Newspaper Page Text
JUDGE AEMSTEONG'3 DECISION IN AN
Be Holds That the Acts of tbe Defend
ants Are Unlawful — The Full
The decision rendered by Judge Arm
strong yesterday in what is known as "the
boycott case" is given below in full and
will, no doubt, be read with a great deal of
Interest, as it is the first time this question
has been passed upon in this State :
In the Superior Court of the county of Sacra
mento, State of California.—V. S. McClatchy et
als., plaintiffs, ye. G. W. McKay et als., defend
ants. This is an action to perpetually restrain
the defendants from boycotting the plaintiffs to
the injury of their business.
On the 2.'d of October, 1890, the Hon. W. C.
Van Fleet, a Judge of this Court, granted a rule
upon the defendants to show cause berore the
Court wby a provisional injunction should not
issue restraining them, pending this action, from
committing the injurious acts averred in the
complaint. Tbe defendants appeared in obedi
ence to the rule to show cause, and objected to
the sufficiency of the facts averred in tee com
plaint to warrant the relief sought. This admits
the truth of the averments of the complaint for
the purpose of the decision as to whether the
provisional injunction should issue, and the
only question is, does tbe complaint state facts
sufficient to wairaut or justify the granting such
A brief eritome of the complaint will be suf
ficient to illustrate the reasoning which has led
the Court to the conclusion to which the Court
hasanived. It appears from the complaint that
the plaintiffs are the owners.propriirtors and pub
lishers of the Evening Ilu, a newspaper pub
lished in the city of Sacramento, aud they have
had and now enjoy a lucrative and profitable
business; tbat tbey have a large list of paying
subscribers and a great number of advertising
patrons; that from the list of subscribers to their
paper and tbe advertisements published
therein they have derived aud are deriving
a large and valuable income: that the
Slaiiuiffa have a large sum of money, that
i about Joo.COO, invested ln property, ap
pliances, machinery and utensils u.-ed in the
publication ot their newspaper; tbat some time
ago the plaintiffs, for the purpose of increasing
the attractions of th. lr paper, enlarged it by
publishing in it some literary matter printed
from stereotyped plates obtained from the East;
the plaintiffs for good cause discharged an em
ploye, a stereotypcr; that a part of tbe defend
ants were in tbe employ of the plaintiffs, some of
whom had been in their employ for tweiMy
years and others for as much as tour years: that
the plaintiffs employed Dnlon and non Union
printers and paid ihe higbest rate of wages and
the employes were satisfied with the rate of
wages; but tbey complained and found fault
on account of the use of the plates, and de
manded pay for the amount of space occupied
ln the paper by the plate matter, tbe same as if
they had by the ordiuary process of setting type
composed the sp-.ee, and they demanded the
discontinuance of the nse of plates; and because
the plaintiffs discharged the 6tereotyper
and declined lo discontinue the use ot the
plates or pp.y the employes for tbe space occu
pied by tbe pl&te matter, the same, as if they
had composed the space by the ordinary process
Of setting type, they struck and quit the employ
ot the plaintiffs without notice and without
affording them an opportunity to employ printers
or compositors to compose the necessary matter
for the publication ol their paper; it iufther ap-
Sears from the complaint that, thereupon, the
efendants conspired and combined together to
compel the plaintiffs to comply with those de
mands; that to that end they assumed and as
serted the right to dictate to the plaintifis the
manner in which they should conduct and
manage their newspaper business: tbat they
declared and asserted that they had the rigbt
and authority to dictate to the plaititiffs whom
they might and whom they might not employ,
and bow tbey might conduct and manage their
business; that to give effect to their assumption
and in aid of their common purpose they
threaten to ruin and destroy the business of the
plaintifis unless they complied v. ith their de
mand; that in furtherance of the common pur
pose, the defendants warned, intimidated and
threatened, and are continuing to and will con
tinue to warn, intimidate and threaten any and
all persons to deter them from entering the em
ploy of the plaintiffs or doing any work for
them; that ihe nature of plaintiffs' business is
such thst unless they are permitted to
employ printers or compositors it will ultimately
be rjined and destroyed; that the defendants,
in furtherance of their common purpose, have
systematically, persistently and maliciously
visited a great number ot the patrons of tbe
plaintiffs' newspaper, both the subscribers and
advertisers, and by threats, intimidations and
inducements, sought to persuade and induce
those patrons to discontinue their subscriptions
to and adver;isements iv the newspaper of the
plaintiffs, whereby to reduce the profits aud in
come of tbe plaintiffs derived from such sub
scriptions and advertisements; that to intimi
date the proprietors of said paper, and to cause
them to withdraw their patronage therefrom,
the defendants printed and published and
caused to be circulated among the patrons of
the paper, circu ars, posters and other docu
ments containing threats and intimidations,
whereby the defendants seek to intimidate
those patrons so they will or may be driven
away from and refuse to patronize the plaintiffs'
newspaper, and. among other things, the de
fendants caused to be priuted and circulated, a
document containing these words: "Boycott
the Sacramento Bet, in the interest of organized
labor. By order of the Council of Federated
same common purpose the defendants printed,
published and circulated a uewspaper callea
The Trait* Union, containing, among other
things, the worts, "Boycott the Bee:'' that in
furtherance of the same common purpose, the
defendants printed and caused to be circulated
amoug tbe patrons of the plaintiffs' paper and
other persons a document which contains the
following language: "Ihe business manager
of that paper (meaning the Breniag Bee) has
always been opposed to trades-unions, although
he paid the union scale of prices and union men
were allowed to work in the office. On Octobt r
4th one page aud a half of tee Bet was filled
with 'boiler plate matter. This was in viola
tion of our scale ot prices, and whtn his atten
tion was called to the fact, he informed the
coni[>ositors that be would run his business to
suit himself. F.veiy opportunity was given to
Mr. V. S. McClatchy to settle the grievance.
The Executive Committee was wilting to allow
him to use the plates on band, provided he
would not enforce the use of any more at the
end of tbat time ; they also agreed that if he
would discontinue the us? of plates at once,
they would pay him for tbe plates on hand.
