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Kana Historical Sooletrt
WICHITA, KANSAS, THURSDAY MORISTNG AUGUST 7, 1890.
WHOLE NO. 1916.
VOL. XLJLl, JNO. 69.
KEMMLER'S LIFE TAKEN BY ELEC
Heavy Shocks Successful!
Given and the law Is
Signs of Returning Life After the Tirst
Application Cause Giving the
Second and Stronger,
Almost Mo Indications of Suffering Given
by the Murderer Sicken
ing Sight for the "Watchers.
Mo Sentiment Except of Pride at His Im
portance Shown by the Condemned
Opinion Divided as to "When Death
Eeview of His Brutal
Crime Death Cham
ber and Apparatus
ArBURS, K Y., Augusts With a short,
sharp shock painless so far as the world
will ever know the soul of William
Kemniler was separated from his body at
0:40 o'clock this morning. A cap adjusted
to the head of a. man bound captive in a
btrange looking chair, a lever quickly
swung around the arc of a semi-circle, a
quick convulsion, a sudden revival of mus
cular action, another turn of the lever, a
pause, a room filled with sickening fumes
of burning flesh and twenty-seven wit
nesses of the first electrode in history knew
that the death of Tillie Ziegler had been
avenged by the law and the crime of Will
iam Kemniler expiated so far as human
hands could force its expiation.
CALLING THE "WITNESSES.
At 5 o'clock this morning there was rap
ping at the room doors and a general
awakening through the hotels at Auburn.
Warden Durston liud left a quiet "call"
for his witnesses and they were ordered to
report at the prison at G o'clock. An hour
before their coming Rev. Dr. Houghton
and Chaplain Yates appeared at the
gate of the prison and were admitted.
After a brief consultation with the warden
thej' were taken down to Kemmler's cell
where the condemned man was already
awake and talking with his keeper. The
witnesses as they arrived gathered in the
warden's office. Across the street was a
groHp of newspaper correspondents, two
of them perched on a platform twenty feet
from the gate in constant communication
with Xew York City by telephone, ready
to give the world the signal that the
execution had taken place. The prisoner
Kemniler was supposed to be in ignorance
of the time fixed until the warden should
summon him from his cell to enter the
execution chamber, but the little murderer
was not entirely ignorant. He knew from
his guards that it had been the intention
tocxecuttflnm early in the morning of
borne day in the first part of the week. He
spent his last day much as ho had spent
those immediately belore it in writing on
cards and scraps of paper the monotonous
repetition of his name and in talking with
About 0 o'clock this morning the wit
nesses began to arrive at the prison and by
0:30 all were present an'd seated in a little
circle around the execution chamber wait
ing for the appearance of the warden and
THE MARCH TO DEATH.
At C:3S the door at the right, of the exe
cution chamber leading toward the execu
tion room opened andWarden Durston's
iiirure appeared in the door way. Behind
him walked a spruce looking, broad shoul
dered little man. full beard, with carefully
arranged hair clustering around his fore
head. This was William Kemniler, the
man who was about to undergo the sen
tence of death. Behind him walked Ur.
W E. Houghton and Chaplain Yates.
Kemniler was by far the coolest man in
the party. He did not look about the room
with any special degree of interest. He hes
itated as the door was closed behind him
nnd carefully locked by an attendant on
the other side as though he did not know
exactly what to do.
"Give me a chair, will you?" said the
warden. Some one ouickly handed him a
wooden chair, which he placed in front
and a little to the right of the execution
chair facing the little circle of men.
Kemniler sat down composedly, looked
about him and then up and down without
any evidence of fear or of especial interest
in the event. Hi face wasnotstolid.it
was not indifferent; he looked if anything
as though he was rather pleased at being
the center of interest. Warden Durston
stood at the left of the chair with his hand
on the back of it and almost at the
moment that Kemniler took his seat he
began to speak in short quick periods.
WARNED OK HIS FATE.
"Now gentlemen," he said, "this is
William Kemniler, J have warned him he
lias got to die, and if he has ani'thing to
say lie will say it."
As the warden finished Kemniler looked
up and said in a high keyed voice without
any hesitation, and as though ho had pre
pared huusolf with the speech: "Well, I
wish every one good luck in this world,
and I think I am uoincr to a good place,
and the papers have been saying a lot of
stuff that ain't so. That is all I have to
With the conclusion of the speech he
turned his back on the jury, took off his
coat and handed it to the warden. This
disclosed the fact that n hole had been cut
from the band of the trowsers down so as
to expose the base of the spine.
COOLLY PREPARING HIMsELF.
When his coat was off Kemniler turned
in the direction of the door through which
he had como into the room and began to
unbutton his vest. At the same time the
warden was drawing the interfering
drapery of his shirt through the hole in
the trowscrs and cutting it off, so as to
leave the little surface of fiesh against
hich one of the electrodes was to press
absolutelv bare. Warden Durston called
attention'to the fact that it was not neces
sary to remove his vest and Kemniler care
fully buttoned it again and carefully ar
ranged his tie. "Don't hurry about this
matter.' said the warden. "Be perfectly
cool." He was perfectly cool. He was by
all odds the coolest man in the room.
STRAPPED IN THE CHAIR.
When his tie was arranged he sat down
in the electric chair as quietly as though
he was sitting down to dinner. Warden
Durston stood on the right and George
Vieling, of Albany, on the left. They be-
gm immediately to adjust the straps about
emmler's body.the condemned man hold
ing up his arms so as to give them every
assistance. When the straps had been ad
justed about the body, the arms were fast
ened down and then the warden leaned
over and parted Kemmler's feet so as to
bring his legs near the legs of the chair.
While the straps were being arranged,
Kemniler -nid to the warden and his as
sistant: "Take your time. Don't be in a
hum. Be sure that everything is al,
right." Two or three times he repeated
Warden Durston reassured him with
the remark that it would not hurt him
nd that he""(Durston) would be with him
1 through. But it was not fear that
Cemmler felt. It was rather a certain
iride in the exactness of the experiment.
