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5T. 51. MfKDOCK, Editor.
REPUBLICAN CONGRESSIONAL CON
Dodge Citv, Kan., .Tnne 4. 1800.
A dolomite convention of tise Kewubllcans of the
Seventh Congressional district of the state of Kan
Fas, is hereby called to be held nt Dodge City. Kao
on Wednesdav. July X, lsS), at 10 o'clock a. m., for
the purpose of nominating a candidate for congress
from said district. The basis of representation to
said convention will be one delegate at larce from
each county In said district, and one delegate for
every SIX) votes, or fraction of 150 or more vites cast
for lion. S. R. Peter In 1SSS, under which rule dele
Entesare apportioned as follows:
Meade - 3
TTI,,fTTYiin . fji
Kiowa - 8
The secretaries of the several counties are In
struct d to forward to tho undersicned secretary,
at Garden Cltv. Kan a certified copy of the
credentials of their several deletes immediately
upon the adjournment or thp county conventions.
It is beredy recommend'! that tho several coun
ties in said district select their delegates on July 23.
ISO, unleM otherwlso ordered by tho county central
By order of the committee.
JAMES KELLY. Chairman.
JESSE TAYLOR, Secretary.
REPUBLICAN STATE CONVENTION.
A delegate convention of the Republicans of Kan
sas will be held in the city of ropeka, on ednes
day. the 3d day of September. 1890, at the hour of I
o'clock n. m., for tlio nomination of candidates f or
Chief justice of the supreme court
Mretary of state.
Auditor of State.
Treasurer of state.
Superintendent of pnblie Infraction.
Delegates to the convention mentioned above snail
be elected by county conventions, duly called by tho
several county Republican committees, under uch
mine ii nil wmilntlmm .is mRvlin bv them prescribed.
The basis of apportionment of delegates toald state
convention will be one dcieizRte at Iarpe for each
county of the state, and one delegate for every 400
voters or fraction of 'SO or more votes cast for Lu
pene F. Ware for elector at lurse in the election of
lESo; under which rule delegates are apportioned to
thobeveral counties as fallows:
COUNTIES, DKLEGTS.ICOUNTIES. DKDEG'TS.
Allen 6'Linn C
Anderson fi Logan 3
Atchiton. a Lyon - '
Barton ,. 4Maruhall 7
Bourbon 10'McPherson 7
Krown SiMeade 2
Butler D.Mlami li
Chase- 4 Mitchell 5
Chautauqua S'Montcomcry 8
Cherokee R!MorrL 5
C iieyonno .!Morton
Decatur , 4
Doniphan "i Pottawatomie.
Edwards 2 Rawlins
Elk 61 Reno
Kills 3 Republic
Garfield 2 Russell
Grant 2 Scott -..'.. 2
Goo ...... 2 Sedgwick 115
Graham SSeward 2
Gray 2 Shawnee 20
Greenwood 7Sheridau 3
Greely alShennan 3
Hamilton 2 Smith 5
Hnrper 5 Stafford 3
Jlarvev Ct.Stanton - 2
Haskell 2Steven 2
Hodgeman 2 Sumner 10
Jackson 0 Thomas 3
Jefferson , 7 Treco 2
Jewell 7 Wabaunsee a
Johnson C Wallace 2
Kearney 2 Washington !
Kinsman r.lWichita 2
Kiowa 2 Wilson C
Labette 8!Voodson 4
Lane 2 Wyandotte 15
Lincoln 41 Total VA
'Hie secretaries of tho several county conventions
are instructed to forward to the undersigned secre
t iry at Topeka. Kansas, a certified copy of tho cre
dentials of their several delegates, immediately
upon the adjournment of the county contention,
Kil'l credentials to be received at 'J'opeka not later
tl an the eeniiu of September J. From these cre
dentials the Republican state central committee
willpreparo a roster cf those entitled to participate
in the preliminary organization of the couvontlon.
Bj order of tho committee.
HENRY BOOTH, Chairman.
BIONS. HUTCH INS. secretary.
Fay Templteton is coming back to tho
Etates, but the number of Frenchmen at
her heels is not quoted.
Senator Allison, of Iowa, voted against
free coinage. Senator Allison has six
years to remain in the senate.
The rumor that Jay Gould can't sleep
will probably bo verified bv those who
have been trying to catch him napping
these many vears.
"While Sir Edwin Arnold is not ac
cused of plagarism, it must be evident to
everybody that the "Light of tho World''
is nothing new under the sun.
The papers are noting that a man 4G
inches tall lias been elected on tho council
in Springfield, Ohio. This is a poor esti
mate. "What is tho length of his purso?
A brand of English sausages has been
named after Henry M. Stanley. Emin
Bey, in Africa's wilds, will scaro up a
half a dozen lions with his laugh, when
he hears this.
Tho alligator is becoming extinct.
Among the negro children of the far
south the alligator has been regarded tis
malignant as the measles. Consequently
his withdrawal from the southern waters
is not causing any lamentation.
Governor Miller of North Dakota will
not bo a candidate for reelection. He
fays it will vy him better to manage
tho great wheat fields of the D wight
farm at 3,000 than to have the worry
and trouble of being governor at 3,000 a
The esteemed Emporia Republican has
been trying to sow wind of discontent in
tho Seventh district, and behold its sow
ing is already yielding a whirlwind in its
own district, the Fourth, that the esteem
ed will scarcely be able to reap tliis year.
