Newspaper Page Text
OOJIM EKCI A L.
iiosdli ii; nxrr (. iwi.
te fnr the fti has been remarkably free from
ta commercial circle., fimi t ihr mocllaratlon
ii il tlr Mid hale itimdlnit the oVpsrt.res of
e r . lMjr.
In ' it. i arrival w bMc that of Ihe Mentaber
fr-m ' ' 'JhwI with full rar at suplr Ktnmn
r la 4. T. Watertioos, and Iol.nl from llrem-
i ft. f MtfM A Co, also with Knrcpeam jroods ami
- iis'liy MrttlfMMl Iron ,t., for Mr. VIMt's Rofiatit
'.,. Ing 1rttt Howae's. wllh hleh Island prnd.ee Is
ro mini forward thr loading of oar San Francisco
pi '.'l l.avebetti low, anil the amount of aipoitl fir
Hi- ret fnoti ap bat abcml $77,1(0. The Obron, with
npt-'lal hABie cargo, for I'ortllnd. lias takta In some
I. a i !" ,thl aiideipettogetoTts-dy
Br nay of Kab.l.l w bar San Francisco airier ta
fi tt I nan. IHrw- days latrr than ws recelsed by
I. but look hourly for the antral of the Sadie K.
Ca'ler Id eight or ln days latrr news.
Oa Thursday Mr K. I' Adams lielil hit rripilar aale ai
alio an Underwriter's Mir of goods ei City of llonibay
Antnrale.nf hay viaa alor-lil, realising IU c per 8
Tit' attendance anil bidding throu.-.houtdid not partake
of in active, spirited nalnte
BMi weia received yesterday at the Department of
Interior for the ptirihase nf the following article from
tin llovetnment f.ir the enmlng yean th" flgurea given
being those of the siirressTnl bidders, vlj (iifili Hide.,
Hi r i Si I 1 allow, &s per 8i llorna 3 e each;
frtieey hkliif, in e earn, nnil Bhank Hones 3 e per a
l'ORT OP HONOLULU.
rJept t-t-Htm l.lkellke, from Hawaii ami Maul
f tin ; It Klihop, from K-iaal
th I'llnce, from Kona
I'J-lllIt bk tllenirahtr, Itlchardi, 130 ilaya from
SJ-Ilaw bk lolanl. Ilarreli, liM ilaya from nremen
Stat Inalani, from Kima, Kill and .MaaUca
--Wth Nttilo .Mertlll. from Uhalna
SI Stm .Im Makee, from Kanal
Seh l.ralil, frnm llon.ilpu
Mh Manuokawal, from Nawlllwlll
W Seh KeVaulnnhl, from Ilnnal'l
zv-fch Warwick, from Kalaupep-t
Hch I'anahl, frum U'almnar
Sim l.rhiw. from Molnkal and Han-t
Mm Walmanalo, from Walmantlu
II euu Kllanca lluu, from Kahulul
Srpt 17 Am betne IVjn (I Irnln, Tnrner, for Pan Fran
19 Haw ech Jennie Walker, Knackc, for Fan.
Mm I.ehuA, for Molokal anil liana
rt'.m Kllauaa lion, for Kahulul
SO Am Kh W II Mryrr, Howo, for Pan Fran
dim l.lkellko. for Maul rim! Hawaii
-Htm 0 II 111. hop, for Knual
!Tl-fh Nrttle Merrill, for Ijihalnl
Si Am rch Ulaua frpttckrli, Couglm, fnr (an V
ytm Inalanl, for Ma-ilnea, Kona and Kau
Mm ,la Maker, for Kauai
SI fch Kikau'aohl, for llanalet
Sch Uhollho, for I'nnaluu
Vc-uolai iu Port.
tlawbk lolanl, Onndi
llrll lit (Ikn-iW. Itlchirda
llitt bclue fiurprlnc.
lint bark .-ainlk. llyford
llrll hlp City of I'omtnjr, Lowell
Am bktnr J. V'nlkintior;, Hubbard
llrll bk III-.T0H, Hurley
llr bkil'-ircli Urore.l'rancla
Aji lik Martfia Uldeunl, Wlckburg
Vcaioli Expected nt Hounlulu. from ForelRn
Am bk rerrli STlimnpion, 1'otter, 'cw York, line Oct
IO-lCaatliiA Cooke, Arjcnta
Am bk Ceylon, llallett, Ilo.lon, due Oct &-10 C.
llrerier A Co, Amenta
Itnyal Yarhl Wanderer, Tahiti, due
llrltahlpMIr Ijinrelotte, Shortlaml, Claisnw, Une Nor
JT-W, (I. W. Maefarlana A t'o. Aeent-i,
Am bk Carbattrn, llopklni, .New York, doe Oct 5-3",
Caallad (,'ookr. Acenta
Ocr bl: Aduul-i, Ilrciuen, to rail In Aus. II, Hack-
feld A Co, Aceiili.
Ara bk Kmeml'l, Lord, Part Gamble, duo 11. Hack
feld A Co. Aurnts
Am t-ixn sU'lle F Ciller, Iir-ien, San Francisco, duo
S"ntSS-.Til,H HackfrM A Co. Airenta
Am bk Kevero, Mcttilrte, Dep-iinirH Hay
.Am acli Unlay How.-, Illc-rliir, Sun l'raiicliro via Hock-
lil, due fept 'Jl-iri. carro to I.ewere A Cooke
I 31 S S Anilralb. C.irglll, hydneir, due Sept 16, II
Haekfeld A Co, ARciiti.
I M S H Oily uf rivdm-y, liearbnrn, San FrancUco, dne
Oct In. 11 Harkreld A Co, Acenta
Haw bk K tl.ikt.ia, Jcnki, S in Franclico, due Sept 2M0,
FT I.enehiii A Co, Agenta.
Drlt bk laitr limpnon, .Alanlon, San Franclico, duo
S -piaV-lu, C llrower A Co ARCnts.
