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Sacramento daily record-union. (Sacramento [Calif.]) 1875-1891, December 27, 1880, Image 2

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THE DAILY RECORD-UNION.
M©\ DAT. - . ;'.':'. .... :- DECEMBER 27," 188*
THBEE . ORIGINAL STORIES.
y 'During the coming year,' and commencing De
cember Ist, the Wan-ay Usios will publish three
■ Prize Stories of California. Thf first,; 77 pub
licatitm of which will commence in the first week
cf December, will be entitled,''; The Ventures and
■ Adventures of, Charlie, Gould." This it an in
tensely interesting story of the' Stock-Gambling
- perio of California, and was written by Edward
-'F CahOl,"of Lot Angeles, j; The price of the Wsbklt
Union will be Si CO per annum.
NEWS OF THE MORNING.
Business being universally suspended Saturday,
7 !; no quotations for that day from London, New York
'and San Francisco are given tnis morning. . :,
Wnat is called Gould's railroad consolidations
consist of 9,649 miles of track.' -'7, : : i.'-r.
Turee men were stabbed in a row at St. Louis
Saturday— mortally. '
Miss Ada Hebden killed herself at Chicago Satur
day.
i i. -r A. M. Conkling editor of the Socorro (N.-M.)Sttn,
" has been assassinated.
Two children were burned to a crisp Friday night
I near Weston, 0. ; |
-' Fire at Ogdensburg, N. V.; Norway, Me.; Elkhart,
' Tex.; and Pembroke, Ont.
- - Mrs. Henry Johnson was burned to death Satur
day at Trenton, N. J. :] '
' ' No elevated railroads are to be allowed in Eoston.
. The total bank clearings at Chicago for the year
'■si's stated at $1,003,000,000 -the heaviest in the hit
tory of the city. ■■■ ..'■ . ■'.■ y:7 .-.. 7i. 2 '.iyyiyiii,
"'■"'■ A census of tbe Dominion of Canada is to be
taken in April.,;.'. .:..;.
„ The situation in Ireland is steadily growing woisc.
The Provincial Assembly of Eastern R>umania
was closed Saturday by the Governor-General.
- And-:rwert. President-elect of the Swiss Confed
eration, killed himself at Berne Saturday evening. |
, V . Ei-Shenff Matt. Woods died suddenly at Jlaiys
ville Friday night. ; V :
' A terrible storm of wind, rain and snow prevailed
at the East yesterday, doing great damage.
John Hittson, one of the wealthiest cattle men in
the West, was thrown from a carriage and killed at
. East Bijou, C.l ■".". , ■i'J;, ; -•'.
H The principal points of tbe two Chinese treaties
are foreshadowed this morning in a Washington dia
jutch. ......
Floods have destroyed CO houses and killed 80
persons at Limasol, Sicily. . : --V"--
Fonr persons were killed and two injured by a
' train Friday night, near Lucan, Out.
On the Arizona train between Dos Palmas and
Walters stations, Saturday, a tramp drew a pistol
| on the conductor, who shot him.
Four prisoners effected an escape from the
County Jail at Portland, Or., yesterday.
| An old man named Donovan was fatally injured
by a fall yesterday at Portland, Or.
Henry Ostrander shot and instantly killed his
brother near Camden, N. Y.
\ The Boers are still punishing the British in
■ Transvaal.
1 The return billiard match between Slos3on and
Vignsux for 20,000 francs a side is not fully ar
ranged yet. :;. ",'i2\
A riot - occurred in Dublin Saturday between
soldiers and civilians.
: A great snow-storm prevailed in Scotland from
Friday until yesterday morning.
General O. O. Howard addressed the Moody and
Sankey audience at San Francisco last night.
r -.:-.__ "
THE DIFFICULTIES INCREASING.
It has often happened in history that
the reluctance of a Government to use ex
traordinary means for repressing popular
disturbances at the beginning, has pro
. duced frffects necessitating the employment
of far more rigorous measures in the end.
It is quite possible that this may be the
ca3e with the Irish problem. The English
„ Government has thus far refused to sus
pend habeas corpus in the neighboring
j island, but its course in this regard has
"; only given new boldness to the Land
League, and has iv fact enabled thit or
ganization to secure control of the country,
' to . the virtual paralysis of the entire ad
_., ministrative machinery. The Courts are
, rendered both powerless and useless. Jury
% trial is in- effect abolished/The prosecu
tion of the -Land League leaders in the
Courts is a foregone failure, acd it has been
evident for weeks that it might as well
be abandoned. The inaction of the Gov
eminent has therefore done nothing to im
prove the situation, but a great deal to
render : it more threatening. It is al
ready a serious question whether the
/Land League leaders can prevent,
even if they desire to do so, an
uprising of the people. Their success thus
: far has been so great that they themselves
may well imagine the game to be in
' their hands, ' and therefore perhaps they
will not wish to avoid an open collision
with the Government. In the event of an
insurrection, however, the Government
would have no option before it. It must
then take the shortest and sternest means
to sustain law and order, and it does not
require to be pointed out that in such a
case the present Governmental inactivity
would have to be compensated by an amount
of force which might have been altogether
avoided had firmer measures been adopted
at the ' beginning. .There can, of course,
r be no room for doubt as to the result of an
insurrection. It would be put down in
blood.' But when this Irish difficulty is
over .it _ will perhaps appear even plainer
than it does now that hesitation in using
strong measures in \ such cases may be the
' least considerate and merciful policy that
could be adopted by the Government.
KELLY IN BAD TEMPER.
The recent defeat sustained by " Boss "
Kelly appears to have soured his temper
so much that he is making indiscriminate
war upon all whom he suspects of having
assisted his enemies directly or indirectly.
For a man in his position this is of course
.very bad policy, and may not impiob
ably i complete , his downfall. .: For when
."Bosses" come to deal irritably with
their 'power, thoy endanger it. It is al !
ways possible to their henchmen to com
bine against them, and this is what has
happened to Kelly.' lie might have re
covered his first . defeat had he kept his
temper, but he cannot : improve his pros
pects by making more enemies, and in fact
there are indications ' that Tamti any Hall
will shortly rise against him and repudi
ate ; him. Nobody will . be sorry if ; this
happens, but it would be still more s»tia
factory.-. if • Tammany Hall : itself should
encounter the fate of the ' Kilkenny cats.
Unfortunately for the public, the co
hesive power of public : plunder prevents
so desirable an event. "
THE USUAL MURDER
■'.';_>' San ' Francisco greeted . Christmas with
" her usual murder. There was, however a
- certain . novelty in the crime. , Hitherto
there has always been some motive for her
; accustomed homicides. Either the victim
\ had unwittingly offended the murderer,' or
.. the latter thought to gain something by the
deed, or there was a woman in it. ; ; The
Christmas ' murder" appears to have been
.committed without any other motive than
mere wantonness, . .. A man .was walking
. home _ quietly when two . drunken roughs
. staggered [ against him." VHe remonstrated
5 mildly, whereupon one of them plunged a
t knife into his bowels and ; then fled. The
murderer in this last case is unknown, and
• may probably remain so if he and his com
- panion have 1 wit enough to keep their
; mouths ' shut.': 7 It , will ■. be seen, however,'
; that : the . tendency to"; commit j murder in
: San Francisco" is ; rapidly extending itself,
and that tbe practical abolition of punish
ment for that crime is making it very diffi
cult for inoffensive people even to walk
Weets without endangering their lives. . I
I _«— «*«-- r .-r.^, r a fl& .— v.-aa-'^vy MC'J.- ,_^^.f'a^=T*Swwei=*^T V" '
THE CASE OF THE PONCAS.
\ The proceedings between the .: Ponca
chiefs and the Secretary of the Interior are
not altogether devoid of mystery. The
public are asked to accept the statement
that they have been ' deceived . by false
representations' in regard Ito the situation
of the Ponca Indians, ] yet to what extent
these alleged ] misrepresentations go is not
stated. ; It cannot ■be ' forgotten ] that Sec
retary Schurz i himself, in "several ; annual
reports, has expressly admitted' that great
wrong had been done to this tribe. There
is not, in fact, a '- shadow of ■ doubt that
they were forcibly driven from their ter
ritory ]in : Dakota, and - that they were
transported to a reservation consisting of
barren lands so badly situated that a large
number of the tribe died the first year from
diseases contracted on the- spot. It is
equally susceptible of proof that the Pon
cas then demanded to be: returned to the
healthy and ! fertile territory ; from which
they T had been driven so cruelly : and
wantonly, and it is not less true that Mr.
