mVM WVlTf-Dr ,
THE WEEKLY MIZOMAN
TUBAC, ARIZONA, MAY 19, 1859.
A WEHJvL.Y lAlEK,
DEVOTED TO THE (rENFERAL INTERESTS
Throe Dollar per annum, in advance.
IUTKS OP AtlVBRTlStNB:
On Square, of 10 linos, or los1?, ono insertion, $2 00
" " " " throo " 4 00
" " " " ' ono quarti-, 10 00
" " " " " 6no year, 33 00
All communication's an I business letters must be
addressed to Thk ArttzoxiAs', Tubac, Arizona.
Military affairs in Nivr Mexico.
We eapy trom tli3 Missouri Dam orat the fol
lowing letter from a well kmwii citizen of this
Territory, concerning U13 im'ieeile and disgrace
ful style in which U13 m'.litary affairs of this de
partment luve been m inagad. The writer ap
pears to understnu 1 li'd topic, an I wj earnestly
hope hij "will g.i o.i. Thjrj is nothing like put
ting facts bafore the people. The opinion is
rapidly gaining ground that the late, Navajoe
war wail a consummate farce in its origin and
conduct. This letter gives a truthful an 1 graphic
picture of aff lirs :
Bvuoiays Fort, March 10, 1839.
Having seen in the Santa Fe Gazette, of Feb
ruary 5t!i, an article over tha signature of itr.
Hjnry Window, in which he placed mi in a
filse position by stat.nj that I had ma lo a
wholesale o:nlau.$!it ou tho o liters of tha army,
I wrote to the editor, Stalin my desire to recti
fy the error, by dyjlariag my true position.
Tiis privilege was refuse 1 m , and I am forced
to seek another channel through winch to com
municatc with the pu tlie, and I trust you will
not refuse ra j a place in your column?. It is a
poor cause that cannot staulonits own mer
its and will u-,t hoar ilisousdou. The article
in qaetio:i was written solely for effect abroad,
and the writer well knows that in New Mexico
1 wijl jmiy ex-yt(-etl',r, laughter. cf. mdigna-,
ti.a. sls the case mar he.
My oaslau'itis directel Against neglect and
in. Hjieney, my o'jjvwt is slf-prcscrvation, and
mv m tt, ""rLmur to whim hotur is due." Mr.
V:slv ,n'aks f hits eleven year'a experience
an I association with the army, as giving him a
rijjht ti speak of its action. Whether tint fact
-will a 11 anything to the impartiality of his tes
tira my, I leave others to ju-l, but I admire
lheo.ind)r with which lu aelcn wledges that
far seven years "n ithiu ' wh dans," an 1 it is a
ainjular coinjidanjp, that tha e.fijinney of the
army ahoul 1 erui u Jtit'e sim tltaneously with his
appaintm jnt to the sutlendnp, and no lo3S so
that his d tfenoe sh ml 1 be principally .confined
itp tlrne o a;ers with wlum he is thrown mjst
directly in contn'ct.
If tha MesjalorM have boon hum'ile 1, as he
says, neither the citizens of New Mexico nor
themselves are aware of thj fiiiit. If murder
and ribbery are pnofs of it, it may be so, but
it is a very unpleasant way of sh nving it. It is
true they plant som:j corn, and did so long
years before the Americans to !c possession of
the country, ami 1 doubt macli that there has
beea any increase in the amount since. As to
Col Cook's campaign against the Utahs, and
that of Col. Fauntleroy against the Apaches, it
gives mo pleasure to agree with him, and I am
sorry that he chose to forgot that Col. St. Wain,
who commurled the volunteers bore no incon
siderable part in the las-mjiitioned campaign.