Iterjmrt of bark Oloncabcr, Illchorda, Mailer. Left
I.l rpool May 12, IWil. i:.ipcrtcncctl nothlnc but hcaiy
netr..y cab- mull tho '.'Itt.ihen Iu lul II 10 N. Inn
7 8UW. had HchlNW wlndaai'd nncnealhi-r to 21 N;
coi tho Ml trade In 21 N, uhlch curried na to 13 N;
hni light atlable wlndato3N, Cro-..l the equator
Jnne ,Mli, Ion 31 VV, 31 diyi out. and epokc tbu llrlt
liarkAIaiU;ate, from Cardiff for r-nn Franclico, SI daya
out. bluMcil the Ilraalllan court in 10 S aud loit the
SC tradea at the rame time. JulySth In lat art Si H, Ion
W W, espeilenceil n heary pampero, which caurid nto
tnortrn rail to a lower nialntopcall, barometer folllnj;
tnr.tu and alilp filling hrrralf fori-anil aft with water.
July I'Jih. In Int l.'H h, m, 1YJXV W, .poke Itritleh elilp
Capo St. vlnceot, from Uniulee fnr sail Frnnclrcn, M
dai t "in. July 17th atghtrd tho l'ata;nnlan coam In lat
47 Ml S, ami on th next day waa in company with 10
iMp pound routh. l'toni thencc'to lat M s had varla
Lie vrlndt. l'atied tlitonjh the Slrlf of le Malr on the
ulchtof ulylllrt. Hail heary NW calea until Iho th,
which ilmre ua to lat 1)1 JO s, Ion 73 The therinomo
terthea ins down to Riles below aero, caualng everr
ae& auJ tn.ny that broke on board to Irene Immcdf
ately, biikliiK'lheworklnc of tho ahlpalmnat ImpoarU
bio. Un the Kith bad hard SC gale which laated faur
rtaya, cJirrylncua louimllra nearer port. AucnatOrd at
rafdnlsht wind hinted V, then Nv, and blew ,t fnrlona
.tiiintcjno with a MrU cn tnd tt-rrlflc innw t qualla, hlp
l.iyluf down with her fairleader In tho water and com
pletely rtlllnj herielf for and aft. When In lat 'J38S S,
Ion fcrl W, ipoko nil Am ihlp ehowlnc J SI K I), from
Liverpool for San Francltrn, cS day out, w c then belne
CD AnclOth, lat.V, S.t-7 W.atlll Iu company wllh tho
Am abln: wind frealienluc from the northward and
hcay anell, at 10 ra turlr.1 tho main top-cnllant-iall.
ncay nin,aiiu m lurle.1 tho main top-gallant-tall,
aucceaaloii, cmnpl'telr nlllDc tho decka fore and aft.
inrtln thrn-plunk In thf ninln deck, fiUnc
uiiii:i .nil,- iikoi. in iiirmain nccs, n;unc me ioic
V Ml-1 1, ill (I.M.n. tn ,h 11', a,...A.
r I jeer. Ihn '2nd n!11er bnnrli.
Ins him under the aparaand nurlou.ly Inlurins hU I'C,
an that he ban been oiTdulyrieralnccai-.d waihlus the
cook and all hUutendla out of the callry, clrlns him
a lerloua frljht. On tho next day wind and tea modrr
atlns, made nail. On AuclSth, while. lacking hlp under
full upper topralla (the aluphelns In itaya). tun fore,
lack rarrlrd awiy, the foroall atrlklng Mr McNeil, the
chief oClcer, knockluc hlni overbonrd, and had It not
been for tho preaeneo ol ml ml of the teamen and the
hlp brine In atayi, he would no doubt liavu lt hla
life. At mldnlcht. wind hauUxl loulhrtly anil moder
ated. Cot tho K trades In S3 8. and on tho 3lit Aux
p ke tho Clromcue. fiom Kan Franclico for Ouecn
town, In lat I S, Ion l-.tl W, St daya out. Loit the SH
tradea lu 9 N, !W. ard est;.riiic-a Hclit variable
wlnda and henry ahoueranf rain for icrcral daya. On
Sept llth.lal 13 N. liaai.cnt the NK twdea anil from
thcucolothli port Rot urnns wtnda.whrm wo arrlred
at noon on the IKtli Sept atlcr a panajc of ISO daya.
tain aiaillB l' wiriiCK JIT
The Am bktne.1 AFalkltiburchaabecn In thaiirram
eercraldaya pAtntlnsAc, bulhainow hanletllnatU
Ilrewer A. Cu' wbarf where ahe la Inadinz for San
Kintulico. If irelcht cornea In u. ripecteil iho will
probably ba ready to .ill about the middle of noil
The Uill bk Oteniralirr arrlrnl Ul innnday from
l.lrrriKil, wllh a Ur,ii anortetl carito conalgnrd In J T
aterhome, ei , which ahe la landlnclu cood otderat
llrenrr A Co a whaif.
Tlia Am bk Jlarlh Itldrout la at Allen A Jlohlnwn'e
wluifitlKharrlns a eaten of lumber from Port lllakeiy.
Alter dlrchirztnr. alio will return lo the Sound.
The llawbk lolanl arnrcdlaat Tneiday from Ilremen;
ahe brinza a llrjrea.ii-iril rargoof Kuropean uooila
ronitjnnl In Mvaira II llarkleltl A Co. She diKkrit at
the o d leamihtp wharf wherii the la now Ulacharclnc,
after which aha will load for ban Franclico,
TV llrll bk lllrchUmre la at Iho lliplana.lealldla
rha il, ami haa taken In ballail and aalla to-day for
I" .ci Sound, where ahe will load -wllh lumber for tho
The llrlt U Oberon la at Ihe l' M 8 K dock
prosevo. io roiiunn probably to-day.
The Urllahlp City of llombay laitllldlicharrjlncai
Til' Drlt Ilk Suffolk hll flnlaht H.rh,.ln- k.nl..l
olii ibe.tiram, and will probably aall to-day for San
Ilia V II M.rct aalled on ToiidaT. and the Claoa
SpirckrUonTbiuiday for San Franclico.
Ttto Am bk Jen.y Pitta arrived at San Franclico Aoc
Hit. wllh a cargo at lumber from the Sound.
