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Trans. Histoafcai society
tol. xn, NO. 112,
WICHITA, KANSAS, THURSDAY 3I0IIXIX0. 3IAHCH 27, 1890.
WHOLE NO. 1822.
OTHER COUNTIES OF THE
The Three Big ?: Barber, Barton
Their &re&, Topography, and their Agri
cultural and Horticultural
Barber, on the Southern Tier, with Her
Sugar Interests; Barton, in the Center
of the State, with Her Blue Grass,
Wheat, and Great Mills; and
Butler with Her Hogs
and Cattle and Liv
Located in the center of the southern tier
of counties, adjoining the Indian Territory.
Cent suns 1.134 square miles, sufficient for
4,n5G farms of 100 acres each. It has a pop
ulation of 8,500; taxable wealth, $3,500,000;
divided into lands, $2,200,000; town lots,
S&'VOO; personal property, $100,000; rail
r "1 property, $300,000. Property is as
Ev a at JWX per cent of its real value so
tin- actual wealth of the county exceeds
S! n ( 10.000 The county was settled and or
g u.ized in ISTtJ. It ha.s never asked for
n. 1 lias never needed one dollar of outside
aid. has never had a crop failure; has four
iiu orporatcd cities, these lieing Medicine
Lodge, the county seat; Kiowa, the gate
way to the Cherokee Strip; llazelton, in
the c enter of the richest agricultural bolt;
Sharon, ten miles east of the county seat,
in the rich Sharon valley. These towns are
ail prosperous with churohes, schools, and
good society. Other smaller towns are
Lake City, Sun City, Aetna, Mingona,
Deerhcad, llardtner. Elm Mills, and Isa
bel The county has three lines of rail
road: The Santa Fe, running to Hazleton,
Kiowa. Sharon, and Medicine Lodge; the
Miuuri Pacific, going to Hazleton
nnd Kiowa; and the Mulvano exten
ts o:i of the Santa Fe, running
through the northern part of the county.
The county is the best watered of any in
Kansas, its iTever failing streams being
supplied by cool springs of pure water.
Most of the streams are skirted by timber,
rind from each reaches out broad second
bottoms rich as those beside the Nile. The
6 i is very deep, impregnated with gypsuin
and sand; never bakes, is easily tilled, and
responds with wonderful productiveness.
The county is free-range, the only one in
this part of Kansas that is. This feature
pnnits the fanner to handle stock with
out a great outlay of money for fencing,
Tl on was marketed last year live stock
r'iKrd in Barber county amounting' to
more than $500,000. The wheat crop in
' -1 i craged. in the county. 21 bushels
toil, acre, while many fields went as high
n ') bushels, corn averagod 4 bushels, and
1 I- i-'iels was a frequent crop; oath yield
fr u i into To bushels; millet from 4to0
tt ris. Prairie hay is plentiful everywhere;
n inv farms arc being provided with
-Kalf.-i, from which three and even five
c i .- are cut each season. The county has
r .i - ) good cotton'and there is a gin at the
untv scat. Its sorghum sugar industry
i- iH.u- known to the world. The sugar
H.nk-t at Medicine Lodge started late in
1 pioduced over 500,000 pounds of sor
t' i.u -agar, and from beets grown on four
ur - i-iadc 10,000 pounds of beet sugar.
fjl v. oiks are being enlarged, a refinery
pi.: in. and this season they expect to man
u. i-iu re 4.000,000 pounds of beet and sor
,1 in .sugar. Farmers who raised tor
g..'im for the mill realized from $-J0
t !'!0 per acre for their labor;
tl"v x ill realize double this on the
S'..M-lxetsthey plant. The county has
r .ii 100 organized school districts and
t. ' m -live school houses, those at Kiowa,
I J I :! awl Medicine Lodge being large,
br-t k modern buildings, heated by steam.
1 Li iv are churches or church organiza-
t us in every town, city and neighborly-
d The immense gypsum deposits are
Li i- utilized by a cement and plaster
i i- : factory at the county seat that will
b .' .out from three to live car loads of
i -.nufauured product daily. There are
c -, is of marble, several colors, in the
' n. part of the county. The county
1 -two successful creameries, one at Ha
:' !. and one at Medicine Lodge; two
I- .i inuring mills, one at Hazleton, one
i.i Mills; five newspapers, the Index
a 1 ( re-set, at Medicine Lodge; Herald
a '! b.-irnal, at Kiowa, and Express, at
l' ii.tit. liKl is worth from jRJ to SW
I .. tv. Stock needs feeding but three
i : ! - in the year. The farmer can
I.--. i'i plow with his coat off three liun
n .-lav, in the year. There are more
s days tbau in any country, sunny
1 i not excepted.
n . organized in 1S72, and has an area
" ' uare miles; is located alwit mid
v . .1 ; le state, north and south, and the
i .uuty west of the geographical
t ' - The county seat is Great Bend,
.s . in ,1 on the great liend of the Arkansas
l v i . several other important towns in
t c .unty are well located and pros-I-
1-. Elliuwood, Hoisington, Pawnee
1 .. t'laffinan$ Olmitz. all situated in
1 ! abties, with good farming country
..It hem. The surface of the country
i -inly rolling, and of first and second
b ' '-a lauds; it has neither high bluffs
: - -and hills," and about all good till
: ... I.. nd. The first settlement was made
l --... and it now lias a population of
Z uhi The soil is dark, rich, deep, loam
a- 1 1 watered by the Arkansas, river. "Yal-
i;u ..nd Cow creeks, all living streams,
r 'j -i ral ethers jart of tlie year. Also
1 s . ,i abundance of good pure well water
t! is never failing. Barton county has
n h uite a succe-s in tree growth, and
Lm. tny fine groves of young timber, and
qi .. ..n .-.mount of natural timber along
ti e s. reams. Many farmers are successful
ir friur growing, and in a few years fruit
av.11 be crown and bearing all over the
count . The natural grasses of this county
rrc the Blue stem, bunch and Buffalo
varieties; the first two are good summer
grasses, the latter is a fine fall and winter
gnss. and e-eeiallv valuable for winter
grazing. Alfalfa clover grows fine
ly, and is raised quite exten
sively; red eiovcr and timothy are being
Kfwn and do well, as the land is longer cul
tivated. Blue grass grows splendidly, and
many fine lawns are now seen in Great
Bend and other towns of the county. The
county is therefore especially adapted to
stock raising, there ahvayslwing an abund-
ance of forage and water during the dryest
years, and with the long pasturing season
and short winters, stock raising is quite
profitable. In several townships of our
county creameries have been built, and in
thee localities fanners are making the
milk pay nicely, in connection with the
raising of stock. Salt beds are found in
the southern part of the county, and north
of the Arkansas river a bed of rock salt of
excellent quality, over one hundred feet in
thickness has been tested and is found as
nearly pure as any in the state; where this
test was made a flowing well of salt water
is constantly running out over the prairie
and is quite perceptibly increasing in flow
and quality, and is the only known well of
the kind in the state. One of the most im
portant features of our state is the public
schools, and no county in the state takes
more pride in her schools than Barton.
