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3?ftje WMxxta gailtj fptgle: ffrictey Itttfrurag, August 1, 1890
SOME PEISON SYSTEMS.
VARIETIES OF TREATMENT IN EU
Methods of "Working: and PTmlsWnyCrfm
inals Belcinm So cms to Hare the Most
Scnslblo and Hnmano System -Now Cal
edonia. Tho British penal system is, though in
soma respects the most equal, unquestion
ably the most severe. The misdemeanant
sentenced to two years' imprisonment -with
hawi labor cannot obtain a single day's re
mission by good conduct, and he is not
allowed to spend in prison the smallest
fractioa. of the money winch be earns. His
choice of work is also limited mostly to
matmaking, tailoring and sboemalring.
He may be a skilled mechanic or artist, or
a -watchmaker, turner, carver, engraver,
miniatura painter, or draughtsman he
will find no employment for his talents
within jail, and may. in fact, be set to
-work which will spoil his hands, and for a
time cripple bis power of earning his living
after his discharge. The felon condemned
to penal Horvitude stands in the same case
with respect to work. He may earn pro
motion to second and first clans with small
improvements in his diet and eventually a
ticket-of-leave by good marks; but unfit
ness for the task allotted to him or ill
health may render him incapable of earn
ing tho daily maximum of eight marks,
and thusplace him at a disadvantage beside
old and cunning prison "hands." In all
foreign countries the discretionary powers
allowed to prison governors for the treat
ment of their captives arc much greater
than in England.
CHAOS r?r FRA2JCE.
In Franco political changes have pro
duced so much haphazard legislation that
the whole penal system has been reduced to
chaos. In 1ST2 it was resolved that con
victs of tho worst kind should be trans
ported to New Caledonia. ThereVtbey
were to be employed in public works or
agriculture, and after a probationary
period they wore to receive allotments of
lands, with permission to marry female
convicts or sweethearts at home who cared
to go out and join them. If already mar
ried, their wives and children, and suppos
ing tho wives to be willing, were to be sent
cut to them at the state expense.
This philanthropical scheme, which
made tho lot of the murderer, the incen
diary and thrice convicted felon much pref
crablo to that of the rcclusionniste, sen
tenced to five or ten years' solitary confine
ment (reclusion) for felonies of tho second
degree, proved the incentive to a number
of murders in and out of prison: convicts
in the French penitentiaries began to com
mit murderous assaults upon their ward
ers In order to bo sent "over the water,"
while burglars, when caught, deliberately
attacked their captors with knife or revol
ver, so as to aggravate their crimes and
qualify themselves for transportation.
The legislature had at last to interfere
by enacting that no convict should bo tran- ,
sported for any offense committed within. !
prison walls, and bubsequently an act was j
passed compelling convicts sentenced to
lengthy terms of penal servitude (trnvaux
forces) for murder to undergo the first five
years of their punishment in reclusion.
But, as a consequonco of all this, the
French ponal system has got completely
out of order, and additional confusion has
been thrown into it by the arbitrary man
ner in which mitigations, remissions and
pardons are now granted.
Thebu irregularities - are made much
worse by the fact that French prison gov
ernors are themselves in these days gener
ally the nominees of members of parlia
ment, and either out of gratitude or in
expectation of future benefits they curry
favor with their patrons by petting tho
prisoners whom tho latter recommend. It
follows that tho convicts who have no po
litical friends to care for them spend a
very bad timo indeed. The governor, by
his rigor toward them, makes up for his
leniency toward his proteges. If sentenced
o reclusion they are like men iutombed.
BELGIUM'S PREFECT SYSTEM.
In Belgium tho system of solitary con
finement has been brought almost to per
fection by keeping up tho constant stimu
lus of hope iu the prisoner. If he have a
trade he works at it; if he wishes to learn
a trade ho is taught by a skilled instructor;
if he have no special apitudo for handi
craft ho is employed in work that can be
easily learned in a few Iesb0ii3.
This plan is aho followed iu the prisons
of Switzerland, Germany and Austria und
Hungary. In theso countries, as in Eng
land, there have been occasional outcries
huout the competition between prison
laor and free labor, bat when it is consid
ered how small a proportion tho popula
tion of prisoners ljcars to that of free men
tho latter cannot bo said to have a griev
ance. The Austrian system is, however,
much loss humane than tho Belgian, in
that it kgves a convict's liberation to tho
mercy of tho priiou authorities. There are
no marks, but onco a year the governor,
chaplain, doctor and chief warder meet to
draw up a list of deserving convicts, whose
names are submitted to the emperor.
