Newspaper Page Text
J x " i S " - &i&-
Kn Historical SwIf ) J
VOL. XX. NO. 77.
WICHITA, KAXSAS, WEDNESDAY 3IOENETG, FEBKUARX 14, 1891.
Ashamed To Be Seen
Because of disfiguring facial blemishes
is the condition of thousands upon
thousands who live in ignorance of
the fact that in Cuticura Soap is to
be found the purest, sweetest and most
effective skin purifier and beautifier in
the world. It is so because it strikes
at the root of all complexional disfig
urations, viz: The clogged, irri
tated, INFLAMED OR SLUGGISH PORE.
For pimples, blackheads, red and oily ikln, nd,
roush nandi with shapeless nails, drv. thin and fall.
ing hair, and simple baby blemi.he it is wonderful.
Bold thronshout the tvorld. Potter Drug and
Cbesa. Corp., Sole I'ropg., Boston.
If tired, aching, nervous mothers
knew the comfort, strength, and vital
ity in Cutlcura Anti-Pain flusters,
they would never be without them. In
every way the purest, sweetest and
best plaster for women and children.
To-DAY the National Trot
ting Association m'ects in
Biennial Congress at the Mur
, ray Hill Hotel in New York
The Association has been
in existence thirty-two years
so that this is the sixteenth
meeting of the Congress. The
most important matter will be
to consummate reciprocal ac
tion on matters affecting the
trotting turf with the American
We are interested in all matters
pertaining to the tailoring and
mens furnishing business, we ac
knolewdgeno superior in our line.
Special sale on mens furnish
ings to day.
Tailor and Furnisher,
145 North Main St.
Do you want to save money r"
If you do, buy a pair of those
$5 Pants for 2.50 at the Gol
See display in the Center
Popular Music Dealers.
407 E. DOUGLAS.
I allow no one to undersell me.
Cf you want tailor made clothes
come and see what I will- do for
SWAB, THE TA1L0B.
13S N. Main.
Opera House Block, Kinsman. Kansis.
The only first-class hotel hi the city.
ith nil modern improvements. Cussine
unsurpassed. Free buck from all train
Fine sample rooms. Kate?: 13 per day.
eod J. J. Blackvvkll, Prop.
We -will send om UltTiTlinAL VI
TAJilEK live, for on. voyk's trial,
to anyone stiff nnjr irom 11HONIC
Si:Xl'A.L DSSUAisi:. Scaled book
free. Semi for i articulars io
Boyu's Electrc-Med.cn Yitallza- Oo.
Lock Box 5127. Wichita, Kansas.
Or Call oa Dr. If. V. U-iS, 135 Nor:h JlalnSl.
YIEWS AEE YAEIED
AS TO THE EFPEOT OF THE BLAND
SEIGNIOEAGE COINAGE BILL.
The Measure Championed by Culber
son of Texas and Opposed by
Coombs of New York,' Both, of
the Same Political Faith,
Senator Gray Admits
That Cleveland Has
Thrown Lil Over
Washington, Feb. 13 The house spent
today in debate on the Bland seigniorage
bill, the priucipal speeches being those by
Mr. Culberson of Texas, in favor of the
measure, and Mr. Coombs of New York,
in opposition. Several times today Mr.
Bland attempted to reach an agreement
for closing the general debate tomorrow;
with a view to securing a vote, but objec
tion was ninde. Over forty members have
asked for time to speak, and it may be pos
sible that a special order will be required to
bring the bill to a vote, but Mr. Bland
does not think this method will have to be
Mr. Brown of Indiana attempted to have
the house concur in the unanimous reporf
of the committee on elections in the
Wheatly-Cobb contested election case,
from Alabama, confirming Mr. Coob's
title to the seat, but Mr. Pence of Colora
do objected, and, on motion of Mr. Bland,
the house then went into a committee of
the whole for the further consideration of
the seigniorage bill.
Mr. Bland sought to arrange to close
the debate at 1 o'clock tomorrow, but his
suggestion met a chorus of objections from
the Republican side.
Thtreupon, Mr. Kilgore of Texas was
recognized, to complete his speech began
last Friday. He began by denying the
statement, made by the opponents of the
bill, that it would force the secretary of
the treasury to redeem the treasury notes
of 1S90 in silver. It would uot in any way
iuterferewith the redemption of these notes
in gold or silver, at the option of the
holder, but, having been redeemed, silver
coin or certificates would go out to take
their place in the country's currency.
Mr. Bell of Texas contended that jthe
real question at issue was wbethecythe
United States should exercise Us right of
sovereignty to issue paper moneyor issue
interest-bearing bonds, upon which the
national banks would issue national bunk
notes. If the treasury notes were redeem
ed and canceled, he continued, and silver
or silver certificates issued iu their stead,
the inevitable result would be the hoarding
of the legal tender monej of the country.
