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TUBAC, THURSDAY, JULY H, 18&.
JUST" To Advertiskus. Porsons desiring to ad
Tortiso in this papor, aro rcquosted to sond in their
favors without delay, addre33cd to The Arizoxian,
Subscriptions must in all easos bo ascom
paniod with th cash. No subscriber's namo will
bo entorod upon our books until advanco payment
ha3 been made.
FOR DELEGATE TO CONGRESS,
Card from Mr. Mowry.
Editor op the Arizonian: Will you do me
the favor to say that I will cheerfully use my
influence, and endeavor to exert that of my
friends, to obtain a Judicial District and Sur
veyor General's office for Arizona, in case a
Territorial government cannot be obtained:
although lam decidedly of the opinion that the
Territorial government istheonlj measure of re
lief that will properly meet the wants of the
country. Your obedient servant,
By the above Card, it will be seen that Mr.
Mowry will use his endeavors for a Judicial
District, in case the attempt for a Territorial
government is not successful. That is all we
ask; and such being the understanding, we an
nounce Mr. Mowry as a candidate for the office
of delegate. It is necessary to have some one in
"Washington to look after the interests of this
country, and we are gratified that there is no
opposition candidate. Mr. Mowry has no doubt
done all that could be done, and during the
present season will endeavor to pbtain law and
legal-rights of some kind for his constituents.
How much wo may differ with him as to the
feasibility of the two plans, we are willing, since
he i3 in favor of ours, in case his own does not
succeed, to give him a cordial support. And
we'feel encouraged that there is now a prospect
tof something being done either we snail have
a separate government or a Judicial District,
just which Congress sees fit to grant. In either
case it is necessary to have some representative,
and from a variety of reasons, Mr. Mowry is
best calculated for the place. We trust he will
receive a unanimous vote.
The trans-continental route from Fort Smith
(Arkansas) to San Bernardino, in California, is.
called Beale's route, from its discoverer, Lieut.
Edward Beale. This route having been highly
spoken of by papers in the Eastern States, sev
eral parties of emigrants have journeyed over
it, and we see by the San Francisco journals
they pronounce it a difficult and dangerous
road. , The first 800 miles of the route, say from
Fort Smith to the Rio Grande, is over a well
watered, and fertile country, amply provided
with wood, grass and game, but from the Rio
Grande to the Colorado, 500 miles, the country
is rough, barren, and very dry. In many places
the wayis over mountains, and then across arid
plains, where the air is filled with dry, hot sand,
which is highly injurious to animals. The ford
at the Colorado is not safe at all seasons of the
year, especially at high water, when the adja
cent country is completely inundated. The next
200 miles to San Bernardino are extremely dif
ficult, and the two great necessities of the plains,
grass and water, scarce and poor. The Alta
California advises emigrants to shun Beale's,
route, if they would avoid much sufFering.
The proper route for emigrant trains is the
lino traveled by the overland mail. Water sta
tions are being multiplied, and new springs dis
covered almost constantly. On the Colorado
desert, wells aro being dug. Of grass, there is
an abundance, of the best quality. The road is
firm, level, and avoids steep hills. ' Wo believe
if its'raerits were known it would become a fa
vorite route for California trains.
A difficulty having occurred between the
Hon. Sylvester Mowry and Mr. Edward E. Cross,
editor of tho Arizonian, in reference to certain
publications made by both parties, Mr. Geo. D.
Mercer acted as the friend of Mr. Mowry, artd
Captain John Donaldson as the friend of Mr.
Cross. Mr. Mowry being the challenging party,
no compromise being effected, the parties met
on the 8th inst, near Tubac, weapons Burn
side rifles, distance forty paces; four shots
were exchanged without effect; at the last fire
Mr. Mowry's rifle did not discharge. It was deci
ded that he was entitled to his shot, and Mr. Cross
stood without arms to receive it, Mr. Mowry re
fusing to fire at an unarmed man, discharged
his rifle in the air, and declared himself satis
fied. The settlement appended, signed by the
principals, is approved by the undersigned.
Grorge D. Merger,
Tubac, Arizona, July 8th, 1859.
The following is a copy of a document sent to
the Washington States for publication, by the
two principals :
Mr. Edward E. Cross withdraws the offensive
language used by him, and disclaims any in
tention to reflect upon Mr. Mowry's veracity or
upon his reputation as a gentleman, in any pub
lication he has made in reference to Arizona.
Mr. Mowry being satisfied from personal ex
planations that he has done injustice to Mr.
Cross' character and motives, in his letter to
the press of July 2d, takes pleasure in wiflPl
drawing the imputations against Mr. Cross as a
man of honor and veracity contained in that
letter. Any difference of opinion which may
exist between them in reference to Arizona
is an honest one, to be determined by the
weight of authority. Sylvester Mowry,
Edward E. Cross.