We acknowledge with pride the services of a
Bell, a Sturgiu, and a Maxwell, a Stien an Ew
ell, and a Gtbbfi, and others who could be
named, not one of whom will ever fade from the
memory of a grateful people, nnd we regret
that they are not in a position to render us
more effectual aid. Whether these two cam
paigns, and the few Isolated cases where, small
war parties have been successfully attacked, is
fiuiticlent remuneration for tlut enormous ex
penditure in this departmant for the last twelve
years, is what I would humbly submit to the
consideration of the public Whether it is or
not, it is all we can boast, we must make the
Lest of it, and what is mare Unfortunate still, is
the fact that those two tribes are now as great
scourge to us as any on our borders, although
tkey arc receiving "aid and comfort" from pur
government in, the shape of rations and pres
ents. There is many a screw loose in the. manage
ment of our Indian Affairs, and the sooner
Jthese thjugs i receive the attention they merit1
'the better it will be for all co.icerncd.
The Gila campaign, undertaken to punish the J marks of the ex-editor of the Gazette, If I am
murderers of Mr. Dodge, the agent ot the Nav-1 deceived iu the views herein expressed, it is an
ajosj (Sid not effect the object for which it was error into which the whole population of New
.oiexico nave iauen, ana tne any we are unde
ceived will be to us rt day of rejoicing The
special messagd of his Excellency Govt Kencher
to the Legislature clearly indicates his views on
the subject, and their refusal to pass a vote of
thahks to the commanding' officers is anything
but flatter! njr.
1 he disastrous result' of this campaign is solely
attributed to the inefficiency of the commanding
ofHuers, and it is generally believed that hail
Col. Lonng been allowed to command his own
regiment of Mounted Rifles, instead of placing
it under the' command of an infantry ollicer,
while the Colonel himself was left with a cor
poral s guard at Fort Union to protect this
frontier, the whole aspect of affairs would have
We believe that Caftt Hatch. Capt Lindsay,
and, others, distinguished themselves so far as
they were able, but no man can be a successful
swimmer with a mill-stone swung to his neck. I
behove the" army now here equal to anything
required of it,, and only needs the removal of
oUfcfogyism to. become apparent to all. The
citizens of New Mexico delight to honor those
wlu exert themselves for their protection, and
grii-ved that the tax on our gratitude has been
so tight. I have stated my opinions freely and
openly, and if these constitute me an enemy
ofithe army, I shall remain so, hnd if I have
IipVii misinformed in any particular, arid have
thus anintentionally injured any one, I should
nu$only consider it a duty but a great pleasure
in rendering him all the reparation in my pow-erfv-
if 1 cannot succeed by fair and honora
ble' means I neither desire nor 'deserve success.
Instead of shunning. . I court an investigation.
the result of which cannot be otherwise than
beneficial. T know that we are entitled to p'ro
tefdon, and it matters little to us by whom
lhat'protection is given, through, what means,
or'at whot cost It was solemnly promised to
.ihi'fre. people when they became incorporated'
with 'the United States, 'afid'as they have waited.
y jpatitlyjbr, tefrejfeajSi their'depldrable1 situ
ation ceriaimj requires iiiieiuiuii. inu nonor
of the Government, the reputation of the army,
and the pecuniary interests involved, equally
I forgot to mention, that Mr. Winslow's idea
of the prudence, of closing the Navajbe war,
will be disputed by no one,, for its continuance
would only have rendered it each day more
disgraceful. If nothing could be effected when
everything was in fine' order, what could have
been done by men who were now on foot, and
disheartened bv the ineficiency of their lead-
. Under the circumstances there could not
undertaken, and as the troops wsre suddenly
withdrawn, without even the usual farce of treaty
making being enacted, it is needless to dwell on
its gloriej. Col. Loring, who commanded the
mounted rifles, has received the credit (amongst
the people) of having done the most of that
which was effected, .and it is also the general
belief, that if the management of the campaign
had been entrusted to his hands, the result
would have been different, yet, Mr. Winslow
"chose to forget" that he was worthy a placo
with the "elect." We now come to the Navajoe
campaign, and I differ with many as to the pro
priety of commencing a war on account of a
negro boy. 1 believe that no act of aggression
should be allowed to pass unnoticed, that the
perpetrators of an outrage should be followed
on the instant, until overtaken and punished,
and if such a course ii not adopted, we shall re
main as wo now are, the prey of every red-skin
on our border I do not object to the cause of
the war, but when we consider the number of
citizens previously murdered, and the amount
of stock sucpt away by these same Indians, and
that it was allowed to pasg unnoticed, it shows
too strong a contrast ; yet even this would have
been overlooked, had the campaign been carr
ried on with energy, and brought to a successful
conclusion. Was this done ? Let us see : -As
Major Brook's negro boy was killed, the next
question is, who killed him? We have been led
to believe that he was some vagabond, or some
nameless warrior, but on inquiry I am surprised
to find that he is the son of Colletano, a power
ful chief nnd a chief himself, and that hip home
is only a very easy day a ride from tort Uen-
auce, aad, as a natural consequence, he must
have been as well known at the' tort as. the
commanding officer himself. Now, it .strikes
me, that an energetic officer would have made a
forced march the same night, and bj a morning
call at the break of day settled the whole affair
at once, and avoided the'"ireeessity of a war;
which has proved, so. disgraceful to our arms.