The people did not want silver. In spite
of the effort to get it into circulation in
spite of the fact that -H.390,000 had been
spent in sending it to various sections of
the country it had all found its way back
to the tieasury, and therd was now out
standing a beggarly $o0.000,C00. If there
must be inflation, why not issue paper
money? Why not save the expense of
coinage? If there should finally be disas
ter, on account of this over-Usuo of silver,
tho poor, unable to bear the loss, would
be the sufferers. There was no better
plan for pushing this country over on to a
silver basis, iu his opinion, than the pass
ing of this bill.
Mr. Culberson of Texas said that the
general object of the Bland bill was to get
the silver bullion now in the treasury in
circulation as rapidly as possible. About
VjO.OOO.OOO of it would bo a pure addition
to the currency; would not appreciate any
class of money, nor carry a tsiiut of de
preciation into the currency. Ho was a
free-coinage advocate and in entire acuotd
with the purpose of the bill. If it. became
a law, it would save the issue of $j3,000,OUO
of interest-bearing bouds. The govern
ment needed, and must have, that amount
of money, and more, too. To be entirely
frank, the purpose of this bill was to put
S1S2,000,000, in silver dollars or silver cer
tificates, into circulation. His criticism
of the bill was that, by its terms, it would
prevent the redemption of any treasury
notes in silver for two years. He pointed
out how, by an amendment, this objec
tion could be obviated, and Mr. Bland ex
pressed his willingness to offer the amend
"Gentlemen assume to be alarmed over
the prospect of tlie passage of this bill," he
continued. "The country is much nearer
a panic now than it will bo after the
passage of this bill. The banks of the
country can lorce insolvency iu bonds
every forty eight hours. The treasury
notes used in the process should be retired,
and, if 1 were secretary of the treasury, I
would ledeem every dollar issued for the
purchase of silver iu silver." Applause.
Iu conclusion, Mr. Culberson pointed out
that in the thirteen years preceding 1S91
but J3S,000,000 were redeemed in gold, yet
iu the nine months of 1SD2 $lb2,000,0W) were
A round of applause greeted the close of
Mr. Culberson's speech.
Mr. Johuaou of North Dakota stud that
he favored the coiuage of the seignioraue
of the silver bullion in the treasury, but
that this was only the superficial purpose
of the Bland bili.
Mr. Bankhcad of Alabama supported
the Bland bill, as modified by the amend
ment of its author, offered i csterday. He
favored a liberal use of silver, and he could
see no reason why the legitimate profit of
the government in the purchase of silver
could not be coined into standard money.
Mr. Denson of Alabama followed Mr.
Bankhead, and discussed the general
phases of the silver question from the
standpoint of a free silver advocate. He
attributed the universal financial distre-s
to the demonetization of silver. He
sketched the trepidation produced iu thu
old world by thedisruption of trade values
in India. .
Mr. Coombs of New York opposed tho
pending measure. It was not pleasant
lor him, he said, to differ from his Demo
cratic colleagues. He approached the
question as a business proposition. The
first section provided for Ue coiuage of
imaginary sciguioraixe in the treasury.
Tliere had been purchased since 16M, 430,
C03,000 ouuees of silver, for which the gov
ernment had paid 404,000,000. Its value
today was but $31)3,000,000. In other
woid, the los of the government, if
liquidated, would be $108,000,000.
"Yet," s.iid Mr. Coombs, "sre are asked,
in the f.tce of that greit loss, to presume
that the goverment has made iu seiguior
age since 1S00. ?53,000,000. I do not know
auytlnng in the aiiupe of a business propo
sition more uioustrous. There are now
$419,000,000 in" silver. If the provisions of
this bill should be earned out, this aggre
gate of comrd silver would be increased to
$000,000,000, worth to.lay in the markets of
the world but $J.000,000."
Air. Waruer of New York, who con
cluded the debate tor JoJay, annouueed
himself in tvor of permitting the govern
ment to cjiu and isue all kinds of money
aud to issue all bond mouev, aud the
b.mks to issue all credit monef.
'1 he committee then rose, "and, at 4:55
o'clock, the house adjourned.
Washington, Feb. 13. The Hawaiian
resolution was n;.im the subject of dis
cussion in the senate today. Mr. Gray re
sumed his argument iu support of the
president's policy and reiterated hii
charges of yesterday, that the revolution-
ists were dependent on tho Unitd States
miuister and the United States forces for
the support of their movement, and that
thereafter the provisional government de
pended absolutely upon the United States
forces and the American Hag for protec
tion, and for the maintenance of their gov
ernment. The full significance of the
present Hawaiian situation came out at
the close of the senator's speech, when, in
a colloquy with Mr. Teller, he admitted
that, as a member of the foreign relations
committee, he understood that the efforts
of the president, moral and diplomatic,
to restore the queen were at an end, aud
that the present minister to Hawaii had
no instructitus to pursue further diplo
matic negotiations to that end.
The bill to compel tho Rock Island rail
road to stop its trains at Enid and Hound
Pound, O. T., was called up by Mr. Berry
and discussed for two hours, but no result
In resuming his argument this morning,
Mr. Gray quoted from the letters of Mr.
