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Jp MMxiia Jpaxhj gajgjc: Iprarstlag IPwiximj, gaiflust 7, 1890.
a - . rj-'. 5-riT -. 7 : .- " T - ii "l I'M f I I 'I II III III ' I II IIIIIIIT
M. ?f. MUKDOCK, Kdlfor.
JAMES R. HALLOWELL,
GALL FOR REPUBLICAN
Notice Is hereby given that a delecate convention
ottha Republicans of Sedeiick countrKansas.will
ito held at Garfield hall. In the city of Wichita, on
Saturday. Anpust t. 1K, at the hour of 10 o clock a.
M-, for the nomination of candidates for
Clerk of the District court.
Probate Judge. .. ,
Superintendent of public instruction, and
Sixteen delezates to the Republican state conven-
U There trill also be held at the same place, and im
medlately after the adjournment of the Kepubll
Sn county convention. a convention to nominate a
candidate for representative for the Eichty-fourth
reoreaentaUve district, and also a convention to
ntraate a candidato for representative of the
Eiehty-fwond district, and also to nominate a can.
dilate forcommlfcioncr of the First commissioner
The representative convention for the Elghty
thlrd Rrefentntlve district wlU meet immediately
after the adjournment of the count y convention for
thepnrposojf nominates a candidate for repre
sentative for said district.
The various townships and wards are entitled to
the following representation:
WICniTA CITT. DEII TOWNSHIP. DEI,
First ward 2o Kechl
Second ward 2i Lincoln 5
Third ward )Mprton 5
Fourth wTd .5Iinneha.. 4
Fifth ward HMnnescah j
Sixth ward 17 Ohio.......
townships. West Park 5
.Attica East Park 1
Delano ...... 1 4'Rockford, North 4
Erie...!....-.. 2Roekford. South 3
Grant C Sherman 4
Gypsum 6Mola..j. ;j
Garden Plains. North.. 1,A alley Center. North-.. 2
Garden Plains. South.. 3, Valley Center. South.... ..
Grand River, 3 $";
Illinois 3Wichita .....6
The delegates will be selected at the primaries to
bo held at the usual votinc places in the townships
on Thursday. August 7, lfiM, between the hours of i
"primaries will beheld In the various wards of the
city of Wichita, at the usual voting places, on the
pamo day as In the townships, between the hours of
4 and 7 p.m. ., . ,.
The delegates to the county convention from the
various representative districts shall constitute the
delegates at the reprer eutaUve convention, and llke-.-lon
in Din.mninisininr' district, unless the ar
rangement Is chanced by order of the representative
wmmitteo in the Klehty-thjrd district.
By order of the Central committee.
J. E. Henley, Chairman.
John Keli.et, Sec-etary.
REPUBLICAN STATE CONVENTION.
A delegate convention of the Republicans of Kan
Fas will be held In ttio city or i opena, on eune
day, tho Sd day of September. IS
a'Anrk tj. m.. for the nomination
at tho hour of 1
or the nomination of candidates f or
Chief Justice of the supreme court
Secretary of state.
Auditor of State.
Treasurer of state.
Superintendent of public Instruction.
DoiCR-atea to the convention mentioned above shall
be elocted by county conventions, duly called by the
neveral countv Republican committees, under such
rules and regulations as may be by them prescribed.
The basis of apportionment of delegates tosaldhtate
convention will be one delegate at largo for each
countr of the state, and one delegate for every 400
rotf rs or fraction or "MO or more otos cist for Eu
gene F. Ware for elector at large in the election of
fsSS, under -w hlc-h rule delegates are apportioned to
tho several counties as follows:
.... G Linn fi
G Logan 3
! Lyon 'J
7 Xess 3
.. 3'Rilev 0
..3 Hooka 4
..7Rnsh , 3
.. 2 Russell 3
... 4 Saline 7
..'-Scott . 2
.. 2 Sedgwick 30
.. 3'Peward 2
.. 2Shawtue 20
.. 7 Sheridan 3
.. 2!Shrman a
.. 2Mith 6
.. 5StalToid 3
.. 6Stanton -
,. 2btevcns -
Rodseman 2iSumner 10
Tnckson iJITliomas 3
Jefferson 7iTrepo 2
Jewell 7Wabaunseo 6
Johnson 0 Wallace 2
Kearney , 2i Washington P
Jvingmuu .VWIcliita 2
Kiowa 2!Wibon li
1-abette SiWoodson 4
J.nne 2 Wyandotte 15
Lincoln 4 Total VX
'I lie hecrotarles of the several county conventions
are instructed to forward to tlie undersigned secre
tary at Topeka, Kansas, a certified copy of tho cre
dentials of their t-everal delegates. Immediately
upon the adjournment of the county convention,
caid credentials to be received at Inpvka not later
than tho evening of Septembers. From these cre
dentials the Republican state central committeo
will prepare a roster of thobo entitled to participate
In the preliminary organization of the convention.
Ry order of tho committee.
HENRY BOOTH. Chairman.
BION'S. HUTCH INS. M-cretary.