When the straps had beenPadjusted to the
Jody and limbs the warden placed his
land on Kemmler's head and held it
igainst the rubber cushion which ran
iown the back of his chair. Then the con
temned man made one or two remarks in
i perfectly clear composed tone of voice:
'Well, I wish everybody good luck," was
me of them, and "Durston, see that things
ire all right" was another.
ADJUSTING THE FATAL TOOLS.
Deputy Vieling unfastened the thumb
screws which held the figure "4" at the
ack of the chair in place and began to
lower it so that the rubber cap
which held the saturated sponge pressed
igainst the top of Kemmler's head. The
warden assisted in the preparation by
holding Kemmler's head. When the cup
nad been adjusted and clamped in place
Kemmlersaid: "Oh, you'd better press
that down further, I guess, press that
down." So the head piece was undamped
.aid pressed further down. While it was
being done Kemmler said: "Well I want
to do the best I can; I can't do ans better
than that." Warden Durston took in his
hand the leather harness which was to be
adjusted to Kemmler's head. It was a
muzzle of broad leather straps which went
across the forehead and the chin of the
man in the chair. The top strap pressed
down against the nose of Kemmler until
it flattened it down slightly over
his face. As the harness was put "in place
Dr. Spitzka, who was standing near the
chair said softly, "God bless you, Kemm
ler." and the condemned man answered.
"Thank you," softly.
he door leading into the room where
the execution was arranged was partly
open. A man stood in the doorway. Be
yond him were two other men. Which of
them was to touch the lever and make the
connection with the chair was not known.
Warden .Durston says it will never be
known. The dynamo in the machine shop
was running at good speed and the volt
metre on tne wall registered a little more
than 1,000 volts. Warden Durston turned
to the assembled doctors those immed
lately around the execution chair and
said: "The doctors say it is all right."
Hardly a minute had elapsed since the
adjustment of the straps. There was no
time for Kemmler to have weakened, even if
his marvellous courage had not been equal
to the test of further delay. But there is
no fear that he would have lost courage.
He was as calm in the chair as he had been
before he entered the room and during the
progress of his confinement by the straps
which held him close.
At the warden's question Dr. Fell
stepped forward with a long syringe in his
hand and quickly but deftedly wetted the
two sponges which which were at the
electrodes, one on top of the head and the
other at the base of the spine. The water
which he put on them was impregnated
with salt. Dr. Spitzka answered the
warden's question with a sharp "all
right," which was heard b- others about
him. "Ready," said Durston again, and
then "good bye." He stepped to the door
and at the opening said to some one in the
next room, but to whom will probablv
never be known: "Every thing is ready'
THE CURRENT TURNED ON.
Ill almost immediate response and as the
stop watches in the hands of some of the
witnesses registered 6-A'S4 the electric cur
rent was turned on. There was a sudden
convulsion of the frame in the chair. A
spasm went over it from the head to the
foot, confined by the straps and springs
that held it firmly so that not a limb or
other part of the body stirred more than a
small fraction of an inch from its resting
place. The twitching that the muscles of
the face underwent gave to it for a mo
ment an expression of pain. But no cry
escaped from the lips, which were free to
move at will. No sound came
forth to suggest that consciousness
lasted more than infinite fraction of a sec
ond beyond the calculation of the human
mind. The body remained in this rigid
position for seventeen seconds. The jury
and the witnesses, who had remaine t seat
ed up to this moment, came hurriedly for
ward and surrounded the chair.
ONE SHORT CONVULSION.
There was no movement of the body be
yond that first convulsion. It was not a
pretty sight this man in his shirt sleeves
bound hand and foot, body and oven head
with a heavy frame work pressing down
on the top of his skull still with the still
ness or deatli. iJr. Aicuonaia neia a stop
watch in his hand and as
the seconds flew by he noted
their passage. Dr. Spitzka, too,
looked at the stop watch and as the tenth
second expired he cried out "stop."
"Stop" cried other voices about. The war
den turned to the doorway and called out
"stop"' to the man at the lever. A quick
movement of the arm and the electric cur
rent was switched off. There was a relax
ation of the body in the chair a slight re
laxation, but the straps held it so hrmly
that there was not a quarter of an inch
variation in the position of any part of the
frame. The little group around the chair
grew business like.
"He's dead" cried Dr. Spitzka calmly.
"Oh, he's dead," re echoed Dr. McDon
ald with firm confidence. The rest of the
witnesses nodded their acquiescence. There
was no question in the mind of any one
but that the stiff, upright object before
them was lifeless. The next question was
what was to be done with the body. Dr.
Spitzka stepped forward and called atten
tion to the appearance of the nose, an un
doubted post mortem color. Xo one dis
puted this. Dr. Spitzka turned around
in a business like way and pointing to the
harness said "Undo that Now the body
am be taken to the hospital."
The warden replied that he could not let
any of the witnesses go until he had their
certificates. All this conversation took
place in u minute. Dr. Batch was bend
ing over the body looking at the exposed
skin. Suddenly he cried out sharply: "Dr.
McDonald, see that rupture." In a moment
Dr. Spitzka and Dr. McDonald had bent
over and looking where Dr. Batch was
pointing saw a little red spot on the hand
t hat rested on the right arm of the chair.
The index finger of the hand had curved
backward as the flexor muscles con
tracted and had scraped a small hole in
the skin at the base of the thumb on the
back of the hand. There was nothing
strange in this alone, but what was
strange was that the little rupture was
KEMMLER NOT DEAD.
"Turn the current on instantly. This
man is not dead," cried Dr. Spitzka.
Faces grow white and forms fell back
from the chair. Warden Durston sprang
to the doorway and cried, "turn on the
current," but "the current could not be
turned on. When the signal to stop had
come the operators had pressed the
little button which gave the signal to
the engineer to stop the dynamo.
