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Kans. Historical Societyl
YOL. XII, NO. 131.
WICHITA, KANSAS, EMDAT MORNING. APEIL 18, 1S90.
WHOLE NO. 1S4L
ininri iom a ti ri gggBaajiMSiMgBBMB. fsif rvi vsfF
THE FUTURE CENTER OF ASGLO-
SAXON CIVILIZATION IN
The Grandest State in the Union
the Breeding of Trotters, Runners
and Draft Horses,
The First of Every Good Work. The Last
to Cry Quit.
Columbus In "Western Sportsman.
ansas: A state asso
ciated in the minds
of many with
thought of drouths,
tions and disppoint
ments; a state
which has a history
peculiarly its own,
and whose people
have become a part
and portion of her
and changeable re
wards; a state born
out of fire and blood
and baptized with
-Tl MiXt. Ul UUIDC9
jifcand martyrs: a state
'.possessing a climate
Sfc?second to none, and
, especially auapteu
?to the successful
breeding of nil kinds
.of domesticated ani-
i -Ji3) mels; such a state
certainly deserves more than passing no
Such delightful weather as the people of
Kansas enjoy during the pleasant days of
spring and autumn! And I can assure
ou that the inhabitants derive all the
pleasure possible therefrom. Talk not to
me of the dreamy, poetical seasons of Cali
frrnia and eastern Tennessee! "Why
western Kansas, eastern Colorado, the
northwestern portion of the Indian terri
tory, and the Pan Ilandle of Texas, can
double discount any portion of America
in the number of pleasant days.
It was full a century before the religious
Pilgrim fathers landed on Plymouth rock,
and only about thirty years after the dis
covery of America by Columbus, that an
Rdventursome Spaniard by the name of
Alvar Nunez Cabaza do Vaca, and three
comrades, traveled all over the plains of
Kansas searching for the seven fabulous
cities which were supposed to lie to the
northward of the Gulf of Mexico, whoso
streets were paved with silver and whose
house made of gold; cities more splendid
than any that the eye of a Spaniard had
e er beheld.
In June, 1S42, General Fremont, then a
rVim of engineers, started from Inde
p ndence on the expedition which brought
him so much fame. Kit Carson was his
cuidc, and the party followed what has
fiiico been known as the "Smoky Hill
Tn.il.'' the present route of the Kansas
Pan lie railroad.
The.e two famous trails 1 hrough Kansas,
am-leading to the treasures of the Kocky
mountains and the other to the legendary
L.rd of the Montezuma's, are long ceme
tr nrs. made so by battles with the Indians,
lunger and thirst, murder, fire and rapine.
I in tliCM.) great highways leading over
An ocean of waste, where rolled the waves
cf the buffalo grass against the shores of
,!' horizon and where the billows were
iivi ing hills of sand, the white fleets of
j n-urio schooners encountered more cruel
dangers than were ever confronted upon the
few miles west of Lnrned is a little set
tl Mfut called Pawnee Kock, which stands
oil .i sjKit rich in history and Indian tradi
ti .i South of the track a few miles can
be -i-on a huge pilo of sand stone rising
frnm the prairie that makes a conspicuous
Jfi'i.imark, and it i5 visible for miles
end miles around when the air is just
ri-...t. I was surprised last spring
us I passed the place on the mil
road, to notice that the formation
fo ned not more than half as large when
1 isit.nl it during August, lS76,on my way
to tl. San Juan country, ant asked the
conductor about it. That individual in
formed me that the adjacent settlers had
h.uilfd away a good portion of it for build
in,' purposes, and that unless something
wa-. done to prevent them, they would
e -nt nail' haul it allaway,thus destroying
v hat has undoubtedly been for ages past,
tl'o most notable guide-board or land
ri.irk between the Missouri river and the
It kv mountain. It has been known as
Pawnee Kock since auy place in this
country had a name, and for centuries has
l c i lie rendezvous and camping ground
cf the Indians. All over Its weather-le-itt-n
front are carved or were at the
t'im of my visit the names of hundreds
of pci iple who have passed over the Santa
Yo t rail during tho iast sixty years, and
nm-tng them was discernible that of
Ilol-Tt K. l.ee. who went to Mexico with
Gi neral Stephen W. Kearney, in lS4Gasa
tv.i'tain in the Mounted Hi ties.
I'hi' old trail jwsses under the shadow of
the rock, and if this mighty sentinel could
fwk.it would tell of desperate adventures
siul tragic events that have taken place
Kansas has been called a desert by count
li . thousands of school children, who are
r iw men and women of mature and inid
il'e age. and who have lived to see it re-doi-mod
from a great waste and made to
s ipply food and raiment for a million
anil a half of people.
There is something curious in the undis
puted fact that the rainfall of a country in
creases with its settlement. There are
h a ler, more frequent, aud more regular
Flnwersiu Kansas and New Mexico thau
there were twenty years ago. and the
records of the meteorologists show a
gradual but consistent advancement of the
boundaries of the arable area of the
prairies according to its settlements. In
IMo, vegetables could not be grown at
Topeka, in 1S7P they could not be grown at
Newton, in 1S72, they could not be grown
t Lamed, and in 1S79 attempts at garden
ing at Dodge City were pronounced failures,
Irxt at present as fine gardens can be
tho-A n at nearly all these places, as grow
in the east. The accepted theory ot this
n markable climatic change is that the
turning of the sod tends to increase the
mature of the atmosphere, which in its
tarn produces clouds and rain.