Over one hundred organized districts and
schools in our county. Graded schools at
Great Bend and other towns of the county.
The Central Normal college is located at
Great Bend. This institution is but a
little past two years old, and is already
taking rank among the best institutions
of learning of our country; it has at this
time over two hundred students and is
daily increasing. A large and com
modious brick building of twenty-four
rooms, pleasantly located,
with boarding houses, rooms and con
veniences for students surrounding it,
makes it pleasant, healthy and in every
way deserving, the patronage it has now
and in the future will receive. Churches
of the various denominations are well
established and attended. The different
business and professional interests are
well represented. Four large flouring
mills whose capacity is 1,000 barrels per
day; machine shops, water works, street
railway and other good improvements
usual to cities of Kansas. The inhabitants
of the county are generally native Ameri
cans and Germans. Barton county stands
at the front in crops of all kinds, but for
want of space can only give of wheat, corn
and rye; in 18S4, wheat sown, 84,518 acres;
yield 2,112,9u0 bushels, being third in the,
state in bushels and first in yield per acre;
in 1SS0 41,127 acres, yield 740,2SG bushels,
being first iu the state by 107,0SG bushels;
in 18b9-S2,578 acres, yield 2,332,528 bush
els, being second in the state in bushels
and first in yield; in 1890 we have not less
than 120,000 acres sown, and at this season
has never looked better in the history of
the county; corn, 1SS9, 2,000,000 bushels;
Situated in the south central portion of
the state of Kansas, and thirty-fivo miles
north of the Indian territory, is the county
of Butler the largest county in the state
being thirty-four and one-half by forty
two miles in area. The soil of the county
can not be excelled by that of any part of
the United States. The general surface of
the county is undulating, and is divided
into bottom lands, second bottom, and up
land or prairie. Butleris the best watered
county in the state, being traversed by
twenty-three running streams, fed bj-never-failing
streams of the purest water,
the banks being strewn with a vigorous,
health growth of natural timber. The
bottom lands along these streams are from
one to two miles in width. The main
stream is Walnut Tiver. with its twenty
odd tributaries. These streams furnish
excellent water-power facilities.
Butler county has nearly 1,000,000 acres
within her borders, sufficient for 100,000
people, yet she has but 20,000 inhabitants.
Of this area, 2(50,554 acres are in cultiva
tion, which leaves about 040,000 acres
which remain as they came from the hand
of the Maker. The productiveness of these
lands can nowhere be equaled. Corn fre
quently makes ninet y bushels per acre, and
wheat has been known to produce fifty.
Butler county, in 1S90, produced 5,449,100
bushels of corn, 1,144,S30 bushels of wheat,
and had 4,730 acres of Irish potatoes, 40,
000 acres of sorghum, 270 acres of broom
corn, and 13,700 acres of millet, which pro
duced an estimated crop of three tons per
aero. Flax grows luxuriantly.
On March 1, 18S9, Butler county had on
hand 393,322 bushels of old corn, 4,493 bush
els of wheat, and S,711 tons of tame hay
and 72,092 tons of prairie hay.
The assessors for 1SSS make returns of :
1.193 acres of timothy, 127 acres of orchard
grass, 403 acres of clover, 402 acres of blue
grass, 803 acres of other tame grasses. As
a fruit country, Butler ranks A No. 1, and
has 200,000 bearing fruit trees; apples,
peaches, plums, and cherries are very pro
lific, and grapes are specially adapted to
this soil and climate. Butler county has
hundreds of miles of hedges and thousands
of acres of cultivated forests.
As a stock country she knows no supe
rior, her nutritious grassesand pure water,
free from all alkali substances, place her
out of reach of nil competitors. In ISSOshe
had 15,318 horses. 1.7G7 mules, 09,101 cattle,
49,245 sheep, 59.OS0 swine. Value of ani
mals sold in 1SSS, ?oG0,712; wool clip 1SSS,
$2S4,937; cattle fed for market off of the
crop of 1SS9, 30,000. Butler county has a
pamilation of 20.000 people, and has 174
school houses. S.917 children of school age;
employes 214 teachers, who are paid au
average salary of 10.07 per mouth. Butler
county has always been well governed, to
the extent that as a county, she owes not
one dollar of bonded indebtedness.
Butler county is traversed by four great
trunk line railroads, and possesses 202
miles of railway, a main line of the Atchi
son. Topeka & Santa Fe from Florence, ex
tends through the couuty from north to
south passing the towns of DeGraff. El Do
rado, Augusta, Gordon, and Douglass to
Galveston. The Missouri Pacific from east
to west, and along the line may be
found Rosalia. Pontine, El Dorado,
Towanda, and Bentou to "Wich
ita, with n branch to Xevv
ton, passing through Potwin, Brainerd
aud Whitewater. The Rock Island crosses
the northwest corner of the county, cross
ing the Missouri Pacific branch at White
water. The St. Louis & San Francisco
passes through the south half of the coun
ty, fiom east to west, passing through the
towns of Beaumont, Keighly, Leon, Haver
hill. Augusta aud Andover to Wichita.
