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THE STATES IN CONQBESS
ROBERT GRAVES WRITES OF THEIR
Tho Grett Wcat Has "tho Pall," as Is
Sh.oT.nl by the Places Accorded Its Rep
resentatives In tho Important Cam
ntteej of tho BTonse.
"WASinXGTOX, May 5. A man sat next to
mo in the gallery of the house. 'Where is
the New York delegation?" he asked.
"State lines are obliterated here," I said to
tho inquirer; "in so far as the arrangement
of seats is concerned."
"Which one of the states has here the
most influential delegation?" asked the
This was a question which could not be
satisfactorily answered at a moment's no
tice. But when I hazarded a guess my in
quisitive acquaintance promptly asked the
name of the leader of that delegation.
Again I ventured an opinion.
"And now," said he, "I have heard that
the legislation of tho house is really in the
hands of two or three dozen men. Who are
"My friend," I replied, "you are of an
inquiring turn oS. mind I see. But you
want to know more than can bo told up
here in tho gallery, where tho rules forbid
conversation. Giro me your address and
I'll mail you a reply in full."
This was no easy task which I had vol
untarily assumed. But as soon as I had
set about it I was impressed by tho re
markable influence wielded by the newer
America, tho great west, in the affairs of
state. There is no bettor criterion of a
congressman's importauco than the com
mittees to which he has been assigned, the
committee chairmanships which ho holds.
There are in tho house sixty committees,
btanding and select. Thirty of those aro
important he big hoppers into which tho
grists of legislation must first go for tho
grinding. Tho chairmen of theso thirty
committees, with tho sneaker and a few
others, aro masters of tho situation. No
fower than twenty of tho thirty chairmen
of important committees are from the
. 3st, counting Ohio as a western state
Ilanois loads with fivo chairmanships,
Ohio, Kansas, Iowa and Michigan having
three each, and Nebraska, MLsouri and
Montana one each. It is a littJe remark
ablo that tho only Now England state
which has an important standing chair
manship is Maine, which has also the
bpcaker. New York has four chairman
ships in tho list of thirty, but not ono of
them is of prime importance. Of the threo
cuairmanships held by Pennsylvania only
on j is of first rank.
There aro seventeen committees through
whow) hands pass four-fifths of tho im
pjrtant legislation. Those are elections,
nays and means, appropriations, judiciary,
o-iiiing and currency, coinage, weights
.nd measures, rivers and harbors, agri
i liture, foreign affairs, military affairs,
uaval affairs, postofaco and post roads,
public lands, territories, public buildings
and grounds, patents, and invalid ponsions.
Only three of these potential chairman
ships are held by extern men.
On this showing Illinois is clearly tho
u.o-.t important delegation on the floor of
th house. Its representatives presido over
hve of these great committees'. No other
state has such a firm hold upon the busi
ness of tho house. The leader of the Illi
u us delegation is unquestionably Joe Can
aan. As member of tho committee on rules
L" helps control all tho business of the
h iusc, and as chairman of the committee
ok appropriations he holds the kuy to tho
i.tional cash" drawer, and holds it vigi
lantly and with full appreciation of his re
sponsibility. Capt. Rowell, chairman of
the committee on eleuions, s.ta in judg
ment on questions of highest privilege
t he right of members to their seats. Gen.
Henderson, at chairman of rivers and har
''ors, controls one of tha largest of thoregu
1 ir appropriation bills. Judge Payson,
c jo of the strong men of the house, and a
possible sanator from his state, presides
over a committee which for many years to
romo will be of primo imortaoce public
Iinds, The courtly and ablo Itobert Ilitt,
Secretary Blaine's friend, is chairman of
'io committee on foreign affairs.
Theso five men are among tho ablest and
lost influential in the house, else they
aid not hold such places. But they are
o no means the only important men of
' Js delegation. Mr. Springer is a leader
t i tho Democratic side, and ouo of tho vot-r-ins
of the house. Mason, of Chicago, is
recognized as ono of tho best orators anil
brightest wits. Adams, of tho same city,
i a polished debater and a man of great
information and usefulness.
Tho next most influential state delega
tion is that from Ohio. Tho Buckeye i?tato
i William McKinley, Jr., the Napoleon of
protection, is master of the greatest com
mittee of the houi.e ways and means. Of
course McKinley is the leader of tho dele
jatdon. lie was its candidate for speaker,
bo is a member of the committee on rules,
he is a possible Republican candidate for
tho presidency, and he is tho recognized
Republican leader on the floor. Ben But
terwortb, brjght and genial, orator and wit,
i- chairman of the great committee on
Lzra B. Taylor, tho successor of Garfield,
resides over tho committee on judiciary.
-n Ohio delegation is a very strong one.
i .sides these three it has Gen. Grosvenor,
uo is not excelled as a debater; Gen. Ken
Jy, ono of tho fighters of tho war sad of
tno commons J udgo Thomp-on, a popular
aad influential man; Judge Caldwell, a
Lard worker and rising statesman; Judge
-vney, who was chairman of an important
muiitte under Democratic rule, and Mr.