The soil is porus, and absorbes the rain
fall so rapidly that the ttirf docs not retain
it long enough to permit of its evapora
fction; neither does it ive time for the for
if VI V
mation of oceans and oceans of mud, such
as the states east of the "Mississippi river
are cursed with. Ploughing, however, en
ables the sun to suck part of the moisture
back to the surface, and the older sections
of Kansas the more evaporation, conse
quently the more rainfall. For -without
evaporization we can not expect much
rain, as the earth must feed the air with
some moisture, else she will get none from
"While it is true that Kansas has many
things to be proud of as a state, the fact
that she presents to the thinking man
greater opportunitiesforadvancement than
can be found elsewhere, is largely due to
the character of her inhabitants. There
are more Americans in Kansas than can
be found within the bounds of any other
state in the union. Hence I claim that
here is to be found in the great future
which pa bpffirA n5 ttio pontpr nf tlio in.
I glo Saxon civilization of America.
Having already written more tnan 1 in
tended of a general nature regarding Kan
sas, we will proceed to the subject matter
proper and have something to say of the
"horse interests" of the state.
A lime stone country whose grasses pos
sess enough bonemaking properties to in
sure flexibilities of joint, strength of sinew
and firmness of limb: whose pure air pro
duces greater lung capacity than do the
lower elevations east of the Missouri and
Mississippi rivers, is certainly possessed of
some advantages for the breeding of
Then, again, the winters are superior to
those of the eastern states for the care of
all kinds of live stock, inasmuch that there
are very few wet or sloppy days during the
season. This is especially true after one
goes back from the Missouri river a dis
tance of fifty miles.
Any one conversant with the stock in
dustry can appreciate the advantages to
be derived from wintering animals in a
region where they are free from the filth of
open and muddy winters. In Iowa, Mis
souri, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Kentucky
and Tennessee, more than half the time
from October to May, the season consists
of disagreeable weather, rainy, slushy,
mirey, muddy, digusting. The fields aro
tramped into mush by the herds, while tho
lots and paddocks are a sea of mud and
slop. And yet, in the face of the present
season, when one-half tho time every farm
er has been debarred from going to town
on account of bad roads, a number of my
Illinois friends have insisted upon the fact
that nowhere else could one live so luxu
riantly, at no other placo could one enjoy
themselves so well. Those who have lived
in the states just mentioned, need no de
scription of mine regarding the unpleas
antness of open winters, for the many
mud embargoes they have passed through
shine vividly in their memories.
How truly grateful and happy are those
sufferers from lung troubles who are for
tunate enough to enjoy the soft, balmy air
of that portion of tho plain country above
referred to during tho months of April,
May, June, September, October and No
vember. To be able to pass such a period drink
ing the elixir of life the soft, warm sun
light of the plains is a pleasure to be de
voutly prayed for.
Could thousands of weary suflerers from
asthmatic or pulmonary affections, who
cpch year endure the miseries of damp,
cloudy days during the spring and fall, but
realize the relief which surely awaits
them, and that ever exists in those higher
altitudes where the air is as free from
miasmatic or other taint, and as buoyant
as air ever ran be very many would seek
rest in the small towns of the region refer
red to, where board can be obtained at rea
sonable rates, and where it is a pleasure to
live and a luxury to die if one has to.
Then again tho people of Kansas are so
whole souled, so generous and hospitable,
so pleased to make one's stay among them
enjoyable, that it is like a visit to dream
land for some eastern man to spend a few
months within tho borders of tho state.
Should tho visitor chanco to hail from
stern and chilly New England, it would be
dollars to doughnuts that ho imagined he
had reached that better land just over
river Lethe. And why? Simply because
he never before knew anything of brotherly
love, or never tasted tho milk of human
kindness. The genial greeting's, the open
doors, the best seat at the hearthstone,
teach him that there is something worth
for besides mortgages and bonds and
Go where you will, in the section of
country referred to and you will receive
such a hearty welcome that you will bo
glad you came, and will likewise mourn
when you are compelled to leave.
During t he past fourteen years the writer
has visited nearly every portion of tho
state, and can gladly say that, with a few
exceptions, he has yet to find the neighbor
hood where one could not live in peace.
And as a f urt her evidence of tho friendly
spirit everywhere evinced, I will say that
no man ever resided for a period of live
years within the bounds of Kansas, and
afterwards made his home elsewhere, who
did not lament tho fact and sigh for the
land of the glorious old sunflower.
The aboriginal owners of Kansas were
the Pawnee Indians, at one time the most
powerful of all the prairie tribes, but now
reduced by war and disease to titter in
significance. "At one time," it is written,
"they could muster twenty-live thousand
warriors, but in a single year small pox
swept away one-half their number, and
then the combined strength of their hered
itary enemies, the Creeks, the Cheyennes,
Comanches and Kiowas, easily conquered
Nearly every one is in the habit of refer
ring to that section of our country lying
west of the Missouri river as a new terri
tory, scarcely heard of, or hardly dreamed
of, until within the last fifty years, but
the supposition is entirely erroneous, as it
was explored by the Spaniards long before
Xew Encland was thought of, or even
before Heinrich Hudson discovered the
famous river which now boars his name,
and it is moreover true that the section re
ferred to is as rich in legendary lore as any
part of romantic Europe.