The Santa r e road also has a branch frain
ugxstn to Mulvaue, and the Frisco a
branch from Beaumont, through Latham
to Wiufield. Iu the religious world But
ler county is fully represented.
El Dorado is the county seat and has a
population of 6,000. This town forms au
end of a division on the Missouri Pacific
road: this gives it the advantage of a
niouthly pay-roll of $25,000. The town is
supplied with gas. electric light and water
works. Augusta, twelve miles south of
El Dorado, is the next town of importance
in the county it contains 2.ri00 people.
Then in order comes Leon. Whitewater.
Brainerd, Latham, Potwin, Towanda and
BUTTERWORTH'S GAMBLING BILL.
Washixgtox, March 26. The house com
mittee on agriculture has authorized a
favorable report with amendments on the
bill introduced by Representative Butter
worth defining "options" and "futures,'
and imposing special taxes on dealers
DEALING I FUTURE
M. INGALLS' A3IEXMIEXT TO THE
He Delivers a Tart Lecture to Gen
tlemen ayIio Fear Violations
of the Constitution.
Other Necessities than Those Originally
Mentioned Included, Together
with Stocks and Bonds.
The Bill Sot Yet Completed The Day in
the House Occupied with the Wyoming
Bill A Eecess Until This Morn
ingHides Put on the Free
List Duty on Jute Bag
Washington, March 20. Mr. Sherman,
from the committee on foreign relations,
reported a substitute for the first section
of the meat inspection bill. Ordered
printed. He said that the substitute was
intended to meet the objections of packers
and dealers in pork.
On motion of Mr. Sherman the anti-trust
bill was taken up and various formal
amendments were made. The amendment
offered yesterday by Mr. Stewart to insert
the words, '"Or of the value of money by
which such cost may be advanced or re
duced," was agreed to, Mr. Hoar with
drawing his amendment to it, which was
to add the words "gold or silver."'
Mr. Spooner offered an amendment for
the first section, giving the courts author
ity, in addition to other remedies, to issue
writs of injunction prohibiting and re
straining combinations from proceeding
any further in the business except to wind
up their affairs, and he proceeded to state
the grounds upon which he offered it.
Mr. Vest said that he would not say
another word about the constitution. He
was prepared to join the procession. It re
minded him of ahuntingparty that madean
agreement that the first man who com
plained of a dish set before him in camp
should cook for a week. One of them hap
pened to kill an old crow and cooked it for
mess) and every one praised it as a most
delicious morsel. The farmers' alliance
was cooking now, and no dish could bo
placed on the senatorial table that would
not be taken with a gusto that would de
light a Parisian gourmand.
Mr. Ingalls said that his amendment
was not intended in any manner whatever
to interfere with the bargain, mircnasc.
sale or exchange of any products of what
the parties might be possessed or
of which thev miirht be the nro-
ducers, or which they intended
actually to deliver. It was directed against
that gigantic, modern invention known as
"dealing in futures," which was as nefa
rious and just as disreputable as the poker
table or the faro bank. In those dealings
in futures there were agreements to sell of
ten fifty times more than the amount of
product in the market, the sole purpose
being to enable those "who neither toiled
or-spun," but who were "clad in purple
and fared sumptuously"' every day to set
tle up on the 1st ot October or the 1st
of. November the differences of prices
on which they had bet and the market
price of the article on that day. His
amendment had been met at every stage
of the proceeding by the interposition of
some question of order or some question
of etiquette or some question of constitu
tionality. The senator from Louisiana
(Mr. Eustis) and other senators had ques
tioned the sincerity, the good faith, the
intelligence of those who oll'ered or ad-
nerecl to the amendment and had desired
to know if it was a sham battle or if those
in favor of it were playing the
part of Don Quixote, aud "the sen
ator from Missouri (Mr. Vest) had in
timated that the amendment was offered
at the dictation of the Farmers' alliance,
as if "the isle was to be frightened from its
propriety," and as H senators, trembling
and in a state of trepidation, had endeav
ored to do that great act of justice. The
people of the United States, Mr. Ingalls
continued, had a reasonable degree of re
spect for the constitution, but Ithey were
not afraid of it. The constitution was a
growth and not a manufacture, and the
constitution of 1S90 (by reason of the oper
ation of the will of the people who made it)
was a vastly different instrument from
the constitution of 17b9. Its authors
would not know it. They had made it for
a specific purpose, not for the object of en
abling country lawyers to devise defini
tions or to put obstacles and barriers to
the will of the people. But the constitu
tion was perpetually invoked by narrow
and rigid ami ill-liberal constructionists
as an inseparable oarrier against every
benefit of the condition of theeople. Sen
ators supporting this bill had been taunted
with bad faith, with false chivalry, with
fighting sham battles, because tfiey at
tempted to carry into effect a pro
vision which was entirely within the
limits and views of the constitution, lie
could not conceive of anything more
humorous, more qualified to make the
sides of the nation shake with derisive
laughter than to have the senator from
Louisiana (Mr. Eustis) and the senator
from Mississippi (Mr. George) and the
senator from Missouri (Mr. Vest) and their
associates rise with terror on every acca
sion and plead tho constitution with a
simulation of terror as if the minutest
abrogation of that sacred instrument
would make freedom shriek.
