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Slice Wctata arlu gaglc: f rMaij loritiug, rfofoer 17, 1890.
m m. nrnnocK. Kditor.
REPUBLICAN STATE TICKET.
.Albert n.Horton Shawnee county
I,ymanU. Humphrey Montgomery county
A.J. Felt Nemaha county
BECHGTAKY OF 6TATK.
William HiBBlns Shawnee county
S.O.Stovcr Republic county
L.B.Kellocff Lyon county
OeorcoW.Wluatm 0ary county
CM. Ilovey Thomas county
JAMES It. HALLOWELL,
or Sedgwick County.
THE STATE'S ADMINISTRATION.
For tho State Legislature
KM nirtrlot Georse l. Deuclas.
KM District E. W. Phillips.
WUi Dbtriot-J. II Ileulay.
Probate Judce W. T. Uuckner,
CoontyAttornfly W. S. Morris
Cleric District Court-Ohao. H. Lullnc.
Superintendent Public Instruction .D. S Pence.
Commissioner First DlstrieU-II. C. Smith.
COL. HALLOWBLL'S APPOINTMENTS.
Hon. J. It. Hallowell, Kepublican candi
date for congress, ivill address tho voters
of the Seventh district at the places and
McPherson xp.m., Oct w
'anton fc .,
The seventh biennial report of tho
state treasurer is at hand. It is i rather
too figurative to be as attractive a3
Kreutzer Sonata, but under the head of
county delinquents we find that sixty
three counties are delinquent in the sum
total of $117,003.31 Leavenworth alone
owes the stato $3",7JG.6a. Sedgwick,
one of the newest, as she is next to the
biggest tax paying county in the state,
owes not a single cent. Tiiis stato of af
faire is an outrageous injustice. As for
the disbursements of the state funds,
amounting to about one and one-quarter
millions dollars . per annum, Topeka
seems to get the bulk of it for her 6tate
house building, asylums, libraries, etc.,
I.rans .2 p.m..
Little River tp. r..
Merlin j; Sp.m..
Nlckeivon 8 p.m.,
AshlaHd 8 p.m.,
Medicine Lod ro .8 ami 8 p. in,
linrrtun 8 p. hi,
ireatlleod 2p. m,
KUInwood I. ih,
Oeuda Springs ip.in.,
Caldwell. 8 p.m.,
who desire to vote must
A Republican vote for an independent
candidate is half a vote for tho Demo
The court records indicate that Seattle
is making a wild western Chicagoose
record in the divorco line. Before this
now industry gets too well under way,
we desire to remind the Queen City's pop
ulace that in union there is srrongth.
Tho picturesque back number. ex-Senator
McDonald, of Indiana, has named
the next Democratic presidential ticket.
It is Cleveland and Campbell. "Well,
come ahead. Tho country does not view
this Beef and Buckeye combination with
any serious alarm.
Because a railroad in Texas has hired a
few colored employees, tho switchmen's
federation threatens to strike. Those
delicate Texas gentlemen are on tho
brink of a big, deep mistake. It will take
very rock-ribbed argumonts to bring the
public's support to any boycott on tho
negro's attempt to make himself useful
in tho south.
In speaking of the cotton crop of the
south a few days ago the Advertiser of
Montgomery, Ala., made this statement:
"The recent ruius have prevented the
gathering of the cotton crop, and much of
tho staple has been beaten oir in the fields,
but the crop will be an average one. The
price is now too low. Tue planter ought
to get not less than 10 cents a pound lor
his cotton, but the record of the past is
that the produces has been forced to take
tho very lowest figures, and just as soon
as the crop comes in and passes into tho
hands of the speculator, the price is forced
up and the shylocks reap all the benefit.
Any plan that will prevent this injustice
will uo a great service to the farmers of
The conditions last referred to are not
peculiar to the south; they obtain extant
and apply to all farm products. And
they constitute a field of operations for
tho Alliance that could bo made fruitful
of practical results to tho infinite ad
vantage of its members and the farming
community at large if properly man
aged. Such matters are entirely within
the province of tho Alliance for action
to right by such concerted action as they
may devise consistent with the laws and
tho rights of others. More attention to
such things that are practical and prac
ticable and less to the impracticable in
the way of politics, and they would be
tho gainers, immeasurably.
prints, together with the alleged reasons
therefor. These are several and various;
but the one credited to the young lady's
mother is, if true, not only reasonable
but praiseworthy. It is that Miss Davis
health has been bad for some time and
does not improve, as it was hoped it
would at tho time the engagement was
consummated. And her action in this is
not only commendable in her, but is
worthy of imitation. A woman who
enters the marriage state in an unhealthy
and infirm physical condition commits a
crime against herself, her husband and
the community, and one that she can
not afford to commit from the standpoint
of either interest.
