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THE ARIZ 0 MI AN.
.MT" To Anvtiirisfciis. Persons di-.iriiig; U ul
Ter'i.e. lit tin. pilier, am re piiMtcl to Bund 111 llii-if
'.iTjrl without dulay, .idlrossod to Thk Arixuxun,
Tuc tl Wllnnl.
-KT" .srschiptio'm mint In all oases be ascorn-
Cams I with thu cash. N mlbMTitier'R name will
q entered upou our books until advanoe pttyment
his been made.
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.V O T I V E
To Kan I'raiiclM'o .Hoi-chants,
We call tho attention of tho Sun Francisco Mer
chants aud 11 inkers, to the valuo of (tie Arizonisn
as an advertising medium. Tlio Ariionian has a
large an'l constantly ucre.ising circulation in Ari
ions, andSnnora. The navigation of tlio Colorudo
by staaiuars nnd the proposed uponin of tho Tort
of (luiym is, give to San rr.inoisoo the supply of
tho Arizona and Souora mirkot; anil through no
othor medium, oan tho morchiuts of ."an l'rancisco
tnako themselves so well knuwn. AdvertUuments
lnserto.1 in Knglish and SrANisu ifdesirod. Our
addross is tho Ariionian, Tucson Los Angeles,
Overland. -s7-.3an FrancUuo paper, please copy.
Wc would b derelict in duly towards the in
terests of Arizona, if we refrained from un
masking the duplicity of those, 1 who, in pre
tending to be its friends, have yet in their cor
respondence proved themselves, through igno
rance and malice, its most bitter enemies. It
is our province to exhibit and expose the un
truths and mistatcments that have been pur
chased and publishel throughout tho Fist, with
tho aim of injuring and retarding the interests
of this Territory; and however much wo may
despite those who ham so ignobly sold their
opinions, yet wo art 'obliged to notice them to
tho extent'only of replying to their false state
ments, in our desire to vindicate the truth.
In continuation of our reply, in last week's
issue, we would state we fully agree with "Gila"
in hU remark, "Thattheucfi concerning this
country were beginning to be known;" for
tunately, however, not in the sense he would
have us believe. Illiuded by vanity as to the
natural results of the means he was using to
injure this territory, lit evidently imagined his
visionary fureboliiijs and conclusions would
be tak)n as facts. lie forgot that others were
enjaie I in th j cause of Ariz n i, an 1 that the
croi'cinjs of on1! disappoint I individual, cloth
c 1 in the lanuie of dissimulation and false
h i ) I, c ul 1 h ir lly stand against the true faeit
us no 1 'rstoi 1 an 1 en lnrse 1 by our entire peo
ple I'lii res'ilt his been, as might havo beon
I'sni 'tl: the facts as to this country are
tif'mi I tile develop! 1, an 1 oquilly so is th
tru Inrjoter of a correspondent, who has yet
to lo iru tho value of a little modesty with a fair
sem'd.ince of truth.
His statement, " that the Governor of New
Mexico, h 1 1 written to parties in this section
th it lis wiull commission a Justice of the
INsijn an I oonslable in the different towns, if
th 7 would elect such o'H :erj, but that in his
opinion it is a fair oTer; but tint the people
here, are so far gono with the Territorial gov
ernment m mia, that the proposal would bo
rejected," is for tho purpose of creating a false
impression East He knows, ns well as we do,
that his assertion is untruo ; that nearly every
tjru in this Territory h ive such officers ; and
that ivenTubac, at the time he was living thera
nnl writing the above slander, had a Justice of
the Peace and constable lie was also aware,
that at the next election the same oltices would I
bo filled again anil were, before- he left the '
country. It i in eh tranter with the reat of his '
statements; unable to create a feeling against
our people anil their interests, ho would mU
represent tlim and their motfvti, in th ao
complishmtot of such a purpost.
IIi prediction " that we will have no Ter
ritorial Government for nt leait two yonrs lo
come," in itself amounts to but little, nml will
have no influence for or against tlio measure.
It is no reason why the eititens should not con
tinue to petition for their rights, which Ihey
have o urgently clone, and will continue to do,
'til they do receive a recognition of them.
In our last number wo replied fully to hit
assertion that " all we needed was a Judicia
District," and showed conclusively that hit
course, while editing the Ahizoviav, was ono of
silent neglect of the question knowing it was
repugnant to the wishes of the large majority
of our citizens with the exception of a mere
expression of his views nt the close of his edi
torial career in this country; and nlthougli
repeated like other nbsurdities it requires no
further answer at our hands.
Vo regret exceedingly to learn that " Gila"
" grieves at the fact that the present proprie
tors of the Auizoxnv are sustaining the hope
of n territorial organization," We havo thus
far done so, and at tho same time boldly and
earnestly advocated it; and as it is the wish of
.11111 (my Items.
