Newspaper Page Text
"Ill llJSliiJ.I ,-
Kans. Historical Society!
YOL. XII, XO. 124.
WICHITA, KANSAS, THURSDAY MORNING. APRIL 10, 1890.
TTHOLE NO. 1834.
TORK PRODUCTION PEO-PROFIT.
A Comprehensive and Sound Article on
body knows that
the hog furnishes
the ham and that
"Wichita is no less
famed of late for
both her hogs and
hams than is south
west Kansas famed
for the superiority
of her swine and the
success of her farm
ers in sending to
kets the finest pigs
to be found in any
market in the
world. Nine out of
ten of the portly
porcincs that with protruding cheeks wad
dle into the pens of the Union stock yards
of this city ought to have blue ribbons tied
to their kinked tails. They are entitled to
such a badge of excellence. From the su
periority of our corn, or from the extra
nutritiousness of our grasses, or from the
healthfulness of our dry atmosphere, or
lightness of soil and purity of water, or ,
from all these combined, Kansas is pro
ducing a standard of hog which is abso
lutely unrivalled by any other country.
This is true. Nine out of "ten animals
in beauty discount the average picture of
the thoroughbreds of stock journals. Our
market reports of yesterday show that one
thousand four hundred and twenty-nine
such hogs were sold at these yards the day
before, with nearly four hundred more re
ceived after market hours, or nearly two
thousand hogs for a single day. And so
dav after dav, month in and month out,
will the number go on increasing until the
present great packing plants will have to
be supplemented and duplicated, and until
the average number of hogs from the im
snediately surrounding counties will reach
a. dailyaverage of from five to ten thousand,
to say nothing of the number which will
naturally be drawn to this market, because
of its location and importance, from
Oklahoma and the Cherokee and Chicka-1
saw countries. There is, then, money in
the hog, untold millions of it, especially in
a country of so much cheap, surplus corn,
and where the climate seems to be so won
derfully adapted to the health and quick
development of the profitable pig,
iv o-Q ,,.,.i fi,- V ,..nii i, t,.,wi i
care convinced that it would be hard
to improve upon tne meuioas anu expe
J 1 A I. . .11 1 1 I
rience of our hog-growers, and next to im
possible to heighten the standard of perfec
tion attained by the Arkansas valley hog,
but the following prize assay, and which
was awarded superior excellence in a con
test in which twenty-five experienced
Iowa hog-raisers participated, was written
by J. C. Brown, of Marshalltown, and
published by the Homestead, and is repro
duced for the very many excellent ideas
which it embodies, some of which may be
new and prove valuable to some of our
southern Kansas hog raisers:
"In discussing this question we will pre
sent it chietly ironi the standpoint of
tensive operation, or the, principal industry
nf flip fnrni It. i tn ho nrirfiiimpi fluit,
'profit' iii any business is what brings one ,
a competence, if not wealth. Operation j
on n small scale, though the percentage of I
......;.. ....... i. ... :n .... .i i.: . !
Limn jii ie j;n- j , vjii nut uu 11113.
That system of management which re
quires "the least outlay of money and
smallest amount of labor, and yields a
Jarge product, will show the greatest
iirolit. The first requisite is to raise the
improved breeds and make such selections
of breeuii x stock as will meet future
needs. If quick maturity is sought, a
liner typo should be used than if heavier
weights are desired. There are two sys
tems of making pork one is to crowd the
pigs with fat-producing food for early
sjitiurity, the other to "grow the young
hv.ine with coar&er, less expensive feed,
nun mature later with corn. The former
tem is usually followed by the small
fanner with early spring pigs, and
nil It tho customary supply of milk and
kiichfii slops, supplemented with grass
n.Tid a full supply of corn, a speedy
growth is made with sufficient fat to pro
duce a marketable hog at any age. Young
pirkers fattened this way should be sold
at two hundred and fifty pounds. If kept
fo- heavier weights the rations in catly
Krowth should be composed of less corn or
tat producing food. It is unprofitable to
li'irden the growing pig with fat till he is
a heavy hog. Young swine pushed by
rich ffKKls will consume but little grass,
which is the cheatest pork-producing feed
in existence. Ordinary grasses will make
60 jH'r cent more pork than lieef; and
clover, the best grass for growing hogs,
will give two pounds of the former to one
of the latter: one acre without other feed,
will make 400 pounds of jwrk. We have
secured 175 pounds per acre from the
bireud crop with a largo herd. In dis
r tivsing the feeding of heavy hogs in large
numbers, we present it from a iersonal
standpoint, the experience nf twenty-four
j ears. AVliat is given here has the support
of licures recorded by t he scales. Hogs in
tended for heavy weights should be farrow
el from the middle of May to the last of
June. During this interval there is an
abundance of grass, which puts the dams
in proper condition to deliver their young
nnti produce .1 full flow of milk. "We have
handled in this way. for many years, fifty
to sixty sows and lost but two in farrow
inc. Gras. water and corn will give vigor
mid growth to dam and pigs. Ground
f iil of any kind is unnecessary. Thedams
require little care at this season of the
year. They can farrow in the pasture,
aii'ng the fence;-, in the groves and in cat
tle heds, and other buildings not then in
use. Grah alone is the proper food for the
dam till the pigs can follow her to the feed
yard, which will be in two or three days.