' -thwaite. a ready debater and close sta
rt, who always commands attention
en he takes tbt? floor.
iiie third strongest delegation is that
-in Iowa. Gen. Henderson, the ono
. red soldier and orator, is itn leader. lie
iiairm::i f u o ( tvu;:,.p on rMlitia
Few are Fr
FROM Scrofula, which, being heredi
tary, is the latent cause of Consump
tion, Catarrh, Loss of Sight, Eruptions,
.ml numeious other maladies. To ef
f( ot a cure, purify the blood with
Ayer's Sarsitpurillu. Begin early, and
persist till every trace of the poison is
"I can heartily recommend Ayor's
Sarsaparilla for all those who are atHict
ed with scrofulous humors. I had
Buffered for years, and tried various
remedies without effect. Finally, Ayer's
Sarsajmrilla gave relief and put me iu
riv present pixwl healthy condition."
JZ. 31. Howard, New iwrt, N. H.
"Mv daughter was greatly troubled
'. ;ta scrofula, and, at one time, it was
.led she would lose her .sight. Ayer's
- -apaiiHa has completely restored
health, and her eyes are as veil
. strong as ever, with nor a trae of
t ifula in lier. system." Geo. King,
h. ihugh , Conn
Or J. C. Ayer & Co., Lowell, Mas
i'nce$l, bii bottle-, $5. "Worth $5 a touts.
oiao by siao witn Henderson stands Gov
ernor Gear, member, of the ways and means,
a plain, earnest, industrious statesman,
and the best authority in congress on tho
sugar question. Mr. Conger is chairman
of the very important committee on coin
age, weights and measures. Judge Reed,
a new member, has already taken rank as
one of the great lawyers of the bouse. Mr.
Struble presides over tho committee on
territories, and young Jonathan Dolliver
is an orator of the first rank.
It is rather odd that these three western
states should toko the lead over New York,
Pennsylvania and Massachusetts, and
their rank is most significant of the grow
ing power of the great west. With, the first
threo delegations named doubt arises as to
the fourth. Honors appear to bo easy be
tween Pennsylvania and Kansas. A few
months ago, with Randall and JMleyin
their seats, there could bo no question of
tho superiority of tho Keystone state. It
might even take the place of Iowa in the
first trio. But I am now inclined to award
fourth rank to Krvngaa, While there are
only seven Jaembers, nearly every one of
them is a man of importance.
John Anderson Is undoubtedly the leader
of the delegation, though he is not a chair
man. He has been in the house a dozen
years, and is one of the most vigorous de
baters to be found on the floor. "Mr. Per
kins is an eloquent speaker, and chairman
of Indian affairs. Parmer Punston is chair
man of the committee on agriculture., and
u strong, earnest man. TUT: aiorrHI Is
chairman of one of tho first committees of
the honse invalid ponsions. Mr. Turner
and Judge Peters are also influential mem
bers, making a compact delegation of great
ability and ustfl'ulness.
If we place Pennsylvania fifth in the list
we shall miss Randall and Kolleyin proving
our case. Two of the important members of
this delegation are pasttheirprimeinyears
and usefulness. "Old Charley" O'Neill,
the present father of the house, is nearly
three-scoro and ten, as is Charles R. Buck
alew, who has had a great career as diplo
mate, statesman and constitutional lawyer.
The leader of the delegation since Randall's
death is Tom Bayne, of Pittsburg, member
of ways and means. This is his seventh
term in congress, and ho has won a high
place. Other strong men of this delegation
are Harry Bingham, of Philadelphia, chair
man of tho committee on postoffices and
post roads; Mr. McCormick, chairman of
railways and canals, and Mr. Dalzell, a
young lawyer of Pittsburg, who, in his sec
ond term, becomes chairman of the com
mittee on Pacific railroads.
To my mind the Massachusetts delega
tion is next in rank. It has no chairman
ship, except that of the select committee
on election of president, vice president and
representatives in congress just now of
much importance but it has a number of
strong men. Oddly enough, tho youngest
member of tho delegation, Cabot Lodge, is
its recognized leader. He is tho chairman
of tho committee just mentioned, and,
through Ins own ability and the warm
friendship of tho speaker, has become ono
of the most influential men in tho house.
Other strong men are Mr. Greenhalge, tho
humorist and orator; Mr. Candler, one of
tho handsomest men in congress, and
prominent of late through his connection
with tho World's Fair bill; Mr. Cogswell,
who has other claims to fame than his re
semblance to Grover Cleveland, and Mr.
Rockwell, a financier of more than ordinary
Tho leader of the Maine delegation is, of
course, Speaker Reed, but the other three
representatives are men of great influence
Mr. Bouteile is cnairman of naval af
fairs, Mr. MilliLen of public buildings and
grounds, and Mr. Dingley is a member of
ways and means.
Michigan's delegation has for a leader
Julius Ua?sar Burrows, a brilliant parlia
mentarian, member of- ways and means
and chairman of the Mississippi river com
mittee; Mr. O'Donnell, an editor, is chair
man of the committee cu education; Mr.