The dynamo was almost at a stand still
and the volt metre registered an almost
imperceptible current. The operators
sprang to the button and gave a sharp,
quick signal. There was a rapid response,
but quick as it was. it was not quick
enough to anticipate the signs of what maj
or may not have been reviving conscious
ness. As the group of horror-stricken wit
nesses stood helplessly by, all eyes fixed on
the chair, Kemmler's lips began to drip
spittle and in a moment more his chest
moved and from the mouth came a heavv
stertorous sound, quickening and increas
ing with every respiration u respiration
it was. There was no voice but that of the
warden crying at the operators to turn off
the currents and the wheezing sound, half
groan, which forced itself past the tightlv
closed lips sounded through the still
chamber with ghastly distinctness.
There were seventy-three seconds in
in the interval which elapsed between the
moment when when the nrst sound passed
Kemmler's lips until the response to the
signal came Irom the dynamo room. It
came with the same suddenness that
marked that first shock which passed
throughout Kemmler's body. The sound
which" had terrified the listeners about the
chair was cut off sharply as the body once
more became rigid. The slimy ooze still
dropped from the mouth and ran slowly
in three lines down the beard and on to
the gray vest.
Twice there were twitchings of the body
as the electricians in the next room
threw the current on and off. There was
to be no mistake this time about killing.
ODOR OF BURNING FLESH.
The dynamo was run up to its highest
speed and again and again the full
current of 2,000 volts was sent
through the body in the chair.
As the group stood silently watching
the body, suddenly there arose from it a
white vapor bearing with it a pugent and
sickening odor. The body was burning.
Again there were cries to stop the current
and again the warden sprang to the door
and delivered quick order to nis assistant.
The current stopped and again there was a
relaxation of the body. No doubt this
time the current had done its work. Dr.
Fell, who stood at the side of the corres
pondent of the Associated Press, turned
and said: "Well, there is no doubt about
one thing. The man never suffered any of
pain." After consultations the other
physicians expressed the same belief. It
was the mitigation of the horrors of this
awful sight. Some of the eminent experts
in attendance said to the Associated Press
correspondent while the body was still
warm, that there was no doubt of signs of
returning life at the respiration, forrespir
ation they believed it to be, was growing
stronger and that in time if the current
had hot been turned on again he would
have revived. Others, and among them
Dr. Spitzka, stated within equal positive
ness the conviction, that the first shock
killed Kemmler instantly. Dr. Daniel
and Dr. Southwick, the father of the sys
tem of electricide, believe that Kemmler
was dead but they think that the current
should have been continued longer than
seventeen seconds, which was the official
time of the first contact.
RESULTS OF THE AUTOPSY.
The autopsy was begun at 9 o'clock. It
was in charge of Dr. Jenkins of New York,
Dr. Daniel, Dr. McDonald and Dr. Spitzka.
Dr. Fell prepared blood drawn from
the body for examination under
the microscope. It was found when the
body was spread out on the table that a
very severe rigor mortis had set in. There
was little relaxation and it was with diffi
culty that the corpse was straightened out.
On examination it was found that the sec
ond electrode had burned through the
skin and into the flesh at the base of the
spine, making a scar nearly five inches in
diamater. The heart, lungs and other or
gans were taken out and were found to be
in good health. They will be preserved
for further examination. The brain was
also taken out and it too will be carefully
The autopsy was held about three hours
after death and was conducted by Drs.
George F. Schrady, Carter F. McDonald,
E C. Spitzka and William I. Jenkens. of
New York City, and C. M. Daniels, of Buf
falo. The doctors prepared the following
statement on the results of the autopsy:
They all agree that unconsciousness was
instantly produced and death was appar
ently painless, notwithstanding some
slight defect in the electrical apparatus
which required a second contact of the
curient to insure death. Extensive char
ring of the body at the points of contact
of the electroids, also minute hemorrhages
were found in the serous membranes and
in the ventricles of the brain. The blood
was fluid and dark. In the longitudinal
sinus corresponding with the region of
contact the blood was carbonized. There
was a decided change in the color and
consistency of the brain corresponding
with the point of contact Destructive
changes of the blood corpuscles were
Body fairly well nourished. Rigor mortis
marked, particularly in the muscle's of the
jaw. neck and throat and gradually ev
tending from above downwards, involving
the feet and legs last. There was an oval
depression of the scalp upon the vertex,
beginning at the interior hair line and
measuring four inches in its length and
three-and a half inches in its diameter.
On incising the skin over the sternum,
the blood which escaped was unusually
dark and fluid and remained so on expos
ure. The scalp on removal showed the
skull to be in a dessicated condition
corresponding with the contact of
the electrode as previously noted, but of
larger area, being four inches by four
inches, the zone of the scalp being only
two and one-half by three inches, the
long diameter being antero-posterior. On
removal of the skull cap the dura was
normal in texture, somewhat dull in
color, particularly over the area corres
ponding with the cone of contact In the
prerolandic region, the meningeal vessels
measuring a long convexity antro-poster-iorly
of four inches on the left side and
three on the right were filled with carbon
ized blood. On the internal .aspect of
calvarium the meningeal vessels in the
dura the contents and coats appear
ed to be black and carbonized.
The carbonized vessels were so
brittle that their ends were torn off with
calvarium and presented a broken crummy
appearance. This carbonization was
limited in an abrupt manner. The other
meningeal vessels contained blood of a
crimson like hue corresponding to the
outer burn previously described. The pia
and gyrin themselves were of a
pale "blue color, the rest had
the ordinary rose injection of the
ordinary cortex. While observing this
anaemic area it was noticed that it.s blood
vessels began to fill. The pia and arch
noid on the convexity were perfectly norm
al. An interesting fact was observed on
handling the pous and medulla in that
they were found to be warm. By a ther
mometer inserted in the ventricle, the
temperature was noted at 97. This corres
ponds with an area of temperature
on the back of the neck which
was noted at 99 F., two hours after death
and 97' F , three hours post mortem.
