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VOLUME LVIII.-NO. 72.
VINDICATION OF AMERICAN LAW
Execution of the lieading Spirits of
the Haymarket Riot— Scenes
Irpkcul tosfatchiw to thr bfookd-dnion.)
Chicago, November 11th. — To-day wit
nessed the final act of the awful tragedy
the first of which was ushered in by the
memorable and harrowing scenes of the
Haymarket riot in this city. Four of the
leading actors have now suffered the full
penalty of the law by giving up their lives
on the gallows, in accordance with the
judgment of the Courts and the demands
of justice. All that legal ability and tact
could do toward savin? their necks, backed
by the ill-timed sympathy of a large ele
ment of the better class of citi2ens, was
done, and the country generally accepts the
result as the lawful and legitimate outcome
of a transgression of American law and
INCIDENTS OUTSIDE THE JAIL.
A quiet, almost Sunday-like stillness pre
vailed on down-town streets all day,
but there was an omnipresent air of sup
pressed excitement. The very wagons on
the streets seemed to move less noisily, and
the sharp voices of the newsboys rang out
on the air calling extra papers which con
tained the announcement of when the final
act in the life-and-death drama was to be
enacted. The great bell in the Board of
Trade tower struck the hour of 11. Slowly
and solemnly the notes pealed out, resound
ing far and "near on the unutterably still
air and seeming to ring out
THE DEATH-KNELL OF TnE FOCK MEN
Who at that time were making their last
toiiets before taking their departure into
the unknown. The moments crept on like
hours, and dozens of officers on the reserve
in the Central squad-room sat around in
moody silence, reading the papers or con
verting in whispers. There were none of
the usual jests to be heard, and even the
officers — recalling the fate of their com
rades at the Haymarket— seemed to fully
realize the impressiveness of the occasion.
AT THE ARMORY
The great hall was clothed in semi-dark
ness. All the blinds were closed, and on
the benches along the walls fifty ununi
formed officers sat or lay at full length to
catch a lew minutes of much needed rest,
and wait in silenc3 for the summons that
might come at any moment. In front of
the station stood three patrol wagons in
readiness for a call.
THE LAST APPEAL.
Governor Oglesby I)e< lines to Further
Obstruct the Edict of the Courts.
SrKi nufi ci.d ( II! .), November 1 lth. — Cap
tain Black, counsel for the condemned An
archies, arrived here this morning, and at
half-past S o'clock solicited a special inter
view with the Governor at the Executive
mansion, lie was seconded by J. H. Bu
chanan, the only other friend of the An
They begged for a respite for all the con
demned men until an opportunity could
be Riven for substantiation of the New York
report that the identity of the actual bomb
thrower could be established.
At 10:15 a. m., the conference was at an
end and the Governor announced his final
and irrevocable decision. He emphatically
refused to further interfere in behalf of the
Captain Black, on coming out of the
mansion, said to an Associated Press re
porter : " I have done the best I could in
this final appeal to the Governor, bat he
firmly refuses to interfere. I hoped for a
different decision, but cannot say that I ex
pected it. I wish to saj- that I give the
Governor credit for considering the final
appeal carefully and conscientiously, and
though the decision is against us, he i 3 act
ing in accordance with what he believes to
be best, and most in harmony with justice.
1 want to give him credit for his earnest
ness and sincerity."
THE GOVERNOR'S FINAL OBDEB.
At 10:30 a. m. the Governor telegraphed
Sheriff Matson that he saw no necessity for
any further communication with him on
the subject of the execution. He concluded
the telegram by telling him to proceed with
Notes or Preparation for the Final Grim
Chicago, November 11th. — Engel's
daughter applied to the Sheriff this morn
ing for permission to visit her father and
say good-by, but she was refused. She was
not agitated in the least, and took the re
fusal in a matter-of-fact way.
Mrs. Van Zandt, with her" daughter Nina,
drove to the jail about S:3O this morning
and asked for permission to enter, but were
refused admission by the guards.
Within a few minutes of 9 o'clock a mes
sage came from Mrs. Parsons, through the
bailiff, applying at the jail for admission.
The request was sternly refused.
THE FATAL DOCUMENTS.
At U:10 a. m. Chief Deputy Gleason ar
rived with the fatal documents authorizing
the execution. Gleason immediately went
into close conference with the Sheriff in the
private apartment, which was locked and
bolted at once on the inside.
While they were still conferring. Spies'
internal fever had so increased as to induce
him to order a class of Rhine wine, which
was brought toliis cell and swallowed at a
fnlp. A few minutes were the» occupied
y him in writing autographs for the offi
cers attached to the Sheriff's office.
At 10 o'clock Parsons, F:s:her and Spies
asked for twenty minutes each on the gal
lows in which to make speeches. The
Sheriff did not immediately return any
answer to the request. Fischer then began
singing the " Marseillaise " in which the
other prisoners joined.
The Chief Bailiff began at 11:10 calling
out the names of the persons summoned as
jurors and bringing them forward to a row
oi little stools directly in front of the gal
lows. No other sounds were heard in the
long, high corridor, but the monotonous
voice of the bailiff and the rustling of the
jurors as they tip-toed forward through the
THE DEATH WARRANTS READ.
The Sheriff had finished reading the
death warrants of Spies, Engel and Fischer
at 11:4<>, and the three men were immedi
ately pnt in their shrouds. They then ap
proached the grated door and bade adieu to
friends. The men were all in their shrouds
at 11:49, and then the death march to the
scaffold was started.
ON THE SCAFFOLD.
How the Uufortonates Conducted Them
selves on the Gallows.
Chicago, November 11th. — It lacked just
seven minutes and a half of noon when a
single shrouded figure, above which was a
face of yellowish palor — the face of August
Spies — passed the first post of the gallows.
The gaping crowd ten feet below half rose
involuntarily from their chairs at the first
glimpse of the apparition advancing across
the scaffold. Spies looked calm, and
glanced at the reporters with a trace ot his
old-time cynical smile. He walked firmly
over the drop, guided by the grasp of a
deputy to the furtherest edge of the gallows.
FISCHER AND TITBIT
Following close came Fischer, whose
countenance had a peculiar glisten, totally
unlike the ashiness of Engel's heavy feat
tires, and in strange contrast with the dead
lack of color in the pinched lineaments of
THE SPIRITTKLLK PAK3OJTS.
The once jaunty, vivacious Texan came
latt— a withered "old man. He had aged
twenty years since the day and hour,
scarcely twelve months before, when" he
tripped lightly into the Court before Judge
Gary and flippantly declared that he was
ready to be tried at once for his life. The
juicuie his feet touc&fd the scaffold I'arsons
eeexsH to feel tUai J.\i* spirit was no longer
SACRAMENTO DAILY RECORD-UNION.
part of his body. He had brought himself
to an ecstacy of solemn self-glorification.
He, the only American, seemed to realize
to the fullest extent that he must die in a
manner to impress, if possible, on all fu
ture generations the thought that he was a
A GALLOWR PICTIRE.
