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Pre ISHitfiita gailij gagle: Xaestog fHoruiug, fjourcm&er 28, X393.
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Vr psrtd by Scott & Bowne. N. Y. AlPdrnjKrfsts.
TWO MUSICAL DOGS.
Criti'-liod an Orrhestra and the
Other Detected a Thiof.
A wonderful story of a French mu
sical critic is related by persons who
brofess to have been acquaintod -with
him, and who hare seen him in attend
ance on musical performances. Ho
jvas a dog, and his name in public was
parade; whether ho had a different
name at homo was never known. At
ttic beginning- of the French revolu
tion he went every day to tho military
parade in frontof tho Tuillcrics palace,
fclo marched with the musicians, halt
id with- them, listened knowingly to
their performances, and after the pa
rade disappeared, to return promptly
yes. srcAXiG j& the sobber'a throat.
t tho parado timo the nest day. Grad
ually the musicians became attached to
this devoted listener. They named
him Parade, and one oranotherof them
always invited him to dinner. Ho ac
cepted tho invitation, and was apleas
nntgnest. It was discovered that a f tor
dinner he always attended the theater,
where he seated himself calmly in tho
corner of the orchestra and listened
critically to the music If a new piece
was played he noticed it instantly and
paid tho strictest attention. If the
piece had fine melodious passages ho
showed his joy to the best of his dog
gish ability; but if tho pieco was or
dinary and uninteresting he j'awncd,
btared about the theater and unmis
takably expressed his disapproval.
Another very curious story of a canino
musical ear is told of a London organ
grinder's dog. The organ grinder was
blind and uged and the dog uicd to
lead him about. One night, after a
hard day's work, the old man and his
faithful companion lay down to sleep,
with tho organ beside them. They
frlept soundly, and when they awoko
tho organ was gone. They were in de
spair. Their means of earning a liv
ing waa gone- But tho dog led tho
old man through tho rtrcets where
2io had been aceustomed to play, and
persons vt ho had given him alms bc
foro continued to befriend him, so
that the loss of the organ proved not
6o bad after all. Weeks went by. One
day the old man heard a hand organ
played a few feet from hiin. It re
minded him of his lost instrument, but
he paid no special attention to it.
Hand organs were common in London
and he heard thn often. Not to tho
dog. lie showed signs of great excite
ment, barked violently and led his
master in the direction of the organ,
lie sprang at the robber's throat,
dragged him away from tho stolen or
jjan and led his master eagerly up to
it with expressions of recognition and
THE' WORK-A-DAY WORLD.
FxonrDA oranges are being shipped
fco Europe, where hitherto the Italian
fruit has reigned supreme.
Usni. 1ST9 no pig iron was manufac
tured in Pittsburgh. In 1S1)2 a total of
1,775.257 gross tons was produced there.
Last year Escanaba, Mich., shippod
(, 012,197 tons of iron ore. This year
shipments will not execeed 2,000,000
Americas' and French cloakmakcrs
bxo destroying the business for tho
balance of the world and particularly
Two million boxes of orangca, each
containing from one to two hundred
oranges, havo been shipped from Cali
fornia to tho east this season, and the
fruit is unusually fine.
There are at least six plate-glass
manufacturing companies in tho Unit
ed States, who have an annual product
of nearly twelve million feet. This
exceeds the entire production of Eu
rope fifteen yeari ago.
t quarter is the 25 cents
k invested in a box ofga
5? a medicine
numberless cases, will q
Qgive relief promptly Q
if ana Exercise.
If ." II "" U'A'-i ""
--.--,'mmiU '' -i Ti . , ni .i .l;ii-i
A NEW LANGUAGE.
The Wonderful Invention of
Obscure Italian Philologist
Romantic Story of the Discovery of Ted-
urchl by a rhyslcian Travellnc la
Italy A I-ancmajro Vastly
Simpler Than VolapuSc
IIIS is the story
of a quaint lin
imported in em
bryo from Italy
by an American
by him into a
system of oral
which he holds
as a basis of so
lution for tho
has failed to
solve, of a uni
versal or international language a
language that shall meet the ideal of
being easily attainable, having but
few sounds, and only those common to
every human tongue.and with a written
form that shall be already familiar to
every civilized race on earth.
