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SATURDAY PRESS SUPPLEMENT.
I-Ionolulu, Hawaiian Islands: Saturday, September 1, 1883. ' rj
IkVUj , tT
noir in ,s i,.t. siir.n s.trr.i.v.
Tlie follow iner exquisite- tiutlcMjuc of com
pilation .was made in 1877 ly f. II. Trurts, of
the New Vork- Ixtr, add wns printe) In Scrifo
rcer 's Monlhlj' fnr Deceirilwr of that jwi
Xin.LsH in tike ihe law of our sides, twill hlle
my thumb ! them.
Kr. -Ho ynu bite your tuumh it us, ilr f
S.tiif. Is lf law of our tide, If I uy ay?
-Komto ami Juliet.
Tlie desire in l.noV exactly I10W much I
could My against my tieigtiltom trillion! malt
ln tnTMsir liable In action for slander, Induced
tue name time ago to make a collection of lqj.il
precedents. For a long time 1 liail felt the
need of litem a need, I doultt not, that hits
ljeil felt by hundreds of other. It is hardly
necessary to any t Ij.it I have found them iwful.
They hove nol only proved a very present help
in time of trouble, hul they have imparted to
the character a certain repmc and confidc-me
which will prove of rare value In future emerg
encies, It It no slight recommendation of time pre
cedents (compiled from adjudged cases in thin
country ami Knidaitd), that they are applicable
a well to eases of libel ns of slander, Slander
if the malicious uttering of false ami defamatory
words, tending In the damage of nYollicr. ll is
the ntaliiiom utterance that wakes the slanders
so that, if words are sKikcn In a friendly man
ner, m by way of advice, admonition, or con
cern, without any tincture of Ill-will, lliry are
not slanderous. Of tint charartrr are com
munications in regard to tenants advice at (o
dealing with tradesmen, and other statements
of a lite nature, which are railed privileged
communications. You will at once perceive,
my dear reader, what a Held is here opened to
the discreet. Hardly a day passes without an
opportunity of advising a friend about the
church he should or should not attend, (he
doctor he should employ, the lawyer lie should
hire, the tradesmen lie should patronize, etc,
and even about the people wilh whom he
should or should not associate. Hut in what
you say the great point is to avoid the appear
aitet of malice, You can do a great deal of
damage with the appearance of friendship, if
you add a " but," sjxjl.cn under the breath or
with a shrug of the shoulders. Undoubtedly
this one precept will be sufficient for ordinary
occasions, but there arc times when this alone
would be, weak and jejune, when such small
words of heat and passion as "rogue" and
"rascal" would be hul "so much vinsle of
your strength to no purpose) they are like
sparrow-snot lireil against a liaslion: they
serve to stir tie- litimois, but calry off none of
tnc acrimony. I hey will not lo on momen
tous occasions, when great interests arc at stake
end strong passions are excited. Thcli some
thing more something stronger is needed.
I have intimated that general terms of abuse,
expressive of oil inclinations anil corrupt
manners, such as "rogue," "rascal," "sctfun
drel," and the like, are not actionrble. And
it has been held that the words "swindler"
and "cheat" are too general to support an
action. (Chase vs. Wlutlock, 3 Hill, 139.) It
has been held in Kngland that the word,
" Thou art as very a thief as any in Warwick
jaol," none being then in prison, are not
actionable,.bul would have been so had a felon
been there at the time. (1 llullstrodc's Itep.,
p. .0. ) And it also has been held that no
action lay for the words, "You killed your
wife," it not appearing that the wife was dead;
and the difference was noted between the two
cae when sh , '.as dead and whenydic was
living; for when she is alive no aci'ion lies,
although the defendant says that the 'plaintiff
has murdered her, hut it would he o hervvise if
she were dead. (4 Coke, 9.) This case has
been leduced to rhyme, as follows :
" If a ierson says he lilted my wife,
No action lies If she Ins jcl alive."
It Is not slander if the words are heard only
by lift plaintiff. (Ilailc vs. Fuller, 2 Hun,
519; see also ' London Assurance," Act II.)
In this last authority, which is written in the
form of a dialogue, Cool asks, "What terms
are actionable?" To which Meddle answers;
" You may call him anything you please, pnp
viclini! there nre no witnesses.' .Meddle states
the law correctly, but gives, I think, the wrong
reason. The words are not actionable, not
because there are no witnesses to prove them,
but because, not having been heard by others,
they have done no dnmagc.
1111 can call n man a " blackleg" (3 II. k
Ni 37o); you can say he "got drunk on
Christmas (iMiss., 324); if )ou are in
South Carolina, you can say he cut ofT jour
horse's tall (3 Iticli,, 242); if In Missouri, "he
whipped his wife" (26 Mo., IJ3) or his
mother (ib., 255); in Pennsylvania you can
say, "If he would do that, he would steal."
(27, 1'a. St., 112.) In Indiana it was held by
the supreme court that the words, " You
hooked my geese," were not actionable in
thcmelvcs, the court being of the opinion that
the usual and ordinary meaning of the word
"hook" is not "steal.'' (Hays vs. Mitchell, 7
lllackford, 117.) You can say of an attor
ncy, "He is a l'reshytcrian" (T. Jones, 23);
of a farmer, that he "cheated in corn" (id.,
156); that "Ihown is an enchanter, and did
enchant a bull, and make it run mad aliout
the common," no death or bodily harm being
specified, (2 Keble, 548.) You can call a
woman a vvtcli, because not within any stat
ute law; but you cannot say of one that he is a
sacrilegious person, because sacrilege is an
offense at common law; but when it appeared
that the words were, "You commit sacrilege
every day," judgment was not allowed to he
entered against the defendant. (2 Keble, 401 ;
id. 4jo.) It is not actionable to say, "She
is n witch, and hath bewitched all that ileal
with her, the words being too general; but
perliaps they would lie actionable, if applied
' particular person. (2 Kelile, 4 as; to,,
441.) Hut the words, "ou are a witch, and
I will banc you for it, if vou vex me," nddini!,
"She hath imps," arc actionable, for the words
imply an offense at common law, and so
felony; hul Twisdcn, whu was one of the
judges, doubled. (2 Keble 430, pi, 61.)
