Newspaper Page Text
Kans. Historical Socletyl
YOL. XII, jStO. 121.
WICHITA, KANSAS, TUESDAY 3I0ENING. APRIL 8, 1890.
WHOLE NO. 1831.
THE NILE OP AMERICA.
Kobie Prcntis In Kansas City Star.
E HEAR a great
deal about the "Ar
leans. is valley."
Tlie history of val
leys Ls the history
of Kansas. Once
it was the "Kaw
Valley Town com
pany," and later it
was the "Arkansas
f company," and so
on, but Kansas riv-
' ers, separate nnu
apart from their
vallevs, arc not
i' , commonly talked
Civs? X) aoout: tlie stream
'"" - Jl plays second violin
fo its banks. Kansas humps itself up to
an altitude of 4.000 feet in its northwest
corner, but nobody talks of a Kansas
mountain, and Kansas shares in one of the
largest rivers of this continent, but the
r;ver is not counted one of tho "bigthings"
of the state.
X am speaking of the Arkansas, and, at
the first mention of it, come upon -a differ
ence of opinion as to the pronunciation of
the name. The only legislative opinion
ever given on the subject was rendered
tome years ago at Little Kock, when the
Arkansas legislature formally declared the
pronunciation "Ar-kan-saw," and the
teamsters, who were in effect before the
railroad was built, when bound for the
now city Bill Uriffcnstein had started, al-v-ays
roared out that thev were going to
Wichitau on the Arkansaw." On the
-ther hand, Albert Pike's poem about "The
rVie Arkansas Gentleman, Close to the
Choctaw Line," will not "jingle" with the
modern legislative pronunciation. The
famous tune, "Tlie Arkansas Traveler,"
was composed by an Italian, who died a
few years ago at Cincinnati, and his pro
nunciation is lost, but if the old violin on
vihich "Sandy" Fletcher popularized tlie
air could talk, it would say "Arkansaw."
But, Arkansas or Arkansaw, the river
Vtolt is a great geographical fact in Kan
sas It enters the state in Hamilton and
leaves it in Cowley, traversing in its course
t tiirtcen Kansas counties, and big counties
it that. It is our longest river and widest,
i.o, sand and water leing counted. It is
the big river of three states, Colorado,
Kansas and Arkansas; and its valley is
probably the widest -in all the vast coun
try once counted as "the plains." It is the
'running mate" of the Platte and the Rio
tirande. the three bearing to each other a
hort of family resemblance.
The Arkansas suffers marked changes of
fortune. It starts a bold mountain stream,
d xratds to the plains and spreads itself
over the wide In-d it has made for itself in
the sands; then gathers its waters in a
narrower and deeper channel, and Hows
through forests and under the shadow of
wroried4ljiUR until il .finds m the Missis
sippi. Its upper waters reflect the moun
tain pine: its lower tho cotton plant. It
takes up as coloring matter as h goes
fery varietv of soil known to the United
Kates, and, 'I regret to say, gets dirtier as
it flows, and is dirtiest at last.
In Kansas the Arkansas may be said to
linger longest. No geologist has ever told
v hat obstacle it meets with in its south
west flow, but in Ford coun'y it turns to
the northeast and runs in that direction to
the town of ("rent Bend, hesitates alxmt its
eourso from Great Bend to Ellinwood, then
returns to its resolution and turns to the
.v nit h west: at "Wichita it decides to seek
tho Mississippi and turns south and enters
the Indian territory: so it adds to its other
peculiarities, that its banks are inhabited
iy white, red and black men.
The Arkansas has for the most of its
rurse in Kansas the same look. Some
vriter called it long ago "unfriended,
melancholy, slow." The gazer sees the
Ninie low banks, the same reminders of
water spilled upon the ground: and beyond,
Usually on the southern side, the low
range of sand hill; shifting sands, so that
to make a road through them straw has
liefui now been used to construct the
thoroughfare. Here and there, at the
twns, a long low wooden bridge: more
like a causeway than a bridge, crosses.
"No lofty arch will be reflected
in the Arkansas: it is a
low-lying river and must needs have low
bridges. Syhon the grass is green and the
huh is shining there is a little gleam of life
j:i the river, but under a gloomy sky there,
is no more forlorn stream in existence than
There is however, no question among
th. people who live along its shores but
that the Arkansas, even if not ornamental,
is useful. It is a "singed cat" of a river,
and is liettur than it looks. It has a rea
Nn of its own for not getting up after the
fashion of other rivers and spreading over
its banks it spreads under them. Most
curious of all the features of this eccentric
river i" its plan of sub-irrigation: it under
flows the country. Far from its flow, if
vni thrust a sharp stick into the earth
four feet, you find the liver again: hence,
. erywhere in Arkansas valley towns the
c'ivive- well, a great Kansas institution.
Nature has a theory of "protection." Col
onel Goss has shown me in his collection
at Topeka birds that are brown like the
imoss and rocks in summer and white as
tlie snow in winter; both to enable the
1 .id to hide from its savage enemies:
h that tho Arkansas, compelled to
pass through a great, wide, shadowless
country, like a lidless eye, ojicn to the re
morseless sun and the feverish wind; isen
abled to sink into its own sands and lie
covered till the snow melts in the mount
jin and the water comes in joyous rein
forcement. The traveler coming upon
what seems to lie a sandy wnse, .'cut little
lower than the rest of the plain, has but to
hollow out a shallow space with his hands
and he comes to water.
