Newspaper Page Text
"gke, IS&icMa gailijftagle: fetttsaan, Wyoming, itgitst 7, 1850.
SCIENCE AND PEOQBESS.
CURIOUS AND INSTRUCTIVE FACTS
OF WIDESPREAD INTEREST.
A Botanist's Directions for the Presslnjr,
Preserving: and Mounting of Specimen
riants for Horbarlums How to Do It
The assistant botanist at the Ohio ex
periment station, in a bulletin issued from
tho station, gives some timely directions
for the pressing and preserving of plants
For Dressing tho plants a supply of spec
imen sheets, which arc simply sheets of.
paper folded once, in which the specimens
aro placed, and driers are needed. The
usual size of the specimen sheets is 12x18
inches, and tho driers, of soft carpet paper,
should bo of the same dimensions. The
press may consist of two boards a little
larger and wider than the sheets and driers.
One is put down as a foundation on which
to place the plants. On this are placed two
driers; then comes a sheet, between the
folds of which are arrayed the plants, then
two more driers, another specimen sheet,
and so on until all tho plants have been
placed in the press. On top of this pile
put the other board, and on this a weight
Bufucient to press but not crush tho plants.
Good sized flat stones serve well as a
weight. In arranging the press make the
pile as even as possible, and change tho
drier.s at least once- a day. Do not remove
the plants from tho press until they aro
Before mounting specimens for the herb
arium iney must
be poisoned to pre
vent insect attack
on them. Dissolve
an ounce of corro
sive sublimate in
a quart of com
Either place this
solution in a shal
low vessel, in
which tho plants
may lie immersed,
or in a deeper ves
sel, and apply tho
solution to the
plant with a broad
soft brush, and bo
careful not to get
tho poison on tho
hands. Place tho
between fresh dri
ers, put them back
in the press and
lay a light weight
on thsm. When
dry they are ready
t.n hi TTinnntfid.
A HERBAF.rOM SPECIMEN. The horbarium
sheets should bo of smooth, stiff, firm
white p3oer or bristol board, and each
sheet should bo 10xllK inches, which is
the size adopted in the United States. A
mixture of equal parts gum tragacanth
nnd gum arabic in solution, with a few
drops of carbolic acid added to keep it
from moulding, is the best glue.
Thero nro two methods of mounting
plants. Ono is to glue the specimen to the
sheet, and tho other is to fasten it to tho
paper by means of gummed strips. In the
specimen shown in the cut both methods
have been usifl. "White court plaster cut
into narrow strips is a neat thing to use.
Tho label should be put on the lower right
hand corner of tho herbarium sheet 3 x
aja inches is a good size. It should contain
the generic and specific names of tho plant.
Under this is usually written tho common
name; in one corner tho dato and locality,
end in the other tho namo of the collector.
Tho Prodnctlon of tho Gamut.
Wo can show tho production of the
gamut by cutting little pieces of wood of
different sizes, which one throws on to a
table; tho sounds produced vary according
to tho size of tho different pieces.
Tho same effect may be obtained much
better by means of goblets more or less
filled with water. These are struck with a
short rod, and emit a sound which can bo
modified by pouring in a greater or less
quun. ty of water. If the performer is
gifted with a musical ear ho can obtain by
a little arrangement a perfect gamut by
means of seven glasses which each give a
note. A piece of mosic may bo fairly ren
dored in this manner, for the musical
glasses frequently produca a very pure,
IL A. Haaun tolls in Science that a typi
cal thunder storm is first seen as a dense,
ragged cloud in the west, extending to a
height of over a mile. The sky is entirely
clear elsewhere, except sometimes covered
by a fleecy veil of cirrus. The cloud in the
west rapidly enlarges and covers the sky,
except a small portion to the eaEt and
southeast. The motion of these clouds is
distinctly from tho west, and rapid, whilo
the surface wind is from tho south, and
gentle. This wind is blowing toward a
general stonn situated about five hundred
miles to tho northwest, and has no connec
tion at all with the thunder storm which
Is suddenly interjected upon the quiet air.