. 7S "!w l,,P ,,on'- t-'apt Urew, arrlred at Kahu
Inl, Maul, on the If ik Iml . iria Ihtn II daya from ban
Flauciico, Not an lJ alter all for the old Iris.
Thal'M ,S8 Aoilralla will b due from thcColonlea
on Uopiliy oejt. by her tltno tablet but aa ahewaato
hare a now prtprllrr rut on Ihlt trip wo would not be
arpitie4 U htr akin; early lo-niorron (Sunday)
W wii.ild ailrl'e all to hare their l-lln. tltlM llil,
er.nlac. and i(you harn any 'ictuoSe to ;ti, make
am dTJt in-day. She might bo on htr ay lo Frl.co
by kliylljbt Monday aiernlajr.
The tiru Sadie V Caller mar be looked for hoorly from
ban Franaliw with two we eta later null on boaid.
The Kalakaaa bmJ Lady Ijuipion.lnay alaobelouktd
f al an .arly day.
A birk MieeJ the port on WeJnc.Jar Uat, which Ihe
man at the outer telerraph Maiiou cailrtl the lull bark
Unp.. bha w to IcuJ wtih Ictabcr froia l':zn
3ii:o4. fvr Aaitratia.
yi! fa1 a ' ,,t, ,onl,,wll'r,r w-ii
r.Vof 2.J. 'rnl'"0. V" W II Jlryer. Sept 'J0-O J
,f " i"?n- W ,0,, l '-a-Wilhalmtne Dot.
romaaii. Lohanae hawkv. llefa Kaktsunn.
Viiico""KV' P'rCt"' WV.H. Sept SJ.4-
J &k'i,i?K.ha0''n, S,pt rt-W "".
rY,tidwar4 IMcta, per Ukillka, Sept SOth-Mr
Armlttf.. Ir Ilaaiike, Jttd; t'ortuudtr.
v.l,'-'?alV' ' r,r J,anU Walker, Sept lft- bla
04rli.,WiiiMWa4aaa Sil locj, J.via.-i.
-.i'ff,;!" " --,. lCUi.ipKtkfli, byplStod-7,4Jjt,4i-r.
liu. Wurj Jjr,r.li, "
Front Toil llbilirly. per Martha Itldeont, Sept 17
f 711 ft reninl Inmhrr ai 'sin ft t and g. ami lv)'i M
fclnglea to Allen .t llobln. n
From Liverpool, per Olrncaber, Kent I5lh F A
Srbaetfer A Co, CW pke provisional T II Davlea. HI m
brandy, .1 Htolu. I ca lantern., Ilyman Ilrr. Minim
bats. lOblsdgoods; II itaefarlane A , aslea berr,
llofiKhliejtfr JLl'o, 10 bl baj. ISfki ihoti t'aitle &
t noke, pi t teal, Mica oilman Mnrea, IJpkj aiarhlnrryt
la ainres, u psj siarninrryi
, Wire brandy ami gins May
,t(o,V pkg i gnosis: Water
p. tire bnrk"ti. M tells gal
iiicaiem a to, v ca neer,
A t'o, 3 kar ieerl i I.fnchnn
lionao Urn.. 1121 hx .nmi.
bncketa. IJ airthnri, l7MH!nt, Ml K Iron, It keg
fiKla. Iteatarti roll 18 pkz drn-r-i. 1 IVpkcrr.-ck. ryaivl
CIlMnate. m t mlitlri, II eaika palm. H" lm nil, W
bli bacsSlpkg I (;iH-tl. I)lr-iii poll. -HCWI. wire. 5I&
titiialt, -II bz ponder, til ' Irone, 4 c Iron bed.tradi,
-I bla hata, t ct KUh caue, 'kicka ihot, SI pkR Ii ware, 7K
pkj groc, fll pkji ilrtis:-'. 3 1 troekeiy , 1 c laddlrry, ll
pk-f'l Rood., Jen lamp. 6 cka tore, andlnEOpkgi radie
and A ton pig Iron In UAu.lt to I'ottland. U
From Itremen. per lolanl, SrptEOth- 8 liamon. fits
elfecta; E Mnller.Sea rUcclai II llclmemchnelder, era
enVcta; Itlihopof Arathra, lOca riTcctr, and tine ca each
to .1 II Illlli, t' lUitte, V I'onraill. J C Iliad'. F tlooli.
chalk, W pnos'r. Fathrr Malhla, II hchmldl; II J
eenwaM. T7pki Initma and rhemleaU, W Wrtr anil
w Walter!, one ca rath: Order lueji wine! Ilrman llro.
.onr. act ttiniitira; (irn lomiy. 8 ( nine; II Man
lej wine J Ilyman Urn,
-SVpkaf d P"xl i Onler, tlpke furniture; Sehaefer ,t Co,
Slca nntforma, l pkc llqc-ir, ll pk-jcroc, lea Klam
aira iiniiiirmi, r- pac nqcir, l'Ji pajcroc, ir main
Horfnchlae-rtr A Co, 13 ra d pwl". Tea perfume'. III
IlolT.chlae-rtr A Co, I3ra d pwli, luprrfnme. Id
pkg h ware, plannr. I' I pkc groc, 13 pie palm, 10 jik?l
', l pianm. I' l pkc zroc, la pke palm, 10 pk;i
'.11 pkc rplrtli, iu ca powder, Wl pkc ll) nor;
m.HinaiT, v ikiz rpiriix, mci ponurr, fill
llarkfelil A Co. -iNbbla beer. 1-078 nl.tr I In
florid water, I cacolocne, Wbla piT. I3ika rnndtlci
er boia tieer, win pkg liquor, so ca.ra
Cl color ne. S4 1,1a lMiti-r. I2iikrr anmlrlri.
