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SACRAMENTO DAILY RECORD-UNION.
DAILY rviov SERIES -tOL.__LIX-.-0. .4...
DAILY RECORD SLUIES -VOL. XT I— SO. «_.
THE DAILY RECORD-UNION.
_______ at the Post Office Sacramento _s second _— » Iter
PUBLISHED BY THE
Sacramento Publishing Company,
li H. 11. 51 ILLS, General -.imager.
rablleatlon Ode., Third at., bet. J and K.
THE DAILY ]((>]; :>- 1 MOV
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paper can be had of the principal Periodical Dealers.
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One week 75 cents
Seven words to oomtltute a lino.
THE WEEKLY I MOV
[Pub-ahed In semi -weekly parti.
Is Issued on Wednesday and Saturday of each wee V.
_ump i.-.in . Kit lit Pages In each Issue, or Silt*... Pica
each we k. and Is the cheapest and most .'. -sir :
II .me, News and Literary Journal published on the
Terms, One Yes* $5 00
Semi-Weekly Union Advertising; Rates.
Half Square. 1 time .1 00
Each additional time l, 50
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WANTED, LOST AND FOUND.
Advertisements of fire lines in this department are
Inserted for __ cents for one time ; three times for 50
oents or 75 cents per week.
-...-■ n . . , _ —
TAKEN UP DECEMBER 28, 15 T., BY«S*_
the undersigned, at Weber Creek Aoi^'X
Bridge, Coloma l:»,_l, one small BAY £___*_.
HOUSE, shod on all four feet, star on the foreneau,
small white spot on the n-.5.-, some white on right
fore foot, and branded with what seems to be a circle
on left hip. About eight years old. The owner is
requested to prove property, pay charges and take
th. same a-.v v.
January 10, 1880. WM. E. GAYLORD.
WANTED— INFORMATION IN REGARD TO
GEORGE WHITFIELD GRAY, who went
from Kentucky to Calitomia in 1849. Those having
knowledge of bim will confer a favor by writing to
" SAMUEL GRAY, at Rani- town, Nelson county,
Kentucky. Post.. Hire Box 4. jail ■_»••
TO PAPER MERCHANTS.
BIDS WILL EE RECEIVED AT THIS OFFICE
until FEBRUARY Ist, for SUPPLYING
PaPER of the Bizcs used in the publication of the
11. . ..iii.-lvius and Wk_ki,v Union-, for one year.
The quantity needed and other specifications will
be furnished upon application. Samples must ac-
company bids, and guarantees given that all paper
will be equal to the samples submitted. Address
W. H. MILLS, Gem-nil Manager R— iord-Umox.
- • ja!> tf
BIDS WILL BE RECEIVED UNTIL JANUARY
-nth, for delivering IN THE YARD at this
ottice, 100 CORDS OF OAK WOOD. The wood
must be four-foot, and cut from live timber within
one year past. Delivery to commence by the Ist
of FEBRUARY, and be completed by the Ist of
MARCH. . ja_.lf
"~ TO LET OR FOR SALE.
Advertisements of five lines in this department are
inserted for 25 cents for one time ; three times for 50
cents or 75 cents per week.
C.l . '-..* TO »*.-00 -A NORTHERN
2_» [ »'. V. v? county Newspaper for sale cheap,
at a bargain. Good location. Good reas'.ns for
selling. Address "Q. Z. X.," this office. J-17-tf
HOTEL Foil SALE, IN TOWN OF/^ii.
Dixon. For price and terms, address '";
CARL STROBEL, Commission Agent, Sacra- (___._,
mento ; or, J. W. COTTEN, Dixon. Cal. J.i 7 ;.'
"HO RENT-PARLOR, WITH PIANO AND BED-
J_^ room, elegantly furnished, on first floor, front- J
ing on L street, three- minutes walk from the Capitol.
Also, one bedroom, well furnished. Inquire L street
Sale Stable. jal--_f
IT.U__ SALE— LODGING HOUSE, i.i)N-yH=ti.
* ning 20 rooms, well furnished. Terms _ ,; '';'
. ... Apply to sI'I.NK.S ■_ ACOCK, No. 4.2___JL
Jet. ■■■ et. jald-lw -■.
F. IB SALE CHEAP— A LODGING HOUSE, /&£.
of nine elegantly furnished rooms, in ;;.:,. jjji
one of the most desirable locations in the______,
city. Reasons for telling, owner is going ....st.
MBS. M. A. HALL, northeast corner Third and X
streets. jaU I_J
FURNISHED ROOMS TO LET— PLEASANT,
quiet, home-like rooms, neatly furnished. To
rent by the day, week or month, at price, that
cannot fail to give satisfaction. Northwest corner
Third and J. Entrances on J street, and on Third,
between J and I street-. MRS. TEN|SYCK. jalO-tf
1-^OB RENT— THK LARGE AND COMMODIOUS
i brick building- comer of Fourth and I. streets,
five stories high, including basement, suitable for a
first class hotel ; will bo rented on favorable terms
to a good tenant.
TIIE LiBGE AND COMMODIOUS BRICK STORE,
160 feet deep. No. 58 J street, between Second
and Third streets. Inquire of E. P. PIGG,
jalo-2w Comer Fourth and L streets.
-\TICELY FURNISHED ROOMS, WITH GAS.
_% to let at No. 608 HI street, between Sixth and
Seventh, opposite the Pavilion. j.i.s tf
MONEY TO LOAN ON REAL ESTATE, IN
sums 1., suit, fjaj-tfl P. BllHl-
rjff.o LET— A SUITS OF FURNISHED ROOMS,
___ at reasonable rate. Apply at No. 608 J
street, between Sixth and Seventh. Ja.-tf
17.0R SALE— Till: ENGINE, BOILER AND
i other machinery used in the California Car-
riage Factory. Good as new, Will be sold at less
than .'.•• per cen*. Of first •__, Apply to
dl 2 tf ■ THOMAS J CLUNIE. Sacramento.
' STORE FOR SALE.
THE STOCK AND FIXTURES -_^.....il m,
of a Hardware, Tinware and _>*
Agricultural Implement Store, in the _»__*f?^wt?_
town of Chico, is offered for sale at a_s2 !__ s__— 9
bargain to close tbe business. To a responsible
party a good opportunity is offered to obtain con-
trol of an old established business at a very low
figure. Capital required, $4,000 or .5,000.
Address W. .1. BLACKWELL, Chico; or
M. C. HAWLEY & CO., Sacramento, or San Fran-
" cisco. jai Iplm
~~ _ W. MOOD.
DENTIST (LATE WITH H. H. PIER «__»
son), successor to T. 15. Reid, No. 31 7 !*«*["_)
J street, between _____ and Fourth. Artificial Teeth
Inserteß on all bases. Improved Liquid Nitrous
Oxide Gas, for the Painless Extraction of Teeth.
.:-. .-:-. dS'-lf
m m ni MASONIC TEMPLE, COR. SIXTH ME*
f_B_______> and X streets. 9_f_—
W. O. THRAILKILL, D. D. S., Editor and Publisher
of the Dental Jairus, a Monthly Journal of Dental
. B. B. RKF.WF.-,
S.___T_ST, SOUTHWEST CORNER OF «rj-»
If Seventh and J streets, in Bryte's ne»!a!_»___l
B— ding, upstairs. ■ Teeth exa-ac—d without pain
by use of Improved Liquid Nitrous Oxide Gas
11. B. PIEKSO!.. -
£\ENTIST 415 J STREET, BETWEEN
J Fourth and Fifth, Sacramento. Arti-(S____B
ai Teeth inserted on Gold, Vulcanite and all bases.
Nitrous Oxide or Laughing Gas administered for the
painless extraction of Teeth. dli-lm
Ar ! S GBIBITE WOSKS,
*jM GRABITE WDBKS,
.____— -^"fT npHE BEST VARIETY AND
_______3tJ JL largest quarries on the
—-j-iiiif! Pacific Coast. Polished Grani
Monuments. Tombstone. and Tablets made to order
4.r:i:iil<- l.nlldins Mime
Cut, dressed and rmlishf.l innnh-r. i.-11-lnflrr
FE-OlO*.*. BOC-iTE AND AUKEAUS 1
Attention given to Land Claims, Scldi era' Bounty
and Pension Claims.
P. J. HOPPER,
ATTORNEY AT I. V* AND NOTARY PUBLIC,
U S Land OC * Euilcing, feacramento.
. TEE MECHANICS' STORE.
