Newspaper Page Text
HE WEEKLY ABIZONIAK
v Vot: 1.
TUBAO, ARIZONA, APRIL 14, 1859.
A iVERKJiY PAPI2K,
DEVOTED TO THE GENERAL INTERESTS
.. . , OE AllIZONA.
Three Dollars pbr nminm', in advanco!
rates op Xov'tniTi'siNa: ""' '
One Square,' of 10 lines, or, loss ono insertion, $2 00
u tt tt tt it (n.e0 it i oo
" " " " ono quarter, 10 00
" " " " one year, 30 00
All communications and business loiters must be
addretspd' to The Akuonian, Tubac, Arizona.
fifty dollars on every vessel entering llic.
port, and' tliere is hot a single light-house
from one end of the Mexican coast on (ho Pa
cific to the othor 1 i
The principal! exports of Mazatlan arc log
wood) silver, corn, rin'd dried fruits the latfor
to San Francisco, the former, to the Atlantic
States and Europe. , , .-J
Twicg a week the military band playcdin
the Plaza, at night; and as porsous of all vol.
A Nation in the Business of a Pawn
broker. The Monte Pio is a species of national pawn
broker establishment. It is in the great square
of the City of Mexico, occupying the building
known as the Palace of Cortez, said to
be erected on the ruins of the ancient Pal
ace of Montazuma. This is ono of most
benificient institutions in the world, and was
founded in 1775. by the Conde de Itccla. who
endowed it with about $300,000. Since that
period it has been administered faithfully by
and countries assemble there in gr'eat ! th Government, and affords succor daily for
' , b more than two hundred persons. It is ruled
The City of Mazatlan.
Prom Hatching's California Magazine, we
condense an article on the 6ity of Mazatlan,
and other important points in Mexican territo
ry, along the Gulf coast. The writer says:
In tliree days more we have crossed the
Gulf of California, and the exhilerating cry "of
"Land h'o ! land ho !" jyives the welcome tidings
that "El Qreslon," the landmark of the port,
is in sight. Soon the pilot's boat is visible, and
presently is at our side, and shortly afterwards
we have shot past El Creston into the harbor
of Mazatlan ; and almost before we have
threaded our way amon? the vessels ridinj at
anchor, tho custom-house boat, with Mexican
colors flying, is alongside of us, and the oflicer
is speedily on board. As no boat, is allowed
near a vessel until the custom-house boat with
the commandant of the port, or his deputy has
departed, and consequently as we cannot yet go
ashore, .while they are settling up matters in
tho cabai, let us look upon the sing ilar and
beautiful view. Tliere can bo but few prettier !
scenes iii any part of tho world than in the har-1
bor of Mazatlan. The bold El Creston, the
fori onaiii ljng the uIi azlfbr, and a "long "row
of one-storied houses on the north ; the long
lines of white 'surf breaking on an extended
sand-bar, and the islands Pajaros and Venado
on the south ; and on the cast the picturesque
palm and cocoa nut trees growing alike among
the'huls of the poor as tlie palace-like houses
of the rich, are surpassingly beautiful.
Nowletusgo ashore, as the custom-house
oflicerVhave examined tlie cargo. After our boat
has threaded its way among the small schoon
ers near tho beach, a crowd of men run into
the water, and before wo are scarcely aware of
it they have us on their shoulders, and soon
set us down on dry land. A dozen clamorous
volunteers vociferously escort us to tho Hotel
Nacional, Mons. J.lajJe,j)roprietor.