Vhen the pigs take to feed they shouldbe
given what milk the farm supplies, and
soaked corn of sufficient quantity, w;th an
occasional ftvd of oat or rye to produce a
vigorous growth only, allowing the grass
t'lln the leading factor in building up the
frame, which injures a strong constitu
tion, supported by adequate bone and
mr.scle for future greatness. The unmis
takable demand of the market in the last
f.'W years is for a cla.ss of hogs, or at least
a large per cent., with more muscle ami
less fat, or, in other words, fat and lean
mixed. Hogs grown in this way will bet
ter withstand the attacks of disease, and
lb.' meat is of a better quality than that
madebj the crowding process. A yawl of
feeding cattle is the best place for shoats
during the winter intended for latter ma
turity. By spring they will be in fine con
dition to liiiish. and corn, grass and oats
w ill do the work. We have found it pro
liT.ible to carry over, on grass principally,
the smaller ones, and fatten them with
the dams the next fall, and into the win
ter. The profit figures in the large gain
made from the grass. Increased prohts t
are secured by liaving the hogs mat ured
w hen the market is the highest, ami for
twenty vears "with few exceptions, the
inontl" of February has shown that. This
necessitates feeding in cold weather, which
js avoided bv mast fanners through the
mistaken idea that it does not pay. "We
have fed for twenty years from eighty to
one hundred and thirty into February,
and make not less than nine pounds to a
bushel of corn, and that at the finish, and
receive an average of over 5 cents per
jonnd. It will pay to feed in winter.
One- ear-old hogs fed in the summer on
grass will give from eleven to twelve
pounds per bushel no better than winter
XoedinS; the grass considered. We mam-Jand
tain that with proper quarters winter
feeding will give as good results as sum
mer feeding. Fat hogs suffer is much
from heat in summer as cold in winter
Some one will say: 'Do not feed in ex
treme cold or hot weather;" but please re
member that the highest prices almost
universallv prevail in August and Feb
ruary, and" a few nickles in advance fre
quently gives all the profit, and that is
what all are seeking. "vV hen to feed and
sell contributes to the emoluments as
much as how it should be done. Many
advocates of early maturity, with light or
medium averages, are apt to overlook
many questions that enter into the pro
duction of pork under various conditions,
and reason more from theory than practice.
"In comparing the systems of early and
late maturity, or lightand heavy weights,
the life of the pig should enter into the
calculations. A pig one week old, with
little weight, may be fairly estimated, ev
erything considered, to cost one dollar.
This makes forty cents per hundred on a
two hundred and fifty pound hog. Any
future gain is relieved of this cost. In
other words, the expense of continued
feeding is reduced that much.
"Salt should be kept constantly before
hogs, and the cobs burned frequently.
Nothing will promote the health and ap
petite of swine more than salt and ashes of
all kinds. All classes of hogs will eat
greedily of clover hay and they should be
supplied with it in winter. Green corn
should not be fed to swine only as may be
necessary to take the place of grass, and
then in limited quantity only. It will
only make growth, and grass is much
cheaper. Overfeeding of green corn en
dangers the health of the animal, if not a
promoter of cholera. A full feed of corn
shouid not be given till it is dry enough to
crib, or nearly so. This is necessary to
make lonir feeding the most profitable.
Stock stulfed with green corn will sooner
exhaust their fattening qualities. In lull
feeding the grain should be eaten up clean
once a day and the hogs permitted to be
come hungry enough to relish their feed.
The ground nature's bed .supplied with
fine earth or dust, where sunshine is ad
mitted, is the proper sleeping place in
winter. No other bedding is required.
This kind of nest is neither hot nor
cold, and conduces to comfort and
health. Two years ago Ave carried
through the severe wi'nter,
avere winter, in partly
open cattle sheds, two nunureu and
fifteen shoats, with the loss of only two.
The sleeping apartment, feeding place
and water should be separated, allowing
space for the droppings, which insure
cleanliness. Pigs intended for heavy
weights should not be castrated under
three months old. This strengthens the
bone and muscle and gives vigor for f ur-
bpaying is inexpedient,
In conclusion, we maintain that a stock
hog can be grown to L'OO pounds at the
same cost as the rapidly pushed pig of the
same weight, and the former will yield
nine to ten pounds for every bushel of corn
fed till 400 or 500 pounds are attained; con
sequently it wifl increase the profits to di-
vide the herd and make heavy weights of a
nt,n nf ,f oc nfi:f:nric .-";,.-.?
1W"U" Vi - V,WVV.J I.UXMUW.
PEEPAEED P0R A SIEGE.
The Chicago Carpenters Say They Can Stay
Out All Summer.
Chicago, 111., April 0. There is no
change in the situation in the carpenters'
strike. The strikers have pickets out at
all the depots and almost all suburban
towns. "Whenever they find men of their
trade coming to the city to work they
labor with them and almost inevitably
succeed in inducing them not to work.
The strike is costing the men between .$3o,
000 and S10.C00 per week but they say they
are prepared ior an an
-, -w ,, .. r
an an summer siege.
They have large accumulations in their
trpjisnrv mid tliov s:iv that when
this mo'ney is exhausted they can fall back J
upon the national council. Back of the
national council is the federation ol labor,
..:,.:.... ......!. ., ,,'ii;nn ,.,,.1 'nimu
cwiutuiniu ji--tiiij n inmum mt". j-"-.
claim that thev are supported in their "So far as the Democratic party is con
strike by every 'labor organization in the cerned it is committed to free trade. It
United States, and say that the minimum ', claims to be in favor of lessening taxes and
strike assessment upon members of the . reducing the tariff. If there is anything in
federation will be more than sufficient for 1 their professions or in the principles laid
LUMBER RATES TO BE REDUCED.
Chicago, 111.. April 0 At the meeting of
the "Western Freight association today,
consideration was given to the Chicago &
Alton's of its intention to reduce the rate
on lumber from 1.1 to 10 cents per hundred
weight between Chicago and southwest
ern Missouri river points. The meeting
voted against the proposed reduction,
whereupon the Alton gave formal notice
that it would put the reduction into effect
ten days from date. A committee
was appointed to take up the
matter with a view to establishing
such conditions as would make the reduc
tion unnecessary. To do this, tho com
mittee must induce the Chicago, St. Paul
& Kansas City road to advance its lumber
rate from St. Paul to the south west, which
is now the same as from Chicago.
