TUCSOX, AKIZOXA, OCTOBER G, J859.
A UIlUlil.Y IMI'KIt,
mo here suggest to the "white" traveler to "enjoy this kind of sport, After we left the ! v. u . -., . i.
when passing through any nor.ion of the no , . . sights m a small town, will naturally exclaim,
J. IiOWAItU WHI.I.S, Hdllor.
Three Dollars per annum, In aurane..
TK or AIIT1RT1HIX0!
On Squire, cf 10 Ilnei, or leit, one Insertion, $2 00
" " thm " 4 00
" " " " " one quarter, 10 00
" " " " " one year, SO M
All communications and business letters must le
JJrescl to Ths Amzomiiv, Tuoon, Arlionn.
try, populated by the Mexicans whether it it
from tlu; " CJhI(uitotis."
Tucsov, Skit; 25th 1859.
KuiToit Amzo.viAN, Sir: We left Dona Ana
in a splendid roach, drawn by six fine mules,
and an out-rider ; and did not cha.ge animals
again for nearly 100 miles, until we passed the
jornada del rnvtrto, (journey of death,) a des
ert of 90 miles. It being th! rainy season,
water was found in abundance all along the
desert the line however, in every instance,
when orotaing this desert, carries water for the
passengers aud animals. We stopped several
times to feed, make coffee, etc. Saw no living
thing, except occasionally, a sneaking Cayots,
and ono solitary Antelope, which came within
one hundred yards of the stage, r.nd stopped
giuing with perfect wonderment, at the mov
ing mammoth on the lonely desert. IL
fired at but mi-sod it, (as the stage "jogged "
along,) when it hounded sniflly away upon its
tiny, flinty hoofs, and w soon lost to our view.
When we nearod the other side of the desert,
there wore two dead bodies lying by the road
side. Il was supposed ut first, they had per
ished, for want of water j they had been dead
about two weeks. I learned the sad story of
these poor fellows, when the stage reached the
station on the other side. They had been
arinKing, and paid for something to cat. Thcv I
.L- .... .1 . .. ... ' I!.
"ere on meir way to fJalitornia, and
were informed that they had better take the
river route. They appealed to understand per
fectly well what thoy-tmd to go through, cross
ing the jornada each had an army canteen
filled with water and after they had made
twenty miles or more, of their journey, the
stage met them, gave them water to drink, and
filled their empty canteen The murdered
men had been soldiers at Fort Craig, and
while at the station house, on the edge of the
desert, " Hashed " their money in the presence
of some " greasers, " who appeared to 1,.
watching them, and who, no doubt foil i 1
murdered, and robbed thorn of $r. cuqIi,
(all they posessod,) and two dragoon .x-sboot-era.
It was given out in this Mexican town,
that they had perished for want of water, or
that the Indians had killed them. It could not
have been the work of Indians, for they seldom
or never prowl on the desert, and nothing was
taken but the money and nistols. indium
be r. more fraternizing Indian T). M;.r .. , .. .,. . . ....... .
nwnril htr ik. a...... . l . . j pmins lison, upon reflection that Una is tlie
1 "'' BH'"" "u ino win aniionuo ouya small i -,nj J.. ft
look UDOS all JlMioana in tl.n ,.f n.mi. . 1 u.. j -r -i. ..... T"1" "P01 "
--e- ........ " ' v 1 gww iwuiu ui i-neese, maae ny mope
for they are naturally so. Them are many , Indians) to give the Indian 4 bits to go and get
causes for this, of which it is unnecessary here ; one. The Indian "palmed" the dinero and
to go into detail. The Mexican class all the left us, promising a speedy return. We waited
white population, -'gringoes," which is meant ; no matter how long but we waited In vain
to convey, emphatically, their contempt for ( for the return of Indian with the cheese. At
Americans all whites, by the lower order of! length the stage drove up it was now dark
Mexicans, are set dowm as Americans. This , and the driver nnr m.i .ll ,hn.i .-j
we were soon rattling on again. In a few
momenta the Major without cracking a smile,
said he felt sorry for the poor Indian we look
ed at him inquiringly he continued, lie was
nil " honest Indian," he had no douht missed
eanl term is used as a set off, to our word
greasor." There is rarely an instance, that
the Mexican can be trusted, (probably South
ern California alon excepted) where he has
the American in his powor, or in any wav, the
oest or Mm particularly if the " greaser " j his way, and could not find us-but said the
. anjmmg ny we operauon. J ne j Major we trill have that eheese to-morrow, for
may be exceptions, to the rule 1 have here laid I dinner at the Fonda. So soon as h .,'d Fon
down, but nevertheless, I again advise all the da, which we were aware was in Santa Fe, a
"gringoes, " who may have to paw through distance of 50 miles we burst into a laugh
we then knew we had been sold, and proclaim-
ine greaser country, it they want to come
out of it unscathed, to be always on the alert
On the route to Santa Fe, you pass hundreds
of heaps of small stones, which have been piled
up to mark the burial places of those who have
been killed in battle, and many who have been
murdered by the ruthless savage, and treach
erous Mexican. Some of these monnds denote
ed at once" satisfactory !"
