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3 ' WEEKLY 1EIZ0NIAK.
TUBp,liiZO.ROII 17, 1859.
"ri I ' i 1 I
. THE ARIZONlANj ,! ,
A WISF.KXY IMPISH,
DEVOTED TO THE GENERAL INTERESTS.
1 ' ' OP ARltfOtf'A. ' " '
Three Dollars per annum, in advance.
RATKS OF ADVERTISING:
One Square, of 10 lines, or tcssdno inscrtibn,'$2 00
i f , 'f " " " throe " ' 4 00
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. " " " " pno year, 30 00
i All communications and business 'letters must bo
addressed to Tufc Auizonun, Tubae, Arbona.
Sp.eedh of Senator Douglas.
Change of Indian Policy in Texas.
' Upon the passage of the Orogon Bill, the- e noticed at some length, la week, the
citizens of the now State colobratod the occa'j bad policy of maintaining in NewMexico so
sion by serenading sovernldistingnishcd gentle-fl many weak and lnellicicnt militart, posts, trucy
:.. ti,i.! n,,.,. : i, i. :.... i , .:t"..i -it i
Jiiuii) in .tolling iuu, n iiuev; cuyi in wi uiv utiiin
and House in behalf of the moastire h
very prominent,.. Senator Douglas being called! far as these one company posts uiford an op- j ministration men generally voted aflirmatively,
officers of drawing double ra- ana l"e iP051uon, egau, B"
The Admission of Oregon. '
The Union nnmbers thirty-three sovereign
Stalia The House of Representatives, on
Saturday, passed the Senate bill admitUr Ch
cgon, by a vote ot 111 to lll.s. Ihe yeas and
e oenateu being a heavy expense to government without nys are lven in our reuliir Washii,Kton teTc
uid beonfi affording due security to the inhabitants. Sb eraphic dispatch. It will be seen that the Ad.
The Pacific Eailroad.
The two great Aiiglo-Suxbh nat
land and 'the United Status, are contend
peacefully for a prize, ot more importance
upon,' madthc following excellent speech: -i portunily to the office
(gentlemen: Host heartily do T, join with ypujtions, and furnish additional, oxftonsc in the
in your congratulations upon the occasibJf way of c01ltrncts an(l transportation, thev an
w nch has brouglltyou here .tb-nighl An6WCr- d d b d 'f
State has been admitted into this glorious corjj . T . , 1 ' ,
fedoracy. I confess that it is grateful to mfgai,ist Indians they arc .comparatively worth-
feelings to bo thus remembered, although J less. Ihis view ot Uho case is taken by the
on the tented Held. They are contending for
the trade of the Pacific, and the nation that sue
coeds in wintnii; it will bave attained a tri-
! hiive ceased tb bo connected with the lerritoriai: abiG. am experienced Commander of the De-
I011S. i-illg- i fViniTnitippc! nf f!nnrrfSH. ill tlif nnloliriif inn Or'
ing now- (u nilmifiaim, nf n,o,w, inin Union. I Pa""t 01 Uenerul J w.ggk Ihe lol-
to Ifnrnm.wwur.dtnnlfntmniiliiiv interest in" I lowing article from the San Antonio Herald,
she is a britmt ex, wmen came to nana atte
our rcniarks were
mem respectively -tnan any tnat was ever gain-; ti10 Territory of Oroedn.
xucj u u mcuuiHg ui I emnlllK'atlOn Ot the treat Principle Ot pOnilUlr nubl shnfl. OX-nlnin t in nnlinv rloforminiWl nnnn
sovere.giny, cetneu at .aaime wnen inc r n nlto ,yQXa
oi tne unueu stales Jiau not cxienacu uiu-
We sincCi&tt,hope it may
umph, the results ot winch Mili.baHJciiil attempts j,cr tj10 hardV pioneers of prorcs 6cat'M odiM!POCK 00 nuc-ptoa m ow Mexico :H
at an estimate. It is not alie upoi. the Ceu-j.tm Valley of the .Willamette and other smaiftCf I'Vom what we4 ImVe been aide $
tral American istiiuius that .5Uftut-'s,tl0n lS yolloyg, a.seombled together, and forined thx-mf! the return of Gen. Twiggs, as to t'-e
oe ueciueu. uver tue continent ot America envna - nnvrmi,nt. na norPnof nnrl nmrmletc nfi. his ate. eointi Hat on with t.hn
the rails are to bo hud that will connect the rv..,i.oc , rt.a,n,i tl,n tlm 'Porrifnrip
ports of the Pacific vvitli tlio," of llio Atlantic. ' por "VPn tiiev governed themselves well, ere?