As to the notice of the Alton with refer
ence to allowance in charges on interstate
shipments of live stock in common cars, it
was ruled by the chairman that such no
tice was not in order, for the reason that it
did not contemplate a change in rates.
NEW ORLEANS RACES.
New Oklkans, April 9. New Louis
iada jockey club spring meeting: Sixth
aud last day. Cloudy, windy and cool.
Attendance "large. Track fast.
First nice, belling, purse &J00. five fur
longs Vatelle won, Peanut second. Time
Second race, selling, purse $250. six fur
longs Maggie B. won by a nose, Skobeloff
second. Time 1:10.
Third race, .selling, pure $200. five fur
longs Pnent won, "Miss Francis second.
Fourth race, purse $250, free handicap
Ormie won. Ruby second. Time 1:20.
Fifth race. Howard stakes, for .1-year-olds
and upwards, handicap $400
added, one and one-sixteenth miles Tudor
won, Buckler second. Time 1:4U.
BAD BLOOD OVER ELECTION.
Nevada. Mo.. April 9. At a special
meeting of the council last night, held to
canvass the vote of last Tuesday's election,
the entire vote of the Fifth and largest
ward was thrown out on account of the
tally sheets for that waid being missing.
This gives Graves. Democrat and present
incumbent, a majority of 11 votes over
Robinson, Republican. Previous to this it
had lieen conceded that Robinson was
elected by 44 majority. Much bitter feel
ing has resulted from the late election and
fraud is freelv charged by lxth sides.
Robinson will bring mandamus proceed
ings against the city council to compel
them to accept the returns from this ward.
An indignation meeting is being held in
that ward tonight denouncing the action
of the city council in strong terms.
CARNEY ANXIOUS FOR A FIGHT.
New York, April 9. According to in
formation received in this city Jemmie
Carney, of Birmingham, the light weight
champion of England, is anxious to have a
0 at Jack MeAuliffe lefore the California
Athletic club with two ounce gloves.
Carney wants the fight to le for a purse of
$5.OJ0,"the contest to take place within four
or sue months from signing articles. If
this proposition does not suit MeAuliffe,
Carney will fight him in England for $5,000
a side'or $1,000 a side and allow him $750
for expenses. If the light takes place in
England he will deposit $5,X), wnich he
will forfeit if the American does not re
ceive fair play. Telegrams have been sent
to the American and President Fulda. of
the California club, asking if such a meet
ing can be arranged.
DR. PETERS HEARD FROM.
Beklin. April 9. The Emin relief com
mittee has rexv ivl a cable dispatch from
Zanzibar stating that a letter has leen re
ceived there from Dr. Peters dated Kam-
amassa, west of Lake Burrougs, Jan
uary S). in which the doctor sakl that he
Lieutenant Tiedernn werewelL
COTTON PLANTERS OBJECT TO THE
CONGER LARD BILL.
The Western Hog Against the South
em Negro is the Way
They Style It.
Eepresentatives of the Colored Farmers
Make a Strong Protest Against
Chicago Board of Trade Men Object to the
Butterworth Bill as Destructive to Le
gitimate Trade The House Re
fuses to Accept the Senate
Amendment to the Okla
homa Town Site Bill
"WASHINGTON, April 9. By request the
house committee on agriculture today re
opened the hearing on the Conger lard
compound bill and the Butterworth anti
option bill, both of which have been re
ported to the house with favorable recom
mendations. On the first named bill
Messrs. A. Graves.representing the Georgia
Agricultural association, and John Pen-
noyer Jones, representing the colored cot-1
ion laraiure anu piumers oi -Arkansas, ootu
rnlnrpd mnn mnrlf nrrnmpnf; lo-nink if
mSwro arguments against its
Hir Gravpti in nrlditinn tu n-c-mnent-? nl-1
rpn.lv t t, w? fnr nJK.n Jlf
tne Motion seed FndustrV SrE t h im-
positiPon0ofSthed buSn contained' in the
bill on the ground that it had contributed
more than anything else to improve the
condition of the colored farmer and laborer
of the south. To pass this bill, he assert
ed, would be the entering of the
wedge which, when driven home, would
separate the colored people from the
Republican party. In the "course of his
arguments on the bill Mr. Jones said:
If the cottonseed oil must be taxed why
not the western hog? "Why break down one
industry of the country that another in
dustry should be protected? TheRenubli-
can party is committed to the policy of
protection to American industry. It is so
enunciated in its platformsand to its music
it has marched to victory. But, Mr. Chair-
man, if the Republican party at Chicago
had placed in the platform of its principles
the singular creed that one industry of
our country should be taxed to death, i
that another industry at home should I
1p nrnt-prtcrl nnH tisifl lpf. if. nn an nnnpnl tn I
tne country tliey would nave neen mined ,
.. , . -. -. -f1
so deen bv the weight of public disfavor
that tne trumpet of Gabriel would not
wake them. If the late canvass settled
one thing or principle it was protection.
But that protection was upon the broad
lines dictated by common sense, towit:
Protection to American industries, Ameri
can mechanics and American labor against
foreign manufacturers, foreign mechanics
and foreign pauper labor. The system in
augurated by tho Republican party in
taxing one American industry to
protect another is an innova-
tion that will be resented by the
great mass of our people and hurl any
parry irom power tuac insanely attempts
lri,t, in f-lioi,. ,-.lnrfr.,m 1"iip. wn rrn Ii.Ioti.
tially look to them to defeat this most per
nicious measure. That they can do other
wise and be true to their creed as laid
down by their leaders is 11 matter that sur
prised and surpasses us. Gentlemen of
the committee, this bill stripped of all dis
guises, resolves itself into this condition:
The western hog against the southern
negro which will win.
"There is another phase of this industry.
There are supposed to be over 200 oil mills,
mostly located at the south. They employ
somewhere in the neighborhood of 75.000
persons; more than tliree-fourths of the
great number of employes are colored men.
