Newspaper Page Text
Supplement to the Saturday Press, April 16th, 1881,
v . ta
Ailtlltlonul Testimony lit tho Polnn. Case
Aiqioiiilcil nro Ilia reporlH of a number of pliy
nidatiH who liava pxninlni'il tho prisoner 1'olua at
tlio primm (luring tlm prrRonl week !
"April 11th, 1881.
" To Hi Honor (.'. V. Jtnrtin, Vhlrf Juiticr, etc.
Sin: At tlio rriinent of your Honor to cxamino
tho primmer I'olua In rc-Kiml to a dincn,no of tho
heart, etc., I liavo tho honor to reply that I riumol
after repealed examination!, lUocuvor any organic
iliseaKO of tho henrt. Tho action of tho heart Ih
regular, ami tho pulse, from 7fi lo 80, is uniform.
Onlv when J'olun, becomes Homowlmt mentally ox-
cited tho rato of pulsntionB increase, which under
audi circuiiHtancPH in n'lto common, as I havu
fretmontly oxporienccd tho samo tlilutr even in tho
ordinary examination of lio.ilthy and robust men
for life iiisiiraneo, etc. It would not bo surprising
to mo if tho ho often-repeated examinations in
various ways and by different persons, which I'olua
undoubtedly considers vitally important in regard
to his fnturo futo, combined witli solitary confine
ment (tho least endurable punishment to Ha
waiiaim, according to my observation), should
produce a change in tho circulation of blood, as I
cannot help observing that he is, most probably
for tho abovo reasons, not ho strong a man as ho
was when I llrst h.iw him.
" I have tho honor to inclose tho examinations
of Home other medical gentlemen.
" Very respectfully,
" E. D. Hoffmann, JI.IX"
"I have carofully examined tho heart of I'olua,
and fail to find any organic disease of that organ.
" IIoiikut MoKimiiN."
" Honolulu, April lL'th, 1881.
" K. D. llopHnim, Sf.O.Xll deaii Doorotii At
your rciiueat I went to tho prison yesterday and
saw tho prisoner l'olna, whom I exnmined very
carefully with leferenco to the stato of his heart
and I may stato categorically that I failed to de
tect any disease of the heart whatever.
" Fiiancis II. Hutchinson."
April 12th, 1881.
Demi Sin: In compliance with your invitation
" I have this morning called and made n, very.caro
fnl examination of tho prisoner, I'olua.
'While. Hitting, after walking from Ins cell to the
office his pulso was 80, bnt on moving to another
loom and lying do,vu it at once fell to 78.
After talking with him while- still recmnbont
and asking a few exciting questions, his pulso
quiokly roHo to !I8.
After a careful examination by palpation, por
oiiHsioii and auscultation I have failed to discover
, any organic or functional disc ho of tlm heart.
J am my dear doctor, yours truly,
N. IS. Emkkson.
April 12th, 1881.
?. llaffiiiUHii, M. I).,
Dkau Sm : At your request I have made a close
and careful examination of the chest and heart of
I'olua at tho prison.
1 do not tind him buffering from heart disoaso
of any kind, us stated by a pirty in one of tho
papers of last week.
There are no abnormal Hounds, and the heart's
- action is smooth and regular, tho pulse ranging
from 72 to 70, according to tho different positions
that ho was placed in when being examined. I
have no doubt but that any powerful mental emo
tion, hucIi as tho long continued anxiety in his
c.iho, would produce an intermittance of tho pulso
occasionally, and that this fact would to a casual
observer or to a party who wished to make a little
capital for limkmii, givo them a basis to work
I will say iu conclusion that whatever heart
symptoms he may have had, they were merely
functional and not depending upon either inllama
tions of an acuto or chronic cliaractor or struc
tural lesions, ltespoctfully Jno. S. McGukw."
"Honolulu. April 12th, 1881.
"7V. HotTniniinTtKXu. Snt: Hy your request of
a few days ago, ) visited I'olua in prison yesterday
and in.ulo ts thorough examination of his heart. I
failed to detect anything atmormal nbout it. Tho
" "pulso-rato was' amply within tho normal limit, and
the changes of posturo which I subjected him to,
togothor with my oiamination of him, failod to
exciui it to an abnormal degree. Both Bounds wero
clear and parfectly natural. Tho area of dullness
and position of the apex beat wero both normal.
" Very truly, J. IhiouiK."
Small-Fox and Vaccination.