According to all reports theso lists are
drawn up fairly; still tho fact remains that
a prisoner must occasionally owo more to
favor than to his own deserts. Again, tho
code of prison discipline is much harsher
in Austria than in Belgium, where tho
dark padded coll is but rarely used, and
where deprivation of work and pay for ono
day or moro is generally found an all suffi
cient punishment. To begin with, in Aus
tria every convict's sontunco bears that his
punishment shall bo "sharpened" by a cer
tain number of fast days. The anniver
bary of tho criino for which he was con
demned is always spent in a dark cell, with
not a morsel of food, but only water, for
twenty-four hours. In some cases a pris
oner has to undergo ono of these fast days
per month, and thoy arc frequently in
flicted by the governor for insubordina
tion. Temple Bar.
XJtie musical Straiul of Capo Aim.
This singular tract of seashore sends out
a faint musical sound as the foot steps
upon its particles of sand. It is said that
the action of tho waves ss they advance
and recede forces out of tkeae particles
three distinct notes. Tho explanation of
'he phenomenon is that the particles of
brauito band have rouh edges, which have
not been rounded off by attrition. When
rubbed against each other they will vibrate
like so many pieces of steel, henre the
lound. J. X. Kadock in Christian at
A shrewd observer, looking lately at tho
portrait of a woman famous for her his
trionic power, said, "I knew her well. She
tvas unloving to her husband, unjust to
her children, and merciless to the poor.
Qer only redeeming quality was her ma
In how many people, sat apart as types
of tho Christian life by the world, is virtue
"malignant" Youth's Companion.
aiilllomiire Acrobat Sicg.
The history of Herr Sigg, who died at
Zurich, was a very curious one. He began
life as an acrobat, and while at Bangkok
ho astonished the king of Shun with his
dexterity that ho was named somersault
turnor in ordinary to his majesty. He rose
to be lord high chamberlain and a million
aire. He has bequeathed the whole of his
walth to his native town. Sandon World,
Lowest Prices in the City. Largest Stock in the State
CHAS. T. CHAMPION,
WHOLESALE HEADQUARTERS FOR
-! BOOKS, "& STATIONERY,
Office and Typewriter Supplies. Summer Sporting Goods.
118 East Douglas Avenue, Wichita, Kansas.
GETTO-McGLTTNG BOOT AND SHOE CO.
Manufacturers and Wholesale Dealers In
All goods of our own manufacture warranted. Orders by mail
s, promptly and carefully filled.
135 and 137 3S" Market Street, ----- "Wichita, Kansas.
GLOBE -. IRON -. WORKS,
Steam. Engines, Boilers and Pumps, and Dealers in Brass Goods, Hubber and
Hemp Packing, Steam Fittings, Etc. Repairing of all Kinds of Ma
chinery a Specialty. Orders promptly filled for all kinds
of Sheet Iron Work. All kinds of castings made.
A. FLAGG, Proprietor.
The Stewart Iron Works,
Architectural, Wrought and Cast
Iron Work for Buildings.
South Washington Avenue J
KASAS SPRING BED CO.
Feathers and Manufacturers of Woven
Wire Mattresses, Cots and Cribs.
Canvas and Upholstered Cots,
Spring Beds, Mattresses,
Pillows and Bedding.
S. E. Cor., 2nd St. and Mead Ave
WHOLESALE D EALEK lit
Pianos and Organs
Sheet music .and books. All kinds or musica
poods.. Brass band and orchestra music. 129 .Main
fatreet. V.'Icnlta, Kansas.
Trimble Bros. & Tirrelkeld,
Special attention to mail orders.
110 E Douglas, - Wichita, Ivan
AEEY FURNITURE CO.
Wholesale and Retail Dealers In
255 and 257 2forth Main Street.
D. W. STALLDH3S & SONS,
. MANOFACTCHEKS OP
STALLING'S PALMOLE TOILET SOAP
ItbeautlfTes the complexion and keeps the
skln soft, smooth clear and healthy. For
sale bj druggisto and Rrocers.
520 Chicago Ave. - Telephone 99
L. M. COX,
Manufacturing -. Confectioner,
And jobber in Figs, Dates. Cigars, Foreign and Domestic ZS'uts, Cider,
Paper Hags, Paper Uoxes, Candy Jars, Trays, Etc.
