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Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands: Saturday, September S, 1SS3.
P R ITSS
. I I k k '
L 11 I I I
vifS v. -Jatai atatl aH .
rut: ri.oii i:t:nr: rn.i.vntn.
Th "true lntiliwM"of th qwMiofl at
imie ltlsvren Mr. WilHunf I'lowtriicw ami
Ihe Gtmtnrnent, concerning ssrskri mttcri
Iim hn wrhlrn unrt talv.nl dating the ptiri
few Ai, It not fatly ihown hjr Ok following
conrftbtrr ntl imhi bat rnmh h ihown
to ivrov tbM Mr. I'kn,frdw Iwlkml hlmwlf
jtntMteJ in Ifitcetrng a Urge win of mont).
itifRr.xr. covrt or Tiir. Hawaiian
IILANOa IN ttrjfjrrV.
CltAM.W T.'CitJUCK, "V
Mitttt oftrw lirtttlor, I Itefore Mr. Jev
. f tick Ariri.s.
WltXIAM Ktowr.Ktvr.w. J
To the Ilenerarsie A. Kjiancm Junn,
CMrJiMtee ami Clunttlor, or other Jim-
ttte? of the Supreme Costt:
May it please )mr Honori Ilumtity com
plaining, )our orator, CIkhIm 7, (tulicV. of
Honolulu, respectfully represents that lie is
Im maJct)Y minister of the interior, ami at
uch minister of the interior he filcj this bill
of complaint ami represent! unto the court:
Vrf That bylaw there it vcsteil in him
as such minister of the interior the Rcncral
supervision and control of internal public im
provements within this kingdom, am) that his
authority in that record mentis to and includes
the construction, supervision and repair of all
public streets, roads and bridges within this
StewnJ That there is now resident within
this kingdom one William Klowcrdcw. who
has for some time past contemplated and been
determined upon the project of constructing
upon, along and through various streets in the
city of Honolulu and suburbs in this kingdom,
a system of tramways or street railways for
the purpose of running thereon can or other
vehicles for the transportation of passengers
and kindred purposes.
Thini That said William Klowerdew, de
fendant herein, has caused to be prepared a
certain plan or draft (which is hereby otTcred
for the inspection of the court), purporting to
be a map of the streets of Honolulu and sub
urbs, upon which plan or map are indicated
the proposed routes of his said proposed sys
tem of tramwas, along and upon which
streets and routes said defendant intends and
threatens to so construct a system of tramwavs
as aforesaid. r
F'furth That said defendant has no author
ity from )our orator as such minister'of the
interior, nor from any other person or source
thereunto sufficiently authorized, permitting or
licensing said defendant to so construct such
system or any system, or any part or portion
of any tramway in, upon or along the streets,
or any street of said city of Honolulu, or any
of its suburbs, and that any such unauthor
iied construction upon said streets, or any of
them, of such system of tramways or any part
thereof, or any act of construction of such
ramwny or any interference with or entry
lipon said streets, or anyof them, with the pur
po and object of undertaking such act ol
construction, on the part of said defendant or
those acting under him, would be in contempt
of your orator's right, as his majesty's said
minister of the interior, to control such streets,
would be a violation of other public and
private lights destruction of his majesty's
highway, prejudicial to the dignity of the l'w,
and a menace to the public peace.
Fifth And j our orator further show s that
he is informed and believes, and so states the
truth to be, that iaid defendant has engaged
and eiuplo)ed one Julius II, Smith, a civil
engineer, to superin'end and direct the con
struction of said system of lramwa)s. That
upon the iilh day of August instant said
Smith called upon your orator, at your orator's
office in the capitol, in 1 lonolulu, and informed
and notified your orator officially and on be
half (as said Smith alleged) of said defendant,
thatjiid defendant intended to and would
commence the construction of said system of
tramways upon the streets of the said city on
the morning of the then following day, and
your orator then and there forbade uch
threatens! acts on the part of said defendant.
Sixth And your orator further shows that,
on the 27th day of August instant, (said threats
on the put of said defendant to commence
said construction on August 25th not having
been carried out), your orator received from
,said defendant a letter and from said Smith a
letter, each notifying tour orator that said
defendant would positively commence the
construction of said tramways at the corner of
King and Punchbowl streets in said city on
the iSth day "of August, iSSj. Said letters
(copies of which are hereto annexed, marked
respectively "Eahibil A" and "Exhibit D,"
and made part of this complaint) are hereby
tendered for the inspection of the court. And
your orator believes that, unless restrained by
order of this honorable court, said defendant
will execute his tail threat of so entering upon
said streets and then ami there digging up the
surface of the same and constructing therein
nd tiieieon said tramways.