Dole and other members of the provisional
government, declaring their inability to
prevent disorder and praying that the
American flag be raised for the protection
of the Hawaiian islands. Even to Mr.
Blount, Mr. Dole had stated that the pro
visional government could not have gotten
along without the aid of United States
troops. The executive, in disregard of the
calumnies of bis opponent.", dared to do
the right thing. He dared to do that
which will stand the scrutiny of years to
come, aud commend to posterity the wis
dom, the honor aud the integrity of the
government that they will have inherited.
"The executive has appealed to the honor
and judgment of his countrymen and I
nm willing to abide the result of that ap
peal." Continuing, Mr. Gray said: "If the con
ditions at Hawaii are now such as to make
the government a defacto government,
whicli it was not in the months preceding,
I think the best interests of these people
aud of the United States will be subserved
by allowing them to pursue their own
"Do you understand that this whole
question has been committed to congress?"
inquired Mr. Teller.
"The president says so."
"I want to ask the senator, then, whether
any effort is being now made by the ac
credited agent of the government at
Hawaii to restore the queen to power?"
"I do not know of any such effort. The
same sources of information are open to
the senator as to me."
"If the matter has been submitted to
congress, what is it proposed that we are
to do? Are we to do what the president
has failed to do? or are we, in the language
of this resolution, to consider the matter
"When this resolution was reported
from the committee on foreign relations,
the president had sent iu a message, in
which itwas understood he had committed
the matter to congress, because the efforts
he hud made to restore the statu quo and
to undo the wrong which lie had conceived
had been done through the authori'y of
the United States had failed, and he com
mitted the whole matter to what he called
the wider discretion of congress. Th
committee then reported this resolution to
"I say, as an American citizen, that I
very much regret that the presideut of t he
United States was not able to undo tho
outrage and make reparation for the
wrong that was committed there on Jan.
17, 1893. I think the good name and fame
of this country of ours was so involved,
that it would have been a gratification to
every patriotic citizen had the president
been able to restore the statu quo of Jan.
16, 1693. Why he failed is perfectly well
known now. That opportunity is now
gone.'aud I suppose it will never return."
"Then the senator regrets," said Mr.
Teller, "that; the queen is not on the
throne and tho revolution uot in exist
ence." "I am looking to the present conditions,
and it seems to me more than wicked and
cruel that we do not declare iu an eni
nhatic manner that we do not nronose to
interfere with the provisional govern-1
raent. And if our minister iu any way
leads the people of that country to be
lieve that we are disposed to carry cut the
suggestions of the president to restore the
statu quo he ought to be withdrawn sum
marily. He ought to know enough of
public opinion in this country to know
that the moment the president submitted
this question to congress there was uo pos
sibility that the provisional government
would be destroyed."
At the conclusion of Mr. Gray's argu
ment the house bill championed by Mr.
Berry, to compel the Rock Island railroad
to stop trains at the towns of Enid aud
Round Pond, was taken up, Mr. Black
burn taking the floor in opposition to the
No conclusion was reached on the bill,
aud, on request of Mr. Berry, it was
agreed that the measure should come up
tomorrow immediately after the routine
The senate, at 5 o'clock p. m., on motion
of Mr. Ransom, went into executive ses
sion. Alter a short session, the senate, at
5:30 o'clock, adjourned.
THE M'GANN RESOLUTION.
Substitute to be Reported by
House Judiciary Committee.
Washington, Feb. 13. The house com
mittee on judiciary decided today, by a
vote of 7 to 0, to report a substitute for tho
MeGanu resolution authorizing an inves
tigation into the course of Judge Jenkins
of tho Seventh circuit court, in issuiug
an order restraining the employes of the
Northern Pacific from striking. The sub
stitute for the McGauu resolution is as
"Resolved, That the committee on judi
ciary of the house be authorized and di
rected to speedily investigate aud inquire
into all the circumstances counected with
the issuance of a writ of injunc
tion in the case of the Farmers' Loati
and Trust company against the Northern
Pacific Railroad company, aud the several
matters aud thiugs referred to in tho said
resolution, and report to this house
whether or nor, iu any of said matters, the
Honorable Judge Jenkins, judge of the
L'uited States circuit court, has exceeded
his authority, abused the powers or pro
cess of said court, or oppressively exerefsed
the same, or has used his office to intimi
date or wrongfully restrain the employes
of the Northern "Pacific railroad, or the
officers of labor organizations with which
said employes, or any of tliem, were affili
ated, m the exercise ot meir ngnts ami
privileges under the laws of the United
States, and, if so, what action should, in
their judgment, be taken by the house,
and to further report what action, if auy,
should be taken by congress."
The investiuating committee is author
ized to send for persons and papers; to
conduct the investigation by a sub-committee
or by the full committee, and to re
port to the nouse at auy time.
R-presentative Boatuer will preseut the
resolution to the house tomorrow, accom
panied by a formal report that on au ex
amination of the petition and affidavits
presented to Judge Jenkins and his writ
of injunction, he deems the matter of suf
ficient importance to demand investiga
tion. The senate substitute was practically
the one reported by the sub-committee.