There is no tolling where advertising
will carry you to. Mrs. J. C. Aver, the
patent medicine woman, is to become
tho Princess Dolgorouki before autumn
is over. f'Dolgorouki's Sarsnpnrillu,
however, never would do. It sounds too
much like a fake.
George W. Fishlmck. appointed secre
tary of legation at Beunos Ayros. Satur
day, generally speaking is from Mis
souri, but to particularize he is a brother
of tho Hon. W. P. Fishback of Indian
apolis. And to speak with still greater
precision, the honorablo brother was
formerly President Harrison's law part
ner. The New York Sun thinks it shocking
that personal friends Mrs. Harrison
hould present her with a cottage at
Capo May, and insinuates that it means
corniption, but consider that Sheriff
Grant's godfather gift of ten thousand
dollars to a jiolitical friend does not
prove tliat the Tammany liall crowd
"are not upright and faithful citizens,
worthy of the respect and confidence of
the public." ConsistoncY, thy name is
TO THE EAGLE'S EDITOR.
Good sir. I Ret the Eagle
Very often from a friend,
(Bv the way. Is it legal.
Papers to borrow and lend?)
Well, anyhow I get It
And I wish to speak its praise,
From that ilrst day I met it
I quite liked its goodly ways.
Yes, surely I expected
A cow boy sort of thingr.
With all its news selected
From wild nature's lowest spring.
Such Is not what it fetches,
I feel now bound to admit;
I like it keen-cut sketches.
Its politics and its wiU
Meantime I'm its creditor.
But when next near Wichita
I shall see tho editor
Who guides the Eagle's claw.
Go on, old chap, and honor
Your progressive little town.
Wl' ti some more years upon her
She inuy wear the western crown,
Rochester, N. Y.
FARMING IN THE SOUTH.
The Atlantic Constitution has made a
canvass of the state of Georgia with the
view of arriving at the true condition of
the farmer, the results of which seem to
be a complete refutation of the claim
that while the south was enjoying mar
velous industrial prosperity, its agricul
ture was languisliing. The Constitution's
returns, being of necessity only partial,
may be subjected to some correction, but
as showing the general condition of the
farming class in Georgia they are prob
ably not far out of the way.
Tho list includes 1991 average farmers
taken at random and looked up on the
tax books afterwards. Each county ban
twenty-five representatives. Of the en
tire number it was found that from 18S4
to 18S9 two-thirds had gained 30 per
cent, and one-third had lost 16 per cent.
The gain in dollars was $1,290,313, the
loss 334,001, leaving a net gain of 903,
712. According to the statistics, 1,34-i
farmers had in 1884 an average of 3,136,
and in five years gained 9G0, while G47
large farmers,having 3.723 each in ISSo,
have lost ."593. The same ratio applied
to the 100,000 white fanners of
Georgia makes a net gain of 34,
000,000 in five years. With an
average capital of 3,136, two-thirds
of tho farmers in the list of 1,991 sup
ported their families and added 30 ,er
cent to their original capital. A gratify
ing demonstration of the figures is that
tho gain is mostly among the small
farmers, showing that in southern agri
culture the man of liberal means com
petes on equal terms, at least, with his
richer neighbor. The figures under con
sideration certainly point strongly to
Georgia agriculture as a profitable busi
ness which does not suffer by comparison
with banking and mercantile pursuits.
There is no sort of doubt tliat the same
state of case would be found, upon close
investigation, to exist in Kansas, not
withstanding all the talk we have had
about crop failures, mortgages and so
forth. In truth the Kansas farmer has
the advantage, and a decided one, over
his Georgia cotemporary, in the native
fertility of soil and in the freedom with
which it yields to cultivation, to say
nothing of the improved methods in use
which enable one hand to plant, culti
vate and harvest double the acreage hero
to that there. As to markets it is fair
to presume that they stand about equal.
When Jay Gould was a struggling
young surveyor, with hardly one cent to
nil) against another,, he stamped his
initials and the date on a copper cent
and put it in circulation. Recently Mr.
Gould received some pennies in change
at the Twenty-third street ferry in New
York and on looking them over he found
the coin ho had stamped was among
The Chicago Tribuno asks editorially
"Where are the flies?" and states that
there are none in the city. From the
fuss Kansas City has been making for a
week past over tho census taking, it is
presumable that the pesky little insects
have congregated there. Tho announce
ment of tho count there will probably
disclose whether or not the presumption
is such, merely.
It is estimated that the regular insur
ance companies of the United States will
disburse during 1890 the sum of 83.000,
000 in death, endowment and dividend
claims. It is an average of 1,000 for
every minute in the year. The insur
ance tax is one of the heaviest that is im
posed upon the people; nevertheless it
trives a larger direct return than anv
other and is, therefore, something of a
blessing in disguise.
"What is truth"' demanded Pilnte, the
Knman. Well, the truth is that no census
tnker has had courage sullicient to tackle
Wichita, and she will pas- into history as
the "Great Uncounted." Kt C. Gazette.
Better 'tend to your own knittin'.
