Newspaper Page Text
nrri: i, tiii: xot Tiir.ns st 111:1,
I ( r;t fffi.r.
frank Wlllrvin, a crirtemlcnt of ihc
New Vnil Sun, wrllc from n plantation In llie
Stale i( MImIII follow :
MMwippt lan(jiliCT iimltr n Imrdm nf loo
tmith totton ami too many uuitcM. Ii
K-rtnclr calciilatnl to provoke teflettlnn to
del tomls, among tlie richest In llie wtirlil,
sicmlily i;rflulnn poorer, ami the men who till
llirm ;rrw tKPircr, anil xrrr, the fwtlnn
liieklni' scnton roll liy. Trimc planters, n
farm iiiimgcr, arc vastly Inferior to their
women, Purine llic or, when all the nlile
Ixxlltil men In the Mate vtrrr cUil in i;r,iy, nrol
were Retting klllctl liy northern litillct ami ly
ramp fever, Ihc Male was self supporting,
'Hie women, clilMrcn, and negroes prrxlurnl
enough provision to feet! llicimclic ami Ihc
nlenl men. 'I hey rititeil enough Mock to re
nlcnltli llic lome In agriculture and war.
I hey wove sufficient cloth to clothe tlicrmclvc
ami their oliller. 1 lie war ended, the men
rclurndl ami took clnrge of the plantMlom.
from the date of their return, the course of the
Mate luti ln.cn Meadily inlodelil. Of course,
the prime Impetus downward wat given liy
the cariiet-liaggcm. Those men shoiilil have
liecn sliot on night. 'I licy shoulil have Ih.ch
declared pulilie enemies, and a price put on
llielr ilKhonest head. The pulilie safety re
rjuircd Ihcir ilcslructlon.
Collon, cotton, cotton, everywhere collon,
and, unless it lie on Ihc Kfclianlson planta
lion, where convict lalior is uctl, every Mnind
if it is tiroliiccd at a loss to Ihc cultivator
not an implied or Indirect lo, hut nn actual
loss of jliout 2 cents n Knind. The loss on
this year's crop of cotton In Mississippi Is over
I.vcry Intelligent planter in Mississippi under
stands that Ihc system of agriculture in vogue
through the. stale has got to he changed j
that they mutt diversify crops that they
must cease Ihc overproduction of cotton ami
turn to mined farming ami the raising of Use
Mock J or that the warning now sounding
mournfully over Ihc lands of the richest agri
cultural state in the world wilUw ell ton death
toll as the American descendants of the slave
holders arc driven from their ancestral homes
liy money-lenders. So deep and Imn-rootcd Is
Ihc knowledge these men have of the impend
ing diMstcr that they eagerly investigate any
proposed crop that promise to cnahlc them to
practice mixed farming. The assertion that
cotton will n1was remain the main crop of the
stale is proliahly a safe one. That being true,
and the plant being imperative in its demands
for attention at certain times, It is hardly pos
sible to cultivate grain on the same plantation
that Is, not on nn extensive scale. In vain
have Ihcsc planters long searched for a crop to
help Ihcm in their dire extremity, I think
that they have at last found il,
1'ivc years ago Mr. C. Menclas, a (Ireek
merchant, who, as Is the want of Greeks, lias
traded all over the world, decided to engage in
the growth of jute. He had an exhaustive
knowledge of the requirement of the plant as
to soil and climate. This knowledge was ac
quired In llcngal, where he resided for many
years trading for the product nf the soil.
Having decided to attempt the cultivation of
jute in Ihl country, Mr. Menclas spent many
month in visiting the different stales of the
union. He examined the Pacific slope, find
ing no laud and climate that met the require
ments of the plant in the west, he entered the
collon states, and, after a thorough Investiga
tion, ilcsirctl to purchase ihl plantation, that
lies some fifty miles south of Jackson, the cap
ital of Mississippi. He asserts that in this re
gion lie the best jute land in the world.
Jute is a plant much similar in appearance to
.the wild sunllowcr of the west. It Is to the
preparation of the fibre of ltd plant for mar
ket that the planters of the Mississippi arc
turning their attention. I'cw X.oplc nre aware
of the commercial imtiortance of the fibre and
the marvellous growth of the industry of manu
facturing it into gunny cloth, bagging, matting,
rope, carpets, paper, and purlaps. It is mixed
with cotton, woolen, and silk goods. To show
the magntiiide and growth of the jute industry
I insert Ihc following statistics:
Kaiorted from Calcutta, 1E60, his of 400 lbs. 372,096
aijiicii iiuiii i4inuua, 1679, ol 4 lis. l57eW7
Kaicd in Hengal, ll&i, blsof 400 lbs. . .. 3,500,000
Imfotttii mil Uiuttd Staltt, 1S60. i$;q.
lute, bales of 400 lbs. ., 17,007 75?4
llutti, bale of 4uulbs . ..1,163 294,63a
Rejection, bales of 400 lbs, ... 16,737
The value of the jute imported into the
uiuieu aiaics in 10y was noout $7,000,000.
The value of the raw material produced in In
dia last year was about $30,000,000, estimating
jute to 1 worth 3 cents per pound, which
1 am assured is its value in the exporting port
of Calcutta. Almost nil the exports of India
are sacked or covered with cloth manufactured
out of jute. Kvcry bale of cotton that is grown
in the United States iscovcred with cloth made
out of jute. The value of the manufactured
products of jute exceeds $100,000,000 per an
num. It is the control of this industry that the
southern planters wish to secure. The im
mense production in India is carried on by
laborers paid from 10 to 15 cents per day.
All the processes employed there for separat
ing the fibre from the pulp-filled woody shell
inclosing it are by hand. The serious objec
tion, and one that threatened to be a fatal one
to the remunerative production of jute in this
country, was the lack of proper machinery to
enable the American producer to successfiillv
compete with the imverty-strickcn laborers of
licniai, who cneeriuiiy work lor a sum barely
sufficient to buy the small quantity of rice
necessary to keep them alive.
