle
lnent,. a,nl ..her .iinniQnse mineral resources
amply. developed; without a port on the Gulf of
California. With jibfy of: Guaymas only,
tliejj'liijnjlred aijd.ijfty)), , 'iixd-,Pprt Lobos
only one hundred and seventy-five miles djstant,
the people. of this I'err.itqry jre, compelled . to
freight goods, previsions, and; .-mining tools
front somd1 point on the Mississippi or the coast
of Texas- a long, dangerous, and difficult jour
ney tor the settled portion 'of the Territory, 'at
heavy1 dxpchseand''rsT', typing denied even the
prjyilegp pf , transit through Sondra, This ex
pense and loss of time pf coursp greoUy in
creases the c(ost pf qvery qrttcle consumed, and
eeripusly retards mining operations. ,
The' Oeneral'GDvernmont, while it witholds
a Territorial organization, delays in 'establish
ing matt routes, an& affords no adequate pro
fcetibn against Indian deprddatidns, peps fit' to
maintain custpm-npu'scs, alppg the Sonpr' fron
tier, and thus, impose taxes upon onr citizens
without giving therrVrcpresehtation, a principle
adverse to' 'thd fumiKmentnl doctrines of a Dem
9icratip,gpvj9.rnnient , iG.otjd.' ;n,WorM,tl,r,Vgn,
Sonora cost die. consumer , here a dpublrt duty
, The steamship Asia, with Liverpool datcsto
Jan. 22d'.''arrived at (New York on the .evening
ieff tho 7th ult., having been over sixteen 'days
ypn the passage. t , i ,
V The King of Naples was very ill.
The Monitcur announces the entiro abolition
of the use of passports.
It was reported that an offensive and defens
ive alliance had been concluded between trance
land Sardinia. Warlike preparations continued
n v ranee; many steamers and transports were
'.preparing for sea, and so little confidence was
felt in the state of affairs on the continent, that
la partial panic had been created on the Paris
The British Minister at Washington will be
instructed to obtain the reopening of the Amer
ican coasting trade to British vessels, in return
jipr a like concession by Great Britain.
T It is renorted that Parliament will be asked
who' will 'render 'little 6r nd' assistance !t& Vfc'cVyiifor a considerable increase in naval estimates,
'dtM'At,' LSnr,n,-U' .:! ,'''' ' " II The British Government is said to have r
'The seizUrO of Sonora can' but be 'a qii'estidn
of time. Itsno'sscssidn is' vitally! n'ccessHry, ,'tdi
tho sot'tldmenOiri'd' devdlopbmd'htof all xhHt'
great expanse Of cOUutry between the Colorado
arid the Rio Grande'; arid 'every month of do2"
lay is dearly paid for 'by 'tlid pbtipld'dF' Arizona. f'
Twenfy-liVe hundred Americnii;tr'06ps,' pro'perl
distributed, could control the' Witi?e state df So
nora, preserve dr'der,' aiTd'd:pe'Udn(i'of 'the ricli,
est mitieral arid agricultural' regions'' in the'
world, to American industry4.
sdlvcd to take sufficient measures to protect
the English interest in Mexico. '
mt The liev. Mr. Spurgeon intends visiting the
The second session of the, thjrty-fiftli Con-
? 1 1 ..A 1. 1 . .1
cress is over, anu uw, auio .nas oeuiu. uone iorfl r; , , ... - ji
,,. - ,' rm ', " , i iitt Popular demonstrations of sympathy and loy-
the public good. I here has been the usuarjf lt; tooted the Emperor of Austria whenovet
ampunt of speech-making, corruptipn and hum-
buggery, such as; . distinguishes a latter-day
Americap Congrws. Nearly the entiro session
has been consumed in debating - the Pacific
Railroad,. th'e0uban question, , and a modifica- HA. The Bombav mail of Dec. 24th had arrived
Thd widow Of tho poet Wordsworth died on
the 17th of January. ' ' 1
The French garrison at Home had been re
inforded by two regiments of the line.
At Turin the beliet in approaching Avar was'
increasing. It was stated that the sending ot
troops from Austria to Italy had been suspen.d
,ed, while another acdount says that Austrian
'reinforcements were pouring in.