S hurz in hi* report of last ] year declared
their demands to .be equitable, and ad
vised their return to their former loca
tion. .It is well known ■ that ' several pub
lic-spirited and humane men ia Boston and
elsewhere took up the cause of the Poncas,
and that through their instrumentality
proceedings were , instituted : against ,; the
Government to establish the title of these
Indians to the lands from which they bad
been evicted. And though . the ] Courts
have not yet adjudicated the question, the
opinions of several jurists of national repu
tation have been expressed to j the effect
that the Indian title • was good, and that
they could and ought to obtain a verdict.
To the judicial mind it would certainly
appear that the case of the Poncas was a
strong one. The Government had made
a' solemn treaty with them,' under the
provisions of which certain lands were
ceded to them in . perpetuity. On these
lands they had established themselves, and
had made many permanent improvements.
They were a peaceful, industrious, intelli
gent tribe, causing no apprehensions to
white settlers, and it was ■ evident that if
they were unmolested they would in a few
years settle down quietly to agricultural
occupations. The real motive of their re
moval has never appeared, but for some
unexplained reasons it pleased the agents
of the Indian Bureau to evict them, and
this step was taken entirely without their
consent, in opposition to their most earnest
remonstrances, and in defiance of their
rights under . the treaty. But now, after
they have suffered untold pain and misery,
it is exultantly stated by the Indian Bureau
that they only want to be let alone where
they are ; that they prefer the poor and
insalubrious lands onto which they were
forced, to the rich and pleasant territory
from which they were driven ; that they
look upon their Boston friends as pestilent
intermeddlers, and upon the Government
which has done them so much injury, as
their friends ; and last, though not least
astonishing, that they are eager to accept
a proffer of §140,000 in settlement of their
claims to lands which are admitted to be
worth at least §!>OO,OOO. It must be ad
mitted that this sudden and unexpected
change in the attitude of the Poncas ought
not to be accepted without full explana
tion, and that the statements of their
chiefs at Washington ought _to be very
carefully examined and verified before
being acted upon. .:,
Under the circumstances we regard it as
very fortunate that the President has ap
pointed a special Commission of exper
ienced army officers and business men, to
make a separate investigation of the case,
and we are convinced that this Commis
sion will find it necessary to look very
closely into the representations of the Ponca
Chiefs. It appears that out of the sum of
§140,000 which the Government proposes
to expend in various ways upon the tribe,
a certain amount of §10,000 is to be dis
tributed in cash to the heads of families.
It is intimated that this money would
naturally come iuto the possession of the
Chiefs, and there are some people so un
charitable as to believe that these latter
may have been induced to favor the Gov
ernment proposition through their desire
to get hold of thi3 money. ] Certainly the
position they now take is not a rational one.
Whj should they be willing to give up
property valued at 8900,000 for §140,000?
Why, indeed, should the Government try
to cozen them out of their heritage by
making them an offer so disproportionate
to their equities? Is it thus that the
United States ought to proceed when the
question before it is as to the redress of
notorious wrongs committed by its own
agents ? Does Secretary Schurz believe
that his administration is likely to be ex-
alted by obtaining such a victory in
tinesse over a handful of poor Indians?
The Poncas have suffered wrong enough at
the hands of the Government. Surely it
is neither necessary nor seemly _ that
they should be subjected to an additional
wrong , in the form of chicanery? It is
possible that the Ponca chiefs are accessi
ble to bribery, and that the expectation of
obtaining a few thousand dollars may
have induced them to abandon their
claims. But assuredly the Govern
ment of a great • nation ] ought ] not
to be concerned in any such sharp prac
tice, and if the special Commission dis
covers that the real wishes of the tribe
have not been truthfully stated, it will be
its duty to report against the proposed
compromise. -In fact, in ; any case, - the.-
Poncas ought , to 'be allowed , to make the
best they can out of their claims. Even
if they are content to remain where . they
are they are entitled to . the . full value of
the lands from which they were unlawfully
ousted. The Indian Bureau should not be
permitted to hoodwink \ and ■ cheat . them
under any pretext, and _ we : trust that the
Commission will protect their rights to the
utmost, no matter who may wish to force
this iniquitous bargain to a consummation.
THE PROSPECTIVE SACK OF LIMA.
It appears almost certain that in a short
time we ' shall .be able to lay before our
readers graphic : accounts of ' the capture
and sack \of ' Lima. The Chilean ] army
is slowly but steadily ■ advancing on - tbe
doomed capital of Peru, and the announce
ment has already : been ; made that as soon
as it is ' taken % the city will ; be delivered
over to the troops } for pillage. What this
means we suppose everybody understands.
It means that . rape and murder, robbery
and arson, outrages and cruelties of every
description that a' savage and intoxicated
soldiery can invent, will be committed ;
that neither sex nor age will ;be spared ; I
that all the devilish and brutal passions of j
the conquerors will be given free scope ; that !
there will' be neither pity nor help' for the
victims ; and : that « when ' the sack "; is over I
Lima will probably be committed to the i
flames,' together with - the! remains of : her i
butchered inhabitants. '_: Tnis is what ' the :
sack of a city] has always involved, and as ' :
the Chileans are little better than savages,* j
and ..are"]; moreover .^deeply exasperated I
against their enemies, it most be expected
.. ■■ . niitinii ---Hri'iiM lii'r ■imniln'i trii'i rinrfn
that . they will be quite as brutal and fero
cious as it is possible ; for .victorious troops
in such a situation to be. At this spec
tacle ; Christendom also ] will : ; look ', calmly
on, and it will not occur to any of its mem
bers that any obligations rested upon them
in the premises. ]Of this peculiar composi
tion is that modern .' ' civilization "of which
it is customary to boast, i V.- V
PACIFIC COAST ITEMS.
9: ; : There are about ] 250 Piutes" at Truckee
Reservation.
0; Lone * Pine, Inyo county, reports a case
of small-pox.
7.2 The Bear river dam has been accepted by
the State authorities.
■y The ' Nevada State • Printing Office '] is
about ready for business. y .
7 ; The Carson (Nev. ) Daily Appeal proposes
to publish a weekly edition. r ;
77 In : Salt . Lake , county, ; Utah, there are
20,291 natives and 11,687 foreigners. ']*/35*?
2 1 The Piutes i take ; large quantities "of
Truckee trout to Winnemucca, l Nev. ;: ;.> ].
y: Dr. Schultz, of i Hoilister, owns a tract
of land' 60 by 90 leagues in ; Lower Cali
fornia.
V The .Willows Journal ■- says that the
small-pox has • entirely ;• disappeared - from
that section„
Violets, . tube-roses . and the . loveliest
varieties : of j flowers are in full bloom in
Santa Barbara.
27 The San Juan Timet says , that ■ there is
a prospect of a I railroad being built from
Marysville to that place. ■'.':.'
: A whole family named Chase were acci
dentiy' poisoned i near | Port , Kenyon last
week, but are recovering.' '7 .''■■: .]•] ;-
A petrified woman has . been found in
Cascade lake, Nevada. The relic is small,'
scrawny, brown and hideous. v.
. The business of the Hoilister Postofflce
for the year ISBO shows a decided increase
over that of any previous year.
Thomas J. Tennant is stocking the
streams of Nevada with cattish, under the
direction of Fish Commissioner Parker.
Several instances of teams miring down
in the roads, and being with difficulty ex
tracted, are reported from parts of Tehama
county. .'
The rabbits about .Walla Walla, W. T.,
are so fat that j they are unable to run in
the snow, and j the fleet-footed Klickitat
youths catch them alive. '■ ■y-y.l'i :'7 : 7}-
The Litton Springs, Sonoma . county,
teacher, whose horse was : shampooed and
painted like a zebra, has sued the parents
of some of the bad boys for damages. -
The proceedings in the election contest
for Assemblyman in Monterey county-
Sargent against Kilburn — have been dis
missed and the contest abandoned by Sar
gent.
An ' emigrant ' train of eight teams and
about 300 head of horses and 500 head of
cattle passed through San Diego recently
from Ventura county, en route to Sonora,
Mexico. -.' ' •' i ' -
Workmen engaged in boring for water in
the Wimmera district, . Victoria, B. C,
claim to have brought up fruit-stones from
a tree which they discovered at a depth of
250 feet.
Sierra county contains 6,623 people,
classified as follows : Males, 4,740 fe
males, 1,883 ; native, 3,457 ; foreign, 3,
--196; white, 5,338; Chinese, 1,250; In
dians, 12 ; negroes, 23.
Mr. Skibbe of The Dalles, Oregon, made
a bet of 8200 that he would be married in
a month, and lost the bet because | the
freeze-up kept his intended and he apart
until the month was up.