While it is actionable to call a nun a thief,
it l not actionable If you add the words,
"lhvausc he has stolen a cat," the stealing of
a cm not being felony; and Judge Twisdcn
said (2 Keble, 377) that "thiesing rogue" was
actionable, Imt "llilevish rogue" was not, be
cause it implicit! but a lure inclination.
Stevenson Mid ol Hlggins that he was a
"knave, ami a sitting knave, and had received
stolen goods," and ihe court held the words
not actionable, because it was not averred llut
Higgins knew them In be stolen goods, and
Tvvitden said that even then the action would
not lie (2 Keble, 33s); it Is not actionable to
say, "lie is a drunken rogue," "A cheating
knave (2 Keble, 336)1 but it is actionable to
say a man cheats in his tiadc) ot to say, "You
are a thieving rogue and get your living by
pilfeiing and stealing;" for these wouls imply
a habit and a trade of thieving (s Keble, 440):
you cm say of your ncighlior, "He seeks to
take my life," and no action will he, for he
may seek your life lawfully upon just cause)
ami also the words are too general, and for
. seeking alone no punishment it inflicted by
'the law. (4 Coke, 5.)
No action lies for salng, "lie is in War
vvj k gaol for stealing a horsu ami other
"beasts, because it is not directly atiinncd llut
he lud stolen them, but it is only a reoil of his
imprisonment and the suposecl reason there
for. 1WI the words, "He stole them and was
in gaol r it," aic actionable, (llobait Hep.,
It is not Actionable to charge one w ith the in
lent to commit an unlawful act.
You cannot say of a person that he has an
, t -., . :... ' . r.t....:. 1-..:..., ...,.....tr 11..
imccu'jw luawasc siiiiuui (a)iiit; jvui
1 1- i.a Jt -.. .. 1.1. . .r..i.. & ,ti t,.- Ki
'aV "-' wiuioui laying )
Itffa can with safety say
I infectious disease. In Ve
il g words were held not actit
that he has
i a pity Mnntpelier should lie represented by
a man who snaked his mother out-of-doors by
the hair of her head. It was Ihe day Wore
she died." (7 Verm., t3?.) It has been held
in Massachusetts, that a charge of "plundering
a library," would not of itself be slanderous,
because, though it conveys the notion of a
wrongful acquisition, il does not express the
nature of the wrong done. (Carter vs. An
drews, 16 Plrkcrlng, t.)
Words which are harmless when spoken of
an ordinary individual arc scandalous when
spoken of a peer of Kngland - thu, to sny of
a peer, "Ife is no more to lie valued than a
dog," is scandal, yet you can call an arch
bishop a covetous man (4 Henry 8, Rob 649),
and lansay of him, "He hath no more con
science than a dog;" but, in linglaml, an In
dictment will lie for saying, "It's a good
world where luggnrly priests arc made loids,"
this lieing a public scandal. (2 Keble, 336.)
Vou ran call a clergyman a dunce, blockhead,
or fool, for it doc no" Injure him in his oro-
n-Moi,. 1 iic eo-irc neio mat one can oe a
gocd p.ircon and a great fool, but otherwise of
an attorney. II lias been adjudged thai to
call a justice of the peace blockhead, ass, etc.,
i' not a slander for which an action will lie,
because- note the distinction--he was not
accused of any corruption in his employment,
or any Ill-design or principle; "And it was
was his fault,'' said Ihe court, "that he was a
blockhead, ass, etc.; for he cannot be other
wise than his Maker made him; but, if he had
been a wise man, and wicked principles were
charged upon him when he had them not, an
action would base lain; for, though a man
cannot be wiser, lie may he honesler than lie
is." Holt, 653.)
You cannot say of a churchwarden, "lie
diverted himself on Sunday, when he ought to
be in the house of Clod," for these words
charge a breach of duty. (Moore vs. lllox
ham, Irish Term Hep., 91.) If )ou are a
church member, however, you can in the
course of religious discipline, speak words
concerning a church niembei, that would, un
der other cirnnnstances, be actionable. And
this, too, without telling him privately his
fault. Thus you can say, "lie has committed
forgery." Jarvis vs. Hathaway, 3 John.,
179.) Neither are the words, "Squire O. is a
rogue," actionable, if it does, not appear that
they were spoken of him in his oflicial capa
city. (1 Johns., Cases, 129.)
It was held no slander to say, "The justices
of the peace do not understand more than this
jug the statute of excise, except Mr. Hunt, nor
have nothing to do with il, and the said Hunt
understands but part, nor one in twenty the
parliament men lhat made it." (2 Keble,
494.) On Ibis case you might risk it to say of
a menioer ot your legislature mat he did not
understand the laws that he had made, and
this, even though you could not justify.
It may happen to you sometime to be a
party to an action; if sun are successful, that
of itself will be sufficient; if you are defeated,
it undoubtedly will be because your opponent
and his witnesses have sworn falsely. If you
are so incautious as to call them "perjurers,"
sou will lay yourself liable to another action,
but you can say tlicy are "forsworn," that
"they have sworn falsely," that "they have
taken a false oath," or, "have sworn to a lie,"
without incurring any liability, and most of
those that hear sou will not notice the differ
ence between these sayings and tlie word
"perjurers." There are some decisions that
hold that you can call a man a perjurer, if at
the same time )oii giie a reason for so doing
and this reason impute not Iclony thus, you
can say, "Mr. II. is a perjured old knave, anil
that is to be proied by a stake parting the
lands of N. and W. ;" for, it is as much as to
'.ay, "Thou art 1 p rjuied knave, but none in
the world can prove it," which will riot bear
an action. So it is in this case, the proof of
the peifury being referred to a stake, which is
a thing insensible, anil incapable of producing
any proof. (Yclverton, 10.) There once
lived in this state a man who kpew his right
to slander and availed himself of it. He boldly
said : "Morgan swore to a lie, but, I am not
liable, because I have nol said in what suit he
testified," and the court held the words not
actionable. (I.alor, 263.)
If your opponent, or any one in his behalf,
has made an affidavit, you can in )our affidavit
say that he has committed "perjury," or
"rank perjury." (2 Sandf., 195.) When you
are on the wiiness-stnnd testily ing, you can
voluntarily, for your own purpose, and even
maliciously, defame your adiersary and his
witnesses in any manner that youl ingenuity
and malice can suggest; in other words, a
witness is not resionsible in a civil action for
any reflection on another made while losing
evidence, and this even though done after his
examination is finished, ,ut before leaving the
stand. Let me caution you, however, to be
ware of the judge, for if you go too far he may
commit you for contempt. It would be well,
peahaps, before going upon the witness-stand,
to Instruct your lawyer to ask you such ques
tions that, In answering them, you can avail
yourself of your privilege as a witness to grat
ify any malice that you may have against your
opiHHient, or any of his witnesses.
