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TOL. XILX NO. 67.
WICHITA, KANSAS, TUESDAY MORNING AUGUST 5, 1890.
WHOLE NO. 1944.
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THE YEAE'S CHOPS.
THE DAT OF LOW PRICES TOE PAEM
The Disappearance of the "World's
"Surplus Accelerated by Drouths
and toy Failures.
To the Editor of the Easle.
Bad as is the drouth covering so many
states, and deplorable as is the resulting
testruction of the corn and other crops,
and the denuding of the meadows and pas
tures and the hardships and privations
"which it will bring to individuals and com
munities, it is by no means unmixed evil,
as it will hasten, by two or three years,
l-ihat return to higher prices for all the pro
ducts of the farm, so desirable and so much
longed for, and which will result in re
storing to the people a fair degree of pros
perity. The wheat crop of the United States is
certainly not more than 75 per cent of
thatoflSSO, and the corn and oat crop
probably will not exceed GG per cent of the
great crop of that year, yet paradoxical as
t may appear these short crops will, in all
probability, bring more money to the
farmers than did those of 18S9, although
individual farmers and many communities
whose crops are this year total failures,
vvill suffer greatly while other individuals
snjid localities will be benefitted.
It is through the complete elimination of
the reserves of grain throughout the world
that this year of crop failure will, in a
measure, compensate for these individual
and local losses as we shall enter upon the
next (1S91) crop j-ear with every wheat and
at bin and corn crib swept clean, and be
5:111 to consume the crops of 1891 two or
Three curlier months than usual
and this means no surplus at the
end of that year, a continuance
of high prices and the entering upon
the 1S92 crop year with no reserves, and by
the time we have disposed of the crop of
3892 our population will have increased
fully 5,000,000, requiring the product of not
less than 15.000,000 acres more than does the
present population and this means that
wo have seen, in our day and
generation, the last of the low prices for
Tarui products and this inevitable state of
affairs hns been brought about from two
Lo three years sooner than it would have
lieen had the crops of 1890 equalled those
Last year we produced forty-five bushels
of oats and corn for each unit of popula
t ion. This year the product of such grain
will not exceed thirty bushels per capita,
while the annual consumption has, of
late years, been about thirty-nine bushels
per capita. The world's supply of wheat
is in .about the same condition as our sup
ply of feeding grains. For instance,
"Dornbusch" of July 18 states that the
stock of wheat in the hands of English
farmers on that date was 5,000,000 imperial
bushels less than at the same time in 18S9,
and that the stocks of wheat in the
bonded warehouses of the seaports of
France were, at the end of June, 5,744,000
imperial bushels less than in 18S9.
H. Kains Jackson, in a recent issue of
"Dornbusch" says that "each succeeding
year the bread-eating countries of Europe
have less grain and flour in their cup
boards than twelve months previously.
There may bo 10,000,000 bushels more afloat
now than twenty-five years ago, but the re
Kcrves in the hands of farmers, bonded
granaries, and in the flour mills are 140,
000,000 bushels less than then. This steady
reduction of reserves, due to the greater
facilities of transportation, makes the
property seem more plentiful than it is in
ffact, but it is evident the reduction can
not go on forever. Indeed, the process
would seem already to have gone about as
far as it can go, and the result must be a
relative scarcity ere long, the quantity
available being a smaller proportion of
that actually needed."
That the world's product of wheat is
short and that those who are able to hold
their grain eight or nine months will real
ize much higher prices, is iudicated by the
Following resume of European crop pros
pects from data not older than July 15:
"The most stimulating feature of the
wheat market during the past fortuight
has been the active French demand which
has absorbed nearly every cargo of Cali
fornia wheat due to arrive oil the coast
during the next month and invaded Liver
pool itself and carried off a large cargo
from the Mersey to discharge at Havre.
It is evident that the French have run
down their stock to an unusually low
point in anticipation of an early and
abundant harvest, and the weather prov
ing tickle and their native wheat exhaust
ed they had to buy freely to keep their
"Owing to the continued rise in silver,
Indian quotations still advance and Bom
bay wheat, at latest figure, is quite out of
reach for shipment to Liverpool. The of
ferings of Bussian wheat have also much
diminished and prices advanced."
CONDITION' OF Ul'SSIAX CKOrS.
KlKV, July 15. Locusts hive appeared
in large numbers in the neighborhood of
Brovari and crops have suffered much
SlMBRlsH, July 15. The Autumn wheat
is poor, the rye has matured well but the
spring wheat has an indifferent appear
ance. TcniSTOFOL, July 15. The prevailing hot
weather is injuring the spring crops. Bye
liarvasting'has commenced and the yield is
Odessa, July 10. "Wheat further ad
vanced in value from 4S to 6K cents per
bushel and stocks are very small being but
510,000 bushel, while daily receipts are
"Within the last few days the weather
has been evceedingly hot and numerous
complaiuts were heard from the Dneiper
valley of the spring wheat and barley
being burnt or parched by drouth.
A sudden change to rain occurred while
the barley and rye were being cut and its
almost ceaseless fall for three days and
nights seriously obstructed harvest opera
tions and it is believed a great deal of
damage has been done especially in Besar
abia. More recent cable advices from the
American consul at Odessa give a very
dark shade to Russian crop prospects, as
do the latest Russian government esti
mates. HAKVnST PROSPECTS IX MACEDONIA.