The Sun says the Colusa levee is com
pleted, and thinks it is all right for the
winter. The levee will stand twenty
seven feet raise, and the Sun says twenty
five feet is the highest Colusa has ever
had.; -■ • .-]■-■ ■]■]. , . ...
The summit cut on the O. P. & N. Co.
grade between the Touchet and Tukannon
is 1,000 feet long and 2G£ feet deep at the
deepest point. It is made 35 feet wide at
the bottom, so as to admit the use of side
tracks. _ .:_,'•..
: The population of the five counties of
Eastern Oregon— Baker, Grant, Umatilla,
Union and Wasco— as rendered at the last
census, was 35,2-17. . There are eleven
papers published in the same section, or
one for every 3,204 of population.
A nine . months' old daughter of L.
Strosser. a German resident, of Hillsboro,
Or., died recently from being poisoned by
tobacco, she having eaten, as is supposed,
the stump of a cigar. The little one was
taken very suddenly ill and died in spasms,
after three or four days' suffering.
There is a well on the line of the N. P.
P. P.., situated about twenty-two miles
from Ainsworth, W. T., which' is 127 feet
deep. The singularity about the well is
that it is frozen up. Not only is there ice
in the well, but it is froze so hard down
there that a fine force pump was broken.
I The Chico Recorder says : Beavers have
appeared in considerable numbers on Butte
creek, near Durham station. They have
constructed several dams across the stream
near the wagon road bridge, and their
signs are plainly seen for three or four
miles below. ; A few days since one man
killed three with dogs. -.•>:.- ■
The Salt Lake Tribune says : Several
rounds of granite have been placed on the
Mormon Temple this year by workmen who
have scarcely seen cash enough to buy a
tin' whistle. The : Lord's representatives
in Zion : pocket the money and feed the
honest laborer on cabbage, carrots and
shinbones. : .yy' ..":'• 7 2
' The Lis Vegas (N. M.), Optic says that a
desperado named William Buncey is now
at the head of twenty-five well-armed men
in the neighborhood of Fort Sumner. He
is possessed of considerable talent, and is
one of the best shots in the country. He
spent a number of years in Southern New
Mexico and Arizona. ■.';.]- _
Two drunken fellows were put off the
train near Alamosa, New Mexico, recently.
One of them made [ his - way back and re
ported that his partner had frozen to death.
An engine was run out to look for the man,
and it ran over } him about a mile out. It
is not known whether the I man was dead
before the engine struck him or not. .
The hunters ' are * said to be playing sad
havoc among the buffalo in the Yellow
stone region, Montana. Sj Green j hides are
worth §2 each at any of the stations and
81 50 piled upon the ranch, and men are
employed by the month to hunt J and skin
b iffijlo. Seventy-five dollars per month is
, paid, and all the loose men in the country
are said to" be ; employed." ' Some of them
make §25 per day.': ! ] , '
y Travel has been fearful from the Salmon
river to Idaho. The stage wai 36 hours
crossing the desert. Night overtook them,
and the driver unhitched the horses, and
in s company \ with f the | single passenger,
struck out for Snake j river, but failed to
make it. 7: They scaped the snow away
from j the j sage brush, and j after repeated
attempts, succeeded -in v building Ia j fire.'
■ The thermometer was so low that the two
men had to dance: around the tire all night
to keep from freezing. / .v].-|| | ■.• $1
Tiie Victoria (B. C Standard says that
a considerable extent of '■ fertile land is sit-'
uated at | the j bead ]of the Alberni canal.
Vancouver Island. Tho j best J authorities
agree in : estimating . the ■ amount of • this
lan 1, easily available for. agricultural pur
poses, at about 50,000 acres ; but there is
much more: that could be brought into use
by clearing off the timber. y The character
of the land alluded to is mostly deep black
soil, covered with a luxuriant -urewth of
fern, with scattered clumps of alder.]]]]]?]]?
Si Say s~ the Seattle ${ W.I T. ) Intelligencer:
J. M.' Flowers, of , Skagit, informs _ us , that
1 the country around the mouth of that river
and the . Stillaguamish j slough ia] all under
water to a depth of from five to] six feet
The water is higher than was ever known
before, and is doing a great deal of damage.
A grt-at deal of stock t was c>u_:ht by the
! flood ] and s drowned \ -before | they could ; be
I driven to higher, bend. The big dam", i ear
j the mouth of , the' Stil-aguimiih sloujh has
'been 'carried * awav.'ii'Tnia ; pi»-< eS ot :■:. work
cost/when, completed, about ] §2,000,* and
sj now is a total wreck.' : „ y~
___- *
7y. The ' rales |of S contrary. : ire Vir-ar —
•"Well, Mrs. i Sriiith,*aeilfyour Jhusband
' that I do hope hr will come to'church next
I Sunday." Mrs S. — " An. you know
i Smith, air ! 'Ed never feju |l t<-ld ,]un
! that there. I'd tell 'nu as f yon do 'ope aa
r ..'e wunt." — [Loudon Fun.°^^^^^^^^^^
in m-r™* 1". i■• ;-.-?«Hr_M______HHMr_i.'. ' 'i ' '• : 2 •
TELEGRAPHIC.
LIST NIGHT'S DISPATCHES TO THE RECORD
UNION.
(Seat STORM in the east.
Railroad : Traffic ; Impeded i and Shipping
. Damaged.
PACIFIO 00AST POSTAL ■ CHANGES.
A Wealthy Coloradan Bashed to Death by
a Runaway Team.
PRINCIPAL POINTS OF THE CHINESE TREATIES.
A Young . Man ■ Shot . and - Killed •"• by His
. Brother./--- '-•'■'■'''■ ; '''■*'??
--' r_. ' .— . ■ /
MISCELLANEOUS FOREIGN NEWS ITEMS.
■ -"■'■'- -.. .-....- ..,- "•-•-
Terrible /Accident in Ontario— Four . Per
'}''yyy ■.-. . .' sons tlilleeLy-'yifiy
Etc...... ....Etc/.. ::..*....:... Etc.
DOMESTIC SEWS.
The Chines,- Treaties— Principal Points
'. fS 2 .2:7. Foreshadowed, v.: - 7yyr7yy
Washington, December 26th.— Official ad
vices have been received by mail from Pekin,
bearing dates about . a - week previous to the
conclusion of the three treaties signed in that
city on the 17th ultimo, but foreshadowing
their principal points to an extent which, in
connection with I the ■ official telegrams . re
ceived last _ month, }. fully corroborate the
statement heretofore telegraphed concerning
them in . these special dispatches, and
also quite clearly outlined : some additional
interesting particulars. - The precise language
and minor details of the new treaty on the
subject: of immigration will not be known
here in advance of the ! receipt of the docu
ment, but it I may confidently be expected to
contain, as the main provision stipulates, sub
stantially as follows : The Emperor of China
consents that whenever, in the opinion of the
United States, the coming hither of Chinese
laborers, or their residence in this country,
affect, or threaten to affect, injuriously the
interests of the United States, then the
United States Government may regulate,
limit or suspend such coming or residence
in g such '. manner as the United States
may deem proper. ■■■ It will be noticed
that this form of provision, while giving Con
gress practically full control over Mongolian
immigration, does not ' involve 'an i absolute
and perpetual prohibition, which the Em
peror might consider offensive. The treaty,
according to the latest foreshadowing, still
contains some express stipulation permitting
Chinese to come here as teachers, students
and merchants, and for the purpose of travel,
curiosity or pleasure, and it will also prob
ably reiterate, perhaps in some strengthening
form, the existing treaty guarantee of protec
tion for subjects of China now in this coun
try. . The commercial treaty will provide, as
a matter of permanent agreement, that Chi
nese vessels and cargoes and American ves
sels and cargoes shall not be subject in either
country to any discriminating duties. It ii
understood that this ' treaty will, in its gen
eral features, closely resemble the existing
treaties with other nations, but the remain
ing details are not known. Commissioner
Trescott is expected in Washington with the
two treaties by the Bth or- 10th of January.
Great Storm In the East.
New York, December ' 20th.— A heavy
northeasterly gale, accompanied by snow and
sleet, set in at -an early hour this morning,
aud still continues. .
At Sandy Hook this evening the wind is
blowing 68 miles an hour, and disasters to
shipping are apprehended.
. Fredericksburg (Va.), December 26 .h. —
A severe northeast storm of hail and snow
has raged since J early last evening. ; The
Southern fast mail passed two hours late,
and other trains are considerably detuned.