On the 1 1 tla inst, Corporal Gorman, nml Pri
vate Caulficld, of G's Coinpnny, 1st Drngooiu,
doc i ted from Fort Iluchunau, while out in
charge of the Tort herd; taking with t liem
three horses, arms and accoutrements, nnd lied
into tho Stole of Sonorn ; where they met with
n reception very different from that which they
expected. Some Ihirlv-six hours after their
(light they were pursued by the indefatigable
Arizotiiaii " Vicdooq," James Graydou of Cnna
lllnnco, nnd overtaken nllcr a lmrd chase, nt
Uarujito, Sonora. It nppears that these mis
guided men, employed some .Mexicans to guide
them down towards Guaymas, who, in a lonely
part of the highway, fell iikii nnd robbed them.
One of the robbers snatched Gorman's pistol
nnd discharged its contents ut his head, the
ball passing through his hat, which sent him
to the "right about in double quick time,"
leaving his compmioti, who was less forlunnle,
in the hands of the highwaymen. When Caul
field was again discovered, he was found hang
ing to n inesqiioito tree, suspended by means of
his own noeket-kerchlef. nnd it is snmiru.ed. lit:
i . i ... ... ' I ' '
near.y our enure peop.e, we snin cenainiy con- maJ ,,av0 ,,r(,n ,,riveni , for,on am,
untie to no so, inuepenuent ot tits 8itjjerinyst pernlc condition, u. seir-a-.i..eiion, ns the
'till our exertions are rewarded in the buccc3 ( tI,iev lina plun.lrrosl him of hi home nml
of the measure. everything about him. Gorman nml his horse
In regard to the population of Arizona, not- were recovered and brought back to the I'orl
withstanding his ignorance upon the subject, as by his puraurers, after a hard lido of near
shown in letter after letter, it requires no Timet hundred miles, perfumed in sixty hours
further reply from us. We have, already 1 This is another sad illustration of the kind of
amply proved our statements, by evidence not , sympathy, which Americans will receive in
to be refuted, and none will deny us the pos- Mexico, ns long ns barbarous retaliation, is the
session of a population sufficient to entitle us 1 " order of the day," on both sides of the Ifound-
to a separate government. laryl.inc. Much praise is due to Gap!. Knell,
It is not nt all surprising that Gila, with the I for the unceasing energy nnd persevering man-
little he has seen while here, and blinded by
prejudice, as he has 3hown himself to be on
II matters that relate to Arizona, should be
unable to see, " the capacity of this country for
agriculture." It nevertheless exists nnd, pro
perly developed will prove itself equal to our
vast mineral resources. We have sufficiently
established tho truth of this in tho columns of
this paper, and time will fully prove our asser
For want of spaca, we can only notice one
other absurd statement that appeared in one
of " Gila's" letters, as evidence, showing the
little knowledge ho has of this country. lie
says, "there is not a permanent stream of wa
ter in Arizona, over two miles long, leaving out
he llio Grande and Colorado; nnd that by
permanent he means ono ' not intermittent,1
and oilers a suitable reward to the discoverer
of such a one." In leaving out the above two
rivers, he forgets to state their size and capa
city, and the fact, that the possession of them,
alone, would be considered invaluable by any
other state, without the addition of half a dozen
other large rivers. We are, fortunately, not
in need of the suitable reward he deems ne
cessary to offer to carry weight to his statement ;
but, if allowed, will recommend to him, some
worthy object of charity to bestow it upon. We
can show to "Gila" not only one, but several
rivers in this Territory that arc not " intermit
tent" Wo neod only refer him to the Gila, Sa
linas, and Sacramento. Wo could give him the
names of others, but it is unnecessary to one
who attempts to write about a country of w hich
he knows nothing. There are few states or
Territories in the Union that possess the same
number of valuable rivers ; nnd the only result
of such a statement, as made bv "Gila," is
is refutation, and the establishment of tho truth.
Wo will conclude our reply in our next num
XavlKuUon or (lie Colorado.
Tim reports from Gen. Clarko represent tho
Colorado Hivcr as a more reliablo stream for
navigation than the lted Hiver, Missouri, Up
per Misias:ppi or Minnesota. The new steamer
Cocnpa made the trip from Fort Yuma to Fort
Mohave, two hundred and twenty-five miles in
five days, cutting her own wood on the way.
This trip demonstrated the suaeess of Lieut.
Ives.' oxplorattgu made last year.
nor in which these men were pursued.
On tho Idth a party of twenty-five Dragoons,
were sent from Fort liiichnnnu to protect the
inhabitants of Tubnc and its vicinity, against
an imaginary attack from the Apaches, who
were reported to be marching in incredibly
large numbers for the purpose of " uleammj
out, " tho vulley of the Santa Cruz. At Inst
accounts the wolf had not arrived, and the
presence of the troops, was allajing the fears
of those who were stampeded by this Billy can
ard, IMl!U t:l(y :il Nnn asl;r.