Seventh And it is further shown tothc court
ftut yourtirator is informed anj liclieves, and so
states the truth to lie, that said defendant has
imported into this kingdom and now holds in
readiness for such purpose Urge quantities of
iron rails and other mitciUl appropriate and
necessary to the construction of said proposed
tramwa)s, and that uld defendant lia declared
his design to use said material for such pur
pose. Eighth SnA your orator further shows
that he it informed, and believes, and so states
the liuth to tie, that said defendant profeviev
and pretends to hold a letter or other written
instrument received fiom John E. Hush, your
orator predecessor In office as such minister
of the interior, which Instrument, as is claimed
by wud defendant, full) authoriics him, the
said defendant, to so construct a system of
Kiniwais upon the streets of Honolulu and
subtjf bs as aforesaid. Itut jour orator protests,
arvi avers that such in.tiumcnt, if any such
drfrrxlant has contains, and can contain, no
legal or v alii I authority or license to sail de
fendant to sq construct triinwavs or any tram
way as aforoaid-
AVnM-AH which doings' ami pretenses on
the part of said defendant are contrary to
equity and good conscience, and tend to the
luinifra wrong and Injury of hit rrujot)'.
joreinmcr.l, and the (uMic at targe.
In itruidcraiioo whereof, and to the end
therefore, that wlil defendant may full, true,
direct ami ierfect answer nuke to all ami
srnguUr the matters ami things hereinbefore
waled ami et forth, ami that as fully ami
Mrttatlarly as If the same were here again
repeated, ami he thereunto urticularly Inter
rogated (but not upon oath, anwcr on oath
being hereby cvprel waived).
And that your orator ifay have a decree
perpetually enjoining ami restraining said
defendant, lit. engineers ami agents from in
teiterlng with or entering upon any of the
street of the Mkl city of Honolulu or its
lahurfo wflh Intent or purpose to dig or tear
ap the surface of the Mine, or construct or
place thereon or therein any iron or other rail
road or tramwav , except as may hereafter be
authorircd by law.
Ami that, vending the hearing herein, a
temporary injunction may issue lo aid de
fendant, his attorney, solicitors, engineers,
agents, and all others acting, or claiming to
act, under his authority, commanding Ihcm to
absolutely desist and refrain from any act of
destruction or other interference with the sur
face of said streets, or any act of construction
of said tramwa)s therein or thereon till the
further order of this court.
And that your orator may have such further
relief, or such other relief as the nature of the
cave maj require, and to equity may seem
May It please the court to grant unto your
orator the writ of injunction, also the process
of summons of this court, citing said William
Klowcrdcw at a time, and under a jwnally to
be therein named, to appear and answer the
premises, and further to stand to and abide
the order of the court herein.
(Signed) Charles T. Oulick,
Minister of the Interior.
W. M, Gibson, attorney-general.
C. W. Ashford, solicitor for complainant.
Charles T, Gulick, being duly sworn, de
poses, and states that he has heard read the
foregoing bill of complaint, and that the same
is true, except as to those matters therein
stated to be on information and lwlief, and as
lo those matters he believes it to be true.
(Signed) ClIAKLES T. C.UL1CK.
Subscribed and sworn before me this 27th
day of August, 1SS3.
IJenj. II. Austin,
Justice Supreme Court.
Let process and injunction issue as prayed
for, returnable before me, at my chambers, on
Monday, September 3, 1SS3.
(Signed) IIf.nj. II. Austin,
Justice Supreme Court.
Honolulu, August 27, iSS3.
4j, KxilliilT A.
Honolulu, August 27, 1SS3.
His Uxccllency Charles T. Guuck,
Minister of the Interior, etc Sir- I have
the honor to inform )ou, tha: pursuant lo the
terms of the authority granted to me by your
predecessor, under date of thirtieth of June, I
propose lo commence preparations for laying
horse tramways, and have instructed my engi
neer, Mr. Juluis II. Smith, accordingly.
I propose to commence work at the corner
of I'unchbouland King streets, and have lo
request that) oil will instruct the road super
visor not to interfere with the work.
I have the honor to l, sir, )our most
(Signed) W. Flowekiiew.
Honolulu, August 27, 1SS3.
To His Excellency Charles T. Gulick,
Minister of the Interior, etc. Sir: Having
verbally notified )ou that I proposal com
mencing work ami breaking ground for the
purpose of la)ing rails far the tramway Mr.
Flowerdue intends la)ing upon Saturday,
August 25th, at 7 a.m. I have now the honor
to notify you that I was ordered by Mr,
Klowcrdcw not to do so that day, but shall,
upon Tuesday, August 27th, and shall com
mence such work at or near the coiner of
King street and Punchbowl slreet.
I have the honor, sir, to be )our obedient
(Signed) Julius II. Smith, C E.
SUI'RKHK COURT OF THE HAWAIIAN
ISLANDS IN EQUITY.
Charles F. Gulick,
Minister of the Interior,
Kalakaua, by the Grace of God, of the
Hawaiian Islands King.
To William Flow erdale, hit attorney,
solicitors, engineers, agents and all others act
ing or claiming to act under his authority,
grcctingi In accordance with a praer in a bill
in equity this day filed against said William
Klowerdew in this court by Chrlcs T, Gulick,
minister of the interior:
You are commanded, under such penalty as
the court may see fit to inflict for contempt of
this writ, lo absolutely dcv.t,and abstain from
any act of destiuction or' other interference
with the surface of the streets of the city of
Honolulu or suburbs, and from any act of con
struction thereon or therein of any iron or other
tramway or street railroad, or any entry upon
any of said slreet with the intent ami purpose
of committing any such act until the further
order of this court.
Witness the Honorable IIenjami.s II. AUS
TIN, Justice of the Supreme Court at 1 lonolulu,
this 27th day of August iSSj.
