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TUBAO, ARIZONA, JUNE 16, 1859.
A WEEKLY PAPER,
DEVOTED TO THE GENERAL INTEREST
Throe Dollars per annum, in advance.
iutes op advertising:
On Square, of 10 linos, or less, ono insertion, $2 00
. u it a a tnre0 4 oo
" " " " " ono quarter, 10 00
" " " " onoyoar, 30 00
Alt communications and business letters must bo
Addressed to The Amzoxiax, Tubac, Arizona.
From San Francisco.
A friend hands us the following extract from
a well known citizen of San Francisco, who
has long been identified with the mining inter
ests of the country :
"Within a few days we have received from
the Pacific coast of Mexico, over $1100,000 of
silver, the export duties of which must have
considerably improved the finances of the Lib
eral party. This is a substantial proof that
there is something to fight for in those diggings.
With the silver came some 40 political exiles'
from Mazatlan, of the conservative party, and
an order by Pesquiera for a largo amount of
cannon and munitions of war. Things look
quite prosperous down there, and Pesquiera,
who has never yet been whipped, seems to take
the shine out of all the Liberal generals in the
"Since your departure a new sort of temper
ance society has been formed here, called the
"Dashlaways," for the purpose, as I understand
it, of the total abstinence of all bad liquors.
They turned out in grand style the other day,
at the burial of a poor brother who had fallen a
vietim to strychnine whisky. Our old friend
Wainwright is one of the most dashing "Dash
aways," and General M'Dougal and other large
potatoes, have joined the society.
The steamer Santa Cruz will again leave for
the Mexican coast to-morrow. We are in hopes
this will be a permanent affair, principally on
account of the silver that comes up, and the in
creasing commercial relations.
The "Arizonian" is a very valuable paper,
and will have more influence on the future of
Arizona than Mr. Mowry's or any other lectures.
It bears the stamp of truthfulness on its face;
while speaking of riches hidden in tho Arizona
mountains, it does not deny that these moun
tains are barren piles of rock, and many of tho
plains desolate wastes and deserts. This is not
more than right, for by a proper explanation
of Arizona none but those suited to the coun
try will emigrate there. Her population must
bo eminently mining, and nothing else but a
great mining country will it be ono of these
days, after we pa33 through our elementary
course of learning these branches of business,"
Munitions op War for SoNonA. The San
Francisco Herald says :
The new ruler in Northern Mexico. Pes
quiera, is taking active measures to consolidate
ana render sate the liovernment which ho has
got possession of with so much bloodshed and
trouble. By the steamer Santa Cruz, which
lately arrived here, orders were received by Mr.
Donahue to cast G000 or 7000 G, 8, 12, 18, and
26 pound shot and 12 and 14 pound shell.
These arc nearly alt ready, and will go down
on tho next trip of the steamer. A consider
able quantity of arms and ammunition it will bo
remembered, went by tholast trip. Two 10
inch mortars and 2000 bomb shells, and a large
number of hand granades, have also been or
dered ; also a large 24 pounder howitzer, the
pattern for which is in tno model room. Some
of the above, together with a quantity of lead
and powdor, will bo shipped by tho bark Ada
laide, to sail shortly for Mazatlan. A fino
carriage was lately sent from this city to Gen.
Pesquiera, by whom it was ordered. As the
Santa Cruz left tho wharf a few days sinco, sev
eral of the exiled Mexican officers were present
taking notes, and speculating upon tho effect
vhich these warlike stores would haye upon tho
politics of 'their native country.
. Tho War in Europe.
"' Wo have endeavored to condense into as
brief 'a 'space as possible, tho real causes of the
great conflidtjust commencing between Franco
and Austria, which threatens to involve all
Central and Southern Eurdpe in hostilities.
The'reasons for war may bo thus summed up :
Austria claims that she rightly owns, and con
trols Lombardy and Venice ; that she has a
right to control them as she sees fit; that
in order to do this she must maintain with
tho several neighboring Kalian States,
such an influence as will render her Lombardo-
Venetian sovereignty safe. Therefore, she
keps up a partial military occupancy of the cen
tral Italian States, and virtually rules in all
Italy. Sardinia, and France (jealous of Aus
trian power,) sympathising with her, on the
contrary,' claims that the Austrian occupancy
of Italy is injurious in'its effects on the Italian
State.,' "prevents the developcment of that coun
try,. and'i3 virtually in violation of the treaties
and compacts of 1815. They demand tho
abandonment of the Austrian occupation of
Italy and the Sardinian frontier, and that Aus
tria shall cease to exercise any more control in
Italian affairs than the other, great powers.
These demands Austria refuses to comply with,
alleging that her policy in Italy is necessary to
her'own protection in her own dependencies of
Lombardy and Venice. These matters have
been in controversy for three years. France
and Sardinia proposed in 165G the consideration
of this subject by the Congress of the European
powers. Austria would not consent to this.
