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THE WEEKLY ARIZOMAN.
TUBAC, ARIZONA. APRIL 28, 1859.
A WEEKLY PAPER,
DEVOTED TO THE GENERAL INTERESTS
Thrco Dollnra per annum, in advance.
RATES OP advertising:
One Square, of 10 linos, or loss, ono insortion, $2 00
u tt tt it tt thrco " 4 00
" " " " " ono quarter, 10 00
" " " " ono year, 30 00
All communications anil business letters must bo
addressed to The Arizonian, Tubae, Arizona.
men in time of peace, and 1200 men in time of tain this a company of 20 men is now formed,
war, Austria could easily match the 072,000 , which is every day increasing, for the purpose
men the "Constitutionnel" boasts France coulcUof prospecting the Pinal mountains.
bring into the field with 085,000 men.
The French Emperor, well aware of the
power of the foe he is about to encounter, is
making gigantic preparations. All soldiers
absent on leave have been called to their posts,"
and a new levy of 87,000 recruits has been or
dered. Great numbers of cavalry and artillery
horses, newly purchased, are being drilled for
The mouth of the San Pedro is our place of
rendezvous, and starting point, and the Cth of
May the day appointed for starting. Until
that time, wo shall prospect between this point
and the mouth of the San Pedro.
Several good prospects have been found, and
we hope to find better by going further.
The Pinal Indians have lately concluded a
All the government bakeries work i treaty with our government, and we apprehend
The Coming- War in Europe.
It is evident that France and Austria arc on
the eve of deadly hostilities. Nothing but the
influence of England can avert war within a
few months. Both nations are making vast
military preparations, and fitting their armies
for the field. This war will probably lead to
revolutions all over Europe. The oppressed
nationalities will seize upon the occasion to
rise, and re-enact with better success, because
with more experience, the times of '48. Italy,
Hungary, and the provinces of the Danube, are
full of revolutionary spirits, while Germany, ap
parently so calm and impassable, is a hot-bed
If Sardinia assists France, Germany will most
unquestionably aid Austria, and the German
States can bring into the field 1,500,000 men
and 2,500 cannon. The Austrian army is one
of the best organized, and is perhaps the easi
est handled army, in the world. It is divided
into two armies and twelve corps, and is always
ready for service. The infantry is composed
of sixty-two regiments of four battalions, with
two buftaiions of grenadiers, Undua depot (both )
in time of war, of fourteen frontier regiments of
two war battalions, and battalion of reserve; of
Tittier's frontier battalion; of a regiment of Ty
rolese riflemen and seven battalions and a de
pot; of twenty-five battalions of carrabineers
and three.battalions of infantry attendants. A
battalion of riflemen is attached to each brig
ade, and every company of regular infantry con
tains sixteen sharp shooters armed with breech
loading rifles. The cavalry consists of eight
regiments of cuirassiers and eight regiments of
dragoons, of six squadrons each; twelve regi
ments of hussars, and twelve regiments of
Uhlans of eight squadrons each, and every one
of the preceding regiments has a squadron of
-depot; there are nineteen regiments of gendar
merie. The artillery consists of twelve regi
ments of campaign artillery; one regiment of
coast artillery of fifteen companies, and one
regiment of fuse men of twenty batteries.
Every regiment of campaign artillery has four
batteries of six, eight, and twelve pounders, one
battery of obues, and six batteries of flying ar
tillery, making a sum total of one hundred and
sixty-eight batteries, of eight pieces, or thirteen
hundred cannons and obuses. Every brigade
has a battery of artillery, which is never sepa
rated from it, and invariably manoeuvres with
it; the divisions of infantry possess a detach
ment of cavalry of four regiments, a park of
Artillery and a train. The general reserve,
(independent of the army) is composed of a
grand park of artillery; a grand body corps of
cavalry, (commanded at present by Prince von
Liechtenstein) and a grand corps of infantry,
which is formed in time of war, of the union 6f
the battalions of grenadiers, drawn from the
regiments of the line. The numerical force of
these arms all together is nearly 600,000 men;
for, on the 1st January, 1855, (mark the date,)
the Austrian Minister of War stated there were
under arms 371 battalions and 82 J companies of
infantry, 395 squadrons, 1,185 cannon, 1,850
companies of sappers and miners, forming
553,902 men drawing pay, and 77,530 horses.
