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,llxe WdchiU gaily fpxgle: tSftecIucstTag laming, ptey 4, 1892.
A TALENTED WOMAN.
Srrrn Brad well. "Who Practice at
United States Supremo Court.
CniCAOO, April 12. Mrs. Myra Bradwell,
of this city, -who was recently animated to
practice before the United States buprenie
court, upon the motion of Attorney Gen
eral Miller, i the fifth woman to be ac
corded this distinguished honor, although
she was the first woman in the United
States to apply for admission to the bar.
In many respects she is one of the most
remarkable -noinen of the present day.
Among the many prominent women of
Chicago she stands pre-eminent. For a
long period she has been identified with
the growth and enterprise of this city.
Tier efforts were untiring to have the
"World's fair located here. ilrs. Bradwell
is one of the board of Iauy managers and
chairman (or chairwoman is it) of Ihe
committee on law reform of its auxiliary
congress, and in these capacities she ma
terially aided in solving many vexed ques
tions which arose during the early meet
ings of theboaid.
ilrs. Bradwell is the wife of Judge
James B. Bradwell, of this city, and a
daughter of Vermont parents. Upon the
maternal side she is a descendant of the
Willey3, who w ere well represented in the
p fmm 2 JimM
Revolution, -two members of the family
participating in the battle of Bunker HilL
Mrs. Bradwell was born in Vermont, but
in infancy was taken to New York, where
nhe remained until'about twelve years of
age, when Chicago became her home, and
here the has passed the greater part of her
She was educated at Kenosha, Ills., and
at the Ladies' seminary at Elgin, in which
institution she afterward became a teacher,
later teaching school in Memphis. In 1S52
she was married to Mr. James B. Brad
well, whoso father was among the pioneer
settlers of Illinois. She in course of time
began the study of law under the tutelage
of hpr husband, having no idea then of be
coming a practicing lawyer. Her object
was to assist her husband in his legal busi
ness. She- applied herself vigorously to
her studies and passed a highly creditable
examination, but was denied admission to
the bar because she was a woman.
She did not despair, but bent all her en
ergies in tho direction of removing this
legal defect. Her application was refused
by the supremo court of Illinois, and she
sued out a writ of error against the state
of Illinois in the supreme court of the
United States. Her case was argued in
1871 by Matt Carpenter, then United
States senator from Wisconsin. Though
the decision was adverse to her applica
tion, she never again applied for admis
sion to the bar. She was, however, sur
prised one morning to receive a certificate
of admission upon the original application
from the very court that had refused her
admission years lxtforc.
She was the first woman to become a
member of the Illinois State Bar associa
tion; also the first woman to become a
member of the Illinois Press association,
for she shines as an editor as well as a
lawyer. Twenty-three years ago she estab
lished the Chicago Legal News, the first
weekly legal journal published in the
western states, and it has appeared contin
ously ever since under her sole editorship
and business management. The legisla
ture gave her a special charter for her pa
per and passed several acts making it evi
dence in the courts and a valid medium
for tho publication of legal notices. In
3SG9 she drafted a law giving a married
woman her own earnings, and after vigor
ous effort upon hefc part she had the satis
faction of seeing it enacted.
She has found time in her busy life to do
much charitable work. Mrs. Bradwell is
truo to her convictions and works for an
end which she tees fully materialized in
tho future. She is a woman's rights wom
anthat is, a stroug advocate of universal
suffrage but her conclusions are based
upon scientific and econonic principles to
the aggressive and belligeient comes de
feat, but to untiring zeal, enduring energy
nnd strateg.c movement belongs success.
Women always find in her n stanch
friend, and in any field of action which
may be beneficial or conducive to the hap
piness or emancipation of womTin she is to
found an earnest, zealous, guarded, faith
ful ad vot ate and helper. As a writer she
is ready, keen and forcible, and possesses a
power of expression that few women com
mand. An intimate friend describes her homo
life as being so beautiful that it is almost
ideal, and the world need never fear that
professional or public life will spoil woman
for the sweeter duties of homo society.
She is truly feminine in character and re
ligious in spirit. A woman of simple hab
its, unassuming, refined, quiet and of pre
ossessiug address, with a gentle voice,
queenly graco and w inning smile, she is
fully a gentlewoman. Her married life
lias been blessed with four children, onlv
twoof whom are living a son and a daughter-
Edward a. Oldham.
Tho Kcnctt fans.
Thevcry noveat fans arc of black gauze
exquisitely painted m neutral shades.
Black lace butterflies inserted into the
gauze, and lightly powdered with different
sized and shaped steel spangles, are in the
height of fashion. The carved ebony
mounts have tiny spangh-s let in. In paint
td gauze fans, there is, among many de
Figns, one coBMStmg of a few sprays of
feathery, flo-enng grass, m shades of
gray, with full sized dr&goniiics, bright
with spangW ho oring around, while an
other presented a few riowcrs, with a but
tcrfiy, carried out in the same style. A
border of dehente drooping lea os, "formed
by tiny $pangijs m sukjI and gold encircle
ono fau, while single oues av scattered ir
regularly over the mt!j below. There i
a narrow black lace iMgiug to man v of these
fans. The Wsck l.tce- fans mounted on
smoked pearl and tortoiso shell are very
beautiful, and so are the feather ones com
poed of the softest, downiest plumes.
