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TUJ3AC, .ARIZONA,. AIAIIC1L 10, J 839.
1,1 9!, ,
A WIOKKM' lA:k,
DEV0TU1) TO THE GENERAL INTERESTS
Ob' A11IK0XA. ?
I .1 .! r,.. ,... 'its?,.
Uill, JJiiyilijj II 1U1IUU IU U1U V MM 1U llllll.'lll. Jlllf,
was certainly a wise and liberal policy, and ono
t n n m s : '
Throo Dollars per nnnum, iri'nrtvnnco.
HATKH OU AI)VI:UT1S1K(S:
One Sqimro, of 1U lines, or leas, onojmsortiou, $2 00
i u .1 a thrdo " 4 00
" " " " ono 'quarter, 10 00
" " " " ono year, 30 00
All communications and business letters must be
addressed to Tin: Amzonian, Titbuc, Arizona.
jr TheITaytien Revolution.
'IlllO ri'Vftllltmtini'V innvnnnhit a in TJVivt? '
which should not now bo departed froiih The ' thofWh with an insi"iiifiennt bennniug seems 1 Washington States says the laic stove
laws of Spain which were adopted entire by t0 hive rapidly spread throngl? the country ! trade development in Georgia has excited' thu
Mexico, constitute the most coiniiluto milling ' audvihrcntcns the overthrow ot" the power of (u;(!l",sl disgust throughout, the entire Southern
couo in tne worm, out, tney provide tnat a por-, the mulatto Emperor Solouque. It was beo-un ! UuleiUum 111 congress, and moots with no
at U laives bv lour n en. who courageous v I " ""K,oin "1,u wuu-uuui. miu unnuism im-
rndlte'ntn town, mid nnnioil thn ii.ila wliorn thr I prCSS'lOU SCOinS to bo that tllO hlW sllOllld bo
....1!.''. ..1 1 .1 " 1
jiuuv i:ui aim outer prisoners wore conuneu.
tiou of the proceeds of the mines shall bo paid
over to the Government After changing them
in that particular they might then be adopted
! with advantage for the government of our own
Join:d by this accession to his force, Jefl'ard
We extract the fotlowihg paragraph from a
letter written by Ex-Governor Denver, of Kan
sas to Hon. Alex. II. Stephens, House of Heps.,
in reply to a note asking for information in re
lation to the new Territory to boi organized out
of the western parts of Kansas and Nebraska.
1 lis remarks are to the point, and are equal y
applicable to the vast mineral regions embra
ced in the Gadsden Purchase,
"The mineral resources have been but very
partially developed, but. there is no doubt of the
existence of gold in considerable quantities
over a largo extent of country. As far as my
knowledge extends, the discovering of gold have
thus far been confined to the eastern slope of
the mountains; the principal workings of the
mines have been on the head waters of the
South Platte. It has been found also, as 1 am
informed, on the .North 1 Matte, and on the Ar
kansas, above Rent's Tort. Thefco can be but
little doubt, however, from the geological struc
ture, of the country, that, the wvsttirn slope will
b- found richer than the eastern, and that such
will be found the character of the mineral de
posits southward for some distance into New
Mexico, where the silver and copper take the
place ot th. gold.
In this connection it mav be well to direct
mines. They are equitable and just, and while. J visitii'l the Governor who at once.' resigned.
they fully protect the mining interests, none of
the other great interests of tlie country are neg
lected. The lands may be sold but the miner
als arc reserved by operation of law as a part
of the eminent domain. Any one may enter
the land of another and work a mine, but be
fore doing so he must pay the owner the agri
cultural or grazing value for so much of the
land as may he necessary for carrying on the
business. Thus it will be seen that tlie rights
of all are protected.
The republic was proclaimed, and Joflard was
namrit the provisional President. Several de
cree were issued by the Provisional Council,
one '.Housing all prisoners confined In the pris
ons ntho Republic for political offences. An
otlicrfdeclaros that Solouque has abused his
powojVshcd innocent blood, and that his ad
ministration was a series of robberies. lie is
thorctbre deprived of power for having thrown
citi.ous into prison without a trial; appropria
ted a',J the .funds of the general treasury; ap
nroni'iatod the fifth of the eoll'nn nrorlticts: an-
buuerings oi an American in tne orisons propr.utod the products ot the sale oi mahog
In March, 1857, J. M. Ainsa, brother-in-law
of Col Crabbe, who, with his party, was massa
cred, had charge of a store at a place called
Rucna T,t.i, within the limits of Arizona, and
about three miles from the Mexican line. On
the night of the l.'Uh of April, several days af
ter the massacre of Col. Crabbe's party, a body
of 515 armed Mexican soldiers came over the
line, surrounded the store, and took prisoners
Mr. Ainsa and four sick emigrants who had not
been able to go forward with Col. Crabbe.
