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TUBAC, THURSDAY, MARCH 31, 1859,
there were two hundred and eighty-eight Fi
nals, fit to bcr arms, and twenty-five Tonto
Apaches, ranking oxer three hundred warriors,
with about six hundred women, children). and
Persons deiirinr to ad- old men. Taking into account the stealing
yertu. in thin paper, arc requested to lend in their parties absent to Sonora, and thoBe at, home,
faror without dolar. addrd to Tuh Azuoxixv, . f i . .i . m ' ,'''
Tubac, Ariiona. ' in "mal country proper, the tribe undoubt-
jtST SusciPTie!t8 must in all chips be aicom
paaicd with tho-cash. N subscriber's name will
ut entered upon our book until adrauce payment
has betn made.
The Late Indian Treaty.
On the 18th inst., Capt. Ewell left Fort Bu
chanan with his command, for Canon "del Oro,
to meet the .Pinal Indians, according to pre- j
vious agreement. The meeting was to take
place on the 20th, but on the morning of the
19th., just as he was leaving his camp, a few
miles beyond Tucson, the Captain was waited
upon by two Pinal chiefs, who declared their
people were at Arivypa Canon, feome fifty or
uixty milesfrom Canon del Oro, and desired
the meeting to take place there. To this char
acteristic Indian arrangement, Captain Ewell
gave a decided negative; a,nd informed the In
dians that he should proceed to the point
agreed upon for the conference, to which place
they could come or not, as they chose. Being
thus balked in their endeavor to bring Capt.
E. to their terms, the Indians, after consider
able palaver agreed to start at orlce for Ari
vypa Canon and bring up their people.
Canon del Oro is situated about thirty miles
to the Northeast of Tucson, and is noted as
having been the locality of gold washing ope
rationi, about a year since. It is a fact that
gold exists there, and several experienced Cal
ifornia miners believe it would pay a small com
pany to "sluice" the little valley at the upper
end of the Canon, as there is an abundance of
good water at most seasons of the year. The
party who once attempted to work the Canon,
being annoyed by the Indians, withdrew, and
ince that time few white men have visited the
spot. The upper end of the Canon is very
wild and romantic, hemmed in - by mountain,
with a clear stream fringed by green cotton-
woods winding through a long, narrow strip of
bottom land, which is overhung oii one side
by steep bluffs, while on the other stands a
range of lofty and picturesque mountains, be
yond which lies the Gila. Here the troops
camped on the morning of the 2d, not a
aolitary Indian in view, and save a few nar
row trails, winding along the valley, no sign
to show that human beings ever visited the
Cap'tain Ewell was accompanied by Col.
Walker, agent of the Pimos, and Maricopas,
and quite a number of citizens, who were ex
pecting to trade with the Indians, provided any
amicable arrangements were effected. It was
a serious disappointment to everybody that
Doctor Steck, Apache agent, was not present on
the, day appointed, but having failed to receive
notice of the meeting in due season, he could
not possible be on the ground as early as Capt.
(E. expected. About two o'clock in the after
noon of the 22d inst. three Pinals ventured into
camp; being-hospitable received, one of them
departed, and soon small parties were seen hov
, cririg upon the distant hill tops, and then cau-
tiously descending to the lower country, and fi
nally, venturing into camp. When it is remem
bered that this was the first friendly meeting
of the Pinal Apaches with Americans, and the
edly numbers one thousand souls, with at least
three hundred and fifty warriors. The Pjnals
are ra.thor inferior in stature, not muscular, but
very active and wiry. Their arms, bowsartd'
lances, were of the best sort, all their arrows
being tipped with formidable heads of flint.
They had a large supply of animals, horses and
mules some of the latter very fine wijh an
abundance of saddles and bridles, all supplied
b their tenants, and tax-payers in Sonora !
They were too canning to bring in any stock
which had been stolen faom Americans, being
well aware that if they dii so they would be
obliged to restore it. Of clothing they wore
as little as possible, compatible with savage no
tions of decency, which are known to be, rather
primitive ; more especially when the poor crea
tures are in the condition of Miss Flora Mc
Flimsy, and have "nothing to wear." Alto
gether, they were a dangerous, thievish, wolfish-
looking set, as we ever happened to meet of
the cayote type in all their actions and charac
teristics, aa near' as it is possible, for savage hu
manity to reeemble a wild beast!
