Newspaper Page Text
-n,tyi nmrTiiii'tiw ti
Kans. Historical Societyg
YOL. XIEL, N0.15.
WICHITA, KANSAS, THURSDAY MORNING UNE 5, 1890.
WHOLE NO. 18S2.
TO AID TI NEGRO.
AN EFFORT IN BEHALF OF HIS
Distinguished Men in Attendance
at the Mohonk Conference
for that Purpose.
Ex-President Hayes Made President of
the Body An Address Setting
Forth tho Aim.
The Deplorable Condition Prevailing in
the "Blaok Eelt" I'epicted Great
Hopes of Good to bo Accom
plished Eeformed Presbyter
iaiiB Denounce Secret
MbHOXK LAKE, N. Y., June 4. The ne
gro conference was opened here this morn
ing -with a large number of distinguished
men from all parts of the country present.
The gathering is the first of its kind and
was called to consider the question of
Christianizing and educating the colored
people. The conference was opened with a
brief iddress by A- N. Smiley, the propri
etor of the Mohonk Lake .Mountain house.
Tho following officers were then elected:
President, ex-Pres'dent R. B. Hayes; sec
rotary, Itv. A. H. Bradford, D. D., Mont
clair, X. Y.
Ex-President Hayes then, made his open
ing address, ne said:
1-iadls and Gentlemen.
"What was the thought what are the
facts which led our good friends, Mr. and
Mrs. Smiley, to invite us to meet In this
conference at their wonderfully attractive
home? We do not need to go into a
lengthy review of the past to find a suffi
cient answer to this question. Let the ex
act condition of the negroes of the United
States especially iu tnat part of our coun
try where they are a large clement of the
population be fully known and thor
oughly understood, and every good oitizen,
every friend of humanity, and, of course,
every Christian, will surely be persuaded
that the American people have a grave and
indispensible dutv to perform with respect
to the millions of men and women among
our countrymen whose ancestors our fath
ers brought from Africi: to be held in bond- ;
t j i.... -i i. :..!...
fiye 11U1L" 111 XXllXKllli. J.D JU.'.V ua JllSlJ
said, in tho deepest aenso of the words,
that we are indeed the keepers of "our
brothers in bluck." We are responsible
for their presence and condition on
this continent. Having deprived them of
their labor, liberty and manhood, and
grown rich and strong while doing it, we
nave no excuse for neglecting thcin, if our
nelfishuess prompted us to do so. But in
truth, their welfare and ours, if not one
nnd same, are inseparable. These millions
who have been so cruelly degraded must
be lifted up or we ourselves will be
dragged down. The eminent gentleman
who is the general agent of Peabody edu
cation fund. Dr. Curry, of Virginia, spoke
wisely when he said to the legislature of
Alabama: "A." a man, patriot, a Christ
ian, I have labored lor the elevation of tho
A or have 1 been entirely unselnsli,
for I know that we arc bound, hand and j
icot, to the lowest stratum of society. If
he negroes remain as co-cecunants of the
land and co-citizens of thestntcs and we do
not lift them up. they will drag us down to
industrial bankruptcy, social degradation
and political corruption.'
Unon the constitution and the laws of
he nation nnd the states, and upon their i
administration, the welfare of the negroes,
like that of their fellow-citizens, largely
denends. This wide ami of duty and of
effort belongs to tho domain of practical i
statesman -.hip. It will be explored, in
vestigated, discussed and dealt with by
those who make and those who execute
the laws, state and national, by the public
press anil by polit ical parties. Those agen
cies, guided" by their t-euse of duty and
supported by "public opinion, we may hope
will in the long run be adequate to the re
sponsibilities devolved upon them. Our
Mohonk conference accepts tho less con
spicuous but hardly les grave and influ
ential place of employing the forces which
concern the educatioual.the benevolent and
the religious side of the question. We seek
conscientiously to avoid whatever is secta
rian or that "smacks of partisanship or
sectionalism. Political duties nnd political
action, however vital in their appropriate
f phore , should, in this conference, it is be
lieved, yield the floor to impartial investi
gation and earnest dUcusMou of the best
methods for uplifting the colored people in
their industries, their home life, their edu
cation, their morality, their religion, and in
short, in all that pertains to thoir personal
conduct and character. If we can, with
harmony, prudence and good sense, adhere
to this course, wo may expect to do some
thing on this momentous Mibjocr towards
forming and enlightening that .public opin
ion whnu. in a land ol lreo institutions
must be regarded as. under Proviueucr
land of freo institutions, i
thelinil sovereign as. m fact, the gov- j
eminent heaven yet some or tne secret organizations
With this view of tho general aim and were standing in the way of man's salva
purpcs of this conference, we are met at i tion. They were, m lact, tho destroyers of
the threshold with the question; "What j men's souls.
ore the true conditions .ind prosnects of ! Rev. N. R. Johnson, of Oakland, CaL.
tie ncroes of tho south r' Xo'full an- j wai even more emphatic and arraigued
serc.i7i be riven to this inquiry without i the Masonic order. He believed the
.nvful .iiiH .Yi..no-o mvqti'.itioti
than an be attempted in this paper. c
luur fitr.u various quarters statements
whu u .. Ji.iilenge serious and candid atton
t'on In the southern states are ipvcn
millions of colored people, of whom
jiiobably one-half are nimble to read and
wrIU, and illiteracy in their case, we are
told, mr-ans far more than ignorance
of iet ers. It lncens a condition
according to a high authority, "coin
pouu ied"of ignorance, superstition, shitt
lessness, vulgarity and vice,' There
may I e gross exaggeration iu the tales
we L ear of the Voodoo paganism which,
under the name of relicion, lurks, if it
does not prevail in the cotton and caue
rrowmc districts of the south known as
tiie "black belt." There is. however,
enough of truth in those statements to call
for investigation and action. One of the
devoted friends of the coloied people tells
us that "their ignorance, indifference, in
do.ence, shiftlessness, superstition and
low tone of morality are prodigious hin
derauccs to the development of the great
low country where they swarm." It is,
perhaps, safe to conclude that hr.lfofthe
c jlored population of the south still lack
the thrill, the education, the morality aud
the religion required to make a prosperous
uud i teiligeut citizenship.