Allen is one of the handsomest and most
popular men in tue house, while the able
and earnest Gen. Cutcheon, chairman of
military affairs, could, if he chop e, dispute
leadership with Mr: Burrows.
Perhaps the reader is thinking it about
time the groat Empire St-Ue appeared in
this list. The New ork aeieaion is not
a strong one. Though numbering 34 men,
it presents but few striking llgun-s. The
leader of the delegation is Rcswell P.
Flower, who would be one of the big men
of tho house were the Democrats in power,
as he is now one of the most amiable and
?opular. Amos Cumminga is another New
'orker who attracts much attention. Gen.
Spinola is a noted dobiter. On tho Repub
lican side Sereno E. Payne holds highest
place in committee service, being a member
of ways and means. Mr. Farquhar is
chairman of merchant marine and fisher
ies, Mr. Baker of ccfamerco, Mr. Delano
of pensions, and Mr. Lasdlaw of claims.
New York too often changes its representa
tives in Congress.
Judge Holmnn, the veteran, is leader of
tho Hcosiors, and one of the strong men on
tho Democratic side. Tom Browne, who
has been in congress fourteen years, and
who is now compoik 1 to retire by failing
health, is tho best known Republican. W.
D. Bynum, the Democrat from Indianapo
lis, is (mother ablo and infiueutial member,
while George W. Cooper, W. 3. Owen and
B. F. Shively are rising young statesmen.
Tho leader of tho Wisconsin delegation
has a slight, boyish figure. Robort M. La
follette is sometimes mistaken for a page,
but he is a member of ways and means, a
student and orator, and a coming man.
Mr. Thomas is chairman of tho committeo
on war claims.
Another state which has for its leader a
young man is New Jersey. Mr. McAdoo,
who learned statesmanship at the feet of
Samuel J. Randall, is a thinker and a forci
ble speaker. Mr. Buchanan is chairman of
tho committee on manufactures
Maryland presents as its leader Mr. Mc
Comas, still .-mother young ran, while Mr.
Wilson, leader of the delegation from West
Virginia, is just in his prime, Minnesota's
lcador is Mark Dunneli, a veteran, while
Nebraska's is Mr. Dorsey, a banker, and
chairman of the committeo on banking and
currency. California's leader is Mr. Mc
Kenna, member of ways and means.
Some of the strongest delegations in the
house are from the southern states, but as
Democrats in a Republican house they are
of course without chairmanships and shorn
of much of their influence. The most
striking figure in the Virginia delegation
is Gen. Robort E. Lee's son. Gen. Hender
son is the leader of the North Carolina
nine, whihi Mr. Tiilman, in whose life there
is an unpublished romance, is the patri
archal leader from South Carolina. One of
the most able delegations is that from
Georgia, led by Judge Crisp, English born,
but now a thorough American, a born
leader and great constitutional lawyer.
Other strong mn from Georgia arc Blount,
who stands like a stone wall against every
nrm of extravagance; Judge Turner, quiet
but deep, and Barnes, the largest man in
the house and one of the ablest
Alabama, too, sends notable men. Gen.
Oates. the one xrmed fighter, fearless iu
uattle or deWte.aud courageous in advoca
y of hia prinupiet, in or out of his party,
l- the acknowledged leader. Afitr him
xiiat Herbert, Cobb and Wheeler, who
ttand high in the estinuue of their osso--iates
of both parties. Mississippi has but
ue strikiag figure, polhs, elo-ient. one
trmed Gn. Hooker. Mr. Blanohard is
eader of the Louisiana contingent, while
n Tennessee a man of first rate ability and
.rreat force is Benton McMillin. of the
vays and means.
One of the laaders of the Democratic
nost is dean of the Texas oorp dogged,
uesterfuL, unswerving Roger Q. Mills,
ludgn Culberson, his colleague, is said to be
the greatest constitutional lawyer in the
hoiisa. Arkansas sends .two or thre$jtray
men notably Breckfiirlage," "of 'ways "and
means, who is an authority on tariff ques
tions, and Rogers, an eloquent and mnch
feared debater. Leader of the Hiseotrrisns
is Mr. Hatch "Bill" Hatch, he is com
monly called a giant ua stature and in In
tellect, a stalwart in committee and on the
floor, a debater whom none care to measure
swords with in a weak cause. Conspicuous
in this delegation is Mr. Bland, whose name
has been given to tha silver dollar, bnt
who is more than a silver specialist, being.
Dne of the best informed and most earnest
men in the house.
Last but not least of the important states
Is Kentucky, the home of statesmanship.
There is now no Henry Clay, but there is a
John G. Carlisle He is one of the most
striking figures ha all this array of states
manshipa figure on which men of all
parties look with pride. By his side Bits
the Saint Jerome of the house, silver
tongued Breckinridge, and not far away is
the equally eloquent McCreary.
THE OLD SCHOOL LIBRARIES.
"Where Are They?" A Question of In
terest. Special Correspondence.
