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THE AEIZONIAN.. v
TUBAC, THURSDAY, rfkY 121859
Jt&t To Advertiser's. -PcrSbns desiring to n't
ertiae in this paper, nrc requested to send In their
faron without tlolay, addressed to The Arizonux,
JrSvBSCRiPTtOHS must in all cases be accom
panied with tho cash. No subscriber's name will
"".t'e.'entered upon burb'ooks antil adrancd' payment
lias been mado.
.'" The, lato Massacre.
" It is.npw generally known tlirougliout this
' portion of the Territory that an attempt was
" recently made by a onnd of lawless men to
.drive tho Mexican population from thecoun-,
' try, and several persons were killed on the Son
oita,. We are authorized to say that the whole
proceeding meets, from a large proportion of the
American residents, with severe condemnor
'tion. Wo shall next week publish a full state
1 ment of the outrageous affair, with the names
of 'our American population to sustain and
guarantee it. Until then we assure all well dis
posed Mexicans that they need be under no
concern ; they will be fully protected.
' ' On the road to Calabazas ranche, from Tu
bac,' whetiabout bne mile from the former place,
e the traveler will notice a wide opening in the
'range .of hills upon his left hand, and a slightly
marked road extending in an easterly dircctian.
This is the entrance td the Sonoita vail y, or,
rather, canon, which contains some of the best
1 farms in Arizona. The total length of Sonoita
'valley is about oleven miles, its breadth from
' fifty feet'to half a mile; the sides precipitous,
rand- very rough. The road winds along the bed
of. the stream most of the way, between tall cliffs
" crcasiohdlly, w'hejpe the passage is very narrow.
The"1 Sonoita, a clear, rippling brook, runs
through the valley, like all streams1 in tihis
' country, intermittant, and before it reaches the
Santa Cruz, toward which it runs so briskly,"
dives into the sand and disappears. Now and
then the valley widens a little, leaving a small
Interval, which can be irrigated, and ;herc are
'tho' farms, hemmed in by the adjacent hills,
which1 roll away into formidable mountain
ranges. : There are seven farms on the Sonoita.
besides one or two little spaces, where there are
houses" inhabited by laborers. In all, there is
'probably six or seven hundred acres of arable
land capable' of regular irrigation, in the whole
valley. First comes Findlay's ru.nchc, the lar
'ges't of the lot, containing nearly two hundred
Veres. "Here a grist mill is being crectqd,which
'will be' a; great benefit to the country. 1 Next,
'Pennington's,' and then Marshall's. Mr. Mar
. 'shall-has abdiit one hundred and' sixty acres of
"land capable of easy and highly profitable cul
'tlvatiori. It is well situated, and bears, some
fine timber for this country. We next come to
Wodsworth's ranche, which is very productive.
arid1 well watered. Mr. W. raised last year,
among oilier ! crops, barley to tfyc amount of
'five ttiousattd dollars. Ward's and. Ake's farms
nrcnbun lantly jsuppHed jvith water, an 1 pro
duce, good crops. At . this time, the" barley,
which is seen on all the ranches, as a preliminary-to
the corn crop, although .late, looks wll.
A greater part of it will find a market at. Fort
.Buchanan, to be used as fodder ,for4the troop
horses. The road along tho Sonoita valley is
at present in a very bad condition. If it is to
be n public highway, and it ought to be, the in
habitants would profit to expend some labor in
repairing the bad places, cutting away" trees,
and' filling up darigerpus holes. It is a roman
tic ride along the banks and channel of the lit
tle stream, which i3 a treasure, .beyond price to
the farmers of the neighborhood. "Sonoita,"
in Spanish, signifies clover, and there was never
a moro correct appellation, for the narrow val
ley is matted with a luxuriant growth of
clover, which, when short "arid green, is much,
reHsned'by cattle. For a wonder terc. are a
few, fish in Jhis stream liminutivo specimens
of the mullet tribe, such as nro called "dace,"
or shiners, in the "St&tes. They are liable, how
ever, o ph made " email fry" in aoublo sense
whenever tho water dries up. Tho Sonoita is
one of the chief agricultural districts of the
cjumrySanu there is ajproapect of its product'
jthis YfcnrMjeingR'erylaFgc inf proportion to tne
lfodfcitUffAtedf j J J v
The armed expeditions now being organized
in New York, says theTribund, and other" cities,
with the .ostensible view of .emigrating to Ari
zona, will not bo permitted to enter that Terri
tory, special orders to that effect having been
issued to the United States troops The stop
ping of Col Lockrldge by Gqh. Twiggs, is sanc
tioned hero, and similar orders have been ex
tended to New Mexico, in order to prevent the
entrance of these ban Is of marauders into that
Territory. The troops now in New Mexico will
be removed into Arizona, if it should be ome
necessary vnnd their placo3 supplied by others
from the Platte country.