The brain cortex iu area ot contact was
sensibly hardened to one-sixth of its depth
where there was a broken line of vascular
ity. The vessels over the the corpus
stratum showed enlargements in different
parts of their ramifications.
The pous was slightly softed. The
burned antegment of the back on being
removed showed the spinal muscles under
neath to be cooked, like overdone beef,
throughout their entire thickness. The
blood taken immediately after death
showed under the microscope a marked
granular condition almost suggesting an
elect holytic dissolution of the "red corpus
cles. THE CRIME AND DEATH CHAMBER.
Auburn, N. Y, August e. Kemmler
was a man of low mental and moral quali
ties. The surroundings of his birth and
early life were very bad. His father was a
butcher in Philadelphia, where William,
the murderer, was born m lv30 He grew
up in the shambles and in the market
place. He had but a brief experience at
school and no religious training. He
worked in his father's slaughter house for
a time, then became a brick yard worker
and finally became a huckster on his own
account. In 1SS7 Kemmler married a
worthless woman named Ida Portis, in
Camden. X. J- Two days later he found
that she had been previously married and
he left her to live with Matilda Ziegler.
They moved to Buffalo, N Y., where their
life was anything but happv and Kemmler
became a hopeless drunkard.
On Monday morning, March 29, 1SS9,
Buffalo was shocked bv the news of the
brutal butchery of Tillie Ziegler bv her
paramour. The murder was the fir-t that
had been committed m the state of New
York after the law to kill mnderers by
electricity had become operative. Kemmler
was arrested. His unfortunate mistress
was removed to the hospital. Her face.
arms and breast were covered with Wood
and her head and body showed over thirty
wounds inflicted by Kemmler with" a
hatchet. She died in a short time. The
ouly witness to the crime was the 4-year-old
daughter of the victim, who said:
"Pana fiit mamma with a hatchet when
she "was lying on the floor."' After his
arresf Kemmler refwed to talk of the
-VaiUniied ca Seecsd Pits.
WICHITA'S PHENOMIXAL INCREASE
Her Growth Comparatively Larger
Than That of any Other
Th8 Population and Percentage of the
Principal Cities of Kansas Texas
Towns Grew Eapidl
Mr. Blaine's Criticism of the McKinley
Bill Discussed in the Senate Mr. Frye
Desires to Confine Its Meaning to
Sugar The House Accepts
the Wilson Package Bill
Washington, August 6. Estimates
have been made on the census returns of
many cities and states.
The rough estimates of Kansas towns
show that Wichita has made the most pro
gress. Wichita's percentage of increase of
3S8 for the ten years was probably greater
than that of any other city of its size in
the country. Her population is 24.000,
which gives her, however, only third place.
Kansas City, Kan., was not in existence
ten years ago, the city that now exists be
ing Wyandotte and three or four smaller
outlaying towns. No percentage of in
crease can fairlv be made of this city, but
it is probable that her growth has
been more rapid than that of any
other city in the state except
Wichita. Kansas City's population is
about 3S,000, and Topeka comes second
with 31,000. The capital city's increase
has been 101 per cent a very satisfactory
showing. Leavenworth has increased only
24 per cent, but her population is now 20,
457. Atchison is the fifth city, with 17,000
population, her percentage of increase be
ing only 13. Lawrence, a manufacturing
center, has 10,992 people, an increase of 29
per cent, and Emporia has increased 94
per cent, having now about'9,C00 popula
tion. Abilene shows a population of 5,200,
which is an increase of 120 pencent. No
estimate has yet b?en prepared for Fort
Scott, Parsons or Winfield. three of the
larger towns which have enjoyed extraor
dinary growth. No doubt the percentage
of these will be high.
Texas towns generally have grown rap
idly. The six largest are pretty close to
gether in the race, but Dallas is now in
the lead. Her population is 39,300, an in
crease of 2i9 per cent, and San Antonio a
close second, with a population of 3S,800,
an increase of S9 per cent. Galveston, the
third city of Texas, has 35,000 population,
showing the smallest increase of the five,
only 57"per cent. Houston is fourth, with
32,000 population, an increase of 54 per
cent since 1SS0. The fifth city is Fort
Worth, and while her population .is only
31,090, the percentage of increase is extra
ordinary. It is 3G5, being nearly as much
as that of Wichita, Kan.
Whether He Opposes the MoKinley Bill in
Washington, August C After some
routine business of little importance the
senate proceeded to the consideration of
the tariff bill, the pending question being
upon Mr. Morgan s amendment to para
graph 127. page 24. in regard to iron ore.
Mr. Gorman resumed his argument. He
spoke at length in favor of the reduction
of the duty on Bessemer ore, having in the
course of his remarks colloquies with
Messrs. Sherman. Cullom. Spooner, Dawes
and other senators. Mr. Gorman said that
with a reduction of duty on foreign Besse
mer ore the result would be that steel
ships would be built as cheaply in
Baltimore as on the Clyde. With that
advantage, he said, the prediction of the
great Republican, the secretary of state,
would be verified. Mr. Blaine had said,
and said truthfully, that within the con
fines of the bill there was not a single item
that would open the market to the agri
cultural products of the United States.
Mr. Frye The secretary of state has
been quoted several times in the senate as
arguiug that the McKinley bill did not in
any of its features open up markets. Now
the secretary of state was dealing in that
letter entirely with foreign and not home
markets and it will be clear to any senator
who has read the letter that he intended
to have said, anil expected to have been un
derstood, that, in the McKinley
bill there was nothing to open up
foreignmarkets. I do not understand t hat
in a protective tariff there is an especial
purpose to open up foreign markets. It
is the purpose of a protective tariff to
create a home market, which is worth
infinitely more than any foreign market,
and that was, undoubtedly, the under
standing of the secretary of state, and not
a purpose to reflect at all on the McKinley
bill except so far as that there was noth
ing in it intending to open up foreign
markets, and he desired to have something
put in it, in the way of reciprocity, by
which the foreign markets might be
Mr. Butler Then I understand that the
secretary of state was in favor of opening
up foreign markets to American manu
facturers. Mr Frye Undoubtedly he was In favor
of some reciprocal relations with the re
publics to the south of us by which the
market of the United States might ba ex
tended to them.