George: you'll need all you can find,
counting all the additions that have been
scooped in to keep up appearances. As
for Wichita well, she is at the saw
buck, but will come up smiling at the
finish. Don't worry yourself about
A law has been passed in Louisiana
forbidding prize fights on account of their
immorality. Any good syndicate can
doubtless get a charter for canying on
these fights, if it has money enough toiu
duce the legislature to think that prize
fighting is not as immoral as it seemed
at first sight. The action of the Pelican
state on this and its twin iniquity, the
lottery grant now in process of enact
ment, is a most fitting illustration of the
oet"s inspiration when he exclaimed:
"Vice Is a inontr of -o t rfchtfnl mien,
A, to he htM. t!-l bat lo lx h::
Yet s"n to oft, familiar with her fice.
We 8rst etHiurlhrn pity, then etuhrace."
"The elimination of the encoro from
professional performances," says the
Binghnmpton Leader, "means the utter
collnpte of interest before and behind
the footlights. It means the utter de
stniction of that 'rapport between actor
and auditor without which their relation
is simply one of respectful and unsym
pathetic toleration; and so long as the
love of appropriation is strong on one
side and the tlow q enthusiasm is free
on tho other, the encore will continue, as
it ought, to be a potent factor in vindi
cation of public performances.' The
Leader is right. Tho encore is simply a
manifestation of approval. And the
spirit of the thing applies to all actors in
every department of life. There is
nothing tliat costs so little that yet carries
with it so much compensation as a sim
ple word of approval of an earnest effort
to pleaee, whether the effort be fully suc
cessful or no. Some people make the
mistake of supjxsuig that criticism and
censure will stimulate the actor to
greater effort than will praise. A word
fitly spoken is liSe apples of gold in
pictures of silver.
One city has at last been found that
has no complaint to make of the census
enumerators. The Constitution says:
'The report which Atlanta will send in
will be full and satisfactory." There
were two other cities where the "count"'
would have been satisfactory if the cen
sus bureau had not caught on to the
methods employed in getting the names
and locations of the enumerated. The
Twin Cities to the north aren't saying any
thing since the expose but of course they
will not be satisfied now. It is hoped
the Gate City's satisfaction does not re
sult from similar practices down there.
When the McKiniey bill was up for
consideration in the house during the
month of May, the Eagle in the plain
est and most forcible language at its
command denounced it in the aggregate
and in detail. Two daily papers in Kan
sas opened out on the Eagle, one declar
ing that we had gone over to the Demo
crats and the other calling us a free trad
er. After a month's absence we return
to find those very papers "out-Heroding
Herod' in their onslaughts on the ilc
Kinloy bill and both calling public atten
tion to their claims of forecast, original- J
ity ana consistency. It is unnecessary
to say that neither of these two papers
are fit for party organs and that both are
cheap weather vanes.
The Atlanta Constitution of Saturday
announces that the Louisville & Nash
ville Railroad compay has secured a
lease on the Western & Atlantic railroad
from its owner, the state of Georgia, for
a term of twenty-nine years, the con
sideration being 3o,000 a month, cash.
This is the most important railroad
tJSWthat has been made in the south for
a long time. The W. & A. belongs to
the state of Georgia was built bv the
state forty years ago as an outlet for the
state north, and was for many years tho
only line of road that crossed the
Apalachian chain of mountains in that
part of the country, connecting at
Chattanooga with tho Nashville &
Chattanooga road, and now part of the
L. & N. system. The now acquisition
gives theL. & N. a direct connection with
the Atlantic seaboard at Brunswick and
Savannah, Ga., and Charleston, S. C.
The Western & Atlantic, besides being
a reliable source of a liberal revenue to
the state, the rental for the past twenty
five years being 2o,000 a month, has
also yielded a very large profit to its
lessees. Senator Brown of that state
who is a millionaire several times over,
is largely indebted to the earning
capacity of the W. & A. for his great
Who are the men who want Prof. J. H.
Canfield to go to the senate from Kansas?
Mr. Grant, the horseman of Oswego, has
just sold Abdallah for fifteen thousand
Two elegant mustaches have been pub
lished in a Chicago paper with our world
fair commissioners attached.
Congressman Morrill again asserted that
he would not be a congressional candidate
and that meteor fell. That ought to set
Again it might be observed that the El
Dorado Republican is not using any italics
in its advocacy of the election of Harrison
The Atchison Champion accuses Ingalls
of studying tho dictionary. It will only be
a little time at this rate until the Cham
pion will take up his over gaiters.
Verily, it is a matter of much moot in
Kansas whether it is worse for a man to be
beaten at the nomination by the farmers'
alliance or by them at the election.
The absence of Alex Butts in the Kansas
City Star for some time past has led to the
perhaps not unwarrantable suspicion that
he is oil being measured for his trouseau.
When the Emporia original packago
dealer came in and gave Father Eskridge
an advertisement to put in the Republican
he looked shocked, but he didn't refuse it.
The Third district papers are not saying
anything about Bishop Perkins. If there
is rebellion in his district, it must be one
that brews quietly and stays out of the
Kansas farmers are rushing their har
vesting by moonlight and getting their
grain laid by in the night. This gives them
a chance to study how to lay by the poli
tician in the day time. ,
Frank Greer, of the Winfield Courier,
has inaugurated a quarrel with the sheriff
of Cowley county. This is the first rumpus
in the county since the departure of Will
iam Hackney and if it seems a little droll
must be excused.