SealJ (Signed) ' William Foster,
Clerk of the Supreme Court.
W. M. Gibson, attorney-general.
C. W. Ashford, solicitur for complainant.
IN THE SUI'KKMK COURT OF THE HAWAIIAN
HLANI IN EQUITY,
Charles T. Gulick,
.Minivtcrof the Interior, I Uefore Mr. Jus
v. f iice Austin.
William KtowrRtitw, )
The answer of William Klowerdew, the
above named defendant, to the bill of com
plaint of the above named plaintiff;
This dffendant, saving ami reserving to him
self all benefit and right ol exception to the
said bill of complaint for answer thereunto,
"int That he admits the allegations con
tained in the first paragraph of the said bill of
Sfrt'xf That he admit the allegvtions con
tained In the second paragraph of the said bill
7SW That on or about the 14th day of
June lavt, Walter Murray Gilww, minister of
foreign alTalrs ami attornc) -general of this
kingdom, called upon this defendant, at his
rooms in Honolulu, and conversed with this
defendant as to his views In projecting and
carrying out his scheme for la)ing horse tram-'
ways in the streets of Honolulu and the suburbs
thereof, and csptcsscd his general concurrence
therewith, and gave this defendant to under
stand that his majesty's government would
help this defendant lo carry out the said under
taking. I'mrth And the said Waller Murray Gib
son informed this defendant that the matter
was within the department of the interior, and
that the defendant should apply to the minister
of the Interior (then John E. Hush) for such
authority, and staled that the matter would be
favorably represented to the said John E,
Fifth In consequence of the above inter
view, a formal application to the minister of
the interior was prepared, to lie presented to
him on his return from Kauai, and this de
fendant wrote and sent such application, in the
words and figures following, that is to say:
Honolulu, June 26, 1SS3.
His Excellency John E. Hush, Minister of
the Interior, etc. Sir' Considering the great
public benefit and convenience that street
tramway have proved in the cities and
towns of Europe, the United States of America,
and clsewheic and considering that the capital
of this kingdom should not longer be without
such accommodation as cities of smaller size
and importance possess, I respectfully re
quest the requisite permission and authoriza
tion for myelf and any others who may
associate w ith me, whether incorporated here
after or not, to lay down tramway, and run
cars for the conveyance of passengers, etc., in
the usuarmanncr, as in San Francisco and New
York, in the streets of this city of Honolulu
In view of the expense and trouble involved
in this work and preliminary expenses, I would
request that a reasonable time be allowed lo
construct the tramways and open them to the
public liefore any further permission be given,
say six months, to make surveys and select the
streets and roads, and three years to finish the
construction of tramways.
Naturally, however, so as to gel a return on
capital invested, the concluded portions of the
tramway would be opened to the public as
speedily as possible.
If it is considered necessary, I shall be pre
pared to enter into a fair and reasonable guaran
tee that the tramways shall be constructed
within ihc time specified.
As it U important for me to know, before
arrival of the mail sieamer, whether or not I
am to be enabled to commence this work,
kindly permit me to solicit an early decision.
I have the honor to be, sir, )our most obedient
(Signed) W. FLOWERDEW.
And this defendant received (rom the said
John E. Hush an answer to the said letter,
which answer is in the words and figures fol
low ing, that is to say :
Department of Interior, 1
Honolulu, June 30, 1SS3. J
Sir: Having considered )our application
for permission and authority to lay down tram
way, and run cars in the streets and roads of
this city of Honolulu and suburbs, and recog
nising that this work is one of public utility;
you individually, or with such others as
may associate with you, whether incorporated
hereafter or not, are hereby authorized to lay
down tramways and run cars for the convey,
ance of passengers in such streets and roads in
the cit) of Honolulu and suburbs as )ou may
You are hereby granted six months from
date hereof to make survey and select streets
and roads, and three )cars in which to finish
the construction of said work j and until the
expiration of said periods of six months and
three years respectively, no simitar permission
will be granted.
You are authorized, and permitted to operate
any portions of said tramways as they may be
Considering that the permission to lay the
tramway wil) lapse for any streets or roads
not operated upon within three years, and
fcelirg assured, from the tenor of your letter,
that )ou intend to commence the work without
any unnecessary delay, I do not deem it neces
sary to ask for any further guarantee.
In Ihc event of your desiring to form a cor
notation you will have to make a company,
and apply for a charter in the usual manner.
Hoping )ou will succeed in )our efforts to
initiate and carry out this work lo a successful
issue, I have the honor to be, sir, )our obe
(Signed) John E. Hush,
Minister of the Interior.
This defendant then wrote and sent to the
said John E. Hush a letter jn the words and
figures following, that it to sa) t
Honolulu, July 2, 18S3.
His Excellency John K. Hush, Minister of
the Interior, etc. Sir: I have the honor to ac
knowledge receipt of)our letter dated June 30,
granting permission to make tramways in this
city, and I thank jou fof )Our kind wishes for
the success of the undertaking.
1 leav e for San Francisco by the mail steamer,
now due, tmi shall make the necessary arrange
ments for proceeding with this undertaking.
I have the honor lo be, sir, your mot
(Signed) W. Flowekdew.