Those gentlemen had spent considerable
of their time in endeavoring to destrov
that constitution. What, he asked, was
the secret of their new found reverence for j
the constitution? Had they borne it i
away m the ark of the covenant for tour
years and then brought it back as it-
chosen guardians? And did that j)tnnit
them to taunt those who endeavored to
carry out the ideas of national growth
and progress with being violators
of the constitution It seemed to
him that iB would be a lit
tle more becoming for those senators
who wore scourging them and holding
them up-to public castigation to remember
that their view of the constitution had not
been maintained by the people of the
United States. There had beeu no step in
national -progress in the last thirty-five
.ears against which the senator from
Louisiana and the senator from Missi
ssippi and the senator from Missouri had
not risen and declared that it was against
the constitution. He recollected that there
was once a great demonstration to prove !
that there was no power in the coustitu-
' .'An . A.v. n -- .1k?M'U . 4i- A I
. nnt nf th(k ':' iinf rh Z, w I
found it. 'J. hey nart louna it somewhere
in its latent re-ources of "'nublic welfare." I
blessings of liberty," or somewhere else.
They had been told" that the abolition of
slaverv-was without warrant in the consti
tution, but it had been found, and when it j
conld not lie found in the letter it was
amended by the sword. And that was a i
fair warning to those who attempted to
establish A-erbnl, lingual interpretations
against tne vym or tne people, tuat wnen
ever the elasticity, the capacity to carry
out the wish and will? of" the peo
ple Avas now pufficieut in the consti
tution there Avould always be found a
way to amend. They had been told when
the reconstruction measures were up that
there was no constitutional powerto re
construct, they had been toht that there.
wa- no constitutional jtower to make pa-
per a legal tender and they bad been toW
thnt there, was? no constitutional power to
resume specie payments. He commended
to those constmer of the consitntion the
I contemplation of the result of their criti-
cisims during the last thirty years,
and suggested to them whether it
was not barely possible for them to
be mistaken in invoking the constitution
against the effort to recover the burden of
the monstrous and crying evil against
which the bill and amendment were in
tended. Mr. Vest replied to Mr. Intralls. If the
results of the war, he said, were to put the
entire southern people under a bane and
outside the pale of constitutional obliga
tion, then that senators conclusions were
amenable to his criticism. Since
the arbitrament of battle had
decided against the southern people
there had "been but one question among
honorable people mid that- was whether
the south had accepted the result honestlv
and intended to abide by it.
Mr. Ingalls asked Mr. Vet whether he
believed that the constitutional position
taken by the south during the war was
right or wrong.
Mr. Vest replied that he hnd believed
then that it was right and that he accepted
the result and meant honestly to abide by
the construction of the constitution put
upon it by the supreme court. But
he did not accept as the result of the
struggle all the constructions put upon
the constitution by the Republican party
or by the senator from Kansas. It sen
ators representing southern states were to
be used as announced by that senator they
might as well be out of the union. Be
was under an obligation to obey the con
stitution but not to take tho construction
put upon it by the senator from Kansas.
Mr. Eustis also replied to the remarks
of Mr. Ingalls. That senator had inti
mated that southern senators knew noth
ing about the constitution.
"Oh no," said Mr. Ingalls, "you have
been on both sides and ought understand
Continuing, Mr. Eustis said that if the
senator sought to correct the niorals of the
people, if he was to assume the role of
censor, the archangel who looked down
upon and wept over the depravity of his
fellows, he (Eustis) asked the senator to
leave out Louisiana.
Mr. Ingalls We want to take hold of
your lottery by and by.
Mr. Butkr offered an amendment ex
tending the provisions of the bill to stocks
and bonds. Adopted.
Mr. Eustis offered an amendment ex
tending its provisions to cotton prints,
steel, boots, shoes and lumber. Adopted.
On motion of .Mr. Blair au amendment
was adopted including woolen goods and
whisky and all kinds of intoxicating
drinks within the provisions of the bill.
Motions to recommit the bill to the fi
nance and judiciary committees Ave re re
jected. Mr. Vest moved to increase the license
for dealers in options from 100 to $1,000.
Adopted on a rising vote
The bill, which Had been considered all
the time as in the committee of the whole,
was reported to the senate where all the
amendments have to be acted upon again
and where other amendments may be of
fered. After an executive seession the senate
House Takes a Eecess
Taking any Action,
Washington, March 20. Mr. Cannon,
of Illinois, from the committee on i ules
reported u resolution making the Wyoming
admission bill a special order for today, a
rece-s to be taken at 5:30 this afternoon
until 11 o'clock tomorrow, the previous
question to be considered as ordered at 1
Tire resolution was adopted and the Wy
oming bill AvastheutakeNU).V.
Mr. Baker, of New York, submitted an
argument in support of the measure, and
Mr. Barnes, ol Georgia, opposed the bill.
Mr. Carey, of Wyoming, made a strong
plea for the admission of the territory.
Mr. Docker, of Missouri, opposed, the
bill. He saidit was nothing more or less
than a partisan measure, designed to per
petuate the power of tire Republican party,
it (like the Idaho bill, soon to follow)
should be called a bill to add three elec
toral votes and two senators to the Repub
lican columns in 1892.
Mr. Washington, of Tennessee, attacked
the woman's suffrage clause, and held that
the people of Wyoming had Aiolated the
provision of the act of organization limit
ing suffrage to Avhite male suffrage.
Women might be sent from Wyomiug to
Mr. Kerr, of Iowa, thought the oppon
neuts of the bill were in bad straits when
they fell back for an objection upon the
woman suffrage provision.
Mr. Kelley, of Kansas, said he Avould not
be frightened if women had seats on the
lloor of the house, and perhaps it would re
sult in benefit. Atanv rate thev would
vote as intelligently as the male members,
After further debate the house took a re
cess until 11 o'clock tomorrow.
WESTERN MATTERS AT THE CAPITAL
Washington', March 20. Pensions have
been granted as follows: Kansas Ori
invalid: A. Becker, Quenen:
Johnson. Hutchinson; J. L. Rmuvv, St.
Marys; L. Hammer, Prairie Centre: J. H.
Worrick, Mankato; R. Robertson. Sabetha;
i. W. Lewis, Troy; Win. Peterson. North
Brauch: T. M. Mannen, Fredonia; F. Tick
amire, Kansas City; S. Johnson. Marys
ville; A. McKee.'lIavensville. Increase:
J. A. Davidson, Valley Centre; J. E. Ifavi
land. Sedan; L. R. Simons, Kansas City;
A. Weaver, Kanapobs: D. K. Craid,
Clyde; G. W. Burns. Garden City: J. G.