New York, May 5. "What has become
of tho school libraries?" Such was the
question often asked me during a recent
visit to my native Indiana, and since re
turning to New York I find that the old
district library is also an extinct institu
tion in the rural regions of this state. Is it
because private libraries have greatly mul
tiplied, or because of the growth of maga
zines and enormous expansion of weekly
A little of all these, perhaps; but is not
some part of the decline duo to mere neg
lect? The "township library," for so it was
called there, was onco a wonderf ul power
in Indiana and did a splendid work in edu
cating the generation of boys who soon
after did the state's share of fighting for
the Union. Some of our old heads think
they can definitely set the time when In
diana's citizens became a reading people in
the fullest sense of the words. They cer
tainly were not such in 1840, and the char
acters depicted in Dr. Eggleaton's "Hoosier
Schoolmaster," "Roxy" and "The End of
the World," are not very gross exaggera
tions of people one might have found in the
most backward districts.
Fifteen years later they certainly were a
reading people, and that to an extent not
excelled in any part of the United States.
The "New Constitution" of 1850-51 deserves
the highest praise ever given it. It may
be studied as the exponent of past progress
and tho basis of far greater progress to
come. It was followed soon by the estab
lishment of a school system so complete
that it has served as a model for several
newer states; and with this came the system
of township libraries one iu each town
ship in tho state. I am positive that there
is not a library in tho country now in
which tho books were selected with better
judgment than were those. There was
not an inferior book in our particular li
brary, and dull ones were rare. The 500
volumes of history, travels and carefully
fcclectcd light literature wero literally
"read to pieces" by the young people of
lSfio-CO, and the second set of books were
well thumbed when the system camo to an
It had a splendid effect. The boys and
girls talked over the most popular volumes
and they were often engaged in rotation
for many wceLs ahead. Tho Saturday
afternoon gatherings, when we met at the
library to exchange volumes and have them
registered anew, often took ou the nature
of debating and litei'ary clubs. Tho gen
eral tone of conversation was greatly im
proved, and I cannot resist the impression
that the boys and girls of that time were
better informed on general history than
their successors are. No doubt the high
school boys of today would dissent.
But the wr came tho iconoclastic war,
which changed so many things the news
papers prevailed over all rivals, and whero
but two or three dailies were taken in tho
littlo town in 1800, at least seventy were
taken in 1SC2. The great magazine soon
followed. But now I observo that a very
large section of the people never buy a
magazine, and patronize only the county
weekly paper of their political party.
Should not the old township libraiy, tho
school library of New York, be restored for
this class? If as good a set of books be se
lected as Indiana had thirty years ago, the
good results would be incilcuable.
J. H. Beadle.
A GRIZZLY HERDS SHEEP.
XXow the BI Bear of Pino Mountain Xld
In a Supply of Mutton.
Gorman's Station, CaL, April 2o. Two
weeks before Haggin & Carr's sheep wero
driven down into tho valley from Pino
mountain a big white headed grizzly that
had been marauding among the camps at
the north side came over tho range and
stampeded the band under tho care of Man
uel Lopez. Lopez had eaten his supper aud
was just rolling up in nis blankets when
he heard a great commotion among the
sheep. He unrolled himself in a hurry and
picked up his Winchester rifle, and seeing
the huge, dutk bulk of tho bear not many
yards away, ho opened fire and worked the
lever as rapidly as he could.
Lopez affirms that he was not unduly ex
cited, but it was not until he had fired the
twelfth shot that the grizzly paid any at
tention to tho disturbance he was making.
The bear growled and started toward Lo
pez, and tho herder dropped the rifle and
shinned up a tree. Tho old sheep stealer
then returned to his mutton, ate a hearty
supper and went away.
In tho morning Lopez began gathering
up his scattered band, but, although he
searched diligently for two days, he was
nearly a hundred head short at the end of
that time, and had no idea where to look
fur rim psfrnvs. Ho renortcd the loss to
Superintendent McCullough when the lat
ter paid his weekly visit to the camp, and
McCullough undertook the search on horse
back. He had been exploring canyons and
gulches unsuccessfully for about a week
when one day he struck a bear trail leading
isto a crn-rrra nj jhs south sids of the moun
tain. Following this trail, McCullough
found a small band of sheep huddled to
gether in a ciencga at the head of the gorge.
Tho walls of the gorge were nearly vertical,
and the only exit was the narrow pas3 by
which ho had como in.
Across thi3 pass was a beaten path, evi
dently made by a bear, whose huge tracks
were occasionally distinguishable in the
soft ground. The remains of four sheep
were scattered about close to the path, in
dicating that the bear had picked a fat
wether out of the band whenever he felt
hungry. It was clear that the old grizzly
had chased the band from camp, and when
they had penned themselves in the gorge
he had mounted guard at the pass and
paced his beat like a sentry to prevent them
from escaping. After killing and eating a
few sheep on his beat, the grizzly had in
spired the rest with such terrorof thatspot
that there was little danger of their at
tempting to run the gauntlet, Mid so long
as the feed should last in the denega he
was sure of a meal whenever he wanted cne.
The ber was off watch when McCullough
disco verrd his stock of stolen mutton for
private nse, having gone for a drink, in all
probability, and the superintendent lest no
time in driving tie band out of the gorge
and restoring them to the gentler shepherd
on the mountain side. A HL
A Mesial Sre.
