Newspaper Page Text
Supplement to the Saturday Press, Jan. 28th, 1882.
Wanted, n Minister'. Wife,
Wstilesl, a irfn-t liilr,
IMIeste, ipnlte, rrrinnl.
Villi rTfrj lnlrtif imiii
Ainl ttrrj endowment of nilnui
Klttnl lij early caltari!
To more in s fhlnitW I III.
I'Imw notice onr mlTrrlltunit :
" Wnntnl, minister'" "'
WsnteJ. a thorouishbrnt worker,
ho nrll In ti"T liuurlnM Kik,
(Mull r w i'r money iMttrtl
Mr rilMTHifMit. trt'tJ rmiVs f)
W ho cuts III Jllj Hlfliw
With r-oMiomt m slisrp as s, knife,
Ami wsstifs and Ktnlw in the Vitclirn.
WaiiImI, a minister's wife."
A 'ctj domestic pirson.
To "c filers she mot not 1 "out;"
It hM acli a bvl nmMr.ince
Kcr tic r to l RmldlnR sooat ;
Onljr to rislt tli nuMi
Ktrrr Tiir f linr llfr.
Anil Attend ttin funerals Anil wedilinss.
" Wsntrd, A minister's wife."
To eondnet Hi" Indies meeting,
Ttie sewinu circle Altr ml t
Anil nlint we work fur the needy,
Her reAily s.itnne to lenil :
To clothe tie destitute clillilrni
V her irnw aiuI want are rife i
To hunt upr-uiidit school scholars.
" Wanted, a minister's wife."
Orefnl t enlettAln strancer.
Tr-uelllnc scents, aih! " ouch
Of tht ulnd of "nncel tlits"
The lesders hsie liiul ao much
,n to proe a perfect nuisance,
Ami " Inil" ttiev plmnes of llielr life
(Vn .m he sent to their iwriin'ii."
' Wantesl, a minister's wife."
A perfect inttern nf prnJeneo
To All other. spendinc less,
Hut neter disuracini; the pulh
llj looking shabby In dress.
TIatIiir lb" orcan n Sundsy
Vumld Aid our lAiulAble strife
To uir the ncletjr's money.
" WanleU, A minister's wife."
Tht I'rimitirt MrfMiit.
Our San Francisco Letter.
Six Fraxcisco, January 10, I33-.
Although tht steamship Of of Sydney
lakes duwn nuite a balch of interesting
novs from nil parts of tho world, I doubt
whether thero is anything of more impor
t.ance to tho people of tho hlands thnn the
movement ngainst the Hawaiian Keciprocity
Treaty in the United Stales Scnnte last
Monday, by Senator Hill of Georgia nnd
Senator Jones of Loni.iana. Tlio Louisi.
nna Senator's mnvement in in tho form of
n joint resolution, identical with that here
tofore introduced in the Honeo of Ilcprc
scntatives by Gibson of Lonisinnn, which
simply requests the President of the
Unitcnl States to give tho notice to ternii.
nnte the Treaty in tho manner and at tho
time et forth and provided for in its fifth
nrlicle. The fifth article stipulates that
" The Convention shall remain in force for
seven yeAra from the date at which time it
may come into o(eration ; and further, until
the expiration of twelvo months aftereithcr
of the con tmcling parti shall giva notice to
tho other of its wUh to terminate tho same ;
each of the high contracting pirties
being at liberty to giro such uotico
to tho other at the end of the .aid term of
seven ypars, or at any timo thereafter."
Tha treaty was signed in January, 1875,
nnd tho rtificalion wero exchanged a few
months subeqnently, but the requisito Act
of Congress to put it into effect was not
passed and approved until the 15th of
August, 1870. Soino qu.stion has been
raised a to the date from which tht seven,
or rather tb eight, years of the Treaty's
nssnrcd duration .halt be reckoned, but it
is practically concedtd that under the terms
of the Treaty no notice of intention to ter
minate cin b given beforti August 14th,
1883, and that according to the stipulation
above quoted, it cannot be terminated until
August, 1884. Senator Hill hold, this
opinion but he also thinks that the circnm
stances under which tho Treaty was pro
cured, and the practical cfTectH of ita opr
ntiou, havo been such as to warrant sum
mary action on the part of Congress to get
rid or it, and he thercforo provides by tho
bill introduced tbAt the Act of Angust,
1870, carrying it into effect, slnll lie forth
with repealed. In order, however, to
aecuro an examination of tho subject in nil
its phaies, he also offered a resolution,
which was adopted without debate, direct
ing the Senate Committee on Foreign Re
Inliona to inquire whether tho Treaty ought
not to bo terminated, and, if so, what
mode of action for that purpose will be
necessary nnd proper. Hill is n member of
this Committee, and o is General Miller.
The subject will therefore nndonhtrdly re-
ccive thorough investigation, both from the
Southern nnd Pacific Coast point, of view.
Senator Miller, of California, will keep
an eye on tha intoresta of the Pacific Slop,
nnd will undoubtedly have considerable to
aav in tht matter. Ex-Governor Low, of
California, who is deeply interested in the
prosperity ol the Hawaiian Islands a. well
c the Pacific Slope, is uow in Washington,
witching tho queatiouable movements of
Eastern and ftoninem sugar monopolism.
Hen. Hill of Georgia need, dose waUhing,
ns he i. known to have been the guest, for
nuitt a period, of Mr. Wel.b, the million-
wire auear-retintr oi raiiaueipum, wuu in
l.iwivi'.r sr.ieretd several hujrar planta
tions in Cubs. It o happened that Seua-
tor Mill nissrd a con.id.r.iblo portion of
his vacation in Philadelphia to undergo a
aiirffical operation for the cure of n cancer
nted tongue. Probably it wa for thin
reaion that WtUh found Hill a convenient
tool and conGded iu him. Tho re.ult of his
sojonrn in the city of brotherly love, n.
the gne.t of the millionaire .ugar-monopo-list,
i. apparent in hi. recent action in the
The my.terioB. agencies at work against
the trealy are in the intert.t of a powerful
combination which embrace, certain well
known augar men in New York, such a.
ltav.meytr A Elder, S. de River A Co.,
nnd soveral other large firm.. The Viron.
iclt, from nil appearance., wa. found to be
the most available of the local journals to
be purchased and used in the .cbetnea to
brine tho treaty into di.repute nnd misrepre
sent it. commercial effect.. The Ea.tern
aug.r-ring ha. al.o that nolonoo. little
New York .beet misnamed lYuth, which i.