Often thoro aro seen two clouds in the
lotribwest and northwest which seem to
meet together and produca the storm, but
more often the first appearance i that of a
cloud of dust borne upward about three
hundred feet nd advancing with rapidity
from the west. Some of the clouds sprin
kle a little raiuas the dust cloud advances,
but this is light. When the storm is se
vere a loud roar is heard like tho continu
ous discharge of electricity which produces
a steady instead of intermittent thunder.
During this time lightning uashes are
ecn and distant thunder heard. In a few
moments, after the dust cloud has ap
proached nearer and practically with it,
the wind suddenly whirls to the west and
blows with great velocity (sometimes eighty
miles per hour). Then in a moment or
two more the lightning and thunder be
come intense and rain falls in torrents.
Often the lightnings flash is the signal
for a frct.li downpour, allowing a few
seconds for the fall of the rain from its
height. This phenomenon has led to the
view, now almost universally accepted,
thai thero is a most intimate relation of
cause and effect in this display of electric
ity and the. subsequent ram. Under some
circumstances, but invariably in connec
tion with this heavy nun, there fall hail
Itoues measured from the sizo of a pea to
f that of hen's esres- am' 'ireer.
VThen Baby Tvas siefc, we gate her Ctstoria,
When she was a Child," she cried forCastoria,
When she became Miss, she clung to Castorio,
Wbca she had Children, she gxre thosn Castoria,
Lowest Prices in the City. . Largest Stock in the State
CHAS. T. CHAMPION,
WHOLESALE HEADQUARTERS TOR
BOOKS, ST-fek STATIONERY,
Office and Typewriter Supplies. Summer Sporting Goods.
US East Douglas Avenue, - - - - - - - Wichita, Kansas.
GETTO-McCLTJiSTG- BOOT AND SHOE CO.,
Manufacturers and Wholesale Dealers in
All goods of our own manufacture warranted. Orders by mail
135 and 137 1ST Market Street,
GLOBE -. IRON -. WORKS,
of 'Sheet Iron Work. All
A. FLAGGr, Proprietor.
Tho Stewart Iron Works,
Architectural, "Wrought and Cast
Iron "Work for Buildings.
Factory: South Washington Avenue-
KASAS SPRING BED CO.
Feathers ami Manufacturers of "Woven
"Wire Mattresses, Cots and Cribs.
Canvas and Upholstered Cots,
. Spring Bods, Mattresses,
Pillows nnd Budding.
S. E. Cor., 2nd St. and Mead Ave
WHOLESALE KKALEU IX
Pianos and Organs
Sheet music and books. All kinds of musica
Roods. Urass band and orchestra music. 12U ilalu
fatrcet, Wichita, Kansas.
Special attention to mail orders.
110 E Douglas, - Wichita, Kan
AEEY FUBlNTTUKE CO.
"Wholesale and Retail Dcilcrsin
255 and 257 North Slain Street.
D. W. STALUNGS & SONS,
STAIM'S PALME TOILET SOAP
It beautifies the complexion and keeps the
fckln soft, smooth clear and healthy. For
sale by druggists and grocers.
520 Chicago Ave. - Telephone 00
L. M. COX,
Manufacturing -. Confectioner,
And jobber in Figs, Dates, Cigars, Foreign and Domestic :Nuts, Cider,
Paper Uags, Paper Uoxes. Cnudv .Tars, Travs, Etc.
215 and 217 South Main St.. - - Wichita, Kansas.
THE C E. POTTS DR.UG CO.
(Formerly Charles E. Potts & Co., Cincinnati, O.)
Goods Sold at St. Louis and Kansas City Prices.
233 and 235 South Main Street, Wichita, Kansas.
PttYSIOLOUY AND HYGItNC
Excessive CoiToo Drinking: a Cause of
3Ielancholv, Hysteria and Insomnia.
Dr. Mendel, of Berlin, has lately pub
lished the results of a clinical study of the
effect of excessive use of coffee among
women of tho working population in and
about Esson. His observations are summed
up by Science as follows: He found largo
numbers of women who consumed over a
pound of coffee in a week, and some men
drank considerably more, besides beer and
wine. The leading symptoms were pro
found depression of spirits and frequent
headaches, with insomnia. A strong
dose of cofleo would relieve this for a
time, then it wonld return. The muscles
would becomo weak and trembling, and
the hands would tremblo when at rest. An
increasing aversion to labor and any steady
work was noticeable. The heart's action
was rapid and irregular, and palpitations
and a heavy feeling in tho precordial re
gion were present. Dyspepsia of an ex
tremo nervous typo was also present.