No tragedian that has paced the stage in
America ever made a more marvelous pre
sentation of a self-chosen part— perfect in
every detail. In the upward turn of his
eyes, his distant far-away look, and, above
all, an attitude of apparent complete resig
nation, that every fold of the awkward
shroud only served to make more distinct,
was by far the moat striking feature of the
entire gallows picture.
ADJUSTING 'THE EOrES.
The four burly deputies standing to the
rear of the four condemned men began
without delay to adjust the ropes, Spies'
noose being the one first placed. He did
not appear to regard it of any more conse
quence than a new linen collar. The knot
was slipped down the coid close against his
neck. .Spies did not show a tremor, but
when the same process was being carried
out with Fisher, he turned and quietly
whispered to tue bailiff some suggestions
concerning the rope.
Fischer's bravado was quite noticeably
lessened when he felt the hempen strand,
and Engel bit his under lip hard when his
Just then Dr. Murphy, a young physician
standing back of Engel. whisperingly
cracked a joke at Eagel's ear. lucredibfe
as it may seem, the low-browed Anarchist
laughed outright with the rope around his
neck, and while another waj being fastened
on Parsons, by his side. But the grotesque
laugh stopped in a single instant, and Par
sons meekly as a saint cast his eyes upward
at the dangling line above him.
Before the four Anarchists had an ink
ling of what was to be done, the white caps
were deftly slipped upon their heads and
drawn qufckly down to their necks, shut
ting off the viuw of each as completely
and with less warning than does the
camera cloth of a photographer.
August Spies was the first of the four
doomed men to make use of his wits while
he could. In a tone of intense bitterness
of spirit he — the man who wrote the in
famous " revenge " circular— hissed out be
tween his tightly-clenched teeth : " There
will come a time when our silence will be
more powerful than the voices they are
strangling to death."
" HURRAH FOR ANARCHY !"
The last syllable of Spies' concluding
words of hoarse, suppressed passion had
not reached an end when Engel, raising
his voice, wildly cried : '• Hurrah fo/
Fischer caught the fire of utterance and
still more loudly exclaimed : " Hurrah for
Anarchy I" adding, " This is the happiest
moment of my life."
A liBIEF ADDRESS.
There was silence like the grave, broken
abruptly by the slow, measured intonation
of Parsons, who, like a white-robed priest
before the altar of sacrifice, not as a dying
request, but rather like a commander giv
ing a warning, he sounded forth : " May I
be allowed to speak?"' Then, with a slow
entreaty, came : " Will you let me sj>eak.
Sheriff' Matson?'' There was another
agonizing pause. Muffled through the
shroud, broke out in unnatural, hollow
accents : " Let the voice of the people be
LAUNCHED OTTO ETERNITY.
A crash as of a falling house thundered
through the corridors. The slender ropes
were taut. In full view of the 200 men in
front were four white, writhing shronds.
The ropes could be seen slowly tightening
about the necks that, between cap and
shroud, could b3 noticed blackening and
purpling. Nine mortal minutes passed.
Then it was known to a certainty that not
a neck Lad betn broken, and the four Hay
market mnrderers had been literally throt
tled and strangled by law.
DISPOSITION OF THE BODIES.
The bodies of Spies, Fischer and Parsons
were taken away from the jail at 1:45 p. m.
For Spies a hearse had been provided.
There was some trouble in getting away
from the crowd that tailed onto the last
wagon, but rapid driving freed the proces
sion from this trouble. Followed by a
string of cabs, and preceded by a carriage
containing the committee, the hearse and
wagons moved speedily along. There was
no excitement, only a few persons having
gathered. The corpses were taken to an
undertaker's shop, where they were dressed
and allowed to rest until they were taken
to the homes of their relatives this evening.
THE STORM PASSED.
Incidents During and Following the Aw
Chicago, November 11th. — It was won
derful to note how quickly the extreme ex
citement which had filled "the jail all morn
ing calmed down. The 200 prisoners con
fined in the place, who had been in a fever
heat during the tragic event of the day, re
gained their usual spirits. They cracked
jokes from cell to cell and as they had had
nothing to eat since breakfast, they soon
began to yell for " sonp,"' " soup."
The spectators who had witnessed the
hanging walked rapidly out of the entrance
and the weary deputies went to dinner,
the only ones left i a the jail office being
the press representatives.
Curious police officiate walked into the
jail to learn how the execution had been
proceeded with, and were in turn ques
tioned as to how the citizens outside had
" There was absolutely no trouble," one
and all replied.
" UUBOR IS LIBERTY."
Many people displayed autograph 3of the
dead Fisoher, which he had written during
the morning. It was estimated that he
made fifty of them in all. They all rea i
aiike. and were couched in the following
words : " Anarchy is liberty. Adolpii
Fischer, Cook County Jail."
REMOVAL OK THE OALLOWB.
It was exactly an hour after the execution
when the men began taking down the scaf
fold, and within two hours all evidence of
the tragedy was gone.
GUARDING AGAINST VIOLENCE.
When the intelligence came outside that
the men were on the scaffold, the officers
who were inside the lines of police went to
the northeastern corner of Illinois street
and waited. Among them was Chief Eb
ersold and Captain Schaack, on the roof of
the Court-house building, where they could
look through one of the big jail windows,
where were posted nine policemen. From
their position they could see the scaffold
and the condemned men upon it. As the
grim moment approached the men on the
roof kept the officers below informed of the
As 12 o'clock drew near, a policeman
who was straining his eyes to see the in
terior of the jail raised his hand and with
out turning his head aside, said in thrilling
undertones, "They are putting on the
caps." For an instant a cluster of officers
waited below with bated breaths and heads
half-inclined to one side, waitiug to hear
the news of the drop.
A reporter drew a white handkerchief
from his pocket and waved it as a signal.
The crowds passing along North Clark
street understood it. A cry went up and in
an incredibly short space of time the in
telligence was blocks away.
The buzz and hum of the excited conver
sation sounded like the rising of a tide.
Armed patrolmen stopped in their regular
tramp and dropped the outts of their guns
to the earth with a clatter.
THE CROWD SCATTERED.
The others broke off in their hoarse
shouts to the crowd : " Move'on, move
on. " Some shook hands with their elbow
neighbors and exchanged congratulations.
Nothing but pronounced opinions upon
the Anarchists hanging were heard, and
"Go, go," among the police. With most
of the people in the vicinity, there was no
other feeling than the stir of ideas which a
big piece of news always creates and the
sudden ending of expectation.
! Interesting Interview With Sheriff AS.it
son Last Evening.
Chicago, November 11th.— Sheriff Mat
son sat in his private office this evening
rery pale, and the dark rings beneath his
ey<& showed tl>at h* was worn out with
SACRAMENTO, SATURDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 12, 1887.
thinking, worry, excitement and hard
work. He leaned back in his easy-chair
and rested his feet on another seat in front
of him, as he surveyed a lithograph of
twenty-eight Sioux Indians being exe
cuted at one time, which occurred in 1862.
"Four at once is enough," he remarked, as
he laid down the picture.
"You look tirtd," remarked a reporter.
"Well. I do not deceive my looks, theti,"
he replied. "I have slept but little this
week, and not at all last night."