Slavonica. Ju y 10. Prospects of the
forthcoming harvest are rather unfavora
ble. In a circuit of forty or fifty miles the
autumn sown crop, especially hard wheat
and barley, through the protracted drouth,
are ahuoet woolly lost. Farmers have
turned their cattle into the rield.s and are
thinking of deniauding government assist
ance. In the outlying districts where rye
and oats are chiefly grown a
moderate hrvast is looked for. The
grain market could not fail to be affected
and speculators are masters of the situa
tion and all export busiuess brought to a
stand by the rapid rise in prices and the
imports of flour, in the last month, have
CROPS IN SPAIS".
"Casas Ibanez, Mup.cia, July 15. The
cereal harvest in this commune, and bar
ley particularly, will yield hardly half a
crop. "Wheat will prove somewhat better
but not so good as was anticipated in
in March, the cold weather of April and
May having injured it greatly."
"Toito, July 16. The cereals will afford
but a medium return and of rather indif
"Barcelona, July 15 Advices from
the producing districts announce
great firmness in prices owing to
the indifferent reports of the (Spanish)
wheat crop current last week being con
firmed. The harvest, in fact, has com
menced in several provinces and now it is
almost a certainty that only half a crop
will be garnered. From this state of affairs
wheat of all descriptions is held with much
"Geneva, July 15. Up to the present
time the weather has been rainy and very
prejudicial to the wheat, many of the fields
being laid and ripening much retarded;
oats are in good condition but still green;
rye cutting will soon begin. The crop is a
little backward and the fields are generally
patchy and much lodged."
Antwerp, July 15. The weather has
been gradually improving and may now
be considered as fairly favorable while a
continued warm and dry spell is now only
needed to secure good crops. The injury
already reported is not likely to affect se
riously the ultimate out-turn. The tone
of the Antwerp grain market has ruled
very firm, wheat having risen while rye
was firmer and sought after; barley
brought higher prices; oats supported val
ues while maize kept firm through a
"The weather of the past week has heen
very variable and stormy with much rain
and a low temperature. Under these un
favorable metorological conditions the
prospects of good cereal crops have more
and more diminished, At Berlin wheat
displayed a stronger tendency and both
Suly and August deliveries ad
vanced materially. Rye has also
ruled higher for near terms (options)."
"The stock is almost disposed of so that
July delivery improved 7 marks and Au
gust 5 marks. At Danzig offers of wheat
have even been smaller than of late and
prices have risen, and at Hamburg stocks
of all kinds of grain are very short as the
new crop will be harvested and arrive
later than expected, and with a brisk en
quiry the values of cereals were in vendors'
Advices from Pesth are to the effect that
the weather has been dry and not too hot
and eminently suited for harvest work,
and the cutting and carrying of the crops
has made much progress. "Wheat and rye
almost come up to the expectations previ
ously entertained, rye being of good qual
ity but wheat leaving something
to be wished for in respect
to color. In the market wheat
opened firm under a good enquiry and
moderate offers and prices successively ad
vanced 20 to 25 kreutzers.
Thunder storms of extreme severity have
occurred in several parts of the country
and very great damage has accrued to the
standing crops. In places the storms were
followed by heavy falls of snow, the tem
perature falling to 34 o Fahrenheit. The
crops in the vicinity of Gastein and Lienz
are almost wholly lost. A sudden return
of great heat caused the rapid melting of
the snow, whereby many rivers overflowed
their banks and extensive fertile districts
have been submerged.
In the Vienna grain market a
firmer tone prevailed and the
rising tendency of the foreign
exchanges, in conjunction with the
continued scantiness of supplies led to
an advance of 15 kreutzers in the val
ue of wheat."
In France the recent record is one of a
succession of storms and of crop disaster
unequalled during the past decade, one
cable dispatch placing the losses from crop
injury at the seemingly improbable sum
of $100,000,000 and stating that only in the
very limited portion of France lying east
of the Rhone say one-tenth the area of
the republic is there any possibility of
more than a half crop. While this is pos
sible it does not seem probable and appears
to be an exaggeration of a very gravo state
of affairs. If, as some claim, the product
of the whole of France will be but one
fourth an average crop, it will necessitate
the importation, by France, of 250,000,
000 bushels of wheat, or witli
half a crop an importation of
1SO,000,000 bushels either of which
quantities it would be impossible to pro
cure even with full crops elsewhere and an
utterly impossible quantity under existing
crop conditions throughout the world.
The crops have been greatly injured by ex
cessively wet weather and a low tempera
ture, the harvest greatly delayed with
estimates of damage ranging all the way
from 5 to 25 per cent.
In Asia Minor and European Turkey
the crops are short and of all important
European wheat growingdistricts only Italy
and parts of the Dannbian region promise
anythiug like average crops.
This condition of the year's crops and
the remarkably small quanti
ties of home grown graiu of
fering in all EuroiK?an markets
coupled with prices advancing abnormally
as harvest progresses, is the best possible
evidence of an unusual state of affairs and
shows most conclusively that old stocks
have, everywhere in Europe, ceaed to ex
ist and that there is a consensus of opinion
that the current harvest will be nearly or
quite as deficient in Europe as it is now
known to be iu America, and "a waiting
game" is j11 that is necessary to insure the
United States the entire control of the
market and the ability to dictate our own
price for the small amount of wheat which
we shall be able to send abroad and, also,
to fix the price of that consumed at borne
at a figure that will remunerate the pro
ducer. C. Wood Davis.
RESUMPTION OF CANAL WORK.
Panama, August 4. The only intelli
gence concerning canal matters that has
been received is to the effect that the
negotiations with the Columbian govern
meat are going on .smotaiy. Meanwhile
Lieutenant Wisse's engineers are pushing
on their preparations here for an early re
sumption o. work. Their careful ex
amination of the condition of the plant has
resulted very satisfactorily, everything
beins: in as good if not better preservation
and order than could have been expected.
