Newspaper Page Text
THE WEEKLY ARIZOMAK
TUBAC, ARIZONA, APRIL 21, 1859..
A WEEKLY PAPEU,
WOTED TO THE GENERAL INTERESTS
, terms: ,
Throe Dollars per annum, in advance.
' RATES OV ADVERTISING :
ie Square, of 10 linos, or less, one insertion, $2 00
it t it it uiree tt 4 0Q
" " one quartor, 10 00
" " " " " ono year, 30 00
All communications and business lcttors must bo
'dressed to The Arizonian, Tubac, Arizona.
The Papago Indians.
A few days tigo, Tanacio, grand chief of the
apago nation, paid us a parting visit, shaking
inds all round, stating that hejiad always
jen our friend and would continue so. Over
)ine hy such a proof of consideration, we pre
mtcd the" distinguished aborigineo with an old
id silk sash, which we trust may have a ben
icial effect in rendering still more durable
ie bonds of amity between the Papngos and
hites! The chief also called on other friends,
ind received many presents from citizens of this
place,. soon after which the Papago camp broke
up, and the, band of two or three hundred that
have been.livimr near Tubac for several months
past, quietly departed for their own country,
We are indebted to Herman Ehrenberg,
Esq., for the following interesting information
in regard to the Papagos.
The Papago Indians inhabit the western
portion of Arizona, and the northwest rogion.pf
Sonora. Their number is about 4000, of which
iiiuu live in iuuoveaa, uaoorca, aim otner
portions ol northern honora., J heir country is
extroinely diy, an"3' in most places destitute of
water ; the principal supply used by them is
rain water, gathered in natural tanks among
the rocks and crags of the volcanic mountain
ranges that traverse their country. They range
over at least 10,000 square miles of laud, and
in this vast extent of country not ono solitary
stream of one mile in length, is met with ! The
bulk of the Papagos living in American Terri
tory, are concentrated in a rane of extensive
plains, running from the Pimo villages on the
Gila, through to the town of Altar, in Sonora.
There are some ten villages on this plain, also
some isolated settlements. However, none of
these villages are permanent, the population
move as soon as the water gives out; and it is
often that the whole country is abandoned by
them on this account.
In those years when the country is visited by
copious showers of rain during the summer
months, the Papagos are able to raise very fair
crops of corn, melons, squashes, and some little
cotton. Then the village pf Santa Rosa is a
very lively and romantic looking place. Small
fields, luxuriantly green, surround it for miles.
While the men are engaged in the fields, the
women scatter among the foot hills of the sur
rounding mountains, in search of the fruits
from the cactii, of which the gigantic Sahuara,
obtaining not seldom a height of 40 feet, fur
nishes the best and most abundant supply.
These fruits arc preserved in different ways ;
some arc dried, others are boiled down to an
excellent syrup, -very much liked by tho whites
of Santa Cruz Valley. That species of cacti
described by Bartlett as tho Patahaya, is in
fact the Sahuara tho former and the" latter
never grow in tho same locality.
During harvest time, in May and June, largo
numbers of tho Papagos go down into Sonora
to assist in gathering the crops of tho Mexi
cans. As Arizona is gradually settled up,
those migrations will probably bo directed to
the American settlements in future. Their
visit to Tubac and Fort Buchanan has been
rather a long ono, thia time, owing to a failure
of their crops lost season. They havo beep
of some utility here, in performing mtliiual
labor, making and .selling hay for horses, and
in supplying the town, eipccially the Mexican
population, with earthern wares for kitchen use.
Tanacio, although captain, has not absolute
authority over the Papngos, nor over all the
villages. Like most Indian tribes of the west,
in time of peace, no one concentrates in his
person those powers which wc are apt to attri
bute to chiefs of Indians. For war parties, a
certain young brave, distinguished for valor or
other necessary qualities, is 'confided with tho
command ; ho who goes with the expedition
recognizes this temporary authority a3 long as
the expedition lasts.
The Papagos are tall and well made Indians,
brave incomparisonjto the treacherous Apaches,
who shuu their country and hardlyCYCr com
mit depredations upon them. ... f
The Papagoa and Pimos were onqeorioand
the same tribe, speaking the same language, but
the Iaf.terJ,(not inclueed m the above number;
have permanent homes along"the banks of the
Gila, and are somewhat more civilized.
The difference between tho two tnm.s is
described by the Mexicans and the 'Indians
tuemseivcs to consist in uic nmos uemgv mm.
ians and the Papagos heathens ! To this
distinction, in this case particularly, seen''l to
be without a difference.
The Papagos are rather a good naturecL race
of people their country is comparatively safo
for travelers ; but there, as well as everywhere
else in Arizona, we should always look to our
arms, to be on tho safe side.
