Newspaper Page Text
Saturday Press Supplement, January 15, 1881
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PLANTERS' COLTD MN.
Stopping; Machinery by Electricity.
An Improved method nf slopping engines,
says the Kleclricin-t, has been (loviscil by Mr.
fnmes Tnto. Tho main object of tho iluvico in
to cnablo any cliilil or unskilled poraoti in nny
iurt of u mill to stop tho engine, in cano of nn
accident. Tlio action in exceedingly simple
lly touching a spring similar to tho spring of
nn olectric bell, nu olectric ball in Hot in
motion, and tho ball drops nml shuts ono of
tho valves, which prevents the Htcam from
escaping, mid the ciigino is brought to u
The Georgia Ribbon Cano in California.
This nnd nnothcr variety, known as the
" green cano," nro grown in considerable quan
tities around Macon, Georgia, and other up
lands of tho State. It is n truo sugar
cano, and much syrup and sugar aro manu
factured from it in parts of tho (I ill f States.
This ribbon cano is so named from purplo
stripes on tha stalks. Mrs. McOlung obtained
tho original joints from friends near Macon,
and this is tho third summer that plantings
havo been made on Kern Island. In brief,
those repeated experiments havo not boon en
tirely satisfactory, whatever the causo. Hut
tho chief trouble seems to bo our cold nights,
which tend to stunt tho growth of tho cano ;
possibly a moro frcqiiont application of water,
and a different treatment of tho soil, may over
come this difficulty, in part at least.
Tho joints, which I learn from Colonel and
Mrs.' McClung, woro stored and preserved
from tho effects of sovere frosts last wintor
onlj by tho greatest care, woro planted in
April, lly October 28th thoy appeared to havo
obtained their growth. Somo twenty-five
plants had from ten to fifteen stalks each. Tho
entire plantB wero from nino to ton fcot high,
though tho stalks woro not moro than six feet,
the joints from two to six inches long, and
from one to two inches through at tho ground.
In Georgia tho stalks attain a longth of ten or
twolvo feet and their joints aro from six inches
to a foot long. Until tho truo sugar cane, of
which this Georgia kind is a valuable variety,
can bo made to attain a similar growth hero to
that in tho Southorn States, where tho slim
mer nights aro usually warm and sultry, no
experiment yet tried with it in this valley can
bo properly claimed as a full success. Whether
this can bo done is still a problem for tho fu
ture to solve. As regards tomportature this
fall, tho firBt frost near Bakcrsfield was in Octo
ber 11th, tho samo date as in tho Mused
Slough region. Tho thermomotor at tho Mc
Clung ranch indicated 13 dogrces Fahrenheit
nt six a. m. that morning. October 17th at six
a. m. it was 38 dogrces. At noon, Octobor
28th, it was 70 degrees. . Our first ico, nearly
a quarter of an ich thick, was November Oth.
Temperature on ranch near Ilanford, Novem
ber 1 lth, at sun rise, 21 dcgrois. 5. F. Post.
Grieg's English Patent Portable Steel Rail
way or Tramway.
This railway is manufactured by Messrs
John Fowler & Co., of London, Locds, Edin
borongh and Magdeburgh, and in view of the
arrival of Mr. Fowler by noxt Mail steamer, as
por last advices, and in reply to uuraorous in
quiries from planters on tho other islands to
whom 1 piomised to Bond plans and catalogues
' of Fortablo all Stool Tramways, which I havo
been unablo to do, owing to my having at
present a limited supply which has been in
so much request, as thoy aro tho only ones
here, that I could not part with them. lly
your permission I make your valuable paper
'tho medium of giving them a reutma of tho
various advantages of this, over any portable,
or other railway in existence, for tho ubo of
plautors.in this Kingdom. In tho first placo ,
tho success of tho Portablo Hallway depends
on tho weight of all tho pieces, including
wagons, being kept within such a limit that
oach pioco can bo removed by men, without
tho aid of any mechanical applhnco. Secondly,
on each piece being completo in itsolf, without
any loose bolts or'spikes, or fish-platos.
This now railway is based on tho principlo
of distributing loads on a great iiuinbor of axles,
say 15 cwt. on oach wagon, with two axles.