On the arrival of Doctor Steck, with his
wagonu, the "treaty" was made. The Pinals
agreed not to mole.it Americans in their per
sons or property; and government promised if
they kept their obligations, to distribute goods
and provisions to them. How long this ar
rangement will last, no one can toll. The peo
ple of this country, having been o often dis
appointed, hare little confidence in these cheap
treaties, especially with such treacherous Indi
ans as the Pinals. They should never bcCoax
ed into anything. The fashion of troops and
agents waiting upon a band of thievingvJudi
ans travelling more than n hundred mi' .to
persuade-them into a treaty, is a contofinttty'lc'
farce! When troops go into an Indtaii country,
they should go to fight. If Indians want tloac'e,
let them come after it! ; ,
If the Pinals keep their agreement, in good
faith, they should receive i supply of corn and
beef, occaaionally. They must live, and as
government has taken possession of their hunt
ing grounds, they have r. right to 'expect some
relief. Hunger often forces them to steal. But,
The Post Office Appropriation Bill, and the
bill establishing now post routes failed to pass
Congress. About twenty millions of dollars
were involved, and the operations of the Depart
ment will bo seriously embarrassed.
We see by the Memphis papers that C. D.
PostonEsq., of this Territory, had arrivod at that
city cn route for his homo in Kentucky,
There is talk of dividing California, and form
ing the Territory of Colorado out of that.por-,
tion of the State South of a lino running East
Trom Mount Diabalo. A spirited public meeting
was lately held at San Diego to consider the
Five hundred troops have boon sent up the
Colorado to the Mohave country, and more arc
The Prcsidont re turned the bill authorizing
the establishment of an Agricultural College,
and donating public lahd therefor. The veto
message occupied three .columns in the Union,
and contains the President's objections clearly
and ably stated.
At. the grand ball given to Lord Napier, in
New York, one lady, tha wife of an oil merchant,
wore diamands worth; $100,000, and a dro3.s
which cost $14,000, It is about time for her
husband to "fail."
The Legislature of New Mexico has passed
a stringent law, without one dissenting vote, for
the protection of slave property in the Terri
William Smith O'Brien, the "Irish Patriot,"
has arrived in this country, and of course is now
a "lion" in all the large cities.
A Special Committee have reported in favor
of removing all the desks from the House of
Reprcaontativas. This will have a tendency to
do away with long speeches and dull sessions
of the House.
In the Senate, on the first day of March, Mr.
Stuart, of Michigan, moved to amend the Post
Office bill so that the Overland Mail contract'
be reduced to weekly service, and the pay be
$150,000 instead of $600,000; the amendment
was agreed to, but owing to tho failure of the
entire bill the Overland contract remains un
disturbed. The public press from one extremity of the
Union to the other, without distinction of party,
joins in condensing the turbulent and reckless
spirit of Congress, in nelectinr the business of
on the contrary, should they again commence j the coimtry for senseless political wrangling,
plnndering, their country ought at once fo be
invaded, and they thoroughly and lastingly
whipped into good behavior.
Many interesting incidents occurred during
the treaty, which we have not space to mention.
The Indians sold considerable stock, and some
gold, the latter brought from the Gila 'River.
Should this treaty be kept,parties will soon go
out to explore that almost unknown country
around the White Mountains, where there is
believed to be rich gold deposits. Wno knows
but such explorations may not produce results
that will affect the destiny of the Continent !
A Singular Spectacle.
Not a single administration measure passed
the late Congress, although some of them were
essential to the honor, prosperity, and progress
of the country. A remarkable spirit of opposi
tion seemed to inspire even those whom the
first time, no doubt, that a majority ot them 1 President, had a right to expect would be 'his
. ever stood face to face with white rritjh; the in- J strongest supporters upon all administration cf
terest of th occasion will bo better understood. 1 forts. We look over the list of acts passed for
Of all the Apaches, tho Pinals are the most a single one of importance, which in any man- J
.crafty, treacherous and unreliable,, jticsidcs bo- ner refloats credit upon our government. " Our
ing rapacious and cruel. This character is , great interests have been neglected, our nntion
given them by all other Indian tribes of tliis 1 al rights allowed to be trampled upon, our flag
Territory. insulted, without any attempt at redress, and a
On the 22d they mustered in strong force', refusal to allow the President means to enforce
with an extensive camp at the extremity of the national rights and defend American citizens
Canon, and having the night previous astonish- in foreign countries. We do not believe there
oi their digestive organs with a liberal -supply over was. a congress which performed less good,
of good beef, presented by Captain Ewell, they or reflected less honor upon itself. Wrangling,
manifested more confidence, and visited our disorganization, and senseless speechifying,
camp in laro parties. As to their total nura- has characterized the entire so3sion, and the
bcr, present, it wai ascertained by aotual count . whole country rejoices that itia over.
Let the people remember it,
No appropriation passed for continuing the
building of the capitol, furnishing it, or contin
uing the water works, the House refusing to
concur, and the Senate to recede.
It is understood that a deficiency of four rail-
lions will exist in the Post Office Department on
the first of June.
The President vetoed the bill for tho improv
ment of the Lake St. Clair Flat3, one of the
most deserving measures of the session.
Robert S. Ould, has been appointed U. S.