It is extremely desirable that tho natnro of small
pox mid the effect of vaccinatiou should bo moro
generally understood. Such knowledge is cal
culated to diminish tho ncaro which constantly
prevails on tho occurrence of a few cases of small
pox, and also to moderate thu senseless demand
for sore arms which invai iably succeeds tho scaro.
Uvurynuo is supposed to know that muall-pox Ib
caused by a specific poison germ which emanates
from tho bodies of tho sick, adheres witli great
persistence to dust and articles of clothing, is car
ried to a distance- hy tho uhul, and is usually com
municated lo iresu recipients uiruugu tlio mugs.
So potent and penetrating is tho poion. that it
frequently attacks unborn children without any
disturbance to tho mother's health, and numer
ous cases aro recorded in which tho poison has
been convoyed hy letters tluough tho post. Onco
lodged iu tho blood of u susceptiblo person, it
grows imperceptibly for eleven dajs. this is tho
ivriod of incubation. I-'cvor then commences, and
tho characteristic eruption sooii breaks out. There
may bo only a few liocks, when there is little or
no disturbance of tuti geucrnl health. There is
then no fever, "and no danger. Tho patient goes
nlHHit 'unconscious of his Uiseaso, Or, on tho
other hand, thuwholo body may bo affected with
tho poison. Tho entire skill may bo disorganized,
uud iu such cases, tho natural course of tho dU
ouuo is suddenly cut short by death, hike other
tixutitheniatuus diseases, variola occurs hat onco
iu u lifetime. Many exceptional cases have been
reported, but ery few have borno tlio, test of eloso
investigation. Chicken-pox occasionally leaves iv
few pits upon thu skin, which tiro mistaken for
Hiiiall-Kix. Louis XV., of Franco, was reported to
liavo ditd of a second attack of small-pox, hut it
was HuUsequcntly proved that thu Hint illness was
of chioken-Hix, Thu story of thu tlloucestershiro
doctor, who was so suscoptible that ho took small'
io.i us of teu as ho visited a lutiout tailoring under
tho disease, is purely mythical. During thu first
century of tho small-pox hospital in l-ioiidon, dur
ing a largo iwrl of which vaccination was not
practiced, and small-iux was fatal to over 10,000
uxiplo iu a year, there is no iustauco of any
n-itieut having been luliuittedn second time. And
during tho great enidemia of lrVU-70, when great
attention was tuid to this point, only two cases
wero admitted having nnraistakablo ovldenco of n
previous attack. It may, therefore, bo safely
assumed that not ono person iu n million is sus
ceptible of taking tho disease n second timo, no
matter how light tlio provious attack may liavo
been. From tho foregoing history, It Is possiblo
to cenceivo tho existence of a community In which
sniaU-pox could not bo propngnted, because every
Individual had already suffered from tho disease.
And Hccondly, wo may also conccivo tho possi
bility of ho mitigating tho virulenco of tho disease
us to diminish or destroy its fatality, in which
caso every ono might bo submitted to its operation
wmioui uanger clthur to lire or health. Sclentitlo
medicine has siught to diminish tlio mortality
from small-pox iu two ways : Then follow a long
succession of experiments.
1st. Uy modifying tho condition of tho recipi
ents of tho poison germs; and 2d, by modifying
tho viiuicnco of tho poison perm itself.
Tho proof is complete. Vaccination is, in real
ity, small-pox deprived of its virulenco J and, when
every individual is vaccinated, tho condition pro
posed in this articio will liavo been realized, fjneo
vaccinated efficiently, tho danger of taking small
pox is reduced to ono iu a million, nnd tho possi
bility of an epidemic is destroyed. Ex.
Late Foreign News.
Tho steamer ISeahxiulia arrived from tlio Colonics
last Monday evening, bringing dates of Auckland
papers to March 2!)th, from which wo clip tho fol
London, March 10th. Tho question of tho ex
penses incurred by Great Ihit.tin in connection
witli tho recent war in Afghanistan camu up in
tho House- of Commons this evening, when tho
Government asked 1'arliamcnt for a voto of
JLT,,0UO,0O0, as tho shuro of tho oxpenses, which
amount to 17,000,000, borno by tho Imperial
Excheqner. After a brief discussion tho voto was
St. l'ETEiismmo, Maich 17tli. Seiiii-olilcini
organs of the Government to day publish articles
in which tho policy proposed to be followed by tho
Euiporor Alexander III. is generally indicated.