Diplomatic negociations were carried on, how
ever, between France and Austria, but the diff
erence has grown wider and wider the longer
the discussion has continued, until now they
propose to settle the whole affair by an appeal
to arms. '
Italy now finds Franco taking up arms in
her' defence, instead of crushing out her strug
gls for liberty, as France did a few years ago;
and France, by forming an alliance with Rus
sia? breaks her hollow truce with England, who
will be forced to make an alliance with the
hated government of Austria. To such strange
phases have the politics of Europe come, all in
the vain struggle to prop a little longer falling
dynasties and rotten thrones.
Tho War Spirit in France.
rTho Paris correspondent of the London Times
siys: The public mind, as if rebounding all the
more in consequence of the long pressure which
the uncertain though ominoii3 nature of the fu
ture had for months past put upon it, sprang up
as if by enchantment at tho announcement of
the Austrian ultimatum. To bo sure the mid
dle classes groaned in spirit and the rentes in a
few days ran down five per cent. But the drum
and fife were already in the streets. Daily,
hourly, the soldiers of France were scon pour
ing down the Boulevards on their way to
the rail, which with tho speed of light, was to
convey them to the water's edge, and thence to
the plains of Italy. Young and old leave their
occupations to form a deep line on cither side,
whilo the noble troops, in heavy marching or
dor, with colors flying and the sonorous strains
of martial music, pass between. These are oc
casions when the Gallic blood can no more re
strain its impulses than tho sea its flood ! Wo
men burst from the ranks of gazers, and fling
Themselves bodily into the arms of fathers, hus
bands, brothers, and last, not least, lovers.
btrong men grasp tightly the hands oi old com
rades, and bid them "God speed." Hero and
there it is a father and a son that impede the
niarch, locked for a moment in eaeb other's
epibraco, while big tears roll down their manly
cheeks ; or an aged matron falls weeping on
the shoulders of her boy, whoso soul is in his
eyes as ho whispers, "Courage, courage, my
dear mother, I shall return soon."
' But these are the episodes of the scene.
There is a cry a shout from end to end along
that phaknx of spectators, shouts and hurrahs
that are responded to again and again by each
company as gaily it steps to too joyous music.
From the windows and balconies of lofty houses
the cheers arc again taken up. Once, in pass
ing the gates of the Tuileries, the Emperor was
suddenly descried holding in his arms the young
I Ar of his house, who AVith can in ono hand
1aM waiving a "forget mo not' in the. other,
elicited such an outbreak ot vivas trom both
soldiers and spectators as made the arcades of
the Hue Levoh tremble to their base. I he inci
dent was evidently impromptu, and as the Em
peror stood at tho gate on the same level with
thecrowd, and in fact, mingled up with it, the
colonel of tho regiment advanced to salute his
Majesty, receiving in return a hearty shake of
the hand and an embrace trom the child. Ihc
whole mass of people, armed and unarmed,
broke out into expressions of real sympathy.
Anti War Spirit in England. Tho idea
of England being involved in the European
war, meets with strong opposition from the
great mass of the English people. The follow
ing extract from a speech lately made by Mr.
Bright M P., shows tho popular feeling :
A gentleman not particularly remarkable for
Eolitical consistency, who held office under
lord Palmcrston, and who now seeks tho suff
rages of the West Biding to do the bidding of
Derby, said, in a speech the other day at Leeds,
that he is for .peace, and it may be necessary
for the fleqt of England to pntcr the Adriatic,
and protect the ancient city of Venice. I have
been in tho ancient arid venerable city of Ven
ice, and I say, except the people who live thdrc,
let Venice sink. into tho seaweed out of which,
as tho poets tell us, it .firs't arose, rather than
that the fleet of England should take up a po
sition there, proclaiming to the world that wo
are becoming belligerents in this great contest.
(Cheers.) Others have told us that wo have
solemn treaties with Belgium, and that' if any
body treads, as it were, upon the toe of that lit
tle kingdom, the might of England must bo call
ed forth to defend its capital and its monarch.
I am no party to any such treaty, nor are you;
and I say as I have said before, that tho minis
ter who tries -to force England into this war,
convicts himself of tho foulest treason to the
English crown and the English people 1 (Loud
cheers.) You are all in tho dark, however, as
to what your Government will do. Wo have
had two speeches from Lord Derby, tho socojid
intended to corroct tho false impression, as ho
says, produced by the first, but neither of them
explain the policy of tho crown,
Arrival op Lieut. Beale. Lieutenant Beale
reached Los Angeles May 12, says the Vine
yard, at 5, r. m., from the crossing of tho Colo
rado, which place he left on the Gth inst Ho
came from the river in a wagon, accompanied
by Mr. S. A. Bishop, who met Lieut. Beal at
the San Francisco mountains. Lieut. Beale
left tho camp at the San Francisco mountains
with a part of his company, and came on for
the purpose of getting provisions which had
been cached near the Colorado by Mr. Bishop.
On his arrival thero he found the cache had
been raised, and was compelled to hasten on to
this place in order to procure provisions, both
for the men left at the San Francisco moun
tains and those left at tho river. His party
consists of about thirty-five men, and is accom
panied by some twenty persons of tho emigrant
party who wore defeated on the river last fall.