REVIEW OF OUR ESTABLISHMENT
Its Different Departments,
From the Annual Business Review of the " SACRAMENTO
RECORD-UNION," published in their issue of
January 1, 1880.
HOW THE PEOPLE OF THE CITY AND COUNTRY
A few Practical Considerations worthy careful psrasal and thought,
There is scarce a man, woman or chili, of intelligence in California but has heard of the
MECHANICS' STOKE, Sacramento (WEINSTOCK „ LU81.., proprietors), X anil
Its history is phenomenal, but not more so than its methods of business.
Its growth has no parallel in the commercial annals of the State.
But this growth has been the legitimate result of the strict application of business
principles all men should understand and practice.
The trade of the house is both wholesale and retail, and is conducted exclusively and
unwaveringly upon a CASH BASIS.
More than this, "ONE PRICE" is the uniform rule with rich and poor, high and
low, friend or foe— a rule as unalterable as the laws of the Medes and Persians.
The firm is a direct importer, and recently has so perfected its system that with greater
truth than ever it may be said it has almost entirely done away with middlemen, and brought
manufacturer and buyer face to face at the counter in Sacramento.
Whoever buys at the Mechanics' Store does so on a level with all other buyers and
under the assurance that neither favor, affection, patronage or friendship gives one an ad-
vantage over the other, and under the guarantee that at this establishment all men are treated
alike as purchasers.
A child can comprehend the justice, independence and fairness of this system.
But in matter of judgment favor is shown, not to one, or a class, but to all. How ?
By placing all buyers upon an exact level, as all goods are plainly marked and unde-
viatingly rated, the poorly-posted or ill-judging customer stands exactly in the same relation
at the counter of the MECHANICS' STORE as does the most skilled expert. Whatever
either buys he pet therefor his moneys worth, for he pays no more in any ca_e than the fairly
and lowest possible rated value of the article.
. It is a manufacturing firm, and makes up Men's and Boys' Underwear, in all lines;
Boys' Suits ; Ladies', Children's and Misses' Cloaks ; Clothing for the Shop, the Laborer,
etc., working up cotton, linen, woolen and mixed (roods in large quantities.
Its Factory Machines are operated with an engine, and is upon one of the lower floors of
the house. In this Department twenty-four operatives find constant employment, with a
Forewoman, Cutter, two Special Workers and two Boys.
The MECHANICS' STORE embraces twelve distinct Departments, which are noticed
separately in this review in the proper sections : First, Dry Goods ; 2, Fancy Goods ; 3, Men's
Furnishing Goods : 4, Men's Clothing ; 5, Buy's Clothing ; (>, Yankee Notions ; 7, Hats and
Caps ;8, Millinery ; I), Boots and Shoes ; 10, Wholesale Department ; 11, Country Order
Department ; 12, Manufacturing Department.
The WHOLESALE DEPARTMENT is distinct from all others of the store, em-
braces all lines Kept in any of the Departments, and is conducted upon the principles hereto-
fore set out. The package rates are the same to all wholesale buyers, and respond only to
( ASH. The capacity of the Department is equal to any demand the trade of the coast can
make. Orders are filled with greatest dispatch, and as faithfully when sent in as if the
buyer were present in person.
' COUNTRY ORDER DEPARTMENT.
The COUNTRY ORDER DEPARTMENT is a phenomenal one. It represents a
vast business. Between one and two hundred orders are filled daily, and the goods dispatched
mainly by mail. The selectors act for the customer, using the same judgment as if buying
for themselves, and being responsible to the proprietors for the slightest deviation from the
exercise of the fairest and best judgment in behalf ofthe intending buyer.
DRY GOOBS DEPARTMENT. .
At this establishment the Department of DRY GOODS occupies a spacious, admirably-
arranged and popularly-located store-room at the corner of Fourth and X streets, which is
stocked from floor to ceiling, and along the balcony runtiinsr along one wall, with every
variety of DRY GOODS, including Calicoes, Dress Goods. White Goods, Waterproofs,
Linings, Felt Skirts, Shawls, Curtains, Domestics, Shirtings, Muslins, Silk, Cotton, Woolen
and Mixed Goods of all grades, Blankets, Linens, Cloaks, House Linen, Ribbons, Toilet
Supplies, Threads, Buttons, Dress Trimmings, etc. The Country Order Department sup-
plies any Goods of this Department in any quantity. The most distant purchaser is
afforded equal advantages with the one at the counter.
FANCY GOODS DEPARTMENT.
The Second Department is the FANCY GOODS DEPARTMENT comprises Hosiery,
Gloves and.Ladies' Handwear, Corsets, Laces. Ribbons, Notions, Embroideries, Articles..:"
Personal Adornment, Edging, Combs, Ties, Jewelry, Collars, Cuffs, etc. Orders are filled
from abroad for single articles or by the package.
MEN'S FURNISHING GOODS
cs^OT J-EC __ __*ff €_s- !
_____.__.;____:_3___-____d ■__**—!> _>__:___*.___._
The Third Department contains MEN'S FURNISHING GOODS, including Hoisery,
Handkerchiefs, Jewelry, Neckties, Collars, Cuffs, Gloves and Handwear of all descrip-
tions ; all classes of Shirts, Umbrellas, Bags, Trunks, Valises, etc.
The Fourth Department is the Men's Clothing Department, and includes all kinds of
Cotton, Woolen, Silk Mixed and Rubber Clothing, and every possible garment worn by
men, and kept even with the best styles. Any of these goods are forwarded to any section
in large or small quantities, or by the single article. The absent buyer is treated in exactly
the same spirit of fairness as if he or she stood at the counter.
Parents in California and throughout the land alike are interested in the purchase of
Children's Clothing— especially in Boys' Garments. It is demonstrated that this class of
Clothing can be purchased cheaper (and of as good stock and make) than if ordered made
at home. At no place is there a more complete assortment of Boys' and Youths' Ready-
made Clothing to be. found than at the MECHANICS' STORE. The stock is constantly
freshened, and the styles of the day in these garments kept pace with. Any of the goods
are forwarded to order, by mail or otherwise, as desired.
,, sr___w-s_"s__:____E_ ixroTZEOizsrs i
"YANKEE NOTIONS" is a very comprehensive term. In order, however, to
comprehend what Yankee Notions means, & visit should be made to that Department of the
MECHANICS' STORE. The Department includes all kinds of Yankee JTotions known
to this trade, such as Soaps, Stationery, Pocket Goods, Novel Personal Utensils, Brushes,
Combs, Pocket Cases ; a full line of Pocket and other Cutlery, Perfumery, Portemonnaies,
Purses, and a variety of like goods far too numerous to be classified now. These and all
other goods of the store are forwarded per order to any section in any large or small quantities.
HAT AND* CAP DEPARTMENT!
The Seventh Department of the MECHANICS' STORE is the branch of the estab-
lishment devoted to the Hat Trade. It embraces full lines of Men's, Youths', Boys' and
Children's Hats and Caps, including all the newest styles as soon as put upon the market,
and in endless variety, i Any article or package of articles forwarded in response to order,
and selection is made with as much exactness and care in judgment as if the purchaser stood
beside the salesman.
To Ladies of Sacramento, and to all those ot the interior of California and adjacent
sections, the Eighth Department of the Mechanics' Store addresses itself. The Department
is an important feature of the business. It is stocked with all goods usually found under that
head. Employing fashionable milliners and competent assistants, the goods and work are
sent out in the best styles. The lines in Hats, Bonnets, Velvets, Ribbons, Feathers and
Artificial Flowers are complete, and one or many orders are filled with equal dispatch.
BOOTS AND SHOES!
Of the Twelve Departments of the establishment, one is devoted c. c'u=ivelv to Boots
and Shoes. It includes very full lines of Men's, Youths' and Boys' Boots and Shoes, Infants',
Misses' and Ladies' Shoes, Slippers, Ties, etc., and full lines of Rubber Foot Wear. There
is no fashionable, serviceable and novel article in this line which the department cannot
supply. Country orders receive as much attention as if the buyer were present.
The above review speaks for itself, and needs no comment on pur part. We will content
ourselves by simply saying that although in the past we have worked hard for the benefit of
patrons and the public, yet for the future we intend to work still harder, and give to all the
full benefit of our efforts. To those living in the interior we cheerfully send a Price List
and samples free on application.
ADDRESS ALL LETTERS:
Weinstock _£ Lubin,
Nos. «0, 4.2, 104, 106 anil 4.8 X St., Sacramento, Cal.