Skirting along the streams in western
most Kansas, the traveler sees following
the railroad track or crossing it and "strik
ing out" across the prairie, what, if he is a
stranger to the country, he may at first
think arc natural water courses, but he
s:on notices thejr uniform width and that,
instead of running to ihe- river they are
running away from it. They are the irri
gating ditches; feat ures of a" great experi
ment: for miles tliey run through lands
that have no trace of human occupation
sae the ditches themselves; they wind,
as one may say. in solitude. In ancient
dais the Orieut gardener planted his little
plat of ground and sought a little
.supply of water. Along the Nile the
fellah still lifts water from the river with
a "well-sweep." but the American digs
an irrigating ditch fifty miles long
and plans for a hundred thousand acres to
le hereafter cultivated. He is no Egyptian,
no Mexican, with his humble acequia: he
would deal with a river and a state. Will
be succeed? That is a question of the
future. The battle between man and the
forces of nature is an uneven one, espe
c iallv when the force is a river. Tliat dam
en the Conemaugh was big and high, but
the water sweut "it aside as if it were a
iKin of sand" and drowned Johnstown,
tsomethiug like that tragedy was repeated
the other day in Arizona. All Grant's
army could not turn afractiou of the
Missisdpoi at Vicksburg: nor could the
udroit General Butler coax the .lames
through the Dutch Gap canal. AH the
engineers and all the appropriations liavo
never made ti good citizen out of the
Missouri river. A river goes where it
wills, and it won't go where it won't. The
final 'intention of tho Arkansas river has
not been made known. "Will it arrange tc
furnish the amount of water required at
the time it is wanted?
If the river is agreed, then it seems to
this writer, that a new kind of American
fanner will be required; a man
who can get along with less than one
hundred and sixty acres; more of a gardener
and orchardist; a man who Avill use that
once popular implement, the hoe. But we
And what will we see? Thut the river
gives a hint of now. Coming eastward the
traveler notes how the cotonwood grows
on it: how the planted groves thicken;
how fi oni being in a country where there
is not a tree in sight, be conies to a country
where trees .ire always in sight. They
were planted by man, and then if he sticks
to the river he comes to that natural
forest, the pressage of that denser forest
and the cane brakes in the territory where
they go to get stems for the cob pipes they
make at Sedan. The growing difference
is made by the water supply. Suppose the
water conies into the upper Arkansas val
ley. Suppose that patient labor guides it
where it should go. Then will the world
turn to the shaded and blooming valley to
see the greatest triumph of the husband
man, where once was but the buffalo
grass, the cactus, and at night the vagrant
wind and the coyote's crv.
NOIJLE L. PUENTIS.
WICHITA AND ST. LOUIS
STEKE HANDS ON GEADT QUESTION
The Boards of Trade of the Bespectivo
Cities Moving1 Together.
The committee of the "Wichita Board of
Trade appointed to confer with the St.
Louis Merchant's Exchange, in response to
an invitation from the latter body, which
committee consists of ex-President A. "W.
Oliver and E. E. Ebert, have met with
gratifying success. It will be remembered
that a committee of twenty-one grain men
of the St. Louis board spent two days in
"Wichita on that mission some ten months
since, so that the new conference on both
sides was ready for business, of which
more in the near future.
The Post-Dispatch of St. Louis in its last
issue says touching the interests of the
two cities in the grain trade:
"As a grain center "Wichita has steadily
been growing in importance, and the hand
ling facilities, which formerly were sufli
cient, are now entirely inadequate for the
According to the report of the state
board of agriculture, the eleven counties
immediately tributary to Wichita Butler,
Barber, Kingman, McPherson, Harper,
Harvey, Pratt, Cowley, Reno, Sedgwick
and Sumner produced last year,10,071,8G5
bushels of wheat, 513,015,834 bushels of corn
and 12.395,4- bushels of oats. To handle
this amount of grain there are but three
elevators of small capacity, and as a conse
quence a great many shipments have gone
direct to Chicago and Kansas City, with
out passing through Wichita at all. In
order to stop this unnatural movement
of the crop the grain men of these
respective cities propose the erection
of one or more large elevators at
Wichita which would be directly
tributary to this market. In conversation
with a representative of the Post-Dispatch
Mr. Oliver said: "The people of Wichita
arc very anxious to secure more intimate
trade relations with St. Louis than they
have hitherto enjoyed. Heretofore we
have been obliged to send the most of our
grain to other markets, not because we
wished to, but because we had to. There
are no handling facilities to amount to
anything at Wichita, and not a few claim
that the railroads managed to favor Chi
cago at the expense of St. Louis in order
to get the long haul.
"St Louis is 500 miles distant and Chi
cago 700 miles, and as a matter of course
we would rather deal with the former city
than with the latter, while we dislike ex
tremely to send our business to Kansas
City, which we regard as a rival. There is
only one thing needed to secure three
fourths of the Wichita trade to St. Louis
and largely increase the business of both
cities, an elevator of proper size, and to se
cure this we came to the city. Chicago is
willing and anxious to take the matter up,
but we prefer to deal with St. Louis. Since
coming here and consulting with the grain
dealers, we find that they are prepared to
meet us more than half way. We come
with what appears to be considered a mod
est request, the erection of a 250,000-bushel
elevator with large handling fa
cilities. Those with whom we
have conferred are of the opinion
that this will be much too small and are
in favor of building one of much larger
size. All recognize the importance of the
Wichita trade to St. Louis. It is not only
large in itself, but it will constantly grow.
If the tide is set toward St. Louis all the
new wheat and corn lands will send their
produce to the same market, which is their
Every one admits that St. Louis is the
natural outlet for the Wichita grain trade,
and that Wichita is the center for south
ern and western Kansas. If St. Louis am
secure the control of this market, it will
control all the southwest. We find that
the business men are fully alive to the sit
uation, and are ready to meet us more
than half wav. The matter is not fully
settled yet, but you will not make any
mistake"if you announce that one or more
elevators will lie built at Wichita, con
trolled bv St. Louis capital and tributary
to this marker. This will mean that all
grain, except that of low grade, which
hnds a better market in Chicago,
will be shipped to St. louis. Wichita is
the natural ally of St. Louis, and we had
rather work in connection with this city
than with any other. If we can only ar
range it, the entire trade of southern Kan
sas will come to this market."
