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For nerve, endurance and persistence it
would be hard to beat the winter mail
carriers between the Ohio mainland and
the four inhabited islands of the curious
little archipelago which decorates the
southwestern part of the may of Lake
There are four of these islands. Kel
ley's, the largest, lie almost due north of
Sandusky. The three Bassos lie a little
further west. They range north and
south, and are known colloquially as
North Bass, Middle Bass and South Bass.
To the postoffice department the lirst
named is Isle St. George and the last
named Put-in-Bay, famous as a summer
resort. Grover Cleveland and Admiral
Bob Evans- go fishing on Middle Bass ev
In warm weather the mail reaches the
Islands on Sandusky, through the com
monplace medium of regular daily steam
ers. From December 1 to March 31, in
clusive, exactly four 'months, the winter
service is in operation. Nearly every win
ter there is a brif period during which
the Ice freezes solidly between mainland
and- islands and then the carriers drive
over their route comfortably with a horse
end light 'bobs," the same as hundred of
other "star route" carriers.
Most of the t'me. though, the stale of
the lake is sueh that the mail must be
carried in u nondescript ?ct of craft
which can be nscd as a s?edge. a row
boat or a sailboat, as occasion demands.
There are many trips caoh winter on
which the carriers use their queer craft
In all four ways. There are many trips
siso which are full of real danger, and
scores of times the carriers have had to
display genuine heroism. The contracts
have always been taken by two men, in
partnership- and it is very seldom that one
dares make a trip alone. When the lake
Js bad a third man is often hired.
The mail route to Kelley's Island, eight
miles of ice or water without n brpak, has
Marblehead. a point at the mouth of
Sandusky Bay, for its shore end. The
Bass Island route, part land and part
lake, about ton miles in length, leaves the
chore at Catawnba Island, whore the
mail is sent from Port Clinton, the capital
of Ottawa county. The best way to get
it true notion of the work involved in
carrying the mail over this route is to
tke passage for Xorth Bass with the car
riers some day in midiwintcr, when the
lake is about half-frozen over. One who
lias been such a passenger told his story
the other day to the writer.
A WINTER TRIP TO THE BASSES.
"I left Tort Clinton in the middle of a
bright January morning," he said, "driv
ing the nine miles to Catawaba Island.
There tho carriers wore waiting with
their sledgeboat. The passage over had
been fair, they said, but they looked for
trouble going back. The ice was solid
near shore, but very bad in the middle of
the three-mile stretch to South Bass. Be
sides, a storm seemed to be brewing, and
'they advised me to postpone my trip.
,I'utthey finally gave in, on condition that
I should help if I was needed, and at
least should walk whenever they had to
push or tow the boat.
"They loaned me a pair of long boots
and a set of oilskins to kep me from
petting t--o wet if I should go through
the ice. and told mo that I would be ex
pected to use one of the pikes they had in
the boat in case poling was necessary.
The boat is flat bottomed, apparently .of
the ordinary like type, Js sixteen feet
long, about twenty inches deep and of
four-foot beam. It is sheathed with gal
vanized shet iron, the better to-stand
the ice-battering it gets on every trip. On
Its bottom are two runners -four inches
high and about five feet long. A layman
would take them for parallel false keels.
"Before we started 'creepers steel
spikes on spurs to prevent slipping' on the
Ire were strapped to my boots and I was
cautioned to keep my hand on the boat
every minute while walking, so that I
could save myself by jumping into it if
the ice gave way under me .
"Our trouble began before we had gone
half a mile. The carriers were then tow
ing the sledge-boat stern foremost. being
harnessed to it with short lines or ropes
attached about half way between the
stern and amidships and passed over their
shoulders. 1 pushed, and it took the unlt
fdstrength of all three to make headway,
for the wind was blowing a gaie frora the
"Suddenly I heard a cracking noise
Both carriers yelled and in a minute we
were in the water. As we all had hands
on the boat we saved ourselves, the-cnr-,
riers without. "getting much ofwetttng
I was more clumsy than they and got
pretty damp before, 1 could scramble Into
CREEPING OVER THIN ICE-
"They made me sit down In tne stern
nc4wrap myself well up to keep from;
taking cold. Then they 'crept the boat
for the next half mile. 'Creeping' is
necessary when the ice is too solid to
allow of sailing, poling or rowing and at
the same time not strong enough to bear
the weight of a man.