A New York physician was ascend
ing tho broad marblo steps of tho
cathedral at Milan, one morning two
years ago, when a shabbily-drossod
man accosted him. In the purest
Tuscan, whoso liquid tones fell upon
the ear in grateful contrast to tho
harsh jargon of the Milanese, he asked
tho American if he wished to employ a
"It is not my business, sir," he
hastened to add, as though ashamed of
his position; "but I am compelled to
adopt this means of earning ray bread.
Nevertheless, yon will find mo a com
petent guide, sir, for the cathedral and
I are old friends. For months I have
been a student of its wondrous beauty.
Che signore mo creda."
"I don't understand Italian too
well," began tho American, when ho
was intorruptcd by the other, who
said, in good English:
"Then wq will speak your own lan
guage, sir; it is all tho same to mo."
He was engaged at onco. In the tour
of tho cathedral that followed tho
jrulde proved himself to bo a man of
culture and learning.
"Tell mo," said tho American, as
they camo fortli again into the sun
light, "how it happens that a man of
vour attainments docs not get on bet
ter in the world. Have you any bad
habit that interferes with your success
"Yes, sir, 1 have," was the unhesi
tating answer. "I am a conllrmod
philologist, and for a poor man you
know that is fatal."
"I can hardly agree with you there,"
returned the American, "for I am ad-
-BXS.Q JA2IE3 YEBSIOX
dieted to philology myself. anA don't
beliove that I am any thoworso for it."
"A philologist!" exclaimed thoguido,
as his eyes lit up with a sudden glow.
"Ah, I understand," he said, presently,
with a tinge of melancholy in his
voice; "philology is with 3'ou a diver
sion; with me it is a ruling passion.
Yc have a proverb at Florence which
says: Non e'e fortuna per gli nomini di
lottcre (there is no happiness for men
of letters). How well I know its
"Come and take calazione with me,"
said the American, "and toll mo some
thing of your life and worlc I am
deeply interested in the subject that is
dear to you."
They went to the Cafe Biffi, in the
Galleria Vittoria Emanuele, and over
the dejeuner that followed tho in
digent philomath unfolded to his host
an idea for a universal language which
he had conceived a few weeks before.
He had given it only a few hours of
sj-stematio thought, sufficient, how
ever, as he said to confirm his faith in
its feasibility. In a nutshell, his idea
was to construct a language from
the diatonic scale, or tho seven
vocal sounds of music, namely, do, re,
me, fa, sol. la, si. In committing the
words to writing or print he would
make use of none of the established
texts, but employ the music staff, plac
ing each sound where it belongs, ac
cording to the universal system govern
ing the music score. With pencil and
paper, ho illustrated his idea, writing
out the conjugation of the verb to
make, which, for example, would bo
fa. Then he pointed out the advan
tages of a language constructed upon
this plan. It would contain only seven
sounds, its written form would be one
already in use among civilized peoples,
and it could be written with the rapid
ity of shorthand; in fact, phonography
would be its only written form, and a
phonography that could bo acquired in
half an hour. Tho doctor was greatly
impressed with the altogether new and
uuique notion. To his mind it sug
gested boundless possibilities, and he
advised the Italian, whose name was
Silvio Peducchi, to pursue the develop
ment of ii. After leaving Milan aud
continuing his travels in Italy, he
wrote to Peducchi. again urgins: him
bv all means not to permit the idea to
On return of post the doctor was sur
prised with a bulky package of manu-
script, emboding-a lengthy exposition
of the proposed new
nnffintTtt jnn zi
vocabulary of some two hundred com
mon words which Poducchi had formed
from the seven particles, of the diatonic
scale, lie said he had accomplished
the entire work in a single night, j tvord, was charmed with the melodious
Inclosed was a letter, written in ltal- 1 tones of the conversation. Cosmolangue
ian. of which the following is a trans- , is mljch softer and pleasanter to the
lation: ' par than the purest Tuscan falling
"CakoAmico: I send yon in theae- j froia the lips of a refined Roman. It
companying documents the last but j jiab au the dulcet qualities of tho
shattered hope of a blighted life. After j touguo of Aristo, and none of its aspar
returning to my miserable lodging j ics,
calazione, I felt kindled within me the j translation of tho Book of Matthew, zerland, and there be composed "sieg
firc of a new ambition insnired bv the i n J.a -J i Tiivi tmm t.tn.. i iiiaa."