ilow it. tnis uncompromising nnd deplor
nMe condition to bo met What is the
'c ii- -ly : Those who meet here do so. I as
sa..ie. m the faith that education and re
ligi m -using these words iu the broadest
if faithfully, wisely aud pcrsiseutly
brought homo to tue-e people, will be
found in good time amply adequate to lift
tLj African up to tho full stature of
1 have referred to the most unfavorable
reports as to the condition of the southern
n.?gro which intelligent, and fair-minded
people are prepared to believe. There is
another and far brighter side to this
picture, and it is fuU of encouragement.
A. century or two ago the ancestors of the
givr1" majority of the present colored
population of the United States were
tarbarians and pagBiis of the
1 iv.cst type, "They were simply savages
practicing fotichism, tho very lowest form
of idolatry. They were the slaves of the
most revolting superstitions, believing in
spells, charms and incantations, and hav
ing no moral code." They had no skill in
any kind of labor, no industrious habits,
and knew nothing of any printed or writ
ten language. This heathen people,
brought from the dark continent, after
several generations in bondage followed by
a few years of freedom, have all of them
learned to understand and speak the Eng
lish language. All of them have been
taught the first the e.sential lesson in
civilization: they can all earn their own
living by their own labor. A very large
number of them have been converted to
Christianity. 1 do not include in this
statement those who profess and prac
tice a merely emotional religion
which does not purify morals, guide con
duct, nor elevate character. Considered as
a community, almost all of them are peace
able, orderly and lav-abiding. After only
twenty-five years of freedom, one-third of
them perhaps more are returned in the
census as able to read and write. X ot a
few of them are scholars of fair attain
ments and ability, and in the learned pro
fessions and in conspicious employments
are vindicating their title to tho considera
tion and respect of the best of their fellow-
I do not try to tell how much of this
gratifying progress of the last twenty-five
years is to be credited to the great fact of
freedom. Liberty, it muss be granted, is
the most successful, the unmatched, the
almost sublime educator of the human
race. But other causes have been
at work. A long list could
easily be made, reaching possibly
to even more than a hundred of enter
prises and notable efforts by religious
sects, by educational and benevolent asso
ciations, by philanthropic and patriotic in
dividuals, having, in the words of John
F. Slater, for their "general object the up
lifting of the lately emancipated popula
tion of the southern stares." All of them
are, or have been of necessity, as to meth
ods and appliances, experimental, each
independent of the others and moving on
its own peculiar lines without any thor
ough knowledge of what others were doing
or attempting to do. It may prove one of
the important features of this conference
that it will furnish an opportunity and a
place where all engaged in the good work
may meet face to face and freely commu
nicate to one another their ideas, methods,
successes and failures, and that valuable
instruction and much needed encourage
ment will thus be imparted for the ad
vancement of the good work.
At this juncture, to enlighten and create
public seutiment for its support and con
tinuance is the first necessity. This is
more plainly to be seen now than hitherto.
For tome years past the trustees of the
Peabody education fund, under the dis
tinguished leadership of their wise and
venerable president, Mr. Robert C. AVin-
throp, have looked forward with confident
hope to the time when the people of the
United States, through tho general gov
ernment, would give their powerful aid to
the emancipated race for the duties of citi
zenship which have been cast upon them.
No doubt, during several years a decided
majority of both houses of congress, with
out regard to section or party, would have
supported the measure, if it could have
been brought to a vote. The recent ad
verso action of the senate admon
ishes us, however, that wo may no
longer look with confidence for gov
ernment aid. While we may hope for
and strive for a better result in "the future,
it is the part of wisdom to waste no time
ia unavailing complaint or regret, but
with earnest solicitude to make everv ju
dicious effort for the education and Chris
tianity of the negro, not merely for his
own sake or for tile sake of the south, but
for the welfare of the whole country and
for our common humanity. Our faith is
that no sacrifice of comfort, health and '
life, no humane effort, no money expended
was ever more plainly productive ot largo
and gracious results than the money, the
labor and the sacrifices which have been
devoted to the uplifting of the colored peo-
nle of the south
Our wish and our prayers are that the
good work may go on. Hence this Mo
honk coufert nee.
The executive committee reported the
topic for this morning: "Industrial Educa-
tion; What It Is and What It Ought
Be." General Armstrong, of Hampton
institute, then opened the discussion. Ho
was followed by Rev. Dr. Allen, president
of tho Presbvtenan ooaru or missions, and
Rev. A. T. Band, secretary of the mission
ara association. The speakers emphasized
the necessity of industrial education as a
means for the development of the negro's
character. John G. Covert, editor of tho
Cleveland Leader, then read a paper on
"The Negro Population."
SEOSET SOCIETIES DENOUNCED.
Reformed Presbyterians Think They Stand
in the Way of Salvation.
New York. June 4. The Reformed
Presbvterian synod met hero today. Tho '
Rev. D. II. Coulter, of Winchester, Kun., ,
was elected moderator and R. J. George, :
of Beaver Falls. Pa., clerk. A motion to;
discussion to allow ministers of the Re- (
formed -Presbyterian church to exchange
with ministers ot other denominations ,
I was indefinitely postponed 7S to 51. !