Thi? w_s declined by the gentleman ou the
ground that he proposed to run his own busi
ness. We have no personal grievance with the
Bee proprietors. This is a square fieht for the
principles of our International Cniou and we
believe that we will have the support of all
workingmen in this community. We therefore
ask you to use yonr endeavors to keep all
printers from coming here during this trouble,
and request that yon will give us your hearty
co-operation and support In our struggle
for unionism." It further appears from
the complaint that by the means of those
Circulars, publications aud threats the defend
ants have intimidated, frightened and induced
a large number of the patrons of the plaintiffs'
newspaper, both subscribers and advert i-r- to
withdraw their patronage and induced some of
them toentei into agreements whereby such
patrons have obligated themselves to reicse in
the future to patronize the business ot the
plaintiffs; that in furtherance of their malicious
Latent to ruin tha plaintiffs and their newint
per business, the defendants threaten to con
tinue, and unless restrained by Injunction will
continue, to systematically caxry oa the boy
cotting the plaint::'- and their bast-teat,and
will, by threats, iiitimniiitions and uuiawful
persuasions, deprive the plaintiff* of a great
number or all of iheir patio s. subscribers and
advertisers, and will destroy t:.- tt lilliilllQM and
property: ami it Is averred that U ".be defend
antsarc permitted to continue their un awful
acts and conspiracies the property of the plain
tiakwi- t c reduced to hall its present value,
and the j_ 1»i i:: itl - aver that they have been
damaged by the acts of the defendants In the
sum ol ll,C(~*; it further appears that the de
fendants are Insolvents Irresponsible ard un
able to respond In damages; that the injury
sought to Be inflicted by the defendant)
the plaintifis is of s'.Kh a nature that it cannot
We computed in ir
It would seem from the averments set out in
tbe complaint that the d« leudauts have boy
cotted the plaintiffs in the interest, not only of
labor generally, but of organized labor, and
that the grievance of \v„i?h organized labor
complains is, that the plaintiffs discharged one
of their employes, ana turf used in printing
their paper stereotype plates, the matter of
which had oeen composed or set up in type, aud
stereotyped elsewhere than in the office ot the
plaintiff, and they decllm d t > pay the composi
tors in their employ for the space occupied in
tfce paper by the plate matter, for the reason
that they hid not composed the matter, and
they were not wil ing to pay the compositors
tor work they never did. For these cause- the
defeadanls conspired and combined to boycott
tbe pltlntiffs. and threatened to ruin their busi
ness by inducing the patrons of tbe plaintifis to
withdraw their patronage iiom the paper, and
by preventing other workmen from euteringthe
employ of the pl&i tiffs Tnis result was to be
accomplished by the means set out in the com
plaint which we have eptlomized in this opin
Are the arts of the defendants unlaw: .
Upon both principle aud autbo.itv 1 un
to the conclusion tnat they are nnlawtaL i
will proceed to give the re*..-us for this conclu
sion. In 'Hiiuf it may be observed that
the Cardinal principle Which l.rist be kept
in view in the eo:,side a.ion oi ;.
is expressed in Section 170> of the
civil Ooda thus "every person is
bound, without contract, to abstain from in
juring the pataoa or property of »nother or in
;:g upon any ol his right*." Have the
defendants injured any ot the property of tbe
plaintifis or Infringed upon any of the';-
This must be iin-ni red :;i t! c affirmatn
law defines the good-will of a business to be
"the expectation •■! continued public patron
age' • ■ - :■'■ erred ::i the
comp.aint show thai thi ■■■■ was attache! to the
plaintii": •'bii-in •.:: whii-h was valu
able withi: I and il
is provided - the Civil 'cxie.de
fining the s property, that "there may
be ownership of all inanimate things which are
capable Of appropriation or of manual de.iv
cry; ttt all domestic animals: of all obligations
of such product- of labor or skill as the compo
sition of an author, the goodwill of a business
trade-marks and signs, and of rights created oi
granted, by statin. and -• ■ '-ion !>__of the same
code provides that the good will of a busiues;
is property, transferable like any other. If the
goodwill of a business rjaybetransfeired.il
may be injured in a legal sense, and whatevei
act of the defendants which lessens or dimin
ishes or tends to destroy the patronage ot the
plaintiffs' newspaper or busines*, is an injury
to the good-will thereof, and if done by the de
fendants willfully, that Is intentionally, they
are responsible for tbe injury. (C. C, 1714
Now as to the injury to the patron
age or good-will of the plaintiffs
business, this opinion might end here; but the
questions involved iv this ct*e are ot suet
great public interest I shall proceed to consider
them from a common law standpoint. This
leads to a consideration of the meaning of the
word "boycott." This word implies an unlaw
ful combination ot persons to inflict punish
ment upon some person or company on account
of political or other differences, or of disagree
ments in business matters. When used as a
verb it is defined in the Century Llctionary
thus: "To combine in refusing to work for,
boy from, sell to. give assistance to. or have
any kind of dealings with, and in preventing
others frcm working lor, buying from, lelling
to. assisting or having any kind of dealiugs
I with a person or company, on account of politi
cal or other differences, or ot disagreements in
business matters, as a means of inflicting pun
ishments, or coercing or intimidating: and
when used as a noun, the same lexicographer
defines it thus: "An organized attempt to co
erce a person or party into a compliance with
some demand by combining to abstain, and
compel others to abstain, Irom having any busi
ness or social relations with bim, or them: an
organized persecution of a person or company,
as a means of coercion or intimidation or
of retaliation for some act or refusal to act
in a particular way." In Anderson's Diction
ary of Law, the word is given substan
tially the same definition, but the lexico
grapher adds: "The word itself implies a
threat:" and it might be said that universally
wherever the English language is spoken the
word is understood to apply or mean, a combi
nation of persons to use, not only threats and
intimidations, but to use any other means, law
ful or unlawful, to accomplish a purpose. While
a combination or conspiracy, such as shown in
this case, is not within the definition of crimi
nal conspiracies as contained in Section 18' of
the Penal Code, and therefore is not a crima in
this State, tor Section I*3 provides that "no con
spiracies other than those enumerated iv the
preceding section are punished criminal!!*;" yet
such conspiracies were criminal at common
law. And these sections of the Penal Code are
only so far a restriction upon the rule of the
common law as to take away the criminality of
such conspiracies; but the rule of the common
law that tbey were unlawful remains in force,
in the absence of any statute or code provision,
the rules of the common law of England is the
rule of decision in all tbe Courts in this State,
made so by Section 4168 of tae Political Code.
The common law of England was, and is,
broader and more pronounced than the common
law prevailing ln most of the States in the
Onion. It afforded not only ample civil reme
dies, but a criminal remedy also against combi
nations and conspiracies like the one shown iv
the complaint ln this action. But in this case ie
is not necessary to go further than the rules of
the common law of this country for a rule of de
cision in this case, lhe common law upon the
subject before the Court as modified iv this
country is well and clearly stated by Judge
Cooley In his learned work on the law uf Tons.
At page "279 be says: "By a conspiracy to pre
vent employment Is intended a combination of
two or more persons to accomplish by some con
certed action an unlawful end to the injury of
another. It was shown iv a previous cnapter
that the conspiracy was not in itself a legal
wrong; it is a thing amiss when- it has an un
lawful purpose in view; but it does not become
a legal wrong until the unlawful is accomp
lished, or until some act distinctly illegal is
done towards its accomplishment.." and at
page 'ltd he s&ys: "But the acts of one in nur
suance ol the conspiracy may be unlawful iv
themselves !f they include deception, threats,
intimidations or any species of duress whatever,
whether employed upon the laborer or em
ployer. Anyone has the undoubted right to
refuse to be employed by another, but he has no
right whatever to resort to compulsion of any
sort to keep others from the emplovmeut. A
society of men may lawfully unite in agreeing
that they will not perlorm services for those
who employ laborers not associated with them,
but they become wrong-do : rs the moment they
interfere with the liberty ol action of others."