A troublesome skin disease caused
me to scratch for ten months, and was
cured by a lew days' use ot
M. H. WoLrr. I
Uppjf Marlboro, Md.
I tras cured some car3agoof "White S welling
Ininy leg by r5in!; 13531 al bare had no
Symptoms of reggE2aturn of tho dis
ease. JIanv proiasner.t i tnsicians attended
ina and failed, but Si b. S. did the work.
PAUL. W. KIRKPATR1CK. Jobcscn City. Teen.
Treatise oil Bkol and Skin ulseases -na Jed f. LW
Swirr Sprang Com p ixv, jo J
faith you "expressed in my plan for a
universal language, and your advice
to nurture that , child of my brain.
I resolved to work night and day
until between the covers of a book
I had "presented, to mankind the
realization of my ideal. But fate
had decreed otherwise. The seeds of
consumption implanted by my ances
tors ore already bearing their fatal
fruit, and ere long the Angel of Death
will reap his harvest. A few hours of
unbroken toil cause me to cough as
though my frail body were a kennel of
baying curs. I cannot go on with tho
work. I can give you no stronger
token of my esteem than to send these
documents, of which yon may make
such use as you see fit. It Is my earn
est desire that the glorious conooption
of which they are the germ may be car-
ried to perfect fruition. With extreme
gratitude and highest esteem, I am,
sir, yours very sincerely, with a warm
grasp of the hand,
P. S. If yon deem mo worthy, I
should bo exceedingly grateful for tho
receipt from you of such a sum as you
might bo pleased to send.
Here was a plight for a physician
traveling for his health. Charged by
a dying man to undertake the develop
ment of a new universal language! H
sent Pcducchi a hundred-lire note,
thanked him for the documents, but
mado no promises. A month later he
sailed for New York. During the voy
age ho studied tho curious documents
with which Peducchi had supplied him.
Tho moro he studied the firmer be
came his conviction that the mori
bund philomath was not altogether a
A month after his arrival from Italy
ho wrote to Peducchi, offering to se
cure him a lucrative position if he
would come to New York. The doctor
had a two-fold object in making this
offer to aid a .talented anddisheart-
OF THE LOBD S POA.TKB.
cnecl man, and at the same timo havo
the Italian near at hand as a valuable
collaborator in tho development of the.
new language. Two months from tho
timo of writing he received a reply
stating that the Florentine had suc
cumbed to tho ravages of consumption.
He died at the home of his brother at
The physician in question is a gentle
man well-known in medical circles of
this city and Philadelphia. For the
present he desires that his name be not
made public. He caUs the new system
of languago Cosmolangue, which is ex
pressed in the new language by the
Cos'molanguo, as a basic principle,
aims to strip human speech of its
myriad superfluities, retaining onry
those elements which are absolutely
necessary to clearness and accuracy in
the expression of thought. That the
principle has been successfully ap
plied there is no doubt in the minds
of tho half doren persons in the world
who have made a study of this unique
As a means of oral and written com
munication Cosmolangue has long
beon out of the knickerbockers of the
ory and every day goes strutting proud
ly about the home of its sponsor in the
"long pants" of demonstrated fact.
The family consists of himself, wife
and three children, ranging from four
to eight years of ago. They all speak
Cosmolangue, or, as they invariably
call it among themselves, Misollamila.
It is remarkable how fluently they all
can talk the picturesque tongue when
they feel in a loquacious mood, and
with only about six hundred words as
their joint vocabulary. The children
haven't near that number, but this
fact does not prevent them at times
from being' veritable little chatter
boxes. Six hundred is the number of
common words wtiich the doctor has
constructed, but he has some two or
three hundred more that he uses in
his graver moments of conversation
with his wife, and which he employs
in his translations. But with the six
hundred he can tell the little folks
stories and they can ask more ques
tions than could be answered with all
the languages ever spoken. A real
jolly time of it they have generally,
chattering in the diatonic scale.