The Major then told us, that the Indians had
no doubt taken II. and myself to be runaway
soldiers, for I had on one of Uncle Sam's over
ooats, and IL hajl on a pair of army pants, as
they knew nothing of our coming in the stage.
The Indians arc afraid of deserters; they fre-
. ... uffuitig, UIC
the hilf-ial KnM nr . .i ..u- 1 i . .... -
y . Tlw, UU .rs ueen quently commit depredations upon them; nnd
slain, for years upon years, that have long since that was the cause of the Oovernor treating us
passed away. It is considered sacrilege for I so cavalierly ; and as for the cheesemonger
any one to despoil them of a single stone, , he had considered us fair-came '
and the religiously superstitious Mexican,
and Christianised Indian, when passing, always
adds another stone, to the already accumulated
heap. As many as twenty and oven fifty of
those mounds are seon at one place. Thsc
spots are said to mark the resting places of
braves and warriors, who fell in battle wli.li
ime from home, nothing
to be had to eat Our accommodating Jehu, now
In n short time we arrival at Algodoncs,
the home of onr fellow passenger Major W,
and he prevailed apon the driver to stop, for a
short time. In order that we might partake of
the Major's hospitality, by drinking some of his
vino del pah, the pure juice of the grape, made
butik and opposing tribes. Occasionally a ' Tu . " U'a fT .J"SUc0
wooden m 1. .I.nt-A . .,. I i or sw wsi s McMMr, nnd
t . . ' u'"ul I had been absent some ti
Dun.il place or a murdered Mexican.
lnot ,F r: v.l ; .1..
... ,rer leaving me ciesori. ' inthrm. u H . ..... :r .... j. .
i ...I.--.U- 11 ,.11 i. k .. 1 lu amu, .. o inieilUeU
vM.ua.jr Bcuieu. ivery lew intles Ot
the route, npon both side of nnd along the river
bottoms you pass Mexican and Indian villages.
The Indians who live in the villages are civil
ized, and also Christianized, the work of the
Jesnits in the olden time. These Indians I'jnn,
and raise stock, and aro governed by laws of
their own ; or speaking more to the nolnt, by one
of their tribe, whom they select, and whom
they denominate Governor, to whom they refer
all their grievances and disputes for adjust
ment His power Is ubsoluto. nn.l I'm... Id.
decision, there is no appeal.
In Hearing our journey's end, and before we
reached TownsemTs the last resting place, bo
fnrc getting to Santa Fe, we cam to u piece of
bad road, made by the late heavy rains
The driver stopped to feed the animals, in sight
of one of the Indian villages; when to "save
horse ilesh, " and try to get something to oat,
to make the regular slopping place that night,
each one made tracks for the coach, bearing
in hand as a trophy n bottle of the delicately
flavored wine. The Major as merry as the
merriest of us, followed suit, and agreed to
accompany us, to our place of destination, the
ancient and fur-famed city of Santa Fe.
ljte at night we armed at Townsend's, and
went to bed not feeling the want of it
supperless thanks to the wine. Uke the "boo
by" bird at sea, when it lights un a ship, the
moment oar limbs touched the bed our heads
were asleep wrapt in the arms of .Morpheus,
and enjoying a steum-boat slumber, by the as
sistance of glorious old llachus.
'Hose early with a slight head-ache took the
usual antidote, and then a good breakfast, and
were soon on our lust day's ride. After a few
miles journeying, wo overtook the team of Mr.
I'ittxK GiiSKX, one of the owners of the Santa
... .1. . . .
i z ;:: :r'ioiha;,;csiii'e' nj
would have taken belU, clothing, etc. And 'looking, middle aged Ind "n ureU in ful 1 f m'
further, in proof that they did not perUh for 1 co.tunf 'f 1 .TJ, 1'". I "".J. h,,.!rtJ '""1 H out over night.
tho want of water, u few days after tlio murder, ! piece of " montu. " cirt about his . n ' V ' Z!':". " .T1"'' Wh" '
Cou.i.vs, citizen of the Siat I ivi.,d ,,. .,.,... " ..,.,... , - " generosuy aim politeness
, ,, ,!, . 'mu uui, lowuros
i us. He
a man rarelv to be met
i.-.i. . i
uuuy was mriff some Uistance oil. am iWr 1,,,. 11 ... , . " '
. . . I vv i "I' tlul 11 UUBtjl WII S III 111 ill. 11 lit) lit Kfl IT r I 1 1 1 M if . T xa. 1. i
i- . . ' o iuuiu i-mmgii.nnucaon may imw iiislrieii'l
njoytng Iroutierlire. With "Frank'
inrr n. Inilw tit ll.,. ti-., l. i ' ... '
frig..t0ed, Mr Col.ins'did not .ton to . i7 Z,, " , 1 . .' T"' Jf f . thot ft"n00 we ' Fe,
it Three week, afterward. ' T ' 1 . 7... T,0,'1" W",C" 00",n"'9 a VP of
saw two fresh made m,M ' . .,. '"y"rrt ilMMM ls-of which
resting place, (of the ,Ut,eth Ca Z U ' f Z ! ' Fl '"tJ "r0 ". " II P'o.ibr
oftheir mortal remain,. I understood tliM ili ! ZZ K.LtJ L-L""L. ) m I With '"""ronnding coun
...w 1 '...,.,!, ,y
lor a population or over flfty
thousand, which tho Territory of New Mexico.
is said to contain.