The greatest trouble and delay in com
mencing work will therefore not be due to
the condition of the plant, but of the
works which are coveml over completely
with nature's green mantle.
ME. PLUMB CONTINUES HIS LOW
The Kansas and Nebraska Senators
Make 3Iany Attempts for-
Messrs. Plumb and Teller Denounce the
Proposition to Gag Members Who
Wish to Speak.
Another Day Devoted by the House to
Attacks on and Defense of the
Speaker The Eeport on the
Breckinridge Case Made Publio
The Week's Program
Washington, August .In the senate
Mr. Davis offered a resolulution calling on
the secretary of war lor information on the
subject of the accident last Friday to the
lock of the Sault St. Marie canal. He
spoke of it as a most serious calamity to
the commerce of the nation, costing (as he
had been informed by telegraph) $300,000 a
After considerable debate, in which
some of the senators took occasion to criti
cize severely the house for its failure to
pass the senate bill for a second and larger
lock the resolution was agreed to.
The presiding officer (Mr. Ingalls) said
that he had ooserved, with regret, the
growing tendency to allude in
terms of severity and disparagement to the
froceeding of the other house of congress,
t was a violation of the fundamental
principles of parliamentary law to refer in
one house to what was done or said in the
other house. He hoped that the senate, in
preservation of its own dignity and in the
protection of its own immunity, would
observe those rules and refrain from such
allusions in the future.
The resolution offered on Saturday last
by Mr. Plumb, as to the interment of the
remains of General Grant in the Washing
ton National cemetery, was, at the sug
gestion of Mr. Plumb, allowed to remain
on the table to be called up some other
The tariff bill was then taken up.
The pending question was on Mr. Vest's
amendment to the chinaware paragraph,
reducing the duty on decorated ware to 50
per cent ad valorem, and on plain, undec
orated ware to 40 per cent instead of 55 and
50 as recommended by the finance com
mittee, and instead of CO and 55 in the
Mr. Manderson said that he had voted
on Saturday against Mr. Vest's amend
ment and would do so again, because he
thought that the rates proposed in it were
too low. He favored, however, the rates
recommended by the finance committee.
He was a protectionist on principle,
but he did not believe in unneces
sarily high rates of duty. He believed,
as had been said by Mr. Iliscock
the other day, in giving manufacturers no
greater rates of duty than were absolutely
necessary to carry on tueir ousiness suc
cessfully. Mr. Plumb read from a letter published
in the New York Times as to a conference
between china manufacturers and im
porters in which lower rates of duty than
recommended by the finance committee
had been accepted as mutually satisfac
tory. He thought it would be an outrage
to givo them more.
Mr. Vest modified his amendment by
changing the rate on plain white china
ware to 45; instead of 40 per cent. The
amendment was then voted on and was re
jectedyeas 19, nays 150. Messrs. Iugalls,
Manderson, Paddock and Plumb vea with
the Democrats and Mr. Payne voted nay
with the Republicans.
The amendment of the finance com
mittee, making the rates 55 and 50 per
cent, was agreed to without a division.
The next question was on a committee
amendment "to paragraph 101, as to "all
other china, etc.," striking out the house
paragraph which fixesjtherate on decorated
ware at GO per cent and on undecorated at
55 per cent, and substituting another
designation on which a rate of 50 per cent
Mr. Plumb moved to make the rate 45
The committee amendment was agreed
The next question was on paragraph
102;.', glass and glassware. The commit
tee amendment was to strike out the para
graph in the house bill fixing four rates on
bottles according to sizei and to substitute
for it a different clarification with two
rates, I cent per pound on bottles holding
not less than a pint, and on demijohns and
carbovs, and IV cents a pound on bottles
holding less than a pint. Agreed to.
The next question was on an amend
ment of the finance committee to strike out
paragraphs 10S. 110, 111, 112, 113 and 114 of
the house bill and to substitute for them
one paragraph (104) taxing glass and glass
ware, cut or ornamented, 45 per cent ad
Mr. McPherson moved to reduce rates in
the senato amendment to 35 per cent ad
valorem. Rejected yeas 20, nays 'JS. Mr.
Plumb was the only Republican senator
voting with the Democrats in the affirma
tive, Messrs Manderson and Paddock -voting
in the negative and Mr. Ingalls not
AlrTPlumb moved to amend the commit
tee amendment by reduciug the rate on
cut and decorated glass and glassware
from 45 to 40 tier cent. Rejected yeas 20,
nays 23. The Republicans voting aye were
Messrs. Incalls, Paddock and Plumb.
The commit teeamendment was agreed to.
The next question was on paragraph 10n,
fixing the duties on unpolished cylinder,
crown and common window glass, the
committee amendment being to reduce
from l'-f per pound, 2 cents. 2W cents and
3 cents (according to sizes) to 1, 1. 2
and '2)i. cents.
Mr. Vance moved to amend by fixing a
uniform rate of 50 per cent ad valorem.
A Ions discussion ensued.
Mr. Plumb said it was better not to pass
a tariff bill than to pass one that was not
right. If it was meant that the
senate should have a rule that
would cut off debate he would
regard that as a perversion of legislative
Fower and as a blow at free institutions,
n his judgment if the Republican plat
form of lsS had been supposed to mean
that it favored tariff revision by an in
crease of duties, the result of the election
would have been different.
Mr. Teller opposed any change of the
rules for the purpose of hastening the
passage of the tariff bill or any other bill.
Mr. Vance's amendment was defeated.