The Baltimore steamer approached within
eight miles, but was compelled jto return on
account of ice. The country roads are badly
blockaded by snow and ice, and communica
tion is very difficult iv ail directions.' The
early winter has not been characterized by
such severe weather for many years. _
Lewes (Del.), December 26th.—- A heavy
gale set in here yesterday evening and still
continues. The wind changed at 4 o'clock
this morning to the north west, and increased
iv violence. The bark W. T. Harward, here
for orders, is high upon the beach above the
railroad pier, and the little side-wheel steajier
Wanderer, from New York bound south, has
gone to pieces near the iron pier. The crews
of both are safe. But few vessels are in the
harbor, and no further disasters have been
heard of. This is the severest gale since the
one in October, 1877, at which time so many
vessels foundered in the harbor. The gale
has been accompanied by a heavy rain until
3 o'clock this afternoon, when it changed to a
blinding snow-storm, which still continues,
the wind changing to the northeast. ; - - 7
Pacific Coast Postal Changes.^iyiiM
Washington, December — The fol
lowing postal changes for the Pacific coast
are announced : Postmasters appointed —
James Mitchell, Big Pine, Inyo county, Cali
fornia ; Frank Bonnalta, Buchanan, Fresno
county, California ; ', Jas. C. Peacock, Jr.,
Colton, San Bernardino county, California ;
James H. Harding, Compton, Los Angeles
county, California ; Ephraim B. Tucker,
Erie, San Benito county, California ; Charles
Wartield, Firebauehs, Fresno county, Cali
fornia ; Benon O. Webb, Florence, Los An
geles county, California ; David F. Carter,
Limekiln, Tulare county, California ; Win.
H. D. Raymond, Norodell, Tulare county,
California ; John Schmitt, Orlegalito, Mer
ced county, California ; R. D. Brown, Perno,
Mendocino county, California ; A. H. Dun
lap, Rancheto, lios Angeles county, Califor
nia ; Charles H. Matthews, - Soledad, Mon
terey county, California ; John W. Tilley,
Rock, Yolo county, '. California ; James H.
Swift, Coveland, Island county, Washington
Territory. Office discontinued Pacific, Yuma
county, Arizona. '...,:;•' ~V>.',-f-S
Westward-Round Passengers. -.-s.'^
Omaha, : December : 25th.— The following
through passengers were on to-day's train,
leaving at 12:30 P. M., to arrive in Sacra
mento December 29th : s Mrs. Dr. M. >N.
Rogers, Will S. Rogers. Marysville, Califor
nia ; Captain J. B. Whitten, Plymouth,'
Ma-sachu3ettß ; Frederick B. Taylor, Carrie
Frances Taylor, Col. Charles E. Traverse,
Mrs. S. W. Fuller, Master Henry Fuller,
San : Francisco ; Master Geo. Fred. Foye,
Master Rupert Foye, Montreal ; Alexander
Walker, f Canada ; Mrs. fA. \ T. ! Thornton,
Mrs. M. F. Templeton and two children, In
diana ; W. De Willamon, Washington.
H Omaha; December; 26th.— The j following
through . passengers were on to-day's trait.,
leaving at 12:15 P. M , to ' arrive '■ in Sacra
mento December 30th : 8 Mrs. : Turner and
daughter, Mrs. McMills, Fort Caldwell ; Mr.
and i: Mrs,; Cummings, ? Oakland ; _ Hiram
Welch, Maine; W. W. = Whitney, Toledo ;
Annie L chsen, New York. '„'■ ;■
The < President and the ' Oklahoma Colo
'■■"''.".•; ..■'; 'ii'/-.- ■;. nists. v ;_ .■,'."
--• Washington, December 2Gh — Robert M.
Wilson, agent of the Payne Oklahoma colo
nists, succeeded Saturday in securing an in
terview with the President." Wilson was ac
companied by "Colonel " Bourdinot, a half
breed, who acted as spokesman." The Presi
dent received Wilson courteously, and after
hearing his story frankly but j bluntly replied
that during the session of Congress he would
take no action whatever in the direction of
anything like an abrogation of the treaty.
The Attorney-General had, aftwr careful con
sideration of this subject, rendered 'an opii_V
ion which for the , present must stand as the
construction of the la w.":,. In the ' meantime,'
however, the President said if Wilson can
bring forward any valid reasons for so doing,
the Attorney-General might review his opin
i-in.'VK'._.,'.- :..-■ i}-77 yy.-'.-y 7 27
-Harder of a Tnune Man by Ills Brother.
Utica (N. V.) : December 26th.— Henry
Ostrander, \ aged 29, . shot | and \ killed | his
brother, George | Lyman Ostrander, aged 26,
at their home near Camden, in this county.
Henry was ' je dons , because his , little ■ sister
Carrie was caressing j his brother. 1 He | spit
tobacco-juice into 2 her •■'■ face, and .' George
warned tim ■to '■ stop. '& Henry * shot j George
through ( the \ eye, I killing r- him | instantly."
Henry says George had his pistol half-cocked,
but :he | was ; too ■ quick ; for i him. He f. says
George, was trying to ruin the whole family. 1
.*')X-;St"'* ! ;": Tbe Ohio Homicide. : ''?-""-i;
'/'Toledo (O ),'' December General R.
K. Scott,' who shot and killed W." G. ;' Drnry
at Napolnon," 0.. yesterday morning, was last
ni_<h', taken to Defiance j for . safekeeping, | in
consequence of, the excitement and | strength
of feeling against him ' at the I former place.
The preUtnioary examination \ takes place to
morrow morning. evidence 'thus far in
d'Cmtes that the deed /was. committed in a fit
of anger," sawed by the refusal s of | Diury to
a ,tnv, Scott to * room over the drug store, to
which Drnry i bad I taken fa' son |of Scout's,
whom l.c had found up:n the street in an in
toxic ited c x.riiti >n."| G-ieal f Scott entered
th* army dv.ing th. ] lat« war as Leu .i.sut-
Colonel if i tie ■ Sixty-eighth! Ohio • Infantry,
and rose to ibe rank of Brigadier General : of
Volunteers. . He was I appointed ! Provisional
„ --"-..77-777: r--* rr-r-.'-r-r-
Governor of t. South ": Carolina ; by i President
Johnson,'; and 1 was : afterwards elected ', Gov-"
ernor. "-: He has resided at: Napoleon since
1871. 7 : --':y '■'■&■ ■■: i- 7 : 2- V:, .■,::. .yy. •■'- y 7 -.
Death of a Journalist.
A New - Yobk, December Jerome B.
S tillson, I a well | known 1 journalist : on 5 the
: metropolitan press, died of Bright's disease
I of the j kidneys I yesterday; afternoon j at; the
St. Denis Hotel, aged nearly 40 years. He
was born at Buffalo, N. Y. y -7 -'y-
Senator Blame doing to Europe. yiy
. Washington, December 26th.— Blaine is
preparing for s a' ; . European | tour lof 1 eight
months, leaving : this country in March and
returning next November. -He would go in
February if it were . not for the close .vote in
the Senate. iy'.iy ■.--.■.. '.:'.'■■:
The Secretaryship of the Navy. /
Chicago, December 26th.— The Tribune's
Washington i special ] says it is reported that
General • Wickham,'; of •- Virginia, i has | been
tendered the Secretaryship of the Navy, and
it !is - believed that his appointment . would
hold good under Garfield. §§j|gg
A Fatal Runaway. •
: 'Denver 7 (Col.), December .; 26th. — John
Hittsoo, one of the wealthiest and best known
cattle men of the West, was killed yesterday
at ■ the : East i Bijou, ; near ; Deer Trail, at his
home, by being thrown from a carriage by a
runaway team. .. .
■.':.' __. •
;: FOREIGN.'
"-_•":. The Trouble in Ireland. '... 7 : .
-7 Dublin, December 26th.— A circular of the
Magistrates \ in j reply :to I Forster's circular
states . that the ; Magistrates ; are i unable , to
carry out the law, owing to terrorism. ; '
: A farmer's house at Portadown has been
maliciously burned. ' - ..
- The "■ Monaghan Anti-League Association
has issued a manifesto calling on loyal men
to combine for mutual defense, and to com
bat the hateful teachings of the Land League.
. The Land League meeting which was to be
held in Harris, in I Ossory, Sunday, was pro
hibited. Both ; military : and police ■ were
present to enforce the prohibition. -'T- ':
. There was a riot Saturday in Dublin be
tween soldiers and civilians. The police sep
arated the combatants. - -
■-• The Gazette publishes a proclamation pro
hibiting a meeting at Athgreny. .. Wicklow,
Sunday, which was called for the purpose of
denouncing a certain individual. :'■
' The Gazette declares the county of j Lim
erick to be in a disturbed state, requiring ad
ditional police.