As America's' .MuHnEiuib. About 3 o'clock,
p. M.. on iW.ny, the Gth inst., Greenbury Byrd.
an American, was found. oil a ranche just above
Tomacp.carl, mortally wounded. lie was taken
up and properly cared for, but died on Friday
The deceased, a quiet, good-natured, respec
table, young man, was attacked on Thursday
ni'ht, it is believed, by his own Mexican labor
ers, and left for dead. The murderers took con
siderable stock belonging to the place, an 1 left
for Sonora. rj yp j W;n f,.t)m one 0f tj1R Q lr.
olinas, but 'emigrated to Arizona from Waeo,
McLenan county, Texas. He had. been in the
country about one . year and a half, residing
most of the'time at Calabazas ranche. No rea
son can be assigned for this murder, except,
plunder, as Mr. Byrd yas in the habit of treat
ing Ins men kindly. -A may be supposed, this
melancholy incident occasions considerable
feeling ngajnst.'Mexicans, and occurring jUst' at
this time when American citizens are being
driven out. of Sonorai teiids to exasperate the
inhabitants of this Territory jo a dangerous de
gree. Several respectable Mexican traders are,
in the' habit of visiting this section with tleja
train's, for tho-pnrposc of trading, and arealwayf
treated well. The 'case " is, however, just this ;
if Americans are driven forcibly' fr6m Sonora,
and with' impunity robbed and murdered, it
will operate very unfavorably against Mex
icans on the American side of the line,
We sincerely hope there will be no serious
trouble-on this point, no hasty violence, but
appearances indicate it afc present. Meanwhile,
we do not believe that the respectable portion-
of. tho Sonoranians desire to be involved
in a relentless border -Warfare, equally disas
trous' to both countries. ''
are informed that Jthoso persons concerned in ingsfof aJTmceting li
the riot atGuaymaslately,fwerc afrestbd by the bneeUo organizing
Apache Whisky. Our corresponderit'at Apa
che .Pass gives us the following account of the
mannurnn which the Indians of this region
manufacture thoir "di.squin,'' or " tisween,""ah
intoxicating liquor of extraordinary ferocity.
He says: ' '. ' '.-
"Tho corn is. first soaked. 'for' twenty-four
hour.vahuleiis then dng'-in tho ground, gener
ally in a wigwam, and-i some dry grass laid on
the bottom; on this grass the corn is placed,
and a layer of grass over it. Four or five times a
day warm water, is sprinkled over the corn, and
at night tho fum!jy sleep,. on it, to increase the
warmth, and make tin corn sprout quick. At
the end of four or five 1 ivy .-J tin corn is all
sprouted; it is then dried and poinded fine,
put in a kettle and boiled for five hour: when
copied, it is mixed with' sugar and .flour, an I
left to ferment for twelve hours, when jt js ready
for drinking. Although not rank to the tasto,
and fiery, its intoxicating power is very great,
and when an Indian hn3 a quart or two on
board, ho don't care a copper who is President
of tho dJnited States.",
"Prnm Snnnri. I A n Tdnnnf1 tit. OftTTArnmnnf..