More Filibustering. The New York pa
pers say that Gen. Walker has organized ano
ther fillibuster expedition to Nicaragua. The
forces, amounting to some four hundred men,
are to sail from several Southern porta. Wal
ter seems confident ot nnal success,
Politics in Ohio,
The ultra proceedings and resolutions of t&&
Republican party at their late Convention, and
the ranting of Wade, Giddings.& Co., have dis
gusted many conservative and rational men
whose proclivities were towards the Republi
cans. The old line Americans are especially
disturbed. They are preparing to run a sepa
rate ticket, and scout at the idea of affiiliating
in any manner with western reserve " nigger
ism." Good I It shows that a true conserva
tive spirit yet dwells in the American element
of parties in Ohio, a spirit which will tell at the
Fine Yield op Silver.- At the works of the
Sonora Exploring and Mining Company, Ari
vaca, two amalgamation barrels yielded in four
teen days the handsome sum of $2,400. Tho
Company have six other barrels to put in opera
tion as soon as proper machinery can be pro
cured. Two steam engines of twenty horse power
each, are required to run the starapes and bar
rels. With such a power, which can be kept up
with very little additional expense, the product
of silver will bo from $5,000 to $7,000 per week,
according to the richness of the ore reduced.
The Company expect a large invoice of goods,
together with machinery and cash, at an early
day, when operations will be pushed on with re
Military Expedition. A detachment of one
company of infanty and one of dragoons was to
leave Fort Fillmore during tho present week to
select a site for a military post on the Gila river,
probably somewhere near Mount Graham. We
understand it is tho intention of Government to
establish posts on tho frontiers of the Apache
country. The company of dragoons from Fort
Fillmore will be commanded by Lieut. Lord.
Col Reeve and Capt. Ewell have just returned
from a trip to tho Chiricahui mountairis; '
Contradiction. On our first page' will bo
found the proceedings of a meeting ' held at
Tucson for the purpose of nominating a dele
gate to Congress. In regard to the 4th r.solu
tion adopted by the meetipg, we wish most dis
tinctly to state that it asserts what is incorrect in
any particular ; and further, that there is no
reliable authority for any such statements.
xnoyare aB naicwous. us. iuey arc-, -untrue.
Another .mammoth maible hotel,' costing
over one million' dollars, is nearly-ready for oc
cupancy,' New York.-
The Indian Bureau has transmitted $80,000
to the agent in California, for disbursement.
The U. S. war vessels Levant, Wyoming and
Lancaster, which are to comprise part of the
Pacific -quadron, will visit Chili, in view our
unsettled affairs with that country, and the re
cent outrages on our citizens.
The democrats of Mississippi have re-nomi
nated Gov. Brown, and passed resolutions fully
endorsing President Buchanan.
We learn from the San Francisco papers
that Mr. Charles M'Laughlin has been appoint
ed Superintendent of the western division of the
Overland Mail Route, from San Francisco to
Fourteen of the most desperato convicts in
tho California penitentiary, lately made their
escape, first breaking out of their cells and
then forcing open the blacksmith's shop they
obtained tools and struck off each other's irons.
Intelligence has been received at the Indian
Office from Superintendent Forney, that the
children saved from the Mountain Meadow
massacre, would leave Utah for tho east, in
charge of the transportation agent of Russell &
Major, about the first of June.
The Secretary of War has suddenly changed
his mind about allowing officers to go to the
seat of war in Europe. It is feared that they
might join some of the armies, and in the event
of being taken prisoners involve the U. S. Gov
ernment in serious complications, which are to
be avoided if possible. 1
Two parcels of Pike's Peak gold, assayed in
New York, have yielded as follows: One, con
sisting of shot and scale gold, taken from the
mountains near Denver City,, worth $17 88 in
coin ; another, from the South Platte River,
worth $19 81 in coin.
Lord Lyons had a long interview with Gen.
Cass on general, subjects. There is every rea
son to believe that Great Britain is at this par
ticular time, most anxious to cultivate friendly,
relations with us.
A dispatch to the New York'Times,"' dated
the 10th of June, says : "No credit is given by
the Government or at tho Mexican legation, to
the statements that Santa Anna has been invi
ted to return to Mexico. There is confidence
in the final success of the Constitutional Gov:
Government has determined that if the next
advices bring confirmation of continued hostil
ities with Texas Indians, to remove them to the
west Choctaw reservation. It was designed to
delay this change until next year. Outrages on
the Reserve Indians by organized bands of
white outlaws who desire their lands, are becom
Official advices from Utah represent a bad
state of insubordination, and further difficulties
One of the most severe frosts over known in
the United States, prevailed throughout the
west, very lately. In some sections the corn
crop is nearly destroyed.
Wm. Smith O' Brien ha3 left for Ireland.
Before departing ho made a speech to his ad
mirers and countrymen, in which ho recom
mended them to let politics -alone certainly a
very wholesome piece of advice.
