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In' order that our readers in "the States"
may have an idea of the manner in which the
people of Arizona are plundered by Indians
we give a few case's that have come to our
knowledge within the past few weeks. There
are a number of other instances which are omit
ted for want of names and dates. Most of these
depredations were committed by the Pinal and
Coyetero bands of Apnches. '
Jan. 4 Took two cows and a mule from Pat
agonia Mining Company; traced to the Chiri
Doc. 11. Apaches killed a New Mexican tra
der, near Calabasas Ranche, took the mule
train, destroyed the goods and escaped.
On the 12th, took eight mules from Senor
Ochoa, who resides eight miles from Fort Bu
chanan. No pursuit.
On the 13th, took twenty head of cattle out
fifteen headfooovered. Also, on the same day,
tookeleven mirtes from Mr. Yancy, at Tubac,
and being pursued lanced three mules.
On the 19th, three horses taken from Fort
Buchanan. No recovery.
On the 20th, twelve cattle taken from the
On the lGth, four oxen taken from Captain
Rowlet, near Tucson. No recovery.
On the 22d, twenty-two oxen taken from Se
nor Chavis, near Tucson. No recovery.
,25th, Attack on Sergeant Berry's party, at
Whetstone Springs, twenty-two miles from Fort
Buchanan ; sergeants Berry and Kelly killed ;
also, three mules killed and one carried ofF.
Kelly was a native of Ireland and had been
20 years in the service. Berry was an Ameri
can, from Weston, Mo., and had served fifteen
years. Both had just received an "honorable
discharge" and wo,re on their way to " the
, On the 28th took two cattle from Mr. Good
rich. No recovery.
On the 28th, took eleven head of horses from
Findlay's Ranche., No recovery.
Feb. ,12, killed, a mule belonging to James
r3raydcn, at Casa Blanca, three miles from the
On the 15th, drove off all the cattle belong
ing to Mr- Ake. Immediate pursuit by, Messrs.
Ake and Davis, and the property recovered.
On the 16th, killed a donkey and a cow and
' calf at Arivaca llanche; also stole two horses.
On the 20th, all the animals belonging to
Tomacacari Mission, three' miles from Tubac,
taken in broad day. Immediate pursuit by
Mr. M'Cuy and Captain, Sharp, and the ani
On the 18th, a band of Papagoos took three
horses from Hoyt's Ranche. Pursued by Lieut.
Lord, to the Mexican town of Santa Cruz; three
men and five horses taken.
On the 21st, a cow, belonging to Mr. Wods
worth, killed, within a short distance of the
dwelliug house. The same night, Indians were
shot at nd driven away from Mr. Ako's house.
On Iho 28th, two oxen belonging to a Mexi
can taken on the, road between Tubac and
Farming. Riding along the Sonoita Valley
a few days since it was cheering to see the in
dications of something to eat in the future.
Barley is well put of the ground looking green
and vigorous.' There is a prospect that consid
erable coyrtvill be planted, and a number of
enterprUin: citizens intend to raise some vege
tables. 1 n. this respect "there's a good time
i i, ill m i i
Apacies in Sonoiia. Some two weeks since
a party of two hundred Apache warriors passed
Sopori Ranchc on their way to Sonora on a
plundering expedition. Wo learn that they ex
tended their ravages further down into Sonora
than ever before ; and a few days since a part
of tho same company passed near Arivaca
Ranche with seventy or eighty stolen animals.
'"tCol. Douglass, anj old and much esteemed
citir,on of-thi territory i very sick, at the Pat
.;agoruViinc. ' ' 1 '
Colonel Bonneville, at present commander of
tho Military Department of New Mexico, will
visit Fort Buchunan some time in March, on a
tour of inspection. He will be accompanied by
a portion of his staff.