White fans, on bone, ivory and pearl
mounts, are in considerable vurietr.
A IJinry of Three Centuries.
A diary begun more than three centuries
ago by the Iiozaha family of .Japan Las
been kept up continuous?- by the various
heads to whone charge it was committed
until the volume, now fill eicut targe
cheats. It was io New Yenr1. exneritncut
v. ith either the original Cotonel jioznka o
bis successors. Now York Press.
V . rttea:rf.
i&s&rjaldMgi1 r IHSSKK
3SE!Stv .- vcsaff
J A PRAIRIE SONG.
j, jlfl nnr-itt cbicten is callinz to its mate.
!: And I 6ta.nd aad Ubten down by tho pasture
t J wait ar.d watch, and listen listen, watch and
Listen o the wild prairie chicken on the hill;
r Watch for eodio one who'll meet me very
"Wait for the coming of my darlingjittle Kate,
"Who promised she would meet me by tho pas
t Boom! boom! boom!
i Once more tho prairie chicken is calling from
f- tho hill.
t Cnnni1fn.lil a lllfitfint TTlllQlV. ttTl f lift ftVfnfn- f
But whv docs Kitty linger? She surely knows
' 1 will
iisten to tho wild prairie chicken on the hill;
"Watch for come one who'll meet me very
"Wait for the comingof my darling littlo Kate,
"Who's coming soon to meet me down by the
Boom! boom! boom!
Again the prairie chickeni3 calling to its mate,
But why does Kitty linger? The hour is grow
I wait and watch and listen listen, watch and
listen to the wild prairie chicken on the hill;
"Watch for botce one who'll meet mevery
Wnit fir tho rnmfnpnf mvdnrKnpliHIfi TTntp
I Who's coining now to xuecb me and to greet me
I at tiie. gate.
f Arthur E. Van Velsan in Good Housekeeping.
THE STOET 01 A BOX.
"Harry, you might take me to the the
"My dear child, on a night like this, with
the thermometer at heaven knows what,
and not a breath of air!"
j "Oh, but if we get interested, we shall
forget all about the heat."
"And you will, too; it is only because
you are bored just now that you feel it so
much. It is our last week in town,
Harry, and I have been nowhere."
"Oh, I mean not to any theaters well,
hardly any! Do take me. You will, won't
you? Let us go to the Thespian. You
know you said the other day that you
would like to see Miss Bertram act again,
and she makes her reappearance tonight."
In ten minutes I had won the day; an
hour later we were driving toward the
Strand, and after a little, by a lucky
chance, were seated in' two stalls that had
been returned at the Jast moment.
The house was full in spite of the heat,
and tho audience was an exceptionally
brilliant and well dressed one, for Miss
Bertram was an established favorite and
was making her appearance after a long
tonr in America". She was a very beauti
ful woman, though, as nry husband re
marked, "a little too full blown now."
"A few years ago," he went on, "she was
splendidly handsome. Hajf the town went
mad over her."
, "You among tho others?" I gently in
quired. "I used to come hero pretty often to see
her. I'll adnlit that.much," he responded.
"I thought as much. I understand now
why you were so reluctant to come here to
night. You were afraid of falling under
Iter spell again."
My husband laughed back at me with
the-happy frankness of complete mutual
understanding. We had only been mar
ried a few months, and in my absolute cer
tainty of my husband's affection it gave me
a foolish pleasure to play at being jealous,
to pretend to think he had been easily and
frequently captivated before he met me.
And so this evening I pretended to think
that instead of being overcome by the
heat, as lie said he was, he was really the
prey to uncontrollable emotion at the sight
of the captivating actress. Certainly on6
qonld understand an infatuation for her.
She not only had an enchantingly beauti
ful face, but in spite of advancing embon
point her figure was superb. It was de
lightful to watch the magnificent freedom
of her gait and gestures as she crossed the
fctage. As an actress she hardly satisfied
me; I thought her heavy, monotonous, un
emotional, wanting in variety and intelli
gence. But I must have been wrong, judg
ing from the enthusiastic manner in w hick
she was applauded.
After the first act I took a good look
around the house, observed with keen in
terest the latest style in hairdressing,
picked out, as only a woman can, the pret
tiest and best dressed specimens of my own
sex, and remarked on the strange prepon
derance of bald heads among the other,
with an inclusive glance at my husband's
perspiring cranium. Finally, my vaguely
wandering attention suddenly fixed itself
with vivid interest on the box immediately
over the stage box to the left of me.