Acadruci, 1 c palntlhci, 1(e) (k and 73 Mia pipe, 4.M
fllh, laopcltniiware, 1 lank. 1 boiler, U!71 ralla. WO
ilmi oil, iliwllch',M)rkapaliit, 111 Wa Uc. 6c lad
dlea. 0 ca bablt metal, 2.1 ca powder. 7ca perfnme,'i'Jl
bl candler, I ca Inilma, II ca rubber, Ira mlrrnre . -It c
nltramlne,3rka marble, Wbbln lar, 'Jl lila rope. rpkcd
good', 10 c chocolate, l'J e oil. 1-EV.I ilnnl i-ic-,-flr, ll"J
empty dnniljolina, 2S1 b.-irrel do, SI" Mia pipe, 1.1 pkc
machinery, 21 pkc mil.e, 63 pkj it sooda, m phir haul
ware and MU pkg crocerlee.
THE SATURDAY PRESS
Fnbllahed for the SaTtinniT 1'naea A;!cnuiln- by
Hook, Job and (Icneral 1'rllitrr,
v Honolulu, II, I
Notleea of any erenUof Intcreit traniplrtnc on the
olher lilandi will alwaya bo thankfully recelrcd fnr
publication Oorrr'pondcnta are requoteil to append
their true namei toalltnmmniilcatlon-i, not for publi
cation nrceirarlly, but aa a Kuarautee that the urltir
l actlnc In coihI faith,
SKl'TKMliKK 2, 1681.
CONDITION OF PRESIDENT GARFIELD.
Tlio last San Francisco papers received bring
nows of tho President lo the 1st inst. nt which
timo ho appeared lo be rapidly improving
though not out of danger. His stomach had
recocred sufficient totio to retain nutriment
and ho was able to take moro substantial food
than nt any time during a period ofsomo weeks.
Tho pulse was gradually decreasing to Its
normal condition and the afternoon fevers
daily growing lighter, and on ono or two days
ho missed tho fever entirely. Tho glandular
swelling was subsiding and tho wound was
looking healthy and healing us rapidly as
could bo expected. He was abo gaining
strength, mid when tho attending physicians
changed his position to dresH the wound ho
was iiblo to assist. He is lo bo convoyed from
Washington lo a tnoro healthy locality as soon
as practicable and will bo taken to his liumo
nt Mentor, Ohio, as soon :is ho recovors n u (11
cinntly lo bear tho journoy. All prospects
wcro reported flattering and wo look for moro
encouraging news by tho next mail.
LEPERS AND LEPROSY.
Every few veekB a litllo liand of un
fortunates tiro scut from Honolulu to the leper
settlement on Molokai. Sonio of tbo'o aro
from Oahu and eomo from the other islands of
tho group. For years this stream of diseased
humanity has been flowing into that sea of
death at Kalawao, and us yet (here is no ap
pcarauco of a cessation of tho flood. Will it
over ccaso. What has been tlono to check it?
Certainly not as much as should havo been
done. It hns been asserted by many who
should be competent to judgo that tho lepers
distributed among tie people on tho different
islands equal two-thirds of tho number of
thoso exiled to Molokni. They must certainly
number sovoral hundreds. They aro pointed
out to one in every part of tho archipelago.
Thoy nro occasionally mot with iu the streets
of Honolulu. They may bo seen iu Iho vicinity
of every villogo on this island. They nro
everywhere, bowing tho seed of that fatal
affliction that is gnawing at tho vitalH of tho
nation. It is nn awful thltur to coiilointilalol
""r " " "' "i"-"i
". W "l" bul '" lll vicli, of C'
which rcducuB iho human form to a decayed
nnd shapeless mass of flesh. Ho must bo
ostracized from tho society of relatives and
friends. His only companions nro his fellow
sufferers. Ho feels himself being slowly drawn
toward tho gravo; ho can not rolrnco bis steps
can not even turn aside. Thcro is not ono
rny of hopo to brighten tho way. Death is
oncvitnblo and such a doath!
A short timo ago wo sawsbinooftbcsa lepers
leaving Honolulu in tho lilllu schooner ll'ar-icica-
for their last homo on earth. It was a
most pitiful sight. Wo shall never forget tlio
Had parting and the tears and wailing of thuso
on shore as thoy spoke their last olohit, and
waved a Inst farewell tn their friends sailing
away to tho living tomb of Kalawao. It is a
fearlul thing to bo thus blighted when just in
tho bloom of manhood or womanhood. It is
no wouder that after witnessing such a sight
ono should hesitate beforo ugaiu c.iusirg n like
separation. Hut Ihia is a matter in which it
is fatal to bo loo sympathetic. The lepers
mutt bo segregated, nnd thcro is no kindness
in allowing them to remain wllh their friends,
for every i ny increases tho daugor of trans
mitting tho disease to others. Thoy must Ikj
parted sooner or later, nnd tho sooner it is
done tho betlor for all. It is unfortunate that
Iho natives fail to realize tho nature of the
discaio and its danger. Their ap.uhy does
moro than all clso to spread it. Tho authori
ties too, uro less strict Ibau they should bo.
People known to havo tho leprosy lit its first
stages aro uiimolcated nnd allowed lo remain
at their houses unlit the diacaso is well de
veloped, Some of these havo been nnd we
belicxo now ore examined periodically, and
aro not scut tnMolokai until they have reached
a certain stage. We would like to aik, that
if, Iu a dlaeiui so little, uiidcistood as leprosy,
tho aversgo physician is conipotcnt of judging
when tho proper slago for isolation arrivts?
Kvory medical nun niy havo his theory, but
it undoubtedly would bo much tbo safer plan
to remove them soon as discovered. Tlteio
is a uativo woman at Waialua whoso daughters,
sons-in-law and grund-childicn Imvu had tho
leptoay. She had tho doj in her syitetu
nnd evidently traukmitted it to her children
yeais beforo alio exhibited any symptoms of
it. This ahovts the danger of a leper aud tho
iujury that may be dono by ono (Kirson, This
woman is still at Waialua, unless pho lias
been removed within n fuw days. There aro
a number of leper iu that vicinity that might
be looked after.
Wo bear cf lepers in Honolulu and other
part of Oahu and luo of Ion bcaid surprise)
manifoile.l that nothing was dona with tbem.
