Newspaper Page Text
Site WLltWuX $xfy gutfe: ffttcTag Wamim, &ugwst 1, 1890.
Something About the ato Bro. Gen.
Charles Roomo Items.
The late Gen. Charles Roome, as a Ma
son, held the dignities of master of Kane
lodge, grand master of the state lodge of
the state of NewYork, and afterward of the
national lodge of Knights Templar. Ho re
tired from this last office shortly before hi3
illness. He -was a member of Jerusalem
chapter 8, R. A. M.; was past high priest
and past commander of Cueur de Lion com
mandery, and an honorary thirty-third de
gree member of both the northern and
southern jurisdictions of the Scottish Rite
Masons of the United States. His las$
words -were an inquiry about the health of
a sick friend.
Stephen Girard lodgo No. 450, of Phila
delphia, held a stated meeting recently at
which out of fourteen living past mastera
nine were present.
Since the union of the ancient and mod
ern grand lodges of Massachusetts in 1793
there have been only eleven recording
An English clergyman has been visiting
the Druses on Mount Lebanon, and has
been admitted to their closest confidence.
As a result he has discovered that Masonic
feigns and practices are common among
them, and hence he believes that their an
cestors took part in tho building of King
Solomon's temple. This is interesting if
In a lodge minntc of June 20, 1754, it is
htated that a Bro. Cryer was "hauled over
the coals," and that the members agreed
that ho "should not at j.ny time hercifter
have any vote in any matter, cauie, or
anything whatever, for it was thought tho
said Bro. Cryer behaved extremely ill, and
absolutely broke through the laws in re
fusing to pay one bottle of wine for enter
ing into the holy state of matrimony.
A Royal Arch chapter, to bo worked in
the French language, has been warranted
The Lodge of Antiquity is the oldest in
Canada, having been founded in 17o2 v. ith
a traveling warrant obtained from the
grand lodge of Ireland by Masons in the
old Forty-ninth regiment.
When lodges meet regularly in London
it is computed that 230 Masonic meetings
are held during the week.
Tho Freema&on, London, reports that
during tho half year to IMaich 31, 1S90,
warrants for su. new Mark lodges and
three new Ark Mariner lodges were grant
ed. At the same date the tot.il number of
registered Mark Masons under the Mark
grMid lodge was 2G.G37, and tho number of
Ark Mariners was 3,041. Grand lodge has
invested funds to the umount of 9,100.
The new United grand lodge of Victoria,
Australia, in adopting its constitution de
fined "pure ancient Masonry to consist of
the entered apprentice, the fellow craft,
the master Mason, the mark master Ma
son and the supreme order of the Holy
The introduction of tho royal arch de
gree into Ireland has leeu credited to Law
rence Dermott, and thero does not appear
to be nm thi:g of sufficient consequence to
gain&sy this. As to tho exact date of its
iniroduction opinion is less certain; but
the evidence is ample to show that the
"higher degrees" wore conferred until a
comparatively recent date under a lodgo
Bro. Henry B. Grant, grand secretary of
the grand lodge, and grand higj prieat of
the grand chapter of Kentucky, who has
been since 18S3 the editor of Tho Masonic
Homo JonriKil. lradu adieu to its columns
in the issue of June 12. Bro. Grant has
been a hard worker, an able editor, and his
sayings arc widely copied.
Tho Presbyterian and Secret Societies.
The following resolution was adopted at
the recent United Preabytcriau General
assembly at Buffalo:
"Your committee are of the opinion that
we should emphasize more than wo are
now doing the position which we hold, as a
church upon tho question of secret societies.
Wo are happy to reDort the names of prom
inent and influential ministers of our
church who were identified wit h the anti
secret convention recently held in Chicago
under the auspices of the American Chris
tian association. But in face of the many
evils growing out of tho lodge system and
in view of the fact that our country's fu
ture welfaro would seem to depend upon,
tho overthrow of this system of iniquity,
we would recommend that all our pastors
and sessions bo enjoined to unfurl the
banner of our church upon this question,
so that tho church may be recognized
everywhere as not in name only but also
in reality a factor in tho reform that would
seek to rid tho world of the oath bound
ImproeI Order of TIpiI Mrn.
Savannah, Ga., has a new Tribe of Red
Men instituted in that city with eighty
Tho Red Men of California have taken
on new life after a long sleep, and the or
der bids fair to boom again in the Golden
Tho Chieftains league, the Uniform
Branch of Improved Order of Red Men,
lias been reorganized in Atlanta and their
uniforms are ver handsome.
Ivnlglits and Ladle of Industry.
The grand treasurer submitted his quar
terly report to the board of trustees at
their last, session in St. Louis as follows:
Total moneys received from all sources,
$365.80; disbursements, $233.23; on hand
April 1, 1S90, $3,342.37, which amount is to
be deposited in bank on interest as direct
ed by the board.
The thirty-MSventh annual meeting of
the grand lodge of the Indepondeut Order
of Good Templars of Pennsylvania con
vened not long ago at Warren. About 100
delegates were present. Over $7,000 was
j?e: dories' the year in missionary work.