ThreH people were occupying it; a very
distinguished looking man of about forty
and a most charming girl, with loely
dark eyes and a radiantly happy expres
sion. It was easy to see that they were
either engaged or (and as a young matron
myself I inclined toward the latter belief)
It is a delightful thing to see two people
raised above everyday life into a rarified
atmosphere of happiness, and I watched
them with deep sympathy and interest.
Tje third occupant of the box puzzled
me. He was so evidently de trop the man
and girl so entirely ignored him. Had they
been completely unaware of his existence
they could not have appeared more uncon
scious of it. They never turned their heads
to address one word to him, nor moved
their seats one incli to enable him to have
a better view. There he sat, silent and
motionless, with his great dark eyes fixed
eagerly on the stage.
I have (my husband tells me in unflatter
ing moments) a vivid imagination. I like
to piece together the casual incidents of
life, to evolve situations, to guess at the
links that bind people or the feuds that
separate them. But about this young
man I could come to no conclusion. Could
he be the brother of the beautiful girl, or
a rejected lover compelled by some subtle
web of circumstance to the intolerable
agony of looking on at the bliss of another
The curtain drew up. Miss Bertram was
on the stage. I glanced upward at the
box. Ah! at last I had solved one part of
the mystery at any rate! In tho rapt, hun
gry, adoring, entreating expression of tha
young man's face, as he fixed those glow
ing eyes on the beautiful actress, I read his
story a story of infatuauon and passion
and reckless self abandonment. He seemed
absolutely unconscious of everything and
everybody except Miss Bertram. His gaze
dwelt always on her with tho same devour-
mg, burning look, and followed her every
movement as if compelled by a mesmeric
I felt intimately interested and sorry.
My attention kept stray injr from the drama
on the stage to the real life drama in the
I nudged my husband.
"Look, Harry: just glance np to that
box one ttomeat the one just over the
stage box. Do look at that young man."
My husband turned indifferently around,
vexed at the interruption.
"Young man! I shouldn't call him
young," he remarked carelessly, turning
back to the stage asain. 1 resotC ed to wait
till a more convenient Mason.
The curiam fell on the second act, 3Iis
Bertram was enthusiastically called for.
and came forward smiling and bow me;. I
could not help looking to see how the dark
oung man was affected by hi divinity
ovauon. To my surprise, instead of jomhu;
in it he sat as still as a statue, though that
her for a moment. I determined I would
waken my husband's interest.
"Now do look at the young man," I said.
"Just look how worshipingly he is looking
at Miss Bertram."
He turned obediently, and looked earnest
ly at the box.
"But surely, my dear child, you do no?
call him a young man," he said again,
"and as to being interested in Miss Bert
ram, h strikes me hels far better employed
talking to that sweet looking girl. Now
that is evidently a 'case,' I should say, in
spite of some disparity." t
"You are looking at the wrong man, yon
old goose; I don't mean the tall, fair, mid
dle aged man. I mean the dark, pale young
fellow sitting at the back."
"I see no young fellow sitting at tht
"Yon must be getting blind, dear! Dc
you mean to say you cau't see him sitting
behind that pretty girl?"
He looked long and earnestly; at length
turned to me with puzzled air and said:
"One of us must be laboring under som
delusion. I wonder which? Certainly 1
can only see two people in the box."
I was too taken aback to say more. Was
he going blind, poor dear, or was he trying
to tease me? I was fairly bewildered, and
subsided into astonished silence. Turning
toward my husband presently I found him
speaking to a man whom he introduced to
me as Mr. Ilibbert, an old friend of his.
The thought struck me that I would make
him t he umpire in our argument.
"My husband and I were having a little
discussion before you came in," I said aftei
awhile; "will you arbitrate? You see that
box over there?" -.
"Now, are there not three people in it?"
Mr. Hibbert fixed his glass in his eye and
studied the box as carefully as my hus
band had done.
"Not at this moment, certainly," he said;
"I see a particularly charming girl and a
man evidently devoted. Where is yout
third person, Mrs. Nicholl?"
"Just at the back of tho girl's chair.
You must see him; a pale young man with
intensely dark eyes."
Mr. Hibbfert looked long and earnestly.
"I certainly do not," he said at last. "I
think 3'bu arc perhaps misled by the reflec
tion of that light against tho curtain," he
went on feebly; "it is curious how one can
be deceived in that way."
This was too absurd! I felt indignant,
as my husband laughed with cruel enjoy
ment. Mr. Hibbert did not laugh though. He
seemed suddenly to have grown depressed
and serious. I spoke to him twice, bat got
no reply. He sat staring at the box with
an absorbed, far away look.
The curtain rose on the last act, and in
this Miss Bertram had splendid opportuni
ties. In the death struggle at the close,
she had to rush down to the front of the
stage. I felt an irresistible impulse to see
how the strange looking young man was
affected by this opisode.