Mso doing iomi very dirty work in it.
iiue.tionablo interest. It will not readily
be forgotten that it wa. thi. same di.repu
table little Truth which published a bold
forgerv and slander on the late 1're.ident
Garfield, therefore it cannot be recognued
a. of any conequence in tbi. fight. The
motive, behind uch ebeel. a. the San
KraucUco ChrouhU and New York 7Vmj7i
re not to be miiUken, if we judge of the
jiast, which U an excellent criterion to go
ti. Wat evidence to the .tand onr
merchants have taken on the question of
maintaining the treaty, wnica ... einien
... ,v.m.o trade for Pacific Coast maternal,
is the fact tbU at tb annual meeting of
the Chamber or Uommtrce, on ..-,
la.t, two ticket, were in the held, and the
tolt proved a aeon." ."
psrty which advocated tho maintenance of
tho trraty, nnd resulted in tho elrrtiun of
Wm. K. Jlabcock, his opponent being Win.
Ij. Merry. This indicates tho nllitiulo of
the mcrcantilo interests of San Francisco
on this most vital nurstion.
Kv. Senator Sargent, a. is well known,
has been for sumo timo mentioned ns a prob
able seleclion for n Cabinet pixition, either
as Secretary of the Intcriororof the Navy,
and ns he wa. really the champion of the
Hawaiian Treaty in tho United States
Senato in 1875, the Ctirvniele has kept np
nn intcss.vit fire in opposition to his imme.
As Iho mnttcr now stands in political circles
in Washington, President Arthur has con
cluded to keep Sargent's namo iu nbeyance
fur two weeks longer nt least, nnd from
this it may be inferred that the lhstoru
sngsr ring has prevailed upon tlio l'reHiilrtit
to reconsider Snrgrnt'N npjHiiutuirnl. The
Chronicle hero only re-echoes tho senti
ments in opposition to Sargent as they
arc promulgated by tho ring centered in
New York, which has nlso captured the
Sun of that city ns ono of its organs.
Those who have been in communication
with the President fed somewhat assured,
however, a. to Sargent's Appointment. As
the matter now standi, the mysterious in
fluences nt work en n not be mistaken. In
this connection the 7inf7i has tho following
editorial comments on what it designates as
the Hawaiian sugar monopoly: "We call
tho attention of tho Hon. John Hardy,
member of Congress to tho interviews in
another column with several of our loading
sugar merchant, regarding the Reciprocity
Treaty with tho Hawaiian government.
During tho present week we exposed the
iniquity of this treaty in an editorial, nnd
there interviews nre the result. It will b.
remembered that the trenty provides for
tho free importation of sugar into San
Francisco from tho Sandwich Islands, nnd
the free importation of machinery from the
United States into the Sandwich Islnnds.
Rut experience shows that the value of tho
sugar imported far exceeds that of the
machinery exported. The reciprocity, there
fore, is not very apparent, lint reciprocity
was not what tho treaty was intended for.
It was intended to givo Clans Sprockets
control of tho sugar trade of this country.
And it has been eminently successful. All
sugars imported into En. tern ports pay a
duty of about 40 per cent., while imjiorta
tions from the Sandwich Islands by virtue
of this treaty, pay nothing. And theso
importations nro controlled by Spreckcls.
The people of San Francisco get none of
the benefit of this. They have to psy
within n fraction ns mnch for their sugar a.
they would If it paid n duty. Spreckcls
makes the prico only just low enough to
kp eastern competition out. And now
lie is moving caaiwnnl. ilo sells sucar
slightly less tho further it comes east, nnd
thus drives back tho eastern trade. If the
treaty continues Claua Spreckels will con
trol l he augar tmdo of Xew York within
two years. Let John Hardy give his atten
tion to this."
Ono of tho merchants referred to .ays:
"I do not know whether the combination
with the railroads has been effected, but
that is not necessary. Spreckcls is indo
dcudent of tho railroads when he can bring
bis free sugar to competo with Cuban sugar,
on which we have to piy n duty of nt least
40 per cent. Of course the past cannot bo
helped, but according to tho agreement,
somo time in 18S-, tbo United States enn
givo notiro of tho nbrogntion of the treaty,
and it should bo done nan matter of simplo
justice. I am glnd that your paper has
brought the matter to tho notico of the
public. The San Francisco Chronicle is
the only paper in the west which has had
the courago to attack it."
It is n good thing fur us nil thnt San
Francisco is not nfilicted with more thnn
ono sheet of the Chronicle stripe, thnt
Juda. like, is willing to betray the best in
terests of tho Pacific Slope for a monetary
consideration. To those who aro not cleso
observers, howevor, it may appear strange
that none of the prominent San Francisco
papers which advocated the treaty nnd tho
inlcresLs of the Islands ko heartily in 1875
have exhibited a similar interest of late.
Tbo idea i. prevalent that His Majesty Kiug
Kalakana i. chiefly responsible for this, and
that he appears to exhibit n limited amount
of appreciation for the consideration be
stowed upon him and his people by tbo
United States. American capital nnd en
terprise have brought the Islands to their
pre.'cnt commercial importance, and when
His Majosty took the adventurer Moreno
into his confidonco and listened to his
scheme, it was the noxt thing to nn insult
to tho United States, above every other
nation. It wa. natural to suppose (hat
after making a tour of tho United States
n. a highly honored guest of so great n
nation, that Hi. Majesty would havo re
turned to his dominions impressed with
ideas of greater liberality than ever, and
profited by coming iu contnet with Ameri
can institutions. His tour of tho iyoi Id it is
hoped ha. impressed him more than ever
with the importance "and value of nn in
telligent foreign clement in hi. legislative
council., though I havo reason to know that
tho pre, of San Francisco nnd el.cwhero
are not very favorably impressed with Hi.
