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The 'Tulm of Life," which li so f
tallisr to ererr one, u written by Mr.
!oagfllow at single billing ono bright
Jnlj morning in 1K19, m bo tat s!on
bnruVncsl with ft Rronl jorrow, Mow
two windows t ft oniftll tslilo In hi
ehsmbtr. It wm after the ilesth of hii
wHfr, to whom he m tltsTotcilly t
lachcd. ftml who wui lmrnsl to itoitth
rtfiplto hit rffortt to mto her. Tin
" Plra " ouae to hl raiml without p
purnt effort, for liU liratl m full of
the nabjcct nd of the sflretlon for the
life thkt lisd lwn to much to him sml
h! gone out.
The fine t.tllivl, " Tlie Wreck of the
neierui," w written in IM'.. A
tons hil ilTittsl the rout ftll tlsj,
utA the wir,ila whUtlnt shout hit house
m he itnoVe.1 h t ljr the fire. He
went to lieil, but no full of tint Ule.i of
wreck .u his micI that ho nrcwo nml
wrote Uie celebrated jxwm. " The
clock wiu itrlking 3," mts Longfellow,
"when I flnlthe.1 the Issi Uni,"
Tho " Skeleton in Armor," which is
ono of his MrotiRpet ami cottainlj- tho
qmI wetnl of all his txx'tns, m written
in IS (9. A uliott time lfore n skeleton
bi been cihnmel at Full lUrer, antl,
being clfttt in a broken ami rtutr armor,
ua1o a deep lmirrfion iitum the pooL
Ner Fall Hirer I Newiort, whcrostaml
tho old tower, said to haro boon erected
by tho Norsemen alout tho yoivr 1,000.
To connect tho two br Uio lnillail wm
the poet's inspiration. Hit ralnd wan
fall of the wild romanco of SkrulinsTtan,
lHni.th, and German literature, aud
tome of it wan woTtn Into tho "Skele
ton in Armor," which i, so f at a grand
eur la concerned, the mott uoticoalilo of
all hii poems.
Tho " Elected Knight " is lo Dan
Uh in 1U origin, aud Mr. Ixingfellow
canght tho idea from a ballad of thnt
conntry. Tho "Tales of n Wajrside
Inn" wcro ineplrrd bj au old
Now England tavern with which
the poet was familiar in his yontli,
and many of tho scones wero rcnl to him.
Tho "Song of Hiawatha " was, per
haps, the mot studied of all his poems,
for bo hoped to write an American lyric
that should endure. To jwrtrny tho
romance of a fast-fading raco and pay a
tribute to the aborigines of America was
a fitting tbciuo for tho iioct. The
legends were mostly taken from School
craft, whoe lore for adrcnluro and
poetry had brought him into contact
with tho Imlia.rn, and ho hail drawn
from them tho most romantic pictures
of their life. Tlio songt aro strung
together upon tho simplo thread of
rery-day events into n tnlo of Indian
life, tho charm of which is i'rrtsutiblo.
la no poem does tho jioct's wonderful
art in selecting words that both from
their meaning and sound fit them to
carry tho thoughts ho intends to convey
appear to better advantage than in
"Hiawatha." He intended tlmt his
famo as a poet should rest upon that
work, and to him it was what tho "Idyls
of tho King" is to Tennyson.
When " KTangelmo " was written, Mr.
Ixragfellow had nuver been in Nova
Bcotia, tho sceno in which tho charming
poem is laid. The accounts of (he trou
bles of tho early cttlcra in Acadia woro
related to Hawthorne and Longfellow
by a mutual friend, who was anxious
that the former should maVo them tho
rabjvet of a romanco. Tho legend was
repeated, and Grand I'm was minutely
described. Longfellon jotted down tho
words as they fell from tho narrator's
lips, and asked that the subject bo given
to him alono for a poem. Tho request
was granted and " Evangelino " waa the
result. It is simply surprising that so
(rraphlc and so iorfect descriptions
could have been given without a per
sonal inspection of tho region, but tho
poet never saw tho jk1 ho so minutely
The "Hanging of tho Crano" is a
poem tho origin of which U suggested
by tho lines themselves. It was pch
1'ahed in tho Xcw York Ixd(jtr, Mr.
onner paying $4,000 for tho poom H
A ft many of hii poems, like " Tho
Btidge," and "Beware," have been act
to tsuslo and have becomo popular.
Longfellow's proso reads liko a ocra,
and no ono who has not tho "flno
bny " could havo written the poetical
pro of "Karanagh." Tlio homely
oanea and OTenbi of Now England life
form tho groundwork of the siory, into
which are woven snch characters as
Alice ftnd Cecilo, which aro drawn with
tho akill of an artist and tho graco of a
poet. Tho vad death of Lucy and th
fllnoaa and death of Alice aro as tonch
ing as anything hi English literature,
Mlstaiurri o :. ii.t.
Tho history of tho Mississippi delta is
a Liatpry of repeated oicrllowa.
Francois Xavter .Martin rvconls an ox
traordinary rio In 17IH.
Gagarro state that iu XIX', the waUra
wera so high tliat many loseva were
broken and Now Orleans was inun
Utod. A great rtood U reportcl by Got. Bar.
Kteut as occurring in 1770, of which few
particulars are git en.
In 176'J tho whole dutricta of AtUk
opa and Onelousa. wcro inundated.
Another ovrrllow occurrrd In 1785,
another la 1701, olhcra In 1790 and
17W, ami in 1K0, according to Got.
Bargeflt, tho rmultiug dorastatlon was
o grat U iM-oplo imaginl tho North-
TO lake hail broken through a channel
to tho river.
Is 1811 and In 1M3 tho river again
1rke through tho leuv, InumUtlng tho
BtktsTrcho country, ami in 1815 "a
rtrj TMt oVod " occurrvd, in which tho
Hilo river icmWI at its mouth tho
Ughtat int er rcconUd.
-' Again lu 1816, 1823 and 1WI portiou
f tho coatiUy wuro orvrihisictl.