Mr. Butler Then, in short, he was favor
of opening foreign markets
Mr. Frye He was in favor of resorting
to some measure by which the high duties
impo-ed by the South American republics
on products of the United States might be
reduced and removed, thus enabling us to
send our goods to thoe markets.
Mr. Butler Then he was in favor of
opening foreign markets to American
Mr Frye He was in favor of opening
foreign markets to the American producers
of provisions and breadstuffs.
Mr Butler Not to the manufacturers of
Mr. Frye. He said nothing of manufac
turers. It is well understood that the
South American republics can not afford
to open their markets to onr manufactur
ed goods, becau-e they depend entirely on
their import and export duties for money
to carrv on their governments.
Mr Gray poke of the "remarkable glos5
put by Mr. Frye on Mr. Blaine's letter"
anil he went on to read extracts from the
letter to show that Mr. Frye's interpreta
tion of it was not the natural or correct
Mr Frye stated in reply to Mr Gray that
Mr. Blame had criticised tbe bill in simply
one regard the provision making sugar
free In his judgment, Mr Blaine had
simply criticised it because the
free sugar provision was not ac
companied with a provision that
would open up the markets of the South
American countries to the products of
American farms. That was a criticism
which he .himself wonld have made. Therr
wa? no other criticism made by .Mr Blaine
on the McKinley bill and he himself sym
pathized strongly in that criticism.
Mr. Giboa denied the statement that
Mr. Blaine's letter referred to sugar alone
and asserted that it referred also to hide
and wool and ores. The secretary of state
stood committed to the broad policy of
reciprocity with South American and
Central American states.
Mr. Morgan withdrew his amendment
in order to allow Mr. Gorman to offer one
and Mr. Gorman thereupon moved to
amend by reducing the duty on iron ore
from 75 to 50 cents per ton.
Mr. Plumb moved to amend the amend
ment by making the rate 60 cents per ton.
Mr. Gorman accepted the amendment.
The amendment was rejected yeas 21.
nays 29. Messrs. Dawes. Ingalls. Paddock
and Plumb voted aye with the Democrats
and Mr. Payne was paired with a Demo
crat. Mr. Barbour.
The rest of the paragraph was agreed to
as reportea oy tne nuance committee.
Mr. Vance moved to reduce the duty on
pig iron (paragraph 12S) from 3-10 of a cent
per pound to o aton.
Without disposing of the amendment the
PENSIONS FOR KANSANS.
Washington, Aucust 6. The following
pensions were issued to Kansans: Origin
alThomas J. Jones. Mingoua: Elijah H.
Tyner, Arkansas City; Samuel Vanover,
Grinnell; Henry H McKinney, Ryan;
George M. Langdon, Lawrence; George F.
Thompson, Washington; Swen Peterson,
Salina; Francis O. Scarr, Miltonvale;
Johnathan Miller, National Military
Home; Wallace McDowell. North Topeka;
David R. Martin, Hallowell: James T. Mc
Clure. Ness City; James D. Sims, Iola;
Isaac W. Lyons, Minneapolis; Anthony A.
Wheeler, Peabody; Leon id us H. Pierson,
Glen Elder. Increase John R. Mavberrv.
Louisburg; George W. Bailev. Wich
ita: Nathan Matthews, Wamego;
William Bloomfield, Barnes. Original
widows, etc. Minors of Austin
George, Leona; Mary, widow of Charles
W. Anders. Columbus; Marv F. Simons.
former widow of Hiram P. Barnett, Fort
Scott: Annie E., widow of Cyrus L. ban
ford, Winfield; minors of Thomas Secord,
Hutchinson; minors of John Kirby,
NATIONAL BAR ASSOCIATION.
Indianapolis, Ind., August 6. The
NationatBar association met today with
delegates present from thirteen states.
After listeuing to an address or welcome
by Hon. A. C. Harris, of this city, and a
response by President Doyle, the reports
of the secretary and treasurer were read.
The committee on nominations reported
the following who were chosen unani
mously: President Charles Marshall. Mary
land; vice presidents First judicial district.
George W. Chapman. N. H.: third, H. M.
North. Pa.; fourth, Robert White, West
"Virginia; fifth, Edwin T. Taliafarre, Ala
bama: sixth, T. M. Hinkle, Ohio; seventh,
A C. Harris, Indiana; eighth, W. A.
Johnston, Kansas; ninth, James R. Fin
layson, California; secretary, William
Reynolds, Maryland; treasurer, Judge
The afternoon was spent in discussing
proposed changes in the by-laws. The
association is being entertained at the
Coluinbia;club rooms tonight by tho local
ACOBPTS WILSON'S BILL.
The House Agrees to the Conference on
WASHINGTON.'August 6. -The regular or
der having leen demanded byMr.Enloe, of
Tennessee, Mr. Grosvenor, of Ohio, rose to
a question of order. He insisted that it
was the duty of the speaker at this time to
lay before the house bills and other mat
ters of public interest that had accumu
lated on the speaker's table. He, himself,
had had on the table for twenty-one days
a bill which could be passed in one mo
ment. Tho speaker stated that the gentleman
from Iowa (Mr. Reed) presented a confer
ence report which of course had preference.
Mr. Reed then presented the conference
report on the original package bill. The
report is the bill exactly as it passed the
senate and is dissented from by Mr. Oates,
of Alabama, one of the conferees.