SACRAMENTO, MONDAY MORNING, JANUARY 19, 1880.
■Plionograf*".ii_ally Reported for the Record-Union
by Willis A: Stockton.]
Sacramento, January 17, 1830.
The Senate met at 10 a. si , pursuant to adjourn
ment, President Mansfield in the chair.
Roll called and a quorum present.
Journal of yesti rday approved. .
On the request of Senator Baker, one day's leave
of absence was granted Senator Neumann.
Mr. Hill, from the Committee on Public Printing,
reported back favorably Sena'** Bill No. 77, and it
was sent to the file for second reading.
Mr. Nye, from the Committee on Judiciary, re
ported back the report and resolution of the Com
mittee 00 Contingent Expenses, relative to the pay
ment of mileage of members, with the recommenda
tion that it be adopted. —opted.
Mr. Zuck, from the Committee on Contingent Ex
penses, retorted back favor bly the resolution pro
viding for the appointment of a clerk of the Ser
geaut-at-AnrF, at a per diem of .5. Ad ptcd.
Mr. Zcca, from the Committee on Contingent
K\penses, also reported back adversely the resolu
tion appointing August Rose as Postoffice Page.
Alter some discussion the Senate adopted the re
port of the c-U-mittee.
, Mr. Zr ck, from the Committee on Contingent Ex
penses, also reported that the services of Newton
Benedict, the hold-over Minute Clerk who has so
far been assisting the Minute Clerk, would not bo
required after the 17th, and recommended the adop
tion of a resolution paying him $104. Adopted.
Mr. Johnston offered the following resolution :
Resolved, That Senators Conger and Johnson be
and they are hereby added to the Committee on
Mr. Satterwiiite, Mr. West and Mr. Chase con
tended that tne appointments on the committees
should be made by the President.
Mr. Johnston withdrew the resolution.
READING OF BILLS.
The Secretary resumed the first reading of bills
Mr. West asked leave to Introduce a bill.
The President ruled that all the bills already In
troduced should be read before any more could be
introduced without a suspension of the rules.
THREE READINGS AGAIN.
Mr. Davis -I wish to as!; leave to introduce a bill
out of order, and for that purpose i move to tem
porarily suspend Rule 37. It i*. with reference to
this question, which, 1 presume, agitates the mind
of every member in this house. As the two houses
are conducing their business with reference to the
reading of bills, it is uncertain whether any of our
legislation takes any effect. The Senate, in the de
cision which it has given, is either right or wrong.
If we are right, the Assembly is wrong, and none of
the bills which pass both houses of the Legislature
will become laws. It seems to me that every mem
ber of the Senate would be derel to his duty if we
do not do all we can to have this ques*ion settled
one way or the other. Either the Senate should
take the position that the Assembly has taken, or
they should take the position we have taken. A bill
came in from the Assembly to be passed, and so take
the matter before the Supreme Court, The Attorney-
General informs me that it will be impossible for him
to briny that matter before the Supreme Court in
the way in which it is presented. In consultation
with some of the Senators upon this question it has
been held best to introduce the bill which I have
here, and let it be passed as soon as possible. Mem
bers of the Assembly have considered the matter
also, and they agree that it shall be passed there,
and that their record shall show the manner In
which they are dealing with this bill. I hope the
Senate will consent that Rule 37 be suspended temp
orarily and that we will be allowed to Introduce
Mr. Johnson— l object.
Mr. Gorman— What till is about to be introduced?
Mr. Davis— The bill is simply a direction to the
Controller and Treasurer to transfer a certain sum
of money from one fund to another. It is an au
thorization to both of those officers. Let the bill
become a law, and then let one of those officers re
fuse to regard it as a legal enact meat ; let the other
hold it to be void, and then let one of them man
damus the other, and we can bring the matter im
mediately before the Supreme Court.
Mr. Skars— ln addition to what Senator Davis has
said, I will state that we have had a general con
sultation upon this matter, and we have deemed
this the best and speediest plan to arrive at a de
cision of this question. Now, if this bill is intro
duced here and passed to-day, for instance, it will go
into the Assembly. Their practice is to read a bill
b. title. Their record will show that this bill has
been read by title. Then the Controller and Treas
urer can refuse to make this t mister, on the ground
that this bill has not been passed constitutional ly,
to wit, that it has only been read by title the first
and second time. Then by writ of mandamus we
cm act directly. The other plan will have to go
through the lower Court , and the i to the Supreme
Court by an appeal, which will take a great deal of
time. We deem that this will expedite business. I
hope the Senator will be permitted to introduce 'his
bill, and that we will pass it and test the question.
There being no objection, the President declared
the rule suspended, and Mr. Davis Introduced "An
Act to authorize the Controller and Treasurer of
state to transfer certain funds." (The bill provides
for transferring f i om the General Fund to the School
Fund the sum of . 20,000. J
The bill was read the first, time at length, aid the
President announced the first reading of the hill.
Mr. Davis— l now move that the rule be sus
pended temporarily, for the purpose of reading the
bill a second time, and that it be placed upon its
Mr. Dickins'x— I would ask to amend so that, in
stead of suspending the rule, we suspend this pro
vision of the Constitution. I move to amend that
the provision of Section 15 of Article IV. . so far as
regards reading bills on three different d iys, be sus-
tided and the bill be put on its final sage.
Mr. Davis- 1 accept the amendment.
Mr. Wendell— h the Assembly follows the same
course it will not make the proper case.
Mr. Daw — Tho Assembly will proceed in their
usual way, and the iteps they have finally deter
mined on will be carried out.
Mr. Satterwiiite— ln conversation with the Sena
tor from Yuba, before he, introduced the bill, I
understood that the rule would be temporarily sus
pended for the purpose of introducing it, hut that
lie would let the bill bo read on three several days.
Of course, if tlio majority of the Senate wish "to
dispense with this provision in preference to reading
it on three several days, it may be done ; but Ido not
believe that it is a case of urgency that comes within
the provision of the Constitution, It would be better
that this bill should be read on three several days For
another reason, the question might go off in the
Court upon the proposition that this provision of
the Constitution was dispensed with, and it was not
a proper case of ur.encv. I would prefer, myself,
in the way to construe the Constitution, that this
bill be read three times, on three several days, and
finally passed on the third day. That would be my
preference, became I conscientiously believe* that
there is no case of urgency by which we can dis
pense with that provision. But if any portion of the
Senate conclude that we had better dispense with
that provision of the Constitution, I will not insist.
Mr. Baker— not this house, in all cases, the
judge of the urgency ? Can a Court in any case go
Mr. Satterwiiite— l do not think any Court can go
behind that fact, but 1 may I c mistaken on that
proposition. The difference is that I, believing
positively that there is no urgency hero, do not
wish to vote to dispense with that provision.
Mr. Dickinson— ln the amendment which I of
fered 1 would like to have it worded, "dispense
with the provision," using the language of that ar
ticle of the Constitution. I think, with regard to
the question of urgency, there can be no doubt as
to the soundness of the legal proposition made by
the Senator from Santa Clara— that either house is
the sole and exclusive judge as to what. constitutes
a case of urgent necessity. The authorities are nu
merous and can be readily produced. If a case of
urgency ever will arrive I think we are confronted
with it now. It will take four or five days to get
this case decided by the Supreme Court. In the
meant me we are going on. Two weeks it the ses
sion have already passed. 1 apprehend that we
would I* justified, especially if we pass a number
of laws which may hereafter be held to have been
improperly passed. The debate upon this question
is causing a good deal of comment, and I trust that
we Senators will unanimously vote to dispense with
the provision ; and if it is practicable, to have the
bill printed and returned heie before the Senate ad
journs this afternoon. I hope the Senate will then
dispense with the provision and pass the bill. It
has to be printed before it can be put upon its final
passage. The Constitution provides that emphat
ically. Let us read it now, and pass it before we
adjourn thi. a'ternoon.
Mr. Davis I did not supple there would be any
opposition to our passing ibis bill. I cannot con
ceive of any reason why there should be. It seems
to me that it is a case of great urgency. So far as
the decision got*, we need not bring up every point
in the matter. We simply want a decision as to
whether it is necessary that bills should be read at
length the first and second tim.s. I don't think the
hiM could be legally passed without being printed,
but that point need not be raised. We might pass
it here and go to the Supreme Court on the one
Mr. Wendell— l .agree with the Senator from San
Bernardino in his Judgment that this is not a case
of urgency within the meaning of the constitutional
provision, and then o*_ly two days' tin.;, would lie
saved. It is necessary for the Assembly to take it
up on three scleral days in order that the point
should come be" ore the Supreme Court ; therefore,
it hasto take three days there. It has been introduced
here, and if the cein_tiit_jw_U provision is not dis
pensed with it reouir. s^^^kwo days further time.