Tho most important advautago of this rail-
it l it., -flrt n m ii ip ill fi a i itliml tt
way js, inai mu muo m . .......... w
tho sleepers, and joint platos; thus tho lino can
1)0 laid down any whero, taken away ami ro
laidwilh great expedition, and no -itf la
bor -it is constructed indifferent lengths, ac
cording to tho weight or tho rail used. Steel
ruils 10, 14 and 18 lbs. weight por lineal yard,
aro mado specially for this system; iron rui a
have becn'found not to answer from their bend
inc when a load passes ovor thorn. This rail
way is .10, 20, 'Jl and 30 inch gauge; tho 10
and 20 is tho most portable, becauso a man by
placing himsolf between tho rails can carry a
eiiKtbl the weight of which is not allowed to
exceed Mi owt. The rails aro fastened to
sleepers or ties, between 3 and 4 feet apart,
made of corrugated steel. The corrugation or
the sleeper prevent their bending whon trod
deu upon and at the same time, permits tho
' line to lay.cloao to tho ground. This railway
is' distinguished from all others by its extreme
MtAlily, nd, especially by iu taftify, which
is due to its bearing on the ground the whole
length of the rail bottom, as well as on the
-cross piece. It does not sink even wheu the
croundistoo wet for horses to pass over U.
vi... ....... t.v nn 240 vards of railway ami
relay them 80 yards further on in 20 minutes,
tho fine being moved in lengths of 20 yards,
only breaking tho joints every fourth section.
Kight and "eft hand curves are mado in
various length', with radii to suit all purposes."
Tho requisite plant will be sent mimliereri,
roatlj for laying thu lino without tho assist
ance of any skilled workman. Locomotives are
manufactured specially for thin system.
Thero is no possibility of failuro in thi, an
llioro is no engineering skill required iu the
construction of it, and to quoto from Mr.
Fowlor'B letter to me or Oth of Septoinbor.
" Thero is no French railway or nny oilier rail
way which has n chance against ours, when
onco scon, and tho tmmu of tho firm in a suf
ficient guarnnteo Tor tho truth of this state
ment, besides which it is spoken nf In tho
highest terms iu Queensland, Australia,
whero it is used in thocano-fichla to tho great
Two engines and sotno miles nf track are on
their way from Ktigland, so that planters de
sirous of seeing it work previous to purchas
ing will have nn opportunity of, doing so, bo
sides tho great advantage of seeing Mr, Fowlor
This railway "is either portable, scmi-porta
bio or pormationt. Tho 30-inch gaugo scorns to
find most favor with tho most experienced, and
1 recommend it. At tho same time the narrower
gauges work beinitiiillj and of course have
tho additional advantage of lightness, and con
sequent cheupnei, in their favor.
For prico, &c, see advertisement. Plans
and specifications to bo seen on application to
A. IJ. MqOAUsi.ANn, Agent.
Honolulu, Jan 13, 18SI.
1. S. In my letter in your last issue, for
"an agent," road "as agent," nnd "for fields,"
read " flumes." Thcso misprints nro owing,
in n moanuro, to tho difficulty of deciphering
somo words of my writing, which is not most
legible. A. IJ. Mc. O.
Supreme Court, January Term,
It will 1)0 remembered that iu October last, Sir.
Loo Ngawk a well known Chincuo merchant nf
this city brought a charge of illegal arrest and as
sault by u member of tho Honolulu police force.
Mr. llickertou treated tho accuxed leniently by
letting him off with a fine of $ IK. The defendant,
howover, influenced by uther members of "tho
force," decided to appeal, nnd the case wawaccord
ingly tried last week,, before a Hawaiian jury
and Chief Justice Harris. The facts of the
case are briefly tlieso : A polico officer discovered
a dead rat in Hotel street, opposite the premises
of Messrs. Sin Chong .fc Co. Ho insisted on its re
moval, which was effected after a slight alterca
tion with tho supposed offending party. Mr. Loo
Ngawk, who was iu his office at the time reading a
letter, presented himself at hia front door, and
mildly requested tlx policeman to " move on" and
not to make Mich n noise, more especially on ac
count of it being the Sabbath day. Iu his address
to the " man in bine " he told him he was un-nece-mrily
officious, and was also accused of in
troducing strong adjectives, common to the Eng
lish languago, but this was not proven. Thereupon
tho policeman sprang at him, like a cat nt a mouse,
clutched him by the front of his shirt, which, by
tire way, happened to be his niht'shirt, not hav
ing yet clothed himself in his Sunday apparel, and
dragKod him out of his own house into the muddy
street, a distance of about 'M or 40 feet. He en
treated to be allowed to clotho himself, but this
was not permitted by the herculean policem in.
Ho was taken to tho polico station iu a state of
semi-nudity and without a hat. A foreign con
stable, by name McKoague, was apparently in
charge at the police station at the time, and he
ordered Mr. Loo Ngawk to be detained. The
arrest was performed with unadvisable sovcrity
for which Hawaiian constables nre celebrated. He
found himself thoroughly bruised all over from
the effects of the treatment received at the hands
of the policeman and his assistants. About 10
o'clock. Marshal l'nrke came to the station houso
nnd ordered the release of Mr. Loo Ngawk. No
"charge" was found on the slate, not even that
set up by tho defence nt tho Supreme Court, viz :
"Swearing." Mr. Loo Ng.uvk turned complainant
and the offending policeman was dealt with, as
stated above-. Mr. Hatch conducted tho prosecu
tion and Mr. Davidnon defended tho prisoner. It
was attempted to prove that Mr. Loo Ngawk was
a wealthy man and Riven to high living, nnd in the
habit of using profane language, and that ho was
guilty of resisting tho police, but in this the de
fetico signally failed. On the other hand, Deputy
Marshal Davton te-ttilled to tho accused being ono
of tho bent and quietest men in the force; neither
did Marshal l'arko know him to be over officious.