ITEMS FROM NORMAN.
Normax, Ok., April 5. Special corres
pondonee. Our section has been blessed
with tine rains recently and farmers are
all-now hard at work and feel jubilant
over the excellent prospects of a good sea
son and fine crops.
Our town can soon boast of one of the
finest brick structures in the Oklahoma
country a building now under course of
erection bv a syndicate, which when com
pleted will 1m three stories high. 100 feet
loim and fifty feet wide. Many other busi
ness firms are building additions to their
already lanre buildings, while others are
puttini: in glass fronts and repainting, etc.
We can also boast of a brass, band (.under
the leadership of the famous Iwnd teacher,
J. Jennings.) that bids fair to become one
among the lest in Oklahoma.
The jwlitical complexion of this section
of tho Garden of Eden, we are inclined to
think, is slishtly Republican, and while
we haven't ""much to say on the subject
now, yet the time is not far distant when
we will show our colors.
THE AMAZON IRRIGATING DITCH.
Topkka. Kan.. April 7. Eastern capi
tabsts have let the contract for the Ama
zon irriaating ditch. It wiU strike Has
kell county in the northwest and will run
along t he divide midway lietweeii Santa
I Fe and Ivanhoo on the rout surveyed
j some time since in Finney. It source will
j le towards the head of the Arkansas river.
I1 The ditch will 1 thirty-five feet wide and
six feet deep. Its iirt outlet is designed
to be into what is known as the "big
Imsin" northwest of Santa Fe. a natural
i basin with a capacity for hoMinc an
I enormous (inanity of water and which re
ceives tlie drainage of a vast eofe of ter
ritory. The ditch will be fed by water
stored in this basin during tlie rainy
season for use wlten needed in the growing
D TO PISS.
XOT ENOUGH VOTES TO SUSPEND
My, Morrill's Substitute for the Sen
ate Dependent Pension Bill
Provisions of the Latest Service Pension
Bill Introduced by Eepresenta-
The Legislative, Executive and Judicial
Appropriation Bill Completed The
Montana Cases Argued in the Sen
ateThe Oklahoma Conferees
to Meet This "Week
Items Prom the
"WAsniXGTOX, April 7. Mr. Morrill, of
Kansas, moved to suspend the rules and
pass a substitute for the senate bill grant
ing pensions to soldiers and sailors who
are incapacitated from the performance of
labor, and providing for pensions to wid
ows and minor children and dependent
Mr. Springer, of Illinois, demanded a sec
ond, and the motion was seconded 128
Mr. Morrill briefly explained that the
substitute provided "a service pension of ?S
a month to soldiers who have reached the
age of 155 years or who are dependent. 1 le
thought that the same principle which
had been applied to the veterans of the
war of 1512 and the war with Mexico
should be applied to the veterans of the
war of 1861.
In answer to a question from Mr. Sayers,
of Texas, he stated that it was estimated
that the senate bill would require an an
nual expenditure of ?3G,000,000 and the
house substitute would require &$y,000,000
Mr. Springer said he would vote against
the motion to suspend the rules and pass
the bill for the reason that no proper con
sideration could be given the measure in
the limited time allowed for debate. There
was no opportunity to offer an amend
ment. According to his information not a
single Grand Army post had petitioned for
the passage of this bill. The soldiers had
asked for a servico pension bill.
Mr. Pickler, of South Dakota That is
Mr. Springer charged the Republicans
with an evasion of responsibility, with
dodging of the issue, with betrayal of tho
soldiers to whom they had promised a ser
vice pension bill. If the bill passed no op
portunity would bo given in this cougress
for the passage of a service pension bill.
The soldiers had asked for bread and the
house had given them a stone.
Mr. Tarsney, of Missouri, opposed the
passage of a bill of this magnitude under
the gag law. He would make known his
views on the general subject of pen
sion legislation even it ne were
legislation and to any measure which
placed the brave soldior on an equality
with the skulking coward. Every time
the bounty of the government was given
to the unmeritorious man it was taken
from the brave veteran. The soldiers of
this country were tired of this indiscrimin
ate pension legislation.
Mr. Martin, of Indiana, suggested that
the bill was called up today in order to
prevent the offering of amendments in be
half of the soldiers. He objected to age
and time limitation. He would vote for
the measure, but he would do so with
Kreat reluctance, because he believed that
it was a breaking of the promises made to
the soldiery of the country.
Mr. Lane, of Illinois, said that the bill
was not a perfect bill, but it was better
than anything now on the statute books
and for that reason he favored it.
Mr. Yoder, of Ohio, said that Friday he
had scut a request to the speaker asking
for recognition today in order to put on its
passage after four hours the service pension
bill. He had a response to that request in
this star chamber proceeding today. The
gag law had been placed on the
friends of the service pension bill.
The Republicans might gag the house,
but they could not gag the sol
diers of the country. They knew
who were their friends. No soldiers' or
ganization had petitioned for the passage
of the pending bill, and the outrageous
proceedings of today had been actuated by
the desire of the Republicans to escape go
ing on record on the service pension bill.
Mr. Sawyer, of Xew York, thought that
the bill presented was the best which
could be passed at the present time.
Mr. Yoder closed the debate in opposi
tion to the motion to suspend t he rules,
and in conclusion asked unanimous con
sent to substitute for the pending bill the
amid much laughter the speaker
brought down his gavel and declared that
the gentleman's time had expired.
Mr. Cutcheon, of Michigan, ridiculed
the idea of gentlemen on the other side of
the chamber posing as the friend of the
soldier, chided them with opposing the
general pension laws during the six years
they had control of the house and declared
that cverv such law which had been en
acted ha'd been enacted by Republican
votes and against the opposition of the
The house refused to suspend the rules
and pass the senate dependent pension bill
with the house substitute therefor. The
vote stood veas 1C9. nays S7. not the neces
sary two-thirds vote in the ailirniative.
