Newspaper Page Text
tol. xn, NO. 157.
WICHITA, KANSAS, SUNDAY MORNING MAT 18, 1890.-TWELTE PAGES.
WHOLE NO. 1867.
THE WORLD'S BREAD BASKET.
Better Times in the Near Future for the
Farmers of America.
To the Editor of the Eacle.
..that wheat would
bring a good price
after the coming
harvest, and in all
again be cheap,and
.by many a doubt
ing Thomas, we
will examine the
basis for such be
lief and show what are the requirements
of Europe and the sources of supply, and
at the same time state briefly what are
American reqdlrements'nnd production.
Notwithstanding the enormottsadditions
in theDakotas, jprhassince 1884, been
a shrinkageinSmWneatarea of the United
states of 1,352)00 acres, and while such
Shrinkage is likjflyto continue, we will assume--iKafc
the' acreage will remain the
same during the coming four years and
that the yield, after 1890, will equal the av
erage of 12.2 bushels per acre, bhown by
the last twenty crops giving an aggregate
ftMlmal prcduct of 470,000,000 bushels, while
home requirements will increase 10,000,000
"Siushels yearly, the export surplus decreas
ing annually in like amounts. The crop
of 1690 is not likely to exceed 400,000,000
bushels and domestic requirements are
over 372,000,000 bushels.
The European crop of 1889 was 100,000,000
bushels below an average. That of India,
ns well as of Australasia, very short, and
the winter wheat crop now growing in the
United States has already sustained such
injury as to reduce the out-turn at the
coming harvest anywhere from 70,000,000
to 100,000,000 bushels, and the spring wheat
out-turn can not be more than an average,
as the acreage is less than last year, hence
the exportable surplus can not exceed 40,
000.0 0 bushels.
European crop prospects are good, and
we may assume the harvest will oe an av
erage one, and these facts give us a basis
for an intelligent estimate of the avail
Eui ope, with a population of 350,000,000,
consuming a trifle less than four bushels
per capita, requires for the crop year of
189-90, 1,395,000,000 bushels, and the avail
able supply is as follows:
European crop of 1SKD 1,11,500,OM
Imports from United States
aud Canada mjmfiPQ
Imports from India 25,(,0M
Imports from I Vustralasla. . 5,(X)3,(X)0
Imports from South Amer
Imports from nil other
countries 20.000,000 J,2GT,000,000
But for the largo reserves from the great
rrops of 1SS7 and 1SS8 Europe would now
be on short allowance ana the complete
depletion of such reserves may suffice to
fill the European bread basket until the
in-gathering of the new crop, but in any
event it will leave the granaries clean and
the world to enter upon the new crop year
wholly dependent upon the out-turn from
the coming harvest for a year's bread. "Will
such out-turn suffice?
Turning to the southern hemisphere we
find the Australasian crop very short, that
of South Africa Capo Colony, etc so
much below the average as to necessitate
greatly enlarged drafts upon the reduced
Australasian surplus; the" Chilian crop un
usually small, while 4htpf-the Argentine
republic? which was exacted to furnish
a large surplus for export, proves too
fimill, says L . S. Consul Baker, for homo
use and that orders have already gone to
Otle-si, New York and San Francisco for
wheat to supply Argentine demands.
In Indian crop harvested in the spring
of 1SS9. was a short one but the harvest of
lfeJK) shows a little lower average yield
from an area materially reduced by the
encroaching cotton fields. The crop in
some parts of northern Africa Morocco
has been seriously injurrd by a prolonged
drouth and while Africa exports aro un
important they are this year likely to be
less than usual and may be replaced by
Canadian net exports some times reach
2,500,000 bushels but last years crop was
oue of a succession of short ones and
Canadian grain merchants now say that
they must have 2,000,000 bushels of our
wheat to carry them to the next harvest.
Unless the Dakotau and Minnesota
yield is an abnormally largo one we can
not, from the crop of 1S90, export to ex
ceed 40,000.000 bushels and half of this
amount is vearlv taken from us by coun
tries outside of Europe aud in view of the
short crops throughout the southern
hemisphere we may expect the demand
from such countries to bo larger than ever
so that it will be impracticable for us to
spare Europe more than 20,000,000 bushels
from the coming harvest.
This being the caso European require
ments and supplies for the 1890-91 crop
vear, estimating the European crop as a
full one, will approximate as follows:
Bushels. Bushels -
Enropin requirements 1,404,600,000
Full European crop 1SLO ....l.'JM.OOO.OOO
Imports from united fatntes
Imports from India -
Imports from Australasia ..
Imports from South America.
Imports from all other
It is possible that the European crop,
which now promises ansiverage yield, may
be an unusually large one and reduce the
deficit one-half. On the other hand it is
equally possible that it may bo as much
below a full one and thus swell the deficit
to 150,000,000, or even 160,000,000 bushels
and, having no reserves to draw upon, a
deficit of but one-half of 112,000,000 bushels
must advance prices very sharply and re
sult in empty grauaries at the beginning
of the 1891-92 crop year. Should this result
follow, as now seems inevitable, the effect
should be prices highly satisfactory to the
The European population increasing
more than 1,250,000 annuaily, the wheat re
quirements augment at least 9.000,000 bush
els vearlv, and. estimating full crops in all
countries in 1S91, 1S92, 1893 and 1S94, we
shall find the results about as follows: Be
ginning with the 1S91-92 crop year the
Furooean requirements are. . 1.413,000,000
Full Furopean crop Kll . -.1,223,000,000
Imports from Uunlted States.