It would be safe to say that at least, three
fourths of the persons have families who
rely on these 75,000 persons for their sup
port and living from this enterprise. The
wages paid to the people aggregate $3,500,
000 at the least calculation. The passage
of this bill would close up many of the
mills and perchance throw thousands of
dependent people out of employment and
entail hardship and want upon a people
who are least able to stand it. And all
this is to protect the western hog.''
Mr. Adams, of Illinois, introduced to
the committee Messrs. Counselman
and Murray Nelson, of the Chicago board
of trade, who appeared to oppose the But
terworth anti-option bill. Mr. Counsel
man occupied all the committee's time,
lie said he had endorsed bot h in letter and
spirit the provisions of the first section of
the bill forbidding any privileged or class
dealing. That was a rule of the board of
trade. The second section which forbids
the dealing by any one but the dealer and
purchaser direct in any article not in the
possession of tho seller wiped out of ex
istence the business of himself and all
legitimate dealers as well as the illegiti
mate. Mr. Counselmau was asked if he could
suggest any way by which the illegitimate
speculation could be proscribed without
affecting the legitimate, and said he could
not, without time to consider the subject.
The passage of the bill, Mr. Counselman
said, would damage the farmer more than
it could possibly aid him. If the
producer should sell direct to the
consumer the fanners of Kansas and
Nebraska instead of receiving 10 and 15
cents a bushel for corn this winter, which
was littie enough, would not have received
5 cents a bushel. There must le middle
men to handle the crops between the con
sumer and producer. He advanced large
sums of money to farmers on their crops,
relieving present necessities and enabling
them to liold their grain for a rise in
prices. The trouble that was sought to le
alleviated grew in the bucket shops which
were in existence all over the land
and whose proprietors make their liveli
hood by a reduction in prices. To accom
plish this a common bucket shop interest
sought to influence prices on the exchange,
audit has been successful.
Mr. Counselman was gnen a copy of the
amended bill to study with a view to sug
gesting a provision, if possible, by which
legitimate dealers in grain and farm pro
ducts mav be protected and the business of
the illegitimate speculators prohibited and
PENSIONS FOR KANSANS.
"Washington. April 9. The following
pensions were granted to Kansans:
Original invalid Madison Stont, Buf
falo: .lames J. Campbell, Humboldt; John
M. Batson. Howard; John E. Sittle. Osage
Mission; "William A. Blossom, Holum:
Henrv H. Marble. Colby: Noves J. Lamb,
C lav "Center: James W. Luck-. Elk City;
Jamas M. Perkins. Fort Scott: John S.
Hanwav. Lane; Henry Booth tdeceasedj.
Burlington. David B. Daniels. Fort :scott:
William. II. Dryden. Center Ridge: Joseph !
A. Spencer. Spring Hill: Thomas HolL !
ingsworth. Maumee"V alley. David E. Rolff
Washington. Increase Pliillip Martjnart. i
Oberlui; IJarrett ltoger. Augtfc-ta: rtooert ; timr willingness to aiiow sw arm u oon
Dobson. Fawn: Joschii R. Speakes. Pleas- J tinue business, although it i dmsbtitil
antou; Michael Kelly. auoeai .Military
r- , , T- - -X-.f t "Win i
cfcristiaa C. Drum, Yretionia; Pleasant"
Cravens. Eureka; "William P. Gates, "Wake
field; John P. T. Davis, Elk Citv: Allen
Curay, Great Bend; "W. J. B. McCullock,
Augusta; George Dorsey, Nicodemus;
Hugh Craig, Osborne; J. Dunbar, Sane; J.
R. Graham, New Salem, Edward Bero,
Parsons: Ambrose Buntin. Harlan; Egbert
Mahen, Dwight; Alfred Holbert, Kansas
City. Restoration Mathias Bebgorer,
RandalL Restoration and increase An
drew J. Daley, Elgin: Max Fahley, Na
tional Military home; Henry C. Flenniken,
Osborne; "William Fuller, Cherryvale;
Thomas J. Steel, Sharon; Isaac J. Moore,
Mound City; James P. Theojbold, Hutch
inson; "William H. Mears, Peabodv; Asa
Hoppes, Geneva; Charles Scovill,
Alexander; Horace Wood, Netawaka;
"William L. Curtis, Havana; John
J. Shonhoff, Girard: Fielder P.
Stetson, Concordia. Reissue James E.
Hutchins, Buda; Samuel H. Moore, Neo
sho Falls. Reissue and increase Emil
Rorshchash, Parsons; "William King,
Hutchinson. Original widows, etc. Cyn
thia, widow of Henry Smith, AVichita;
Elmira Freeman, former widow of Pleas
A. Cravens, Eureka. "Widows arrears
Isabelle, widow of "Walter O. Robbins,
WITHOUT TAKING ACTION.
The Senate Considers the Montana Oases
and Chinese Enumeration.
"Washington, April 9. In the senate the
house bill appropriating 50,000 to supply
the deficiency occasioned by the defalca
tion in the office of the late sergeant-at-arms
of the house was reported from the
committee on appropriations and passed.
The senate resumed consideratiou of the
Montana contested election cases and Mr.
Pugh concluded his argument in favor of
the Democratic claimants.
After the conclusion of his speech Mr.
Call took the floor and stated that he
would address the senate on the subject
The Montana election case having been
laid aside Mr. Hale asked unanimous con
i sent to have the Chinese- census enumera
tion bill taken up and disposed of, but Mr.
;.-.; i.YV,-i ,i i r rr..i ,.wi .,
! Lrarts objected and then Mr. Halo made a
j formal motion t0 that effect. The motion
met resistanco on the Republican side but
a11 tlie Democrats sided with Mr. Hale and
. the vote resulted reas V8 la- aml tJ10
"llS h? S
1 was w lling to proceed with the vote
! ,, l""1"
amendments and on the
Some discussion followed and without
taking action the senate adjourned.
