OCR Interpretation


The Wichita daily eagle. (Wichita, Kan.) 1890-1906, March 28, 1890, Image 1

Image and text provided by Kansas State Historical Society; Topeka, KS

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82014635/1890-03-28/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

tJ-.--
Kans. Historical Society
VOL. XIL XQ. 113.
WICHITA. KANSAS. FRIDAt MORNING. MARCH 28. 1890.
AYHOLE NO. 1823.
ti wm circle
AXD OTHER COUNTIES OF THE
- SOUTHWEST.
Clark, Coiminclie and Cowley Cap
tivating Communities.
Pair Locations, Eesonrces, Developments
and Industries.
Bordering on tlie Indian Territory, They
Possess the Same Attractions of
Topography, Soil and Climate
That Have Made the
Cherokee Strip World
Famous.
Clark County,
riark count' bonlers on the Indian ter
ritory, is the fifth from the west line of the
Mate, has an area of 075 square mile5-, and
is organized In lbS.1. The .surface is a
rolling plain, the highest portion being in
the northern part. The south half of the
county lies in the Cimarron valley.
Streams of living water prevail in nearly
everj township. The Santa Fe railroad
gnes trunk line connections with Wichita
and Kansa-s City, west to Ashland, thence
southwest to Englewood, the present ter
minus. The Iloc-k Tlaml railroad passes
through the northwestern part of the
count". . Minneoln being its principal sta-iir-n.
The towns are Ashland, the county
S'it. in the central part, Lexington in the
eastern. Mkmeola in the northwestern,
f'u-h City in the western and Englewood
in the southwestern part. Excellent build
ing stone and brick clay are abundant.
The soil is black ami mulatto loam, very
deep and productive. The Cimarron river
and its- tributerics make the south half of
tii county one vast valley. Pure and
wholesome sheet water underlies this
broad valley at a depth of from ten to
thirtj feet, affording good welK The soil
all over the county works nicely and never
lnkes. it retains moisture and germinates
with wonderful regularity. The rainfall,
v. Inch averages about twenty-three inches
per annum, is mostly confined to the grow
ing snason. The wild land is easily
brought to a good state of cultivation, and
from the first is adapted to grasses, grain,
fr.ut vines and vegetables. Corn is a
st. 'pie heie as in the re-t of the state.
Lent is one of our best crops
and never fails.. Fields frequently aver
age thirty bushel;, per aeie. Ashland will
h.i a lir.st class Homing mill in opera
tion bj .Tuh 1,-1W0. Xtye. barley, oats,
millet, broom cojm, sorghum and vegeta
bles are successful crops. Castor beans
pr.ie profitable. Stock rni-iug is one--of
our ever valuable industries. The native
buffalo grass makes a rich pasturage,
w l.icli cures wheie it grows, rendering the
lisp of tume feed unnecessary during anj
pi ;fon of the jeur. Cattle live on our
par. s t he j ear around by grazing. The
c i st of raising cattle is reduced to theniin
imun A herd of 1.000 cattle in this
count was neither led nor sheltered last
winter, and the actual lo-s from December,
lvss. to September. 1-"S. was but eight
head. Cows cared forjn this manner, in-
"c n-e so jRr cent per year, and with extia
can-and some feed in bad weather, will
iiu rease !K) er cent: Ueef can bo raised on
our ranges lor one cent per pound, and
"mr j ear old steers ready for the market
b ie not cost to exceed SS or sio. Horses
jt'id sheep can lie raided as profitably, but
i 'ju're more attention. Farming and
si ick raising can le combined with the
l -- results. "Wild blue stem hay can be
c hi in large quantities, and from five to
t n i tns per acie can be raised. With Mich
f rage stacked in the pasture for bad
w a; her. a small herd require but little
atn nt ion during the winter. Hogs are
successfully raised. Alfalfa and cane
m ik' excellent forage, and both grow
1 ix.uri.intl-.. The Wichita packing
limsis. imi a few hours distant, can
handle one million hogs annually. One
of tlu most important considerations iu
contemplating a new country isthehealth
f illness of the climate. Our air is pure and
bracine. The surface of the country is
rn'liiig and slopes to the southeast: there
lu ng no stagnant water the country is
f from malaria. We have no local
eaiiM s for disease. Colds and sore throats
are almost unheard of. Many persons who
h.ie settled here have become entirely
dud of long standing diseases. This
c unity is settled by intelligent and indus
trious jeople from nearly eery state. The
f. . fi rciguers here are naturali.ed. and
are among our most thrifty citizens.
C'oxrc lies have been built and schools es
t ii-hed in every jrnrt of the county,
l'rcslnteriaiis. Methodists. Baptists,
( "installs and Catholics have organiza
t his .Mid seeral good, substantial church
t l'ticas C'ood farm land cam be bought
for lrom ."i to $10 per acre, according to lo
t irion improvement's etc.: pasture luudnt
f'-.im sj.5o to $5 per acre. Parties not want
l ig to y all casli can usually have from
t v t five years time on half the purchase
i iniii . at 7 per cent. Taxes average about
tlo per quarter section.
Comanche Gounty.
Is 1 eated in south central Kansas, on the
( uic igo, Kansas oc Western railroad, one
ln.-icued and twenty-live miles wot of
A u hitu. and borders directly on the lu
c ian territory. The broad, fertile valleys
ci Kmwa. Cavdry. Mule. Xe.scat.nnga. Salt
1 k. and Santaiia.tra-.fr-e the county the
tntne length. To t ho can be added sev
c .1 expanses of Iteautiful. level land,
t ova a "Roller lilats. "Missouri llats.
Mul Cieek bottom-."
I omanche county 1ms about three hun-Oi-l
ard fifty miles of streams with run
l ig water, which, together with tlie
'ia'i never failing springs, place the
c "int at the head of the list in Mipply of
1'Mv water. Wells of excellent water may
b ) it a i ned at any point in the county hy
tug from ten to .sixty feet. Our soils
w .11 compare favorably in depth and pro
d t tieness riih any in the southwest.
and comprise different varieties, aiming
w h i h are the alluvial deposits of tlie bot
ti m binds, the black, sandy soil, and tlie
red or mulatto loam of the uplands.