THE PRODUCTION of an abundant
growth of hair, of a silk-like texture
and of tho original color, often results
from the use, by those who ha e becoma
bald or gray, of Ayer's Hair Vigor:
" I was rapidly becoming gray and
bald ; but after" using two or threo
bottles of Ayer's Hair Vipor my hair
grew thick and glossy and the origi
nal color was restored.' M. Aldrich,
Canaan Centre, X. II.
" A trial of Ayer's Hair Vigor has con
vinced me of its merits. Its us has
not only caused the hair of my wife and
daughter to be abundant and glossy, but
it ha3 given my rather stunted mus
tache a respectable length and appear
ance." It. Britton, Oakland, Ohio.
" I have used Ayer's Hair Vigor for
the past four or five years and nnd it a
most satisfactory dressing for the hair.
It i ill that I could desiie, being harm
less, causing the hair to retain its
natural color, ami requiring but a small
quantity to render the hair easy to ar
range." Mrs. M. A. Bailey, 9 Charles
st., Haverhill, Mass.
r's Hair Vigor,
Dr. J. C. Ayer &c Co., Lowell, Mass.
od by Druggists sod l'erf tuners.
HOW A LADY LOVES IN TEXAS.
I love you desrert, vd&i all my soul.
With the serves otmy-hcain, the blood f toy
I give you tho perfect,, the absolute -whole,
Since I noror could giro it In part
I Trorship the glotr of your manly strength,
I hold you a prophet! aprlncsl aJdngl
But I will not study you more at length
To find you a meaner thing.
Ton tafca my no -with a tragedy air,
As best becometh your blonde physique;
You aro perCaotly grand in thia Che despair,
I could iratch aa a day or a week.
An ebb must follow the hoariest swell.
And. passion's wave leaves a barren shore.
Your hsart will be broken, you cry. Ah well,
X should love you so mucfc tho more.
CEDErC TEE WISE.
In that town of our dear land of Eng
land,, in tho which 1 was bora and grew up
to manhood, tho folk are wont to tell many
tales aaent the good King Alfred. Albeit
those who dwelt tie same tons as that
good king have-had sons and daughters,
and these in their turn children and theso
again yet other children, and so on till the
years be -many that lie betwiri onr time
and his, yot does the rehownf King Al
fred labt among us, and is rfoken of even
now. He it was who fought ishe wicked
Danes and bpat them, driving them all out
of our country to their own, save only
those whom he slew so that they could
work no more wo; and this, lndeed,i3 the
only sure way to fcrefend against a Dane
doing ill, for they aro of a truth bad men
and given to all -manner of knavery and
Xow my father naa often told'to me how
that when King Alfred had driveibout the
Danes he ruled so wisely and so wtell that
men could hang chains of gold and jewels
b7 tho roadside, nnd there they wouHjstay
untouched savo by him who owned them.
And thia wu3 so not because thoro were. no
evil jnen in the. land for these aro every
where to bo found eava in the kingdom of
I our Lord alone hat because doomsmen
j were set up by the king, before whom wero
haled ail who did not righteously, and ac
j cording to- their faults they wore doomed.
It followed in its course that among theae
doomsmen some were wiser than others
and more even handed; but among them
all was none to bo found more righteouo
and more blameless in his findings than
Cedric, tho son of Hcnd.
In Reading was his dwelling, and over
the men of that borough ho sat In tho
doomsman's chair every day in the church
yard,setting straight that which was crook
ed and uplifting the small against the
great, tho feeble folk against the strong
Now the talk of his righteousness spread,
as when a stone drops in a mere the ripples
of it spread until they touch the shore, so
that oven to the king's ears came the name
of Doomsman Cediic, the son of Hend.
And tho king said unto himself: "Per
chance these be but fond tidings which aro
told to me, and yet again thero may bo
truth in them; but strange it is that a man
should bo not only so righteous but so
wise that none make plaint touching any
of the dooms he gives forth," and ho
so pondered over this thing that in tho ond
he habited himself like unto a simple
knight at arms, and rode forth from Lon
don, taking the high road to Reading to
see for himself what manner of man this
Cedric might be. Ditton he passed and
"Windsor also, ;ind wheiever he tarriedfor
the night as folk ate their supper he heard
them talk as they quaffed their ale or
mead of Cedric tho Doomsman and the
wonder of his wisdom and his rightful
ness, until the king began to grow hot
within him at tho endless babble, as it
seemed to him, concerning the worthinea
of this ono man.
So he rode until ho came to Staines, and
as he was about to pass over the bridge ho
saw, lying in the dust at the wayside, a
beggar, habited in rags, and begging alms
from tho passers by.
"Help mo, oh, stranger!" said the beggar.
"With all my heart," answered the king,
and took from his pouch throe pennies,
which he gave to tho beggar.
"Help me, oh, strangerl" quoth once
mora the beggar.
"Thou art a greedy varletl" said the
king; "what more dost thou want?"