Following is the vote in detail:
Nays Messrs. Abbott, Alderson, Allen,
of Mississippi: Audersou, of Mississippi;
Rankhead. Barnes, Biggs. Bland. Blount,
Breckinridge, of Arkansas Breckinridge,
of Kentucky: Buchanan, of Virginia;
Buckalew, 'Bullock. Bunn, Chandler,
of Georgia: Carlisle,' f'arolton, Caruth,
Clarke, of Alabama; Clements. Cothran,
Cowles, Crisp, Culberson, of Texas: Dar
can. Davidson, Dockery, Edmunds. Elliott,
Ellis, Enloe, Forney. Gibson. Grimes.
Hare, Heard, Hemphill, Herbert. Hooker.
Kilgore, Ianham. Lawler. lee. Lester, of
Georgia; Lewis. Mansur. Martin, of Texas;
McClammv. McCreary, McMillin, McRae.
Mills, Montgomery, Moore, of New Hump
shire; Moore, of Texas; Morgan. Mutchler,
Texas: Stone, of Kentucky: Stone, of Mis
souri: Tarsney. Tillman, luefcer, rurner,
of Georgia: Turpin. Tenable. Walker, of
Missouri: Washington, Wheeler, of Ala
bama. Wilkinsonrwilson. Wft-t Virginia;
Absent or not voting Andrew, Arnold.
Beckwith. Blanchard. Boatner. Brower.
Browne of Virginia. T. M. Brovrne, limn
ner, Burton, Caldwell, Clunie. Cobb,
Crane, Darlington. Delano. Dibble, Evans,
Fitch. Fithiaii, Flood. Foreman. Frank,
Fuuston. Geissenhaimer, Gifford, Gros
venor. Hatch, Haver, Henderson
of New York, Kennedy. Kinsy,
Knanp. Le&lbach. McAdoo. McCarthy.
McCbrd, Miles, Norton. Oates O'DonneH.
O'Neall, of Indiana. O'Neil. of .Massa
chusetts. Oothwaite. Owen, f Indiana,
Pennington. Pbefctn. Quinn, Raine. Ran
dall, of "Peniteyivania. Hay. Reilly. Rob
ertson. Rockwell. Sniuola, ;poooer.
Stephenson. Stoekdaie. Taylor, of Tennes
see, J. D. Tavlor. TownseroL of Pennsyl
vnnbi. Trrv. "furaer of New York. "Wai-
ce of Massof ausett. Whites, Whlv
horn, Wilson, of Missouri, Wright, Yard
ley. All other members voted yea.
The followingbills were passed undersus
pension of the rules: Senate bill (with an
amendment striking out the appropriation
clause) for a public building at Salina,
Kan., at a cost of 75,000; to establish two
additional land districts in Nebraska.
Mr. Butterworth, from the committee on
appropriations, reported the legislative, ex
ecutive and judicial appropriation bill.
Calendar. The house went into--committee
of the whole (Mr. Bntterworth, of
Ohio, in the chair) on the naval appropria
Without action the committee ose and
the house adjourned.
THE SENATE'S SESSION.
WAsniXGTOX, April 7. In the senate
the house amendment to the joint reso
lution for the removal of the naval maga
zine from Ellis Island, N. YM-- was con
Among the bills reported from commit
tees and placed on the calendar was the
following: A house bill to ' amend the
homestead laws in regard to the manner
of applications and to fees; the senate bill
for public buildings at Kansas City, $2,
0'JO.OOO. Mr. Hoar moved to nroceedwith the
Montana contested election case.
Mr. Vance spoke at length against the
majority report, and denounced the action
of the Republicans in taking advantage of
their majority in the senate to thwart and
trample under foot the will of the people
Mr. Spooner argued in favor of the ma
jority report, which declares in favor of
seating the Republican claimants.
Mr. Spooner yieleded for an executive
session and the senate soon adjourned.
AGAIN POSTP OWED.
The Oklahoma Conferees Will Get Together
Washixgtox, April 7. The committee
on conference on the Oklahoma bill ex
pected to meet Saturday and resume the
consideration of the measure. Senator
Cullom was sick, however, and unable to
be present, and the meeting was postponed
until some dav this week. It is understood
that all of the members of the committee
are anxious to reach an early settlement of
the matters in dispute, and it is not be
lieved it will be hard to agree on a report
which both houses can adopt. The sena
tors appear to bo solicitious about the
court provisions of the bill, and they will
insist upon the adoption of the senate
measure. It is believed that with this
condition they may accede to the wishes of
A question has arisen, however, as to the
real intentions of the house concerning the
territory to be included in Oklahoma. The
first section of the bill is to the effect that
no Indian reservation or lands shall be in
cluded, without the consent of the re
spective tribes, but section ten expressly
says all lands in the territory which are
not required by law, treaty, or execu
tive order for the use of any Indian
tribe, shall become a part of the public
domain and shall be open to settlement.
The friends of the senate bill insist that
the provisions of the two sections are so
vague as to leave possibility of a conflict if
adopted. The senate, conferees, it is said,
will alter these two sections to a consider
able extent, but just what they propose
has not been determined. Tho committee
will be called again as soon as Mr. Cullom
is able to attend.
Pensions granted to Kansans were:
Original invalid John B. Childs. Bur
lingame fnavv); William Walters, Meade;
Thomas J. Mitchell. Chanute; Garrett W.
Gifford, Miami: Thomas A. Guest, Graf
ton; Lewis Blankson, FwrnCg; HarricF.