Then, under the rule of law as stated by this
learned author, the defendants became wrong
doers the moment they did any act in pur
suance of their conspiracy or combination
to prevent laborers from entering the em
ploy of the plaintiffs, and to injure the good
will of th • business of the plaintiffs and to de
preciate the value of their property: and they
were not only wrong doers under this rule of
the common law, but they were wrongdoers
nnder Section 17C8 of the Civil Code, by which
they were bound to abstain from injur • to the
property of the plaintiffs and from infringing
upon auy of their rights. The rule of the com
mon law, as stated by Judge Cooley, is lully
sustained upon principle and abundantiv sup-
Sorted by authority. (State vs. Stewart, 59 Am.
:ep. 711. S. C. 59 Vt. '27- and note to the case:
Crump vs. Commonwealth, 6 Southeastern Rep.
620; Chipley vs. Atkinson, 1 Southern Rep. 931;
Hilton vs. Eckersley, 6 El. and 81. 47; Lumley
vs. (_ye, 2 El. and 81. 216; Ridge vs. Rollins, 17
A. aud £ N. S., 671 ) In Greenhocd on Public
Policy 64¥, tbe author says: "Combinations of
artisans for their common benefit, or for Ihe de
velopment of skill in their trade, or to prevent
overcrowding therein, or to encourage those be
longing to their trade to enter their gnild. or for
the purpose of raising prices, are valid: pro
vided, no force or other unlawful means be em
ployed to carry out their acts, or their object be
not to impoverish ihird persons, or to extort
money from employes, or to encourage strikes,
or breaches of contract, or to restrict the free
dom of members for the purpose of compelling
employes to conform to their rules."
We may add, that when the things
enumerated in this proviso are re
sorted to as a means of accomplishing
their purpose the persons sr> combining are
wrong-doers, and liable for their acts, and to
this effect is the whole current of authority.
(Webber vs. Barry, Z3 Northweste n Rep. 259;
lv re. Doolittle, 23 Fed. Rep. 544: Cnited States
vs. Kane. 21 Fed. Rep. "IS; Old Dominion Steam
ship Co. vs. McKenna, 30 Fed. Rep -IS; Bixley
vs. Dunlap, 22 Am. Rep. 475; S. C. 56, N. H. 456
and vote thereto: Edito.ial Artile on the Sub
ject of Boycotting, 35 Albany Law Journal. 224:
Ho«kins vs. Royster, 16 Am. Rep. 780; S. C. 70,
N. C. 60. and note to that case; Jones vs. Jeter,
43 Ga. 331; State vs. (ilidden s At. Rep. 890; Ca
rew vs. Rutherford, 106 Mass. 1 to 15; Brace
Bros. vs. Evans, 3 Railway and Corporation
Law Journal 361; Commonwealth vs. Shelton,
II Virginia Law Jour. 324; Walker vs. Cronin,
107 Mass. -53: Commonwealth vs. Curren, 3 Pitt.
Rep. 143; C-rringttu vs. Taylor. 11 East 571,
574: Tarlton vs. McGowley, Peake 205; Snow vs.
Wheeler, 113 Mass. 179: Commonwealth vs.
Hunt, SS Am. Dec. 346; S. C. 1 Met. Ill: Rex vs.
Eccies. 1 Leach cr. eas. 274: 3|Greenl. cv. Sec
tions s9 and 90; Mogull Steamship Company vs.
McGregor. 22 Cent. L. J. 808; Mapstrick vs.
Ramage, 9 Neb. 390; Jones vs. Baker, 7 Cowen
445: Spriugshead Spiunmg Company vs. Riley,
6 Law Rep., equity cases 651; Sherry vs. Per
kins, 147 Mass. 212; State vs. Donaldson. 3
V room. 131; 2 Bish. Cr. L, Sections 230,231, 232
aud 233; Master Stevedore* Assn. vs Walsh, 2
Daily 1; Sayer vs. Louisville, etc , 1 Daval
Hi; S. C. 85 Am. Dee. 613: Smith
vs. People, 76 Am. Dec. 7-i3 and note:
Wright on Criminal Conspiracies, American
note by Carson, II Text-Book Series, p 178; Buf
falo Lubricating Oil Company vs. Everest. 30
Hun. N. V.. 386; Dickson vs. Dickson, j_t La.
Ann., 1261: Morris Run Coal Company vs. Bar
clay Coal Company, 68 Pen. St., 173.) The prin
ciples of law established by these authorities
fully sustain tbe rules of the common law as
stated by Cooley, aud may t»e summed up in
the language of the author of Wright on Cnmi
nal conspiracies, page 178, cited above, where
he says : "Ihe result ot all the cases, ignoring
matteis ot detail or special circumstances, ap
pears to be as follows: Workmen may combine
lawfully for their own protection and common
benefit: for the advancement of their own iu
tereat, for the development of skill iv their
trade or to prevent overcrowding therein, or to
eucourage those belonging to their trade to en
ter their guild for tbe purpose of rsi'lng their
wages or to secure a benefit which they can
claim by law. The moment, however, they
proceed by threats, inimidati&ns, violence, ob
structions or moles atinn in order to secure
iheir ends, or where their object be to impover
ish third persons, or to extort money from their
employer.-, or to ruin their business, ortoeu
c*urage strikes or breaches of contracts among
others, or to restrict the Ireedom of others for
the purpose of compelling employes to conform
lo their views or attempt" to enforce rules upon
those uot members of their association,
they render tb?mselves liable to indictment.
i:.- rights of workmen are conceded: but the
-c of free-will and freedom of action
within the limits of the law is also secured
equally to the master. Civil remedies have
been enforced also, both at law and in equity,
for injuries resulting fruui conspiracies belong
ing to the class reviewed. We bavc seen that
■acta oonaptrae-M are not Indictable or criminal
tn this state by reason of the provisions of the
Penal Code; but they are.nevertbless, unlawful
when they resort to uula.i nil means to accom
plish tceir purposes. I wi:*. quote some pas
sages from the cases cited. In the case of Cnip
iey vs. Atkinson the Supreme Court of Florida
reviewed ths law upon this subject with great
learning and ability, and in delivering tha opin
ion of the Court said:
•'Every one has the right to enjoy tlie fruits
and advantages of his own enterprise, industry,
skill and credit. He has uo right to be pro
tected against skill and competition, but he has
a rigbt to be free from malicious and wanton
interference, disturbance or annoyance. If dis
turtiauce or annoyance come as a result of com
petition, or tbe exercise of like rights by others,
it Is damnum absque injuria, unless some supe
rior right, by contract or otherwise.is Interfered
with. But if It comes from the mere wanton or
malicious acts of others without tbe justiffca
tion of competition, for the sen-ice
of auy interest, or lawful purpose, it
than stands apon a different footing, and tal s
within the principles of the authorities first re
ferred to, that is to say. Comyn's Digest and
others. See a so, as beaiiug on the general
question. People vs. Fisher, 14 Wend. 1; Rafael
vs. Verelst, 2 Vi. BL, where it was ted tbat
trespass lay against defendant for procuring, by
awe, fear and influence, and contrary to his own
inclination, a sovereign, independent, absolute,
prince to imprison tbe plaintiff. (Old Dominion
S. S. Co. vs. McKenna 3) Fed Rep. 4S: ■ w
bany law Jour. 20S. March 12, 1887; O. 8. I lr
cult Court, S. D. New York and cases cited
From the authorities referred to in the p
ing paragraph, and upon principle, it is ap-
P_r> :it that neither the fact that the term
of KTTioe Interrupted is not for a fixed
period, nor the fact that there is not a
right of action a canst the person who is la.