Acute rosaoea was common in these cases.
These symptoms constantly grow worse,
and are only relieved by largo quantities of
coffeo, generally of the infusion. In some
cases the tincture was used. Tho vic
tims suffer so seriously that tlsey daro not
abandon it for fear of death. Where brandy
is taken only temporary relief follows. The
fnca becomes sallow, and the hands and feet
cold, and an expression of dread and agony
settles over tho countenance, only relieved
by uaing strong doses of coffeo. In all
these cases acute inflammations arc likely
to appear at any time. An injury of any
part of the body is the starting point for
inflammations of an erysipelatous charac
ter. Melancholy and hysteria are present
in all cases. Coffee inebriates are mow
common among the neurasthenics and are
more concealed, because tho. effects of ex
cessive doses of coffee aro obscure and
largely unknown. Many opium and alco
holic cases have an early history of exces
sive use of coffee, and era always more de
generate and difficult to treat.
John "Was So Literal.
Her Girl Chum (.sweetly) What did John
get you for a birthday present?
Mrs. Youngwhe (mournfully) Not a
H. G. C. (emphatically) Why, how did
Mrs. Y. (weeping) Well, you see, he
asked me (sobs) what he should get for me,
and and I (more sobs) told him Td love
him just as just as well (sobs) if he didn't
get me anything, and he he didn't.
A Law Abiding Citizen.
Drowning Man Help! I am drowning
Stranger jon bank hastily divesting him
self of his clothes) Horrible: Can't you
Drowning Man (rising to the surface and
tho occasion for the last rime) Of course'
But don't you see that notice on the bridge,
"Swimming strictly forbidden here!"
Translated Dusseldort Zeitang in Texas
kinds ol castings made.
- - Wichita, Kansas.
C. Elsenmayer Sr. Milling and Elevator Co., ot
Halstead, Kau., carry a full line of hard and soft
wheat flour at their agency in this city. Send for
prices nnd samples.
OTTO WEISS, Agent, 253 X Main. Wichita.
Saddlery Hardware. Manufacturer of Upper;
Leather and findings, hides, furs, wool and robes.
127 Douglas Avenue, cor. Water fet., "Wichita, Kun.
SWAB & G-LOSSER,
And Jobbers of "Woolens and Tail
11-5 JV Main Street, - Wichita.
WICHITA BOTTLING VOBKS,
OTTO ZIMMEUMANX, Prop.
Bottlers of Ginger Ale. Champagne
Cider, Sada Water, Standard Jferve
Food, also General "Western
Agents for "Win. J.Lemp's Extra Pale.
Cor. First and Waco Sts., - Wichita.
E. VAIL & CO.,
CLOCKS A1NTD SLLTERWEAK.
100 E Douglas Ave., - Wichita.
M. A. McKENZIE & CO.
Fine Carriages, Buggies, Phaetons and all Styles of Vehicles, and jobbers in
Carriage Builders Supplies. Buggies, single or in car load lots.
Cor. First and Wichita Streets. - - Wichita, Kansas.
rnnrmrrio TO UTViunr
niuatratiac tho Fact That Politeness
Doesn't Always Pay. ?
They were summer men, with sashes, no
waistcoats, and all tbat sort of thing.
They were talking in tho low, monotonous
tones and laughing with the faded laugh
peculiar to animals of their type. Tho
boat was crowded and they had only one
stool, which they gladly surrendered to a
summer girl-whom they knew. Then they
stood and talked with hor for three-quarters
of an honr, until with tho heat and
the standing they were very weary.
Finally a stool near them was vacated.
Both tho summer men looked at it with
longing eyes, and each insisted that the
other take it. They argued with great
cordiality. It was very edifying to watch
Meanwhile along came a man who wore
no sash and didn't care a straw whether
any ono else tranted the seat or not. He
sat down thereon, wiped his heated brow
and heaved a deep sigh of contentment.
Tho summer men stood; but they had
disgusting creature," they both said,
anw tho young woman laughed. New
A Pertinent Qnestlon.