Representatives Boatner, Terry aud Stone,
but a clause of the original draft, stating
that the action was taken to avoid such
wrongs iu the future was stricken out.
THE TARIFF BILL.
Washington, Feb. 13. The members of
the senate financial sub-committee on the
tariff devoted almost the entire day to
work on the Wilson bill, and made con
siderable progress in the consideration of
the minor items. They, however, gave
comparatively little attention to the more
important questions. Tby held a brief
conference with Senator Voorhees. Tne
committee conferred with the chairman
upon the whisky tax quest ioa,
which, as upon other questions; no definite
result was reached. The committee has
not yet definitely decided upon a sugar
duty, aud it now looks veryi much
as if sugar would be allowed to remain on
the free list. But it is now even mora cer
tain that the income tax will be retained
than that sugar will uot be interfered
with, and. if it should be stricken out, the
action of the sub-committee might fail to
free sugar, which is dr-peodent upon one
other contingency. This contingency is
the possibility of not being able to pass the
bill uuless something is done for sugar
This question is giving them more concern
than auy other in regard to the schedule,
but they appear to be inclined to take the
chauces of the loss of Democratic votes,
with the hope of getting Republican- votes
if they are necessary to pass the bilL with
out a sugar tax.
Senator Dubois is in hopes of getting a
duty on lead ore.
Senator fchoup of Idaho gave notice in
the senate today of a numter of amend
ments. One is to make grapes dutiable at
00 cents per barrel of three cubic feet
capacity or fractional part; plums at 2
cents per pound; lead ores at 1 ceuts pe"r
pound, silver ore. and all ores containing
lead, 1)4 ceuts per pound.
THE ST. GAUDENS MEDAL.
Washington', Feb. 13. Senator Vijas,
chairman of the senate committee oa the
quadro-centenniai has transmitted to Sec
retary "Carlisle a resolution recently
adopted by that committee on the ques
tion of accepting theSt. Gaudens df.igufor
the medal award. The resolution in
structs the chairman to inform the secre
tary of the treasury that, in the opinion of
the committee, the design of the reverse
of the medal ought to be changed.
Augustus St. Gaudeus, the sculptor who
made the design, in a recent letter to Mr.
Carlisle, said, in effect, that while he is
strongly of the opinion that the design
ought not to be changed, yet, if it is the
disire of the committee, he will submit a
Washington. Feb. 13. Major Charles
B. Throckmorton has applied to be placed
on the retired list of the army. This is
the officer who has been tendered the post
of assistant superintendent oi street
cleaning in New York city. Major
Throckmorton is now uuder sentence
of suspension, and he cannot be retired
under the thirty-years' service law until
that senteuce expires, which is about a
year from now, unless it is commuted.
His petition for commutation is now be
fore the presideut. Neittier can-be accept
employmeut from the city of New York
until he is retired, the war department
holding that if he accept anotber office
while under suspension he would lose his
THE COLORADO UTEf
Washington, Feb. 13. The contest over
the proposed removal of the Colorado Utes
from the reservation iu southwest Colo
rado into Utah was again before the bouse
committee on Indian affairs today. Dele
gate Rawlins of Utah opposedthe project
strongly, representing tuat tho Indians
had only been induced to consent by the
promise of all improvements -made by the
settlers on the lauds. Great injustice
would be done the settlers, because there
were no places to which they could remove,
aud no compensation had been provided
for them. The civilization of the Utes
would be best effected by leayiug them on
their preseut reservation.
ARMY CHANGES. .
Washington, Feb. 13. The war depart
ment has made a number of jmportaut
changes in the officers of the subsistence
departmeut. Edward E. Dravo, iu addi
tion to his present duties, is ordered to
temporarily relieve Lieutenant Colonel
William 11. Bell as purchasing commis
sary of subsistence at Denver. Lieutenaut
j Colonel Bell is going to Florida. Captain
r rank is relieved from duty m the ofhee
of the commissary general, and relieves
Major T. V. Cushlng, purchasing commis
sary ot subsistence at Omaha.
Washington, Feb. 13. In the senate to
day, Mr. Maudersou of Nebraska intro
duced a bill waiving tho requirements of
the law compelling soldiers having the
right to entor 100 acres of land uuder the
homestead law to appear in person at local
land offices, and permitting them to make
entry by proxy or power of attorney.
Washington, Feb. 13. The senate to
day, iu executive session, confirmed the
nomination of W. E. Fnese to be post
master at Wichita Falls, Texas.
THE TRANSMISSISSIPPI CONGRESS.
Proceedings of the Initial Session at tn
City of San Francisco.
San Francisco. Feb. 13. The Trans
missisippi congress opened this morning.