After debate the conference report was
adopted yeas 120, nays J.
The house then went into committee of
the whole, Mr. Payson, of Illinois, in the
chair, on the general deficiency bill. With
out disposing of the bill, the committee
rose and the house adjourned.
Washington. August 0. Kansas pat
ents granted: O. Campbell, Lawrence, ap
paratus for concentrating and amalgamat
ing ores; Albert Charles and J. W. Garri
son, Blue mound, portable frame for stock
scales; Charles B. Cook, Erie, harrow;
Arthur O. Corey, Council Grove, com
bined dental mallet and pliers; Rufus G.
Ellsworth, Northcott. baling press for
hay, eto.; Lvcurgus Lindsay, Humbolt,
bolting reel; William P. Quentill, Kansis
City, typewriting machine; Harry O.
Thomas, Cherryvale, reversing gear; John
H. Williams; Maple Hill, hay press; Harris
C. Wintcrmute, Kansas City, artificial
leg; Alexander Wirth, Parsons, spring
AN OKLAHOMA POSTMISTRESS.
Washington, August C Alice Cornell
has been appointed postmistress at Noble,
Ok., vice A. Reunie, resigned.
ARRIVED FROM CAPE MAY.
Washington, August 6. The president
and Postmaster General Wanamaker ar
rived here about 1:45 p. m.,from Cape May.
A Newsy Budget of Items Prom Harper
ANTHONT, Kan., August 6. Special
Correspondence. The funeral of the in
fant child of Hon. George E. McMahon
took place this morning. It died in Mani
tou. Col., last Saturday, whither Mrs. Mc
Mahon had taken it for the benefit of its
hsaltb. Mr. McMahon went to Manitou
on receiving a dispatch relating its sick
ness and they returned home Tuesday eve
ning. The little one was buried forfthe
present in the ground of its parents'
Hon. I. A Love, Republican candidate
for jndge of this district, returned last
Saturday from a visit to the east.
Web and army worms have made their
appearance in the county, but too late to
do more than damage a little garden stuff.
As soon as it rains a larger acreage of
wheat will be put in than ever before in
the history of Harper county, and next
year more mortgages will be paid off. The
time for making mortgages is past in this
W. II. Mock, left today for tbe Boston
encampment, the sole representative from
Mrs. J. M Lapham and her dauzhter,
Blanche, have been visiting relatives in
Wichita this week-
The county commissioners met vester
day and levied taxes as follows: General
fund. 10 mills;ipoor fund, 1 mill; bond
fund, 1 mill.
An original package house wa opened
here lastMonaay and is doing a big busi
ness with no interference as yet.
Mr. Annie Smith lectured in tbe Bap
tist ctrarch last evening to the W. C T C
The county institute is in full Wast with
1W members. This is the last week of tbe
Mr L. A Walton, of Wichita, U vWt
ing relatives here and at Harper this week.
HaHowell's nomination taices like wild
fire aronnd here. Colonel Hallowell spoke
on pension bills in this city in June and
our people admired him; besides he has
many acquaintances here.
ANOTHER TEXAS CUT.
St Loris, Ma, August & Tbe third
cu in freight rales to Texas and ths City
of Mexico wen isto effect today. The
recwlar rate on HzsZ, second aad t&ird
d&ss freJRh. J IJ3 and the present nua
3 ceats. On other classes the rededioa
i in like proportion. ""
A: MED TICKET.
COMPLETE RETUKSS FR03I OKLA
The RepnblicaD Candidate's Suc
cess fnl in the Kingfisher Dis
trict, Re3'nold3 Leading.
A Large Vote Polled by the People's
Party Guthrie's Beturns Coming
President Clover, of the Alliance, domi
nated for Congress in the Third Dis
trict by the Peoples' Patty Stev
ens County Alliance Men for
Special dlpatch to the Dally Eaele.
Oklahoma Citt, Ok., August 6. Com
plete returns show the election of L. G.
Pittman, Democrat; J. W. Howard, Demo
crat, and J. L. Brown, Republican, mem
bers of the council, and D. W. Perry,
Democrat. S. D. Peck, Democrat, C M.
Burke, Democrat,G. G. Jones, Republican,
and H. O. Trosper, Republican, members
of the lower house. E. F. Mitchell, Demo
crat, candidate for member at large, car
ried the county.
Eleven hnndred votes were cast in the
city an 1 about three thousand in the coun
ty. Oklahoma was the name selected for
Heavy rains kept many voters away
from the polls.
Kingfisher, Ok., August 6. The elec
tion in this countv veterdav resulted in
.the success of the Republican ticket. The
vote was lull and tne interest strong aim
The total vote was 1,SS5. The leading
Republican candidate, M. W. Reynolds,
candidate for representative at large, re
ceived SKW. the leadnic candidate on tho
Peoples' ticket received .rS0. the leading
candidate on tho Democratic ticket re
T.E GENERAL SITUATION
Guthrie, Ok, August ('. Yesterday
was election day in Oklahoma It wis the
close of a two weeks' campaign for mem
bers of the first legislature. Owing to the
mauy existing emergencies the necessity
of an early session of the legislature was
so urgent that Governor Steele, in his
proclamation, gave only thirty days' time
for the various political parties to organ
ize, place tickets in the field and stump
the territory There are three political
parties in Oklahoma, the Republicans,
Democratic and the Farmers Alliance.
Each of these parties nominated full legis
lative tickets in each of the seven comi
ties. As the parties had to organize,
tho time for real campaign work
was narrowed down to one week. This
was altogether too short a time for auy
party to do effective work, and in many of
the conntry precincts the extent of the
work was almost wholly in getting tickets
to tne polls.