From this it would appear that tho now Czar is re
sol.ved to continue tho lino of reforming and paci
fic tiolicy laid down by his father, the Into
Constantinople, March 18th. Tho Gieek am
bassador ju this city having communicated to the
representatives of tho Great 1'owers tho definite
refusal on tho part of his Government to accept
tlio projHmals last proposed by the Porto, tlio
representatives have now agieed upon another
proposal, which will bo immediately submitted lo
tho Tin kish Government. Tho HUbstunco of this
now mopos.il is that tho frontier lino offered by
tho lorte in October last, fixing tho heaport of
Volo in Thessaly as tho limit to northwards, with
Laris.su, Zovo and Jauitia on tlio south, termi
nating south of tlio river, aio to be again offeied
to Greece, with tho addition of tho Island of Crete.
It is generally believed that Turkey is willing to
accede to this offer.
l'Aiuy, March 18th. Tho now Government loan
of one milliard francs (10,000,000) is about to be
placed in the European market. The prico of tlio
issue will bo !K) francs gold. A circular has been
issued iu connection with this loan iu which
stress Is 1 id on the assurance that tho policy of
Franco is pacific. It also nt.itiw that tho Govern
ment consider the Itepnblic as fully developed ex
ternally, and that their object now will bo tho
development to tho fullest extent of thu internal
resources of tho country by extensive public works
which liavo been idicady inaugurated by M. Do
Freycinet. This will absorb a large proportion of
London, March 20th. Tho Emperor ofitussia
lias thanked the House of Lords uud Commons for
tho addresses of condolence on tho death of his
father, tho lato Emperor Alexander. A circular
has been issued by tlio llnssian Government pro
mising international developments with tho view
of ameliorating tho political condition of tho peo
ple, and advocating a picilic foreign policy. This
has favorably impressed tho various European
Thu ceremony of removing tho remains of thu
lato Emperor Alexandor to tho cathedral of St.
Petersburg whs performed with great pomp. Tho
new Czar looked pale, but was cool and collected.
Several impoitant arrests of Nihilists have been
mado. Great discoveries nro continually being
mado in St. Petersburg of Nihilist plots, and of
infernal machines laid down in various parts of
London, March 21st. A Itoyal Commission is
nbout to bo appointed for the purposo of inquir
ing into tho whole of the circumstances connected
with the lato uar in thu Transvaal.
London, March 21st. Mr. I'arnoll has been ab
sent from his placo iu Parliament some timo. Ho
is known to liavo visited several places in Ireland,
and now tho exceptionally long timo which ho Is
sieudlug iu Iieland, is beginning to excito public
Natal, March 21. Tho conditions of pence laid
down by tho British commander, and entertained
by tho leaders of thu Iloers, under which it is pro
nosed that neaco shall bo concluded, aro boing ea
gerly discussed throughout tho Transvaal. Tho
tonus appear to be generally acquiesced iu, with
tho exception of that relating to thu surrender of
arras, about which tho Boors aro raising difllcultics.
Calcutta, March 22d. Further intelligence was
received to day roginling thu troops of thu Ameer
Abdul ltahmau, which were despatched to Ghn.ni
last mouth, en route for Caudahur. Thu division
arrived at Ghuzili iu duo course, uud havu now
started fiom that placo fur C.indahur,
I-ioxixin, March 22d. Iu tho House of Commons
this afternoon, Mr. Gladstone stated that tho
Iloers had agrctd to nckuowledgo tho sovereignty
of thu Queen over tho whole of thu Transvaal;
that completely autonomous Government will bo
allowed to tho Iloers, Her Majesty's representa
tives iu no way interturriug witli tho management
of local affairs; and that a British representative
shall bo appointed with a residence in tho capital
town of Transvaal. Tho question of thu native
frontier will bo dealt with by it lloyal Commission
which will bo appointed, as will also tho point
whether tho Transvaal shall lose territory to tho
eastward, wheio thu laud is occupied by tho Zulu,
Kwazie, and other tribes. Tho condition that tho
Iloers now armed shall disperse, is to bo carried
out without delay. Tho British garrisons will re
main iu full strength, audit certain number of thu
British troops thereafter will Iki permanently
stationed in the Transvaal.
Capetown, March 28th. Sir Hercules Itobinson
made a speech to-day, in tho course of which hu
said thero was every prospect of permanent peace
being securul iu tho Transvaal.