•■r influenced t. terminal- the sen
to refuse to perform his agrement, is of it-elf a
bar to an action against the third person
maliciously and wantonly procuriDg the tcr
mination of or a refusal to j-rform the agree
ment It is the legal right of the parties I
agreement to terminate it or refuse to pi:: nn
it. and in doing so he violates uo ngli; ■•: the
other party to It, but so long as the former is
willing and ready to perform, it Is not the
legal right, but is a wrong, on the part
of the third party. to maliciously aud
y procore the fo.-r.ier to terminate
or refuse to perform it. Such wanton and ma
licious interference for the mere pur-iose of in
juring another is not the exercise of a tefal
r,ght. Such other person who is iv employ
ment, by which he is earning a living or other
wise enjoying the fmtn and advantages of his
Industry or enterprise or skill, has a right lo
pursue such employment undisturbed by mere
malicious or wanton interference or annoyance,
hveryonc has a perfect right to protect or ad
vance his business, if ln doing so he infringes
no superior legal right of auotcer." And iv the
case of Dicks vj. Dickson, the facts were that
the plaintiff bad leased two plantations from
her mother for five years. The mother had a
life estate in the proper y. The defendant* aud
plaintiff were co-heirs of their deceased father.
The defendants wanted the mother to renounce
her life estate and tbe plaintiff to surrender
her lease so that the property could be dis
tributed to tbem in connection with the plain
tiff. The plaintiff refused to surrender her
[oOKTUrUXD 0>- FOUBTH FAQS.]
HAOUABi___T.ro IfAJTiY JSJSCOBD-UHION, THTJESDAY, IST O VJfi MBER __0, 181.0.
IS IT ECONOMY?
80J-ETHING OF INTEBEST ABOUT THE
CITY'S DRAINAGE PUMP.
A Tour of Inspection with Mayor Com
stock—A Glance at the Whole
Mayor Comstock, since his incumbency
as First Trustee, has adopted the very good
plan of taking daily drives aboat the city
and keeping himself posted as regards tbe
wants of the people, needed improvements,
and incidentnlly keeping an eye on the
street sprinklers and other servants of the
''I consider it a duty I owe to the citizens
who elected me to keep thoroughly in
formed as to what is geing on,'" he said
yesterday to a R.coa. Union reporter, who
happened to meet him j "ist as he was about
to start oat on a tour of the suburbs. "By
doing so," he continued, ' I am in abetter
position to act intelligently, and in a man
ner calculated to benefit the people most. I
watch the street work as much as I can,
and when I see anything going on that I
don't think is right, I make my protest,
right there en the spot. During the past
few days, however. I have been giving con
siderable of my time to studying up the
drainage question, and I think I have made
some discoveries that are important. But.
by-the-way, I am about to take a little spin
around now, and if you have a couple of
hours to spare you might accompany me."
The reporter jumped st the opportunity,
and a few minuie later was bouncing along
at a lively rate toward the outskirts of town.
THE DRAINAGE CANAL.
The Mayor took occasion to point with
pride along the route to ihe great activity
going on in street work, and he suggested
that it was a pleasure to him to realizs that
at last Sacramento is to have at least a few
streets that will be "'navigable" in winter.
'"Well, here we are now at Thirty-first
street.'' said the Mayer, as he turned his
horse to starboard, and headed southward
alongside of the old drainage canal. '"Now
here is where a great deal ot the water
sterls from aud is collected, that eventually
reaches the city's pumping works at Eighth
and V streets. This canal was originally in
tended, as you know,to carry off tte drain
age water of this psrt of the city, aad cut
side of the city limits. But it has been a
flat failure from the start. Look at it now.
It is full of stagnant water, and more refuse
matter is being ade'ei to it daily, which
only increases and intensifies the stencil,
that is now almost unbearable."
There wa9 no doubt about tbe truth of
the Mayor's assertion. At the junction of
Thirty-first and J streets a sewer from a
neighboring brewery emptied large quanti
ties of foul-snaeiling matier into tbe canal
—and there it stayed, jnst as if it had been
thrown into an open vat.
Following down the line of the canal the
point was reached where the winery at
Guthrie's dumps its refuse into the canal.
From this point, down for some distance,
however, there is a perceptible flow, and
although an odor that is almost stifling
arises from the ditch, matters are not so
bad as they would Le were tbere no fall in
the canal, as is the case further up. Some
distance below the point where the canal
tarns down V street, the refuse matter of
the Buffalo Brewery empties into the canal,
adding much to lhe already obnoxious
emeli. The Mayor explained, however,
that the brewery had only been usiDg the
canal a short time —since the new under
ground S street sewer, for which so much
money was paid out, had been choked np,
ard was not tit for use. This S street sewer
it appears is another failure. It carries the
sewage well enough for several blocks, but
tries to carry it uphill as it nears the Sixth
street sewer, into which it is supposed to
discharge its drainage matter.
A NICE JOB.
A force of workmen was at work yester
day trying to clean out tbe sewer, as well
as to remove an obstruction which choked
up tbe Sixth-street sewer. The Recobd-
Union reporter bad a talk with tbe man
who bad charce of this work, and from
hici learned that tbe S street sewer, where
itjjins the Sixth-street sewer, is consider
ably lower than the Sixth-sired sewer. The
resul' is that the sewage departs from the
latter and rushes up the S street sewer and
renders tbe latter at times absolutely use
less. The backwater moved with such force
recently as to break open tbe man hole at
Seventh and S streets.
Owing to the incapacity of the S-street
sewer, the drainage, or a greater part of it,
is turned into tbe old canal, which winds
around Sixteenth, V and Seventeenth
streets, and as the latter is about as fit to
carry water ts is a sieve, the land in
that vicinity is badly overflowed with the
THE PC.MPING WORKS.
'"Let's go down to the pumping works—
that's a hobby of mine, you know," sug
gested the Mayor. **I go down there fre
quently, and have been trying to figure out
how the expenses of that concern can be
cut down somewhat. As it is, it is a fear
ful drain on tbe city's pocket, and, I think,
It did not take long to reach the works at
Eighth and V streets, where the city's
drainage is collected, aud tben pumped
over the levee and down to the river, a dis
tance ot about a mile. The pump was in
operation when the visitors arrived, and
engineer Hurd aud his assistant showed
them every courtesy.
Tbe drainage water; as is generally
known, is forced by the pump into a large
tank or reservoir situated just outside the
levee, the south side (the pump works be
ing on the north side), and the weight or
pressure of the water forces it from this
tank into the pipe that is buried in tbe
levee, and runs down to the river.