Captain Ewell, now commanding at Fort Bu
chanan, is to be superseded in command by
Brvt. Lieut. Col. Reeves, 8lh infantry, who is
daily expected at the fort. The numerous
friends and acquaintances of Capt. Ewell in this
section, will regret his removal from the com
mand of the post; at the same time it is a mat
ter of congratulation that if a change must bo
made we are to have such a gallant andcourt
eons officer as Col. Reeves. One company of
the 8th infantry is to take post at Fort Buchan
an in place of company D 1st Dragoons, Lieut.
Lord, who will proceed at once to Fort Fill
more. In leaving Fort Buchanan, Lieut Lord
carries the warm regards and' best wishes of
many friends. Besides tho command of his
company, Lieut. Lord has fulfilled the ardu
ous and responsible duties of Quartermaster
and A. A. C. S. of the post for a long time
past, and in these departments as well ' as in
the varied service incident to a frontier post,
has shown himself a highly competent, active
and deserving young ofiicer. His absence at
this time with his company, will be much re
gretted, as it is impossible to act against the
Indians with any success without mounted men.
Fort Thorn has been abandoned, and the
troops ordered to Fort Fillmore.
A new military post, to be garrisoned by
three companies of Dragoons, is to be estab
lished in the Navnjos country ; also, an infan
try post at Beale's Crossing on the Colorado
River. There are rumors of a new post at the
Pimo villages, in this territory.
Forty recruits for the troops now at Fort Bu
chanan, are daily expected.
Capt Van Boeklin, of the Q. M. Depart
ment has been ordered to Fort Buchanan. He
is now being tried by Court Martial, for nl
lodged misconduct, the charges being preferred
by Major Backus.
The Pinal Apaches. Two chiefs of the Pi
nal Apaches came into Fort Buchanan last
week, with a flag of truce. They stated that
having heard that Captain Ewell was about in
vading their country they had come to promise
that they would behave better in future and not
plunder Americans. In reply, Captain Ewell
said that he would meet tho tribe at Canon del
Oro, near Tucson, on the 20th inst., to hold a
"talk,"and hear what they had to say, and he
would notify Doctor Stock, agent of the Mesca
laro Apaches, to be present.
These Finals are the most powerful and mis
chievous of the whole Apache nation. Their
depredations are incessant, and they deserve a
severe whipping. Captain Ewell was preparing
for an extensive campaign into the Pinal coun
try with all his available force and a company
of citizen volunteers, when superseded in com
mand by Lieut. Col. Reeves. Had tho Captain
boon properly supplied with horse shoes, cloth
ing, and ammunition ho would have been off
a month ago, but the extraordinary delay on
tho part of the Quartermaster Department at
Santa Fe, hampered all his exrtions, and now
tho withdrawal of one company from tho fort,
will seriouslyjjimpnir all his efforts. '
Extensive Improvement. Elias C. Brevoort,
Esq., well known as one of tho most public
spirited and energetic citizens of tho territory,
has purchased tho well known Reventono
Ranche, on tho Santa Cruz river, and intends
erecting thereon a large dwelling-house and
store, together with capacious corrals and out
buildings. This iB undoubtedly the best stock
raising ranche in the territory, and Mr. Bre
voort intends placing upon it one thousand
head of cattle, besides sheep and hogs.
Shooting Akkr.vy. At tho Overland Mail
station near Fort Yuma, not long since, a shoot
ing affray took place between Edward Gqorgc,
and a man named Buchanan. George was
bndly wounded and Buchanan killed. ,.
The Invasion of Santa Cnuz. A bnnd of
Papagoes,,wbo have been for a long time roam
ing around this section of country, lately stole,
in open day and in full view of the owner, four
horses, from Hoyt's Ranche, near Calabasas.