Imports from India SLQiUTO
imports from Australasia ... S.O0OAM
Janorts from bouth America s.000,000
imports from all other coun
tries 21,000.000 i.rwuxo
With full crops throughout the world in
1SS9 the wheat product will be Co,000,000
bushels less than the requirements, the
surplus (reserves) heretofore accumulated
entirely disposed of. the consuming ele
ment of Europe and North America in
creasing 19.500,000 bushels yearly, with the
available supplies increasing less than
7,000,000 bushels annually, this deficit must
constantly augment, as is shown in the
following estimates, where we continue to
credit all countries with full crops and an
increasing out-tura greater tlian past ex
perience warrants. For instance, the
European product has, during the past
fifteen years, increased but 2,250,000 bush
els per annum, yet in these estimates such
annual increase is put at 3,000.000 bushels,
and on this liberal basis of estimating
supplies the crop year of 1892-93 will show:
11 Bushels. Bushels.
Furopean requirements to be. 1.422,110,00
Imports from India
IraiwH-ts troui Autrabwlft..
Import from outh America.
Imports from all other
a .. .,.;.,. :.... f..ii n ,(i.mir. lav.i
ins by anyjeser.vefor o-stato of war or
L M fy " .,
V-1. 3rcdC 62
crop disaster, we find the deficit has grown
with the crop of 1892 and such will be the
case when we sum up for the 1S93-94 crop
year as follows: , ,
Enropean requirements , 1.131,000,000
Full European crop 1KB...... .1.229,000,000
Imports from United States ,.nnnm,
and Canada 41,000,000
Imports from India 33.000.UM
Imports from Australasia... 10.000,000
Imports from South America, 10,000,000
Imports from all other ..,.--
countries.. . 23,000,000 1,345.000,000
Projecting our vision forward to the
1894-95 crop year we find the outcome will,
with full crops everywhere, be as follows:
European requirements 1,440,009,000
Full European crop 1S34 -X232.000.000
Imports from United States
and Canada 31.000.003
Imports from India S4,000,0u0
Imports from Australasia... ll.ftlO.OOO
Imports from South America. 11,000,000
Imports from all other
countries 24,000,000 1,343,000.000
"We may go on indefinitely and should
find the deficit increasing with the pas
sage of each year, the only difference being
that in years of short crops it would be
greatly "in excess of anything shown above
as no allowance whatever has been made
in their estimates for deficit: yield in any
Assuming that reserves which existed at
harvest were sufficient to offset the
shortage in the European crop of 1SS9 we
find the aggregate deficit from the coming
four harvests to be not less than 314,000,
Will some of the believers in a contin
uance of low prices for wheat rise and tell
us where the cheap wheat is to come from?
An examination into the sources of sup-
Elv will enable us to see what the proba
Beginning at home we find the acreage
has decreased materially during the last
five years, that additions of new wheat
lands are yearly lessening, that old wheat
fields are constantly being converted to the
production of other staples, but now comes
the cheap wheat man (the bear) ana says
there .are any number of new acres that
can be devoted to this crop but fails to sav
where they are. Then he says we can
convert corn lands into wheat fields but
fails to say what effect such a proceedure
would have on the price of corn. It is true
that corn fields can be converted into
wheat fields and that such conversion
would aid materially in advancing the
value of com, yet after converting even
three or four millions acres of corn fields
to wheat growing there would still be a
yearly deficit in the world's supply of
wheat, the price of wheat will continue
high, we shall be short of corn, meat and
whisky and high as wheat may
be conl growing will be relatively
more profitable than wheat growing,
and when this occurs we shall find the
land again growing corn. Corn is the
sheet anchor of our agriculture and with
out Jibundant supplies of that grain it
will be impracticable to supply the ever
increasing demand for meats, and while
we have recently had an enormous sur
plus of corn, resulting from two crops
much above the average in acreage yield,
we have but little new land that is suit
able for or that can be devoted to corn cul
ture and the annual increase of population
is such as to require the addition yearly of
more than 2,000,000 acres to the corn fields.
Corn we must and will have even if the
European cries for bread and while we
might, for the next year or two, do with
less corn land wo shall soon be converting
such fields as now supply the exportable
wheat to the growth of the corn required
By the time the next corn crop is mar
ketable we shall require the product (corn)
of about 77,000,000 acres and shall have the
product of 78,500,000 and in the event the
yield proves a short one shall need it- all
and in oso or two years .at mot popula
tion will have overtaken the corn product
and will then soon out run it, necessitating
the conversion of much wheat land to corn
growing. All this follows from (practical)
the exhaustion of the arable lands. The
believer in cheap wheat probably forgets
that but 35 per cent of farm areas (for the
whole countrj) can be devoted to the
growth of staple crops, but such is tho
The American farmer can get on with
less wheat, but without an abundance of
corn he can not meet public expectation in
the way of beef, pork, mutton and that
beverage which may not cheer but is sure
to inebriate; hence the corn field is ulti
mately certain to crow in breadth at the
expense of the wheat field, although the
very reverse may be true for a year or two.
In Canada, including Manitoba and the
northwest, wheat production does not in
crease any faster than tne nome require
ments and is not likely to, the wheat area
being a limited oue and the bet portion of
it covered by an immense lorest growth..
Canadian wheat exports are not growing,
and the product of the Dominion is less
than that of Kansas.
Tho "bears," in order to affect prices,
have held up India as a great wheat "bug
aboo," but the facts are that India has not,
in ten years, increased the acrease or pro
duct, nor have the Indian exports increas
ed since 18S2, and the cotton fields are year
ly encroaching upon the wheat area, cot
ton growing, as in this country, being rela
tively more profitable, and as wheat ad
vances in price and tends to absorb more
land so cotton will advance, as India aud
America furnish nearly all the cotton of
oommerce. We must not forget that India
is densely populated and that tho land was
Eracticafly all occupied many centuries
efore America was discovered, and that
with the peace which reigns under British
rule population is increasing greatly, quite
as rapidly as does the production of food,
and there is a great and growing pressure
upon the means of subsistence. The Indi
an uses a wooden plow and it takes many
plowiugs (sometimes twenty) to prepare
his land for wheat.