I looked at the box. There he sat, with
the same eager, hungry look, and his eyes
with that strange, deep glow, looking di
rectly into the eyes of the advancing ac
tress. It seemed to me that by the sheer
force of an irresistible attraction she was
compelled to look straight at him, as she
came toward the footlights. Was it a
marvelous piece of. acting or the reality
of un unspeakable horror, that seemed to
freeze her blood and stiffen her limbs and
transform the living woman into a rigid
statue of fear and agony? She stood there,
rooted to the spot, with her dilated eyes
fixed upon those other terrible eyes. Then
with a frantic gesture of terror and repul
sion, and a long, thrilling shriek she fell
heavily on the stage.
The stage drama demanded that the cur
tain should drop at this moment; poetic
justice was satisfied; the play was ended,
and from the excited audience rang round
after round of frenzied applause at one of
the modt marvelous pieces of realistic act
ing tho modern stage has witnessed. My
husband was completely carried away.
Mr. Hibbert sat silent, with a most curious
and unfathomable expression in his face. I
looKeu at tue dox. une aaric young man
was no longer there, and yet I had only
turned my eyes away for a moment.
The people wero still wildly clamoring
for Miss Bertram. She did not appear
until the storm and noise seemed gather
ing into a tumult. At last she came for
ward, leaning heavily on the arm of the
principal actor. She was evidently very
ill, and her efforts to smile in acknowledg
ing the roars of applause were painful. She
had apparently no intention of crossing the
stage, but clung to her partner's arm con
vulsively, and with one hurried, terror
btricken glance at the box staggered off,
My husband was a little to enthusiastic,
I thought, in his praises of her, and said
that dying scene was one of the finest bits
of acting he had ever seen, and he was an
"And the remarkable thing is that she
began in burlesque and dancing parts," he
said. "When I used to see her years ago,
she was looked upon simply as a beautiful
woman and an exquisite dancer. No one
could possibly have suspected the exist
ence of such tragic power as she showed
The papers next morning, without ex
ception, expressed the same opinion, and
one and all dwelt on the marvelous stroke
of genius that could rise to so superb and
tinlooked for a climax at tho last moment
of a long and exhausting play. The ac
tress had stepped at a bound into the front
rank of the highest walk of art. But,
strangely enough, the triumph was never
repeated. To the astonishment of the pub
blic. Miss Bertram on the day following
threw up her engagement at the Thedpian
theater and abruptly quitted London.
Such an act at such a moment, with
such splendid possibilities opening out to
her, was simply suicidal. But the fact re
mains, that no persuasions from her man
ager and agent, and no consideration of
being bound to pay a heavy fine, would in
duce her to alter her resolution. She de
clared, without giving any reason, that she
would never set foot in the Thespian
again, and she kept her word. In fact, she
absented herself from the London stage
for many years.
Before we left town Mr. Hibbert came to
dine with us and, as a matter of coarse,
Miss Bertram came under discussion, her
extraordinary freak in throwing up her en
gagement being one of the topics of the
"Well, at least watan congratulate our
selves that we were present that evening,"
Mr. Hibbert said; "it was au occasion."
"Yes, in more ways than one," said my
husb.md laughing. "Do you remember the
mysterious man in the box, Gertie, who
only condescended to reveal himself to your
eyes and was invisible to every one else?"
Mr. Hibbert started and looked up with
"You may say vrhzt you please," I said
firmly, "but as clearly as I see yon now I
saw that man."
"I remember yon described him as being
dark, with large, dark eyes, Mrs. NicholL
Had he a mustache"
"Yes, a black mustache, and he was nn
csually pale very interesting looking."
"It is most strange, most remarkable,"
he said to himself. Then aloud; "Mrs.
Nicholl, yon are a very clever nrtit. Coald
you by possibility have retained that young
man's face iu your mind sufiicienUr to
make a ketch of U"
"1 believe I conid. I will try."
2ily artist's memory helped me, and in a
little while I had completed what I Mi
myself was an excellent likeness.
Mr. Hibbert uttered an exclamation of
amazement, and sat looking at i; with &a
expression of what seemed to cse recoal-
"Well, what's wrong, Hibbert?" said my
husband, who was much amused that his
friend should pretend to treat the matter;
Is this a sKetcn from spint-
land, Gertie? Rather a good looking fel
low, 1 .should say!"
Mr. Hibbart was studying me with in
"What I am going to say will strike you
as absurd and absolutely incredible," he '
said at hist. - "But the sketch you have i
made is of a man whose sad history is well
enough known to me, but whom you could
never, I should imagine, have seen."
"Never have seen! When I have drawn
asketch of him!" I exclaimed.
"Suppose I give you a theory of mine
about the connection between the mysteri
ous young man and the extraordinary re
fusal of Miss Dei tram to act again at the
Thespian theater. Yon know, I think,
that I am deeply interested in psychical
researches and have a firm belief that we
stand on the threshold of great discoveries
with regard to the connection between the
spirit world and our own."