Their country consists of vast plains, "ver-
growu with low mesquite- and iroxiwooSrjv:itd
interspersed witli thousands of large, rugged,
barren mountains of trap formation, attaining
only ii height of a few thousand feet, at most.
These mountains are traversed by metallic
veins of great richness, at times, as is shown
in the case of the Ajo copper mine. Copper
generally predominates. Iron, is found in
abundance, and the rolling foot hills contain
much gold, but a great deal too much earth
mixed with it, to make it profitable for the
whites to gather. Besides, the great scarcity
of water would frustrate all attempts at gold
Another Filibuster Movement.
From a New Orleans paper we clip the fol
lowing significant advertisement :
To all those wlio may wisli ptacably to Emi
grate to Arizona and New Mexico.
A free passage and all necessary equipments
will be furnished those who may desire to
accompany the Emigrant Association, which
will start on tho first of March, 1859, from
Victoria, Tcxos, or some other more accessible
point yet to be designated. None need apply
who cannot furnish reference as to good char
acter ; and a guarantee will be required from
emigrants of their intention of faithfully carry
ing out the objects of the association.
S. A. LOCKRIDGE.
Agent Arizona Western Pioneer Association.
The above is no doubt afeint to coverjtbe
organization of another force for the invasion
of Nicaragua, although wc understand that
the movement has been postponed for some
The Washington and Oregon War Debt.-
Tho modest demand of some six or eight
millions of dollars made upon the general gov
ernment, to compensate the volunteers of Wash
ington and Oregon Territories for the expenses
incurred by them in making Indian forays
came before the House in the tenth week of
the session, in the shape of a resolution direct
ing the third Auditor of the Treasury to audit
these accounts on a fair given basis (the samo
as for the army), and report to next Congress.
As that course might possibly reduce the claims
from 40 to 80 per cent, it was of courso opposed
by the delegates from the Territories, and oth
ers; but the House, neverthelesss, thought the
proposition fair and proper, and adopted tho
Mouth of the Mississippi. Mayor Stith, of
New Orleans, has sent a special message to tho
City Council, urging the importance of an
immediate removal of the obstacles to com
merce in the Harbor: Ho says: "Never has
the entrance and exit from our river been so
doubtless take place, The presence of Walker, j from a few days to as many weeks by the shal
HehninKsen,t"aud other chiefs of the filibuster I lowness of the water upon the bar. Three
wnftl.-a ie nAinn to frtrtw inilrie '
. ' , ,. ' , lt , , ';. .''difficult as at the present moment,
from Port Lavaca, where the embarkation will t f , bound out and in. ar
Later from France.
The rumors from Paris in regard to tho
probabilities of war arc contradictory, and all
was in a state of uncertainty.
The military preparations were going on
much as usual. The casting of cannon "at Vin
cenncs was condected with the greatest secrecy,
as if there were a desire to open a compaign
with the new improvements before the secret
should transpire to the world. It is stated that
only half tho number of horses will bo requi
red for the uew pieces of artillery, which are
represented to bo as extraordinary for their
compactness and lightness as they are formid
able in their effects.
It was reported in Paris that the effective
force of the French army in Algeria was to be
Tho "Herald's" Paris correspondent learns
that the artillery of the army of Lyons had
been placed on a war footing, all tho officers
and men on furlough being ordered to join
their rogiments without delay.
Prince Napoleon and his bride arrived at
tho Tuillcrics on the 3d ult., and were received
by the Emperor and Empress. The Prince was
to receive the. title of High Admiral.
An important pamphlet bearing the title "Na
pleom HI. and Ilaly' had made its appearance
in Paris and attracted great attention. Some
parts of it are ascribed to the Emperor himself.
The pamphlet seeks to establish that treaties
would bo only invariable if tho world was im
movable. A gentleman having a largo six-shooter in
his hand, was asked, "Is that a horse pistol ?"
"No," ho replied, "it is only a Colt's."
Earth bath no sorrow Heaven cannot heal
force, in San Antonio, the collection of stores
and arms at Victoria, the gathering together of
men in camp, without teams and wagons, such
as would be necessary if they intended to cross
the plains all serve to contradict the idea
that a "peaceful emigration to this Territory
is contemplated. Emigrants that are of real
benefit to a country in the way of developing
its resources, seldom move in the form of an
army, equipped for active service. We believe
the "Arizona Western Pioneer Association" to
be a fraud, and tho.t the real design is a an
other descent upon Nicaragua, from the coast
of Texas. We trust that if nuch be the ease,
the entire filibuster force will be allowed to
land on the cost of Nicaragua without the least
hindrance from the American government.