Our government was first in the held with its ! ntnrY thn lomdntivo tl,oir iiwlimnl nml thefl-
chief at Is'ew Orleans, we think we are justified
in saying, that the experiment ma lo last fall
by our able Department UommancJ'r, of chas-
ouwi.u uutjio c-u -.ui u.ui;n0, uivv.g uiu executive departments, and administered tub i using tno wild Indians in their mcjintain last
most appropriate route lor this great national government in all its branches with fidelity and ness, has proved so promising of Valuable re
work, and Congress has been engaged during 0nergv ; enacting such laws as were well adapt-1 suits, and has given such satisfaction to the
the present session in endeavoring to mature nt tn'tl.o imnt nf tli nnlr nnrl nvppntin'f Communder-in-ehiof and the Wnr IWiHmnnt
ne much nearer the marlc It the three
a plan for carrying out the enterprise. Three
routes are proposed lor the road a southern
one, crossing New Mexico at FA Paso or AlLur
querque; a central one, crossing the Rocky
Mountains at the South Pass; and a Northern
one, starting from the head of Lake Superior,
and crossing Oregon to the Pacific, The prob
ability is that one road only will be authorized
by some future Congress, and that the selection
of that road will be left to the Executive if
the road is to be built by the government or
to the contractors, ifthut. modu of building it
whall bo preferred. The 'estrmated cost of one
road is a hundred millions of dollars, but we
are to bo built, the aggregate cost to the gov
ernment will not fall short of five hundred mill:
ions of dollars.
In the meantime, and while rival interests
are contending in and out of Congres over the
location of the road and the mode of building
it, the British government has gone to work and
sent out parties of engineers to survey a route
from Lake Superior, through its own territories,
to the Pacific. This rnad would open the fer
tile valleys of Saskatchewan and lied river of
the North, make available the gold mining re
gion of Frazer river, and divert the trade of
the Pacific through the lakes to Quebec. Thus
there are in contemplation four routes, to the
Pacific over the continent, the average cost of
which cannot be loss than one hundred and fifty
millions of dollars, or six hundred millions for
them faithfully and promptly. Oreiron thus ' that it is herealter to become the settled mode
showed herself capable of self government bf of securing protection to our frontiur. Instead
fore she had the protection of the United of scattering the few troops in the Department
States. 1 along our extended frontier, as heretofore, the
In 1848 T had the honor of reporting the bill I forces are henceforth to be kept in effective
organizing the Territory of Oregon, and after bodies in the Indian country, instructed to
ten years of her Territorial period I have seen ; chastise the savages until they sue for peace,
her admitted into the Union as one of the j The deductions of reason and the facts of expe
States. In Oregon all was peace and quiet.-j- rionce alike go to show that this mode will be
There has been no rebellion, no rioting, and no far more efficient than the one purMied by the
necessity for the employment of the military ' previous commanders of this Department.
to force her people to obey the. laws o th ' Since the brilliant victory of MajoAVan Dorn,
land. "True," and applause." Oregbil, j in which he gave the "lords of the. prairie" the
inuiuimi., ouuiua lurui iriui.u puiw. 'iqiv- , oq o "w " "i"-"-.jir-j-, ' "
now achieved, of be nig in the confederacy ot uemenrs, una un is peace aiong tne ironuer.
Abandonment of Military Posts in Texas.