IWwmb 1631 and 1660 aeven "gret"
i'ooda are rvcurdcsl, rrspcetively In 18M,
3StM, m, 1WO, 1M1, IVA and I&M.
AU tboao wore muke.1 with grat d
i tntHloa o( jroiirty, but that ol 1850 mi
! fw IU wont, Um dtttag orcaaioscd
l-sto isMBMiae, tho Kt. FraaoU, Tswm
tuA Taaao hUiumt being tirly aab
TruwsjoJ. Tho pruwipal breaks la Um
y aUiM Uut Libttiaimui Um
Ilayon Macon, at Point Ixwkotit, at
Island Na 103, al Now Carthago and at
llodncy, The water during this over
flow roso steadily until March 15, then
declined slowly until early in April, then
rtxe again until tho middle of May,
when thoy attained their highent poiut,
and then rapidly subsided, resulting iu
tho almost-entire destruction of ths
arrriMt run iinr or ii.iN.vrtf.
In 1875 one of I', T. Itanium's writers
carded tho procession as " Nearly a
Lengno of Utvish Lustre." An am
bition Vermouter thought lie saw In
this statement an opportunity of making
himolf a rural lion at tho great show
man's exMiH and so abrtiplly tackleil
Inm iu tho olllco of tho Aiuerieitu ltot.O,
at lliirlingtou, In preenoo of n largo
crowd, and tho following dialoguo on
" Is your namo ltarntini ?"
"I Itoilovo, sir, they call mo thai
whero. I am lot known."
" Vmi ailvprtlso two tnilos of pro
coisiiiu, don't you?''
" I scarcely know, but prosuino so.
My agents look after such dotnlK"
" You do advertise it, and you ain't
got it 1"
" Hnveu't weT''
"No, J oil nili'l."
" There is a mile of it, isn't thcro?"
" rerhai thero is."
" Well, there's another milo of excited
people following it, which makes two
miles, don't it ?"
A roar of laughter greeted this sally,
imid which tho crushed Green Moun
taineer slid out, a saddor man, and wiso
enough not to again try to get tho best
Nkw Y'oiik cigarettes aro rnodo from
tho stumps of cigars and other nice
things so nice that many of tho hands
ftll sick and quit work.
Ofn deeds determine us as much u
t detarmino our dseds. Oatry F.liot
THM CtTT OF M3IICO.
Mexico is ft serious and by no means
a gay city. Thero are no crowds upon
tho sidewalks, no eating of ices in pub
lio, no iaf( chantanU, nothing Pari
sian. By 9 or 10 o'clock tho good peo
ple appear to have retired already, to bo
np betimes in tho morning for tlio work
of tho day. A military band plays Uireo
ovenings in tho week, but oven this,
except on Snndays, is so sparsely ot
tended that tlio men seem to be discours
ing their music for their own amuse
ment. Policemen aro found stationed
at short intervals in the quiet streets,
with their lanterns set in the middle of
tho roadway. They are obliged by tho
regulations to signal their whorcatouU
every quarter of an hour, and Uio sound
of their whistles, which havo a shrill,
doleful note, liko a November wind, may
lo heard repeated from ono to the other
all the night through.
As tho place doos not oxpect tourists,
thero are almost nono of tlio appurten
ances for their enlightenment to bo met
with elsenhert. Whilo this may havo
its annoyance, if tho demands of an
ardent curiosity remain too long unan
swered, tlio freedom from responsibility
to a Baedeker or a Murray has advant
agea of its own. Tlio visitor with on
eyo for the picturesque dips into a deli
cious feast of novelties, makes discover
ies on every hand, aud may havo the
pleasure of testing tho value of his own
unaided conclusions. By daylight, with
its bright colors upon it, and its normal
stir of life, tho famous remote capital is
a very different place. By little and
little the misapprehensions of the night
aro ahakon off. From tho first moment
of disappointment we liko it always
more instead of less.
Figures go by whoso blankets ono
burns to take from them(or portiere. Tho
men of the poorer sort wear or carry
universally tho seraie a blanket with a
slit in the center for tho insertion of tho
head. Apart from its artistio attorns,
it is a useful garment In many emergen
cies. It is not tho most improbable
thing in tho world that, in tho course of
tho Mexican revival, wo may yet boo it
introduced in tho States, and running
tho oourso of popularity of tho ulster.
The corresponding national garment ot
women is the robozo, a shawl or scarf,
generally of blue cotton, which, crossed
over the head and lower part of tho face,
gives a Moorish apjxarance.
Mexico Is extraordinarily' flat, and iks
streets laid at regularly at right angles
as in our own moat symmetrical town.
At tho ends of all of them, in what
soever direction, tho view is closed by
mountains. Its flatness, together with
Its position in reference to Uio adjoining
aeries of lakes, is ono of tho circum
stances which havo occasioned tho
greatest solicitude In tho past, and still
call for almost as much. Bail dors
besot tho nostrils, and stagnant gutters,
negloctcd heaps of garbage, tho sight of
tho wayfarer about the Interesting
tresis. Tlio situation in this particular
is a crying shame. Tho citizens of
Mexico should stop, as if an enemy wcro
at their gates, aud devote themselves to
its remedy. Not another railroad should
bo built, not another dollar voted to
any public purposo, till it Is attended
to. W. 11. JlUhop, In Uarptr't ilaya
The end of tho world is iotnond
until Ib&fJ. A German paper aascrtJi
that a slab has been t-xcavatod at Obcr
emmel, which contains an inscrtpUou in
Latin which, Iwing tratuhitod, means :
"When Easter (alls on St. Mark's
(April 25), tuA Whit-Hunday on Ht, An
thony's (Jtwo 13), and Corpus Domini
on Hi, John's (Juno 31), all the world
trill call lor help," ThU interesting
conjunction will uko pUoo five year
hence. Another authority lor the dais ,
of tho world's doea was the celebrated
prophet, tot. Mich! Nostradamus
who was bora Dc. 14, 1H8, an4 dl4
ftl sWcta, Jane 34, IMC
Exmicxcx kwps a dear aehool, Imt
lools will loam lu no other.