"I am old and weak," answered the beg
gar. "Wilt thou not set mo behind thee
on thy horse and carry me to Reading
"With all my heart!" replied once more
the king, and straightway set him foul as
he was upon his horse, and in that wise
rode over tho bridge and along tho high
road into the town of Reading. As they
went down the High street tho king said
to tho beggar, "Where wilt thou that I s4
To which made answer tho other: "Nay,
but rather where wilt thou that I set thee
"Thou art a saucy varlet," quoth the
king; "and it would bo using thee not un
scurrily wero I to pitch thee off nry horso
into the runnel there by tho sido of ua."
"Hast thou tho face to call it thy horse'"
quoth tho beggarman. "Thou shameless
thing! thou knowest well the horse belongs
"Thy horse?" shouted the king.
"Ay! mine," said the beggar.
"Wo will see about that," said the king.
"We truly will," said the beggar, and
with that he made a loud outcry, calling
aloud: "Thief! thief!" so that they who
passed by stopped and, wondering at the
noiae, askod who might be the thief, and in
what tho beggar, who was a foreigner to
them nl), had been wronged.
Then both the beggar and the king told
each his talc Nowthe tale of the beggar
was in this wise: That he, riding toward
the town of Reading, had met the king,
albeit he knew not, nor did the Reading
men, tluit he was a king, but thought him
a simple wayfarer, and seeing ho wa3
afoot and weary, had offered to him to
ride before him on his horse. "Tho
which," said the beggar, "does he now,
with foul threats and evil knocks, try to
take by force from me, saying it is his
own, though it is plain to be seen that I
am old and weak and he is young and
And after the king li3d told his truthful
tale, how that it vas he who had been rid
ing toward the town and had in kindness
set the beggar behind him and holpen him
on his way with bur scurvy payment for
hi pains, the men of Reading were soro
beset in their minds as to which of the
twain might bd the truth taller .and which
the liar. After some had talked" this way
and some that, an elder among them said:
"Let us halo them both and also the horse
before Cedric, our doomsman. and he will
tell us which we shall believe."
Nothing loath was the king, nox did tho
beggar dare to say them nay, and so it
came to pas thai in no great while they
stood before Cedric, the son of Hend, in
the church yard here his sea wa. But
they were not tho first comers, and so had
to wait until two trials had been held. The
first waa a quarrel between- a scrivener and
a hedger concerning a woman. The scriv
ener said that sh e "was his wife, and had
been taken from him by tho hedger, and
the hedger, indeed,, said no; that she tad
always bovm his wife, and that the scriver
er had no lawful right to her. The woman
said nothing, whereat all marv.eled. When
each had told his thia Codric pondered and
said: "Leave the woman here and return,
eaeh of you. on the morrow,"- and they
went away leaving the woman.
Next came a fiesher and a rsiHer, the
miller holdings in his hardasamofimoiicy.
"I went," raid he, "at noon to th fiesher
to buy meat for my household, an when
the time came for mo to pay him I drew
from my pouch these coins of sflvt, the
which, when the flesfaex saw, he made&as if
tolntoh trul tont nt hKthA.Tnr: t-i. arUlt
bsth'et us ere nowcoH3Wf3rayoav2KJm
ing my silver and ha elafejhing-misrist.
Hosaya-thB silver ia&a. Isartiiiamtne.
Yet do Xta&ks oath-that-to-me andnot to
him doash "belong."
Then sssd the esher:
"Nay, hat fids mu lies. He cams-.to my
house aa life say, bat that is alLfche truth
there is la his &&. When ha bad taken
his meat i caked tse vhethse I had silver
to give to Mm in place si gold coin. 'Ay,'
quoth I, and laid out on my fisUxig'olock
a handful ofp silver coins, whioS, when he
saw, he caught up with his hand, and so
was making 2 when I clutched him by
the wrist and titled him before thee, .our
doomsman. To, this will I make oath and
Bay that he, the miller, is arosne end a
rascal, while last em upright man and the
rightful owner-of therfdlyer."
And when the doomsman asked it of
them, each of the twain, the flfwhftr and
the miller, etude to his tale, nor altered it
a jot. Then gnoth the doomsman, "Leave
ye the silver with ma and coma again on
the morrow." And they want their own
Thencama forward tie king and the
beggar, and the king said:
"I was riding toward this town, and
when I came to tho bridge of Staines I saw
this man seated by the roadside, and when
he asked me to lift him. on my horse I,
Seeing that he waold and feeble, said yes
with good heart .and carried him into this
town of yours, in the which he waa no
sooner come than he claimed my bursa to
my own face, saying that it was his and
not mine. 'This on the word of one who
tries to bo a righteous man is the truth, oh,
And the beggar:
"I was riding toward the town on thia
my horse when I met this young man,
who, saying he was nigh dead from hard
going, asked me to help him on his way.
With a good heart I did so, putting him
before mo on the horso; toot when we wero
come into the High street ha roguishly
claimed of me my horseand when I would
not give it up he had me baled before thee.