THE BIG SEVENTH DISTRICT.
Over 500 cigar hands in New York
have demanded an advance of 3 a thou
sand for making tho higher grades of
cigars, under tho new tariff laws. They
will got thoir demand, and tho bill will
bo presented to the consumer as usual.
There is this consolation left to tho lat
ter, however, they don't have to buy them
if they don't want to.
The Wichita Eagle says Senator Ingalls
receives ?8 a word for every magazine ar
ticle ho writes. The Champion is really
glad to know this fact. It will now quit
worrying over how tho senator is going to
get through the winter on his small sena
torial salary. Atchison Champion.
If tho alleged statement you credit to
tho Eaqlk has the effect of softening tho
hard lump in your craw as you intimate,
let it go. (But tho Eagle never said it.)
In removing tho export duty on lum
ljer from that country to this tho Cana
dian government has manifested a dis
position to reciprocato with this in
matters of trade. The McKinley bill
does not place lumber on tho freo list
but it reduced tho tariff to $1 jer
thousand feet and correspondingly on
other forms of imported timber. So far
Tho fact seoms to haveat last dawned
upon tho Latter Day Saints that tho
government is in ottmest and deter
mined to suppress thoir polygamous
practices, and if they are, indeed, siucero
in their professions that they mean to
obey the laws and respect the sentiments
of tho people of this country it is a
wise conclusion and will save thorn from
a deal of trouble ami remove r public
scandal of long standing.
The Seventh Congressional district of
Kansas is tho largest in area as it is the
most populous in the United States. Tho
official figures aro out for Kansas as a
whole and for Supervisor Hubbard's dis
trict, which includes tho Big Seventh.
The population of tho state of Kansas,
according to the official count completed
at the census office, is 1.423,48o, as com-
mreu witn Huti.uub m iceu. oemg an in
crease in ten years of 427,889, or 42.91
per cent. The leading towns aro given
CH IBS. 18OT. Trc
Wellington 4.35 l.rtfi
Newton 5.SB 3,U)1
Hutchinson 8,m8 7.IHS
Wichita M.: 1S.SJI
counties. iano. IbW. Inc.
Brbour 7.WI J,Wt 5n
rton lt.HU 1 ,3W 2.7MU
dark X8t 1 2.ir.l
Comanche 2JSW $T2 2,ltfJ
Kflwanta SJSO'J 2.n l.iwi
Kinney Mtt U 2.77S
Kord 5,MS 8.12! 2.1 S3
(tarlleld SI m flSR
Gmut 1.37 U l.'JSH
Gray 2,U) m 2,'i
(Jreeley l.W) 3 1.247
Hamilton ju m 1.M1
Ilurper W.IBl 4.11 S.W
Harvey ni 11.151 .
Huskn UM8 a i,iv;
Ho4gomau m UBt (Kl
Kearney 1.S71 130 1.413
Klnirmnn 11.S11 8,713 fc.M
Kiowa aS: 2.nfi2
Lhiw 2.051 mi i.4.7)
AlcPherson 2UW 17.11 4.114
Meade ",151 2J i:il6
Morion Tsflt 9 711
New 4i!ir X.7H 1,125
PawHee fil f Mt
Pratt S.UU1 i,.) nsoi
eiw 27.HW) ItiUS H.3SS
Hlce 11.417 '.. a.ISi
Hush S.M8 S.1W
Scott l,3i I.S17
Swlwlek 4X,y 1S.7M S1.7W
reward sm 6 l.W
SUUTonl !507 4.7K 8.U8
i-AMHton l.l 5 i.o,;
Sterwn 1,4-1 t IJ&2
K"inT 3W.--4 38.81 9.44J
VUcuHa Ltlt It 1.5H1
Totals 277.WS 112,612 111,815
The effect of the short agricultural crops
is seeu in the continued rise in the prices
of farm products. The unscrupulous
Democratic press assigns the rise to the
new tariff law, but tariff or no tariff, prices
on such products would have advanced
this falL Witness the decline in tho val
ues of the shares of the granger railroads
through the fear that there will not be suf
ficient cereals transported to pay more
than the fixed charges on the companies.