It I certainly tho duty ofsomo official to look
after tbcao people and it I equally certain that
that cfiieial has not ("drilled hi duly. Tbero
are undoubtedly thinly aettlrx) district whero
omo difficulty would bn Mpcrienccd io arret!.
Ing lliem, but tlint in no rennon wliy Icpcra
hotiltt bo nllowcd to run nt largo In Honolulu
mid other thickly iioputnteil coimnnniltcs. Tills
lends tin to ttio cormiilcrntion of their condi
tion nt tlio nctllcmcnt. Is the Ircnlmciit of tlio
lepers nftcr they nro tnkon to Knlnwno wlint
It should bo? Is tticro aiifTiclcnt mcdlcnl nt
tendutico for tlio clsht hundred that nro there?
Is tho supply or medicines ndequate? Is proper
attention Riven to tlio hygienic, regulations
of tlio placo? Hns nnytliing been tlono to
prevent Iho coiinliiting of tlio lepers and tlio
propagation of nn Inciirably-discnacd raco ?
Can any nno of tlieso quorlcs bo answered In
A country wltnso climnto nnd soil Is such
thnl its agricultural productt may bo varied
and abundant can bo tnndo n wealthy country;
wealthy becausa independent. Such n country,
inhnbilcd by nn industrious agricultural peo
ple, will havo manufactories in ls towni fur
nishing employment for numbers of mechanics.
It has tho elements of prosperity within itsolf,
A country that Is not agricultural or qno whoso
agricultural capabilities remain undeveloped,
must bo largely dependent upon lis neighbors,
Hawaii nel is an agricultural country, hut
as yet has passed but littlo beyond Its Initia
tory Btops, Tho native Iluwnilans woro lo a
certain extent nn agricultural tacc, nnd slnco
tho advent of tho while man grazing nnd tho
cultivation of tho soil havo engaged moro or
less attention. As early as 1630 It had grown
to such proportions that nn agricultural society
wns fotlned, and fairs wcio held nunually.
Tho whaling-fleet was Inrgely supplied by tho
productions of theso islands, and many arti
cles wcro then shipped to Cililoruin in largo
quantities which, for years paBl, hnvo not
figured among our export ; aud some of tlieso
nro now supplied to im from our former market.
Of lato years tho growing of sugnr-cauo hns
been tho leading agricultural industry, Illco
Is also largely ruined, but tlio supply ot every
other nrticlo grows less year by year. Even
coflco planting is neglected, much land where
it vas formerly cultivated now being allowed
ta lia idlo. From, July 1st, 1850, tn Juno 30th,
1831, one year, tho 'xparts of cofTeo amounted
to 130,563 lbo. ; in 18S0, tlio amount had fallen
to OU,508 lbs. It has been estimated that of
tho total nrcn of 1,000,000 acres of land in
tlieso islands, 500,000 nro fit for plowing,
200,000 nro adapted for pasturage, and tho ro
maindur is timber land, barren lava oriinava(l
ablo mountain land. This cultivable area,
Hinco the nbovo cstlmnto w.ib made, hns been
increased by tho introduction of a system of
irrigation, nnd thcro is much fcrtilo but rocky
soil that can bo cultivated without tho uso of
Among tho exports frnm Ibis group in the
year eliding Juno 30lb, 1831, weru 71,085 bbls.
Irish potatoes, 10,837 bbls. sweet potatoes,
3,750 bbls. onions, 10J tons hay, 113,000 or
anges nnd 89 bbls. yarns, besides other pro
ducts, A considerable quantity of fruit wns
then shipped also, and iu tho list was Iho itoin
of cured figs. In 1850, SOI lbs. of figs wero
imported into Honolulu. Hay, instead of be
ing an export, was imported to lbo amount of
II, til bales; sweet potatoes, Irish potatoes
and onions no longer find a foreign maikct,
but 1,110,165 lbs. of Irish potatoes and J'Jl,--106
lbs. of onions woro brought hero in foreign
vessels last year. Grains of different kinds
and many other articles that ones were largely
grown for tho foreign trade, n'1 for which
thoro is still a good market, aro not grown
now in sufficient quantity to supply homo con
sumption. Why has this branch of ugrictil
turo degenerated so? Tho demand is con
stant, the San Francisco markets nro conven
ient for a surplus production, nnd tho businoss
is remunerative It is said that tlio United
Statos receive annually from foroign countries
six hundred million oranges. As wo havo
stated, 1 13,000 oranges were shipped from
these islands in 1851 ; uud in a period of thirty
years, our export of thut fruit has dwindled to
nothing, whilo tho amount sent from Tuh'iti,
twenty-four hundred miles further away from
San Francisco, has increased.
TIiIb is anything but a creditablo showing
for us. Wo havo allowed a golden opportunity
to Blip through our fingers by neglecting every
thing for ono or two staples. That country
stands on tho firmest financial foundation which
has tho largest variety of products, and ovciy
effort should bo used to bring this country
back to tho position it once occupied. Tho
fiiluro is full of hope, and wo bclievo that Ha
waii nci will eventually roach a decrco of ag
ricultural prosperity coramcusiirata with its
capabilities. Wo beliovo that iho Portuguese
and olher laborers recently arrived hero, will,
iu tho capacity of " small fanners," bo im
portant factors in restoring to our agricultural
interests their lost prestige This is n question
of vital importance, and we shall recur to it
Wo concur with tho sentiment evinced by
our coiitompornrics in regard to tbo dangers
attending the unrestricted immigration of Chi
nese, Not long sinco such uu anticipation
would havo been laughed at by anyone con
nected with sugar enterprises upon theso Isl
ands; but today wo tuny say thcro ara few,
even among sugar plaulors themselves, who tin
not feel uneasy nt tho prospects boforo ns of
being thoroughly overwhelmed by this exclu
sive Asiutio element. Kvcu if tho cultivation
of sugar were a consideration to which all
others should bo made secondary, and wo hold
itj not, the Indiscriminate uud wholesale in
troduction of Chinese would, in tho slago nt
which wo havo now arrived, fuil to exert any
benilicial influence, by the iucrcuso aud cheap,
enlng of labor, which it not directly counter
balanced by nppoilng considerations.