And at the annual Jevy in Austria is 85,000
night and day, making biscuit. More clothing
stores, and ammunition, &c, &c, is being col
lected than was got together during the war i
but little difficulty from them, for a few mouths
"We earnestly request all those who have any
with Prussia. In fact Franco resounds with desire to see this country or obtain fortune, to
military preparation. It is an eveutful hour join us on or before the 5th of May at the San
for Europe, and no doubt the end of some ofj'Pedro.
those rotten dynasties is at hand. Separated There are many persons who are willing and
from the dreadful scene, our country can watch", mxious to join us, but are not able to do so
the clash of arms and the crumbling of States,"
thankful that the ocean rolls between us and
the horrors of an European revolution.
for want of means to procure the necessary out
fit. Some men on this river, that are able,
have generously proffered to furnish a few per-
onna nrnviainns for tli trin. T lmvo nn rlnnbt.
Exploration ot tne una-i,arge party , , ..... . rpmnnnrntfv1 hvsn fininfr. if thn
nrfi-narme- tr Starr.' i " J
By the following letter, which came to hand ' interests of all are advanced,
too late for last week's paper, it will be seen j I would recommend those who are in bu8i
that the Gila Exploring party will leave the ' ness 80 that they cannot leave to do llke
mnnti, nf tin. Son Po.l.-n nn tlm fitn nf Mrv. mid wise, and thereby aid this enterprise.
W invito vnlnntonrs from this sno.tinn of the ! There is a large party at the Colorado, who
v j -
country. "We hope the invitation will be res-,
ponded to, and that among the company some(
competent person may be selected to keep a
full record of the expedition. There shouldi
will meet us at the appointed time, and we hope
to be reinforced by some persons from your
section of the country.
Hoping that you will give this a place in
be not only a daily journal of events but notealjffiour paper, we remain, lours, truiy,
.. .... TTlnwrw-n. TVinvF.n.
on the geography ,ot,,tho cojintry,tsvaterk,ifewiu. . Z
capacity for cultivation, its natural products,
the Indian tribes, animals, reptiles, &a, &c.
This matter would be very interesting, and we
shall be happy to publish it, on the return of
the expedition. Notes and figures should be
made with ink, if pjssible, or with a metallic
pencil. The distances traveled should also be
closely estimated, or if convenient, measured.
The equipment of a person going on this
expedition, should be as light as possible. A
good horse or mule is indespensible, with arms
and ammunition, strong clothing and substan
tial boots. One pack mulo for every three, men
will answer. Bacon, dried beef, pinole, flour,
"panoche" and coffee, are the proper provis
ions to to taice, witn large canteens lor carry
ing water, when exploring away from the river.
Small parties that go out from the main body,
should make a report of everything they may
see that is of interest. Care ought to be
taken to hare all information as correct as
possible. The expedition has our warmest
wishes for success; we trust its work will be
thorough, and lead to the most fortunate
results for all concerned. We commend par
ticular attention to the subjoined communica
Cafhon's Station, )
Gila River, April 15, '59
Editor Arizonian : For years the people of
this, and adjoining Territories, have heard of
rich gold mines on the tributaries of tho Gila.
Persons passing hastily through that coun
try have discovered gold. Prisoners escaping
from the Indians give glowing accounts of rich
Bullets of lead havo beon exchanged with
Indians, for gold, and many other circumstan
ces have led people to believo in tho existence
ot gold in largo quantities, on tho headwaters
of tho Gila.
Lately they havo become satisfied of this
fact, by tho Indians who inhabit the country
bringing considerable quantities of gold to tho
settlements for sale. Tho fact of tho existenco
of gold in the Piual country is now established,
but the exact locality is not known. To ascer
By order of the' Company.
Lawless Expeditions. The San Antonio
(Texas) Herald contains a proclamation from
Gen. Twiggs, warning citizens from engaging
in a reported lawless expedition to Mexico, to
apture runaway slaves, and then sell themana
divide the profits. The General has issued or
ders to the commanding officer at Fort Duncan
and Clark to prevent any such attempt,-and to
co-operate with the Mexican authorities lor that
It is understood that the counael of tho now
Almaden Mining company have asked the Pres-
dent to interfere in the suit now pending in
Calfomia, so as to procure for them certain
papers from the Mexican archieves, but Attor
ney General Black has reported against the
ipplication on the ground that the papers aro
probably not genuine, and the Mexican offi
cials cannot be trusted to certify to them owing
to the perpetration of frauds already discovered.
Our uovernment declining to act tor these
documents, Mexico will be left to tender them
on its own responsibility for the benefit of the
Governor Douglas of British Columbia has
made himself very unpopular by refusing to
allow Americans, in Victoria the privilege of
celebrating Washington's birth day. There
was a great indignation in consequence.
We see by the Texas papers that Gen. Wm.
Walker, the filibuster, lately sailed for San
The most valuable span of horses in the U.
States is said to be owned by Commodore Van
derbilt, of New York. They are matched horses.
They cost him $7000, .and ho has been offered
9000 for them.
Common Sensk and Presence of Mind.
