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SATURDAY PRESS SUPPLEMENT, OCTQ13KR 21, 1882.
HKI'ORT OK THE THI'STKKS
Planters' Labor and Supply Co.
In making their llrst report, tln Hoard of Trustees of (ho
Planters' bilxir mill Niii)l. Company Indulge In Ihe hope (lint It
will not lx ixhh'ImI of tlit'iit td give nn account of nuy great
lalxir performed, nr Important results obtained during the few
months they have liclil otllce, but rather tlmt they will bo looked
to for n statement of wlint may and ought to be thine, by tht
Sugar Planters of theo Maud, In tln future.
It Is nothing muiMiiil for business men to agree uxm some cer
tain mill definite lino tif netloii fur the promotion of the general
welfare, ii woll nt Intllvliltml Interest, mill to overt the Inllueneo
tif such combined lift Ion In securing tin' greatest gixid to Mm
greatest iiniiilMr, Hut tlu situation of the Sugar Planters of
these Maud has U'fti suehtis to preclude their nrganlnitlnii, under
Mifb ftininion laws for tbo common good, nntll wllliliia very recent
ilttte. The Industry which to-day coiiiiiuintN the bulk of the
ciltiltal of thN country, n well a gives cuiplovuicut to n large
majority of the coplc, nntl almost entirely engrosses the intelli
gence of the foreign xipuhitloii, was but nn niifeitiiln mill huartl
out speculation up to the time when the (lovcrnment of the I'nlted
States pi ve ii helping biinil by remitting thetluty on sugar, nniler
the Treaty of Jteclprocity; anil since that (late Planters have been
alt-orbed In the work of shirting, oiganl.lng, or recuperating their
plantation'), In the hope of Ixmcllttlng themselves through the
advantages o offered. The uncertain tenure of the Treaty, or
rather Its limitation to a few years, necessitated hasty action on the
Mirt of the Planter, If he would opoet to icallze the beuetlts so
iilliiriugly presented, and he had no lime for thought of his
nclghtxir, nor even of his own future! Hut he -iniii learned that
"All Is not phl that glitters," ami with the bonellts cnino the UN
of such Midden change and Ineteii-eil prosperity. Competition
ran high for all the available labor in the country, and thedemauil
wns greater than the supply, liven under a continued advance In
the rate of wages, and various eudeaiirs to induce Immigration
from different parts of the world, lalxir became more and more
scarce, until, at the beginning of the present year, the outlook
was to tin' thinking man anything hut satisfactory. The Treaty
was indeed of great lx'iiotlt to the Planter, In the saving of duties
which he would otherwise have to pay, but the money -o -lived
was to ii great extent paid out for increased epenes, mid spent
In other not more agreeable channels. Various and conlllftiiig
opinions were held by men equally honest ami equally Intciestcd
hi the solution of the momentous question of lalxir supply, and
other equally Inqxirtnnt questions were forcing themselves uxin
the notice of all who were interested in the main Industry of the
islands, mill, consequently, the It'st interests of the country. It
was to harmonize these conflicting views, mid If xssble to bring
fortli a unity of sentiment and concert of action, to the cud that
(tit might Is' iK'nctitted, that those engaged in the production and
manufacture of sugar hmii the various 1-lnuiN of the group
assembled together at Honolulu in March last, and after careful
consideration organized the Phuitcrs's I,alxr and .Supply Com
pany." The llrsl Hoard of Trustees, to whom the conduct of the n (Fairs
of the company has Im'cii intrusted, are now called upon to give
account of their Stewardship and present to the members u plan of
action for the future.
It will surprise no one to learn that the few months that have
elapsed since the organization of the company, and the election of
the present Hoard of Trustees, have not leen fraught with notable
events nor iiiiMirtuiitrcsilt.s. Much of (he service performed haslieon
tentative in its cliaracter, .and in making plans for work to be
done in the future; yet it is believed the riqxirts of the Secretary
and Treasurer will liow that the Hoard of Trustees have neglected
no opMirtunity for advancing the interests of the Company or
for furthering the objects for which It wa- organized.
Recognizing that the two great needs of the Planters are to be
assured of the continued benefit of the Treaty, and tq obtain
satisfactory lalxir, the Trustees have devoted themselves mainly to
these two objects; leaving other matters of great hut not of press
ing importance to the action of the various Committees and of the
Planters individually. "Without lalxir satisfactory in kind, in
amount and in cost, the Treaty itself would lie comparatively
useless, while no lalxir which ran lx got hero will be likely to make
.sugar culture pay, without the Treaty or something equivalent.
Your Committee on Reciprocity having recommended that an
agent tif the Company lie sent to Washington, to represent it
interest', in the Treaty, and the subject having lcen referred to the
Board of Trustees, they pive the matter their early attention
Willie it has seemed important tlmt .such an agent lie .sent, to
obtain full and exact information, sometimes, perhaps, of a kind
which would not lie communicated to a government olllcial, and
also to lay before other .statements of ditlieulties here, anil, sug
gestions of possible .solution for them which a Hawaiian Govern
ment representative might not feel at lllnrty to present, the
Trustees have not as yet lieen able to secure the services of the
pnqter ikthiii for such a mission. The matter i iuqHirtant, and
Is recommended for consideration by the Planters in .session, or by
the Hoard of Trustees (o 1h elected for the coming year.