Sixth That this defendant accordingly pro
ceeded to San Francisco, and incurred con
siderable eipcnse in the purchase of material
and can for tha urpocs of I he said under
taking, and engaged an engineer for the pur
pose of superintending the la) Ing down of
x,uch tramway, acting upon the belief that he
was properly authorised by the said John E.
Hush, b) his letter of the thirtieth day of June
tail. And this defendant, acting upon the
same belief, caused the plan mentioned in the
third paragraph of the plaintiff's said bill to be
prepared and forwarded to Ihc plaintiff. And
this defendant submits that the said John E.
Hush had good and sufficient authority lo give
the permission contained in his said letter of
the thirtieth day of June, and he denies that
the carrying out of the said undertaking would
be in contempt of the plaintiff's tights as his
majesty's minister of "he interior, lo control
said streets, or that the same would be a vio
lation of other public and private rights, or
destructive of his majesty's highway, or preju
dicial to the dignity of the law, or a menace
lo the public peace.
Septnth And this defendant furtlicr salth
that he Is advised and believes that should ihe
plaintiff succeed In preventing this defendant
from carrying out his said undertaking, accord
ing tn the permission granted as aforesaid, the
Hawaiian Government is and will be respon
sible lo this defendant for damages sustained
by him in consequence thereof.
Eighth That this defendant admits the
several allegations contained in the fifth, sixth
and seventh paragraphs of the said bill.
A7M That Ihe plaintiff well knows, and
at the time of the filing of his said bill of
complaint well knew, that this defendant held
the said letter of Ihc thirtieth day of June.
And this defendant admits Ihit he docs claim
such letter to have Ihc effect stated lo be
claimed by the defendant in the eighth para,
graph of the said bill.
7iM--That, on the I4II1 day of August
last, this defendant received a letter from Ihc
plaintiff in the words and figures following,
that is to say:
Department of the Interior,
Honolulu, August 14, 1SS3.
Mr. Wvi. Klowerdew, Hawaiian Hotel
Dear Sit : In reference to the scheme of lay
ing down street tramways in the city of
Honolulu, for which you claim a ministerial
authority, and, which )ou desire lo inaugurate,
and which has been the subject of our late con
versations, I would say that our laws arc quite
clear in defining the powers of a minister, and
especially of the minister of the interior, in
any work of internal improvement, distinctly
stating that his action must depend upon the
"Consent of the King in I'rivy Council," and
docs not confer upon him the authority lo
act independently; consequently his majesty's
government feel, that in justice to the interests
you represent, as well as to enable them to
sustain your enterprise to advantage, they
must conform strictly to the spirit of the law,
which requires that your proposition should be
submitted for the consideration of his majesty
in privy council,
I have the honor tobe your obedient servant,
(Signed) Ciias. T. Gulick,
Minister of the Interior.
Which letter was answered by this defendant
on the sixteenth of the said month, as fol'ows:
Honolulu, August 16, 1S33.
His Excellency C. T. GuLjteK, Mitti.K-r of
the Interior, elcSir: lif answer to jour I
communication of the 14th jtl'tant, in r.-gard I m
permission granted me by ?.is majesty's lat-iNj
minister of the interior to lav down tramways )
and run cars in- the streets anil roads of the
city of Honolulu and its suburbs, I beg to say
that I have no objection whatever to your lay
ing the matter before the privy council, if you
I have the honor to be, sir, your most
(Signed) W. Flowerhew.
And this defendant is informed and believes
that the said matter has never been brought
before the honorable the privy council.
Eleventh That on the 20th and 24th days
of August this defendant wrote and sent to the
plaintiff letters in the words and figures follow-,
ing, that is to say :
Honolulu, August 20, 1SS3.
To His Excellency C. T. Gulick, Minister
of the Interior, etc. Sir: Having received
report and outline of street railway from the
engineer, I have the honor lo hand you copies
for your information.
You will oberve that the rails will be laM
from the water front at bottom of Fort Street
up to Kukui street into Nunanu street, also
along Heretania street from Fort street to and
up Nunanu street and along King street from
beyond Oahu prison road lo Waikiki.
It is intended to lay a single line of rails only,
three feet six inches wide, tlush with the sur
face of the streets, the cars drawn by horse
The cars, after sunset, will carry the usual
lights of street railway cars or any modifications J
that may be desired by your department.
To insure tliat the undertaking is carried on
in a proper manner, I have secured the ser
vices of Mr. Julius II. Smith, of San Francisco,
an engineer who is well known for his capa
city and ability, and who has laid several street
railways in San Francisco and elsewhere.
I have the honor to be, sir, your moi obe
Enclosures: First, Engineer's report; s:ce.tj,
map of Honolulu, with outline of street rail
way, marked in red.
Honolulu, August 24, 1S83.
To His Excellency C. T. Gulick, Minister
of the Interior, etc. Sin Referring to my let
ter of the 20th instant, covering engineer's re
port to me, and plan of Honolulu, I with to
say that the statement and report is relative lo
the woik Intended to be proceeded with at
present, and is made without prejudice to the
rights granted to me by the late minister of
the interior, which rights I do not waive; and
only forward the report and statement for )our
The engineer advises me that it may be
found desirable to go or return by Heretania
street ; but if this is decided upon, due notice
will be given before the expiration of'lhe six
months allowed, as well as of any other llreet
It may be decided to run cars upon.