"Compared with 'creeping.' mere tow
ing the sledgc-boat Is the mildest child's
play. The men kneel, one on each side of
the boat, one with his right, the other
with his left leg Inside the carft- Then
yriih the other leg outside each labori
. , - .y - -
ously walks on the thin ice with one foot,
thus half pushing, half pulling the boat
through the rotten, pliable mass oi half
frozen water. Steel muscled though the
Bass Island ir.U carriers must of neces
sity be, a few minutes of 'creeping' is
quite enough and after a half mile of it
they are fuirly drenched. with perspiration
and trembling from fatigue, while theii
muscles ache as if they had been pounueu
with sledge hammers.
"The rotten ice was followed by a
stretch of open water nearly a mile wide.
If the wind had been right the carriers
would have stoppeu their ten-foot mast in
the bow of the boat, spread their sprit
said and sa had a brief period of rest. As
it was-all hands had to take to oars. The
wind -freshened and the seas seemed as
high as steeples; etcry one broke over us
and everything in the craft was staked.
l thought my time nan conic tor sure,
dno of the carriers had to go to tho,
stern and steer with an extrn oar the
boat had no rudder and I had to take my
trick at the rowing. I was inclined men
tally to object to this at first, but 1 was
glad 1 didn't. 1 was shaking with a chill
when I began, but by this time we got to
fairly good ice again the exercise had
warmed me through and 1 was in no
danger of pneumonia, the one disease of
whic lithe carriers are mortally afraid.
"After the open water we hauled the
boat up on the ice, stern foremost ,and
again had to tow and push It over the
frozen surface of he lake. Here the ice
wag hammocky and rough, and, before
we had gone very far. a driving snow
storm set in which blinded and benumbed
us, despite all we could do. How we ever
made the remainder of the three miles to
South Bass 1 can't imagine, but we land
ed at about dusk, left our boat at 'South
Dock.' and were driven two miles across
the island. After that there was a stretch
of two miles and a half to Middle Bass
over the Ice thank heaven It was solid
with a second 'boat. We tramped across
Middle Bass, a mile" and a quarter, the
carriers backing the mail pouches that
were going to Isle St. cGorge, and then
took a third sledge-boat for our last mile
and a half stretch of ice. Fortunately it,
too, was solid.
"When I turned in at near midnight my
emotions were a mixture of thankfulness
that 1 was still alive and of fear that
I'd be drowned on the retur ntrip. But it
was comparatively uneventful, though it
look us nine hours to reach the main
land." There are many such stories to be heard
on the Bass Islands. Once a passenger
was careless and let so of the boat when
the Ice was broken into vast tloes, which
were slowly moving down the lake with
a grinding motion and a force that would
crush anything which came in the way.
A big snow storm was on hand and in a
moment he was atloat on a great cake
of Ice moving so rapidly from the boat
and the carriers that they were soon lost
to sight in the swirling flakes. IJe was
wei to the skin, having been working like
a trojan with a pike for an hour or more,
helping to pole the boat 'along and he
dared not stand still, despite the danger
of stepping off the cake of ice, for fear
he'd freeze. Pretty soon the big cake
broke up and he found himself on a
smaller one. not ten feet across. Two
big floes crushed it and he saved him
self only by Jumping to one of them. In
despair he gave himself up for lot when
suddenly the storm abated so that he
xrouid be seen and he was presently res
cued, sound but almost scared to death.
TOLD BY THE CARRIERS.
The carriers themselves tell stories
sometimes. One carrier who was cross- j
ing with a horse and sleigh when the ice j
was solid got lost in a snow storm and
traveled round and round in a circle for
nearly forty hours. It wasn't very cold
though temperatures away below ero are
common between the mainland and the
islands or he'd have frozen to death.