STATE REPUBLICAN RESUBMISSION CONVEX
A delegate convention of the Republican Resul
iis.s1oiilsts of Kaunas will bo hold In the city of
"vlchlta, on Tuesday, the ?th day of September, at
the hour of 10 o'clock a. m., for tho nom.natlon of
Chief Justice of the supremo court.
Secretary of uie,
Auditor of .slate,
Treauror of state.
Superintendent of Public Instiuctlon.
The basis of apportionment of delegates to said
ptate convention will 1)0 one delegate at large for
oach covnty of the state, and one delegate for everv
4KMotersor fraction of 200 or more ot-s cast for
lugene F. Ware for elector at largo In the election
of 1SS8. under which rule delegates, are apportioned
o the several counties as follow s:
COUNTIES. I)EI.KTS. COUNTIES. DKLBC'TS
Allen C Linn fi
Anderson 6 Logan S
Atchison ! Lyon 9
Rerber 3 Jlarlon 7
llarton 4 Marshall 7
Rourbon 10 McPhcrson 7
Rrown S Meade 2
Rntler 9 Jliama 1;
Cbaso 4 Mitchell 6
OhHUtauqua J Montgomerv S
Cheroko S Morris .. 6
Cheyenne X Morton 2
Clark .. 2 Xenmha 7
Cla .'.. t; Neosho 6
Cloud 7 Xess 8
(offey Xorton 6
Comanche 2 Osage 10
Cowley 11 Osborne 6
Crawford 9 Ottawa 5
Decatur 4 Pawnee 3
Diekinfon S Phillips f,
Doniphan 7 Pottawotoniie 7
Douglas 9 Pratt- (
Edwards 2 Rawlins 4
Flk c5 Reno 9
Fills 3 Republic. 7
Ellsworth 4 Rice
Ford 3 RUey 6
Flnnoy S Rooks 4
Franklin 7 Rush 8
Garneid 2 Russell. ..t-. S
Geary 4 sJiive 7
Grant". 2 Scott 2
Gove 2 t-edgwtck IK
Graham S Seward ;
Gray 2 Shawnee 20
Greenwood 7 Sheridan ... 3
Greeley 2 Sherman 3
Hamilton. 2 Smith 5
Harper 5 Stafford S
Harvey rt SliuiMMi 2
Haskell 2 Stuens 2
Hodgeman- 2 Sumner 10
Jackson Thomas 3
Jefferson 7 Trego 2
Jewell . 7 Wabaunsee S
Johnson 6 Wallace 2
Kearney..... 2 Wahlncwn 9
Kinsman... s.... ft WScchtta :
Kiowa 2 Wilson 6
Jjibette S Woodson 4
Lane 2 Wyandotte la
J eavenworth 9
Lincoln 4 Total .V4
The chairman of each Republican Resubmission
County Central Commute will forward credentials
to the undershrnrd swretarv at Toneka. Kansas.
Said credentials must be received before September
, 1XM. Bv order of committee.
BEECHER STERNE. A. L. ALLEN.
St. John, Bradford, Tomlinson! "What
on earth has Nebraska done that she
should be thus afflicted?
General Longstreet is understood to be
engaged on a history of tho Civil "War,
nnd especially of the campaigns in which
lie had a share. Somebody is going to
lose a scalp, sure.
General W.T. Sherman has written a
paper full of suggestions on "The Army
and Militia of tho United States." which
appears in the August number of the
.North American Review,
A VALUABLE COMMERCIAL ALLY.
That Mexico is a country which offers
exceptional advantages for the invest
ment of capital, says the Financier, is
shown by the enormous amount invested
there during the past year. It is a fact
worthy of notice, too, that the United
States furnished at least a third of that
capital. This fact is deemed so remark
able abroad that a prominent English
financial journal devotes considerable
editorial space to the matter. "We did
not believe that Americans had any
capital to invest,"' remarks our English
contemporary, and m view of the ever
increasing British capital in our midst
such an opinion would seem not far out
of the way. Mexico has in recent times
changed much for the better. As a
country she is politically as stable as
somo European countries wluch might
be mentioned. Her present executive
believes in the fullest development of all
A recent article by one who had
traveled much over the world declared
Mexico to be naturally "the most magni
ficent country on the globe." The same
writer adds: "You have everything in
that country from the tropical regoin to
the coal region cotton, corn, wine, oil,
petroleum, indigo, and everything, al
most, that is possible to concieve."
Mexico has the enormous advantage of
two crops a year. It is true that the
Mexican citizen is painfully lacking in
all those qualities which makes the suc
cessful man. But for this very reason,
it is less difficult for foreign capital to
obtain a foothold and derive profit. We
believe that Mexico's resources and
American brains will make a wonderful
showing in the near future.
This was General Grant's estimate of
the country and the possibilities of
developing profitable trade relations be
tween it and our own countrv. This is
likewise Mr. Blaine's view of the matter,
and with all these things so patent, it is
next to incomprehensible why any
citizen of this country civilian or offi
cial should tax his ingeunity to devise
some excuse to prevent the accomplish
ment of so desirable an arrangement as
an equitable trade cartel between that
country and this. Yet there are some
such persons thus engaged.
A CRIME AGINST THE PUBLIC.