Dedrick, Lawrence; Jacob Lewis, Kinsley;
Mvcrs Horner, Weltbolt; James Clements,
deceased, YVarnerton: Archibald Nichols,
Loegcon;' John J. Cantwell, National
Miliary home. Increase Thomas
Doherty, Baxter Springs; Joel H,
Rvnerson, Topeka: Thomas Riley, Eu
reka; Joseph J. Yearout, Cheney; Roswell
Fisher, CawkerCitv; Ephriani York, Well
ton: Preston P. Reavis, Elk City: AVilliam
F. Campbell, Whiting: George W. Benja
min, Nickerson; David H. Conger, Os
borse: Herman Tastrow, Nickerson: George
W. Southard, Anthony. Reissue Norman
Grist, Mulvane; John G. Shawbell, Ot
tumwa; Johiel F. Joslin, Hoyt. Original
widows, etc. Mary, widow of James Clem
ents. Warnerton; Cynthia, widow of James
A. D. Brazel. Garrison; Mary E., widow of
Steven Fowler, Huston.
P0R THSEE BRANCHES,
The Money Required for Legislation, the
Executive and Judiciary.
Washington, April 7. Tlie house com
mittee on appropriations today completed
the legislative, executive and judicial ap
propriation bill. It carries an aggregate
appropriation of S20,StH.'fcJ0, which is $10,
000 more than the last bill and S702.9-J4 less
than the estimates. The number of sala
ries provided for is f9.879. which is 24 less
than the estimated number and 141 more
than those provided for in the last bill.
No new legislation is proposed.
Some of the changes in the
governmental service provided for
are jis follows: Salaries of t :aht senators
and five representatives from the new
states; five additional clerks are provided
for in the civil service commission; sixty
five additioual employes are provided for
in the sixth auditor's office; the force in
the United States treasurer's office is re
duced by five clerks; twenty-two salaries
of territorial offices are dropped as a conse
quence of the admission of new states; the
salary of J4.500 is provided for an assistant
secretary of war.
In the" navy department the same num
ber of employes is provided for, but the
list is arranged to corrcsjiond to the secre
tary's plan for the bureau reform. The
board of pension appeals is increased by six
members at $2,000 each. In the laud office
eight heads of divisions at S2,000 are pro
vided for in place of ckiss 4 at 1.800 and
provision is made for fifteen additional
employes. In the patent office the salaries
of the thirty principal examiners are in
creased from 2.400 to $2,500 and nine em
ployes are added. In the deparment of
justice, provision is made for an assistant
attorney general at $.".O0Q and an assistant
attorney ior the department of agriculture
at S4.000 and five additional employes.
Incident to the admission of the four new
states and the establisinent of a court in
the Indian territory, provision is made for
for five district judges at 3,oOO, two
"nited States attorneys at $2,000 each and
wo United States marshals at S2.COX
BOOTHMAN'S SERVICE PENSION BILL.
Washington. April 7. The service pen
sion bill introduced in the house today by
Representative Boothman. of Ohio, pro
vides substantially a follows: It grants a
service pension of 1 cent per month for
each day of every mau service in the army
during the late war without reeard to age;
it provides that those soldiers who now re
ceive a disability pension may if they
chooe relinquish their disability pen
sion and accept the service I pen
sion. Widows oc those drawing the
service pension will be placed on
the rolls at Si per month during -widowhood
but have the right to prooecnte
and obtain a penskra under the
present law by showing that the
husband died " from disability con
tracted in the service and line of duty.
The bill also granis a pension oc 53 a
month to minor children under 16 yew of
age of soMkrs who die while drawing a
pension, and if aov of the children are o
helple-s as to reqnire the care of aaottesr
person the pension i to continue dnria:
tins helplessness. If the widow dies or re
marries before the children reach the aee
of 16. ber pension t to be drawn bj them
until they reach the age of li
Wasktsgtos. April 7. The senate oosr
ftrmari Jobs J. L&sftbert recdhrar of SMtsiie
Bsocsys at PseWo, Grt.
THE PEOPLE'S ML
RESULTS OF THE VARIOUS-MUNICIPAL
The Present Government .of Sterling
Re-ElecteajGycr the Prohi
Labor Organizations Carry the Bayjat Pratt
A Hot Contest at
Tho Female Officials of Oskaloosa Refuse
Re-Election and Will Allovr the Men
to Take Charge BemocraSio Gains
Shown in the Elections ia In
diana and Ohio.
Sterltxg. Kan., April 7. GresSt excite
ment attended the municipal election here
ment of the nrohibition law. This moru-
ing before the polls opened the temperance
element or reformers issued a circular urg
ing all its readers to support the temper
ance ticket. The liberals, opposed to the
reformers, elected their ticket headed by
J. T. Gaskell, the present mayor.
A HOT CONTEST AT FREDON1A.
FKEDOXIA, Kan., Anril 7. The most, ex
citing and hotly contested municipal elec
tion in the history of this city occursetl to
day. There.were two tickets in the lield,
tho Republican and Democratic. The
total number of votes cast was
503; of these 230 were cast by
-irnmpn. The Renublican ticket., was
successful by majorities ranging fom 40J
to 70. JLne successiui cancuuaies .were:
Mayor, Alexunder Rutchardt: policejhidge,
James Rilev; councilman, C. H. Eierce,
Samuel Wilson, D. A. Loomis, C. A. Can
trell rnd S. B. Rartlett.
THE MEN'S TURN NOW.
Oskaloosa, Kan., April 7. The women
officials of Oskaloosa declined to run again
this year, saying that they had the city
affairs in good shape and would now turn
the administration over to tlxe sterner sex.
The officers are now composed of C. F.
Johnson, mavor; II. Reiner. A. P. Con
tant. W. II. lluddlestone.H. F.Worswick.
F. II. Roberts, councilmen. A number of
ladies voted and carried tho day for the
VOTED ALL BY HIMSELF.
