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THE WEEKLY AKIZOMiN.
TUBAC, ARIZONA, JUNE 2, 1859.
A Weekey papeu,
DEVOTED TO TUB GENERAL INTERESTS
Three Dollars per annum, in advance.
rates op advertising:
One Square, of 10 linos, or leas, ono Insertion, $2 00
f a , U ii u tnrc0 00
" " " " one quart-sr, 10 00
, " " " " ono year, 30 00
All communications and business letters must be
addressed to Tne AnrzoKiAN, Tubae, Arizona. '
Tjie Spanish Empire Passing Away. Iu od
ministerinr? a fair hit to the European syinpa
thisers with Spain, the Now Orleans Delta dves
Trouble of Telegraphers in India. -Tho
telegraphers in India make great complaints,
not only that the rebel3 cut the wires, but that
Another of those humbug concerns, styled a
" Southern Convention," is soon to assemble at
Charleston, South Carolina, where there will be
It is quite sugges-j uuder a complete misapprehension, of the ob, 1 the usual display of rant and nonsense concern
ject oi me teiegrnpu system, ueugui to use tne , "disunion.' Several southern States, Hen
wires for athletic sports and.pastimes. Mr. Bus- tucky amonff the number, refuse to send del-
A sharp Kebuke.
First Lieutenant Caleb Smith, 21 infantry,
was lately tried by court martial, at Fort Ran
dall, for disgraceful and unolficcr-liko conduct
towards Lieut Lee and 1st sergeant Sloaue. -He
collared and pushed the sergeant and drew
a pistol on Lieut. Lee, while oh duty with lu3
company. The finding of the court and the
decision of the President thereon, was as fol
The court after mature deliberation upon
the testimony adduced, fin Is the accused guilty
of the ch:irgo an I ' specifications preferreJ
against nun, anil sentence turn, tne sam uaico
Smith of the 2 1 regiment of infantry, "To be
dismissed the service."
The President reviewed the case, and the re
suit was an onlcr thereon :
War Department, April 13, 1859.
The proceedings of the court in the case of
Lieut Caleb Smith, haying been submitted to
the President, he has seen cause, while he con
firms them, to remit the sentence. The rea
son for this clemency have reference to the
provocation of disrespect nu.l insubordination
which the prisoner yielde 1 to ; but they do not
in any manner justify his resort to violent de
monstrations to maintain an authoritv exer
cised without discretion, when a dignity of
command that might have been expected in
the lowest grade of office was nmplv sufficient
for tho occasion. Lieutenant Smith retains his
commission, and it will be well if th lesson he
has received shall stimulate him to a more effi
cient and elevated practice of the authority
which it confers. John B. Floyd,
Secretary of War.
The Bankrupt Government op Europe.
Every few weeks we hear of spmc one or other
of the European governments shinning amon
the Jews. There is, in fact, not one of thein ;
that can meet its expenses during the present
session of armed peace, with its current revenue,
and they therefore endeavor to negotiate
their drafts on posterity. A little while ago
Sardinia tried the money changers of London
and Paris, and, not succeeding with them, drew
a million from her own subjects on the strength
of tho war fever, Austria then came forward
for thirty millions of dollars, but finding no ta
kers at home or abroad, is now running on tick.
Then came Russia, borrowing sixty millions,
which she got through a new set of agents. Eng
land, following, nsking for twenty-five millions
of dollars, which it is now stated must be in-,
creased to sixty millions, to cover the deficit in
her Indian budget. The last customer that has
appeared en change is France, who, having got
all that can be drawn from the hank of France,
is now hunting up some forty millions of dollars
more to cover up deficiencies, Tho coolest part
ef the financial outgivings among the money
londers is, that they do not want to negotiate
tin fnllnwinw svnonsis of the manner in wnici' the elephants and other animals rub against
the Spanish empire has been passing away for 1 the posts and prostrate them, while the monkeys-
some turee hundred years,
tive at this moment :
1565 Malta surrendered to Knights of Saint
1620 Navarro and Boar no ceded to France.
16'tO Portugal was lost.
1 649--ReussoIon lost.
1648 Netherlands becamo indepondcnU
1 C2G -Bavbadoes seized by the English
1665 Jamaica seized by the English. ,
1704 Gibralta taken by the English.
1Y18-Lucas taken by the English.
1750 Dominica taken by the English.
1787 Trinidad taken by the English.
17th Century New Granada, Guadalpue,&
half St. Domingo seized by the French.
lP.no-uLotiifUnna seized bv the French.