Ilradt (f prttifMki sir worn tU ntwutKr
run Knoi.nti LiyocJor.
One of the most significant facta of
our time Is tho wonderful Increase, of tho
English language. Tho original Brit
ains were Celts whoo languago was
neither Saxon nor Euglish. Thctr Island
was sclred by tho llomans before tho
birth of Christ, and they wero held in
subjection for COO years, but in all thai
timo they did not bocorac Latinized, and
when their masters left they carried tho
Latin language with them.
After tho llomons enmo tlio Batons.
But their occupation of tho Island had n
very different result. They woro mas
ters of tho country for aliout tho samo
length of time, but thoy ceased very
sixin to lo foreigners; and so complete
ly did they crush out tho original llrit
sins, or so completely mold thorn Into
their own maimers and customs, that
tho whole country, with some small ex
ceptions, Invamo Saion and Uio Saxon
language was tho language of tho peo
ple. Tlie Stions, in their turn, wont con
quered by tho Normans. When Will
iam came over iu 10fl0, ho and bis ret
inuo of Norman captains camo ns mas
tors, and for many years tho country
was governed by tho sword. Tho estates
of tho Saxon nobles wcro confiscated
and possessed by their Norman conquer
ors, tho Saxons wero despised and tram
pled under foot, tho manners and cus
toms of the conquerors pervaded Uio
higher circles of social life, and Norman
French was tho language of tho King
and his court, of Parliament, ot Uio
courts of low and of tho official records.
But still tho Saxon languago maintained
its hold with wonderful tenacity. At
first tho Norman nobles sent their sons
to Frnnco to bo educated, but,
as tho Norman rnlo became confirmed
by time, theso French connections woro
gradually weakened, whilo tho necessity
of communicating with tho Saxon boors
who did tho drudgery ot tho kingdom
brought into familiar use many Saxon
words and phrases; and perhaps as many
French wero caught up by tho Saxou
laborer. This necessary Intercourse,
continuing through many generations,
converted these two languages intoa jar
gon which was neither S ixon nor French,
but a boil mixture of both, with Homo
remnants of tho Colt and tho Dauo.
But it crept by degrees into Parliament
and Uio educated circles, was adopted by
some of tho ruder poets, was reduced to
something like grammatical forms, and,
in tho conrso of 200 years, camo into
general popular Ube as tho English
In tho year 1S0O tho English-speaking
populations amounted to about
Whittakcr's almanac for 1881 puts tlio
number of English-speaking peoplo ot
eighty-one millions, showing n growth
in eighty years of flfty-soven millions.
Tlio older languages do not increase
in the sante ratio German is now spo
ken by sixty millions, French by forty
millions, and Russian by flfty-tivo mill
ions. These facts illnstrnto with amazing
clearness tho tendency of those great
forces which aro regenerating tho world.
Wherever goes tho English language
goes also tho English Bible; and wher
ever Uio Biblo goes, thero is an intenso
love of freedom and an equal hatred of
injustico and oppression. There, also,
Is to bo found the church, the Sunday
school, tho minister of religion, the
newspaper and all thoso appliances of
civilization which mark tho progtsis of
rifi? ir.i.iiri.voro.v jfo.vijrit.vr.
A splendid elovator, which cost about
0,000, and is Uio highest in tho world,
carried us up. Tlio elevator at tho top
upjiorts ou its four corner tubes tho
four cranes which lay tho stone, if no
cessary, on tho four Bides at once. A
little railroad brings iu the great blocks
of stone, weighing from two to six tons
apiece, nnd places them on the elevator,
with a low car Ixmcath tho stone. Tho
elovator is open, and I had to sit down
and hug tho etono to avoid dizziness
and tho terrible tumble down tho stono
shaft Tho elevator ascends very delib
erately and smoothly, and will carry ten
tons. As tho monument is built up
ward, tho elovotor is mortised into it,
and continues to rise twenty feet at a
Tho blocks of marble, seven fcot long
and two feet square, aro set as easily
as bricks iu French lime and Portland
Cement. Tlio block wo went up with
was in its place in ten minutes. Tlio
walls at Uio liottom are tlftcen feet
thick, and at that oint, if thero wero
no cat ity, would niako a solid shaft of
stone thirty feet thick. At tho point
where they aro now setting stono tho
walls aro only seven feet tliick, nnd at
tho top, 500 ftct ubovo the ground, will
bo only a foot and n halt thick, Tlio
exterior, or facing of inarblo, is only
four-sevenths of tho present thickness.
Tlio lining, ol Capo Ann granite, la
jointed through at certain spots with tho
marblo to unite tho two aorta of atone
more thoroughly. No iron Is used for
bolts and rivets anywhere. Each ruar
bio stone, m dencrilcd, when put into
place has cost 75. Tlio marblo U quar
ried about sixty miles from tho monu
ment, Tho 150 feet of tho shaft finished
nearly thirty yiars ago Is miserablo work
compared to the present, and tho irreg
ular atono of that period aro the only
suggestion of weakness about the edi
fice, Tho monument can bo finished in
three years. It will havo a lantern or
ciijola on tho top, of Iron, flftjr feet
higher than tho masonry, making 550
feet in all. Every foot of Uio shaft has
lx:n underpinned with a solid apron or
platform of stono 100 feet square. At
Ilia top thirteen men work oonsUnUy,
quia as pigeons iu a barn-cote. The)
immense fort ol stone at that great
height is Wautiful ha its symmetry, a
largo as a comfortable dwelling. The
vlw U already grand, comprising the
whole District 4 ColamlU aud many
tulles ol Vhginhv. The city looks like t
mas ol louse stono carelessly east over
tlu plain, with aosua toy public bttUi.
tugs lying UWeen. Wiuhlnyten UUtr.
The un'ttsjld Jewel mut be lUjfflu.
the HES'iastrr of death.