These sick Americans were named Charles Har
rison, John Ranker, Charles Parker and Thom
as Long, all of Tuolumne, Co., Cal. Ainsa
...muMu1,H,iui,..6iH-i .c, uui, uj.u. ,.PVollK0n in succeeded in establishing a
most positive assurances ot the commander oi i.i- ...... u.. "...
enforced with rigor against the offenders.
the Mexican soldiers, Arviso, and the other of
ficers, of pood treatment, if they surrendered
peaceably, they yielded. The four sick men
were almost immediately taken out of the house
and murdered, and the store robbed. Ain.su
,m- .ittiwiimi tn tlio imt.o.-f:mee nf nvnvidin.r I was tuUon to Uivorcn. by Uio orders Ot UOneraJ
i lies ami regulations for the government, of the I OaWlontlo.jrii? j,u5V.Xr Ul&l
5lfwVrtlW ras otuerwisu a severe one.
1. hi on the g'obr with mines ot iln- precious I
hi 'tf'.Ls so extensive as ours, aad yet, strange j
to say, Congress has passed no laws in reki- j
i. on .to 1 hfin, nor basil af yet been decided
n iiether Congress has a right to sell or other- i
vi.se to dispose of the nrnes. The laws of'
.'ipslin and Mexico recognize the mines of pre-J
i ions meals as a part of the eminent domain
which belongs to the sovereignty, and cannot j
be alienated. The common law of Kngland i
agrees with this rule in eery particular. In
ihe celebrated ease of Pollard's Li's.v iv 11a- ,
gan ';(., ('M Howard Supreme Court Reports,) ,
the .Supreme ( ourt deeided that Congress could
The Mexican party, with their prisoner ou
mule, was received on the plaza with a 'salute
of twenty-one guns. Gabilondo then had Ainsa
taken hot'on; Jesus Rivera, Justice ofthc Peace,
who held bis court in a long ball, decorated
throughout with scarlet tapestry. The ollicers
too, were all draped in red clothes. Gabilondo
preferred his charge against Ainsa in the blas
phemous terms. Jt was in substance that he
hud harbored and succored a portion of Col.
Crabbe's party. Ainsa was condemned to
death and .-unt to prison to prepare for ins fate.
Overcome with excitement and fatigue, he fell
asleep, and in that state, Gabilondo called at
the prison, and upon being told that he
inMvlovo ivlfl, (! r.mmm.l. rlnmmn ovon hi till) pl'ISOU, lllld lUlOU Delllg tOld tllUt lie WUS
a Territory, but could hold it in trust, only for j "sleep expressed the greatest, astonishment, and
il,n o kh.i,. miiis b sn with tlm Ti.rriin-. said it was a pity such a mai. should be shot.
ti, ,( ,vnnlil tmini ir. 'n.iiU' u-iib Then in soliloouy he said: "Shoot him ! Shall
o.i. t'ini.i to Hn Kiii(f n(" ibi llnimi I I shoot him or not V I will not do it!"
Accounts from the cast report heavy snow
storms and severely cold weather during the
month of January. Sleigh-riding, skating an'd'
other sports, wore the order of the day, and
many incidents of interest occurred. A young
clergyman, skating down the Connecticut at
great speed, came so unexpectedly upon a group
of young ladies that he could not turn to avoid
them, and therefore, to prevent accident, caught
one by the waist and took her with him. As
soon as the astonished female could recover
her speech, lid was saluted with ""Who's dat, a
huggin' me so?" and, on looking upon his frail
burden's face, the young clergyman found that
it. wns bliioli- us nurlit. Hp. iui Tint, pnrrv liftr
any tmm the State grounds; emitt.l treasury far) 1U1(1 doesn't enjoy compliments for his po-notea-for
his own profit; organized a ibre.iblc i lUenes.
pillaM of vessels on the coast misdeeds which I ,, in. t . i i v , n
Imvo-compromised the honor of several Hay-1 J "E 11 J.m.0,s Poniten iary buildings at Alton
tie..st,andofmany strangers, who have been , jmrtially destroyed by fire on the evening
prevented from iiiUilling their engagements. OI "- "k"wu. x,o pn.ou-
V..., V OV,..J.V...