Driving the animals, the Indians made for the
Mexican town of Santa Cruz, six miles from
tho boundary line. Information being sent to
Captain Ewell, at Fort Buchanan, he instantly
dispatched Lieut. Lord with twent'-six troopers
in pursuit. Following tho trail until it led into
Santa Cruz, the Lieutenant sent his Interpreter,
James Graydon, to ask permission from the
Prefect for his troop to enter the town. Gray
don managed the affair very skillfully and ob
tained leave for n small party to enter. Imme
diately tho " illustrious hidalgos " of Santa
Cruz wereTastonished by the sudden appearance
of Lieut Lord's company charging down the
main street directly to the Papago camp, which
was surrounded in no time I
1 ' This was a little more than the authorities
had bargained for, and when Lieut. Lord an
nounced that ho he had come for the thieves
and the stolen property, tho Prefect and Milita
ry Commandante made Urgent remonstrance,
and endedby serving upon the officer in com
mand a verbose document to the effect that his
invasion was unlawful ; it was not proper for
him to take the Indians, and requesting him to
withdraw instantly, with his force. To this re
quest the Lieutenant made a brief but charac
tic reply, namely, that he had come for the In
dians and d d if he wouldn't have thorn I
at the same time ordering his men to sieze five
horses and three Papagos. The Mexioan Com
mandante immediately called upon the people
to fly to their arms, and the "long roll" beat in
the main plaza. There was a fine chance at
that instant for a big row, but having secured
his prisoners and not feeling disposed to fight
the entire population of Santa Cruz with his
small force, Lieut. L. gallopped off, leaving the
town in a high state of indignation ; and in a
few hours vthe three Indians were safe in the
guard house at the Fort, where they will prob
ably remain for some time as security for the
good eon$ct of tho. Papago tribe. The whole
affair was managed with boldness and address,
and all concerned deserve much credit. The
immediate capture of these thieves will have a
good effect upon tho Papagpes, who have it in
their power to do a vast amount of damage in
tho way of stealing. There is no doubt that
they have boon in the habit of running off stock
and crossing the line to find refuge and a mar
ket for their plunder, receiving aid and encour
agement from tho Mexican authorities as all
who steal from Americans do.
Capture ok a Horse Thief. A few even
ings since, Mr. James Graydon, on his way
from Fort Buchanan to Casa Blanca, encoun
tered a "solitary horseman" spying about the
corral of tho Fort in a suspicious manner. Be
ing challenged by Mr. Graydon, who suspected
he was a thief, the stranger gave such answers
as induced Mr. G. to threaten to shoot him if
ho did not halt and surrender, at the same time
calling the guard. Thus persuaded, the strange
gentleman gave himself up, and being conduct
ed to a light, proved to be one Bontly, formerly
a sergeant in Company K, 1st Dragoons, who
deserted from the Fort some two years ago, and
since that period, has followed the lucrative,
though somewhat dangerous business, of horse
stealing, making his home at Hermosillo, So
nora. His horse, a fine saddle, and a revolver,
became the property of Graydon, who deserves
much credit for tho capture. Now, accommo
dated with an appropriate set of irons, Mr.
Bontly looks at tho worll through tho grates of
tho guard-houso at Fort Buchanan. Ho has
stolen mnny fine horses from this section, and
richly deserves hanging, but in tho absence of
law will probably escape by serving out tho
three remaining years of his enlistment at hard
WHITE & GRANGER,-
AT FORT BUCHANAN,
OiTur for sale a lurgo assortment of Morchnndiso,
DRY GOODS, GROCERIES,
Tobacco, of all Sorts and Qualities,
LIQUORS OK ALL SORTS, AC. C.
Tho above-named articles will be sold at roaBoti
ablo prices, for Cush.
PISTOLS AND CARBINES.
A SUPPLY OP COLT'S NAVY PISTOL, (now
pattum,) Also, Pocket "Six Shooters," together
with a number of his six-barrel Carbines and fivo
barrel Rillesj FOR SALE at the Store of the Sonora
Exploring and Mining Company, Tubac.
At Cnlnbnsns Rancho, on tho 18th Fcbrunry, by
J. Ricord, Esq., Notnry Public, Mr. Boyd, to
Miss Sarah Suttox, both of Calabasas.