"Are you satisfied with the result of the
duty imposed upon you?'
" Yes, I think the execution passed off
as well as an unpleasant thing like that
could. It is always a sad job for an official
to perform, but with a healthy moral pub
lic sentiment behind him an officer feels
strong in doing his duty. I had no fears
that there would be trouble. The police
aided me greatly. The arranfements of
Chief Ebers'jld and Captain Schaack this
morning were admirable, and too much
credit cannot be given them and their
efficient force. I did all 1 could to have the
thing carried out decently and in order,
and I think we decided fairly well. There
was not a crowd in the jail* and v; ry ft iv
curiosity-seekers. The jury was of busi
ness men, and outside of these and a few
lirstcla«3 physicians, there were only the
representatives of the press."
SCAFFOLD SPEECHES OBJECTIONABLE.
" Do you take any significent meaning
from the last words of the doomed men ?"
" No, Ido not.' replied the Sheriff". He
sat still a minute, thinking of tne broken
sentence of Parsons as the drop fell, and
then said : " With the strained public
sentiment I did not deem it expedient to
have the men make long speeches at that
time. Of course, it is customary, and it is
believed, that a man can talk as much as
he pleases on the scaffold, but there is no
law authorizing it, and I deemed it best
not to allow it. It seemed to me that it
would only lead to excitement. There had
been no understanding that they would be
allowed to talk from the scaffold, but on
the contrary, as we were going to the gal
lows I was told by Dr. Bolton that they
did not want to, as they had written a
great deal to be published."
NO TROUBLE API'KEHENDED.
" Do you apprehend there will be any
trouble at the funeral."
" No. I don't. I think the better judg
ment of the friends of the unfortunate men
will prevail, and that nothing will be done
to cause a repetition of to-day's work."
" Why was the execution delayed from
10 to 12 o'clock?"
" Merely to give the men all possible
chance to escape their doom. It was my
intention yesterday to have the work over
promptly at 10 o'clock, but when I heard
that Captain Black was at Springfield,
pleading with the Governor, I decided to
hold oil" and give them the benefit of their
counsel's work. I did not care to have it
said that we had
RUSHED THEM TO ETERNITY,
When there was a chance of their being
saved, and so I waited. We were ready at
10, but a short time before that a telegram
came that Captain Black was interceding
with the Governor. At 10:15 a second dis
patch came that Captain Black had left the
Executive's presence, and that the latter
had declared it his irrevocable intention
not to interfere further with the verdict of
the Courts. I might have hanged them
then, but wailed until theusualtime before
carrying out the execution."
The Sheriff does not seem to fear that he
will be prosecuted for murder by Attorneys
Black and Solomon, as per notice yester
day, but expressed himself that it was a
very foolish notion. He believes that Mrs.
Parsons should be watched and prevented
bom traveling around as " the widow of a
martyr,' to carry out the work of organiz
ing the Anarchists.
DURING THE DAY.
Precautions Against Trouble — Mr-, l'ar-
Rons Kaiscs ti Drcezo on the Street.
During the forenoon little groups of men
congregated en the street corners and in
the corridors of the City Hall. They con
sulted their watches. "They are getting
them ready," said one, coming from the
telephone room, and the hushed expect
ancy increased. No one wanted to move,
but all hung around waiting for the news
to be flashed over the wires that the drop
had fallen. When the news that the end
had come finally reached the public there
was but little excitement. Extra copies of
the afternoon papers were eagerly bought,
but that was all, and business soon went on
A visit to the numerous prominent man- '
ufactories, where large forces of men are
employed, showed everything to be quiet
and peaceable, with the regular employes
in full numbers in their places. On
'Change the day was a more active one
than for several days past. Around the
jail it was
A MILITARY SCENE,
And the srowd was impressed with it.
Over 400 police, all armed with repeating
rifles, kept guard of the streets. Along
Clark street at Michigan and Illinois, along
Dearborn street at Indiana, along State
street at Illinois and Michigan, and on
Dearborn Avenue at Kinzie, ropes were
run across the street to keep the crowds
back. It was a wise precaution, and was a
success. Early in the morning the police
were placed on guard, and as early as eight
o clock thousands of persons lingered
around the picket lines. Dozens of officers
with their repeating rifles were stationed
on the top of the Criminal Court and other
buildings, and were instructed to watch
every avenue leading to the jail. Of the
hundreds of windows opening upon the
streets patrolled by the police, there was
not one which was not watched with zeal
ous eyes — not one that could not have been
riddled with bullets had occasion de
manded. Luckily for the history of the
day, not a trigger'had to be pulled" and not
an occasion was offered for sending a
leaden bullet on a fatal errand.
MBS. PARSONS CREATES A SCENE.
About 9 o'clock a little excitement was
created. Mra. Parsons, with red and
glistening eyes, and dressed in a widow's
weeds, accompanied by her two children —
a boy and girl of tender years— and closely
followed by Mrs. Holmes, ex-editor of the
Alarm ; Mrs. Fischer, Miss Engel and one
other woman, appeared before The police at
the corner of Clark and Michigan streets.
Mrs. Parsons was spokesman, and when
she was stopped by the police, who quietly
informed her that she could go no further,
''I must go!" she cried, as her dark eyes
flashed forth fire. "lam Lucy Poisons.
Those are my children, and we must go to
the jail ! They must see their father .
There was little sympathy in the hearts
of the police. "It is impossible," ex
plained two officers in chorus. "No one
can pass here. Entrance can only be had
at Dearborn street."
" I will go !" exclaimed Mrs. Parsons,
and with a determined effort she darted
under the ropes. In an instant four stal
wart officers had her in their hands. She
was lifted over the ropes, and once again
stood outside the lines.
" You must obey the law," they said, "or
it may go hard with yon."
"The law!" she yelled. "What do I
care for the law, and my husband being
shoot me! kill me, if you will!"
She finally succumbed and turned to go.
Her companions, with the exception of
Mrs. Homes, left her, but the two women,
with the little children straggling behind,
walked to Dearborn avenue. A crowd of
large proportions followed, but Mrs. Par
sons heeded them not. On she went until
she met another cordon of police and an
other rope. Her resistance here was so
stubborn when opposed that Captain Buck
ley was compelled to
OBDEB HEB AKBEST,
After efforts of gentle restraint and per
suasion had been exhausted. Accordingly
the patrol-wagon was sent for, and while
breathing sentiments of mingled rage and
despair, Mrs. Parsons was assisted to enter
it, and Mrs. Holmes and the children were
then put in . A trem endous crowd gathered,
and it was only after a squad of officers
had rushed upon the throng with drawn
clubs that the wagon was able to pass out.
At the East Chicago avenue station the
prisoners were given seat 3in the registrv
room. They were not booked nor locked
in a cell.
Mrs. Parsons, with Mrs. Holmes and the
two children of the former were reieasiid
from the station at 2:15 o'clock. She looked
very sad and down-hearted. In meek tones
she asked a reporter : "Is the bloody busi
ness over?' Wh«n told that it was, she
mi&e no answer, and proceeded to explain
why she was at the jail. She was told by a
deputy last night to call at the jail at 8:30 '
o'clock this morning, so that the children I
might see their father. i
Accompanied by the reporter, she walked
south on Clark street to Indiana without
apparently being recognized by any one.