Where projwr attention has been given.
ter clejwrtnieut of agriculture has
jioen a success in Comanche county.
T'.e standard cereals produce good crops.
l.e-'les broom corn, sorghum, castor
b .'lis. peanuts. and all kinds of vegetables
are .successfully raided. Wheat, i-ye. and
corn are tlie principal products juid have
Irvu found to jiehl abundantly. Cotton
.:iiI toltacco. of good quality, also mature
well here and serve as auxiliary crops.
Fruit trees, of all kinds, grow vigorously
in everv pan of tlie county, ami. as the
climate and soil correspond so neatly with
the great fruit growing districts of the
country, we have no hesitancy in recom
mending the culture of all classes of
standard and small fruits.
Comanche county is truly the paradise
of the man who desires to raise horses, cat
tle, sheep, or hogs. The abundant supply
of healthful water; the fine natural shelter
afforded by the wooded canyons; the mild
ness of the climate and the convenience to
market, combine to make this pursuit
most profitable.
We have had the misfortune to have a
large amount of the best land in the couu
ty pre-empted 113- young men who have
failed to become permanent settlers, and
now thee lands are placed on the market
at nominal figures and can be bought for
small sum- in excess of what it cost the
pre-empt er.
Comanche has in several parts of the
county a very fine building stone, which is
used for stone buildings, foundations, and
trimmings for brick buildings. A very
excellent quality of brick clay is also
found. In the southwest part of the coun
ty, on the Cimarron river, may be found
immense natural beds of the purest and
best quality of salt. The great Santa Fe
system of railway runs entirely through
our county, from the northeast to the
southwest corner. The system gives
Comanche county good transportation to
the eastern markets and enables her to
cope with southern counties.
But Comanche proposes to lead, not fol
low. Our citizens realizing the necessity
of direct transportation facilities to the
mountains of Colorado and Xew Mexico,
as they also do the advantages of reaching
the deep water harbor at Galveston on the
Gulf, have chartered a road beginning at
Denver, Col., to run via Coldwater (the
county seat of Commanche county) with a
terminus at Galveston. This brings direct
to our farmers the markets 'of the world,
and places us in position to compete suc
cessfully with any agricultural county in
the west.
The agricultural interests of Comanche
county are gi eat, and she presents advan
tages in this respect that can not be ex
celled in the great southwest. Her live
stock is thrifty, healthy, and fat, and for
raising horses, cattle, sheep and swine no
place offers greater advantages. TJiere
never has been a season in the history of
the county when an industrious farmer
could not raise sufficient food for his stock
corn, hay, sorghum, etc. There is now
upwards of fourteen thousand acres of
wheat sown in this county and it could not
possibly be in better condition. Coldwater
has in cour.se of erection a complete roller
process flouring mill, and it is confidently
expected that next year the wheat acreage
will be double if not greater. It is often
said that farming does not pay; but this is
wrong: farming and stock raising does pay
in Commanche county, and pays well.
Cowley County.
Cowley county is located on the south
line of the state, bordering on the Chero
kee strip, Indian territory. It contains
1,130 .square miles or 7311,840 acres. The
surface is made up of prairie and bottom
lands, as beautiful as the heart of man
could wish, and is one of the finest watered
counties in the state: its principal streams
being the Walnut and Arkansas rivers, the
latter passing from the northwest to the
southeast, a distance of nearly fifty miles,
while the Walnut crosses the county from
north to south, a distance of thirty-tree
miles. The other principal streams are
Grouse, Silver, Rock, Timber. Muddy,
Radger, Otter, Cedar. Steward, Crabb,
Plum, Spring and Beaver creeks. All
these streams are skirted with timber,
hn e rich bottom lands now in a high
state of cultivation. Tlie timber of these
streams consist of walnut, oak, locust, cot
l onwood, sycamore, mulberry, ash. elm,
hickory and maple. These lands can be
purchased at from ten to forty dollar per
acre The population in IN5!) was .T,!C.)1.
The variety of crops produced in this
county are wheat, corn, oats, rye, barley,
buckwheat. Irish potetoes, sweet potatoes,
csstor beans, sorghum, cotton, flax, hemp,
tobacco, broom corn, millet, blue grass,
timothy, alfalfa and clover.
In 1SS!) Cowley county had 4G,fKS acres in
Avheat, producing 1,242,500 bushels, and
129.2W acres in corn, producing 7,110,540
bushels. It is the first county in the state
in horses, having 1(5,085. In cattle and
sheep it is second, and is one of the leading
counties in hogs, having 3S.2!)..
Illinois and Iowa show an annual los of
hogs by cholera of 33 per cent, or about
one-third of the crop, while Cowley county,
owing to its peculiarly healthy conditions,
show an average annual loss of less than 0
per cent. It also heads the list in orchards
and fruits, having over f00,000 fruit trees
in bearing. The total assessed value of all
the taxed property for the year 1SS9 was
s(V777,4.17.G0. This represents from a fifth
to an eighth of the real value of the prop
erty, so that a fair estimation of the value
at this time would be from thirty to forty
million dollars.
Corn and wheat, like some of the east
ern states, have made the staple crop. The
country is, however, well adapted to stock
raising of all kinds, and this year a large
acreage of cotton will be planted, it hav
ing been demonstrated to be a profitable
crop.
The population is almost entirely Ameri
can; the farms are well improved, and
school houses and churches are as numer
ous and convenient as in the older settled
states. The principal town is Winfield,
the county seat, with a population of 10,
000: is centrally located and one of the best
built cities in the state, and is known as
the city of beautiful home and churches.
The principal trade of the city is the trade
it has with theoiitlyingcountry. and three
large flouring mills with a capacity of S00
barrels per day. Besides the manufacture
of flour. Winfield has a factory for the
manufacture of mill machinery, a foundry
and machine .shop, several carringe facto
ries, and one of the principal industries is
the large quarries of fiagging and building
stone. Most of the business houses of
Winfield are constructed of this stone,
quarried within two miles of the city
limit, and this stone is one of the prin
ciple articles of export. Winfield is the
largest produce shipping town in Southern
Kansas; nine railroads radiate to all parts
of the country. Winfield is one of the
most beautifully located cities in the state.