A Chtrtful ririr f fse tlgvrt m Ih
irrrm U lnJlitiiJU ntle.J
Ueeanso mankind lmvo liecn unabto lo
roinprchend death they have made It
lerrible. All lilrraturoon tho subject Is
ghastly and appalling. Tho portals of
this tomb hato ls?en drHl in the dark
est gloom, and tho mystery which lies
beyond tho grnvo iiindo dreadful by etory
dovicti of language and exaggeration of
Every race linn constructed for Ilsclf n
death augel, and nil aro grim and fenr
Inspiring. Tho Hebrews named him
Hrttiimiol, and armed him with a sword
nnd placed him in the courts of heaven,
to ily hciiro otcr tho osrth at tho behest
nf God. To thn Greeks ho was Uto blncV
twin ot sleep, sliinilioring ill tlio nrins ol
night. 1 ho death angel ot tho ltoniiim
wasn fiintlo llguro, dark-robed, hhuk
winged, with r.tvetioiiH teeth, hovering
otery where nnd darting hero nnd there,
hungry for proy. Tito Norse conception
of deilli is n vast, cloudy presence,
swooping on its letims nnd bearing
lliein nwny wrapped ill its sable folds.
Our own literature personifies him ns a
skoli'tiiu brandishing n dart; as a fowler
spreading hit net, settinrj his snores for
Tho writers who combine a calm phil
osophy with a steady reliance upon tho
infinite wisdom which doi-igncd tho groat
Bfilicuiu of tho unttcrso tell us that death
is not nn entity, but nn ovent ; not n
force, but n stnto. It is the irrevocable
negation which closoi tho posilivo ex
perience wo call life ; nnd it must bo
right nnd wiso nnd kind, elo it could
not bo. Literature hns involved the
subject in intangible theories. Scionco
nnd metaphyrics hnvu drawn n little
nearer to the heart ol tho groat mystery.
A Gorman w riter hays : "Only before
death, but not in death, U death death
Death h so unreal n being thnt ho only
is 'ihen ho is not, and is not when ho
K" A philosophic poet has said :
' Dentins notn d namio ngoncy warring
rgainnt life, but rim ply uu oiourrcnco
tho dtlicr aide of life." In the language,
of wionoo : " Lifo is tho pcrformonco
of functions by an organism ; death is
tho abandonment of nn organism to tlio
h rocs of tho universe."
Wherever wo look iu tho realm of
physical man wo discern death ; nnd if
wo look hem nth tho pnll of horror with
which our ignorance has ourobed it wo
will boo itn licnovolenco and Us benutv:
Linked inseparably with tho laws of life
it lcars tho impress of tho divinity nnd
is tho expression of Ilia lovo.
ithout death thero would bo neither
stimulus nor romance in life. It is tho
magician whoso wand dissipates nil com
plications nnd unravels nil tangles. It
is always friendly in its resultg, however
terrible its frrni. It is " tho echo of tho
voice of lovo reverberated from tho
limit of lifo."
"To tho capable observer, death
bears tho double aspect of necessity and
benignity ; necessity, becunso it is nn
ultimate fact, as tho material world in
made, that, Binco orgsnic nctiou implies
expenditure of force, tho modicum ot
forco given to nny physical organization
must finally bo spent; benignity, be
causo a bodily immoitnlity on enrth
would prevent all the happiness of or
pctually rising millions nnd bo nn nn
tpeakablo curse upon its possessors. "
Viewed from this standpoint, tho
specters of tho brain, which w ero wont
to riso at tho slightest mention of donth,
vanish ; nnd, as wo enter tho ancient
mystery, wo can say :
Though I ttoop
Into dk, tmnfixlatu res of elond,
It 1 but foes tiuia. 1 irecs Oor lamp
Com to my lret; lt tpWritlur, ioon or Ute,
U 111 plctco the gloom. I !ill emerge Mmtwhere.
Ciur.LF.s Duulev Warner brought
his paper on "Tho American Nowi,pa
per" before tho Social Scionco Conven
tion to a closo wUi this "remark for the
IwuelU -of whom it may concern :"
With nil its faults, I believo tho moral
ono of the American newspaper is high
' r, in n rub', than that of tho commun!
ry iu which it is published."
There havo been a number of mem
bers of Congress who havo committed
Hay w ood Chauncy Iliddlo shot himself
through tho head, in Tonncsseo, about
1875. Ho wns undoubtedly insane,
James Blair, a Representative from
South Carolina, blow out his brains at a
boardiug-hoitto on Capitol Hill, April 1,
Felix McConnoll, a memlxsr from Al
abama, comuiitUsd suicido, in a fit ol de
lirium, at Uio St. Charles Hotel, Wash
ington, by stabbing himself and Uion
cutting his throat, Sept, 10, 18J0.
Representative James Ashmore, from
South Carolina, blow out his brains at
Bardls, Miss., Dec. C, 1801.
Elijah Hite, ReprosenUtivo In the
Fortieth Congress, committed suicido at
Iluxaollvllle, Ky., May 8, 1870.
John White, RcprtHoubttivo'rom Ken
tucky, committed suicide at Richmond,
Ky Bept. 27, 1815.
JainotG. WiUoti, Uuited State Sena
tor from .Now Jcrtoy, threw himself
from his hotuo, iu n fit of dollriuin, In
1832, and was killed.
William Hauieoy, RupresentAtiva from
Pennsylvania, committed suicido at Bar
num's Hotel, iu Baltimore, by shooting
himself through tho eyo with a pistol,
John Ewiug, of Indiana, was found
dead in his room at Vinccnncs In 1830,
and on his tublo tho following epitaph :
Urn ! t win La lou-t LU rttiuts,
UU Uw), LU country, u4 )!oruLo.
RcprMc-nUtiva Alfred B. White, of
Ohio, coruuiitted kuieida. by taking poi
son on the grave of his two children, at
Columbus, Ang. 1, 1805. Ho was
charged with improcr acts in connuo
alon with cotton peculations.