\ At Cork to-day, on the police ordering a
disorderly crowd to disperse, " a volley was
fired at the police from revolvers. ■ A police
man was shot, but not mortally wounded;
STARTLING BUMOB. .
New York, December 261h.— The World's
London special says : There is a great com
motion in the War Office, in consequence of
a rumor that the Dublin mail-bag has been
intercepted by Fenians on the way to Lon
don, and rifled of its contents. Whether
there is any truth in the rumor or not, it is
certain that the War Office authorities have
received no letters from Ireland since Thurs
day, yr - i
.:•'■;.•, LOUDON EXCITED.
The cri-iis in the Transvaal, coupled with
the crisis in Ireland, has raised the excite
ment in London to an almost unprecedented
pitch. Nothing else is talked about in places
of public resort, and scarcely anything else is
thought about by thoughtful people but the
grave troubles which beset the Government
on every side. '■;; £.'-;'-
The Rebellions Boers.
Durban, December — The Boers fired
on a detachment on the Pretoria and Lyden
burg road under cover of a flag of truce. At
Potchefstroom . the greatest excitement pre
vails. , Four persons have been murdered.
London, December 20th. — A correspond
ent at Durban reports that the wagons which
a detachment of the Ninety-fourth Regiment
was in charge of got into a swamp, and all
hands laid aside their arms to extricate them.
The Boers suddenly appeared and demanded
their surrender. The soldiers rushed for their
arms, but before they were able .to defend
themselves they were shot down. : i ; ..
While a Boer was attempting to hoist a
republican flag at Potchefstroom he was shot
by a British officer, whom the Boers imme
diately shot dead.
The lour persons reported to have been
murdered at Potchefstroom were a command
ant of the Cape mounted police and j three
civilians. They, were brutally murdered in
the midst of an assembly of 3,000 Boers.- .',■_;■'.
. [ A driver of the post cart was murdered
and the mail- bag carried off.
Another report says the Boers were shelled
at Potchefstroom and a hundred killed and
many wounded. ,
London, December 26ih.— A Durban dis
patch reports tint the Boers have given no
tice that they will seize a certain town on a
specified day.
'■ London, December 26th — The authorities
at Cape Town have communicated further
with the home authorities in regard to rein
forcements, and it is probable that two regi
ments of cavalry, two of infantry and two
batteries of artillery will be sent to the Trans
vaal. ;'•' . ■". -'-... HiiyT:
The Government Arraigned.
London, Deeeuftier 20th. — disaster in
the Transvaal is almost universally ascribed
to cftrcial blundering, and the number of
those who ascribe the trouble iv Ireland to
the same cause is by no means small. It is
openly charged that the Natal authorities
were long aware of a contemplated rising by
the Dutch Boers, and that they paid no heed
to the repeated warnings, and took no pre
cautions to protect themselves. When the
s'-orin . broke . it is . charged '-. that they
were utterly • unprepared to , meet it,
and ". the result ■■■ of - c iurse cou'd fe
not! ing -. else - but ' shameful defeat- and
d's star. The Home eminent has
decided, as usual, when it is too late, to send
military aid to the colonists of Natal. They
were asked to do this some time ago, but the
request was put aside until now. The Sixth
Dragoons, it is announced, will be sent to
Natal in a few days, with instructions to re
port to the commandant at Durban. The
flower of the army is rapidly leaving England
for the inhospitable shores of Ireland and
Africa. -''";'.*-
Disastrous Floods. :7y7.:.
Nicosia, December 26th.— Sixty houses
have been destroyed by floods at Limasol.
Eighty persons were killed, and ! damage to
the amount of £70,000 done. ". j" ,'i "A-i
, Snow-Storm in Scotland.
; London, December 20th. — A great snow
storm prevailed in the fr. north of Scotland
from Friday until this morning. A number
of trains are embedded in snow-banks and
traffic is stopped. ■'•-/; ■ryiy-.i
Camels Recaptured.
London, December 26th. — A dispatch from
St. Petersburg reports tbat the Russians
have retaken, with the loss of 20 killed, the
2.000 camels that were recently captured by
the Turcomans. -. •
■The SIO-taon-Yignnux Return Match.
; Paris, December 20th— The return match
between Slosson and Vignaux _ for i 20,000
francs is talked of to be played in New York,
hut Vignaux does not want to cross the At
lantic. . iyi'.'riyi-.
Terrible Accident- Four Persons, Killed
. mid Two Injured. . --. .~y
Lucan (Oat.), December 26th.'- -^A party of
six were returning lite Christmas night from
visiting | friends .in the township of MeGil
livray, when, upon approaching the railway
track, the horses bolted, and their sleigh was
struck by a train of the London, Huron and
Bruce Railway, " near Claudeboye station.
James .... McGrath, * his '/• wife t and '-. brother
Matthew, ' and . Ellen ■ Blake, ' a cousin, were
instantly killed. McGrath's child, 13 months
old, was dangerously hurt, but may recover.'
The sixth, named . Annie . McGrath, saved
herself by jumping. ; ; v r> m^g:
MINT STATISTICS.
'.'- The report of the Director of the Mint
shows that during the last fiscal year there
was/ deposited lin the j Mints, for coinage,
nearly 8100,000,000 worth \of ; gold ; but
two-iiftiis of that sum remained uncoined
at the end of the year, because the Mints
were kept \ busy coining | silver { dollars to
put away in the Treasury vaults. Gold is
practically the monetary j standard in j this
country, as it is in international transac
tions, and for j the I gold coin the Treasury
and the j banks and | the I public J have use.'
For the silver, beyond what jis wanted for
small change, the country has no use, 1 and
of the $72,000,000 in standard silver dol
lars thus far coined; §45,000,000 j remain in
the Treasury vaults, only ;• a". portion of
which is represented in the circulation by
certificates. An abundance of silver was
deposited ■at ';. the 7 Mints f for coinage 'oh
private < account lto meet ' the demand for
silver coin," ! yet the . ; Treasury^as' obliged
by the present law to purchase, in addition
to the private deposits, nearly $25,000,000
worth of silver, and coin it to be put away,
to the exclusion of $35, 000,000 of gold, de
posited on //private ; account, V and for the
coinage of which there was actually some
reason. It doesn't require much argument
to show "a man who lis open to conviction
that the Mints should be allowed to make
the gold coins that ' are | wanted, instead of
the silver coins that are not wanted.
An old fellow, who seldom draws a sober
breath, was told that he would ultimately
fill a drunkard's " grave . unless I he 1 mended
his ways. " Well, '^ said ' he, "I s'pose it
will be all f right.' i' Somebody! must ! fill
drunkards' graves, or ; else l theia wouldn't
be any use digging em," : ";\ / f /
LECTURE BY DR. DWINELL.
An Interesting i Glance , Oyer ' the ; Present
■'-;■'■'. East and South. iiyi' 'y" 7
'■ ■:, Rev. Dr. Dwinell gave ] a lecture last even- i
ing at _ the Congregational \ Church ; before a i
large audience, upon the changed ■ and pres- :
ent condition of society, the country, and af
fairs at the East, as observed during . his re
cent 7 visit, r after . a I residence of many years
upon this coast. £ The lecture was interesting
throughout, and 7. received ' close ', attention. 1
The speaker took as an initial point for his re
port from viewing the landscape o'er, Elijah's
command to his ' servant , upon ; Mount Car
mel, when looking for . rain after three years
of drought, as mentioned in 1 Kings, xviii, 43 :
"Go up now, look toward the sea." ' He pre
faced his lecture by saying that Agassiz says
a serpent sees, a tortoise looks; that there is a
higher intelligence : back .of the eye of the
tortoise, enabling it to use its sight for a pur
pose, : and ; measure ; and . estimate what ■it
sees, : while I the j serpent j perceives what is ;
before it without observing it. Elijah wished
his servant to go up,' and observe what he
saw, ■ and bring i back a report to | others of
the joyful indications. The speaker grouped
in a general way ; the I results of his observa
tions at the East j and j South under four gen
eral heads : "Industrial condition, -Reconstruc
tion, Institutions and Religion. . The follow
ing is a brief synopsis : .. / _
; ■'.:. ' V .(;'-" I INDUSTRIAL CONDITION. , :
■'■:. One I would not suppose j there ' would .be
noticeable changes j in the general industrial
aspect of the . country and towns of New
England in twenty , years, . but. there have
been great changes. The carpenter, painter,
gardner and florist, and the skilled agricult
urist have been abroad all over New Eng
land, in every village and mountain town,
aud left their work. There are places where
small farms have been j absorbed in larger
ones, • and others where native .Americans
have sold out to Irish or Canadian farmers,
in which neat homesteads have given place
to untidiness, but the foreigners are rapidly
adopting the / general habits 'of . neat
ness / and '■ comforts of I those about
them. On the whole the industrial as
pect of New Ensland is greatly improved and
is / improving. '^Uthough _ more than a
million of her sons . have migrated to other
States, leaving S only about - four millions
behind, those remaining are warmly attached
to her, and in no way disposed to let her lose
her position of influence in the nation. They
have dotted her streams with manufactures,
strung her valleys with . villages as pearls,
covered her hills acd slopes with thrift and
comfort as those adorning j a . heritage for a
thousand years, and filled her cities with
commerce, trade, art, culture and philosophy,
as if that were | the center of the world, and
all men were to ' learn of them. To the eye
there is no blight in | New England, in what
she raises, makes or enjoys. There is no ap
pearance that she has passed the meridian
and is on the decline. Excelsior ! you see on
the farms, villages and cities, and in the will,
spirit and genius of her native son?. Her
manufactories, mills and various productive
industries are running at their topmost speed.