Eegular Subscriber You know this song
every ono is singing, something abont
Editor You mean Annie Rooney, don't
"Yes, gncss that's it."
"Well, I know the song."
"You know it says something about
Soon we'll inarr-!' "
"Have they got married yet? They've
been wanting to for about two months."
"Net that I know of. Why?"
"Well, if they had I was going; to tell
the young man hi the room next to mine
to stop singing tho song or else I'll com
mit homicide." Boston Times.
"I've got a scheme that is worth thou
sands of dollars," said one Washington
man to another
"Gcing into business?"
"Well, after a fashion. Tm looking for
Eome bright young man."
"As a clerk?"
"No. I think I'll let him. be the pro
prietor and do the clerking myself. Til
get the firstchar.ee at the funds that way."
"This mncilage," observed the assistant
in the laboratory of the scientific institu
tion as he dipped his brush into thz bottle,
"appears to be all right as to consistency,
but it is jpoiled. Haven't we some that is
"That isn't mucilage, Tompkins," ex
claimed the chemist in charge, hastiij: re
placing tbe bottle on tbe shelf. "Tha is a
sample of Chicngo rvcar wstcr, sent here
for analysis." CbiasfPIritraas.
Cigar Headquarters. Cor. Alain ana First Streets.
W. T. BISHOP & SONS,
Send us a Trial Order or Call and See Us.
F INLAY ROSS-
WHOLESALE AXD RETAIL
FURNITURE, CARPETS, ETC.
The Largest Establishment in the State.
ISfos. 119 and 121 Main Street, Wichita, Kansas.
J. W. HAWN & CO.,
"Wholesale Grain and Commission Merchants.
Elevators, on A. T. & S. F., Frisco and Missouri Pacific Tracts.
Wichita, - -- Kansas.
BOYAL SPICE MILLS,
Jobbers and Manufacturers, Teas,
Coffees, Spices, Extracts, Baking
Powders, Bluing, Cigars, Etc.
112 and 114 S Emporia Ave.
Manufacturers, Wholesale and Retail
SADDLES k SADDLERY HARDWARE.
121 E Douglas Ave, Wichita, Kan
BURR FURNITURE CO.,
Wholesale and Retail
125 East Douglas Ave.
FOREST CITY COAL CO.,
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in
Weir City and Rich Hill Coal
110 JS Water St., - Wichita, Kan
E. J. FOSTER,
Wholesale and Retail Dealer In
Queensware, China, Glassware, Fancy
Goods, Plaited Ware and Decor-
arted Ware of all Kinds.
Lamps and oil a specialty.
210 Douglas Ave. - Wichita, Kan
THE JOHNSTON & LAEIMER DRY GOODS CO.,
Dry : Goods, : Notions : and : Enrnisliing : Goods.
Complete Stock in all the Departments.
119, 121 & 123 N" Topeka Ave. Wichita, Kansas.
WICHITA WHOLESALE GROCERY CO.,
OFFICE a:ND WAREHOUSE 213 TO 223 SOUTH MARKET STREET.
Keep everything in the grocery line, show cases. Scales and srroeers llxturea
Sole agents for the state for "Grand Republic" cigars, also sole proprietors of
the "Royalty" and "La Jnnocencia" brands. do
THE WICHITA OYEEALL AKD SHIRT MANUFACTURING CO.
MANUFACTURERS AND JOBBERS OF
Overalls, Jeans, Cassimere and Cottonade Pants; Duck Lined Coats and Vests;
Taney Flannel and Cotton Overshirts; Canton Flannel
Undershirts, Drawers, Etc.
Factory and Salesroom 139 ft. Topeka, Wichita. Correspondence Solicited
WICHITA TRUNK FACTOEY,
DZ. HOSSFIELD, Proprietor.
Manufacturer Of, and "Wholesale and Eetail Dealer in
Trunks, Yalises, Satchels. Shawl and Trunk
Straps, Pocket Books, Willow Ware, Etc.
IV, Douglas Ave.