In the towns, the campaign has been
rather brisk in the last week, there being
speaking every night, and much quiet
work. The personal popularity of the can
didates, of course, was quite a factor in
determining the result iu the towns. Be
tween Republican and Democratic parties
there has been almost a total absence of
issues. The Democratic speakers have, of
course, argued tariff reduction, free silver
coinage, and such national issues, but
without much effect, as m tho
election of this legislature local
issues are paramount The Demo
cratic platform came out fiat-footed
in favor of separate schools for the colored
children, while the Republican platform
remained silent upon that question, thus
furnishing about the only excno for an
The Farmers' Alliance or Peoples ticket
has been a very uncertain quantity. Tho
Alliance, however, ha been organized in
this territory for several months, and it
carries with it the strength of the Union
Lat or, Knights of Labor and Greenback
Guthrie cast about 2,000 votes, and from
all appearances at this writing the Repub
licans have a slight majority in the town.
It, begins to look as though it was alight
between the Republicans and Alliance
B. H. Clover for Congress on the People's
Ticket in the Third.
ClIERRTVALE, Kan.,AuinistC The Peo
pled congressional convention of the Third
district organized here at 11 a. xn today
with A J. Hixon, of Labette county, as
chairman. SeTenty-six delegate were
present representing in full the following
counties; Cherokee. Labette, Crawford,
Neosho, Chautauqua. Montgomery, Wil
son, Elk and Cowley. Th usual neces
sary committees were appointed and at I
o'clock, p. m.t all were rady to report.
The committee on order of busi
ness recommended an informnl bal
lot for a candidate for congress
which was taken and resulu-d in
in 25 votes for B. H. f lover, of Cowley,
with the balance scattered between
Prather of Cherokee Daniels of Crawford.
Hixon of Labette. Lech oCNeoabo, Rots
of Chautauqua and Shmn of Wilson.
In accordance with a previous resolu
tion the candidates irere twh nailed upon
for a five minutes speech, tho not pment
to be represented by a proxy In tbr jipwch
making Tbe convention broke otit with
cnes for Clover who responded in an Ho
quent manner and as a natural revolt, the
eloquence which flowed from the other
candidates and their proxies wre
all speeches of withdrawal and compli
ment to the favorite. Thn it wa only
tbe work of a motion and a viva tort vote
to finish the nominating of Mr. Clover by
Tbe ddegats then organized a campaign
committer with L. A. Ronek as chainnaQ
and M H Markham a frenriary The
reMjhiUons pas-d ware the esvaee of tbe
Ft. Louis platform with tbe addition of a
piaak lor legislation eompolHng ratlread
companies to a tbe latest improvd
brakes and couplings for the tai ei j of eta
Mr CTotw i well known as vhn prtw
dxit of the Fanners AlliaaceDd leader of
the People's party He in tram tbs ban
ner coonty of the district.
ALUAiSCE MEN FOR HALLOWELL.
HcooTOJf. Kao., Angmt 4. Special eor
rehpoadenx' When the great cOHTeatioB
at Dodge City adonw-d and oor delegate
returned home, they wt greeted oa all
hands with "Well door., thou gocl ad
failhf al serraat- While you stood to th
rack and supported Judge Botkin. yea ttid
the right thing in making tbe brrstk wit
Harrry eamatr for that gallant xotdhsramd
ia;ui&a. f 'okwel Jaax- li. Halkwt
All Alfeace Repblfcstff hmt say that tfce
platform of pneefpfe eti ibaxn asd tfcer
win tasd by tins graad oW pasty tern
that i their pnseipie. ao ifeOtar
ooeld bAVfe been made erg be UmmmnA
Oct delegates speak is htjfe ?rai l fc
brilliant and eloquent speech made bv
Judge Reed in nominating Colonel Hallo
well for congress and admit it was the bess
speech they have ever heard on any occa
sion of this kind. Thepeople. knowing tho
talent and legal ability of this gentleman,
have already mentioned his name as a can
didate for supreme judge of the state.
Captain Steele, a delegate, one of our
honored citizens and themaa who nomi
nated Jndsre Botkin at the convention,
says "the old soldiers will rally to Hallo
well's support as will the Alliance Repub
licans,'" of whom the captain is a leading
NORTH DAKOTA DEMOCRATS.
Graxd Forks, X. D., August 6. Tha
Democratic state convention met at tho
opera house in this nty tonight. Judgo
Dennett, of Bottenesiu "was elected perma
nent chairman and A 11 Ray.of Bismarck,
The following state ticket was nominat
ed: Congressman, John D. Benton, of
Gargo; governor, W. D. Roach, of Lara
more; lieetenant governor, George R, Gar
rett, of Richmond county; secretary of
state, F. A. Wilson, of Bath Gate; auditor,
C. E. Moach, of Morton county; treaMirer,
T. H. Baker, of Bismarck; attorney gener
al, J. V. Brooke, of Devils Lakf.
Cedar Rapids, la.. August G. Tha
Democratic state convention met here this
morning. G. B, Fall, of Mahaska county,
was chosen temporary chairman. After ap
pointment of the usual committee a recast
The temporary chairman. G B. McFall,
in a well received addrt&s alluded to Cleve
land and Boiso as the Iown presidential
ticket for 1SD2. Judcro Phelns, of Iown
City, was cho.on permnnent chainnau.
.Teffkrsov City, Mo., August a Silver
Dick Bland was renominated for congrites
today by the Democrats of the EIcentU
Missouri district Mr Bland is now serv
ing his ninth term in congroas. The Hon.
Roger Q Mills nddreed a large mas
meeting this evening on the subject of tho
KINGMAN'S PEOPLE'S PARTY.
KlKGMAN, Kan , August C The Fco
pleVparty held a convention hero yester
dny and nominated a full county tlckuu
Th'ey endorsed the St. Louis platform .tad
ding a number of special demands. They
also cho.se deUigaiea to the state conven
tion, August 13, at Topeka.
A DEADLOCK AT BUTLER.
BrTLER, Mo., August C The Demo
crats of the Twelfth Missouri district rep
resented by, Representative Stone mot herv
today to nominate a candidate forcongres!.