J. Leeford Brady, of the Salina Republi
can, says that it is no disgrace to have fly
specks on your hat. This ma- be nil right
in Salina. But it is generally believed
throughout the state that Brady is a bet
ter authority on babies than on etiquette.
Luther Challis, of the Atchison Cham
pion, says if Ingalls Roes to throwing mud
at the Champion it will bury him under
the same material. It would be foolish to
do so. It would be better for the Cham
pion if it has any mud to sell it to the Kan
sas City Times.
Prof. Jonas Cook, editor of tho Harper
Sentinel, was married Thursday to Miss
Minnie E. Hart, t the home of her par
ents in Nashville, Kan. If the way to
reach a man's heart is through his stom
ach, Miss Minnie acted most lovingly in
becoming a Cook.
Fanner Fmiston, it is said, has the most
beautiful following of postmasters of any
congressman from Kansas. And for every
postmaster he has live enemies disap
pointed applicants. This enumeration
doesn't include Charlie Scott, of the Iola
Register. It is supposed that he is defend
ing Funaton for the exhileration of the
The Emporia Republican is against Tn
gallh and affects to be the mouthpiece of
the Fanners' Alliance in that way and it
is also the staunched friend of Harrison
Kelley. And now the Alliance is not satis
fied with Harcison Kelley and have called
a convention to nominate a candidate
acainst him. Tho convention meets at
Emporia August 1. So it appears the Re
publican has too many irons in the fire.
Which one will it take out? None, proba
bly. It will enlarge its fire.
Chas. E. Bichtel, of Udall, Kansas, has
invented an air ship which is illustrated
and favorably commented on in last week's
Scientific American. It has two cylinders
adapted to hold a buoyant material and
connected by a light frame beneath which
is stretched a platform of woven steel wire
supporting an electric or other motor
which operates two propelling blades.
Wings are connects! with the oet&ide of
the cylinders, and can be pitched m any
ancle, the upward and downward being
regulated by the inclination of the wings,
while the ship is guided to the right or left
by the propeller wheels connected with the
The first Tuesday in Aliens will see the
candidates for the IwrisiattJre up. for elec
tion tn uxmaoma. May ait tue Mt ooes
be eleoted and all th bad ons be defeated. I
ABOUT TARIFF REFORMERS.
Eagle's Slus3-Interview Editorial
To the Editor of the Eagle.
Will you permit a property holder of
Kansas, a warm friend and admirer of
Wichita and of the Wichita Eagle to lay
before your readers a friendly criticism of
your Sluss-Interview editorial, published
in the Eagle of May 20. I should like to
call your attention to some of the state
ments made in this editorial, and show
wherein I think you are on the wrong
track. You say:
'The Eagle Is aware of abuses not corrected and
of deraasoffues in disguise in the Republican party,
and It Is not slow to point out seme of these and
Now, this statement may all be true;
but your editorial on the Sluss Interview
reminds one of the man who, having suf
fered wrong from his enemies, takes a
stilletto in his hand and going into the
house of his friends begins to stab them
right and left, expecting thus to destroy
his enemies and right "his wrongs. You
"The economic questions of the day are of more
importance than the political ones."
This may be true; but are not the ques
tions of protecting American industries
and of increasing silver cunency, two of
the most important economic questions up
for consideration by our people at the
Now, what position does Judge Sluss
occupy on these two great questions?
When I read the interview in your col
umns, I said to myself. Judse Sluss is a
mugwump Republican, and no voter who
favors protection to American industries
can vote for such a man to represent him
A mugwump Republican is a twin
brother to the tariff reform Democrat, and
the two are own brothers to the free
trader. We have had too many such in
congress during Cleveland's administra
tion "and that's what's the matter now."
"We seo nothing more inconsistent in the views
expressed by Judge Sluss as a Republican than the
protection ideas and principles maintained by Sam
uel J. Jtandall as a .Democrat."
That may be true; but the fact of the
matter is, on the important question of
protecting American industries Samuel J.
Randall was not a Democrat, and was giv
en a back seat in his party. He was sub
stantially a Republican and ought to have
be,eu in the Republican ranks instead of
the Democratic, and for similar reasons
Judge Sluss should join the Democratic
"To como down to some of the topics touched by
Judge Sluss. The burdens heaped upon the produc
ing classes or this country by the corporate powers
are alone monstrous enough to incite a revolution.
Let us state just a single instance. The peonloof
tho United States we mean the producers and con
sumers aro paying interest on railroad stocks and
bonds In Kanas. three times tho actual, original
cash cost of every milo of such roads in the United
Now, admitting this statement to be
true, what do you propose to do about it?
Will tariff reform remedy that evil? Let
me ask you, how many states in the union
have been more ambitious or put forth
more vigorous efforts to induce these "cor
porate powers" to build railroads for them
than Kansas? How many states have
more miles of railroads already built and
in operation than Kansas? There is only
one that surpasses her in railroad mileage.