Miss Jessie Afclnt03h. daughter ot Judge
McQueen Mclntcsh, of Georgia, abot two
years ago invented an apparatus for the
preservation of fruit during transportation
by rail. She sold the patenfc or a band
seme sum, tvhich by judicious investment
has almost trebled itself within the two
Olga Loubanouski. a young Russian of
high birth, has started from St. Petersburg
on a journey to Odessa on borasback. She
is 19 years "of age and has wagered 50,000
rubles on the success of her trip. She
is accompanied by a committee charged
with the duty of seeing that the terms of
the wager arc complied with.
Archduchess Marie Valerie of Austria
has handed over tho sum of 50,001 florins,
voted by the Vienna town council for pub
lic charitable purposes on the occasion of
her wedding, to tho St. Anna Children's
hospital, on condition that it shall be ap
plied to tho-erection of- a pavitton for chil
dren suffering from infectious diseases.
Twenty years a. when Miss Pbilippa
Fawcett tvis only a year and a half old, Vhe
first ot the meetings which, under Profes
sor Sdgwick's auspices, resulted In the
foundation of STewnbani was held in Mrs.
Fawcett's drawins room at Cambridge.
Tc did notthink fthis in IS, did we!"
said the Professor, jls he congratulated the
mother of the first lady senior wrangler
the other day.
The Rounds Tii.it Help.
Yonthfal and Ambities Comedian Bj
what -means did ycu climb the ladder ol
success so easily
Successful Comedian By the rounds of
applause, young fallow! Lawrence AaiK
Uke a lizy Artist.
"That title of vour play is suicidal."
"TZhtZ, The Defective Hue? "
"It -sres't dcas-JS 2ew Tori World.
The quickest, strongest and purest
Dry Hop Yeast on the market. Will
keep a year in any climate.
Price, 5 cents per package of 7 cakes
For sale by all wholesale and retail
Manufactured by Corner & Farnum
factory oorner Kellogg and Mosley
J. A. BISHOP,
Wholesale and Retail
Paints, Oils and Glass.
150 J?f Market St., Wichita, Kan
w Qiinnlino I
102 E Douglas Avenue.
Wichita, Kan. Telephone Connection
BUTLER & G-RALEY
Manufacturers and Dealers In
All kinds of cans for shipping purposes, rults,
baking powder, etc.
213 South Slain. Wichita, Kan.
The Hyde & Humble Sta. Co.,
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in
Books : and : Stationery,
Wall Paper, Wrapping Papers.
Ill: JV Main St., - Wichita, Kan
AYIOHITA STEAM LAUMRY.
Malces a specialty of doing work for
outside towns and cities. Agents
wanted everywhere. Write for terms.
Best Work in the State.
An Omlooai Sirn-
"Wife Oh, John, I don't think you will
live rery much lorurer.
Frugal Husband (a sick man) Has th
doctor told you anything about aryooDdi
tion' Wife No; but he handed mo his bul to
Kew Arrival How is it that all the girls
refuae to associate with Ciars. Beachry?'
Habitu She apoOed our fan for the
"Yes. She got engaged to the onlymaa
In the plnce before the se&coa was & week
old." Mtmeer Weekly.
A T1t Atct8s Cost.
Mr?. Cumso YouH-e seen tbeea dollar
dinner bills of fare in the household s
sines? Mrs. Fangle Yes. I got ono up the
"How much did it cost you?"
Three dollars and a half." Pack.
Xot TetI Tet.
Laura What a quiet young rnaa Mr.
Flora Have you invited hfan to dlnnerl
"No, not yec"
"Before yon call him quiet waltrantil yor
tear him eai." Xcxu Ffftingr
A DASH FOE THE COLORS.
THE FORLGN CHARGE OF THE FIRST
MINNESOTA AT GETTYSBURG.
The dumber of Killed Unparallelea lu
History, .Either Ancient or aiodern A
Similar Fato Eefel tbe First Texas on
Antletom's Bloody 3FIeld.
(Copyrishkby Adoric&a Press Associatfon.3
O MORE gallant
deed recorded in
history, was Gen.
' Hancock's tribute
pCp toCElrat Minnesota
0t,Qf for their forlorn
bSi- charge at Gettys
5 ?&S.-v,. Tnir.i is3.
TTt H trn m n n tt Vn-i 11 .