Various motions to reduce the rates of
unpolished cylinder, crown and common
window glass were made by Mr. Plumb
and rejected on yea and" nay votes
although on the last of them, four Repub
licans. Messrs. Ingalls. Manderson. Pad
dock and Plumb Voted with the Demo
crats. Finally, on motion of Mr. Aklricb, tbe
rates were reduced to and l, 2Y wl
2,i cents per pound (according to sizes)
and the senate adjourned.
PENSIONS FOR KANSA.N5.
Washington, August 4. The following
pensions were Eranted Kansaas: Original
Michael Warley. Kkj idee; Andrew Sea
right, Beloltj Joel Harkins, Randall;
Charles H, Klock, Newton; Peter Kaapp,
National Military Home; William H. Put
nam, Athlestone; Phillip Lander, Newton;
Jesse W. Hickman, Collyer; Estey Munka,
Mayview, John B. Chapman, Fontana.
Increase "William F. Mix, Neodesha;
Clause Versemann, Leavenworth; James
W. Barry, Oakley.
Reissue and Increase William J.
Reissue George W.Owens. Quaker City.
Original, Widows, etc Hiram A., fath
er of Be Revter Buck, Wellington; minor
of Josephus Hodenberg, Silver Lake; Leo
nora F., widow of Danus B. Peck, Cairo;
minors of David Church. Augusta; Sarah
M., widow of Francis M. Black, Dodge"
THE WEEK'S PROGRAM.
Washington, August 4. The proceed
ings in the house this week will be gov
erned by the attendance of members.
There is a strong disposition on the part of
the majority to finally pass upon the con
ference report of the original package bill
and to secure action upon the compound
land bill and two of the election cases.
But it is felt that the presence of a quo
rum is a necessity in these cases, and if
that can not be maintained it is prob
able that the honse will be
obliged to confine itself to the
consideration of the senate amendments to
the Indian appropriation bill, to the
deficiency appropriation bill, and other
measures which are not expected to aroae
The report of the conferees on the land
grant forfeiture bill it is expected will be
ready for presentation to the house early
in the week, but its consideration will de
pend, with the other measures named,
upon the attendance secured.
The tariff will be discussed in the senate
until Friday, when it will be laid aside
and the river and harber appropriation
bill taken up.
Washington, August 4. The following
postmasters have been appointed: Indian
Territory Oaks, Cherokee county, D V.
Rusk, vice J. D. Smith, resigned. Vean,
Cherokee Nation. W. T. Sanders, vice F.
F. Turner, resigned.
Kansas Cedar Junction, Johnson coun
ty. Ross Jones, vice N. W. Murphy.
New postoifices have been es tablished as
Indian Territory Viola, Chickasaw, Na
tion, John GBoswell, postmaster.
The following postotfices have been dis
continued: Wappapello, Wayne county,
Mo., mail to Chaonia; Bush, Bowie county,
Tex., mail to De Kalb.
The House Session Given Over to Discus
sion of Mr. Eeed.
Washington, August 4. Mr. Morgan,
of Mississippi, rising to a question of privi
lege, sent to the clerk's desk and had read
an article in a southern paper to the effect
that in order to curry favor with the
Farmers' Alliance he had had hisJicense
as a lawyer annulled. He aenounced the
statement as a falsehood and a cam
The house then went into committee of
the whole (Mr. Payson. of Illinois, in the
chair) on the general deficiency appropria
Mr. Henderson, of Iowa, explainea that
the Pacific railroad claims were not pro
vided for in the bill. While he believed
the time was near at hand when these
claims would have to be settled, the com
mittee had been practically unanimous in
refusing to provide for their payment
when they were still pending in the courts
of the country.
Mr. Rogers, of Arkansas, attacked the
speaker and his rulings. The house, he
said, baa degenerated into a state of an
archy and chaos. It. was suspected that
the speaker turned his back on
full, fair, frank discussion, on opportunity
for amendment, on parliamentary decor
um, on official urbanity, on historic and
patriotic memories, in order that he might
unlawfully perpetuate his party in power
and draw to his support for the presidency
the unscrupulous mass of ignorant and
vulgar partisans who practiced the in
famous and corrupt' maxim that the end
justified the means. He had degraded the
majority with the full assurance on the
part of the Republican members that if
the scheme should break down under the
judgment of a liborty-loving people, thoy
would perish like Samson under the ruin,
but if it succeeded that he alone would
reap all the glory. Their want of patri
otic courage was exceeded only by
their suicidiil stupidity and among them
all had not been found a man with the
courage of a Jackson. ,the patriotism of a
Henry and the love of liberty that inspired
the fathers, who could say: "This is our
country; these are our liberties; these are
our countrymen; and you are our servant,
and we will not have the one trodden
under foot or the other outraged and
"No," he concluded, "may I tell you,
Mr. Speaker, that they curse you and de
spise you and hate you, and when you are
assailed in private and in public they are
Mr. Henderson, of Iowa, defended Speak
er Reed acrainsr the attack made upon
him bv Mr. Rogers of Arkansas. He
referred to him as the "mighty man
from Maine" and declared that he stood
today as the towering, historic, grand
figure of this age of legislative victory and
reform. If the people of this republic did
not appreciate what earnestness, courage
and patriotism had done in this congress,
then there was no gratitude in the repub
lic for loyalty to its best interests.
Mr. Breckinridge, of Kentucky, criti
cised the code of rules and then said he
had no criticism to make upon the speaker.
If the gentlemen on the other side were
satisfied with that officer, God forbid that
he should attempt to remove that satisfac
tion. H they were willing to accept the
speaker as a'fair type oft their party, he
would enter no dissent. He proceeded to
make an earnest appeal against the force
Mr. Boutelle, of Maine, said that he had
no desire to attempt any defense of the
speaker from the kind of remarks which
had been made from certain sources today.