Every moment a news-crier would shove a
paper in her face, crying "Full account of
the execution ! " She frequently broke
down and sebbed, and as they passed along
took her boy more (irmly by the hand and
walked more rapidly, keeping her head
ALMOST A RIOT.
Canscd by Attenpts to Arregt an Armed
and Vicious Anarchist.
The police had strict orders not to allow
crowds to congregate, and people who
walked along the street leading to the jail
were kept moving. It was a good-natured,
well-dressed crowd, and not a word was
heard that could be interpreted as au at
tempt to create excitement. At 10 o'clock
there were fully 10,000 persons surround
ini: the police, but were ktpt moving ex
cept where they congregated two blocks
from the jail and stood in groups
watching the sombre building. At
the moment the trap fell, and
the word reached the outside, half a
dozen incidents occurred to throw the
crowded streets into the wildest excitement.
As the throngs were crowding forward the
East Chicago avenue patrol came dashing
down on the crowd at full speed, with its
irong wringing. Shouts and crirs arose
from the multitude, which, dividing into
halves, rushed upon the walks with crush
ing force. Through this passage the wagon
llew to the corner of Kinsie street, where it
encountered a mass of struggling beings
that could not give way. In the center of
the crush halt a dozen policemen were
struggling with a prisoner, endeavoring to
clear an exit. The arrest of this man had
been the source of the excitement, and the
rush of people was uncontrollable.
A IILATANT ANARCHIST.
The prisoner had attracted attention by
the loud and insurrectionary remarks he
delivered from the curb of Clark and Kin
zie streets. Officer Garrity, of the day
squad, pushed through the crowd, and
seizing the orator by the shoulders shoved
him along, with instructions to " move on."
As he did so the officer struck the man
across the hips with his club. The blow
gave back a sharp, metallic sound that
could come from neither flesh nor clothing.
Instantly the man whirled '
ANU WHIPPED A LARGE REVOLVER
From his hip pocket. Just as quickly of
ficer Smith seized the man, wrenched the
pistol from his hand, and administered an
open-handed blow upon the man's ear. In
the vigorous clutches of the officers the
mau was dragged to the patrol-box amid
the concentrating crowds and swelling
tumult. A hurried call for help was sent,
and it was in response to this that the pa
TO COMPLETE THE CONFUSION, .
At this instant a powerful double team of
horses, drawing a heavy hide-wagon, took
fright at some point east of Dearborn
avenue, and came driverless and with trail
ing reins westward and into the crowd.
The line of armed policemen stationed
across Kinzie street offered all the resist
ance in their power, but the terrified ani
mals scattered them like chaff, and, plung
ing through the ropes, dashed onward. As
they llew across Dearborn avenue and bore
down upon the crowd, a terrible catastrophe
seemed imminent, but the police finally
succeeded in bringing them up.
The crowd, however, aroused by this suc
cession of exciting events, broke into the
wildest turbulence in their effort to escape
from the scene of peril. The police then
fixed bayonets and made a feint at charg
ing upon the crowd, stopping just short of
them, and forcing the people away with the
butts of their guns.
The street was soon cleared without any
casualties. The prisoner that had caused a
portion of this disorder was locked np at
the station, where he said his name was
Edward Luce, of Logansport, lnd., a brake
man. He was booked tor disorderly con
duct, carrying concealed weapons", and
assaulting an officer.
OTHER ARRESTS MADE.
John Trosdahl was arrested this after
noon on North Clark street for refusing to
move on. At the station he was searched
and several pieces of gas-pipe about three
inches long were found in his pockets,
with some pieces of brass. He said that
he is a machinist, and that he was carrying
the pipe to use in his business. He'was
charged with being disorderly.
Wni. Boger, a German printer, and Her
man Miller, a German carpenter, were ar
rested for seditious talk. They were booked
and locked up at the Chicago avenue sta
tion as disorderly persons.
At 2:30 this afternoon two Anarchists,
giving their names as Charles Lobenstein
and Gustav Harris, were arrested on the
front platform of a Randolph-street car
with a companion. They were talking in
a very loud and threatening manner of
what they are going to do to-night to get
even for the death of their friends and the
friends of the laboring man.
Expression* of the New York Press Re
garding the Execution.
[Ccpgrigkt, lfcjT, bj Ou Catfformta sUsoc&cd Pra:.~[
New Yokk, November 11th.— The even
ing papers publish illustrated editions, in
cluding pictures of the Anarchists ami the
scene of the Haymarket affair. The Eten
ing World editorially says of the execution :
Enough has been developed in Chicago
and even in this city, to show that the
hanging of four of the Anarchists was
necessary. The terrible object lesson of a
four-branched gallows-tree may teach those
who will learn in no other way.
The Mail and Exprat: It is best even tor
the Anarchists that the law should takes its
course in such cases as those of the men
who have been hung to-day in Chicago
for the history of California shows that
criminal outlaws cannot go too far, even
though the Courts should be corrupt or
The Post says editorially : A.n execution
is very solemn even in American history.
It would fifty or even thirty years ago have
been considered wildly iiifprobable that
within this century at least five men would
have to be hanged in the most prosperous
city in the American Union for running
amuck against the whole community with
bombs and pistols, and that they would
have lens of thousands of sympathizers in
various parts of the country.
The Commercial Advertiser says: We
trust that the punishment meted out so
ciatfy, but firmly, to these outlaws will
have the most satisfactory eilect. It cannot
be said the spirit which the friends and the
adherents of the condemned men are dis
playing is very encouraging to such a hope,
but after the first ebullitions of passion are
over, we may reasonably expect these mis
guided people to take a fairer view of the
The Evening Telegram says : The hang
ing of the Chicago Anarchists may be fol
lowed by some rioting and bloodshed, but
let Dobody fear that the consequences will
be more than temporary. There is no
sympathy with anarchy in the great body
of the American people. The life of an
archy itself, so far as the people of the
United States are concerned, is bound to be
very brief. If more blood is spilled by any
of the infatuated idiots who profe3s its
principles of retribution it will be much
less protracted than in the case of the Hay
market murderers. Vengeance will be
swift and complete.
The Star's editorial is headed " Doom of
Anarchy " and says : While all men will
regret the necessity which forced this
morning's tragedy upon the city of Chicago,
there is not one liberty-loving American
to deplore the Anarchists' doom.
FIELDEN AND SCHWAB.
The Latter Solicitous About the Country*
Chicago, November 11th.— Fielden and
Schwab were visited after the hanging.
Both appeared very much downcast.