Satisfied that the soil and climate of Missis
sippi, which produces a cotton fibre far stipe
rior to any grown In India, would also improve
the jute tibre and enable the American pro
ducer to control the market, Mr. Menclas was
not discouraged by the lack of machinery. He
knew that sonic .day a machine would be in
vented. Machines were invented, tried, and
cast aside. In 1S82 Mr. T. A. Smith of St.
Louia perfected a machine that met all require
ments. This machine separates the tough out
side husk of the stalk, which carries the fibre,
from the pulpy interior, and cuts Ihc husk. Into
strips about a quarter of an inch wide and the
full length of the stalk. After the mechanical
operations are completed the strips arc made
into small bundles and completely, submerged
in water for about two weeks. This lath dis
solves the gummy substance that envelopes the
fibre. When the gum has been dissolved, the
jute is removed from the kith and cleaned by
allowing running water to pass over it. Then
it is dried, and when dry is ready for the
market. The fibres arc as long as the stalks of
the plant, say Irom seven to tilteen leet. When
pioperly prepared, they arc of ajellowish white
color and exceedingly llossy. The vield, as
obtained by actual exicriinent on this farm, Is
from fifteen hundred to two thousand pounds
per acre. The Mississippi jute would be worth
alxiut 4i cents in New ork. Mr. Menclas
asserts that he produced the fibre for 2)4
cents per pound this year,
Great advantages will result to the south
ern states from the cultivation of jute. In
three months and a half from planting the
seed, the crop is ready for the nutlet. The
plant is droughl.moof. It resists wet weather
successfully. It lias no insect enemies. The
seed can lie sown broadcast on a well-prepared
ground, and, after harrowing thoroughly, the
crop requires uo further attention until rcaily
to cut. It blooms cutting time is determined
by the bloom soon after the cotton crop lias
liecn laid by, and before picking begins. The
production of Jute would supply the cotton-
planter with an article to sell at the season of
the vcar wlien lie is always snort 01 money; 11
would also supply the southern railroads with
Transportation during the mouths when they
have but little to do. To successfully produce
ill: fibre, there must lie an abundance of water
on the plantation.
It may lie that this industry needs the foster
ing care of the government. If this shall prove
to lie the rase, it should be adequately pro
tected. When the northern cople under
stand the financial condition of the south, and
the dire distress produced there by the exclu
sive cultivation of cotton, they will readily
agree to lay a sulficient duty on jute from llril
ish India to protect a new industry in the
south, that promises to lift her agriculture out
of the rut orcotlon-gruwing, where, at present,
it is hopelessly smiled, e hav c protected all
northern Industries, and protected one of them,
the manufacture of cotton tics, at the expense
of the cotton-planters, wo are, financially, the
neediest farmers in the nation.
Haviiu! attended the convention of iute-
rowers recently held at Jackson, Mississippi,
am confident that the planters will strive
earnestly to succeeil ingrowing jute ami nuk
ing the crop remunerative. Ihey must aban
don the exclusive cultivation of cotton, or,
without exception, they will become bankrupt.
A certain little I'lurisev, who was praying
for his big brother, had 4 good deal of human
nature luhiui, even if he was only six ) cars
old. lis prayetlt "O lord, bless brother
Dill, and uule hliu as good a boy as I X
riff; mioiiri: ijiinnrmy.
Sine Doctor His midchis assault nn thetll
vnrrelaun ofthccounlry, the question ha at
tmctetlmorr than muni aiUnllon, ami rtewllt
crnlivenn the subject Isgrowing up. 'I lie latest
(trilmliomiipiear Inlhc North American He
lew, and arc from the pen of llcv. Dr. 'I lico
i"in l. Woolscy and Judge John A. Jameson.
'I hey more fully represent the lilieral churchly
sentiment on the one hand, and the liberal sc
dular sentiment on the other, than any pnwr
on the subject of recent issuance, and arc
worthy concise presentation a prefatory In fit
lure lmlr)H.ndcnt consideration.
The former discusses the question from a
religious standpoint, and while plainly indica
ting his jicrsonal opinion that the marriage re
lation and it Indissoluble character should ob
tain such greater sanctity in the eye of the law
that divorce shall be rendered nil but inisi
lite save for one cause, he ct admits the great
difficulties to be met In arriving at that deside
ratum, and therefore hesitatingly advises res
triction of nli-tolutc divorce to the single cause
of adultery. Ill conclusion arc that the law
should grant nlisoltite divorce for adultery only,
and should prohibit remarriage of the guilty
party, and that this prohibition will greatly
eliminate the premium for the crime itself, lie
find from an examination of the statistics that
nn increase In the munlier of causes for di
vorce granted by law increases, at least for a
long period, the number of divorce themselves!
that separation are not so much In demand a
divorce when the law permit them for similar
causes) that to grant scpirntlon without leave
to remarry i not so disastrous to family life a
to grant tlivorccs, a the latter but spread Ihc
evil for which they arc provided a a remedy.
He liclivci, therefore, that uch Mrpamllons
may, without conflict with the feeling or faith
of the great majority of Christian lichevcrs, be
granted for gros violation of matrimonial
duties and in till takes issue with the extrem
ists, the church. I-astly, he demand stride
procedure In court In divorce case, and
greater severity on the nrt of judges.
Judge Jameson, on hi side, discusses the
question from a legal standpoint, nnrl preface
hi paper with a defense of Chicago courts.
The greater lllicrality of divorce for other
causes than adultery he believe to lie astcp in
the general movement for greater social free
dom which characterize our modern age. The
church ami the secular theories regarding di
vorce rest upon differing conception, of the na
ture of marriage, while a third theory considers
the interest not only of the parties, but of the
state, in the matter of its dissolution. So he
hold that for the church divorce 1 a religious
qui-stion only, and for the state merely a social
question, and subject to public authority.