As compared with prices of one year
ago there has been a sharp advance, but
prices for all farm products were higher
before it was definitely known what the
new tariff bill would be than they are
now; nor is there at this time any mark
ed upward tendency in the price of any
of such articles. As to the railroads,
they are reporting increased business and
earnings right along, almost without ex
ception. So it would seem from these
facts and conditions that somebody is
drawing largely upon the imagination to
make a point. It cannot be denied, how
ever, that there ha3 been a marked ad
vance in the prices of most articles of do
mestic manufacture as well of as foreign.
The total worldly effects of Samuel J.
Randall aro set down at less than $5,000.
In other words he managed to save one
year's salary out of a thirty years' term.
Politics can afford to stand with bared
head in the presence of such a record in
tho public service. None of the statcs-man-for-rovenue-ouly
about him, if ho
was a Democrat.
The Brooklyn schools have shut down
on Longfellow's "Building of the Ship'
as immoral, and the sale of Poe's "Bells"
have practically stopped until times im
prove. Their tin-tin-abulation comes too
high under tho new tariff bill. It is thus
the classics of our childhood get it in tho
COST OF WARS.
The People's party, as a party, haven't
got around to the proposition for tho
state to establish a pension roll for all
citizens when they arrive at a certain
age, but it undoubtedly will pretty soon.
A candidate of that party for tho lgil.t
ruro declared himself, in Snlina last Sat
urday, in favor of the state granting an
annuity to all citizens of a given age.
Yrom that party's standpoint we ask
why not? It is as plausible and reason
able as some other of its propositions and
Tho Atchison Champion profos to bo
oroly puwtled to understand tho con
sistency of tho pnpers that oppose the
McKinley bill and yet support Senator
Ingalls who voted for that measure. Of
cairso tho Champion is entirely consis
tent in its opposition to the aforesaid
measure, while it loyally supports the
stato ticket and platform, a part of which
last is a hearty endorsement of Senator
Ingalls and aLso. by indirection, the Mc
Kinley bill. Th ertoemed can well
afford to rolegate the trm consist encv,
in this camjittign, to i d , don't vou
General Kellay's opiwnents over in Um
Fourth district are trying to make
capital against him out of his vote in
congress for the bilver bill that pasod
and is now a law. "We suppose tfte
jwiut thoy would make is that a free
coinage- bill is hat the pooplo of th
west wanted. So it was, awl no man in
congress dkl more, by bpeeches and votes
to secure the passage of the fiw coinage
bill than did Harrison Kelley. disregard
ing the caucus rules and voting against
the majority of his own party and with
its political opponents on the measure
even to its final vote. But this failing,
liko the faithful and true representative
that ho was, he accepted the next best
thing ho could get and voted for the
present law. Ami ho did right, and his
constituents understand it and wilt suit
ably reward him for his faithfulnas?
"In times of peace,"' says tho San
Francisco Chronicle, "the statisticians
count tho cost of wars in men and
money, which does not seem, however,
to have any effect whatever in the way
Tho wars of the last thirty yeaas ac
cording to French and German statisti
cians have cost the lives of 2,2."0,000
men, in addition to the inconceivable
sum of 13,000,000,000. Of this amount
France's war with Prussia cost her in
money ?3,500,000.000, and in men 155,
000 in round numbers. According to
Dr. Roth, a German authority, tho Ger
mans lost during tho war over G0.000
men killed or rendered invalid, and
$000,000,000 in money, this being the ex
cess of expenditure or of tho material
losses over the $1,250,000,000 paid by
France by way of indemnity.
Dr. Engel, another distinguished Ger
man statistieian, gives tho following as
tho approximate cost of the principal
wars of the last thirty years; Crimean
war, $2,000,000,000; Italian war of 1859,
$900,000,000; Prusso-Dauish war of 1864,
$35,000,000: Civil war, north, 0,100
000,000; South, $2,800,000,000: Prusso
Austriun war of 1S66, $,000,000;
Ruseo-Turkish war. $125,000,000; South
African wars, $S.77O,0OO: Afgiwin war.
$18,250,000; Servo-Bulgarian war, $176,
000,000. All those wars were murderous in the
extreme. The Crimean war in which
few battles were fought, cost 750,000
lives, only t0.000 less than the German's
estimate of the loss to north and south
in the civil war. Tho Mexican and
Chinese expeditions cost $200,000,000 and
(55,000 lives. There were 250,000 killed
and mortally wounded during the Russo
Turkish war, ami 45,000 each in the
Italian war of 1S59 and the war between
Prussia and Austria.