In every relation of life, as a man, as a
gentleman among gentlemen, the speaker
had been uniformly courteous. He then
commented upon the Clayton-Breckinridge
case, taking as his text the press re
ports of the majority of the committee on
elections. Upon this text he built a strong
denunciation of election methods in the
THE ANTI-LOTTERY BILL
Washington, August 4. The senate
committee today took up the anti-lottery
bill prepared at the postoffice department
and which was reported favorably to the
house last week. Some doubt was express
ed as to the constitutional right of congress
to interfere with matter entrusted to the
mails, and the bill was referred to a sub
committee consisting of Senators Sawyer,
Mitchell and Reagan for examination and
ANOTHER DIVIDEND DECLARED.
Washington, August 4. Tbe comp
troller of the currency has declared a fourth
dividend of 10 per cent in favor of the
creditors of the California National bank
of San Francisco, making in all 95 per cent
on claim provided amounting to S456.C57.
WONT SERVE UNDER CELMAN.
Paris, July 4. A dispatch, from Bnenos
Ayres states "that General Roca and Scnor
Costa, to whom were offered the ponfolies
of tbe ministry of the interior and the
xaiaistrv of education respectively, have
declined to accept ofac m President Cel
WON BY ELLIOTT.
IXDlANAPOLls, Ind.. Auras 4. In the
cootesi todav between Georse Beck, of this
City, and J. P. E3lkU. of Kans City
flfiy-five birds each, for the American gold
championship cup and a iiW par, tbe
rsce was won by Sfiotf
HIS LAST DAI.
ELECTRICITY'S AWFUL EXPERI
MENT WILL COME TODAY.
Tlie Necessary Witnesses Sum
moned to Appear at the Prison
Late This Evening.
Days of Terror Passed by the Condemned
His Sanity and Health Ad
mitted by AIL
Great Interest at Auburn Over the Event
A 'General Peeling That Delay Will
Again Occnr A Killing at Okla
homa Piendish Attempt at
Murder at St Joseph The
AtTBin?N, N. Y., August 4. The highest
authority today affirmed that Kemmler is
not sick, insane or collapsed. He sits and
waits and he does it with as much and as
little of trepidation as a man of his moral
and physical calibre might be expected to
experience. He is in suspense, so is every
The law requires that certain witnesses
shall be present when the experiment of
killing a criminal by electricity is tried,
and that these witnesses shall receive three
days' notice of the time fixed upon by the
These notices have now been sent out,
but Kemmler does not know this, and so,
every sound that reaches his ears during
the long days and when ho wakes from his
troubled sleep at night, is fraught with a
terrible significance to him. The rustling
of Mrs. Durston's dress in the corridor, the
step of his guard, the creak of a door, the
rumbling of a wagon in the street, and
even the voices of children make him cow
er and shrink.
Dan McNaughton, the keeper who used
to take such an interest in teaching him
to spell out the scriptural lessons and
whom he alwuys welcomed to his cell, ap
pears to him now in the guise of an en
emy. The great fear that besets robs him
of the compauionship of those that used to
buoy him up, and the only thing he prays
for now is to be left alone. Yesterday a
letter came for Kemmler from Lawyer
Hatch, who defended him on his trial.
McNaughton went into his cell and found
him crouching in a corner with his hands
over his face. When Kemmler learned
the object of the visit he dropped his hands
to his side, and, breathing a sigh of relief,
ashed McNaughton to read it. It was
an ordinary letter of commiseration,
snch as a lawyer might naturally
send to an unfortunate client. Kemmler
heard it through and then thrust it into
his pocket without comment.
Wliile Kemmler is enduring all the ag
onies that such a narrow mind is capable
of, Warden Durston is apparently resting
in comfort. The only trouble that appears
to come to him is the fear that the report
ers may learn something of his intentions.
To thwart this he is forever dealing in sub
terfuges. He came back from New York
yesterday where he said he had been on
ordinary business connected with the pris
on, and at once the big iron gates ere
locked and left without a keeper. Nobody
could gain admission and no information
was obtainable. The natives formed in
little groups on the sidewalks and peered
curiously at the big prison and watched
with never ceasing interest the iron-barred
window which admits light into Kemm
It is the impression here that Kemmler
must die, and there is an idea in the rural
mind that when the eventful time arrives
the great chimney of the prison factories
will pour forth vast volumes of smoke.
This idea grew out of the statement that
the execution will take place before the
ordinary prison work is begun, or after it
is over, and that big fires will have to be
built in order to get the electrical ma
chines into working order. Of course this
is not so. but this does not interfere with
the people living in the suburbs from keep
ing a watchful eye upon these chimneys,
and it is likely that any unusual buret
of smoke from them would be the signal
for a vast gathering in the town of the
suburban residents. Kverybody who has
anything to do with the execution seems
to be in readiness for it except the warden
himself, and when he will be ready to do
his duty i mere conjecture.
Iu the mean time the wretched prisoner
is cowering in his celL, seeing visions in
the night and watching with fear all day.
The warden may admit two persons con
nected with the press associations to wit
ness the execution. Thev will go in at
members of the jury. But none of the
srweial renresentatives of individual news
papers will be admitted to the jail on the
day of the execution. One New York ev
ening paper has a platform twenty feet
from the Kround on a telegraph pole direct
ly across from the prison A long distance
telephone wire will connect the watcher on
the pole with the office of his paper in New
York. He can see nothing though except
the bare walls of the pnon.