Orville, National Military Home; .F. Wil
liams, Leavenworth; John Rye, Topeka;
('. Cross, Danville: D. Allen, Wasliington;
W. F. Cross. Labette: A. Stephens. Pea
lwdy; S. W. Pyie, Fort Scott: K. F. Mc
Garrah, Mcdiiiiie Lodge; D. A. Snyder,
Wichita; S. R. Berg. Rubens: J. Simon,
Garden City: I. Reed. Wyandotte; M.
Rovce, Parsons; A. MacMans, La Crosse;
W."E. B. Houston, Dermont; W. H. Mc
Call, Crown Point; C. Carver, Olathe; W.
D. Johnson, Barnes; J. F. Whitney,
Larned: F. Haycraft, Wichita; J. Miller,
Miltonvale: Win. Hareford. Leavenworth;
J. L. Jacobs. Grenola; J. Hen, Rest; B. M.
Fovte. Hiawatha: L. A. Booue, Malvern;
B. F. Havens. Marion.
Texas Mexican survivor: X. M. Steeks,
Arkansas Original: Humphrey Leigh
ton. Nebo. Increase: F. D. Can field. Lit
tle Bay: .V. J. Vowell, Xewburg; G. W.
Booth, Ravenden Sprinirs; F. Mr Savage,
Hackett City; O. M. Dotson, Cherokee
City: A. McCoy. Malvern.
Colorado Increase: E. G. Snider, Da
vid: P. Lewis. Denver; F. Briese. Ro-ita:
J. S. Calkins, Fort Collins; minor of
George Nolan. Falcon.
Indian Territory Original: Robert M.
The following fourth-class postmaster
have been appointed: Indian territorv
Vluioii, Lnoctaw nation, a. (t.
nation. J. G. Clavton.
vice C. F. Igo, resigned: Pauls Valley,
Chickasaw nation. T. F. Harwood. vice C.
.1 iCr-anf rwnvrw- SAVsimn I KMfow-
nation. F. Lucaad. Sr.. vice B.' M. Bailv.
Birminrbani, Jackson conmv.
Mrs. E. Davis, vice A. Davis, deceased;
Groveland. McPherson county, W. J.
Henry, vice W. J. O'Neal, resigned.
Patents irranted were: Kaosa E. W.
Brown, Vining; jack for supporting clap- j
board - . E. T. Hoffman. Stunmandttwot;
dirt - loading machine. -T. A. Stevens. Ar- j
kansas Citv: weather strip and threshold.
Texas Newton M. !.. Sherman- gnn j
powder can. Q. A. Shnford, Tyler; anal
"VY.5inGTON. March 36. Tbe senate in
executive session today confirmed th fed- i Dakota and Leroy & Caney Valley raO
hwing nominations: Pay Director Thomas roads. Deteraooos were preeent from
H. Looker to be chief of the barean of pro-1 along the line of both roads. Hon. I K.
ri-ions and clothing and narnmster get- i Kirk, of Garnett: J. R Cates and Charier
erai of thenar)-.
Amos. South, Jr., surveyor of emsumts at
Postmasters Missouri: 3L li Doacbtr. I
FitrmiiigtoB; "SVUfiam Oecbraa, Jr., Milan.
SEEKING FOR PEACE.
CENTRAL PASSENGER AGENTS DIS
CUSS THE RATE PROBLEM.
An Effort to Re-Organize the West
ern States Association and
The Organization to Includethe Trans-Missouri
Lines An Agreement Kow
Garnett's Demand for Additional Passenger
Service Heard by the State Commis
sioners A Trans-Pacific Steam
ship Line Projected by the
Santa Pe Hews from
CincAtfo, 111., March 20. The central
passenger agents of the roads formerly
coustitutingjthe membership of the AYest
ern States Passenger association met to
day to consider the" question of restoring
rates. The sentiment in favor of putting
an end to the war proved to be unanimous,
but the Chicago, Burlington & Quincv
refused to eutr into an agreement to ad
vance rates without arrangement that
would insure u rea-onabic degree of
permanency for tho agreed b:isis.
The question of reorganizing the West
ern States Passenger iissociation was dis-
movement, a committee oi live was ap
pointed to consider the matter and prepare
a report with recommendations to be sub
mitted to an adjourned meeting to be held
Friday morning. The committee was in
session all the afternoon and will meet
again tomorrow. It is believed the old
agreement Avill be adopted with very few
l-REPATJE-G AX AGREEMENT.
General Passenger Agent Sebastian, of
the Chicago. Rock Island & Pacific, in an
interview with a representative of the As
sociated Press tonight in reference to the
pas-enger rate war said: "A committee is
now at work on an agreement which will
be submitted to all the lines in the terri
tory covered by the Western States' Pas
senger association on Friday morning
and the indications are that the same
will be satisfactory and in all
probability rates will on that day be re
stored to the regular tariff after giving the
regular ten days' notice. An effort will be
made at this meeting to consolidate the
lines in the old Western States Passenger
association territory and the present Trans
Missouri association lines into one associa
tion with a chairman to be elected cover
ing the above territory."
JUDGE CALDWELL'S BULE.
He Demands that All Liabilities be Paid on
Little Rock, Ark., March. 20. In the
United States circuit court today Judge
Caldwell appointed Newman Erb receiver
of the Kansas City. Wyandotte & North
western railway. The application for a re
ceiver was made Monday by the Farmers
Loan and Trust company, of New York,
pending the foreclosure of their mortgage.
The mortgage was executed January, 1SKS.