We are inaugurating a I bore which will vir
tually destroy the con^^^Vnal provision. If we
commence here with th-.^pi tice of dispensing with
the constitutional provision and declaring it a c. se
of argencv every tans it is very desirable to pass a
bill, then it is a matter of little moment whither a
bill shall be read on three several days at length or
by title, because any bid that has a two-thirds vote
can be immediately put through. I do not think
that the position of the Senator from Santa Clara is
a sound one, that because if we declare it urgent
I the Courts cannot go behind it. that we should
ido so irrespective of whether it is withpi
the provision or not. The old Constitution con
tamed a provision that a census should be taken i.i
the year 1555 and every ten years thereafter, which
every Legislature ignored. It i** true they had the
physical power to do it, but it was nevertheless
ignoring the provision of the Constitution. The
question should not bo whether the Courts can go
bah.nd our ac ion, but whether it is in fact a case of
urgency within the meaning of the institution— pro
vision. "-' "" - ' ' .;"
Mr. Chase — I do not read this Constitution as so
very string-nt In this matter. It is simply a provi
< ion that this bill should be read on three severe!
days unless in case of urgency the provision is dis
_ eased with by a two-third "vote. If this is not a
case of urgency Ido not know what would be. We
desire to know whether any Act that we shall pa-s
will be constitutional and 'stand the test of exam
ination by the Supreme Court, and we should have
that question Settled, inasmuch as we differ with
the Assembly. Having taken our position and the
Assembly taking tim opposite position, it seems to
me that it is a case of urgency that we should have
this question decided by the Supreme Court, if that
is the tribunal to decide this matter, and it seems
to be considered so. It seems to me, therefor , that
we should -i- p.-!.-.* with this pro ___ion of the Con
stitution and re- 1 this bill a second time, and, as
my friend says, have it printed, dispense with the
provision and pass it to-day, and let it go to the
Assembly and then to the Supreme Court as soon as
Mr. Rakish— l think the learned Senator from So
lano misapprehends the point in regard to the action
of the Assembly. Hie point is not on the suspen
sion of the rules in that body, and they may like
wise pass the bill this afternoon if they so desire.
The only question to be made over there is that the
bill shall be read by title alone, and we will lead it
at length here. Nobody c intend but this house
and the Assembly alike have the power to dispense,
upon a two-third" vote, with the reading of a bill on
three several ('ays. This house is the sole judge of
the urgency of the bill, and I agree with the Senator
that there can bo no case arising' before this body of
more urgency than the present. At the rate we are
going we shall not be through reading these bibs for
a. week. We are undoubtedly upon the safe side iv
the course we are pursuing, but the proper action of
the other house is as necessary for the passage of a
law as our own, and it is pursuing the opposite
course, and for my part I wish no bill in which I am
interested to pass until this question is settled. I
shall vote to dispense with the provision, and put
the bill upon Its passage.
Mr. Hiitell— It seems to me that the question of
urgency is not entirely one in reference to the ob
ject of the bill itself. " It may not be a question of
urgency whether a portion of tli_ general fund be
transferred to the pchool fund or not, but the ques
tion is whether it is not a question of urgency that
we pass the bill. So that the question here is not
whether the object of the bill is a case of urgency,
but the question is whether the action of this house
is not ne of urgency ; and I agree fully with the
Senator front the Second, Senator Chase, th_t it is
one of very great urgency. There probably cannot
be, in all the legislation that will come before this
house, one of so great urgency as this. Therefore
it seems to me that we should, if we can, pass this
bill to-day and Introduce it into the other house on
Monday. We are gaining at least two days by such
The President— question is on dispensing
with the provisions of Section 15 of Article IV. of
The roll was called ami the Senate dispensed with
the provision by a vote of 28 ayes to li noes.
The Secretary rend the bill the second time, and
it was sent to the printer.
THE RAILROAD COMMISSIONERS' BILL.
Mr. Sears introduced, at the request of the Rail
road Commissioners, an Act to organize and define
the powers of the lloard'of Railroad Commissioners.
[Provides for the organization of rle Board. They
shall elect one of their number as President ; shail
elect a Bailiff and Secretary, and employ a stenog
rapher whenever they de* m it expedient ; the sal
ary of the Railroad Commissioners is fixed at $0,000
per annum; the Secretary .2,400 ; the Bailiff $1,600 ;
the stenographer shall receive reasonable compensa
tion, to be fixed by the Board of Examiners; the
Commissioners and their officers shall travel free
over all transportation lines ; the District Attorneys
of all counties must institute and prosecute all pro
ceedings for the Board, and ti.eir business shall
take precedence over -II other business ex
cept criminal business; the office of the
Board shall be in San Francisco ; it shall al
ways be open except on legal holidays and non judi
cial days ; Board must hold sessions at least once a
month and the sessions shall be public; the sessions
may be in any part of the State on publication of j
notice for two weeks in a paper published in the j
county where such session is to beheld ; the process :
of the Board shall extend to all parts of the State ;
a record of the proceedings of the Hoard and the
statements of all persons appearing before the Board
shall be preserved.]
The bill was read the first time at length and re
ferred to the Committee on Corporations.
The Senate took the usual recess under the rule.
The Senate reassembled at 1:30 v. M., President
Mansfield in the chair.
Roll culled and a quorum present.
Leave of absence for the day was granted Senators
Pardee and Brown.
A message was received from the Assembly an
nouncing the passage of a concurrent resolution ex
pressing sympathy for the people of Ireland.
Senator Ryan, under a suspension of the rules, of
offered the following :
Resolved by the Senate, the Assembly concurring,
That our Senators and Representatives in Congress
be and are hereby respectfully and earnes lv re
quested to procure an appropriation of 880,000 from
the General Government to be expend., l in dredg
ing an 1 otherwise improving Humboldt Bay for the
purpose of navigation. The Governor of this State
is hereby requested to forward a certified copy of the
foregoing resolution to each of our Senators and
members of Congress.
THE STATE FKISON COMMITTEE.
Mr. Watson offered the following resolution,
which was adopted :
Jiesolvcd, That the Committee on State Prisons
of the Senate bo and they are hereby authorized and
directed to visit the state Prison at San Quenlin nd
the Branch State Prison at Folsom when in their
judgment it is necessary so to do, and are hereby
granted leave of absence for such purpose.
The Secret;. resinned the first reading of bills."
THK TEST BILL.
Senate Bill No. S3 — An Act to authorize the Con
troller and Treasurer of the state to transfer certain
funds— bo n returned from the* print ir. was
taken up out of order and read a second time at
length, as in Committee of ihe Whole.
Mr. Dickinson moved that the provision of Section
15 of Article IV., of the Constitution, relative to
reading on three several days.be dispensed with,
the bill considered engrossed and put upon its fin
The motion prevailed on a call of the roll, by a
vote of 23 ayes to 5 noes.
Mr. Glascock raised the question as to whether
the bill could now be amended. He desired to re
duce the amount named in the bill, because if the
bill was held to be constitutional $20,000 would be
transferred, and it would take a bill to transfer it
back, and the Assembly might not pass such a bill.
After c.insiJerahlc argument the bill wis referred
to the author with instructions to strike out .20.00.
and insert 8350.
Subsequently Mr. Davis reported the bill amended
according to the instructions, and the report was
INTRODUCTION O. BILLS.
Bills were Introduced, read at length for the firs'
time and referred, as follows :
By Mr. Johnson— An Act concerning the preser
vation of the public health. [Continues all the
Board, of Health in the State as now.] Committee
By Mr West— An Act entitled an Act describing
water transportation companies doing business
within this State. 1 Defines what shall be men nt by
the term transportation companies, and that it shall
include railroads, steamers and other craft used iv
the transportation of freight and passengers.] Com
mittee on Corporations.
By Mr. Kane— Act designating the places in
which polls shall be located. (Provides that the
polling places shall not be in places where liquors
are Id. Makes it a misdemeanor for any parson
to bring or send liquors into a room where the polls
are located.] Committee on Elections.
•By Mr. Enos— An Act to amend Section ins of
the Code of Civil Procedure. [Relative to contested
election cases.] Committee on Judiciary.