From the mouth of the Kaw, or Kansas
river, along the "Old Santa Fe Trail," ev
ery mile of ground has its history of peace
ful commerce and bloody warfare; and
when one journeys far enough and reaches
the Pueblos, he will find ruins more ven
erable than the castles of the Rhine, or
England's more ancient abbey, and cus
toms which are as old as those of the
How different though are the winters of
Kansas: upon no other section of the terri
tory known as the Mississippi valley does
the sun shed his genial rays with such
lavish prodigality as on the brown, winter
acres of Kansas a maximum number of
pleasant sunshiny days and a minimum
number of cloudy, disagreeable dav; verv
little moisture of anv kind from "Novem
ber until April, and a drvnes of air and
earth which are of neces-itv a blessing to
animate creation, certsinlv speak volumes
for Kansas as a winter resort for horsemen I
and cattle feeders. j
I could write a week and ye: not tell all j
there is to say of Kansas as a horse breed
ing state, but this article should prove a
starter, and to succeed it there ought to
appear every week local letters to the
Sportsman, which can contain lots of merit
and furnish information to those who are
anxious to learn of the happenings in the
great Sunflower state.
In concluding this article, (which is only
drawn to a close by the fact that there is a
hook full of other matter awaiting in
sertion in this issue; which is far more
valuable than the ex parte testimony of a
member of tho Kansas legislature, but
then I am not entirely to blame for the
length of this article, for that good friend
of mine, "the editor," said "go ahead,"
and I have gone according to directions),
let me say too much cannot be written of
Kansas as a stock growing state. I have
wintered horses in Illinois, Connecticut,
Iowa, Nebraska, Missouri and Kansas,
and I can truthfully and gladly say, that I
will take the latter place in mine every
time as a winter resort for the equine
family. As a rule, horses of all ages,
conditions and sex, . are very healthy
in the state we refer to, and as
for cattle feeding, why I would
rather feed a thousand head in Jewell
county, than to attempt fattening one hun
dred steers in Iowa, Missouri or Illinois. I
know just what I am talking about, for I
have had the experience and can speak
from the card.
Bright sunny Kansas, where the grass
hopper roareth and the money shark sigh
eth for more loans at three per cent, where
the resubmissionist maketh a great howl
and where the man with a family of nine
sore-eyed children, and a mortgage on his
farm is looking about for some new parti
ta nffpr liim nnncnliiMrm H'tiic k tho stnfrr. I
where great men live, men who will help a
friend and not expect payment with usury
before the week is out, but there are some
people who would not bo happy or con
tented in heaven and Kansas has her usual
quota. Thank fortune they are mostly old
men and women and they will die off one
of these days. In the meantime Kansas
will keep right on progressing.
POSTAL CLERKS MEET.
CniCAGO, 111., April 17. Fifty members
of the executive committee of the National
Association of Railway Postal Clerks held
a meeting here today to discuss ways of
having their salaries fixed by law and that
the regulations of the same be placed in
the hands of congress. Chairman John A.
Mahr stated at the meeting that under the
existing system of handling appropriations
the clerks, not the people, were forced to
pay for every increase in the efficiency of
Opening Games of the Season at Various
Columbus, O., April 17. Columbus and
Toledo opened the championship season in
tho local groups. Attendance 4.000. A
parade and band concert preceded the
game. Members of the legislature and
state officers were present by invitation.
The grounds wore in fine condition aud
presented a gala day appearance. Score:
Toledo 0 0 3 0021129
Columbus 2 2 0 3 0 1 G 0 14 l
New YORK, April 17. The American as
sociation championship season began at
Kidgewood park, Brooklyn, before a crowd
of 2,191 people. Score:
Brooklyn 0 101000002
Syracuse 0 010101003
Philadelphia, Pa., April 17. The Ame
rican association championship season here
opened encouragingly this afternoon.
Nearly 3,500 persons witnessing the Athletic-Rochester
Athletics 3 4 3 0 0 0 0 0 111
Kocherfer 2 0501000 0-8
Elizabeth, N. J., April 17. Winners of
today's races: Blue Kock. Best Boy, M.'iai,
Relipse, Waterson, King Crab.
Memphis, Teun., April 17. Winners of
today's races: Annie Brown, Mary H,
Lady Blackburn, Hocksly, Montana.
BRAZIL'S SOLDIERY MUTINOUS.
Lisbon, April 17. A letter from Bio de
Janerio. dated March 27, says tho discon
tent among the military is growing. The
government did not dare to enforce the
nPlnr 4 l.of irnc ictiArl r tlitvm Imttnlinnc
of infantry to embark for southern prov
inces. The mutinous batalions resisted
the order and during tho nights of March
22 and 23 the barracks were guarded.
Finally the authorities yielded. On tho
20th, placards bearing the words "down
with dictatorship," were posted through
out the city.
It is reported that the government has
decided to submit the constitution to a
plebiscit instead of the constituent as
sembly. LOST IN A pOLLISION.
Loxdon", April 17. The British steamer
Euclid has been sunk near Hartlepool in
collision with the British steamer Altyre.
The captain and three of the crew of "the
Euclid were drowned. The Altyre. which
hail her bows stove in, has arrived at
Shields. Tho Euclid was an iron screw
steamer of 1,345 tons. She was owned in
DEATH PREFERRED TO WORSE.
Moscow, April 17. A sad tragedy re
sulting from extreme poverty has been en
aeted in this cit y. The widow of an army
officer who was in dire want became dis
couraged and she and her five daughters
locked themselves in a room and turned on
the gas. When found all six were dead
AN IMPERIAL PALACE BURNED.
St. Petersburg, April 17. The imperial
palace at Grauienbaum, twenty miles west
of this city, has been destroyed by fire.
Seven of the palace servants were burned
STANLEY OFF FOR PARIS.
Ca-nes, April 17. Mr. Henry M. Stan
ley left here for Paris today. A large
crowd was at the railway station to bid
AN OVERCHARGE OF DYNAMITE.