That was a horrible judicial murder
committed at Auburn, New York, yes
terday morning, accompanied by a dis
gusting parade and red tape officiousness.
Tho attempted refined cruelty proved
butchery worthy the instincts of the sav
age, or the fiendishness of the inquisition.
Instead of killing the man as "quick as
thought' as they claimed they would, he
was left bound in rigid clasps of metal
while for a period, which must have
seemed hours to the agonizing victim,
his physical life was, second by second,
for more than two hundred seconds of
time, torn to shreds by piecemeal and
left quivering in disintergratiou. It was
inhuman torture for which justice did
not call. It would have been more Chris
tian to have, chopped his head off, to
have blowed him up -with dynamite or
to have shot him bodily out of a cannon.
Of course the attendant physicians and
officials will attempt to make people be
lieve that the wretched victim was un
conscious from the time the first current
of the electric fluid was sent through
him, but they will fail. The Associated
Press agent told the truth, besides the
man's countenance when exposed verified
the agent's account of the sickening af
fair. The extension of the reciprocity treaty
between the United States and Hawaii
has been productive of much good. Tho
interchange of agricultural products and
commercial relations generally have
been stimulated to unwonted activity.
More vessels are required for the in
creased carrying trade and such are at
present being constructed. The building
of a railroad through Hawaii has opened
up sugar cane land of the best quality,
and this has been secured by American
capitalists. $2,000,000 and more of
American capital is said to bo at present
invested on the island. The United
States has imported the rolling stock,
animals and all necessary materials for
surface roads into Hawaii, and the ss
tem is working at present very profit
ably. During tho year just past, the
total tonnage entered at Hawaiian ports
was 218,000 tons, of which 120,000 tons
Anthony Joseph, the delegate in con
gress from New Mexico, is said to be a
great favorite with the Mexicans, by
whom he is known as Antonio Jose,
which is his real name, Anthony Jescph
being simply its English translation.
This translation of names is very com-
.1 - . vr nr mi
muuuoumie Jiexira. mere are
only three counties in the territory where
tho given name of an American voter is
not translated into Spanish on the regis
tration lists. And, b' the way, down
there you do not vote the Democratic or
Republican ticket, but the "Boleta Dem
ocratica"' or "Boleta Republica." as the
case may lx, and it is cast for "Delegato
al Congresso.' It will bo a queer state
when it gets into tho Union.
In the chamber of deputies, Paris.
France, recently, M. Roche, minister of
commerce, asked a credit of 400,000
francs to lay a cable between France and
England. Ho stated that 19.930,000 words
had been telegraphed in 1889, as against
17,717.000 in 1S8S. He also asked a credit
of 290,000 francs for telephone lines be
tween Paris and London. Thus the de
mand for increased facilities for more
prompt ami reliable intercourse is but
the reflex of the increase of jxjpulation
and growth of commercial and industrial
interchanges co-extensive -with the spread 4
of civilization and
Todd and Christian counties, Ken
tucky, which adjoin each other, can lay
claim of being the birthplace of more no
table men than any other locality of simi
lar area in the United States. The most
famous of -their product are Abraham
Lincoln, Jefferson Davis, Roger Q. Mills
and James McKinzie, known as "Quinine
Jim." There are a number of other
celebrities, but of less renown, who
reckon their existence from the same
famous locality. The remarkable feature
of the coincidents is that there should
have been so wide a divergence in the
character of the two most famous,but it
may be attributed more to the force of
Acircumstances than to iaate differences.
The senate is evidently afraid of the
The house would do well to pass the
original package bill before adjourning.
Globe Democrat: Senator Plumb has
achieved the rare feat of showing that
there is something new to be said on the
The senate was at work on pages nine
teen and twenty of tho tariff bill yester
day. There are 181 pages in the bill and
accompanying tables as printed in pur
suance of the Plumb resolution.
It costs the English government 2,
902,000 annually to support Queen Vic
toria and her immediate family. When
ever the queen visits Balmoral Castle it
takes S-1,000 to defray the railroad ex
penses of the journey.
The alieged oft repea ed attempts upon
the life of Alexander III do not seem to
have a very depressing effect upon him.
The Czar of Eussia still indulges lu's
youthful pleasures. He is an ardent
collector of birds' eggs and postage
The feeling of pity for the poor wretch,
Kemmler, is well nigh universal, but
everybody is glad the thing is over. As
a sensation the case has been drawn out
almost to an unbearable tension and all
will Q glad if discussion of it can be
Judge Sluss Marsh Murdock's man
calls "Jim Hallowell the John A. Logan
of Kansas. Wonder what John would
say to that if he knew it? Kansas City
Star. John, if he knew both the fact
and the man, would doubtless smile and
sav "bullv for Jim."'
S. B. Bradford once wrote a letter be
littling Gov. St. John as a prohibition
crank, which letter brought Bradford
into public notice and finally made him
attorney general of the state. That same
Bradford is now stumping the state of
Nebraska with that same St. John.
It is a casue of no little wonderment
how Senator Plumb keeps in such close
touch with his constituency upon cur
rent economic questions. But there is
no wonder about it when it is known
that he subscribes for and reads careful
ly two hundred papers from every part
of the state.