21 o and 217 South Main St., ------ Wichita, Kansas.
THE C. E. POTTS DRUG CO.
(Formerly Charles E. Potts & Co., Cincinnati, O.)
Goods Sold at St. Louis and Kansas City Prices.
233 and 235 South Main Street, Wichita, Kansas.
MR, AND MRS. BOWSER.
T7io Latter Tells How the Former Moved
tho Hall Co.il Stovo.
Last fall Mr. Bowser put a base burner
in tho front hall to keep it at a comfort
able temperature during the winter, and
when the spring came nothing was said
about moving the stove. It was not in
tho way. Wo had no place to move it
to, and when summer came without Mr.
Bowser having said anything about a
removal I felt perfectly assured that ho
would leave that stove alone. Great
was my consternation, therefore, when
ho suddenly observed the other evening
as wo roasted on tho front 6teps:
""Well, well, but how absent minded
I have become I "Why didn't you call
my attention to the fact that that coal
stove had not been moved out of the
"Because it is to be left there."
"XotmuchI People must have thought
us a queer family to have it there as long
as wo have."
"Mr. Bowser, that stove is not in the
way, and it is not an eyesore. Besides
wo have no place to store it."
"It goes to the barn of course."
"Mr. Bowser, you can no more move
that stovo than I can fly."
"Can't I? I can do it with one hand
tied behind me, and Til go right at it."
"Mr. Bowser, remember that I pro
test." "Certainly. You are the great Amer
ican protester, anyway. If I killed a fly
I went back to the steps, knowing well
what would happen, but I felt that I had
done my duty. I heard him fussing
around for a while, and then he muttered:
"She's purty hefty, but she's got to
como out o' this."
Ten seconds later there was a wild
whoop, and when I got into the hall Mr.
Bowser stood on one foot and was shak
ing the other in the air, while the top
of tho stove lay on the floor. He had
pulled it off at the first grab.
"Thunder and blazes and Jewhit
taker and Texas and Jemima!" he was
yelling as he waved his foot aloft.
"Didn't I taQ yu?" I queried, as I
looked at him.
"No! Xeverl You never said a word
not a word!"
"Now, will yon let that stove alone?1
"Xo! Til take it out of here if I die
' 'Mr. Bowser, this pig headed obstinacy
of yours will surely lead to"
"Nona of tho Bowser family were ever
yet downed by r. coal stove, and it's too
late to begin nowl"
Another man would have removed the
less first. Ho didn't think of it, but un
dertook to move tho stove as one moTes
a barrel staadinz ua cad. Ha had ro-
F. a SMYTH & SONS,
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in
Farm : Machinery,
Fine carriages, buggies, carts, etc. Genuine Glid
den barb wire. Corner ot Douglas and Lawrence
Q-A.D J JLi .GjO ,
Saddlery Hardware. Manufacturer of Uppers.
Leather and findings, hides, furs, wool and robes.
127 Douglas Avenue, cor. Water St., Wichita, Kan.
SWAB & G-LOSSER,
And Jobbers of Woolens and Tail
145 X Main Street, - Wichita.
WICHITA BOTTLING WOEKS,
OTTO ZIMMERMANN, Prop.
Bottlers of Ginger Ale. Champagne
Cider, Sada Water. Standard Nerve
Food, also General Western
Agents for Win. J.Lemp's Extra Pale.
Cor. First and WacoKts., - Wichita.
B. VAIL & CO.,
CLOCKS AND SILVEItWEAR.
100 E Douglas Ave., - Wlchita.l
M. A. McKENZIE & C O.
Fine Carriages, Buggies, Phaetons and all Styles of Vehicles, and jobbers in
Carriage Builders Supplies. Buggies, single or in car load lots.
Cor. First and Wichita Streets. - - Wichita, Kansas.
gressed nboat Lv iu -u ioro was a
sound which frightened the whole neigh
borhood. My first impression was that tho gin
ger ale factory in the alley had exploded
and driven our barn up against the
kitchen. My nest was that a British
gunboat had slipped around from the
Behring sea and dropped a 400-pound
shell on the roof of our house to offset
Mr. Bowser's assertions that we were
tho greatest fighting nation on earth.