The Marshal also know Mr. Loo Ngawk to bi a
quiet orderly person and had never hs.ird him
swear. Tho le irued counsel for the defence con
sidered this case of "vital importance" which it un
doubtedly is. Ho argued that the law provides
that if a constablo sees tho law violated, it is his
duty to arrest the offender on the spot. Mr. Hatch
did not work upon tho imagination of tho jury,
but mado u clear and straightforward state
ment of facts, nnd left the case in their hands.
His Honor.' iu summing up, told tho jury that tho
policeman had not tho right to lay a linger on Mr.
Loo Ngawk. Jloforo a mnu is arrested, it is the
duty of the polico officer to tell the offender that
ho is about to arrest him and also must state to
him, tho oflVnce for which ho is arrested. If tho
policemen does not do this, every citizen on whom
ho lays his hand has a right ta resist him nnd uu-ii
to strlKO mm, anu iiiruionuuru mo jricuus ui iuu
arrested party havo a decided right to intercede.
Tho law was clearly laid down on this point, ami
iu order that the jury might clearly understand it,
His Horn quoted from tho Penal Codo Chapter 4!
as follows: . . ..
"Section -'. Whero a breach of tho ponce or other
offence has been committed, and the offender
shall endeavor to escape, he may bo arrested by
virtue ofa verbal order of auy magistrate, or with
out suou order, If no magistrate bo present.
(. At or before the time of making nu arrest, the
person must declare that he is an officer of justioe.
if such bo tho case. If he have a warrant he should
show it if required ; or if ho make the arrest with
out warrant in any of the cases in which it is
authorized by law, he should give the party ar
retted clearly to understand for what cause he un
dertakes to make the arrest, nnd nmnt require him
to submit and accompany him to the jail or mag
istrate. This done, the arrest is complete."
The jury retired but were unable to come to an;
conclusion as to whether the policeman was guilty
or not. They were dismissed, and His Honor or
dered tlfat the policeman be discharged from the
force and on no account be re-appointed, au
thorized by Section 2BC nf the Civil Code.
His Honor addressed him as f olluws :-" I am
amazed to see this case brought up here. 'IhU
man knows the law or ought to know it, and his
chiefs certainly do know it. I adverted to it Yes
terday " (Chap. 49 Sections 2 and 0 Penal Code.)
"Now there is no justification for this assault
whatsoever, there is no pretense that this gentle
man who was sitting in bis own house on Sunday,
and is a well-known citizen, was attempting to
escape from anybody or anything. Nor is there
any pretense that the officer, arresting him vio
lently, even told him what he was shout to arrest
him for, or gave him to understand either clearly
or othoTwlso for what rauso he undertook tho
arrest) nor did ha roqulro him to submit nnd
accompany him to tho jail, And even admitting
that he had coiiiniltteil any offense, without these
preliminaries, the officer had not the right to lay
the weight of his finger upon lilm, nnd If he did,
the ltermm ho assaulted by him had a jmrfect right
Ui resist. It wnn a gross outrage not only on tho
person nrrcnttd, but off tho community whoso
lenco nnd sense of propriety wero disturbed. This
respondent was taken before the Police Magis
trate who had the authority to discharge him mim
inarliy from tho police force. (See Section 1M5
Civil Code.) Hut the magistrate saw 111 to take
the gentler courwi of fining him the small sum of
flfi and yet this man is hero before this Court,
causing us to spend mearly n whole day in Investi
gating this very obvious fnult. And now there
fore in conformity with the LiKHli Section of tho
Civil Code, which enacts that policemen limy bo
removed at nny timo by tho Governors, Marsha,
nuy Jiulgu of a Court of llecord, or a Police Jus
tice, I do dismiss him from tho police force and
do require that ho bo not employed therein again."