Kansas City. Mo., April 17. James
Keating, a contractor. ued an overcharge
of dynamite in blasting at Tenth street
and "Baltimore avenue. One huge stone
was hurled through the window ot a clove
store a block distant, aud struck Josephine
Low, a saleswoman, inflicting severe in
jury. The two story brick residence of
James Burnett, at the scene of the blast
ing, was badly shattered and wiU have to
be torn dowm
SILK IMPORTERS FAIL.
New York, April 17. A big failure in
the silk trade was announced today that of
the well known firm of Louis Franke & Co..
raw ilk importers, 110 Grand street. Had
at Patterson, N. Y. The liabilities aresaki
to lie upward of $JKX),000, with nominal as
sets of $1,300,000.
STRIKING CARPENTERS PARADE.
Chicago, HI., April 17. The strikinc
carpenters to the number of about 8.000
paraded through the principal streets this
afternoon with banda, banners and mot
toes. Large crowds eathwwd along the
route and an occasional cheer of sympathy
greeted the marchers.
POLITICAL WAR AT BALDWIN.
Baldwin, Kan.. April 17. The body
contested sprinir election at this place t
not yet at an end. The newlj electod conn
cil was duly qualified ami sworn in at the
council meeting last night, but tin; former
council refused to turn over the books.
though they wore defeated by a vote of
two to one.
TIRED OF WAITING.
OKLAHOMANS WILL PROTECT THEIR
Marshal Walker Now in Guthrie
to Make it Warm for Lot
Meeting of Citizens Called to
Action to Enact Their Own
The Marshal Will Stand By Just Claim
antsThe Eastern Roads Now
Interested in the Missouri
P.iver Denver Rate War
A Out to $6 Rail
GUTirniE, Ok., April 17. Marshal Dick
Walker, of Kansas, is here in Guthrie and
tomorrow the lot jumper's lot will be made
a very xinhappy one. Three months ago it
looked as though congress would take pity
on the helpless condition of the people
here and give laws for the protection of
their life and propertv. At that time At
torney General Miller sent an order to
Marshal Walker, telling him to maintain
the statu quo and not allow any lot jump
ing or ejectments by the local courts. Un
occupied lots have, however, been grad
A meeting of the citizens of East Guth
rie has been called bv Mavor Snentrel for
f tomorrow night and they will create an or
ganization which will protect their prop
erty whether congress gives them laws or
not. Walker said that all lots to which
certificates have been issued will be pro
tected. Serious trouble is feared, but the
coming of Marshal Walker has probably
averted any bloodshed.
A ffEW COMBINATION.
One Which Will Not Aid the Western
Chicago, HI., April 17. The western
rate situation seemingly grows worse with
each day's developments. A combination,
it was learned this afternoon, had been
formed for the transportation of through
freijrhrt between tho seaboard and the Mis
souri river by the wayofDuluththatinall
probability will prevent a restoration of
rat & west of Chicago during the season of
lake navigation. By this combination a lake
and rail line has been established from
Boston to Sioux City composed of the
PiUtsburg and tho West Shore roads to
Buffalo, the Northern Steamship line to
DuJuth and the Sioux City & Northern to
Sioux Citj By agreement the rates of this
line will be reduced whenever they are
met by any other line, each of the "four
cojjipanies standing its share of tho reduc
tion, Tho author of this scheme is Presi
dent Hill, of tho Great Northern, who
controls the lino from Buffalo to the Mis
AN AGENT'S HTE.
tho Railroads Explain That $6
Kansas City, Mo., April 17. Tho cut in
the Denver passenger rate yesterdy by tho
Kock Island and the Missouri Pacific was
all on account of a Santa Fe man's joke,
lie saw the Kock Island's agent about to
visit the Santa Fe ollice and he posted in
the window i card reading "Denver $0."
The sight of the notice stampeded the
Kock Wand man back to his otlice. The
notice was then taken down, but the mis
chief had been done. Before night the
Kock Island had named a SO rate to Den
ver and the Missouri Pacific had done the
s,ame. Today the Chicago. Burlington &
Quincy and tho Union Pacific followed,
suit. Then the agents here got together,
explanations followed and rates were re
ntored again to $7.50.
ALTON REDUCES LUMBER RATES.
Chicago, 111.. April 17. The Chicago &
Alton railroad yesterday sent Chairman
Miugely official notice that on April 22 it
would reduce its rates on lumber from
Ch icago to Kansas City from 13 to 10 cents
and that the rate on packing house pro
ducts Irom Kansas City to Chicago from
18 cents to 12 cents. The road will also
make a discount of $7.35 per car from reg
ular tariff on shipments of cattle in Chi
cago & Alton cars from Kansas City to
Chicago. The latter reduction is made to
offset the alleged payments of commissions
on leased cars or privitte cars.
O. H. & G. TRACKLAYING.
Anthony, Kan., April 17 Tracklaying
was begun here today on the Omaha,
Hutchinson A: Gulf railroad. S. A. Dar
rough, of Anthony, and William Hutchin
son, of Hutchinson, director and manager
of the compa-, have fifty miles of raiAs
here and on the road and fourteen miles of
ties in the yards here. The road will be
completed to the state line by June 1 and
will be pushed rapidly onward to the gulf.
THE LATEST CUT MET.
KANSAS City. Mo.. April 17. The Bur
lington, Santa Fe and Union Pacific have
given the usual three days' notice of a re
duction to $G of tho passenger rate from
this city to Denver to meet the cut made
yesterday by the Rock Island and the Mis
NORTHWESTERN FLOUR OUTPUT.
Minneapolis, Minn., April 17. The
Northwestern Miller today says: Eleven
mills ran hist week and the aggregate Hoar
output was 144.000 barrels, against 111,840
barrels the week before, and 100,000 bar
rels for the correspondinc time in 1SS9.
Two more mills are running this week.