18th Century -Sardinia" ceded to DuheotH-e.UO and 120 degrees
Century Oran and Mezzalquin ctjdod
to Morocco. Jk
Century North of Italy ceded to the
1759 Siuilv and Nnnlos emnncinnteth
1819 Florida sold to the United States.
1821 Half San Domingo lost.
1825 Mexico finally lost.
keys or baboons at work on one feeble stretch
of wire, posturing, grinning, and chattering away
in tho highest spirits ; some walking topsyturvy
along it, othecs tugging' it up and down with
mam lorce, considerably increased by the cir
cumstances that the monkeys were hanging on
hy their tails, and Others striving to detach the
wire from the posts, so as to give their friends
a sudden fall; Hidden gusts ofwind blow miles
of wire and posts flat to the earth." In addi
tion to this i. is hard to transmit the messages
in a smart, active, wide-awake, and intelligent
manner when tho thermometer is ranging be-
The Neuro Repoiu.io. Mr. James R ljeil
path has recently been on a visit to Hayti, arid
i3 writing a series of articles for the New Yfirk
Tribune,, which give a most unfavorable nccoluit
of the morals and the condition of tho peop'-i.t
of that country Mr, Redpath's account ojiv,
low state of morals is truly deplorable. IIc
says marriage is almost unknown. The woman
who lives in the house with the man is regarded
as his wife, !tut each man who can afford it is
expec-wd to support several concubines. Aijd
this promiscuous intercourse degrades neither
the man nor woman in tho estimation of
ety Indeed, the mother fiitft gii'tffief&fiW'iPff
before the daughter assumes the relation of con
cubine. The correspondent says the doctrine of
free love, as applicable to the present condition
of society, has had free scope there for many
years, 'and a more utterly demoralizing system,
or one better adapted to drive out all purity
there is from the earth, can scarcely be con
Our Relations with Nicaragua. The New
York Herald lias the following in relation to
Nicaragua affairs :
There is a new and very interesting phase in
tftir relations with Nicaragua. , As has already
been rmdc known, Run Runnels, the New con
sul to Sun Juitn, took important despatches to
Minister Lamar, and the officers in command
of the home squadron. These instructions
have been. reiterated an.l strengthened by des
patches sent still more-recently. Our minister
is to demand the immediate restoration of the
'tcamors to tho Transit Company, ample in
demnity for the damage done by the destruct
ion of .the bridges si tl other property pn the
route, nd any other damage jhafc may have
linen .sustained in consequence of tho illegal
stiizurysan'd other' highhanded proceedings or
dered by Martizez. If these demands are not
acceded to t once, the whole available force
in the Gulf and elsewhere that can be conceit-
atod - at San Juan, in a shore time will' be
fdifctld ttt-hrvdihytMul and diic'cted'to tt;' uudGr
What an Editor miuht have been. Hol
land, the editor of the Springfield (Mass.) Re
publican, lias been up to Vermont, where he
came fromtand he thus sketches what ho should
have been, if he had not left home and become
" Your correspondent would have grown stal
wart and strong, with horny hands, and a face
as black as the ace of spados. He wauld have
taught schools winters, worked on a farm sum
mers, and gone out haying fifteen days in July,
and trken for pay the iron work and running
gear of a wagon. At two and twenty, or there
abouts, he would have begun to pay attentions
to a girl with a father worth two thousand dol
lars, and a split curl on her forehead a girl who
always went to singing school, and set in the
seats and sung without opening her mouth a
pretty girl anyway. Well, after peeing her home
from singing two or three years, taking her to a
Fonrh of July celebration, and getting about a
hundred dollars together, he would marry her
and settle down. Years would pass away, and
that girl with the split curl would have eleven
children just as sure as you live seven boys
nnd four girls. Wo should have had a time in
any loans just now, for if hostilities are preven- bringing them up, but they would soon be able
ted there will be several more borrowers in the to do the milking, and help their mother wash
market That is to say, that these spendthrift davs, and f, getting independent at lant, and
governments have run out their credit in the fueling a little stiff in the joints, would bo elec-
money market, and that; their only chance to ted a member of tho legislature, having been an
mmittce tor years, in
his orders, even if that course should require
second bombardment of San.Juun, and all the
other towns within reach of the squadron's guns.
Our" government has definitely resolved that
the Transit route shall be opened, and has is
sued a circular to the several companies to as
certain upon what terms the California mail
can be carried by the route from the 30th of
September, 1859, to the 30th of June, I860.
The company must have the privilege of transit
from Nicaragua, when our government will pro
tect the company as far as our guns will go ;
and if things should come to a collision, there
is hardly any question but that tho navnl com
manders would take the responsibility of land
in suflioient forces to protect the passengers,
mails and treasure.
Experiments on Horses. Some curious ex
periments have been made at the Veterinary
school at Alfort, just outside Paris, by order of
the Minister of War, to ascertain the endurance
of horses, as in a besieged town, for example.
It appears a horse will' live . on. water alone
twenty-five days ; seventeen days without eat
ing and only five days if fed but unwutered :
ten days if fed but insufficiently wateced. A
horse kept without water for three days; drank
one hundred and four pounds of water in three
minutes. It was found, too, that a horse taken
immediately after " feed " and kept in the ac
tive exercise of the "squadron school," com
pletely digested in three hours ; if kept quiet in
the stable its digestion was scarcely com
menced in three hours.