Where the indissolubility of tnc marriage rela
tion is held to be absolute, the parties arc led
to defy law and religion and sink into flagrant
Immorality. On tnc other hand, too great
iaxity of restriction tends to make all marital
differences irreconcilable. If the rule be estab
lished that divorce will be allowed only at
heavy cost, for scriou causes and with social
ignominy, will it justify itself? To ascertain
tliis he examines at length the results of such
rules under the restricted system of the canon
law. Wc cannot enter into a view of his cita
tions and statistics; but, the conclusion of the
lunst arc. that experience doc not punish lev
timony favorable to the strict law, but does
condemn the laxity of the law and the practice
in many of the states of the union. lie shows
that the church originally granted divorce for
adultery only on the part of the wife, but when
the rule was extended to both sexes, it was
confined to a separation. The sincerity of the
church was then qucstmncil liccausc it winked
at infraction of the supposed divine law, and
hence -came the dissolution of the bonds of mat
rimony. He holds that cruelty amountinglo
brutality works as great an injury to the relation
as adultery, and as completely defeats the one
great object of marriage the right training of
Oirspring. ou, loo, lur nauuuai uimiikciiiicss
and willful and continued desertion, intolerable
injuries that society cannot permit to go Tor
nothinc. Hut while this is to be said in favor
of liberal divorces, there I no question as to
the great extent ol Irauilulent divorces, collu
sion to olitain decrees, and looseness of proce
dure, and thejudgc is forcedto admit, as Doctor
Woiselcy ha urged, that In the greatest num
ber of cases the courts realize that if the par
tics were held together by an iron bond, mak
ing divorce impossible for any cause, they
would at an early stage of marital differences
effect reconciliations. His suggestions then,
are, so to modify court procedure as to reduce
fraud and collusion to the minimum; make the
punishment of the guilty party highly punitory,
and correct the public sentiment on the sub
ject of tiivorce by extending Iheperiod of juris
dictional domicil so as to repel immigration for
the purpose of divorce; by requiring actual ser
vice of process or actual proof of inability to
ascertain the residence; by making all third
parties interested, the childicn and the public,
parties to the cause; require that they be rep
resented by guardians for the children ad litem
and by counsel for the others; and by requiring
the state's attorney to defend for the public all
divorce coses. In coses of desertion he would
have the court vested with power to compel
return, if petitioner is the wife and requests it,
and on the husband's refusal to resume the re
lation, to commit him to prison If he deserted
without rcsonable cause. To carry out this
scheme would require federal enactments as to
requisitions for the person. "Why should they
not be granted for a husband, when the ma
chinery of the state and nation may be set in
motion to catch the thief who steals a twenty
dollar watch?" asks the judge, with grim
factiousness. Lastly, he would, for adultery,
firohibit remarriage of the guilty, and would
ly low, precept and example have a greater
sanctity thrown about the marriage relation,
not in on ecclesiastical sense, but in that of the
highest social obligation that binds the con
science of a man of honor and honesty. Sat
rammti Konl- Union.
The American Register says that the Cana
dian Pacific Uailway Company is one of the
richest corporations in the world, It started
out witn a grant of 756 miles of road built and
in operation ; another crant ol 2s.ooo.ooo
acres of land, said to be worth an average of
$5 per acre, anil a government guarantee ol
the clear cift of $,ooo,ooo to be paid in in
stallments, so much upon the completion of
eucn section ot 20 miles, its cnarter exempts
the road, equipment and capital stock frohi
taxes forever, and it has free right of way with
all the materials for construction and equip
ment free from duty. The whole mileage to
lie built by the company is less than 2,400
miles. Tnc eastern half of it will not cost more
$15,090 a mile, or $43,000,000 ; a total prob
able cost of $60,000,000, of which the gov
ernment pavs $25,000,000, leaving for the
company but $35,000,000, which 7,000,000
acres nf their land grant from W'innlpeg vsest
ward will. pay. They will then have left their
entire capital stock and 18,000,000 acres of
land lor tne construction 01 connections ana
branches and equipment and for the creation
of connecting lines of steamships from Mon
treal to l'urope at the cost, and from I'ort
Moody with Australia, China, and San Kran
cisco at the west. A company so rich in funds
and exempt Irom all taxes forever, with so
large a surplus, ought to become a regulator of
an trie ointr trans-comincniai railways ana
force them into reasonable and fair treatment
of the public.
The iiuuiIkis of miles of railroads in the
world constructed prior to January I, 1SS1,
was 226,452, of which sum 93,671 miles were
within the United States. Uermany had built
21,037 miles 1 Great llritain and Ireland, 17,.
696 1 France, 15,287 Kussia, 13,571 ; Aus
tint-Hungary, 11,471 i liritish India. 8,615;
Canada, 6,891 1 'Jul)'i 4i999 and Spain,
4,264. During the scar, iSo'i, the railway
mileage increased to 104,813 miles, to which
the j car 1SS1 added 10,821 miles, making a
grand total of 115,634 miles. To build these
great hlghwavs and properly equip them about
$5,750,000,000 have been expended. Iowa
during the post year look the lead, having
constructed 953 miles, and Texas followed
close after with 817 miles of new road.
Tin: nr.s.iMiii: w.wivi:.
The most destructive agency known to
rniHlern science appears simultaneously at the
opposite Poles of the circuit of 1 jiropcnri intelli
gence. If St. Petersburg was built as a win
dow opening toward the continent, Moscow
remained the underground chamber of Ihc
Muscovite and the Tartar-the real centre of
the rnllon that was loct In the scale of civll
Iration ami xlitlcal government. In it ten
dencic It wa the most incdi.cvnl city In
I!uroPC it made the closest approach tu old
time b-irbarisiii. Vet the I'nglish citic. Lon
don and lliritiingham, senraled from Moscow
by the widest range of civilization known In
the l'uroic of to-day, arc cxxcd to Ihc same
deadly peril the same aralysis of dread.
The rncilin.-v.il capital where llic car 1 soon
to be crowned ! startled by Ihc announcement
that the Nihilists have liccn tunnelling under
Ihc Kremlin, nnd that a huge dynamite mine
ha Ixjcn discovered, llic modern cities arc
alarmed by a renewal of threats to destroy the
government building, Ihc arrest of an alleged
dynamite worker In the heart of the metropolis,
nnd the discovery of a secret nilro-glyccrine
factory In llinningham. In thi way the
centres of barbarous V. urope and progressive
l'urope are alike exposed to the dynamite
menace -the rncdl.xvai capital to the modern
agencies of destruction, anil the modern cities
to the medixval spirit of barbarous hate.