Jones once said to three men who had given
evidence against him, " One of you is per
jured;" and upon an action brought by one of
them, it was adjudged lhat no action lay; but
this is doubtful law in this state.
If you arc beaten in this action, and think it
was owing to your attorney's want of skill,
you can say that he acted like a fool in that
particular case; but to say of a stock-broker,
" He is a lame duck;" is actionable. In talk
ing of an attorney and his skill in his profes
sion, you cannot say, "He cannot read a
complaint;" and having said it, the court will
not suppose lhat the attorney is ill-sighted, or
that the complaint is ill-written, but will sup
pose lhat ihe words were intended of any com
plaint. (2 Keble, 710.) Perhaps you might
risk saving it if you should carefully leave out
any reference to the attorney's profcssioji, for
the court allowed Uichaidson to say of King,
" He is a cheating rogue and a cheating
knave;" it not appearing ihere was any special
refeiencc to King s office; the court thus hold
ing that that was the gist of the action, and
must be proved in evidence. (2 Keble, 265,)
Yet the coutt held in the case of Ikikcr vs.
Morphcw, 2 Keble, 202, that the words.
" Moriihcw hath no more judgment in the law
than .Master Cheney's bull, snken of an
attorney while talking about his profession,
were actionable, although it was nut averred
that Chcyney had a bull, for the scandal is
greater if he hath none. It is true the court
was divided, Chief Justice Keeling holding
on 1'ernior's case, that no action lay, but the
other three judges were against him, and held
lhat this is as much a to say he had no judg
ment at all, which is as well a scandal 10 an
attornvy as to a counselor. It it actionable to
call a law ycr a " daffodow ndilly," If ihere tie an
aveimcnt that the words signify an ambidexter
( Pearce's case, fro. Car., 3S2 )j to say he has
"no more law than a goose," is actionable,
but it was doubted whether Ihe words, "he
hath no more law than the man In the moon,"
Yini can say of a lawyer, "he has as much
law. as a monkey," because he hath as much,
and more also. Hut if you say "he hath no
mrt law llian a goose," then are tliose words
actionable. You can say, "he is a common
lurroter, and disserves to be hanged," are too
general and extravagant to found an action on;
because it was not shown what act was done to
deserve hanging. (Yclveilon, 9a) Thewords,
"honest lawyer," spoken ironically of an at
torney, were held actionable, (ilgydcll vs.
Jones, 4 Mees.S: Wets., 446.) No action will
lie for Ihe words, "He is a great rogue, and
deserves lo be hanged as well as (iale, who
was condemned for stealing at Newgate, lie
hade I. S. steal what goods he could, and he
would receive them," for by the first words
the defendant only expressed his opinion, arid
perhaps he did not think dale deserved lo be
hanged 1 ihe olher words were but bad counsel,
and no art was done. (T.Jones, 157.) You
can also say, "A made a note, and when
adced for payment got the holder to wait, and
when he sued, A. plead Ihe Statute of Limi
tations, and got off scot free." (4 Sandf. 60.)
The words, "Drown iv no gentleman, but
is descended from llrown Ihe great pudding
catcf in Kent," were helo actionable in ling
land, it appearing he was not so descended,
hut from an ancient family.
Vou cannot say of your butcher, "he has
ttalhiugXml rotten meat in his shop," but you
can say, "he has rotten meat in his shop,"
for the reason that such words would not tend
lo his prejudice in his trade, for he might well
have rolton meal in his shop and good meat
also. (12 Mod., 420).
The words, "go fetch the candles thai thou
stolest from my Lady Chandoys," were held
actionable (2 Keble, 651) ; and I remember
nn unreported rase in Oneida county, New
York, where the words, " I never stole a log
chain. Ijjd you?" were held slanderous.
Hut it has been held in Kngland lhat the fol
lowing wools were not actionable: "Hear
witness, mistress, lhat he hath stolen my hair
cloth." The court held that the plaintifl
should take nothing by his complaint ; for it is
no direct affirmation to charge him wilh the
stealing of it, no more than if he should say,
"mistress, you will bear witness lhat he hath
stolen my horse," for thereby the party who
speaks docs not slander the other, hut leaves
it to the testimony of others for the proof of it,
as if he should say, "J. S. will prove you
stole my horse;" these words will not main
tain nn action. (Yclverton, 126).
"Thou art a rogue, and receives! stolen
mutton from lloss Gamble; she stole it, and
you were a partner wilh her," which Saunders,
who was of counsel for the defendant, said, in
arrest of judgment, was not actionable,
"partner" being an uncertain word, was yet
regarded as sucli by the court, who held that
this mustjic intended partners In guilt, and
gave judgment for the plaintiff. (2 Keble,
40(). 'Thewords, ''we would suggest lo ihe
cx-Dukeof Hrunswick Ihe propriety of with
drawing into his own natural and sinister ob
scurity, ' were held not libelous. (2 Car. it
Ker., io). Hut in another case the court look
judicial notice of the meaning of the words,
" They had realized the fable of Ihe frozen
snake," and held them slanderous. (12
Queen's llcnch Rep., 625).
You can say of the postmaster, "he has
broken oien my letters in the poU-ofTicc, "
without danger, (17 N.J. I,., 12); in Ala
bama these words do nol involve the idea of
moral turpitude, or render him infamous. ( 2
Stew, ct P., 395). In South Carolina and
Tennessee the words, "those two rascals
killed my hogs and converted thcin lo their
own use," are not actionable. (2 Ilrev., 4S0,
Snced, 79). If you are in Minnesota, you
can say, "he robbed the town of St. Cloud,"
or any other town ; or, "lie 13 a public
ffibbcr," without being liable, for the courts
there hold that the crime of robbery cannot be
committed against a town. ( 12 Minn., 494).
Generally, it is dangerous for a man to
quarrel with his physician, but such quarrels
sometimes do happen, and it then becomes
ncccsary to consider what can be said of him
without being made to pay for the pleasure.