Majesty', reported electioneering tour of
the islands, which ua. a most .lguiucnut
The benefit, which Hawaii, in ita ex
tr.mity,derived from tbo Reciprocity Treaty,
indicnto tbo inability of the King or the
people to go it alone or exist wilhont the
nid of outsido influence. Without the
treaty which was teen red by tho kindly aid
of the better portion of the San Francisco
preis, tbo sugar indu.trie. would have be
came paralyzed, nud a. a natural conse
quence these rumors which reach ua regard
ing the political iuclinatiun. of the King,
have nn ungrateful sound, to say tbo least.
Tho approaching meeting of the Legists,
lure will therefore be wntched with inter
est by thoso who havo hitherto been
.t.unrh advocates of the advancement of
Hawaiian interest., and any mistaken policy
on tho part of the King or hi. advisor,
will havo an undoubted influonce on the
future of the treaty. Aa the prosperity of
tut J.Iandi depends on t re sugar interests,
it strikes me that tho planter, and mer
chanU cannot afford to lose any time in
making a minetneut for tho defeat of
machination, of tbe anti-treaty ichemcrs;
but first of all, on the principle that chanty
should begin at home, effort, .bould bo
made to counteract any mistaken policy on
the part of thott in power that may appear
inimical to American iuterests, aa erery
opportunity will bo taken to distort nud
uiiireprekeul facia, ju.t a. the labor ayntcm
ha. been clawed ou a par with slavery in
the South before the war.
The onponent'a of the trealy both here
and in the East, art making capital oat of
sitAito mikmrnn nil ! . i .iiiiimiM-ttirfOTirfi,, , ,. if i -vriirtaiM-aniiiin ill -ii iihTii-iiriiiiiiiif y iiVfilalBfelftii iniiili
"-" "" i,rl riffiiin-iiri- in'1 r-'N4r' Hi jji iiiiliiSMSSM'ijifwsiaiwsii 'i1 "" -' lil - r -- ' -' -- .'"""..i I." ,..u.auni..T--,i .!..,i. MMaMBeMswsMS
Sprocket's opposition to tho treaty beforo
it went into effect, ami ns the rice business
of the Islands is principally in tlio hand, nf
tho I'hinuse, tliem iHiitita nru made the
most of by the Eastern .ugnr-clique, nnd is
likely to havo mime in It tie nee in Congress.
Tho .Superintendent of tho Cotiuiieroi.it
Manufacturing Company of New York, Mr.
Winter, who recently paid San Francisco n
visit for the purpose of studying the sugar
interests, is credited with representing the
condition of things out hero as something
frightful, and ho echoes the second rate
ideas obtained from tho Chronicle in lav
ing that tho merchants hero aro victims of
a monopolist; that they ihro not buy a
pound of sugar anywhere least they run
counter to his interests, when ho lowers tho
price of sugar two cents nnd ruins tlioui,
Tho price of augir in this fily, icn. low
ered after thu first of Jnuunry, but so far,
I have not heard of any of our merchants
being mined, but on the contrary, the press
assorts that business of every grade never
lookrd more prosperous than nt tho pres
Among other preposterous assertions re
cently made by Mr. Winter to n press.in
terviewer, is tho statement Ihnt Scnntor
Sargent engineered tho Hawniian Treaty
in tho special interest of Claua Spreckcls,
whose tool ho wns, and that ho received
$100,000 for his services. Tho same
well-informed individual who is so nnxioiiR
to further the interests of hi. own cliqtio
nt nnr cost, savs: "Tho story is well
nuthctilicatcd that when Kalakana was
negotiating for the snlo of hi. dominions to
China, bprcckel. followed htm to Ins castle
and demanded nn interview, and before ho
left the place, the Minister who wns con
ducting tho negotiations was dismissed nnd
tho Chinese Ambassadors wero sent nbout
their business, sinco when, tho King nod
Spreckcls havo thoroughly understood
each other." While this may sound amus
ing to those who aro thoroughly conver
sant with Hawaiian affairs, there is no
doubt that it will be accepted a. truth by
the great majority of intelligent pooplo
who have no means of ascertaining tlio
questionable motives which prompts tho
Chronicle here, and the Hun and Truth in
the East to set the ball iu motion against
tho treaty. It is nbout timo, therefore,
thnt the sugar planters and business men
of the Islands should tnko nctivo measures
ngainst any further misrepresentation nnd
shoulder their own share in thi. fight, for
although we nre told that " silence is
goldon," I havo serious doubts whether
tho precept will prove invaluable in this
case, whero business cunning and unlimited
capital aro linblo to accomplish mnch, if
not everything. It will not do to loavo all
tho responsibility to the business men nnd
diplomatists of (lie PAcifio Coast, nnd
quietly take it for granted that our inter
ests hero will inure to tho advantage of tho
Islands in jny event. In my opinion, Ha
wnii nei is sadly in need of just such states
men at tho present time, as Dr. Jndd nnd
R. C. yIlio were in their political pnmo;
bnt "in a mnltitudoof counselor, there is
wisdom," nnd in n ense of emergency, I
doubt not thnt the commercial eloment of
tbo Islands will be equal to tho situation.
A businoss man who recently had nn in
terview with Mr. Spreckels in connection
with the treaty, inform, mo that the vencr
nblc capitalist is somcwhnt worried nt the
nspect of nffnirs, nnd fears nre entertainod
that his health is liable to be affected un
less he takes a less active interest in the
gigantic business schemes that he i. con.
nccted with. It hardly seems possiblotbat
he can take a rest ju.t now, even wore he
Bishop Willis, who has been tho gnest of
Dr. J. Molt Smith, during his sojonrnin this
city, wa. givon n reception nt the rcsidenco
of Rishop Kip, which was attended by a
number of distinguished prelates, includ
ing tho head of tho Greek church on thi.