Janne Henry lane, United HUUa
Senator from Kansas, committed aaiehU
at fort IMvnworth, about 1880,
James B. Johttaon, KojvutMwtaiive
from Kentucky, eotastrtted swieida while
suffering from Ill-health, at Otresabofo,
Ky., Feb, 12, M7S,
A bumIwt orCofigreesaiem aad
Clement Ij. Vnllnndigliara died from
the accidental discharge of a pistol iu
1870, whilo arguing a mnrdcr ease at
Kobert Young, United States Senalor
from Indiana, was killed by a railroad
train whilo walking on tho track, at In
diaunMlis, Nov. II, 18otl.
Abraham II. Veliablo, United Slates
Senator from Virginia, perished In Uio
burning of Iho Hlchmoud Theator, Deo.
.fumes Martin, It-prrsonlotlvo from
South Corolinn, tvus drowned on tho
pnstngrt from Now Orleans to Galveston,
Nov. 15, 18.77. llo wns tho founder of
the iS'oulirrn uitrtcrlji lievtrw.
Joninh Stoddard Johnson, Senator
from Tjoulsiaim, died .May lit, 18 III,
from tlio effect of an explosion of gun
powder on a Mount packet on tho lied
Charles 3, Julian, Senator from Dola
warp, died Get. 17, 1802, from Injuries
received whilo experimenting with a
rillc-caiinon which ho hnd invented.
There have lioon members of Congress
who havo killed men not on tho field of
Henry D.uiids, fiom Virginia, shot
his brother-in-law nl Mount Sterling,
Ky., in 1815, lis the result of a quarrel.
Daniel Sickles killed Philip Harton
Key, Fob. 23, 18.7.1.
lliolinrd Woighttunn, n Dolegoto from
Now Stoxico in thn Thirty.sccoiid Con
gress, killed n Santa Fo trader with tho
same knlfo with which ho cut a cadet
comriido nt West Point nn act for
which ho was oxpolled from West Point.
Dn. J. B. Mrvini, nn Austrian editor,
who is visiting Ibis country, was asked
wlint ho thought tho grentct feature of
American journalism. Ho replied :
1 (Vrlnltily tho advertisements ; tho ed
itorials also aro grandly incomparable."
Too Mem pronperity makes men
fsrifJI LTTTLK ttlMFMMHD DOO.
ltie beet of these dogs are worth 8200
or oven more. Ono herder, whom we
mot nt Cold Spring ranch, showed ns a
very protty ono that ho said ho would
not sell for 8500. Bho hail at that Umo
four young puppies. Tho night wo ar
rived wo visited his camp, and wora
greatly interested In tho lilllo mother
and her nursing babies. Amid thoso
wild, vast mountains, this little nest of
motherly devotion and baby trust was
Whilo wo wero exclaiming, tho assist
ant herder camo to say- that thero wcro
morn than Iwrnntv nlmnti mia,nr, T,
mnlo dogs, both larger than tho llttlo
mother, wcro stnndiug about with thoir
hands in their breeches, doing noUiing.
But tho herder said neither Tom nor
Dick would find them. Flora mnst go.
It was urged by tho assistant 'that her
foot was sore, sho had been hard at
work nil day, wns nearly worn out, nnd
must suckle, her puppies. Tlio boss in
sisted that sho must go. Tho sun wns
setting. Thero was no timo to loso.
Flora was called, nnd told to hunt for
lost sheep, whilo hef master pointed to
n groat forest, through tho edgo of
which thoy had passed on their way iij.
Sho raised her head, but secmod very
loth to leave her babies. Tlio boss called
sharply to her. Sho roso, looking tired
and low-Bpirited, with head and tail
down, and trotted wearily oft" toward tho
forest. I said :
"This is too bad."
"Oh, sho'll bo right back. 8ho's
lightning on stray sheep."
Tho next morning I wont ovor to
team whothcr Flora had found the
strays. Whilo wo wcro spoaking tho
sheep wero returning, driven by a liltlo
uog, who mil not raise her head nor wag
her tail, ovon when (spoken to, but
crawled to her puppies nnd lay down by
Uiem, offering tho liltlo empty breasts.
Sho had boon out all night, and, whilo
her hungry babies wcro tugging away,
fell asleep. I havo novor seon anything
so touching. So far ns I was concerned,
"thoro was not n dryoyo in tho houso."
How often thnt sceno comes book to
mo tho vast, gloomy forest, and that
little creature, with tho noro foot and
her heart crying for her babies, limping
and creeping about in tho wild cavorus
and through tho long, dark hours, find
ing and gathering iu tho lost Hhcop I
I wonder If any preacher of the gospel
ovor searched for lost sheoti under cir-
I cumstances bo hnrd and with such pain-
r lal sacrifices 7 But, then, wo must not
expect too much from men. It is tho
dog that Btanda for fidelity nnd sacrifice.
Tho best part of man is tho dog that is
la him. Jo ZcwU.
" Wnr is a lady unliko a mirrcr ?'
askod a cynio ol a lady. Sho "gave It
up." "Because," said the rude follow,
" n mirror reflects without speaking; a
lady speaks without rtiHocting." "Very
good," sold sho. "Now answer no,
Why is a man tiuliko a mirror?" "I
cannot tell yott." " Because tho mirror
is polished and tho man is not."
W onco heard ol u traveler at a Penn
sylvania hotel, who roso from his bed at
night to examine tho weather, but, lu
U'od of looking out Uoii the sky,
thrust his head through tho glass win
dow of a cupboard. " Landlord," cried
tho aatouUhod man, ' this, is very sin.
gular weather ; tho night is as dark as
Egypt, and smells of cheese I "
Am Ohio girl audi a man fur breach of
promise, and pruvul him such a mean
scoundrel that tint jury decided that she
ought to psy him something for not
Thihk U Hoiuftthing radically wrong
about our profitwious wheu a pious tain'
Uter only gets 10 cents for joining a
ooNplo, and u wicked lawyer geU 40 lot
uu tying the same.