Golden Gate ball, where the congres con
vened, was elaborately decorated. A large
crowd of spectators filled the galleries
when President McConnell called the con
vention to order. Iu a brief address he
stated the object for which the gathering
"We must not forget," he declared,
"that the west is a part of a great
uuion of states, aud that we must consider
the interests of the whole nation as well
as of the west. There snould be some pro
vision made by the congress for a perma
nent secretary not a cheap man, but oue
of good .bu-iness capacity, deserving
ol a liberal salaiy who would maintain
an office in Washington, so as to be able
to urge upon the national legislature the
object of this congress. Iu the past the
resolutions of this congress have not re
ceive! proper attention at Washington."
Iu the atteruoon the congress received
and adopted the report of tne committee
on credentials. The other committees
were then auuounced.
Ex-Governor Prince of New Mexico
moved that all resolutions involving hu
expression of opinion by the congress be
read by the secretary on introduction, and
then referred to the committee on resolu
tions without debate.
A perfect storm of resolutions followed.
Some favored frcs Silver; others related to
mineral laads within the limits of railroad
; gruuts; one demanded tne admission of
New .Mexico to statehood. A resoluticu
j by ex-Governor Prince of New Mexico.
iavormg tne annexation oi iiawan, auu
deeluriug that any attempt at restoring
the arbitrary government of the ex-queeu
was repugnant to American principles,
was loudly cheered. One resolution (ia
troducedby Delegate Lloyd) demanded the
foreclosure of the government mortgages
on the Central and Union Pacific rail
ways and favored government control of
Cautam W. L. 2door of San Francisco
read a paper oa the Nicaragua canaL in
which tie urged the early completion of
Governor M:Conne!l of Idaho admon
ished his hearers as to the great danger of
putting into the hands of auy private cor
poration any grand highway of traffic
The ITnited States should build, own aud
control the cinl.
"We are told," said he, "that we can
not meet she conditions which coufront
us. The thunder we can't! We can and
will. Simply because President Cleveland
or the senate oppose it, are the people to
gire uo this great enterprise? Cleveland
and Morgan never are in anything in oar
interest. If they bare bean I bare not
heard or it."
Goreinor McConnell declared that the
people would build and own the waterway
between tne two gre-t oceans, it tney have
tofifhtfortbe privilege. His remarks
were emphasized by the caveatioa with
cheers and a tiger.
WILLIAM 1TKINLEY ON THE CAUSES
OF BUSINESS DEPRESSION.
Pending Tariff Legislation Chiefly
Responsible for the Troubles of
the Financial and Trading In
terests of ihe Country The
Overthrow of the Demo
cratic Party at the
Columbus. 0.. Feb. 13. The annual con
vention of the Ohio League of Republican
clubs was held in this city today. Reso
lutions were adopted indorsing and declar
ing renewed allegiance to the protective
tariff idea and William McKinley. Gov
ernor McKiuley addressed the convention,
thanking the convention for its support in
the late election. General William Gibson
also spoke, aud announced hU intention
of nominating Governor McKinley for
president at the convention in 1896. D. D.
Woodman of Cincinnati was elected presi
dent. The Lincoln day banquet, incident to the
meeting of the league, was held this even
ing, with an attendance of over 5D0.General
Russell A. Alger sent a telelegram of re
gret. General Horace Porter of New York
delivered an eloquent eulogy of Abrabam
Lincoln, and Major J. F. Hinson of Georgia
responded to "Protection in the South."
The priucipal address of the evening
was delivered by Governor McKinley, in
response to the toast "Our Country." He
spoke as follows:
"The present condition of our country is
neither cheerful nor attractive. The
pause iu our prosperity is apparent, and
has given occasion, as well as opportunity.
for reflection. The past year has been oue
of compulsory education. The country
has witnessed much and learned much.
While congress is at work revising the
tariff, the people are at work revising their
views. While the representatives of the
people are madly struggliug to execute
the election decrees of 1892, as they inter
pret them, the people are as madly repudi
ating the decrees of that year and con
demning the interpretation which their
representatives place upon the votes which
gave them power. The electious of 1892
did not mean free trade any more than
they meant the free and unlimited coin
age of silver; and if it could be accurately
ascertained, it would be found that the
doctrine of free coinage influenced more
states for Grover Cleveland and the Dem
ocratic representatives in congress than
the free trade plank in the national Demo
"If the party in power at Washington
would reject the free-trade doctriue. as
they hwve already the free coiuage doc
trine, they might emphasize their waut of
good faith to party pledges aud party
professions, and add still another to their
many inconsistencies; but, in doing so,
they would increase the faith of the peo
ple in their business sagacity, their frater
nal wisdom, and their true American
spirit. The repeal of the Shermau law
so-called did not bring tho relief prom
ised by Presideut Cleveland. How much
of evil it mav have averted, I do uot stop
to discuss. It is certain that business dis
tress is telt even more oppressively now
than when the silver law was in force and
before congress was called in specinl ses
sion. The people are just now feeling
politics. They are having an object les
son one which furnishes a practical
demonstration. We are attending upou
the school of experience; and while the
scholarship is free, the expense is enor
mous. "The 'school of events,' ns Lincoln called
ed it, has many graduat.es just uow. Ic is
a singular anomaly that the peaple the
source of all power iu this country are
powerless to help themselves, and have
been since the election of 1892. It is a con
dition where the people's representatives
I are legislating against the interests and
opinions ot tue people, and the latter have
no immediate power to revoke their com
missions, or to discharge them from their
service. They must suffer for their own
acts, and the acts of their agents, and must
submit until the relatiou of principal and
agent is terminated by law. They cannot
discharge their public servants until the
legal period for which they were chosen
has expired. They can assert their power
at the next election, and at that time can
retire their representatives and elect new
onei who will carry out their will.