The first impression received by foreigners, on
landing at Mazatlan, is, that it is a city of pris
ons, as every window is protected- by strong
iron bars on the outside. This is necessary, no
doubt, as but little glass is used, the climate
being -too hot to allow, of it. This ia the case
throughout Mexico. Most of tho buildings arc
numbers to sit beneath the tastefully arranged
orange trees that adorn it, the scene is singu
larly beautiful and pleasing., Here, too, for
eigners mostly congregate in the evening to
smoke their cigars, with the natives, and each
other. , i '
There are some wealthy, and active business
men in the city who are natives, but the whole
sale ,and shipping .business is pretty much in
the hands of foreigners, English, French and
Germans. Some of the "private residences, es
pecially those in the suburbs, are situated de
lightfully, being embowered in groves of or
ang, ' cocoa-nut, and fig trees, with tastyjjar
dons whetee'' bloom 'is' almost pUrp'etiial. The
climate of Mazatlan is hot, at some seasons of
the year almost suffocating. Of late the city
has suffered much from the revolutionary move
ments of Gandara and Pesqueira, -and at last
accounts was in a state of siege. ' 1
Decimal Coina -e for Cana'.a.
A late .number of "The, Artisan," an Eng'
lish Magazine, says: ,
During the .whole of the month of Novein
oy a general uoard ot Directors, and receives
pledges of clothes, jewels, plate, and every spe
cies of valuables. These articles are apprai
sed at a fair valuation, tho amount of which,
(deducting the interest) is paid to the pawner ;
they are then retained, for six months, during
which period the owner is at liberty to withdraw
thein, upon re-payment of the sum adTauced.
If the debt is not refunded in that time, the
pledges are disposed of at public sale ; and if
they bring more under the hammer than the
valuation, tho difference is given to their orig
From the foundation of this admirable insti
stute which has been the means of preventing
s6 much trouble and misery during the revolu
tionary difficulties of the capital 2.232.G11
persons received succor up to the beginning of
lbob. During the same period, it had distrib
uted $31,071,702, besides giving $134,740 in
alms. In the year 1837, it aided, 29,029 per
sons by the distribution of $377,772, and gave
$1,089 for masses to bo said daily by throe
chaplains, whorece ived a dollar for each one of
their services. An idea of the number and va
riety of persons wlio derive assistance from the
Monte Pio may be formed by a walk through
its extensive apartments. You will there find
every species of garment, from the tattered re-
bosa of the lepera, to the lace mantilla of the
ii , " r . . . , . .. ,.,, , 1 noble daine; every species ot dress, Iroin the
er, the Royal Mint was occupied to its iuhest , i.i..i.A 'n' i. a . i :iu ii i
... .r . .. p ' . . i . uuuuveii oi uiu uu""iii iu uie uiuiuii v uiuun aim
cxieiu in i ue prouueuo u oi a new eoinurUiVun i i i fir .i i ir i
. ,,. 1 . -. . , r n , , T. - jeweled sword ot tlie impoverished officer; and,
of 20 cent, 10 cent, and 5 cent pieces of sil
ver, and 1 cent pieces of bronze. The 20 cent
piece is of the same size and weight as the
franc of France ; and the 10 and 5 cent pieces
correspond with the half and quarter francs of
the same country. The bronze pieces, too,
are identical in size and diameter with the 5
centime of the rcTgn of Napoleon III. The
obverse of the 20 cent piece exhibits a well
engraved likeness of. the Queen. A laurel
wreath decorates the head of her majesty, and
flie words, "Aictouia, Dei Giutia, Regina,
Caxap-a, surrounds the whole. The protecting
to wish among the blazing caskets of diamonds
for which the women of Mexico are proverbial.