However, notwithstanding the moral
of such figures, wars will continue when
ever nations become mnd. and statisti
cians will show thorn afterwards thoir
As the Chronicle says: "You can not
make governments count thoir dead be
fordlmud. though it is easy onough to
count them afterward, which as for Uie
prospective debt, a nation assumes it in
advance as coolly s a farmer places a
mortgage on lus farm."
Nevertheless, and notwitlistanding all
this there are times when governments
can not control circumstances that con
spire to make war a necessity for self
preservation, howover much such
exigency may be deplored, as for in
stance our own civil wars.
From the Globe Democrat.
The career of the late Justice Miller af
fords an impressive illustration of the ex
tent to which natural aptitude and earn
estness can triumph over ordinary limit
ations and disadvantages. Law as a life
pursuit may le said to have been a sort
of afterthought with him. In the begin
ning he seems to have been attracted to
tho profession of a physician. At all
events ho practiced medicine, for a time
before he gave his attention to the law.
In this calling, however, ho found his
true vocation. Ho was never what may
be termed a profound jurist. As Justice
Harlan, who was associated with him
on the supremo bench for more than a
dozen years, says, "he was not as learned
in the books as some judges." In the
extent of his acquirements ho was below
Rutledge and Clifford, while he could
not at all bo compared to Story or
Curtis. There were a few of his co
temporaries, also, who were superior to
him in legal attainments, yet probably
no member of the tribunal in which ho
served over pronounced opinions on so
many iniortant points of constitutional
law as ho did accept John Marshall.
I'orine past liueen years auu over
Justice Miller's influence was paramount
in ttie supremo court, rrom the time of
the death of Ciiief Justice Chase onward
he was the head of that tribunal in every
thing but name. Nearly every import
ant decision which ha 1 been made by
the court in this period has borne the
impress of his acute ami logical mind.
He has framed most of the utterances on
constitutional interpretation which have
been made in recent years. Some of
these decisions will constitute epochs in
our jurisprudence. The police pewers of
stat s wore never more clearly anil
strongly stated than they were by "him in
the noted Louisiana slaughter house
cases, nor did the powers and limitations
of congress in matters of taxation ever
receive more vigorous and lucid definition
than were given them by him in a cele
brated suit brought before the supremo
bench about fifteen years ago. Ho de
fended tho rights of states when, in the
excitement and prejudice engendered by
the war, they were in danger of being
overthrown, and pres-rved, evenly and
equitable, the balance between them and
the federal powtu. None of tho illustri
ous men who have been members of the
nation's most exaulted tribunal havo been
more liberal, progressive and courageous
tlmn he, and none have met iLs onerous
and exacting requirements more fully
TOO MUCH POLIIICS.
Kansas is going to have another Fourth
of July on the fourth of next November.
Father Richardson, the third party pro
hibition candidate for governor, has been
Is Senator Plumb's silence in Kansas
this fall, reckoned among the campaign
Harry Frost probably feels unusually
warm towards Governor Humphrey and
William Tecums6h Sherman was an
ante-bellum Kansan. He had a larm in
Some Emporia man is wasting a lot of
valuable kerosine writinjr "money cate
chisms" for the Republican.
Anna Digg3 Is reported to be a less able
woman than Mrs. Lease. This is a very
mild compliment to Mrs. Diggs.
Dairyman Otis is said to base his only
hope for election on the possibility of Har
rison Kelley taking a trip into Arkansas.
Johnny Gilmore is suid to be making
lota of money. It isn't necessary for a
man to run a daily paper in Kansas to get
There is no doubt that President Har
rison was struck with Kansas, but it was
after all the consular snaps had been given
Willits is a prohibitionist and Ives is a
resubmissiouist. This is probably why the
People's party expects to run like the old
Colonel Hallowell has lost a great deal of
money in the creamery business. This
surely entitles Oleomargarine Jerry to the
The Kansas City Star has never been
very sweet on Senator Ingalls since he de
clared the New York Sun to bo the best
paper on earth.
Jerry Simpson used to make butter for
a living. But that is nothing against him.
The wonder is that he isn't more bald-
headed than he is.
Dan Anthonv isnotkickinc on Governor
I Humphrey wholly on accont of his hypoc
risy in prohibition it seems, but also be
cause of his use of Weed.