Accounts of 'reliable travelers describe a
musical tree, found both in the Wes In
dies and in.Nnbia. .This vegetable phenonv
sis FTP rn vp m rSnrira?
flie proverb ran "The pan says to
itoe poh Keep off- or you II smutch ma
If your grocer sends you anything in place of SAP0LI0, sent! it back and
insist upon hanng just what you ordered. SAPGLI0 ahrays gives satisfaction.
On floors, tables and painted 'nrork it acts like a charm. For scouring- pot,
pans and metals it lias no equal. Everything1 shines after it, and eTen the chil
dren delight in usingr it in their attempts'to help aronnd the house.
enon nas a peeuu.Tr saupea leal, and ports
with a split or open edge. As the wind
blows through these it gives out the sound
which gives the tree its peculiar name. In
tho Barbadoes there is a valley filled with
these trees, and when the wind blows
across the island a constant moaning, deep
toned whistle is heard, which, in the still
hours of the night, has a weird and mourn
A species of acacia, which grows very
abundantly in Nubia and the Soudan, is
also called "whistling tree" by the natives.
Its shoots aro frequently, by tho agencj of
the larvae of insects, distorted in shape and
swollen into a globular bladder from one
to two inches in diameter. After the insect
has emerged from a circular hole in the
side of this swelling the opening, played
upon by the wind, becomes a musical in
strument, nearly equal in sound to a sweet
toned flute. New York Ledger.
An old French writer of memoirs tells us
that on one occasion Rabelais found him
self in a remote province of France without
a sou to pay his reckoning at the inn. He
strolled out, leaving his luggage open for
the inspection of the curious landlord, who
found therein two packages of gray dust,
cne marked "Poison for the king," and the
other "Poison for the queen."
On his return from his walk Rabelais
was arrested by the excited village authori
ties, who conducted him to Paris in tri
umph, expecting a great jeward for their
When they appeared in court with their
victim he was leceived with shouts of
laughter and applause for his successful
trick, which had brought him home free of
cost. Youth's Companion.
The 1'oor Are with. Ye Always.
The Rev. Mr. X. is pastor of a congrega
tion in a town in upper New York. His
hearers are among the richest people in
town, but not celebrated for generosity in
supporting the church. The good preacher
has been trying to get the poor people to
come to his church, and through the col
umns of the local papers extended to them
a cordial invitation to attend. One Sun
day, at the close of the service, he said:
"Brathern, I have tried to reach the poor
of our town and induce them to come to
our church and bi eak with us the bread of
life. I infer from the amount of the collec
tion jubt taken yeven dollars and thirty
five couts tho,t they have come." San
38& j&h ' 'SsKtSr
Husband Come, come, my dear, don't
waste valuable time thinking; look at the
view look at the view! Life.
Took Good Care of His Throat.
Some amusing stories relative to the
effect of the recent court martiabj and in
vestigations are going about in army cir
cles, and one of them comes from Jefferson
Barracks, Mo. When a member of the
military band at the b'irracks came to tho
post surgeon with a long face and a plaint
ive story about a sore throat he W3S treat
ed with a consideration which was as
marked as it was gratifying.
"Sore throat, eh?" paid the surgeon,
pleasantly. "Let me see. Oh, that's not
so bad. A slight irritation, nothing more.
You'll be all right in a clay or two. I guess
you would better tako no chances of re
newing the trouble by using your throat,
though, so I will recommend that you be
excused from active duty for two weeks."
Armed with the surgeon's certificate the
bandsman obtained his two weeks' relief
from active duty. The two weeks had just
come to an end when he met the post
surgeon on tho parade ground. The bands
man saluted. The surgeon recognized the
face and stopped.
"How's the throat?" he mid pleasantly.
"It's quite well, sir," was the reply.
"That's good," said the surgeon. "You
can get back to your duty now without
fear. By the way, what instrument do
you handle in the bandy"
"The small drum, tir," said the musi
cian. Now York Tribsme.
He I.IvpI ThTO.
Miss Saneewee My brother is a great
traveler. He has just returned from & long
journey in the east, snd he has brought
with him a very valuable collection of an
tiques rare pieces of Arabian armor, old
Egyptian coins, specimens of oriental
handiwork in carved ivory
Mr Granite Slabb Tnztuj I never cane
acrow any o' them things there.
Miss Saneewee Hare you ever been in
the east, Mr. Slabb?
Mr. Granite Slabb Wuht I live right
daown thar in Skaowhegan, Me. Puck.
If sound has no color, how will you ac
count for the deep bay voice of tho blood
hound? It is always the tailor that pants for busi
ness. The man who kills his bird is really the
only dead game sport.
The bee's sting is one of the few things
that "points a moral and adorns a tail."
Strange as it may Eeotn, more persons
name the winner before the race is run
than after. Ashland Press.
"The seasons are changing," said one
tramp to another.
"Yes," was the sad reply; "we get winter
now when we were expecting spring."
"Yes; but, after a!L that's what we need."
"Whatl winter in spring?"