By Mr. Ends— Act providing a punishment for
violating Section 17 of Aiticlo 11. of the Constitu
tion. [Any officer convicted of a violation of Sec
tion 17 of Article 11. of the Constitution shall be
punishable by imprisonment not less than five nor
more than ten years.] Committee on Judiciary.
By Mr. Gorman— An Act relative to mechanics'
liens. [Provides a thorough mechanics' lien law.
Liens shall first be in favor of laborers with claims
under .100, and then in favor if laborers and mate
rial men..] Committee on Judiciary.
By Mr Johnson, by request— An Act to repeal an
Act entitled an Act supplementary to an Act for the
relief of insolvent debtors and protection of credit
ors, approved May 4, 1852, and the amendments
thereto, approved Maich 31, IS7O. Committee on.
Also, by request, an Act to amend Sections 2202
and 2295 of an Act entitled an Act to establish a
Political Code, relating to the State Library. [Pro
vides for the election of a Board of Trustees of the
State Library within ten Jays after the passa.e of
the Act. The Board shall then elect a State Libra
rian Committee on State Library.
By Mr. Hittkli. Act to amend Section 130 of
the Code of Civil Procedure, relating to rules of
Court. [Provides for the time of taking effect of
Court rules.l Committee on Judiciary.
A so, an Act to amend Sections 205 and 208 of the
Code of Civil Procedure, relating to the ministerial
officers of the Supreme Court.
By Mr. Nye— An Act to amend Section I*so of the
Political Code. Committee on Judiciary.
By Mr. Rtan— An Act to amend Sections 1 and 2
of an Act entitled an Act giving a lien to loggers
and laborers in logging camps upon the lo.s belong
ing to the persons employing them. Committee on
By Mr. Watson— An Act to amend Section 4221
of an Act ent. tied an Act to establish a Political
Code, relating t> the Auditor snd County Judge
counting money in the Treasury and making state
ment of the same. [Makes it the duty of the Au
ditor and District Attorney, Committee on County
and Town Governments.
SECOND READING OF BILLS.
Senate Bill No. 77.— An Act making an appro
priation for the expenses of the State Printing
O.Te. — was taken upend considered— in Committee
of the Whole.
Discussion ariVimr as to the items of expense nec
essary to be provided for, tbe committee rose and
reported the bill back to the Senate with the r-com
mendation that it be recommitted to the Committee
on Public Printing with instructions to amend it as
they saw fit and report the items.
The Senate adopted the report of the Committee
of the Whole and recommitted the bill.
On motion of Mr Byati, 2JO extra copies of Sen
ate Bills Nos. 61 and 6. were ordered printed.
Mr. Nye introduced a resolution, which was adopt
ed, authorizing the Committee on Judiciary to em
ploy a clerk.
Mr. Chase introduced a joint resolution instruct
ing our Senators and requesting our Representative .
in Congress to use their influence to secure the
passage of laws to provide for the free coinage of
silver on the same terms as gold m coined ; to se
cure the retirement of National hank notes and
prohibit their further L-sue ; and to prohibit the
issuance of interest-bearing bo.-.ii- in time of peace.
Referred to the Committee onjederal Relations.
Mr. Dickinson- offered a resolution directing the
Secretary of State to furnish the Sergeant-at-Arms
of the Senate, from time to time, as needed, With
sufficient legal-cap, letter and note-paper, envelopes,
pens, ink and blotting-pads for the use of Senators
in the transaction of tv business of the Senate/the
same to be paid for out of the contingent tuud c;
the Senate. ,
On motion of Mr. Sears, it was lel.rrei to the
Committee on Judiciary.
Mr. offered a resolution authorizing
each member of the Senate to draw 92S for contin
gent expenses, payable out. of the contingent fund
of the Senate.
Referred to the Committee on Judiciary.
Mr. Johnson offered the following resolution;
Resolved, That the following committees be and
they are hereby allowed a del at a per diem to be
berea ter fixed : Committee on State Prisons. Cor
porations, Irrigation, Water Rights and Drai age,
Finance, Commerce and Navigation^ Education,
Elections, Public Buildings, and County and Town
ship Governments; provided, that neithi rof said
committees shall elect a clerk until the services of a
clerk are needed by said committees.
Mr. Baker moved that it be referred to the Com
mittee on Contingent Expenses.
Mr Enos moved to add the San Francisco dele
Mr. Hittell moved to amend the motion by au
thorizing the committee to add such other com
mittees as may need clerks.
The whole subject was referred to the Committee
on Contingent Expenses.
Mr. OBEXES offered the following resolution :
Resolved, That August Rose he and he is hereby ap
point ed Outside Page of the Senate and Sergeant- at-
Arms of the Committee on Judiciary at a per ciem
After a general discussion as to the merits of the
boy and the resolution, it was adopted.
The President announced tho following Commit
tee on Capita] and Labor: Senators Znok, Watson,
Carbide, Enos and Chase. Also the following addi
tional member, of the Committee oo Education :
Senators Johnson and Conger.
At 4:30 P. M. the Senate adjourned.
Sacram-NTO, January 10, l_fcO.
Assembly met pursuant to adjournment, speaker
Ceiwdery in the choir
Roll called and quorum present.
Prayer by the Chaplain.
Journal of yesterday corrected and approved with
Mr. Tyler— l roll upon the Speaker to rule upon
the point raised yesterday in relation to introducing
a bill by request.
The speaker— The Chair cannot find any authority
for any _•___ thing as introducing " by request" in
the journal. A bill comes up for final passage and
the record is made at that time, by the call of the ayes
and noes. The words "by request " will be stricken
from the journal.
Mr. York presented a petition, with 2,000 signa
tures attached, asking for the repeal of an Act to
regulate the practice of medicine in this State.
REPORTS OS COMMITTEES.
Mr. Estee, from the Committee on Mileage, re
ported back the resolution in relation to allowing
William Ord mileage, and asked that the same be re
ferred to the Committee on Attaches. So referred.
Mr. Cameron, from the Committee on Attaches,
reported back the resolution to pay thenight watch
man from the beginning of the session, witli a recom-
n lation that it be adopted. Resolution adopted.
Mr. McComas, from the Committee on Public
Lands, repined back Assembly Bill No. 4;"., recom
Mr. Fox, from the Judiciary Committee, reported
back Assembly Bills Nos. 50, 51, 52, 53, 54,55—
Assembly Bill No. 41, with a recommendation that
it do not pass.
INTRODUCTION OF BILLS.
By Mr. Cooper— An Act to amend Section 106 of
the Civil Code, defining common carriers.
By Mr. York— An Act to repeal an Act entitled
an Act regulating the practice of medicine. Re
ferred to Judiciary Committee.
By Mr. GoRLET- An Act to protect the owners of
mines and mining property, and persons interested
in the owner-hip of such property. [Of this bill
the author says : It has been the practice for Presi
dents of mining companies to give parties who hold
stock In their companies a pass to enter their mine
or mines. This pass is directed to their Superin
tendents, who invariably reject the piss. It is fully
understood by the President and Superintendent.
This bill makes it compulsory on the Superintendent
to admit those who have passes from the Presidents
of mines.] Referred to Committee on Mines.
By Mr. York— An Act to enable female citizens to
vote upon all matters relating to the public schools.
Referred to Committee on Education. '
By Mr. Lane— An Act to provide for the safety of
the lives of residents in the State of California.
Referred to Committee on Public Buildings.
By Mr. Morse An Act to amend the Penal Code
by adding a new section. [Making it a misdemeanor
for any commission mere*— at, agent, broker, factor
or consignee to render to his principal or consignor
a false statement concerning the p ice obtained for
or the quality or quantity of any property consigned
or intrusted to such commission merchant, etc., for
sale.] Referred to the Committee on Judiciary.
By .Mr. GaTTBT An Act in relation to the licens
ing of vehicles. [In relation to licensing of vehicles
to the effect that any person who earns bis liveli
hood by the use of a vehicle of any description
should be exempt from license and tax of any de-
Scriptiou whatsoever, and only one such vehicle be
exempted, and no petson not eligible to citizenship
can take adv intage of this Act. Of the bid the au
thor says : "It is intended to encourage honest
industry and a*-i-t the poor man to compete with
the infamous Ctunameo, who are now compelling
them to live oh starvation wages."]
By Mr. Fox— An Ac' to amend an Act cntitied an
Act relative to apprentices and masters. Referred
to Judiciary Committee.