CoNsTANTtMit'LK. March 28th. In view of tho
possibility of hostilitUs breaking out between
Turkey and Urrcc!,'thp Sultan asked tho Khedive,
mimm" ' t y?:"TSj". '" '" "ygggwMPw
lucent of Ilgyptinn (roops may bo sent
in Turkey, if war is declared.
for sorvico I
Capetown, March JWlli. Nows has been ro-
coived to-day from llasntoland reporting rn
supmtiuu of hostillllcfi between tho Husutos and
tho colonial forces. A sovero hattlo has been
fought between tho latter under -Colonel C.irriug
ton nnd tho enemy, but without decided success
to eithor side. Ooloiicl Cnrrington w.'ih somewhat
soverely wounded during tho light.
St. I'ETEnsnuiio, March 28th.- Tho funeral of
tho Into Czar took placo to-day.
London, March ifith. Mr. I'arnoll is now
actively eium-zed in tho formation of a Land
League In England, and Is organizing branches
iu virious parts of tho country through the me
dium of sympathizers with tho Irish land agita
tion. HucitAnwrr, March 2Cth. Tho two Houses of
tho ltoumaniaii 1'arllament Sctinto and Chamber
of Deputies have pnssed n resolution proclaiming
tho principality of Itoumania a Kingdom.
Latest Foreign Items.
Hy S. F. papers arrived by tho Conmitlo wo
glean tho following items of interest :
London, March 2M.X parcel addressed to Sit
William Harcourt was opened by tho polico at his
request, and was found to contain a loaded pistol.
This nttempt on tho life of Harcourt has caused
profound sensation throughout England.
Nice, March 2J!d. Tho Italiau opera houso was
burned this evening. Tho bodies of fourteen suf
focated persona havo been taken out. It is feared
that 100 peoplo perished in the tlamos. ,
Maduid. March 21th. Every evening for six
consecutive days this city has been kept in a con
stant stato of alarm by tho explosions of petards.
Some were fired in tho business streets, others in
doors, churches and theaters, causing tho break
ago of glass and somo burns. No offenders
havo as yet been cauuht, though tho polico and
detectives aro trebled after dusk.
Constantinople, March !ilth. There is great
activity in all tho admiralty factories. The Porto
is negotiating witli Newcastlo firms for the deliv
ery of coal at Chio, Creto, Volo. Salonica, and the
Dardanelles. Another thousand troops havo gone
to Volo. Tho total Turkish foreo on the frontier
is now 80,000 mon.
St. PETEnsnuna, March 2i!d. Peasants aro
flocking to St. Petersburg from all parts of ltussia
on a pilgrimage to tho spot where tho Into Kinpo
ror was killed.
In case of accident to tho Czar Aloxander III. n
council of regency has been appointed, of which
thu Grand Dukes Vladimir and Nicholas uro
St. I'ETimsnunn, March 21th. A female Nihilist
named Sophia Ficoffski arrested to-day is tho
daughter of tho Counsellor of tho Ministry of
Domains. Sho has confessed to giving tho signal
to Hnrtunnu for exploding tho mine under tho
train at Moscow, and also to lloussakoff to throw
tho bomb which shattered tho Czar.
Heiilin, March 21th. Tho ltussian proposal for
arranging international measures for the extirpa
tion of tho Nihilists are favorably received hero.
I-ionijon, March 28d. Tho transports on tho way
to Natal will bo sent back without disembarking
tho troops. Gen. lloberts will go to Natal.
Duudan, March 27th Tho Boers recently occu
pioJ tho prison at Patcheirstrom, fiOO yards from
tho fort held by the Twenty-first regiment. Tho
British commander determined to dislodge thorn
because they unnoted tho garrison. Elovcn sol
diers charged tho prison, entered it and killed
three Iloers. Tho lemaiudor tried to o capo, but
tho men iu the fort shot thirteen of them. Tho
British lost threu killed.
Sr. Thomas, Marcli Ski. It is rumored that tho
United States government 13 negotiating for tho
purchaso of tho three islands of tho Danish West
Mexico, March Kith. Tho Mexican chief engi
neer has surveyed tho Tohuaulepec route, and
reports that Captain Ead's ship railway project is
Washington, March 2lth. Coramodoro Shn
foldt, recently on special sorvico on tlm U. S. S. S.
TicouiUima, has been detailed as Naval Attache to
tho U. S. Legation at Peking. Ho was recently
offered tho command of tho Chtiicso navy by tho
Viceroy of China.