HoxjE, Kan.. April 7. The municipal
election was held here today. B. S. Turner,
brother of Congressman Turner, of the
Sixth congressional district, ran against
E. P. Weidn. the candidate of the people's
party. Mr. Turner received one vote.
THE LABOR TICKET ELECTED.
PKATT, Kan., April 7. The entire ticket
nominated bv labor organizations was
elected today by majorities from '25 to 200.
Large numbers of women voted, almost
uniformly for labor ticket.
THE BLUE RAPIDS ELECTION.
Bluk Rapids, Ivan., April 7. The elec
tion in this city trtday resultcd-in tho selec
tion of A. M. D. Duncan for mayor by a
mojority of 07 votes over E. M. Brice, of
the Tinies, who was a candidate for re
election. AT LINCOLN CENTER.
Lincoln Cektek, Kan., April 7. The
city election today resulted in the election
of a dry mayor and council by a majority
of nearly a hundred. About one hundred
and fifty women voted; total vote 340.
RE-ELECTED WITHOUT OPPOSITION.
Liberal, Kan., April 7. Only one ticket
was in the field at the municipal election
today. The present city administration
KANSAS CITY'S ELECTION.
Kansas City, Mo., April 7. There is
great excitement here tonight over tomor
row's municipal election. There arc only
two tickets in the field, the Republican
and the Democratic. The former is headed
bv Mayor Davenport, who is up for reelec
tion, and the latter by Benjamin Holmes.
The Australian voting system goes into
effect at this election. Its eirect upon reg
istration has been very marked, having
raised the list of registered voters from
about 20,000 at the last presidential elec
tion to IiS,000. This increased registration
has puzzled the political prophets to such
an extent that few predictions arehaz
zarded as to the final outcome. The bet
ting tonight is -?120 to SS0 that Holmes will
The Vote Light and the Democrats-Carry
Cincinnati, O., April 7. Thevote of the
municipal election today for judge of th
superior court, clerk of police court, direc
tor of city infirmaries, magistrates and
members of the boards of council and edu
cation was very light. Tho Republicans
at midnight seem to have a majority of
one in the lioard of education and of two
In" thecouncil, both of which were heretofore
overwhelmingly Republican. The Demo
crats elected all other odlcers by about
2.000 majority, except clerk of the police
court who is a Republican elected by
WENT DEMOCAATIC BY DEFAULT.
CoLtMBUa, O., April 7. The city elec
tion passed off quietly with not more than
60 per cent of the vote polled. The Demo
crats elected their entire ticket fay majori
ties from ten to twelve hundred awl make
substantial gains in the connciL The
city on a poll is from two to fonr hundred
AT OTHER CITIES.
EVAS3VIU.E, Ind.. April 7. In ike mu
nicipal and township electks today the
Democrats carried the day.
IvdiaSAFOLIS, Ind., April 7. In the
township election held held here today the
Democrats elected their entire ticket.
Ft. Watte. Ind, April 7. The entire
Democratic ticket was elected by an over
whelming majority. Reports from to
conntry indicate that eighteen oat of
twenuy trustee were elected by the Dem
ocrats. ,. ...
Toledo, O., April . The niaafclpl
election here tcdav gives the city a Demo
cratic common council and a RepabUcM
board of aldermen.
MAXsrittLD. O.. April 7. The Deaocrsa
elected their city ticKet a usoaL
KBOKXK. la.. April 7. la the nnjrfeifml
elect job todav Democrats elected an'msor
and fonr aldermen; the Republicans secur
ed two aMermen.
! Des Morxra, la-. April 7. The election
I tnAar tkt otiiet on a. Ihckt voce Dtf
j ing polkd. At 11 o'clock it wag thought
teat toe entire neyoauiMi mcksi. sm
LARKED BkHK RE-OR6AM12E0.
Lakseo, Kan-, April 7. Tke Lamed
State bank, which ekved its doors aod
mwd into the haad of a receiver a -bon
1 time ago. ha tvn re-organised whs W.
i ii. Reeve, of Jem. I1L. urtt.iAmt: G. W.
i u.tniall vice urcodent- aad W. Soartt-
. ..-. --, --- - - - - .--
cashier. On application ot tae aeaoauoi :
Jndsv VaBrfewtrr toaay (nHraanam tae
receiver aad tfee hamk wffl uiiium &
ne tomorrow wrth siuSidesM. immi to
Eseec a!! domaads.
AN OPPORTUNE SNOW STORM.
Special Dispatch to the Daily Bagk
HrGOTOX, Kan.. April 7. Fully six
inches of snow fell here yesterday, the
larjrest snow storm for this yenr. It fell
heavy equal to rain and one can hardly
imagine the good results our people will
derive, as the other day we were blessed
with a good rain. This together with the
snow, which has not drifted a particle,
will wet the earth full two feet. Wheat
looks well and most of the oats are sown.
It is estimated that fully 5,000 acres will
be planted to melon seeds here this season
and will be grown for D. M. Ferry, Peter
Henderson, Tick Aandreth and others.
These parties claim that our soil produces
the best seeds for the market grown in the
NO PROHIBITION THERE
Special dbnatch to tlie Daii Bk;!;;
Reno CiTV, Ok:T April 7. Everything is
lovely in Iteno City and the gooso hangs
high." The bluebirds sing iu the trees and
the roses have come again. Colonel ' Du
bois issues a proclamation f6r city election
for Tuesday in which he disfranchises all
the ladies. Monday night & resubmission
mass meeting will take place and the peo
ple will tell the colonel there has been too
much wind in Oklahoma this spring. We
don't expect a dictator until vrc get a gov
ernor. Prohibition and mossbackism can
not prevail in the fair land of Oklahoma.