Tho report ot the committee on secret j
societies caused a little excitement. The j
report was made by Rev. J. C. K. Milligan
and in a mild manner deprecated j
the influence of secret societies tsgainst '
the saving of sonls. Immediately i
unon the onestion of the adoption of the I
rcnort objection was made becmse it was
noi emphatic enough. Dr. jti. H. George,
of Beaver Falls, fa., said tnat tnougti
secrecy did not uar a man irom going to
cnurcu suouin. laiio a sianu aRain.M.
Masonry, but ministers were afraid
to come out and denounce it
because it was all powerful and its mem
ber;', were ever iu the pews of all churches.
The pres of tho country was affected in
the same way. The pope of Rome had
taken a stand against it. and it was just as
important that every Christian denomina
tion should do so. After a loug debate the
report was udeptd and a committee of
three appointed to draff a set oi resolu
tions indicative of the sense of the synod.
THE NEW EPISCOPAL BISHOP.
Kansas Ctt. Mo.. June 4. The dioceso
in convention did not ballot this morning
for bishop of the western district of Mis
souri. Considerable discussion arose over
the respective claims of the different can
didates which many of the delegates in
dulged in and which occupied the whole
morning's session. It i considered hardlv
likely that the Rev. Dr. Gaylor, of the
University of the south. Sewanee, Tenn.,
will be elected, as his home is so far from
the see. Though the Rev. Dr. Mann, of
Kansas Citv. nositivtlv declined the office.
it is considered probable that ne will be!
When the conveution assembled after
dinner another ballot was taken for bishop
and by it the Rev. H R Atweli. of Trinity
church. Toledo, O., was elected. Kansas
City was designated the see citv and W. B.
Clark, of this cit3 was elected treasurer,
and Gardner Lathrop. also of this city,
treasurer of the new organization.
THE REFORMED CHURCH.
Asbup.t Park, N. J., June 4. The
eighty-fourth nunual session of thesraneral
synod of the Reformed church in America
began its sessions here this afternoon with
l&i delegates present. In the balloting for
president Rev. Dr. J. Romeyn Berrv. of
Rhinebecfc, N. Y.. was elected. Rev. E.
Winter, D. D., of Grand Rapids. Mich.,
was chosen vice president. The session
will continue for eight days. The subioct
i of a union with the Reformed church of
the United states and other questions will
occupy the attention of the synod.
THE VOICE OF TEE REPUBLICAN
That Feature Inserted in a Com
promise Measure Adopted
After Hot Debate.
The National Bank Eedemption Fund
and Free Coinage at Parity Alao
A Valiant But Hopeless Fight by "West
erners for Silver's Full Bights New
York Importers Present Strong
Arguments Against the Mc
Kinley Bill Proceedings
in the Houses of Con
WAsniXGTON, June 4 The Republican
representatives went into caucus immedi
ately upon adjournment of the house this
afternoon to consider tho silver question.
It had been announced in advance by the
leaders that the real purpose was a confer
once rather than a formal caucus.
Chairman Conger, of the coinage
committee, opened tho proceedings by set
ting forth the urgent reasons for passing
a bill that shou In relieve the country from
the present contraction of the currency.
He desired above all things that any silver
bill that could become a law should be dis
tinctively a Republican measure and he
trusted that the party alignment would
be preserved. He understood that a con
siderable number of Democrats stood ready
to vote for a, free coinage bill and in the
event that a sufficient number of Repub
licans were led off to carry such a proposi
tion it would be claimed as a Democratic
measure, a thing to be deprecated.
Representative Payson followed with a
savage attack upon tho caucus bill, which,
he said, was a delusion and a snare. It
failed to meet the wishes of tho western
people, and ho could not support it under
any circumstances unless it demonetized
silver. At this point it was suggested that
there was no definite proposition before
the caucus, so Representative Buchanan,
of Nov.' Jersey, submitted a motion that
the caucus bill as it stood be re-endorsed.
Much talk followed and developed a diver
sity of views.
Representative Walker, of Massa
chusetts, submitted a proposition which in
its effect proposed a reference of the bill
back to tho former caucus committee with
instructions to report a bill which will
place gold and silver on a parity by allow
ing the issue of cerificates to an unlimited
extent on deposits of either metal at the
The silver men immediately made the
objection that there could be no parity as
long as the privilege of free coinage accord
ed to gold whs denied to silver.
Representative Dorsey, of Nebraska, sub
mitted as a substitute for the caucus bill a
draft of a bill which he proposes to in
troduce in the house. It provides that
any holder of American silver may deposit
it in the treasury and receive full legal
tender certilicates on the basis of the
market price of silver; that sufficient
bullion shall be coined to meet the needs
of redemption and that the national bank
note redemption fund shall be converted
into tho treasury.
Representative Perkins, of Kansas, at
tacked the mono-metallists in a vigorous
speech and voted his objections to the
bullion redemption feature of tho caucus
Finally Representative McKinley
came, to the front with a compromise
proposition. lie proposed that the
treasury shall purchase $3,500,000
worth "of American silver each month;
that the certificates of payniont therefore
shall bo of full legal tender quality, re
deemable in lawful money and that silver
bullion may be coined to meet the demand
of redemption, I lis proposition also con
tained the national bank redemption fund
feature of the Dorsey bill and also a pro
vision that when gold and silver reach par
there shall be free coinage, tho bullion re
demption provision of the caucus bill, and
was therefore immediately assailed by
several members on that account. Sneaker .
Reed made a speech in favor of including j
the bullion redemption feature. A vote was i
then taken, resulting in its insertion in I
tho McKinley substitute The substitute
was then adopted. An effort was made to I
secure the passage of a resolution binding
the Republican members to support in the
house this last caucus measure. Repre- j
sentative Payson submitted a proposition !
contemplating a recognition of the right j
of a Republican member to offer amend-1
ments to the bill when it comes before the i
house. This was negatived and when the j
caucus adjourned there was a good deal of
confusion in tne minds oi meniDers as to
whethor or not they were bound to sup
port the caucus proposition.