Kansas papers have nothing to make by
ridiculing Oklahoma. It is too much
"in the family." Besides Missouri will be
good enough to laugh at for some time
Erostratus gained renown by a torch;
Kilgore by kicking a door; and Mrs. Diggs
by saying that she regarded John J. In
galls as she did Washington, Lincoln, or
Harrison Kelley is getting the reputa
tion of a fighter. But who could tell the
consternation of our senior senator if
Kelley should come to be known as tho
"Ingalls of the house."
One of the leading resubmission ists in
Leavenworth is an Italian and it is buft
natural that Dan Anthony in the few
hours left for him to make votes, is anx
iously watching the dago.
The Newton Republican calls the Kan
sas City Times 'i "senseless, starving ass."
Tom Norton's passions don't have to go
very far above the blood heat point usually
to make them drop into Shakespearean
A Republican candidate for congress in
Ohio is vigorously attacked on the ground
that his wife bathes in a thousand dollar
bath tub. Little things like that demon
strate the ineffable benefit of living in
Kansas under a 82,0 0 majority protection,
Harrison Kelley of Burlington, Kan., is
another headstrong and muscular Repub
lican bulldog. A growl from him is a
prelude to a tltzht, and a fight in whicn
somebody is to be hurt, says Amos Cum
mings in the New York Sun. He has a
massive face, a polished head, fringed with
gray hair and an imposing presence. He
is on good social terms with some of the
Democratic members, who aver there is
nothing bad about him but his politics.
"MOISTURE" VS. "HOT WINDS.'
The circumstance of breaking the en
gagement betveon Miss Davis, "the
daughter of the Confe-loracy," and Mr.
"Wifkorson of New York, seoms to ho re
garded of taiiHcieitt importance to be
Atchison county has gained only thirty
four inhabitants since 1SS0. Tliis does
not account for the natural increase by
births, and the county has. therefore,
practically lost. Doniphan county shows
a positive loss of 745. All the other coun
ties of the district show gains of from
1.200 to 7.5U0. No county in the state
has better natural advantages than Atch
ison or Doniphan. There is seldom a
crop failure in this region, and pestilence
and famine were never known. In ac
counting, therefore, for the loss of popu
lation we cannot sny that nature is at
faidt. The fault lies with the jK-ople
themselves too much politics. At every
opportunity, spring and fall, in season
and out of season, cheap men keep the
political pot boiling. If the decent men
select one of their number to represent
them in the town council, there is
immediately a roar of protest from
the ward politicians, who proceed
to issue a call for a "ward cau
cus." ami the nomination is given to one
of their number. In county affairs there
is tlhi samo strife and senseless party
xoal. A man must bo a very bad man
to be defeated on his personal record in
either Atchison or Doniphan county, and
sometimes tJie greater shyster a man is
tiie larger the party majority at the
polls. This is a subject for tile peopl
to thins about. It does a communitv no
To the Editor of tho Eaale:
In your issue of the 1st of October we
endeavored to show that "moisture," in
some form, is tho antidote to "hot winds"
on the plains. Scienco and practical ob
servation compel such a conclusion, and
until this position is strongly assailed
and overthrown, it seems useless to dwell
The "light and the heavy showers"
that fall, the vapory clouds that move
northward from the tropics, the south
east wind that comes to us laden with
vapor, the lakes and the ponds, the cool,
moist air of the rivers and creeks, and
and the changed air that comes to us on
tho streets a3 the "street sprinkler"
passes, all point to water as tho remedy
for the aridity of this plain belt. With
proper surface moisture tho fury of the
winds will be stayed; gentle and more
frequent showers" will be seen and the
hot winds will disappear. And, as a re
sult, these rich lands, ocean-swept for
ages, and now brought to the light and
heat f f the sun, will grow tho grain to
feed the seething, surging masses, who
are to dwell in the United States.
It is not necessary for us to agree as to
how these hot winds arise, provided wo
can agree on the remedy. If he can
agree on the means to "put out the fire,"
then if he choose he may speculate as to
its origin. But the practical thing to do,
if possible, is to reach an "agreement on
the means to bo employed," or entirely
overcome such hot winds.
To me these hot winds owe their origin
to the heated condition of the earth in
midsummer on the plain belt north of
the line of thirty degrees, north laditude,
whenever and wherever there is a defi
ciency of surface moisture to supply the
needed vapor to projerly satuaate the
air. Such air. when not properly satur
ated, as stated before, begins to moore
northward in space to secure an equili
brium of temperature and saturation.