Too much attention cannot lie given to the subject of the rela
tions, political and commercial, )etween this Kingdom and the
United States. Xever since the time of the consolidation of the
islands under a single government, by the first Kamehamelia, has
the country Ih'imi so prosperous ami enriched ; and never has there
lieen a time when its whole .social .system could be .so .shaken by
the act of arty foreign ixiwcr, its will now 1h the result of the abro
pition of the Treaty of Reciprocity by tlie United State. The
investment tif millions of capital, and the making of hundreds of
homes iimiii these tropic isles, show the .strong faith of the people
in the good intent and lasting friendship of the United States for
this country. Let it be well watched that no machinations of evil
minded men, under the guise of self-asserted patriotism, be allow
ed to darken the fairfutureof this ilnnd kingdom and destroy the
bright holies of tho-e good friends who have made and are making
it wind it-is. Let it tie understood, and thoroughly understood,
that the Treaty of Reciprocity witli the United States lithe main
spring of the prosperity of this country, and that lie who tioes
aught by word or deed to loosen the cords of amity now existing
iM'tween the two countries is no friend to either.
The Secretary's rejiort will .show the efforts that have lieen made
ly the Hoard of Trustees to obtain lalxirers from the New Hebrides,
Japan, Portupil, Germany and elsewhere. The Trustees initiated
the plan of looking to Jaau for lalxir, and for this purixisc inter
viewed the Jiqianese Embassador, who was in Honolulu last Mny,
besides calling uhiii the Hawaiian Minister of Foreign Affairs and
addressing the Board of Immigration on the subject. It was pro-
lxsed to send a special ngent to .Japan, with plenary jxiwers, and
Miflkicnt credit to iuduco an extensive immigration from that
country. For reasons leyond the control of the Trustee.-, no fur
ther steps could 1k taken at that time. On the lilthof Septemlier
Col. Spreckels was Informed that the Board of Immigration would
attempt tqjntroduee Japanee as free lalxirers, at the oxjiense of
the Government, provided the Planters' Ijilxir and Supply Coin
jinny would guarantee the employment of .Iiqiane-e male lalxirers
jit the rate of fifteen dollars er mouth, Including Ixiard. To this
(he Board of Trustees promptly assented. What action lias since
been taken is unknown.
The Trustees were unable to obtain the consent of the Govern'
incut to aid in tin immigration tif German lalxirers, or to author
Izo an agent ot the Company to curry tin the Portuguese Immigra
tion. Tlmt Ills Majesty's Ministers have not felt Inclined us well
us deemed it their duty, to act In concert with your Trustees, as
the representatives of the greatest If not the only, source of revenue
the country hits to deix'iitl uixm, Is unfortunate In the sense that
I'lauters, as the prinel.il lurtlcs wIiini Interests are thus disre
garded, must take the matter under consideration and decide for
theinelves how far anil how long they may be satisfied to rest un
der an administration tif affair that Is oinrn to even a suspicion of
bias or favoritism. The assage by the Legislature of a Hill ap
propriating n large sum tif money fur Immigration will hardly
satisfy tilt) tax-ayers tif the country, unless the disixiiitlonof that
fund by the nlllfl.ds into whose hands it is entrusted shall fully
comply with the intent of the Act.
The Ministerial orpin, the " Adeerther, " If it may In-dignified
by the name, has charged an attempt on the part of the Trustees,
or some of them, to usu the Coiiiiany for xl!tlcal purxscs ;" by
which may be Inferred Is meant or purjxues of fiaitlllty to the
prtKiit Ministry. While It Isdenletl that the Board of Trustees have
sought to iis their tilllcial ixisltlou for any prjvate end or mrsonal
gratification, It-Is (Irmly U'lleved that this organization, which Is
inability to control the Itullot-lxi and oNercomn (he majority
created by the royal favor and prerogative, have therefore no rlglils
under the Constitution or by virtue of the common law of nntloni,
save that of defraying the expense of Government and supxirt
tug the pomp and ixigeautry of court, by the payment of tuxes as
they may Im lmxsetl by self-elecletl law-ntnkers. The foreign
element of the population of this country, although iiiimcrlfaliy
small, always lias been, Is to day, mid always will be, the strongest
If not the only safeguard the nation has. Ami whenever the
native xipiilatloii, or the King, shnll listen to the siren voices of
false and deceit fill advisers, who would fain make them believe
that the men who have developed and built up this country are
Its worst enemies, Just so s(hii will the doom of the native be
sealed and the beginning of the end appear! Ilbehixivestheu, the re
presentatives of (he foreign element, in tills society, who are here
assembled lo assert themselves In their proper character and de
mand that recognition of their rights, as well as respect for their
service, so Justly due, but unfortunately of late so churlishly with
held by olllclals claiming to speak for Ills Majesty the King, It
Is not by tlie fawning manner of the cringing sycophant nor the
honeyed words of the unscrupulous llatterer that the friends of
Hawaii are to be recognized; ami the time has come when the
terms chicanery anil patriotism should no longer be synonymous.