The Speaker Again Obliged a Count a
WAStTTN'GTOX, June 4. Mr. Osborne, of
Pennsylvania, presented the conference
report on the armv appropriation bill.
After somo debate oyer the canteen
clause it was agreed to. Mr. Morrill, of
Kansas, reported a disagreement of tho
conference committee on the senate de
pendent pension bill.
The, house insisted on its amendment
providing for a service pension and a
further conference was ordered.
The house then proceeded to further
consideration of the Alabama contested
election case of McDuflie against T.irpin.
Tho minority resolution declaring Turpin
elected was rejected yeas 114. nays 144.
The roll was then called and the majority
resolution. declaring McDuffie elected,
wa adopt' d.
Mr. McDuflie appeared at the bar of the
house and took the oath of office
Mr. McKinley, of Ohio, presented a con
current resolution directing the enrolling
clerk to enroll in the customs administra
tive bill what is known as senate amend
ment 91, in regard to the abandonment of
goods to underwriters and salvors.
Although thwre was no opposition to the
correction being made the Democrats, car
rying out their program of making the ad
ministrative bill a test measure as to the
power of the speaker to count a quorum,
were unwilling to give even their tacit As
sent to any feature of the bill. They there
fore ordered the veas and nays and then
refrained from voting. The resolution was
agreed toyeas l'J7, nays a the speaker
counting R quorum.
The house then adjourned.
A Republican caucus was announced to
take place immediately.
PROTESTS AGAINST THE TARIFF BILL.
AVASnTSirTOX. June 4. A delegation of
about 100 importers from New York City
appeared today before tlie senate com
mitter on finance to nrotest against the
passage of the McKinley tariff bill. Sena
tor Sherman presided." Mr. J. AV. Con
stable, of Arnold. Constable & Co., was
chief spokes man for the delegation. He
preseutedthe formal protest of the im
porters of New York.
Mr. Constable, of Arnold, Constable &
Co., said it was true, as bad been stated.
that the importers protested against the
because they believed it would legislate in
favor of one class against another class,
for the benefit of the manufacturers
against the importers; also, because it will
work against the poor man of this coun
try. If the McKinley bill went into opera
tion a great many of the importers would
have to retire from business.
Mr. Constable thanked the committee for
its attention and consideration, and ex
pressed his earnest hone that the hearing
would do something to settle properly the
tariff question which was now. being agi
tated n the detriment of tho business in
terests of the country.
Senator Sherman responded for the com
mittee, saying it had heard the speaker
with interest and would give due consid
eration to all that has been said.
The printed protest presented to the
committee by Mr. Constable is signed by
455 mercantile firms of New York city, ft
protests against the passage of tho bill for
the following reasons:
First Because it is wholly unnecessary ,
the country no longer needing the revenue
from such uncalled for and unjust taxa
tion. Second It does not accomplished its
Tnird It is unjust in that it discrim
inates in favor of tho rich against the
Fourth It handicaps trade.
Fifth It retards the progress of the na
tion, the welfare of the whole country and
the permanent good of the manufacturers
themselves, who require a reduction
rather than an increase of tariff duties.
Sixth The administrative bill increases
the revenue by many millions of dollars.
WORK BY THESENATE.
WAsniXGTOX, June 4. A resolution was
agreed to for an inquiry into the manage
ment of the fish commissioner's office.
The presiding officer announced as the
select committee on the bill for the estab
lishment of the tmivcrsity of the United
States Messrs. Edmunds, Sherman, Blair,
Dolph, Butler, Gibson and Barbour.
Tho fortification bill was then taken up.
All the amendments recommended by the
committee on appropriations were agreed
to and the bill was reported to the senato
A communication from the secretary of
the interior in reply to Mr. Stewart's reso
lution as to the'diversion offunds for irri
gation to topographical surveys denying
that there was any such diversion was
presented and ordered printed and re
ferred to tho committee on irrigation.
Mr. Stewart asserted, nevertheless, that
tho money had been "squarely appropriat
ed" and that the whole legislation on tho
subject of irrigation had turned out to be
an unmitigated evil, having been tnrned
over to Major Powell, who controlled the
Mr. Reagan said that he he had had occa
sion to look into tho question and had
come to a very different conclusion than
that arrived at by Mr. Stewart. He be
lieved that Major Powell had acted in
strict accord with the law.
Mr. Frye offered a joint resolution to
authorize" the president to form alliances
with foreign countries for tho suppression
of the liquor traffic. Referred to the com
mittee on foreign relations.
The senato then adjourned.
The Attorney General Delivers an Im
Washington, June 4. The secretary of
the interior transmitted to the senate yes
terday an opinion by the attorney general
construing the act of Octobers, 16SS, which
appropriated tho sum of 100,000 for inves
tigating the extent to which the arid reg
ion may be recovered by irrigation! Tins
opinion is transmitted m response to a res
olution by the senate, inquiring particu
larly as to the views of the interior depart
ment concerning the scope and effect of
the following section of the act of Octo
"And all the hands which may hereafter
be designated or selected by such United
States surveys for sites for reservoirs,
ditches or canals for irrigation purposes
and all the lands made sus'ceptible of irri
gation by such reservoirs, ditches or canals,
are from this timo henceforth reserved for
sale as the property of tho United States,
and shall not be subject, after the passage
of this act, to entry, settlement, or occupa
tion until further provided by law."
The attorney general states his conclus
ions as follows:
"The object of the act is manifest. It
was to nrevent the entry upon and the sale
of all that part of the arid region of tho.
public lands of the United States which !
could be improved by general systems of j
irrigation and all lands which might there-
after be designated or selected by tho I
United States surveys as sites for the res- j
crvoirs, ditches or cauaN in such systems.