This on the word of an old and righteous
man is the troth, oh. doomsman!"
Said Cedric, "Leave the horse here with
me and come again on the morrow."
So the king and the beggar went their
own ways, and on tho morrow were in tho
church yard, as were the others also, to
hear the doom that Cedric would give.
The scrivener and the hedger were called.
Take thy wife, scrivener," said Cedric,
"and let the ears be cut from off the
So tho hedger lost his ears and the Bcrir
ener gained his wife, and yet some said
their lots wero equal.
Then were called tho fiesher and the
"Take thy silver, miller," said Cedrio,
"and let tho right hand be cut from off tho
So the miller got his silver and the
fiesher lost his hand.
Thon the king and the beggar were
"Come with me," said Cedric to the king,
and he took him to a stable hard by where
wero a score of horses. "Pick out thine
own horse," said Cedric; and the king did bo.
Then Cedric sent for the beggar ard said
to him: "Pick out thine own horse from
among a scoro of horses:" and the beggar,
whose eyes were keen and whoso arts were
nimble, picked out the king's horse.
"Now," said Cedric, "como both of you
to tho doomsman's seat," and when they
wore gathered there once more Cedrio said
to the king:
"Take thy horse and let the old man be
And the king marveled at tho wisdom of
the doomsman, and said to him: J
"Now I know that all I have heard Is
truth. Thou art as full of wisdom as is an
egg of meat. Know then that I am King
Alfred;" and when Cedrio had bowed hia
knee before him the Icing said:
"Tell me, I pray thee, how thou gavest
such rightful doom, for I dare swear that
thou dealt as righteously with the scrive
ner and the miller aa with me."
"All threo were but small matters, oh,
king," said Cedric, "but this was tho
manner in which I settled them. Thou
sawst how that I kept all night the threo
things anont which there waa a bickering."
"I did," said the king.
"Woll," said Cedric, "in the morning I
turned hastily to tho woman and said,
'Smooth mo down a skin, for I need to
write,' and she took a skin and rubbed it
after the fashion of a scrivener's helper,
and then I knew that she belonged to tho
scrivener and not to the hedger, for how
would a hedger'g wife know aught of writ
ing or of making ready skins whereon to
" 'Tis well," said the king.
"The silver," said Cedric, "I put in a pot
of waler and left it over night. In the
morning there floated on the top of the
water a fine white dust. Then I knew it
belonged to the miller, whose hands and
clothes were covered with ground wheat,
and not to the fleaher, whoee hands were
greasy with his meats. Had it been his,
oil and not dust would have been on the
" 'Tis very well," said tho king. "And
"Truly therein I had pains to find the
truth. For though of course thou knewest
thy beast among the score, and doubtless
wouldst have known him amid an hun
dred, yet when I called the beggar in bo
did he, too, and I was puzzled."
"Then didst thou but guess the truth?"
said the king.
"Nay," replied Cedric. "To guess is not
true wisdom. 1 Baw that while the beggar
knew the horse, yet did the horse not know
him. Yet thee it know, and whinnied
when thou earnest aqigh to it; and so I
gave thee and hanged the beggar."
The king pondered awhile, and then
"Truly, Cedric," quoth he, "thou art
better fit to be king and I to be doomsman.
And yet I know not; for while I make a
passing good king I fear me I should make
a passing bad doomsman." Horace Town
send in Independent.
It wa.s stated at the meeting of the Na
tional Physical Recreation society, which
took place in London, that the average
height of artisans in populous districts is
two and a half inches less, &t the age of
SO, than that of people in tha provinces,
tnd that the average weight of laborers in
towns is eighteen pounds to twenty pounds
less than that of young men at the uui
"Why He "Wa There
Prison Missionary My poor fellow, what
are you in here for'
Prisoner For net havin enough political
influence to git me out. Life.
trriKTn r jttvr Tear tm
The Greeks transmitted tha eustcm la
the Romans and the Remans aq
early Britons, The Roman present Vv
called Btrcsca, whence tha Trnvr tsss
etrennejft New Year's gifS)-I5rr Goads
AM TJMEWAEDED HERO.
SAVED SEVENTEEN UVE8 AT A CRIT
ICAL TIME IN THE WAR.
He Is a Native of Greece and JLives la
Allegheny, pa. He Is Anxious to Sleet
gome of the 2Ien Whose Uves He Saved.
The Story ofthe Deed as Told by Himself.
In making the calls aa census, enumerator
at the residences of the people in the Third
ward, Allegheny, Henry Hand: called at
a house on Ferry street, end f sfter mak
ing the usual inqtririesbont- tho social
condition of the family tie young lady
who answered his questiais'fitecfced that her
father, Demetrius Gteae, hd been en
gaged in the Iste war, 'and took active part
in tha engagement between tibe Confeder
ate ironclad Merrimscvid tha Monitor.
The enumerator bad hftHiiatilr. George
saved the lives of seventeen Bailors of the
warship Cumberland. In lie enumera
tor's report to the authorities at Washing
ton he stated this fact. This was how tho
story leaked out.