WHAT THE PUMP CAN DO.
As much bas been said regarding the
capacity and usefulness of this pump, the
reporter took pains to make a close inspec
tion and learn au he could about it.
This is what be ascertained :
The pump iiseif is fully capable of
handling all the drainage water, in tbe
manner now in vogue, throughout tbe sum
mer months. But in winter, when there is
so much to be disposed of. it will not till
the bill. True, it can do just about one
third more work than it is called uoon to
do now, but in order to do so, the discbarge
pipe—the one that carries tbe drainage
water to the river—would have to bs en
larged considerably. As it is now, the
pump bas to be run at two-tbirds speed to
prevent overflowing the tank and swamp
ing tbe neighboring gardens. Engineer
Hurd demonstrated this by simply increas
ing the speed of the pump. Tbe result was
tbat in less than two uiiniit-'-s tbe water
was running over tbe top of tbe tank at a
The location of the pump is wrong—
It should never have been placed at
Eighth and V streets, and Mayor Corn
stock is fully convinced of this fact. The
proper place for it, or a better one, is at
Front and V streets, or as near to the junc
tion of tbe Y-street and river levees as it is
possible to put it. It could do
MORE ANP BETTER WOES.
Than where it is now, for the reason tbat
it would pump directly into tbe river and
would not be handicapped as it is now by
having to force the drainage matter through
a mile of small pipiDg. A powerful pump
at Front and V streets would settle tbe city
drainage question—at least so far as it in
volves the disposal of tbe drainage water.
"I have still another idea," said tbe
Mayor, after be and the newspaper man
had thoroughly discussed the above propo
sitions, "aEd i; is the one wbich I referred
ti before as being a bobby of mine. It is
this: I am satisfied (for I have the opin
ions of Mr. Urunsky aud other engineers
that it is thoroughly practical) that, by
Jigging a ditch directly west from thereser
voir or basin where the drainage water now
collects and is taken by the pump, down to
the river, there will be no necessity of do
ing any pumping al all during the sum
mer, or low-water months. Tbere is plenty
of fall between the two points, and tbe
water would run off itself. It would be an
easy matter to cnlvert it through tbe Front
street levee. This outlet couid be closed
during the high water, and then tbe pump
could do the work of throwing it over the
levee. You see. there would be all that ex
pense of running the pump during tbe
summer months, as it is being: done now,
Engineer Hurd coincided with the
Mayor's views. He believed tbe plan
perfectly feasible, even though it did throw
bim out of a job.
The engineer added, however, tbat in
hia opinion tbe pomp now in use should
not be moved, bnt left where it ia instead.
He did not believe the pump adequate for
the winter work. HU plan was to pat a
new and powerful pump at Front and V
streets, and keep the present one where it
is aa a reserve in case ef emergencies in
winter, even if it did throw him out of a
But aside from all the faults and mis
takes above pointed out. the one greatest
objection to the present system ot pump
ing is that it is a very expensive luiury for
a city that is as hard" pushed for finances as
Sacramento. Tbe average cost of running j
tbe pump, for fuel, salaries, repairs, etc., is
something like $800 per month during the
summer months. The city has been pay
ing $11 per ton for coal up to within a
few weeks ago when wood was
experimented with; white pine at $6 per
cord, delivered, was tried and found to be
very good, and considerably cheaper than
coal; but for some unknown reason, when
tbat supply gave out, a large quantity of
Cottonwood (which is a very poor steam
producer and inferior to white pine in
every way) was purchased for $4 per cord,
but which cost $2 per cord for hauling,
thus making it no cheaper than white pine
When coal was being burned it cost $2
per load for hauling it. And rig ht here is
where the Mayor makes one of his strong
est arguments for the placing of a capable
pump at Front and V streets. The rail
road is tbere, and coal or wood could be
dropped off in front of the boiler-room
with no expense for hauling.
The Canvass of Returns for the' State
Tbe special clerks appointed by the
Board of Supervisors to canvass the returns
of tbe late election succeeded yesterday in
tiguiiug out the total vote received by each
candidate on the State ticket. They will
in all probability complete their work to
day. The vote stands as follows:
For Governor—Markham 4,724, Pond
3.63., Bidwell 156.
For Lieutenant-Governor—Reddick4 835,
Del Valle 3.487, Hough 124.
For Secretary of State—Waite 4,736, Hen
dricks 3,646, Kellogg 117.
For Controller—Colgan4,4Bs, Dunn 3,900,
For Treasurer—McDonald 4 643, Herold
3,754, French 110.
For Attorney- General—Hart 4,991, Graves
3 32-vDann 177.
For Surveyor-General—Reichert 5.262,
Boom 3,134, Chase ill.
For Clerk of Supreme Court—Brown
4,896, Spencer 3,491, Price ill.
For Superintendent of Public Instruc
tioa—Anderson 5,015, Hail 3,353, Sever
For Congressman at Large—Campbell
For Congressman Third District—Mc
henca 4 872. Irish 3,488, Felkner 107.
For Railroad Commissioner—Beckman
4,895, Yell 3 392, Hart 109.
Fot Board oi Equalization—Morehou9e
5,011, Dusterberry 2.625, Taylor 105.
For Chief Justice Supreme Court—Beatty
5.097, Stanly 3,298, Thompson 92.
For Associate Justices—Garoutte 4 918,
Harrison 4 978. DeHaven 4 984, Coffey 3.539,
Smith 3,357. Hatch 3,409, Murphy 91, Brown
95, Elliott 97.
Foi Assemblyman Eighteenth District —
Brusie 1,783, Fi.ber 993, Landis 22.
For Assemblyman Nineteenth District—
Bruner 1,757, Johnson 1,353, Hart 33.
For Assemblyman Twentieth District—
Campbell 1,215, Doty 1,243, Scott 51.
HELD FOR MURDER.
Eesult cf the Preliminary Examination
ol Oduardo Friediani.
The examination of Oduardo Friediani
on a charge of murder was concluded in
the Police Court yesterday. After the
prosecution closed its case, the defendant's
attorney, Grove L. Johnson, announced
that tbe defense had no testimony to intro
City Attorney Hart asked that Friediani
be held to answer for murder. He believed
tbe prosecution bad made out a strong
<■_.•.'. and although tbere were a few dis
crepancies, they perlained only to the
minor details, and tbe general facts pointed
clearly to tbe guilt of the defendant.
Grove L. Johnson made an able argu
ment and appeal fur his client, and took
occasion to remark that an evening paper
in this city went to particular pains to pre
sent au unfair and very partial report of
the proceedings to the public. Mr. John
son held that the defendant wa_ really
guilty of no offense as the testimony clearly
showed that the deceased struck or pushed
bim with sufficient force to canse bim to
fall back two or three steps. This was a
battery, and the defendant bad a ri_ht to
protect himself, not knowing whether or
not the assault was to be followed up. He
was tbe weaker man and used a weapon
knowing that he would be powerless with
out one, against an antagonist of Scatina's
strength. Mr. Johnson asked that if ths
Court did think it a proper case for a jary,
that he hold the defendant to answer for
Judge Buckley stated tbat be would
rather that a jury should determine what
crime Friediani was cuilty of. The de
fendant was accordingly held to answer
withou*. bail for murder.