The grass earnings of eighty-six rail
roads for the third week in July were
SG,46"i,112, against .?.j,S4rj,38G in 1889, an
increase of 019,720. Another unmis
takable indication of a healthy and grow
ing state of business throughout the
country despite the cry of depression
and hard s imes.
The Kansas City Star says an Atchison
man dreamed tho other night that ho was
living in tho year 19.10 and that Mr.
Ingalls still occupied his seat in the sen
ate. The dreamer was not the editor of
the Champion; the incident was not even
mentioned in that peper. In fact, tho
Champion is skeptical on dreams.
If the sentiment of the people of Kan
sas as a whole upon the resubmission
question may bo estimated by tho ex
pressions as far as obtained here and
there in tho various counties, it may be
set down as overwhelmingly in favor of
the proposition. Evidently somebody is
going to be overwhelmingly astonished
at the sequel to this question.
If Mr. Cleveland had been re-elected in
1SS3 there would have been no trouble
about reciprocity. Kansas City Star.
None whatever. His eagerness for
free trade would have caused his admin
istration to sacrifice the reciprocal ad
vantages that will be secured by Mr.
Blaine's diplomacy if he is not too
heavily handicapped by congress in its
legislation upon that subject.
General McCook says there is no card
playing for money at Fort Leavenworth;
that he has thoroughly and completely
broken up the practice among the officers
and men by creating among them a sen
timent that frowns down upon such
practices as disreputable and beneath
the dignity of men. The General is to
be congratulated upon the reformatory
effects of his personal influence.
Miss Mollie E. Seawell, tho author of
"Throckmorton,"' a southern novel just
published by the Appletous, is a niece of
Ex-President Tyler, and lives in Wash
ington. Miss Seawell's latest success is
taking the five-huudred-dollar prize of
fered by the Youths Companion, with
her story, "Little Jarvis.'' She is an oc
casional contributor to magazines of
short stories and articles of sparkling
style and delicate humor.
Aisfrmir. Pnsrinnsror Rnnoral Plnrlr.
sou will not r0.euter the journalistic pro-
fession when he retires from his present
position next month, as has been repeat
edly announced, but will go to Japan to
take charge of an extensive commercial
enterprise in behalf of a syndicate of
American capitalists of which he is a
member, and will probably remain there
permanently. Mr. Clarkson has been a
valuable citizen and has performed in
valuable service to the Republican party,
and his loss to the country and the party
will be felt
Commenting upon the Atchison Cham
pion's change of front on the tariff ques
tion the Leavenworth Times accused it
of simply voicing tho sentiments of its
Democratic editor. To this mild im
peachment the Champion makes this
rejoinder: ''That is too thin, Colonel
Anthony. Dr. Challis was a Henjy
Clav Whig in his vounsrer davs. lie
voted for Fremont nnd vpr incv tho
formation of the party has been a de
voted Republican. The Champion now,
as always heretofore, does not stand
aside for any newspaper in its devotion
to the Republican party."
Ie is said that everything goes by con
trast iu tlie material world. If that is
true it will be well for everybody to
prepare for an unusually cold winter to
follow the uncommon hot summer from
which we are jtii-t emerging. This pre
caution would seem all tlie more neces
sary inasmuch as the corn supply for
fuel is going to be a little sliort this
season. There is no cause for alarm in
this, liowever, for tlie prices for what
we shall have to sell will be so much
better that we can afford to burn. coal.
What's the matter with Kansas, did you
ask? Oh, nothing; she's all risfct
"Preston B. Plumb," says the Wichita
Eagle, "is becoming the Samuel J.
Randall of the Republican party." Ran
dall was praised by the enemy and almost
universally condemned by his own party.
The Eagle's intended compliment is not a
nattering one. Emporia Repubhcon.
Your characterization of Mr. 'Randall
is too sweeping: he was only "praised by
his enemies and condemned, by his own
party" for his attitude on the tariff ques
tion; on all others he was in perfect
harmonj- with his party. And as for
his attitude on the tariff question, he
simply reflected the sentiments and
wishes and "interests" of his con
stituency and section. In these respects
and to that extent the similarity be
tween the two men is to our mind very
striking, and the compliment is as flat
tering to one as to the other: both per
formed their duty to those they were
commissioned to represent.
The Charleston News and Courier,
after studing the congressional directory,
reports that there are six farmers in the
senate and thirty-five in the house. The
senate lost a farmer when Palmer of
Michigan retired. This hard working
agriculturalists once entertained a arty
of congressional notables at his farm
near Detroit The table was loaded with
brimming pitchers of rich jersey milk
from his fancy diary, and tubs in which
bottles of champagne nestled lovingly in
tho cool but protecting embrace of heaps
of cracked ice. "Help yourselves, gen
tlemen," said the host, hospitably.
"Take milk or champagne, whichever
you prefer. The milk costs me about
twice as much per quart as the wine,
but both are equally at your service."
Brady, of the Salina Republican, seems
to be rattled. To parry the effect of the
strong resubmission sentiment of that
community, which he has been trying
these weeks and months to make the
readers of his Republican believe did not
exist, he springs a sensation on them in
the shape of a cat suicide, the result, he
says, of the deep grief of the suicide vic
tim at the loss of its felino companion.