;But .instead of this, time was .given Jhcro, M
make preparations, and at theifrequeat. it was
till further prolonged, in the vain hope that the
triendly bands would tores the surrender ot the
murderer. That is, knowing tho murderer, and
his residence, they wished to force these friendly
bands to do for them that which they despaired
being able to accomplish themselves, and, as
might have been expected, it proved a failure.
These bands desired peace, and had done noth
ing to forfeit it. They offered to pay any price
for the murdered boy, and even killed and
brought in a substitute, smeared with mud,which
they lioped to pass off as the actual murderer.
What stronger proof of sincerity could they
give? let it. was ot no avail, and thev were
forced into war for an outrage with which they
had nothing to do.
Whaf unconquered tribe, will give up its chief
until it is nearly exterminated? and. how could
these bands be expected to wage a war of exter
mination against their own people for our grati
fication ? The result of this masterly policy
was, that war was waged against those friendly
bands., while the actual transgressor, although
within striking distance, was passed by. Enor
mous masses of topographical information were
collected. The army was disgraced. The Moun
ted Rifles were reduced to footmen. The ob
ject for which the war was undertaken was as
far from accomplishment as ever, while the
terms of the final treaty were far more disad
vantageous than those first offered, and not
even ' pay was exacted for the murdered boy,
which before the war they treely ottered.
descent into the canon, the Chelle, which has
rung all over Christendom, is a feat which the
r-r it .... t i' : e -tj i
iuexicans nave uueu puriuriuiug mr uuu Knows
how many years, and have never considered, it
worth boasting of, the relative positions'of each
party being such that no particular injury can
bo be done to either.
It is true Col. Sumner once made n famous
night retreat out of this samo canon, which ren
dered him the laughing-stock of the whole coun
try, and, as tho intruders in, the present case,
slipped out again as easy as possible, without
attempting anything in particular, the amount
of glory acquired must, have been smajl indeed
The number of Indians actually killed during
the whole campaign will not exceed ten or
twelve, from the best informotion I have been
able to obtain and the Navajoes themselves ac
knowledge f.o eight If there were any more I
am heartily glad of it, but I suspect that all
over and above that number will, on examina
tion, show nothing noro serious than the pen-
hare been n dissenting voice as to the necessity
sif peace. It is better to do bad than worse.
. ; i am.- respectfully ) ours,
S. B. Watkous.
A DolOkoos, but Guapiiic View, op Human
Affairs. A correspondent of the Wisconsin
Chief thus sums up the characteristics' of hu
"All confidence is lost between, man and
man. The bottom has fallen put of everything.
Shrewd business managers are cheating God in
their professions, and the devil in their bar
gains. Ginger is made out of mustard, and
coffee of chickory. Young Hyson is raised in
the cow pasture, and Young America in the
dram shop. Pure wines nro made of poor
whisky, and Hnvanas of herbs. Rascality has
become a virtue and rot -gut turned to vinegar.