A difficulty happened some days since, be
twcenJuan F.lias nnd his sons of Tucson, and
Samuel Wise, of Sun Xavier, that came near
ending finally to one of the parties. A cow
had been lost hy KI ins, nnd he had commenced
suit against Wise for it; ns Wise hud killed one
supposed to be his, nnd wishing to have the
skin, with the brand upon it, to prove the pro
perty, he had before commencing suit, sent one
of his sons to the Hanch for the purpose of get
ting it. Wise refused to (,.ve it up; nnd a few
days after, F.lias and his suiij ngniu visited
San Xavier, but fuii.nj- lo ;';t the skin, ns Wise
stuted he would biin it into Court; nngry
words arose, when Piatols wero drawn by the
Kliases' and Wise got a shot-gun. In the molee
a pistol ball struck Wise, nnd made a wound in
his belly; but fortunately not fatal. Wo un
derstand Wise is improving rapidly, and will
be in town in a few days.
1'imo anil Apache Fight.
The happiness of the l'imo Indians, general
ly reaches its acme, whenever they nro suc
cessful in killing a few Apaches, or succeed in
taking a number of them prisoners. It results
usually, in a glorification, and dancing and
drinking lire kept up for days. Such a celobra
tion, was observed some days since, at their
villages, upon the return of a party of their war
riors, with the scalps of six or moro Apaches,
who they had succeeded, in killing near the
Gila Itiver. The Piinos, in their incursions,
generally go in considerable numbers, nnd un
fortunate indeed, is it, for the oor npaches, if
they are found in numbers too weak to resist
their enomlei; If so. the result is, their thiev
ing days are aoou ouded, and a general glori
From a Correspondent on tho Gila Itiver,
we nre informed, that the " Jlnricopas" In
dians, notwithstanding tho protection, and sup
Mrt, they arc receiving from Government, hnve
been engaged in stealing stock from citizens,
living in that section. On the 12th inst, a
pnrty of " Mnricopas" that had been seen near
Oatman Flat, stole n dny or two previous,
fuur mules nnd two horses, from tho " Agua
Cnlicnte Itnneh ;" they were followed, nnd tho
trail led in that direction, until lost in the
mountains. It is the intention to continue the
search, hoping to secure the stolen property.
Large droves of Sheep have been passing
through Tucson in the past few days for Cali
fornia, One llock alone numbering some forty
six thousand sheep; they were mostly from the
ltio Grande, in New Mexico.
Some days since, nn American, name un
known, working on a ranchc near Tubac, had
n difficulty with a tamo Apache, nlso living
there, who used his knife freely nnd cut tho
Amrivim , -ct arnac manner, fimse
unknown; but supposed, ns usual, bad whis
key. The man is doing well.
Latest from Washington.
Washington, Oct. "th. A month ago infor
mation was received in this city of filibustering
movements against Nicaragua. Although Ihe
statement was not fully credited, it was deemed
of sufficient importance to justify the issuance
of instructions to the proper I ederal olherrs
to exercise more than ordinary vigilance, tho
l'risidcnt himself superintending those prelimi
It is believed here nnd the facts which have
just transpired, seem to warrant Ihe couelusion
thnt Ihe filibusters so arranged their plans ns
to avail themsrles of the niliinlage affurded
by the re opening of Ihe Nicaragua transit
route, forthe accommodation of theii ilcsiens.
The Administration is determined by all the
means in its power, ii eluding the employment
of the land and naval forces, to compel reipect
to the neutrality laws.
From a telegraph dispatch from New Orleans
it appears, a party oi the filibusters left tha city
in a vessel, but were obliged to return, not hav
ing sufficient supplies on board. No fears were
expected, that any more would be able to leave.
The instructions lo Minister Dimitry, nre
particular!;, with reference to the re opening of
thr transit, and as both Governments have as
sented to the Lnmar Zclard treaty, it is suppos
ed Nicaragua will offer no obstable tc the pas
sage of the mails.
Tho presence of the Post Master General
Holt iu Nrw York, in conneclicn with Ihe Inst
nnmcd subject, is expressive of the desiif, the
Government has in the fulfilment of the John
The leave of obsence to Commodore Stewart,
to enable him to vit.it F.urope, basing expired,
he has been, it is said, officially informed that
it would be gratifying to the Navy Department
if he would resume the command of the Phila
delphia Nnvy Yard. This mnrk of high ics
pert is in aooordiiucc with the net of Congress
which bestowed on him I tie title of Senior Flng
Officer, in recognition of his distinguished ser
vices and merits.
Mr Preston, our Minister to Spain, will
doubtless return home as toon us he hears of
Ihe death of Gov. Wieklifl'e. Our Government
nt (ho request of his family, has written him,
giving him lcae of absence provided he de
The dispatch from St. Louis in regard to the
sale of mules at Camp Floyd, is u tissue of
falsehoods from beginning to end.
The Peruvian Minister had n long interview
with the Secretary of Stale to day, in reference
lo tho affairs transpiring belweeu the Imo Gov
ernments. Peru Iiub recently manifested a dis
position to settle a number of long standing
accounts held by our citizens.
Chief Justice Taney, of the United Stales
Supreme Court, is in tho eighty third year of
his age. His eight associates in the Court,
with one single exception, are all three score
jears and ten, nnd somo of them considerably
exceed that age.
A strong feeling Is beinj manifested in Upper
Canada for n dissolution af the union of the
two Provincos. Public demonstrations nre
being inads, meetings held, resolutions passed,
and a plan of action matured for its accomplishment.