Mr. George was found at his home, No.
97 Ferry street, and when asked to tell of
his connection with tfee bottle said he did
not wish anything published about his ac
tion during the conflict. He was finally
prevailed upon to tell the story of his
rescuing the men.
Mr. George is a native of Thessaly, and
speaks Eagiiah with a Greek accent, but
related the story very graphically never
theless. The deed -yhioh be performed
never received any official recognition from
the naval authorities, bat all who were en
gaged in the great battle will doubtless re
member tho daring deed of Mr. George,
who ever after waa called the "Greek
Hero." At tho age of 14 Mr. Gecge left
his home and took up the life of a seaman.
After traveling around the world five times
he came to America and made his heme in
New York. Life on shore had none of tho
fascinating charms for him that the more
adventurous life of a seaman possessed,
and he became restless again and returned
to his first love. He engaged as a sailor on
a merchant ship plying between New York
and the East Indies. The ship had a large
cargo of goods to sail with; but just at this
time the war broke out, and the captain,
named Webster, concluded not to sail In
stead the ship started for tha Bouth, where
things were assuming a llvoly aspect. The
captain disposed of hte cargo and offered
his ship to the United States for service.
THE MEBBUIAG'S FffiST TIGHT.
Mr. George accompanied the vessel to the
scene of action, ah6ut seven miles above
Fortress Monroe, to a place called Newport
NewB, where tho Union soldiers were es
tablished in a fort with guns covering the
harbor. The Merrimac was at this time a
wooden vessel, with four broadside and
two pivot guns. One of tho first ships to
go down under tho guns of the Merrimac
was Capt. Webster's. After the destruc
tion of this boat Mr. George offered his
services to the Union navy, but as he was
a foreigner they would not allow him to
enlist at this time. He went to the port at
Newport News and assisted the forces
there. The story in which he figured
prominently is best told by himself. He
"The southerners had raised tho Merri
mac and made it an ironclad gunboat,
which made it the most formidable foe the
Union gunboats had. to contend with. Tho
Cumberland returned to Newport News
then, and made preparations for an attack
from the gunboat. The Merrimac came
out a few days afterward and steamed up
the bay, and the Cumberland started down
to meet the queer looking craft. All the
crew thought tho battle would be brief,
and a few well directed shots from the
Cumberland would sink the boatr but they
were sadly mistaken. Tho Merrimac came
up boldly, and when both boats were op
posite tho fart at Newport News they be
gan to open up fire fiercely. The Merri
mac was mojnted with two guns on each
of the four sides of its square deck.
"The Cumberland directed four side and
two pivot guns on what they thought was
a frptna house erected on a flut hull, but
with no effect. The crew of the Cumber
land became badly disconcerted at not see
ing tho gunboat go down under the Bteady
fire, and they all became panic stricken
and ran about the boat in grc.it excitement.
I was in the fort at the time, carrying am
munition to the gunners, who had six largo
guns directed at the Merrimac, which with
stood the fire unflinchingly. The tide was
fast going out, nnd with it the Cumber
land swung around and placed itself in
such a position that it could not use the
broadside guns. A few well directed Bhots
from tho Merrimac put a largo gap in the
Cumberland, which filled the bold of the
vessel in a few minutes, and the boat went
down, drowning a great number of the
"The masts and rigging if the ship re
mained above the water when the ship
sunk, and on thin a number of the crew
sought to save thwnsehes. The seamen
went to the tep of, the mavts and remained
in that position while the once stanch craft
disappeared beneaVh the,w3ters. The gun
ners on the McrriraPc, "noticing th sailors
in the riggra. turnv! tWir guns on them
and tried to oust them from the temporary
shelter the rigging afforded them, bat the
aim was erring and the rebels saw that it
was only a waste- of powder and sheBL
They then concentrated their forces on the
fort, leaving one gun still banging away at
tho sailors in the rigging of the Cumber
land. "I saw no person make any attempt at
rescuing the sailors. So I asked permission
of the commander cf tho forces in the fort
to take a small gig out to the sunken ship
to rescue the men from the rigging of the
sunken vessel. The position of the Cum
berland at this time was directly opposite
the fort and between the fort and the Mer
rimac A heavy fuslllado of cannon balls
whizzed back and forth over the mast of
the ship, since the Merrimac had opened
upon tho fort, and the sailors were in im
minent peril all this time. I got the boat
out and pulled hard for the wreck. The
men began to bo discouraged and two of
them fell from the rigging to the water,
never to come up again.
"After considerable exertion I reached
the wreck just as a marine fell from ex
haustion cad loss of blood,, which was
canned by a wound he recedTed from apiece
of a flying ahelL I reached" out my hand
to &ave him. As he descended I grabbed
him by the coat and lrfteAklm inf the gfg.
The rest of the men-were successful in get
ting down into tho boat. There wera
seventeen of them in slL
"Ws succeeded in landing safely, and
hod tha sailers taken to the hoepital, where
they soon rccoverea, anc again started ont.