Const. On the Sunday evening preceding
his departure for England, tho Rishop de
livered an able discourse at Trinity church,
his subject being " Tho true light which
lighlcth every ono that comotb into the
The Rev. James Cameron, of the Second
Presbyterian church, Oakland, who had
but reccutly determined to relinquish hi.
pastorate to go to the Islands, was acci
dentally poisonod on the afternoon of the
5th, nt his residence in that city by drink
ing n glass of carbolic a:id which his wife
had given him under the impression that it
was medicine, and which resulted in his
death within fifteen minutes. Tho de
ceased minister wna a nntive of Grtonoch,
Scotland, nnd was sixty-four yeara of ago.
Deceased was intending to locate nt Wni
Wo havo lieen favored with somo ex
tremely cold wenthcr of lalo, mnch to tho
discomfort of thoso who think thero is no
climato in tho world, nfter all, like that at
the Islands. A. W. Rush has been o
nffected with our gloriou. winter climato
that he has beon confined to bis room at the
Palaio Hotel the greater portion of the
time suico his arrival, which has sadly in
terfered with hi. busines. nrrnngementa.
Mrs. 11. J. Agnorv, another rccont arrival
from Honolulu, has had a scriou. attnekof
pneumonia ; at on a timo her friend, des
paired of her recovery.
It may interest the friends of Mrs. Cipl.
Fuller to know that the lady has a brother
who has just distinguished himself na a
luombcr of the stock-company nt Raid
win', beautiful thoatro on Market street,
whero he made the hit in a new drama
called Cbispa, in which he personated a
California Indian so naturally, in walk, ac
tion, make-up and dialect, ns to win tha in.
htant approbation of press and public, who
wero unanimous in the verdict that it was
ono of the finest bit. of character-acting
ever witues.cd on the .tago here. George
O.bourne, ns theyonng gentleman i. pro
fessionally designated, ha. been on the
stag, but n short timo, nnd thereis no doubt
that he will prove a credit to it, which i.
more than can be said of tho majority of
Charles Warren Stoddard, the well
known correspondent and traveller, contri
buted a very interesting letter on Hawaiian
nffnirs and tho changes wrought in Hono
lulu by the Reciprocity Treaty, which i.
the fir.t of a series, tb. I appeared in the
.SuiKfVy J-lramintr of the 8th, nnd in which
the sensational stylo of the Chrvnivh ia
alluded to, particularly the manner in which
that .curvy sheet work, over nnd embel
lithe. material taken from the Honolulu
paper.. Since the JCjcam'xner changed
hand, and became a morning paper, it in
flueuco has had a moat telling effect on tho
E. C. Macf.rlano's excellent and loada
ble weekly, the Warp, get in tome .ting
ing bit. on the .lop-bucket of Sail Fran
cisco joaraaluia occasionally and if the
augar men of tho I.lnnds succeed in caji
luring ono of Iho largo tommorcial dailies
ns their representative) organ, (hero is no
doubt that tho workings of tho Eastern
fcugnr.clique nnd its subsidised sheets tuny
bo shown tip to tho satisfaction of this
great American nation nnd the world in
general. J. F. T.
Our Musical Monthly.
Nirrs. It frequently happens that musical stu
dents come across oiiietliinK that is not quite
clear to them, therefore we Intend iu tills depart
ment to try And answer nil questions nent to us ro
I a t i 1 1 n to music. (Jncstiona should l sent In not
later than the IVtli of each month, Accompanied by
the full names of the writers.
"Oht hail t but the Doner
To net Hie proper wonts
To all jour niorloii intimites,
.My infft-tolecit lilrilf.
When word anil dainty music
W'oulil esrli to each beltine.
Together we might gle la die wotlil
A perftct "ng "
Heaven is the birthplace of miitia
Dr. Arthur Sullivan of " Pinafore" famo
lias gout to Egypt for the benefit of his
To-day tho piano ia nn indispensnblo oc
cupant of n well-regulated household. How
could society go on without itl
Liszt, tho great pianist, still remains in
a critical condition.
It is singular that two of tho most
prominent American .ingers Mis.e. Clara
Louise Kellogg and Annie Louise Cary
nro to mnrry nnd retire during the enmo
year, iiolu marnago. will stiortiy taKo
The Honolulu Glee Clnb has given np
rehearsals for the present. Ry the wny,
how is it thnt the Amateur Musical Society
docs not meet regularly?
Fow composers have had sncli a tem
pestuous nnd eventful career a. Richard
Wagner. Hi. life has been one continual
warfnro ngaiu.t old fogyi.m in music, nnd
thero i. every rea.on to expect that he will
die with the harness on.
Mile. Adolina Patti i. tho one great at
traction in America at the present time.
No such vocali.m has been heard .ince tbo
days of Jenny Lind. Crowded houses
greet her everywhere. At Cincinnati
$15,000 wns tho amount taken at one of
Tho Mendelssohn Clnb has been warmly
received in the Colonies. One of the
lending papers notice, the concerts nt
length, nnd speak, highly of the perform
ance. Miss Cora Miller, the dub', vocalist,
ha. created quito a furore.
Tho orgnn has beon appropriately called
" Tho glory of music," from tho sublimity
of its subject, the extent nnd magnificout
union of vocal with instrumental power,
nnd n strange command over tho human
feelings wholly unattainable by any other
Miss Alice Oatcs did not arrive on tho
City of Sydney. It seom. she had omo
trouble with her managers in San Fran
cisco, which caused her to return East.
Any way thero wonld not hnvo been time
for n concert, a. the steamer did not atay
In the Organist's Quarterly Jlevieio
edited by Eugene Thayer, one of Amorica'.
leading organists, the following appears:
"What aro the church organists' rights
and privileges? Fir.t, he has tho right of
access to the church and organ at any and
nil times when they nre not in n.e for ser
vice. Thi. has been acknowledged through-
out all Christendom, ever since the organ
was placed in the sanctuary. A few at
tempts have been made to abrogate this
right, bnt they haT always ended by all
plnyers of Tecognized ability shunning such
places, as at once inimical to art and tbo
cause of true church music Who shall
become competent to fill the ever-recurring
vacancies if the right is interdicted? Our
advice, as we mean it, is simply, that every
one who is in our noble profession ebnll
uphold ita dignity to the extent of any
personal sacrifice ; when they cannot, they
had better retire at once from the profes
sion. We .hall certainly do so rather than
fail knowingly or willingly."