Of course you understand that you can call
him a "had man," a "rogue, a "scoun
drel," and many, if not all o? the names men
tioned above. I caution you not to say any
thing against bis professional skill, unless,
like Meddle in the play, you put by a small
weekly stipendiuin until you can afford it.
You can say to his brother doctois thai he has
met homcopathists in consultation (9' Jurist
N. S., 5S0), and that will injure hni very
much, if he belongs to the regular school.
You can also say, "He was ihe cause of such
a one's death," because "a physician may be
the cause of a man's death," said Lord Mans
field, in Peake vs. Oldham, Cowp. 275, "and
very innocently," and this remark would in
reality reflect upon his skill. Hut you cannot
say, "he hath small practice and is very un
fortunate in his way, and there are few sick
but die under his hands." (2 Keble, 4S9).
You can say of him, "he is not a physician
but a two-penny bleeder," and can insinuate
hit he is not a graduate of a regular medical
school. (Footer vs. Small, 3 Wharton,
Let me advise you, if you should be sued
for slander, to swear as a witness in your own
behalf that you believed what you said lobe
Irue. If you have carefully avoided the ap
pearance of malice, as I advised you to do,
this evidence, if it does not succeed in estab
lishing a complete defense in your behalf, will
serve to reduce the amount of damages lo
such an extent lhai you will feel you have had
the full worth of your money. "In these
cases," saith my Lord Coke, "you may see
many excellent points of learning in actions
for slander, to observe well the occasion and
cause of speaking of them, and how it may be
pleaded in the defendant's excuse."
Do not let any unmanly fear of what the
vvorld may think or say of you, prevent or
hinder you from doing your' duty. What if
there be an unjust prejudice against slander ?
Many of the most eminent men of antiquity
were slanderers Demosthenes, Cicero, Martin
Luther, and a host of others. The writings of
these men, either in. the original or in good
translations, should be studied for Ihe purpose
of increasing your vocabulary. Then, too, a
gteat part 01 tne disgrace attending slander is
because of its supposed sccrelivencss. These
precepts will teach you .that you need no
longer confine lo the closet what you have per
haps for years been desiring to proclaim Irom
Tear not to use these precepts Iwcausc they
arc not derived solely from the decisions of
the courts of this country. Although some of
them are based on the tlecUion of the Knglish
courts, yet these decisions (says Chancellor
Kent) are the best evidence of the common
law of Kngland, which has been recognized
and adopted, as one cnlire system, by the con
stitutions of Massachusetts, New York, New
Jersey and Maryland, and has been assumed
by the courts of justice, or declared by statute,
as the law of the land in every state in the
It may seem at the first reading that I have
endeavored lo injure my profession by extend
ing among the laity a knowledge of the law of
slander) but a careful examination of what I
have written will convince any lawyer that
such is not the case that in reality Ihese rules,
If acted upon, will be the source of as much
new litigation as any "Kvery Man his own
lawyer" ever printed. I shall thus have
made two lawsuits grow where Ihere was one
before, and shall have deserved well of the
profession. For, my dear brothers, if we can
once get a hot-tempered man stalled on these
non-aclionablc words, ten to one he will forget
himself and run over into those that are action
able; or he will so exasperate Tiis opponent
that he will cither commit an assault (ami then
we shall have an action for assault and bat
tery), or will use words that are actionable and
so make himself liable to an action for slander;
or better yet, will both slander and assault,
and then there, will le a multiplicity of actions.
I once heard aU)er from Matsachutells relataa
curtoua nttanc. of the authority of the common law in
M, stale. He wild that he once advised a client, who
had Ihe reputation ol bn a fighting roan, to plead
Ihe ri(ht ef wafer of lullle. Now, waer of batlle it a
trial by combat, and was formerly allowed by the com
mon law lly it the defendant had Ihe ruhl to Ml
wuh the pUlnlilT, ihe remit of the conflict proiuif
w nether he w a, godly or innocent, il y ftiend argued
to the court thai Ihe common law, a, ii was at the
revolution, had been adopted In MauachuMttt, and
that when adopted, adelendaot in Kngland had the
legal right 10 wage his battle, and Ihe law never having
been abolished by ualule in Matsachtuetit the defend
ant still had that tight, although the law had been
abolithrd in Lngland. The court held the plea a good
one. I have eumuwd the Massachusetts Digest, but I
nod no reported cave 10 ihe above effect, l'eihapt the
story U mythical. It may have been suggevted b the
celebrated cxm of Avhfoixl vs. Thornton, 1 Itarn, 4
Aid. 40s. decided In ill! In rlnLuvJ. In ikl.r.u.k.
defendant did plead hit right to wage bailie, and the
ami., til....! 1, 'IS. t. ...o!!. .1--.. . r .
court allowed it.
..- .aiini cue aueniloa C4 par
lumen! lo ihe fact that this .innnily dm reli'- of an
other age -wjs soil a pan of (he romnwn law of Hnij.
land, and the next ear it was abolished.
" To draw, of not to draw, that Is the iiiestnn.
Whether lis sfer in the player 10 lake
The awful risk of skinning for a slr.iilil.
Of, standing pal, to raise 'em nil the limit,
Ami thus, Sy Muffing, iel It. To draw to skin;
No more- and t that skin to gel a full
Or two pair, the fattest Incinr in' long
That luck is heir to 'tis a coimummvtlon
Ilevoutly to be wished. 1'odraw to skin,
To skin I perchance to bust aye, Iherr'a Ihe rubf
For in that draw of three what cards may come
When e have shuffled offlhe uncertain pack.
Must gite us pause 'I here's the rriecl
Whichjnake, calamity of a hoMailed flush.
for who would bear the overwhelming blind.
The reckless straddle, the wait 011 the ede,
The insolence of pat hands, und the lift
Hilt patlenl mem of Ihe bluffer lakes,
When he himself might lie much lietter o(T
ny simply passing T vv hal would trays uphold,
Anil CO out un a small m-ncrrpt.iv r.iit.
llut that Ihe dread of somelhina after call,
Ihe undiscovered nee full, to whose streiuth
Such hands must l.iw, imrilesthe will
And makes us rather krep the chips we h.,
Than be curious about hands we know na off
'I hus-blufiing ilolh male cowards of us .