Fixk stock is being imported into Texas in
large quantities. The New Orleans Picayune
says: "This- season the number is far greater
than ever, and, in addition to the ordinary do
mestic stock, we see that fresh importations of
camels' and cashmere goats are being intro
duced. The. former are known to do better in
Texas than in" their own native country, whilfe
there can be no doubt that the finest goats will
increase and thrive as well."
Tut: Superintendent of the Philadelphia Mint
reports that he has assayed some parcels of
gold taken from various places within ten or
fifteen miles of Henry Creek and. the South
Fork of Platte River, and that it was worth n
fraction over $20 an ounce troy. This is supe-
AnotWr decree orders tfie destruction of the '
dungeons of the fort at Connives.' Another
decrerevokes the decrees of banishment of
thosoTwho br.ve bceu convicted of political of
fence lliujli has beon the scene of important politi
cal evits from the first overthrow of the whites
by thmegroes, after their liberation by the
first Wrench Republic. The Spanish portior of
I the jsTiuid, niter an unsuccessful attempt at
sepnruye Republic, Sim Domingo. Solouque,
in 18418, attempted to bring this portion of the
1slandfinto submission to the Iluytien rule, but
be got'beatou. In the same year he overthrew
t'leiluvtb'n republic and made himself Em-
peror$iwiih the title of Fausiin the 1st, sur-
tinctioii and of color, from the blackest African
hue to the lightost mulatto. His imperial sway
has so far been uninterrupted. He has never
recognized the independence of San Domingo,
but has never been able to reconquer it. The
recent outbreak in his own dominions will give
him something to occupy his imperial thoughts.
Piioposkj) Tkhritoiiv or Coi.on'a. The namt?
Latest from Mexico.
General Echeagaray issued a pronunciamcnto
at Ayutla, on the 20th Dec, doctoring himself
President, but the movement was not seconded
at the capital. The troops pronounced in favor
of Gen. Robles on the 23d, and ho issued a
call for three delegates from each State to form
a junta. The junta convened, and on the see-
So his I onu ballot elected Gen. Miramon President, by
The soverei-Mitv of the State governments, with-! " P"vod. Jlo was given up to the mili
in their respective States is undoubted, and the iry authorities again, and taken to Altar,
ri'ditof eminent domain can belong only to twenty-five miles distant, under a guard of nlle
the Sovorci.m t.ovvcr. In several of the States , "i'ii. He rode on a mule, without saddle or
and in ail of the Territories, the Federal Gov
ernment is a great land-owner nothing more.
bridle, and entered the town with his back to
the mule's head, by bis own choice, the com-
Her lands are exempt from taxation by agree- "uinder ot the escort, leaving him tree to slutt
inent with the States, but in nothing else does ! his position irom time to tunc and smoke his
she occupy a different position with regard to 1 p'lc 1 o populace not demanding his death
the ri-dits'of ownership, or with regard to the , at Altar, he was escorted to Hermosillo, where
rightsof eminent domain, from lhat of any !' w p'-ed in solitary confinement. Next
a small majority over Robles. Gen. Robles
remained in power until the arrival of Miramon
at the capital. The latter entered the capital,
with 1,000 cavalry, on the 2fth of January. He I ibrnia
iolec'ed for the gold-boai-iiig region in ,the yi
jinity of P'ke's Pea!:ris Colona; which Tevrir
tory takes in the western portions of both Kan
sas and Nebraska. Col. H. J; G-Huhnm, Who
was at Vashington last winter,, as the" Delegate
of the inhabitants, to urge the establishment by
Congress of a Territorial Government for Coi
otia, furnishes the following inforination'about
the country. As to its climate ho says tliat.
remoteness from the sea ami altitude secure a
tonic atmosphere, warm, cloudless,, brilliant
and serene; and in respect to soil, that thero
are level mesas of great fertility, canons, de
licious valleys, rivers, and great forests. Wheat,
rye, barley, oats, fruit and vegetables, of all
kinds, can be cultivated abundantly and suc
cessfully. A rich, heavy burden of grass covers
the ground, especially on the bottoms along
the streams. The only drawback is lack of
rain in Summer and Autumn. Gold is abund-
olher landed proprietor. Mie may exercise
rights of ownership over her property, but can
not interfere with the eminent domain with
l'hiih far Congress has in no instance acted
in contravention of this principle, nor have
many of the States asserted their right to the
mines of precious metals found within thoir
borders, though some of them have done so, as
1'or instance New-York and Pennsylvania.