But three of the Australasian colonies
export wheat, the other four being im
porters. The Australasians consume more
wheat per capita than any people except
the French, and while the acreage is in
creasing it is but slowly, and the product
of 1S83 has been exceeded but once, and ex
ports to Europe do not increase, nor are
thev likely to, as tho growing populations
of the islands and continents of the east
ern world yearly absorb a greater propor
tion of the Australasian product. Doubt
less very higli prices would stimulate
wheat gfowin in Australasia as elsewhere,
but very Inch prices will bo the best of
evidence that the world is short of bread
and ready to take all that may be offered.
Only the southern border of the Austral
ian continent is adapted to wheat growing,
the mass of the continent being too near
the equator and subject to fierce drouths.
On the other hand ew Zealand is one of
the best of wheat countries the acreage
yield being exceeded only by that of Eng
land, vet the area in wheat had, up to
1SS7, never exceeded 270,000 acres or less
tiian the cultivated land of Sedgwick
county. The great industry ot all
Australasia is pastoral rather than agri
cultural and such it is likely to continue
to be, where, as in most of the colonies,
the rainfall is very irregular as well as
Americans are given to thinking that
they are the only people inventing and us
ing" improved 'agricultural implements,
but the Australian does not
seem to lag :is he has among other
thincs. nut a "stripper" in use which gath
ers the wheat head. This machine, oper
ated by horse, and is said to gather, thresh,
fan ami sack the wheat at one operation at
the rate of eight to ten acres per day mak
ing it possible to crow wheat in "South
Australia." where 7.1 bushels per acre is
the average crop.
From afl that is known of Australia it i
evident that Europe cannot be supplied
witu bread from that source for many
years to come.
Chili U a narrow mountain belt with
very limited arable areas aud cannot great
ly increase its cereal product, while other
South American countries and the tropical
islands art? constantly increasing their
draft, upon the Chilian urplu-.
The Anrentine Kenuhhc has hr the bears
L been credited with a creat capacity for
wheat growing, but as yet does not pnn
duce a Targe surplus, an average crop being
12,000,000 to 15,000,000 bushels, or one-third
that of Kansas. Doubtless the exports of
wheat from that country will ultimately
be large, but with a population of less than
4,000,000 it is not likely to assume the
place as an exporter of wheat, which we
are about to vacate.
The area of Argentine is about half that
of the United States with a population
less than ours 100 years since and certainly
no more enterprising and progressive.
When Argentine has a large amount of
wheat for sale we shall need part of it.
In view of the fact that we must soon
cease to supply South American and West
Indian requirements, Argentine will do
remarkably well to meet the demands
from such quarters, so that after a very
few years Europe need not look to either
South or North America for any part of
the needed supplies.
H. Kains Jackson is, since the death of
James Caird, looked npon as the English
authority on this subject, and to show
that others are looking for high prices I
quote the following from a communica
tion of his to 'Dornbusch," wherein he
says: "While foreign competition has de
pressed wheat, some of the depression is
due to the poverty ol the English farmers,
who have undersold wheat in the English
markets. In fact the Spectator estimates
the loss to English farmers in recent times
from low prices and decline in land values
at 3,000,000,000. Which of the
wheat-producing conntries is producing
more than ten years ago? America in 1S90
has but about the same wheat area as in
1880. Canada, making considerable prom
ises in recent years, has not f ulfiilled them
in respect to exporting wheat. Egypt
sends now but trifling quantities. Spam
is no longer represented as a source of sup
ply for wheat or flour. France, which
once forwarded much best quality of flour
to the United Kingdom, scarcely
sends now a sack. Germany still
sends of its best wheat, perhaps,
900,000 bushels in the last year, but Baltic
supplies probably are not a tenth of what
they once were. India is one of the new
great powers of wheat supply, but has not
advanced as a source of late years. More
over, about half of India's shipments do
not come to Great Britain. Australia has
to be reckoned Avith. Advance Australia!
You are a wheat seller to England of per
haps 4,600,000 bushels in your best seasons.
Russia's statistics do not go back many
years. The 1889-90 exports are not expected
to equal tnose oi me previous iwu skuiu.
Other countries, clumping together Per
sia, La Plata, Chili, etc., do increase their
wheat shipments but not to an important
extent. England, lastly, has considerably
diminished the wheat area.
Looking at the other side of
the medal at the increased consumption
of wheat in the last ten years, what do we
see? America, at home, it is stated, is eat
ing more to the extent of 75,000,000 bushels;
the United Kingdom calls for 1&3,000,000
bushels, say 37,000,000 bushels augmenta
tion. In ordinary seasons France is now a
yearly buyer of wheat iy,ooo,ouu to 5,uuu,
000 bushels more than was usually the case
ten years ago. Other continental buyers,
Belgium, Holland, Italy, Switzerland,
Portugal, etc., together form a great wheat
buying power that scarcely existed ten
The Liverpool Corn Trade Xews says:
"The importing countries needs 375,000,000
bushels from the crops of 18S9. while the
exporting countries can spare but 312,000,
000, if so much, and that there remains,
practically, no reserves.."
The Buffalo Milling World says: "With
India assuredly short, with the United
States prospectively short, and with only
average conditions in. Russia and other
Europeau countries, it is not easy to see
how wheat values can be prevented from
rising very far above the low level of the
The great Minneapolis miller, Mr. C. A.
Pillsbury, says: "That consumption is in
creasing annually in the face of a decreas
ing supply, and that he believes that du
ring the next five years the Minneapolis
mills will grind more dollar wheat than
under that figure."
"Beerbohm," of April 29, says: "Every
thing tends to show that the last three
months of the current crop year will wit
ness an unusual scarcity of English grown
J. S., in an elaborate article in the Glas
gow Herald, estimates the shortage in the
European supply from the world's crops
of 1889 at 130,000,000 bushels, which must
be made up from the world's reserves.