H happened -to have a box of crackers
along, and that kept him from getting
The present Eass Island carriers, George
Morrison and George Axiell, are tactiturn
chaps before strangers, but in the year or j
two they have been on the route they ;
havii had their own adventures. Luks j
Meyers, of South Bass, who has been
extra man occasionally, had a decidedly
strenuous experience one .day, told by
"We started out from South Bass in
sood ehape with a lady passenger on
board," says Meyers. "The water was
full of heavy drift ice and we had to use
both poles and cars. When we were a
i ii j. i.i Je,TT - - .
quarter of a mile from shore a cold fog,
so thick you could hardly see a boat
length, shut down on us We had a
compass; of course, and we steered due
south all the time. Now that was where
we made our mistake. We forgot that
there was a strong drift to the east or
down the lake and we ought to have steer
ed strong southwest so as to have offset
"As it was, we tugged and toiled and
poled and rowed in the fog hours and
hours. We workeu so hard that we didn't
suffer none from the cold, but we kept
getting uneasy and uncasier and by 12
or 1 o'clock we knew we were lost. The
lady passenger, she got mighty cold af
ter a time, and then she got frightened,
and then she got to moaning and. crying,
and that didn't help keep up our spirits
none, . not a bit. sir. By 3 or half .past
I ain't ashamed to say that we were all
pretty well scared? besides all being tuck
ered out. I'll admit that I'd about given
up ever scening shore and the babies and
their litle mother any more when of a
sudden, at almost exactly -1 o'clock, the
fog lifted and wc saw just where we were
miles down the lake, but a good deal
nearer Put-In-Bay than the mainland.
Now, I'm telling you that we got to the
island as soon as wc could.
"I did say that night that I'd never go
out with the mail again, not for Sr-00 a
trip, but I did often and for $2 a trip, too.
THROUGH A SUCK-HOLE.
"Once we had a lot of fun with a drum
mer who was a passenger. The boat had
to be towed that-day, but we didn't ask
tho drummer to help, 'cause he was too
fat and didn't look as though he could
pull none. But he had to walk, and we
fixed him up with 'creepers, so that "he
shouldn't slip, and told him to keep close
to the boat for fear he'd fall through a
thni place and get wet.
"Well, he did just that. The sun was
shining, the air was bracing, he felt pret
ty frisky, and he let go of the boat. By
and by he got to skylarking around and
then in a minute he was in up to his arm
pits. He's stepped through a bigt 'suck
hole made by rain and all we could see
of him was his head and arms. He wasn't
rcilly in any danger, though it must
have been mighty unpleasant for him, but
he thought ho was done for, sure.
" 'Oh. I'm drowned,' he screeched .'I'm
dead, I'm dead, sure. Won't nobody help
me out and save my life?'
"Wc fished him out, but it was a pret
ty rough trick, for he was heavy and as
helpless as a lTg bag of potatoes. After
we got him out he wanted to get nto the
boat, but we wouldn't have that. He'd
have taken cold sitting still after his ice
bath and got pneumonia, and besides he
wa stoo heavy to haul.
"That Fame winter the two carriers got
a fine wetting and came near being drown
ed. L. wasn't along, thank goodness .ut
ail Bass Islanders remember it. There
was no ice to speak of, except floating
cakes, at the time; there has been a
break-up owing to high winds and the
men had to row and pole the boats. One
morning they started out from South
Bass with a big load of fish besides the
mail. There had been a solid freeze for
weeks, the islanders had been lucky fish
ing through the ice and the carriers were
freighting the fish to themainland. The
sea was running high and the boys were
warned that it might be risky to try to go
through the breakers with so big a load.
But they took the risk. and. say! When ;
they got out to the breakers they just
rolled right over, and men, moll bags and
fish were all ailat In a minute. The folks
ashore had a great time rescuing- them
with ropes and such and there wasn't
any mail brought to the mainland that
TYPICAL LAKE ERIE TARNS.
Perhaps the most picturesque of the
stories told by a certain weather-beaten
old carrier who never uses a sleigh when
the ice is solid, pfefcring his sledge-boat
Instead. To this he harnesses the horse,
a broncho which doesn't weigh more than
SO or 70) pounds at most.
"Twict," says the old man in a dia
lect which it would be impossible to more
than faintly indicale In type, when warm
ed' upin the company of h'vs friends. "I
have struck open water when I was making-
the trip with me pony. Do you know
what I done the first time? Why, I Jose
got out me ax. be jlng, and I cut o2 a
big- cake of Ice. be gosh, and I put roe
pony on the J.ce and I got me boa ton
It, too, and I pohtd the big cake and the
pany and the boat and all right acrost.
Couldn't have did it if the water had been
fought. And It was a fool ikies: to do.
anyway, for suppose the ice'eake had
split in two! I d have lost me pony ,you
"The next timeNthat happened to me
I tried another scheme. It worked all
right, though maybe you won't believe me
if I tell you about it. But this Is the
way it was, be jocks.