And thus the nali"e hue of a four-lteart luiii
Is sicklied with some dark and cussed club,
And speculators in a jack ot's weatlh,
With this regard, their interest turn awry,
And lose the right 10 open.
xosn.s -1 si) ..si:.s.
It ts one of the mistakes of facialogists to
maintain that the Koman nose, such as is
shown on the frontispiece of Julius C.uscar, is
of itself emblematic of heroic character. It
is a habit to so class the arched proboscis of
Wellington. lie wanted the massive jaws
vwiicii make such a nose a true tildes ol war
like character, and one must go to Ihe lop of
the head for large firmness, and back of the
cars for large combatlvcness and destructive
ness, to unlock the secrcl of the success of Ids
arms. The Greeks had long, straight noses,
ami no people were braver, while the Unmans,
and no doubt the Carthagenians, were much
indebted to ihe I'hrcnicians for their bridged
and beakedface handles. Natxileon's nose
was but slightly arched, but Ids jaws were
massive. Washington's nose was also slightly
eicvatcti 111 the center, and lie had massive
jaws which made him resolute ami determined.
General Grant's nose is bill slightly arched,
while lhat of General Lee was short and almost
straight, showing civil talents in a marked degree
as well as a disciple of Mars. General Hancock's
nose is of Lccinold, and demonstrates similar
characteristics. Hancock is a man who would
fight gallantly for a principle, and then show
large c.ipicily as a civil ruler or agent of the
people. Stonewall Jackson possessed heavy
iron-set jaws, and a long, full, almost straight
nose iikc inai 01 iviarsnai jviacuon.dd, who
was always selected by Napoleon for daring
enterprise. The nose of a real civilian is
almost invariably of moderate length, and run
ning from under the eyes in a nearly straight
line, and yet may have immense courage as its
hidden characteristic. Sir Koberl Peel's nose
was arched, bill he is an exception lo the rule
in civil life. After a great war, the men of
short noses come to the front as civil reorgan
ircrs. If to a Koman nose and heavy set jaws
is added a large, prominent chin, the po-sessor
needs watching by n free people. I-arge chins
Index an animal nature in men and women.
Kctrcating chins are evidences of great per
sonal delicacy, of the sentimental or poet tem
perament, and yet from very pride Ihe owners
when pressed light like demons. If i n.u.i
dcaircs a wife wno will give him no trouble,
let him select one with a pug, or at beat with .1
straight nose, moderate jaws, and a chin gently
decreasing from the hollow under Ihe lower lip.
So sure as he m.irrit- a voman with ,-s arched j
nose, strong ami protuocrant jawi, nd a iii, f
Chin. Iif vt. ill nivnf K i..i...,.i l.S. ....... 1.a. . ..ll
--.-., ... ..... I...TW, ,,v iii.mni, iinti.til ilir.sc.Vl
C.-l. - .. :. - t . . .'
oueu u woman is a cross uciwecn an eagle ana
a tigress, for somehow every human being'
resembles something that flies and walks, and
sometimes animals thai creep. Nature has so
ordered it, and neither anatomist, physiologist,
physiognomist nor psychologist can penetrate
the mystery. London Lancet.
Fom:sri:r ix mi:.iv.
The Mexican Government, with a view to
the rehabilitation of the valley of Mexico with
a forest growth, has, as we learn from Ihe Finan
cier, made a contract for the planting of 2,.
cxxV.ooo, trees in the valley within the four
years beginning March 15, ISS4. Under the
contract 500,000 are to be planted each year
in places which Ihe government shall designate.
The contractor is to maintain a number of
nurseries which must contain a specified num
ber of each kind of tree to be planted. The
trees are to be in plantations of from 50,000 to
100,000 each, and the cotraclor is obliged to
mantain ihcm for two years after planting.
The contractor is further obliged to receive
into the nurseries each year three graduates of
the school of agriculture, who will study the
science of forestry. The contractor must,
iu addition, maintain a nursery of fruit trees
and of other useful plants suitable to the cli
mate, which arc lo be for free distribution. A
government inspector is lo be appointed who
will watch all the operations and whose ex
penses will be paid by the government. One
of the provisions of the contract calls for the
translation by the contractor for the German of
some authoritative work on arboriculture every
yearfor five years, and also for a translation,
within two years, of the German laws regard
ing the protection of mountains by forest
growths.' As compensation, the contractor is
to receive the sum of $200,000. It is ex
pected, not without reason, that this step on the
part of the government will be fruitful in
results, not alone to the extent of the work
undertaken by the government, but also as an
example lo Individual proprietors. Jlraa'street'i
Melllnu Mill.- fur lliittrr.
inc louowing rules, lor the hest way
setting nuiK lor cream ami nutter, nave lieen
issued by Doctor Arnold, the chemist of the
New York Dairy-Farmers' Association. They
appearto be well worthy of notice;
1. To make Ihe finest-flavored and longest
keeping butler, the cream must undergo a
ripening process by cxjiosuie to the oxygen of
Ihe air while il is swecl. This is; best done
while it Is rising. The ripening Is very tardy
when the temperature is low.
2. After cream becomes sour, the more
ripening the more it depreciates. The sooner
it is Ihen skimmed and churned Ihe better, but
it should not be churned while too new. The
best time for skimming and churning is Just
before acidity becomes apparent.
3. Cream makes belter butter to rise in cold
air than to rise in cold water, bnt it will rise
sooner in cold water, and the milk will keep
4. The deeper mdk is set, the less ailing the
cream gels while ruing,
5. The depth of setting should vary with ihe
temperature; the lower it is the deeper milk
may be set; the higher, the shallower it should
lie. Milk should never be set shallow in a low
temperature, nor deep in a high one. Selling
deep iu cold water economises time, lalr,
6. While milk is stand rug for cream to rise,
the purity of the cream, and consequently the
line flavor and keeping of the butter, will lie
injured, if the surface of the cream is exposed
freely lo air much warmer than the cream.