If the preceding estimates are approxi
mately correct, as the authorities quoted
indicate, then high prices for wheat seem
inevitable, and when wheat advances in
lilrp doirree will other asrricultural stanles.
as the advance will be the result of short
crops, a depletion of the reserves and a
scarcity of wheat lands, coupled with a
constant increase in consumption. In
other words, consumption in the world as
a whole, has overtaken and is about to
out run production. u. wood juavis.
A Harvey County Parmer Meets With
Nfwton, Kan. Mav 17. The coroner
was summoned to Richland township this
afternoon to hold an inquest over the body
of George Broer, who was found dead in
his bed yesterday on his farm, on section
26. The evidence points towards murder,
but the body was very badly decomposed
and the exact manner of his death is not
known. The supposition is that he was
strangled. The team, wagon and harness
belonging to the dead man are missing
and a small cupboard in which
he kept valuables was found in a
grove near the house having been chiseled
open and the contents removed. Mr.
Broer was seen last on Monday and it is
supposed that he met his death soon after.
The verdict rendered by the jury was
that the deceased met his death at the
hands of some persons and in some man
ner unknown to the jury. The body was
brought to Newton today and interred in
t he citv cemetery. The deceased was about
OS years of ace. He was married but lived
alone, his wife Iwing in Germany. He
had one son, living in Salem, Ore. Xo
clue to the murderer has been discovered.
THE SNIPE'S DAY.
Wholesale Cutting on All Roads to All
CnTCAGO, HL, May 17. Some more vig
orous cutting of western passenger rates
was indulged in today. The Chicago &;
Northwestern road, led off with giving no
tice of a S3 rate, first class, between Chi
cago and StjPaul to go into effect Mon
day. This rate is $2 below that of the Mil
waukee and St. Paul. The Burlington
system continued the war with vigor. The
announcement of a $5 rate from St. Louis
to Denver was made, which is lower rate
than any other road has yet made. That
road also gave notice of a rate from St.
Louis to Minneapolis and St. Paul.
Trans-Missouri rates were further cut
into bv the Atchison. Topeka & Santa Fe.
That road announced a 4 rate from Kan
sas City, Leavenworth, Atchison and St.
Joseph to Pueblo, Colorado Springs and
Denver, making this the basis of rate to all
local points fcouth of La Junta. This was
a clear cut of $3.50.
The Illinois Central has announced a ?8
rate from Chicago to St. l,ouis and a S3
rate to Springfield. The Missouri Pacific
announced a 51 rate from Kansas City to
Omaha and a $2 rate from St. Louis to
THERE'S BIG MONEY IN IT.
BrRRTON, Kan.. May 17. Special Cor
respondence. Colonel Cone, of this city,
is full feeding 150 head of yearling calves.
The colonel first purchased fifty head, but
finding that his purchase was going to
prove successful financially, he recently
rmrehased luO more, which makfcs the
number as first stated. The colonel fall
fevdine calves is a money making invest
ment and is therefore fencing 240 acres of
his land adjoining the city and intends
grasing thereon a numoer of calves pre
paratory to f eedinc another year.
THE EDITORIAL EXCURSION VISITS
Even the Progressive Kansans Sur
prised by the Marvelous Ad
vancement of Oklahoma.
Delegates Arriving to Attend tne Eeception
to be Accorded Oklahoma's
A Large Budget of News from Cities of
the Great Southwest Preparations for
the Winfield Chautauqua Assem
blyGeneral State and
Special Dispatch to the Dally Easlrt
Guthrie, Ok., May 17. The North
western editorial association party arrived
bere this evening at 6:30 and were met at
the depot by a great number of Guthrie's
best citizens with carriages and were
driven all over the city. AH expressed their
surprise in seeing such a city built here
in so short a time.
After the drivo they were given a ban
quet at the Hotel Springer and Mr. Feltch,
the genial proprietor, made it pleasant for
Just before the great procession started
for "Capitol Hill," they made a halt in
front of the house and the Guthrie silver
band delivered some excellent music from
the portico above.
A great number of delegates from every
part of Oklahoma are arriving and will re
main over in this city until Governor
Steele come when they all hope to get their
matters adjusted and get down to busi
ness. Tho editorial party leaves at 1:40 bun
day morning for Galveston.
THE COMMISSION LOSES ITS ROAD "
Iowa Village, I. T.,by special courier
to Guthrie. Mav 17. The Cherokee com
mission has so tar done nothing except to
lose its road. Yesterday the commission
ers in army wagons left Guthrie with camp
equipage and soldiers but unfortunately
they started on the wrong road. To be
sure they can reach here some day, but it
will Tin a dav or two later than they ex
pected. Trusting to strange guides they
have lost their way.
The Indians here at tho village had a
dance last night in expectation of their
coming and the general feeling is the
Iowas will treat for their lands. The
Kickapoos are also evidently willing to
treat but the Sac and Fox will bo hard to
A PAUPER'S SUICIDE.
SALIXA, Kan., May 17. A pauper named
Snyder, who was an inmate of Salina
county poor farm, committed suicide early
this morning by hanging. He was 70
years of age and weak minded.
FROM ST. JOHN.
St. Jonx, Kan., May.15. Special Corres
pondence. St. John one of the many
thriving county seats of Kansas, is in a
prosperous condition, Tq- business men
are well satisfied with the trade given
them, and the people generally are in good
spirits. The growing crops surrounding
St. John never looked better in the history
of the country. The wheat is almosthead
ing, the oats knee high, and much of the
corn is up and cultivated once over.
A very valuable improvement has been
made in St. John's public park. The old
Eostoffice building has been moved to a
etter location; the park put in a state of
cultivation and set out in .maple trees and
the whole park enclosed with a post and
heavy chain fence. This is certainly a
move in the right direction, and the city
council deserves much credit for the course
pursued in this matter. There is nothing
that adds more to the beauty and attrac
tion of a city than a fine public park, and
not many years will pass until St. John
can boast of a park of this character.
A serious loss has befallen St. John in
the burning of theirfine roller mills.which
was destroyed by fire a few days since.