To seventeen survivors cf the Cumber
land's crew of 400 returned to New York
alter they had participated in several other
engagements at Newport and fortress
Monroe, and were tendered & testimonial
at one of the theatres there. I had papers
concerning the opening engagements of
the Merrimao and the CuinWlaxd. but
thse were lost in the Chicago fire of 1S7L
I would like to cosunnnfcat? with any of
them if they still live; but as I hTe lost
the records this makes it impossihle."
The Manser la TTklch TfcastAfen ot Old
KJZZxO. Tfceir Xaoa.8 Paper.
The practice of sienfas a a-ncde cf Jt
Isg formal $asen to -vel'ea ccstracts or
ch&riers is as eld sj, -ai4 Jm oa sense
older, than tha art cSwajfrgrfcteg. wiwrtg
all people the act ti stHbsir.g daeo
ment ws a5ceijJifeS&ed sjlk-Bace glK
ate psrea titixsr ySra.jB wkh
the signet risg-fc7 carried,, y rnHsv
tng thepsnesa'of irignfrrfr pTm c4hr
rude devtcs. QK5S?h0's &xxg
i.Tirf WjT-a tsA
Gibbon &MQtms as adopted byTheoclerie,
the greaS Qrttdeoih- king f Iial? He
hadagoil pirtemade cdwifea i&3 first
few letteasel ins t 1 1 j L'.-aata etat in Greek
characters,. fl2dw$e 4 papas' tad to be
sjjpedby iiim the. .piaiawsar laid hpon it
and big majesty; passing tho pen along
the paper La th3intffigtte99.gr! the metal,
traced by these means the royal Ejgn&tnn,
which ho could never remember in any
A still more barbarous and ungainly de
vice was that- which wad isrented, or at
least practiced, by the Stirkisa sultans of
Iconium, when that cMy was their capital.
They simply dipped tar hand In the
bowl of ink presented to hem, and lay
ing It fiat upon the Fager or papyrus lef t
the indelible impress of it in gigantic and
conspicuous outlines. A somewhat simi
lar habit is reported from Farther India,
were land owners are; or were at a recent
date, accustomed to dip their thumbs In
the sandal dye,, and by presng it on the
paper leave their sign maaaaL or as in this
case, it woald perhaps be termed their
This is tha case with tb-sBJehs who can
not even write their names but itis-said
that in another part c India a Brahmin
that waa highly edneaed resorted to a
practice yctt Us that of the lconian sul
tans whenever it was Lis intention to make
a very generous and comprehensive grant,
the character of which bo ttought would
be the bast typified by a mark made with
the open hand smearad with Ink. The
origin of the mark with which Illiterates
now sign is enveloped in some doubt; but
it would be quite wrong to suppose that
the cross they now uso was employed in
very early times. On tho contrary, it is
said that for many centuries after the
"Dark Ages" those who could not afford
to wear a ring or keep a signet used to
make a special and peculiar rnajrk, such as
an arrowhead, in wlnph it w8 supposed,
and perhaps rightly, that their autographs
could be recognised. St. Louis Republic.
Got Bid of the Pigeons.
An American farmer once brought into
the Philadelphia market a cart load of pig
eons that ho had snared. It nappened that
several other fanners had aiready brought
in cart loads of pigeons, and the market
After he hod failed to sell them at tho
full price the farmer offered the birds at
half price. Thero were no purchasers.
Finally, not wishing to cart the pigeons
home again.iws offerefl to eve them away.
"They must bo stale," tho people said,
"or else ho wouldn't offer them for noth
ing." Seeing that the people would not have
his pigeons at all, ho farmer, determined
to be- rid of them, started through the
streets, dropping three or four of them out
of the cart every few rods; bwt the people
picked them up and ran after him, and
ahouting, "Here, man, youVo losing your
pigeons JP threw them back into the cart.
The farmer was at his wits' end for a
moment, but presently hit upon the very
way to be rid of his load. He drove up to
the edge of the street, leaned back against
his cart and pretended to be asleep, and in
stantly man, woman and child set to work
and stole everyone of the pigeonsP"n
caange. " "
The Letters I S. on TLcgnl Documents.
Tho letters "L. S.," surrounded by a
square or circle, on legal documents stand
for "loouR tnn1H " th" nla of tho seal.
and EASY LABOR
srrof0S AGE PILLS
Recommended by leading Physicians
Purely Vegetable and perfrcuy
harmless. Sold by all Iru(?lfl9t,or
Bent, poBt-paid. in plain wrapper on
receipt of S. Write for circular.
T1XK oiage mnicnECO,
Charles Lawrence, 102 East
Yan Werden & Co., 32S jSTorth
Gus Saur, 024 East Douglas
Coal, Gravel Roofing, Roofing and
TELEPHONE NO. 104.
18th. St. and 4th Ave. Wichita, Kan
REAL ESTATE AGENTS.