When (he lloanl of Trustees first received tlie trust committed
to their hands the country was upon the eve of tlie biennial session
of the Legislature. Among the Instructions given to the Hoard
was an order to use tlie Inlluence and moral supixirt of the Hupir
Planter of the Islands, f.ry ;. liy iiiuniinioii.i volt; in favor of
prohibition of alcoholic beverages. This question was brought he
fore the Legislature, and the Trustees secured the services of a
prominent lawyer to draft a prohibitory bill; but uolwitliMnudliig
tlie unanimous upxirt of the most Intelligent members of the
Legislature, and the moral ell'ect of favorable petitions from all
paits of tlie country, the matter was decided by the passage and
approval of an act commonly known as the "Free Liquor Hill."
What the ellect of this Legislation will be upon the industry of
the country remains for the future to disclose. Knowing the re
quirement of the native race for restraint against the temptation
it is ceitaiuly an experiment fraught with gieat danger.
A time honored law of the country required that the appoint
ment of District Judges by the Governors of tlie tlltVerent Islands
should be with the approval of the Judges of the Supreme Court.
The Legislature saw lit to repeal this law, and do away with such
approval. IXies any one siqqiose that this centralization of power
Report of the Secretary of the Planters'
Labor and Supply Company.
To tiik Stoc Kiioi.iitiiiH or Tiir. PusTfiis' latum v. Hui'i'i.v Company
Your Secretary begs hetewith to present thin, Ids first icpoil hiiico
(he organization of this Company i on the 'SM Mmch Inst thn
Company elected the foHnvui
W. (I, law in,
Hwtur.t,. 'I'. Ai.r.xtxnr.ii,
John II. P.vty,
and authority will lienofit the people at large, or that the character
of the Magistrate, s() lnixirtaut to the Planter, will he likely to be
more suitable for the position from his having been selected solely
for personal reasons? Is It not rather a straw showing tlie direc
tion we are drifting'.'
It is only necessary to refer to the many foolish and extravapmt
acts of tlie majority of the late Legislature to show the utter in
dltl'erence of that majority for the Interests of tlie foreign and pro
ducing element of the country. Guided and directed, If not
incited and urged on, by self-styled patriots, who having nothing
to lose have everything to pdn, they showed a disposition to waste
the country's revenue and Incur financial liabilities which would
soon lead to a ruin as complete as that of Fgypt. A loan of two
millions of dollars for needed internal improvements, which would
soon return Ixith principal and interest and add to the wealth of
the country, would meet with no opposition from sensible men ;
but to lay the foundation for future increase of taxation by Ixir
rowing such an amount upon the faith of the nation's credit, to be
squandered In the payment of annuities and Increased salaries for
offices already sinecures, and the purchase of amis and munitions
of war of no avail against the foesof tlie Government from within or
without, Is but tlie entering wedge or tlie test of the diamond drill
to see how far the people will submit without lemoiistrance or
complaint. If the Supir I'lauters of this country, as tlie tax-paying
chuss most largely interested in this question, shall quietly as
sent to such measures and give no sign of their disapprobation for
the Ministers who favored, and the representatives who voted for
such Acts, then Indeed will the objects of this or any similar or
ganization be never reached, but all ellbrts of individuals towards
reform and good government prove futile and unavailing. There
isiio question ns to the. unfavorable disposition of a certain class
among tlie native members of the late Legislature, as well as many
Government officials, towards the foreign population, and particu
larly the Supir Planters of these Islands. And it is patent to all
(hat the inlluence of those old and oft tried friends of tlie native
race, whoe voices have lieen heard in the councils of the nation
for jnany years, has failed to check or in many instances to even
lessen the unwise legislation which chnr.icteri7.etl the late session
of tlio Legislature. How far designing men who have for the
time, perhaps, the confidence of the King and tlie support of the
natives, may be able to blind the one and mislead the others by
the glitter and show of a ceremony In imitation of tlie courtly cus
toms of old and wealthy monarchies, and throw otl'the scent from
their own short comings by decrying all opposition to their plans
as coming from ' Mire heads," " tlisippo'mtcd ofilce-seekers,"
" annexationists" and "white invaders," remains to lie seen.
Certain it is no honest man will lie deterred from the performance
of a duty he owes to himself, to ids children, ami to the country,
through tlie fear of lieing so rated by a servile press.
The question now presents itself, "What of the future"? Tlie
Supir Planters of these islands pay in direct taxation, in round
numbers, $120,000. They aNo pay (axes of lalxirers and em
ployees, say $7.V)00, and in profits uimhi merchandise and supplies
in commissions, freights, interest, insurance, Ac., enabling others
to pay to tlie Government taxes amounting to over $"0,000. in
liort the Sugar Planters, directly and indirectly, pay more than
four-fifths of all the revenues of the Government from taxation!
What tin they ask In return? They ask that those taxes be used
for the liencltt or the people, and the whole people. That honesty
and economy be required in all departments of the Government,
and that sinecures be alxilished and favoritism no longer known.