This was one of the finest mills in Kansas
and was doing a good business and is not
only a heavy loss to tue proprietors, uui,
St. John as well. We are informed that a
new mill will be erected.
The Fifth Avenue hotel closed its doors a
short time since and the proprietor has re
turned to his home east. The hotel build
ing is a model of architecture and a credit
to St. John, but in the language of the
"Immortal J. N." the "forces wouldn't
equalize," and the Fifth avenue went
down. This leaves the hotel business
all in the handsofthegeniaiMr. Cornwall,
of the Arlington, who is running a first
class house and doing all in his power to
please the public and especially the fas
tidious commercial man.
St. John has a new postmaster in the
nersnn of the editor of the Advance. The
office has been moved to a new building,
new fixtures put in and it is now one of the
neatest postotfices in the country.
District court will open here about next
Monday with Judge Bailay on the bench.
Miss Nellie McCoy, the court stenographer,
has been spending the week in the citj
awaiting the opening of the court. Miss
McCov is said to be one of the most rapid
and efficient stenographers in the state and
receives a very large remuneration for her
St. John is entertaining a crazy man
this week. He comes from Stafford, but
his name we did not learn. He is said to
have been a very smart man, but an acci
dent received on the head some years aco
has gradually unbalanced his mind. He
is constantly trying to escape from his
guardians but has so far failed in every
attempt. The sheriff will conduct him to
the asylum in a few days.
EL RENO'S FINE GROWTH.
EL Reko, Ok., May 17. Special Corres
pondence. The city of El Reno has made
quite a growth and of a first-class lot of
new merchants in the last ninety days
and all seem to be working hand in hand
for the upbuilding of a No. 1 town here.
There was seen on the streets this after
noon ome ten or twelve traveling sales
men from Wichita and other points, and
that is one of the signs of a good town.
The business firms are so numerous that
space will not admit of individual men
tion. There are a number of the larce
firms here that do more or less whole
saling. Real estate is changing hands quite
freely, and at quite good prices, too. El
Reno certainly has one of the prettiest
sites for a town in all Oklahoma.
Your correspondent was royally enter
tained bv the business men of LI Reno, and
by invitation of Dr. Scott indulged in a
drive over the city and adjoining conntry.
There we met a number of good farmers
located around El Reno who went to work
upon their claims last year imim-diately
alter the opening and havernade ome
wonderful improvements We noticed in
our drive some very fine fields ot wheat
which is all headed out and from preent
appearances will fall upon the grain tables
before the firt of June.
The irnit trees planted. lat yesr are uj
almost everv case looking healthy and
shows that this country is susceptible of
successful fruit growins.
The people of El Keno are enUmiastc
over their prospects od all ooe
has to do to be convinced taut iey
Lare ;n?V"s rapid strides is to visit the
city and see for themselves. Thereisto
be "seen almost daily continual trains of
lumber being hauled to all parts of the
country from El Reno even down as far as
There are two banks, some eight or ten
general stores, three or four exclusive
hardware stores, four or five good drug
houses, three immense lumber yards, two
good hotels, that are doing a nice business,
one good weekly newspaper, a number of
prominent real estates firms, two coal
dealers.one harness shop and a great many
other live business houses too numerous
to mention. This town is figuring on be
ing a much greater city than it is now in
the near future, and if pluck and energy
will win, then El Reno is bound to be a
ITEMS FROM ANTHONY.
Special Dispatch to thepally Eagle.
AXTHONT, Kan., May 17. Last night
was clear and cold and fears were enter
tained of a frost that might hurt crops,
but inquiry today seems to show that
while there was some frost nothing has
been hurt. Harper county always comes
to the front with big crops and this year
will only emphasize"that fact.
The fcrrana Army men nem a medium
Wednesday night and decided to observe
Memorial day oy decorating the graves of
soldiers, and also by preseneing a flag to
the public schools. Hon. I. A. Love, of
this city, will make thepresentationspeech,
and also the address of the Grand Army.
In the evening the ladies of the Relief
Cnms will have a camn fire and social for
the "boys." Hon. R. P. McColloch, of An
thony, will deliver the address on Memo
rial day at Bluff City.
The graduating exercises of the public
schools will take place on Thursday, May
29, and will be interesting. The gradu
ating class consists of seven.
The Odd Fellows have rented the hall
over Shollv's store and will fit it up for
their own "exclusive use. That order is
a growing one in this part of Kansas.
The O., II. & G. railroad depot is being
rapidly built-on Main stret west, diago
nally across from the Frisco depot.
The question of the next judge is still
f rowing in interest, but it is certain that
arpcr county intends to have that official
this time. Owing to former divisions in
the county we have had to give up to ev
ery other county in the districts we have
beIongedto;butnow that the county is
harmonious we intend to have our rights.
Besides tho judgeship, Harper county has
the strongest candidate for state treas
urer, in the person of County Treasurer
O. F. Casteen, whose strength is increas
ing all the time.
A BOOMING LITTLE BURG.
Sylvia, Kan., May 15. Special Corres
pondence, Sylvia is unquestionably one
of the most thriving little cities of west
ern Kansas. The town is comparatively
new, the buildings, both business and resi
dence, being built after the most modern
plans of architecture. Sidewalks are
rinwn. trees set out and nothinc neclected
that will add to tho city's beauty and ap
pearance. The city rests on a slightly elo-
vateu piece ot grounu, wniie hib cuuhuj.
surrounding is one vast level plain, which
affords the observer as fine a view as can
be seen anywhere in Kansas. Tho wheat
and oat fields are oue vast carpet of green,
stretching away at all points of the com
pass. Soon they will turn to amber, and
then to golden; when the ruthless sickle
will follow and shut out tho scene. Num
berless acres of corn have been planted,
is up and cultivated once over, while
the farmers are still busy putting in
more. The soil surrounding Sylvia is a
rich, sandy loam which retains moisture
fully as long as any soil there is. While a
good rain would do no harm to the crops
surrounding Sylvia, yet nothing is suffer
ing. There is now thousands of bushels
of corn in crib on the town site of
Sylvia .awaiting shipment. The men in
charge of the business interests of Sylvia
are wide awake and alive to their every
interest, aud Mr. Wilson, the efficient
mayor, is oue of the most enterprising men
of western Kansas and will not fail to rake
advantage of any and every thing that
will add to the advantage of bylvia. We
predict a brilliant future for this young
and growing city.