Kansas has more miles of railroad in op
eration than all the New England states
put together. She has 1,137 more miles
than the great empire state of New York,
whose population and wealth surpass Kan
sas four to one. She has more than the
great states of Pennsylvania, Iowa and
Texas. Kansas today has 8,734 miles of
railroads. Illinois alone surpasses her
with 9,000 miles. Next comes Iowa with
8,304 miles. Following her is Pennsylva
nia with S,234 miles. Then comes Texas
with S,210 miles. Only think of it! Dur
ing the three years from 18S6 to 18S9 in
clusive Kansas constructed 4,533 miles of
railroads, beating the record, which is
more than any of twenty-seven of her sis
ter states have in operation today, and
there are only thirteen states in the union
who have a greater mileage of railroads
than Kan&as built in these three years.
hat city m tne umteu btates or m any
other country on the face of the globe in
proportion to its wealth and popula
tion has more miles of railroads
entering it than Wichita? Let mo ask
further, what editor in the state of Kan
sas, or in any other state, has done more
to secure this enormous mileage of rail
roads in Kansas and into Wichita than has
Marsh Murdock, the editor of the Wichita
Eagle? Has he not labored night and day
with invincible energy, and for small
compensation, to induce these "very cor
porate powers" to build their roads in
Kansas and to run them into Wichita?
And what city in the world has surpassed
Wichita in rapid growth during the last
ten years, and what state has surpassed
Kansas? Have not these very railroads
been instrumental in giving Wichita her
immense boom, and Kansas her rapid
growth in wealth and population? Is it
lair, now, to go back on your friends, or
to repudiate your obligations? Is it good
policy to alienate the very influences
through which these magnificent achieve
ments have been accomplished? There
may be abuses by our "corporate powers,"
and it may be true that they are "extract
ing money from the people" that they
oiiyht not to have, but, is Judge Sluss
taking the right course to rectify these
evils? Will tariff reform remedy the evils
complained of? No! It will only aggra
"Free coinage of silver, for Instance, would relieve
the monetary stress of the nation the moment Pres
ident Harrison put his Mgnature to the bill. Will
the Republican party pas-, it, or President Harrison
bign Itr Wo doubt both."
Well, we think it safe to say that Presi
dent Harrison will sign any silver bill
passed that is endorsed by a majority of
tho Republican members of congress.
There are many Republicans who are ad
vocates of silver, who do not believe that
free coinage is the best way to dispose of
the silver question. The people don't
care for .-.ilver dollars as mouey to cany in
their pockets. What they want is the
value of our silver bullion represented in
our currency, and this can be done much
better by some other plan than by free
coinage of silver dollars. I believe that
tho Republican party is going to settle
this question in a way that will be better
for the country than to have free coinaire
of silver. We had free coinHge of silver
previous to the year 1873, but verv few
silver dollars were ever coined. Why?
Because the bullion in the silver dollar
was worth more than the gold bullion in
the gold dollar. The silver dollar was at
a premium over the gold dollar, and
hence, the owners of silver bullion would
not coin it. They were not iroiug to Iomj
3 per cent on every silver dollar they had
coined. Why do the holders of silver
bullion now demand free coinage of silver?
Sim-ily because the silver bullion in the
silver'dollar is worth lei? than the gold
bullion in the gold dollar in the market-i
of the world. The discount now amount
to about 25 Der cent. Will the people of
this countrv permit the holders ol silver to
put this 25 per cent on each dollar in their
The true way to settle the silver ques
tion is to have the secretary of the treits
urv authonzed to purchase the silver
bullion at its market value and pay for it
in United States legal tender notes that
are at par with the gold dollar, and then
redeem these legal tender notes in coin,
either gold or silver, at the option of the
secretary of the treasury. This will settle
the silver question far better than it will
to have free coinage of .-ilver. When silver
bullion is at par with gold bullion, if the
holders of it want free coinage let them
I. have it: but not before.
The silver bill agreed upon by the lie
publican caucus substantially adopts this
plan. The editor of the Kansas Fanner
has sidetracked himself on a faL-e theory
or definition of money and tariff reform.
I was greatlv astonished when 1 read the
following from your SIuas interview edi
torial. - W. Slim rirtt. rs th EA61.I eadcr Mart
Litaan. Th McKlnley tui u at-jw
pTf-ino-. It '. hoi a cheap nwatey show in ti
fan of h.gh batrefi Mid tfce Ajaerieui J'-opte- !t
o uumAtocAk.eaauua(Uwdl,TU iritbowaft-br?Tit,n.biTjULorwCiClihjrn-.
diir from lbs feraerx. s4 rttarss sJMts ite.
it not impose a ibU dty Ol at? tAe
What does t his mean' Is it not a TObtan
tial repudiation of the policy of protectiaE
American industries? Every tariff re
former aad free trader will shout applause
alread r appeared
in the New York Evening Post ad the
Ti-ui-s "e chief mBswnmo nooers rf thi?
ij lc Democratic papers from one end
of the land to the other will publish it.
They regard it as a direct onslaught upon
the principles of protection from one of
the ablest Republican papers in the state
of Kansas. It is calculated to do far mor
damage to the country than if you hod
openly and squarely announced yourself in
favor of free trade. These tariff reformers
are the most dangerous politicians that we
have in the country, from the factthatyou
never know where to find them. Ton
know what a free trader means and what
he wants, and how to answer his argu
ments; but a tariff reformer is a "wolf m
sheep's clothing,'" a "disguised free trader
tnat you don t Know now to tase, or wnai.
he means. He argues on all sides of the
question and has no fixed purpose about
it. The free trader thinks free traae wm
promote our commerce with foreign coun
tries, and thus benefit the United States.