My husband nodded with assumed grav
ity. I listened with breathless interest.
"Some years back, when Miss Lottie Ber
tram was promoted from one of tha lesser
music halls to the Thespian, a lot of young
fellows quite lost their heads over her."
"And one or two middle aged bachelors,
too, if I remember rightly," put in my hus
band, sotto voce.
Mr. Hibbert ignored the remark and went
on: "Her most complete conquest was a
young man named but no, I will not tell
you his name. At any rate the girl simply
held hirn, body and soul. There was some
thing positively appalling in the influence
she had over him. I never saw anything
like it. Night after night he sat in that
"What box?" I exclaimed.
"The b3x you pointed out to me. I have
often thought that if any place might bo
haunted, that box should be. Night after
night I have seen him there always with
that intense, eager gaze which yon have
caught so wonderfully, Mrs. Nicholl his
whole being absorbed by the beautiful, ra
diant creature on the stage. He got intro
duced to her somehow, lavished hundreds
on her, was the sla e of every whim. She
was a vampire, who preyed upon him and
sucked away from him character, self re-
spect, will destroyed him body and soul.
When he could no longer afford to give
her the splendid presents she looked for as
a right, she threw him over. In tho hope
of winning her back, the reckless fool
forged bills for a large amount and gave
her the money.
"When detection seemed imminent he
blew out his brains. The whole affair was
hushed up by his people, fortunately I
mean the forgery and the connection with
Miss Bertram. T happened to be placed in
a position that made the facts known to
me, and now that you are in possession of always, except in the case of white, of
them I will give you my theory. It is my ! plants, are extremely resistent to chem
&m belief," ho went on, lowering his ical action. Some of these pigments will
Voice, and speaking most impressively, pass unscathed through the strongest acids
that the appearance so strangely revealed
to you was also visiblo to Miss Bertram,
and that that magnificent climax at the
close of the death scene was not acting at
all, but simply uncontrollable horror at
the manifestation of the form of her lover
appearing in the old spot, looking at her
with the old absorbed gaze.
"And I firmly believe that the reason
Miss Bertram so positively refuses to set
foot in the Thespian again, is that she
dares not face the possibiUty of a second
Whether this explanation is a satisfac
tory one or no, I leave it to the Psychical
society and to Mr. Frederic Myers to deter
mine. London Theatre.
The Villain in Keal Life.
"I was shadowing one of the worst ruf
fians on the east side," said a New York
detective the other day. "He was a lead
ing light in one of those groups of thugs
which make certain parts of the city un
safe for drunken men to wander into after
dark. This man had knocked a policeman
senseless with a club, as the officer tried to
arrest him for garroting a passer by. I
was standing in front of a Bowery theater
when I saw my man pass in with the
crowd. I followed and took a seat behind
him. I did not care to see the play myself,
particularly, but I thought it better not to
make a row by arresting him in the house.
When we went outside that would be time
"The play was a melodrama of the regu
lar sort, only a little more harrowing than
usual. The villain was particularly vil
lainous and the good heroine unusually un
fortunate. No one hissed at tho bad man's
badness more than my friend the cutthroat.
He howled with rage. And then he fairly
blubbered over the woes of the good
people in the play. When virtue finally
conquered, and villainy was dragged off
the stage in handcuffs, he roared applause,
stamped his feet like a piledriver and was
generally delighted. The grin of pleasure
had not faded from his face before I laid
my hand on his shoulder, and he tried to
stab me." New York Tribune.
Gothic architecture, so familiar to us,
leaves the impression of ascendant aspir
ation. The tendency is upward; heedless
of weight, it breaks through the weight.
The nave rushes upward from the aisles,
the tower upward from the nave, the spire
upward from the tower. The support is
lateral to allow of the upward tendency,
buttresses support the sides, the aisles sup
port the nave, flying buttresses hold up the
roof. The wall is destroyed, being pierced
by window and arch; the arch takes the
thrust off from the pillars and the capitals
become mere bands. The windows point
upward. The arch points upward. The
weight, without being denied, as in the
Moresque, is thrust aside, is distributed
over the lateral support to allow the up
ward tendencv. London Tablet.
CROWN AND SCEPTER.
The kaiser continues his night tours of
Berlin, turning up suddenly in unexpected
The Countess d'Eu, Dom Pedro's daugh-1
tcr, will become a distinguished vocalist, '
her friends think.
Queen Victoria is the only queen in En
rope who has never ordered a toilet from
Worth, although he is an Englishman.
The crown of England since the time of
"William the Conqueror has had a cham
pion of coronations a mounted yeoman,
armed to the teeth, who challenges all who
deny the king to be the true sovereign.
The Prince and Princess of Monaco have
been quietiy and unostentatiously m Lon
don for 'ooe time. The princess likes
English things and English ways, and is
herself tall and fair and in manner much
like aa Englishwoman.