I knew what had happened. So did
the cook. So did tho neighbors. It was
a minute before I could move, and I was
flying indoors when I heard Mr. Bowser
utter a strange 60und something be
tween the last roar of a dying lion and
the plaintive moan of a cow for her lost
calf. I couldn't see him at first. It was
nil stove, and the stove was on top of
him. Between my screams and the cook's
shouts we got a neighbor in, and the
three of us lifted up the stove and drag
ged Mr. Bowser out.
I got the doctor up. No bones were
broken, but Mr. Bowser had collapsed,
liko an empty barrel, and every square
inch of him waa bruised and pounded
It was long after midnight before he
said anything. I was rubbing him with
arnica with ono hand and fanning him
with tho other, when he looked up and
"Mrs. Bowser, is it fatair
"Oh, no, dear."
"Any bones broken?"
"Did the etove fall on mer
"Don't ''es, dear,' me, Mrs. Bowser,
for I won't stand it! The scales have
fallen from my eyes at last, and I know
you for what you are! A nice job,
wasn't it! Calculated Pd be driven
through the floor, didn't you? Hoped to
be a widow by this time, eh? To-morrow,
Mrs. Bowser, Til call up a lawyer, and
well see what's what!" Detroit Free
Lilly Mode Going to Europe this
Milly Naire No, indeed; that's too
Lilly Then what will you do?
Milly Why, just what all the real
rich and refined people do stay at home
ind take ice. Judge.
He Learned Something.
A Kalamazoo man who could net swim
jumped into a lake where the water was
twenty faot dotp to see whether ho wouid
float or drown. He drowned. While ex
perience has taaght bim something, ft will
be considered aingnlar that ha did not try
it where the water waa about four feet
deeD. Droit Free Press.
Cigar Headquarters. Cor. Main and First Streets.
W. T. BISHOP & SONS,
Send us a Trial Order or Call and See Us.
F INLAY ROSS
WHOLESALE A2JD RETAIL
FURNITURE, CARPETS, ETC.
The Largest Establishment in the State.
Tos. 119 and 121 Main Street, ----- WicMta, Kansas.
J. W. HAWN & CO.,
Wholesale Grain and
Elevators, on A. T. & S. F., Frisco and Missouri Pacific Tracts.
Wichita, - - -- Kansas.
CORNER & FARNUM,
EOYAL SPICE MILLS,
Jobbers and Manufacturers, Teas,
Coffees, Spices, Extracts, Halting
Powders, Bluing, Cigars, Etc.
112 and 114 S Emporia Ave.
Manufacturers, Wholesale and Retail
SADDLES k SADDLERY HARDWARE.
121 E Douglas Ave, Wichita, Kan
BURR FURNITURE CO.,
Wholesale and Retail
125 East Douglas Ave.
FOREST CITY COAL CO.,
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in
Weir City and Rich Ilill Coal
119 N Water St., - Wichita, Kan
E J. FOSTER,
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
Queensware, China. Glassware, Fancy
Goods, Plaited Ware and Decor-
arted Ware of all Kinds.
Lamps and oil a specialty.
219 Douglas Ave. - Wichita, Kan
THE JOHNSTON & LAEIMER DRY GOODS CO.,
: Goods, : Notions :
Complete Stock in
121 & 123 N Topeka Ave.
wichfua wholesale grocery co.,
OFFICE A3VD WAREHOUSE 213
Keep everything in the grocery line, show cases, Scales and grocers fixture?
Sole agents for the state for ''Grand Republic" cigars, also sole proprietors o;
the "Royalty" and "La Innocencia" brands.
1 rue, but in Another Scne.
Fauntlo Boy Papa, the preacher said
the other day that diamonds are crystal
lized dew drops. Aro they?
Mr. Roy (a jeweler) -My son, I am not
sure, but there is entirely too much due
on the drops I onco sold the minister's
wife. Jewelers' Weekly.
A Bi Crowd Assured.
Mr. Gotham Do you think Chicago
can mako the fair a success?
Mr. Lakeside (of Chicago) Um well,
if it ain't a success, it'll be such a razzle
dazzling failure that everybody!! want
to see it, all the same. New York
Sambo Mistah Johnson, why am dis
yah ball room floah like old cheese?
Mistah Johnson Dun know. I cla' I
jis' give it up.
Sambo Bekase it am covered wid
skippers. Yankee Blade.
Tho Collnpsed Clown.
At the circus. Bessie Oh, papa, see!
that poor fat clown has fallen down and
lost all the wind out of him.
Papa Yes, pet, that is what new?
paper men call a "burst of mirth. r
Squareness at the Tratik.