The leading journals ot bcrmany are exceed
ingly violent in their attacks on tho French
liovcrnment, and urge the necessity ot a per
fect understanding between Prussia and Austria
(and the German States.
he appeared in public.
The Swiss National Council had voted half a
million to immediately convert all guns pos
sessed by the Government, into the percussion
The subjugation of the disturbed districts was
r rapidly progressing.
Nona Sahib had fled to a iuncle.
I '' The details of the China news speak of short
""supplies, and an advance on teas.
have been .discovered in the management of
Naval affairs. ' Up to our latest' datds the're had
been no provision made for increasing the rov-
enuq and! diminishing the public debt, and it. is
highly probable that there will be an extra session.
Mail Facilities. " '- ;i'
are under obligations, to thq Overland
Mail Company, (through Mr. Buckley, agent,),
for consenting to'cnrry ourpapdr and distribtite
it along their route. It is hoped' and 'expected
that sdme arrangement will'sbdii bd'mhde with'
the Overlaiid Mail' Co'.''by which ' they will be
able' to carry a ndwspdpcr niail 1 Our citizens'
are'also1 looking, anxiously, and We 'Vnay say'
prayerfully, for the eventful hour when the
Post Office Department will condescend to' be
stow upon fhem w weekly mnil frm Tucson to
Fort Buchanan. We are till enduring much in
convenience and' damage for want of sucli'iin
arrangement. , , ; ,
Death of Gen., James. Qadsden.
The newspapers in the Slates announce the
death, of Gen. Gadsden, of South Carolina, whp
died at his residence in Charleston on thd 20th
of December, last, aged sixty years. Appointed
Minister , Plenipotentiary apd Envoy Extraor
dinary of the United States tq Mexico, in 1853,
General Gadsden's name is chiefly associated
with tho Treaty executed in 1854, between1
Mexico and the United States. That instru
ment, is genornlly known as the "Gadsden
Treaty." under its provisions, the boundary
line between the two countries was definitely
settled, a Commission Was appointed to survey
the line, and tho Cth arid 7th articles of ' the
Treaty of Gaudaloupd-'Hidalgo were abrogated;
Mexico granting tho free navigation of the Col
orado river, and the Gulf of California; also,
relinquishing her title to the proposed territory
of Arizona'. The tract of country thus acquired
was for a long time known as the "Gadsden
Purchase.'' In consideration of tho stipula
tions agreed upon on the part , of Mexico, the
United, Statqs guaranteed thq payment to the
Mexican Government of the sum ojen millions
of .dollars. Mr. Gadsden,' since his retireinent
frdin 'diplomatic life, has taken" no active 'part
mutational affairs. f'it "... '. 'it nv i : ;
On the 1st inst. this region of country was
ivisted by a violent snow storm which continued.
lUfc 'tivolvo- 'hourspaceempuriiodby'-n- ooW-
wind. This a very unusual occurence for this
time of year.
Latest News Fkom Sonoka. By a gentleman
from Sonora, who passed through Tubac yes
terday' ; we learn that Pesqueira had retired
from the siege ot Mazatlan, in consequence ot
the arrival of 1200 men to relievo the garrison,
under the command of Perez Gomez, and had
gone to a place called Cosala.
, , The Sonora Exploring & Mining Company,
Major S. P. lleintzelman, Prest., under the su
perintendence of Mr. S. H. Lathrop, is obtain
ing from one furnace only ton indhes square,
between three and four hundred qpnees of silver
per week. , They have nearly completed exten
sive amalgamation works costing some thirty
thousand dollars ; this week they have got the
first silver from these works. Whop in full op
oration they will reduco about three tons of ore
in twenty-four hours. Tho company are work
ing, over one hundred men, most of them on
the famous " lleintzelman " vein. Their main
shaft is sunk seventy feet, the orp and vein con
tinuing uniform ; some of the ore yields as
high as top thousand dollars to the ton ; none
has been smelted yielding less than nine hun
dred. The poorer ore is reduced by the barrel
The San Xavier Mining Company, Maj. Al
len, Prest., was one of tiie first to commence
work. The mine is situated some fifteen miles
from Tuoson, and near tho old San Xavier
Mission ; it is thought to bo quite rich, but has
never been worked to any advantage, as the
owners have given it but little or no attention,
assuming that all they had to do was to send
out a' Mining Director who should by next stage
send back sjly'er, They Jrnve found' that min
ing silver is quite different from mining gold.