It has five graded schools, which furnish
ample accommodations to 1.000 pupils, a
business college, and the Southwest M, E.
college: the State Imbecile asylum is also
located here. The several church denomi
nations have commodious and eltgant
places of worship. Secret aud benevolent
societies are well represented. It is also
in the celebrated salt district, having with
in the corporation a flowing saliue well.
There is no more attractive city for home
anTl business than Winfield.
Arkansas City, although not the county
sent, is one of the most iminirtant and en
terprising eities in the southern tier of
counties, lieing quite a railroad and com
mercial center It is populated bv a wide
awake, enterprising and hospitable class of
citizens.
THE WYOMING BILL.
4
THE HOl'SE PASSES THE 31EASUUE
FOR rTS STATEHOOD.
Xot One of the Hemocriiir
the Admission of
Territory.
Vote for
That
Woman Suffrage the Only Peature "Which
Republicans Dislike, but It is Al
lowed to Remain.
The Anti-Trust Bill Referred to the
Ju,
diciary Committee by the Senate
Absolute Reciprocity Offered the
Argentine Republic by the
State Department
Capital Ifotes.
Washigtox, March 27. The house met
at 11 o'clock in continuation of Wednes
day's session and the Wyoming admission
bill was again taken up for consideration.
Mr. Outhwaite, of Ohio, aud Mr. Bucka
lew, of Pennsylvania, antagonized the
measure. Mr. McAdoo, of Xew Jersey,
said that the constitution of Wyoming, if
not the worst constitution ever adopted,
was the best of the worst. There was in
the constitution' almost everything that
tisement that S yoming was the Mecca to
which they .should hasten their steps m
order to gobble up the public lands.
Mr. Springer, of Illinois, opposed the
bill. The Wyoming bill gave women the
right of suffrage. The Idaho bill deprived
the Mormons, men and women, of the
right to vote. Tlie reason for this was
that in Wyoming the Mormons voted the
Republican ticket, while in Idaho it was
suspected that they voted the Democratic
ticket. Monnonism was no objection to
the admission of a state except when the
people having that belief were suspected
of having a desire to vote the Democratic
ticket.
Mr. Grosvenor, of Ohio, said tlie Demo-
cratic party since the tail ot slavery aim
since it had ceased to admit states ;n order
to keen up the policy of siaverv, had ai
1 1 ..1
ways opposed the admission of states. Ob
struction, either open and declared as now,
or covert or insinuated as in the Fiftieth
congress, had always been the policy of the
Democratic party.' On the question ot
woman .suffrage he called attention to the
fact that there was nothing in the United
States constitution which prevented
any state from providing for such suf
frage. A vote here in favor of the
admission of Wyoming by no means meant
that the voter was an adherent of the doc
trine of woman suffrage a doctrine which
he was not much alarmed about.
At 1 o'clock the previous quest ion was
ordered.
Mr. Springer, on behalf of the minority
of the committee, offered an amendment
providing for another convention called
under the authority of an act of congress.
Lot yeas 131. nays 133. 3Ir. Dunuell of
Minnesota, and Mr. Slier-man of New York,
voted with the Democrats in the affirma
tive. Mr. Springer then offered un amend
ment providing that there shall be an
election in Woming on Tuesday after the
first Monday in November next lor a rep
resentative ju the Fifty-first congresses I
and for state and judicial officers. The
constitution shall be voted upon and if the
vote is against feihale suffrage, that feat
ure shall be eliminated from the constitu
tion. This was also lost 133 to 130, Mr.
Dtinnell, of Minnesota, and Mr. Van
Schaack. of Wisconsin, voting with the
Democrats
.ur. .-springer ineu onereci nisiasianienu- 1
ment. which strikes out the last c au-e of ;
-. , . , 11 V . 1 I
the Wyoming constitution providing for
woman sun rage. Defeated l.CJ to W5, Air.
Dunnell, of Minnesota, and Mr. Lehback.
of New Jersey, voting with the Demo
crats. Mr. Breckinridge, of Kentucky, moved
to recommit. Lost 129 to 131. The bill
was then passed yeas ISO, nays 127. This
was a strict party vote, except that Mr.
Dunuell, of Minnesota, voted with the
Democrats.
Mr. Baker, of New York, moved to re
reconsider and lay the bill on the table.
The motion to reconsider was tabled yeas
132, nays 119; a party vote.
The house then went into the committee
of the whole (Mr. Allen, of Michigan, in
the chair) on the appropriation bill. The
bill w;is read at length and without action
the committee rose and the house ad
journed. THE ANTI-TRUST BILL.
It Is Referred to the Judiciary Committee
by the Senate.
Washington. "March 27. Mr. Hawley,
from the committee on military affairs, re
ported back the house bill authorizing the
purchase of 2,500 tents by the secretary of
war for the use of the people
driven from their homes in Ar
kansas, Mississippi and Louisiana
bv the present floods and appropri
ating $25,000 for the purpose. After a brief
discussion in which it was statedthat there
had been no request for tents from either
Arkansas and Mississippi and onlj- indi
rectly from the governor of Louisiana, the
bill was passed.
The anti-trust bill wa taken up and the
amendments to it as reported from the
committee of the whole were brought le
fore the senate. The first amendment that
gave rise to discussion was the provision
excepting from the prohibitions of the law
the combinations of workmen and farmers.
Mr. Edmunds was willing to suppress
trusts so far as the constitution would al
low. Trusts has necessitated combinations
of workingmen and their operations were
tyrannical. The tyranny of a thou
sand men was worse than the tyrancy of
one man, just as the tyranny of the
commune of France was worse than that
of the monarch which was overthrown.