Fie.den buried his head in his hands and
said : " Yes. yes, it is all over." Schwab
was more loquacious, and spoke freely of
the innocence of the men who had just
been executed, and of the unfairness of
the trials. •' The action of Ihe men who
had forfeited their lives," he said, " would
ever stand as a stain oft the escutcheon ot
Chicago, November 11th. — Arrange
ments for the funeral of the dead Anarch- '
isis were completed at a meeting of the
Defense Committee to-night. Friends are
requested to meet at the homes ot all the
Anarchists at 12 o'clock on Sunday. There
will be a procession, which will start from
tne home of Mrs. Fischer and proceed
thence to Mrs. Parsons' home. Then the
procession will march to Aurora Turner
Hall, where the remains of Spies will be,
guarded by the Aurora Turn Verein, of
which Spies was a member. The next
stop will be at Engel's residence, where lie
the remains of Engel and Lingg.
The German Typographical Union will
take charge of Fischer, and the German
Carpenters' Union of the remains of Lingg
The interment will be either at Forest
Home or Waldheim. and the remains
probably will be taken by train.
Three Suflering Wives.
Chicago, November 11th.— About noon
Nina Van Zandt placed a picture of Spies
in the front window, and the family then
locked the doors and refused to see any
Mrs. Fielden and Mrs. Schwab were vis
ited thia evening, but both were weighed
down with grief, and begged to be excused
The November number of the "Magazine
of Art" is one of unusual excellence, and it
has some special features that add to its at
tractions. The frontispiece is an etching
from a painting by Kiuile Wauters, " The
Madness of Hugo Van der Goes." This
painting was the sensation of the Brussels
Salon of 187-', and tells with extraordinary
power the story of Van Eyck's unfortunate
pupil who when mad for love's sake, and
took refuge in a monastery. The leading
article is on M. Waatexfe, and in it we are
given facsimile in sanguine of sketches
from his portfolio, besides a page engrav
ing from one of his famous paintings,
some of his other best known pictures and
a portrait of himself. This is followed by an
interesting paper on 'Heine as an Art
Critic." The other articles are of high
value, but we cannot enumerate them.
Qunll it Co. are making the magazine an
indispensable companion to lovers of art
works and composition.
The "American Catholic Quarterly Re
view " for October-December, presents
these papers : " Has Professor Huxley's
Mission been a Failure?" Rev. S. Fitz
simnions : " Peace, the Sword, and Arbi
tration," A. F. Marshall, 8.A.; " Protest
antism in Spain," J. I. Rodriguel ; l: Sci
ence orßumblepupi>y? ' Professor Thomas
Wright, M.I); "Some Aspects of Private
Fortunes," E. W. Gilliam, LL.D.; "Was
the Papacy in Commission?" Arthur H.
Cnllen ; "Excommunication, 1 ' Rt. Rev.
James A. Corcoran, D.D.; " The Inquisi
tion Mythology,' Rev. R. S. Dewey, S.J.:
"No Actual Need of a Catholic Party in
the United States," John Gilmary Shea,
LL.D.; "The Charge of Heresy against
Dante," Rev. Reuben Parsons, D.D. " The
Sign of the CroES," Ellis Schreiber; "The
Last Irish Struggle," Thomas Power O'Con
nor, M.P.; " Scientiiic Chronicle," Rev. J.
M. Degni, S.J. Hardie A Mahoney, Phila
" Drum-beat of the Nation," is a hand
some quarto volume, richly illustrated, and
treats of the first period of the War of the
Rebellion from its outbreak to the close of
1802. It is by Charles Carleton Coffin,
author of "The Boys of : TG," and is in
tended for the reading of youths of from
12 to IC. It is one of the best arranged
volumes on the war, and one of the most
attractively written books on the Rebellion
it has been our fortune to see. Not that it
is or pretends to be an exhaustive history,
bat it is a book clearly presenting the great
events loading up to the war, the causes,
results, and the foremost incidents and
happenings of the first period of the war.
Vac young people a more faithlul work on
the ilebellion could scarcely be selected as
introductory to later and "more detailed
rending. Harper iV Bros., New York; The
Bancroft Company, San Francisco.
" A Short History of Architecture"' is a
work by Arthur Lyman Tuckerman, is
from the press of Chas. Scribner's Sons,
and «<.-Us at $1 50. It meets the require
ments of those who wish to become ac
quainted with the main facts without hav
ing to read voluminous works, many of
which are addressed, not to the student,
but to the connoisseur, who is presumed
at the start to have a knowledge of the
subject sufficient to enable him to compre
hend critical and tiieoretical essays. The
plan adopted has been to trace the origin of
each style, its characteristic points and its
connection with those which preceded and
succeeded it, without introducing techni
cal terms or any but the most important
dates. Mr. Tuckerman has well-succeeded
in this design and given us in a brief form
a work clear, withont surplusage, and full
" Living Lights'' is a delightful book for
young people, by Chas. Frederick Holder.
It treats of phosphorescent animals and
vegetables. It is profusely illustrated, is in
quarto form, sells at $2, and would make
an admirable present for a youth. There
is no heaviness about the text ; it is all
made attractive as science may be, and is
replete with useful information that will
incite the young to inquire for further
light. New York : Charles Scribner's Sons.
San Francisco : The Bancroft Company.
" An Unknown Country " is a quarto by
the lamented author of " John Halifax,
Gentleman." It is illustrated by Frederick
Noelpaton, and is issued in handsome form
by Hai-per Bros., New York. San Fran
cisco : The Bancroft Company. It was ev
idently written with a view to being read
by the young as well as the adult. It is an
account of trips from Antrim to Cushen
dale, thence to Cushendun. to the Giant's
Causeway, to Londonderry and finally to
Gweedore an<J Carrick.
OfCassell's National Library series we
have from U. S. Houghton. Sacramento,
No. 93 for November sth. " Human Nature
and Other Sermons." by Joseph Butler,
Bish(>p of Durham. This " Library "is
growing in importauoe and public favor
with eaoh number. It is issued weekly at
the intigni'.ieant figure of 10 cents — and
each book, if bound in cloth and put up in
fat lines and type, would command the
price of octavos — from $1 to $1 50.
" The Rose of Paradise " is a quaint
novel by Howard Pyle. It is told as the
tale of adventures at sea with pirates in
1720. It is an admirably written story and
dramatic in its character. Harper & Bros.,
New York ; The Bancroft Company, San
" Befltben Ballads," by Rev. J. E. Ran
ken, D. D , is in pamphlet form and issued
by John D. Alden, New York.
A Recipe to be Miserable. — The
best recipe we know, if you want to be
miserable, is to think about yourself; how
much you have lost, how much you have
not made, and the poor prospects for the
future. A bravo man witli a soul in him
gets out of such pitiful nits, and laughs at
discouragements rolls up his sleeves,
whistles and sing?, and makes the best of
life. This earth never was intended for a
paradise, and the man who rises above his
discouragements and keeps his manhood
will only be the stronger and better fur his
adversities. Many a noble ship has been
saved by throwing overboard its most val
| uable cargo, and many a man is better and
| more humane after he has lost his gold. —
Home-Made Ice. — An exchange says:
Take a cylindrical earthern vessel and
pour JU ounces of commercial sulphuric
acid and lj ounces of water into k and
then add one ounce of powdered sulphate
of >"■!:!. In the center of this mixture
place a smaller ve*sel containing the water
to lie frozen ; then cover the vessel, and, if
]>os.sihlf, revolve the whole with a gentle
i motion. In a few minutes the water in the
! M! til vt-f! will be converted into ice.