That the administration of.tlie Government be carried on under
the Constitution, and the Kingly office kept free from tlie taint of
jobbing or undignified maiKEiivering to secure private anil personal
ends. That the Ministers lie apjiolnted for fitness for the office,
and retained in otllce so long as they command the respect and
confidence of the people. That internal improvements lie fostered
and encouraged so far as the ability of tlie Government may go,
hut that no waste or foolish expenditure of money be allowed for
the mere .sake of personal vanity. That Immigration Iki encour
aged from all parts of the world, ami especially from such nation
alities as have proved to be valuable in furnishing suitable lalxir at
reasonable rates, with the prospect of becoming iicrmaneut settlers
and recuperating tlie wasting population of tlie islands.
That the vital and all important question of Reciprocity with tlie
United States receive tlmt attention from tlie Government which
its value to this country warrants nntl requires; and that the
friendly jiower who granted this and other priceless favors to tills
little kingdom bo recoiuiieiiseil so far as may be iiosslblo by sveing
an administration favorable to tho great principles she lias herself
M) grandly shown to the world in her example of sell government
and liberty of thought and speech.
Is this demanding too much ? And will you be content with
There Is one more question to lie considered. "What action
can tlie Planters take to bring about a condition of a tin Irs so
First of all they must lie united. The Jealousies of nationality
of ligation, of tlltVerent degrees of success in business, should all Iks
sunk in the general desire for tlui welfare of the whole. Anil m
It is not to be expected that all eyes will see alike, the majority
should rule and tlie rest acquiesce In such a manner as to make the
The fact must be made known to the King and His Ministry,
as well as to the coplc, tlmt the Sugar Planters of this country
are unanimous in their condemnation of the maimer of the pres
ent administration of the utlalrs of Government and earnest in
their demand for a change. That they regard alt proneness to
wards per-oital government and absolutism as contrary to the Con
stitution and In direct opixisitloii to the spirit of tlie age and the
tendencies of all modern Governments ; and that while they will
upiH)rt with generous hand any schemes looking to the improve
ment tif tlie country, or the benefit tif tlie people, they will frown
down and resist by all lawful means any attempt uikiii their inhe
rent rights as citizens.
The question of lalxir supply must have practical sohition by
such action as will insure the coming tif Immigrants lnnumlcrs
sufficient for tlie needs of the country, ami in default of 'the
Government to carry out the intent of tlie Immigration Hill the
Planters must render such assistance as may Ik necessary to Induce
A full and fair exim-dtiou of the workings of the Treaty of
'. H. .Hi'U.niNu,
A H. Haiitwiim.,
.1. (!. (.Alir,
V P, Aiiimh,
and f i oiu Iheir number were chosen the following Olllcers i
I'reiilfnt HMiin.T. Ai.i-.mniikii. Tinwirrr Ioiin II. I'atv
Pi'ir 1'imiiUnl . . . Wm. (I. InwiN, Mtlitor I. (J. (lianr.,
Srcrrlitri , I). P. A laws,
Since Hie election of the Hoard of Truslees Ihey have held
twenty two business meeting. At woino of these the agents ol
plantations, and otheis who weie Stockholders, have been prcsonf
At the first meeting held on the ISM of March, it vasoted to levj
an assessment of one dollar per slime s twenty four thousand, eight
bundled and eighty seven shares have been issued, mid tlie assess
tueiit of one dollar per share has lieen paid to the Tieiisuier.
At the second meeting held the '27th of .Mm eh, thn subject of
lirocuring laboiers ftoin the New Hebrides was considered, Cnpl.
II. W. Mist and ('apt. T. II, Trinp weie piesenl by invitation, and
gave the Trustees Ihe result of tlieir experience and made sugges
tlons as to the best method of proceeding to proem e New Hebrides
On the 'JStli of March a ciicular letter was addtcsscd (o each
Stockholder asking if New Hebrides people weie desiied liy him,
and how ninny. In lepjy to this letter applications for tluee htm
dred niidsoM'iity two Cli2) of this class weie icecned.
On enquiry being liinde by tlie Trustees for a vessel lo proceed lo
the New Hebrides, the schooner Julio, then absent on n voyage to
Micronesia, was found to lie the only suitable one available. At
that lime the Julia was expected back on the first of May: she how
ever did not arrive hero until about the I8lh of June. On her
return, steps vero immediately taken to engage her, and lo obtain
(he iironer authority of the Hoard of Iimniuration. Tlie aiTaiiue
meiitH with the Jioatd of Immigration were not completed until tlie
ah of 'inly, and tlie schooner, in couumuaiid or Uaptnm iicrucy,
was chartered on tlie 10th of July. Captain Tierney was appointed
an Agent of the Hoard of Immigration for tile purpose.
The terms of the charter were $1,XH) per month for the vessel,
including wages of the captain and crew, mid $15 to be paid for
each adult immigrant landed in Honolulu.
Tlie Company supplied provisions, blankets, clothing, medicines
and other comforts for the immigrants, at a cost of ylMU.ii
Tlie whole cost of tlie expedition, provided tile voyage should not
take more than live months, it was estimated would be .V.I,r(H.