So far as the constitutional question went
kS 4J1 T ll"L v-v- i. w jt.v-iivu '. .
wils bad in polities, morals and economics, j vvsinGTON" March 7 ecretirv Xo
The only good thing in it was the clause llt',;d' jj t, Waiter of chum" of
which allowed it to be amended. It held , r ;jni Tunier who was the attorney
out to the Euronean syndicates an auver-1 . .,. ni.,,1 ,. ' i, i,... !, wt-
he believed that the safetv ot tne naf ion silver will lie in a worse plight than now
depended more largely on the preservation j The report concludes as follows: "The bill
of what were cajled the rights of the states is very adroitly drawn to suspend the sil
thau on an v other one thing. He. there- ver coinage, to totally demonetize this
fnrp sbnnh
d Ik slow about voting for any
act of congress which he thought went
over the bo'undarv which the
e constitution
prescribed. He believed it to be better to
endorse the partial evil of the most grind
ing monopolies than to attempt to
step bv one inch over the clear
Iwundary line that has, leen estab
lished and maintained between congress
and the legislative power of the states.
H. wii nor willing to ote for a bill that
would be deceptive and illusory merely.
and would not be coerced into dome so iiy
newspaper outcry, by Farmers alliance or
ans-thiiiselse.
Mr. Walthall moved to refer tlie bill and
amendments to the judiciary committee
with instructions to report ohck witain
twenty days. U he motion was agreed to
y ear 31. nnvs 2S. The Republican senators
w no voieu in i.ie nmniuuitr ivcu- lam-
eron. iiiggins, j-ian. ruiioni. ewes.
bridgo. Teller and WoU-ott. Tlie Demo
crats who voted in the neetive were
HcrrwCoekrell, Pugh. Tnrpie. Vance and
oorliees.
The senate then nm-eeiled t the cotsid-
oration of the -eiiato bill gramme pensions. . n-et. kfllhty: her aimust tMscnatly. Genr
to e,-soHlrs niKl sailors who are incapne- ieshaw's only exlnao of the crime b
itnttd for performance of wmttnil tabur that Ms wtte ha-f c-rrtfraied Wm.
and pro iding for pensions to deixnident
relative's of deceased sailors and soldiers.
Mr. Plumb made an argument in sup
port of the amendment offered by him on
the 2sth of February, declaring entitled to
a pension of 612 a month ail who served
three mouths or more and who
are suffering from mental or phys
ical disability which incapacitates
from performance of manual laber. The
pensions to be graded for less than total
disability, but no pension to be Ies than
0 a month.
The amendment was rejected and the
bill went over without action.
The house bill for the admission of Wy
oming as a state was laid before the senate
and ordered printed.
Adjourned.
CHINESE MERCHANTS PROTEST.
Washington". March 7. Hon. J. W.
Foster appeared today before the senate
committee on the census Us'the represen
tative of the Chinese merchants in the
United States to oppose the bill which
passed the house on the 17th inst. He
asserted that the enactment of the bill into
a law would result in the shutting out of
this country of every Chinaman, whatever
his occupation or purpose, except the min
ister at Washington and the consuls at
San Francisco and Xew York, who were
not in its limits when the census enumera
tions were taken.
PACIFIC RAILROADS BILL.
Washington, March 27. The house
committee on Pacific railroads completed
a resolution this morning which binds the
committee to report one bill covering both
the Union and Central Pacific railroads in
its provisions. Subsequently another mo
tion prevailed to present at the next meet
ing the bill reported by the senate com
mittee. ALL TOR TURNER.
His Claim for Pees Decided Favorably
Pensions, Etc.
: 1U1 L11U VUUUaV.1 III.V.UUH-U uw.i 1.... ... -w
congress. Through Turner's influence an
appropriation of $73,000 was voted to pay
the Cherokee freedmen for their interest
in the lands west of the ninety-sixth de
gree, sold some years ago to the govern
ment, with Turner's fees for S15.000. but
only half of the amount was paid. E. C.
Boudinot. a Cherokee attorney, claiming
th" other half as assistant counsel. The
matter was decided in faor of Mr. Turner
ami he was paid the other s7,500.
Joel B Mayes, chief of the Cherokee na
tion, left for home today. He has been
here for several days on matters relating to
the Cherokees. and was jesterday before
the Cherokee commission. He will call a
special session of the council about the
mii(ile of Mav for the proposed sale of the
wv .,.;;,
t jinumti. Jill..
Ex-Secretarv of State E. B. Allen, of
Wichita, Kan., and Hon. P. I. Bonebrake,
of Topeka, are in the city.
Postmasters have been appointed to of
fices in Kansas as follows: Green Elm,
Crawford county, IT. Kerns vice G. F.Hill,
resigned; Ottei bourne, Thomas county.
Mrs. K. J. Areher. vice T. L. Morland. re
moved: Shorey. Shawney county, E. Sho
lcy. vice V. F.Peyton, removed.
The following pensions were grant
ed to Kansans: Original: J. M.
Hyde, Emporia; J. Nclsoij. Med
icine Lodge; P. O. Ford, Sterling;
William Scott, Burlington; J. P Phillips
Annourdale: W. H. Wilson, Tonganoxie:
G. W. Mvrick. Argentine; J. T. Grimes,
Hiawatha: G. B. Elliott, Lake City: C. P.
St. Clair. Cherryvale; J. C. Werts, Clia
nute: C. Otwell, Independence: G. W. Hur
ley. Mound City. Increase: William Ed
wards. .Jewell Oitvc J, Davis. Peru: X.
Ash, Sedan; William Sharpe, Yilas: J.
Jones, Downs: J. M. Thompson. Indepen
dence: J P. Harper, Leona; J. Johnson,
Clay Centre: J. J. Connelly. Jewell City:
T. Morris Heid, National Military Home;
J. Nettleton. Burlingame: W. It. Brad-,
Wallace', Ca'pioma: X.' Harmon! Wichita;
Dundee; A. Heynolds, lopeka; ilhani
1. M. Gilstrap. Jaquia: W. II. Allen Teha
ma; J. W. Craig, Arlington: G. Wolverton,
Mound Vallev: J. It. Kellems, Fawn: A.