Then, station a few ship3 of war to prevent
reinforcements, and quietly await the result.
In a few weeks battle, cholera, and yellow
fever will do the work, and the whole pestifer
ous gang meet a just retribution.
The Sickles Case. A New York paper
"That the intimacy between Mrs. Sickles
and Mr. Key was brought to her husband's
attention a- year aero, is known. A Mr. B. of
New-York, whose name it is unnecessary to
give in full, being rather a susceptible young
man,, last session fell violently in love with Mrs.
Sickles, who was always free in manners, and
flattered by devotion, as what woman is not?
He soon became jealous of District-Attorney
Key, and watched him. At length he found
what seemed to him a sufficient basis for his
suspicions. It came to his knowledge that the
guilty pair were locked together in a private
room in one of our hotels, I believe for two
hours. He communicated this fact to Mr.
Sickles, who. to his kind informant's surprise,
assailed him with abusive language and for
bade him his house thenceforward. Mr. B.
returned to New York crestfallen, and Key
remained master of the field, continuing to be
intimate with both man and wife, as heretofore."
million dollars' worth of cotton alone, freighted
on the ships endeavorinE to get to sea, havo
been nearly a month in the mouth of the river;
merchandise designed to perfect the stock of
leading houses has been kept on shipboard
until tho season when it was needed is far
Shoe Business in Massachusetts. The
opening of the Boston Shoo and Leather Ex
change in Codman Building, Hanover street,
took place last week, and attracted a large
crowd to the spacious rooms. A collation was
served; and speeches made by Governor Banks,
ther-Hon. Amasa W.'Licee, and various gentle
men interested in the shoe business. Mr.
Walker paid the nyji-egre i'imu?.t shoe trade
in the .State- leached &";. UU0,i)i0. The ex
change ia aumiraoiy arraneu, containing a
reading room eighty feet square, with numer
ous other apartments, wheio it is proposed to
exhibit samples of every description of boots
and shoes made in New-Englaad; also improved
machines for their manufacture, etc.
Purchasing Steamers. In the nouso of
Representatives, when the Naval Appropria
tion bill came up, Mr Bocock moved an amend
ment to the amendment appropriating $173,700
for tho charter of steam vessels for the Para
guay expedition, by giving the Secretary of tho
Navy authority to purchase them. The char
tering of these vessels for nine months amounts
to this sum, and in making the contract
tho Naval Secretary inserted a clause by
which the government could purchase them
at $280,000 only $100,000 more than the price
of tho charter, and $500 less than their their
charter for fifteen months. This amendment
was concurred in by the House. ,
TnE Agricultural College Bill. A bill
donating some six million acres of tho public
lands to the several States and Territories for
tho purpose of establishing agricultural colleges
was passed by both houses after much debate,
but was vetoed by the President. An attempt
was then made in the House to pass it over the
veto, by a two-thirda vote, but fuilod.
TnE TniRTY Millions. The London 'Times'
has a playful editorial on the propoied appro
priation of $30,000,000 by the United States
for the purchase of Cuba, and strongly recom
mends the system to the notice of the Emperor
Napoleon. It says that America has certainly
deepened the science and enlarged the juris
diction of money.
New HAMrsnniE Ahead. It won't do to
laugh at Connecticut any longer for her wood
en nutmegs, etc. New Hampshire has stolen
her laurels. The Legislature has been com
pelled to repeal the law offering a bounty for tho
destruction of crows in consequence of tho
practice which has prevailed of procuring crow's
eggs and hatching them under hens, and bring
ing forward the brood for the bounty.
The Great Eastern. The mammoth stea
mer "Great Eastern" had been formally regis
tered at the Custom-house in the name of the
Great Ship Company as owners, free from in
cumbrances. The first step towards preparing
the vessel for sea had been made by hoisting
in the main shaft of tho paddle engines by
means of Bishop's derrick. The weight of tho
shaft is about 40 tons.
There is talk in Tennessee of tryimr to- send
Senator Bell, whose term expires in March, to
the next House of Representatives from the
8th district, now represented by Mr. Zollicoffer,
A San Francisco letter says : Frazer river
is almost unheard of. Every steamer brings
down as many as can get away, and nearly
all the adventurers thitherward have got back,
looking considerably the worse for wear. It is
only necessary to appear in a "shocking bad
hat," and dilapidated and well ventilated gar
ments, to bo hailed with a "bellow I how's Fra
zer?" Every ihabby, woe-begone looking chap
is supposed to be "one of 'em."
A tipsy Irishman, who was leaning against a
lamp-post as a funeral procession was passing
by, was asked who was dead ? "I can't ex
actly lay, sir," said he, "but I believe it is Uit
nntleman in tb oofiio,"