Attorney for the District of Columbia, in placo
of Phillip Barton Key, lately murdored by
The total amount of the appropriations made
by Congress, amount to $30,297,120 without a
cent for the Post Office ! This enormous fie-
ure was reached after cutting down every large
appropriation. This is more than the expense .
of government during the Mexican war !
An order has been is3ued from the War De
partment to sell five thousand mules, of those
employed in the Quartermaster service., ,. Tho,
transportation expenses of tho army are to bp
very much reduced.
Mr, Mowry writes that he shalll be in this
Territory early in May.
The Overland Mail company talk of examin
ing the road along tho Sonoita and Santa Cruz
Vallies, and through the Papago country, with
a view of running their coaches that way. P6o
pie who know the country say that from seven-ty-fiYC
to one hilndrod mil&s can be saved.
Late and Important 'From Sonora.
The " Voz do Sonora, " organ of the so called
Lilt oral Government of Sonora, publishes that
in a rencounter nt the Mimbrcs, near Cnrola, in
Sonora, Pesqueira defeated one thousand troopa
of tho conservative party under the command
of Gen. Inhuansa. Seven peices of artillery
and about five hundred prisoners fell into the
handa of Pesqueira. Gen. I retreated with the
scattered reninantof his force towards Mazat
lan, but was) pursued by Pesqueira's Cavalry.
The particulars given by the ' Voz do Sonora
are supposed to be a little exaggerated.
Terrible Affray in Kentucky.
The town of Hnwsville Ky., was lately the
scene of one of those dreadful street fights, for
which the State of Kentucky has an unenviabje
notoriety.- -The - difficulty occurred chiefly -between
two men named Lowe and Maxwell
their friends assisted, organized armed them
selves, met, and commenced fighting in tho
street. Several persons on each side wero killed
Lowe was taken prisoner, and carried to
jail. While lying thcro, badly wounded, some
of his enemies returned and murdered him.
The Louisville Journal sayo:
The Grand Jury report that Lowe was proved
to have a coat of mail on the dav before the af-
frav, but they say nothing as to his having worn
it in the fight, Well-known facts can scarcely
leave a doubt that he did wear it upon that oc
casion. Uur inlormant, who was a spectator ot
the scene, says that at least between seveiitv-
five and a hundred guns and pistols were fired
at Lowe, and that there were thirty-two bullet
and buck-shot holes through all part3 of his
coat, but that not a solitary -shot entered his
body nor drew even a drop ot blood. Heavily
loaded guus were fired at him at a distance of
not more than ten feet, and he was repeatedly
knocked down and whirled' around by the lead
en missiles, yet no wounds were inflicted. The
ball which struck his thigh made a very severe
bruise, but no wound.
1 Tin: Pinals A.aix. On Sunday, thef27th'inst
a few days after the Indian treaty, a party of
'tW Pinal Indians suddenly appeared at Tomo-
cacari Mission and attempted to run off the
mules and-honcs feeding near at hand. The
animals were stampeded, but ran towards the
Mission, where they were secured. These In
dians were either on their way to Sonora or
just returning, probably the latter, and could
not pass such a fine chance for it little exhibi
tion of the "grab gam-" If they commence
this early, after a treaty, what may be expected
within three months?
Emigrants Coming. From the eastern pa
pers and private letters, we learn that Genera!
Henningsen, the noted fillibustcr, is expected
to start for Arizona early in '.Tune, wltli one thou
sand "emigrants," probably of the Nicaragua
sort to colonize the San Pedro valley ! Re
cruiting for this purpose, is now going on at St.
Louis, New Orleans, and other cities. If these
"emigrants" are of the sort that carry minie ri
fles, bayonets, and revolvers, such as have been
sent out by Gen, Wm Walker, they are not wan
ted here. We have little faith in this movement.
A Princkia' Estatk. We learn that Major
Leland, of the Metropolitan Hotel, New York,
has settled among us, having purchased the
Comal Ranch of Col. Sparks, fronting the Gua
;dalupe river, two miles, and lying twenty-two
miles wo3t of New Braunfels, in Comal county,
and about thirty miles north from San Antonio
all in one body of some ten thousand acres,
with the improvements thereon, and some six
hundred and forty acres under fence, near Mr.
G. W. Kendall's celebrated sheep farm. In
his purchaso of stock of Col. Sparks, there are
some threo thousand sheep, sevoa hundred and
fifty head of cattle, two hundred and fifty head
of horses and mules, besides working oxen, a
Maltese jack, two Durham Bulls, and the cele
brated race horso Hockway, and also one thou
sand hogs, goats, fcc., &c, making a clean pur
chaso of the whole premises, amounting to
$106,700, the largest sale ever made in Texas
of any stock farm. Herald.
Tin: Arrnoi'iUATioxs For the army, 'tho
amount is $15,589,815. For the navy( $10,
051,013. Civil and Diplomatic expenses, Leg
islative, &c, '&c., $0,715,715. Miscellaneous
32,915,000. These comprise the lurgcat items.