If a man faint away, says "Hall's Journal of
Health, instead ot yelling out like a savage
or running to him to lift him up, lay him at
full length, on his back on the tloor. loose the
clothing, push the crowd away, so as to allow
the air to reach him, and let him alone. Dash
ing water over a person simply in a fainting fit
is barbarity. The philosophy of a fainting fit
is, that tne neart iaus to send tnc proper sup
ply of blood to the brain , if tho person is erect,
that blood has to be thrown up hill: but ii
lying down, it has to be projected horizontally,
which requires less power, as is apparent.
If a person swallow poison deliberately, or
by chance, instead of breaking out into multi
tudinous and incoherent exclamations, dispatch
some one for the doctor ; meanwhile run to the
kitchen, get half a glass of water in anything
that is handy, put into it teaspoontul ot salt,
and as much ground mustard; stir it an instant,
catch a firm hold ot tho person s nose, and the
mouth will soon fly open then down with the
mixture, and in a second or two up will come
the poison. This will answer better in a large
number ot cases than any other, it, by tins
time, the physician has not arrived, make the
patient swallow the white of an egg, followed by
some strong coffee, because they nullify a larger
number of poisons than any qther ucccssiblo
articles, as antidotes to the poison that remains
in tho stomach.
If a limb or othor part of tho body is severely
cut. and tho blood comes out by spirts or jerks,
be in a hurry or the man will be dead in five
minutes ; there is no time to talk or send for
the doctor say nothing, out with your hand
kerchief, throw it around the limb, tie the two
ends together, put a stick through thorn, twist
it around tighter and tighter, until the blood
ceases to flow. But to stop it does no good.
Why ? Because only a severed artery throws
blood out in jots, and the arteries get their
blood from the heart ; hence to stop the flow
the remedy must be applied between tho heart
and tho wounded spot or, in othor words,
abovo the wound. If a vein had been severed,
the blood would have flowed in n regular stream
and, on tho other hand tho tio should bo ap
plied below the wound, or on tho other side of
tho wound from tho heart ; because tho blood
in tho veins flows toward the heart, and there
is no neod of so great hurry.
James Y. McGuflio, of Georgia, has been ap
pointed superintendent of Indian Affairs m
From Washington. New York, Saturday,
March 19th. The Tribune's Washington cor
respondent -says: "A now. fiiibnstoring.cxpedi
tion against Nicaragua has been organizing for
some time, and Gen. Walker's departure for
California is directly connected with it, as the
enterprise will start from the Pacific side.
His recent profession of the Catholic faith is
believed to be designed as a propitiation to Nic
aragua, but will not succeed.
Gen. Henningsen's emigration is supposed to
be inspired by a similar purpose, with an under
standing as to a future rendezvous and junc
tion of forces.
It is contemplated, in Washington, to change
the supervision of the Indian Bureau from the
Interior to the War Department. The Adju
tant General of the United States army has
written a letter on the subject, in which he ex
presses the opinioH that the Indian Affairs of
tho Uovernment might ho much more econom
ical, if under the jurisdiction of the War De
partment, as in that case, army oflicers,who aro
necessarily among the Indians, could discharge
tho duties of agents and superintendents.
The compensation of postmasters and the con
tingent expenses of their offices, amount to
$2,000,000 per quarter, or equal to the revenue,
leaving nothing for the mail service. It has
been estimated that the service which it is abso
lutely necessary to be performed will require
about twice as much as the entire receipts, to
say nothing of the present indebtedness.
Judge B is one of our most affable and
talented lawyers, and a great wag withal. His
son "Sam" is a graceless wight, witty as his sire,
and, like him, fond of all kinds of palatable
"fluids. The Judge and bam were on a visit
to Niagara. Each was anxious to have a "nip,"
but (ono for the example, the othor in dread of
hurting tho "old mn s feelings,") oqually un
willing to drtnk in tho presenco of the other.
"Sam, said tho Judge, "I'll take a short walk:
bo back shortly.". "All right," replied "Sam;"
and after seeing "his Honor" safely round tho
corner, ho walked out quietly, and ordered, at a
near bar-room, a "julep." While in concocio,
the Judgo entered, and (Sam being just then
back of a newspaper, and conssquently viewing,
though viewless,) ordered a "julep." Tho sec
ond was compounded, and the Judgo was just
adjusting his tube for a cooling draught, wheu
"Sam" stepped up, and taking up his glass, re
quested tho bar-tender to take his pay for both,
irom a bill tho "Governor" had just handed out
to him I Tho Judge's surpriso was only equalled
by his adiniratiou of his son's coolness, and he
exclaimed, "Saml Sand you need no julop to
, cool you I" Tho probability is tlm ' 1