The protectionist thinks he can serve his
country best by promoting and protecting
American industries, thus giving employ
ment and good wages to American labor
ers and cheapening products by increased
home production. But the tariff reformer,
the mugwump Republican, does neither of
these; all he is after is tariff for "revenue
only." It was "tariff reform" politicians
that run the government during Cleve
land's administration. Cleveland was
a tariff reformer, an opposer of silver
coinage, and an enemy of the greenbacks.
We had four years of attempts to carry
out that sort of policy in this country dur
ing his administration and what were the
results? General business prostration,
ruinous prices for farms and fann prod
ucts; factories idle, money locked up in
banks; confidence destroyed, and the coun
try drifting into anarchy. You may re
member in a communication I sent the
Eagle after President Cleveland had been
elected, but before he was inaugurated,
the following statement appeared:
-The most the people now have to fear is the ac
tion of the Democratic party In reference to tho tar
iff question. If it will let the tariff alone, business
will undoubtedly revive, and the country will bo
prosperous but if it keeps up the agitation of that
question. It will prevent confidence from being re
stored and business will conUnue duU."
Has not tariff reform agitation been kept
up? Has confidence been restored, and is
not business dull?
Now, the Eagle knows very well that
the most prominent topics advocated in
President Cleveland's first messages to
congress, and in the reports of his secretary
of the treasury, related to the duties on
foreign imports, stopping the coinage of
silver, and the retiring of legal tender
notes. Secretary Manning devoted three
or four columns of his first report to con
gress to these questions, and his policy in
regard to tarift is outlined in the following
statement from this report:
"Put on the free list as many articles as possible.
Ileduce duties on ecry dutyablo article to the low
est point possible."
That was the policy advocated by Presi
dent Uleveland and the members or his
cabinet, and it was early Incorporated into
tho Morrison tariff bill and discussed by
congress during the first years of Cleve
land's administration. But the bill was
not passed, because, fortunately for the
people, we had a Republican senate that
was in favor of protecting American in
dustries. A similar bill was introduced by
Congressman Mills at tho second session
and the discussion continued; but that bill
a'so failed in consequence of a Republican
senate. But the agitation of the-e meas
ures destroyed confidence and demoralized
business in the meantime. Had both
houses of congress been for "tariff reform"
tho whole country would have been in
bankruptcy Ion" before this time.
Now, does Judge Sluss substantially en
dorse the very tariff policy advocated by
Cleveland and his Democratic tariff re
form congress, and which was incorporat
ed into the Morrison and Mills bills? What
has been tho result of Cleveland's admin
istration on that basis? Let me give you
a few facts in relation thereto.
During the ten years ending with the
close of the last Republican administra
tion, tho balance between our exports and
imports was over 1,544,000,000 in favor of
this country, and in the last year of that
administration the balance was $104,000,000
in our favor. But during the first
year of Cleveland's administration
the balance of trade went down to about
44,000,000, a falling off of about $120,000,
000 in one 5ear. ' The second year to i23,
000,000, and during the third year it went
down so that the balance was :2S,000,000
against this country. But since Harnson
was inaugurated, that balance has now
begun to work this way again, and we
shall be mistaken if there is not a htrge
amount to our credit found in our next
You say in your editorial:
"While wo have got-somo better times In the
country, thy affect in a largo measure, only people
w ho have nothing to sell. '
Now, while a part of this statement is
true, let me fdve a few facts, to .show that
you are greatly mistaken in regard to the
last part of it.
I went to Wichita in the year 1SS3. I was
so highly pleased with the appearance of
that city, and tho country around it, that
I bought while there, three or four farms,
about fifteen miles west of Wichita, in
Sedgwick county. At that time, any man
buying a farm in the state of Kansas at
the prices at which farms were selling,
could sell It within a year or two at a con
siderable advance on what he paid. Farm
products of all kinds then brought good
prices. Within two years after they were
bought, I sold three of those farms at an
advance of 25 per cent, on the cost, and got
my cash for them, which I invested in
other farms in Sedgwick and Barber coun
ties. Grover Cleveland was elected in 1&S4,
and went into office the 4th of March 1SS5.
A cougress was elected that gave
the majority of the houe of repre
sentatives to the tariff reform
Democrats. You referred to some
of Cleveland's objectionable measures in
regard to silver, bonds, etc., in your edi
torials; but on the tariff question his in
fluence was worse for the country than his
views on silver. Let us see what has been
the effect of Cleveland's administration in
the direction of the prices of farms and
farm products In Kansas.
The farms that I bought with the money
obtained from those I sold under a Repub
lican administration, I could not soil under
a Democratic administration for 50 cents
on the dollar of what I paid for them, and
the prices of farm products went down fco
low that I was only offered 10 cents a
bushel for mv oats and 13 cents a bushel
for my corn, f could hardly get enough
money from them to nay the taxes. Owihif
to want of storage I was obliged to sell ray
wheat at 4.J cents a bushel. v nat brought
this about? Was it not the depressing
effect of loss of confidence and general
paralysis of business caused by the efforts
to destroy the protection which the Re
publican had placed around our indus
tries, and to prevent the coinage of silver?
But the evidences of better times already
here, are recognized by the Eaglk of May
0, in which is found an editorial, from
which I copy the following:
"Within the "t thrremoothA. the leadl&ff cemi
and Mp teci, c&ttl and los. hive advaarrd in
pr-c rirm U ut Hi pr cent, i il iuul tk effort of
br-itrfur fit nt ;t prtrn. hWri pU tarce hoM
tazn of morwy. the immediate rolt of returning
coufidruc. ad this km to mar? larsetr ratpeoaJ hl
lortberximtK !u-tnUoB In HoiNtftw una miy
othr j4nt ceuw."