Of the startling discoveries of dynamite
working rqiortcd in Ihc foreign despatches,
only one Is stated with sufficient dcfinltencs lo
justify deliberate consideration. Till is the
arrest of Whitehead, an alleged Irish-American,
who leased a small building in Itirming
ham two month ngo, and i now reported 10
have been manufacturing nitro-glyccrine. It
i lmKHtant lo observe that nitro-glyccrine, a
dangerous explosive itself, is a material from
which dynamite can be readily produced,
llartmann is currently reported to have ob
tained the dynamite used by him in Russia by
manufacturing it from nilro-gl)cerinc and
sugar ; and a convenient sulrstitute for sugar
has liecn found In pulverized wood or paper.
The ordinary dynamite which Is manufactured
in I'uroiic is a peculiar spongy clay, impregna
ted with nitro-gliccrinc and moulded into
cartridge of moderate size. There arc, how
ever, artificial processes of producing it on a
small scale which are not attended with great
With an adequate supply of nitro-glyccrine,
dynamite can lie rapidly and conveniently ob
tained. The discovery, therefore, of a nitro
glycerine factory, operated with considerable
skill and in absolute secrecy, implies a system
atic attempt on the part of Irish conspirators
anil desperadoes to make their own explosives
nnd to avoid the risks of purchasing them in
Kngland and the uncertainties of shipping them
from Germany, France or America. If the
chemicals and products in which this alleged
Irish-American, Whitehead, ha lx;cn dealing
arc as dangerous as the dispatches indicate, and
he cannot cive a reasonable account of hit oc
cupation, the detective will have the credit of
laying bare one or the most infernal contpir-v
cic ever known.
The discovery of a central factory and store
house of explosive will lie, if fully confirmed
by stiliscquent disclosures, a practical demon
stration of a determination on the part of a cer
tain class of Irish-American to make dynamite
the sole agent for the "regeneration" of Ire
land. It 1 a fact which cannot lie denied that
desperadoes who may have volunteered for this
dynamite campaign in Kngland have lately re
ceived support and s) mpatny from a class that
formerly recoiled from these diabolical agen
cies. The Irish World has been defending
and advocating the use of explosives, and some
of the most prominent leaders who arc to take
part in the approaching Philadelphia conven
tion arc converts to the new gospel of dyna
mite. There arc facts which impart a momen
tous meaning to the rumors that the dynamite
workers in Kngland arc Irish-Americans.
AVa York Tritune.
vxiiKit which Kisa?
The poor compositor, upon whose shoulders
's laid ev cry error that ink and paper giv e to
the eyes of the reading public, is more often
sinned against than sinning. White strenu
ously endeavoring to do his best with single
heartedness of purpose, he finds himself forced
to worship at two shrines, and yield allegiance
ton throne upon which two kingly-crowned
lexicographers sit demanding homage. To
day ihc Czar Webster says some word shall lie
spelled thus and so, and to-morrow L'mpcror
Worcester dictates another fashion. In this
office the one is held up as gifted with impec
cability in orthography, and in that the other
is alone recognized as an orlheoplst to be
trusted. In one school of the art preservative
the printer has served an apprenticeship only
to find, when he has "changed base," that he
has been storing his mind with error, alid the
firoof he labored to make clean is foul, and
ooked upon as a proof of incompetency.
Under such circumstances, and they sur
round him at every turn, well may the puzzled
"comp." dig at the' roots of his ambrosial
locks for an idea of what to do, and pleadingly
question "Under what King" is he ex
pected to serve, and how he shall decide as to
what is or what is not right.
Hither of the W'sare good enough for all
the purposes of our polyglot language. No
one w ill deny that. Either of them would be
a sufficiently sure guide if there was none con
flicting. Tjiat is conceded. Uut to be tossed
about as a shuttlecock from one to the other,
to be the football for orthographical fate to
kick, is beyond even the proverbial patience
ol the good man Job, after whom, the innocent
old grand-dame imagined one branch of print
ing was named.
Hut in this matter the printer becomes the
suffering party, and without the power to
withdraw nis neck from the trap the wiseacres
have set. The learned doctors of the language
and the sapient heads of colleges have each
issued their dogmatlcaldccrees, declared one
or the other of the kings to be right, and
against them the preference of the foreman or
"jour." weigh as feathers against lead. Vet it is
very perplexing, " ail the same," to be perpe
tually doing the correct thing and finding it to
lie wrong; to be Websterian when it should be
Worcoterian, and the reverse: to lie one day
under the tanner of one king, and the v ery
next, sxithout even so much as "by your
leave," transferred to another.
As long as each of the kingly "s have such
fervent admirers; as long as neither are will,
ing to )icld; as long as no compromise is
made, there is no remedy for the evil ol which
wc complain; and it matters not to the grave
LL.D's how much or how many printers are
perplexed, or how much drawn to the verge
of at least incipient profanity. They are the
great and mighty rulers of the language, and
lie of thclvpe and slick but a serf. Uut we
de protest, and strongly, that as long as there
is not but one established and recognized
guide; as long as one office clings to one of
the W's and another tn the other, all Ihc sins
of omission shall not be charged against the
rqmpositor, and that he shall not be nude the
scape-goat of everything the advocates of a
particular lexicon shall choose to consider as
alone right and proper.
We have the very best of Authority for
asserting that it is hard to serve two masters,
and the poor printer hat been endeavoring to
da so for j ears, lias been forced against his
will into, the unpleasant situation; and it it no
excuse or palliation that in Ihc main the kingly
dictators agree, for there ore plenty of discrep
ancies, and until one or the other shall rule
alone, the "Jordan" of the "comp." will indeed
be a hard road to travel, and he still retain the
title of being the licst-abusctl man in Ihc
world. iYiitUr'i CaHntl.
A California paper saytt "It hu liecn a
tradition ihat the Democratic party is an anti
prohibition tarty, but il has been violated in
Ihc State ef Georgia, where the Democracy is
fur prohibition, and a Democratic Legislature
passe a prohibitive local option, law. When
ever a county votes to accept il, the governor
U required by proclamation to prohibit the sale
of liquors in that county for twdears. Thus
far every counny that has toted on the propo
sition has decided in its favor."