COUNTY TEACHERS' CONVENTION.
It Begins Monday Morning and Promises
to be Interesting,
The Sacramento County Teachers' Insti
tute will convene at the Capital Grammar
School buildiqg on Monday nezt at 10 a.
m. and continue in session three days. A
programme of e.iercise bas been prepared
wbich would indicate tbat nioch benefit
may be derived by those attending.
Professor John Dickinson, of the Univer
sity of Southern California, has been se
lected as lec'urer, and Superintendent P.
M. Fisher, of Oakland, as conductor.
On the evening of the first day a teachers'
reunion will be held in the parlor of tbe
Congregational Church, and on tbe follow
ing evenice at the Seventh street Methodist
Church Professor Johu Dickinson will de
liver one of his most popular scietific lec
tures, entitled "The Geology of the Stars.' 1
Sergeant Barwick Gives Some Reminis
ences of Last Tear.
The Signal Service temperature at 5 a. m.
and 5 p. m. yesterday was 41° and 64°,
while the highest and lowest was 68° and
39", with light northerly winds and a
Tbe highest and lowest temperature one
year ag .yesterday waasb° and 4')°, and one
year a_o to-day 5S° and 52°.
There was precipitated one year ago yes
terday in this city .03 of an inch ot rain,
and one year ago to-day (20.h) .9*3 of an
inch, making for last season up to this
-o.ii 870 inches, as against .80 of an inch
tor this season to dale, making this season
790 inches drjer than :ast season to an
To Her Last Resting-Place.
The funeral of tbe late Mrs. Mary B.
Curtis took place yesterday from the resi
dence of her son, William Curtis, on the
lower Stockton road. Relatives and friends
of the deceased weie in attendance in
large numbers. Tbe pall-bearers were M.
Sprague, W. H. Shepp, M. Smith, J. Rith.
M. Keefe and G. Davis.
"Citizens' " Nominees.
The "Citizens" met at Pythian Castle
last evening, and made tbe following nom
inations for School Directors: First Word,
Dr. M. Gardner; Second Ward, Samuel
Lavenson: Third Ward. A.C. Tufts; Fourth
Ward, H. C. Cbipman.
To Increase the Business.
A meeting of the stockholders of the
Buffalo Brewing Company will be held at
the brewery this (Thursday) evening at
7:30, for the purpose of voting on the prop
osition to increase tbe capital stock to $1,-
OOCi 000. <
Pears' Boap is tbe purest and best soap
QrjAKn Rolled White Oats. Queen of
breakfast dishes: quickly cooke.i; will
prove quite toothsome and delicious. *
"COMPOrSD SCLPHTJE PoWPKR-' (pllt Up
only by the W. H. Bone Co., No. 12 Bush
street, San Francisco) gives the best satis
faction of any remedy on tbe market. It
thoroughly cleanses tbe blood, and for
habitual constipation, indigestion, bilious
ness, piles, etc., it has no eijual, Kirk,
Geary ■& Co. *
Eveby well-regulated household baa
Quaker Oats always on hand. *
Lost—A brindle and white bull terrier
bitch, about seven months old. Return to
Western Hotel and receive liberal reward. »
The favorite dish for breakfast is Quaker
Oats. Aik your grocer for it. *
EXPERTS BEFORE THE TRUSTEES.
They Declare the Reserve Force of the
The Board of Trustees met last evening
to hear what the experts and engineers
who had examined the Stevens pump in
the Water-works, might have to say re
garding the condition of tbe machinery.
George Stcddard made an examination
of tbe pump last week, and said that, with
considerable repairs, the pump might do
for several years to come, but there was
not enough reserve force in all the ma
chinery the city had. It the Stevens pump
should break down entirely, the Holly
pump would be strained to supply the
ordinary demand, and should a fire break
out when tbe Stevens pump was disabled,
the other pump could not, without danger
of breaking down, be run fast enough to
reach the fire pressure. In such a case
thousands of dollars of the city's property
would be placed at stake, and the fire en
gines could not get a sufficient supply.
The demand was increasing constantly and
at present tbe demand over last y. _r
amounted to about 4,000,000 gallons a
week, or 205,000,000 a year.
Mr. Stoddard stated that there was room
in the building for another pump of from
five to ten million gallons capacity a day,
and he gave it as his honest opinion (be
had no axes to grind) that tbe best plan
would be to thoroughly repair tbe Stevens
pump and also set up a new one, so tbat
there might be plenty of reserve force.
Joseph Judd "agreed with Mr. Stoddard
that tbe pumping machinery was not ade
quate, and that an extra engine could be
used with good effect. There was not a
city in the United States at the present
time that supplied its inhabitants with
water as cheap as Sacramento did.
E. M. Luckett, who examined the Stev
ens pump wilh Mr. Stoddard, stated that if
he owned the water-works and was re
sponsible for supplying the city with water,
be would certainly see that another pump
was ready to do service.
It was estimated tbat the cost of a suit
able pump would be about $40 000, to raise
which would necessitate tbe levying of a
special tax, or tbe issuing of bonds.
Mayor Comstock said he would like to
have time to _am more information so
that he could act conscientiously in the
matter. He wanted to consult with other
mechanics and engineers and get their
views before deciding just what to do.
Trustee McLaughlin said he intended to
get all the enlightenment he could on the
subject. At present be was not well posted
on the condition of the machinery in tbe
Trustee Wolf said he knew well what
both pumps could do, and what was re
quired of them. He had asked the experts
to appear before the Board so that his col
leagues might understand the condition of
the machinery as fully as possible.
After some further discussion of the sub
ject the Board decided to defer action until
some time next week.
Necessary VFitnesses From Other Places
Cause a Delay.
Tbe case of J. H. Carder, charged with
burglarizing a room in the American
Eagle Hotel in this city, and taking there
from a gold watcb, was partially examined
in the Police Court yesterday morning.
For the defense several witnesses from San
Jose were sworn to prove that Carder
couid not have pawned the watch in that
town, as alleged by tbe prosecution. City
Attorney Hart announced that he wanted
to subpena some witnesses outside of the
city to introduce rebuttal testimony, and
be asked that tbe further hearing be post
poned for several days. The defense ob
jected to any long continuance on tbe
grounds tbat tbe defendant was incarcer
ated in jail and would have to remain
there, not being able to procure bonds. It
was finally agreed tbat the case go over
until Monday next.
The Stocktons and •acran-cntang Finish
ing the Series.
The ball game to-day between the Sacra
mentos and Stocktons will commence at
2:30 o'clock and the positions ot tbe re
spective teams will be filled as follows:
Sacramento. Positions. Stockton*.
Kilroy Pitcher Fudger
Bowman Catcher Armstrong
Stapleton First base Selna
Daly Second base Fogarty
Godar Third base Wilson
Reitz. Shortstop Pache
McHale Right fie:d.._Hickonbotham.