When gathered about the evening
lamp the doctor frequently makes a
running translation of the contents of
I the evening paper, with hiswiieasan
:iiLt'U4ivc ujivmv .-. ...... -, ---
which there are no equivalent in Cos
molangue. have, of course, to be given
in English. The writer has witnessed
the scenes here described, and, al-thono-h
then not understanding a
- - O- , ,f 1. jJ
tion, he says, because it is the best ex
ample we "have of plain and vigorous
"I have taken the liiouy saiu ne,
"not as my model, but the model upon
which to make a vast improvement.
In my opinion the Scriptures furnish
the best example of the possibilities
of simple, unadorned and unhampered
language, and not a few hints have I
obtained from it in the matter of brev
ity and clear-cut expression and econo
my of words. There are many writ
ings that excel in simplicity and
strength, but after an extended re
search through tho literature of several
modern languages, I decided to adopt
the Bible as my guide."
The doctor here took up a copy of the
New Testament, and. opening it at the
ninth chapter of Matthew, began
counting tho words.
"Now, in this chapter," he con
tinued, "there arc at a rough count
eight hundred and twenty-five words.
Was ever an equally graphic story told
by any other writer in four times that
number of words? I think not.
"To give you an idea of the extent to
which I carry the principle of word
economy in Cosmolangue I can produce
the same story in that language with
less than six hundred and fifty words,
including repetitions, of course, or
with one hundred and eighty-six sep
arate words. So you see I have many
words the better "of such an epigram
matic and venerable condenser as St.
Matthew. How do I accomplish it?
Ah, you havo not given the subject
sufficient study to understand that. It
would not satisfy you if I told you
that dozens of words are left out
entirely as being unnecessary. But
It would not take you long to un
derstand it; about a week's study
would be enough. I am preparing a
grammar and dictionary combined,
with tho aid of which I think the aver
age adult will be able to master the
principles of Cosmolangue in a week.
Tho acquisition of tho vocabulary de
pondo of course on the quality of the
"Volapuk contains sounds which
only a very small portion of humanity
can produce. There is not a single
sound in Cosmolangue that does not
come naturally to every human tongue,
young or old. Cosmolangue is the only
language in the world constructed ac
cording to unvarying rules. There is
not a single exception to any of its
grammatical rules. Cosmolangue has
a written form with which every civil
ized people is already familiar tho
music score. No one would have to
grapple with the acquirement of a
strange text in learning this language.
It would be familiar alike to the Eng
lish, the German, tho Russian, tho
Grpftk. the Arabian and Chinese. A
great advantage is tho rapidity with
which it can be written. With a little
practice the words of tho average
talker can be taken down in Cos
molangue as fast as they are uttered.
For rapid writing there is a modified
form, which dispenses with the
quavers, the words of more than one
syUablo having the particles .joined by
1 a waving line drawn over tho dotb on
and between the lines.
"Not the least of Cosmolangue's ad
vantages is its principle of word econ
omy, or the pruning out of every word
not absolutely essential to clearness.
When perfected I think it will enable
one to talk well on any subject with a
vocabulary of less than a thousand
words. The simplicity of its grammar
is another feature in which it is superi
or to Volapuk. Its scheme of verb con
jugation can be learned in fifteen min
utes, and the rest of the grammar in an
hour. Volapuk grammar is as difficult
as the German or Latin. The rule for
Cosmolangue pronunciation has no ex
ceptions. There arc only seven sounds
in the entire language and they are al
ways the same."
Toad of Storlea.
Baby Gertrude is very fond of her
Aunt Emma. One reason for her devo
tion is that her aunt tells her a great
variety of long and interesting stories,
by which tho little maiden is vastly
entertained. Aunt Emma is patient,
and tells one tale after another in re
sponse to her niece's demands, but
other members of the family come to
her rescue, and the little girl has
learned that she must not ask for too
many stories at a time. One day she
had been entertained so long that she
knew very well that it would be un
reasonable to tease for more stories.
Sho took her favorite doll, Evelina,
and left the room where her Aunt
Emma was sitting. Some time passed.