RULES rOR MUSICIANS, CONTINUED.
33. Ro not led astray by the applnuse
given to tho exertions of so-called virtuosi.
The commendation of real artist, is worth
more than the applauso of the multitude.
34. Frequent pluying in society does
mora harm than good. Suit your audi
ence; bnt never play anything of which
you nro inwardly ashamed.
35. Neglect no opportunity of perform
ing with others in duetts, trios, etc. This
makes yon play flowing and free. Accom
pany vocalists often.
36. Rnt how doea one become musical!
My dear child, the chief qualifications a
nico ear nnd a quick comprehension come
ns in other thing, from above. Rut tho
foundation i. left to be built up and ele
vated. You do not become so by practi
cing mechanical .tudies all day long, shut
up like a hermit; but by intercourse with
the living world and ita varied ideas; by
familiarity with chorus and orchestra.
37. Make yourself early familiar with
the kcopo of the human voice in it four
register.; watch it in chorus, and seek to
observe in which parts it. highest power
lies, on which other, it i. beat expre.sivo of
the tender and pathetic
3d. Give attention to national songs;
thoy are a mine of the most beautiful
melodies, and often give you a glance at
tho character of the different nations.
39. Give attention, early, to the tone
and character of the different instruments.
Endeavor to imprest upon tha ear their in
Saturday evening, Jannary 14th, tht
proposed concert in aid of Oahu College
was given in Music Hall before a very fine
audience. The programme con.i.ted of 7
number.; 3 in.trumental, 2 vocal nd "
recitations. Tha fir.t number waa a
gavotle for piano, composed by O. L. Capen,
a Hoston mn.ician, and mo.t excellently
played by Mi.. Carrie Cattle, who ha.
recently returned fresh from her studies in
New England. Later in the evening Mis.
Ca.tle played tht solo part in Reelhoven'i
Concerto in C Minor, first movement, tht
second piano being presided at by Mrt. A.
F. Judd who played tha orchestral arrange
ment. Thi. wa. tha piece tie rttutancc of
the evening, and the pl.ying of Mi. Ca.tle
war of the higoest order, showing how
thoroughly .be mn.t have prosecuted her
sludie. while away. Mr. Judd added
greatly to the .ucce.. of thi. number,
though her piano wa. only a moderate
Stcinway upright, while Mi. Ca.tle u.ad a
rsry Pino toned Checkering Grand, a con
trast which wa. very noticeable. The third
number played by Mia. Ca.tle w.t Thai
berg's "Homt Sweat Home." Mrt.
Cruz.n and Mr. Joddlaog Rubtn.tein'.
" Song of tha bird," ia fiat tjl and
were loudly encored. Anothor duo from
thn opera nf Joan D'Arc wns given by
Mrs. Paly and Mr. Hnrmlon, and whntmoro
can wn wish for when we nro listening to
Mrs, Pflty. This iiuiubor wns nlso encored.
Mr. J, R. Castle recited from Hamlot, nud
nlso gnvo n rccitntion " Robert of Sicily."
Roth wero well given. Oahu Collego will
he benefitted by nearly f 100.
Scraps from the Volcano House Register.
Volcano House, Juno Kith, 1870.
En routo for tho Muiiiiiitof Mmtnn Lon,
wo ciitno up to day from Kciiuliou in com
pany with Mr. II. W. C. Jonei, lmving
nimm tun journey tiirotigii tlio ntnti dis
trict to Kcmihoii, n jouritpy which wo ml
viso nil to tnko.
It is eighteen yonrs Hinco my first isil
to Kiluut'ii, nud miico thnt time thern Inn
boon n gioat clitingu in tho lloor of tlio
crater! tlio crutor now loolcn as I imngiiio
jt looked to Wilko'.i party, U. S. expedition,
in 1841, after it had beon drained off by
tho eruption of 1810, as it litis evidently
boeii( emptied by that of 18(58. During
tho interval liotween thoso dates, it had
filled up, and instead of tho depression in
the crater which now is there, thero wns a
hill in botnu places ono hundred feet high.
Volcano Housr, Juno IMnil, 1870.
Tho nbovo party hnvo just returned
from n successful visit to tbo summit of
Mntinn Lon. Wn loft Richardson nt Kn
papain, Monday '2 )th, nt !l o'clock, stopped
at Captain Ellis nud wntored our mules
nnd lillod our canteens, nnd arrived nt tho
camping ground nt tho tipper edgo of tho
woods nt-i p.m.; hero wo pitched our tent
and made things comfoitaulo forthu night,
nt nn nltitudo of nbout 8,000 feet. Tho
tempornturo nt 7 r. t. wns 64 , nt mid
night 42 . Enrly tho next morning wn
werooff for tho summit. About n milo nbovo
tlio woods, nil vegetation ceases, nnd for
thu rest of tho way tho trail is over pnth
less tracks of lava (pahoohoo.) At 11.20
a. St., wo reached tho summit of tho grent
crntor of Mokunweoweo, linving ridden all
tho wny up, (tlio first timo it was over
done.) "Wo found no action in tho crater,
oxcopt n fow steam cracks on tho west side.
Tho crater is not ns largo as Kilnuoa, but
deeper. Wu found somo snow nnd ico in
tho crevices of tlio rocks near tho crntor.
Our party did not experience any of tho
symptons usual to tbobo visiting Hiich great
hoiglitw. Wu found tho temperature nt
tho summit in tho shndo to bo 57 , in tlio
sun 82 . After eating n lunch wostnrted
on our return down tho mountain nnd ar
rived nt tho cnnip at 5 o'clock r. si., amply
repaid for our oxortiona, nnd wo would nd
viso nil who wish to seo n wonderful sight
to visit tho summit of Mntinn Loa.