I The nwnr nixtore r:ui be used a second or
i third time for makings block «»f ice. The
I o|«ration should, if possible, be performed
; in a cool place — in a cellar for example.
A Practical Hixt. — A German au-
I thority recommends as very effective an
j apparently very simple method of protect
| ing iron from rust. The article is im
mersed in a nearly saturated solution of
chloride of tin, then washed in water, and
afterward with weak ammonia. The tin
solution must not be too acid, or it will at
tack the iron. The treated metal appears
1 like frosted silver.
HOME AND ABROAD.
SECRETARY LAMAR AFTER THE
SCALP OP SPARKS.
The Virginia Scnatorship — The
Bereaved Boss Anarchist — A
$250,000 Fire in Memphis.
[SPECIAL DISPATCHES TO THE RECORD-UKION. |
CALIFORNIA GETS IT.
The National Teachers' Association to
Meet iv San Francisco Next Tear.
Lawrence (Kan.), November 11th.—At
a meeting of the Executive Committee of
the National Teachers' Association in this
city, it was to-night decided to hold the
next annual meeting at San Francisco.
This decision will give general satisfac
tion to all members of the National Asso
ciation, who have been anxious for an op
portunity to visit the Pacific coast. It is
understood that arrangements have been
perfected with the railroad companies that
will make the journey a comparatively
inexpensive one, and the people of Cali
fornia need not be surprised if the number
of visitors should reach well up into the
A Mournful Meeting of Ilerr Most's
[Copyright, 1887, by Hie California. Associated Press.]
New York, November 11th.— Herr Most's
office, iv William street, was the gathering
place of the Anarchist class in this city to
day. In the gray of the morning Anarch
ists Torchschmidt and* Fesselman came
down town carrying a roll of crape and a
score of red flags. With these they be
decked the windows, doorways and walls
of Most's office, and the adjoining rooms
on the same floor. The time-worn sign of
the chief Anarchist's door, " Xo Reporters
Allowed," was almost hidden from view by
crape and red bunting. Most appeared a*t
U o clock, and for an hour afterward the
stairs creaked with the tread of arriving
Anarchists. The doors at the head of the
stairs were tightly closed to prevent intru
sion, but Most was heard speaking in em
phatic German, and hoarse cheers came at
THEIR IDEA OF FREE SPEECH.
New York, November 11th.— None of
the Anarchist notables were visible to-day.
Most, of the Ficihcit, end Schevitch, of the
Lentl.r, were not in their offices, and it is
said that Most is in hiding. The minor
leaders went about in silence, refusing to
speak to any one noc their friends, on the
ground that free speech had been strangled.
No Trouble In New York, But the Police
Ready For Action.
New Yoek, November 11th.— The entire
police force was held in readiness at all the
available stations throughout the city dur
ing the day for instaut service, if required.
The city remained perfectly quiet, however,
throughout the day. Captain of Police
Head called at the headquarters this after
noon and gave orders to put all Anarchists
under special surveillance day and night
from now on, until otherwise instructed.
"CHOOSE BETWEEN US."
JLamar Tells the I'retident that Cither
lie or Sparks Musi, Go.
ICopyriylU, 1657, ly !}>t California Atsociatid i')-«s.]
Washington, November lltb.— [Special.]
—Secretary Lamar to-day notified the Pres
ident by private letter that lie would either
be compelled to resign, or that a new Com
missioner of the General Land Office must
be found to take the place of \V. A. J.
Sparks. The Secretary also informed Gen
eral Sparks, in a letter given to the press,
that either lie or the Commissioner must
go. The office of the Commissioner is at
the west end of the Interior Department
building, and the Secretary's office is in the
east end of the structure, and lor the past
two years the distance, between the offices
—so far as the occupant of each is con
cerned—have been as lar apart as the poles.
Sparks assumed command of the Land
Department of the Government evidently
with the idea that the land grant railroad's
were bands of robbers, who had no rights
that the Government was bound to respect.
The Secretary, on the oLher hand, felt that
no matter what his persona! opinion might
be, the law gave these corporations certain
privileges and immunities that an execu
tive officer was bound to enforce.
The consequence is that a great part of
the Secretary's time has been employed in
deciding appeals from the Commissioner's
office, and in the majority of these appeals
the action of the Commission has been re
versed. Not only is this the case respect
ing the land grant roads, but in matters af
fecting the rights of individual settlers un
der the Homestead Pre-emptioa and Tim
ber Culture Acts.
Some time ago the Commissioner wrote a
letter, which was given to the press, criti
cising the decision of the -Secretary in what
are known as the Omaha cases. The mat
ter was brought before the Secretary on ap
peal by the Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis
and Omaha Railroad Company. The let
ter, which was written last month, only
reached the Secretary to-day.
A BAD DAY.
Three Disastrous HusioeßH Failures in
New York City.
New York, November 11th. — Mannes
ISauni, a cotton broker, has failed. His
assets are $(50,000, and liabilities unknown.
Attachments were secured to-day against
S. Brunswick it Co., diamond merchants,
on the ground of fraud. Their liabilities
are $20,000, with no assets.
Henry E. Moss, a clothing manufacturer,
has failed. His liabilities are $125,000.
The failure is due to speculation by his
confidential clerk, who is said to be $78,000
ON A REEF.
Efforts to Rescue the Crew of a Wrecked
Poet Austin (Mich.). November 11th.—
This morning the iife-saving patrol discov
ered an unknown schooner on Port Austin
reef, half a mile from shore. The life
savers spent most of the forenoon trying to
shoot a line over her, but without success.
The life-saving crew of Point Aubregues
were telegraphed for, and after repeated
struggles and failures they succeeded in
getting through the breakers and started for
the schooner, just before dark. They have
not yet returned, and much anxiety is felt
as to their safety, and that of the crew of
Timely Relief Saves a Wrecked Crew
New York, November 11th.— The bark
Union arrived here to-day from Pernam
buco, bringing six of the crew of the bark
Augusta, from Swanza for Aspinwall,
wrecked October 14th in a hurricane. The
Captain, mate and one sailor were washed
overboard. The remaining twelve of the
crew took to the boats, six in each. The
rescued sailors make no doubt the other
boat went down with all hands, as she was
badly stove. The six rescued men were
afloat eleven days, and when rescued were
preparing to cast lots to see who should be
killed and eaten.
! Swindling Operations of an Enterprising
Young »w Yorker.