The Board of Immigration examined and surveyed the veseel, and
pronounced her capalilo of carrying 1!10 immigrants. If this mini
her are obtained the expense of each will be about S7fi. Tlie Julia
You will confer r faor Ukii this Association if you will kindly
furnish lliein witli such infm million iiikiii Hie nfni-eiiinntimm.l md.
Jed ns you enn consistently do.
I lime (he honor lo be ir, very respect fully, your obedient
Ii. P. Adams.
Secielary lianlem' Lnlmr and .Supply Co.
To (Jk.ni.iiai. JamhOI Comi.v, Unitmi .Statkh Ministri RrnmrNT,
losot.m.ti, Hun The question of obtaining llir for (lie Hawaiian
sliinds is now, as. you are aware, ery pressing. Tho Plniilera'
Labor and .Supply Co., me engaged in IIiIh mnller and desire lo
ascertain, as a inn ter of very u'lal importance to this country,
whether or iioMImi ;lfnilet I Slate GoM-imneiit would icgard unfavor
ably the introduction of Hindu Immigrant IiiImh-oih.
Any iiifoiiiiation tiiion this subject which you may kindly furnish
lids Association will bo ery tlmtikfully ieceied.
I hae the honor lo be sir. eiv'ii.i,iffnll.. t.,...- ..1....11
servant. ' ' " J """'"
., , ... , 13. P. AiasiH.
Secretary Planleis Labor and Supply Co.
No written answer wasieceive.l from Major Wodehouse. but lie
called iikiii IheS etnryiin the '28th of April and loaned to tlie
I rustees a com of the it: Id General Report of Immigrant Coiiiinm-.
sioiiein for IH:t with rH)i(s from British Colonies of matters con
iieutud with Hindu lalxir, and facts in relation totliemimot princi
pally interesting to iih in the laws for appointment of Pioleetora t
Natal and oilier places,
He also loanixl to the TrusleeH a letter from Climles .Mitchell,
Immigration Otllce, Fiji, to Mr. Arundel legnrdlng Coolie Labor,
eii.il An Mi- Mil., I,, .11 u.,i..u M...I '....1.'. I..I. ?.. s. ..V .i . '
...,..., ...,... ... ... -i. niui'-n 111(11 IjlJdlH, IlllHir IM III. lll-Hl lll.il-ii Itv.
Ill 1'OlVlieStllll! Hill! IS Till- Hut lli-ul nli.l.l ...- I.... ...
II.IMU , .. It,..., II..1 ...!..... II... 1 !.. .... II... .,. i t i
I .... """.' '"J iii"imii mill is lor me ursi. I'lUlll or ten veil IK.
i an above the age of ten years are indentured an
Ai'i'iioxiMm: eoxr at i iji ioii coolicm.
Cost in India, lecrulting, clothing ,vc ., KM
Passage money jo jhH
naianes .c, medical ollicer I.
Salary Cook .vc
Return passage, say '.!'.'.".!'. !
July t'2th, was given to
.niKtli-allv tlu onlv mis Hutu or mode of renreseutiil on u thoiHcciprociiy miouiii do lam Deiore ine proper iH'iuriiiieiit tit tlie
jilfalr of tho Government which the lianters of this country now I'nltetl States Government, showing the effect of the Treaty uimhi
Jiuve.shouhl not Ikj Kiwcrles.s or bllcnt on ixilltlcal questions really' the sugar Interest of the Mauds, and Its consequent Influence
flffectlng their Interests. It will not do for Government ofilclaN'mxiu the whole country. What means to lm employed, In mak
lt suy that they are to lx the judges, md the only Jude, In J lug Micji a statement, that would prove the Itest, must lie tleter
imiltcr. concerning the rights and privileges of every inhabitant i mined by those most Interested; but It will not do to leave n
of the country. Kvery man, woman and child within the Ixmntl- matter of such vital lnixirtauce solely to tho caprice of men who
jtrles of these fair Mes, whether " to the manner born" or sojourn-1 lv failed In other matters to show a jiatrlotisin tlmt could U
ing but for a day, Is invested Willi certain Inalienable rights which, m'pemicu ukii
those In authority are Uiuiul to respect, Kven the Kingly otllce,
Is not to usurp, unnoticed ami uiiopixiscd, jxiwcrs and privileges
not grunted by the Constitution nor conceded by the jH-oplewheii
Ihey gave Into the hands of hit present Majesty thoNicred trust he
now holds; and tluwi great and gixxl friends o( this little Island
Kingdom, who have done so much to raise It from the depths of
larlxiri-.ui and to place it within tho family of nations, will not
now quietly ami without rebuke look uuu an assumption of au
tocratical lowers which would Mjon result In a rctrogrt-vdou to the
level from whence Its people have been lifted,
It Is h fallacy tlmt should Iw promptly urnwered and exposed to
day that the foreJu popuUUuu of tboAo hdandi, because of their
Referring to the Ueiuirts of the various Committees for sugges
tions concerning the different subjects' that will require attention,
the Board of Trustees express the htqie that this iiieellng-of tho
Planters will be harmonious ami pleasant, unit that tlie object
which brought you together will bo fully accomplished.