The Western Union company will open
an office in the freight buildincof the New
York Central railroad directly oppoite the
prison ou the morning of the day fixed for
Mrs. Durston, the warden's wife, who
first turned Kemmler's thought in the
direction or religion, left the city thi3
evening for New York. She had been
with the condemned man almost every
day almost since he came to Auburn, and
has taken an interest in him. Sbe thought
she could not endure the nervous strain
incident to the execution and has gone
away to remain until it is over.
THere i a curious feeling here among
those who have been interested in the cae
from the beginning that the executon will
not take place. Tbe feeling is doubtless
due to the fact that there have been so
many delays in the past. The warden un
doubted! .' believes that it will occur.
He has made every preparation and nnles
something extraordinary occurs he will
nut the entence into execution.
There is thought to be a possibility that
tbe Westinghouse company will, a.t tbe j
last minute, be able to get an injunction
from one of tie judges of the UD-nor
court to prevent the use of the WeUag-bou--e
dynamo. The company has made:
no move, though, so far a is known, and
the opinion of eminent lawyer
is that every legal remedy "h
been exbaused. ThU or the question of
Kemmler" (. sanity is all thatcould possibly
intervene to prevent th execution how.
As to the latter. tbos who have come in
contact with Kemmler officially of late are
reticent, but they do not tm to rive
much weight to the stories which have
been sent out saying Kemmler is 3oisg
a is mind.
The Rev. Dr. Hoaenton, who ba bwai
Kemmler's sp'ritnai advier eversiaer ht
embraced religion, did not vwi htm today.
Other duties occupied his kubUob.
Kemmler spent the day quietly, find
ing his chief am-aient ia mteains
to tbe performance of his fellow crim!l
FS?h, the ooademaded nanrd. who oc
cupies the cell next to aim. Ffck is aa
expert bacjo player and be is allowed to
keep tbe instrument in in his cell and ic
play on it at wilL
MAT NOT TAKE PIOOE.
RocHBTEH, N. Y.. Atusi i Swfsia
tendent BtrBes. who biuf istemded u start
at noaa today for Asharn U JttMxinteaxl
the execst J09 of, Kerrimicr, has received a
telegram from Warden Durston, of Au
burn prison, notifying him not o come.
The warden does not offer any explanation
but said he had written a letter.
THE DATE SET.
BrFFALO, N. A., August 4. Buffalo par
ties invited to witness the Kemmler elec
trocution at Audurn have been notified to
be at the prison at 7 p. m., Tuesday, Au
ATTEMPTED MURDER AT TROY.
St. Joseph, Ma, August -L J. J. Baker,
a prominent attorney of Troy, Kan., was
discovered lying near the track in the Ne
braska Central yards last night, his right
arm cut off at the elbow and his bead
gashed in several places. He was taken to
the hospital and this morning he recovered
consciousness lone enough to state that
he met a stranger in a saloon in the south
part of town yesterday with whom he took
several drinks. Last night while walking
along a dark part of tixth street the
stranger stepped behind him and struck
him a crushing blow on the baok of the
head. This is the last he remembers, and
it is supposed that after robbing his vic
tim the stranger carried the body to the
track, a few yards away, and laid it across
the rails where it was shortly afterwards
struck by an outbound train.
SHOT OVER A LOT.
SpiiU dispatch to tho Dartr Easte.
Oklahoma Citt, Ok., Augnt 4. "Red
McCartney shot and instantly killed Sam.
McPherson, on Broadway, last nightabout
12 o'clock. The shooting was caused by a
controversy overa lot which both claimed.
McCartney escaped last night but re
turned this morning and gave himself up
to the authorities.
A FATAL STABBING AFFRAY.
Kansas Citv, Kan., August 4. At a
colored people's picnic at Biad's park to
day, illiam Brvant insulted Joseph
Franklin's wife. "Franklin was about to
thrash Bryant when the latter drew a
knife. Fniuklin produced a revolver and
shot Bryant, inflicting a mortal wound.
A Sensational Affair at the Home of Leav
enworth's Police Chief.
LeaveS'WOBTH, Kan., August 4. Ixical
spiritualistic circles nre all torn up over an
expose that took place at the residence of
James G. Doane, chief of police of the city.
For the past ten days Doauo has had as
guests two noted mediums named Adams
and Meade, who came here from San Fran
cisco. Much hat beeu said of their powers
and Friday eveuing quite a numlwr were
invited to witness their manifastntious.
Among the number were O. H. Putney, a
well-known photocrnpher, and Dr. Nich
ols, an equally well known dentist.
After one or two departed friends had
made their appearance from the cabinet, a
big Indian strode out, and as he parsed
Putney the latter made a grab for him and
succeeded in catching hold of his scalplock
which proved to be a wig, and which was
torn from the medium's head. At this
iuncture Mr. Doane took a hand and sew
ing Putney, handled him pr-tty roughly.
The lights were turned on and thciuediiim
was found crouching in the corner, while
a number of half-fainting women mndeup
the balance of a highly sensational picture.
The matter has been town talk and spir
itualism has received quite a setback.
DENTAL ASSOCIATION MEETING.
Excelsior Spkixgs, Mo., August 4.
Over 150 delegates to the convention of the
American dental association and kindred
organizations have arrived. Owiug to de
lay in the arrival of one section of tho
special train the meetings of the associa
tion of dentul faculties an board of exam
iners did not take place till this afternoon
and the convention will not be called to
till tomorrow morning
An effort will be made at the meeting of
facilities to rescind the rule makiug the
attendance of three separate years of live
months each necessary tor graduation and
restore the old two year rule. This will be
opposed by all who are striving to raiwj tho
standard of education in the dental profcv
sion.-and from present appearances will bo
The attendance of dentists at the con
vention this year is large, and the charac
ter of the delegates higher than in any re
cent year. Ail the dentists of prominence
in that part of the country north of Ma.on
and Dixon's line, are hero except only the
few who are in attendance ou the inter
national dental congress at Berlin.