"Washington, April 9. The Republican
members of the ways and means committee
were in conference for several hours this
afternoon adding the finishing touches to
the tariff bill. The most change made is
in the schedule relating to fine linens and
-rp . ...
the committee reconsidered anu wiped out
all former action that tne increased uuty
shall be collected as that of 18S4.
The secretary of war today transmitted
to the house of representatives a report of
Captain Marshall, corps of engineers, upon
the location of the Illinois and Mississippi
canal in compliance with the river
and harbor act Ot AUgUSt, lbbS. Captain
A1..Hl..iI -.nnAH4--. -l-tn- -4-lts.
''""" i """ c
timates for the construction of the canal
will not differ materially from the esti
mate of about 40,500,000 already made.
Representative Bartine, from the com
mittee on coinage, weights and measures,
today reported the house bill agreed upon,
authorizing the recpinage of the subsidiary
coins of the United States. An accom
panying report "ays there is now in the
treasury subsidiary silver amounting to
The House Eejects the Senate Amendment
to the Town Site Bill
"Washington, April 9. On motion of
Mr. Struble, of Iowa, the senate amend
ment was non-concurred in to the house
bill providing for town site entries of laud
"Without transacting any business of im
portance the house went into a committee
of the whole (Mr. Butterworth in the
chair) on the naval appropriation bill.
Mr. Williamson, of Louisiana, addressed
tho house in favor of the bill and advo
cated the establishment of a naval yard on
Mr. Adams, of Illinois, said that a yard
on the gulf was already under considera
tion. Pending final action the committee
Messers Struble, Perkins and "Washing
ton were appointed as conferees on the
Oklahoma town site bill.
The house then adjourned.
MR. RANDALL'S CONDITION.
"Washington, April 9. Representative
Randall's condition tonight is just about
the same as last night. He is if anything
a little easier, but there is still a free flow
from the abscess and he may at an' time
have a relapse vhich will sap his strength
away. He is in a precarious state
but lias strength enough, it is said, to
resist the inroads of the disease for
the immediate present. The remarkable
thing about his illness is the vitality he
exhibits. He rallies surprisingly and on
several occasions has astonished his physi
cians by his recuperative powers. In ap
pearance he is wasted and gaunt to a de
gree that makes all the more remarkable
the strength which remains. Speaker
Reed and others called today at the house
during the day, but did not see tho sick
AN INTERSTATE COMMERCE AMEND
MENT. Washington, April 9. Senator "Wilson
today from the committee on interstate
commerce reported with amendments the
bill to amend section 3, of the interstate
commerce act. The bill as amended pro
vides " that any article of commerce, the
manufacture or sale of which is prohibited
within any state, shall not be transported
or conveyed into such state, bnt this shall
not be held to prohifit the transportation
of such articles of commerce to persons in
such states authorized by the law to re
ceive the same, or through such state pro
hibiting the sale or manufacture thereof to
any other state or territory in which such
manufacture or sale is prohibited." The
report was ordered by a vote of 5 to 4.
"Washington, April 9. Mr. John B.
Moore, third assistant secretary of state,
was married this morning to Miss Helen
Frances Toland. niece of Mrs. General
Ricketts, at St. Paul's Methodist Episcopal
church in the presence of a large and dis
NEW PATENTS GRANTED.
"Washington, April 9. Kansas patents
granted: Lester A. Gillett, LeooardviUe,
automatic grain meter; Andrew Mellinger,
Wichita. Iiolder for hitching straps;
George E. Rhodes, Kansas City, cable car
REPUBLICAN CAUCUS ARRANGED.
Washington. April 9. A Republican
caucus was called to meet tomorrow even
ing to consider order of business of the
PAPER DEALERS FAIL.
Philadelphia, Pa.. April v. M. O.
Raguel & Co., paper dealers against,
whom a number of suits have been entered
during the p?t few days in the courts,
have made an assignment to J. Warren
Coulston. It is understood that the liabil-
ides of the linn will amount to ovr 109.000 i
although the member of the firm claim j
that the assets will fully cover all indebt- j
edns. A number -of the creditors who i
have confidence in Use firm have exptftwegd '
whether the oiler will be accepted. The
failure is attributed tn xhs hfeadffy de
creasing price of paper.
DIRECT TO EUROPE.
EAKSAS COM. SHIPPED BY THE
Thousands of Bushels Xow En Eonte
From Wichita to the European
2To Eeliable "Figures Yet Secured Eegard-
ing the Failure of Banker Purcell
Garnett's Appeal for a Sufficient Train
Service Decided Favorably to That
City New Corporations Char
Manifesto by the
tionItems. Galveston, Tex., April 9. Fourteen
cars of corn were received here yesterday
from southern Kansas, being principally
from "Wichita. Seventy cars more are on
the way from the same place, which will
arrive "tomorrow. An elevator has been
built and a chute run to the dock for load
ing directly into the vessel, which will ar
rive on the 25th.
One thousand tons of corn will be loaded,
the vessel taken outside the bar aud 1,000
tons of oil cake be lightered to it. Next
month another ship will be loaded entirely
with Kansas corn, taking about 2,500 tons.
Although the freight is more from here
than from New Orleans, Mr. Reymershof
fer, the shipper, believes he can make it
pay to ship Kansas corn to Europe from
Eesolutions of the Legal Settlers' Associ
tion Meeting at Seward.
Special Dispatch to th5 Dally Eagle.
Seward, Ok., April 9. The following
resolutions were pussed by the Legal Set
Whereas, the present condition of this
territory demands immediate action on the
part of bona fide settlers and that immedi
ate steps be taken to lay before our con
gressmen facts relating thereto; therefore
be it resolved:
First That this organization is fully in
accord with the administration of Presi
dent Harrison and pledges its support in
sustaining the law under which this terri
tory was opened for settlement.