5 iaht feats of arms,
tho d&sh of the
was attended with
the most palpable
evidences of the
struggle gone through. The annals of
fighting are filled with accounts of charges
to the cannonfe mouth and hand to hand
encounters of indescribablo fierceness
where the losvioTlif e-is remarkably small.
The percanVago of loss in killed and
wounded ip, thocharge of tho First Minne
sota was, -the highest sustained by any
Union rAg&nent in the civil war, and it
was exceeded by only thres-'tcnths of 1
per cerit by a Confederate regiment, tho
First Texas, in the fatal corn-field at
Antiftam. Thfepereentaga of killed in the
Firf,,t Minnesota, -according to Col. Fox, the
miitary statistician, was unequalcd in all
mAitary experienco so far as recorded. Of
utho grand exploits of that marvelous
battlefield of Gettysburg, tho charge
of the First Minnesota was by all odds the
most dramatic, the most eventful, the
The story of the disaster of tho second
day of tho battle, when Gen. Sickles Third
corps was overwhelmed at tho Peach Or
chard, is familiar to every one. Sickles
held tho extreme left with ono corps iso
lated, and was attacked at a time when ho
could not bo withdrawn, and tho only
thing to do, as Gen. Meade expressed it,
was to-stand and fight it out. The battlo
raged for hours with terrible fierceness,
and division after division was sent to tho
succor of tho Third corps. Hancock's Sec
ond corps was on Sickles' right and con
nected bis- lino with tho main army on
Cemetery Ridge. From, this lino detach
ments had been made until there was
barelv -a skirmish lino leffto support tho
batteries, which were the mainstay of tho j
posnzen. The turning point of Sickles'
fight was when the auglo of his line was
brolren in and his troops forced to retreat.
IX, this moment the Confederate com
mAnder ordered forward fresh troops to
pmrcc the interval between Sickles and
JIancock. The smoke of battlo covered tho
wholo field and anxious uncertainty filled
tho minds of Meade and Hancock, who
passed up and down tho lino on tho ridgo
trying to keep the run of what was hap
pening to Sickles. When at last it was
seen that tho Third corps must fall hack
Meade ordered up reinforcements from an
other part of tho field to support Hancock,
and Hancock himself went toward Sickles'
field to see what could be dono to aid the
Whilo making his way to that point ho
saw through a rift in tho clouds of battlo
smoke that hovered over tho fie'd a Con
federate brigade (Willcox's) moving up
boldly with flying colors within a few rods
of an exposed portion of hhrlinc. The en
emy, if let alone, would strike a battery
supported by eight companies of the First
Minnesota, and there were no other troops
in sight. Re-enforoemeuts were on tho
way, but were some minutes distant.
Looking over the little phalanx of :i couple
of hundred or so tho hero exclaimed,
"Great God! is this all tho mon we havo
here?" Then with a sweep of his eagle eye
to the advancing columns and their men
acing battle flags of red, he said to tho
commander of the First, "Col. Colville,
advanco and take those colors."
The men arose with a will and advanced
coo&y down the slope to the plain to per
form their terrible task. Tho situation
was ono that every man in the ranks could
understand. It was a movoznent to save
time, and the First Minnesota was to bo u
stop gap to hold back tho onrushing flood
of hostile bayonets until succor came.
There were 262 officers and men in the com
mand, and the Confederates numbered one
division, Willcox's brigade being in ad
vance. Shot and shell tore over the field,
and thousands of muskete wcro sending
bullets across tho plains to clear tho road
for tho Confederate advance. At overy
step some Minncsotiins fell, but they
coolly held their fire, advanced with baro
bayonets, and at tho signal, within fifty
yards of the enemj. they sprang ahead
with a cheer.
Willcox's men wrapped their line at the
ends around tho brave fellows, receiving in
turn the Minnesotian's first volley at
arms' length. Tho Confederate colors were
seized and Che advanco was broken. Be
fore Willcox could rally his men the Union
batteries were nt work upon him, and
what wonld have been a great Confederato
surprise and triumph wab ciwoked. The
supports of Willcox wandered off m the in-
"GEET GOD! 13 THAT ALL'"
terral, and Meade's re-enforcements ckcea
to the scene and the crisis of danger on
Cemetery Ridge was over Bat the First
Minnesota was gone. FoTtysevea men
rallied on tbo return. Fifty wero dead or
dying and three tirais that number were
wounded. Not one ttm misging, for ne-ror
a oul crrrendcrcd, and no mm dodged
the ordeal End left tbe rank. Forty-Mfrcn
heroes losrcbod bck to th rfcige, and tho
blood marka of Confederate shot wore tht
certificates to account for the absences of
215 brave men lvt behind.