This makes thirteen mills m operation,
producing at the rate of 20,200 barrels
daily. The heavy fluctuations in wheat
have left the Hour" market rather unsettled
thoutrh strong. Considerable sales of pat
ent were made at an advance of IOcj; 15 cents
less, but with prices &H450 cents higher,
as now held, the demand was largely
checked. Middlemen seem to be incredu
lous about present prices being permanent
and so far thev have shown an indifference
about taking hold. The export trade is
NOT SERIOUS AFTER ALL.
Chicago. III.. April 17. The men at the
north station of the Chicsco Gas Lightaud
Coke company, to the nnmber o? forrr.
went oat on a "strike last night. It is said
that an effort wa- beinc made to organize
all employe of gas works in the city. Two
of the employes of the north station who
wore mot prominent in the movement
wiere discharged and the other men imme
diate! v struck. The men have beta dist-
isried for some time. It requires skilled
workmen to operaw the mucninecy as the
gas wdrks and unless a setUeroeiK is speed
ily made the city may be let in darkness
so" far as the gas supply is concerned.
The strike among "Uie employes of the
gas company if not as formidable as a. jLrst
reported. Only seventeen men are oat and
thieir places have been filled.
FOR LEWIS HANBACH.
Of-BORNE. Kan.. April 17. Osborne City
ami Penn township held their cMocn
here today and unacziaottsly elected aod
ia&racted delegates for the Hob. .Lewis.
Handbach. for member of congress.
AWAITING PARNELL'S REPLY.
St. Louis, Mo., April 17. The executive
committee of the Irish national league
met again this- afternoon with President
John Fitzgerald in the chair. The com
mittee is waiting a replv to its message
sent yesterday to Mr. Paraell respecting
the holding of a national convention in
this country next autumn and will do no
importance business until it is received.
"When that question is decided the com
mittee will take up the affairs of the
league and transact such business as its
condition seems to demand.
At the evening session of the committee
resolutions were adopted endorsing the ac
tion of the officers of the leacue and reaf
firming confidence in the policy pursued to
secure home rule; congratulating mem
bers of the league on recent electorial
victories and favoring a continuance of
the good work until home rule is secured.
No reply having been received to the cable
gram sent Mr. Paraell yesterday about a
convention, adjournment was taken until
tomorrow when an answer is expected.
EASTERN LINES PARTICIPATING.
CniCAGO, 111., April 17. The lines east
of the Missouri river will participate in
the latest cut in the western passenger
rates, which is to take effect April 19. The
Missouri Pacific road inaugurated the last
fight by reducing rates from Kansas City
to Denver from $7.50 to 50. The Rock Isl
and at once retaliated by making the rate
apply between Kansas City ana uenver,
Colorado Springs and Pueblo in both direc
tions. These rates have now been met by
the Burlington and the Santa Fe roads
west of the Missouri river, while the lines
east of the Missouri river have decided to
base their through rates on the latest fig
ures, which apply to first class traffic.
GNAWED BY RATS.
St. Louis, Mo., April 17. Mrs. E. L.
Carter was awakened Tuesday bv the cry
ing of her baby. She found the little one's
head had been unaccountably hurt, blood
llowing from a wound on the scalp. She
applied salve and bandages and returned
to bed. Later she was awakened by an
older child crying. The little one com
plained of a pain in one hand and a wound
was found from which blood was flowing.
This wound was bandaged and the lady
went to sleen. She was a third time awak
ened by a pain in one of the fingers of her
right hand. A large rat was nibbling at
the finger. The wounds received by the
children had been inflicted by the same
rodent. A physician was hastily &uin
nioned and the wounds cauterized.
THE BRITISH BUDGET.
England Growing Bich Off of Increased
LONDON, April 17. Mr. Goschen, chan
cellor of the exchequer, presented tho
budget in the house of commons today. It
show that the expenses exceeded the esti
mates by 11,000 and that the receipts ex
ceeded tho estimates by over 3,000.000.
The duty on alcoholic beverages realized
over 5,b00,000. The beer dutv exceeded
the estimates by 270,000. The duty on
foreign spirits exceeded tho estimates by
421,000 on home spirits by 1,000,000 aud
on wine 12,000. The total receipts from
alcoholic beverages, both foreign and
domestic exceeded the estimates uy 1,
800,000. Tho duties ou coffee, cocoa and
chicory showed a decrease of 17,500, while
the duties on teas showed an increase of
Commenting on the gross revenue from
alcoholic beverages, 29.305,000, Mr.
Goschen says that the figures showed a
universal rush to the beer barrel, the
spirits bottle and the wine cask. Every
body seemed bent on toasting the national
prosperity and increasing the revenue. It
was a circumstance that must bo deplored.
A closer examination would not diminish
the surpriso, for the largest increase had
come from the worstof all the spirits in the
world, from rum. Laughter. lie had taken
pains to discover who drank the rum. It
was drunk mainly at seaports. The in
crease from rum had been 12 per cent;
from British spirits, 7 per cent; from wine,
10 per cent; from beer, 4 per cent; from
brandy, 0 per cent. In 1S8 the number of
drams taken reached 245,000,000; in 19
275,000,000. It was an extraordinary his
torical fact that in the years 1855 and 1S70,
the greatest drinking years recorded, there
was precisely tho same rush and precisely
the samo proportion of revenue from dif
ferent spirits. Increased prosperity, there
fore, meant a great increase in the con
sumption of alcoholic drinks.
The exact surplus reached 3,221,000.