It was the purpose of congress by this
act to suspend the rignts ot entry upon
any lands which would come within the
improving operation of the plans of irri
gation to be reported by the director of the
geological survey under this act. Lan
guage could hardly be stronger than are
the words of the act in expressing this in
tention. Entries should not be permitted,
therefore, upon any part of the arid re
gions which might possibly come within
the operation of this act."
The general effect of this opinion, if the
law is not modified, will be to reserve from
settlement and entry practically the whole
of the great arid regions of the west.
Tiie secretary in his letter of transmittal
suggests that if congress does not fully
concur in the purpose of tho law. that it
should take the business in hand at once
to so modify it as it may deem the public
PENSIONS FOR KANSANS.
Washington, June 4. Pensions were
granted the following Kansana: Original
invalid Alex Grnbe, Leavenworth: John
H. Hamilton, Albicn: Thomas Woods,
Elgin: Jacob Randall. Fort Scott; Benja
min Boyce. North Wichita; Octave Car
rier, Leaven worth; George W. Price, Ar
kansas City; William 37 McHan, Topeka;
Giliau R.Minzy, Eskridge; Georce B.
Wertenbcrger, Barns; Wilfiam W. Robin
son, Mudison; Richard H. Pope,
Meado Center; Solomon Gnnton,
National Military Home : Corne
F. E. WUliams. Republic: Charles H.
Townslce, Burlingame; Elijah C. Y"ells,
Crestline; William Irons, St. Johns. In
crease T. O. Ninis. Washington. Orig
inal widows, etc Mary C, widow of
James W. Keeney, Cedarvale; Lucy,
mother of Merriday Brown, Alice J. Mer
riday. LaCycne; Sarah A., widow of John
A. llemphiir. Prettv Prairie: Abuer. father
of Jacob Cabel. Columbus; Louise A.,
widow of Casrle W. Cumin, Concordia;
Alice A., widow of James A. Wilber,
Sedan: Marie E., widow of Thomas Dykes,
(Harnett: Elionia, fAther of Alpheus W.
THE PENSION DEFICIENCY.
AVASHIXGTO.W June 4. It is stsied in
the pension oillce that the deficiency in
the amount of funds in the hands of the
different pension agents which has re
sulted in the announcement by the agent
at Indianapolis that a large number of
pensioners will be compelled to wait until
July 1 for the pavment of their pensions
has been caued by the unusual number of
allowances made by the pension otSce
under the present administration and par
ticularly since General Ramn's term le
ea. The grs.t amount of allowances
has been largely in original cases.
There have been issued nearly 7.0CO
more original pensions tlwa were issued
during the last fiscal year and the ofiicw
has yet a month's work" before the end of
the present fiscal yar. The pension oSce
record for the prtent fiscal year, it is gaL
will be far ahead of tbat of any for
many years. Tlie final paymentd by the
ponsion agents will not be compk-ted un
til about June 20 and those who nave sot
been paid by that time will bs compelled
to wait only a few days until the Appropri
ation for the next lifcat year become
aTsBaMe oa July 1.
THE SEVENTH'S CONGRESSIONAL
Dodge City on July 30 the Time
. aud Date Fixed by the
One Delegate for Eaoh 300 Votes for
Peters the Basis of Eepresentation
Little Discussion Needed to Arrange the
Details A Full Ticket Nominated
by the Harper Alliance Congress
man Springer Ee-Nominated
by Acolamation Politi
Special dispatch to the Dally Eaclo.
Dodge Citt, Kan., June 4. Last night
and early this morning nearly all the mem
bers of tho congressional committee of the
Seventh district arrived to attend the
meeting called to take the initial step in
the congressional nmpaign. Tho com
mittee met at 10 a. m. aud was called to
order by the secretary, Jesse Taylor, owing
to the fact that Chairman of the Com
mittee Lathey was absent. The chairman
having some time ago moved outside
the difatrict and state had sont in his resig
nation, which was read and adopted and
a vote of thanks extended for liis efficient
services. The matter of electing a chair
man was the first business to atted to and
resulted in the unanimous election of Mr.
James Kelly, of Pratt.
It was seen at once that the diliberations
of the committee would be most har
monious. There were about two hundred
of the leading Republicans of the district
present who were interested in the work of
the committee. No one seemed unreason
able but all fair and willing to strike an
average for the best interests of the party.
There was some discussion about the
unajs or representation. It was suggested
that it be made a small convention, and
UlUCIS LUUUUb U lUiJC cuuvcuuua WUU1U
servo best to get near the people and in
finding out their wishes on the questions
of tho day. After mature consideration
the idea for a largo convention prevailed,
with littlo fears upon tho part of anv that
it was not tho proper thing to do. Tt was
agreed that the basis of representa
tion be placed at one dolegate for
every 300 votes cast at the last
congressional election for the Hon. S. R.
Peters and one delegate at large for each
county. This will make a convention of
104 delegates the largest over held.
. July 150 was fixed for the convention to
There was little discussion about the place
to hold the convention. The Dodge City
people were anxious to entertain the con
vention and clearly demonstrated thoy
were able to do it and the convention was
given to that city by almost common
Congressman Springer Ee-Nominated
Cleveland's Usual Letter.
Springfield, 111., Juno 4. The Demo
crats of the Thirteenth congressional dis
trict today renominated lion. V. M.
Springer for congress by acclamation.
This is Mr. Springer's ninth nomination.