HAPPENINGS AT KIOWA.
Kiowa, Kan, May 17 Special Corres
pondence Yesterday the. G. A. R. post of
this city buried Comrade Abija Travis,
who was thrown from a wagon last Sun
day, receiving injuries which resulted in
pleursy and death on Wednesday last.
A movement is on foot for a last general
round up of the cowboys and stockmen at
Kiowa, on the Fourth of July. This will
probably be the farewell reunion here on
the bonier, as the order to vacate the strip
October 10 will no doubt end the days of
broad-rimmed hats, high-healed boots and
clinking spurs in the Cherokee Strip.
Thousands of acres or wheat are now in
full bloom and will be ready for the har
vest early in June. Pastures are in fine
condition and from an agricultural view
of the situation, everything looks lovely
and the farmer's hopes are high for a profit
able season. . .
The "Kiowa Cherokee btnp colony
society" is receiving many letters of in-
quiry auoui tue iJiuuncu i.iuu. w.. """ j junction uuv, staunt; ium ruuug i
from the state of Maine writes to the post- j submission club would be organized there
fit of such far-away readers of the EAGLE
it may be said that A. J. Bentley is the
secretary and will give reliable informa
tion to all enquirers. The editor of the
Kiowa Herald is rusticating in Oklahoma,
but the Herald makes its weekly appear
ance on time under the able management
of the assistant editor.
THE WINFIELD CHAUTAUQUA.
Special dispatch to tho Dally Eagle.
Winfield, Kan., May 17. For the past
few days an absorbing theme in Winlield
has been the program of the Winfield
Chautauaua assembly that has just been
issued. It is the strongest program that
has ever been put before the assembly at
"nrinfiold cHrinT nj attractions manv of
the leading lecturers of the nation. Dr.
xaimage or jaroomju, ur. .uiucr uijuiu i june : as. iv a. uu
City, Robert Mclntvre of Chicago and a Resolution were passed heartily imlor
hostof others will" be present General jDg Senator Ingalls. also allrper eounty
Alger will be present on Grand Army day i man for judge: O. Y. Cateen for utat
with the noted men of the order in Kansas, j treasurer and W. T. Walker for TKlter of
The park is being put in elegant condition, the Beaver land ofhe. Neutral Stnp. O
the river around the island will give the F. Ca4een was appointed member of tbe
finest boating that it ha3 ever afforded. J M-ate Republican committee. The rsMlo
The streets are being gravelled and every tions were practically nsanimotts.
convenience arranged lor tne comiort ana
entertainment of thoe that come
The Fourth of July is to be Farmers'
day and the leading men of the state awl
national organizations will be present. It
is believed that 12,000 or 15,000 people will
be in attendance on that day. The rail
road rates are the best ever conceded to
the assembly: one fare for the round trip
from all points within 150 miles, and for
the entire state on red letter days.
Kr?LET, Kan.. May 17. Special Cor
respondence. The growins: crops in this
vicinity are looking splendid and are not
suffering for want of rain. However, a
good ram would do much good.
The Kinsley roller mills are doing a very
large business at present and are making
large shipment of flour to Texa.f ail of
which flour passes through Wichita.
DKnct court is in -essoa here and ranch
businsis being disponed ot. Lawyer
from every town surrounding Kia4ey are
here attending to more or les boMHteA.
Much interfc-t is manifested here ortct
the "original package"' decLloa. It is aid
that an original package boose will be
opened here in the .near fnture.
STOVE VORKS SHUT DOWN.
Leavkxworth. Kan.. May 17 Thi
morning the department of the GrtHt
Western fiove work w shut down. The
.-hat down wma unexpected and was dae
to a Urge jtwnber ol toe roowm taktg
advantage of the cheap rates and learteg
I for St. Louis.
THE MOVEMENT FORWARDED ON
A Grand Rally in Its Interest Held
by Republicans of
Business Men of Salina Desire Laws that
May Restrain the Original
Thirsty Topekans Supplied With Enormous
Quantities of Beer by the Hew Scheme
Meeting of the Harper County
Central Committee Mr. Cor
lisle Elected to Succeed
Beck Political Items.
Six-clal Dispatch to the Dotty Kasle.
Great Bexd, Kan., May 17. The Re
submission Republicans of Great Bend
held a splendid meeting last night Tho
audience was large and manifested a livoly
interest in tho issuo and proceedings. A
special train brought 150 enthusiastic co
operators from Harrington. B. F. Ogle,
probate judge of Barton county, was mailo
S resident of the convention, and W. W.
urtley was chosen secretary. H. L.
Arnold was tho first speaker and-ho spoke
forty-five minutes; his speech was well re
ceived. W. R. Pavne followed in a speech
of thirty minutes, in his usual forceful and
convincing style. His effort created no
little enthusiasm. D. A. Banta, an able
attorney of this city, closed the meeting in
a brief but happy address. Tho occasion
was a very love feast The ball is sure
rolling along this part of tho-line.
WILL TEST THE FULL MEANING.