"Yes, indeed (slapping his pocket); what
we do need is change." New York Herald.
A HeaTy Ix.
Prompter (rushing in excitedly WIngiy,
the supe you stood off for his salary has
eloped this minute with all the Hamlet
jewels, the iS,O0Oset of Cleopatra diamonds
and King Richard's faest crown.
Manager (sternly) It was yoer place u
guard the jewel chest, Botaeo. I shall
kaTe to dock you fi. Jewelers' Review.
8 M H.frKS5r
SOIL'S CO,. ZS'iiJV YORK.
THE M'CALLA COURT MARTIAL.'
Bone Personal Information Kcgardinc It
New Yoek, April 21. The mem
bers of the court now trying Com
mander McCalla, of the Enterprise,
at the navy yard in Brooklyn represent
the highest grades that were available
and are all men of experience in com
mand afloat and ashore. Rear Admiral
Harmony, at present chairman of the
lighthouse board, is the president. He
entered the service in 1847 and was made
a rear admiral a year ago. He filled the
important position of chief of burcfiu of
yards and docks, has been in command
of various vessels, has an excellent rec
ord and has spent about twenty years at
Capt. Erben entered the navy in 1847,
and has a remarkably good record. He
represented the navy in the Washington
inaugural celebration, and is at present
a candidate for the governorship of Sail
ors' Snug Harbor, on Staten Island, N.
Y. fle is familiarly known as "Bully"
Erben, on accountof his unvarying good
nature and willingness to help others.
Capt. Meade, at present in command of
the Washington navy yard, entered the
pervico in 1850. He has always been an
officer of unusual prominence. He pub
lished a work on naval architecture
which was for years a standard text
book at Annapolis. Capt. Beardsleo en
tered the service in 1850, and tnado an
excellent record while in Alaska, the
system he established for dealing with
the Indians and the miners being con
tinued to this day.
Capt. Matthews entered the navy in
1851 and is at present on duty in the
Boston navy yard. Helias always been
a prominent authority on ordnance mat
ters and ie noted for his fair mindedness.
Capt. Phythian, now at the naval obser
vatory, is one of the leading scientists of
the navy. His last command afloat was
the ill-fated TrentcAi during her cruise in
China. He is a candidate for superin
tendent of the naval academy. Capt.
McN&ir is also a candidate for the same
place. He is a classmate of Capt. Phy
thian and is an authority on seamanship.
His various commands afloat have been
most successful. Commander Day en
tered the navy in 1558 and reached his
present grade fourteen years ago. He
saw considerable war service, has been
twice iu command afloat and is now on
duty in Boston. Commander Bridgman
stands at the head of tho '50 date, is one
of the most able officprs and is now on
duty with the board of inspection and
survey. Commander 3iiller is now on
duty at the Naval home, Philadelphia.
Ho is a member of thft '59 class, and the
MarioK, when he commanded her in
China, was always a "happy" ship.
Commander Wadleigh, of the "CO date,
is now in command of the Michigan, the
only war vessel on the lakes. Ho gained
an excellent reputation while in com
mand of the Alliance during her cruise
in Arctic waters in search of tho Jean
nette party. Commander Chester, now
on duty with the organization board to
revise naval tactics and methods, has
held various important positions, and
while he was in command of the Galena
she took tho prize of being the most ef
ficient gunnery vessel in the squadron.
Commander Whiting, the junior mem
ber of the court, entered the service in
1860, and i? about a half dozen numbers
: ihcad of Commander McCalla. He has
been on duty for a number of years in the
Brooklyn navy yard, his last command
afloat being the Kearsarge when sho took
Minister Fred Douglass to Hayti. Lieut.
Gorst, the judge advocate, was graduated
from Annapolis in 18C8, has seen a con
siderable amount of sea service, and is
now on duty in the judge advocate gen
eral's office at Washington.
U. S. N.
New York, April 24. Gertrude Ather
ton, the author of "Hermia Suydam," is
an interesting woman. She is a Cali
fornian, a widow, with one child. Sho
lives in a charming apartment on East
Fiftieth street. It is almost like step
ping into a bit of woodland to enter
her dainty drawing room, hung and fur
nished in different tone of green,
Mrs. Atherton's favorite color, as
was also Hermia Suydam'e. The
great, broad conch piled high with
emerald hued cushions is like a mossy
bank whereon the wikl thyme grows.
Soft green hangings at the windows give
a dim, delicious light in the pretty room,
and perhaps the prettiest object of all is
the ivory skicnei, beryl eyed, yellow
haired little mistress. Six sits in a spa
cious chair over which is thrown a great
white fur rug, a capital background for
the graceful woman whose gown of soft,
green Indian silk hariaonizes beauti
fully with her pictcresru personality
and surroundings. The great desk
nearby is heaped with letters and
proofs of Mrs. Atherton's aorel which
the LoTella are bringing oat. It
will not be an TOtic romance lc "Her
mia," but an idyllic rwaasc. th scene
of which is laid mCiiiforcison arancn.