A ISlOTC OU
the Temple Causes Patal
LlBEHAL, Kan., April 7. A man named
Jackson, ownerofa sheep and cattle ranch,
fifteen miles southeast of Liberal, met his
death in a peculiar manner yesterday. Jle
was lighting a prairie lire and became so
excited that his neighbors induced him to
mount his horse and ride home, but his
animal threw him just as he started and
he fell against a wire fence and a barb
stuck in his temple. He got up and de
clared laughingly that he' was not hurt,
but spasms set in and continued for sev
eral nours, wiiBU-ureiu reucveu juiu oi his
sufferings. He leaves a wife and two
A CUT WELL NAMED.
Atchison, Kan., April 7. An aged col
ored man named Hector Strain was found
in a dead and mnntrled condition on tho
I, tracks of the St. Joseph, St. Louis & Santa
.Fe road in "Dead Man's cut," live miles
kiiorth of Atchison, this morning. Strain
r"receutlv removed from Atchison to St. Jo
seph and it is believed that he was walking
back to this city when he was killed. He
has relatives in Atchison who will take
.charge of his remains. "Dead Man's cut'
is occupied by the tracks of four railroads
.and at least "six persons have leen killed
I there in tho past three or four years.
CONSTRUCTION BEING PUSHED.
Topeka, Kan., April 7. The meeting of
the board of directors of the Hutchinson,
Oklahoma & Gulf railway in Chicago lat
week has resulted in pushing forward the
construction of the road through Harper
and Kingman counties. It is proposed to
have trams running on the new road by
June 1. It is reported that the road will
be operated bv the Union Racine which
it is stated has long desired to control a
desired to control a line penetrating south
ern Kansas and the Indian territory.
SNOW TEMPORARY CHANCELLOR.
Lawkekck, Kan., April 7. It is seini
oftlcially announced that at the meeting to
be held the coming Wednesday by the state
board of regents Professor Snow will Ins
tendered tho clinneeyorship of the univer
sity, whicfi lie willM&ccept &rCWtlm Jt
ing. When the regents find the right kind
of a man for the position, Profe-or Snow
will rexign and return to the work of his
scientiic researches which has occupied
his entire lift?.
THE BANKS' OLEABINGS.
A Small Decrease for the Country in Gen
eral. Boston', Mass., April C The followln
table compiled from dispajolten from the
managers of the leading clearing hon.es of
the Lnited States thows the graas ex
chauges for the week ending April rt,
1S90, with rates per cent of increase or de
crease, a compared -yith the correspond
ing week in lbSB: .
Ooufcif N-w Tack.
CHILDREN'S DAY AT THE WHITE
Wahjmtos, April ".The white boom
ground presented a deridedljr pirtnteaqoe
appearance today, the owaaioo being the
annual gathering there of the chil
dren of the district for the porpoae
of eg Krifhus. The entire gnranda back
of the mansion were taraea over to tor
ehildren and several thommmd apeat a por
tion of the day there. Tbey were of all
claM and conditim.t, from the colore!
"picaamnv" in rags to the "pampered
child of fortune. They all played to
gether in the lawn and toad a bright and
animated .scene. The prumfant stopped
oceaatonallT in hi work f look at tna
andaeemett u enjoy the aiifht. Darhmjr
t be afternoon the oecawton waa aaMreoed
by the presence of the aaarina haad, wfcleh
wa ordered oat by the maiden far the
apecial benefit of the children.
BILLS REPORTED FAVORABLY.
TAJWlSGToji. AprirT. The senate eoea
raitt oo public land today ordwud
favorable report upon the followfaa; Mile:
To amend the geetkaw of the n-rmd
itttat relating toieea of land oflteera
r bowse bill : u eoarer Lake CaUtarr to
dry of St. Joarph. Jtfo
The hooae coaucif teeoa pabJk land ha
authorised a ntroraMe report on taw bill to
permit the city of Aberdeea. H D, to en
ter i3 acrea of laad for tonrwat parpoam
with a j tw i ratio in favor A rxirtiag
THE SOUTBEHM TOUK-
WaarTKK, April 7 Tiat
:fce liiwiiMfjnMaT Amarira
will kftva- WaekrBatett m ike
, awnra-a ttmr rum, Amu w,itiu,
mmd wffl rosvra ft WiitMrngtim Umg m
A meant, lac joec
J5rj ......; " I.3
glSj' ; n.t
aUAattt -I -tSbST
3J,S .. . 1
tun... .i r.
ON TI WRONG SI.
A "BULL" TimNS "BE&IT AO! M
MPATORABLE TIME. -
A Well Known St. louis Broker He-
fuses to Carry His Contracts.
Two Cents Advance in Wheat Gaoses His
Pailure Considerable Esdtecient in
TheWall Street Pirm of Sistare & Sons
Pails Ths Virginia Moat IcspJtioa
Law Declared Void Lumpy Jawed
Cattle Causa Tronblo at Gfei-
cago Qaarinj House
ST. LoJfc, Mo. , April 7. "M"o5C!j FraleT,
the well known broker, is again in- hhhu
cial trouble. Ho has been tho heaviest
short in May wheat in this market tor a
month past "and today the cours of the
market proved too much for him. A
failure to reioud to margin on oalli
was the first intimation tlie trade liad that
he was in trouble, lie had laW down his
contracts, as he had twice boftre, refusing
to carrv them any further.
Mr. Fralcy had been a stroac; lutll on th
market and a firm believer In. Mgher
prices. As the market did not go hi way.
he suddenly tmrwed bearish. The market
has been g6ingagnint him and culminated
today iu an advance of S oent. The news
of tlfo failure caused conskumibU uxcite
ment on 'change.
CAUSED BY DEPAL0ATI0E
Pailure of a Large New Tsrk (Sty Firm
New Tork, April 7. George K. Ststar
& Sons' failure has just Iwen awnauHeed
on the stock exchange. It h reported that
th.iro is a defalcation in thtt Arm to tlm
amount of a5O,O00.