Sam'i. T. Ai.KXA.MiKit, President.
V. . Ikwis, Vice President.
K. 1. A ii a ms, Secretary.
Jons II. I'atv, Treasurer.
J. C. Gi.auk, Auditor,
Z. a Sl'ALWNU.
will bo due here December lflt,
The following letter of instructions, of
dipt. Tierney previous to lus Hailing.
Gait. Tikunky, Sclir. Julia, Dear Sir : The Company having
chartered tho Julia of which you mo commander, 1 now beg togiui
you our instructions ;
ion will proceed to the " Now Hebrides Islands" where we wish
you to obtain free immigration, as many as you are allowed by the
Hawaiian Hoard or Immigration to carry, winch I believe is ono
hundred and thirty. A certain portion tif whom, say one-third
should be women. We wish you to engage them for three or live
years, at say !i per month and board for first year ; d per month
and board ror second year, and ?t per niontli and board for ad, -Itli
and fith years these prices are for men, women should lie 1 per
month less. We do not, intend to limit you to exactly this scale of
wages, but we trust to your good judgment to act discreetly in regard
to changing them.
Do not take any person with you who tloes not coino firrlu ami
tulmitarily ; this is most important and wo desire to impiess it
strongly upon you, for we would not have tlie least doubt that the
Company desire any other labor than that which came of tlieir own
Wti wisli you to see generally that the immigrants are properly
fed and clothed.
Wo have supplied you liberally witli provisions and clothing for
this purpose, nsyou will see by the enclosed invoices. You are also
well supplied with lnedicincs, and the sick you will give careful at
AVishiug you a prosperous voyage,
I remain, Respectfully Yours,
K. P. AllAMH,
Secretary I'lauters tjnhor fc Supply Co.
Every euro for the comfort and safety of the immigrants, which
forethought and prudence could suggest, was taken .by the Trustees.
At a meeting of March 28th, the subject of the best method of re
futing the calumnies nntl misrepresentations published in newspa
pers abroad, was considered and action taken thereon. At this meet
ing thn Secretary was authorized to contract witli somo publishing
house, to print and publish the Planters Monthly for one year, ami
to request Messrs. S. R. Dole, W .It. Castle and W. O. Smith to edit
tho Monthly. These gentlemen consented to act as an editing com
mittee until the next meeting of the Company, and on the 4th of
April u contract was made with tho Hawaiian Gazette Company to
publish the pamphlet for tho year, and to furnish KM) copies to stock
holders for tlie sum of 150, on a basis of sixteen pages to each num
ber. Iu accordance with this agreement the Monthly lias been
regularly published and sent to stockholders.
Un April .Id tho secretary received from HibIvk. W. iN. Armstrong
a letter written liy Manuel Stone, editor of the " Voz. I'ortugiiesa "
nowspaper ot ban Francisco, introducing air. Antonio Maeliado, a
Portuguese, who appeared an intelligent mechanic and who was
charged to investigate tho condition and treatment of Portuguese
immigrants in the Islands. An interview was held with him, and an
expression of a desiro to assist him iu his investigations was made.
is no wisuca at, una lime, omy lo go 10 mum, a smuiuie leuer oi in
troduction to prominent planters on .Maui was given mm, ami lus
roifbrt upon Ins return was fully satisfactory.
. At the meeting of April 4th tho various recommendations and res
olutioiw made nntl ndopted at tho meeting of stockholders in March,
wuru uikuii uiuiul cousiueniuuii.
The 3d recommendation to tho Trustees was the important one
with regard to prohibiting tho imiortatioii and sale of spirituous
liquors excepting for medical and mechanical purposes. After due
consideration it was unanimously resolved, '' That proper legal ser
vices be employed to tlrait the requisite iiill tor presentation to tlie
Legislature." The services of S. ii. Dole Esq, were engaged for this
puriKise, and tho Rill was presonted to tho Legislature by Hon. W
H. Rico, but the measure was defeated in the Legislature.
Tho 4th recommendation was that they confer with the Govern
ment and recommend tho passage of a Registration or Identification
Act. On motion the Secretary was instructed to confer witli the
Government on tho subject.
Tho Secretary reported that ho had conferred with the Minister
of .Interior and at his request had prepared tho outline for a Rill for
Registration which tho Minister had promised to favor. The change
in tlie Ministry occurring shortly after this time, the meas.me was
not brought liefore tho Legislature.
The fith recoinmondatiou " that the Executive Committee be in
structed and authorized to employ Counsel to examine, by consent
of proper authority, all Legislative Bills." On motion it wus unan
itnoiiHiv voted " that Mr. A. S. Hartwoll lie reuuested to confer with
E. Preston Esq., upon this matter and reiort lo the Trustees at the
Mr. Hartwoll reported that hu had had a conference with His Ex
celleney Mr. Preston iqioii this subject, nntl ho thought it was the
intention of the Government to appoiut such an officer.