1111: vuiuiynH.ir.H mu.i:.
.Vmix I.Un Aittlril.
The San I ranciscn Merchant of April 20th
say 1 " The Chronicle ha never Ixren fortu
nate in its witnesses against Ihc Hawaiian
planter and government. Ill first witness,
the sick Portuguese, Medcra, wa its best, be
cause he was a very decent, honest fellow; but
unfortunately for the Chronicle, he denied on
oath Ihat he hail ever told the story published
In the Chronicle, or suffered the wrong de
jcrilied In thai mendacious journal. 1 he other
Informant have all liecn utterly worthies
characters ; even burglars, and drunken, Im
moral, drgradcrl ministers have had access to
the willing car of it editor, nnd tialmeil off on
him lory utri story, Ihat an ordinarily intelll
gent man would have recognized a fale from
their inherent dlscrcpincic. II. M. Ilcncdick,
the hero of the last story of cruelty, Ihat of
March 2(1, outlined all the other liars from Ihi-
island that had fed Ihc Chronicle's greedy
ntioetitc for falselxxxl. He knew the ChrOni
cic s thirst for slander, nnrl boasted Ixrforc he
left the island that lie would give Ihcm a story
which should mit-Hcrod all llie Hcrodians who
had gone lieforc him. lie did it. The only
honest thing wc know of this man It that he
carried out hi infamout Ixjatt. Hut what of
Ihc Chronicle ? Doc no blush of shame ever
rise to It brazcrs editorial check when the base
ness of It Informants it exposed, and their
statement arc shown lo be false from begin
ning to end ? What reputation doe a newt
paper deserve that can be hoaxed by any evil
disioscd person who enre lo prctnre a mali
cious slander for it columns? Do in readers
prefer He lo truth, invention to fact, ami
groundless slander to honest and impartial
After quoting Mr, D. K. Pyfe's letter,
Printed in the Press, the Merchant say s "The
following extract from a letter written by Mr.
Willi, Ihcrtorckccpcr at Pahala, spoken of by
the Chronicle, was written to a friend in this
city, and that friend ha strained a tint in the
cause of truth, and allow u to make use of it,
though not Intended by the writer for publica
Now, as regard the Chronicle's narrative of
the sufferings of II. M. Ilcncdick on the Sand
wich Islands, the statement i a tissue of false
hood from beginning to end, anil It may be
believed by person living in San Francisco
and other parts of the states," and who arc not
acquainted with the Hawaiian Islands; but we
Hying on the island can but iaugh at such a
highly wrought talc, knowing as we do how
false the whole statement is. I knew Ilcncdick
well, and remember hi coming here. I heard
soon after his arrival that he complained he had
been unfairly dealt with in San Francisco
" slaughtered " he called it but, a he ac
knowledged he hail gone before the agents in
San Francisco and signed the contract, no
reason could be seen in his complaint. He
was treated well here from the time of arrival.
Hi tale a to sleeping in a room with three hun
dred other human being ia base lie. There it
no such house on the place, and net er ho liecn.
The Chinese have their own houses, the Ka
nakas theirs, and other nationalities the same.
I don't know the number of houses on the
place, but it is considerable, and every man bos
plenty of room. A to living, that is good.
The men have fresh beef every day, with saj
mon and pork, good bread, potatoes, dried
apple made into pics, etc. Can you call this
bad living? IScnetlick got on very well here
for some time, until he had a dispute about
overtime. I must here say when this occurred
he was not working in the fields, but ir the
stables, preparing food for the horses r if he
had work at all in the fields after arrival it was
but a very short time. He claimed that he
had w orked over his time. This was denied.
He thereupon struck work and went to Waio
hinu, w here he was arrested for deserting his
labor and was fined, and, on still refusing to
go back lo labor, was sent to jail. I will here
say the Sheriff Smith he speaks of is not a
native, but a while man, American born; also
that he cannot fine a man ; his duties arc those
of chief of police for the district. There is a
regularly qualified judge at Waiohinu, named
Martin, before whom Benedick was held. As
to treatment in jail in Honolulu, this part of
the Chronicle's statement has lieen answered
by Mr. Fyfe, who was then jailer, and with
whom jou ore acquainted. The answer and
denial of this appears in Saturday's Press,
March 17th. If Ilcncdick was treated so bad
how w os it he stayed working on the planta
tion three months after his contract hod ex
pired as a day laborer? And as to his bringing
$300 here with him, it is another lie, on a par
w ith the rest, so for as any one knows, for he
never showed it and he did not put any money
into my hand (I am the storekeeper), as he
avers, but he did take quite a nice sum away
with him, drawing nearly $200 from the com
pany the day he left, besides other money he
had. lkncdick mode a brag many times be
fore he went away, in my presence, that he
would, on reaching San Francisco, tell the
Chronicle man 0 good yarn ; that it should be
the worst tale that had jet been told about the
islands. At the time he said this, he acknowl
edged he had been well treated on the planta
tion, but he was quite a sea-lawyer in his way,
and there is no doubt he wished to make him
self a little notorious. He wis known while
here as a notorious liar, one that could tell a
long tale without a particle of fact in it, and
this tale of his lo the Chronicle was expected
and looked for here, from what he had told the
boys before he went away. There is one thing
he forgot to sp;ak of though, and that is about
his running away with another man's wife.
This was the last thing he did at Pahali. It
seems to me the Chronicle has been pretty well
hoaxed this lime, but De Voung seems only
too glad to have any pretense to write a sensa
tional article against these islands, and although
we here know such tales to be unwarrantable
lies, it is not so in other countries. People read
and believe, and much ill-feeling is created
against the islands. Yours, very truly,
T. C. Wills.
Milk And Coffee Stain's. These kinds
of stains are very difficult to remove, especially
from light-coloured and finely-finished goods.
From wollen and mixed fabrics they are taken
out by moistening them with a mixture of one
part gljcerine, nine parts water, and one-half
part aqua ammonia. This mixture is applied
lo the goods by means of a brush, and allowed
to remain for twelve hours (occasionally renew
ing the moistening). After this time the stained
pieces are pressed between cloth' and then
rubbed with a clean rag. Drying, and if pos
sible a little steaming, is generally sufficient to
thoroughly remove the stains. Stains on silk
garments which are dved with delicate colours,
or finely finished, ard more difficult to remove.