The Duke of Edingburgh is one of th9
richest members of the royal family, and
can make a sovereign go further than his
venerable mother has been able to da It
is said of him that be never parts with a
shilling that he wouldn't recognize if he
came across it years afterward.
The emperor of Austria's annual income
from his private estates, independent of
his civil lat, is about 1O,C0O,OO0l The
Hapsburgs have always been enormously
wealthy, and they are now by far the rich
est of the royal families of Europe. The
emppror Is probaWy the richest raaa in tee
She of ihf Acbura Lock.
Out of any group a girts pesEeasiag
micJfauiea&, wnas tlitf red haired one
i swr to be u fast of the bancs. Lively, f
ancctiooruc. a trifle haty, pariaiw. sat
g dte&eitert Eacli?i Dta.. tt..-
FRSMVDfi VJS S IBH i O
2 eZSwIW J SeU 8 ML, MbL,L.Q
Or&iaalasd OuIt Gnntar.
surr, tlTKjt reliitl. uaicx, ut
pumitErxndin Ket anil GoUt EfUllio'
ioitj, toiled wiei blw ribboa. Tko
noothrr. Am dancerout ubrti.-u-
la up tor jiniCTUar. tvtiswsU) tut
Helief for Ladles" m latT. bT returm
- l Chkhclgr Chemical Cn.Mn.l!o-i.nu-
bUbr all Local Croju. I'iilaic .
PROTECTING COLOR IN ANIMALS.
A Discussion 03 to What It Is That Gives
Many Creatures Their Colors.
Where lichen covered tree stems are com
mon, we find lichen colored caterpillars,
moths and other insects. A prettv moth
i (Cleora glabraria), not uncommon in the
i 2ew Forest, is wuite, dusted with bl
and its larva, which feeds upon lichens, is
of the same color. Some years ago, while
collecting insects in that locality, I found
in the same tufts of lichen a small black
and white spider just as closely resembling
It is supposed that these various color
resemblances have been brought about by
the need for concealment. A caterpillar
frequenting lichens, or a bird living among
leaves, would be greatly advantaged by a
color resemblance to their several sur
roundings; hence variations in the required
direction have escaped destruction, and
there has been through long ages a grad
ual perfecting of the resemblances. This
is the most generally received explanation;
it accounts also for the coloration of ani
mals like the spider, to which I have re
ferred,, which do not so much need protec
tion from their enemies as a disguise with
the help of which they can steal upon their
We must, however, guard against taking
generalities for granted without a careful
examination of the several cases. Many
years ago Mesars. Kirby and Spence called
attention to the resemblance between
lichen feeding insects and their food:
"Many of the mottled moths which take
their station of diurnal repose on the north
side of the trunks of trees are with diffi
culty distinguished from the gray and
green lichens that cover them. Of this
I kind are Miselia apriliana and Acronycta
psi. The caterpillar of Bryophila algae,
when it feeds on the yellow Lichen jum
perinus, is always yellow; but when upon
the gray Lichen saxatilis its hue becomes
gray. This change is probably produced
by the color of its food."
The last sentence contains a most note
worthy suggestion, which may help us in
explaining many similar cases of colora
tion in a much simpler way than by natu
ral selection or natural elimination. It ia
well known that the pigments which aro
often the cause of the colors m animals, and
i ana the most powerful alkalis, it is quits
conceivable, then, that they will be equally
unaffected by the chemical action of an ani
mal's digestive juices.
There is, however, no need at all for
theory upon this point; it has been shown
to bo the case in several instances. Dr.
Eisig found in the Mediterranean a species
of worm living in the interior of a sponge.
The sponge was a brilliant yellow, tho
j color being due to particles of a peculiar
pigment deposited in its tissues. Tho
worm was also yellow, and it might bo
supposed that this harmony had been
brought aboufcby the necessity for conceal
ment. An inquisitive fish poking its nose
into the interior of the sponge, in search of
the various small creatures which con
stantly take up their lodgings in such a
spot, would pass over the "protectively
colored" worm, and select one that was
obvious on account of its different colors.
It was found, however, that the color of
the worm was merely due to particles of
the coloring substance of the host, which
had passed outof the intestine of the worm
into its skin. Blackwood's Magazine.
Judging; a Horse by His "Loolis.
"1 never ask about a horse's traits," said
a horse buyer the other day. "All I want
is a good square look in the face. Once in
a hundred times I may mistake the head,
but not oftener than that, I believe." It
doesn't require an expert to read horses'
faces cither. A person who has never
handled a horse can saunter down Broad
way any afternoon and point out the good,
docile family carriage horse, the biting
horse, tho treacherous animal, the one
likely to kick or run at any moment, or the
proud, high spirited horse that may ho
dangerous and yet not vicious in the leasfc
The kicking horse can nearly always ba
singled out by tho vicious gleam in his eye,
which stamps him a born kicker. There
are horses broken down by long and con
tinual service for man, which show sad
These may be found hitched to drays
around town, to rickety wagons of ped
dlers and ragpickers, and occasionally i
to wagons of contractors and teamsters.