Although the engineer advises only a single
line of rails at pre.cnt, still, if the traffic shows
that the public would be belter served and
accommodated , by a double line, that will be
laid before the expiration of the time allowed
for Ihe construction of the woik, excepting
always ihoe streets, or urtt of sliccts, that
are uthcr narrow for a double track.
In fact, everything will be done that Ihe
engineer considers right and proper, ami for
the comfort and convenience of Ihe people.
The engineer in charge is fully authorised
lo enter Into any agreement at any time as lo
trie ilclall of ihe work, tint it will be con
ducted in a true ami wotkmulike manner,
and according lo Ihe usual method of similar
roads in oilier cities.
I have the honor lo be, sir, your most obe
(Signed) W, Fiowf.rdrw.
liitfth That on the twenty-fifth day of
August last this defendant caused lo lie pre
pared an agreement earning out the terms of
Ihc said letter of the Ihirllelh day of June, and
forwarded the same through his majesty lo the
said plaintiff, and on the following day received
a document for this dcfendint's concurrence
and signature, which document Is In Ihe words
and figures following, that is lo say 1
Honolulu, August, 1SS3. .
His Excellency Charles T. Gulick,
Minister of the Interior Sir Considering
the great public benefit and convenience that
street tramway have proved In the cities and
(owns of Europe, the United States of America
and elsewhere; and considering thai the capital
of this kingdom should nol longer be without
such accommodation as cities of smaller sire,
and importance possess, I respectfully request
the requisite permission and authorization for
myself, and any others who may associate with
me, whether incorporated hereafter or not, lo
Iiy down tramways and run cars for the con
veyance of passengers, etc., in Ihis city of
Honolulu and suburbs, to which the under
signed venture lo submit a synopsis of a general
dan for contract and agreement, viz. :
That he proposes to lay street railways
and run cars upon passing such streets
at present selected as followst To commence
from the water front at bottom of Fort street
up to Kukui street, thence along Kukui street
to Nuuanu street, also along Ilertania street
from Fort street to Nuuanu street, thence
along Nuuanu street towards the Pali, also
along King street from beyond the Oahu Prison
road to" Waikiki. It is under consideration,
the laying of rails and running cars on Here
tania street, but if this is decided upon, due
notice will be given before the cxpitition of
the six months allowed, as well as of any other
street or road it may be decided to run cars
It is intended at present to lay a single line
of rails only, three feet and six inches gauge,
the cars to be drawn by horses or mules only;
no locomotives will be used.
Should Ihc application of compressed nir or
electricity be considered advisable, this will be
a mattcrfor consideration with the then minister
of the interior, or by arbitration if necessary.
Although at present only a single line of
rails will be laid with the necessary turnouts,
still if the traffic shows that the public would
be better served and accommodated by a
double line, that will be laid if necessary before
the expiration of the time allowed for the con
struction of the road, except in those streets or
portions of streets rather narrow for a double
Imc! . In fcl tvciythinf, will be doric thr.t
the engineer considers right and proper for
the comfort and convenience of the people.
The rails will be laid in the centre of the
streets as near as may be, and it w'll not be
necessary at any point lo interfere with the
free passage of vehicles of any kind.
In the more crowded portions of the routes
the work will be done at night or early morn
ing, so as not to interfere with the free passage
The rails used will not be under eighteen
pounds per yard, and where necessary, heavier
rails will be employed. They will be laid
flush with ihc streets, and in a proper and
The cars will be of the best American type,
and some have been already ordered from a
leading builder in San Francisco.
The cars, after sunset, will carry the usual
lights of street railway cars.
Hridgc blocks will be provided for proper
protection of the fire hoc in case of fire.
Should any matter arise, not, mentioned or
provided for in this memorandum, they shall
be arranged hereafter by agreement between
Ihe minister of Ihc interior and the engineer
in charge of the work.
The buildings and site of stable ol the
undersigned will be j established within the
city limit of Honoluhias regulated by law,
and that a license be granted him under the
rules and regulations governing such matters.
And if looted at suchiplace as is necessary to
lead the water thereof that .1 supply neces
sary for the use of Ihc establishment should be
provided, the undersigned paying the usual
II necessary, the government is 10 grant
the privilege of taking of sand and stones
from any quarry belonging to the government,
the quantity of which will be according to its
requirement, at every irregularity of Ihc street
or road, not to exceed tons, and if a larger
quantity Is required permission will 'be at
once applied for also, for the temporary uts of
lis carts, wagons and ruachinery, if not other
wise occupied; llic" government receiving
such compensation as may be agreed upon,
together with Ihc privilege of prison labor if
The undersigned is willing to concede the
privilege and extend Ihc courtesy to those
personages passage fiee as are denominated
in the following tables, vizi
Their majesties the king and queen and the
ro)al family, to government officials, police
and messengers on sx-clal duties. That ihe
government will be allowed free use and run
cars on their rails, though not interfering with
The term or period of the franchises granted
shall not exceed years.
The passenger lare will not exceed lo the
fares enumerated in the follow leg tables, vizi
Prom fort unci lo VAiU btMzt, mmtJ Apiu.