Legislatures are marked as merchants mark
TheJ goods, and tho people's funds absorbed by
Governors are knocked off for $50,000; legis
lators from $5,000 to $20,000. Railroad stock
is down below zero. Caucuses are 'packed.'
and young men, electioneer on, the Sabbath.
Fairjmnk's scales have taken to swindling, nnd
old rats selling their tails to spike cannon.
Jewsharps are palmed off as harps of a thousand
strings, and Democrats as 'genuine Republi
cans' sperits of just men mode perfect.
Sausages are adulterated, nnd tempting links
seem to wag in the most dogged manner. Our
Hon. Daniel H. Sickles has becw acrjpittcdl
for tlie shooting of Key.
The intelligence from Mexico received1 By tho
steamer Tennessee, of the threatened bombard
ment of Vera Cruz by the British fleet, was not
credited at New York.
Assurances have been given by the Present
that tho citizens of Arizona will be futly p?c--tected
from the Apache. What does thafc
amount to ? The people of this country arc
disgusted with the President's "assurances"
concerning this country, which are regularly
issued about once a mmch. Let us have some:
show of action, and fewor promises.
Hon. John Letcher, Democratic candidate
for Governor of Virginia, is daugerously sick.
He is one of the ablest and best men in Vir
ginia ; and in Congress, for manyf years past,,
has been the determined foe of corruption and
The steamer St. Nicholas, one of the finest
steamers on the Mississippi, exploded her boil
ers on the 25th ult. Seventy-five persons were
killed and wounded.
News from Utah represents affairs as wearing
a very threatening aspect, and, seem to clearly
to argue the impossibility of the Federal Court
administering justice. Judge Cradlebaugh had
dismissed the grand jury, they refusing to find
any bills of indictment, and using every other
means to screen murderers and robbers from
justice. Tho court was also compelled to dis
charge the prisoners in custody.
Judge Cradlebaugh, on the occasion of disr
charging tho grand and traverse jurieu, alleged
that the, Mormon3 obstructed the officers of the;
- i -a r.'.la J.
maxe provision lor tne connnement and wiain
tenance of prisoners. Owing to the excited
state of popular feeling, about one thousand
troops were moved from Camp Floyd, and
were encamped near Provo.
Gov. Cumming had issued a proclamation in
which he takes ground with the Mormon senti
ment. He issued a proclamation ordering the
troops from Provo, and his actions generally,
laid him open to the charge of complicity with
Much bad feeling exisis between the troops
and the Mormons, though the former at 'be
haved excellently considering the many .insults
A fearful earthquake has nearly destroyed
the city of Quito, in South America, with a
loss of over two thousand lives, some occonntn
say five thousand. Property was destroyed to
the amount of $3000,090. Other cities in tha
6arae region were injured.
Col. Cooper, of the English army, an excel
lent engineer, has been detailed to accompany
Monsieur Belly on his Nicaragua expedition.
There is said to be no doubt of tho fact that
a joint protectorate of England, France and
Sardinia has been established over Nicaragua.
Thus, it seems that the boasted "Monroe Doc
trine" of the American government, has been
In Europe peace is regarded ai hopelesi.
Tho movements of the Frenoh troops are very
threatening, while Austria resounds with war
A letter from Munich states that the cavalry
and infantry of the Bavarian army is to be at
taUnw no nrnll no nil nrmnlinil in rlofim'tnlv .
exDandimr. In fine, there are none truthful. onco Placed on a war footing, and before the
save horsetjockeys; none patriotic, save politi
cians; none talented, but those who make 'on
chango' oi a grocery corner; and cheat out uf
tho needy what they give to the Lord."
Cashmere goats have been introduced into
Cherokee County, Texas, with every prospect
Of fiUCCSiiii. l J
end of the month all Germany will be in arms.
We notice that among the persons present
when Mr, McLane presented his credentials as
U. S. Minister to President Juarez, was Edward
E. Dunbar, of Arizoua, and Joseph Whiting, of
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