He said he was glad to give a good account
of the continued reduction of tho national
debt. The total surplus for 1SS9 reached
the sum of 8,295,000. This amount added
to the reductions of the previous two vears
made a grand total of 23,323,000. "This
amount wa the largest ever paid in re
duction of the debt during the same length
Proceeding to tho estimates for the
coming year, he said he estimated that
there would be an expenditure of bS,b70t
000 and a revenue of 90,400,000. As to
Mie disposal of tho surplus of 3,500,000,
he said he proposed to allow 3,000,000 to
military barracks and to devote 100,000
to the "equipments of volunteers, and tho
Indian and colonial postage rate. The
tipplers who had largely produced the
surplus would have a chance to redeem
themselves owing to the reduction of the
tea duty by 2 pence per pound cheersj.
He said he was opposed to the
total abolition of tho tea duty
because it was the only vehicle whereby
non-smoker and non-drinker could contri
bute to the revenue. The increased beer
duty temporilv imnoed in lbSO would be
taken oil. The inhabited house duty
would be reduced and all working classes
tenements under 20 rental would bo ex
empt from the house tax Cheers.
Turning from imperial to local finance,
ho proposed to raise revenue for
county council purposes! by an increased
duty of 0 per cent per gallon on spirits and
3 per cent per bcrrel on beer. "Hear:"
"hear!" "hear!" and "Oh!" "ohr This
would yield 1,000.000. He hoped friends
of temperance would be satisfied ami thai
the publicans vould take a broad view of
the question. In concluding, Mr. Gochen
said he trusted that the budget would lie
recognized as an endeavor to afford relief
in various directions without reporting to
ANOTHER LONDON SCANDAL.
London. April 17. An action for breach
of promise and seduction has been broagbt
against Sir George Elliott, baronet, mem
ber of the bouse of commons for the Mon
mouth district, by Miss Alice Hai.-w. The
plaintiff alleges that she ho& twice been
enciente by the defendant aod that he had
promised to marry her after he had se
duced her. Mi-d Hairs is 30 years old and
Sir George is 76. The defendant alleges
that the case is one of blackmail. The
matter has created somewhat of a sensa
tion here. "
CARNOT'S ITALIAN TOUR.
PAKIS, April 17. President Caraot has
arrived at Marseilles. The French Medit
terantan squadron consisting of twelve
ironclads, live inin boats and two torpedo
bcata has arrived at that port to attend the
president. M. Carnot rxsttd the hospitals
and was given a reception at the prefecture
today. Immense crowd of people gathered
to greet bun and be wae given a cordial re
ception everywhere. The squadron sent by
the Italian government to do honor to
President Caraot is at Toeloa a waiting his
arrival at that place.
BALFOUR'S BILL FAVOfiED.
Loxdox. Apdl 17. The Duke of Argyll
has written a letter in support of tlie lrwh
land porcbase bill ncmUj iatro-iaeed ia
the house of common by Mr. Balfocr.
HAYES GOES TO BERMUDA.
Xew Yoke. April 17 AraooecthepwKea
gfr on the itmnmsr. Trinidad, vrkicfi ifed
this afternoon for Bermoda. wre ex-Pres
ident K. B. H-aj-tis aod hi daosfefcer, 2im
ratraae B. iiaye&. Tit ex-preHMoBt ap
peared, to be in the beat of health.
THE SILVER QUESTION DEBATED
Each House will Tass its own Meas
ure Before Adjusting
Appointment of Pension Bureau Examiners
Begardless of Civil Service Con
sidered by the Senate,
An Amendment Adopted for Their Ap
pointment Under Presidential Eegu
lations Protests Against Tariff
on Salt, Lumber, Sugar and
Mexican Lead Ores Pre
WASinxGTOX, April 17. The house and
senate Republican caucus committees are
hopelessly apart on the silver question.
After the last ineffectual meeting of the
joint sub-committee the hons-e contingent
reported to their full committee the failure
to agree. Thereupon Representative
Walker, of Massachusetts, addressed the
committee, holding that the concessions
to tho extreme silver men had been
made tvit h the understanding that some
thing positive would be achieved but that
as they had failed to reach an agreement
the house committee should revert to the
modiOed TYindom bill reported by the
coinage committee. This was put as n
motion which prevailed by a vote of 10 to
5. The next step will be to report to the
house Republican caucus probably about
Monday night. The indications are that
the caucus will accept the houe commit
tee bill and that it will pass the houe.
Meanwhile the senate will probably pass
its bill and the matter will bu turned over
to a conference committee to adjust tho
differences between the houses.
M0EE PEEE ARTICLES.
Petitions for Free Sugar, Lumber, Salt,
Binding Twine, Mexican Ores, Eta
"Washington, April 17. Messrs. San
ders and Power, the new Montana wnin
tors, were in theirsentd this morning, their
desks having been placed on the Republi
can side since adjournment yesterday. In
accordance with the terms of the resolu
tion proposed bvMr. Hoar, the clerk placed
in n box two papers of equal size bearing
the numbers 1 and 'J. Senator Sanders
drew No. 1 and Senator Power Xo. 2. Vice
President Morton thereupon announced
that Senator Sanders would be placed in
the class of senators whose terms expire
March 3, 1893, aud Senator Power in the
class whose terms expire March 8. lb0T.
Tho bill appropriating $200,000 for a pul
lic building at Knnsas City, Kan., was
taken from the calendar and passed.
Senator Cullom presented a petition
signed by citizens of Missouri, Kansas and
other states praying that sugar, lumber,
snlt and binding twine be admitted free of
tanll uuu tout a oUpur cent cut be made
on all woolen, cotton and linen fabrics.