Skotion aw. The Governors of tho Kingdom
shnll npM)int a certain number of Constables for
each district iu tho Islands under their respective
jurisdictions, who shall bo under tho control of
tho Marshal and his deputies i but they may M
removed at any timo by tho Governors, Marshal,
nny .ludgo of a Court of llecord, or Police Justice
Tho policeman was lightly dealt with, but as he
bears t hn character of being one of tho quietest men
iu tho force, it ishoed that thoso who aro moro ac
customed to use brute forco on unfortunate jxihen
and Imolrt will take earning by this mild reproach,
and endeavor to cierclso some discretion iu tho
maimer in which thoy handle tho possibly inno
cent ns well as the probably guilty. Tho Hono
lulu force can boast of somo strong able-bodied
men, but it rellects little credit on it, for ill-ushu
and over-powering nn individual. Ill usage is
known to bo resorted to even whero thero Is no re
sistance, and the still moro inhuman and barbarous
nets of pinching tho muscles, pressing tho nrterles
nlul sickening tho party nrrested, is a modo adopt
ed by some ill-trained policemen. It is higktime
n Commission was appointed to enquire into nnd
report uixin genorul action of tho jrolico through
out the kingdom.
Places of Womhip.
Heamkn's llrTim. Kcv H U Damon, Chnplntii, King
street, near tlio Sailor' Home. Preaching nt 11 a m.
Sentu free. Sabbath .School before the morning mlcc,
l'ra)vr meeting on Wcilnoclay ecniuK at "M o'clock.
Koiit Htiikkt C'iiuucii llev Frear, l'ntnr, corner
of Fort and Ileretanla KtreelH. Preaching on Hiinclayii
nt 1 1 a m anil V, v m. Hulihntti School nt 10 a k.
Ht Andiiew'h Catiikdiiais Kngllfh M'nk'ft": m Her
the IMin of Honolulu nnd Kcv Tho lllackliurn. Ha
unilau irnlcesi Itev Alex Mackintosh. B.WI, Holy
Communion;'. I.OO, Mattim and Sermon (Hawaiian); 11,
.Mntlnx, I.ltany and Sermon (KnglMi); 4, Kveimanc
Kawaiaiiao C'iiuucii ltev 11 II Parker, Tailor, King
street, nhoe the Palace. Henlccn In Hawaiian every
Sunday at 11 A M. Sahlmlh .School at 10 a .m. Kveulne
erlcesat7' o'clock, alternating with Knumakanlir.
District meetings in arlou chapel" at 3.00 p . Prayer
meeting every Wednesday at 7',J r m.
KAUMAKArii.i C'iiuucii ltev M Kuaea. Pastor, Ilere
tanla street, iifiir Nmiunii. Services lu Hawaiian every
Sunday at 1C',4 a m. Suhlmth School at JV, a m. Even
ing senlces at 7H o'clock, alternating with Kawalahao
Prayer meeting eery Wednesday at 75 r M.
Homav Catiioi.ii Uintiicii- Under the charge of Ht
Kcv DIshopMnigrct, assisted by Itev Father Hermann?
Fort street, near Ileretanla. Services c cry Sunday ui
IU a x and 2 ! M.
Watchmaker, Jeweller, Engraver,
NO. 6 KAAHTJMANU ST.
ALL KIXliS A.l STYLT.S OF .TKWELUY
-Made to order, unique Iu design, and of the ,
mot approved patterns
Kukui Jewelry a Specialty
thu Finest Mechanism
BY COMPETENT WORKMEN,
Vl Low Itatcs, and Warranted,
Engraving unil Stone. Sotting I'rumptly At
tifl liolil mjMeir pvrsioiially reoixiiinlltlr)
lornll gooils tHinilcil my euro, and assure nil
my paironn of perfect security uf their goods. C'l Sim
CLEARING OUT SALE
THE UNUnitSIC.NEI) OFFEltS
THE BALANCE OF HIS STOCK
AT (IHEATLY IiKDUt'K!) PIUOES,
Consisting of the Following Gods, viz :
ItolU Bent China No. 1 MatthiL',
Chests Superior Ten, China Silks, Fans,
And Other Fancy Goods.
'. At'OSU. I
X. 11. Up StarU, over V T. LtJnchaii A Cci's, Nuuanu
K13 111 :im
OFFEIt FOll BALE
The Following Goods,
KX LATE AHHIVALS.
Beit Cal .Hard Red Bricks,
Beit Cal. Freih Lime.
CS HENNESSEY X, XX AND XXX IRANDY
Henn itey Brandy, other brands,
Casks HimesiieT Hrandy,
Case Kentucky Favorite Whiskey,
s Cases U.F.O. Whiskey,
Cutter No. 1 WhUkey, 6. K. Whiskey,
Casks Beck's American WhUkey,
Cases Olu, Baskets Htone Jdr Gin..
Best Bherry and Port Wine in cases wood.
Also, Ale, Porter, Ac, c,
Which will be HoM at Kc4hc4 Prices,
&I5 To Hull thu Time.. ltt
TLOCKSOFALL HIKB A$Ti
M Hlyk . for sale by
llOLLKH X CO.
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