Chairman Phelps, who called tho con
vention to order, read a letter from ex
President Cleveland. This passage occurs
in the letter. "I note with much pleasure
your declaration that the state of Illinois j board representing 103 out of the 106 coun
is by natnro and inheritance Democratic. I ties of the mute, we learn thnt the condi
Such a sentiment nnd the evident determin- j tions, the state for the growth and devi
ation which prompts this utterance gives i opment of plant life, were in a high degree
hope that the Illinois Democracy will af- j favorable during the montii of May.
ter years of exclusion come into its "iuheri- ASrh;t in some sections. eKpecially ia
tance" and successfully claim its own. If northwestern and west central Kansas, is
tins comes to pass the Illinois Democratic
troon may well insist upon tho right of
the line when a general engagement ttkes
place. AVith my deep interest in all that
concerns Democratic success, I should be
glad to bo present at a convention which
promises such results as the one you have
determined upon and if I can not, I think
there ought' to be there purely and
exclusively the counsels and the sentiment
of Illinois Democrats. The rest of us will
be ready to applaud if you will give us tho
THE HARPER ALLIANCE CANDIDATES
Hakper, Kan., June 4. The convention
of the Fanners' Alliance mat here today
to nominate a county ticket. Thirty-nine
alliances were represented by delegates.
Four candidates were placed before the
convention for representative and were
called on to define their views on Ingalls'
candidacy. Every one pledged against
him and tho convention endorsed tho
speeches. The ticket nominated is as fol- i
Mott; comity superintendent of schools, i
John IL Findley; commissioners first dis- which makes the total corn area tnr KAa
trict, AV. E. Tatman. sas for this year, 6.7SW.227 acre?. HKnint
The time and place for holding tho jndi- I 6,5t3O.0? acres for last year. Of thui area,
cial convention was fixed for Attica. July ! 5 per cont is reported as having failed to
IS, each subordinate to send one delegate. ! grow.
Sphvigfikld. III., June 4. The Dc.rno
cratic state convention was called to order
at noon today by Cnairman Delos Phelps.
Joseph Mann, of A'ermillion county, was
made temporary chairman. After the ap
pointment of the usual committees a re
cess was taken till 2 o'clock.
SECOND DISTRICT CALL.
LaCvgne, Kan., June i. Ed. C. Lane,
chairman of the Republican congressional
committee of the Fecond district, ha
called a meeting of the cornmittea June
17, at Kansas City. Kan., to arrange for a
Nashville. Tenn.. June 4. The state
a, xmiiu. "'-" -
anvenuon met nere this morn-
inc at 11 o'clock. Judge James AVbit-
worth, of this city was chosen temporary
chairman, and committees wero appointed.
RETURNS FROM OREGON.
Portlaxd. Ore,. June 4. Incomplete re
turns from all counties in the tte give
Herman. Republican, for conjrrei 6.977
inajority:Penyyer Dement for gov-
mrtr HAtA maioritv. It i tnouzht theo
majorities will be increased by tbe official i
oCIt- . j
THE ROCK ISLAND RIGHT-OF-WAY.
AVasHISGTOS, June 4. Seaator Plumb's
bill to enable the 'hicago. Kansas & Ne
braska railway to transler its right-of-way
through! tne lnciau territory to tne Koct
Island rond. wh:ch was introduced ye-rter- 1 wnaterar from chinch begs asd bat few Kaa Citt. Hm., Je3 4. OmbHI
day, wiiib-? poebed spredily through the j are n. In fw coaaus Bctaa fly ttvm drtllte? ocecpiad Uie eotir laf la
cenimittee. and then be proposes to cave ; aa4i jjje wire trora ara report cd but ao , later! eseaatstocttt. 2kUt7 B, o
it acted agoa promptly in the saoiU, as . soloes daawge ha a y bean done by ; Kan City rtflWy Ja?. drtS-d Uk a
tbe Rock tiand managers are laxiotu to done by them M. MoaXJEK, Socmssj. hr til iaorateg aad were foHowed hr
acquire the right-of-way at tfieeariiMt ' Uw Kaatlae nica maida ciaaj. TW&
possible date, so that the line ean he built, j MORMONS COMING IN. j atimnoo tbe drifls of Sba Aarora jouva
j N'prToit, Jon 4. Oos hoadred aad ', aod tb Hals mostmi, iht iatt a Exmm
PUBLIC BUILDING SILL VETOED. twenty Mornoo arrirad at tbia place tM CHy ooccpaar, fc, BaJleae ntard. ml tU
AVAsarwroy. Jane 4 President Harri-! nrormaff o t Gofcm He wteiuajAip i city. ad ( mpajiy A. Tcjw rsnBt, JC.
soa today vetoed tbe bill for tbe erectkw I H'iecowMa from Lcwscpoei under tb ; X. , iron UlatV-. aa . occmrtd. Tkfe
of a public buiidiaj: at Hudson. N. Y., on I krfrfeip f Kfclsr Wiley, npnoatim; eviax tb JU$a. Mo . Bmo&am t".h
the t;road tbat he public need 4 not, 1 tbe Union Purine Railroad and KMfer w: a eajrfbrtiam diil and pyre" aa
skc or justify scb an expesdwure as J Prwdlc of Uk Mormon chnren. Tiie iut, , d-sp wk wa ioUawed tea a 1 a
iseoatcrapWdbvthe bi!L I is s mote Pui. j tno txmftU-.- . .'l-a
DELIVERY BY EXPRESS COMPANIES.
Topeka, Kan., June 4. The state board
of railroad commissioners today issued
their decision on the rehearing of the esse
of S. O. Thatcher et ah of Lawrence com
plainants, vs. The Weils-Fnrgo and Pacific
express companies, respondents, in which
thev reaffirm their decision of April 2,
which requires express companies to make
personal delivery of packages to remote
parts of the city. The decision says: "It
may well be admitted that express com-
Eanies cannot bereouired to carry on their
usiness at a loss. They are entitled to a
fair and reasonable compensation for the
service they rendered, i.bnt tho question
arising what may the public demand
as a "right from an express company,
as a common carrier, at points
where it has established agencies and con
ducts ita business Among those it serves,
in like conditions or siniUar circumstances,
it may not discriminate, renderinc to one
a larger sum than it at the same time
charges for a similar service rendered for
another. Tho expenses of personal deliv
ery at residence or office of those to whom
such personal delivery is made within the
city are taxed alike upon all business com
ing to the said companies, those to whom
such delivery is denied baring, upon the
business coming through the company's
office to them, their proportion of the ex
pense of delivery to the rest.