Tba loss amounted to 2 per cent, o!
those engagzd. Tbe killed &nd mortally
wounded numbered 75 or 23 per-cent- an
appalling low when one reflects that ths
TTiwRrrfrnp is that of evory fl7 men four
weza bat, and of every four odwb5 ailcacod
forever. The jusTiflmtipn tortttia gaciace
is host expressed in the Izngn&gv of hte
whowjui responsible, Gen. Hancock. He
Bid; "I ordered tboae men in there fce
canaa I saw that I must gam frre minutes
run, bal I kxswr that before they could
rwcii threatened point tbo Cacffcder
s&as. uahes cbeckal, would seize tb
taiyifrfc i pvzS&oa. I would kr enfered
thai reerrrent So if I fcadksowa t&atewery
maa ?rou2d be kfUtd. Itfcad to tedoua,
and I was glad t Sod-auch s gallant body
of rnsaatbasA willing to rr-aSm the ter
tH&c gaergkrififear tfaaccco-rfga dgaaaodad. "
Th csiyoAer jefSeoeat in tea wool
war to reach a percestase of keaasioss
the djfla w&a fcfi glzA Texas, HcoTs
division, in that terrible gronnd ot anaso
la front cf Bunker church, Antirtam.
Scpt.27,l&S2. The aissatlonoa the ground
V3A BXJOiAl& U5 T32Si--tei2wn3
& 3SS&V m f5
sk: s "taaKs
For a Disorder Liver
25cts; a Box.
OF -AJCoTi TXKTJGOIS3S.
moaern v...e- .. . u..io wera
on tho defensive with inferior numbers.
Tho odds were with them, if they could
foresee tho points of attack. McClellaa
was moving in, two columns, direct in front
and a flank movement on Lea's left, where
Bunker church, which stood near a turn
pike, was an elevated wooded position
which McCleilan hoped to scIeo by a-com-bined
assault ironi two directions.
On the Confederate trc-st there was a
wide, open stretch, with same elevated posi
tions available for Union, cannon if tba
Confederates-would allow them to remain.
Directly in front of tho church, some hun
dred yards distant, was-a field of thick
corn and a small, detached wood, and on
the Confederate left flank oih8 cornfield
was the best high, open, ground for Union
batteries. Whoever controlled tho corn
field could control the artillery rite.
Hood's division advanced from the
woods around Punier church toward
the corn fiold on tho ronming." of She 17th.
They had occupied the ground tlriday be
fore, when the enemy was onronfe front
only, tho direct one, and they advanced
cautiously through tho tall com toward
what was supposed to bo the only threat
ened point, and where ro-enfbrcementa
were needed for a-flht already in progress.
and was in tho center, wih two regiments
on cither flank. White marching forward
in this manner Coh'WoObrd ssanr tbo col
umns of Union troops. throstoning, hia left
regiments and orccrad thFirat Ttexas to
face to thb cf t Jnd hclp-bcnt off tho en
emy. The Vegimont responded, but in a
short time- was ordered to movo by the
right think again to carrospond to the
movement cf the Union troopa. These
maneuvers threw tho Texans out of lino
with tho rest of the brigade and they en
tered the com field of tall standing $talk3
fighting on their own hook. The enemy
which the First Texas had been sent
against was in the corn, and this was so
dense that tho eye could penetrate but a
( AjytPS' A
THE LOST COLORS.