"Hot, I'll teach you to tear your
peats," said an irate parent, winging a
strap; "111 teach jro.M "Doa't hit
we, pa, I know how tlratey. Jim! lock
al W." TVxoe Wdfcm.
KuKOUiaa U not an Uetrawft WU
M-h it n f.xl ljfeatha it will
a Jvnatrt CHAHor, wita tauia.
The following comes from Georgia,
and its accuracy is vonchod for by the
stenographer who took it down :
Jndgo was noted for Um way he
got mixed in his charges to tho jury,
On ono occasion n easo was tried hefurn
htij, tho iHiinls of which may b briefly
swtcd thin ! SmIUi brought suit against
Jones upon a promissory note given for
n horse, Jones' defotiso was failure of
consideration, ho averring that nt tho
time of tho pnrchaso tho hnrso hail tho
glanders, of which ho died, and tliat
Smith know It, Smith replied that tho
horso did not havo tho glanders but tho
dtstcmior, and that Jonas know It when
Tho Judge charged tho jury! "Gen
tlemen of tho jury, pay attention to tho
charge of tho court. You hato already
lnndo ono mis. trial of lids duo bocouso
you did not psy attention (o tho eh.sr.50
of Uio court, and I don't want you lo do
It again. I intend to mtko it so clear lo
you this Umo that you cannot s.sbly
makn any mistake. This suit Is upon n
nolo given for a promissory horse. I
hope you understand that. Now, If you
find thnt nt tho timo of thn nalo Smith
had tho glnndcrs, slid Jolios hnuw it,
Jones cannot recover. That Im clear,
gentlemen. I wlllrstato It again. If you
find thnt at tho timo of thn sale Jonra
hail tho distemper, nnd Smith know It,
then Smith cannot possibly recover.
But, gentlemen, T will slate It n third
lime, so that you cannot possibly mako
a mistake If at tho tiino of tho snto
Smith hod tho glnndcrs, and Jones had
tho distemper, and tho horso know It,
then neither Smith, Jones imr tho horso
can recover. Let the record bo given
to tho jury." Jfarpcr'a Mayazlnc.
WrrtLB there's Iyo there soap.
Ttiaik up n ohUd In the way yott
should hnvo gono yourself.
A hook with a looso leal should be
bound over to keep tho piece.
Fritz says ho can't ont oleomargarine
becouso it dwagrcoHo with him.
It is n liltlo singular that it man will
bolt a ticket ho cannot swallow.
"In Nantucket there nro sixteen
women to ono man." Happy man I
"That butter is too fresh," as tho
man remarked when tho goat lifted him
over tho fence.
What riles a country postmistress Ib
to hnvo a postal card conio to tho oflloe
written in French.
A gamecock ought to bo good eating.
Does not tho poet say, "Tho bravest
aro tho tendorest? "
A Vassar Coi.i.Kait girl, upon being
asked if sho liked codfish balls, said she
novor attended any.
It is novor too lato to mend. Whioh
is why tho cobblor novor has your boots
dono nt tho timo promised.
TmiiTV-Two circuses nro bleeding this
unhappy land. What a tough Umo it is
thoso tioor old jokes aro having.
The forco of habit example has no
effect on tho man in tho moon. Ho
stays sober when tho moon gets full
" Six Gnu k " is tho titlo of tho latest
novel. It is expected that n sequel, en;
titled " Our Broken Gate," will bo issued
An Irishman, eating his first green
corn, handed tho cob to tho wnitor and
asked : " Will yo pl.izo put aomo more
bauos upon mo sthick ? "
The following typographical error
show's tho vast importance of a comma.
At a banquet this toast wns given 1
" Woman without her man, is a bruto."
Gf.oikiiu (4 yenrs old, at Uio tea-tablo):
" Mamma, may I havo somo Hardinosf"
Mamma: " Wait till I'm ready, Goorgio.''
Gcorgio (surprised): "Why, ma, it'Bme
as want 'em."
An English Horvnnt-girl who had re
turned from tho Uuited States, to visit
her friends at homo, was told that aho
" looked really aristocratic," To whioh
sho responded: "Yes, in Amorica all of
us domosUcs belong to tho hiro ohms."
Rouinson (after a long whist bout at
the club) " It is awfully lato, Brown.
What will you Bay to your wife ? " Brown
(in a whisper) "Oh, I shan't say much,
you know; 'Good morning, dear,' or
loinethiug of thnt sort. Sho'll say the
A Colorado photographer started in
to bo a desperado, but ho lost his life
tho first timo ho tried to kill a man as,
tftor covering his intended victim, he
gave tho victim time to draw and shoot
rirnt, by pausing to remark ero ho fired :
"Now, look natural 1" Jlonton ltt.
MoTUBit (to now girl, who had been
tired to uiuuso tho children): "Mary,
low is this 7 ThcHo children ore making
terriblo nolso I " "Well, indeed they
ore, ma'am, and I'm bo glad you'to come
in. Hero I've been trying to writo for
tho last half hour, uud thoir iioiso is so
This is tho season of tho year wheu
tho minco pio comes to town, aud tho citi
zen comes down town utter dinner try
ing to pry raisin scad uot of n hollow
tooth with a buck-skin uiitton, and ho
stops in tho drug store and orders an
other Itox of thorto M)wdora for iiuli
gestiou. lck' Him,
A youno man who lives in AusUu, and
whose uuiHtacho Is llku tilth, "the evi
dence of thing hoped for, tho riubat&uco
f tilings not yet seen," 04'lcd ou his
prospective fathraVi-'uwnud gave UoUco
that ho Intended marrying tho old gon
Ucman's daughter ut an early date. " It
sail btitter takopluco ou Saturday, so tliat
it will not iulci fern with your dchool.
hours," sarcastically remarked tho old
Tuiaais M traM d hutauu charactiti
so poUuited 1st wegj at wee aa flnunr..
Ax unloved lover: MUtross "I un
dcratoud, Mary, Uiat you are about to
git married?" Mary "Jt'a thruo,
mum, an' uivor a ii'aUirnian walked thau
DenU Mulcahey." Mistress "You
lovu hltu vwy dearly?" Mary "Iu
dado 1 do not," Mlatrew-"AJ why
sot, Mary 7" Mary "Vveasa ho lm
always either twlhetiu' to eqtuse .