In this case fiv c quails glycerine are mixed w ith
live quarts water, and one-quarter part of
ammonia added' Ilcfore using this mixture it
should be tried on some part of the raiments
where it cannot lie noticed, in order to see if
the mixture will change colour; if such is the
case no ammonia should be added. If, on the
contrary, no change takes place, or if, after
drying the original colour is restored, the above
mixture is applied with a soft brush, allowing
it lo remain on the stains for six or eight hours,
and U then rubbed with a clean cloth. The
injured places are now- brushed over with clean
water, pressed lictween clothi, and dried. If
the stain is not then removed, a rubbing with
dry bread will easily take It off. To restore
the finish, a thin solution of gum arable, or in
many cases beer it preferred, is brushed on,
then dried and carefully ironed, liy careful
manipulation these (Stains will be successfully
removed. llluilruttJ SjrJiiijr AVasr.
An art critic was intnlucing one of hi
friends to a well-known New ork sculptor.
"This gentleman," he explained, looking at
the sculptor, "it) our true modern divinity
he makes men out of clay," "Yes," added
the sculptor, slyly, "and he never throws mud
The coioniulion of Palestine navtSMM U
still agitated among the orthodox Jews, who
consider it the only solution of several pfv
blcra a which the. race U iatfmted.
'HE SATURDAY PRESS
Job Printing Office,
No. 8 Ksvnhosnann StrMt,
IS NOW rREPARED TO DO ALL WOKK
The Highest Stylo of Typographic Art,
WEDDING, VISITING OR IIUSINF.SS CARDS
'HALL CARDS, t
LETTER, NOTE, STATEMENT or BILLHEADS.
CERTIFICATES OF STOCK,
BILLS OF LADING,
LagsU tsad MarcaatU BUaks,.
The above, la cconictlon with thi long-tuiUUW
Book-BisssUrr, Fstsr-KssUas svaa
Uak tk Maaatsvetoi-r,
Ensiles ih undersigned 10 by cUioi to cooiptcncy
in all departments, as csch is under the care of
T eHeiUss.T ' flt
Will cury a full line of pafers br executing BLANKS
of slf descruitions, oe fur sijccUI sins lr cllst of
BUnk IVxibs, in hMuwnlo the usual
Commercial, LJ an4 Otek StaUouerr,
All orJers (aikWtf
TtWseSJ, H. I'
it to 'and Vour uivruM
"pHR HONOLULU Y. M C A. ROOMS
Arf Now Oprnml Dally
TATHKI'UllUl KKOMy.. M 10jP. M.
A fV.ftt .tnrl coiitnorlKm, tralmg room, t fh em-J
bfthi hall owl.. the frwil entrance, l n-eH flfcterl
rut optilWl with trymtoruUt th-ir.
ft KwJkti of Ul4 dalM ami crflW Intertiting rta
tnz mtltf U provided, to Mch !!! um be arld'cf
Inltrcttinti game are at hand, tatforxrj and all
mSt relfiil for writing, and a pUxnt jTce for a
(irofrfaM ettnlnci enttrtainmnt U frtehr 6ffrI,
'Ik miM ftrtUf. tJDfof taatT and crmfarl
iht weary and fnrUftJ tan IWe nnd ch'tr and com
fort 'I rM rwmi arc opn talKe free 0 rt-ounc
men of tlWe itlanrU, ami to all wftT come from awTwul,
and a cordial invitation i herewith ettrndnj to com
and malt tm cftlWt comfort! and convenience f and
feel that voti are at Ynmm,
Aid Irom general entertain mntt we haH offVr , on
Monday evening!, to all who desire, the otorlnnity of
Mudying bmVkeeping with a competent teatlWa and
ihall entf'avof oon to provide for othei evening cU
cf this nature, requiring tu payment not ding but gentle
"ITv new hall U ready for entertainment!, and 6i1Wed
lo the poM for all legitimate ptirpoei comluent with
th aMirfatlon, at the mmt deiiraMe audience room In
We .hall endeavor for the mutual benefit (A hrrth
employer and employee to conduct a far a poiuble an
To thi end we Invite communication npon thi tub
jett from all pcrtont on th iUnd who at any time
may l In want of help, aMuring all oxh that we hall
do all En our power lo promptly point out lbedeirablc
fTvit, not ho ever, always atxaminj the repovm.
iliiyfor character, at many of our applicant I willbe
entire itiranger to u.
We alv invite communication from any who have
mnfortablc roomi and 1 -warding hoowt to otter at
reasonable (kr a! we can thereby direct inch a are
lung deMrable home.
Our aim i to ai4 young men In all legitimate way,
and to thi end e thaij alwa he ready to confer upon
any subject, with all, for whoe mutual benefit we can
work. AddreM ISAIAH IJKAY
tit General Secretary V M.CA.f Honolulu
)OSTAL MONEY ORDERS.
Arrangement baring been completed for the Iuinj
of domefttic rental Money Order by the I'oU Office
Department, noticeU given that from ami after May
tit, money order will be Uiued at, and can be drawn
on, either of the following namd Pout OfrVe i
Honolulu ,. .. Oahu
lahairu. , , Maul
WailuVu . .Maui
Kohala . Hawaii
Waiohinu . Hawaii
HonoVaa , ..Hawaii
I-ihue . ...Kauai
Kcloa. . Kauai
At any of the above Money Order Fot Offices, an
order will be luced. on application, for any ram from
one cent to fifty dollars. The following are the fee e
tab!ihd. which are payable by the applicant at the
time the order I tuned :
FcrT any sum not exceeding $5 scent
Over 5s and not exceedinz $io to cents
Orcrjioand not exceeding 55 is cent
Over Jjj and not exceeding Sjo. aocent
Over $40 and not exceeding $5 7$ cent
No order winbeiued for more than fifty dollar.
When a larger sum u wanted it imut be procured In
two or more order.