Goodenougb L'enter field Holliday
Roberts Left field Hoffman
The same two clubs will play one game
here to-morrow afternoon, two Saturday
afternoon and two on Sunday. Tbe Sacra
mento Club has decided tbat the last game
shall be played by the same nine men wbo
played the first game of the season.
Tbe liver marked 9 feet 2 inche3 yester
The steamer Neponset came down from
the upper Sacramento yesterday morning.
Frederick Mier, agent for tbe lone coali
says tbat tbe statement made by a corre
spondent in the Record-Union yesterday
morning tbat the lone coal is now selling
for $5 per ton is a mistake. He bas the
coal for sale at $3.
Tbe following articles of incorporation
were filed in the Secretary of State's office
Ontario Olive Company, principal place
of business, Ontario, San Bernardino
county; capital stcck, $80,000. Directors—
G. LeGaye, M. H. Bordwell, W.E.Scott,
E. De Bois and J. 1. Howlaud.
Dahlonega Mining Company, principal
place of business, San Francisco; capital
stock, $1,000 000. Directors—A. D. Allen,
Samuel G. Beatty, Edward Conolley and
John P. Crouch.
Tbere wiii be a battalion drill this even
ing at Armory Hall by Companies E and
G, First Artillery Regiment. The field,
staff, uon-commis9ioned staff and regi
mental band will be present.
Tue new breakfast dish, Quaker Oats, is
sold by all the leading grocers in two
pound packages. *
Osly $325 at $5 per month will boy a
cheap new piano at Cooper's, first class "(so
says its maker). We as. sell real first
class pianos as low as anywhere, giving
better value in the solid iron frame Mathu
shek, ofwbicb piano over 1,100 sold in
Sacramento city, used and tecommended
by our very best pianists, many of whom
have lately purchased it after teaching on
it for many yet-rs first. »
Quaker Rolled Oats are entirely free
from hulls. Try them. *
$325 at $10 per month buys a new first
class piano at Steinway agency. A. J.
Pommer, corner Ninth and J streets. •
Eat Quaker Rolled Oats for breakfast.
For sale by all grocers. *
Call or write for free catalogue of ten
cent music. Hammer's music store, No.
S2O J street. Sole agency for Chickering &
Sou's Pianos. •
If you wish to be happy eat Quaker Oats
for breakfast. *
Sacramento, November IS—Mary, wife of C.
Meyer, a native ot Germany, 40 years, 1
months and 8 days.
[Friends and acquaintances are respectfully in
vited to attend the funeral, from her late resi
dence, corner "Nineteenth nnd N streets, to
morrow afternbon at 2 o'c'ock.l *
Sacramento. November 19—Mary de Simas,
youngest daughter of Manuel and Orzalina
babastiao, a native of Sacramento couuty, 7
months and 11 days.
[Funeral notice hereafter. | *
% - -Sfci/ffICA. J
CHAI.6EB DAILY FOB WEI-.BTOCK. LPMB & CO.
' - ■ " ■—i- - . -
A HOLIDAY NOVELTY.
Among the new things in Fancy Work for the
coming holiday season are sheets of ivorine upon which
are photographed artistic sketches of various kinds.
The ivorine can be folded like a sheet of paper and the
design comes upon the first page, where it will show to
advantage. Will be found specially suitable for hand
kerchief cases and holders of various kinds. Price per
sheet, 90 cents. Small Ware Department.
The largest assortment ot Men's Clothing ami Furnishing Goods In the citr.
FOR CHILDREN WITH WEAK ANKLES.
Corset Shoes, for children commencing to walk, or
for children troubled with weak ankles, are made with
adjustable whalebone ribs, on both sides of the ankle.
If the whalebones are too heavy, they may be with
drawn or used on only one side at pleasure. The shoes
are made of finest straight goat and without heels. Lace
These shoes are of no special value except to those
who need them. On the other haud, where required,
our experience shows that they are a good thing and
should be used. Size, 2to 7*., $1 75.
The largest assortment of Men's Clothing and Furnishing Goods iv the city.
Standard Juvenile Books--Price, $1 25.
The following books are finely illustrated and
printed in first-class style on heavy paper with five gilt
and cloth binding. While written especially for young
people from 12 to iS years of age they are quite as in
teresting to adults :
Famous American Authors: Famous American Statesmen; Famous Men
of Science; Girls Who Became Famous; Poor Boys .Vho Became Famous;
Boys' Book of Famous Rulers, by Lydia Farmer ; Girls' Book of Famous
Queens, by Lydia Farmer; "Jed," a Boy's Adventures in the Army of "61,"
Warren Lee Goss; "Ten European Artists,''being sketches and portraits of
The largest assortment of Men's Clothing and Kurnishiug Goods in the city.
Shoes are an important item of expense. Nearly
every one is interested iv knowing just where the best
values can be obtained. We claim to offer buyers su
perior advantages. Either we do or we do not. If we
do xot, then the less said the better. If we do, then
the fact becomes a matter of concern to every shoe
buyer on the Coast. We invite those who have never
worn our shoes to give them a trial.
The largest assortment ot Men's Clothing and Furnishing Goods in the City.
This is a book for young and old people, being com
piled from matter appearing in Cassel's Family Maga
zine. Tt abounds in short stories, biographical sketches,
travels, reviews, poetry and practical papers on home
affairs, cookery, medicine, etc. It is handsomely
bound in cloth, with gilt design. Size, Sby 10 inches.
Price, $i 25.
The largest assortment of Men's Clothing and Furnishing Goods in the city.
WEINSTOCK, LDBIN _ CO.,
Nos. 400 to 412 X Street. Sacramento.
o_A_-_=-L:__P:_E___TS 2 C.__=kX^_E>JElTS !
NOW 13 THE TIME TO BUY YOCR CARPETS IF YOC WILL BE NEEDING ANY
within the next three months. The manufacturers have raised their prices from five to
fiiteen cents per yard since the new tarifl" law took effect. We are still selling CARPETS as
low as ever, but cannot do so long. See our beautifal new fall patterns. Just received.
OILCLOTHS, MATTINGS and RCG3 the lowest tn the city.
«»- FI'RMTI"KE AND CARPET- SOLD ON" EA.T* PAYMENTS, trt
CHAS. M. CAMPBELL--__---409 X street.
_E_ I_i"_Z"o2sr &c GO.
625 J STREET,
ZFtetirl-t-i-g- from Business!