Senator Plumb presented tho resolution
of the Newton, Kan., board of trade pro
testing against tue impobition oi duties on
ores containing lead imported from Mexico
and urging reciprocity with tho govern
On motion of Mr. Grav the Iioufc bill to
trausfer the revenue cutter service from
the treasury department to the navy de
partment w.'is taicen up lor consideration.
Mr. Sherman opposed the bill and at 2
o'clock it was laid aside and the senate
proceeded to consider the houso joint reso
lution for tue appointment of tlnrtv
medical examiners for the bureau of
pensions without reference to the civil ser
Mr. Faulkner spokeagainst the provision
taking these appointments from the con
trol of the civil service. He moved to
strike out that provision.
Mr. Cockrell said that he had hoped that
some member of the Republican party
the party of civil service reform would
have raised his head in the senate in de
fense of that child of tho party.
Mr. Frye It was Pendleton's child, was
Mr. Cockrell Xo; it is tho product of
the Republican party. That party hueeB
the handwriting on the wall: "Mene, meae,
Mr. Hoar What does that mean?
Mr. Cockrell It means that you are
weighed in the balance and found wanting,
as the same scene will indicate in 1302.
He went on to -tv that tbre was a horde
of oflicc seekers infesting the capital and
that the object of the bill wan to reward
spoilsmen of the commissioners' political
complexion. If the Republican intended
to trample the civil service law under
foot it should be done in a
bold, manly way. They should
not skulk behind 'the pending meas
ure joint resolution. He chanced
that the object of the ponding meaeure
was to destroy and break down the oril
service law and system and to do it in
directlv and not in a bokl and manly way.
Mr. Cockrell called for the yea and naya
on Mr. Faulkner's motion. The vote win
taken and it resulted Yea l. and nays
2 not a quorum. Three Republican sen
ator. Aid rich. Hoar ami Anoenon, voted
in the affirmative with the Democrat.
The roll wak called and fort y-f oar senators
a quorum aiutwered to their name.
Mr. Hoar moved to amend the amend
ment by insert ins the words "under regu
lations to be prescribed by the president of
the United States." He aid if the bill
pa.ssed, amended ma he (Mr Hoar) pro-po-ed,
it would bring distinctly to toe no
tice of the preidect thews particular ap
pointment, and would require from him
a new exTCwe of discretion. It w per
fectly clear to him that the record ot no
party, of no president, and. he suspected,
of no senator or repre&eaialivs would be
in accordance with the strict letter of their
declarations is regard to aril serrlco re
form. Mr. Plumb I hope that tho senator
from Massachusetts will Hath, his eooies
stons to himself. Laognter on Demo
Mr. Hoar I don't beUovcttutt ths record
of the senator front Kan a is m
bad as some oi the declanttiom of prin
ciple which I have heard him mnka wonkt
have led me to ocpect.
Mr. Plumb The senator may be com
petent to discuss his own record taat Is
bad raougb;. but not to discuss ths record
of rjtber senators.
Mr. Plumb commented upon "the oonv
btnation which seemed to exist between
the Democratic party and the senator
from Massscbusett. and processed to
state the objects of the WIL Uaocr tt the
luwtHrnL he url miirht. nnni All !!
appointment to be mnde m scent nance 1
with toe cinl service roiss or bo rooJd
provide some other way of mnV.tmr tnesa.
The bill simply pot tbe whole quest of
nppointments ia the presinVsV power. It
did not -m to him as if the nil nonld
haveeaened debate Toe apneintmenu
were lob mere temnornrr one. They
could not mat looser nnoer ths bills thna j
July 1. next, unity teams new provision
wnsmnae I net was nil that tocrn was of
it. Mr Prwash went on to any that there
was nothing to tartte challenge n the bill
either to those who tottered or thoM who
Mr. Hoar exprad she fesliof tie ao I
party in the country would be hardy
enough to put itself on a platform de
manding tho repeal of the civil servica
At the close of the discussion, Mr. Hoar
(at Mr. Faulkuer's suggestion) modified
his amendment so as to make it read "that
examination for the appointment of these
medical examiners shall be nnder regula
tions prescribed by the president of the
United States." The amendment was
agreed to yeas 8S, nays S. Messrs. Cock
rell ami " est, of Missouri, voted in tho
artirmative, and Messrs. Plumb. Daniel,
Davis, Dixon. Moody, Sawyer and Stowarc
in the negative.
PENSIONS FOR KANSANS.
vTasiuxotox, April 17. Perilous have
been granted the following Kansaas: Orig
inal invalid William. "Price, Stafford;
William K. Barnes, Fairview; Joseph Car
nahan, Mitchell; George Milton, Norcatur.
Increase Jonathan AlcMnrry, Mount
Hope; Joseph M. Osborn. Helton; Joshua
S, Hertiell. Krie; George W. Taylor, Belle
font; Samuel H. Scott. Hoi ton; Simon W.
Burras. Oaklev; John Eckhart, Concordia;
John Confar." While Cloud; Alfred W.
Campbell, Riehtield: Fraaier Bawdy, Belle
Plaine. Reissue Joseph W. William,
National Military home; J. Harry Wooden,
Buffalo Park. 'Original widows, etc
Sarah J., widow of Joseph G. Jnffrew,
Lansing; Ellen, widow of Hampton Kei
THBIK LAST EE3PE0T&
Funeral Services Over tbo Bsjbmbs
Washington. April 17. The religious
funeral ceremonies over the remains of
tho late Representative Randall took ptacu
in the Metropolitan Presbyterian church,
Capitol hill, this morning. " The oiueJating
clergyman was Rev. Dr. Milburn, chap
lain of the house. The attendance com
prised large numbers of senators and rep
resentatives, the chinf justice and daugh
ters. Vice President Morton and wife. Sec
retary and Mrs. Blaine, Mrs. Harrison.
companied by the president's private soman-.