Nr.v Yobk, November 12th— a. m.— The
Tribune says to-day : " The story of the ex
ploits of Latimer E. Jones, which became
public by the proceedings in Judge Cow
ing's Court yesterday, disclosed a system of
tiaanceering as bold and apparently as dan- ]
gcrous as most of Ferdinand Ward's, lie i
is scarcely 28 years old. He was eDgaged
in business four years as a lumber dealer,
and, according to Benjamin L. Lud
ingtoa, a retired lawyer, the lat
ter has, during that time, discounted f<j&>
Jones notes of alleged customs to the
amount <•! $300,000 and $300,000. In Oc
tober, is-ti. J.nies confessed to him that
nearly .t.i <■: his paper was forged or fraud
ulent. No action was taken, but on Oc
tober 14th i:sr three indictments were found
against Jone*, who surrendered hirns.-ir
November 4 U, and tb.- fac:s were sup
pressed. Tli-' • ■:i*n came up for pleading
yesterday and Jones did nut respond, a:, a
his bail was ucaarcd forfeited aad a bench
warrant was issued for his arrest."
IT CAME DOWN.
An Insult to the American Flag Promptly
North Ai.ams (Mass.), November 11th.—
Among the Germans employed in the ging
ham mills of Adams are many Socialists.
Last night they paraded the streets to the
number of 250, waving red flags and mak
ing much noise. This morning the Ameri
can dag hung at half-mast from Herman
Hall, a German resort. A number of
Americans, French and Irish citizens as
sembled and threatened to demolish the
building unless the flag was removed. The
Chairman of the Selectmen notified the
proprietor to take down the Hag, or he
would not be responsible for the conse
quences. The Ban wa s at once removed.
Land Decision Reversed.
[CoffrigU, 1887, by fU California Aacaatal rras.\
Washington, November 11th.— [Special.]
—Secretary Laniar to-day reversed the de
cision of Commissioner Sparks in the case
of Romaine vs. Armstrong, involving the
title to a quarter section of land near Reno,
Or., in Le Grand Land District. The issue
raised was delay in establishing residence
after settlement. Sparks gave the land in
controversy to Armstrong. The Secretary
holds that he did nut comply in good 1 faith
with the pre-emption laws, and gives the
land to Koniaine.
The Virginia Senatortthip.
[Copyright, 1537, by Uie California Associated J'rest.\
Washington, November 11th. — There
are certain Virginia Democrats who do not
expect ex-Congressman John 8. Uarbour to
have a walkover for the Senatorship to
succeed Riddleberger. Governor Fitztiugh
Lee, J. Randolph Tucker aud John Goode i
are ambitious to be elected to the Senate,
notwithstanding the claims of Mr. Barbour,
and the result may be a spirited contest be
tween the gentlemen named for Senatorial
The Coal IMockade.
\Copjriyht, 18S7, by tic California Associated Prat.\
Philadelphia, November 11th.—[Spe
cial.]—There are not 5,000 tons of coal at
Port Richmond, where at this season there
are usually 500,000 tons. The reason is
the Reading road will not meve any coal
from Lehigh region, and most of the
Schuylkill coal has gone to New York,
where it is said to be sold for less money
than is charged here.
[Copyright, IbST, by Uic California Associated Press.]
Washington, November 11th.— [Special.]
— California pensions have been granted to
John W. Horton, San Francisco; George
Brown, San Benito ; Jaroes Walsh, Santa
Racing at Washington.
Washikoto.n, November 11th. — The
weather at Ivy City to-day was cold, and
the track muddy. The three-quarters of a
mile King Idle "won, Mary T. second, the
Viven colt third. Time, 1:21 i.
The one and a sixteenth miles Valiant
won, Pasha second, Pericles third. Time,
The one mile Bess won, Frank Ward
second, Royal Arch third. Time, I:4M.
The seven-eighths of a mile Young ]
Duke won, Joe Lee seco«d, King Crab
third. Time, 1:35 i.
The hurdle, one and a half miles, John
Henry won, Willie Plainer second, Ar
lington third. Time, 3:02 i.
The Bomh-Throwing Hoax.
Ni:v, York, November 11th.— The story
told in the affidavit of the convict Mayholi',
to the effect that Kleenian Schuetzhad con
fessed to him that he threw the Haymarket
bomb, is entirely discredited by the police.
Mayhoff was convicted of incendiarism
and sent to the penitentiary on Schuetz's
testimony, and his affidavits give evidence
of having been made for revenge. Scuuetz
was interviewed to-day, and declared the
story entirely false.
The Texas I'actfic Sale Completed.
New Orleans, November 11th.— The New
Orleans Division of the Texas Pacific Rail
way was sold yesterday to T. J. Westar, ot
the Reorganization Committee, for $4,000,
--000, and the terminal property at Galves
ton for $1,000,000. This completes the
pmchase of the entire line by the bond
Just Suits the Texans.
Galveston, November 11th.— Great in
terest was manifested here throughout the
day over the execution of the Chicago An
archists. Some sympathy was expressed
for Parsons, he having been a Texan, but
the general sentiment in this section over
whelmingly approve ' the hanging.
Newark (N. J.), November 11th.— At a
meeting of Anarchists to-night Paul Grot
teau, ot Milwaukee, said the capitalistic
press had murdered four men in Chicago
03' its false reports, and he urged the
people to organize and avenge the bloody
work of to-day.
i 'in- Muiiadnock.
Washington, November 11th.— The re
port that the monitor Mouadnock would be
completed at the Union Iron Works in
San Francisco is a mistake. The remain
ing work on that monitor will be done at
the Mare Island Navy Yard.
All Official in Trouble.
Minneapolis, November 11th. — The
Stillwater Grand Jury to-day found two
indictments against H. G. Stordock. War
den of the State Prison, one for criminal
libel, and one for subornation of perjury,
in connection with his charges against ex-
A Quarter ol a Million Loss.
Memphis, November 11th. — Brooks,
Nealy it Co.'s cotton warehouse was burned
this evening with its contents. The loss is
$250,000, with insurance of $200,000.
He Got Off Lucky.
New Haven (Conn.), November 11th.—
Robert W. Shirmer, a shoemaker and en
thusiastic Anarchist, was last night hanged
Some l'rsspect of Saving the Life of- the
German Crown Prince.
Berlin, November 11th.— Advices from
San Kemo are more cheerful. The swell
ing of the larynx of the Crown Prince is
subsiding, and it is expected the doctor will
be able to remove the particle of tissue on
Sunday, which he will send to Dr. Vir
chow. There are no symptoms of a recur
rence of the growth formerly removed. If
Dr. Virchow's verdict on the removed por
tion of the new growth should prove favor
able, the doctors are hopeful that the
trouble may be perinananlly eradicated.
Attempt on an Editor's Life— The Wilson-
I'aeis, November 11th.— An attempt was
made yesterday to mnrdar the editor of the
■Stale. The attempt is attributed to friends
of M. Wilson. The man who attacked the
editor was arrested.
M. Wilson was examined to-day by the
Judge of Instruction in reference to his
alleged connection with the traffic in
Legion of Honor decorations.
The Court in which the Caffarel triaJ has
been proceeding has ordered the provis
ional release of General Caflarel, Mine.
Limouzin and M. Lorinz, pending the re
sult of the Government's inquiry into the
allegations against M. Wilson.
The English Cabinet Mai>tt Out a Lot of
Work For ItHelf.
Lo.ndox, November nth.— A prolonged
Cabinet council was held today. The
Cabinet decided to take immediate advant
age of the Court's decision in the appeal of
. Lord Mayor .Sullivan, of Dublin, and un
dertake the wholesale prosecution of papers
that published/epons of supposed Branches
of the League.