SHOWCASE. AND FIXfCRES FOB SALE. nl7tf
____. -E-'TTXjXj ___-I_Nr_E_ -__>__**
In Gray. Green, Goblin, Navy and Black for
The Latest Hat out for Thanksgiving trade, trimmed wilh
FEATHERS AND BIRDS, at
MRS. M. 4. PEALER'S, 621 and 623 J Street, Sacramento,
ADUU-TiTPTTAN hIIK RAIN of our"c_*.-n.ers talk on the weather
rA_jJL.iUllUll rUA Aliii. i probabilities, and now feel confident,
A UUi"lVl_Vl' _. W*% j. »___._.-m a(ttr heari _ g thei . ren)ar _ gi tnatwe
can, with safety, predict rain during the coming winter. Fuithermore, we can predic; tor every
one who vtsi's our store that Uev will find the finest display of Clothing, Furnishing Goods,
Hats, Caps, Boots and Shoes, etc., in this city. We have not, as have some stores, increased our
prices on account of the McKlnley tarifl' bill, but in fact bave lowered them. We refer you to
our oric© l>st *
Cbiiichilla Overcoats, rednc d from 810 to 86 50. Alao, Coat and Teat,
rloib-'inrd. from KIO to *<"> 50
Men's Cnlon Cassimere Suits, reduced from i Men". Dress Pants, reduced from J6 to __ .50.
$10 to 86 Men's Cassimere Suits, reduced . Men's Business Suits, reduced irom $_> to 56 90.
irom Jl2 to 87 50. Men's Broadwales, re- ; Men's Dress Suits, reduced from 825 to 818 90.
duced from 822 50 to 817 50. i Men's Fancy Striped Pantaloons, reduced
Men's Fancy Striped, straight cut, reduced J from 88 to 86. 1.000 pairs Men's All-wool
frcm S2° 50 to B'6 50 Cassimere Pants, reduced from 85 to S3.
Men's Working Suits, reduced from 86to85" 50. ' Good Working Pants, reduced from 8150 to 81.
SHIHTS-A Hoe line of imped fhirts rriute d from _ f ems to 43 cents: Embroid
ered Striped Shirts, reduced from 81 to 50 cents; Woolen Shirts, reduced from 81 to 75 cts.
rrkr-nWH I_'-7-'-*-l A. -« —A very large stock, reduced from 81 to To cests.
S-E-CO-E-S*-.--!* Oaif Shoes, reduced from 82 to SI 25. Fine Calf Shoes, reduced from 83 to 82.
We carry a large line of RUBBES GOODS—Boots, Shoes, Coats, Caps, etc.—at low prices.
Mechapical Clothing Store, 414 X st„ fl, MARKS, Proprietor
PARSONS & KAUFMAN/^___-?__£££ ss>
Ladles' Kid Button, keel or sprlng-hee- 88 50
Laritea' Pebble Ooat, Batton, heel or spring bee) - 50
I.miles' French Kid Batton, caminun-.ense er opera stjles 3 SO
603 J st., between Sixth and Seventh, Sacramento,,
411 and 413 K'stT_«t,'Sacr»inento. ffa T_g IjC^TH^^
WALL PAPER OF ALL KINDS. 'SEND . _L _____ 1 .__)■
FOR PRICE LIST. I
€JT _£=£- aI?, fli"
JEWELER OF SACRAMENTO,fed
Agent for PATEK, PHILIPPE & CO.'S WATCHES. Beat In the world.
SICN OF THB TOWN CLOCK, NO. 315 J ST., SACRAMENTO.
_*T ____Li_«XJ-5a--i 3 eto^^ __?*l--_it__>_B]___i_-rt.a^ jT
|2V WATCHMAKERS and JEWELERS, 438 J St., bet. Foarth and Fifth. M
fe°iS| DEALERS IN WATCHES JEWELRY and DIAMONDS. REPAIRING ln all its «__l»
mash-H i «-v»o*-!flr. -XMtat MX. rLUßttm-l _?r.ii:<: >,-.- t\.X.'Kr'OKi' <"-._'-*CJ" !'PMPAN
BRAND, LAWTON. T3ARNETT & CO.,
REAL ESTATE, H-SCRAMCE, LOAN- NEGOTIATED, Houses to Kent, Collections.
408 ar Street Saoraxnento, o«_L.3pu
JOHN F. BRONNER,
SUCCESSOR TO GEO. F. BRONNER. DEALER
In Choice Groceries and Provisions, Wines,
Liquors, Cigars. Country orders solicited. Cor
Fit-wait** anr. L «-» Telephone No 10. anil-l
■toves, Rangos, __3to.
LATEST BTYLES, AND AT MOST REASON
abIe prices. Orders for Plumbing and Gas
Fitting, Tinwork and Rooting will receive
- H. A. PETRALLI. 718 X «?t. O-i-am
Waterhouse <___- Lester,
. — DEALERS IN—
IBOX, STEEL, CCMBE3LAND COAL,
Wagon Lumber and Carriage Hardware,
709, 711, 713.715 J street. Sacramento, Cat
THE NEWS OF THE WORLD IS CONTAINE ,
in the WEi*__LY UNION. I
At 9 O'clock
And All Day.
1 Children's MERINO
VESTS, 10 cents.
BONNETS, 50 cents.
Dress Goods Department,
25 Combination Suits
reduced to $10. Worth
Look at onr $5
Best value in town.
Fifth and J sts., Sacrameato.
of all Kama
For Sketching, Drawing, Oil
Color, Water Color and
Have jmt received a new lot of
AND A LARGE ASSORTMENT OF
ENTIRELY NEW STIT'IE..
rattier, Fniier & Co.,
1016 and 1018 Second Street. s*.7-ti:'.p(i*n)
JOE POHEIM, THE TAILOR,
SK"-j Hm just received an im
«^! iv. use lice of the latest
V*-jy novelties for the Hciidaj
_tt__\___^_ Trade. FiceTailorirurat
M$J ft, moderate prices. IVrfect
/-"VIS *"* aa<* ""'"'' °"^ TV0' -im:-*-"
(HI P ship guaranteed. Kules
"-?.; for self-mea .uremeut and
I samples of cloth sent
kfe free to any address.
fcfp-'] JOE POHEIM
| THE TAILOB,
l_-f awl 60"1 J Btree''' cor*"er Sixth,
t'i-Li Sacramento. Branch of S_n
THE SWEETEST AND 3SSF.
The Capital Ham
LINDLEY A CO.. "acrament-, Cal
CREAM ■ CARAMELS!
AND THE LARGEST ASSORTMENT OF
IS THE CITT, AT
_B -A. _FL T <__> P-J'-S.
NO. 810 J STREET, "pit
FOR SIXTYJDAYS ONLY!
&■__ per csL<_>___©x_lX
FORMER PRICE, 86 PER DOZEN.
LATENT STTLES! FINEST FISItHI
CANNOT Bl EXC___LBD AT
ANY I'hlCE; AT
SELLECK'S NEW GALLERY,
POSTOFFICE BCILDIN ..
Fourth and X St_ |o:Vlf] Sacramento
NEW PROCESS COHN MEAL.
NEUBOCRG 6 LAGES, STAR MILLS AND
M__t Ko__e, 101G to tOi.o Fifth streei.
ianufacrarers of malt and ..il kinds of me*..
Also, dealers In hops, corks, product-, grain,
feed and brewers' supplies. Specia, attention
is called to our new process com mea. an
tenna. Exchange sola on the orincipal cltiea
o« K-iirntw •*•*-"
FtAOTTCAL PLCMBEBS, STEAM AND GAS
Fitters, -tooling and Jobbing. Term* rea
sonable. I*7 J Htreet.