And in this wild and weird marsh, a por
tion of the moistureof all crop life passes
to the air to aid in its saturation!
But suppose that the theory we hold
should prove to be an erroneous one,
what difference will it make, provided
that "water,', or "surface moisure," in
some form, will neutralize the baleful
effects of these winds?
If he can agree on that he'll "cure the
disease," then he will have made one
grand step forward, and soon he sliall
agree on the steps to be taken. It has
been estimated that one half of the lands
of the United States are "arid" in the
character. Say 1,000,000,000 acres. Of
these lands perhaps one-third may be
classed as "sub-arid" lands, or lands" on
which there is an unusual rainfall of
from five to gfteen inches. Almost
enough moisture hero it properly hus
per Missouri where the Piatt, the Ar
kansas, the Cimerron, the Canadian, the
Red River, and the Colorado of Texas,
the Pecos, the Brazas, the San Antonio,
the Neuce, and the Rio Grande. The
most of these streams have their sources
in the mountains. "While many of tho
streams of some size and very consider
able length, with many affluents of all
the streams, besets the country, and af
fords opportunity to be utilized to aid in
the great object in view.
On the eastern margins of these plains
more thon 100 miles has been- already
won by the persistency of the harhy sons
of toil won by cutting off the annual
fires and allowing the grass to grow.
Opening up the soil to catch and hold
the rain and snow and in the cultiva
tion of timber and orchards, and by the
aid of some moist air from the extensive
western portion of the Gulf of Mexico.
But a more difficult problem confronts
us in the next 600 m les. J"or this "sub
arid" belt is quite 600 miles from east to
west ana it is more than a thousand miles
The high taWe lands and the moun
tains of Old Mexico cut off the moisture
from the Gulf of California, while the
vapor from the Gulf of Mexico is carried
by the south wind and the motion of the
earth, except in occasional seasons, too
far to the east to be of any practical
value to the plains. Hence wo are
thrown on our own resources to either
assist nature to artificial means or allow
the county to remain as in the past, too
dry for succes f ul crop life.
We should not forget for a moment
that south of this arid belt there is no
large body of water to supply the lower
strata of the air with vapor." The Gulf
of Mexico so beneficial to the gulf states
avails us little or nothing for the reason
given above. Hence this vast area of
land is left but partially supplied with
vapor to saturate "the air and
if redeemed frdm the aridity it
will be due to artificial measures.
If tho actual amount of vapor needed
is very great, one that human effort can
not supplv, then tho end is reached. Bnt
if the amount needed is comparati-ely
small, then every man should lend his
voice, his influence and his energy to aid
in this most important effort.
That the amount of vapor needed to
defeat the hot winds is not great is ap
parent. As a rule wo lose our crop, par
ticularly corn and the tender garden
vegetables, within a period of from two
to tive days. And usually the hot wind
prevails from about 12 o'clock, noon, to
3:30 o'clock p. m. of such da vs. Occas
ionally, as in 1860, 1878 and 1S90, these
hot winds continue through a couple of
weeks. But such periods are exceptional
and not tho rule.
Up to the last days of June, some
times into July, the corn growth is most
luxuriant and the deep green color pre
vails, then a radical chango takes place
and in two or three days plant life is
seen to assume a lighter hue, and very
soon it is apparent that the crop is great
ly injured or totally destroyed.
The very short period of time in which
our crops are thus greatly injured or
destroyed should greatly encourage us
to put forth an intelligent and united
effort to span such few clays.
"When science unfolds all tho material
facts in this problem then, if not before,
we shall see that wo often lose our crop
in the plains for the lack of 20 or 25 per
cent of vapor. To conclude that such
an amount cannot be supplied by arti
ficial means is a reflection on tho intelli
gence, the energy and the means of the
people of the United States.
The practical question is, can these
very brief intervals in which this
column of unsaturated air reaches our
crops be bridged over? There is much to
encourage us. True neither science or
the power of this great government has
yet come to our aid. Both may if we
show the facts and struggle manfully to
do what we can.
It is true that some portions of these
plains are much more arid than others.
Perhaps a less rainfall exposes the differ
ence in a great measure. But we have
a right to infer that if the air can be bet
ter saturated bv human effort, then tho
time is near when the most rnd portions
of these lands will be made productive.
The elFort made ami it will be found to
extend and greatly benefit the dryest
It is difficult to determine in advance
what can be done by a combined effort
of the United States, the states and terri
tories particularly interested and all the
people on this plain belt, but very much
can be done.