"It is to be regretted that the people
wait so long, so long suffer, and suffer
from their own agents; but, as this is a
government of law, the people, who are
the sovereigns, must submit to the law.
The lesson, nowever, dear as it has been to
the country and its vast interests, may be
sufficient. It will teach us all that elec
tious are ser.ous public transactions, and
that their effect does not end on the day
of election, but continues through the
legal and executive term for which the
president aud congress am elected, aud
cannot be ended sooner; and it teaches us
also that small aud extraneous matters,
local dissensions and personal and sec
tional prejudice, should not control in
great public elections which involve great
principles and questions of grave public
"The theory of our government is that
the people are supreme aud the officer?
their servants. The situation is one where
the servant is supreme and the master is
temporarily helpless. The people can
petition congress, but it has no influence.
That makes no Impression.
"There is another anomaly ia the situ
ation today. While congress Is engaged
in reducing the revenues, Mr. Cleveland's
administration of the same political
faith as congress Is increasing the rev
enues by what it calls 'temporary loans. '
Congress is professedly reduciug taxation
to relieve the people of their burdens, an d
Mr. Cleveland Is adding to the burdens, by
fastening upon them a bonded debt of
$50,000,000. It does not seem to occur to
the leaders of the Democratic ptrty that
the bonds of the government, bearing 5
per cenL interest, are a burden quite as
oppressive as any system of tariff taxa
tion, and that they will some titna hve
to be paid, and that the only means of
paying tneui is through taxation. They
seem to regard St quite as business-like
and statesman-like to pay the current
expjuses of the government by bonding
the government as by raising the money
by taxation. But what else could you
exp-ct? They are pledged to reduce the
tariff, and mast do It, even If it Inter
rupts the prosperity of the country sod
involves an increased public debt. That
the revenues of the government are fall
ing short of the needs of the government
does stop them in their career of tariff re
form. Indeed, this condition is a free
trade seqaence, and ha always, in our
history, followed the inauguration of
free trade or a tariff-for-revenue-only
"Again, while tbey are reducing the
revenues of the gorernmeat, they are rr- !
rfnMntf the incnmi of th ziri ! Mi I
duciug the incomes of the people, and the j
government una toe people are gelling
poor at ae s.iine tirre, ana trom the sme
cause, ineir prooetl treer-trade measure I
is not only diminishing the occupations j
and wages of tbe ooor reonIe. but it is
diminishing the value of the peoole's in
vestment. Every v.trieiy of property has
shrunk in value sicca the Prty of tanll
reform enterc! upon possession of the
government. Every manufacturing plant.
i every stotk and boad, from a gorerutseat
to a municipal bond, baa felt the depre
ciating influence of threatened free trade.
They havediminished everything but the
people's debts. These go on. The people
want a chauge, and they want it bad.
They waut it soouerthan they ever dream
ed they would want it, aud they never
wanted to vote so bad iu all their history
as they do today. They are tired of their
contract before the period of its legal
termination. They are tired of this tariff
tinkering, bond 'issuing, debt-increasing,
wage-reduciug, queen-restoring adminis
tration. 'The country will nor.however, have long
to wait too 1-Jtig for many interests un
til it can commence tne work of adjust
ing. In November next the people will
have the chance to deal with the house of
representatives, and, remembering what
they have done in their majesty, beginning
last November in Iowa, Massachusetts,
New York, New Jersey, Kansas, Illinois
and Ohio, aud in Chicago in December
and in New York city in January, we cau
not be mistaken as to what they will do
next November. The Democratic house
will be changed into a Republican house.
Free trade domination will give way to a
protection majority. A British policy will
be dethroned and genuine Americanism
enthroned, and the final work will be
completed in November 189G. in the resto
ration of the Republican party, which,
through pique and passion and prejudice,
was hurled from power in 1S92.
"The true American seutimeut cannot
betrampeled upon with impunity, aud
when so trampled upou the national spirit
swiftly asserts itB mastery. The people of
the Uuited States have not lost love fur
their own country, and having for thirty
years enjoyed the benefits aud blessings
resulting from a genuine American policy,
and having bad less than a year's ex
perience with the other, aud the un-American
policy practiced by the preseut ad
ministration, they will as speedily as legis
lative opportuuitiy affords, displace the
one aud reinstate the other."
Benjamin Harrison Talks to the Ldacola
Clubs of Isdiana.