D. Orrick. Eiidora; C. G. Bvres, Elk City;
J. C. Davis Cottonwood Falls: A. J. Tah
kersley. Concordia; W. B. Lamb, Salem;
J. R. YauZandc Hutchinson; J. J. Cline,
V.UII.1. CJ. iJUi V- V'iiW tlfllllK '. 'H V
Co Wichita; II. Holt, Belleville; J. S.
wifl.it.i: If. Shrum. Fort Scott- P. A X.
Beck, Macksville: J. O. Hunter. El Dora
do; W. Carroll, Yates Center; W. L. Sea
cat, Winfield: J. Wolf. Marvdel: M. Coop
er. Sedgwick City. Original widow: Emi
ly M. Mvrick, Argentine: and in the Indi
an territory Original: John H. Mitchell,
Oklahoma City.
COMPLETE RECIPROCITY.
Such a Proposition Made to South Ameri
can Countries.
NkwYoisk, March 2?. A Washington
special says: An intimation was received a
few days ago by Mr. Charles Flint, the
representative of this country from New
York, from the representatives of South
America in the Pan-American congress
that their countries might be willing to
give complete reciprocity in everv
thing provided this country would
do the same. The whole " situation
was talked oer with Mr. Blaine and the
outcome of it was that the representatives
of this country were authorized in the
name of tlie secretary of state and with
his approval to make a proposition of ab
solute reciprocity to the representatives of
the South American countries. The
adoption of the plan would be to bring
about absolute free trade in every article
of commerce lietween the United States
and the South American countries.
OXI.Y OFFEKKD TO AKGEKTIXE KEPCBLIC.
Washington. March 27. It has trans
pired that iu the debate of the committee
on customs of the Pan-American congress,
the United States delegation, upon the au
thority of Secretary Blaine, offered full re
ciprocity with the Argentine .Republic,
Dr. Pena. a delegate from that country,
having advocated free trade in a minority
report and in a speech in support of it be
fore the conference. No offer of recipro
city was made to any other South Ameri
can republics.
A VERY DANGEROUS MEASURE.
Washington, March 27. Kepresenta
Bland, of Missouri, and J. R. Williams, ef
Illinois, memlers of the house committee
on coinage, weights and measures, today
stibmitted to the house a minority report
in opposition to the Wmdom silver
bill. They say the bill is a
very dangerous experiment, for if it faiLs
to restore the parity of the two metals, and
fuil if miivt fiw-mr? t)i wHnHiVt nf a ftfkulkt
inn at ia-v -rt jrsi kv ; - - j
metal and thus jiermanently establish tlie
single standard of gold payments, but all
the same it cities, tnese. mines ciieciu
rectuallr
thongh cunningly.
POSTMASTERS APPOINTED.
Washington". March 27. The president
today snt to the senate the following nom
inations: Post masters Miss)ri; John A. Trw,
White Plain Kansas; James F. Ckmsh,
! Saiwtlta; W. J. Henry, Limlsboro; J.
P.
j Mcknight. Hiawatha.
! THE TARIFF BILL CHANGES.
1 Washisiutox, March 27 The principal
change made in the text of the tariff Mil
today was iherestoraooaot the oM rareot
1 dntv on whiUne aim Fans white, wtucf
j the 'bill proposes to increase. The twtuate-
1 ice prariicaiiv asrwn 10 Boer onu w rt
on the free lis.
CUT HIS WIFE'S THROAT.
Boston. 5Is. March ST. CnaHes Cm
lesfasw )af nigh! oa the throu ai hie-
wife. Htunbeth. in their 37 Melttw
A FlilGHTFUIi DISASTER AT LOUIS
VILLE, KY.
Three Hundred People Killed
the Force of a Tor
nado. by
Eundreds of Houses "Wrecked and the Tin"
fortunate Citizens Buried in
the Debris.
A Public Hall Demolished and One Hun
dred Inmates Killed Almost With
out Exception.
Metropolis, 111., Reported Destroyed and
Hnndreds Killed and Injured The
Storm Throughout the State
Widely Extended but With
Ho Loss of Life Snow
in the Northwest
The Storm Else
where. Louisville, Ky., March
after i) o'clock bust night
-Shortly
tornado
.swept over this city wrecking '200 or 300
houses aud killing 300 people. The wind
came from the southwest. The union de
pot at the foot of Seventh street was
lifted from its foundation and turned over
into the raging torrent of the Ohio river.
A train of cars making up for the
Louisville Southern road went over
with the building. The. Falls
City hall on West Market street
was wrecked. In the hall were over 100
people and
alive Many
caught fire
burned. All
with debris
egraph and
but few of them are
buildings, after falling,
and the inmates were
streets are blockaded
of fallen building or
electric wires. This dis
patch is carried around the city to the
bridge and sent by railroad wires.
A VILLAGE DEMOLISHED.
Hundreds at Metropolis, HI., Reported to
Have Been Killed.
Chicago, HI., March '27. A .special says
that Metropolis, a small village iu Illinois,
about thirty miles from Oaho. was de
stroyed by the storm and several hundred
were killed and Injured.
THROUGHOUT THE STATE
APurious Gale With But Little Damage
Done.
Kansas City, Mo.. March 27. A storm
nf v.vn intiMisirv nrevailed throughout
Kansas and southwestern Missouri today,
it tell on warm spring weainer aim lor
that reason seemed all the more severe.
Snow is reported from some portions of
western Kansas, but the fall has not been
heavv and no inconvenience to travel or
damage to winter w beat has thus far oc
curred by reason of it.
The most notable feature of the storm
have been the low barometers and the high
winds. The barometer varied in different
localities from 25 at Wichita to 2U.2S at
this point, the lowest report for years.
The velocity of the wind was extra
ordinary for such a long continued storm.