Blackley the tout
-Five hundred dol-
lars if you lose. See?
Spindle (the jockey) No, Rufus; I
value my reputation too highly to sell
my emplover for anv such paltry sum.
Throw in that white pig skin saddle of
yours and 111 consider the proposition.
An Important Qna.liflea.Uon.
Bunker Fra goiifg to give up study
ing so hard and leafn how to dance
Hill What brings you to that deter
Banker Pre just been invited to jois
a literary society. Spoch.
The quickest, strongest and purest
Dry IIop Yeast on the market. Will
keep a year in any climate.
Pricejs cents per package of 7 cakes
For sale by all wholesale and retail
Manufactured by Corner & Farnum
factory corner Kellogg and Mosley
J. A. BISHOP,
Wholesale and Retail
Paints, Oils and Glass.
150 JV Marlcet St., Wichita, Kan
Pliokraliers' : Sn
102 E Douglas Avenue.
Wichita, Kan. Telephone Connection
BUTLER & G-BALEY
Manufacturers and Dealers in
All kinds of cans for shipping purposes,! ruits,
baking powder, etc.
213 South Main, Wichita, Kan.
The Hyde & Humble Sta. Co.,
AVholesale and Retail Dealers in
Books : and : Stationery,
Wall Paper, Wrapping Papers.
114 JSr Main St., - Wichita, Kan
WICHITA STEAM LA1JMRY.
Mates a specialty of doing work for
outside towns and cities. Agents
wanted everywhere. Write for terms.
Best "Work in the State.
and : Furnishing : Goods.
all the Departments.
TO 223 SOUTH MAKKET STREET.
C. Eisenmayer Sr. Milllm; and Elevator Co., of
Ilalstead, Kan., carry a full line of hard and soft
w heat flour at their agency In this city, beud for
prices and samples.
OT1 0 WEIsS, Agent. 253 N Main. Wichita.
A Child's Victory.
A coal cart waa delivering an order in
Clinton place the other day, and tho horse
made two or three great efforts to back the
heavily loaded cart to the spot desired and
then became obstinate. The driver began
to beat the animal, and this quickly col
lected a crowd. He was a big fellow, with
a fierce look in his eye, and the onlookers
were chary about interfering, knowing
what would follow. "I pity thp. horse, but
I don't want to get into a row' remarked
"I am satisfied that I could do him up
with the gloves on, but he wouldn't fight
that way," added a second.
"I'm not in the least afraid to tackjo
him," put in a young man with a long
neck, "bat about the time I got him down
along would come a policeman and arrest
The driver waa beating the horse and
nothing was being done about it when a
little girl about 8 years old approached and
"Well, what yer want"
"If you'll only atop I'll get all the chil
dren around here and we'll carry erery bit
of the coal to the manhole and let yon rest
while we're doing it."
The man stood np and looked around in
a defiant way, but meeting with only
pleasant looks he began to give in, and af
ter a moment he smiled and said:
"Mebbe he didn't deserve it, but Pa out
of sorta tod&y. There goes the whip, and
perhaps a lift on the wheels will help him."
The- crowd swarmed around tee cart, a
hundred hAnds helpod to push, and the
old horse had tbs cart to tho spot with one
effort. New York Sua.
A Comedy of Eitom.
Telephone Call Hullo! la that Mr.
Mr. Absentmind (with receiver to hi
Telephone Call Hullo, I say! Hullo!
Can't you answer? Are you deaf?
Mr. Absentmind (rtrmoving the re
ceiver from his ear and speaking into it;
I did; aro you blind? Philadelphia
Famous Author (vrho alway3 tries his
fictions upon his wifa first) You do noi.
like tins story; I am a fool to expect it
Malediction! Perhaps when Tm dead
you will appreciate me.
Long Suffering Wife (wearily) Per
haps. "Dead men tell no talei," v&a
know. Philadelphi& P?i.
THE WATCH CRYSTAL.
Changes since the days of
grandfather's bull's eye.
Some of the Detail of Their Manufact
ure tflrst Factory In tho United States.
The Price Drops from a Dollar Apiece
to a Dollar a Gross.
"Ah, there goes another crystal."
"Why don't you get a hunting case?"
"Because I prefer the open face, even if
they are more expensive"
This conversation was overheard the
other day between two gentlemen who
were playing billiards in a Tremont street
Here, thought the writer, is a subject of
interest to readers, and straightforward he
visited the rooms of one of the oldest, if
not the oldest, dealers in watch crystals in
the city. He was found on Court street,
up one flight, in a rqom which was a ver
itable curiosity shop.