Once perhaps they wero full of the buoy
ancy of youth, but constant drudgery ha
made them mere tools, barely animals.
New York Sporting "World.
Ho it an Island Grew.
In 1867 her majesty's ship Falcon report,
ed a shoal about thirty miles west of Xa
muka, one of the islands in the Tonga or
Friendly gronp. This was considered
rather odd, a deep sea sounding expedition
having but nine months previous reported
6,000 feet of water in that vicinity. Ten
years later, in 1S77, H. M. S. Sappho re
ported seeing smoke rising from what had
been called the "Falcon Shoals," and in
18S5 a passing ship's logbook noted that a
volcanic island had arisen on the site of
On Oct. 14, 18S5, a submarine eruption
further increased the size of Falcon isiand,
as it has since been called, for when the
United States steamer Mohican visited
thatnortion of the Pacific in 1SS6 manv
islands were found scattered about in
what had been 6,000 feet of water in 1S57.
Falcon island, which, by the way, con-
tinnes to grow, was then 1 and 4-10ths of
a mile long and 1C5 above the water in
the highest place. In ISM it was nearly
two miles long and a mile wide and had
two active volcanoes. St. Louis Republic.
The Lion and tho Unicorn.
The unicorn came into the royal anna
with James L It belong to the royal arms
of Scotland. The signet ring of Mary,
mother of James, is in existence, having a
unicorn on it. In the royal arms there
fore one supporter represents England, the
The lion and the nnicom occur also ia
ancient Buddhist Ecnptures, placed to
gether as supporters. Both of these ani
mals also are seen playing drafts together
in the well known Egyptian painttns;. Bat
the oldest connection of the two is in the
blessing of Jacob and of Moses. Note
j and Queries.
Raianalcin- by Tilth.
Some forty years ago, on a clondless
Sabcath morning, the president of Ober
lin. college. Professor Phinney, -walked
briskly to the chapel there had been a
distressing drought and began the ser
vice -with an estremely fervent prayer
for rain. The prayer -svas long-, and be-
fore it -was unitned the tirics bean to
darken, and almost before the congrfr
zztion was disrnise4 a copious rain be
1 1- fi
gan to fall. Tht ugT5Stivij ftct in this ',
relation a that Pr&aaent Phinney bad j oCJce and 7rdten Mbiiey ar. be
bn observHtl danaat th? monaujr to w-eii lxmslaj. are. and First . r1
give verv watshr&l attention to the ba- lraac, 'V, ' L'"" VHj. 0"kln-
roxnster. H. ChxEdier in Sdssc.
THE WICHITA EAGLE
if. M. Murdoch S Bra., Proprietor.
PRINTERS, HINDIS 11 BUI 601 MIS.
AM kinds of conntyvtoTTCiship anfl school dlatrict
records and blanks. Legal blanks of every de &?
ciiptlou. Complete stock of Justice's docket and
blanks. Job printing of all kinds. Wo bind lnw
And medical journals andmayazliie periodicals of all
kinds ut prlcea as low as Chicago and ITow York and
jrnaranteo work jnst as good. Ordnrs sent by msu
wUl ba carefully attended to. Address all business t
E. P. MUKDOCK,
U1. S. DEHNTNTS,
THE OLD r.ELTABLli
Jf rendy on rtiort notice to clean Privy Vaults and Cesspools, alo to remove from the Gtty
dend liors-esnnd cattle, dead hogs and decs. t-Leep tuid newts or auyibtit U.-vt will tnnU a
rtencu. All work guaranteed to uive satisfaction. Persons wanting this Uia.i of work coa
drop a card in Scaveuper box N. t. Cor .Central aveauc and M.un M.; 2. tL Cor. Doucfcu and
21am. or call ex residence 723 K. Waco Avenue.
TThen ordertoff state WHAT form is
A Kr Kaslly Caught.
A party of hunters on tho Florida
coast came suddenly upon a bear prowl
ing about tho wreckage on the bench.
Bruin would first look at an article, then
smell it, touch it with his paw and final
ly, after deliberately seating himself,
with his hind legs projecting in front,
turn his head on one side and try to
crack his new acquisition with his teeth.
The burlesque gravity of his manner
He threw away a cocoarmt, as being
too hard to chew, ate an orange with
great satisfaction and presently discov
ered a small cask, which he endeavored
to open. By dint of mnch biting ho en
larged the bunghole so that he could in
sert a paw; then he held tho cask on one
arm and kept the other paw busy in
rapid journeys thence to his mouth.