1 my next article I shall confine my
self to roine erroneous ideas which exist
in the popular mind, and shall try and
briefly call up some of the appliances
needed to aid piodoction on the plain
belt. S. D. Houston.
Kingfisher, Ok., Oct. 10, 1890.
For one Week Only
We will exhibit on Wednesday next, October loth,
at 9 o'clock, the finest line of fall dress goods of the
largest importing house in STew York. The most com
plete, varied, beautiful and stylish fabrics ever shown.
Ladies who wish to purchase from sample and deliver in
ten day can have the opportunity. The very latest cos
tumes in the New York market and of designs entirely
different from what is being sold here.
This opportunity will last for one day only
White House of limes & Ross.
POST OFFICE CORNER
Sewing Machines Given Away.
Commencing Monday mornin.ir to each customer, who pur
chases from us :i dress pattern amounting to Jive dollars and
over, or cloak or wrap amounting to the same sum, or a suit of!
clothes, to the same amount, we will present a handsome nicklo
plate hand Sewing Machine.
These machines are perfect, and capable of doing all tho
work for a small family.
We contracted for 8000 of these Handsome Machines, but
have lately been advised that the manufacturer will only de
liver to us one third of our contract.
We had expected to place one of these muehinee in every
houshold in Sedgwick county, but aa the supply is necessarily
limited we advise an early call as the limited number will bo
very soon exhausted.
The presentation of the mnehines will postiv&ly be limited
to purchasers in the three detriments named Dress goods,
Wraps, and Clothing departments.
See display in our window?.
Sl 2l?SiT landed to mature a good crop. Bat such
seekers, and the people of Atchison and
DonipJmn counties should rii in their
majesty and destroy these cheap men
wliose only object in life is to run con
vent ions. You never find a prosperous
m among them, and they are fre
quently disltonest and characterless.
When the people make it a rule to ignore
party aud vote for the man in preference
U trie partisan, they will attain liappi-
and prosperity, and not until then.
Payne Hawk: A Payne conaty citizea
sent us word last Saturday that we bad
"better -watch our comers a liule efo&ar
or be would bring a $M,ft libel suit
given more or fes prominence in io iTtrjoT0' ' M
is the nude character of the countrv that
much of this rain fall of 3Iay and June
escapes quickly into the ravines and
creeks and out into the larger streams to
aid in inundating the low lands of the
As quite a large portion of the "sub-1
arid' fjiv?e lfa .Af"K-onn Via "riouMiri rir-or- !
How still the third house is keeplngl
The capital etenis to be an far of! from
Tohee as ever.
Guthrie is very jubilant, but it doesn't
say much about "Capitol 11111."
' Seven to Six" will Ikj a motto for the
campaign banners, next election.
Kingfisher is scraping off the top of a
bill for the foundation of a capitol.
The Oklahoma papers are howling mad
and who wouldn't be, in their place.
Xobody would be to blame if the capital
question was settled by a popular vote.
How happy most lioys would be if their
vacations were as long as that school bill's.
It is a question now with the hfti:
"Could legal aji.ity done more?" Prob
Grist Mill Jones is reported to have tohl
the governor to go to well, not back to
Norman and El Reno are lying in wait
for the capital, to grab is when it com by
A Guthrie man ba written a piece of
poetry on the "vetv." Soma paopbt never
can stand luek.
The best looking man in the legislature,
.Simpson, has becom an editor. He
couldn't help it.
J. C. Adam i caged again. This will
kirid of alleviate Oklahoma's feeling orcr
the failure to get the capital.
The first jury trial held in Canadian
county was held lant week in the court of
Justice H. K. Kicker at El Krao.
The Oklahoma City Thnts pubJHbf a
blank column with Governor Steele tam
ed upside down and a hearse at the bottom.
Down at Oklahoma City they think that
Governor St?ele took his sanatoria! sign
down when be failed to sfga up the capital
Mx. Terrill states that he nava aa much
taxes as Mr. Xeal from Oklahoma. Tint
joke is that neither one of tbato yes pay a
It is understood that the snrveyors are
to begin work la the Iowa, Pottowattoniie
and i-c and Fox countries the SOtb of Ibis
Governor Steele will not saffw maca
from blizzards this winter if tfce Okla
homa City papers keep at aim at tfee
Mr. Campbell, of Logan, says ha came
to the legislature against his wishes. TUM
expression looks llktu a "sooop oa ta
Ajj Uk) jJt
Will "be Sold Out Regardless
Before the Stock is Broken.
murmur in the lobby that might kar
ben construed ax an amendnwat by sub
stituting "evtir" for the wefc.