An order cannot be Uuied on any po-t office except
one cf the above named money-order offices, until notice
ha been given that it ha been made a fnoney-order
An order UpajaUe on presentation, only at the otace
drawn on, and the person to whom it i paid mutt re
ceipt for the amount.
Banlc application are Icept at each moncyorder
At the country money-order offices, certain days, and
hour of the day, will be designated by the Postmaster
when money order will be iuued.
No moneyrder busineu transacted on Sunday.
Pamphlet containing more full details of the money
order system, can be had on application at any of the
Foreign money orders cannot be Uuicd until money
order treaties have been made with sach countries as it
may be desirable to extend the system to.
H. M. WHITNEY, P. M.C.
Honolulu, April, 1SS3. tjo-im
TUE HAVE CONSTANTLY
ON HAXD LARCE qtMXTITIKS or
Hay aiid GJ-rain
Of all kinds, which we offer to purchaser at
THE LOWEST MARKET RATES.
Oar stock it renewed by each amral from the coast.
If. a i-e PrrMirtd lo Grind Grain of all k Indt
AT ANY TIME.
GENERAL AGENTS 'FOR
Thi racifie Mutual Lift Ituuranu Co. of Col.,
Tkt Stall Jnvtttmtnt IniuriHtt Co., ofCal.,
Thi Hoovtr Tfltfhonr, tkt iimflnt, kit and
tktatil ieu in ust.
LAI MS CO.,
rortStrtMt -. HoHolsUa
H. J KOLTE, PROPRIETOR,
Beg to announce to hi friend and the public in gen
era! that he ha opened the above Saloon where
From j a. st, till 10 r. set
Citrus, Pipe ud
Chosen bjr a personal selection from first-class nana.
factoncs, hat been obtained and will be
ixen otxauicu mm
from time to time.
One of Uransvkk & IWWi celebrated
Il connected with the establishment, .hee. losers of
3-ir tbe cue can partkipeae.
ft BOUGH LUCAS.
CONTRACTOR anj BUILDER.
STEAM VI. AXIS i MILLS,
Manufacture all limit of
Wia4ow Iran, '
" m4 Dew;
ad evU kind of wood-work fniih
Tsuvlac, iwril, euttt Watt wit
ADiiudibf PUaiaand Saaiag, Moniainfc and Ten.
ORDERS PROlimV ATTENDEIr TO AND
Orders feesn tb. othei Islands srJioleili
A RTISTS- MATERIALS (W4x NcvtWt)
- in 014 or watn-oeor; nanes, vaaoevs, esc,
THEO. H. DAVIES & CO.
orrr.R tor sale,
from the ur(os of ihe ULLOCK ami other retetit
Stttt. the fvtrrwferq:
Dry Goods and Clothing:
Prints of the Islett Mtlei, fat (akin,
I'-loe Dentmt, llrown IJnen IMHt,
While Croydon Sheetififf.
Horrrxlt't l-ririe; CVvtht, VV'aterjjroftf Twrr!t,
Towels and Tovelinx. CJIait Tnelt,
Table Cloths, Table NatVint,
Porn Lilians. Shawls, Drew Ooodi,
frrenadirwe. White and Colored Sift,
Loiornl Saline, Urate Clothi,
Artificial r Vrstrtanrl J eatiWe,
Cretan Ifandxerchieft.SiIli HarKfliercruVft,
Table Corers, woolen. ColoredSatteeneand Crapes,
fancy MUlme and lllaeanl Dray llarmel,,
Vs-toria I Jternr, !rnr,fcV Sonol Cotton,
Hue and While Check Lltfadoe,
FANCY DRESS GOODS
fancy Plaide, Kecalta Shim, Wool Slim,
While nnd Colireil Cotton .Shirts,
I ancy Scarfs, Pilot Kefen,
Men's While and Drown Cotton Half Hose,
Indies Uoie. Mcn'e Keady-fnab! Clothing,
Indies' Hate (white, black and fancy straw),
India Robber Onrt. Cat and .rggirfg-t,
tllue and Cray I forte lltankett,
Woolen lilarActt, all sires, color and weigfitt;
I'rlrrt t'nrlmf Vt-lrrl ltttyf
Vrlrrt ant Taptry llonr Jfnt.
A foil atsonment of GF.NTI.P.MKN'S and LA
DIES' SAW.LLS: alvj. Saddle for Boy and Girls,
and a few
jocki:v sa Din. t:-i 1
BRIDLES, Saddle Clothe and Chamois Sims.
Sugar Bars, 20x36.
Coal Bag, 28k3T
Rice) Bag and Twine.
Ilntrnnlz! Corrtigrttrrt Jloojlni (t4 gauge).
In 2, 7, S and 9 feet lengths.
ROOFING SCREWS AND WASHERS.
Annealed Fence Wire, Noe t, 1, i and 7, and Staples;
Galranired Iron Buckets, all tuet;
Galranlred Wath llattm,
Galranued Garden florderinx a-sd Netting,
Tinned Iron Saucepans, all sues;
Tcalccttles, real Japan JJlackinz.
l'avina Itrlclt nud Giifilcn Tiles,
Lawn Seats and Chairs,
THREE LAWN TENNIS SETS
CROCKERY AND GLASSWARE.
Fancy GUte flower Standi,
Fern Baskets, etc
PORTLAND CEMENT FIRE BRICKS,
Hrrrpoot'Halt and Ilork Sail, Zlnri, Palul
anl Jlolled OIU, Wnrtettrr Saute
English, American and Hawaiian
Three, five and seven yards long.
TOPSAIL SHEET CHAINS,
Admiralty leu, sires U, M, re and )i.
POWELL DUFFRYN STEAM COAL,
ENGLISH LEATHER BELTING, from "jtoir,"
Oh. BU-Uorf Vou-rr Ptrtablt Emglnt.
Alto, On. Tkrtr-llort fote-rr Vrrtltll
qr THEO. II. DVVIESfcCO.
Fot POSTASLS. OS PiaslAXSXT
i Is Uaftha; lalbs to Uw yard, jut ncaivexl
per"aireXfcrakeaUTttM. Apply to W.
U Green, c. U W, Macfartan. & Gx.Ar.eus (a Jncf
Fowler & Co.