Never, as I was told at the carpet manufac
tory and the Hamilton print works in Lowell,
have they done better, or having more orders
ahead. A similar hopeful industrial aspect
also appears all along the New England belt,"
from the Hudson river to the Rocky Moun
tains, only varied when a population of
other antecedents and tastes are in the as
cendent. - The swift improvements of the
newer States are wonderful. There are towns
in Ohio, Michigan, lowa, Minnesota i.nd :
Kansas to-day that have more of the gei.ius i
of New England than certain towns in New
England itself. : . ;/:_ •-./'.;";//■•
: The industrial -
OUTLOOK IN THE SOUTH," .
Was by no means so promising. I passed
across Virginia, from Washington to Bristol,
in the Southwest, and the appearance of
things suggested a disheartened or thriftless
people. The country west of Washington,
till we reached the valley of Virginia, looked
as if it were occupied, rather than owned,
and as if the occupants felt little interest in
the land, homes or villages. The valley of Vir
ginia appeared better, and East Tennessee
much better still ; but it will be many years
before the mixed population of the South, as
a whole, will give much attention to beauti
fying their homes and farms, streets and
towns. They seem "content with their pres
ent physical";; and .-. social necessities.
Still, they are "gaining in confidence,
and some show a decided spirit of. im
provement. In East Tennessee I saw a white
man and a colored man sowing wheat with a
patent drill, which deposited the seed and
along with it at the same time a stream of
phosphates. I observed that the white man
drove the horses and the colored man attended
the '■■ machine, but in other respects • they
worked and conversed as if on terms of
equality.
RECONSTRUCTION.
1 The whites of the "Id school and heredi
tary prejudices are inclined to be gloomy or
skeptical about j the prospect of reconstruc
tion. .To them there is no hope of elevat
ing the colored race.' . In their eyes they are
going down, improvident and spoiled
by their | freedom and the very ef
orts made to raise them. One man
told me in Nashville — an ; intelligent
Christian, one of the last men I would
have expected to be carried away by pieju
dice — that of the 15,000 colored people in
that city 12,000 were living off from whites
by stealing and other irregularities ; that
they support \ their ministers by plundering
their employers ; that his own servant girl
had been caught by the police carrying soap
and other articles stolen from his house to
her pastor, and that with a large part of
them ; all - .'- their warm, emotional ; piety
has no j connection with morals. - An
other gentleman who had : labored
among the blacks in the South remarked
in my hearing in Boston, that it was custom
ary in some places for the colored men to go
to drinking places . " to fire up," as they ex
pressed it, for religious meetings, and that in
one case eight colored deacons were ; carried
home from meetiug, drunk, iv | one wagon.
Doubtless in many instances liberty is abused.
The colored people must be superior to human
nature if it is not so ; but, as a class, they
are beginning to improve their physical con
dition. This is the general testimony, and
the leaven of a higher kind of educational
and moral influence is beginning to work.
Some of their numbers have already been
educated and are raising the standard of the
ministry. Already al-<o the colored children
that have had | the '* advantage of the better
class of .schools are more intelligent than the
old-time ministers, and the ministers them
selves are beginning to feel the need of more
preparation. .; The colored people are feeling
the. moral need, and thoughtful persons who
reflect how slow and difficult an undertaking
it is to lift up a raca socially, think that as
much progress has been made as could have
been expected with the moral help that has
been given them. '...:", ..'■."'■;"■." \ '
.'-. THE ASPECT OF THE FREEDMEN
In East and Middle Tennessee is bright and
cheerful compared with the times of slavery,
and compared favorably with the worried or
depressed look . of ; many of the whites. j I
was at Chattanooga on the day of the Presi
dential [ election and visited the polls, and
was struck |to see the cheerful, confident,
bold bearing of the modern voters as they
thronged about the ballot-box. One of them
went up to the window with an open Repub
lican vote, which looked very different from
the Democratic ball. held it high up in
sight of all, gave his ; name, and ; when
his ballot . was dropped *-;,, into J. the , box
said, "There goes a good Democratic vote.'
The only persons who seemed uncomfortable
and ill at ease about the polls were those who
felt it their duty to watch these new citizens,'
and see that there was ; no j illegal voting.!
saw nothing in Tennessee to show that the
colored people were not in possession of their
rights, and that the way upward is not fairly
open ; to them." Chattanooga, - however, is a
Republican city, and .Tennessee : this year
elected a Republican Governor. " ' .:
| The Fish j University, Baptist College and
other schools visited at Nashville, show good
advancement of the colored students, but
there is great need of multiplying j Christian
schools and colleges ' among : them. What is
done for their elevation must be largely from
the , North, for ' the : Southerners ; are not |in
sympathy with ! the higher learning for col
ored people, and ) regard it as an attempt to
force | them I out ; of their sphere, and make
them discontented.'. They look on with cold
sarcastic criticism, and are ready to say with
every J discouragement '■■ and failure,";.',' I t»ld
you so." i Even Christians > who j are sending
the Gospel to the j heathen, seem to have no
confidence in race elevation by the Gospel at
their own doors. v-;. .'-■;,
7£ As for the white | people 1 1 think they are
generally glad ' slavery, is I abolished. They
are not ) responsible | for it, however, they
think, and are | going to i look* coldly on and
see how j the experiment • comes '■ out. They
are ready, if by | any ( wonder colored people
or the ' race j can I leap j up" into honesty and
virtue, I industry I and ia | consistent religion-)
piety, . to I give I them ' a * welcome I and J speak
well of them. Their hearts and hards are
ready • for a regenerated 5 people,: but J they
know nothing of showing any .help or sym
pathy, *or J patient 5 waiting i tor those ■ in . a
transition t. state, 1 slowly E strugglii g ; up i by
means of liberty towards a reeeneratid state
out 'of f the! m<r»l degradation i inherent _j in
slavery." i The negroes ought, iv their opinion,"
to have sprung at a - bound at emancipation
into good men audi women or emancipation
was a mi-take, and ; they ought ' not ' to have
had it. But lif others i will < save the c ilored
people they will welcome their salvation and
! let their peace be upon it. On the whole the
"-'■72-"J 22:727.:,. i ;&gBSSBHtt_I I '
bitterness [is gone, ■or fast i going ; the cold
ness, the sadness," the questioning remains.' ;
'iyy* 2 '■; INSTITUTIONS AND BELIGION. " -.'i'.^'y
I was impressed with* the great number of
institutions .'■ and '-Z their ¥ completeness § and
strength " in I the • East. > They have ; some or
ganized mode iof -relief I for almost every hu
man want. These are the pride of I the peo
ple. ' There has of late been ; a great increase
in the costliness and beauty of j the churches.
: They are i monuments of ; taste ; and religious
faith in the cities and towns. New academies
and seminaries have been founded and old
ones further endowed by private benefactors.
Princeton College has received over a million
within twelve years, and other colleges and
institutions have I also received : munificent
amounts. I More than nineteen millions have
been given as free gifts for educational pur-,
poses by individuals within the past fourteen
years, v But I have been impressed that all
. these do not save the people. % Besides insti
tutions there must be a I power back of them
and ' working ': through 7 them— a I Christian
power. 3£ The necessity of > this is ;. noticed in
New England,' where, by the going out of the
old puritanic stock to the farther West and
incoming of | foreign 7 . element j (according to
statistics 890,000 are Roman Catholic), the
New Englanders must stand I apart to allow
the communities to be tinted with their col
ors. The great institutions of learning must
be kept actively alive with | Christian spirit,"
and Christly spirit must work through them.