On one side of tho room was a line of
grandfather clocks whose voices had not
been heard for half a century. Tho dust
lay on them in ridges, and their old yellow
faces looked solemn and sad. Some were
without hands, while others were in cases
warped and seamed by age.
"Can I see the proprietor of this estab
lishment f " inquired the newspaper man.
One of the bent figures arose from his
bench in response. A snow white beard
flowed down his chin, and a pair of steel
bowed spectacles rested on the tip of his
"I conduct this shop," said he. "What is
"I camo to ask you a few questions re
lating to watch crystals," responded the
"Oh, yes. Well, you will find me pretty
well acquainted with the business."
"What style of crystal was sold in 18S4,
or about tho days when you first went into
"Tho principal one was the Lunette for
both open faced and hunting cases. The
watches were known as bull's eyes. Tho
Lunette was invented by a Frenchman of
that name, and he must have done an enor
mous business, as tho whole watch wear
ing world waa a customer of his. Theso
old fashioned timepieces had detachable
cases, and when your grandfather perform
ed the important duty of winding up his
old ticker, just as tho sun was sinking in
tho west, he would remoTe the outer cover
ing, hang it on his thumb, adjust the key,
and then solemnly and slowly tighten the
spring for another twenty-four hours' ser
vice. The crystals of the bull's cyo had to
be very high in the center because the post
to which the hands were adjusted stood up
nearly a quarter of an inch."
"Will you give me tho process of manu
facture?" "With pleasure. It should bo under
stood, in tho first place, that the finest
quality of glass i3 necessary, and, in order
to make tho business profitable, the factory
must bo located contiguous to a rich bed
of silica or pulverized flint. I am now
speaking more particularly of tno prtBenc
time. The glass is taken from tho ovens
on the blow pipe, and a largo globe, tho
Bizo ofva half barrel, formed.
"When cool this is taken by the operator
and, with a heated piece of thin iron, ho
traces a line around tho globe and then
quickly lifts it aboTe his head. The sudden
change of temperatnro causes tho glass to
separate where the heated metal has been
in contact. Thus is continued until tho
entire sphere has bean made into hoops or
bands. These aro then cat into squares
the size of tho crystal it is designed to pro
duco. "Tho process is to place theso squares on
a wheel covered with buckbkin, which is
made to revolvo under u, stationary rod, in
.the end of which is a diamond. This oper
'ation produces the disk. These aro then
minced on blocks of soapstoue, with round
ed tops, and put into a little oven at a
white heat, where they remain about a
minute. This softens the glass, and it set
tles down upon the soapstone, conforming
itself exactly to the mold. The crystals
aro now ready for tho grinders, who bring
them down to a sharp edge bo that they
Ishall fit snugly into the bezel."
"How aro tho various styles of crystals
of the present time designated?"
"First wo have tho Genera, which is
slightly crowned and quite thin. Then tho
patent Geneva, made in the same form, but
with a small polished space in the center.
The bull's eyo is high crowned, also with a
polished center. Then there in tho thick
parallel. This is flat on top and very
thick. They havo been in vogue for about
twelve years, and were brought out, I be
lieve, in answerto demands made necessary
by tho great popuhirity of the open face
watch. Tho edges are ground down so as
to fit the chronometer bezel. They are very
strong, and will btand a great deal of hard
usage before breaking. The miconcavo has
a very Blight swell, and is used mostly in
ladies' watches. Tho thick miconc&ve is
for gentlomen'R open faced timers. Tho
thick concave is made heavy and ground
out on tho under rido and has a flat top.
Then there is also tho thin concaTe, which
is almost flat. The Lunette in oval or
crowded, running in height from 1 to 8.
Tho Verge glass was used largely in the
old hull's eyo."
"What aro the diameters of the various
''They run from 0 to M, 0 biing about
the size of a ten cent piec nd 64- measur
ing 2 5-16 inches."
The speaker here went to a drawer in a
cabinet and fished out a duaty pack&ge,
and upon opening it showed tho writer a
crystal almost large enough for a town
"I manufactured thes myself," said he
as he held one of them up to the light.