The policy of Matthews, Home Secretary,
forbidding the meeting at Trafalgar Square,
was ratified, and the question of prosecut
ing the Pall Mall fi-xzette for articles calcu-
*sT Outside of Saa Fran
? Sco the DAILY BBCORD
USION has no competitor in
p r.nT, of numbers in its home
and seneral circulation on
WHOLE NO. .11,411.
lated to lead to violence was referred to the
The Fruifh I'arimli-nt Will Resign If
WOkea ii •..•.«■- Guilty.
Paris, November 1] r>. — p -esideDtGreTy,
in an interview witli » lumber ol Deputies
to-day, said he belli w.-d Wilson innocent,
and that he would confront his enemies.
He declared that should his guilt be
proven, he (Grevy) would resign the Presi
dency instantly. '
M. Wilson has officially left the Palace
of fclysee, the residence of the President.
Thousands or Lives Lost by Floods in
London, November 11th.— L»te news
from Shanghai says the floods in Hon Nan
were increasing, and hundreds of thou
sands ot the inhabitants of the province
were destitute. In one place 50,000 ueople
repairing embankments were overwhelmed
liy the floods and 4,<KX> drowned. Another
terrible inundation occurred at Sze Chuen.
Threat* Made Against the American Con
sul in Milan.
Milan, November 11th.— A special guard
of police has been stationed :»t tliu IT. S.
Oousulate here, owing to threats made by
Hie Anarchists, who have posted placard's
and distributed handbills vowing vengeance
if the death sentence against the Chicago
Anarchists hhould be carried out.
Disunion of the Gaelic Athletic Associ
ation in Ireland.
Di-HUN, November 11th.— The complete
disunion of the Gaelic Athletic Associ
ation has taken place. After the meeting
at Thurles yesterday Father Scunlau and
the delegates from Tipperary. Kil
kenny, Wicklow, Wexford anj Dub
lin withdrew from the organization,
accusing the other members of an
intentional clash with the National
| League. Archbishop Croke also resigned
his membership. The Freemen's Journal
deprecates the movement, aua says misun
derstandings such as these have often be
fore injured Irish prospects and blasted
Emperor William's Health.
Berlin-, November 11th.— Emperor Wil
liam is gaining strength. The Empress
Augusta is ailing, but the report that she is
partly paralyzed is denied.
The Power to Resist It^-Stresgth of Will
Is All That Is Required.
"lean take a drink or leave it alone,
just as I please." How often have we all
heard this lioast from the lips of the young
and inexperienced ! It Ls uttered with .->.
dogmatic and self-reliant air that is siip
poted to leave no room for doubt in the
minds of hearers. Youth is naturally
prone to exaggerate itw strength, and
es[>eeiaUy when it assumes this attitude of
waving aside all ideas of doubt and uncer
tainty is there reason to fear that its words
are an idle boast, spoken for effect only,
and not th»- result ol" reflection or consider
ation. There is nothing easier than to
frame- an assertion in the most positive
language. Any person of ordinary intelli
gence can do that. But the person who is
so constituted as to realize the weakness of
human nature and the propensity of flesh
to lean upon the wrong side, and who, on
tliis ;ur unit is accustomed to weigh the
dangers that U'set the path of life and
speak moderately, will rarely l>e heard to
express himself in these positive terms.
Hi? observation has taught him that, as a
rule, men do not submit to temptation will
ingly, but are dragged down from one step
to another by weakly depending upon their
own ability to control their desires and
appetites — victims of the very frailty in
tiie existence of which they refuse to be
The strongest men, intellectually, have
been betrayed by the same small vices that
blight the lite of the commonest clay. Par
ticularly i- thi-i true of the drinking habit.
Men <>f the widest mental culture, the
highest principles, and the strongest if
of the degrading influence of yielding to
the lowest cravings (>f our fallen nature
have permitted themselves to be lured to
the brink of abject ruin by closing their
eyes to the dangers of which they are
fully cognizant. Such men fail, not so
much because they overestimate their own
strength, but because of their refusal to
make due allowance for the insidious
growth of habit If a man can take one
drink and stop, there is n<> reason why, un
der ordinary circumstances, he cannot re
pent the experiment. It is the repetition
of it that usually disproves the truth of
the first, claim. This very confidence in
one's power of self-control is a source of
weakness. It encourages us to meet temp
tation that fear would prompt us to avoid.
If those who profess to l>e able to stop at
one drink would regulate their practice on
that basis there would be far loss misery
and suffering in the world. The vice anil
degradation that inevitably follow in the
wake of intemperance would not be so
widespread ; but, unfortunately, too many
of those who can stop and the remarkable
power which they claim for themselves
proves no safeguard. There is much more
reason to believe that men and women
who are afraid to trust their own strength
and who dread the dangers of yielding to a
desire to l>e sociable or an inherent crav
ing for stimulants, will succeed with more
certainty in evading the ruin of overindul
gence than those, who rely solely upon the
strength which they affect to "believe re
sides within them. — Cktholic Mirror.
How to Boil ax Ev.c..— The ortho
dox manner all will admit is to keep it
boiling for three and a half minutes, but
after you study how to practically apply
the laws of albumen coagulation, you will
find the egg much better, far more healthy
and nutritious, if you will put it in water
about thirty degrees Ijvlow the boiling
point, and keep it immersed about ten or
twelve minutes. Eggs cooked in the or
dinary way are necessarily raw in the mid
dle, the white is subjected to a higher tem
perature than the yolk, and is, to a certain
extent, indigestible. In the plan of cook
ing described, there is uniform diffusion of
heat throughout. — Atlanta Constitution.
Anothf.k Exri.osivt:. — British authori
ties have been testing a new smokeless
gunpowder, the corui>osition of which is a
secret. Among the claims of its inventor
are greater velocity, flatter trajectory, less
fouling, and less recoil, than with ordinary
Government powder; while it will keep
better, is safer to manufacture and to han
dle, and is lighter, than the common pow
der. It its known as the Johnson-Bariand
powder, and the experiments made are
said to have fully j.. stifled several of these
Kkmedy f.hi Mildkw.— Readers whose
books have been or are likely to be at
tacked by mildew may preserve them to
some extent by placing a saucer of quick
lime n?ar, in the book -case or shelf, or
where convenient. The lime absorbs the
excess of moisture, and must be renewed,
a.s it becomes slaked and loses its strength.
It is equally good for putting in linea
chests, iron safes, or wherever there is
likely to be any mustiaess owing to the ex
elusion of fresh air. — BoHon Budijct.
S< akin', \ Mob.— First Chicago Man—
■ I hear there in to be another bread or
blood parade." Second Chicago Man—
"Yes, I have heard about it/ "And
they are coming right down the street yon
live on and may bombard your house.'' li I
have arranged to prevent "thai. The pro
cession won't pass my hoott; they will
turn off at the next corner.'' "' Got a po
lice guard?" "No; I've erected :i sign
there, ' Men Wanted.' "
The mosquito is the worst sucker out of