-ENTERPRISE PLANING MILL.
it; For Srssarr, llosotm', 11, 1,
C. J. Hardy ad H. F. BerteJminn,
Contractors and Builders,
PUasttCi Slateg, Tiaxsaiaf,
Bm4 mad Scroti Sawus,
Dsmtw, Smb. atafi.t, D-oc
.aasl Wit Fwm,
SUlf., a-aVtte f OfsW.
MOULDINGS AND FINISH,
' Alt cedersfeBeJ m short notste.aodJoUuprHlr
Ss atoli -.
Vw4ir Vwrs a, ? tss eras" wawrssssvssssssa?
Kaplolanl Park. Jon. 11, 188.1.
roxMlTtm or arssftr.rHS.Ti
l)r. 1. (L McGrew, A. S. tVthom,
If. A. Widemarw, r rank. Itrown,
Cesl rimsii, James IVM,
If. R. MaefarW. Wrt l-eihnun,
W. O. Irwfct,
J. K. WISEMAN
Xmtll AU Crmmt4t si lo s ilttJl'iksrf
Ilrjtlloritle Ra, mr stele daeh, 4 Ijrdlee free
fee art 1 catth weir; Ms
Seeeexl Stile Race, to Bite da fr fjr all I
Third fctfMwftf, Race, one mfle best f rt j free foe
fcerrth Tr-rttifla Rare, mife heats hw In jv to
harneeef free foe ill,
fifth Running Rjr,, one mile dath, foe Hawaiian
hred horse nee hatie-c hetler record than t 1;
Sttth R.nnmr. Race, one mite hest t inji fr.
loaf! Ilawaiian-Ued horses.
VtentrM-Trotlina Rao.onc mile.tret t In j fre for
at) Hawaitan.Ued hoes,
Eighth Running Race, threewioartrr mile dath ;
frt to aft Hawaiian-bred tmr r years old.
Ninth Pons Race, nn mile dath , Atn to all parlies
hred in lh Rtrtg-itovi not over 14 hand hir.h catch
Tenth Ronning Race, mite dath. open to all hnete
bred in the kingdom that hare never ran at Kaplolanl
Eleventh Trotting Race, mite heatt, best a In j, lo
hamese, owners to drier.
Twelfth Trotting Race, te mOe ; free In alt horses
that haee neser run in any poLtic racj;.
Thirteenth Foot Race. P-icycle Race etc
Parse will te arranged as toon a the management
can coneeniervll)- do so.
All horses entered foe the alene races win he tinder
the control of the judges, and their decision will be
AD Running Races witl he under the rules of the
Pacific Mood Horse Attociation, etccnting at to weights.
AM horse to carry a nder.
All Trotting Races win le under Ihe rules of the
National Trotting Attociation.
So pod-setting will he afto-sed on th Pare, groonds.
Aft horses that are sold In pools win he ruled our.
Permits to train horses at the Park track can be ob
tained from the tecretary.
lockies crJortmott accompenr entrance fees.
In order to secure and maintain order, no one will he
allowed on the track wiihool the Association badge,
which can be obtained from the Secretary on the Park
ADMITTANCE TO THE PARK
Hones and Hortet and Carriages . .
Admittance 10 the Grand Stand.
J. E. WISEMAN. Secretary.
"TMIERE'S ALWAYS SOMETHING
That wc feel a little arulous for tow to know about.
The Great American Clothing. Hmusa
Respectfurfr calls yvKir attention to their
STYLISH BUSINESS AND DRESS SUITS,
With t rong, serviceable linings, which we are feUiaglowr
BOYS', YOUTHS and CHILDREN'S CLOTHING
In make, quality and style to general importations of
such goods for this market.
Tit Lattit XrttUut in Ctnt Fmrnltktmg nd mil
S. COHEN CO-
No. 1; Ni'caxu SrT IIoxoixiu.
OOMETHING WORTH READING.
J. E. WISE MAM,
Meal JEntate llroker anil General
N'0.17 MiiCHAxTSTiiarr ,. Ilosouit), II. I,
1 base now several neat I IOUS ES and COTTAGES
to let in varioot pant of Honolulu and suburb. Also,
some good Iluildin; Lets and property to sctL
EsiuOYMEKT KOCKD rOK THOS1C SSKKIKC WoatC
I AM rSTAftrT0 ri'aXLSlf
MONET AT ANT TIME
on riatT-ciAis ticorr-.
I.idl refers cf all Dturif tiont Draum.
Engraving and Penmanship Tattefutly Donet. Custom
House Lfitrte and Correspondence attended to.
AGENT FOR THE BEST
IN THE WORLD
tUIis Collected ; Hooks and Accounts Kept i Order
of every beauness nature Irons the other islands will
meet with prvmplocte.
T HOPP ft Co., 74 King street.
lmftrttti m.mj Mmmfm.trtn 9
Evrterjr -HMlfStlawa tsf lTsurssitar.
To Tits Ltwaai-Tiinuaioxs, Tateb, GsavM. Silk
Cord Us every tlseuV Parlor Sets rettuSed,
coeereil, poluhed and trade etjuaJ to
new, alalirestea -ec-auvd. and
cleaned at short
Wt ru wotwd (H Irst-cUrw work sad taodwM
-pHE "SUPERIOR" STOVE.
G. EXGLIXG Jt Co.,
.V. J, A'ouaa Si, ftttJm II.
Sole agenla for these Island. A full tine of ih.
and rliiurr IVjc the slum alway U stick,
JOU WORK PROMPTLY 'DONE;
T.l.ss.a.ten. awCwtll. Ir
POK BALK I
TWO TOP BUGGIES. r-r
TWO MSCOND-HAND EXPRESSES,
ONE SK.S.TKD HASKKT CUT-UN DIB,
ONE REACH WAGON,
ONE DRAY HORSE AND HARNaMS.
AH lb tbor. are la cwaW, .early as food a. twsr.
1-tfXWl eON-AI partis. r kerelvy -Tr! TjJnUl
e Skceft lWk No. isaa, eWajl Bay lilftali:
moKwwtjPmsSMKtimtlmmmtmXB, ItsXraUetai OsTsaU waXtTlsMt, ewET
, " It
,, U. M