Then Aunt Emma saw the door pushed
open. A small hand thrust Evelina
into the room, and set her up against
tho wall. The hand was withdrawn,
the door left slightly ajar, and a little
voice called through the crack:
"Aunt Emma, Evelina would be very
much pleased if you would tell her a
Needless to say that one of Aunt
Emma's best stories was at once re
lated for Evelina's benefit, and that
her thoughtful little mother was not
obliged to listen to it through the
crack of the door, but was graciously
invited in. Youth's Companion.
The Object Tartly Attained.
Kil Jordan (giving it a vigorous kick)
Boy. this is the third morning I've
seen'that old rubber boot lying on the
sidewalk at this corner. What's your
idea in keeping it there, anyhow?
Bootblack I ain't got nuthin' to do
with it. The feller wot runs this
groe'ry store is keepin' tab on that
boot. " He says he's goin' to find out
how many durn fools kicks it in one
The empress of Austria is a great
smoker. She averages sixty cigarettes
Mme. Bernhardt has taken back to
Paris with her from her Sonth Amer
ican tour about two hundred birds.
There will be no such hats in Paris as
hers this season.
Emtrhs Ecoexie had a belt stud
ded with diamonds, a present from
the emperor. The stones were grad
ually replaced with imitations and the
belt'at length sold to a jeweler. An
actress of Stuttgardt has jut bought
it for one hundred and fifty dollars.
Eaboxxss dh Waktkgg 1 Minnie
Hank) lives with her husband in Wag
ner's old house. Tribschen. on the
Lake of the Four Forest Cantons. This
is the house occupied by Wagner
wnen ne was a poucai ejme w o. j-
- ma..,-' 'o.
PV ... ".1
' vr sas -
For "Superior quality of Medicinal
Highest awards to
FACE OF THE CRANK.
Twenty Portraits of Monomaniacs
Photoerraphod Into One.
Korcrosa nd Tea or the Jfew Batch la
Composite Gotham Picture Study
of the Specie An Interest-
When Norcross attempted to loosen
Uncle Russell Sage's purse strings with
dynamite a couple of years ago, as
usually happens after stich an event
other cranks with manias more or les3
violent sprang up on every side. The
New York World selected ten of the
most notable specimens of this crop,
and with the aid of a camera mado
them into a composite picture which,
exhibited some startling results.
Immediately following the assasahv
ation of Mayor Harrison another tidal
wavo of tho same sort 6truck New
York, and to that remarkable photo
graph ten more cranks 01 the last
batch havo been added, making of it an
''up-to-date" composite picture of
twenty cranks. It will make an inter
esting study for physiognomists. ,
Most of these unfortunates are pitta
ble objects. They arc poor, shabby,
and even pathetic, and ordinarily
would pass for what tho doctors call
idiopathic cases,, and what wo know as
harmless. But they are likely to pass
very quickly from melancholia to acuta
mania under tho stimulus of exciting
causes. Henry Frank, who desired to
kill the Cuban consul and carried
about with him an apple which he in
sisted ho had chipped off the moon,
presents an interesting case of "delu
sion" in itself of no particular peril un
til it becomes focused upon an act of
violence. That he was influenced by
tho event in Chicago was instantly
shown when he was arrested by tho
voluntary information that he had
been selected to kill Mayor narrison,
but the other fellow got ahead of him.
Under proper treatment in an asylum
this man would have been tractable
enough, and the treatment would have
been mainly efficacious by removing
the causes of irritation.
The other case of Rcilly, who called
pn Superintendent Byrnes and wanted
8100,000, with the interest of $23,000 all
in pennies, comes under the same head
of delusion, with the symptoms of
acute mania more clearly marked. The
faoes of these men at first sight are to
tally unlike. Frank is a man of emo
tional temperament, tall, slender and
rather good looking, with curly hair
nd a rather pleasing expression.
Reilly is also slender, but his face 13
haggard, melancholy and careworn.
His clothes were neglected and his
hair matted. But in both men there
was observable tho mental stress in
the fixed gaze, the wrinkling of tho
brow, attendant upon any effort to
hold the mind to a sequence, and tho
Btealthy drop of the head. They both
used their hands in a peculiar manner,
the fingers working automatically, and
they both started at times as if some
illusive sounds had put them on their
guard. An alienist who saw both men
said that Frank would, if ho lived, be
come an imbecile, and Reilly would at
the slightest provocation commit an
unreasonable act of violence.