"They are made of the finest gloss possible
"You were then in the manufacturing
"Yes. In 1544 I opened a small factory
in Williamsburg, N. Y., and these hsm
I am now showing you were a part of ray
product. In those days a. crystal was wort h
about a dollar, and I concluded tlwsj could
be produced in this country at a much
lower figure. I broached the matter of
fctarting a factory hare, but all ray t riant!
j.poke very dirpanvgingly of the pror:
saying it was fmpoRdbfe to make a salahh
crystal on this ide of tba Atlantic I w
not discouraged, harrtmr. by tbew? pom,
mlstic views and wnt riht along am!
carried out my proposition to a succesnf u
conclusion, but kept what I was doinx to
"It soon besran to be noisod about that 1
w&4 underselling t'a market, and one cf
the gre&SeaJ wosders at the tim vra to
know how I managed to do busmen at
such ruinous figure," and the old whites
hatred dealer g&ve a litfcta chuckle as his
memory west bsck to the days of his
happy van rare
How do present prices compare with
those Of the old v.at"
"Why, I can bay crystals now at SI a
gross Of course tbwwi art the cheaper
grades. Th rcconenTeend their cIom run
from ZLSO to Zi. a grc&s and evan higher."
The Bljrrifst Hottl Jn the Wert.
TheGrosd Quarantine hotel at Flore
Island, at tise mouth of the EiTcr Plate, is
not only the largest in the world but th
strangest. White the oocosimodstkKMi are
poor th people will stop thrrt, no matter
how anxious they are to get away. The
hotel combines an isteraoticrSJ boarding
house, a mihtajy camp, a prisoa aad a ar
sid reacst. The torereienty of th Ul&ad
Is vsul in the republic of TJrneuity. In
the earjy nwetb cf tta year Kio as Janeiro
fa ploctfd undsr a sanitary boycott by tb
J people af the HJar TH'a, aa& sat person
i isollcrred ' - ti iimA nnn h;
THE SREAT ENGLISH REMEBY,
For Bilious ait Kerrons Disorta
" Worth a Gnfasa a Box" but ld
for 25 Cents,
SY ALL DRUGGISTS.
oeen at sea at least tcnaays. Tnci; accounts
for the big business at the hotel.
Tho guests come in boss loads from 300
to GOO at a time. There are first-class pas
sengers, immigrants and a-number of In
termediata classes. Upon arriving at tho
hotel the crowd is assorted and packed
away. Packed is a good irord in this case,
ior you aro entirely at tho eaxy of tha
taanagemont. If you mako protest tho
officials shrug their sbouHsra and say they
are indeed sorry, but thoy spsak only tho
pure Spanish langnage. They will put six
or seven in a room
If you don't h.ts th-t you can get out,
but you will soon r. -s; for tt is the only
place on the island where you can stop. A
permanent garrison is Tnrcrr:ftTrreil oa tha
island, and it includes a canuaandant, a
physician, a secretory cf slate, lighthouse,
keepers, postmaster and tefegsspb. ope
rators. Every morning durinj; pleasant
weather a tugboat comes down from
Montevideo with letters and provisions.
When a norther is blowing those on the
island aro placed on short ratioas.
Thinkof stopping at the biggEtt hotel
in the world and of net being able to get
bnt ono or two meals a day, with bananas
for one of the meals! I hod this experionco
during a etonn whan the tug- did not arriva
for five days. When, I was en the kland
thero were over 1.CC0 .guests a&the hnt&L
Interview in Chicago Erfbuac
A SUeplo Vainter Talis.
A veteran steeple painter says that he is
as much ct home on tho top of a 200 feet
ppiro zs he is down ou. tha ground. Ha
adds: "It is now over twenty years sines I
went into tho steeple ptviniiag business. My
usual method is to climb- up in tha belfry
tower and then gropo my way up among
the rafters and besmi until I pet toa point
quite near the apux. Then I boro a hole
through the wooden sides, cot a small
opening and let drop on inch rope. Often
tho old spires havo not been touched for
years; and as I slowly elanibor upward on
the inside, groping about. In tha- darkness,
I frighten from their fesucta caro of bats
and other birds of sfeht, with an occa
sional pigeon or a flock, of songsters which
have corse thereto bufid thairnpsta.
When I get the rape runnlns firaa
through the small apctuse I make a slmg
in one end, don my working clothes, and
a trusty friend by means of block and
tackle hoists me to my plan aria In mid
air. Then I basin to senme orpaint, as
the case may be, heedJingrnoThtrtg that ia
going on about me. High up in tho nir
the sounds of earth are lost to mo, and
were it not for the occasional Kcrcamins; of
tho birds circling my head I would bo tir
ing und working in a world of aQanca. I
never look down, for if 1 did I would prob
ably grow dizzy and be daubed to pieces la
afearful Lill to earth." Detroit Free Presa.