In this thicket fighting began, and
tho colonel of the First Texas titated
in his report tliat as soon as tha
ball opened ho could not restrain his
men. Formation could not bo main
tained and overy man wont on wher
ever ho could find a foeman, and no for
midable check was raalt until the farther
edge of the corn field wan reached. Hero
there was a rail fence and beyond a low
ridge crowned with Union batteries. As
soon as the retiring Union troops pastfod
under their !iuc of tiro the bottoriiw opened
on Wofford's men. and tho First Texas,
being in front, iio.t on tho heel of tho
Union infantry, received a galling shower
of mispileu. The men halted, nnd opening
on tho gunners and horwuj inflicted a ter
rible punishment, compelling the artiller
ists to limber up and propara tn movo
away. But a frenh column of Unlou ia
fantry came up, and moving in tvAid line
swept on through the corn, pushing "Wof
ford's brigade Loforetheis. and the doomed
iirst Taxas, far in the expomxl rear, was
caught the second tim at n disadvantage.
The commanding officer ayn in his re
port that nlthoucrh he had but a handful
of men ho heaitHted lu o-rfrr a rotrent, and
when at last he did no tbe few men re
maining to him urnxl at regular inter
val and fired upon the winmy. Four of
his color bearers wen shot down under tha
eye of the colonel, and ho recognized tbwn
all. Four others fall carrying tho colors,
but none of the survivors could identify
them. Finally the flag disappeared in tho
corn, tho bearer falling unseen, and when
tho colonel akl for tbcsrtftndanl he wm
told that it liad left the field. When tho
rcinnaufc-catm; togbr in th(opn field
beyond the corn swarmed with Union
troop, and it -mm too late to attempt to ro
rovor the flag. Onvaf && Texan that on
tred the fight 45 were killed and HI
wounded, or 98 3 px -feat.
Tho commander, after recounting hU
action and hie lorn, devdtod much of hin
repoi to explanation of the low ef hi col
ors. He irrot."
"While falling bock (bring still in tba
corn Hold; I gave the ordr to halt and in
quired for-the colors, intending to dreru on
them, when I wan told i.ha ooiorx had gone
out of tho corn flld. Then I gf the or
der to move out of taa corn and form be
hind thocruf.-tof a xmall riCge jUHtaatxirf.
It was -when I readied t5li3 point that I
became witbf3ed cue colors wens-kurt., for
I looked in every direction and they wwe
nowbvr? to bo eoon. It. wa then too at
to recover Owm. Thoro w jk one who
knew the 5t where tfcoy "b.J hurt, fatten,
and owtng to oVaatty or ten cora a
view of no otiect- eonld bV lul.bui tor a
few fcet By this trroe. also, the enemy
had moved up witLin aO'or jaxds of my
rdl and roar. 3?b -Blame, I fed, rilould
attach to thi? mm or ofhetfra, all of whom
fonght hsrteUy and well. There wan ao
such conduct on their part a abandoning
or de&22tag their colors. The colors
fctartnd baci. with them, ami wrben thy
wre loft no man knew save him who had
fallen wrih thcin."
Ttu apology, siade when four oat of
every e of hJS nam lay dtsd or bfeaxHor.
Khawn how strong is the. soWSat ruling
pvsion for the hoaor al ma fig.
Gco&ig L. Kjczb.
A hotel keeper at Lyeca had poacd on
his door this uatia Zaaih, German,
Italian and SpoxaJ 3&dbai hem." An
Arcortean arrived; ahd tfficed for tbe-info-prcter
in a ddcest French aa he could
Kxmznon. ?i!ciisieaT." replied the land
lord, "there U none " Wlatt do iafcr
profcer? And yet you acnouaca that all
tengotgta arc Qdkea hem'" The reply
wa charming. "Yrs, sonjticur 07 th
traveler. Sao Francisco Araoaaat.
Ootoz m Kt.
"9ir," a&M the yemng zo&a to hbt em
ployer, "I thought I zaige: take the liberty
of reminding joa tLt you prozsiaed to
rai my tafery this week"
"Certsiciy. Pt got two collector cut
sow, aod am just gsfng over to the bonk
to try and gemy note discounted. J&st
ep cairn, and 111 rafco H aomehow If I
have ax7 sort cf leek." Waahiagioa Post.
ITo-- Tirao Ic-err.? Valant.
Emlatxt Acshor You tyrcgfc a US.
tzars, of ow tea yean ejro far OK.
Pabhettor Ya, xw, bat w fcavcefl
ExntnexEt Author WeU, le me J il
book sotl ril give yu a fcosBMtrvi. Pvet
a wyctaaoa sow osd dca't want to assCI