"It was an atl-iircd cold day mercury
away down below zero, and I was so
cold a sitting in the boat and driving
me pony, b'jing, that I was wishing for
some exercise to warm me up and keep
me from freezing. Well, just as I was a
getting drowsy, I seen a bis wide black
strip of water ahead of me. It was then
that I found out what a knowing critter
my )ony- is. Say, I just got out of me
boat and unhitched the ' beast and led
him into it. Then I. kinder usdied him,
" uay down,' I says, 'lay down.' Well,
boys, he just looked at me a. minute, be
jiminy, then he laid down, just as cas
as you pleasd. Then I pushed the boat
into the water and rowed across to the
ice, hauled her up hign and dry. hitchetl
up the hoss again and on we went. Bring
us another like the last, all 'round."
The old carriers friends always hear
this .tory with great delight and they
likewise wink the other eye when he has
No other carrier hauls his boat with a
horse or takes a horse out at all unless ho
is sure the ice is firm from shore to shore,
but there was once a Bass Island carrier
who used to drive a cutter sometimes,
and when .everything looked well, wasn't
afraid to" go alone.
One day, late In the season, when tho
ice was beginning to soften up a bit, he
strated out from South Dock, on Put-In"
Bay, with his horse and cutter and un
accompanied, in spite of the protests of
his friends. When he turned up all right
at night, they were naturally primed to
hear a tall yarn about the day, and they
Tllcre was no trouble on the shoreward
trip, according to the carrier, though the
ice was plainly weakening and there were
ominous and cannonlike explosions. .
"Comln' . home, though," trie carrier
said, "was where I got scairt. The ice
was considerable thinner than it was in
the morning and in mid-channel I no
ticed that it kinder bent down, under the
weight of the horse and cutter and me.
so that wherever he was, wc was in the
bottom of a shaller bowl like of ice. When
I seen that. I know I'd got to hustle or
1 was a goner and I began to drive like
well, like everything. Now. that wasn't
so easy as you might think, for, beln"
as 1 was in the bottom of the bowl all
the time, I was drivin' up hill contin
ually. I ain't saying that the hill was
very steep, understand, but still 'twas up
"Boin by I heard a roar in behind me
and then a smash! boom! I looked over
my shoulder just once and I seen that
the Ice was a breakin' up back thoze.
Then I put the bud to the hots? and wo
sknn across along faster. Then there was
a snap, smash! In front, and pretty soon
I sj?en a crack of water right ahead. That
wa,n t no time to stop, as you must a,
and the hoss let out another hitch. In no
time wc was right on to the crack and
the hoss he Just give -ono spring and
cleared that water with me and the gutter
all right. It looked a rod wide to me. but
I was scairt and H mightn't of been more
than six or elgnt feet, but I was mlgnty
glfid when it was over and past."
Bass and tawaba Islanders chuckle
when they are reminded of this yarn, and
always tell anotner one related by ths
same carrier about a day whn the thla
ice fairly waved almost like water as th.
carrier and hbxleet-footcd pony spel ovr
its frozen- surface. Bnt they ail asree
that he is rrally a plucky fclkw"a"nd ex
press regrets that mot of the carricrs-l
have nir gift of imagination.
05 BO P.N SPENCER.
IN THE PARLOR.
His words of love dsllght Iier,'.
She's such a. lonely lass.
He makes her life much brighter
By turning down the gas. .
An Esquimau dwelifng Sn Greenland
Was eating, some- little wax candles
A friend asked hlna why
He liked the small six, '
Axd he answered, Tta tapering cJt."
For tho Sunday Eagle:
IN THE CAMPJJF THE DEAD
(Dedicated to the memory of Col. S. G.
Knee of Colesburgh, Iowa.)
Pitched low the green tents in the camp
of the dead, in the silent city of white.
Where the hush of the soft sleep Is un
broken by uught, save the voice of the
wind at night.
As it whispers and sighs with the mur
muring leaves of the battles of long
Of victories won or acknowledged defeat,
alike to the friend ami tho foe,
Each conquered at last by the. victor o'er
all, vast are his vineyards today,
As 'neath the blue sky stand the sentinel
tombs where sleeps the blue and tho
There's a silence of song in this camp of
the dead; no old familiar refrain
Rings out on the air with the fervor 'that
marked tho music of martial strain.