At Wichita, the wind blew at a rate of
forty miles an hour and did considerable
damage. In the north part of the
city where the wind had the freest play
several shanties and outhouses were de
molished. Telegranh wires are in a bad
i condition and many of them are down al
I together.
j At Abilene the wind was not so severe '
I but considerable damage was done to
chimneys, .signs and cornices. Snow fell ;
j during the afternoon but melted as soon as
I it reached the ground. j
A dispatch from Sioux (. lty, la., says 1
that the storm extends over that state and
partakes of the nature of a blizzard. It le-
gan snowing there shortly lie fore noon and
at 0 o'clock in the evening snow had fallen
j to the depth of fifteen inches in western
I portions of the state. Trains from the
west are delayed all the way from four to
eight hours and some of them have been
abandoned entirely.
A dispatch fiom Lincoln. Neb., reports
the storm throughout the state to be of ex-
iraorainnry severiij ior mis sensu m
tne year, ine winci mows at a nign rare
of velocity and the snow is falling rapidly.
The snow is so wet, however, that it doe
not drift badly, but is so heavy that it
causes much delay to travel. The snow is
from four to eight inches deep and trains
are delayed from three to live hours. No
damage is reported to have been caused by
the high winds.
A dispatch from Jefferson Cit v. Mo ,
avs: A heavy wind storm prevailed here
alf day doing considerable damage to
lightly constructed outhouses, telegraph
wires and chimnev tops A part of the
dome of the capftol building was blown
awav and the rest of it eriously damaged.
A dispatch from Guthrie. Ok., ays that
the stonn reached that place at about ?
o'clock this afternoon. The wind blew a
gale and demolished several loovjly con
structed shanties.
Keports from along the Santa Fe rail
way m Kansas state that the damage has
been considerable m the country dtt nets
wesX of Hudson. Telegraph -oks hat
leen blown down, his-s nn roofed and
farm- demolished No h- of life is re
ported Train- on the Mfc-sonri Paitic.
Santa Fe. I'nina Pacific and ISoek Inland
all arrived late tonight. They were delayed
by the wind mo-fly. th-conductors feanne
to move their trains through th prairies
where the gale had full play, lest their
trains should be blown ofl the track. The
damage tothe telegraph companM' prf
ert-y nas neen -. ery sreai 1 ne i-osmu wires
.w.- . ...wl .a.. .m. all ln.kitniii Mm.! r
11:89 o'clock the managers here refnseiL to 1
accept tawne-. awl ck-ed the olnce for tne
ni-st time since its etabUshment Tlw
Western Union company ha- been greatly
inconvenienced but has socceeoed in main
taining a few lines east and wM yet.
SNOW IN MINNESOTA AND DAKOTi
ST. Ptrt. Minn, Marrn 27 A now
torm h. been rasine in sonthern Miane-
sota aad --Hmth lMiKotm sooay. fxnmpnui
by -ve Hind-- However. H ha, not Ij
for rejoicing aroone th farmer, the
jsroomt bn .more moist than fur
-fears at thi earon.
LITTLE DAMAGE. AT GuTrifiJk
iMrniKla. Ok.. Maw-h 27. A henry wind
m- meralled aO mm.
mm mmmmr
done rnefa the mmmm
nl a Skw
lf-lKfybuI?t
THE WIRES ALL DOWN.
CrvcrsXATi. O.. March 27. Since 10:.
the zenith has been clear, but heavy clouds
brightened anow end then by sheets of
lightning darken the west. The rainfall
here between 5 o'clock this morning and 10
o'clock tonight was one and one-tenth
inches. The"storm has been terrible in the
Ohio vallev. There has been no
! roniniutiieation bv wire alomr the
Ohio river all the way down
from Cincinnati to Cairo except with Cairo
only. Wires are worked between Cincin
nati and Chattanooga all along th Cin
cinnati Southern, but between Uiat road
and the Mississippi river all of Kentucky
and Tennessee are out of the world so far
;ls reaching them by telegraph is concern
ed, and in this condition these sections
have been since about about S o'clock this
evening.
FICKLE WEATHER ATTOPEKA.
TorEKA, Kan., March 27. The weather
was more fickle today and with more vio
lent changes than for many mouths. The
morning was not disagreeable and shortly
before noon the thermometer stood at
about (te: within an hour it fell to Sa aud
remained aliout at that figure during the
afternoon. The barometer was as low as
7.S0at the United States signal statiouat
this point. The wind was very strong aud
street signs were blown otT, but no other
'damage was done so far as heard from.
There was a slight rainfall, but very sharp
during its progress about noon.
LOUISVILLE INACCESSIBLE.
New Yokk, March '27. The Western
Union authorities here report that their
wires in the southwest are mostly damaged
by the storm, though communication has
lieen effected to all points save Ixmisville.
Ky. That at present is a dead city so far
as wire communication is concerned. It is
known that a severe cyclone has swept
over that region. Jeffersonville has been
accessible since Louisville became dead to
the outer world.
INSTANTLY KILLED.
Three Men Meet Death in a Susrar Refin
ery Explosion.
CHICAGO, 111., March -27. A disastrous
explosion occurred this evening in the Chi
cago Sugar Ketinery company's, plant, cor
ner of Tavlor and Beech streets. The ex
plosion resulted in the loss of at least three
lives and the wounding of sixteen others.
The dead are laborers Franz Graf, of South
Union street; one Tiedman.of V.MDekovnn
street, and an unknown. Louis Neltx
sehorst and Frank Baptist, loth labor
ers, are badly burned and mangled
and will probably die. Three others, Al
bert Hese. Frank Hollis and M. Hauer
are missing.
The explosion occurred in the starch
drying room. Spontaneous combustion is
supposed to have been the cause. Twenty
seven men w ere at work in the starch
100m, and General Manager Arnold
Behrs had just entered the mom
to give some instructions to them
when there came a tremendous clap
followed bv flashes of fire and the rum
bling of falling timber. Shattered por
tions of the building and machinery were
hurled in every direction and the workmen
in an instant found themselves beneath a
mass of debris which oon commenced to
blaze. AVith the aid of the fire engine
crew the big refinery was barely saved,
and bv lively work a corps of bruised and
bleeding victims were soon deposited on
improvised couches in the lalwratory of the
company. Outside of this laboratory
wives, mothers and children who had
fought their way through the smoke and
crowds of spectators' were clamoring for
admission, but were kept back by the JM)
liee. Besides those fatally injured seven
teen others were badly burnt.