It is devoutly hoped that is not given
out as premonition of what may take
place with the esteemed in consequence
of his disappointment at the way the
prohibition cat has jumped in Salina.
Don't do it, Brady; you may be happy
As evidence of tho desperation of the
Alliance political situation it is only
necessary to call attention to the impor
tation of Weather-cock Weaver into this
district to help put the movement on its
feet and start it agoing. Weaver is a
slick one; so slick, in fact, that he has
succeeded in sliding all over and onto
every side of every political ism that has
sprung up in this country during the
past twenty years. On the stump ho is
all things to all men, but when ho is an
alyzed and sized up he amounts, prac
tically, nothing to nobody.
The census will demonstrate that the
increase of population in Nebraska has
been about 130 per cent, while that in
Kansas will not exceed 50 per cent
That's a big difference and there must
be a reason for it. Nebraska towns have
jumped way to the front, while a num
ber of Kansas towns have stood still, if
not retrograded. Now, why? Atchison
One hundred years ago today the first
mechanical patent was issued by this
government It was granted to Samuel
Hopkins for making pot and pearl-ashes.
The total number of patents issued dur
ing the century was 433,432.
THE WHITE SQUADRON.
The return home of the cruisers Chica
go. Boston nnd Atlanta brings to a close
a naval demonstration that has lieen
throughout a source of gratification to
patriotic citizens generally, as well as to
those actively interested in the navy of
our country. The squadron of evolution
left this country a little les than seven
months ago. The Yorktown returned
recently alone in advance of her sister
Peculiar interest attached to this
cruise, as these ships are types of the
highest attainments in modern naval
construction and are the splendid repre
sentatives of the United States as a
predestined great naval power. The
record of the cruise was brilliant from
start to finish. In the European and
South American ports that were visited
the cruisers were regarded with admira
tion, and the officers and the sailors re
ceived benefitting attention. The moral
effect of this naval display upon other
nations can scarcely be overestimated.
It has shown to the world the capacity
of the United States in naval matters.
The several vessels of the squadron
abundantly demonstrated their sea
worthiness and their efficiency in the
maneuvers which constituted an im
portant feature of the cruise. It is evi
dent that we have in these ships a
nucleus for one of the finest navies of
the world. It should not Ue forgotten
at this moment of general satisfaction
how much the country owe3 to President
Cleveland's secretary of the navy, Whit
ney, for the achievement of these results.
Mr. Whitnev's intelligent, business like
efforts to rehabilitate the navy that the
waste and laxity of his predecessors had
destroyed, were eminently successful.
The new cruisers constitute a fitting
memorial to his efficient and unselfish
SIX THOUSAND INTOXICANTS.
A New York Star reporter, who of
course has no practical acquaintance
with tho liquids he describes.tells us there
ane no less than 6,000 intoxicants known
to the custom house records and con
stantly brought, all or part of them, to
every port of entry in the Union. Ninety-five
Per cent of tho immigrants to
America drink Alcoholic liquors in one
form or another, and not more than five
per cent of them ever heard of total ab
stinence. Once here they both make
and import their favorite home land in
tixicants. From Mexico come pulque and mescal,
made from the cactus. Central and
South America send white sugar cane
rum. along with multitudinous other
villainous drinks which the reporter
seems to understand suspiciously well.
Spanish South America brews a number
of drinks delicious to the taste which are
on the whole mild. These drinks are
distilled from tlie lemon, oranjre,
banana, guava, cocoamit, tamarind, iig
and chocolate and vanilla- Orange pm
gin. however, is a concoction which will
make even the Anglo-Saxon stand on his
Tlie Russian imports his vodka, the
Norwegian his caraway whisky, the
German his whisky made from potato
parings and other equally frugal bases.
The vodka is about on a level with high
wines, while of the potato paring whisky
the less said the oetter. The custom
house divides ail these nondescript im
portations into four classes: wines,
strong liquors, cordials and medicines.
STUi WANTS TO FIGHT.
To tho Editor of the Easle.
Allow me to point to the the "gentle
man" (subjlnus Americanus occi
dentals) who has lost his temper, that
it is an axiom with newspaper contro
versialists that when a man descends to
personal abuse of an opponent he has abad
case, not but wnat unaer tne conuinons,
etc., the abuse was in truth
complimentary. Although my would
be annihilator denies in one
breath what I advanced, in the
next he admits that it was correct So
much for his logic. Perhaps he is un
aware that this district is what is called
a French colony and that the French ac
count of the revolutionary straggle is as
entitled to respect as the American,
maybe more so, being more impartial.
One of the colony observed to me: "You
are quite right, the French king did send
an expedition to help in six ships of
war." I can prove my case right up to
the hilt with regard to either the revolu
tionary war or the war of 1S12. The
first being justifiable and attaining its
object; the second being without suffi
cient cause (as recorded, too, I under
stand by the legislature of Massachusetts)
and the objects attained nil. The Vic
tories and defeats of 1813 need not be
recapitulated, they were indecisive and
about equal on both sides I may add
that I have lived here many years "conse
quently I am not to be "bluffed"' with
school boy tales or those of children of
larger growth, even if they be westerns,
or by personal abuse. Does this intellectu
al and refined person imagine he is the
first choice specimen of what Max O'Rell
styles the "partially civilized" portion of
these communities I have tackled on this
subject? Not quite,
Tiiere are two points to which I would
draw this individual's espeJal attention.