But this method of getting at the con
tents did not satisfy him, and presently,
standing erect on his hind feet, ho in
serted his nose in the barrel, and then
his head. Now, a bear's nose is so sharp
that it goes through a small place very
easily, but owing to the heavy folds of
skin abont the neck, and the fact that
the hair and. ears are set backward, it
does not possess the same facility for
Bruin was fast He began to pull
back, but as ho pulled tho barrel came
with him, and as "he rolled on his back,
pawing ineffectually at its convex sides,
it merely revolved abont his head, as if
it were on a pivot. Then, alarmed by tho
sound of our laughter, ho took fright
and ran, wearing the cask on his head
like a helmet.
Up the hill ho rushed, lost all sense of
direction and rolled head over heels
squarely among us. Picking himself 1
hp he reared and began growling and
waving his paws, but was speedily re
leased by one of tho negroes, who broke
the barrel with a blow from his club
and scattered tho mackerel with which
it had been filled.
The boar rewarded him for this serv
ice with a blow of tho paw which laid
him on the sands, and in another second
was himself stretched there by tho dis
charge of two rifles. Wild Sports in
DnrabUltr of Ancient Info.
The labor required in making tho man
uscript books of ancient days was far
beyond the understanding of tho men of
the present day who possess all the
modern adjuncts to that art. As these
books were intended to last for maiiy
years, answering the same purpose as
our printed tomes, the great desideratum
in their preparation was dnrability. As
a natural consequenco, those who made
them not only selected tho best quality
of parchment or other material to write
upon, but also paid particular attention
to the quality of the ink used in such
That they were successful in making
the latter is evidenced by tho fact that
in tho majority of instances the char
acters inscribed on the most ancient
manuscript rolls now preserved in the
Britism museum and elsewhere are very
legible, tho ink being bright and black
and showing Irat little evidence of its
great age. It is supposed that th su
perior quality of lampblack, prepared in
t a manner now nnlmown, was the true
i cause 01 wis Dean mm ana lasting color
of the ink in question. Detroit Fre
Mmsiiii m-ad Aunty.
Indulgent Aanty (after etnSng littL
nephew with donghtints and frait cake
What does your mamma grvs yva Ve
Littlo 1 i V1- O- - r'- to oat.
Children Cry for Pitcher's Czstoria.
DAVIDSON & CASE
John Davidson, Poineer Lumbermea
of fcedgwiek Qouulj.
ESTAUIJSIIED :-: IX:-: 1S70
X complete KJvrlt of Plue lumber
ssbiotflerf, I-ath. Donrv, is&nh,
etc, always em Laud.
j iiom Tcriitorsr.
uM4 VUJt Jr. JhCUV iUU JUIUSTIJ UkUo
j Oar Bc&le Uoolts are Printed on Uood
Slnjrl Book.. -7S
i Three Books oo
Hix Uooka ; 375
Single Kookby mall, prepaid s5
THIS WICHITA EAOLE.
It. P. MUKDOCK, Business Manager.
SVOnlrr. U m ;.roiiri uflr.t
j.r AM KX
A Ice frcMeuU
1 .t) SftlNVtu
V .!!. Mri.vnsTOX.
State National Bank.
or wiohita, u.v.
-ohn B. Crry. Grc W. Wlnr. w. f, flra
J. I". - lien. Kiw llnrrle. J. M. Allen, V. V. ria1r.
Limibnril. Jr.. l'etor Cello. L. IX t-clutm; Jmnti
Of the Condition of tho
Wichita national Bank
Hade to the Comptroller of Curren
cy at the (-lose of Iuisiucas,
March Ja(, .1802.
Loans and Diaconta. .570,681.90
Bonds and Stocka .. . 10,375.84
TJ. S. Bonds 50,000.00
Beal Estate 65,000.00
Due from U. S 2.250.00
Overdrafts .' . . 2,639.07
Cash and Exchange. 158,157.07
Undivided Profits... 4,278.36
M. TV. Lety, C. A. Walker
E. B. rowtix. Fre'rt. n. vr. i.AniMcn V.Pr,
J. JLlIooRr, Ctthier,
Fourth National Bank.
PALD UP CAPITAL.
E. B. PowH. Ooo. W. Lrtor, J, T. Cpbl.
W.U. CHfford. Jqi Ovthrto. fchtlbjriPU, XT
Jo. Korwt. !rk!i. (.-oca-O. D. IWtta. Jtfa
MISSOURI :-: PACIFIC
The awtt popular rnt t Kauu
Cltr, St. Louis wad Qhlotun l&4 all
Point Ztt asd 3rta lv Co Sot
Bnrizfs, Ar)c, 3eir Or1eua. Florid,
tLoA all peUt Slk taA 6 litis
SOLID DAILY TZUK8
Sl Louis, Kansas City, Pueblo
Pullman Buffet Sleeping Cars
COLORADO SHORT LINE
Tk Sscrtt & ! ft, Lsaj,,
TAK8 AS GOT TO St, LOOT&
faUa Untri Sleeptaj; Cats.
Vrm RmU&Icjx CkaLr Cat
.captivating kisser. O&kl&sd (CaL) Sea oca.