A Rep River Indian Girl. An officer of
the U. S. Mounted Riflemen, writing from the
camp on the head waters of Red River, in
New Mexico, thus describes a specimen of In
dian beauty, which came into camp :
It was here that I saw the noblest looking
Indian girl that my eyes ever beheld. Her
dress consisted of a piece of brown cotton
edge is somewhat broader and better defined cloth, wrapped around her loins and hanging
than that, of the shilling, apd therefore the to the knee. On her head she wore her na
new coin has a belter appearance, and will tivo war plume. She was tall, straight as
wear better. The reverse of the 20 cent piece ' an arrow and had a free, wild Indian look, that
at first' glance, resembles much the Victoria ! -was quite taking. Some of her tribe were giv
silyer home coinage on closer examination, ' en to another sort of "taking," which required
however,, a considerable difference. A wreath j all our watchfulness to prevent. She appeared
of maple leaves fills' tlie place of that of lau-1 to be eighteen years of age, and was the wife
rel and oak, which the shillings and sixpences , of a young chief about twenty years old. It
have made to us so familiar. And this, besides j was interesting to see with what respect she
being surmounted by a crown, encloses the fig-1 waited on him. Her example would be edify
ures and words, ''20'cents," and the date, 1858. ing to wives of more civilized life. But it was
The maple tree is abundant in Canada, and nmusinir to see with what lordly indifference
hence): probably, the cause of -the selection' of
its sycamore-like leal lor tlie purpose ol em
bellishment of the new coinage. The smaller
one-story high, and look very gloomy from tho J silver pieces are in design birt reduced copies
strnnt hut. nHsnnn .as vnu enter the courLvard ul "lt ""a ul "u"""""
almost everything resembles a miniaturo castle.
The fragrant flowers by which' they aro adorned
agreeably surprised us.
Mazatlan is the largest and. most populous
Mexican city upon the , Pacific coast, with a
population of nearly fourteen thousand souls,
and frdm her position 'co'minand3 much ' com
'mcrco, although the harbor is poorly protected.
Owing to its position to California, since the
gold discovery, it has increased in size and
population more than ten fold ; and her lino
stores and houses, and well-paved streets, are
no doubt in a great measure owing to Cali
fornia.' Money is cominonly plenty and busi
ness active. Most of the importations nro at
present from Europe, and a .large portion of
the heavy busiuess men are foreigners. Govern
ment officials aro strict and grasping after all
the funds thoy can get hold of. A3 an instance,
pt -ij4jot a light'!1"''"-8 of not less than
ship and appearance.
The bronze piece has. a richer hue thaji.that
of the Urnisli copper coin, and although not so
heavy as the haU-peniiy, bears 'a value nearly
the young savage regarded her attentions. I
trust I have too much of the native gallantry
of my own Erin to see anything to commend
in this, example of coolness towards such a de
voted and sweet specimen of Indian beauty.
coincident with it.
closely the silver
Ciiahactek. The difference of character is
never more clearly acen than in timos when
, 'l :muK- i " 1 men are surrounded by difficulties and misfor
obverso resembles j . M , ,i: :..(.
tunes. There are some, who, when disappoint-
i& -i 1... ii. . c ...i.t..i.
something different - Maple leaves prettily d ftt tlling8 mbake up thoir
ferenee, and enclose the words, "one cent' and
.the date, 1K58.
Seventy thousand pounds, worth of tho silver
decimal coins, or
constitute the present
whilst the 30 tons weight
ber 4,400,000 coins
minds at once to exert themselves no longer
against what they call fate, as thereby they
could rtvengo themselves upon late ; others
cult it is to attain my end the more honorable
it will be ; " and this is a maxim which every
one should impress upon himself as a law.
Some of those who are guided by it, prosecute
A their plans with obstinacy, and perish ; others,
' 1 i! .11.. . !C il 1
, , ",, n,, .i i could avengo themselves upon late; onion
id poum s.. worth of the silver j d )01tai nn(1 Il0 but a tUird
m number about O00.0? . felos. of Aon wifirouao tliein.elvca just at sucl:
sent rcqmrement for Canada; j fl tliemsclves ,.TUJ morc (lifH.
3 weight ot bronze will num- u ! . , i. i i,.u.
It would be better if young ladies would en
courage young men. more on account of their
v Mml nf Lrfnd,.. oxnint huled in one way, will try another.
wnntnff o fn ci!nnrflln lrwlv
change which takes us from a world of care
to U new and higher cxiatenco.
Borrowing trouble'makcsUmou umre mis er
ble, than trouble itielf.