The first, "That nine-tenths of the heroes
of the Revolution were descendants of
Cromwell's Ironsides and the cream of
the non-conformist Biitish population
pure and unadulterated, whilst many
Avere even bom in the British isles. The
second, whenever you hear an 'Ameri
can" citizen boasting of having whip
ped" England (with some few exceptions)
you will find that he is a descendant not
of the old revolutionary heroes, (of
whom all the Anglo-Saxon race are
proud) but derives his origin in great
part from some of.the inferior and down
trodden populations of continental
Europe with at the best just enough
Anglo-Saxon blood to grade him up a
little; being the descendant for the
major part of those races which have
gone down before the sturdy Bntton. He
thinks he gives himself some present
glory, with revenge for tho lickings of
the pat by bragging as an "American(?)"
inordinately, and partially falsely, of the
achievements won by one section of the
Anglo-Saxon race in a combination
against its mother countrv, and in which
neither the brager nor his progenitors
had either part or lot. As Captain
Cuttle said "make a note of it" The
balance of the rubbish in his letter is
not worth notice.
As my middle names (sic) appear to have
proverbial and reasonable effect of the
red rag to an equally judicious animal, I
will sign my name, I. B. Oldreine.
THE ROSCOE CONKL.ING OFKiNSAS
To the Editor of tho Eacle.
In this morning's issue you character
ize Judge Sluss as the "RoscooConkling
of Kansas," To this please allow mo to
say, with all my heart, amen? "When
that distinguished man had been seized
with the fatal malady which ended his
life, and before his death, a California
paper, in an article on his life and char
acter after the very highest estimate of
him as an orator and a statesmen, pays
this tribute to his integrity: "There is
no marble white enough to go above his
grave and bear tho evidence of this the
ciowning virtue of his life." This esti
mate of Conkling is now generally
Judge Sluss will never achieve any
Jno. A. Wallace.
"THE BIVOUAC OF THE DEAD."
A Kentuckian writes in the Courier
Journal and interesting sketch of how
this famous poem was written. Its story
dates back lo the battle of Buenn Vista,
February 23, 1847, when the whole Mex
ican army, under Santa Anna, defiled
around a mountain pass and summoned
Ji, 000 Americans under Taylor to sur
render. The reply was, "General Tay
lor never surrenders," and at it the two
went to fight it out. In the terrible bat
tle that followed Taylor was victorou--,
and thereby won the presidency for him
self. But many among the flower of his
officers were killed, among them young
Harry Clay, eldest son of Henry Clay.
Clay's death was mourned as a calamity
by the whole state. In May his remains
were brought home from Mexico and
buried at Louisville, with grand cere
monies. The feelings of the Kentuckians
were around as not often happens. In
the midst of the popular grief, patriotio
feeling and state pride all mingled came
to that other Kontuckian, Colonel Theo
dore F. O'Hara. his immortal peoni,
"Tlie Bivouace of the Dead."
The body of Col. O'Hara himself was
brought to Frankfort, Ky., in October,
174, and buried. On this occasion his
own poem was recited above his remains
and those of two other officers who were
laid to their final rest at the same time
in the Frankfort cemetary. Tlie poom
has been quoted at a hundred soldier fu
nerals. The correct version of the first
stanza the Kentuckian &ays is this.
The muffled drum's ;nd roll has beat
The soldier's last tattoo:
No more on life's parade shall meet.
That brave and fallen few.
On fame's eternal camping ground
Their silent tents are spread.
And glory cuards with solemn round
The bivouac of the dead.
HOW "ASSAYING" IS DONE.
Tlie process of &saying gold and silver
is identical m each case, savg tlie St.
Louis Republic. The metal s first put
through a highly heated furnace and
melted, the samples for "assav" beinjc
dipped out while the metal is in the liquid
state. Next, the same sample is 'brown
into a vessel of cold waUr, when granu
lation ensues. Taken from tho cold bath.
it is boild in sulphuric acid, the silver dis
solving while tlie gold is preciptUtd to
the bottom, where it is caught in propr
receptacles. The acid is now drawn otf
awl the metal placed in another veel
laid with Rheet lead, the bot
tom being plates of copper. Chem
ical action now sets in, the acid,
copper and lead being in a ferment.
While the gold is being precipitated,
the silver, if there be any in the sample
under test is bHng dppcKited in thin me
talic sheets on what before the fermenta
tion set in were the copper plates, bet
which liave now been transformed into
bine vitrol or suipltate of corjper. After
tlie metals have all been deposited r3ey
are gathered up, and, with the impari
ties still remaining, preyed into cakes
by a hydrau:ic machine which ha a
pressure of 200 tons. Again it is melted
the gold and silver each in separate vate
of core i, the pare metals being again
deposited and the impurities, aided by
chemical actios, left JioatJog oh the fcopL
The next and last process mas the met
als iato igota ready for tka markets of
WE HAVE THEM !