The Santa Rita Company, Win. Wrightson,
agent., have ppcnedthpql''Salcro, mine, opco
c'Urated, fpr its riphness , thrpughouti tliis; . re
gion, and are also sinking several other shafts
near tho Salero. Buildings are also being erect
ed afid piepiiratiofiis'inadd for extensive opera
tions. ; ". M tj
The Patagonia Mining Company, Col. Doug
lass Superintendent, are progressing with fine
success. They have a deep shaft sunk, and over
one hundred tons of ore out of the ground.
The smelting works will soon bo in operation.
The Union Exploring & Mining Company,
Col. Titus, Superintendent,, have, two' amines
opened, namely the Trench and tho Compadre.
Both these mines were once worked by tho JdW
uits, with great success! The company are
pushing their explorations vigorously, and havo
discovered several other valuable veins.
Late news from the Gila gold mines is not
very encouraging. Many miners are leaving)
some for California and some for Pike's Peak.
Some Exploring parties have started tip the
Gila, hoping to find better diggings ; if not dis
turbed by Indians, these parties will probably
be successful, as, there is no, doubt gold on tho
upper waters of the OHa.
, f he, Santa Fe Gazette, contains ,a notice of
a new concern called the "Fort Fillmore Min
ing Company," capital stock one million dolJ
lars, formed to work the "Stephenson mine,"
near Las Cruzes. Major John T. Spraguc, U..
S. A., is President, and Joel N. Ilnyos, Secre
tary. Tho office of the company is at No. 31,
Pine st, New York.
The Copper Mines on the Mimbres River aro
in active operation, with a large force. Coj
per, nearly pure, is being taken out in large
A new silver mine, said to very rich, hasbcqn
discovered in the Papago country, about .seven-,
ty miles from Tubac, and a company will soon
be' formed to work it.
Mexican House Thieves. On the 16th ult.f,
five Mexican horse-thieves visited the Soporl
Ranche and stole five horses and one mule, be
longing to C, C. Dodson and Col. Douglass.
The same night a valuable horse was stolen
from the Ccrro Colorado mine. A party sent
Lilt, nnrsuit.. succeeded . in retaking tho-horse
stolen from Cerrp Colorado, and captured two
of the thieves; one, named Roques, is notorious
as a bold and expert horse-thief. Both are in
jail at Siroca, a town in Sonora. Thd horses
belonging to Mr; Dodso.l were' also captured,
but left at Siroca. , Nq'ching but the most sum-,
mnry measures will put a stop to these depre
dations by Mexican thieves. If citizens would
adopt tlie plan of shooting, on sight, all strango
and suspicious Mexicans found lurking about,
their premises, it would doubtless havo a sulu
tarv effect. '
Fkiii't with the Me.suai.ako Aiuches. Tho
Mescalaro Apaches have violated their prom
ises made to tho Indian Agent, and again com
menced stealing. Lieut. Lazell, sent out from
Forf Fillmore with thirty men, in pursuit of a;
party of Mescalaroes,. encountered them in Dog,
Canpn; a fight ensued, when the troops wero
defeated and whipped out of the canon, having
four men killed and six wounded, among tho
number Lieut. Lazell, who yns shot through
the bqdy. It would be well, before making an
other glass bead and cheap calico treaty with'
these Indians, to give them a handsome thresh
ing. It is very probablo that this afiair will
create trouble, with the Coyotoro and Pinal
Apaches, and may cause an extensive campaign
against tho whole Apache Nation. There will
be no permanent peace with these Indians until
their country is invaded and they taught a last
ing lesson of decency.
House 'Thief Killed. A Mexican liorso
thief, name unknown, was shot by Mr. C.'B.
Marshall, about ten days since. The rascal
came to Marshall's Ranche riding a fine horse,
which was recognized. Being ordered not 'to
leave, ho 'started off, when Mr. M. fired his re
volver, and the man fell dead; . 4 ,
'! We are obliged to tho Agricultural Depart
merit of tho Patent, Office 'fdr'a' packugo df'rSvo
- "M. i i ,i " k 1 1 r -.wax
garden .seeds, ., ,,. fiV,JI(lX' ,i .
I ',-. i ".Ui!'l; :t ) .'it .!! '. !,., .1