CHARGED WITH BLACKMAIL.
Atchison, Kan., Juno 4. In an open
session of thecitv council held last even
ing Gen. AY. W. Guthrie, attorney for the
Burlington & Missouri Railroad company,
accused Councilman Philip Dunkin of
blackmaiL Dunkin immediately denounc
ed the charge as being maliciously false,
aud said he would make Guthrie prove It.
A war of words followed, which
would undoubtedly have resulted in
serious trouble had it not been for
the prompt interference of friends. The
troiiblo grew out of an attempt on the part
of Dunkin to compel the Burlington com
pany to plank several miles of its track in
the city. The Burlington people claim
that tho interest taken in the matter by
Dunkin was not prompted by pure mo
tives, but because the company refused to
longer grant certain demands which he
has repeatedly made for passes. All this
Dunkin denies. Mayor B. P. Waggencr
has appointed a committee to investigate
HAS ITS OWN LINE.
Why the Santa Pe Will Not Pro Bate to
Topeka, Kan., June 4. A general circu
lar was issued from the Santa Fe head
quarters today giving notice to all lines
doing business between the Missouri river
nnd St. Louis that it will hereafter refuso
to pro rate them oxl shipments of
1q mA Uve stodk A similar notice was
served by the Santa Fe on tho Chicago
lines somo time ago. but tho reason was
apparent in the fact that the Santa Fe liBd
Its own Chicago line. The reason for its
refusal to pro rate with the St. Louis lines
is not apparent unless it be that it expects
with the aid of the newly acquired hrisco
system to establish an independent line
from the Missouri river to St. Louis.
OVER THE NEW ROAD.
Special Dispatch to tho Dally Eale.
IlAP.FEH, Kan., June 4. Your corres
pondent today roue from Anthony to Har
per over the new Omaha, Hutchinson &
Gulf road, on the train which boro nearly
a hundred people over to Hutchinson to
have a good time. It is expected the com
missioners will sign the bonds to
morrow, as tho road is now com
pleted through to the territory
line. The county commissioners wenmlso
given a short ride from Anthony to the
state line. The train was met at Harper
by the brass band and man3' people.
THE STATE'S CROPS.
The Eeport Issued from tlie Agricultural
TorEKA, Kan., June 4. Secretary Moh
ler, of the agricultural department, issued
the following crop report today:
From reports of correspondents of this
! in bad coudition, in many instances pnic-
tically lost and considerable urea plowed
up. Tnrougnout tne state generally
the crop has been checked in it growth by
insufficient rainfall and unseasonably cold
weather during the past month. In But
ler, Coffey and Cowley counties wheat is
reported seriously damaged by frost. In
Cherokee and Chautauqua counties con
siderable wheat developed into chess and
generally turfaugnout tne stato tne wneat
plant failed to get tho requisite amount of
TilT.folI ar tl nmnnr t.tm in nrfimnfp
stooling. In conequence wheat does not
cover ground so tnickly as it would
and the yield will be shortened. Not
withstanding this thirty counties report
condition wheat at 90 per cent and over.
eleven of thee counties are west of tho
ninety-niuth meridian in the southwest
portion of the state where an unuual
amount of rain felL Harvest will 1 about
Uvo weeks later than usual, llic conui
tion of wheat for tho state in reported at SJ
per cent, a loss of 12 points sine lt re-
les than that planted the preTions year
While corn is generally a good sznua. n,
has been ttj much retarded ia ita growth
bv the cold weather throuzhout May and
many placei by drouth, but tho plant now
is healthy and with raini and warm
wenthur i? growing rapidly.
Ofcts. by reaou of cold weather and in
sufficient rainfall in the erJy spring.
oats for rbe
out the stat
most part through-
"i a I
quite hcrt and ,
unnromisinc. In sonw lncfcliiet the crop
ha already ben plow-d ip, while the con
dition generally indicates a yield much be
low thti average.
The following is tho summarr of crop
I conditions for tbe sttts at furaUbed by
our oorrtrspondent: field crops A inwr
wheat, compared with full average. 80 por
cent, spring wheat, compared with fn.'l
average, 90; oat. compared with average.
& per cent; barley, compar-d with full
..u . '.. rCt,. miDgml
with full average, "A per cent Tt
jrrasv?, compared with full arrrac, 1
Fruit Apples; Proect of an avcraia
crope SS percent; peaches, prospect of
T;rage crop 55 per eBt. The xaoath cov
ered bv this report i remark! for iu
low temperature and Iteat rainfall till up
i i., .
lacs coBOXtioas wre
unfavorable to the promotion of plant
Kmyrth c g,eraH
irmce tbat date, however.
be more nbctsttant aac ato bom
zeoer&l eooditiaas improved vrr much
the latter part of May Our state Iwu not ,
been for raaay yeaM-5 so free from chinch ,
bu;-j and other doxjoc injects a at prsv
rt f jtir rarrewondmt reooTtiO damage
A HUGE CLAIM.
MS. BIGKR0Y C0MMENGES LEGAL
Wiciiita Property to the Amount
of a Quarter of a Million
Suit Instituted to Seouro Possession of
the Property Once Owned by
J. A Mcilurdy.
Sensational Allegations Setting Forth
Abandonment by Ear Husband, Ille
gal Divorce Proceedings, Unlaw
ful Marriage and Consequent
Invalid Transfer of tho
SproL-il Dispatch to tha Datlr Easlx.
Leayekwokth, Kan., Juno 4 Mrs.