THE NEWEST AETUMN DRESS FABRICS.
A choice selection of Worth, and Kedfern Suitings.
Fancy Cheviots, Camel's Hair effects and beautiful
Plaids just opened, and you should see them.
Prices Seasonable at the
KEITH & PERRY COAL COMPANY,
Successors to Economy Coal Co.)
Miners : and : Dealers : in : all : Grades : of : Coal
Main Office 116 2s' Market. Telephone 301.
THE VALUE OF IRRIGATION.
On this important subject we get from
the San Diego Union the following
which is worthy of thoughtful perusal:
"Judicious irrigation will always double
the yield of anything on laud high enough
above "w inter floods to be of much value.
On lands still higher it is quite certain to
treble the yield and on lands high enough
to be free from killing fronts it is certain
to quadruple it. There will, of course, be
some years when the differences will not
be so great, but in the averago of ten
years it will be fully that Lands where
this difference does'not hold in ordinary
years will be too wet in about four years
out of ten. Suppose now, your grcs re
ceipts without irrigation are $75 an acre,
of which $o0 or more aro clear profit
over the interest on cost of Iarnl ami ex
penses, gathering crop, etc. Your irri
gation costs you say ten dollars an acre,
including interest on cost of water, otf
set by convenience for domestic use and
watering stock. These figures of expense
are much too high for most things, and
are given only in illustration. If your
crop is doubled you have made fifty dol
lars more on anextra investment of ten
dollars, as against fifty dollars on twenty-five
dollars; if trebled you make one
hundred dollars on ten dollars, and if
quadrupled you make still another fifty
dollars, or one hundred and fifty dollars
a year upon ten dollars. But there is
this very important difference: Without
irrigation you could not have made the
one hundred and fifty dollars or tho one
hundred dollars or the second fifty dol
lars at all; but on the other hand you
might have had your fht fifty dollars
reduced to forty'dollars by an unusually
dry season. If you attempt to dodge this
difficulty by windmills, you gain nothing
over the cost of water from a ditch. If
you try to avoid it by going on damp
lands,"which in any quantity can be
found only in low valleys, then you run
the risk of not only heavy winter fronts,
which prevent the growing of vegetables
in winter and check back alfalfa, etc.,
but spring frosts, which may nip your
trees in bloom. You run the rink, too,
of having water stand upon tho land in
unusually wet winters, and your trees
injured by change from year to year in
the level of tho water about their roots.
WESTERN KANSAS A STOCK COUN
TRY. From the AMand Journal.
There will bo much said to tho detri
ment of Kansas over the failuro to raise
a crop of corn this year. Tho hardest
things will be said by those fellows over
the line east where they, too, have suf
fered with the dr- weather. Western
Kansas rarticularly is a stock country
more essentially than an agricultural
legion, and its use for that purposo will
yield tho surest and quickest returns to
the farmer. Wheat, rye and oaUi can
nearly always be raised Miccean
fulty, the " two former making
excellent winter pasturage for stock,
yielding largely in grain and affording
plenty of straw for winter shelter. Corn
is an uncertain crop and ought not, and
wo think, after this year, will not bo de
pended ujjon as a staph crop. It iu well
enough, perhaps, to cultivate a field that
will yield enough for home if it meets a
favorable season, but toatt"nift to wak
it the main crop shows poor judgment on
the part of the farmer. Wheat is ojwier
to handle and a bushel of it is worth
more than two of corn. Other crotw wiil
furninh plenty of feed for stock and thoe
who havo surplus wheat had lwt invent
it in cattle and get a start on the big and
sure road to success.
SO WERE THE PBOLE AMAZED.
From Uie Kmhh City GtrUr.
Senator Plumb again voted with the
Democrats yesterday, and lm wag rein
forced by Senator lngnits. It liad been
understood for a couple of moutltt that
both Plumb and Ingails would do their
best to defeat the McKinlej bill. About
two month' ago we wpreshowna private
letter from Plumb, received by a gentle
men iu the interior of the state. We
memorized one sentence ami since he has
made the break then anticipated we give
the sentence: "I am greatly distressed
about the McKinley bill, nod am
amazed if not disgusted, at the KantM
men in the house for voting for it."
Senators 3tandereon ad Paddock of
Nebraska, joined them on one or two
items. Edmunds and Teller io joined
the kicker in resisting Blair's motion '.o
shut off debate.
From Um Latrreoe JmramL
Jerry Simpson, the "people'" nomi
nee for congress in the Seventh district,
has belonged to every party that ha
been in existence since he wa oki
enough to vote except the Republican
party. A fter the coming election he will
probably join that and then go back aad
attend to his farm, a place he should
never have abandoned.
Tnm tb AtcftUmi farfi
Whenever a man fails in busfaew they
go to work and publish a )fet of those h
owes ami the amounts, but thev sever
publish a list of those who oave nun, aad
yet that is the list that ought really to Le
A Vaoetioa ami the Berate.
Two weeks ( ifsid one.
Ear Harbor: I Maki won.
X. Y.. six i
moe&fcs later: Jfade oae.
Btofr of the Tree Metal.
Tem Um AlrfeiNHt Ctnmpkm.