A new dialect is introduced, sad the hero
ine is a dau enter of a bandit ekief. It
is rumored now xzid hca taat ilis Ath
erton is to wed the baabVoroe, sa!wart
editor of Current Literature. Whatever
truth there may be in thts report I know
not, but I do know that tfcer are very
old friends. Xrs. Athertoo. leads a Terr
quiet life, and especially so since the un
pleasant aad dijcLstefu! paoiicKj of tk
pen cksfihmg before referred to. Har
tisae is devoted to her work, ad ake g&es
oot only for her daily cnastitauos&L
Before ber hasil died, white Kviag
in Qtlif ornia, she Bfti to I005 for literary
fame aad turn wistful eyes urrd da
est. Her intimate friend. u whom A
confded her ssgirz&sm, Ta rtS Sec-
THE WICHITA EAGLE
M. M, JHurdoclc C Bro., Proprietors.
PRINTERS, BINDERS AOTANK BOOK MIES.
All kinds of county, township and school district
records and blanks. Legal blanks of every des-
cription. Complete stock of Justice's dockets and
blanks. Jol printing of aU kinds. We "bind law
and medical journals and magazine periodicals of all
kinds at prices as low as Chicago and 'ew York and"
guarantee work just as good. Orders sent by mall
will be carefully attended to. Address all business to
R. P. MUEDOCK,
J, O. DAVIDSON'. Presides:. "w". T. BABCOCIT. Vice- President.
TKOa. a. 51TCH. Secretary aad Treasurer.
DAVIDSON INVESTMENT COMPANY.
PAID-UP CAPITAL $300,000.
DIKEOTORS John Qnincy Adams, John C. Dcrst, Cans. C. Wood, O. A
Walker, Thos. G. Pitch, John B. Sanford, W. T. Buckner,
W. B. Stanley, and J. O. Davidson.
$5,000,000 LOANED IN SOUTHERN KANSA&
-oney always on Hand for Improved Farm and City Loans.
Office witli Citizens Bank. cor. Main and Dondas, AVicMta, Kan
When ordering fctate WHAT form i
Wholesale and Betail Doaler in all kinds of
Anthracite and Bituminous Coa
AXD : ALL : JCIXDS : OF : BUILDIXG : MATERIAL.
Main Office 112 South Fourth Avenue. Branch onice 133 North Main Streot
Yai-db connected with all railroads in the city
dorson, whose Eitiel tower note astound
ed artistic Parte lost year. Sybil was as
eager to go upon the Huge as Gertrude
was to write, but both were opposed by
their families. "We used to take long
walks together and talk it ovfcr, and won
der if wo should ever jret out into the
world and realize our ambitions. At last
ihe way opened for both, and when we
met, after the separation of years, in
Paris, last summer, you can fancy how
much there was to talk about."
Tint II U TontU.
Visitor (to man in a ceil) What brought
you here, fair
Prisoner Youth, sir.
Visitor Youth? Why, you look to bo
60, if a day.
Prisoner I'm past that. It was the youth
of my lawyer that aid it. Chatter.
Ills Ears Wer it Little Large.
Burly Party Are you aware, sir, that
you deliberately pbved your umbrella in
my car latt evening t
Little BilTcrton Verycareletsof me, I'm
sure. I wondered what became of it, und
would it Lp i. hi much trouble to a)t you
to return it? Drv Good Chronicle.
Itiht! Co to the XleuU.
Teacher Have animals a capacity for af
fection? Class Nearly all.
Teacher Now, what animal powensoa
the greatest attachment for in an?
Little Girl Woman. TidblU.
What is the difference between the lover
who ih afraid to propose and the one who
keeps repeating "Good night, nweeUxt,"
twenty times before taking hut leave k
The one rom without saying aad tho
other says yi ithout going. Boston Courier.
Another Sweothear! Ifow.
Young Man 1 wish to get this engage
ment ring enlarged.
Jeweler Enlarged? Why, yu told ra
a while ago it was a perfect lit.
Young Man Oh je5, that was all right
for her. Yankee Blade.
A Graer-ful Compliment.
Mrs. Simxon (exhibiting her flrat born)
Isn't he a cunning little monkey, Mrs. Tan
gle Mrs. Tangle Ye, indeed. And he's k
remarkably like hts father. Chatter.
On til Iook Oat for DnngT.
Foreman of Work- Well, sir, what can
I do for you?
Tramp Ob, I was just totking around to
boo if there ww any daaur of getting a
job. Binghamtcn Louder.
Tain Thins Ksily, Alo.
"There's one good thing about a klepto
maniac, anyway "
"What's that "
"He takes thing easy." Journal of Ed
ucation. To JTako Illm linrn.
"I dent know what to do witk that boy
si mine," satd a fond father to a friend;
"he ha no spunk is him; kta aU the other
boys crow over him ia short, ia a prfi
"Let hhx eat plenty of rajjar." said tl
What good w' ; h eV
"Zj wall jax ran e m mtc Lim." -Phil-
&rHTrV7 a vrzrtzf rc-pocrid.
mi'.c cztxely of roots and h?rbs
j f-tr.ercd i'f-ti the forests of
Ctorgi v, ar.d has bee-. ucd bv anllioas
oi pcoi-.z ima the best results. It
AU ttKumcr oi BIcod diseases, from tis
&e worst cases of lasted Woo- Vfl IMgJIlK UPM
taint, such as Scrofeia, Rhccramy g $ Wv lavlSfk &aSS
Catarrfaaad . T
pesuicrous i:..te w.t on your aosc vu
the worst cases of tnitrriied Woe
Trcadaesa Bless ad &toDhi m&d
frae. Swarr Sreartc Co.. Attest, Ca.