Also, an Act to unend an Act entitled an Act to
regulate the sale of mineral lands belonging to the
State. Referred to Committee on Public Lands.
• Also, an Act to amend Elections 17, 19 and 21 of
an Act entitled an Act to provide for the future
management of the Napa Insane Asylum. Referred
to Committee on state Hospitals.
Also, an Act to amend an Act entitle) an Act
concerning the selection and sale of University
lands. Beferred to Committee on Public Lands.
Also, an Act to amend an Act entitled an Act to
enable certain parties herein named to alienate and
Incumber homesteads. Referred to Judiciary
Also, an Act to amend an Act entitled an Act con
cerning corporations. Referred to Committee on
Also, an Act entitled an Act to amend an Act
concerning actions for libel and blander. Referred
to Judiciary Committee.
l.v Mr. Tyl'-r-Aii Act to provide means to pay
tbe deficiency in the expenses i f the lute Constitu
tional Convention, accompanied by a statement of
the Controller showing the exact amount of the de
ficiency. [Of this bill the author says : This is
merely a bill to pay the balance of the expenses of
the Constitutional Convention, the people having
adopted its work, and is intended as an answer by
the people to Senator. Baker's proposed constitu
By Mr. Brown 6f Yuba An Act to organise and
define the powers and duties of the Rail road Com
missioners. Referred to the Committee on Cor
By Mr. Habris— An Act to amend the Code «f
Civil Procedure, in relation to the probate of wills.
[The change made by the bill is to change the juris
diction of Probate "Courts to that of the Superior
Courts in the probate of wills.] Referred to the
Committee on Judiciary.
By Mr. Walker— An Act to regulate the sale of
opium and other narcotic poisons. Referred to the
Committee on Public Morals.
By Mr. Walker — An Act for the regulation of
convict labor and for the abolition of the contract
system on public works. Referred to the Committee
on Labor and Capital.
By Mr. .Messincer— An Act in relation to the re
striction of stock in Marin and Sonoma.
By Mr. DEL Vallk— Notice of a resolution to in
crease the Committee on Corporations by adding
Mr. Green and Mr. Corcoran. Referred to the
Committee on Rules.
SECOND READING OF BILLS.
Assembly Bill No. 39 An Act for the receipt and
appropriation of donations to cities and counties,
cities and towns. Amendments of the Judiciary
Committee adopted and the bill ordered printed with
The following bills were read a second time : As
eemb y B_ls Nos. 28, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35. 88. The
last bill was withdrawn by the author for revision.
Assembly Bill No. 40— An Act for the protection
of citizens engaged in business against alien corr.pc
Mr. Fox— The Committee on Judiciary have exam
ined this bill, and have come in the conclusion that,
under the provisions of the bill, the State would be
compelled to provide f.r the support of all these
paeons in the poor-house, because they would net
be allowed to earn a living. Therefore the commit
tee recommend that it do not pass.
Mr. CnnBKKT -Mr. Speaker, I ask leave to with
draw the bill. .
Mr. Braunhart— l hope the gentleman will not
withdraw the bill. I believe this bill can be amended
so as to strike a blow at the Chinese.
Mr. McCarthy— l move mat the bill be referred to
the Committee on Chinese Emigration. '
Mr. COTHBEBT- Mr. Speaker, I do not desire to
have the bill referred to that committee, for the rea
son that it will be charged that it is class legislation, i
1 prefer to have it go to the Judiciary Committee. I
would like to withdraw it, however, so as to revise it,
and then I shall offer it again. The Chairman of the
Judiciary Committee says this bill, if passed, would
force one hundred thousand paupers on the people
to support in prism. There is no concealing me
fact, nor do 1 want to conceal it. This bill is aimed
directly at the Chinese. If it will drive them
out of occupation I contend, Mr. Speaker— l contend
that it would be better then to have them outside
to come into various competition with free white
laber, keep them there and kill them off, or fore?
them out of the country.
Mr. C-THBEkt was granted leave to withdraw the
bill for revision.
Mr. McCallion called up his concurrent resolu
tion in relation to the sufferings of Ireland.
The committee recommended that the word "law
ful" be inserted. So ordered.
Mr. Maybell said he would offer a resolution of
sympathy for the starving American tramps.
Mr. Tyler Opposed the resolution, on the ground
that it was crude and inconsistent.
Mr. Maybell— Air. Speaker, I would like to throw
a little light on the condition of Ireland. lam not
in favor of adopting any- expressions of sjmpathyfor
a people who are Starving, who are producing
enough of everything to k.-ep them from starving,
and yet have not courage enough and backbone
enough to fight for their firesides. Let us see
whether the. are starving or no*. Let us calculate
the weekly outgo of live cattle. There is an outgo
weekly towards England and Scot— nd of 17,000
fat cattle, weighing in the aggregate
.500,000 pounds. This from starving Ireland— 2,324
calves, or 23$ 4 00 pounds of good veal to feed these
Mr. McCallion called up bis concurrent resolu
tion in relation to the sufferings of Ireland.
The committee recommended that the word "law
ful" be inserted. So ordered.
Mr. Mayi'.ell said he would offer a resolution of
sympathy for the starving American tramps.
Mr. Tyler opposed the resolution, on the ground
that it was crude anil inconsistent.
Mr. Maybell— Mr. Speaker, I would like to throw
a little light on the condition of Ireland. lam not
in favor of adopting any expressions of sjmpathyfor
a people who are starving, who are producing
enough of everything to k_ep them from starving,
and yet have not courage enough and backbone
enough to fight for their firesides. Let us see
whether the. are starving or no*. Let us calculate
the weekly outgo of live crttle. There is an outgo
weekly towards England and Scotland of 17,000
fat cattle, weighing i.i the aggregate
.500,000 pound*. This from starving Ireland— 2,3.4
calves, or 23. 00 pounds of good veal to feed these
starving Irishmen ; 25,350 sheep, or 2,031,000 pound*
of good mutton. This is M laughing muter. j
Here we find 5,759 swine, aggregating 1 727,000
pounds, lent out of starving Ireland weekly; l. 08
horses, aggregating 1,000,-00 pounds, tent out of
starving Ireland. Is it not a mockery to tender ex
pres-i.ns of sympathy to these starring people?
No, sir; if they have th. manhood of our fore
fathers let them light for their freedom Instead of
expecting resolutions erf sympathy for thei • starv
ing «o_di*ion, while they are giving their oppressor*.
that on which they feed and f I ten.
- Mr. Corcoeax— Mr. Speaker, this , reminds me
very much of Lord Ke-icoi>_M*s suggestion for the
am.lior _t : on of the poor of Engl _nj. lie was for
giving them victuals at cost price. Now, however
gratifying it might be to the members of this U<.u_e
to tender their sympathy to the starvii g people of
Ireland, it does not do those people a single bit ot
good, and the chances are that the people of Ireland
would never know anything of these resolutions. I
would suggest, if any gentleman desires to do any
thing, that he put his hand In bis own pocket and
make a donation and send it to Ireland.
Mr. Mavrkll-- Send them guns and powder.
Mr. Corcoran Now 1 hod that, as a representa
live beid} of the State of California, we have no
right to recognize the authority of that people
when we are on terms of peace with Great Britain.
We have no right to recognize them or counselor
aid them in any insurrection. 1 hope this thing
will be indefinitely postponed.
Mr. York — If 1 supposed that these resolutions
bad been brought in here fir the purpose of -Hord
ing some members an opportunity for spr.ud-cagle
speeches, I sh md be in favor cf voting them down
at once. We have something better to do than to
waste our time in ny such frivolous manner. Men
do sometimes make such speeches. If these resolu
tions were brought in ban to open the door for
speeches, lam oppose Ito them. Bin, Mr. Sp'-a cr,
if the resolutions have been introduced in good
faith, asking for the sympathy of this people. I am
heartily in lavor of adopting them. My friend over
the way, Mr. Maj bell, says '* Let them "fight." Ah,
there was a time-when our people needed *y npathy.
It was in that incipient period when they had not
risen superior to the conditions and were not pre
pared to fight. Poor Ireland has my sympathy, and
I hope to God the time may speedily come when the
shackles shall be struck from her wrists, so she may
be able to fight. Until that time she has my sym
pathy, and I hope, gentlemen of the Assembly, you
will not consider this resolution a frivolous one.