Ittuu, laanil bid. 11
To KapioLuUTarl ..... M
To KI1M UfUis (t:i read) . ... 10
To llsnaUfcxituUrox (Nmuou) . . . . IS
1el'aiu(iirMiio Manoa l!)), 10
To MiUwUiiai (Nuuau lly) .. 10
A4 oiihia lU p(uibel sultans tUv DMiLad
ftii tlx city pnrr , j
AaJ is.ry tJUaksuI mil estr th lt uimJ
tuiluna vlu!l U IWgJ nui lo cH nil. ... 5
The undersigned have fully authorized Mr.
Smith Ihe engineer regularly cmplo)cd In the
service of this work lo concur and agree with
)Our excellency any further matters that arc
not expressed in this memorandum,
1 have the honor to be, sir, )our moil obe
7'hirtunth That Ihis defendant declined to
sign such document and canted notice to be
given as aforesaid of his intention to commence
All which doings and pretenses on the part
of the plaintiff this defendant submits arc
contrary to equity and good conscience, and
prejudicial to the rights of this defendant and
lend to subvert his majesty's government and
the good faith thereof and Ihc proper respect
therefor. Edward Presion,
Ct.cu. limns n,
Solicitors and of Counsel for defendant.
Ml-rrrMnif tlrnirlh of ;i;rr.
Compared with Ihc dally papers of the
old world, which each have but n few columns
of advertisements, the New York Herald and
some of the lloslon Sunday papers seem like
ncsv world vvondcrs. A recent Sunday issue of
the Herald hid one hundred and thirty-two
columns of advertisements, the paper consist
ing of thirty-two pages. The lloslon papers
have lately shown great growth of advertising
space, largely due to the advertisements of
Jordan,,Marsh & Co., who spent large amounts
in advertising, upon their change from whole
saling (o retailing. The Iloston Sunday Globe
lately had sixty-four columns of advertise
ments, and the paper is not yet six years old.
The Hoston Herald is not behind these figures,
but on the contrary has a larger advertising
patronage than any other New England pacr.
The Hoston Journal, also, has made great
pins of late. While the newspaper owner is
happy to sec his bank account grow with the
advertising space, the reader of the paper has
also good ground to rejoice, inasmuch as lie
f.nds a more readable paper in proportion as
the profits of the business allow the employ
ment of better editors and correspondents, and
Ihc pa) merit for telegrams of Ihc latest and
bei,t news. A newspaper, however, must get
a good start from the ablity of its editors and
reporters tosatisfy popular wants before the
advertiser will consider its columns worth buy
ing. Then the advertisements come in and
the paper makes rapid strides toward the field
of lirst-class journalism. Paper H'orlJ.
The announcement of the ravages of the
cholera in Egypt reminds everybody that the
terrible plague has periodically swept over the
world, and awakens the apprehension that our
own country may not be spared. Fortunately
the laws of health are so much better com
prehended and observed than forcmerly that
there is no reason to anticipate a panic even
should the disease reach us.
Communities and individuals know that care,
cleanliness and wise moderation carry them
safely cv en though such n torrid heal as was
recently known in New York; and the same
precautions generally and stringently observed
will be equally serviceable in dealing with a
plague like the cholera. Relaxing food, relax
ing and fiery drinks, careless exposure to
changes of tcmpTa.urc, n ftlliirc tn -icpj-p'-?
abnormal conditions in every detail cl living,
are the chief causes of the unusual mortality of
a hot summer.
The same negligence, the want of positive
reasonable precautions, and of conduct regu
lated by common sense, would greatly heighten
the fatality of a cholera epidemic. To keep
cool is the best exhortation, because it means,
be sensible. Of course, in view of the possi
bility, a great responsibility devolves upon the
board of health at every scaisort in the
country, and especially upon that of New
York. Its powers, which arc large, should be
exercised with as much vigor as wisdom, and
every citizen should cordially co-operate.
Forewarned is forearmed, and we arc distinctly
warned by every fresh report from Egypt,
.1 .Vnr Oral ,
A new cereal has been introduced into South
Carolina with considerable success. It is
known as miltemaine, and is a native of South
America, especially of the Columbia region,
where it very largely fills ihe demand for food
supply for man, while the fodder is very
superior for stock. One chemist goes so far as
to pronounce it superior to wheat in food
quality. The plant is allied to the sorghum
and Guinea corn families. The giain i$ smaller
and more mealy than the Guinea corn, the
heads are larger and more compact, and the
color is milk-white ins'cad of red. Unlike
sorghum, the sugar in the plarit is converted
into corn when the grain matures, and the pith
ui iiicsiaiK is inus ury anil urniic wnen 111c
latter is dead. After ripening one crop of seed
and being cut down lo the loots, a second but
inferior growth follows, and even a third crop
of ripened seed can lw had. Its capacity to
withstand drought is very great, and ihis is one
of the chief recommendations it has. The
crop in South America matures in the midst of
a five or six months' dry season, which is
practically n drought. Experimentally Ihe
grain has been grown for several years In
South Carolina, and has produced at the rate
of from fifty to one hundred bushels to Ihe
acre, Where the rainfall is verv light, and
feed for stock must be grown, it is believed
this new cereal will be introduced.
.1 S.imu H'dM.
All adventurous walk across Ihe entire con
tinent of Australia has been completed by
George Ernest Morrison, a son of the principal
of the Geelong College. The whole distance
traversed from the Gulf of Carpentaria to Mel
bourne exceeded two thousand miles, and this
was covered in one hundred and twenty da) t.