During tho week ending Juno 10, specie to
the amount of five millions of dollars was ship-
ed to Europe from New York. No wonder our
government is obliged to issue Treasury notes.
Ex' President Coraonfort and hjs staff, con
sisting of twenty-three persons, lately passed
down the Mississippi river, on route for New
Orleans. Some new phase in Mexican politics
is believed to be preparing.
It is proper to state that at the time of the
duel between Mr. Mowry and tho editor of this
paper a high wind, almost amounting to a galft,
was blowing directly across the line of fire,
thereby preventing accurate aim. In this case,
tho proverb "It is an ill wind that blows no
good," was aptly illustrated.
Latest War News.
GREAT BATTLE NEAR MILAN.
A USTJilANS DEFEA TED I
A desperato battle was fought at Magenta on
tho 4th ult between the allied army under tho
Emperor NapolCon and tho Austrian army un
der Gen. Hess, in which unlimited forces were
engaged on both sides.
The Emperor Napoleon in his dispatches to
the Empress at tho Tuilleries, claims a decisive,
victory, saying that his army took seven thou-1
sand prisoners, disabled twelve thousand men,
and captured three cannon and two standards.
He estimates the loss of his own army at three
thousandbut it was rumored in Parid that the
French loss was between nine thousand and,
twelve thousand. It is reported that there were
from one hundred and and fifty thousand)
to one hundred and eighty thousand Austrian'
and one hundred and thirty thousand French
engaged in the battle. The Austrians havo
It appears that on the 4th inst, the French
troops were under orders to cross tho Ticino
The Emperor in his official bulletin says :
" The order was well executed, though the en
emy in great force offered a determined resis
tance. The roadway was narrow, and during;
two hours the Imperial Guard sustained unsup
ported the shock of the enemy. In the mean
time Gen. McMahon made himself master of
Magenta, and after tho mpst sanguinary con
flicts the enemy were repulsed at every point.
It is said that the Austrians, in the precipita
tion of their evacuation of Milan, left their can
nOn and treasure behind. The Emperor says
that the troops have captured 12,000 Austrian
muskets. It was still undecided on the night of the 6th:
ult, as to who gained the victory Great losses
on both sides aro reported. Gen. Espinosel, of
the second corps d'armee, was killed, and Mar
shal Canrobert, commander of the third corps,,
was mortally wounded.
General Maurice McMahon, commanding tho
second corps d'armee, had been created Marshal
and Duke de Magenta, as a reward for his bra
very on the battle field.
Five of the French Marshals and Generals
Marshal Count Baraguay D'Hilliers has been
superceded in his command of the first corps
d'armee, by Gen. Forey.
Four Austrian Generals and five staff officers
were wounded at the battle.
There had been a general revolt at Milan, and
the people had declared in favor of the King of
The Austrians had retired from Milan, but
the city had not yet been occupied 'by tho
The Austrian official bulletin says : " Tho
conflict was desperate between the 1st. and 3d
army corns, and the enemy .in considerable
force. The contest was undecided, and con
tinued on Sunday. Our troops threw themselves
on the enemy with an , ardor and perseverance
worthy of the most glorious feats of the Impe
A Vienna dispatch, (uuauthenticated) in tho
Frankfort papers, says that through tho oppor
tune arrival of Count Clair Gallas and his corps,
the Austrians were victorious, and after a hot
fight the French were thrown ' bbek over
The latest news by the Euro'pa, reporting tio
Austrians in rctrest across the Ticino, is fully
The French crossed the Ticino at Buffalora
and Tubigo. There wa3 considerable fighting.at
The city of Paris had been illuminated ia
honor of the victory of the French arms-at
Magenta. 1 i
The following dispatch from tho French Em
peror to the Empress, was received and made
public in Paris :
"Milan is insurgent. The Austrians havo
evacuated the city and castle, leaving in their
precipitation the cannon and treasure ot tho
army behind them. Wo aro encumbered with
prisoners and have 12,000 Austrian imiBkets."
Mexican Affairs. The Washington corres
pondent of the Courier and Enquier says : It is
stated upon probablo authority that Mr. McLean
has negociatcd a treaty with Juarez, ceding to
the United States; Sonora, Chihuahua and part
of Tamaulipas, tho United . States agreeing to
assist the liberal party and to pay the claims of
American citizens within a limited amount, . to
be ascertained by Mexican Commissioners. T(he
treaty is expected to arrive within the present
month. Troops have been removed from' Forfc
Brown, Brownsville, and a vigorous protest has
been received from the American merchants,
stating the liability of government property to.
destruction, and the danger of robbery of the
custom-house at Fort Isabel, where half a mil
lion dollars worth of merchandise is stored.
A few days ago a body of 300 armed Opataa
wero within Bfotymilcg of tho American line, A