Santa Fe can boast of a magnificently kept
Hotel no man need wish to enter n better in
any country. It is now kept by a gentleman
and family by the name of Rose. It will bo
remembered, this Is the same family, that were
induced to try "llcalc'a" route to California,
and were robbed of all their stock, and a
number of the party were murdered by the In
dians. Mr. Kose lost over $20 000 worth of
fine stock, among which were some blooded
animals, besides the privations he nnd his fam
ily had to nndorgo; fortunately none of liij
family were killed, and only his mother-in-law
wouuuofl u "nst, in protecting her littln
grand daughter. Nine emigrants in all were
killed. Mr. Hose and family before this disas
ter were in easy circumstance, indeed, for
farmers and stock-growers, comparatively rich.
They lost all their wordly stock of goods and
have now to resort to hotel keeping for a liveli
hood. This matter, I have been informed, has
been brought to the notice of our Government,
and I have no doubt, when all the ficts of tho
case are laid before Congress, that body will
do full justice to these deserving people.
tuere is considerable legal talent at the San
to Fe, Uar, and they are as courteous gentle
men as they aro gifted advocates; and tho Chief
Juitioe of the Supreme Court, Mr. Benedict, is
an able Judge, and a clear expounder of the
law. 1 listoned with great attention and much
pleasure, to n learned and elaborato.opinion of
great length, delivered by him in relation to
those Mexienns, (ut the time of the conquest)
who elected to retain their .Mexican citizenship.
The learned Judge decided that all those, who
i . t i ... . . i. . .
uuu o meewsu, were to an intents and purposes
foreigners , and had to take out naturalization
papers, before th-y could exercise the rights
of American citizens. This was an imporiaut
decisiou, inasmuch ns several hundred of these
Mexicans, who had llius thrown away their
rights as American citizens, weienowthc loud
est mouthed politicians some of them even
holding oBice others of them always upon the
grand and petit juries. The question came up
upon an exception taken to one of them, sitting
as a grand juror. The opinion of the Chief
Justice was concurred in, by the two other
members of tho Court, Messrs. IIooxE i Black
woon Sant Fe, is the head qimrters of the Army,
both for New Mexico and Arizona. Those
of the officers I had the pleasure of meeting
were clever gentleman. Col. Bonneville hall
returned from sending an escort with Mr.
Phelps, M. (.'. from Missouri, who had been in
vit;,l by the legislature, to visit Santa l'e, nnd
portions of the surroundilij; country. That ho
might aye for himself the wants and neoeaitics
of the Territory, and behold the shameful con
dition of the Court House and Jail that is to
bo by Congress refusing to make an appro
priation for their completion. I never hud tho
pleasure of meeting the honorable gentleman,
but for the two weeks I was in Santa Fe, I
heard nothing but l'helps the Phelps dinner
the Phelps bailies Pholps had danced with
tho ' Mojave," Ac, Ac. In short, if the poop,
of Santi Fe had the powor to make tho next
President, Mr. Phelps would occupy the "White
House" for the next four years 'term. Ono
good turn dosorves another, and 1 have no
doubt Hint Mr. Phelps will stand up manfully
Commander at Fort CruiV-hnd sent out a filn
of soldiers to perform thli last sad net, for their
lato unfortunate comrades.
few miles of the vtUajre.
1 booams muoli better acquainted willi the
Major afterward,-nnd found him to be a terrible
quiz and punster. His whole delight appeared
try. The principal merchant and traders are
(breign Jew. 1 sow as many as one hundred
six fix-team loads of goods, enter tho city,
iu a few days. Ono unaceustouitd to such
for the wants of New Mexico, nnd nn a iiidlfpi-
of course, for Arizona ion.
In closing this letter, I should like to ray
something in favor of many of the deserving
Mntl.m... .1... l,M f .
r.... . .i ew"l"-"""t .itu . CUL-.-U. V.UUHU13S1011S, nnn
irom two to three I , other iientlciuuu residing there at whoso
hands I was the recipient of favors and polite
nesses, but I am admonished by thn compositor
that my letter has ulrt-ndy reached too great a
lougt'u. Ther must therefor take tho will for
the deed. ,WihIng my old friend I)k M.uu.t,
long lift and happTiioss, I sign myself,
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