7. When cream Is colder than Ihe sutround
ing air, it takes up moisture and impurities
from Ihe air. When the air is colder than the
cteam, it takes up moisture and whatever
ecaes from the cream. In the former case
the cream purifies the surrounding air; in the
latter, the air helps to purify the cream. The
selection of a creamer should hinge on what is
most desired highest quality or greatest con
venience and economy in time, space, and
The Church of England's income is $22,
- ... It. r ' .... . r
The following Is an extract from a letter
written by II. M. Chester to the chief secre
tary of Queensland: "At 10 A. ... on the
4th of May, I took formal possession, in her
majesty's names, of all lhat imrllon of New
Guinea and adjacent islands nol already In occu
pation by the Dutch, and read a proclamation In
the presence of about 200 natives and thirteen
Lurnpeane. A royal salute was fired from the
I earl, and al ihe close of the proceedings,
three cheers were given for her majesty Ihe
queen. I then, in presence of the people,
rccognii-cd lloe Vagi as Head Chief of Port
Moresby, and gave the ll.ig Into his charge
until such time as an nfnrial should be sent lo
represent the government. Mr. I,iwes kindly
explained the meaning of Ihe ceremony to the
people and assured ihcm thai they would
remain in undisturbed possession of their lands.
A short, Impressive prayer by Mr. Lawes
terminated the proceedings, afler which aliout
So worth of trade was distributed to the
heads of families by Ktiatoka, the Uarolongan
teacher, in Ihe name of her majesty."
New Guinea is a vast ms-ilar territory, know n
to he prodigiously rich as lo soil and natural
products, and accredited by travelers, more or
icss trustworthy, with being an absolute treasure-house
of nature in the matter of precious
minerals and gems, with inland scenery com
parable with a vision from the "Arabian
Nights," and enfolding withal a vista of pro
mised marvels that might tempt a Sindbad to
venture a sequel to his last voyage. To speak
seriously, New Guinea is the second largest
island on the globe, and, with the exception of
a clawful of sand which the Dutch have settled
upon and never extended toward ihe inlcrior,
il has been a terra incognita until rpiitc recently.
The Jlritish Colony of Queensland has now
annexed all hul the Dutch clawful, and it has
done so with good reason and great pluck.
Of course mch an annexation means nothing
without the sanction of the home government,
but in looks as if the statesmen of the Austra
lian Colony didn't go to work in tlie dark so
far as that trifling technicality was concerned.
A number of plausible excuses have been put
forward to vindicate the course laken, but the
most straightforward and the truest of all we
find in the Sydney Mail of April 21st, to-vvit;
"The real object in taking New Guinea is to
prevent anyone else taking it," and the
"hacking" which the colonists expect is
cquan plainly expressed liy the same writer
when lie says of the Australian premier : "He
trusts 10 Australia to justify him-and to his
mother country not to repudiate him." This
exactly fits the case. The other Australian
Colonics have all upheld their sister's action,
the llritish parliament avoids the tjuestion with
a scarcely perceptible smile which whispers
to exultant Queensland: "You must pay the
bill and fight the battle; but if you can't, I
will." Thus another big lump ol the globe
becomes llritish, and the other nations of the
earth don't seem to clothe their necks with
thunder about it, either. San Francisco Nc-.vs
fASTLE & COOKE,
Honolulu, H. 1.,
Would call attention to their Large and
varieu atocic or
Consisting of the unrivalled Paris Steel
The Motine Steel Ilreakers, and Furrowing Plew, Mo
line Steel Plows all sues Planet, Jr., Culti
, vators, Din Scrapers,
John Docro's GaiiR Plows, -
Planters' Hoes of the best makes,
DISSTONS' CELKIIHATEI) CANK KNTVKS
made to order, Ames' Shovels and Spades,
Harden Hoes, Cinal Harrows, Ox
Hows, Yokes, Chains, Pence
Sugar Mill Requirements.
SUGAR BAGS, SUGAR KEGS,
Spernt Oil, Cylinder. Uird
ami Kerosene Oil, Perfect
Lubricators Plumbago, Al
bany Grease, Dickon's and
S. and J. Files, allsizes and
kinds. Steam Packing, Flat
and Hound India Itubber,
Atticstos and Soap Stone,
Flax Packing, India Rub
ber 1 lose, ft to a inch. Pipes
.snd Couplings, Null and
Washers, finished. Machine
!Ult, all viles, Culd-pressed
ItLicksmlth's, Engineer's and
Carpenter's Hammers, Pipe
Cutters, Winches, 8 inch to
at inch, Anvils, Vices, Tulie
Scrapers, Grindstones, llest
American liar IronandTool
Steel, Iluildcra' Hardware,
all kinds and styles. Hub.
buck's Paints and Oils, raw
and boiled. Small Paints In
Oil, In large variety, Ilry
Paints, Umber, Venetian,
Red, Ochres. Metallic, &c,
Whiting, tferman Window
ass'td sirci, Manila Kope
t Slajife Groceries,
No. and a Flour, No. 1 and a Rice,
Crushed Suarar, China and J anan Teas,
Oysters, Cfanis, Salmon, Lobsters,
Finest Table Fruits from the Factory
Pure English Spiers, Condensed Milk,
Cocoa. t?PCIALTIES:-T!ie !
ire srolie 11, MVafon'ji Vn
trlfliunl l.tnlnu; 14 Inch. ItiiMtrr
Sprlntl uutl Caurit Jtntkr just at
liand.Ulake Steam Pump Valvei.Pack
Iu it. tec, Dlalce Uoller Feed, Juice or
Molasses, Irrigating & Vacuum Pumps
Weston's Patent Centrifugals Complete,
ALSO OM LUNtlCNHKNT
California Hay, Ilalley, Potatoes, Ilarrels
Salmon, Hams, Aibcstos Miilure for lloilerv
and Steam Pipes, very cheap, Fence Wire
and Staples, GafvanUed Hoofing,
Wllcoi and GiUj's Automatic; Sinzcr Manufacturing
Company. Assorted: Krmington Company, Kamils;
Wilson Machines, the bevl assortment to oe found,
and at bottom Prices,
New Goods by every arrival from England, New
York and San Fraacbco.
1 New Traction Etaciue,8ho!-me power.
Orders from the whet Idaruli tilled at Bert Kates and
M. CARTER & CO.
No. 82 King Stront, Honolulu.
I'MtL USSLSRS ls
FIREWOOD, COAL AND rEED
He ould notify Ihe public, and housekeepers Iu par.
ticular, that we keep on hand and for sale, in quantities
to suit purchasers and at lowest rain, fuel, ai follows:
HARD AND S01T WOOD,
Cut any length! ;
N. S. W. NEWCASTLE COAL,
SCOICII COAL, and the
CELKIIRATED WELLINC.ION MINE,
DEPARTURE IIAV COAL,
The alwve can I ordered by Telephone or olherwiK,
and immediate delivery guaranteed.