Today, owing to the unexpecUsd delay
in the arrival of one of the special trains,
very" little buiness has 1mcii attempted
ancl none brought to a conclusion. Th
national association of dental facultiw. a
body composed entirely of delegate from
the governing bodies of tbe twenty-lire or
thirty colleges that are in membership
with the national association, held a rawt
ing in the Kims opera house. TlM4r dis
cussion was principally directed to tbe con
sideration of the rules adopted lat yer.
changing the collegiti coursefrom two to
three years. The discussion on it surface
simply went to the demand for a definition
of the rules The real purpose, however,
was an endeavor to rescind the rule alto
gether and go back to tho old tvroyjr
sj-stem, a more profitable one from the fcj
point of view but not so satisfactory to th
members who desir to elevate th stand
ard of the requirements for graduation.
The cour of discussion showed very
clearly that the enemies of tbe mw and
more strinzent rule are in the minority.
Tonight th board of exmiiw, com
posed of delegates from Ml ttf hoards
where dental laws ate in operation nd
who finally can rfictatetke trm on which
licnes to practice dDtitry may b
Jsj.urd, are in je-ion with eloed door.
The result of their consultation will hUi
all other matters.
The contention proper will begin at 1
tomorrow morning in tbe Kims opera
hou-e where Prejidnt Dr. M. ?T. Foir.
of Philadelphia, will for the nrK time !
wield a newiuiuaAMsome niver ami Ivory
gavel, that his friend hre glTen him
Tophjta. Kan.. AumMt 4. Omrterx
were jaunted to new Rhcum cerporftUofU ,
The OTerUsd Mining company, of Kjm
sap City, Kan. Directors Gears W.
Moore. J E. Moore. AtchiM); J. H. Stew
art. G.reU; I. G. Moore, Geo. Lack, C J.
Haines, T. C Tnpp, Kxu&a City, Kan.
The Arknoe 7awc and Lwd eonnear.
of Oswego Directors Cb&rie L. LVn, I
Fall Kiver. Jlw . f J. HeM, BUxer.
Ark O ?L Jsrmm. It O. Detniair. J W.
KellT. Oww Capital ock. f4M40
Tbe Midway Railroad ODnpj of Mid
way, Crawford county. Director E. H.
Browa. GirmrtL Job T Morrwou, PHt
borg. C. H. NettiM. TpeJta. Cju4
stock. 20,000 Tbf object of this oorpora
uoa is to baiM a. line of ittdrd pa?
railway from tbe St Lewi & Sa Fnm
ctD ajni I-JcbaeUL, to tbe Mwqeri state
lis. diutace of two mil.
Tbe Miami Town oofopfepj, of Coiom
bm. Dimctors TV. B. St4M, J. C. Finn,
Bei S Warner, Saaei II. Swilfe, O. J.
Xichoi. Goo Vr. Pur'- G. C. Atfciasoa. J.
J Power. W. J. Layki. Cojsttal dfc,
Tbe Yona Men's Ckrfettfaa Amdhtio.
CELMAN OPPOSED OH ALL SIDES.
Loxoox, Ausra 4. Tfce Tftmw 4to
Ntcfctp from lioeae Ayr mrv Vw
PnwMkst Pihyr! atmu-ym to smupt
C4ma bis offered every frct bs the cei
ioet to oppottktMm kacJec bat eocfc fear ox
cired tie o&c. TSwt nHteer- vr&omnt
reoeaUy opposed to eaek other aaw imra
b aad tecUre thai httM-imrfb toe lf"
will be trailed- The amd uitf r
re raod ikekrcommmmAi. Pft&x-Oies rA
iretaea 4tiemd Cotesa agtf&MC a ir;,r:
frera the eaeesy.
TO NEBRASKA'S RATES.
PKOBABLE REDUCTION OP
STATE LOCAL TARIFF.
The Iowa Schedule Proposed as a
Basis by the Railroad Com
missioners. Strong Opposition Mada by tcoRoa&3"oa
tho Plea of Smaller Bsic8S3 tfcaa
Grain Eatas Likely to Eamaln as at
Present ThsOofflinaaoaoraand Rail
way Edpraseatativvs Diawtxs tho
Local Grain and Merobaadko
Rate Problem WiUtent
KANSAS ClTT.Mo.,Augt4. The Kaas
as railroad ooiumtefeiouors held anothwrcut
ferencts today with representatives of tue
Kmbmis, railways to determine upon a bftita
for the induction of local grain aad mer
chandise rates. The railroad offennl to
reduce the rates to tbe level of tho Nebras
ka rates excepting m such instances whern
the Kan.sas rate i the lower one. The
commissioners proposed that the railrtuuiK
should adopt the Iowa schedule. The rail
roads couibtted tbU proposition on the
Kround that the small amount of
business done in Kaiiani compared with
that done in Iowa would not Justify tku t
establishment of the Iowa rate. Afrer .
considerable dicust.tou, tbe uteetinir ad
journed, the com miiisioBers reserving their
It in probable that they will order nirr
chandiMj rtes reduced to tbe NbruK.a
schedule and that the grain rate will In
allowed to remain where they nro after
local discrepancies in charr shall bnu
properly adjiistod. The road promised t
make r. speedy adjustment of tfaee dicre
jmiicies. DIVERTED TO ST LOUIS.