Marsh Murdock's son victor, prints a
batch of readable Kansas notes overy
day that have a ring Hfc the pu uli!
paragraph of Iktita. of Ute Karntw City
Star. Quay, of tlie Emjxma Repubticaa,
or Fbeh of the Lawrence Tribune.
of Innes & Ross.
Should Say Not.
A woman who pays a large amount of
taxes in Parsons, claims tho right to pas
ture her cows on the school houso
grounds because sho nevor had any chil
dren to send to school. Tho cause of
woman suffrage may havo suffered In
Kansas, but the Kansas woman, never.
Tho West to Quit the Business.
From like SoMu&.2e;rob2iaL3.
Tho argument that it is bettor to make
American than English millionaires is
well enough in its way but tho west is
going to quit making millionaires at nil.
Econimists tell us that a tariff is puroly
a selfish policy and the west is not going
to let eastern telfishnets be taken too far.
Nobody's Kicking Hero.
From tho Newton itepabMcan.
What is the good of our "kicking?"
Parts of Ohio have liad no rain sinco tno
middle of June, in somo counties of
Indiana thero is not enough water for
stock, and reports of like character come
from Iowa and Illinois. This state is
just as good as any of them and a groat
deal better than oome.
Too Late, Is Now tho Cry.
From the K. C. News.
The gentle rain which has fallon so
generally through Kansas and Nebraska
in the last two or threo days may havo.
been too late to save tho corn crop, but
probably arrived in timo to make tho
farmers wish they had accepted Seoro
taiy Mohler's advice and pnt in a sec
ond crop of corn.
From the Merchant Traveler.
Be shrewd and selfish as you can;
Yon'Il not be poor.
Be nothing unto any man,
And cIomj your door
To those who call on you for aid;
Turn them away
They are no good tholr play Is pkiycd
They've had their day.
Get all you can, and all you gst
lectin ly keep:
And when, at hint you die, you bot,
No ono will weep.
"What a Splendid Liar."
Mr. .Stanley relates that one day while
conversing with a friendly tribe, during
ins recent travels, one ot tnu clilom pres
ent inhuired how many wiviw lie pos
sessed. Upon Mr. Stanley innocentlr re
plying that he hail none ut all, thoj
prosent stood up liku one man and unani
mously exclaimed: "What u splondid
liar." They intensely admired tho ap
parent calmness with which ho lintf, as
they thought, tried to nmt off on Utoiu a
wondrous traveler's tale.
From a Small Bogmnlnir.
From th t Ioaia Hih-l!wert-
The Adams Express company has com
pleted the first half century of its exist
ence. Fifty years ago Alrin Adnms
started n jwrcol express lotweoii Boston
and New York, his sole outfit cotteiiiUng
of a carjet bag, which he carried in his
hand. Today the company employs SO,
000 mou :,000 horses. 2,000 wagons kimI
covers more tlian 2fi,000 miles of rail,
road, reaching every state ami territory
in the union, paying hRmlsomedividunu
on a capital of 12,000,000.
What Did It?
From thi? Toppkn Democrat.
If the criminal clause and "despicable
citizens" emigrate from Kansas to Ne
braska should not tlie jxjnnl institution!
of the two states hImw rorrfteponding
gain and reductions? Wlwt are Um
facts? Iu IScO the population of Karwai
was 993,097 ami Nebraska 438,404. In
1800 the. estimate population of Kansas
ami Nebraska, is tho same, Ui-wit: 1,360
000. These figures of courto cannot le
verified until the official count is made
by the census oilirers. That postifbiy
inayTeault in Nebraska's favor, as she w
claiming a million and a liaJf. The above
figure show a gain for Nebraska of 77,
503. and for Kansas 25-1,091, or a tlfff or
ence in faor of Nebraska of .8W(.
Horace Gr loloy's Dausrbter.
Mks GabrieUe Grple. douahlor of
II race GreeJey, ho. as a grl of 18,
w: b a famous bel e. rede very quietly
on tho old farm a ( happaqua. Site &
at out SO years o' uj-. till rwy beuu&f
fu , but lias almo t entirely jjhen up
iety, deroting ,-rHf chieuy to chart
tai lo work unde irUMhwtie stjpice4.
Mi bough in the !! invlwy homratefuL
aii J has since speat much tfrnc aati
m ney on tlie Enl -opal church near by.
IV Imps no girl in America ever bad a
f! er claim tosoci d recognition, to st
homo ami abroad, than Xiss Oteelev,
wIk fee beauty is of a striking character,
aad whose accornp'iHhmenta ar tft&ay.
&be waa tiw rage lit two vmsom in !
don, but wntMs . n joying the simple pleas
ures oi ;ife, Mr ii'tiung for its K-flW
It tupf-ar ei .vm ptmntUt alij t horn
traHUba surjfte8UM ittawmiv
Jfc tvatfi "tele, mfuthvi. fcriiniil Sri
Vr4 ft ta rM I W.wntw. uS lir(
ymcviutA. ate iart Ur frt trJ HiA-
tm T9IT - M IMUltAlUMSt. tC4S
Aimm. MAslr tscaH.
MtJCE KSklSa POWOKX CO.
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