L. E. Seveiiance.
Volcano House, Mnv fth, 1870.
As travelers hnvo been registering their
observations in this book " for tho pnst five
years or more " for tho bonofitof science, I
suggest thnt f uttiro visitors record their ou
ter ntions concerning tbo most interesting
points in nnd nbout tho crater. 'Wo ar
rived hero on tho 2d inst., nfter 9 hours
traveling in n hovero rain storm, nnd wo
wero kindly welcomed by tho hospitable,
host, Akonn. Madam Polo has not boon
particularly active during our stay. Tho
two lakes so often mentioned in this book
seom to havo como into ono. Nino cones
still emit smoko; tho most nctivo by far is
tho first ono reached after leaving tho
liouso, nnd directly in front of tho gato;
tho largest and most interesting envo is on
an elevated plateau on tho right hnnd bo-
iuro juu reuuu inu cave, n lino junco lor
specimens. Among tho numerous visitors
nt this plnco no ono has mentioned tho
sulphur beds by tho baths, nor the geysers
on tho south rim of tho crater, neither has
montion been mndo of tho rido around tlio
crater, and tho magnificent match factory
known ns tho south lnko. Howovor, wo
saw nnd nro astonished by the sights, and
now wo touch our hat nnd depart.
Fnrwell l'ele! wo may nover
Look npon ronr hce attain ;
Bat, ob! Weil not forget von IVIe,
When far away ncrom tho main.
Volcano House, Jnnunry 11th, 1872.
I find changes going on continually in
tho crater bexl. Tho main bed is almost
entirely run over by overflows from tho
South Lnko which is now somo 250 feet
higher than tho center of Kilauen Crntor.
Threo largo conos aro now formed in tho
South Lnko and ono in tho process of form
ing. Tho South Lako Cones nro about 75
foot lower thnn thn present summit of Hnlo
maumnu. Thero is n deep pit on tho sum
mit of Hnlomnumau nnd another to tho
north of it in South Lako. Thero is moro
steam coming rut of tho southeastern
walls of tho crntor than I over snw thero
boforo. Sinco Inst April tho firo is moro
concontrnted apparently in tho vicinity of
whero tho old South Lnko was fonnorly.
Fiuo weather, wind southerly.
H. D. Hitchcock.
Volcano House, April 2(ilh, 1872.
Comparing what I snw yestenlny with
tho grand phonomeiin liehold by previous
visitors ns related in theso pages, I con
chulu that tho volcano is quieter now than
it had over boon boforo. Thero nro no
IiiVok or pooh, of liquid luAH, no ei ilplioiin
of any hort, no noiso to bo heard nt a dis
tance. Tho vast interior of tho volcano is
covered with hardened lava, rent by innu
merable fissures, somo parts stunding at a
higher, others at a lower lovel as tho lava
in cooling hnd subsided. Towards tho
southwest end of tho crnter basin thero
n-o hovon conos that pour forth volumes of
binoko by day and firo by night. It is only
on n near approach to theso thnt yon ob
tain visible ideas of tho tremendous vol
canic fues throbbing beneath your very
feet. Approaching ns closo nn tho fiery
boat will permit to tho mouth of ono
of tho conos you iierceivo thnt the
interior is n vast gulf of firo, in which tho
son of lnva is jn;riotiinlly tossing upwnrdH
to tho roof of tho dome, from which hnng
fierry stalactites. This is uow tho great
hpectaclo for visitors to tho crater.
F. C. Autiiidoe,
Chnplnin H. M. S. Seoul.
There nro many hot places in tho world,
but n man should go to Switzerland to
Mr. Rudd asked her, " Rose, wilt thou
1k lninol" Roso nnsworod, "I am wirry it
cannot bo- but a roso cannot bo turned
into n bud."
"Li thero much water in tho cistern,
Riddyl" inquired r gentleman of his sor
vnnt girl. " It is full on tho Itottom," sho
replied, ''but thero is nouo nt all ou tho
Young lndy,oxamiuing homo bridal veils,
''Can you rcully recommend this one?"
Over zealous shopmau, "Oh, yes, luiaal It
may bo used hovoral times."
A Leodvillo man iu ono week was at
tacked and scratched by a catamount, hurt
by nn explosion, had a bowlder roll
down ou him and btavo in two rilm, and
was kicked by a mule. And a local editor
remarked that ho had "beensoraewhat an
noyed by circumstance lately."
Ry tho ni rival of tho steamer Cit.v
Siiitntj from Sun Ernncisro on Monday
Inst with news ttntes to tho KHli, wo nro
enabled to publish tho following:
Tho lnlest news received nt Washing
ton from St. Petersburg is to tho effect
that tho third tunto nud five senmeii, and
seven moro of tho crow of tho Jrunntlle,
hnvo arrived, or wero nbout to write, nt
Irkutsk, whero they would bo well tnken
oaro of. Tlio most surprising statement,
however, is that Lieut onnnt Do Long nnd
hii pnrty havo not beon found yet. This
conflicts with tlio former accounts hope
lesly. It was staled thai ho had reached
the mouth of tho Lenn river, and that his
boat's crow woio suffering from frost-bites.
Rut if ho hnd been at tho mouth of tho
Lenn ho must hnvo been found when tho
others wero found. It would seem from
this latest news thnt tho lwats wero sop
united much farther than had been sup
posed, or that Iho intelligence of tho safe
ty of Lieutenant Do Long nnd his pnrty
hnd been liremnturo. tlenurnl Anout
chino sny.s tiiohilinbitnntsof tho shores of
Yukutsk nnd Yeniseisk hnvo been inform
ed of tho shipwreck, nnd hnvo been risked
to mnko energetic researches for tho
wrecked men who havo not ns vol been
Richard II. Dana, Jr., author of "Two
Years Reforo thn Mast," died iu Rome,
Italy, on tho 7lh inst.
A bill lins been introduced into Con
gress to authorize a treaty with Mexico,
to promote nnd licilitnto reciprocal nnd
liberal commercial relations between
Mexico and tho United Stntes.