The (itli recommendation, '' Unit the Trustees Imi requested to con
sidcr tho law of taxation with special reference to the taxing of
growing crops," It was unanimously resolved " that action upon this
requost of the Company Imi doferrod for the present."
The 7th recommendation related to tho letter of Mr. O, G. Cole
man asking the Company for assistance It) build a machine for
planting cane. It was unanimously resolved " that no action be
taken iu this matter at present."
The 8th recommendation to tho 1 rustees was with regard to em
ploying a Chemist, per vote of March '25th.
A letter from Dr. Hyde, one of the Trustees of Onliti College, un
der date of April 14th, promised that tho Company should join with
Oidiu College iu procuring u Chemist for the Islands. The Trustees
resolved that the Secretary inform Dr. Hyde that the Trustees were
iu favor of hit proposition, and will recommend that definite action
lie taken ujwn it at tho nnnual meeting of the Company iu October
The Oth recommendation," that the Uepoit ot the Committee on
tho Reciprocity Treaty lie referred to the Trustees. At this meeting
tho subjis-t was presented, and laytsl over for further consideration.
The l(Hh recommendation, iukiii the resolution of Mr. T. R. Walker
of March '27th, upon the question of East Indian Immigration, "mid
the differences which exist U'tweeu the laws of this country and the
laws which would be required by the convention necessary lor l-.ast
Indian IiiimiL'ration." it wns moved and carried " that the Secre
tary lie, instructed to semi a copy of this motion to the President of
the Board of Immigration, mul Hint Mr. A. b. Hartwcllbo requestisl
to nnwont his views.ou the sublect to the lianters' Monthly " Uu
tier ilttte of April '24lh the Kin-retary addressed letteru io Major
Wodchoiuui unit General Gomly, of which the following are copied s
To Mujor Jaiiiea Hay Wodohouse.ller Brilanuio Majesty's. Commit
sloner nntl Consul General :
Hih: The Planters' LaUir and Supply Company desire to obtain
the most trustworthy information accessible to them Ux)ii the sub
ject ot obtaining Hindu lalwrers for the Huwuiiuu Islands. You
are OI courwJ awuru umv it mis uren urgisi ny winm jinmuuuiu
pereoun iu ibis country iniii inu uxisuuk ninuim vi win iiunitiiiiii
Inland are inadequate to afford the protection tor Hindu contract
Uborent here which is required by the British regulations ami
statute upon tho subject, awl that the form of Contracts tor such
laborer required c to lie entered into would necessitate further
krUUtioa on tho part ot thin Kingdom.
There ire others who mwhi to think that such pi o visions as are
wad by Um UritUh Netherlnuik Treaty do uot require juiy moditt
T,1 X'22, 17s
Agents salary iu India, cost of buildings .Vc, to be added, ns
some will the. tlieie should be added say 1(1 per cent, making total
expense say ,'2Tt
Major Wodohonso also loaned vols. XI and .VII of IlertsletlM (t)
Commercial Tieaties the latter contains tlie Treaty witli thn
Ncllieiiiinls, pages (U!) to 055.
(Jeveral Coiulv, under date of April '28th, replied to thoconiinitni
cation addressed to him, as follows:
ftin: -1 have the honor to acknowledge (he receipt of vour note of
inn iMtn mst., inquiring whether the United States (1
Lkiktion or mi: U.nitrii Statcs,
Honolulu, l8ni Anui., iaS'2,
would regard unfavorably the introduction of Hindu immigrant
laborers for (he Hawaiian Islands.
J urn aware of the pressinir demand for both labor mul lumiilnCmX
I 11 ", l'i.. i . . .' ! .
io give a prompt and categorical
I regret, therefore, my inability
relilv to vonr mnvslion.
On reliection, you will remember that, as a foreign representative
accredited directly to the Sovereign, I am prohibited from corre
sponding upon political and civil mutters, except with His Majesty,
through his Minister tif Foreign Affairs. I may, however, remind
you, without impropriety 1 trust, that the President of tlie United
States, in, the vast multiplicity of momentous affairs pressing upon
lijs attention, found time in his recent Annual Message to express
his solicitude tlmt the independence of tiie Hawaiian Islands might
in be enilangerisl through the largo importation of heterogeneous
races, attracted and invited through tlie increased production of the
It is yossiblo that the lianters' Labor & Supply Compnny may
obtain information by application to the Minister of Foreign Affairs.
I will take great pleasure iu forwarding to the Secretary of State
any request for information that may reach me tlnough the Hawai
ian Foreign OHice.
I have the honor to be,
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
James M. Comi.v.
To E. P. Ainvs, Eso.,
firr'U I', r,. k .V. Co., Honolulu.
A communication was also received from Mr. W. N. Armstrong,
then President of tho Board of Immigration, under date of April
12th, of which the following is a copy:
Honolulu 12Ui April. 18S2.