Passing through uninhabiud wastes, where
sometimes intervals of over one hundred miles
intervened between human habitations, he had
to carry a swag, with provisions and apparatus
for cooking, and this, of course, materially im
peded his rate of traveling. He had lo carry a
supply of water in some parts of his route
where water could only be found at very long
intervals. Part of his way led through a dis
trict inhabited by hostile blacks, who, In re
venge for being so mercilessly hunted down by
ihe remote settlers, show little mercy to any
while man who comes In their way. He
walked every inch of ihe distance a. .e und
unarmed, cooking for himself such provisions
as he could secure by Ihe way, and geneially
sleeping in the open air, mullled 1111 In the
blanket he carried in his swag. Notwithstand
ing the hardships he endured, he finished his
toilsome inarch in robust health.
The most ecceiililc old woman of ihe age
may lie found among Ihe worshlpisers of one of
Ihe S)dncy cathedrals. Apart from the fact
that, throughout the era of pull-lacks, ihe old
lady has held fast In ihe expanding crinoline,
she has been in Ihe habit for )ear of wearing
at Ihe one limp every dress she pesscs. In
addition lo this, she carries with her to service,
or wherevei she goes her cup and saucer, milk
jug and sugar ot( smoothing iron, frying pan,
and clothes-line all dexterously hidden sway
in that mysterious ami accommodating crino
line. It hat been sarcastically stated that she
also carries a donkey toft there. As she
moves into church she rallies like a hailstorm
on Ihc roof of a mining township. She is
credited .with holding a big stocking lull of
money an eccentric fact in Ibe cave of one
who has beta thirty )ears a worshipper.
HE SATURDAY PRESS
Job .Printing Office,
No. 6 Knhnmnn Street,
IS NOW PREPARED TO DO ALU WORK
The Highest Style of Typographic Art
WEDDING, VISITING OR IIUS1NESS CARDS
(.nTTKR, NOT E, STATEMENT or IIII.I.1IE.DS,
CERTIFICATES OK STOCK,
BILLS OF LADING,
' '. TICKETS,
Legal and Mercantile Blanks,
f LABELS, " "
t)Btmif i'4-e pt1
....... ......,, ...w.
The above, In connection with Ihe longstabliUied
Book-Bindery, Papei-KaliBjr, and
Blasxk Book Mannfactorj,
Enables the undersigned 10 UcUim to cotnoelcncy
in all departments, as each Is under the cue ol
The ItatioBerr Departateat
WUI carry a fall line of pprs fo eieemlnf BLANKS
of all descriptions', or for specUl she or cUss of
luk Books, la addition to the usiul
full Assortment of
ComJttercid, L(tJ aad OS Sutio,ry,
All orders faijhfull stieoded to n4 your pttroruie
re.psxtfid3y solicited. TIIOS C. TIIKUM,
lloajadu, II. I ,4
)OST OFPICE NOTICE.
SUGGESTIONS TO TUB VVDl.rW
with ni 1 AT (UN f
IUtnlliij; (o T.I10 Mnlltui; mill 1lrnlf J
of letter. Pnpnrn nml Pnrool. M
Ktc. of PoitiRe (o Countflfi tn ml out of thJ
iviki union ,a
t, M Nil Alt Iftte, tic , tt ffirj t 1 mi 't, i , tfj
lt folly w hen n In I uge mimlwrt, ft frriiue nlly llJ
cac wuh nfttirttrt ami circular. MmUW oftll
.t-onicc u much ilimlmWim. If lltf i, wlieti nuflol 1
Itm minuVr, rv lift, in Immltn. vuli iheaiMr.vi
ah in ftne ihrtHdon.
f. MaW tUm fbMrra (in all fitrelfi ftlra lrnilil
cnmttr. itUlna tli of the pwl utTiteJmLl v4
whrna.1lreetJiollil n..u Sim Ihy iMit.ul i
ir'tt ami numltror th Tku hotiM lo tagl;'
where letter-cArrlm are tmplojeili while Ihp tottr
evrruuaiiv reacn mi iiennaumi without mimlisi
oin.Mlon U often acAMe nf hetltatjgn and del ty
threaten! letter Tor foreian emmtnet. And en l,J
In CanaiU, In which country there Are many inl iTl
ha inn the umo narn m ototTtet m thelM
StAletand KnUrtd, the name of thee wntry at el)
the iMiftMiflice ftliotiit. ! rlvrn In full (tir I
(Ireftd. & Intt.ince. inert? I v in " ln !. unL ,
addins M Cniiland," Are freiuehtly tent to Umdc'l
L'anjiU, mulffte ttr$at thereby cauMn iIcLi), ail
often fttrluu Imt, ..eitert ndilreed to Hiirluiiidjl
N. S. (Nova Scotia), often so to liuilinaton. Nt'J
iwirssuiimuiumui tut; cvi7,ilinic ufiween o And i
when rnreleaalv written. I
i. Alwav write the addreu with I fit. and rw.t .
enc.l of any Und, a ncll ntaikft often hecome era!