Kcapo mt) I Uty.
"I'm so sorry to go," said a Tadyv after
making a long afternoon call, "butl prom
ised to be homo bofc-rc tea."
"Oh, do stay, and. I'll cxnlain it to your
husband," Buid the hostess, who had just
been urging the same invitation.
"Don't you do it!" camo her nephew's
voice from the next room. "Doa't let her
lead you into misdemeanors that you will
bo punished for afterward. Sho used to
coax me m just that same way and then I
had to suffer for it "
"onsecM, Henry!" said his aunt.
"That's nothing but a yarn Don't tka
any notice of it, Mrs. BelL but stay to tea."
"You fee, when I was hero in school,"
pursued tho ruthles nephew, "wo lived out
of town, and I waa expected to bo at homo
every night beforo dark. Once a week I
used to run in to call on auntie, and nbu
always persuaded ma to stay to taa, and o
go homo in the evening; and whati I said
father would settle with me afterward sho
used toiuy, 'Oh, just stay, aad I'll takatba
"Well, didn't she take it?" asked the
"Yes." was tho reply; "nhe took tha re
HDonsibility, but I tools the whipping!"
A very smooth looking individual ruohed
up to the deak of the Grand Pacific hotel
and addresKd Clcri: Gorea. "ttiva ma
twenty-fivo cents quick for a special pur
pose," Gores foiled to recognize the applicant as
a guest of tho hauKe, and replied taut ha
did not loan money for spiaI.purposes.
"But this is a special purpose. Glva it
to roe quick. I um an old friaxul of Mr.
"What Is the special jmrpwer"
The applicant coughed to gain time to
think, and in on injured tone rnpliedx "I
see you doubt me, sir The fact is, I owo a
man $100, and I find I hava jast 9.75 in
my pocket. Ke is gauag away on a train
in a minute and is waiting for me outaide.
Give me tho quarter "
Gores coughad to ain thne to think,
and then pulling a dollar from bis pocket
said. "AH right. Hapoy to abliga ysu.
I haren't a quarter in chancre, bat you
give me ywxr Be-rcnty-Crra cent and FH
give yoa the daJkic"
The applicant did not reply, bst with a
look like that of a dying fawn he turned
mournfully away and walked slowly out
of tho door. Cbicagp Pest.
An EplMdo of th Slrtropolia.
A tall elderly German, with a full gray
beard, coma oat of the poMtof&ce about 'J
o'clock in the afternoon and started acroM
Park row Before he r u ',ed the curb
stone a man rushed up to him, deftly drew
his gold watch from his vext packat, wrong
it off the chain aai. started to ran. Beforo
he got beyond anna' length, however, tha
old gentlemen collared him. Tha man
c -oily handed back the wntcii and Raid, "I
ain't done nothin ' "Polieai" shouted
the old man, still wctining bis grip on tha
thief's collar. There was. co poUessnan In
sight, but the thief did not wait to ee one.
With a quick rcsoretrMOt he wrtbdnrw hhn
tt from the coat end ran off through tba
fast gathering crowd. Tmt old man stood
speechlew for a moment or two, with his
watch in cue hand and tha thief s cunt la
the other. Then he rfowly walked off up
Park row, carryins the aoat with him.
New York Time.
One of the pigmies whom Stanley dis
covered Ja Africa fell ia krr with youaz
Dr Parke ot tae expedition. Ehe wcuhi
not kak at Stanley, bu insisted opooaleap
mgattb dacr of tha doctor's test and
wanted to take him with her toherfsadry.
A Qartlort vf Cholc.
Cio, I shall rwfvz r&arry saj man.'
"Of coarse," be rvp&exl as he took his
Ragle glcas from boa eye, "but what's
the iatr vi'Ji you marrying mAp'
A Keoenl Breaker.
"So ttsst dg baa a record, ha be?
"Xiilin' ex.. H killed the cxi with
J una Mree." Sliraiscy Weekf.
Cklc tf; . Jtvaftoo.
WJe Wkttde yoc auppas bafcyfe
Tbe Druie I 'spate h' tisSakfcssrwkat
i crj abcut to-nijjlfc. lif e.