To hpeak of Chinese immigrants in any
other senso than as luborcra imported to sup
ply an immediate want of plantations, is to
mock the most ordinary common sense ; and to
speak of thorn aa exerting any but a most
baneful infiiicnco in retarding that of which
wo all profess lo feel tho neceity tho ro
cupcratioii of the Hawaiian raco is to speak
incorrectly if not falsely. Een as a planta
tion hand tho Chinaman h vastly dctcrioro
led from what ho formerly was, and it is not
very difficult to traco tlio leatcn why such
should bo the case. It a their faculty of com
bining, which is so diilinctivo a quality in
Chinese character, and which causes thctn to
gather force as their number augment, that
has mado tho difference between the Chinese
servant of to-day, aud tho Chinese servant of
a few year back. It is this quality also
added to a natural ngreaaivene of disposi
tion that La helped, the Chlneto to carry on a
successful competition with tnocluuic and
mall trader of other nationalities, which ha
helped tho native poi dealer and fruit peddler
from their wnnted occupations, and which has
nlready begun to nsicrt itself iu a larger and
yet moro dat-gorotis way, in competition with
tho planters themselves. Even now, tho num
ber of Chlnrso In our midst is sufficiently largo
to sot at naught tho forces ol tho Government
in case of disturbance, and that a disturbance
is possible .it any timo no ono can deny. Hut
no preparation for such a contingency is be
ing made, whilo their ntimhors nro being stead
ily increased oach year by fresh arrivals.
Wo talk of autonomy nnd independence, and
tho best way of securing tlieni, whilo by tho
continued importation of Chinese, wo arc every
day further endangering tho supremacy of Gov
ernment. And wo nro convinced that tho day
is not remote, when n trial of strength will
occur. Should such bo tho case, nnd tho Gov
ernment provo itsolf unable to copo wllh tho
situation, how long would our autonomy or in
itfpeiuttnte survivu thereafter? Will other
Governments stipillato and treat with us, if by
reason of inherent weakness or other cause,
wo ato iinablo to protect their subjects? For
eign subjects aro here, and it is very natural to
Rttpposo that in Iho event of our inability lo
protect Iboin, their own Governments will do
so not tinder a Hawaiian flag however I Per
haps it would bo "ell for our authorities tu
cogilnlo n littlo upon this mailer, for they can
ill afford to treat it with contempt. A proper
consideration of this subject might suggest
Iho introduction of legislative measures which
nre pnttmrt, and which might prno tho
means of nvrtitfg the; very downfall of Ha
NEED OF SANITARY REFORM.
Is thu acknowledged bad sanitary condition
of tho town cf Honolulu to bo allowed tu go
on forovor from bad to worse without nny
systematic effort on tho part of tho Govern
ment to induco a tnoro approved stato of
things ? An effort comprehensive iu its na
ture, definito in its object, nnd fearless of till
save tho results of inaction, which may sootier
or later devulopo wide spread pestilence and
discaio, ia what is needed here. Unless
Romcthing bo done iu tho way of sanitary re
form, wo hnvo ovory reason from tho experi
ences of other countries, to expect tesults
which may somo day catiso a wail to bo sent
up which will reach every quarter of tho city,
nnd maku tho stoutest tremble.
The epidemic of fover which occurred horo
but Iwo short years ago, was then declared by
tho majority of tho Medical Faculty of Hniio-
j lulu lu havo bcou malarious in its origin, and
tho prevalence of malarious germs necessary
for tho production of tho disease, was held to
bo dependent Uin the prevailing filthlncss of
back-yards, and tho exclusion of sunlight by
too denso .foliage, whorcby a humid aud foul
atmosphere w,ir engendered directly promo
tive of lbo growth of disoaHc-gcrins. Ara oiir
back-yatds less filthy or shady than thoy
wero then? or has Tho theory iu rcgaid to tbo
causation uf tho epidemic bcon abandoned ?
We beliovo that tho condition under which the
epidumic of 1870 mado such havoo in our
population aro present to-day, and abated in
no degrco whatever. And whilo this is tho
case, it should surprise no ono of intulligciico
to seo a moro aggravated and deadly form of
dlscaso stalk iu among us, than has over been
experienced beforo. Such bus been tho case
iu Mauritius and it may bo so hero. In thu
year 1 603 an epidemic )f.fovcr broke out on
that Island very much rSBfmbling iu typo and
'symptoms our ruVftiror lfaf 0. This, aftof an
cxistepco of a fow montlitj finally subsided :
but aftar tin absence of several yoars it ap
peared again, greatly aggravated in virulence,
howovur, und dealing out death to ten now,
whero ono only might havo suffered before,
Iho molality reaching as high as 240 u day in
Port Louis alone in 1800,
Theso epidemics aro said to have bad their
origin much iu tho samo manner as is sup
posed to havo been the caso bore; and is it
not natural to supposo that liko causes
may produco liko results? It is well
known that tho poison of many fevers is
greatly intensified by an accumulation of
cases, and thus in timo may becumo indiscrim
inately deadly. Thus tho first enso nf fever in
n houso is ordinarily moro mild than thoso
which occur subsequently. Advantage is
often takon of this fuct to tho benefit of pa
tionts, by their removal to a distance, under
which circumstances tho diaeaso pursues a
milder course Now as it is not always con
venient lo reuiovo u wholo community, would
it not bo better to adopt means whereby their
places of rcsidenco should bo divested as much
as pOHsiblo, of nny conditions which would
f.ivor tho intensification of nn epidemic, should
it occur. Wo havo given tho opinions of our
physicians as generally understood in tho mut
ter, aud havo now only to nsk that somebody
may sot to work in a manner consonant with
Somk Liqvon Statistics. Tho total num
ber of gallons of (spirit taken out of bond
during tho year I860, amounted In 42,310 ; the
number of gallons of wine to 15,328, and beer
to 8,100. lly this it is evident that high grndo
splritu aro thoso which nro in greatest do
lnaiul. Nearly three gallons of spirils aro
drunk to ono of wine, whilo tho ainount nf
beer consumed Is five times less thsn the
amount of spirits, and two times less Ibau
that of wlno. Mnjr therUjo? bo uu analogy be.
twecti these figures "and the numbers repre
sented in the different grades of drinkers?