Tho policemen are getting to know
the glitter of a crank's eye -that fore
boding basilisk gleam in the iris.
Breilhag, the Swede, who claimed that
he owned the Wilson steamship line
and wanted S73.000 on account, pre
served the most amiable manner until
Policeman Rose had him within a
stone's throw of the Yorkville police
ourL Then the mania overtook him.
In ao instant he was converted into a
madman, let out a wild yell and started
on a desperate run. When finally
captured he was a raving maniac, and
fought with the irrational desperation
of a fiend.
If you tako tho profile of Henry
Frank and that of Breilhag and put
them together you will notice the same
line in the receding foreheads.
Margolia Andrews, who demanded
J5.000 from Edwin Gould, has not,
from appearances and from ac
2onnts of him, reached the de
velopment of acute mania. This ap
pears to be a case of pure and simple
melancholia and can only excite pity
so far as it has gone. But even here
there was observable in he pathos of
this man and the sullen desperation of
Thomas Bradley, who shot Superinten
dent Mathes in the postal telegraph
building, some lurking resemblances of
eye and action. That expression can be
best described as that of a hunted ani
maL They are all pursued. Some
ghost of their misfortunes keeps step
with them and eventually takes pos
session of them. They all wear, at
times, th strained look of having
dwelt too long with thejr own miseries.
The artist has groups! these points
of agreement In the virions cranks 1
one composite face. In this feat the
camera may be caici to hare done what
f lazlett once said a great painter can.
do --who makes a portrait reveal the
secrets thst the sitter all his lii con-
,,' TWEKTT C3AKKS U OSE. 1
Less Than 0oe
FOrI Q JCTS
Tan. 1st '94
Tan. 1st '95
Send in your Fifty
Cents witliyour name
and get an 8-page 7
coltimn paper for fifty-two
weeks for less
than One Cent a week
R. P. MURDOCK, Mgr.
Twynn -Reddick has lived in the
same house for fifteen years. He never
Triplett Of course not. Ho is a
INTERESTING FOREIGN NOTES.
The serpentine dance ha been In
troduced in the Horn's cafe by Mme.
There is some talk about making
sixty-five the age at which English
judges must rtire.
Paderewski has written a new Eng
lish suite, including a set of variations
on "Home, bweet Home."
The 27th of NoYember was the fiftieth
anniversary of the production of th
"Bohemian Girl," and was duly cele
brated in Drury Lans.
The emperor of Austria, although a
devout Catholic, has finally glTen his
sanction to the introduction of a law
to require civil marriage.
Tinins weck before hi death
Gounod sent to the Academy of Loreto
three parts of a new man, to be called
"Messa de Santa Cecilia-"
Thz bedstead in the Whitney man
sion, New York city, cost even 10,000.
Chzxixxe embroidery is one cf the
coming garnitures for rich and ceremo
Vert narrow edgings of fur are fash
ionable. They are used to trim capes,
dresses and bonnet.
Mocrstsg -paper in going out of
fashion abroad. Instead, a little tri
angle in printed in the comer of the
j envelope and the cote paper.
New opra -cloaks are Tcry long;
tome of them have train of thirty
inches or more. They are Ifteynlly
masse. of embroidery and other ele
A TRAINING IN
FORTUNE." complete'your education with
'TCr & jtr-i
Cent a Week
Children Cry for
W II I,tri:mwro-.
State National Bank.
or n jcuii'A. icjy.
John n. fary. 'V F. r,rrrul,
M. AlUn. I
H-5t It IwkrA. Jr.. A. II
bl. ib tier, Jxxsok L. iJtmimtil.
DAVIDSON & CASE
John Dandsoii, I'oinecr Lumbermen
of beds nick Uiuiiy.
ISTAlilJSHKD :: IS:-: 1370
droplet .SJocU r I'lwe Latab?r
etc, alwaj ou baud.
Offee rutfi vsrdj on Jfoalry r b
lv. cps r-nrl si-, and I1rt U al
bi.c!i vnrtl At Vuion ,Hy, Okla
homa ttty. ill I!n, Mitiw, t'oml
( reek, and Knotl, Oklahoma "I'eiri
ESS IS A