SNOW AT CHICAGO.
Cmr Af.o. 111.. March ST. The storm
which reached here at noon today has been
generally t hroiighout t lie iiort invest, snow
coinmenced tailing at 10 o clock aim con-
tinned for an hour, then turned into a cold
ram and sleet .-ccpnipanied by wind blow -
nig tliirty-nve or iorty nines an noui me
wires are all prostrated in all directions,
iiiuKiug it ciuucuu iu s.-vmv 1111u.t11ut.1u1t
I from adjacent states.
I
TORNADO AT METROPOLIS, ILL.
j Cairo. III.. March 27. A tornado struck.
Metropolis, III., at ." o'clock this evening,
doing great damage to property. Many
houses were blown down, but no loss of
life is retiorted. Mill Creek mill, on the
Missippi 5c Ohio, was No vMted by a
storm and considerable damage is reported.
The wires are down for miles and no fuller
account can be obtained.
THE STORM AT OMAHA.
Omaha, Neb., March 27. Karly
this
innrnimr ;i licnvv storm of wind and hail
Tuts.-rl ivir tins c'tv and viritdtv dniiiLr
considerable damage'to windows and frail
buildings, u-iter in the day the rain turn til
to snow and since noon a blizzard has pre- Imt of them came here to bai?r thedr an
vailed. ' dition, yet tbev all apfxwr Ut know their
I own lxt interest. Politically. ndisOMl .
VIND, SNOW AND LIGHTNING.
Dl'BLQl h. la.. .March 27 A heavy wind
and show storm from the east ha leen
raging since noon. The wind is forty miles
per hour, temperature frof-zing. While
the snow was falling there were three
Hashes of lightning followed by a clap of
thunder.
THE STORM AT ABILENE,
AHII.KNR. Kan.. March 27. A hard
sterm of hail and wind came down from
the north atxmt 10 o'clock and mhiw h fall-
inr fuHt. tbiK jtfternoon CoHxkiemhht
damage was done by the wind to chimneys.
Xrania arc socaewhat delayed.
A GENERAL SNOW STORM.
Minneapolis, Minn., March tT. Tele
graphic reports from noinU hi MiaaeeoU.
Dakota and Iowa, show that a general
show storm hna prevailed throttghoat
those states during the day.
WORST BLIZZARD OF THE SEASON.
MlLWACKF.K, Wi March 27. The won
biizxard of the seaKm i raging here to
night. THE DEAD WRONGFULLY ACCUSED.
SCKJCEHAXXA. Ph., March 27. Train
No. 14 on the Eric; railroad killed thr
men at Kedrock. a small hamlet seven
miles wet of bei thb mN-nJaje. The
men are a vet onideatiBed and were all
well clrecL
ISiXGHAJirTO-c. N. V.. March 27 About
M5 o'clock la4 night the safe in Ys&rf
caal ofliee wn bfown open by men who
were i-TMint ly eamcl to the baftine.
The men kilkMl at Kinck r sppo-l to
be 1 be one-, by whom the bwreJary wn
committed.
The men killed by the Krie train No. 14
at Kwirrck bt night were sot the men by
whom the afe in tak city wm Mown op"H.
as .heretofore stated. Th- victim were
three la-others named Dwirfeh. John and
Henry ISake-Jee, all of New York.
STAYED UNTIL TOO LA7E
VilXA KflK.r, III , March 27 A triple
drowain-fbornrreci on the botuwn food
Mtxih of Tuere Mooday night. John "Ueyer,
a farmer, ocenpfe! a cabm wfth hi- wif
two SnHer. Lart Friday
tte v-erftow from :berr--er )-am inmwhtf
inx the bottom and nndmf the Meyer
farm weft ahno o&rrrtl wttb wtr. TV
mmslj i-efw-ed to knee, alt hnejjh uopvr-tun-!
by Mehrhfeors. Muathy adeht the
hi- MflNXHed and Mr. Merer and her
hon-e ta-d and 3lr. ieyerang mr
two -nPWM-"T eir wmwm.
two BastbhuuEhter were drmrneii. Xr
MtrT esapL
, A STEAMER TOTAU.Y VRECKEO.
1,95. Xmtth 25. -The Amerwaa ip
s "lriiirr Camaia Thaher. tmm Xew
Yrk NetnW tor Vuhahoma and
i Hhmn. before reported a-aor- ar foaa-
total trwh N I:- Wt
kMl. AMrtK of ber rvr Mtat poMtM
tw aar Thn trmmrr Hil-nita fran
I rtiilnliilihai riari--1'-'" "-- ' -
MED iTOCM
THE DEMANDS OF THK FARMBUS
ALLIANCE.
Constitutional Convention the
Chief Movement in Favor
of Relief.
Tho Kansas Delegation in Congress Urged
to Advocate a Bill Similar to
Stanford's Scheme.
A Railway from Colorado to tne East Pro
jected Among Other Things Haw
Alliances Being Pormed Dailj
An Enormous Membership
Reported General
State and Terri
torial Gossip.
Toi'KKA.'-Kau., Mnrch 37. The confer
ence of comity presidents of the Fanners
alliance, after a two days session, ad
journed last night at lSoclock. Among
the most important demands agreed upon
was one for immediate relief from tho
iisurv law and a strong protest ngnlnst
alien on nerhip of land. A resolution wa-s
passed declaring it to bo tho senso of th
alliauce that it was not conducive to tho
liest interests of the people to call a special
session of tho legislature, inasmuch as no
relief can be had by the enactment of a re
demption law.
The alliance declares in favor of a consti
tutional convention; relief can ba had only
bv a constitution of the jieople. for tho
people and by the people of tho state.
Tne Kansiix senators and reprwentativen
in congress jre.urged to support amwuiure
similar to the Stanford btll, which pro
vides for loaning money to farmors cm
real estate -ecurity instead of- having
to secure the sumo through nation
al lmnks; that the state should
secure the government and tho
counties should secure the state. It was;
also resolvedl hat the government should
expend that surplus and place it In tho
hands of the people where it belongs.