Judge Caldwell required as a condition of
appointing a receiver that all the
debts and liabilities of the company in
cuiTcd in the construction, repair and
operation of the road, including damages
to property, since the execution of the
mortgage should be made a charge upon
the mortgaged property and paid out of the
proceeds of the sale of the road, if not
sooner paid by tho receiver out of the earn
ings of the road or other funds provided
for the purpo-e. It was further stipulated
that the receiver might be sued in tho
state courts and required him to appoint
au agent in each county through which
the road runs upon whom process against
the receiver may be served. The applicants
did not accept the conditions of the order
until today, and so the receiver was not
appointed tintil today.
As circuit judge, Judge Caldwell has for
many years pursued a course in railroad
receiverships different from t hat practiced
in other states. His orders in relation to
the payment of debts contracted iu the
operation of the road and suits against the
receiver in state courts have been some
what in advance of the practice of other
courts and it would seem from the order
made by the judge in this Kansas case that
he is going to extend the Arkansas rule
over the circuit.
A GLUTTED MARKET.
The Eeason Baltimorean3 Assign for the
Low Prices of Products.
Baltimore, Md., March 26. Messrs.
Bragg and Schoonmaker, of the interstate
commerce commission, today took the tes
timony of a numlier of the members of the
corn and Hour exchange relative to the
cause of low prices of food products in the
west. The examination was by authority
of an art of the Uuited States senate oil
complaint from western producers who
claimed that the rates of transportation
were too high.
Ex-President Mueller, of the excliange,
said that freight rates had nothing to do
witn low prices. j ne corn crop last,
vr was unnsnallv Inr-e and there lul I
i .7. Zn. .ZT .."
been an advance in ocean rates on
account of scarcity on tonnage. In
answer to the question concerning eleva
tor charges, he said they were uniform.
He said that corn raised along the Danube
could ne bought cheaper than in New
York or Baltimore.
John L. Rogers said the depression in
prices was due to the large crop;. "When
crops are short prices go up. "VA hen offer
ings are too large prices go down.
Tbe drift of the testimony was that
freight rates were as low ag could be main
tained by the railroad? and that the fall
ing off in prices resulted from too much
A STEAMSHIP LINE CONTEMPLATED.
Chicago, III., March 26 President
Man vel. of tbe Atchison. Topeka 6c Santa
Fe, hag returned from his visit to tbe
Pacific coast and was today in conference
with some of the eastern directors and
financial backers of the road including
George C Maeoun and J. J. McCook. A
movement is on cot by the Atchison com
pany to establish a trans-Pacinc steam
ship' line from San Diego. This was tbe
principal question dirused. A meeting
will be held next month and the directors
and stockholders will then go to California
in a hodv to insnect she CTStem and
terminals "and perhaps to complete ar-
.WMtUIUMD AV& J.U.I. ''. .- J71P...rTWJ. ..
GARNETT'S COMPLAINT HEARD.
OAJornTT. Kan., March SJ. The Kawwe
state board of railroad conuncs-4oaers met
here today and heard le&tinMtry an the
complaint of people for additional pa
senser service on tne Kansas. Nebraska &
Rear, of Frwkmia. ami J. W. SbarieL of
Sedan, renre-eawd the comnisiaanta. aad 1
General Solicitor Cochran, lloo. S. B. 1
Wagoner aan W. A. Jotaeea Um Missouri
STILLWATER AND LOCALITY.
Special Dfc.pai;h to tfae Dally EaRle.
Stillwateh, Ok., March -X. A detach
ment of the troops sent in to clear the strip
are in camp on Black Bear creek, twelve
miles north of this city. Most of the
boomers left previous to their arrival,
coming south to Stillwater. They have
establi-hed camps here Avithin three miles
of the line and propose to "fight it out if it
takes all summer." Those avIio remain
are being ejected by the soldiers and their
improvements destroyed. Five years ago
the present site of Stillwater was" a boomer
camp, or rather village. It was established
by Captain Couch, at the head of about
300 boomers, the remnant of Captain
Payne's lwnd. Troops under the com
mand of Lieutenant Hatch, after a six
weeks' sietre captured the entire outtit,
burned their cabins and escorted them out
of the territorv. Oklahoma today is pub
lic domain, and on the site of Couch's old
village stands a town of l.OuO imputation,
with churches, schools, banks, news
papers and other appendages of
an advanced civilization, while twelve
miles northward the same old battle is be
ing waged in tho Pan Handle of the Cher
okee strip. The present "seat of war" is
on the Black Bear valley which runs
through the township of the strip adjacent
to Stillwater on the north. It i- the finest
portion of the Black Bear valley ami pre
vious to the supposed opening thousands
of liconiers had congregated aloug the line
on this side. Within two hours alter the
receipt of the telegram there was not a va
cant acre within three miles of the creek
on either side. School land was taken
with the rest. Claims actually sohl on the
14th at -$T0 to S300. Timber was plenty aud
before the belated news of tlie- mistake
reached the unfortunate settlers many
cabins had been erected. These are being
burnt. No resistance, as far as your cor
respondent can learn, is being offered by
the boomers. Cowbovs just in from the
ranches say that so far as they can learn
no stock has been shot or burned by the
settlers as reported. The disposition 6f tlie
boomers seems to be to settle in camp here
and await the imal opeumg. .Many, how
ever, express their intentu
soon as the troops are removed.
A LIVELY EKE:.
The Soldiers at Port Elliott Sweat an
Special rilspatch to th DNy Karf.
Fort Elliott, Tex., March 96. At a
meeting of enlisted men of Fort Elliott,
Tex., the following resolutions were passed
AVhereas. In contemplation of the con
temptible insults of which the enlisted
men of this post were the recipients at the
hands of Mobcetie citizens, on March 17,
1M)0, it is
Resolved, That each and every enlisted
man doe- hereby pledge his word and hon
or that he will not buy from any merchant
within the precincts of the said town any
article of goods which he may have ex
posed for sale, henceforward, and that he
will avoid all kinds of monetary transac
tions and association with any person or
persons who claim to be citizens of Mo
beetie. It is further
Resolved, That copies of this resolution
be furnished, with request for insertion, to
the Wichita Eagle, Kansas City Times
aud papers of the Panhandle.