When from lusty tliroats in the twilight's
soft glow, 'round the campfire's dying
Old "Dixie," and "Massa." "The Stars
ajid the Stripes," resounded far into
While across the low fen came the song
laden breeze, bearing a sweet southern
As the maker of all harked the sweet
blended song, the song of the blue and
No bugle notes thrill.; no muffled drum
stirs the hearts of the sleepers at dawn.
Now stagnant tho blood that more quick
ly had flowed through the pulse of the
At the sound of the call or sight of the
Hag as It lloated from staff and dome.
For resting today are those heroes of
war. buried beneath the dark loam.
Awaiting the summons of a higher com
mand; a call that wc, too. must obey
For God will gather on the great judg
ment day us all with the blue and
And I wonder if then will our crowns be
as bright as rests "on the brow of the
Who left home and friends so cherished
and dear, their - country's honor to
Who fought, bled and died on .battle
fields where, like rain fell the shot and
And the air grew hot with the belching of
fire, akin to the furnace of hell.
As the demon of war raged furious and
fast, unchained, till the victor held
But not till the bravest bad beon sacri
ficed alike to tho blue and the gray.
Again in the spring time, when flowers
are fair, we think anew of the dead.
And gather th blosaoins i-o dainty and
rare to .garnish the lowly green bL
We cars not which blossoms shall lov
ingly fan on flag-marked comrade's
Tho flag of the tru for ever and aye
o'er each shall impartially wave
Bright garlands wc will weave of red
roses and fern plucked fresh with
Wreaths, for tne tombs of th brave boys
who wore gray wreaths for the brave
bays who wore blue.
LCLC M uClRE PECK-
. EX-QUEEN ISABELLA.
A correspondent of the- New York Ers
akng Post at Paris, writes as follows:
A Ufci!x's dose actjualntaace with
Spaniards old acd Spaniards nw ma?
tciis! me- for adding to ihr anrcdairs
wltlvotit number which the death of Isa
bella the Scccod has trt afloat. I wonder
how many American account of the ex-
Qua's variesated carrr recall th cx-
istc-nce of her American govenwKf.
This was a high!? accomplish! Strx J
England lly. wh- had married the apis-
Ish Hilstyttr at Washington. Cald?rn Ce
La Barca. SS jfoiiowS her hasoand to
Mfxlro, after Spain ha recognlied tg
inevitable srallon of that coJeay i ror
the mother cxr-rairy; asd tcere -a, xrotc,
what Is still c-ne oi the bejtt books on Jlf
In Mexico as Spanish rule bad left Jt;f
so far. at least, as an Intelligent aa
sympathetic ferries lady of Macatlo.'!
toowisy the Sxaswas asd adskted tuJArvftez to G"DcxaiL w3
native high society, could study IL Her
friend, the historian Prescott, through
whom 1 imagine she became acquainted
vith- her Spanish husband, wrote a, pre
face for hor book. She ended by becom
ing a fervent Roman Catholic and. It is
said, to cxpatlaj.0 certain rather free
criticisms of religion in her Mexican
book, translated into very good English
a standard two-volume life of St. Ignatius
Madam Calderon de La Barca exercised
a general superintendence over the edu
cation of the two young princesses In
Madrid the infant Queen and her sister,
the future Duchessc de Montpensicr; and
shewas fond of presenting them, when
possible, to Americans whofe position
warranted it. It is said that Queen Isa
bella remained profoundly Ignorant; but
this may have been a matter of temper
ament and not the fuult of her governess,
for the Dichcssc de Montpenslcr, llko
her daughter the Comtesse de Paris, was
anything but that. The only other In
stance I remember of an American
woman forming the minds of royal prln-
cesEcs had a more reputable result. The
venerated Dowager Queen Margherlta. of
Italy (Marguerite de -Savole) received a
great part of her excellent literary for
mation with the daughters of tire Amer
ican minister at Turin, our eminent phil
ologist George P. Marsh, under the care
of their accomplished mother.