■ Referring :to the subject :of the religious
outlook at the East, the . speaker said I there
has been a marked falling off in the observ
ance of the Sabbath. Carriages are trundling
through : the : streets. ; the ; railroad whistle
shrieks, multitudes are hurrying to excursion
trains, people drive to the country for j pleas
ure, and various other methods of recreation
are engaged in. Places of business, however,
are closed. .The day is not robbed from God
and given to mammon.' The people are not
mercenary enough for that yet. _ Among the
external causes for this condition of things
railroads are prominent. The running of
trains on the Sabbath haa been at once an
effect and cause of the lowering of respect
for the day. Thi-t, more than any other cause,
has corrupted the public conscience in refer
ence to the sanctity of the Lord's day. and
cuts multitudes adrift from the influences of
the churches and the means of personal and
social upbuilding.
-. With this change I noticed a smaller at
tendance at churches of what may be called
the outside element of the population.^ This
class, which formerly were drawn to religious
services as affording the most attractive le
sort that was offered, now are drawn in other
directions. This makes many of the old
churches :in communities not invaded by-
Catholics thinner, and especially are the con
gregations smaller at the second services.
This is the case with churches throughout
New England, except with those having un
usually attractive preachers. Among the ac
tual church membership, however, there has
been no falling off, and, indeed, Christians
were never more active nor doing so much for
the faith as now. Never were they so reso
lute, never so sanguine in reference to a speedy
fulfillment of the promises for the conquest of
the earth to Christ ; never looking with such
indifference on the arrogant forms of skepti
cism, usurping the name of science, which
have become familiar and already lost their
terror. In fact, the religious outlook North,
South, East and West is most hopeful, and
Christianity to-day, though the most funda
mental, is the most molding and determin
ing force in the land. -
Mistakes Identity. — A most remark
able case of mistaken identity is related
by the Geneva correspondent of the Daily
.Wi'-., London. Professor Schulin of Basel
University, while making an excursion in
the Grand Duchy of Baden, was arrested
at Hagen by the police on a charge of hav
ing assaulted a woman a short time pre
viously. In vain he protested his inno
cence, explained that at the time the al
leged offense had been perpetrated he was
at Basel, and asked leave to communicate
with his friends. The public prosecutor
said a serious crime had been committed,
and that several witnesses were ready to
swear that Sohulin was the guilty man.
He refused to listen to his explanations,
aad the Judge before whom the Professor
had been taken sent him back to his cell,
where he was kept ten days. As it hap
pened, Schulin was betrothed and the mar
riage day fixed, and his confinement in
prison on so serious a charge, the difficulty
of confuting it and the prospect of losing
at once his character, his bride and his
Professor's chair so preyed upon his mind
that he attempted to commit suicide .by
cutting open his veins with a pocket-knife.
The authorities at length allowed him to
communicate with his friends, when over
whelming evidence was at once forthcom
ing that on the day when the offense was
committed Schulin was lecturing in Basel
University. Almost at the same time the
man for whom Ihe had been mistaken by
the police was arrested.
flAiiXßit's Cascara Saoraoa Bitters for habitaa
"onstiuation. _ ;".-;..
\ MARRIED.
Paradise, December 12— By Rev. E. Hoskins, John
Francis Wood, of Paskenta, to Ann Nettie Busch-
man, of Paradise. \ .
Fairfield Mill, December 10— By Rev. E. Hoskins,
Antone G. Miller, of Chico, to Mrs. I'hebe A. Fr-
ier, of Fairfield Mill. y
Auburn, December Barton M. Collins to Mary
Crisman.
Marjsville, December 21— R. W. Enochs to Belle
McCullough. . .
San Diego, December 23— Wm. Chihvell to Louisa
Clark.. -.-J ." ' i^y'ii'iy "2 7 7 :7
i BORN.
Sacramento, December &— Wife of Louis Smith, a
daughter.
Antelope Station, December 25— Wife of F. H.
Jones, a son.
Grass Valley, December 23— Wile of Herman Uplioff,
a daughter.
DIED.
Sacramento, December 25— Mary Abbie, wife of P.
• Vf. Burnett and sister of Mrs. W. H. Hobby, M
years, 4 months and 9 days. (Massachusetts and
Connecticut papers please copy.) ;
[Friends and acquaintances are respectfully invited
I to attend the funeral, which will take place from
the Congregational Church, to-morrow (Tuesday)
afternoon at 1:30 o'clock.] ' : ■'; . v_" y
Sacramento, December 26— Jacob Boban, a native of
Austria, 33 years, 2 month* and ID days.
[Friends and acquaintances are respectfully invited
to attend the funeral, which will take place from
his late residence, Second street, between N and
O, this afternoon at 2 o'clock ]
Sacramento, December 20— Cha'les Stanton, a na-
tive of County Cork, Ireland, 40 years.
IFnendsand acquaintances are respectfully invited
to attend the funeral, which will take place from
; his brother's residence, Fifth street, between M
and N, at 2 o'clock ; thence to 'St. Kose's Church,
where funeral services will be held i
Marysville, December 2 1— Domingo Cuadra, 45 years,
6 months and 15 days. :
Marysville, '. December 24— Willis Wirikotchill, 2
months.
Timbuctoo, December Matbcw Smith, 53 years.
"new advertisement^
Stated Assembly or Sacrum a .
Council, ho. 1, hoyal select Masters, at th^^ft*-
Hall, THIS - (Monday) EVENING at « 7W\
o clock. Sojourning Companions are cor' ■» *
dially invited to attend By «*£*£ R, ; M . .
W. B. Davis. Recorder. - .___-__?_ 7 -ii-
Annlver»Hryorsi.John -»fll«'er» a
an.l members of Tehama Lodge. No. 3. *. ■*&§*■
and A. M , are requested to meet at the /V\
sonic Hall, THIS (Monday) EVENING, at !^T V
o'clock. Installation .f officers.^^^y- -.-,
" James a. Bow-ta, Secretary. ■■'<'■ '-' ■'"■ d27-lt
it v «_, siHteil Hcctlnst of Xnoml <b:ip-
t« "'Vols, 'at r Miwte Temple, THIS (Monday)
EVENING, at 7 o'clock. ro _ CRAVENS) w M.
»'HErrvA.PAm»a. Secretary. -" v. d27lf
„„.„; of Honor, follfornla lo<l_'<-.
.-",=,,) Knichts of Honor, will m their hall,
Xer^Nimh and X streets. THIS (Monday) EVEN-
I\G at 7:30 o'clock. All members are requested
to attend, as husiness of importance will come be-
fore the meeting. Members of Bitter L..dgej. and
visiting Brothersare cordially^vi^t,, ggd^
-'- P. L. Hickmas, Reporter. |B. C.l _d 7 lt
: Snrramento K. of -P.', ; . ,^>
No 11.— You are hereby requested to t ,^>
meet at the Cattle Hall, coruer Sixth ; v S>Lr?-^f
and X streets. TH IS I Mo, day) AFTER- A^h%
NOON nt 1 1 o'clock, to . attend the IKZ*?^ 7
funeral of our late Brother, JOHN BO- «C__i*r«"S
BAN. Bvorderof .-, J H. JOHNSON, C. C.
VL. C. cLirroßD, K. of R. S. '■■ '-•■■: 1 ■ ; - d27lt
i:. .n. out (nib. til ' members -of < the.
Roudout Club are requested to attend at their Hall
THIS (Monday) EVENING. ' Election of officers and
other important business will come before the meet-
ing. By ord^r. •;. --•".-. '•-. ; ■■."." "■;■:..
!_. Sacramen'O, December 27, 1550. ■ . d27-If, ;
WANTED BY iAi YOUNG MXN A FIRST
V J. class barkeeper and hotel e'erk desires a situ-
ation ; city or country ; best of reference."." Address
BMIKEEPER, this office. . : ■_.■".' -'--.: ;'.. d27-3t'
iii 7 TO SHEEP MEN.;
WANTED TO PURCHASE— FROM 2,000 TO
t* *. 5,000 ; EWES. -7 Address, with 'particulars,
GEORGE • OCLDS, this office.^-y-y. d 7-tf .• '
: " : _j ' ""
Toys! Toys! Toys!
NEW ADVEBTISEMENTS.
Metropolitan Theater.
NEW YEAR'S WEEK.
GEE IT ATTi: ACTION.
THREE NIGHTS AND NEW YEAR'S MATINEE.
Thursday, Friday and Saturday. .■; •
AND SATURDAY (SEW YEiRS) ' MATINEE.