Now, this statement is very true; but let
me ask what wsu the calls of the "lack of
conndence that was .so "Inrgely rabponM
ble for the extreme finctuxtions in iw-i-ner
Was it any other than the policy
of Clevelanp and his administration, and
their efforts to reduce ti dntios on foreign
imports and to prevent the coinage of sil
ver thus dprefcsing the prices of both
mannfacinrat and agricultural products
and demoralizing our in&nafftcturing in
dustries V.'ben prices aregoinsdown the
people who have money neutrally hid rt
away or lock it up in safes, &afe deposits
The cause of the "ImproveBient fa
prices,'' to which your editorial refe rs, i
simply a president, administration aod
congress that are in favor of protection
Amencan mdnsti-v. ami of lacroi-tin.'
the apply of money, which makes the
manufacturer of toe country feel that
their busing interests are now lin
placed on a reliable basis. Confidence U
bvtwj; iv-tored over tfcs country, prioo-i of
stoci-s and bondo and of both DumfACt
ured aad agricultural products are potag
up. The oats for which I was oly offered
lo cent a boshel last year. I recUy Mrfd
for 21 cents & buheL I am now offecl 35
cents a bosbeL for the corn for which i
conkl only get 13 cents but year, axvd lire
stock of all lands has almost doubled la
price within a year.
Again, rce of the farms I first bought
and -old. I pttreha&ed of Squire Martin, of
voar cur. who had oa it, at the time, aoont
i&& head of cattle of his own raising. These
eattte -seers sold at auction; ateer calves
bvoiisht from 2$ to tSCa be4v. which, after
ieeptttg two years, the purcbAers could
A Choice Lot to dose at Only 55 Cents
". BARGAIN ".
All wool brocade grenadine, jnst the thing for hot weather
in cream, black and colors, only 4S cents a yarn, worth 1.00. '
Lace nets and flouncings must go. They go cheap and noif
is the time to buy them.
Fast black hosiery sale. Ladies' fast black hosiery at 14c.
worth 20c. Ladies' fast black hose at ISc, worth 25c
Our great ribbon sale continues for this week. No. 12 all
silk ribbon at 15o, worth 30c. No. 16 all silk ribbon at 20c
worth 35c. All the newest shades and black. . '
Few sun umbrellas cheap. We will cover your old umbrella
fram and make ic as good as new.
Thompson ventilating corset, the best and lightest made.
We carry all of Thompson's makes. Yon will find all of the
best makes of summer corsets
Until then we will push drive and slaughter goods ter
ribly without regard to cost or actual value.
WE MUST SELL!
Come in, prices will not stand in the way. In ono month
we must sell nearly all the goods that are
sold in the city.
not sell for as much as thev paid for thorn.
in the lnll ot 16M, under a Kepitmican
administration, we sold two-year-old steers
forWia hwid; in lh1- under Cleveland'
administration, we sold emially as jrood
steers for Jii a head, while now, under
Harrison's administration, similar stock
soil readily at from i?2S to (iti a head and
every prospect of their jmintl still higher.
During tiie la1-! two or three years, you
could hardly sell a farm at any price, in
the state of Kansas. .Now, there are buyers
ioing into Kansas with tho view of invofct
injr. Kvery farm that I bought had a 10 per
cent. mortsas?e on it; but, atthattune, un
der a Jtepublican administration, with fair
prices for products, fanners could pay the
interest on their mortKujes, and, if not
able to pay the principal when due, could
sell their farms and have something left to
invest elsewhere. During Cleveland's ad
ministration, foreclosures have been nu
merous and many farmers have been
stripped of evorvthini; they had.
While the Mcivinley bill i, not all that
is desirable, yet, if that, or something
equally good is jiassetl and confidence fully
restored, 3'ou will lind that prosperity will
attain return, not only to the farmers of
Kansas, but to all sections of the country.
It seems to me that when you say the
"McKinley bill does not impose a single
duty which will help the Kansas farmer,"
that you could not have eoiudderetl its
measure carefully, or you would not have
made such a statement.
Secretary Husk, in aowcr to a letter
from C'onjcre-sman Springer, of llllaoi,
makes the following .statement:
"In considering agricultural products
which we could raite under favorable condition-!,
I of course excluded from con
sideration the ninety millions representing
ten, cofEee and cocoa, but of the two
hundred and sixty millions of agricultural
imports renmininif. I can see no rwmoii
why some 5210.000 000 or $230. 000,003 sbon Id
not be rnked on American soil, provided
we secure our fanners adequate tariff pro
tection." Of wool alone, we bought ?17,000,OOT of
foreign wool Krowers lust rear, the largest
portion of which was carpet wool, on
Which toe duties are too low to admit of
its beinj; raised with profit here. Th
McKinley bill increase the datie oa thht
clae of wool. We alm paid 9S,G0Q,009 for
foreign free hides, which, wttk stttficMtnt
protection, our farmers could easily pro
duce. It hi true that the McKinley bill
has J ft the duty off from bide, hjm! take
it off from sugar, bat because there am
some imperfections in it, is no reacoa why
we should inaksa general onaiaaghtoa the
Your denunciation of umwttrn manu
facturers, and the Atlantic money centre."