Indianapolis, Ind., Feb. 13. About 300
Republicans, representing Lincoln clubs
throughout the state, assembled here to
day to make more complete the Republi
can orgauization in Indiana. District
managers were seleeted for each of the
eleveu districts, and four deleguUs-at-large
to the Denver convention were ap
pointed. They ure Frauk Millikea, Albert
Wissard, Nicholas Filback and George W.
Patchell. Resolutions laudatory of the
Harrison administration aud condemna
tory of that of Mr. Cleveland were passed.
It was announced that the national con
vention will be held iu Denver tho 12th or
18th of Juue, next.
After the business meeting the delegates
met tonight in mass convention in Tom
liuson ball. Ex President Harrison and
many otlier.promiuent Republicans were
preseut, while letters of regret from ex
Speaker Reed, Governor McKinley and
others were read.
Mr. Harrison, who was the principal
speaker, was introduced by the presideut
of the state lengue. Mr. Harrison spoke
at considerable length, and was heartily
applauded. He commenced by saying
that there were some who held that an ex
president should be a deaf mute.
"But this," contiuued he, "lam inclined
to doubt. A man who has been honored
by bis fellow-citizens with the highest
place in the government ought uot to have
less interest in all things that concern the
prosperity and happiness of the people or
the glories of this great country, than he
had before be took office."
He then spoke on the leading questions
of the day, saying, amoug other tniugs:
"The preseut distress we are uow eujoy
ing is uot due to auy one man, but is due
to the threat that this old established
policy is to be reversed and n new one in
stituted. That is the cause of tho trouble.
There has come a uew gospel. A new
creed has bacu adopted by the Democratic
party, and they have uow promulgated a
theory which resorts to au extraordinary
iind outrageous system of taxation. They
want to revive the inquitoua system of
direct taxation as the menus of raisiug the
revenues of tho national government.
They want to tear down the grand system
of customs duties by which our factories
were reared and our advanced prosperity
acquired and maintained."
Concluding, Mr. Harrison said: "It is a
Rtpublicau principle that ail legislation
should have for its prime object the crea
tion of work for and the promotion of the
comfort and prosperity of the laboring
man. The national government is bound
by the same duty as the city council or tho
board of county commissioueis, aud this
duty must ba fulfilled strictly, iu order
that American mills muy keep alive the
flies in their furnaces."
SHOT WIFE AND CHILD.
A St. Louis Physician Kills His Wife
and Tive-Year-Old Boy.
ST. LOUIS, Feb. 13. Dr. Duestrow, a
local physician, walked into the police
station this evening and surrendered him
self, stating that he had accidentally shot
bis wife. He refused to make any further
statement concerning the shooting or to
go into any detail, further than to say
that it was accidental. He was locked up
and an investigation made.
It was learned later that the doctor bad
shot both his wife and his ,Vyear-oId boy.
Both were shot in the bend. The child
was dead, but the wife ii still alive. t
Dr. Duestrow Is a .son of the late Louis
Duestrow, the Granite Mountain million
aire. It is said that for some time past he
has not been living happily with bis wife.
Dr. Duestrow 1 thought to be feigning
insanity or suffering from the effect of a
From a wound on the prisoner's head,
it is thought that he attempted to kill
himself after shooting the other members
ot his family. Iuis surmised that young
Duestrow, who had been -eprated from
his wife, entered the house wuh the Inten
tion of taking awny the child, and, meel
iug oppo-dticu, ,hot both it and Its mother.
The shooting caused a sensatiou, as tbs
persons conuected re wealthy and very
prominent iu society here. The couple
dad been married six years, the unfortu
nate Mrs. Duestrow's former came beiug
Albertina Li esse.
Minneapolis, Mlun., Feb. 13. Attorney
General Cbilds ha filed with Governor
Merriazn a lengthy report of the condition
of the Union Debenture company, In
which he shows tbt tne company,
owing to its method) of loan
ing money oa "balloon" mortgage, i
practically insolvent. This is the com
pany which was found to It floating
bonds in tbe cast, the security for wbtcb
was mortgsges on worthless property.
While tbe ttorney doti not charge any
thing directly culpibltf in the relations of
tbe compiny, he y that the circam
stancea are suspicious. The governor bit
not decided on tbe action Le will tike.
BUCKSHOT FOR FIVE
K ansa Crrr, Feb. 13. A nrgro dance
one mile west of Itssedale, a suburb of
Kansas City, ended ia row early this
morning, and came near resulting fta!ly
to several p?rons. Tare Ktaben of the
Mlo&e (jttniir. togetbrr with Anaie. Wil
Jiaits d Jtenry AlJller, were boi by
Jim, aha, "oake'smitb. and on? of inl
jiaioce riri hist uie jrors Mie eliects ol
her lojjfics. Saniib emptied a donbjft
brae!ed &otgaa into a wso3-lod of 1
ntgat rcveUrs, wounding fir of tfceai.