Americans of this generation can
scarcely imagine the piquancy of the
scandalous stories, redolent of mediaeval
gallantry mingled in the strangest pro
portions with tho mystic figures of pre
lates and monks and nuns, which were
-retailed from tho ' court of tho younif
queen. It was1 currently " satel that Tier
morrlage with her un virile cousin had
!ecn engineered by the French King
Louis Philippe, in the diabolical expec
tation that she would be childless and
leave the crown to her sister's children by
his son. the Due de Montpenslcr. Isa
bella ended by having, I believe, nlnf
children, of whom four grr-w up anJ
married In turn. The tory, like all newt
from Spain in the fifties, was drossed up
as n choice salad from Mrs. Radrllffe's
'Mysteries of Udolpho from lurid hi
tories of the inquisition, and (except that
Americans did not then read Balza'c) from
the 'Contes Drolatiqucs. In reality,
things poed in more prosaic fashion,
though with startling differences from
anything known in Puritan New Eng
The poor queen, who was as warm
hcarte! in tho good sense aa .h was Jn
flamufable in trs unccpvontkjnal. became
a figures of history not t be tpoV.cn
about in-ladies" society. Now that th9
religious sind "anU-relidous cxa sfirraticnj
of the time have partly coIIapJ. awl
the determine1! onset of democracy has
made its way, not without many a ct
back, tho personality of Quen Isabella
may be appreciated with more charity,
not to say truth.
In tho oarly seventies I wa & dally
associate of an educated Basque, full of
ideas and with a. wide acqualnujr.ee In
Spanish politics both at horn? and in th
Th- queen had then ben fin-
ally xpllcd from Spain and fctr nftn had
not yet taken up the crown. HHvrrrn
republican politicians and their figure
head King Aroadeo, Imported from Italy,
on the one hand, and Dos Cnzlen, who
wa carrying on hi war. on the otbr,
the BAKqne. ia spite of the rrtnonirancs
of fmlly and friinJ, refnafoed faithfu!
to the memory of the rx-qufin "Vf
wore well 2 !n hrr timer was hi r
swer to all Argument. t
It is ceriaj'a that her reign was a prog
reity, bowerar slow and JatrrupttS, frora
the old Sraln. IoUtfl m :btr pan mub
an More- u txiay. to th- new Spain, j
orarHy reevor4oz from the low of r.T
colonloL UK r.'ga cormd rsarly ikr f
isam- years as tfcos-of Louis PblKp?a i
3tm1 Xnr-on th? Third Jn FrRc; afsd j
cam ? u ftjio. js.ee ras.
learjwi merr-mh U ifc Vgfn-1
nir sfcnAl wisdom la tbew dy. j
Mr Ba3r3e triers wa filled -sith rev- j
restart fsr ferer cos- 1
?wr iJ q5iVits? SaayjUR I'ather ;
Ctacet. w3 nan3i tiMt 6i a xtfee- (
iKfe-ct 3.-J' To:
-stMT hi aseptic
vmrXum. tfcrousa tfe pmmfWui vstirt.
WKa fr Patrda$. Jj&Zmrirha -was
swfU'gW to b- u stfut ft qan
M)f'--jre g fa Tzmls, ItmiKUfx ia
rtMwr severity e: ummmgtti. rep-
rtiaoaCcg it i .rrira! of
ii w of Earof. Use
aKniriJ fcerelf lo 2 p
ae$ie aid jsjr Eberal
- iii n m I i i I, i i ii i, i in .- .. ''m
erate interest in monks and nuns: and
Claret was finally promoted, for removal
sake, to a bishop's sec in the Island of
Cuba. There he found ample ftId for hta
fanatical but perfectly sincere zeiti, an1
he died- in the vain endeavejr to reform
his clergy and flock.
Amid his fasts and penanocs his hair
cloth Is still preserved as a sacred relic
h was favored with visions. He left s
written revelation that some day th
sea would rise up and wash Cuba out oC
existence, because of tho ?lns of her peo
ple. Perhaps the American flood sweep
ing Spanish Cuba from the map may bo
the symbolic interpretation of the good
bishop's prophecy! In any vent, 1 was
often cntcrtalacd by the thought of what
our American missionaries would think
if they could hjar my Basque friend's
repeatrd assertion of his conviction
"Bishop Claret Is the saint or tho nine
teenth century! '
Another of my Basque friends was a
young man when tho thrce-ycar-old Ia
balla was proclaimed queen. He choeo
to rtgrht ag&Jnst her with tho first Don
Carles:, grandfather of the prcent Pre
tender, in the thirties He aaktiowlcdjrcd
that the Salic law, on which Don Carlos
based his right to the throne, was an
Imposition of tho French Louis XIV. on
his descendants in Spain, and that tmq
Spanish tradition gloried in queens Hko
the great Isabella, lib awn sentiment
in favor of Don Carlos seemed to spring
from his hatred of the qucn Mother
He told of Uilng In Madrid whm tho
regent's t-oldiers united with the excited
populace in sacking the Jesuits' college,
where they shot down in the chapel a
few dozen of the professors, who wero
accused of producing the cholera epi
demic by poisoning tho well-much na
tlve Jews of Klshenv have recently bcn
butchered for baking Christian babies aa
n Paschal dlh. There was n second
house of Jesuit In Madrid, into which
the soldiers also broke, but tho Inmates
escaped for a reason alo(utily peculiar.