will do neither Wichita nor Kana and
good. What would Wichitw aad Jvawa
be today wfre it not for the eMttera captuU
that ha goae in there aod built her rail
roads, her manufacturing indiwtnea, md
her wholesale eKtabiiafameoU. When Um
west attempt to fl-rht the met H i mk
inc a bit: mistake, especially when it dotw
it in the interest of foreign maooJwrtorera
and importer, aod foreign merchant and
The free traders aod the tariff reform
rVrawa-rnt hiitrti Lkn ajfvaataiir f tuii--
' r.wuum fn all IrfnH fit Vinin-iiM Htrirhi.
about by Cleveland's administration, and
have made many farmer ot the wet be
lieve that the hard time aod low prteri
were caaed by cmr faKctt dotie oa foreign
product, while the true outw turn ben
tbe want of a4eqtMl protection to home I
product., due to CerMHi and ht port r f
dnnog- toelr aoreicfc-traejoo. and taeir ef
fort to destroy -oca protection. Farmer.'
AliiaacoK hare bees orwudzed all over tbe
country, and a tariff reiorm pbtok bw "e-n
itu-erted in their piatorm eodondAg th
very roaaure that baa been tbe prim
cause of tbe low prfet& of farm products
I am fcorrT u learn that tbe Zxoix ha
beea caught in this tariff reform, free
trade net. I hope tbe whiskey rins; aad
tbe Cobdea cioo, alia, the Tariff Korsi
club, alio tbe New York Free Trade dab,
alia tbe Mugwump Deweracy, are not
gomg to capture tbe XAt and pot It la
their cage and m ke a petMrd of it- If
tbey do. ttfAm tbe predictioo-- btrd of
some other color will Ibzbt down la
Wichita, that will com to tbe dafee j
of tbe party that demand soqsate pro-t-ction
to all Americas bwlavtrtea and
go&d waspes for tbe working class in lai
eooatry, and if tbe LfiU t sattouMta
4ead cock hi the pV it' will eortaiaty &H
it wig& c"ipi ttt s 'i 9i k tail
f&a&bscs. la-store tbe SxfetJw er.
If the JdoKlaley MS aad the .Irer U,uJ
OF ". BARGAINS!
ouse of Innes.fi Ross.
pass, instead of having f2.V), 000,000 worth ot
fon'ign products that are made in Enjr
land, France, ami Germany pent here to
supply our people, taking our money out
of the country to pay for them, you will
see the English, German ami French man
ufaeturers pulling up their plants and
cominjr over bore and putting them down
in Wichita and other western cltlea, and
the result will be, we ahull manufacture
our own product and keep our money at
home to build up our cltie and develop
our own Industries; arid this will reduce,
the cost of man u fact u red products to our
consumers much more than they will bo
reduced if this tariff reform, free tradu
jioliry is carried out. Many of our mnnU"
fact u rem Unlay re on the vere of bank
ruptcy. a well an hi-o our farmer., Hnd
these conditions hnve been brought atout
by the tmine cause, namely. Cleveland m
Democratic, tart IT reform, fret trade ad
ininiotnttiou. What we wart I is not Ia
protection, but more, more encouragements
to American industries, not foreign We
want the govfrmiieat in the bunds of men,
who have fonght for and preserved Amort
can institutions, and who have labored and
will llor for the encouragement of thoo
American industries that will make us in
dependent of foreign nations.
The great bulk of American farm pro
ducts arc sold U Atnoricaa coniumert, nod
foreigners. .Niuety per cent of our pro
duct are ronjn"d at home New Ktig
land buys more of Kansju prod net than
does old England. One hundred thousand
factory employe, working in factoriea
established-in Wichita, Tepoka, nnd other
western itie. will benefit Kansas farmers
more than all the markets of the world.
Do not, then, snd men to congroM who
want to dimiaieh one atom of the protec
tion thrown around American manu
facturer or olher industrieM, for the farm
ers of Kansas am Ixrtien'U'-d by them all,
aa much as any other cIma. awl the Mc
Kinley bill la a measure looking to thU
end. IK. K V. MIU.RK.
30 aad 41 West Twenty-sixth streot,
Vote for rYro Ooteago.
r?m :a wiim rrr CiO .
Of tb twenty-three RepwbHooM who
voted for tbe free ami ttnlunfUMi coinage
of silver in tba Imhwv of nprfjontative
Wednesday niUsnwm, Kancaa furnished
seven, a solid ivlL lowa, with ten Re
publican representative!. dl not t urotoh
a yea vote from that number. Ne-braa-ka's
votes were all in favor Ohio ha,i
sixteen Republican coorsne, and
but on voted for fre? co-mage, and Mis
souri gav only on "Wad ooi of fotir.
None of MauMsota'K Ave oorrgfnn
were rorded for th sonat hilL Tbo
other RejMiblK-aa vote for fx Mrr
wer Cahxoriua two, Arkansas ono. In
diana one (Owen), Montana out. Jliinot
two, Nevada one. Colorado one, Orojrra
one. South Dakota, one. WJU twenty
three Bffpabiicam (all westorni rotod for,
twenty -two Demv:rirt (all bat one au(
era) voted aamat free eowa$.
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mii tiwT fan.