Second The town speculators and
"sooncrs" in some localities hold almost
exclusive possession of choice lands and
threaten to control the local organization
of this territory in defiance of law, and are
banded together to defeat the enjoyment
of just una law abiding citizens who are
unable to sustain costly fictitious contests
there being over 1,800 contests filed in
this land district, much of which has been
done by perjurors ynd ieople who have no
interest in this territory.
Third We believe that any action of
congress in trying to organize this terri
tory will result in throwing into tho
hands of deadbeat politicians, jackleg
lawyers and "sooners" tho control of local
affairs aud will result in fortifying that
element in control of not only the so-called
towns but a large amount of choice laud
now held unlawfully by them.
Fourth We believe congress should es
tablish federal courts to enforce the law
until such time as the sooner element is
ousted under the United States land laws.
Fifth We believe the law governing
perjury and conspiracies should lie rigidly
enforced by the federal courts and the con
test cases expedited by the land agents of
the government at a nominal cost to the
Sixth We hope that congress will not
shrink from the responsibility of the law
under which this country was opened for
settlement by turning it over to a local
government, which in the end will result
fu sustaining the "sooner" element and es
tablishing laws whereby the rights of law
ful homesteaders will be jeopardized.
Seventh We believe it would be unsafo
to allow the present speculative and tran
scient population composed so largely of
illegal settlers to take control and ingraft
into the laws of this territory principles
antagonistic to the spirit and intent
of the law and proclamation of the
president opening Oklahoma for settle
ment. We only ask that the law now in
force be put into active oeration through
a United States court established in this
Eighth We. view with feeling and dis
gust the action of pettifogers, deadbeat
politicians and illegal holders of so-called
town lots, and hold them responsible for
much of the turmoil, confusion and litiga
tion to the great detriment of our peace
and prosperity, and we recommend that
all lawyers of the above class 1kj disbarred
from practice before any of the local land
offices or any courts that may be establish
ed in this territory.
Ninth That a copy of these resolutions
be forwarded to President Harrison and
the department, and to all members who
have heretofore taken an interest in our
legislation, and that they be published by
the leading newspapers of the country.
Attest Captain GEORGE Cooi'ER,
A. M. HL'RLBURT. Chairman.
ITEMS FROM MOUNT HOPE.
Special dispatch to the DaJlr Easle.
Mocnt Hope, Kan., April 9. The elec
tion in this city for mayor, police jodge
and councilmen was hotly contested, with
three tickets in the field. Drawing party
lines, the Democrats got the mayor, police
judge and one councilman, while the Re
publicans Jiave four of the councilmea,
giving them control of all important xtmI J
ters in the administration of city affairs.
The ladies of thL city do not take kindly
to the voting privilege for, ont of a voting
population of sixty-odd feminine, only
one was sufficiently patriotic (?) to vote.
The successful candidates are: Mayor,
William T. Hall: police jadge. I. N. Khil
lin: councilmen, D. F. Gnlick, D. I. Jew
ell, C. C. Thomas. C. G. Dnrand sad J. F.
Dal Bowman and Mb Lizzie Dean were ,
married on last evening by G. . Irwin,
pastor of M. E. chnrch only a few friends
were privileged to be present at the tiein
of the knot. The bride i the yo&agat
daughter of Elijah W. Dean, one of our
most prosperous citizens, and the gToom is
a vouag man of f ood qnalities, and well
known among te young people of the
community. The yoans: coaple will make
their future home at Sycamore Springs,
Mrs. W. H. nankin, who ha been vis
iting her sifter, Mrs. S. M. Joans, for some
time, will next week, retnm to her none in
Terre Haute, IwL
L. C. Randall, eldest mo of County Cocn
XRistooer Randall, a nkleat of Califor
nia for two years past, returned borne lass
Saturday, and has taken dmre of hi
father's farm bere.
Wbeat proepecss in this vfefariiy are ex
cellent. Farmers are mostly isromc oat
sowing and many of them are planting
Noexax, Ok., April 7. Special rorrev
ponduace. Have been blead with gJorf-
2 rafcis recsuttr aadfanacn are all bard
at work and feeling jubilant over their
Berry Bros, now have under course of
erection a brick building 100 feet long by
fifty feet wide and to be three stories high
Several business firms are putting in
large glass fronts, building additions, re
painting, eta "We can also boast of a
brass band (under tho leadership of the
the famous band teacher, J. Jennings.)
which bids fair to become one of the best
bands in Oklahoma country.
Norman is to be a county scat, and while
we haven't much to say on political mat
ters at present, yet are ouite confident that
the "political complexion" of this section
is Republican and some time in the near
future we will more f ullv show our colors.
TEE PUBOELL EAILITEE.
Its Extent Can Not Ba Estimated at
MANHATTAN, Kan.. April 9. The com
plete collapse of the Manhattan bank con
tinues to be the absorbing thomo on the
streets. There are very meager additional
details with the exception of the complete
itemized list of liabilities. The force of
bookkeepers at work upon the list of assets
will not lie able to complete the details
and make the facts public for probably
two days. Tho assets, however, must
be large. R. G. Dun's la&t report
placed Mr.Piircells assets at ovora million
dollars, but until a list is made public no
comparative deduction can be drawn. The
fact that the crash came at almost a mo
ment's notice, or at least the lack of anv
intention on Mr. Purcell's part to "fix"
himself in the event of a lorced assign
ment, is clearly proved by the list of lia
bilities, in which is shown large cash de
posits bv Mrs. Purcell and different mem
bers of fiis family besides the sums on
deposit by his intimate business friends.
Deposits "were received up to the close of
banking hours Monday but the depositors
will receive that money at once. The fail
ure has created marked interest in eastern
banking circles. A number of telegrams
have been received today by bankers and
others inquiring for more particulars.