"Tinctural" degeneration In rny manuscript
'tnij;ht hare read ttxlurat degeneration as far as I
know, n pcrfictly correct word.
A MODKBITE BVOKLB.
Tho Ilu.luuM of tho Ul THOS. LACK", recently de
ceaiett, will be carried oa a nauat, at Ihe old ataudon
Fori St. 51 3t
( JYem Jt dy Dally TtttgrajiK, Jmw SK, 1SSO.)
The Wallhant Waleh Company haa baun awarded tho
only cold medal cltcu for walchea at Iho Sydney Inter
national Exhibition, and aie Iho only exhlbltora In any
data from Ihe United btatea who bare received thla
I Sol Alfint fnr the Hawaiian lilinda
Marshal's Sale i
BY VIUTUK OF A Wit IT OF T3XK
ctlllon timed out of Ikv feapreme Court In farnr of
lv.ul,a;iuit J. K. Kaala. fur lh uu of JI'JI.W, I
bat itrlrd upon and hill expua for aale at ih front
door of ,
Alllulanl Hale, at 1." u clock nvou, ou ,
HHI'THMIIEIt UHU, 1881,
All Iho rl-ht. title, and lutereat of the ill it J. K.
Kaila, In aud lo all that piece of Und belunejlni: lo J.
K. rUali'a wife elioaied In Kansohe, Kuoknpoko.
Iilapd of Oahu. One. paieh la eubjeel lo a lane or ft
yean from Jauury lat, lew. at tlK-tu per anuuia. Un
le ad bud.-unul, lotereal and coila b piertcuily
The ahor Sale I postponed to SATnilDAY OCTO
DEK lat, isll. IV. C. J-AltKfc, Mer.bal.
Ilonolala Aayuit iMJ. 181. 'rt
MBS. J. UMMOWL
Tehur of Vocal a4 IaairaMatas MwtW
No.W Uetel ot.. oppoelte Dr. HcUitw'a.
W ly V SI lu
Y. M. C. A.
RE V. W. J.SMITH
Will deliver nlecturo
At the lijrpnm To-morrow (Snnilav) nftcr'
noon nt !li:i0. Subject,
"Tho Young Man's Mission."
All pcrinns aro rordlilly Invited to attend.
Just Received !
INVOICES ALSO, PER
SUFFOLK AND OBERON
AND NOW SUE,
NEW LINES OF GOODS
SADIE F. CALLER.
rarliculnrs of which will ho
GIVEN NEXT WEEK.
Block, Fort St.
on ON W1DY.
and wn Cordially Invito tho Pnbllo of
Honolulu to Call and Kzam.
US. 3P. ADil
B. F. EHLERS & Co.
HAVE JUST RECEIVED
HAWAIIAN BARK " IOLANI,"
J. Very Incurs Invoice of
CHOICES NEW G-OODS !
New Dress Satins,
plain, striped, nml hrocadod lo match.
New Dress Silks,
plain, otriped nnd brocaded, fill now ahndo
Wool Dress Goods,
wool uniting In all tho now rululcs;
FINE FRENCH CASSIMERES AND MERINOS !
in black, and nil
Fine White Linen Lawns,
Fine Printed Linen Lawns
Ladies9 & Children's Hosiery,
Xjadies' ei.ra.ca. Olallclxrexi's
"We are Constantly Receiving by Every
Steamer from the Coast.
All the Latest Novelties in Ladies' Neekwear
LACKS, MMX RIBKOlNS, FINE IIKKOIIHIK IS, &c.,&c.
Also, JUST RECEIVED, a Very Large Assortm't of
NEW CARPETS, VELVET :RUGS, DOOR MATS, IN ALL SIZES I
The above New Goods are all the
LATEST STYLES, and will bo Sold at tho Very Lowest Prices.
FOlt SAMPLES AND 1'ItIOE LIST, AWDltKSS,
50-lm v ' B. F. EHLERS fi CO., FORT STREET, HONOLULU.
t i'1'hi:mi: eoiiiir or tui: iiawama
3 Island. In Probate. In tho Katatu of K. J). HUlt
KOW.M, or Honolulu, tlrccaaril, lnteitati), lie for u .llr.
J mtlcB Jmld.
In renilliiK and flllnjr tlui petition of II. O. Trendwav,
cuumii in rum o. ij, jturruwa aiiegm;; inai yaia s. It.
Ilurmwa of Honolulu, Oahu, itlid intralato nt anld
Honolulu on the 1Mb day of Hi-plrmbt-r A. 11. It$l, nnil
praylus Hint Irlti-ra of Ailiiilnl. trillion lanid to Alcxnn-ili-r
J, (Jnrturlplit, of tld Honolulu, and Hint raid
(JnrlnrlRht may bo appointed temporary Administrator
until a lu-arlni; la had nn mlil petition.
it la ordered that TUKSDAV tho Klcronth day or
Oclourr A. 1). 1SS1 be and henliy it Appointed for hear
ln unld Petition lieforn said Justice, In tho Court
lioom or una i.nun, at iiouoiniu, at mcii timo and
place nil peranna concerned mar ni.lic.lr nnil shuiv
cnuxe, If any they hac why raid l'etltion should not bo
srntilcil. ana Iliac Ihia order lio nnlillslieil In llin llnwn.
flan and i:nr,-lltli jausuaues for threo successive wreka
In tho" butiirday 1'reas " anil "Kuokon" ncuspapera
In Honolulu. Aud It Is further entered that said A, ,1.
Cunwrlflit bo appointed temporary Adinlnlttrutor of
Dated Honolulu, 13th .Sept 1881.
Attest! A, Itosa. .Iiiitlce of the bupremo Court.
urmiy .icrK. I..1 ut
Si'iMiKm; tjiiuiiT nv tiii: Hawaiian
Islands. In Probate. Island of Oahu, llanallan
Islands, a, s. In Iho matter of tint Etat of bUHAN
HKY.NOLnS, lato or Honolulu, deceased. Order ap
pointing tlmu for probate of Will and dlrcctlnc publl.
cation of notlco of tho same.