Mr. Anthony — Mr, Speaker, the word "lawful"
has been inserted in the resolutions. That is per
feeJly right. We propose to consider this subject
from our own standpoint, and I hope every man
who has a seat upon this floor will vote for there
resolutions. lam not here to .ay i. word in regard
to tllS unitarian part of this idea ; am here asking
the attention of the House te- th one put of the
resolution that I have referred to, and that is the
part which has reference to the Oppressive system
of land tenure. In view ofthe fact that a similar
condition 1 1' things exists in our own State
to-day from Siskiyou to San Diego, I think these
resolutions appropriate. I hope, sir, they will be
adopted unanimously. The people of the State of
California are being ground down into the dust by a
pernicious system of land monopoly almost equal in
its effects to the landlord system under which the
people of Ireland are suffering.
The ayes and noes were demanded by Messrs. Mc
Callion, Can* of Yuba, and Lane:
The resolutions were adopted by the following
vote : Ayes 70, noes none.
GEOLOGICAL SURVEY REPORTS.
Mr. Wasoe of Mono Introduced a resolution in
structing the Committee on M nes and Mining to
communicate with the Cambridge Museum and as
certain at what price 260 copies of the work on the
" Auriferous Gravels of California," can be I nd.
Mr Coßir.Y explained thut this is a work which is
being published by the society In Cambridge. The
state has already spent over .200,000 in making this
survey, and at this point the work was taken up by
other parties and finished, and the work now being
published is the product of al! ibis labor.
Mr. Tyler opposed the resolution. The commit
tee did not need any authorisation ; they could send
at any time, either as a committee or as individuals,
and find how much the books would cost. Let them
send on and get a copy of the v.- rk, and if it is val
uable to the State he for one would be in favor of
buying a thousand copies. But his objection was
that if it is known that the State wants them the
price will be fixed much higher than it would in an
swer to individual inquiries.
The resolutioofwas lost.
Mr. 'Ivi.kk moved that the House do adjoarn at 1
o'clock untn __ o'clock Monday. Adopted.
in.v. keen MILEAGE?
Mr. Adams called up Ms notice, and thereupon
moved to reooudder the vote by which the Am mbly
adopted the report of the Committee on Mileage
fixing the mileage at 15 cents.
" Mr. LraciI — Mr. Speaker, I second the motion. I
do .-'.', as 1 favor a reconsideration, and, as I ant
opposed to an allowance of 16 cents per mile. While
I think it was the Intention of the Constitution that
we should only be allowed 10 cents per mile, I
have an additional reason, and that is, that when
the members of this ______ voted lor the adoption
of the report 1 hardly think they understood
whether they were voting for 16 cents or 10 cents. I
have no fault to find with the gentlemen
of that committee. Had I been on that com
mittee I should probably have done the seme
thing. They were urged to make a rcjiort.
But they did not do so until they had been advised
by the Judiciary Committee. They were conscien
tious in their action, but from the standpoint from
which I view tthis matter, I would be false to my
obligations, false to my sense of duty, if I did not
enter my protest against the report. The decision
of the Judiciary Committee, so far as it goes is, I
believe, technically correct that until a new law is
established, we are to be guided by the old law.
Hut the point of my objection is one that was not
considered by the committee— and it is this: Was
it not the intention of the framers of the Constitu
tion that do Legislature, after the adoption of this
Constitution, should receive more than ten
cents a mile 1 think so, and i believe the people of
the State generally thought so. I believe by the
wording of Section 23, Article IV., it is mandatory
upon this body to paaa a new mileage law before the
mileage of the members is drawn. a bill was intro
duced by Mr. Sayl. eve;' a week ago to fix mileage
at 10 cents That bill is now upon Uspesssg .
Every member of this'Honse tins had notice of that
fact. Does it not 1 ok as if we were hastening to
the State Treasury to get our money at 15 cents a
rile before we are cat .IT by the new law. 1 hope
the motion to reconsider will prevail.
Mr. Cooper— Mr. Speaker, I rise to a point of or
der. The house ins now under consideration a mo
tion to reconsider the vote by which the report of
the Committee on Mileage was adopted. Yesterday,
aft. r that report was adopted, a resolution was
adopted authorizing the Controller to draw his war
rant in favor of the members, in accordance with
that report, at fifteen cents a mile. The notice
given by the gentleman from Sonoma, Mr. Adams,
is not to reconsider the resolution, but the report of
The ..baker— The resolution la the one that or
ders the money paid.
Mr. Cooi-ER— There has sen do notice given of a
reconsideration of the resolution.
The Spk-J-ER whatever.
Mr. Tyler— I move that the motion be Indefinite
ly postponed. I would fttc to state this matter
death* to* the bouse. The truth of the matter is—
Mr. Leach— I want to ask the gentleman if it does
not look like taking snap judgment, while a bill is
pending to fix th. rate of mileage -. t ten cents, to
pass such a resolution as this, I want to know if
that is carrying cut the Constitution In its spirit.
Does it not look like taking technical advantage of
the constitutional provisions. I do not want to be
captious, and 1 regie' that I have felt compelled to
lake this position If it were net unparliamentary
1 would allude to the fact that the committee in the
other house has reported in favor oi ten cents a
Mr. Tyler— l would ask the gentleman if he has
rot received his per diem.
Mr. LEACII— No, sir,- 1 have not.
Mr. Tylkk — TIC warrants are drawn for him. They
are drawn under the old law, and if we have no
right to receive fit-en" cents per mile, we have no
right either to receive 88 a day. The very law that
provides for one provides for the other, so that the
gentleman, to be consistent, must wail for bis pet.
diem until a law is passed through both bouses.
On motion of Mr. SwiBTbASD, the previous ques
tion was < r tered.
The roll was called, with the following remit :
Ayes-— Adams, Bennett, Brooks, Brown of Yuba,
Bruncr, Brusie, Cameron, Carrol Sacramento, Cham
berlain, Chandler, Coleman, Cooper, Corcoran, Del
Valic, Dimond, Downs, Durham, Kste-e, Finlayson,
Fox, Fraser, Frink, Gorley, Green, Hardy, Leach,
L.a.better, Mathews, May, MoComas, Mcintosh,
Mull. "Hani, Nelson, sherbnrn, Stanley, Stoddard,
Str.etcr, Tyler, Ward. Wasson of Mono, Watson,
York, Young, Mr. Speaker— 44.
Noes— Anthony, Bass, Braunhart, Brown of So
noma, Bums. Carr of Yuba, Coffman, Cuthbert,
Garibaldi, Oaffey, Harris, Hershy, Hynes, Josselyn,
Lane, Levee, Maguire, Vaybell, McCallion, McCar
thy of San Francisco, McDade, Messenger, Morse,
Picket, Bayle, Siuon, Spencer, Bweetland, Walker
Before the vcte was announced, and when the
Speaker** name was called, he said : "No person
shall vote, says the rule, on any qucstson in which
he is personally interested or involved. It has never
been in order for a Legislature to pass upon it- own
compensation. Under the rules of the House I have
no right to, and shall not vote."
I At this a number of members rose and asked
leave to withdraw their votes, and on motion of
Mr. Tyler the motion to reconsider was indefinitely
On motion of Mr. Walker, at 1:15 the Assembly
adjourned until Monday at _ p. M.
APOTHEGMS FROM STERNE'S " KORAN."
A libation is better than a potation ;
wine often better spilt than drank.
A lie is a desperate cowardice ; it is to
fear man and brave God. ■
Lovers are apt to hear through their
eyes ; but the safest way is to sec through
their ears. ■ , .ir j
All young animals are merry, and all old
ones grave. An old woman is the only
ancient animal that ever is frisky.
It is better to do the idlest thing in the
world than to sit idle half an hour. .
Drink never changes, but always shows
In the whole Hebrew dictionary there is
no word to express nature or philosophy.
What a dread of death must some people
have who would rather be dying than dead.
Man must be initiated in the mysteries of
iniquity in order the more safely to pursue
the paths of virtue.
Better to have one's feet dirty than his
The more a person wants the less will do
lain good. _ . .
A kindness can never be canceled, not
even by repaying it. j - -
Algebra is the metaphysics of arithmetic.
To have respect for ourselves guide., our
morals ; to have a deference for others
governs our manners.
An epicure dcs : but one. dish ; the
glutton would have two.
The four characteristics of mankind ; to
build a house, to raise a tree, to write a
book and to have a child.
When a misfortune is impending I cry
"God forbid!"' but when it falls upon me
I say " God be praised !"