The Oklahoma City Jottonl wyw: "TI19
governor of Oklahoma i a combination of
social impnrUI, moral delinquency,
egregious egotism, political duplicity and
mnrvoions asarancw. He U a zygomatic
zoophyte, a pragmatical paraenitttf, a
zithoerapbieal monralecapa xhmogala
thule." Oklahoma City Time: A farmer, an H
tobacco grower, living near t. fe a
fine Hold of tobacco. The wed plant arv
eight fast high. The wrreaaat tobacco
has leaved out wHI aad w eqnal to muy
rained in tb best tobaoeo oowouiM. Tbe
gentleman pek from expericne wben
be ay the soil. limat. aad other Condi
turn h-re. are urh that tobacwo cam h
raided riily and profitably. Tb growth
aad tbf fibre jifh excellent and it eurt la
this climate remarkably well. Tobacco al
ways finds a rwtdr sale, and brings a cah
fike. Tbe geatfttnan lhJok it will nn
onbtodlr noon become ose of th chief Mr
tidea of commerce of ihU county.
ia the world. Tb American liag get
ty titHr in tho morning wUh a eotJ,
rigorous appetite, ami keopa U all day
Joog. He reqwim no Momaeh WUor or
othr MitnaUnt to keep him in g 1
ooodUtun. Poeetbty tin freydir
agaimrt ttw American hog ima aravni br
mistaking a counterfeit of th gowwhtM
ammai Thia oonntwfeit h a bmai tlmt
puts has feet on nr eeati aad deilaa U
floor with t-Wco ejatUla. 1 foreign
uottatne will take mk fuW Uty u.n
hue ktra n a gift.
Tbe Oreavt NnwwMl Land.
rum the ItWM tt mt
The foartli mr'rrWr 4alrwt of
Kanan. irif lu! 1 liurt - lit txmmlif.-
in the nrjt('- m i gain of 1(3.20
pr '(nt 'l!i- -) .dulgrowtii. ami
Viw tha: ! fi ii;ut porUoo of Kan
aa t-,ii rootling U attract immigration.
and the Rocky mountain chain, we have ' .yotFl'Mt the PPe have .topped tooan
an inviting Sd in which to begin , ? fegimSffSri
conquest of these lands. Here nature I .pIiy Ue ovicwSr.
comes to our aid often in copious show- ,v, t t -v r .1 .
ers. Here, by reason of thereat .uplift JTSl derSnldSS
tnd altituae of the continental dmde.we j Hsty ,. u: t.j wbre titf.J .
have the rains and meltingsnows brought 1 taken. Mrv Greer is said to be one of the
almost at right angle across the plain J prettiest women ia the territory.
W 1 When Daniels moved that the awue adr
To not mention the rivers of tha "Up. J joexa for four week there was an aeetfbfe
Going Tbe "Way.
Tract tfeo Xvm Mrpeelteta.
me owtn 01 tinscve .Miner removes
perhaps the amt mttxt of the Mjpreme i
court of the United StaiA and U-ay- n
the beach only one meni at of tbw
"who here cm down to u frmia
former gsosratfoa." Jowtice rVid . '
now ih only judge appointed bv I'rw.
deat Linooia. JuaUr- Bradley Vt, '
Harlan came from Ue recoiroct'n
period, white Ave, the rest A the bo:h.
have beon appointed within the iat nm
years. The adranred age at JueUre '
Field remind u thai U oamtot be kmg
aatil the laet living reminder at "A '
Woody prnon will have jmmmm! away.
"With tbov? who served in taw MMte r j
ia the fteld and tinaiiy at0d a gyM
rfbptUo are going the aoe fafer j
whom x a tribunal th awfnj turn mat
had a hrcrmr. Scob w yball not mt
hf t e-vea "tae mammnm of war: mil
things will bv redaoed to rword.
Tbe Asaorless Bok.
fw itarierimancinmifniii iinn
Formga nation 4tfcai -rr In minimi!
? aaafamt America pork pc mart
have toCtt mameacadi io u o ttmmA
ptejedfcfe again the h-JtkKt xtumal
C3 la ICIUcna ei lira
fcrwHT? !rTtni - ww-
WtJC iMJCimi rorroKK CO.
wTer4 ttja HsFrmw.' KXvt