There are in the State of Oregon 135 flout
mills, with a capacity of producing 2,600,000
barrels per unnura.
An English newspaper has been stated at
Constantinople. It is called the Levant Herald.
A new breech-loading rifle has been invented
by a Mr. Gould, of Buffalo, and is said to be a
wonderful weapon, surpassing anything of tho
A committee of three Captains of the engineer
corps has been selected by the Secretary of War
to examine the Rock Island railroad bridge, end
determine whether or no it is really an impedi
ment to navigation of so serious a character as
to demand removal.
All sorts of crime in the United States goes
by fits and epidemics. Since tho murder of Key
by Sickles, not less than five cases of similar
character have occurred in various parts of the
The journals from the southern States speak
very encouragingly of the cotton, corn, and
wheat crops of that section of the Union. We
have not much agriculture in this Territory to
tall; about. There is land enough, such as it is,
but of water, the supply is not very abundant
The last session of Congress appropriated
$10,000 for the purchase of agricultural imple
ments for the Piirao Indians. They will be scut
out and distributed at once. r
John Mitchel, the Irish exile, publishes in
Washington, D. C, a rabid disunion paper,
called The Citizen. This mischievous alien,
banished from his own country for treason,
commences his profession in the land that gives
him refuge. A halter would be too good for
Sardinia ha3 succeeded in negociating a loan
of $10,000,000, and has also contracted for
large supplies of arm3, among other thing.!
30,000 revolvers, to be made in France.
The course of popular education is receiving
great attention in Texas. The public school
fund is said to be sufficient to maintain schools
in every town in the State. In many of the
southern States such a thing as a public school
is unknown. Texas is setting a noble example.
Popular education is the main safeguard of a
Large fields of bituminous coal have been dis
covered on the Kansas river, and companies are
forming to work the mines.
An effort is being made in some of the eastern
States to resuscitate the old Whig party ! It's
no use : that party fulfilled its mission, and is
uow among the things of the past.
The measured distance from Leavenworth
I City to the gold mines is precisely five hundred
, and fifty-seven, miles. The air line is as fol
lows: Leavenworth City, longitude west, 94
Tho Odd Fellows throughout the United
States are making arrangements to celebrate
.1.-. Ofi.l. tl.v Ci-tlntl. :on..f nftlin
VII IUU iUlll 111.11. i MIU iUI Will i.lllltini.l(l B , f 1
institution of the order in this country. Agrau-l , ucgrccs, - ioiuuu, iuuuin .,
natimi'il nnlnbration will he held in New York: ' oiititude west. 105 degrees. Difference 10 de
grees, 16 minutes, 52 seconds 553 miles:
The Richmond Dispatch, on the authority of
get m mey is to stir up the war fever among their assessor and school committee for years.
su.jecH they know that, it they can workmen the evening of my days, with my pipo in my j wu;ist hundreds of celebrations will bo going on
up to a fighting point they can induce them to ; mouth, thirteen barrels of cider in the cellar. throughout the Union,
pour o'it both their blood an 1 their treasure. and a newspaper in mv hands. I should sit and ! , lt ,
J his shows how thoroughly rotten is Mi.' finan- look over the markets, through a pair of gold There is a movement on foot to bring out tho a gentleman residing in that city, who has re-
v. V v tt 1 1 .I, r '" ": 7 .... non. o as. uuiunc, oi ivy., us a uuiuiiuuw i-;r contlv been residing some monui3 in unea,
rnineuts in hump... How long will thf 'e hun- strange, sdlv piece as this shoul.l be published. President . . . , f
dre.it millions of civilized men eonnt to be-' --i . resident. th;U Wlth tho eJWeptl0n f a few persons
pitted and provoke I .against ca-h other, that A Quitting the wvll under unfavorable eircum-' Charles Mackay, of England, and niram engaged in the American trade, tho opposition
tnov, maybe plundered by a lew selfish mini'y stances is defined in Pike county, Illinois, to be fuller, ot INew lork, ivic about to stan an t0 unuCXation is universal,
dynftios, an I supply tho gili'm and tinsel of gettinr shot on a stolen horse, with both pock- American journal in Lon Ion. . . T; . P1
otVwd of miserable, imbecile courtiers? ets full of bogus money'
'"Vnn 431130, which is miking vat steam
RR I'eloetric strides through the world, tells s
that tho whole fabric of tho European political of
Bishops Elliot and Polk have received n
An emigrant to Oreg-m, writing home to one quarter million dollars hi New Orleans towar 1
his friends, savs: "We are gotting on finely the en lowmenl of the University of the Son'h,
systi'm is rotten, and is fast approaching its here, and have already laid the foundation of a . aud expect soon to obtain tho wholr three null
flrml r..;.. r xr..-. ir.-i. it i . in.... " i .nni,!,!
Dickons has refusod 11,000 ($50,00) to lec
ture for ono year in this county.
" Counterfeit twenty cent piecos of tho now Ca
nadian coinage have made their appearance.