A document purporting to be llin Inst Will anil Testa.
mcut of Suson lleynolds, dicinscd, Imvluc on tho 1st
day of Heptember, A. 1). 1MI, been presented to said
'rebate. Court, nnd a petition for tho probata thereof,
and for tho Issuuuce of LetlrrsTcstaincntaiy tnJohu K.
Ilarnanl Iiavluif been filt-.lj.y him.
It Is hereliy unlerrd tnat rtlUSDAr, IhoSTtli day of
SUl'TKMIIlfli, A. I), leol, at 10 o'rlnck A. Jl. of sold
day. at Iho Court llnum or said Cuurt, at Alllolanl Halo
lu Honolulu lie, ami the same Is, heieliy appointed the
t'.mr fur prnrtni; said Will and licatlni; said uipllcatlnu,
m hen and w hem any person Interested may appear and
contest said Will, and the crantlnc of l.ctltis Tutu
inentary It Is urtlier ordered Hint notice thereof bo tjlven by
publication, for threo tnccesslvu weeks. In tlio A'vokoa
and .laturilni Prat, ncw-spapera printed und published
And It Is further ordered that citations bo Issued to
tho subscribing witnesses to said Will, and to the heirs
of tho teatatrlx In Honolulu to appjar and contest the
probate of s.ild Will, at the limn appointed.
Uatcd at Honolulu, II. I.. Ne ptcmber 1. ItWl,
Justlco of tho Hupieme Court.
Attest! A. Hoka,
llepnly Clerk. bra 4t
BOOT AND SHOE STOKE
No. Ill l'orl turret, above Hotel,
THE SKJ.V Ol' THK (.OLliEN UOOT.
Ily the last atramer I liarn reel red a large assortment
if the latist Anerlcan atylti of
Boot, Shoes, Ties & Slippers
4c Ac. tic. Ac,
Ladles' and Children' Bhoee a Specialty,
loots and Shoes Made to Order
With Neatness aud Dispatch.
W M 8m ritANK OKIITZ,
E;. TIIOSK VKUY nKSlUAUT.Kgm
L i'lvmlsesknoBiias "UMM.A.NI," Kula-"E
kahna, lalelv iM-caplfd by II. II. Mv, ConimlislTTnTT.
James Hay SVislrh'JOsi-, hso,. The bulldlncs bavn lust
been ihoroiiirhly palmed, liapmd, and i.Ucrl.s ,n.
proied for Ihe bentnl of Iho tenant. Ilovrminent
water laid on. besides liaslna a Mlndmlll, with a supply
of ichxI sis eel and clean health waler.wlilcli lias been
analictl oy Prof, 'luiinipawii u iue Clialienjer Eiiw
dlllun, aud pronounced by hliu the best li had aeu
Since lie left England,
for parllcnlars. Iii'iulruof
Wini ixnr.itiA'ri' imh.smimiii that
veil ilttlrablt) resldsncn No. 1UI h'uuana
Avenue, cuutalnluca li;ht roums, kitchen, pantry, luih
room, servants' room, ccucli house, stable and fuw I
boas. Apply In J, II. WOOD, or
!W BUIt F 'j. K. WIHKMAN. iff Mrrthaa" IH
DIHIXU V .B4.'ltlK VHHH THIN
wo In all matters o( business under lull Power of At.
loruey. O. 1!. WILLIAMh
HonolaU. Aora.tl. 1WI. WtSiaii
A TTs POWKItH nv AT'ivnwv
M ' K.HKKJ0H.
T HAVB TIIIH 1AV ETAllL18ir.
M. td 7elf as rrmtilou Marrbaut and fleaenl
ComwI.sIou AjreBt. Dealer la llry Ooods. Wdw,
sad fataat Ms41clse. y, g, llAWBlJlz
Moouipo, K. Hawaii, H. I. 13 fl a
tho new color;
NEW YORK LITE
ORGANIZED I 80 .
WILLIAMS, DIMOND A CO.,
S. A. SWALTir,
For San Franclkco, AnMrulIu, Japan and
EX.GOVERNOIl FRED'K F. LOW,
Prcst. of Locnl iJoard in San franciaeo.
H. JIA0KFKL1) & (JO.,
For the Hawaiian! Islands.
Life Imurance Polioiea Isausi.
EXAMINE THK NKW
(Kxtract from a letter of Hon, V. r. Low,
Icrnllyihal 1 have taken out a" Tonlluu" policy In
lbo i Cork I. lie In. ursine Co. rur fc.u,iJ!Vt llist I r"
Kard I aa thu best and fulnst plan oll.ile Insurance,
anil that thu pilnclplea rmbodicd In lb. new plan.allcr
a careful raainliialiou, havo ivmostd Ih. nbjectluiis I
hv beicloli.iit riilirtalneil sg.iln.t "l.lfo lli.uriilice.''
MrasiriscuUdluuie. iums my truly.
It pnivldra for one's family at ordinary Life rate.
c.rta,lu.i'J.gl'l',,l,,mnJ "" """ ""lu!: it aJ
IT OFFERS ADVANTAGES
Vllf 111 Il'fi.d fit ll.ii.n ..ll..l 1.. . .1
.. . ... .., , ,u..,y inru uunj iuc Mivi'ftlliirul of
SEE LIST OF F0L1GT lOLDHIf
Kadi Ot ii-fillhl tints as H.....l -. at.1- ..!.. ..
ruclu2 " v jiimu lor aiuuutiU
From $5,000 to Sao.OOO.
II A P Crlir
11 W Hcliuildt,;
i 'V WatorhooM,
K O Ifcuaoti,
niiuam ji uiuioml,
r T Jiieli4ii,
A Mo Wayne,
O W Maefarlan.,
H It MnofarMu.;
V W MaotVirlajM,
WUIeli la scltt caafuta. M U Ita lawiM.
Tor (ill laforiaatlcm, tflj u
w W IH W, W, I
ggagi,1 k 3