Chtcaho. III., August 4. The order of
the iiiterntate commerce comraifcsloa re
ducing the rate ou food product fromftne
.Missouri river and weetern jMMnt bt about
as unsatisfactory to tbe Knlu merchant
of Chicago a it is to the railroad. The
order make the tltrouKh rate on wheat
and Hour from the .MbewHirt river to the
benbourd 1 cent pT 100 pound lower by
way of St Loni than by way of Ohicnjrw,
which will naturally have tbe tiffcct of di
verting all that trafllr to the St. Ixum
routes. A protect will be madu by the
Chicago board of trade.
THE BREOKIKRIDGE 0ASE.
Tbe Majority Report Ready fer Smbrab-
sou to the Howe.
"Washington, August 4. The majority
reiMtrt of the houe committee ou election
uioii tho Ciaytoii-ttreckiuririqe contested
cast;, and tbe murder of the HepumVrfn.
contestant, it completed awl ready for ub
miefeioa to the uouem So earaeei utWnpt.
the report say. In bringing Clayton
murderer to ltutice wan ever made by ike
local authontW Tbe lureative to tho
killing of the iiero detective, Wraith, and
of George Itentley. a brother of O. T Kent
ley. who wax iupcttd of being oe of liiti
thieve, w a, it aays, that (Jeonre Bentley . at
the Lime, hu negotiating with the liikcr
tons to give evidence and expose the guilty
parties, wben be wiw Mild to have been a
eidentally hot by hia brother. While
there wan no direct evidence t crimination
in the killuisc of Hentlcy, it wan nnfomt
nate, tho rejwrt wiya, that theee two kili
insp occarrod while the victima were abn(
giving evidence to PinkerUm's detect u .
Continuing, the majority nay:
"No reasonable explanation of the mar
dor appear, except twit ome of the ballot
box thieve. JlndloK the taking of te--
jnony profe-roaMing, kiJll Colonel Clayton
to HtippreH the InveaUitaiMMi. Xo othrr
motive i poile." The nefaeUjr. ji
the report, for tbe enartmeat of wm Ium
which will preveul ballot box tteailug uid
murder from confernnjc a prima farie i-Un
to a neat in coaKreaa, evident frost the
result in thi contest.
"Ilad Mirb btwt. been la fore. the re
port ayft, "a would hare prevented tl o
coai-tte from taking bi sent with each a
title, no one would have attempted to e-r
fer nrh title by stealing the ballot box.
Kr' icutly ballot box Mlesling waa loo&Hl
upon ae a Joke la that rout m unit jr un? I
the awtul cottfrequrneaii that nave resulted
have appalled tbe gfeod people of la- roat.
try No doubt ome of these men would
have beea deterred from taking the first
vtep In the crime if they had realised that
murder would be toe end. But tbe
rrusl their Knbieon. Brr kiartdRf k
the vat in centre, and one criae foi
lowed In the footstep of ths other The
least jfuiltT of Ike 4 rtmtnai dare not fx
pov: tbe mere guilty, lrt the fate of (. lay
ton should overtake them
"That tbe nominee mX a jrreat notiUHal
party should uort a certifies of election
l a at te which be was fH-arly not eh
ted, and at tbe same time aW In the pay
ment of a An ltupoi upnu aot&r -
tor of the law. and thai urh ceodu'-t
should not be met with anything bitt u.
roendatton and appreral by hts foUeerrr,
shows a state of disregard for tbenrmi
pie of popular government which nvay
well make the future of the eonntrr b
looked apes with apprebettntoa. That
men may Vs found Uwli enough to cte
nut these crimes to to heaeoioretl.
when nwM of high chararteT aaw standi i
complacently avail them wire of the tru -i
of sura crim. ami the control f tbe na
tionmi booe of representatives h hmmU xo
turn npoa much methoda. it no looser r
maine a mere matter of local concern, but
ariM to the magnttndu of a nntioo.al
'The protest cnee," ths report any, b
attracted attention, not beeaase it standi
as a stArtlin sod striking incident of -Errs
ahead to ear form of rvmwi.
Hut because it miberm to tn one ery had
kind In the oioWn sy ' e r''
nooor. political atAniu often met tr,
eye te eye, and sonant thnir adversary t
bfe Tfaia method of -tiia;r pofrffeej 4:f
fevaces ha become ohoe tt4 we fr
ofMfttJy conjcrstfobu eorHes open te
improved moral tone of ear day and mmt
ntion. Itat never before he a content fer
a eat in coaxraes hew terminated by '.tn
ballet of an awanmia 11 murk meaamda "
abtntttad to in sUoaen, the party bn
fitted by the crime nf kie pertianau, qn
etly and wHhottt dmpne letatsang 0
the benefit of the nath of has eawj itltor
a new tl ant wooid be hmn4ned UK
oar form of imtoumM.''
A reeolntion will noownnamy Use csnort
dcetertMr the now heid ne Mr. aVnti--inbndfp
A THAOEiyV AT WALLACC
WxiXJkc. ICnav. Amrnat 4 Jim Har
row , fwrli of fine county. Mo.. sfe
aad kiiisd Uswna Page. oft J X
Pnse, mat 11 o'eir a Thee had
been notiHuhls hewao ta tr. n, and iter -rrw
rlninm K was a m-'k. fl sye
mt(incuH to fc: ei(. e : Ns'U
voe ihrenu an 1 ir-n,. '- JVy
tAti&rf ,-n t x ,t. -r -. i.ler-t
h.m tar-, ,. . hnadannd tan. a.-
wrB,s. .r.MOtf. nmt mm ay