Weights and Measures.
The following table of the number of pounds
of various articles to a bushel, according to
the United States standard, will be useful in
this country, where everything is sold by weight.
Of wheat, sixty pounds.
Of helled corn, fifty-six pounds.
Of corn on cob, seventy pounds.
Of rye, fifty-six pounds.
Of oats, thirty-six pounds.
Of barley, forty-six pounds.
Of potatoes, thirty pounds,
Of beans, sixty pounds.
Of bran, twenty pounds.
Of clover seed, sixty pounds.
Of timothy seed, lorty-five pounds.
! Of flax, seed, forty-five pounds.
Of hemp seed, forty-four pounds.
Of buckwheat, fifty-two pounds.
Of blue grass seed, fourteen pounds.
Of castor beans, forty-six pounds.
Of dried peaches, thirty-three pounds.
Of dried apples, twenty-four pounds.
Of onions, fifty-seven pounds.
Of salt, fifty pounds.
Mormon Love Soxg. Say, Susan, wilt thou
come with me, in sweet community to live ?
Of heart, and hand, and home, to thee a six
teenth part I'll freely give.
Of all the love that swells my breast of all
the honor of my name of worldly wealth by
me possessed a sixteenth portion thou shalt
Nay, tell me not too many share the bless
ings that I offer thee! Thou'lt find but fifteen
others there a household happy, gay and free.
A moderate household, I may say; my neigh
bor has as many more; and Brother Brigham.
o'er the way, luxuriates in forty-four.
I promise thee a life of ease; and, for thyself,
I'll let thee choose such duties as thy fancy
please; say, Susan, canst thou still refuse ?
Sophronia cooks and sweeps the floors, and
Hcpzibah makes up the beds; Jemima answers
all the dpors. and Prudence combs the chil
The household duties all devolve on each,
according to her lot; but from such labors I'll
absolve my Susan, if she. likes them not.
Into thy hands such tasks as take a dignity
will I consign; I'll let thee black my boots, or
make the shirt and sock department thine.
I'll give thee whatsoe'er thou wilt so it be
but a sixteenth part; t' would be the deepest
depth of guilt to slight the rest who share my
Then wilt thou not thy fraction yield, to make
up my domestic bliss? Say yes and let our
joy be sealed with just the sixteenth of a kiss.
American Flags on Fraser River. A let
ter from Fraser river, published in the "Mari
posa Star," says :
"The canoes of both whites and Indian carry
the American flag at the stern of their respec
tive crafts. Mr John Bull does not like it
much the sight of it, no doubt, awakens un
"Governor Douglas was in a store at Fort
Yale, a short time ago, when an Indian camo
in and purchased a flag. The Governor en
quired of the trader, 'do you sell the American
flajrhre?' 'Sometimes we do,' observed the
trader. 'Englishmen never sell their flag,' re
marked the Governor while a smile passed
over his benign (7-be-9) countenance. ' There
is no demand for it here,' retorted the trader,
and the Governor 'dried up.' "
M'iner's Luck. The "Gopher Claim," loca
ted in California, was first bought for $50, tho
company purchasing it for the lumber, lince
this time a number of companies have attemp
ted to work it, but being unsuccessful, gave it
up. Recently, Mr. Hall & Co., believing it to
bo Tiiluable, "pitched in" and cut a trail raco
of sufficient depth for hydraulic purposes.
They soon ascertained that the top dirt would
pay remarkably well, from which they took, for
two weeks' washing, about $100. The vast
amount of top dirt wag considered to be the,
greatest obstacle in the way for working this
claim to advantage. Ii is confidently asserted.
that when they reach what is called bar gravel,
it will bo found very rich. Shares are now held
at $1000 each. This is an instance of persever
ance and good fortune, combined "with knowl
edge snflicient to work a chum as it should be1
worked. There are thousands of such locali
ties in California, vet untouched, waiting to