A man's fortune should be the rule for
his sparing, not spending. Extravagance
may be supported, not justified, by afflu
ence - r.,- .-. . -.y. v y'. - .y.' -_-■.. ,V I '
v * - i
DAVIT f?E< if »:»•.• V'O*. SEKIE3.
- VOL. >l. 10-NriNBKB 1.-.-.
A PROBLEM FOR SCIENTISTS.
Hitherto pure air has been considered an
inseparable adjunct to athletic and aquatic
sports. It has been supposed to outweigh
foul vapors ; bnt, from the doings at the
late race, one would be led to believe that
this natura' order of things had been re
versed. Here air find some dozen
parable adjunct to athletic au : aquatic
is. It has been supposed to outweigh
vapors; but, from the doings at the
race, one WOT— d be- led to lieli \ .- that
natui.V order of things hai] been re
ed. ll.ro we find nme half dozen
men accomplishing a feat unparalleled in
the _______ of sprrt in an atmosphere ren
dered almost stifling by its foul vapors and
noxious gases. Pome learned men have
argued that tobacco smoke is deleterious to
the human system, yet these walkers
seemed to thrive on the dense clouds of
smoke caused by the consumption of tho
weed. This upsets Mr. Weston's theory,
and also that deduced by many worthy
and able men who have contended
that tobacco smoke was injurious to the
system. 'That tho Madison-square Gar
den is -usually one of the worst ventilated
structures in this city, is a lact well known
to all who have passed more than an hour
within its walls. In addition to the fumes
caused by the thousands of spectators,
there was another source which belched
forth its poisonous breath ; we refer to the
stoves which were placed in the center of
the floor to diffuse a small particle of -heat.
loke caused by the COxTSm nption of the
eel. This npsets Mr. Weston's theory,
1 a'so that deduced by many worthy
1 able men who have contended
,t tobacco smrke was injurious: to the
tern. That the Madison-sqeare l.ar
l is usually one of the worst ventilated
uctures in th s city, is a (act well known
til who have passed more than an hour
.hin its walls. In ad.lit:on to the funics
iced by the thousand, t f spectators,
re was Mother _ou.ee which belched
th its poisi nous breath ; we refer to the
yes which were place. l in the center of
floor to diffuse a sii.ali particle of heat.
.se furnaces were rigged tip with short
pipes, which did not a me v. .thin 40 feet
of any outlet, and the censequence-was that
the _.:.._ they emitted did tar more harm
than any other cause. Indeed, so powerful
were they that lew people were able to
tarry in their vicinity without feeling an
intense desire to go to sleep, yet in the face
of all these obstacles we find the contest
acts as alert and spry as thong!, they had
been performing under the most advan
eons surrcendings. History shows us
that scarcely a wet pat .I . at does not
bring forth an an_maly which upsets all
scientific theories and culatii ns, and the
scientists are set. all agog in their endeavors
to account for the phenomena. Besides the
foregoing facts there were others which in
themselves were enough to cause the total
wreck of the strongest of pedestrians.
Just before the start of the contest, the
proprietor of the building had begun ex
tensive alterations in the front and back
of the house. The pic had been torn
down, leaving immense fissures, through
which the cold and damp rushed without
restraint. Ia the early mornings, when
the place was deserted, the track was just
as cold and far more exposed than if it had
been pitched in the center of the street.
Many of the contestants contracted heavy
colds, and some were even attacked wjth
bronchitis, yet they kept on with undi
minished speed and seemingly unimpaired
organizations. It may be that they were
compelled to travel fast in order to keep
some warmth in their bodies, but
this does not explain their ability to
overcome foul vapors and stenches which
were sufficient to make many a strong man
sick. The problem of how the score came
to be such a mammoth one is easily ex
plained, of course allowing that other
things have been set right. The pressure
was away back from the first three men.
The others were all so close together that
they had to keep moving or lose their
places. This state of things prevailed al
most to the last hour, and to this fact the
big scores are attributable. Usually t>>e
race is decided before the last 24 hours,
and sometimes earlier, to that the leader
can take things easily on the last day. In
this struggle it was not safe for any one to
stop until the last hour. This was shown
wheal one of the back men lost his place. —
[N. Y. Sportsman.
WHAT IS A COLD?
Ou a less authority than tho London
Lancet would the theory be credited that
the resolve of a person not to take cold is
ample protection against having cue. "It
19 startling to discover,'' says tho Lancet,
'• how little we know about <'■ . commoner
forms of disease. For example, a 'cold.
What is it? How is it produced, and in
what does it consist '.' It ._ easy to say a
cold is a chill. A chill of '.that part of the
organism? We know by daily experience
that the body as a whole, or any
of iti parts, may be reduced to co_t
sielerably lower temperature than will
suffice to give to man a cold if the
so-ca'lcd chill be inflicted upon, the surfac.
suddenly. Is it, then, the suddenness of a
reduction of temperature that causes the
colli ! It would be strange if it were so,
because few of the most susceptible of
mortals . would take cold from simply
handling a piece of cold metal or acci
dental contact with ice. The truth would
seem to be that what we call cold- taking is
the result of a sufficient imprtssion of cold
to reduce the vital energy of nerve centers
presiding over the function, of special or
gans. 1' this he the fact, it is easy to see
why nature has provided the stimulus of a
strong fit of sneezing to rouse the dormant
centers and enable them to resume work
and avoid evil consequences. This explains
why the worst effects of cold do cot, as
a rule, follow up a 'chill' which excites
much sneering. Shivering is a less effect
ive convulsion to restore the paralyzed
nervous energy, but in a lower degree it
may answer the same purpose. The shiv
ering that results from the effects of a poi
son on the nervous centers is a totally dif
ferent matter. We speak only of tl.o
quick muscular agitation and teeth chat
tering which occur whenever the body is
exposed to cold and evil results do not en
sue. It follows from what we have said
that the natural indication to ward off the
effects of a chill is to restore the vital en
ergy of the nerve centers, and there is no
more potent influence by which to attain
this object than a strong and sustained
effort of the will. The man who resolves
not to take cold seldom does. ■
ANALYSIS OF A CIGAR.
To the world in general a cigar is merely
a tightly-rolled packet having brittle frag
ments of dry leaves within, and a smooth,
silky leaf for its outer wrapper. When it
is burnt, and the pleasantly- flavored smoke
inhaled, the habitual smoker claims for it a
soothing luxury that quiets the irritable
nervous organism, relieves weariness, and
entices repose. Science, scouting so super
ficial a description, examines first the
smoke, second the leaf, third tbe ash. In
the smoke is discovered water in vaporous
state, soot (free carbon), carbonic acid and
carbonic oxide, anil a vaporoui substance
condensable into oily nicotine. These are
the general divisions which chemists have
still further split up, and in so doing
have found acetic, formic, butyric, valeric,
and propionic acids, prus. i, acid, creosote
and carbolic acid, ammonia, sulphurated
hydrogen, pyridine, .iridine, picoline, luti
dine, collodme, p.irvoliuc, corodinc and
rubidene. These last are a series of oily
bases belonging to the homologues of ani
line, first discovered in coal tar. Apply
ing chemical tests to the leaves, other
chemists have found nicotic, tobacco cam
phor or nicotianine (about which not much
is known), a bitter extractive matter, gum,
chlorophyll, malate of lime, sundry album
inoids, malic acid, woody fibre, and various
salts. The feathery white ash. which in its
cohesion and whiteness is indicative of the
good cigar, yields potash, soda, magnesia,
lime, phosphoric acid, sulphuric acid, silica
chlorine. The ingredients cxtractible from
a poor and cheap cigar would be fearful
and wonderful to COO template. Here is a
list from a . parliamentary report on
adulterations in tobacco : Sugar, alum,
lime, flour or meal, rhubarb leaves, saltpeter,
fuller's earth, starch, malt commings,
chrnmate of lead, peat mo-.., molasses,
burdock leaves, common salt, endive leaves,
lampblack, gum, red ihe, a black dye com
posed of vegetablo red and liquorice,
scraps of newspaper, cinnamon stick, cab
bage leaves, and straw brown paper. [The
_____ — — — -_ _. —
It appears that if a man would swallow
the entire materia medico, or at least tho
patented portion of it, he might recover bis
lost lungs, recoat his ruined stomach, re
vive his torpid liver, indurate his softening
brain, purify his breath, preserve his teeth,
remove his cores, restore Iris lonz-lost hair,
get rid of his pimples' and beautify his com
plexion. The only doubt in the mind of
the ucivercal invalid is as to how the things