The settlement of those questions is of the
greatest importance to the mining interests of
the country, and no correct settlement is likely
to be had unless they are thoroughly understood.
However this question may bo decided with
he was sent to Guayinas, and turned over to
the civil authorities, and by the District Court
of Sonora sentenced to five years banishment,
after he had been compelled to sign a confess
ion be had never made. After having been in
prison about .sixteen months, without being a I-, fcan, liro now being expressed of a forthcoming
lowed to communicate with the American Min-1 fnmino in this country. For over a year very
ister, or any consul, he was unexpectedly sent i little corn has been planted or gathered. The
to Mazatlan, a free man. lie remained there i stock on hand is now reduced to a low figure.
twenty-live days without molestation. Jlo then
proceeded to San Rlas, where he had to wait
lii'teon days for a passage to San Francisco.
ant, and more equally distributed than in Cali
fornia. Agriculturists are turiiiusr their atten-
disapproved ot Robles s acts, and displaced ' tioti that way, as well as miners. Col. Graham
him, appointing Gen. Sales to the command ot expects an immense emigratioi
the army. He reinstated iiiloaga, who, being
abandoned by both populace and troops, had
retired to the house of the English minister.
It is stated that the reinstallment by Miramon
of Zulouga was at the instance of France and
England, who have especial interest in his ad
ministration in connection with the debts due
A correspondent of the Now York Times,
writing from the City of Mexico, says: "Serious
A Bii.i. has passed both houses of Congress,
relative to a reservation of public lands in
Kansas for the Indians of New York. It sots
regard to the States, there can bo no doubt but I apart 1520 acres for each individual Indian who
y. C ....... 1 .1. .. J'. j. 1 V A' ..1 i . ll -
poets an immense emigration in the Spring,
and that before the close of another year, the
Territory will contain 100,000 inhabitants.
Tin: first newspaper in Ohio was printed in
17!):!. Now there are ;U0 weekly, 23 siiini
veekly, and .'U daily newspapers.
Nrcw Constitution uon Kansas. A bill has.
passed both Houses of the Kansas l.egislatuny
now in session at I .uwrence. making provision
for the formation of a constitution and State
Government for that Territory. The Constitu
tional Convention provided for is to meet m
the 1st of July, at Wyandotte City. The Con
stitution formed by this Convention is to Be
In many places want is already being felt sens- j submitted to the people on the If
ibly by the poor. With this terrible argument October. The State ollicers are to be elcctojl
in favor of peace, and a resort to the plough , under the Constitution on the first Tuosday.m
and hoe again for a while, the country appears i December.
to be growing more exasperated and more de
It is reported that Miramon intends marching
i Vera Cruz with a strong force. The Juarez
Congress may, oven as trustee for the future ' is removed from New York to the reservation government was firm at last advices; and the
State, adopt such rules and regulations for the I assigned to them under the treaty of 18HS; the Liberals had routed Negretts near Jalapa.
,.r ,:.,b i ll,n 'P.r;r,..iia i.u In.lt.ma bin-. riw vnnv within wliir.li tr niiilff. I TlioM O Pir'.'l Vlllio's COlTCSliOUdcilt Wl'itCS
.nay bo deemed necessary, and the sooner this thoir selections and pre-emptions, to bo secured , that the Mexican war schooner Iturbido had and distribution ol cuttings and seeds. .
is done the hotter. One thing and only one J from the date of the settlement; land within boon captured by an American and six lor- ( appropriation is expended by the Comnussu
acorns to have been determined on, and that is, the Reservation not appropriated by the Indians eiguers, who killed six of her crow and escaped , ot 1 atents under the direction ot the Secro
that the mines shall bo loft for all to work with- will be sold for thoir benefit. with the vessel. No date of the affair is given. 1 ot the Interior.
Tut: Secretary of War recommends the em
ployment of army ollicers as Indian Agents.
Ax appropriation of $70,000 is annually made
by Congress "for the collection of agricultural
statistics, investigations for promoting agricul
ture and rural economy, and the procurement