Engagement of the world-renowned and eminent
' ; . Actor,
ROBE T McWADE,
. II is own impersonation and dramatization of
SIP VA-BO" l«rilff_Kl,H,
The Vagabond or. the t'atskills.
Entirely different from all other?, and the most tuc-
cessful play of; the present century, as played by
MR. McWADE in every city of America, with genu-
ine success, for Eleven Consecutive Tears, supported
by MISS LOUISE HALIBEE," formerly of McVick-
er'fl Theater, and a Fowerful Dramatic Company.
Our citizens must not forg-t that this is the cele-
brated ROBERT McWADE in his own dramatization
of KIP VAN WINKLE. . f-_
SATURDAY (New Years) NIGHT— Richard
111., in Dutch, and . the side-tplitth-g farce of
'.mn.lt >. ■;.;' .]. 2 .•■"."■■"-..■'.'■-■".•■ J .';'.*.
Notwithstanding the enormous expense of this en-
gagement, there will be no extra charge for reserved
seats, which can be had at the Theater.
: - THE PLAY'— Rip on the Mountains. Slumbering
for Years. .Awake and Forgotten. -Joy, Mingled
with Tears. ; -
- The above play was presented at the Bush street
Theater for four weeks to crowded houses." : .
Admission a* I mi:il. Matinee, Half" Price.
"■■■■ i137-6t . ■ ■■ • ■
PIONEER SOC I
Amusement, Sentiment and - Dancing t

»/TVIE ANNUAL SOCIAL WILL BE HELD AT
i. Pioneer Hall, on WEDNESDAY EVENING,
December 29, 1350. Tickets (admitting » Pioneer
and » ife), 81. Sons of Pioneers, over 13 yean of
age, Si (supper included) W. C. FELCH, President.
J auks McCleekv, Secretary. . [B.C.] dl_7-td
iArLEONARp?
Insurance and Real Estate,
No. 1012 Fourth street,
Represents ISo.li Koine and Eastern In-
surance Companies. ,
■3? O, JESa : '3£& .'EST '*_■_■ ,
THE EL .._-,NT TWO-:- TORY AND BASEMENT
i_ FRAM<i HOUSE, No. 1215 L street (FKONTINQ
CAPITOL PARK). The house is entirely new, hav-
ing never been occupied ; has seven large rooms,
bath and closets, hot and cold water, gas and gas
fixtures throughout. Kent, $45.
ALSO
The Two-story Frame Ilausr, Xo. ?lIS I.
, street, between Twenty-first and Twenty-second,
containing Eight Hard-iinished Rooms and Sum-
mer Kitchen, with Lot SOxlo'o, Stable and Chicken-
house. Rent, $25. _." 7 -/-
ALSO
ISoii-<- on Corner of Fourteenth and F
streets, 6 rooms ; Kent. $16. Also, Hou?e No.
1325 F street, 6 rooms, hard-finished ; Kent, $16.
FOR SALE— Houses and Lots in various
portions ol the city. dS-2plm
FRIEWD&TEBRY
LUMBER COMPANY.
MANUFACTURERS, WHOLESALE ASD RE-
tail Dealers in every' kind *'"° : variety
cf BUILDING and FINISHING TIMtEE. and
LUMBER,
KILN-DRIED DOORS,
WINDOWS AND BLINDS I
tST Special Orders and odd-sizes promptly filled,
and shipped direct from the OREGON, KKDrVOOD
and SUGAR PINE MILLS of tie Company.
OEiSRAt Otficb, No. 1310 SECO-JD SiKßsr, K3AK M.
Branch \'akt>, Corsir Tweifth asd J Stmbts
■ • ■ aulS-grln- .
_FO£& 3^^.S_^2ES,
A ait* ACRES OF LAND, EIGHT MILES
below Courtland, fronting one-half mile
on Miner's Slouch on the east, auil one half mile
on Prospect Slou.'h on the west. A portion of the
tract is CHOICE VEGF.TABLE LAND.
For price and particulars, apply to the
dl7-2plm SACRAMEKTO BANK.
REDEMPTION OF BONDS.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVE*, THAT IX AC-
JJ\ corai>nce with the terms of the bonds issued-
by the Pacific Rolling Mill Company, the Directors
of said company have determine I by lot the num-
bers to be reretmed at its office, No. 202 Market
street, in the city of Sin Francuco, on the 15th day
of JANUARY, A. D. 1681, with the following
result:
16 120 230 : y, 4.-1
30 137 232 327 452
70 159 268 344 461
91 170 282 80S 480
93 .155 300 108 . 497
Which "bonis will be paid, in United States gold
coin, on said 15th day of JANUARY, A. D. 1831,
upon surrender of the same with coupons attached,
and interest, thereon will cease f<< m and after that
date. C. M. KE£>EY,
Secretary Pacific Rolling Mill Company.
Office, No. 202 Maikct street, San Francisco.
d!4-2ptd -- -
NOTIOE.
THE UNDERSIGNED, TRUSTEES UNDER THE
Land Mortgage of the Central Pacific Rail-
road Company, made to them as Trustees for the
Bondholders, and dated the first (Nt) day of
OCTOBER, 1870, hereby give notice tl at they hold
four hundred thousand dollars (ttOO.IOO), in gold
coin, with which, in accordance with the terms of
said mortgage, they propose to redeem *■> many of
said 1) miii as shall lie offered at the lowest price.
All bids over one hundred and five (105) flat may
be rejected at the option of the Trustees. Sealed
bids for the surrender of bonds will be reerived at
the office of the Trustees, corner of Fourth and
Townsend streets, in the city i.i San Francisco,
California, Until noon JANUARY I UTttNTll
(15th , 1881. .1. O'li. GUNN,
'.'.-"!-- . S. W. SANDERSON.
San Francisco, California, December 13, 1880.
■ . dl3-2ptd
FOR SALE,
car_ r_ ACRES of first-class eeclaimed
!-wUi' . t'LE LAND, situa ed abont one mile
south of the town of Isleton. on Andros Island, and
fronting on Jackson Slough. For price and par.
ticulars, inquire by letter or in person of the -
nll-2ptf SACKt.IIr.NtO tUXK.
LADIES
WHO DESIRE A CLEAR. NATURAL AND
Beautiful Complexion should u«c
PHOSPHATE SOAP,
And nothing else. . No other TOILET EOAP is so
clear.sii.fr, soothing and healing. It Curt, ftkln
Diseases of every hind. For gale by Druggist*
and Grocers generally. Ark for niosrilATß
SOAI*. andtake nothing else. n2O-2ptf
STEINWAY & SONS' PIANOS.
AHEYMAN, SOLE AGENT. I .raffVpre
« street, bet. .Sxth and Seventh. $&7&£<ii%{t
apposite Court-house. : PIANOS 10'gTifc (J 1
LET Pianos sold on instafiiaente. «.*'■"■ ™ •
\r. - d4-Oi>'» •-".--.
The Kent 6'ttole -___*nse___^_.££. -~^ t ._
nt TBI would a-. " "'^ 4 2?_/??-"VriJ^''
THE : :QARLAND|::^ag«
': roa sam . . Jti-^f-iiiT^^li^'^^.
i» t. iewis a €«.; P^fc^^^^v?
IOT <* 1.14 J Street. - af-_%J.;Sr_'^ ,>J_k
da-amf l"__
Turkeys !- Turkeys !: Turkeys !
QO TO P. it. KESTNEE,-. ' „;
Cl 2 J Street, T; between Sixth •'^^
and Seven! li. - ■-,'";'■ ■ ."■■■
If you want an excellent ''CHßlSTMAS TURKEY.
'2hi>i'i ■■- Come nwd MM N" d24Bt '
sTAR MILLS AND MALT HOUSE.
Ml KOI ICG A _LA«JRK,
NOS. 60, 62 AND M FIFTH ST., SACRAMENTO
( dealers in Produce and I Brewers" Supplies ■
Manufacturers of Malt and all kinds of Meals, etc.
Oatmeal, Cornmeal, Cracked Wheat. On«hr»m Flour I
'Snckwheat Flour, etc. ; New Drain Bar? lor sale. ' Vv '
; . -. .r . .-■■-. ■■ . ■ d' 7 Inrf - ' .7 ;,■ . _■" ■
PORTABLE wood - &AWINQ
„ MACHINE. 5
CARE OF inKkKAV C.t'MiRY. ;
PREPARED TO SAW, SPLIT AND PACK AWAY
( wood, in lance or small quantities, with dis-
patch." Omen left at Laundry or at Sawtel c's Pook :,"
Store will receive pr mi>t attention.";::. .- dl4-lplm*_'

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