Orders havo been received at Now Or
leans from San Francisco to provido
freight room in March and April for 180,
000 bushels of whent for Grent Rritnin.
This wheat is to bo shipped from Califor
nia to Now Orleans by tlio Southern Pa
cific Rnilroad, thenco by steamer to its
A Quaruntino Officer at Trnckeo dis
covered a caso of small-pox on board the
immigrant train for Snn Francisco. Two
enrs nro infected. Thoy will bo tnkon to
n tunnel, sixteen miles from Trnckeo,
nnd will bo quarantined for ten days.
Thero aro forty passengers on board.
Tho character of Rlaino's circular to tho
countries of Central nnd Southern Amer
ica has become known. Tho letter, nftor
discussing nt great length tho lnutunl
interests of tho United States and of
tho nations addressed, treats of tho
question of tho great intluonco which
American Powers hnvo upontho two
American continents, nnd virtually
proposes thnt tho United States unci
tho various othor republics to which tho
circular letter is sont should como to n
mutual understanding iu rcgnrd to this
ninttor nnd proposes mutual guarantees
ngninst any interference or supervision
from abroad. Tho lotter was prepared
with great care, and tho wholo subjects
alluded to nro fully discussed. Tho tone
of tho letter is said to bo eminently con
servative. Tho letter proposes on behalf
of tho United Stntos nn international con
ference of tho Republics of Mexico, Cen
tral nud South Amorica. to meet at Wash
ington on tho 30th of noxt November.
Tho requobt is mndo that tho authorities
of onch should namo two Commissioners
to represent thoir Governments nt this
conference. Its object is to discuss quos
tions of mutual interest nnd to promoto
Advicos from Vonezuola to December
27th btnto that a rovolutionnry conspiracy
nt St. Thomns has beon discovered. Pres
ident Guzman Rlnnco was uneasy nnd a
strong guard surrounds his house No
person is admitted unless ho gives ono
hour's notice. Tho President has about
ten thousand men at his disposal.
Congress is making a stronuous effort to
suppress polygamy in Utah.
Tho largest steel sailing ship afloat, re
gistering 2,220 tons, has just been launch
ed by tho managers of tho White Star
Lino. It is nnraed The Garfield, and will
bo employed in tho Australinn and Cali
At Berlin, an Imperial rescript dated
January 4th, countersigned by Bismarck,
has been nddressed to tho Prusbinn Minis
try. It says: "Tho right of tho King to
direct tlio Government nnd policy of
Prussin in accordance with his own judg
ment is restricted, not abrogated by tho
Constitution. Tho ofRcinl nets of tlio
King rcquiro tho counter signnturo of n
Minister, nnd aro carried out by his Min
ister, but they remain tho official acts of
tho King, in whoso power they originate,
who iu them givcsaoustitutional expres
sion to his will; therefore it is not per
missible to grant their exorciso as pro
ceeding from any responsibility of tho
jiinistors. 1110 l'riibsinii Constitution is
oxpreshivo on tho monarchical tradition of
this count ry, whoso tlovolopmont rests on
tho living relations of its Kings to the
people. Theso relations cannot bo trans
ferred to tho Ministers, because they np
pertain to tho person of tho King nnd
their maintenance is necessary for 1'rtis
sin. It is, therefore, my will that in
Pnissia and also in tho legislative liodios
of tho Empire no doubt will bo allowed to
attach to my Constitutional right, or thnt
of my successors, to personally direct tho
policy of tho Government. It is the duty
of my Ministers to support my constitu
tional right by protecting thorn from
doubt nud obscurity, ami I oxpocl tho
stuno from nil oflicinls who hnvo tnkon tho
oath of legality to mo. I run far from
wishing to restrict thu freedom of tho
e'ections, but tho functionaries ontmsted
with tbo execution of my official acts, aro
bound to support tho iolicy of my Gov
ernment, oven at thu elections. 1 shall
acknowledge tho faithful dischnrgo of
this duty, nnd shall expect nil oflicinls,
remembering their allegiance, to hold
aloof, oven at tho elections, from all agita
tion ngainst my Government."
Thu IWiWi y.eitunrj says a conflict can
now hardly bo uvoided. May tho nation
aupixirt its representatives in their efforts
to protect our Constitution nud nation.
Tho Volkei Xeiluny considers tho rescript
tho forerunner of a bhortly impending
Tlio influential press in Vionna con
demn Kmperor William's decree.
Tho elc-clious in Franco have resulted
in victories for the Republicans.
A Berlin dispatch says that Emperor
William hns decided to proclaim Crown
Prince Frederick William Regent ou tho
22d of March next, on thn occasion of
Emioror WiUinm'a eighty-fifth birthday.
At ii banquet given in honor of the
vet-ran soldiers nt Rome, tho Mnyor de
clared that tho people would rather see
tin city laid in rushes than again Imi tmb-
(ectod to papal domination. It ia possible
ho Pope may remove to Malta.
Tho testimony in tho Guitenu caso was
all in when tho mail left, nnd tho attorneys
wero making their arguments.
Accordiug to tho dentists, Human teeth
are degenerating at auch a rapid rate that
in a few generation babies will be bora
with lalae vAt. Medical Iteclew,
Hotel From Sydney.
IlT "T1IK rAQAIlOXtli"
Cortr spmutenco nf tlio l'rtss.1
Stdsex, December 27.
RiUTOf. Pnrssf The Christmas holidays
have come and gone, nnd in n few day our
Premier will be gone alto. lint the feeling
of indigestion will bo left. President
Parkes has not ngrocd with some of na
any moro than tho plum pudding, the
fetish to which we yearly sacrifice onr lives.