Below is an extract from a late order issued
by Gen. Twiggs. It will bo spen that he has
already commenced the new policy adopted
towards hostile Indians:
VIII The following changes in the loca
tions of Officers and troops in this Department
will be made as soon as possible after the
receipt of this order at the different posts
Fort Brown will be abandoned, and compa
ny "L," U't Artillery, will proceed to take
post at Fort Duncan Texas.
Ringgold Barracks will be abandoned, and
company f" F," " 1st Artillery, will proceed to
take post at Camp Hudson, Texas.
Fort Mcintosh will-bo abandoned, and com
pany " D, " 1st Infantry, will proceed to Camp
Hudson, Texas, the commander of it to pre
pare his company for field service in the sprinj.
the other States. I shall receive her Senators
upon the floor of Congress with heartfelt wel
come when they present themselves during the
coming week, and shall raise my voice in con
gratulations as sincere as theirs on this glori
ousconsummation. Iam glad to see the States increasing in
number on the Pacific coast. I wish to see as
gr,and a power on the Pacific as we have on
the Atlantic: and both held together and bound
together by the great Mississippi Valley. This
continent must become one ocean-bound repub
lic, cheers, and if the principle of self gov
ernment and of State rights shall be fairly car
ried out in the future, our confederacy will ex
tend over the whole continent -and adjacent
islands. All we have to do is to preserve
clearly and distinctly those principles on which
our government is founded, maintaining self
government in the Territories, and the sover
eignty of each State, preserving the Constitu
tion inviolate, and allowing every State to
form and regulate its domestic institutions to suit,
itself, without interference from any power on
We must repudiate and reject that fatal her
esy, lately proclaimed, that this government
cannot endure as our fathers made it, divided
into free and slave States.
augurating this great and effective reform in
our Indian policy.
of popular sovereignity, State rights, and the
l'ederal Constitution be carried out in good
faith, and this confederacy will extend over the
whole continent and endure- torever; eaeli I
State having just such institutions and local
Mules for Farm Work.
We found in Burlington Co. , N. J. , that
mules were the reliance for all kinds of team
ing on the road, and for farm work they are in
universal use. A friend told us that ten years
ago he bought six pairs which In has in use
now, worth to-day all he gave for ,hem. It is
a well known fact that where they have been
long used, thev are bought and sold without ref
erence to their age, after they get over six or
eight years ot age, and it is not unusual to
know of their reaching the age of fifty years in
good working vigor. Mules with equal size and
quality with fine carriage horses are not very
rare and bring an equal price. Common, young
well broken mules are worth more than horses
of equal size. Well broken, and free from tricks,
at three or four years old, a mule with ordinary
treatment, coarser fare, and harder work, will
outlast and outwork at least three good horses.
When they are young, say from three to seven
years old, they often show great speed, and
make excellent, sprightly saddle and carriage
beasts: but after this aire, especially if put to
Let the principles ! hard work, they get a heavy, loggy gait, which
is abundantly rapid for all farm work, but the ac
tivity and sprightlmcss so requisite in a car
riage horse is usually lost.
News fuom -run Mohave Couxtky. It ap-
i..x: '.. :i. :c i r.ii
b l iM r ii pears that the Mohave Indians are determined
urn nreeiselv alike. Oregon is another exem-
plification of this principle. The admission of
anew State under circumstances so auspicious,
and with a history of which our citizens are so
proud, is a just subject of congratulation, and
I renew my thanks to you lor remembering ine
I'ort mason win oc aDoncioneii, ana brevet ; on this interesting occasion, and giving me the nt least ten Killed.
Major Jjarian smiui will proceed witn ins com- j privilege of mingling my felicitation w.ith yours, man nor horse.
m n.. . other tribes, the
.rJnCX VnT1 PoruLATiox or Tkxas. The population of ; . rv nft . R .
4bU J'Ulb VllbUV, XttlJ Kllll Ulllbl IU1 J, 11111-11. U ill i
proceed with his company "B, " 1st Tnfantrv,
to the camp near. Camp Cooper, to be selected
by the commander of the 2nd Cavalry.
Fort McKavett will be abandoned, and com
panies " C, " and " F," 2nd Infantry, will pro
need to the camp near Camp Cooper, to be se
lected by the commander of the 2nd Cavalry.