New York, March 21th. Hugh J. Jowett has
been selocted to Hucceed Geu. Grant ns President
of tho World's Fair committee
Emigration from Germany to tho United States
is so great that steamship companies havo to
charter extra steamers.
AVashinoton, March 21th. L. A. Sheldon of
Ohio, has been appointed Governor of New
Moxico, to succeed General Wallace, and Thomas
M. Nichol, of Wisconsin, has been appointed Com
missioner of Indian affairs.
Sacuauento, March 23rd. Governor Perkins
called an extra session of tho Legislature to con
vene April -Hli, nnd continue in session fur twenty
The 8. F. Alia of tho 25th says : " At 4 p.m. yes
terday afternoon tho Jury sitting on tho Kallooh
murder trial returned tho following verdict I ' Wo
tind for tho people, on thu plea of former acquittal
fur tho pooplu ; and we find tho defendant, I. M.
Kallooh. not guilty 1' Thu reading of tho verdict
was followed by cheers from the peoplo iu theJ
Court room, which was quickly suppressed, Thu I
cneor was tuicou up uy tuo crown outsiuc, who c-ou-tiiiued
it when Kalloeh appeared. Ho stepped into
ii hack with tho Sheriff, when tho people unhitched
the horses and drugged the vehicle to Kalloch's
home, 'lho verdict caused considerable indigna
tion among a large portion of thu public."
E ei -w alian
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Places of Worship.
Hr.AMK.v's IlETIirty Kev H 0 Dnmoti, Chaplnlu, King
street, near the Sidlors' Ilnmr. Preaching At 11 am,
Hi-nts free. Hilbli.it li School befcro tlio morning KCrvIco,
I'rnyrr mectliiiron Wcitncilay evenings at Vt o'clock,
I'iiht Htiiket (Jilimcn ltcv W Frrnr, l'mtor, corner
of Pert anil llorrtnnla utrectn. Preaching oil sumlnja
at 11 A M anil 7J.J v . Hahbath Hchcol at 10 a k.
Ht Anhiikw'h UATiiKimAi-r-lhiglliOt kitvIcci: lit Iter
tho lllphop of Honolulu anil ltcv Tho Illackbiirn. Ha
waiian nervlci: Hev Alex Mackintosh- 6.31), Holy
Communion; U.SO, Matin? nnil Sermon (Hawaiian); II,
.inun. i, unity nnu rernion u-ngimij; i, ttveugnne
lunnnunni; .;i, r.vcnannir una M:naon (i;
Ilyinun (Kngllfli), mornlngi W, SMS, Ml; cvcnl
KawaiauaoUiiuiicii ltcv II II Parker, Pastor, King
etreet, above tho Palace. Services In Hawaiian every
Sunday at It am. Sabbath School at 10 a m. livening
services ut 7M o'clock, nlternntlng with Kaiunaknplir,
District meetlnce In various chapels at 3.B0 r 31. Prayer
meeting every Wednesday nt Vt v m.
KAUMAKAriLl Ciiuiicii ltcv JI Kuura. Pastor, lien
tanlo street, near Nuuanu. Scrlces In Hawaiian every
Sunday lit lC'.J a ii. Hnhhath School nt 'J1., A M. Kven
Iiik service nt7J o'clock, nllcrnnllnjr with Knunlnhan
Prayer meeting cery Wednesday nt ,4 r M.
Homan Catiioiio Ciiuiicii-Under the chnrce of lit
ltcv ltlshop Mnlgrct. nsslgtid by Jtev Father llcrinann;
Fori street, near Ilcrrtanla, Services every Sunday at
10 am nuil 2 r m.
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and Merchant Street Stores.
- O.. Thrum's Fort
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Who has just arrived from San Francisco.
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Gorman Bitter Beor, in qts nnd jits ;
Gcrmiin Crystal Beer, " "
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Port VVino, Sherry, Oognine,
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HAVANA CIGARS, fcc, fcc.
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rpjiE uxdkksion:!) is I'm:-
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XJi: 1IAVK UKOKIVKIIA JVltGK
f addition to our former mock ot Ship Chandlery,
bhlp Store., l'ruvltlons, 4c Ac, which e,lve u the
Greatest Assortment of Goods
Kept on theso Mauds, all f which will bo sold at the
Loucit Market Prices, as uiual. Our trleuds and tlio
puhllc generally aro irspecllully Invited to examine.
ll lltll.LEH A CO.
nllheil Hooms. Auulvat No. 4 Clflrtlen l.,h MI.
doors from Ilcretanla strict. Jjiju
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