Our Scale Boofcs are Printed on Good
Single Boole . .$ 75
Three Hooks... ....... ..... ...... 200
Six Hooks . .."&7fi
Single Book by mail, prepaid BC
TJIE WICHITA EAGLE,
It. P. MURDOCH, Business Alannger.
tV Orders by ronll promptly attwndxl Id
A IHntit? Rams Otrt.
To Sell a Ibtwi.
TuBuy Ilcl Xtlale.
To Hut Ho.
j To Borrow Moay.
t And iluuy Outer Thtasa
Read and Advertise in Oar Want Oolumc
UACOUAWTID WITH TMC GtOORAFHY OF TMC fCUNTirVWlU
osTkin much iNfONMATtat rnou a stwst cf tm e maf or thJ
Ciiicap, Rock Islani & Pacific Ry.
Including XJnea Enot and Wmt ' f tb KUsoarl
River The Direct Jtoute to an I trorn CMICAOO.
HOCK ISLAND. rAViSNrOKT. HK8 XOrXBfl.
COUNCIL BLtrrFH. WATKKTOWJf. SIOUX
FALLS. MINNEAPOLIH BT I'AtTL. ST. JOS
EPH. ATCHISON. LEAVKirWOXTjr, XANBAti
CITY. TOPKKA. DENVElt. COLORADO Bp-tiOa
RBd mjEDLO FrfronrlinlufrCtmirCara tew I
from CU1CAOO. CAtDWRLL. HUTCHINSOH
And DODflK CITT. aurl PiUar glorataur Car be
tween CHI CAOO, WICHITA and HUTCinNBON.
CttllyTmlnn to and Irom KIWQKiairSK. la Ul
SOLID VESTIBULE EXPRESS TRAINS
of Throutfh Coarh. Btpni, nt Dtnloi? G-r
dallrbtwea CHICAGO, DJU XOriOW. COCK
CIL BLUFT8 and OSIAJI A. und Ttntn JUctttOsa
Chair Cam btwitn CHICAGO and DEX73H.
COLORADO HPR.IXOS bad FUXBLO. -rt BL Jos
eph, or Kanaajt City and Toplui. Xxcaralooa
dally, vnth Coclra of litmt to and from Salt
Lake. Portland. Los Anw and Baa rVajsaA.
Tba Direct Llo to an 1 from Zfko'a Peak. 2a4
tou. Cardan cf the God. U BaaHartaair, uttX
Bcanlo Oramleurti of Oolurado,
Via The Albort Lea Route
Bottd XxprMnTrainadaiirbotiwn O&lrars aad
Mtaneapoiia aed Paul, -rrftH. TirKOUOII K
cUslasr Cbalr Cam YliXJi to aad from Um
petals aod Kansas City Thrwutb Choir Oar aatt
gtocpar btwn Iaorta, Bptrlt Lftk and Htmtx
7aUs Tta Xwk laianU TTw PaYortt Ltea 1fl
V.'aUw-town.Bl'mxJ'aJ'.a. tBwsrXr9 aad
HnnUajr aad FUbIbk Orouada of ttea NortlrwC
Tae Sfcort Llaa vt Hcae aad Knakakea nSn
fadUtfcM to travel to and from ladtaaapett. Ota
Ctnaatl sad otbar Bomtbarn petata.
For Tlckata. 24epa, Folders, or dalrd tefarBM.
Hoc appy at aay CoiipoaTtefaat Ofilea. ar mMt at
E. ST. JOHN, JOHN SEBAST1AH,
Osa'l Sfaaacar 0a1 TkC dc ?a Aat.
MISSOURI :-: PACIFIC
The roost popnlar rontt to Jlanaut
OitT, nt. Loulft anU Oaleago aad aft
PeiRt Bt uiiA North. 1m t ll0t
BjiriajfB, Ark., Hew Orleans. Wcrrlda,
and all point Autilh sl SottCaeat.
SOLID DAILY T2AI5i
St. Louis, Kansas City, Puabb
Pullman Bnfiet Sleeping Geas
COLORADO SHORT LINE
The Sbortf.ti. Tlmttt to Si. Ltftsk.
SAKSAS (HTY TO BT- LOUIS.
I' Bliss IMaffet Stee-ajiaz Cars.
Hree KesHsiBz Cfesfr Can.
H C- TOWNsWtt
m. Taiv tf - aaa-a-i. waai4 fta3
TTTfalif - i -T- t F'IS" - A
aas ! fc nrva d aw &.j Mas, aaiaaaac,,
siiS I Jni
v i . i vi.4j.ft-.. i . .w't'CTr :i -n.i