The great demand is for amount of assets
but thev can not be given. Mr. Purcell is
in receipt of a number of telegrams of
sympathy from eastern friends. What the
outcome will be can not be told now.
RESUBMISSION TICKET ELECTED.
Special Dispatch to the Dally Eagle.
Kiowa, Kan., April S. At the city elec
tion the full Resubmission ticket was
elected by a respectable majority. Wil
lard Mason was elected Mayor.
One of our farmers sold to Garland, tho
butcher, ten head of calves at S30 per head,
average weight 750 pounds.
The large acreage of wheat sown last
fall and present prospect for a large yield
is attracting the attention of mill men to
the fact that Kiowa is one of the let
openings in Kansas for a Uouring mill, as
there will be a certain homo market for its
product ou the opening of the Cherokee
PASSENGER SERVICE ORDERED.
TorKKA, Kan., April 'J. The state board
of railroad commissioners this afternoon
rendered a derision in the matter of the
complaint of the citizens of Garnett against
the Kansas, Nebraska & Dakota Railway
compnuo (Missouri Pacific) for lusullicient
train service, it orders the comimuy
to put a daily passenger train,
separate from tho mixed trains, to
run between Topeka aud Fort Hcott
by May 1. The board reviews the testi
mony taken at Garnett on March 20 and
shows that bonds were voted in aid of the
line with the understanding that it would
maintain iiist-class passenger wirvice. It
linds that the complaint is a piist one. It
is probable that the caxe will be carried
into the courts as the authority of thecom
missioners in the matter is questioned by
the railroad company.
WANT AN EX-SOLDIER.
Leavenworth, Kan., April U. The G.
A. It. osts of this city are preparing a
series of resolutions condemning Internal
Revenue Collector LcIhikI for discharging
Henry C'rou.e. an old veteran who was a
janitor in the federal building here, and
putting in his place a colored man from
Troy, Kan. The resolutions are to be
forwarded to every member of tho Km i wan
delegation at Washington, and to Presi
dent Harrison. The G. A. R. men are af
fronted b4"cau&e the new appointee is not
PARRICIDE BURNSIDE FOUND GUILTY.
Toper A, Kan., April 8.Charle IJnrn
side. colored, was convicted today of mur
der in the first degree, the jury deliberat
ing for several hours before reaching the
verdict. Burnside had been known a a
hard character for some time, laat fall
he killed his father by placing arsenic or
strychnine in his coffee, having fallen in
love with his young stepmotlier. The
latter waft tried and acquitted last fall on
the charge on which Hurnaide wa found
guilty today. Sentence was deferred.
KILLED BY FOUL AIR.
Lincoln, Kan., April 9. William
Schrader, a farmer living ten miles eat of
Lincoln, was killed Monday in a damp well
on his farm. He was fixing a pntnp fifteen
feet below the surface and was overcome
by damp and fell to the bottom. Xr.
Thew started down to assist him and was
also overcome ami fell to tne bottom, thir
t v feet lolow. Thews may recover. Scbrx
dcr was dead when taken out. A lamp
burned freely at the bottom of the well bat
at fifteen feet down wonkl j?o ont In
stantly. NEW CORPORATIONS.
TOPEKA, Kan., April . The following
charters were filed in the oifice of the
secretary of state:
The Willis Grain awl Mill company, of
Willis, Brown county; capital stock,
The Cemetery association of Chepstow,
Washington county; capital stock, WW.
The Herington Cemetery a&socuukm.
The Saline County Alliance Kxxhaas
company of Salina; capital stock, f 10.000.
STREET CAR STABLES BURMED.
Akkakas Crnr. Kan.. April 9 Tonight
the city street car stables, together with
twenty-three bead of horse, four car and
a lot of feed was destroyed by Are, tail
ing a loss to the company of atxrat U,
on which there was an insurance of fS.OOO.
It is thought to have been the work of an
R. W. FIMLEY MAOE fEGMT.
Topeka. Kan., April . Governor Hum
phrey today appointed R, W. Ktniey, of
Decatnr county, a regent of the Hat nni
erstty to fill the vacancy caused bribe
expiration of the term of Thomas Hon
shaw, of Wyandotte estmty.
THE COLBY LCTKH.
temperance ticket la this city was elected j
yesterday by maenues raapac irom w to
W, with a total vote of 17ft, awl about half
the vote was by Isdiea.
The county farmers alllanee ha orga
twrd here, with a membership oC3& la the
KILLED 3Y A SERGEANT.
JrJCTKW Crnr, Kmm., April t.Prirato
Daniel C. Patterson, troop C, i mirth otr
airy, was killsd by Stti mmut CoBwoox, of
the mm troop, on the Fort Rihrj mserrs
SMALL 3066E5 ORSAKtZE.
Cbicago. Itt., April 9 On Friday after
noon there wa a. imsttna of tho small
boa earpiettters. They sombszed naariy
L t ami the porpovr i to form an or
gtnixaiion. not to defeat the aims of tho
but to prevent the MsoriVip bomta. who!
number only J. from ateoopoaclMi the
carvster trade ax toelr own
When mmninttion ie tm mad Is wfB
zsftjfsicJy arbitrate wfca t
IN CONSTANT DREAD.
UNEASY LIES THE HEAD QF EliS
Czar Alexander Living in Cmtin
nous Fear That His Life ilay
The Carina on the Varge of Laiaty--Poi
soiling the Dread of Her
The Intended Vint to Daamark Postponed
Emporor 'William Advises the Car to
Mako Liberal (kmomtiam A Tr-
xibie Pktgao of Mioa Orar-
ruaatBs; Southern Kaanfa
and Destroying Crops
ST. PETKRSKTRO. April aIaformatloa
from private .ottrces in to the etfttet that
the cssar still remains In a terribly nervous
condition, while the czarina Is utrsfttoned
with inttnitv. She is prostrated with ti
series of violent vomiting, ami she fwars
that she may be poisowHlln her food. No
Hcrount of Iter wretched condition is allow
ed to find its way to the pres hore.