If my friend may be depended on.
Tho brother of the queen regent's fa
vorite, JItinoz. whom h married un!
made Duke of Rlanrara, was among th
members of the community. "L;t Padro
Munoz come out and go away!" called
ono of the sold'ors as thy ontrl th
chapel, where the victims had gathered In
expectation of death. "He wilt nh:ir
the fate of the brethren!" said a muffled
voice. Tho soldiers, who could not iden
tify him. thought it more prudent neit to
brave tho anger of . ruler who might bo
willing to sacrlgcc an obnoxious com
munity, but not her lover's family. This
Padre Mtmoas wa also mixed up with
the interference of KpanUh wttrhip4 in
favor of religious communities In tho
former American colonies.
The spasmodic rcurrncn of popular
agitation against Jew and Jesuits was
again exoinpllflrd a winter ago? under
Isabella IPs grand soa. In the affair of
the rich young lady vbo had rntoml a
convent against the lill of her family
under tho suppwo Infloenro of Jesuit
confessor. Thin eiolncl4"il wjth the pro
duction of a plajr by Perz Gtado and
naturally enrto! ih the triumph of liter
ature find the revolution, during hlcU
the young lady reluctantly came ftoni!
DATES FOR KANSAS FAIRS.
The following are lh tlat of thr coun
ty and district and taU fairs U be hld
in Kansas and MlinwHirj this ymn
K Dorado August 0-12.
Se-dalla. Mo. Agut tt-JJ.
Krdonla August ?Ti.
Smith (.vntT August SWT-.
Chait August 3 t 8?r,temb?r i.
VInn!4 August to lptfmbr 2.
Kone August 21 to fyylembzr 2.
Icaveaworth &ptr& ir 5-J4. '
JJoriingarao-Scptesnbcr &-I8. ,
Clay e-.atT Srpt. t-,
Manksf SptJrrobr 8-?,
St. Jovph. iim. rptrmbr i s.
fit John SptTfller 4-5.
EurfiJca ijptmlr iZ-11.
Grt I-eadKptcmfer ii-VL
Barlmgtoa 8pterolr 13-11
taryvijl'- Htrr-njl.T it-JC
Kl DorsdoSvvtttt&tr 2i-
Kaasa CHr. Ma-8-pteoiltr
Couottft Gnrrr gptfcT Zi-ZZ,
W'chita-S-pt. 2S w October 1,
MAKJNG CLEAN MILK.
Mak msy r os tTuct
&l ,,IerTJ3 ,saw-W? tb mw to
o. T f-j iho orrr3ryhr.$ ,xrt3
tamh&i at eaair. lltvta csw
ar- th' r.l cnsaUa Tfa ur
dairyman cot pJfte an aaJ
vtllii j, n awl.--4 i7 rr
rtaar7. glv a nflrt Ifcss H U
tM, Utna tiixnim1 trA otktr
ionlrt. Oace 8 nvxtth all
ar Irt-cu4 6 trrtp 4
evrr feet? row at 5 rnwr4
rna fr rnriiLnr htnH TJsl X
'! sr ejr.f?ed tn the A tuy?r
rilou ttton i sia-I on ihn ores.
i At retuUr intrrls a rhrtitUn
Ktnia iht 3war aaH farsCJs 't3
worrsea. to gsard sit rs- Is.
tion Is to tivr trjfx f tyj.fcKAS, rxt
Ueieka of. typhofei fpxicx at tTPX&
let t are Lr$ea4 to ea rf tte 4&wi
in ti-r tumllr or o lh ?resiit tff tfc
sl.'fcr-a Cczlrr Life AaMgka.