GIVE US A CALL.
Telephone, No. 305
WR ALSO kBEr IN STOCK
!.,A,Vl SiY1 S-California and New Zealand;
nAKt.KV Whole and Kround I
WMKAT. CORN-Whole and cracked ;
1IRAN, MIDDLINGS, and olher feed.
Order the above through Telephone No. ys,
AND WK V. ARRANT
Quick Dolivory and Full "Wolt;ht
ORDERS FROM OITIKR ISLANDS SOLICITED
Free Delivery 10 All Parti of the Cily.
Romombnr, No. 82 King Street.
TKI-EfllONR No JOS ,,5
)ALMER & THATCHER,
Pnro Drugs and Cuomicnlx,
ALWAVS OK HSNII.
' A full rcssortmont of Patent Mcdicltlos
" KErr IN STOCK.
St. Jacob's OU,
Warner's Safo Cnro,
August Flower, Etc.
A FINE LINK OF
Collulold. Trasses and
A SUPERIOR LOT OF UATHINfi SrONGES,
WE CARRV THE LARGEST STOCK OR
Ej-o-Glassos and Spootaolon
IN THE KISC1K3M.
PALMER .1 THATCHER,
113 Fort Street,
M. OAT Jr., & Co.,
Honolulu, H. L,
STATIONERS and NEWS DEALERS,
Would take ihis method of infonninc; the inhabitants of
Honolulu, and the olher Islands that
they have opened a
Stationery and News Depot in the New
Hawaiian Gazette Block, No. 25 Mer
chant Street, where they are prepared
Ilia n Ii llnolcn,
Jul; and Jlitcilufe,
In quarts, pints, half-pints, and cones.
Letter and Note Paper, Foolscap, Legal
Cap, Envelopes, Papeteries, etc, etc.
OrtlerM Mfci-aor anil irrlfUcal or Hrt-im-l'er
tlmt iiiury hr tlrntrvil.
Prompt attention will be given to the Mailing
of Papers lo subscribers on any of the other
islands ; also, agents for the
RED RUBBER STAMPS.
Orders for Red Rubber Sumps received and promptly
pALMER & THATCHER,
DRUGGISTS t PERFUMERS.
ill Fokt Strset Honolulu, 11. I.
Toilet Articles and Fancy Goods.
1IICA AhO csntlbmkn's
ELEGANT 11AIIV TOILET SETS
IN SttSRAL ITVLCI.
Sachet Powders find Face Powders
IN Cta-AT VAklKTV.
a courisia line or
Liuidbore'a Celebrated Perfumery,
Eatracti, Colognes, Lavender Water, Etc.
Dr, Thatcher's Tooth Powder.
Our Prices Are Always
TaiRtHon No. );.
T OWELL-S STEEL ENGRAVED CARDS AND
L folds, furllusineu Cards, Hall Prognunmet,
Menus, etc., recrivcd in Urge variety al the bsTVausY
Pasas Olrica. No. t Kaahununu meet. ill
T"yLLINGHAM & CO.,
PAINTS, OILS and VARNISHES,
.ixn i.unninA rtxo oils
The largest as-ortnient of PLOWS, for all purposes, to
be found on the islands. .
Harrows, Culllvalors, Horse Shoes, 0 Yoke.
0 Hows, Ox Chains, Fodder Cullers,
Corn and Hominy Mill,,
Garden and Canal harrows.
Ale Grease -very cheap ;
Lnuricatlui; nml Illuminatlnir,
KEROSENE OIL STOVES,
Lamps, Chandeliers and Lanterns
Hose, Helling, Pumps,
Powder, Shot and Cape,
Howo'rt Standard American Scalos
For all purposes;
Itr Vrrnm I'rretrrt,
Call and examine our
r goods. Our stock is so con-
stantly replenished with die litest and most approved
inventions lhat it is Impossible 10 enumerate them
" ' '" l' "cc 01 our aiiveilisemeiit.
rii 11 j.Arnur xovr.i.rr,
Somelhine which no one should be without, Is one of the
Mnenoso.Cnlolto Flm-Proof Siifos.
Bond Cases or fewel Cases.
Read one testimonial out or many
Refirt of Committee cf Fire Imunxnee Rxerti :
Al a meeting of the Massachusetts Mutual Fire In
s""" Union, held at Nanlasket lleach, August j6,
Ml, samples of boves manufactured by the Magneso,
Lalcite 1-ire-Proof Company were shown. An iroif
box, aliout two feet long and one foot deep and wide,
wuh lining three-fourths of an inch thick of Magneso
Calcite material, was filled with various documents,
greenbacks, and pari of a card of lucifer matches. It
was then placed upon a 1ml of hot coals, and at least
four feet of dry, hard wood piled upon it. The bos was
kept under extreme heat for an hour and a half. Not
withstanding the iron cover of the. box was so badly
warped that the lining was in immediate contact wilh
the names, on opening it the whole contents were found
in a perfect stale of preservation. A small bond and
note case, designed lo be used inside of v aults and safes,
was subjected ro Ihe same degree Df heal for half an
hour, and its contents were also found as free from any
appi-arance or lire or smoke as when placed therein.
II. C. Hlr.bi.oiV',
ClIAS. II. CUM1NUS
ClIAS. A. HovvLASJD,
Elijah IIowk, r,,
ALrrtsu L. Hariiour,
Representative insurance officers.
AT THE OLD STAND. NUM11ER S KAA
SHEET IRON WORKER,
PLUMMNG IN ALL ITS IlllANCIlKS.
Artesian Well Pipeall sizca.
SlOVCH IlIKl llllllCM,
Sam, Medsllion, Richmond, 'Tip-top. Palace.
Flora, May, Contest, Grand Prire, New Rival,
Opera, Derby, Wren, Dolly, Gypsy, Queen,
Pansy, Amiy Ranges, Magna Chana,
lluck, Superior, Magnet, Osceola, Ala.
meda, Ecliise, Charier Oak,
Nimble, Inwood and'
OALVANIZED IRON and COPPER HOILERS
FOR RANGES, GRANITE IRON .WARE,
NICKEL PLATED AND PLAIN.