Theru were six candidates iu tho field ami
tho first ballot resulted in a deadlock,
which at a lato hour had not boon brokou.
BIG RAPIDS, Mich , August S Tho Re
publican congressional convention of tho
Ninth district yesterday renominated
Byron X. Cutcheon unanimously.
CABLE FOR CONGRESS.
MoxMorril. 111., August G The Demo
crats of the Eleventh district jesusrdajr
noimnatisl Benjamin F. Cable, of Root;
Island1 for congress.
THREE DEATHS FROM A QUARREL.
Gi evwood Srmvos, Col., August j
Thomas Welch and Alexander Lavfllo
have for soma timu disputed over th
ownership of rertain lands in the northwest
ern part of Gunuison county, on Muddy
creek. Yesterday Levello and flva holrxjfH
were cutting hay and exr"Ctcd trouble.
They were all armed. Welch nad mhl
came with three- otbera soon wirao up and
oihMied fire which was immediately re
turned, the parties exchanging 100 hot.
Welch's son and Alexander Lavrllo wero
killed outright Charles Purham wax
snot three times and will dlo Iot Small
revolved two bullet, but it is thought ho
will live. II I). Jones. Charlc Maon,
K llarvesta, CharloA Purham and PpU
Small constituted Lavelle's party Jon
cnm down to Glenwood for tlir Rhcrlft.
but the killing was In Gnnniou county
county and our sheriff had no jurisdiction.
SHOT BY A DRUNKEN FATHER.
CltlCAi.o. 111., August 0 Frederick
Wilke. a German cabinet maker OS'swr
old, went home in mi intoxicated condi
tion late lat night and had a free fljjhfc
with his family. Hr uhot and iuhtaatfy
killed his noil Albert, a yountr man W
years old During the melee Wllka mw
htabbed in the buck and Htrurk on tho
head with an irotishelf brace and Uhi blw
fractured hitt skull and he can not rcroovsr.
How the fight began can onlr b learned
by the wife of Wilke Tbe officers are eer
tain xbc in attempting to shield rlthor her
M'lf or hrr Itt-y-ar old mm who whb prevent
while the bloody row was in progrwts aad
who probably took wmn part In thrs tight.
In giving her account ff the tragedy Mr.
"Mlkc said to thr oflln-r: "My hHabnad
carne home drunk as he ha every night
for two weeka and started to abuse me asd
the two boys. Hs shot the boy who fell
over on thn bed and did not fcpenk agaitt."
A WITNESS ASSASINATED.
LovdoN. Kv , August 6. Jamt-a I. MU-
dletou, one of the wwilthieat and bit jtl-
TMUt at Harlan, who rowded on Mrtiri'
Fork, fourteen miles east of Harlan Court
.House, left hid home Monday afUsraooa.
lie came nrs as a witness ia w r"cuM
term of the circuit court agaiaxt WUltarn
Jennings When within fMty mile at
Ilnrlnu Court House he wan umi upan
from ambush and his body literally rW
dled with bullets Parties who reached
here this morning report that the grwvtesS
exriteuifjot prevail thr and thowUneoett
in Jennings cae are afraid to tart for
this place. Jennings wu brought bens"
from tho Stafford jail laxt night and hi
cace will be called today. It is noUknowa
what disposition will be txwlt of it.
Development are anxiously awaited.
SHOT HIS COU81N.
We'TOXAIh , Augnjft (5 Otto WeatMff,.
a voting German liviag northeast of bar.
ihot Hulda VtVasliff. bl coosta, bK
night and then hct hinuwif in the famd.
causing hi death cot hoar later Til's
yoiag wosnea -hfjII Te$ytfT Tbe -arcil
wan infatuated with Ula eousin aad wanted
her Ui marry bits which she ref iseed to do
account of tb-ir r-btuoashlp
THE UTAH UNIVERSITY.
Oevr.s. Utah. Aitgusc Tht amaitr
sto&e of the L'tah uajv entity, tbn ureofi
MetbodiAt iasSltutkm bsmg ercl .
was laid yesterday with ZMtWe ire
monies by UtAhop Viweat, th fctcaO
CbatttAUouAu. AddrtaoeB ot wiinuU4o
eoagratttLatkra Ad rrop"er wwe r&adr
by htfhop ViBceet. dwrnmor Tbtna4,
aad Rev Ham W filL DD. U prrmk
dent of the aniTenwty Let;Msr jm) airto
tmpk coatBsnieatkMU irom Predet
Harrtos. Vee-Prdent Mrv. mhsc
br of tbe btnt. O'lier! Sherman d
Howard, Oliver WesdHl Holmes, ex Prei
diot Hayes. Btej at tite Tfadknrn &d
Sovtfcern ifetbedtet, eas-r Edmund,
many eongrex3a ad prtdest erf o4
iegeaaod ajUTrntitJe- were pUred la tin
cwnerooe of tJ" 7pt. Tb" mtx.
bie was tbe cOrfegrun from OUdrtw&c:
"Heartily d-4rUg vueou to t& tble
effort aad paxyr to dHT JttUnr &rt-nr-s
d WWw euentrymea from a de
pjorabr delation "
TV- HnJT-srwty is xple&didjy ktatd ad
wtll be dnierr eadowmf. Tfce baHd
mg will eet WHMJH aod thtt tMxiUj wMt
b tie int obtainable in AtartUn xxi.
GREAT VA6HOUT Itt ARIZONA.
Tcoos, Arte . Ast Heavy rai
bv be feubag ift UU fee? dri5C
lie- bwt lew oWf. Wxsy aiiesvf tieSaaCi
Fe tomtt befineeM ra d Slx baa
bom .hed out TV; snU wrtsieticlc- .
tfcm ui Dnwrw eat oL Sbus Cmwj
rrr ftHfe Sm&Umz die tSqg uu4Uf
c xhmu asy tta eerttur tfc? uka