We carry complete JJne of all Id ndi of Boo It
and Blanks, such as are used by Real Estate Attsnt
consisting of Dewlit, Mortg&sek, Abstract. Kecelpt
Book, i0teBook8. Rent Keilt'T. Notary Public
Records and Blanks, Contract Book. Pocket Real
EetAte Books for Farm and City Property. tc Or
ders by mall promptly attended to. Address
THE WICHITA EAGLE,
J. P, ALLEN,
Eyerything Kept in a Fircfclass Drug Store
108 EAST DOUGLAS ATE.
WICHITA, - - - KAX.
DAVIDSON & CASE
John Davidson, Pioneer Lumberman
of Sedgwick County.
ESTABLISHED :-: IN :: 1870.
A Complete Stock of Pine Lumber,
Shingles, Lath, Doors, Sash,
etc., always on hand.
OSce acd ;rds a MoJey aresce, berwrea
CoogUa aremte asd Tim street. Unsafe yar4 at
L nica Cby. OklafccsiA CSty aid 1 Ucio. lad. Tex.
M.'W.Lrrr. Prra. A.TOirm,Vj
U. T. KRAMIH, Xms.1 C&iltar.
Wichita National Bank.
PAZP UP CAPITAL.
SBKFLUS. - .
S. H. JCaia. a."W- pim v vr ism, l. a. vto
tpa. S. T Teia.S.J. SUltUUr, ST. &. Tsok.r.
D&a General JBankltrgf, CcUfctiixrj
Eastern and Fonrfarn Bxchanjre
bouffht and sold. United Statu bsd
of all dexpznlnatioss beoxht end told.
County, ToTTCuhij am luiniciyU
THE WICHITA EAGLE
Jlf. 21, MurdocJi Bro., Proprietors.
PRINTERS, BINDERS AND BUM BOOK MIS,
All kinds of county, township and school district
records and blanks. Lccal blanks of eTery des-
cription. Complete stock of Justice's dockets and
blanks. Job printing of all kinds. We bind la-w
and medical journals and magazine periodicals of all
kinds at prices as lor as Chicago and If cw York and
guarantee work just as rood. Orders sent by mall
will be carefully attended to. Address all business to
R. P. MUKDOCK,
3. O. DAVIDSON. PrJd?al, T. T. nABOOCK. Yleo President.
THOS. Q. fTTCH. Secretary aad Treasurer.
DAVIDSON INVESTMENT GOMPANY.
PAID-UP CAPITAL $300,000.
DIRECTORS John Qulncy Adams, John C. Derst, Chas. C Wood, O. A
Walker, Thos. G. Fitch. John E. Sanford, W. T. Babcock.
W. E. Stanley and J. O. Davidson.
$5,000,000 LOASFED IN SOUTHERN KANSAa
-oney always on Sand for Improved Farm and City Loans.
Office witli Citizens Bank, cor. Main and Douglas, Wichita, Kan
When ordering state WHAT form Is
L. C. JACKSON
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in all kinds of
nthracite and Bituminous Coal
AND : ALL : KINDS : OF : BUILDING : MATERIAL.
Slain Office 112 South Fourth Avenue. Branch OQlcc 133 North Main Street
Yards connected vritk all railroads in the city
577 Miles - J JOS Minutest
via SANTA FE ROUTE.
Vestibule Pm.LiiAN Sleepers.
VEbTinui.B Diking Cars,
Free Kbclimxg Chair Caks.
Inqnlre of W. D. Murdock, local Rent
for further specimens of railroad mathe
matics. it. Powell, Prwiilent. It. T. Hkav. V. Pre.
F. W. VALLrn, Jr- CaUitor.
Fourth National Bank.
WICIfl TA . KA NSA S.
PAID UP CAPITAL,
SURPLUS, - - -
It T n'lin. E n. Powell, O. D. IUrnet. U U. CMo
AmoM I.. Hook. F. W. Waller. O. V. Lrr)aar.J
lIor?e, B. O. Grayca.
B. Lomdako. JIU
I D SKVfSKH
TV. H. I.irtKfftON.
State National Bank.
OF WICHITA, KAN.
John B. CrT. 0orc W WaJtnr, VT. F. Ora,
J.P. AHM..KHrrt,J M.AU.P. . H-ahr. B,
Iabard.Jr Potor jOo. L. D. Stlaikar. Jsmmm
! on parti.
V?ot a cooV
WTafit a partar
VT&at a liloaUon.
TVact a rraat rlrL
Waal to fll a farm,
Wast to tell a boa.
Waal to tjf or tt toek,
"Want a food ber A'g bona.
VTant to .fil plasu or rrsin,
Want to U rreoart r trar
'Waat to U bosMhoii tuxsjtsr
Want to nak aar lana icn.
Wast to a.U or trvl for aartilaf.
Want to find catotar tor tarUiltz.
RTJJ3 A.WD ADTEHTKE Of OL'R
TWO -:- CM
r oL.ru y
A&rrTti'Arg fetaUM tr- ooiSwrt,
JUjT-rOllBT lK& M csaloa&fen,
jLdTerUalCa- lKrrlrr lr part.