Des Moixes, la., May 17. A test case to
determine the full extent of tho "original
package" decision has been started in this
city on its way to settlement by the high
est tribulal. It is entitled "Srate of Iowa
vs. Perry Chambers." Tho caso was trietl
in a justice's court in which the defendant
admitted that he kept the liquor in contro
versy for the purpose ot saie oy tne uoiue,
the "glass or in such quantities as his
patrons might desire, but denied under the
recent decision by tho supreme court of
the United States that ho was thereby
violating any law of Iowa. The court,
after hearing the argument of counsel,
took the matter under advisement and yes
terday decided that the defendant had no
right to sell except in the original pack
ntfrtin ivhich the liauor was imported;
that the liquor in controversy was kept for
sale in violation of law, and ordered it for
feited. IK ORIGINAL PACKAGES,
Thirsty People at Topeka Well Provided
TorEKA, Kan., May 17. For tho first
time in five years intoxicating liquors are
being openly sold in Topeka. Charles
Rohrer, agent for a leading Kansas City
wholesale liquor house, yesterday opened
up an 'original r-vkage" whop at 417 Kan
sas avenue, the principal street of tho city.
His stock consisted of a car load of beer m
cases containing twenty-four lottles each.
Before evening the entire stock had been
disposed oL Nothing less than a caso war
sold in any instance. The unusual sight
of the open sale of intoxicants attracted
many people to tho "original package"
shop and the sidewalk in front of tho place
was crowded all day by people who yero
curious to hee how it was done. Rohrer
says that he has no fear of the state law
and will hereafter deal in original pack
ages of whisky and wine as wen as oeer.
RESUBMISSION THE ONLY HOPE.
Salixa, Kan., May 17. Sine the origi
nal package decision was given the amount
of liquor handled by the express compan
panies is simply enormous. A careful es
timate, made by men who are in a posi
tion to know, say that $1,500 have been
sent from here to Kansas City for liquor
since May 1.
The majority of the business men arc
strongly in favor of resubmission. They
know that liquor is brought into the city
and sold without restraint and they want
the city treasury to receive the money that
it would otherwise under a good system of
TOPEKA, Kan., May 17. A letter was re
ceived at resubmission headquarters this
mxmitic fmm Mr. Beechcr Sterne, secro-
j-.. 0j tbc btate cinbs, who is now at
that there are over 100 joints now running
in Juuction City.
Meeting of the Republican County Central
Special dlptch to the D&ny Este.
AKTHOXT. Kan., May 17. The Republi
can county central committee met here to
day. Primaries and county convention
to elect delegates to the judicial convention
were called as recommended br judicial
committee Primaries will be Iild June
9r, r.nri ballot from 2 to 4 o'clock. Thi
J county convention is to be held in Anthony
. The following were the reohitlowk:
Re-oived. That were recognize in John
I. lagalbsand P B. Plumb, or wjaators.
sind S- R- Peters, rmr repwrnaave in
congress, that loyalty and patriotism of
whirh ever Republican may feel JUy
Resolved. That the position taken and
ablv advocated bv these gentlemen on the
qnektion of free coinage of silver is in bar-
inony with the Tiews and wjses of the
farmers! of Katwa and the we.
Raklvwl. That the eajet and eSactr
ive work accompUj'aed by tfee honorable
gentlemen upon tfce floors of coegra
acainAt trust- and combinattoa znU with
the hearty approval of th Repubtieaaa of
K evolved. That we pledge our peaaterc
John J. Ingaila aad P. B. "Phtmb ad to
our able representative. . K. Peta. our
Halved, That we rrgret the molalioas
of the Farmer' Alhaac, rciitlr adopted
t Topeka. ia whsea oar hooorahfo aa
tor, John J. lagalb, was nrraigwd a b
lag unfriendly to the farmers, beiieriig
that sceh xralatoS w& the resell of tb
want ot information a to tb grand rec
ord ot hw flfte-f n year mrrme to tie la
tere of the popie of Un "SwaSofrt-r
Krml, That ike rjomwitt unje
11 ItroubikaMt xh&t it in ibcr dfwty to
Uupport O. . Owi, f Harpw-owurty.
f 111... ALo ..,. - -
JOT IMK imrnmj nn. rmxnia WPI lllll
KrivI. Tbt wedn W. T. Walfc-
ItT, nuac w ix fcrwyw; w w
daftirUtc office CrdtrWic UaJfctd
States land office at Beaver City, Public
Land Strip, and that tre request our said
senators and representatives to use their
best efforts in securing his appointment
Resolved, That a copy of theso reso
lutions bo forwarded to our said senators
rrT.T,S COMMITS EIMSELP,
Ho Would Bather Betira than Payor the
Washington, May 17. Representative
Mills has answored the letter of tho
Farmers' Alliance of Milan county, Texas.
asking him to favor tho establishment of
government waro houses for storago of
agricultural products and tho issuo upon
them of treasury notes to the extent of
SO por cent of the value of products. His
answer was published in the National
Democrat and occupied three columns of
space. He says: "When the government
"begins to take chargo of the agricultural
products it will go on and in
periods of manufacturing and min
ing depression, iron, steel, wool
en and cotton goods will demand
to be deposited and taken care of and
money loaned to their owners, and so will
coal and ores and lumber. If the policy is
adopted it must apply to nil, and the power
of thoo interested in the product will
compel the government to interest its pa
ternal care in them." ... .
Ho add"? that the onlv way in which tho
farmer can bo helped is by the success of
tho tariff reform, for which Cleveland
fought and fell. He regretfully declines
to support the Alliance proposition. Clos
ing ho savs: "1 can afford to retire to pri
vate life, "but I can not afford to share th
guilt of participating in an act that will
bring distress and sufforms to millions of
my fellow citizens."
FARMERS WILL TRY FOR CONGRESS.
NKVADA, Mo., May 17. Tho delognt U
the Farmers and laborers' union of tho
Twelfth congressional district, who hava
been in secret session tho past two days,
adjourned today to meet nt Oak Grovo
school houso June 14. Nine counties wero
represented and organised a district union,
and it is believed they will nomiimto n
man for congress.
FIFTH DISTRICT COMMITTEE.
Clay Center, Kan., May 17. The com
mittee for tho Fifth congressional district
is called to meet in this city the eveulng ot
SENATOB 0ABUSLE NOW.