FEW BOOMERS IN THE STRIP.
Granule, Ok., March 20. Tho Asso
ciated Press correspondent returned to this
city today from a trip through the Chero
kee strip with tho troops. There are very
few boomers to lie seen. They have either
taken to the brush or left the country.
The order to tho military to take the
names of the boomers carried alarm with
it. The sooner in Oklahoma is having
such a rough time of it that none are
anxious to take the chances and le clawed
as a Cherokee strip boomer. Dr. Jo-eph
Pinipinrd. secretary of the Cherokee Strip
Colonization society, and the man who
piloted a large number into the strip, is
Imck here in Guthrie and says that fab
information from Washington caused him
to take his people there.
THE COLOR LINE IN SCHOOL.
Olvthk, Kan.. March ift".. Tlie colored
people of tins city have combined in an
attempt to force the school board to admit
colored children into all the schools. The
school lioard has provided separate schools
for the m-groes but the latter insist that
their rights are equal with those of the
white ieoplo and are bcin infringed by
the refusal to admit the negro children to
the white schools.. Suit has been broueht
to compel the school board to allow the
negro children to enter them.
GRAIN ELEVATOR BURNED.
Kansas Citv, Kan.. March 26. Fire
destroyed the Kaw Valley grain elevator
at Alton avenue and First btreet tonight.
The loss is about $20,000 on tlie building
and $10,000 on the stored grain.
NINETY DAYS FOR WIFE BEATING.
EUREKA, Kan., March 20. Tolay Jus
tice Briggs sentenced H. C. MeGruder, a
shoemaker of this city, to ninety days In
the county jail for whipping hU wife.
ACKNOWLEDEGED HIS FATAL ERROR.
Tahleqtah. I. T.. March 25. Saturday,
aliout 12 o'clock, Samuel Beann, a Chero
kee, who has leeii for many years a ntem
lier of the board of education and a jironi
inent man, hot and killed Aivern Newton,
another Cherokee, about twelve mile
southeast of this place There heem to
have been an old grudge letween Bwuin
ami Newton. On the day of the fatal
shooting Newton took advantage of a
rumor circulating in the neighbor
hood that the I nited State deputy
marshal would soon lie around to aire
Beann for introducing whiskr into tbe
Indian territory and. reprfcM-ntiug bimnelf t
as United States marshal, demanded the ;
see Newton's commiaaion, and Newton
" w -'" -. ? f". -"-
unoer autnonty Jann reiusen to sur-
. t..:: i. . . . :
rtfiMnrr. rinui: unnswiHTU uu aiir wi- .'
render. Firing commenced and after sev
eral shot had been exchanged Newton
sank to tbe ground with this exclamation:
"He has killed me, and it is my fault."
Newton died in a few hour. 'Beann is
fctill at large.
THE VISITING PASSENGER AGENTS.
Citt or Mexico, March at In speaking
at the reception given to the general paw-eng-r
agents' association by President
Diaz lat night, Mr. Charlton, of tbe Chi
cago A; Alton road, expressed cordial
thank)' for the distinction shown to tbe
aiociation by the preniaVnt and the
friendly and marked attention hi mem
bers had reeefrred from Mexicans Bener
ally. In TTpaa&B I-redent Diss welcom
ed t hem to Mexico and expressed his ap
preciation of tbe sentiments Mr. Chariton
had uttered. Tbe members were en
tertained for sometime in tbe pal
ace, and last evening attended a
reception given by Minister Ryan at tbe
American legation. The visiting milroad
officials feel especially grateful to Minister
Ryan for tbe courtesy and able co-op-ration
which be has given them in the effort
to promote commercial reuukms between
the two republic.
The members of t be j
association leave the city of Mexico t(u
morn rag on a peeial tnua and wiU arrire
in Chicago Monday evening. March 31.
TO AID PROHIBITION,
Chicago. III.. March 96. Mim Fraeeea
A. WiDard. mwatiest of tbe Worlds'
"Woman's Chrfetiaa Terns-wane snica has
Swoedsa afftvad for aid in the campaign
in Nebraska, waielk aa for Ua ahjtst oe
sdoptkM next Novemfc-r of tia ptoframd
pcokibitioa amwwhaewt to Ux wtate oaaati
totton. She potato am that lae tnuMtirm
n complicated by ta alternative of nVwuse
which ha been Npoaed by Iwraor mtr
eats. that th trmvmuri' pflef Ne-
btwHta ar aiAf t mate, h v inr
fight against aati-MCBpenreee atone, ana
afe call- apoo the etatada. iJaaday atbooto
and seaafKwaare sorieoavt ta tap i
! uastilbuiiatM to aM ba tfci anwjgW.
1 TOP WIPED 01.
EXTIRE DESTRUCTION OF AX OHIO
The Small Burg of rion?er Oon.
sumed by Fire, Aided by
A Wreck at Iilys Station, Pa., Takes
Eire, Which is Coaimuniontod
to the Twb.
The Skinwith Levee, on the Mississjpi
Side, Breaks, Plooding Many Pfeata-
tions The Houses Almost Snb-
mersred -The Ohio Eecaikg
at Qtacinnati The
Toledo, O.. March 3fi. Fire tills morn
ing destroyed all of iiooeer, a town C
alKMit l.tXl inhabitants, in WHHnhm j
county, fourteen miles from the city. Tte
llaines first broke out in a biacksBHtlt shoto ,
and fanned by a strong wind, itaetrojrwl
tAventyoe birikliitgs. The him fe mh
inated at 25.00ti. Pioneer is on M tiNk '
oldest villages in north western Ohio, bat -without
ANOTHER LEVEE GIVES WAY.
Greexville. Miss.. March 23. Th leveo
at Skip with landing, about fifty wHau
south of Greenville on the east shte of tho
river, broke this morning at 1.80 o'eleaJK.