To our former stneh, ox Knlnfcnnn,
Sum, nj Citjr of Sydney
Sill I' CIIAXhhliliY
ASO Mllf RTOKM.
(VmlstEfj Hrmp. MjintU, Cnflrm I hit I, Mn CunTflf,,
M-tnll IVinr, Itrrtwat. HUks Oir. (8 la
ttiimhiH, cittii ituk, Stun 1. nuts
Iron Strap ll!xk Uoottsxis Mam
IIVAlla, MftftlllM ftlnl VlffPl I huh'
lnicl Mimvm, (HMtitfil iM)
SltxlWm Jr, I'Hth,
Cml Ur, lnrOil,
Ilrluht VnrnUli. Tllnrb VnriiNti.
WlrpUraing, Mnilim, Scltlng ltouHne. KAtirti(5ttin
jurii, LdMlkimt Irwrt, Loijt ImIi, IrtHi Utls,
(.winrcilnat t.lnV, MAilin tVn, OtitVlits
MiillflS MaM llwp llmtsl iVl liifh
Alo.t, Ur Unisys I'ALU Ic IUI1I-
ItKK 1'AINI.A new UA Irufml
Intt All ll vailtiH rf.1t.rr.,
il'ulnfH anil Point Oil.
Alt KINPS ANII LIIIDin,
A full sxnrlmrni of IIUUSIII'.S- Paint, Vini.li,
I'fmll , t I11KW.1O1 ,r,it , Anle., Scniti-, Sli-,
Blht S0i llnMtrs s Rnoil natottntritt
.n.l liiiiKlin), SHIP l.Nli:UNS
And Side I tjilils, (rruuUllon
A fiillliwottineiit rf due omentr, liitltiilitiit ome
ciuiili: vauii.i ii.sr canni'.h lioobs-
I Mil Vitt trmii, Jam aim! Jllirn. (i new Af
ir inn tip iiyn iisw itrni, iikii we
iKt1y rtsiinmriril n linK Vjinrilmi
irAlly iiife), a nrw loi i f I ra, in
cluthiipt Mime tijrtttr Ji)mii
lnnrtten. aiiu.nrt (iiwami
rt fined), IIaih, IUan,
Smoked Jiev in TIhh9
(.1 new nrllrle). CUUUIK.) TOWL, Cuntetl OYS-
'1CKS, I'l.UM I'UIHHNliS, kit f .Salmon
llclhen, V MncVerrl. Viu 'Iciikhm, SmnJ,
etc. Ctlfisli, Cltrre, C)fonl Sitivii(et in
hrt, Koisiusj in 5, J( a tut J4 Uns
Uaiint in lin CnrrAtiit in nnj
7 IU, tin, I'liMr. in ., , 4
quart, 1 to 5 KlIWi lc-,
Tnplocn, Vernticnlllt Macaroni,
Dried Ajl IVtin, I'lnms rictie I'ear,
Fining J'rorfsions, Jtreafl
OoMm Oate ItrA FAtrtil)-, r.IitoraJiv, fsolJtn City-,
tl rain in . Oil, nntt Corn MtA, Medium I trend,
Cnwlerv (at Aoiinitnt). (JinRer SnaiK,
'IaITi, Sakxtn 1'iM Urcatl, SutU liciiit,
KICK ami LOI'H.i:, Wl.ale
Ain! fefierm Oil, Sitcnn
CAtllJc W Qfrd Ot.)
All tftl.eal-.ve will be SOLD at thr HI '.ST MAK
X4Tl!uernrr rciKCtftilly iniieti tocall And extm
ine our Mock.
BOL1.ES & Co.
HE GERMANIA MARKET.
Honolulu, If. I,
HEEF, riCAL, MUTTOX, hAMll,
Constantly on liand, and of choicer ijualny, I'ork
Knisacc llolocn-is, Head Chere, (Jerinan Sauvie,
etc., aUnyt on hind. Our meat arc all ml and lute
up in llaiern fctjle. All orders fancifully attended lo.
and dettteretlinaiiY part of llie dtj. Sliop on lloirl
Mrrci, lctcen Union and Firi Street.
4Q-6in Raupp St Sclirader, Proprietors.
TNO. O. FOWLER & Co.,
nrr trjarrt to j'urtttxh rtititm ami llmtt-
umlfft fir ,stttl
With or without Cari and IxKoinMive. Sprcially
ADAiar.I) KORSUCAK PL.N 1'A'l IONS.
Permanent Uailwa). and Iootnottvc( and cars, Irac
tio 1. limine and Koad lxicomotic. Steam
1'ktu filing and Ctilti.itint; Machinery, Port'
aMe .nginrs for all pun-ohc, Winding
l-.ngtnei Tor inclines.
CataloifUfs with illustrations, Model and Photograph.
of the aliuvts I'lanis and MAt-hincry may lr tvrrti at lite
olHots of the uihlrn.jrwd. I- C1KKKN and C. W.
MACKAKIwXNK it CO , AKfr no. Kotr& Co,
OANTA CLAUS' HEADQUARTERS
llie iindcrtlifntxl titl tla hU
FOHT HTMtEKT HTOKK
On W'eilneivit) nest lo prrturc his
II O I. I 1) A V I) I S I' I. A V
Tine LcatlirnJootW, Ailot)pcBiiil
I'lmlu. All GooiU,
l!asrlt ami CaUmti,
Toys sad Novelties,
'lu lwii uii SA'IUKDAV mi, at g:f a. m'
lull rnos, O, 'IIIKUM.