Ho goes nway with n flourish of trumpets,
nflcr being bnnquetted nnd orated. Rut
he has not taken with him that purse of
sovereigns; .1211,000 was to bo raised by
public subscriptions, bnt, unfortunately, thn
money did not como in quick enough. I
nm told thnt only 000 wns raised in tho
city of Sydney, nnd thoro wns little chance
of n larger sum being obtained from the
country districts. It is said that ono indi
vidual olfcrod to subscribo .WOO if Iho
committee would accept tho Premier's dis
honored bills to thnt amount. So Parke's
wrote a fcling letter, doclitiing to ncccpt
any monetary testimonials. Then Mr.
McCtilloch, lawyer nnd M. L. A., brought
in a motion that .C.,000 should be voted lo
defray the Premior s exponsca on his home
trip. Whon it is known that the Victorinn
Embassy consisting of Messrs. Rerry, Pear
sou nnd Hnydou, only cost iOOO, 1 sup
poso it wns considered too much, for tlio
motion wns withdrawn nnd another that
11,000 should be granted wns substituted.
President Pnrkes nt first stated that ho wns
going nway merely for his health, bnt
afterward announced thnt ho should look
after tho inlorestRof tho colony by endeav
oring to persuade the American Govern
ment to nbolish the import duties on wool,
nnd by investigating tho workings of tha
Immigration Department in London. An
during his trip ho will bo still enjoying his
salary of 2,000 n year, tho latter is nbout
tho least ho could do. Rut tbo American
schome is absurd and no ono knows it na
well ns Pnrkes himself. But ho wished to
humbug tho world with the idea that he
had some sort of diplomatic mission, nnd
it would givo a motivo for tho veto of
3,000. So ho wrote alt the other colonial
governments asking thorn to endow him
with powers totront with tho Unitecl Stntos
on thoir hohnlf for the reduction nf tho
wool tnrifl'. Pnrkes ns tho Ambassndor of
tho wholo of Australasia would be n big
man indeed. I don't know whnt tho othor
colonics have dono, hut Victoria, which
claims to be tho premior, crushed tho pro
ject as far ns sho wns concerned. Vic
toriana do not beliove in the porsuasive
powers of Parkos; they know that what
ho might say would have no elTcct in Wnsh
ington, whero ho will only be laughed nt
fur his missuse of tho letter II, nnd thoy
refused to countennnce tho humbug of
nnolhcr Emhnssay. When the motion for
the 3,000 voto wns mndo, Pnrkes ns tho
mover, mndo a lot of falsome remnrks nnd
then suddenly jumped up nnd declined to
receive any money oven if it should bo
voted. Why allow the motion to bo
brought forwnrdr Tho Sydney Mail last
week gives the roaders tho "tip." By tho
byo, our weekly journals nro improving.
1 ho Mail in its Christmas number has a
splendid story, nlthough it is not equal to
the Tocn and Ctmntnj of last date, and
neither journal can ever be onnnl to the
Australasian. But both the Mail nnu
the Echo nro full of smartly written para
graphs nnd in one of these the elucidation
of Pnrkes' conduct is written.
The Lord hath delivered the Chief Jn
dicial Commissioner of the Wcslern Pa
cific into my hands. I have been honorod
by tho notice of Sir Arthur Gordon and
Admirnl Wilson with reference to my
writings on tho subject of " South Sea
Mnssacrcs," my pnmphlet respecting which
wns prohibited admission into Fiji. I nm
stiro Admiral Wilson regrets having used
tho lnnguago- he did respecting me after
my publicly stating that I never charged
the naval authorities with nny lack of
energy, or with indifference to the fate of
the whito men mutdcred in the PaciGc I
merely rocallcd the complaint I hnvo heard
mndo by our nnvnl officers, of their power
lessness to act, and quoted tho reply given
by the Admiral to Mr. Conlishaw, of Syd
ney, when that gentleman lodged n com
plaint of the burning of a trading stntion,
nud mnssnero of a whitn trader at Mama:
" I can do nothing; everything which re
lates to tho islnnd is in tho hands of tha
High Commissioner Sir Arthur Gordon."
AlittloVirl wont timidly into n store.
nnd risked tho clerk how many shoo-striuga
sho could got for five cents. " How loug
do you want thorn?" ho nsked. "I want
thorn to keep," was tho nnswer, in n tono
of slight surprise.
An Iowa editor thus acknowledges a
present of grapes: "Wo havo received a
biihkot.of fine grapes from our friend W.,
for which ho -will pleaso accept our com
pliments, soma ot which aro nearly two
inches in diameter."
"I doto upon that girl," said Smith.
"That makes the twentieth girl you havo
doted on within a month," remarked Fon
derson. "It is nbout timo you had sown
all your wild dotes, Smith." Jlvtton 7'roru
eript. At Chnutauqun, tho other day, n little
girl was asked if sho wero a Methodist.
''01nol"bho rf plied, "I nm a Brethren,
and my mother is a Brethren too." Theso
were of tho United Brethren. At Montreal
fonn tho Plymouth Brethren wna naked
why th?y never spoke of the Plymouth
Sis tors. " Ol" was his answer, " tho Breth
ren embrace tho Hibtera."
A traveller who hnd just road on tha
guide post, " Dublin two mile," thought
to make game of a passing Irishman by
asking, " It it's two miles to Dublin, Pat,
how long will it tako to get thero T" "Faith,"
returned Pat, " ami, if your boela are aa
slow aa your wits you'll get thero about
tho judgment day, liedndl"
A schoolmaster tells tho following story:
" I was tenching in n quiet country village.
Tho second morning session I had leisure
to survey my surroundings, and among
tho scanty fumituro 1 espied a three
legged stool. ' la this tho dunce-block!'
I asked a littlo girl of five. The dark
eyes sparklet!, the curls nodded nssent,aud
the lips rippled out, I suppose soj tha
teacher always sits on it.' "
A western justice ordered a witneaa to
"come up nud lo sworn." Ho waa in
formed that thu jicrHon was deaf and
dumb. "I don't care," said tho judge,
passionately, "whether ho in or not. Here
is the Constitution of tho United Htatea
beforo mo. it guarantee to every waa
tho right of Kcb and so tonga I have
tho honor of a seat oa this beach it shall
not be violated or invaded. What tb
Constitution guarantee to a isaa I aaa
bound he hall have."