Tho linn is one of tlie most prominent in
tho street. A member of the rnt nayn
that the failure was cawed by a hoary
defalcation in their Phllndelphiaonlee.
LITTLE LKARICKD XX riULADKUMttA.
I'iiilaublnua, Pa., April 7. Th oaly
member of tle Ann of tieorgu Ststalrw As
Soils who resided in Philadelphia wr Mr.
Douglas Hilger, who died at hht lwmo
here a week aeo after two weeks' ilhtetw.
At the time o' liw death there was quleC
talk on ihe street that Mr. Ililger'a ac
counts were heavily overdrawn, bat no
public Announcement of the affair Ita
leeu made until the receipt of tho di-ImU-he
from New York today announcing
the failure of tho Arm in oom
xetuence of a defalcation in thn
Philadelphia oftke. At the oflke of tho
Arm, No. 115 South Fifth street, thi after
noon uothing could be learned regarding
tbn matter. A nmplo of young clerk,
were the only petoi!n iu theolUce and thev
informed all ioqulren that they bad beeu
instructed bv the llrm inKewlork togtvn
no taformatiau i the puaM beyond Ut
stat men that the Arm bad suspended
pa ment. They referred all neWpaper
com-j. ..JeiiU to the Nm" York otllcefor
tap-b 11. Needles, who acted as manager
of the office of Hillgr As Son. located at
the Colonnade ltotel utatcd tonight that 1m
HiMleretood tliat the late Mr. HlllKr -ulated
hi fctocks through PtailadolaluA
brokers nud lost a large amount of moaey,
exactly how much he did not know. bis
thought It would reach the sura sUtod in
the New York dlspHtchix, tM00.
The family indignantly deny the nunor
that lie committed suicide, lie wa ill for
two week previous to hia death and
during the lwt three data of hi ttm bo
watt unounciou from the effects of tb
diee. A reputable phytocian who at
tend him dnring his illnefM certiaad that
he died of typbokl fever.
LUMPY JAWED CATTLE.
Chicago, III., April 7. The atnUttve
lock board and the rtty IteaHh department,
liave again locked horn on the qaeatkm of
disposition of "lumpy Jawed" cattle tasnd
at the stock yard. City Meat Immeetor
ljunb recently diarovered thai tamp
jawed cattle were lieing abmghtere" in om.
aad twos among healthy herd, and bv
careful watching oeeded in tHi
ittie and quarantining about twen'v
head of the diaeaaed animal. Tic.
atate board anked tha taw
cattle be turned over to a certain btcb-r
to be alaughtered and turwrf lm lertibz
er TLiatbeHtyantborltieaiefoaedto d
nnleaa the aiaughtering wan dom wadr
the eye of one of their inspector. Th
health board reaenteri thU imputation and
the result bt that the gate to the pen in
which the cattle are cuoJUmmJ is doobl.
fecked and amled, once by the dty and
once by the state authorities. What the
outcome will be is not kaown.
INSPECTION A6AIM KKOCKED OUT.
RlCHMOM. Va April Upmaalby
Armour ic Co.. of CbJcagn, tailed
Judge Hughes has readered a decadaaj d
claring the meat inapectioo law pasawd h
the Irtdatature to be contrary to the lateral
cooMtitutioa. The decision is efaafewrat't
ami take the ground thai the application
is not meant a a aanitary measure, hot a
a atate revenue measure, thai tka tsjc of !
cent per poubd is outrageous, aad thai th
meat sbHarbtered wHhin 1 mile, of fc
place of delivery could he sold naoar tas
law in an unsound condition.
WILL CLOSE ITS DOORS.
2CewYoX, April 7 -The directors of
the Eqnttabie bank have decided t tto
it doors. (o of the directors eiatam thai
of late the bank has baen loaing avoner.
The deposits have diopped dew to ,
figure where taere is vary llttw pnmt for
the roncero. The oeposttar- hav hmu
nodfled to withdraw their maner and ta--.
the surplse, if Users Is any. will be asrMsd
pro rata among the slucklaildsra.
THE BLESSmO OF STRONG WEAVES
Is reemeraWe. not by the ae of seiner I
sedatives, bat by a recourse to aflattani
tonic treatment. Opiate and Urn !tk
should only b need as aoalfinrta, a!
then as sparingly m possible. VlgavvM
nerves are otuet ones, and the swam dim u
way to lender tnem sa Is to Mmhmfi) tt
vital energiea. Tbat atarling rrrafmisiH;'.
Hqrtetter' Huansrik Blttera. w'.!. mBtvl
slWaffictest for th'ta prpra. .v - m
tirely renpyres iBsdimatits '- f '
digeatioe and assimilitkwi of tn- ' "U
thai the body is insured its do ar- -jst r,f
Doarbwment, and eansqtat of mm.
Kbenmatie terxVnries aad afftleawaftba
kidney and bladder ar also mmUml
by istxers. wbirh .a beaiaV s panmaat
medkteai sthaolacv r Marfery ptjtfi ta
the raw excitant at mmrt. wfawn rs
act mfrsriumtj upon tfce mcrr si syatsaw.
COUT TEMH1S MATCH.
Bc?o. Mass. ArtJ 7 -f hrit flaan
ders, tat ptntosrional emmem w Um
aia player of Kagiaad. ha atgoi arcieies
rf agiestaeat for peamaaVoai rtr lea
nn !! ii for the 'toJkmi-.i-lu ef tfe
worW. la wfsirh Teaaaas rUrt.of taaJk
ten AlhJstic Hob ia tajrarsanat maVtar.an-1
n Batavdny next Mr. FwtM, aeemnnanii
w Mr. Ja& Wares. 4ll SOI hmm rr
Xt m Jk&mt' m psirmmawtmtwrag