Galvanized iron water Pipe, all sizes, and
laid on at lowest rates, also cast iron
Lead Soil Pipe.
House FnrnlaliinK Goods, all kinds.
All sUes and graJes, Lift and Fore Pumps. Cistern
Pumps, Galvanlied Iron, Sheet Copper and
Sheet Lead, Uad pipe, Tin Plate
Water Close! , Marble UU
and bowls, enameled
CHANDELIERS LAMPS AND LANTERNS
TO LET A House on Emm street, consisting of
seven roouu, pantry, kitchen, balbrooin, carriage-house,
stable, wrvaais' rooma, ami s large lieocry.
Inquire at Fort street, or i Enim Unci itilf
SUII.SCR1PIT0NS resetted at all tin.., for foreign
and local publico)' at IIIOS. O. THRUM'S,
EW STYLES of Curu3 Umbr,iu4 and
fc.LL.IS. 104 llwtl stuciij 1 j
iuki: vou can -ia.a vnair liuai- n j .
We desire l call attention to the fine stock of 011.1
which we now have on hand, comprising
the following :
Frruli SpormOll, In rjitnntltirm toattlt.
fsnl Oil, In barrels and cases ,
Cylinder oil, in lurrels ami In ases ,
Castor oil, (two qualities.) In caces ,
Paraffme oil, in barrels ;
A cheap ankle for llghl-running machinery and, for
mosr uses, fully espial to the more elpcn I' .1 oils.
WK SLSO kRRP IN SToR V
price or irto exjtensive oils now in Use-
In addition to above, we keep
Kerosene Oil - Downer's, Nnond.v, Uiur.il,
Nrntt-foot Oil, boiled and raw:
Linseeil Oil, in quantities to suit,
And of the best qualities. Alv, constantly on IijiiJ,
In oil and dry, and H7.f l.ri,l ,i,l SAne, ot
different finalities. Just received
TWO BUCKEYE MOWERS.
Just Ihe thing lo cut llilo grs.
PLOWS AND AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS
of every descripllou useil on a Plantation.
1-fcNUK WIRE AND HARDWARE of all
constantly on hand and for sale cheap by
E. O. HALL & SON.
iJJtf Cor. King snd Fort streets, Honolulu,
T7NTERPRISE FEED COMPANY,
Corner of Queen and Edinburgh mrcet
s, Honolulu, I
II. J. AONEW
Informs Ins friends and the public generally tint ne
lias opened business nt the alwtc stand and ha.
made complete arraiiitements f(,r a
continuous supply of
Frosh Goods of tlto Very Dont Quality,
which iik vtii.r. orrR.K tor sai.k
AT THE LOWEST POSSIIII.:
lie hopes, by giving '.is lsl attention, lo pttua lo.
public and 10 merit a part of their ualronaee
A LAROIt STUCK OK
WHEAT and OAT IIAV.
WHOLE and GROUND I1ARI.EV, )
CALIFORNIA and OREGON '
NOW ON IIANI1.
Orders solicited and satisfaction guaranteed or 111
pay asked. Telephone aSo, 141-601
A COMFORTABLE HOME I
The undersigned has recent'y fitted up
In elegant style, the large roomy Outage formed) TfeT"
1 longing to the I.emon estate, on Nuuauu street,
lieyond Ihe Commercial Hotel premises,
for Ihe purMve of conducting
A nujiorlor Lodging Hotuso.
7?S, ""me of this plea.ant rrtreat Is the "WHITE
HOUSE. It cannot Ik surpassed Iu the kingdom for
comfort and cleanliness.
THE GROUNDS ARE SPACIOUS
and ornamented with shade trees.
Persons of reusability may always be sure ofacliee,
fill home Ihere. A silting-room is set oiurt for the con
J-.;.. ,..?. E"ls. A rKW MOKE ROOMS i.K -
nuio 1 . 1 erms always moderate.
MRS. J. T. WHITE, Piouiielor
Jt JT Many of our readers will remeniMr M
" I'fopnetor of the lodging houu; on I'ort
ioininii the Pantheon Stable., which wat MtOh, v
fort able home under her management. M. t.
HE "SUPERIOR" STOVE.
O. ENGHNO & Co..
X'o. s, Xkuuhu SI., Ihmtut 1 I ,
Sole agents for these Islands. A full line of the
Ar-ir Ittlal, '
nml " .Superior"
and Flstures for the same always In ti ck.
J011 WORK PROMPTLY DONE.
Telephone No. ail.
FANCY COLORED GLASS,
Just received and for tale e Abergeldie anl
Hankow, from London,
AT Til K HONOLULU STEAM PLANINOMILI.
Tim riNKtr ASioarsiaMT or
fiiMf! Volorril '.i. ,'Ja-iO Inel.e,
May be found at the shots esubli.hraenL
Also, PLATE GLASS, fromo.u lochm to tut.
, Tim aim 11
OFFERED AT REASON MILK
An Early Call it SoliciieJ.
Honolulu hleaiii fundi,- 11 111,
BE SURE Dial vtw it thai tin, Itrocsde. ul..,.'l
yard, at A i(. Mhl.Liy, sew ,'" ' gM
AUTISTIC JOH PKlNTINi) promptly e.ecuJ
M 'm Saoav Passt oBic,.
A U'ciL-r,. -...... - ' '
Art, in iic. oiAllUNKKV, in great varUtv al
. Tljpjs. ' IHKUsl'S t'w ffJlt.1
ENGINE FOR KALE. ONE NEW so-IIORae .1
Power Engine, in perfect osder. For tale by
s- iiwr.vs.EH. ft COMPANY
- LOVES sad MITTS, all of ih. Jlw styUa,
M ELLIS, 40 tort street - ,.
RHNiK U0OKS ANU OmCK SriATipNEl
I O A 'Largs assortment u THOS, C, THKUft
OIL. in cat. 1 J I
This oil Is made from shark's livers, ami is fully rspi si 't-J
lo lard, and Is much cheaper '
DARK LUIIRICATTNG OIL, in bar.el. . "V
Jusl thelhinrfor Sugar Mllls.Cane ( airlers an.1 fjrs,I "
or anv slow motine m.st.Mnrtt. b,,.i a, l.,ir ii... n ..
h " "