Tho czar ha abandoned the ideu of vis
iting Denmark this year ami wiil a in
stead to hb Scholokn estates, in Poland.
TERRIBLE PLAGUE Or MICE.
New 1'okk, April V. -Acoordinfc to a
cablegram a terrible plafrue is sweeptoi;
over a largo portion ol rauthern Russia.
Millions of mice, in such numbers as to
irresistihle, nre running over provinces in
southern Russia anil are inovinit north
ward now. They ruin llelds of all kinds,
kill small stock ami kill hundred of down.
There seems to be no way of extsrininadn
BALFOUR'S BILL NOT SATISFACTORY.
London', April 0. Mr. Glsdaioos'tt
speech vewteruay ou the Bslfonr land imr
chase bill fails to witisfy the Irian party.!'.
P. O'Connor's paier, the Star, this after
noon pronouuees it disappointing. Th
moment has arrived, the Star thinks,
when the leaders of ' the Liberal party
should declare clearly ami explicitly that
the Balfour bill cannot bo accepted.
WOULD NOT GUARANTEED FARTHING
LoNnoy. April 9. Mr. Labonehere.
speaking at Newton Ablwt yesterday, sakl
that sltliough the government might bo
willing to adopt Lord Randolph Churchill's
scheme of laud pureluute. tho Literals wsro
unwilling to guarantee a farthing to tho
A MURDERER LOST TRACK OF.
Pahk, April 0 Detectives stato that
thev lost trace of the murderer Kyrnod on
February 5. The only cine ualued in
America was the finding of Bomphard's
ear-rings in a shop In Montreal.
Hector llareaute, the French pahitor, hi
ALL EXECUTIONS POSTPONED.
Lonihx, April . In view of thseolsbra
tion of the approachiiuc birthday of the
emperor of ( himv the e.tecwthm of ail
persons condemed to death within the
limits of the Flowsry kingdom has been
postponed until after that happy evaoU
MINISTER LINCOLN'S MOVEMEMT8.
IXWX, April . It Is stated at the le
pation here that Minister 1 Jaeoln will sat!
for America next month and that his son s
remains will be shipped at the same time
for burial In the family vault at Sprfi-Y.-fleUL
FINANCIAL CRISIS IMMINENT.
Hur.xos Ayrim, April l The tth was n
day of great exrit.raent oh ehnng. Gold
was qnoted at W0 premium. The crisis is
augmented and a general labor efcrlka is
A MEETING OF PREMIERS.
BKKUX, April 9 -The Tafblntt ssyethst
Chancellor Von Capri vi. Count Katwory
the Anstro-Hungarian prime m4tT,
aud Signor Crispi. the Italian mlahtter,
will soon have u meeting In Austria,
LIBERAL CONCESSIONS UHCEO:
JiERXTS, April 0 It is stated the em
peror 1ms written to rhe eaar strongly ad
vising him to make liberal coa-maton to
SEVERAL PRISONERS PARDONED.
Rio lir. Jaxxbic, via Galveston, AmU 9
General Fouaeea on the Tth pardoned,
CAUGHT WHEN ABOUT TO LANO.
Fas Diego Cal. April t.AjmUmr nap
tor ot ten Chinese was mad omit this
morning. They wrs eoteciag use harbor
in a fisherman's boat from Lo?r Cattior
nia. about 2 o'clock, when they wet stop
ped by custom cancer on guard a JlftUaet
Point at the entrance to tbe harbor. The
boat was owned br J. E. Williams, who Is
also in custody. The Chinamen eapturvl
this morning arc also part of those Una
ferred to the steamer Newbcrn from the
steamer City of Pekin tn ban Fraoctsco
harbor March 38, and taken by the New
bem u Kmsenba, Lower CaaUomla.
Twenty-three Chinese an now la cumo rfy
TO SECURE EQUALIZED RATES.
Dsstr, CoL, AprU . A tommirf ot
citizens representing the bbin tensest
of Denver left for Chicago hmtahffctu
appear btrf or the traAe msasasei at the
Hoes running from the Mmwaul river to
IVnver, at a meeting to be held thate nb
Thursday, and u recurs U possible a r--duruon
is rates from Chkago to common
Olwmdo points, and tm equalhmtfcm lu
rate between Missouri river to Denver ts
something Mmr th now made from
Chicago to the Missouri Mlver.
WHEAT-DESTROYING )M SECTS.
St Locis. Mo , April Advice frWn
northern Txa say Urns 7 vtc em mi hm
wbeat crop in lbs eoumtbx oi Cook. 9m?
-on. Collins. Destoo, W!r ami MH m
b been deafer? by nmutta One t
thsse creatures is very "utmr a the
northern chinch bus and the ether hi the
common lady bog. Ths httsr io tike avert
destructive, and i not only dmoym
wheat bat is ntinimr oats ami eorn ami a
eeu atUektes eoMoa.
THE WORLD'S FAIR CORPORATION. ,
SrmMiriKIM, Mo.. AprU 9. The report
of the commiastoorrt lkn ist to
the corporation of the wortd exhibtthxi
of lit has ba filed wHh the igietary ot
state and ths nsrttfloats of mimrpommuri
ha been hnued and will b filed tar meord
tothemcords onVw of Cook twenty. IU.
nois, tomorrow marsang. The esepomsioa
wuM Uum be fully onanism
FIFTY-THJIE ROUNDS AN A DRAW,
fwnr-An tli Aasif ft Tfetfi taair r-
xi4 sjsd'moH tsshad of fijfc simm
one i "taw asm a aw
both 4 !Trar frf
sin. ami a4
Hill i Hillm
S per em of the smfa
dfcampiooahip look plmw
Disss jt. teaU atai seaWe
she ftr- s&Sns steae.