Marion Bickroy. of Lincoln, III., through
hor attorneys, filed today in th United
States district court a suit laying claim to
a valuable tract of land in AVichiU, con
sisting of thirty-two lots in tho heart of
the city and located on Douglas avenue
and Mala street. An additional claim is
laid to &0 acres of land situated eight
miles from AVichita, tho value of the
whole being placed at $250,000,
A decidedly sensational story is related
in tho petition, of which the following are
the salient points:
In lbCG MisMrion B. Anderson married
J. A. McMnrdy, at Lincoln, I1L, bolng
possessed at tho timo of consldcrablo
means. She lived, with him for live years.
In lbTl he abandoned her and went to Now
York. There in a manner somewhat simi
lar to the celebrated Sheriff Flack ease ho
secured n divorce, in his wife's same,
aliening adultery on hi own part. All thin
in utter ignoranco of his wife, who, until
1SSS wa not a Wore that any divorco had
been granted or whether he was alive or
doud. In the meantime In 1572 MoMurdy
married Mis Anna J. Aahniero in New
York, by whom ho had one child. Tim
couple catno west and settled in George
town, CoL On the way we-rt McMurdy
topped in AVichita and bought tho thirty
two lots nnd 900 acrei of land which aro
( now the property iu controversy, which In
i creased in value very rapidly until uow it
I i PUKilv wnrth CLVK000. In 1S78 Mr. Mo-
Murdy'died in U&orgetown, Col., though
it was not tiU lfeSl that Mrs. Burkrey who.
as stated, had been married In 1877, Icrnl
what hnd become of her finit husband or
that anv divorce had been granted.
On the strength of thoM allegations Mrs.
Bickrov brings this action in cjeottnont to
trousfi'V the possession of this property
from McMurdv'a flwt wifo nnd the latters
child to herself, claiming that tho second
marringo was illegal, the child illegitimate
and herself, the. onta legal widow of J. A.
The attorneys for Mrs. Bickroy are Hon.
Xoah Allen, of AVichita; It C. Maxwell
of Lincoln. 111., and Johnston, Martin &
Kelltr," of Topeka,
English Arktooraoy Loses Heavily on
London, Juno i. Tbi great rac for tho
derby stakes took placa at tho Kivni
summer meeting today. The oonditlon
of the race wero as follows: Tha derby
stakes of S.000 norereigun for tho wiiuiur,
!W0 sovereigns for tho nominator of tfe
winner, !K sovereigns for tho owner of tho
second and 2O0 sovereign for the third.
It was won by Mr. Porter's chtnat colt
Sainf by Spnngfbild out of Baniki. Mr.
Letlhic's chestnut colt Leonard by Trlstain
out of Lauoce was second and tho Duke trf
Weatmlninter s bay colt Orwell by Bou
d'Or out of Lltzle Agn, third. There
were eight starter.
The result of the race created the rnet
tremnaou jtritement. Surefort hud
beftn backd to win to the extern, ot bti
dred of thouwinda pounds. Among ttirt
barkers were large number of tho arato
racy and thoy Hiiffered ueverrly.
THE AMKKICAS TCKK.
TekkkIIacts, lad.. June 4, Second day
of the trotting meeting.
TruiO. won, in three strxlght heats, tftn
2iiS trot, pure fcVW, ( 'ubic vcond, Coh
kUntinc thicd. Bt timo 2:20.
Second rae. 2.43 pace, t&OO Catharine
won, L B. Curtis econd. Joo Ballard
third. Little Gift fourth. Time 2.W.
Cincinnati, ()., June I. w innn t-
j day's race at Latonia: 'iyinmwt, Biifwrta,
j Philora, Prince Fortuaatlea, i'bar.
Mokris PARK. .. J.. June 4. AVinnem
ot todar's raee: Tommy. .ludgn Morrow,
St. Charloa. King Erte, CorrecUus, PM-
MINNESOTA'S SUPPLY OF WHEAT.
Mlvxe rou, Minn., Jnae 4. FJgnras
collected by the North wofitrrn Miller nhmr
tha stock of wheat in private alerateri
b-rt and not included in taa rWWe a apply
r.tatcmeul to be 1,970X00 boahftis, aa t
rreae of 116.0'jQ nl for tho tmL
This leaves tctl stock at thrr potntA o
follow: Minneapolis, public, '.THtM
bushel; private. 1.770.099; Hu Paol, V
dO; Dulntb. 8 N3.l ubel. Total. IV
243.7W babU. Decrease for Uh we-nk,
ThoMarkot Rco'd j;ie tfce ?oek of
aaA th tvn lakaT at 2.flfift.W b"ito-L.
vrueai ux couaaj . tavwj iu Miurnw
. croa for th? wk of 131.0W bmket.
Tn n?ki tfc ajreiaM xmwMi ot
wheat at ho ti -ee ttmibal poisUaad In
country elevator VkJ&i.'tVi busbMw, wfcMit
b a deerA of 21A.4CO aa compared with
'Sax FRAX-moo.CaLJoae. H.CFHr,
general s'.nt of the deoarttasot aSjmetimm,
is atm tovntispaunz mh aumesriag
ftehemK agai&t Lo-vr CJifonrt. Hm hun
tcorl ooBlioBft f rora two of tbcvca.c
prominently coanrtod with tk scfcitme
that confirm tbe eontUl axrtatnrvk f
the expoMs e pnbiiihtd It U rUUd tba
tha probable coMAOart of tins nllbviir
ing erpoM will to an attempt tomett
against toa polw-y that ha enlisted m
such foreign capital in Mexican dvlo
xnanta. AxaU ot tha Mexican clerical
or roposHi'ia party Iuito bro
collfcdsa: evidence hrra BcurroUr rriih
Special Asat Feir witboot hJi kow.
wljje of any cossectiofi wfaatT- wttk
hlca. There is aa ajSdant m rxlttea
M w Baauda mm Owe ao.
DRILLING OCCUPIED THE DAY.