At Tucson, Arizona, on Tuosday, March 1st, 1859,
by J. Ricord, Esq., Mr. Gf.oroe P. Davis to Miss
Ann, Maria Ake, all of Sonoita Valley, , .,,,,(
C. B. HUGHES, M. D;,
PRACTICING PHYSICIAN & SURGEON
UNITED STATES BOUNDARY HOTEL.
T OCATED ON THE SONOITA-VALLEY ROAD
three miles from Fort Buchanan.
The above hotel will be opened by the subscriber
in a few days, when ho will bo prepared to accom
modate travelers in tho best style the country af
fords. Ho will also keep on hand a tine assortment
of wines, liquors, cigars, sardines, etc., etc., and
after the first day of May, insure nil horses com
mitted to his care. Persons visiting the Port will
find good accommodations for the night nt my es
tablishment. JAMES URAYDON.
T)Y THE SANTA-RITA SILVER MINING CO
An experienced Smelter.
Also, good Barrutcroa, to work in the Salcro Mine
W. "VTRIGHTSON, Tubac.
Office Sonora E, ifc Miwi.no Co.
Tubac, Ftbruary 25th, 1859.
TTNTIL THE POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT
U commenco regular mail service on. tho route,
mail will bo sent from this office Friday of each
week to Tncson, to connect with tho mail of tho
Overland Mail Co., both East and West. A mail
will bo received at tho office on Sunday of each
week. S. II. LATHROP,
"f ILLWRIGHT. An experienced millwright can
obtaiu employment and good wages on applica
tion to S. H. LATHROP,
Director of tho Mines,
Sonora Exploring and Mining Co., Tubac.
Office, Sonora Exi-lorino & Minino Co. )
Tubac, Feb. 10, 185!. J
nj. OLDS. Died of Consumption on tho 27t&
day of October, 1858, while in tho employ
ment of this company, H. J. Olds. Mr. Olds was
an American, nbout 30 year? of ago, a carpenter by
trade, has a brothor somowhoro in California, and
is said to have a sister and other relations in Wis
consin. His relatives can learn tho particulars of
his death, and his lawful representatives can ob
tain the amount dim him at tho timo o( his death
on application to S. H. LATHROP,
Director of the Mines, Tubac.
Office Sonora Exploring Sc Mining Co., )
Tubac, Feb 10, 1859. J
JOHN STREIT, was killed in a rencontre with
ono Antonio Ellsner, on tho 25th of December,
1858. Both persons woro in tho employment of this
company. Stroit was a German by birth, aged
nbout 30; he was a cabinet maker by trado and at
tho timo of his death "head carpenter" of tho com
pany. His family yot rosido in Germany but ho is
said to hnvo relatives living near San Antonio,
Texas. His friends can learn the particulars of his
death, and his legal representatives can obtain tho
amount duo him, on application to
S. H. LATHROP,
Diroctor of the Mines, Tubac.
VERLAND MAIL NOTICE Change of Hour.
On and after 3d December, tho Overland Mail
Stage will leavo San Francisco for St. Louis and
Memphis at 12 o'clock M. on Monday and Friday
of caoh week. Overland Express for Visalia, Fort
Tejon and Los Angolcs, on Monday, Wednesday
and Friday, at 12 o'clock M.
Ovorlnnd Mail Company (via Los Angolcs.)
TarifT of Prices. From San Francisco, or from any
point on tho route between San Francisco and Fort
Yuma, :o terminus of Pacifio Railroad, or Ft. Smith,
Ark., $100; From San Francisco to Visalia, $20;
From San Francisco to Fort Tejon, $30; From San
Franoisco to Los Angeles, $40; From San Francisoo
to Fort Yuma, $70; From Los Angolcs to Fort
Yuma, $40. Way faro 10 conts per mile; no charge
loss than ono dollar.
Agont 0. M. Co., San Franoisco.
MIDDLETON, STROBRIDGE .fe CO.
LITHOGRAPHERS AND ENGRAVERS,
Corner of Thinl. and Walnut sts.,
STANHOPE S. ROWE A CO.,
. t i ..Third street, Cincinnati.
v. ,.;,: hi- ;