Two Tup BtiMlteet
WO SICONDIIAStl KXI'KK.SSIS, ONK
SKAIKII HASKKT CUT-UNUKU, ONK
lllCII WAOON, ONK- SINOI.K
DKAV, IIOUSi: AND
All K m1 Art n tu.t.1 vrilcr, MAily a b1 as mw,
fi" a WKST.
pAII.VXfi (IK CAT IKN-Ct.Nr fnOKK.
rrsMli IbvoIom New Qeode I
Itx Ten LVm fm U m.m, ai4 kiU l cuUliAWtt,
NKW AND J.PLENDID ASSOKIMKNI'aXrDS
'IU AKUIVK MIOKII.V,
. Poit M'tat. . .)
MW SHOP Al
it KUf tlrtl,
sstturasea tthtnaj auU Carriage Mtwav
JAVIU HUKkAY, li-u,f,
llwMi4lrUuJ, In lU Urf nusmr CrrU
u1'i t" iLurs fruw Maiwuasa UtML
OWKLL4 iff i:KI. KNCH AVV.Ii pauiis aun
ILd tM. fur Hunmm CatuV rUM fiugi"""'.
Nuu, Ut., luJrJ U b ttikly M k flMl1f
aah UrrM,,Ha.6 aifAiin. mu. n
J. WILLIAMS fit Co.,
HAvintipurfhAwl llie llrttrvraph nllty of Mr, M
t)nVm, will rtmtlnnr lttTtiW. at Untold siaaJ
Ily INtKKAKD KMII.IIIl.S Ami em
plniintf HKSI Cl AIUKIS.
shall rmleAvor tam.tnlAln,thiifsti(i
of Hi? old and popular (Idlfery,
AndtomeHl a Itt-pral (rttron
AK hy f1r ilerthn atnl
GIVEN TO CHILDREN,
fir fklrnt Irnlrt .11 Urnls of isl Trfcin Minis
lure to df .fee rttltrr In
C0I.OKKII, t, Ac
Ilionty Oallrry Jti llfttwtiilii, wliUh lus a rumptrte
In ndthtlou tn Ohw pbrihased bt Mr. DUkeatn,
have llie entire )v!!rtlu.i t VtKW'H and I'cxtrait
NfKitir made hy Mr Oiam. thus enhtin
tislooiTer ih greatest variety In vie,
I OWN, I'LXNIATION
AND liVA TI.OW VIKWft,
Al, a supply of HatrAiinn And Kotilh Sra Itland etir-
ItMtties. I mis, ShetlA Ac A fine Motk of I'rames,
MM., And .'asM-iuiiotils ronlai.tly on lund.
i hntifrn ttrttntttttthtr umt ,Htt$tfUrtltm
Give ut ft call. J, Williams & Co.
94-qr Numbers ttrt And 104 t-'ott Street,
A LDHinGE & IIAYBALL.
Builders niut Contractors ; Plana .atul
win, oo 10 'i in; oihkk isinds.
Etltmatcs elven on all wotlc connected with the
llridge wotk, stone nnd LiicV. work, ttiRar mills ami
bthcr uurks erected.
Repnlrtni; of old bulliUnun promptly
Iluild!nc put upon the Instalment plan
riR5n-CUSS WORK OUAKANM Ki;i) AT I1K.
HOCK PKICr.SI 4
TVffRS. THOS. LACK,
No. 79 Fort StriiKT, IIondliui, II. I,,
Importer and Dealer fn
Ati.1 Orniiine PARIS, A1TACIIMKNIS, Oil. AND
Accrwone. Acenl for llie Will II' aim! llie
.MGII '-RUNNING NIIWIIOMK
.Mncliinr, HowAril'l Machine
NcnllM, all Vlnil.
Cortlcrlli Silk In nil color and Siir. Harbours' Linen
'Ihrcail, Clark's O, N, T. Machine Cuttun,
Aficut for Mm Drmoreu's -
Reliable Cut Paper Patterns,
Ami mllicatiuii. llcilcrin
Uvvol i'vi'h, (inns ami
Shot, rcnitcr, disaiul Mrlahc CanriilKrs. Krrone
l01cs. in all itc. Clearance Hale of l'ieil, Clilar
HoMcrt, ToUtccn, etc Nu tenvmihle oirrr
GEORGE LUCAS, " ' ,
CO.VI'KACIOK an.1 IIUII.DKK,
STliAM I'l.AXrXtl MILLS,
Maiiufacluir all L!nJ of
and Doors ;
and all kinds ol wood-work finish.
TnrulnK. 'oroll, mid baud akwIuk.
Allkhkltof I'Luring ami Sawing, alortiMns, anJIcll
OKUKKS 1'KOMini.V ATIKNIIKI) It) ANII
Onlrn from the otlwr IiIainU KJkile.l.
U 4t(arnl tu ret rive a few nwre ouoilt fur tlnitouKti lit
Iruilloti liitliiudiiiKiitkof ,
ENOI.IHII, FRKNCII AND MUSIC,
KIhl i.iliuilyrrtd. 'Irrnu uiulrrAle, .
' . 1
; AUk itmt, lu6, o,
'pilE HONOLULU ,
. IKON WOKKS Oa,
lutt Ju llrJ An loiruke of
a lack aUltlAVer-beet Kasjllek
aiau a iin uir ur
3 INCH IIKLVhriAN HKUINO, for (,'eMiif.
Ul 'ul.C)iuv Hot, U Naiuiiu Si.,
Ia now itui-unl lo No- 4, Nuiuiiu Slirrl,
Wk lu u lilng a Utw ikl (Jikli. At
D'utekr Vlork ami Jewelry,
of trtrv .I.M1I14U1 Al M.Ungly low utcev Ijolin
miACKLkls, UKkiM, KAIKklKCjC
IkW. miik i siuii. nliikv;.
b iih bwlw,
Watches and Clocks;-
htitsUi u-ditcO-! OhtM hum tiM.uU.
Uii4pcvtM4ljruef4M its, (tuu4 fyly
Mti itf auir MwMr,
--i a iiinjaiifiiim i.isjir'nurwi f. m mi 11 n iimniia lanena , wnaw;
A KWH INVOICtOK
iswuta. aitrTfc uvrns. op
a4 fi-t rAr , mbh
'. ..". -m