Bvlate arrivals and l&tturs f romjsojora, we . Bjf reifuestjw pubfish the following proceed-
eld at Arizona City, in refer-
Wo have not space this week for comments:
At a meeting of tho citizens of Arizona City
and vicinity, on the 8th day; of May, 1869, the
following; prea mblc and resolutions were unan-
ringleaders of the Tate mob' nVTIermbsillbf '"we ''mously adopted:
hear riotonly so much, that Mr; Hancock, at. Whekeas, for tilserie'sTofycarrfl,Jia.vjD1we in vain
authorities. .Martinon, Jose Iberra, Fspinosa,
Jo5c Yriyagcr, the. ringleaders, wero exiled from
.the country. . , i . .
Whether any steps were taken to nunish tho
whoso house some Americans are stated to have
been grossly insulted, Was asked shortly after
wards by tho Prefect of the town whether he
desired that, tho perpetrators of the outrage
should be punished, to which he is said to have
repliel in the negativi, probably out-of' Tear
of future annoyance from one of the principal
culprits, who is a notorious1 character, by. the
name of Arriza, a person considered 'as suh in
Ilermosillo, even, but probably' of too -much in
fluence amongst' its rowdy popiilatidh, to''o'vcr.
awe those that were peaceably inclined ifi these
revolutionary times; '" '
Mh Hnnchck is art American' cabinet-maker,
resident of Hermosillo, industrious, active and
intelligent, and although living and married in
Sonora, he has not forgotten his native country..
We also learn that one of tho chiefs of the Apa
ches has sent word' to Sonora tliat 'his nation
will make peace with that country, if agreeable.
Santa Rita S. M. 03.- Commencement qi
' Smelt-ng". " .
The Santa Rita S. M. Co. have just completed
end put iiv-operation a furnace and vasa for the
reduction of the ores' of the Crystal'minei ! The!
trial of the works was made last' week, 'and- or
Saturday the plan'cha was. refined in tli'e' vasa,
and a planch a of silver was extracted.- The.
success of their first attempt at smelting1 mus.t.
bo highly gratifying to the Company.- It is.
only four months since-the train of the Com-,
pany arrived at' its destination, and in this short
time', with a limited nUniber bf hands, they'liave
accomplished much in the way of opening
mines, making roads, and putting up improve
ments. We trust this .plancha is but the- com-
: mencem'ent of a' silver stream -which may here
after flow uninterrupted from these mountains-
Mail News. t
The papers from the States, by the last mail;
are barren of interesting intelligence. There
was nothing late from-Europe or Mexico, i The
Sickles trial was going on, and the case was
nearly ready for- the jury; Sickles will b.O .ac
quitted. Why is npt Mrs. Sickles prosecuted
for adultery? , : '-,,'.
The invasion .of Cuba, turns -out to.rbe a
humbug. , ' ' , . i
, The. mail coaches to, Pike's Peak' ;and,; the
gold mines, from Leavenworth,, have ..com
menced running. ,
Gov. Medary, of Kansas, had gone home to
Ohio. The treaty with Paraguay had not, at
last dates, been published by the Eastern press.
, Government has not yet been obliged to use
any of the tvyenty m'dlions.of treasury notes 'au
thorized by the last Congress.
humbly knocked atthe portals of our national
. government, have wo annUallyJscnt bufiduly
constituted delegate to1 Washington, have we
petitioned, supplicated, and implored Con
gress for relief,, and have, we invoked protec
tion of person, property and lito, a guarantee
of the ordinary rights and privileges of Amer
can, citizens. Facts have been heaped upon
fiicts ; instances have been added to instances,
showing conclusively otir utter'dcstitiiton and
out the protective influence of Government.
We have shown'," that -wo are., Wholly without
government, that in the entire country, from
. the Rio Grande to the Colorado, a distance o f
six, hundred miles cast and west, and a like
distance north and south, thereinrc no coun
ties, no civil officers, no laws, aud that crime
s stalks abroad in our midst in. ppen day... .We
(haye shown that,emigrant trains have -been
attacked by the. relentless savage., and dnve.i
, back with gf.cat loss of , life nnd .property, leav
ing destitute women, and cluldren to wend
their way back in doubt and dread, through
an almost trackless waste,, and that others,
less fortunate, have, all been slain,;, men jand
children constantly murdered when struggling
in defence of v.ive3 and .mothers,,- while-ntho
wives, and mothers wprq' ravished, to death.