The break is about AW feet and wideaiHR
rapidly. This will tlood a large pot-tien o? '
Issaquena and Sharkey rouutiofe. T"h
levee was con-idered one of the bos In tHt
state. The waters will inundate a seotkm
of country extending about thlrty-llv
miles south with an average width of fif
teen miles, and i- one of tho most fertile iu
the state of Miisippi.
At Op. in. the crevns-e i said to bo 400
feet wide and cutting ntklly. Thu wor
in thu town is up to the eayw of tWn
houses. People are reiiorted as swimming
for their lives. Tho teleplione line was
washed down br the crevasse but k buing
repaired. The water from the cruvaswe will
flood an immense tract of country south and
east of it. .V number of fine nlantattoiMi
are Hooded. U. Mayer & Son. lht largos
planters in the valley except tho Richard
son's have charters! the i-tenniers Elliott
and Sargent to bring down thulr stock
from Maversville. Hoth veweuls luft uboiife
noon today. As u-iial the ereva was
entirelv unexpected, there lmving beon no
unfavorable rejKirts. from SkipvviUi hinoo
the high water began.
THE OHIO RECEDING.
CivciNXATl. March 'JO. Another bright,
clear day. with a brisk, cool wind, givuw an
air of unusual cheerfulness to everybody,
now that the high water in the Ohio rivyr
could bring no discomfort ordisastur. Be
sides that the river ha reached Its maxi
mum, 50 feet a inches, and after remaining
at that height for several hours, lias iMgun
to decline. It has fallen two inchua Uy 10
oT lock this morning. Tho wind has tmnfc
waves against tho levees at Lawrancotmrg
and caused ono or two breaks thuro, Ihic
tho city is still protected from auy swteoK
inundation. A ith the present oondivfoMi
the water will rapidly recede and thlnga
will go on ua before iii n very few days.
A HEAD-END COLLISION.
Atchison, Kan., March art. There waa a
head-end collision between two frufctbt
trains at 7:30 o'clock lat night on Uh
Central branch of the Mbwouri Pacific.
one mile wist of Ontralia. Tlie ongtiMnt
and llremen escaped by Jumping from tlwlr
cabs. Tne collision occurred at a cur,
and both trains were moving at a mod mto
of speed. The engine ami ten freight mm
loaded with grain ami cheep w totally
FATAL FALL FROM A WINDOW.
Kansas Citt, Mo., March . iUrtln
Morruton. a well known grocer, fell from
second story window of hi block at tStti
Imle-HMHlrnoe avenue thlH morning d
died ghortly after from the internal In
juries be received. It b -uppod that H
xineaa which overcame him while iookiiic
out of the window caused the faial fcvn.
Mr. Morrison leaves a widow and Umt
children and an estate valued a aboc.
A WRECK ON FIRE.
Altooxa, Pa., March A fHgkUKl
wreck occurn-d at Lily' station, a fw
miles west of here late tonight. TTw wwwfc
took lira ami set ftre two hotels ml a
dwelling. There i no Are "ngtiw &m
and the only defems again the tinmm in
a bucket line from a creek near by. As
sistance has been telegraphed for.
Df A OEQWrS MLDBT,
A Long Iifoad OUyan Shot by aa x-E-
Long Island Citt, X. Y March 9ft. 1
la-owl daylight and in the busiest th wrong
fare of this city, wbileMoresof ji'jopls wss
paaaing along Boorden arena soar (to
Jerry, John Ilonan. an ex -driver on Fmrtit
avenue bonne railroad in New York, sfca
at Fred D. M onltoo. jjeoerai wop-arinldf :.
of the Btelnway 9c Hunters Point railroad.
tbe bullet entering Mr. Mmutomu
back at the left sbouhiar
woand is teuevea to b
Honsn was caught
to fttmlicm holme. On his WST U U
:. r ; ;J , -., vPnu. "rk.
tkm he saw to i aptain vvooas: ia
. . m
man has bounded me and my faasih
eight years. He killed my mm aad has
driven me crazy. I used to drtr a ear har
him when he was a conductor oa the
Fourth avenue road." Mr. ManHam.
while being taken ir, Um Meae of the
shooting, atated that v-hea he was aMa
ant Mapertatndent on tbe Fottrth aMNi
road he discharged Roaaa, who waa a ha
ver oo the road, and that the lattar had
grudge against him ever since.
GMRALALOR AT KAM3A4 CITY.
KAACrrr. Mo., March ai-Gaaatal
Rowell A. Alger naaw d through th dty
this morning oa bis war to little Back.
Ark. Artr spsakiac at th cordttal naap
tkms be reonved la the tesras of Xaaaaa
which he vbuted. he expwad bis views
on what a arnfr-e peaatoa hill shaaid aav
body. "I am in favor of aaarvfe pauuan
MIL ' said be. "that wiU graat a ymdm
of BIO per mostb to toaas 9Wjn old
MidirrK who need the iwaistancis. Th
debt this country owe to the old MaB
can nrwr be repaid aad I deatsea
everything done that i right lor eas
that are deserving. My umr has aa
political rigaiiicanre and I oeah-9 ta ay
notBUMC on tne suo-jon oi prawaav. mj
elf aad wife, aeoocnpaariMi by Mm
Logan, will b at the tawnnpasaat ash
beWin Denver, which beg-faw on April .
aad will than praeed te Saa Jomv, Cat-m.
attend the atafc wnrsmpmnnt. winch W
MICHfGAfrS ATTOP.MEY GEiSERAU
Lag, Mira.. March S3, Hoa. S S.
Trowbridge has rmhgnni Ma r naitiaw a
attorney nsa-a-sl of MatMgaa oa aeanun
uf wnwhiufil 1!1 health aT Tferarnar Law
has annalated the Hon. JttajmmUk W. Vha
umi, of Vsar. Taaeaia eoaaty, to SB tan
th- Tscaary The sfwawtee has Ws&
ttutn '-t r rai&--'-- in the state - nuK.
Mr r-. ri . j , rMtt fas the arT-jy, has
beaamavi'jr- ' N"h hnaaehos at dm
Michaian liaahnauii an -. mmmi Oba