E. P. Adams Esq. Skciiktahv or Tin: Plantehs LaiioTi ami Sui-I'LV
Company, .Sin : I have received your communication requesting for
information on the point, as to what differences exist, between our
laws which protect laborers and the laws which should exist iu
order to make a convention possible in the mnttcr of East India
Coolio lalsjr. In the first place you should and probably do under
stnnd thnt the Imperial Government of Great Britain siniply wishes
to protect its ignorant subjects. So it goes forward in a simple and
very sonsiblo way and says to you, or any one else. " You can have
ignorant British subjects from India, provided you can satisfy us
thnt you enn protect them."
Now British Colonies have passed elaborate laws on the subject
ot tho protection of laborers. The Straits settlement have recently
passed now laws. Thorn are 108 provisions iu them, For the pro
tection of laborers they have Courts ami .fudges and prosecuting
attorneys, but these are not considered sufficient, so tliey make
1. That every employer of labor shall report every six months
on the health ot his falorors.
2. That there shall be a protector who shall visit tho Plantations
as often as the Governor may direct.
!!. Tlmt tho protector shall keep a record of Immiirrauts.
4. That he shall make reports to the Government.
5. That employers may lix tasks for laborers, with tho approval
of the protector and also the wages may bo lixed with his approval
and tho rato shall ho posted up in a c-onspieuous plnco
u. xmj iiiuiiifjiiinin wuu uiiuij;u inn i-untun'i, unless no noes it ill
7. That tho Protector may examine a laborers physical condition
and call in a medical officer, it necessary, and order him to be
placed iu a Hospital. If tho laborers' sickness is owning to his
own negligence, ho shall receive no pay during his sickness.
8. hen tho immigrant has recovered tlie Protector may dis
5). Tho food supply of the immigrant shall bo determined by tho
10. Medical attendance, hospital accommodation and medicine
shall bo lixed by the Governor, and the Protector shall see tlmt it is
11. Hospitals must be established at the expense of tlie employ
ers. 12. The Protector shall examine the sanitary condition of the
Plantation and may summon a jury to pass upon it.
II). Immigrants may liiakecoiiiphuut to Protector ami he may
summon witnesses. If complaint is frivolous he must send him
hack to his work. If there is cause of complaint he must prosecute
There are other and elalwrate proisions which secure tho woll
being of tlie immigrants.
Tlie laws ot Surinii
Surinam which concern ininiitrration onlv till a vol
ume of considerable size. Specific and minute details are consider
ed. The object ot these laws is, to leave the treatment of the immi
grants as little as possible to the direction tif the planters, and es
tablish an enactment for every possible point of friction lietween
the laborer ami the employer, assuming that ignorant laborers tlo
uot know their legal rights and that through their ignorance the
best laws mny not lie inuiked, the method of appointing a Protec
tor is adopted.
Laws of this character do not cist here. Recent investigations
on some of the plantations, disclose the fact that tho laws regula
ling tho amount of house room to be given to each laliorer have
not been observed. It may be true thai the lalsirer is innillereut
on the subject, but it is also true that the law is not enforced, be
cause there is no one whose sixt-nd duty it is to inform the hilwirers
as to what are, and what are not, thier rights. 1 have saitl iu my
report on immigration that the planters of the Malay Peninsular
complain of tho jiower lodged iu the hands of the Protector, but
this is a misfortune incident to the employment of such labor.
The planters' protection is in the appointment ot men ot character
and honesty, to act as protectors.
Now, iu this Kingdom, there are no laws with provisions, such as
I have mentioned. The '.existence ot such laws are in the first
instance necessary to the regulation of a convention which will se
cure East Indian emigration, The serious question which arisen
after the convention is concluded, is. lis to tho otllce of Protector,
One may I hi apiioiutcd who, iu dealing with British East Indian
Coolies or Portuguese subjects, may Imi charged with error. Tlie
British or PortugiiDso subject complains to his diplomatic represen
tative that the Protector has dealt unjustly by him. The represen
tatie may agree with him, while the executive and judicial nuthorr
ities of tlie Kingdom differ from him. On such an issue which
shall prevail T
If the authorities refuse to yield, emigration is at once arrested
It they yield, iu order to secure the eiuigrntiou, the management of
the internal affairs ot the Kingdom is at once, so fur as Immigration
is concerned, iu the bunds of the diplomatic- repri-sentutivew. The
experience which tho Board of Immigration has had in the amioiitt
ment of an agent to inspect the condition of tin; South Sea Islamlera
show that many serious questions would arise. On the other hand
a capable ami nonesi rrotcctor ami coindderute dipioinauo utfeiu
may avoai tiiinuinaiiu issues una uu tiiiiiciuiicn utimi uuiu nun
vourcfl. Whatever tlie consequences may is-, u is mine cerium inw
no convention regarding East India Coolie labor is powdblo until
laws with provisions like thoo I have cited are passed. Nor is it
unreasonable that a foreign nation should exact lawn and the en
forcement ot them, for the inflection ol iU ignorant aubjtwta.
That the Imperial UoventMieut ol (treat Britain' taker earn that
the poor Hindoo who wuirata art Toirly ted ami clothed, Imi
taktw no tru thai Urn ioor working "WW ot Knghml mm alao
properly M mm! tkiikmi, k niwwitoa) kUk mirnl t lUlntaA
I - i
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