We have shown that armed Mexicans have
invaded our territory, .and stained our land
with America i blo.od,that Mexican cut-throats
and outlaws, under cover of night,, have, bru
tally murdered and, mangled the .bodies of
, our citizens in charge of our mail stations,
and that marauding parties of ruthless sava
ages and barbarous Mexicans infest our en
tire territory, deluging the country, in blood,
, driving off our herds, producing constant
, dread and alarm in our midst, preventing
immigration, impoverishing our people, and
depopulating our country. Notwithstanding
all this, the doors "of Congress have been
closed upon us ; the cars, of those high
in power have been deaf to our cries for. re
lief, and to the scenes of hload and carnage
here presented, have they shut, their., eyes
with seeming indifference an pyidentj.con
tempt Therefore, ,
1st. lie it Jiesolved, That we, the citizens of
Arizona City and vicinity, invoking tlie guid
ance and protection of Divine Providence',' do
horeby solemnly determine, with the consent
and co-operation of our fellow-citizens through
out the Territory, to established maintain a
government for ourselves.
2d. That we earnestly request our fellew-cit-iz'ens
throughout the Territory to'unite witli''us
in this effort to redeem our adopted country
from the ravages of crime and rapine. "
3d. That we hereby recommend to our fellow-
citizens that a.i electiop be held at suitable., pla-
"Tiien we DtDS't a.vd tiiek we. Did It . ces throughout the Territory on Monday, j ho
is yet excruciatingly uncertain whether or not instant, tor the election ot delegates to a
this setiou ot c ) i.itry id to be honored' b'v a tutorial convention, to be held at lucsdn, on
.. n n t i n mi i- " , i Monday, the 27th davoi June next,
visit from Culonel Bonneville, in his o.hcial i . , ' , . . ... .
i ' a!li I ml wo nlan mfinrnmunt Hint, until lnri.
Tkatn'm Attacked nv Indian. -On the- 9th
inst.. a 'Mexican pack train was attacked ty a
band of Pinal Apaches near Arivaca, nnd one
Mexican wounded. The train was partially
robbed. Several horses and mules were killed.
The attacking party numbered sixteen. Tho
wounded man is .at Arivaca.
wa,mWyui!;Ju.(luI.ruua in-uuiry 'P"-, torial cpnvention, when convened and organ
ment ot. New Mexico. First, we hear .he , is ized, shall have full power to adopt an organic
coming an 1, than that ho is not cojivng; next, 'law, for the future government of the Territory,
that lu has actually started, and again, that he t0 Apportion the representation, ami, if deemed
A n :t.. i tn -i i a i 'V i? " necessary, to elect, temporarily, the vanous'of
does not intend to start I. As Mr. loodles ,rc fic(Jra 0,h(J TerrtorV) t0 do such other acts
m irked conjormn the doubtful m-inner in an,i things as said convention shall deem meet
which a certain "long lost brother" was heard and proppr.
from "then we didn't hear from him and then , 5th. That this Territory now contains a lar-
we did; and then we did and then wo didn't! Pr population than did Juinzas, ebraska, or
i..iw,.,'4i. c., t? r . '' r V." Washington, at the time of their brgntiization,
rorliaps the banta re Gazette can enhj'hten us , J? tl, ' , ... , . .. c , . . '
upon tho question: Are wo to have a Bonne- ion, on the ground of deficiency of iopula
ville among us? The people of this Territory tion, must be regarded either as having its pri
will be pleased to see tho Colbnel, especially on Sn in ignorance or fanaticism. ';
the subject of establishing new military posts in ' ctn- Tnn, f our population is less thari.'r'ep
cortain quarters where they aro needed. resented, we , are lie; .more entitled tojoyern-
mi . ' ,raent protection, for the many can protect them-
n n "L t , i- ...selves, the few cannot, , , ,
Av Into & Granger, at 1'ortBuchananihavc re-r J". , . TT .t , ' L . ,
. , ., . i r i r--'i- TM, United States tax collectors are do-
coived their supply of Goods from tho Rio cate(I almost Vuh'in our midst: that is, the pov-
Gran1l', ' crnment reasserting the odious,' repudiated' En.