One of the objects expected to be accom
plished is -the building of a clou bin track
railway from Colorado to some point oast
of the "Mississippi river, with a.vtewt,toJts
final construction to the AthtnthvseH
lmard and the liulf of Mexicp. The cost,
ot constructing thi road should li
made. tho heeds on which fnttn
and freight rates on all other
road sIikII 1h IkischI. Tho alltnnco
invites the co-operation of all other organ
izations in carrying ont tho objots of Uicmj
resolutions.
The Kansas congressional delegation Ii
censured for proposing impracticiiblo lugts
lntion in lehiilf of the old soldiers.
A resolution was adopt od requohtlug
President Clover to aptioluf a member
from each alliance district to look after
the interests of the farmer
The state organUor reported 2,000 al
liances iu the htato, and new ones being
organi7.ed so fast that iu in almost im
possible to keep track of thorn. There are
over 100,000 mombors in tho stoto today.
DAMAGE BY WIND AT PRATT.
PRATT, Kan., March 27. The storm to
dnv blew down the teeplt of the Praeb
tefian church, blew out the front of Mrs.
Smith 'h milinerv store ami imcni man
; ll.lliflillf- r rom th,.ir foundation. Fir-
; eaU.rtained of claumgo in th country.
, t h, hw ,KW i,owBtf HU day aud
1 j able U come in. Severn! Iiouk-h
, UI,roofed at Iuka. thb county.
ITEMS FROM FRISCO.
sjxtal "orrpwhiK 1 tfce iMftr lUfta.
Pltisco. Ok., March 3k Tlmea an im
proving in Frisco. The pro-" f rly
legislation and the certainty of a county
seat at Frinco ha jrfrwi an imitetu to
lnurinesH. Hut little projerty iehanginK
hands. The bt property i in th IihihU
of thoe who have unlimited faith iu tho
future of the town ami fW not sell.
Strangers are caatioo abont investing
under present title fiire u wnieUdiiK
Milmtantial in the whj of legWatlon and
Oklahoma will .how yon her bwt We. U
has la-en -aid that the tepk-ol)KiH"Mm
are renegade- or iNiupertsfro-n Kanw. and
I while it i trne thai fiair JWth of th i
! p are from Kansas ami me jrreamr nam
I
In-
flnanciallv or otherwie the well train"!
Kan man ran take rare m himett ao-i
at thiwsaine time uphold the nhceeof hN
adoption awl defend the iate from wbirh
became Tbb part of Oklahoma will
never lcotne the negro haven that tho
pajM-rs have Wo telling ahuwt wnlwe. tho
eolored brother come ori-uiea with a
ber pnr. Hwt three nr-gnxw hare bwu
found in all thU MHttbww rtioti of ih
territory. dtf a carefwl canva for -4n
er to aconnty f-eat petition.
I'jxmi the receipt vi the new thai tbn
Oklahoma Mil had pad c-aaftrw aid
that the location of th county -eat of thb.
the worth county, bad ben left to lh
ecretary of the interior, a mm memting
of citizen vow calk!, and it wm the yaan
of the meeting that petition ".boaJd U
circulated in e-rery portion of the jHt-fWMK-d
new county. The tuition, which loeHU-l
every igner npon h. own quarter wtk.ic.
of land, bo- that four-JMta of the bu.
fide renhkfrt of thi portion aw toe Fn
fbr the rxmaty ni
At a na meKiuz held today, whb h
wan attended by people from eery Mt"
of the cwnty. rdk-n w tumtt
moanly adopt! extending thank to Con
gtewMnen Peter and Parkin of .
and Hooker of Mbnippi, for their eftorts
In the interru of tbejMOvleol thhi canal) .
in U-taptittK hcate the eotwty Mt fc
Krieco, the m&-aphkal nMrior of tho
county
To uwe a we!l-wm iCaaaa exej4on,
the town of Krisew ba benn to boom.
mmin nr eomimc in and adnlne to onr
popalation at Mtrh a rate that within two
weeio onr popniaikw ha tarrwwtd frotn
Jto7l Twenty new taurine were eon
tzneted for and will all be nnrfer headway
next week. One mnktlac. Cohmei ("off-bh'-
tb7 witi beKta work on tomorr-
('radittg beioft don- on the fd"
raih-nad betwera tbt- plaee and W Ken',
aad h i rxpUrd that work will bnsla on
the uw line between here and Oththonm
CitfttPtfM-e tb- rfe?hf-way omMtiuii
a- -tled in that rxij
Two new bridge are wnaWr way acroM
the Canadian woth of thh place.
The Wichita daUy &MLX i the tmwtv
paper with the popbf hero and h tmd hr
mor fwmhc than aif eeher daily mm th
comhteed TW- KutUt m liw
hmm ot h late new and oum
til fee. frteodly and droeat iimOn-H of Ok
lohomn. Ite eaamphf anafct to l af bo
by to ahwi hnived hmmiom aeiwipaprr
men. Xay the JCmU and the new tc of
OkJahoHM proMper eogelher.
A TREASUAEK'S DAPfAftAJiC.
Prrmarnu Pa. Vmh r W J Mr.
1 Onmm. teller at the Fottrth SmtUmml hank.
? th mm immhmkm. a4 twamwvr 4
, nuoWof mm io( la that rtty. 1
mmmmt. He ha not ncwa u by au
t frtendk cane hmt .nd and tfc- mm at a
fRMfjran areunnt f W iWUti 1wp-
. pnoinrr The odV-.a" -4 lb nn.k A
I thrrr i 3 dWrtrpaifc-V ;n ':- fiBH '
1 at m rs n tit lb -"i. l!l-
iKJi umf-m i.: li-nauxacs.
,lk.
c5jg--w-jgiiti.arJti"t'f a!htmffrrtrfimhrfii & n&irfefarjfliliniiiriiiif8
iS-&!feaaSiSb-

xml | txt