Texas, as given by the late census, shows a
total of 158,G20, of whom 138,205 are slaves,
290 f;ee negroes, and the balance whites. In
1850 its total population was 212,402.
Tho whole number of acres under cultivation
upon hostilities. The command of Lieutenant
Chapman, fifty dragoons, forming Col. Hoff
man's escort, was attacked on the Colorado by
the Indians, whom they defeated with a loss of
The dragoons lost neither
United with the Plutes and
Mohaves declare that no mih-
slablished in their country.
were exceptions on both sides. Shorter of Al
abama, and Smith, of Virginia, voted against
the admission of the new State, and Nichols,
of Ohio, and Colfax, of Indiana, for it.
The admission oT(a new State into the Un
ion of States is an event calculated to produce
a glow of nntibnal pride, and to enlist the hearty
sympathies of the people of all States. Oregon
is vast in territory, with incalculable ftafrwwl
resources, turd aliardy, intelligent enterprising
population. Her position upon the map of our
country is one that all must regard with high
satisfaction and solicitude. However great the
distance that separates us, her people are our
kindred, and the flag that flies over them in
the breeze from the Pacific, is the same that
floats over us. Their rivers afld ours -jufj to
different oceans, but their affections and ours
as citizens are bound up in the same nationlity.
We have now two States upon the Pacific two
mighty pillars oi the temple of the Union, tow
ering staunch and majestic on the western verge
of the continent. Bright and expaasive as
were thevisions of the I athers of the Republic,
this result is more than they dreamed. It is
sad to reflect in such a connection tflat tSe civii
and moral character of the people is not inves
ted with the glory that would so happily become
such material granderu. Mtc Lorn.
ExrsLAxn and Mexico. The Queen, in her
recent speech to the English Parliament, threat
ens the employment of force against Mexico.
The threat, however, has been anticipated.
Force has already been employed by the Uritish
and French admirals in the gulf, and the Mexi
can revenues have been seixed upon. While
the United States is talking about intervening:
in Mexican affairs, England and France are
ac.fbfy, anduxlreiuly. appear. tohayt the country
under their control.
Pictures. A room with pictures in it, and
a room without pictures, differ by nearly as
much as a room with windows and a room with
out windows. Nothing, wo think, is more mel
Micholly, particularly to a person who has to
pass much time in his room, than blank walls,
with nothing on them ; for pictures are loop
holes of escape to the soul, leading it to other
scones and other spheres. It is such an inex
pressible relief to a person engaged in writing,'
or even reading, on looking up, not to have his
line of vision chopped off by an odious white
wall, but to find his soul escaping, as it were,
through tne trame oi an exquisite picuire, to
other beautiful and perhaps heavenly scenes
where the fancy for a moment may revel, re
freshed and delighted. Thus pictures are con
solers of loneliness; they are a relief to the ja
bed mind; they are windows to the imprisoned
thought; they are books; they are histories and
sermons, which we can read without the trouble
of turning over the leaves.
Happy Comhikatio.v. There is nothing purer
than honesty, nothing sweeter than charity,
nothing warmer than love, nothing brighter
than virtue, and nothing more steadfast than
faith. These, united in one mind, form tha
purest, the sweetest, the richest, the brightest,
the holiest, and most steadfast happiness.
A Democratic Convention.
A convention of the Democracy of Kentucky
was held at Frankfort last month, consisting of
six hundred and seventy- two delegates, subdi
vided thus :
flenernls. - . -
ColoiinlH. - ,,!. " 403
M:iinrs. .... 0.1
Gi:.v. Johnson Cominc IIomk. Gen. Johnson,
Commander of the army of Utah, is on his
way to "the States," to visit his nunily. Col.
Cooke will lake command of tho forces, in his
Total. .... 672
The candidates were all Colonels ! and pol
itics in ' Old Kentuck' is decidedly under " mil
itary protection ! " In Arizona, however, where
we have not over twenty untitled inhabitants,
wc can heat that
"Let all the ends" thou aimest at be thy
Country's, God's, and Truth's.