He Is Hooted to Succeed the Late Senator
Beok. of Kontuoky.
Louisville, Ky.? May 17. At the joint
meeting of tho legislature today Senator
Lindsay placed J. G. Carlisle in nomina
tion inn brief speech of ndmirablo tuU.
in which he paid a graceful tribute to tho
choice of tho Democratic caucus.
Mr. Langley for tho Republican caucus
nominated Hon. Silas Adams, tho repre
sentative from Cawy county.
The ballot then proceeded, 107 votes be
ing cast for Cnrlbile and IB for Adams.
Senator Carlisle loft for Washington to
night Ho will not present his credential
in the senate until after tho vote on tho
tariff issue in the house.
A DOUBLE DISASTER,
A Oyolono Adda Horror to a Conflagra
tion at Tomsk, Siboria.
St. PETEUSBuno, Mav 17. Horrlblo
scenes aro reported a Imviug occurred
during tho burning of Tomsk, tho capital
of Western Siberia. The nlac was visited
simultaneously by a. conflngratinn aud iv
cyclone, he result of tlie combined dbas
ters being the dciitruBtian of threo-qunr
ters of the buildings, whlrh were of wood,
ami tho Iosh of hundreds of llvtw. Tho
cathedral situated in tho high town 1h in.
ashes. The walls of tho edifice, in falling,
crushed an adjacent hospital, lmryiit tho
inmates who were substantially rousted
The garrison brutally refused to render
the least assistance in saving llvus and
property on the plm that they hd enough
to do to protect the bHrnirkM and govern
ment buildings. They alo added that
thev had no ttme to Hwdni "worthlwM ex
HeV." In strong contract to thi action of
the troops w.u that of the worthy btr-hop
and his assistant priest. Mnrrhing;
through the burning city at tho head of a.
procession, with banner and other wicml
emblems.he stopped at freqnant interval 4
to give alwolution to tho dying and to
blei tho doad.
MORE ASHLEY VICTIMS RECOVERED.
WlLKKsBAKHB, Pa., May 17 At noon
today two more bodies of the No. 8 mine
disaster wore brought out of the mine and
taken to th morgue. Thy were kieaUnVl
as Robert Prichnrd and aud Michael N-ul-ly.
Twelve of the bodie recovered yrter
day have txen identified and token to their
homes Work is progressing rapidly at
the mine and the four victim (WippoW to
be in the pit will probably bo recovered
night Great crowds still surround the
opening of the miiM. An inqtievt w
held tills morning by the jnry then d
joiirnwl till next WlaefctLiy whoa a ver
diet will be rendemL
At 2 o'clock two more victims werrt
brought from the chamber of horrors t
Ashley. One is Michael Henry; ta other
it so badly mangled as to be unrecogniza
ble. THE NEILSON ACCIDENT.
Skamokix. Pa., May 17. The Nelkon
hcvMker Are debrim which fell a the nhaf t
bH night wedgwl itel In aad did not
stop tb the bottom of the abaft. Kffortt
are bing imde today to rawine tb- elrou -lutlonofair
through th mine. Forty
four mules are In tha various pjrek. ho
far ther are getting enough air U kep
them alive. The doris i still burning,
bat the shaft is not on Are.
ACCIDENTALLY KILLED HI.M6ELF.
Mr FiiKMOY. Kan., May 17. C. A.
Champlia. a raftpfctd cittwm of tfcto eity
and former eounty treanorw, aorWrwUilly
J jnjJ a rcrolrer.
killed himself tali montlag wane ca-
THE DAMR08CH-BLAINE WEDDING.
Wajhixctok, My 17. Miiw Mrznr8
LwbellA ftkunr. daughter of the a&mt&ry
o fciate, w marrted today to Mr. Walter
rMmrOMS-h. of New York. i Ut rwidstvc
of tht bride parent ia Mndion I'fetn?
The ef"fnny oer-urrwl at 10 o'clotk. and
wa performed by Kv l)r Dow: Uw. rctrr
oHL Jobs' P K. church Tb der
Uoa eocteid of fiowrrs, sro-wi&g pUat
aad pftisa SmrtAry JtlUm ceoopfi)l
' hu dacgbtr eU wm fotfenred tor tim
groom and hi lC ma, M r. J J-mnk
Itoowrelt. Thr?e xtuwiral gunU vrom a
, attendance. iaeittdiiMC PrwJd-Bt ad Mr
Harmon, Mr. MeK. t offiriu
ad the buium of their AttoilMw, tb mn
I bT5 of the wpre toort. tb eatir
, diplomatic corps aaaay mnfc9rs of rot
gr &d other. A wedding braakt
foikrvred the ceranoar. Tke swf r ar-
s rtd coapio Udt tor Kw York. wt wjv
will proceed to tbr fnture boeae oa Mad
iftoaavvatt. xt weak tkoy will sail for
GRAVE3HT. N. Y., Majr 17. Wtowrr oC
Ufktj'm iwem: Kordfcsua. BortftKStoo.
GwyRefc- Vagabond. Gray Dawm
the Brwkaabi huodkap fr -rr-d
up. !0eea. with ttjfcO tuUUi, aesule
ttod a I urkwar. ?b alixUir.
IjocvmLLk. Ky.. May 17 -Wiwwr of
today's racv: CeiL Gmrgrtows. Jsttb
L4y, dUvw KJatg. Maie mmo. Jay Jay
WEEKLY BANK STATEMENT.
Krw YoC. May 27 -Tba -rfejv har.X.
(tMcmsBi fcow tb foitowtoir ca-.
KvMK-rtti. tacmw. tW; fcaa. i
I iitgfd twtWn. Iwetm, HKM kpoU. .
iacraa9 -jt. cuiwii w " r.
901. flo tr B4d t2,0Lyj74 hi ax-'
aoistd Hut Jb ruU-