This part of his company was left on the cast
side of the river, at tho crossing, where they will
remain until his return. About twenty miles
east of the crossing tho party was attacked by
the Indians in the day time. None of tho party
sustained any injury. Four Indians were killed
and scalped. Lieut. Beale brings to California
two of tho celebrated Barcelona jacks, imported
from Spain especially for California. They
measured fifteen inchcs,and came in fine order.
Tue Pope. A letter from Washington to
one of tho New York papers, has tho following
paragraph in reference to His Holiness :
Letters received hero from sources ontitled to
credit, mention that rumors wero prevaleat in
various portions of Italy that tho Popo might bo
compelled to take refuge in tho United States.
Our Ministers at Homo and Naples speak of it
as hiehly probable, owing to the unsettled and
revolutionary state of tho country.
Tho king of Naples continues in a most
wretched state, and cannot live more than two
months. His death is looked forward to with
dread by his government in the present critical
state of affairs,
Proclamation of Peace, t
BETWEEN THE UNITED SVATES AND PARAQUAT.
The "El Semanairo," official journal 'of tlie -Government
of Paraguay, publishes the follow- .
ing proclamation :
Whereas, thero has occurred an honorable'
and definite arrangement of the quostionsuof c '
the Republic of Paraguay with the United
States of America, in regard to the conflict benr;
twecn the WaterWitch and the fort Itapirtf, on.
the right bank of the Parana, and of the diffi
culties that have occurred in the exchange of ' '
the ratifications of ihe treaty celebrated on tho
-J th of .March, 1853, between the Government
of the Republic and of the United States of..
And whereas, to-day I have ratified with tho ,J
approbation of tho Council of State, a treaty-pf
friendship, commerce and navigation, celebra- ,
ted on the 4th inst., in this city of Asuncion, by ,,
the plonipotontiari'es'oftho Governments of tho' '
llopuMic ami ot the united States of America, '"
and a special convention made and signed on
the same day by the said plenipotentiaries of ,
Paraguay and of the United States of America,
in regard to the claim of the "Navigation Com-.
pany of the United States and Paraguay," 1
against the Government of the Republic, the
high contracting parties submitting to the de- -
cision of arbitrators, or an umpire in caso of.
disagreement which shall meet in Washington
to examine and classify the documents arid 1
proofs that may be produced by the claimants. ' -
Therefore, I direct that this happy event shall
bo published by proclamation, with the corres-. f
ponding solemnities, and that three thousand'
copies be printed, in order that it may circulate'
quickly in all the Republic.
Carlos Antonio Lopez. ,
Senator Crittenden wrote a reply to an invita
tion to attend tho recent Pioneer celebration at
Cincinnati, in which he said : ''The history of
Ohio in its earlier period, when she was hard
pressed by tho savage Indian, is, to a great ex- . ,
tent, blended with that of Kentucky andKori
tuckians look back with interest and with somo
pride to that period of our common history. -It
will be remembered, we hope, by the Pioneers
of Ohio, that in those days ot her trouble and
danger,Kcntuckians often hastened to her assis- '
tance, and, like true men and brethren, stood by
her side in battle against ner enemies, and shed
their blood in her defence."
Abolition or a Mail Route. The Territo
rial Overland Mail Route,- between Neosho,
Mo., and Alburqurque, New Mexico, and be-.
twecn Kansas, Mo., and Stockton, California,
which were let to contract last year, have been'
discontinued, to take effect from the first 'of
July next. One prominent reason for abroga-
ting this contract is Indian hostilities along the
; ..Bll 0-Ul
Importation of Tea Plants from China.
Tho Washington Union says : "A few weeks
ago we announced that advices had been re
ceived from Mr. Robert Fortune, by tho Com
missioner of Patents, of the shipment of several
cases of seeds and plants from China, in De
cember last, among which were those of tho tea
shrub, camphor tree, and of the yang-mao. Wei
have again tho satisfaction to announco that'
the Patent Office is in receipt of dispatches from
Mr. Fortune by tho overland mail, dated at
Shanghae, Jan. 22, in which he states ho had
made a further shipment
The company of colored people under tho
lead of a barber named Draper, aro to leaver
Cleaveland for Liberia immediately. They pro
pose to go farming in the interior of the country.1
Lost his Pocket-Book. Tho Chicago Jour
nal says that Gen. Shields, U. States Senator
from Minnesota, on arriving at Hastings, on tho
8th ult., found himself minus his pocket-book,
containing a draft on Now York for $2,000, and
$500 in cash. It appears that having occasion
to take his pocket-book out, ho left it on tho
desk of the steamer, and somebody rewarded
his carelessness by making way with it.
A calamitous fire broke out in tho city of
Jeddo on tho 29th of January, in which 50,000
buildings are reported to havo been destroyed; ,
the devouring elements continued its ravages
for a day and a half, spreading devastation
over a spaco of about fivo miles in length.
Capt. Paige, of tho Q. M. Departmo I
A., died lately, at Camp Floyd, 17, T,