Smith is in j iiL Ths motive for the de4
" the ref aai of th party to permit falm
MASHED TO PULP
THIRTEEN WORKMEN CRUSHED IN
A PENNSYLVANIA SHATTi
The Unfortunates Buried Under Tons
of Stone "While Strengthening the
Supports of au Abandoned J
Shaft Eleven Widows and
Thirty-Six Orphans Left
Dependent Upon the
Charity of Friends.
Details or the
WlLKESBAKRE, Pa., Feb. 13. The min
ing town of Plymouth is in mourniag to
night over a terrible accideut that occurred
ia the Gaylord colliery this morning.
Thirteen men, all citizens of that towu.
lost their lives while in the discharge ot
their duties. Their names are as follows:
Mine Foreman Thomas Plcton.
Peter S. McGIaughlln.
The disaster has thrown eleven widows
and thirty-six orphans on the world's
The Gaylord mine is owned by Daniel
Edwards, one of tbe wealthiest operators
in the anthracite reglous. It is operated
by the Kingston Coal company, ot which
Mr. Edwards is the president. The best
coal iu the mine was taken out yean ao.
Then it was abaudoned, because it could
not be worked with profit. About three
weeks ago the company decided to resume
operations, and a party of expert miners,
was sent to make an examination. They
found matters in a bad nhape. The last
men at work iu the colliery has" "robbed"
the pillars supporting the roof until they
were very this. A great many falls had
taken place; live passages were blocked by
the debris, and tbe nlr current was very
poor. Miuing experts gave it as tbeir
opinion, however, that the mine could ba
put in good cosdition again with a small
outlav of capital.
The comp.-.uy decided to go on with tho
work at once. Ou Monday a largo num
ber of expert nilucrtt, carrying safety
lamp-, entered the mine and began the
work of clearing up the old gangways and'
propping the roof. They had not been at
work loug until a "tqueeze" caino whicU
compelled the men to retrace their altfp.
Foremau Picton, with twelve selected
miners, volunteered to go down the shaft
aud see what could be done. The descent
was made at 5 o'clock last sight. Plcton'
object was to get as near as possible to the
most dangerous spot where the itqueeza
was the greatest; then stay its progress by
beaming up with heavy timbers. It, cases
of this kind, the men get as near as posf I
ble to the cave-in, aud by the insertion of
props endeavor to break off the mass of
rock overhead to a certain point, thus re-'
Moving the pressure on other portions of
It seems that In this instance the efforts
of Picton and his men did uot prove sue
cessful, as the cave in extended far beyond
tho daager limit, aud a much greatec
distance than where the men expected to
be safe if they retreated at the first indica
tion of a heavy fall. This is shown by the
vast area of thocav-iu. No one la loft totelL
the story. Tho supposition is that thn
men were busily at work timbering, wheu
the rocky roof came tumbling down upon
their heads, crushing then out of nim
blauce to humanity, and putting a wall of
debris between them and the moutb of
the shaft 400 feet in thickness.
At first there was tomo hope that if th
men could be reached in a reasonable time
they could be saved. But the rstcutuj;
party had beeu in the miue only a shore
time when they were obliged to retratt ou
account of further caving. A second
rescuing party went down tho shaft this
afternoon, but aooa came back dishearten'
ed, and at 3 o'clock all hope ot rescuing
the man was given up.
The news of abandoned hope &ou
ppread, and the wives anil children ot this
imprisoned men, who had assembled at
the mouth of the abaft, set up a most
pitiful cry of dlstrea. Two of tbe women
fainted and had to be carried away by
friend,1!. Even atout-heartM roeu wept
almost as bitterly as tha fatherless child
ren. Today's disaster is the worst that ha
occurred iu the anthracite region sluca
1W5, when twenty-two men perished b a
ctve-ln iu mine No. 1, of tha &tiqtiehatin
Coal company t Nnutlcoke. Their bodle
were never recovered, and a isoDument
marks the spot where the men met their
Superintendent Edwards said tonight
that lie would take care of tbe woman and
children whose husbands aud fathers lost
tboir lives in today's calamity.
The mlno, It is now believed, ia a total
MUST RETURN THE MONEY
Coc.ncil BLCFF8. In., Feb. 13. Judge
D eeuirr, iu th district court, handed
down an important decision today. Ho
held that tbe f-VJ.000 voted by the tx
pyers ot this c.ty to aid in the construc
tion of a motor lms and bridss between
Council Bluffs nd Omaha must be re
turned. Tne Iowa corporation bad as
signed its right to a Nebraska corporation,
wntch contract tho judge declares to bs
null and void.
BUTCHERED BY TURKS.
CONSTAjrriXOi'LE. Feb. ia The Tarki
killed IK Armenians and wouuded 33
during tbe recent riot at YutKat.
which should be clipped by
judicious economy. Why
pay fancy prices for table
butter ? There is a satisfac
tory substitute on szle.
meets the requirements of
ihe most fastidious, at a
moderate pi ice. Use it s
the tabfc; use it for fancy
ARMOUR PACKING CO.,
JOznsas City, U 5- A.
& rA. ws jtv-V x?
i K AnSisiaLaSl,