A.dTrtl1i; tnJta iMt 7.
Adrrr:ts- U fo-af X r&rrrr
XdrcriKs sraA "Mi."
Tr3s at WfchSta- StarfieW. "Wellinc
ton. Ilarp-rr, Attiaju urJi I'UIa,
Aathoay, Arkivr- CUj, Aodalo v3
Our SctUe Hook .r I'rinted on Good
Single Book $ 75
Three Books 2 00
Six Books , 373
Single Book by mail, prepaid .... fc5
THE WICHITA EAGLE,
It. P. MURDOCH, ButiinoM Manager.
, Onirfk by mall promptly Hdil in.
VMteoutiNTro with th octtxurwt 00 tmi coor u
oaTAix much iNronMATKi fu a mot cr tm A.r cr TKl
Oucap, M Mand & Pacific
Zsetu'tlnji' X.Idp9 Et nad Writ of U) MlB-r
BiTr Ina JiUiy ) , lo ant from CHICAOt .
BOCK IBLAHli 'AVKNJ'ORT. 18 HOIMUU.
COUNCIL. BL.rrri WATXRTOWjr, SIOUX
TAZXJ. MRf?KA10I.ia. HT VAtTL. HT JCW
EPII, ATCTUBO. r.KAvmrwoiiTH, TCANHAH
CITTf, TOPEKA. XtliWVBlt, COLOitADO BiNOU
and PCFBLO Frre lUdlntnr Clmlr Cr to n4
, from CHICAOO CAI.DWlXJi, mrTCiriNBOM
ami DOIXJE CITY, asd Fal BWvplsr Car tw
twen CHICAGO. WICECTTA and irUTCIIIKBOW.
Dally Train loa&I tram KXKOriSUEA. In Lb
SOLID VESTIBULE EXPRESS TRAINS
of Through Coa ) i 81p4T. nnd Dlnlnr Cam
dftllr btwen Cll t TO, DSH VCtTtKH, COOK
OIL BLUFFS j . i'XAllA. aad IVoa lUollnlr.
Chair Cars t.e . HICACO and DtCt VXR.
COLOHADQH! t and I'CEKLO. Tl at. J-
flh. or Xmwh HDd Topako. xcurale:
tfwJlr. rUb Ibi ' Jloutaa t aad frm Halt
Xok pr rUand. Xxi Ajurle "d 8B FraBf ee.
TIM Direct lAam to o-l from Wk' VtaK. XinS'
tou. Grdo of tha Ooda. U aaattaxtaata, &o4
Bceala Orandaara of Colorado.
Via Tho Albort Loa Route.
GoJJd XxpreM frois dnilr M Cbtcajroanl
AttaacapoUs nod tK. Paul, yrtlb TKHOVOH R.
cllo t bit Chair Car 'nUEEt to aad rrsm iMttv
point aod KuiMC)'r Trsh Chair Car anj
Hip4r bttwrm Peoria, itoirU LV aad QtOdJC
Pall vta U St Itlacd Til rrtU Ua 14
WolnKvn. 8 -njir ) tfca UHsor rt J
HuaUnif aasl Kl la: O round of tfca Xortlwt.
The Bhort Lro tU -. ajd Kcafcslt offr
fadUUaa to traral to aim tritta XncUaaapetla, do
ctoiMUl a&U ottr BouUiarn polala
For Tlokwia. Mapa. JPoldar or trd laJbrma
tfcnt. a voir 7 Coupon DcXt OiSoa. er a4t
E. ST. JOKW. JOHN 3EBASTIAN.
Oval 3anaer Oral Tkt. & Pa, hsr
( irirxwo. ILJ-
QnStriDS trttn tfc v f jfutbti trvrt. rar'T
dwajr. -.;. wp.ittib4.'Iwt I
r.ad a. Ytlustii trvat. a4 eU(U fi
jrUiUrfrbtorur FREEof ' -pt&4ld
K,l work tbro'!- f4 Vjr T
33ta irbo 1 oerrsti aat at4itu.fc4. Addraaa,
Prof. V. C FOTLCIl, Jloodiu, Conn.
I a fMtrtaet.
A UteiM Uoa Mri.
To It I fca4iKML
t- ar ni t ..
Xmi Ja7 Oomt Titer
Eoad aad Aircrtue ia Oer "West (Mas.
TTiB mal pplar ronir l Km
Cttr. 34. Lni asd Glm.x mh tkll
I'trtmt Jt-l a4 Krtk, nkt im Uol
ttprlj Ark- $v OrlM, PltvjaU,
&stl all iMrtttt Samtk .! 2mmt&xL
SOLID DULY TlALTTa
St Lot, Kansas Cky, Pueblo
Palimaii Bnfiet Sleeping Can
COLORADO SHORT LIKE
The 5fcn&2t nHiU to at. Lool.
ZJMU CTTT TO IT LCHJIi.
PallrriAa Jiutfci titceptas Curs. .
irc JiocllalBi: C&ir Cvr.
H. C TOWNEEND.