Mr. "Halford; Speaker Heed, and
a deputation of about one hundred
members of the Grand Army of
the Republic, and sereral hundml
of Mr. Randall's friends and neighbor
The prayer and benediction was ottered by
Mr. Alilburn and the funeral oration bv
Dr. Chester. Prof. Bischolf presided at
the organ and hymns ami anthems wero
rendered by the Schulcrt quartette. The
ceremonies" were, concluded about 11 a. v. ,
when the procession formed ami moved Id
the Pennsylvania railroad station through
the capitol grounds and Pennsylvania ae
n ue. which was lined with sympathetic
spectators. Besides the members and re
latives of the family who accompanied tho
remains to Philadelphia were the sens to
and house congrettMonal committees, the
honorary pall bearers, nearlr all the tnem
bers of the Pennsylvania delegation in th
house ami n number of other members of
AKRIVKD AT 1'HILADSUttIA.
Philadku'hia, Pa., April 17. The train
bearing the remains of tlio late Samuel J
Ruudull urrivud at Rklgo avenue station
of the New York division of tho Penasyl
vnnin railroad a few minutes after 3
o'clock, ami the cortojge proceeded out
Ridge avenue to I-iurel Hill cemetery. A
large crowd of sympathetic spectators had
gathered at the 'station ami followed the
funeral procession to tho cemetery.
TWO IAND DECISIONS.
Washington, April 17. The secretary
of tho interior lias alllrnied ths decision of
I the commissioner of the general land ollke
I in the case of William Anderson vh.
Bridget Mullen, on appeal of the former iu
dismissing his contest against the timber
culture entry of Mullen for a tract of l&ud
iu the Itmed hind district, Kansas.
The decision of the commission in the
case of Lewis T. Montgomery vs. Joseph
Walker, on apjieal of ths hitter hi loMin;
for cancellation his timber culture ontry
for a tract of land in tho same district, has"
also been aliinnod.
THE HOUSE ADJOURNS.
Washixotox, April 17. After ths read
ing of the journal. Mr. Butterworth, of
Ohio, arose aud said that it as seemly and
proper ami a just tribute of respect to the
memory of Ue distinguished iomn wboa
funeral took place today that the houae
adjourn. A motion to this effect was im
WA8HI.VGTOX, April 17. Ths prasMent
today sent to the senats ths following aotn
instions: PostmastT Missouri: William W. Al
ter, Kirkwood. Kansas: William 1L hV
NEW BANK AT CHERRYVALE
WAKfiOTO, A pril 17. The comptroller
of the currency has authorised to om
mence business tho Chearyvale National
bank at Cherrvrale, Kan.; capital ftft,0ou,
cashier, R, T. Webb.
RIVER AND HARBOR APPROPRIATIONS
WASHiKGTOn', April 17. The eemssJiiw
on rivers and harbors today oomph ud the
nver and harbor appropriation otll. The
total appropriation is a Uttlo ever tt,CXl.
WOUNDED BY CHARIVARIER.
DCBCQCR. ia.. April 17. There was a
F'TfcMi charivari row Tnwday ahjhfc at ths
msHieace of M. Pliae, a wealthr termer,
living eighteen miles north of her. His
laughter wa married is the morning and
late at nucht a crowd of yonna far
gathered around with Un cow beUs and
shot guns. John llioe, a brother of tto
bride, cam! out to mnonatrat. Mm was
saluted with another volley of not. While
endeavoring to eject two young fellow n
named Bradley be was struck by ths sto k.
of a gun In the hanoa of one of thorn. His
skull was fractured sod he now lias m a
critical conditaon. Warrants ham hwm
sworn out for the Bradley and the sheriff
has gone to arrest thsm.
A MAMIAC ATTEMPT9 MUROCJL
Cnirsfio. 111. Ami! 17. A mania
a desperate s tilt with a butcher hats on
the passsuir of a Htats stesat ear nar
.Sixteenth treeet shout 1 o'clock this
morning. Four men ware badly est hut
no one fatally wounded. Afwr a neear
ate struggle the madman was eaptart-l
and the knife taken from him. At tax
station the craxy man gave his nam a
Billy Patterson, a areas ronatahoot, tt
refused to assign any reason for hat nor
derous ssasolt on the ysuangerw of the car
Patterson looked as though ha had bwa
on a protracted spree and it is hehavad hs
was suffering from dehrioxn tremens at
the Urns. When locked up at the stsi
ha tor about and howiod Ilka awfld hens.
A WATER WOKS TRUST.
St. imam. Mo., April la-Th water
works system her has hasn snht to lha
Kuhn syanfeata for IBM
erty changing hands the latter pari m la-t
w fc Tk MMlfeafc ia Moortad as awn
lag and operating twanty-on wnnr wsjcfci
systems and at looking out Jar moss.
1NVESTIMC AT JQPU.
Xajmas ClTT. Mo.. AarU 17 -A fjmdi
eat of Kansas CHy. Sm
Boston enpttshsta has bought ths Onsad
Falls waus- power and the Jontts
light and power eosnnanfsplsat t lonUm
3fo Thaiaim named as havins; hsaa fssai
!. The syodieans Usfcsads to saW
Mineral thocaana do! tars in isssssssssnsa.
A PU8U&HR EWnVaJWiBtEiP.
Psrn-ADKLrsra. Ph.. April 17. A. A. B
tae owner of nmsw mss
aahttshiog hanae -No. .Man efsant,
imsacaaiiy emhnnsassd. Mh HthflmJ , it
ia said. aiwiMMRaad ha fdaaas si.Mit