and the Addreit rendered llleiriM. "
4. Avoid, at much At v.,bJe, mine enveloet n.de
or thin paper, ftpecnlly where more than tme thret ic I
tuprr, nr any other arlklo than paper, it Imknril.l
lleinjt often handled, And etpecUlly in the overl.ind I
mall hast carried on Itomehack, p-ith envelope n.4 I
(infrequently upht on, ulvinir aii of coirtpUiiii 1
Agniiiot oir.u.iW who arc entirely innocent trf the matter, '
5. Never nd money or Any cthet- irticleof value
inrouKii me man, except either uy fneafrt or a money
order or In a relttered letter.
a. roMage kiampt aiiouiii ie pitceu on the tiwr
right hind corner of the addrett otde of all mall nwi r I
;. 'Pie cutting of poMAfte .tamp in two or ir a
in(.r itproniuneii, anil im letier navintf a mulilJifi
tamp on it wdl Ihi forwarded,
8. Pottage tamp are regarded a cah, and the ule
of them nn credit It Htnctly prohibited.
a. AnthiiiK in Addition to An nddrett written or
printed on the addiett Me of puMal cardt render- them
un ma ilahle.
10. 'Jointure a domestic letter hetnji forwarded fit
the mails, U mutt tuve not ten than two cent. In pot
mkb iamH aiiiaru, ui man we inn jmMatta
been paid, , double the amount due mutt ie paidby ir-r j
revciTing 11, v I I
A tubcnter to a newipaper or frindlcal wnc
change hit residence and (Knt-oflife thould at incc
nouiy me puoutner 01 me cnane ana nave tlie publica
tion tent to hit newaddrc.
ta. I'u blithers and newt anli malt in 7 trrlnlM
matter In quamuiet will facilitate lit distribution, AnJeJ
often hatten Itt ditpatch, by Aborting tuch matter by 1
blatesand Terr! ton et and the larger cities, If furnxn, I
or by Ulandt, If ilometlic
13 All iixpitrie, whether from pmtmailert or the !
public, relative to lost or mm in mail matter of evrry
detiription. both foreign ami domestic, ordinary and
iv-Kimv-icut nuuru ue iuiuie?u iu iiie ienerai cum
Office. Honolulu, and Iomc or Irregular! tic should U I
reported at toon at knowledge U had of their occur. 1
re nee. tjv
14. Send all letter, newtjapf r and tmall pa!
the povtKnice. At a rule, they will go iwfer ahBreat
iMKo uciiiu4iuu iikic )(...) in me man intavwiie v 1
tent in any other way. Mom of Ihe complalntt abutv
1 tie nunTFceipi 01 iciteri are traceable to tn iieij
hiii ny niaittc cunvcynnce ouitiue me man, "v"
15. liomettic oual cardt, coMing one cent eluri, can
1 purthated at every poM-officr, Alto, two-cent poMal
cardt, mailable to the United State. Canada ttrnl
.Mexico, ana tnrre-ce.it postal arJ, mailable lo an J
country in the ttostat union, J
16. Double IXKtal card, railed rHurn rs.t
cardt," intended for an immediate reply to conc.ond
ent will ooti be prepared, the cot lieing a Cciitt t
cent for the inquiry card and 1 cent tor the dum card.
( 17. Let ten and paper add retted lo tfttont redding
in Honolulu thoutdhate the treeL,5,,j numlcr. or
tome other dctlgnated place of 'Jfitcry, at it l the
rmrprwc of the dr,rtmu,t lo t . fi j, iteT carrier, In
JUmvIuliias fcoon . v practic4blH
18. 'I"he Itsue 01 money ordt-Mi. .. 4 p. If
prohibited, and no money will 1 received by a -m
matter in pajment for motieyordert Issued, except ijji
whirli it legal tender, or bank, check, orders and iIlV
ficates of deposit.
19. Letter ltoe will be prepared as toou at prachca
tic, in all the povtofTiccs of the Kingdom, and all per
wnt who are In regular receipt of letters and news-
Kpers will find it greatly to their com cuicnce to have
o. A letter depotitl In the mail can be recalled only
by the writter, and then on!) ongMng a written receipt
for the ame. After a letter leaves the office where
deposited it becomes the properly of th person lo
nnwiii ,. 11 huuiciku) vr ma icki repf escnutitre.
KATLS or I'OSTAOi:.
DOklKSTIC rOHTACK KATKS,
Until LbrrxRi or circulars, in teatttt cnveloiwt, to
Ie delivered at the office where depoited, 1 tent each
DoMKATic Lktticr, to any part of the Kingdom, j
Cent I. If lest thail W OL. and 9 cent for rarli a.rtiii..,.!
Sor. it 1
Nr wsi-ait: ps printed in the Kingdom and mailed tc '
UiMrrtrwr frrvrti niTirase. rX nnl.linit.n a I-. I.. .!.. J
wu maued tav '
e frtt In the t
agents, and lV
the benefit of J
xiVs of mail f
imwiaiauu iniia, iu. o paper Km to age
not to bona fide subscriber, cannot claim the
!.. I.I ..l . :t. in r ... . .1
me irea towage law.
I'ACKAHES AKIl pAlllrtJf. frinlalmnir I-ij-.L
able merchandise of any- kind, any letter, newspapers or
parcel that may be mailed, may le tcgUered, on pay
mentof a free of 10 cents In addition to the oio'inary
t KEwsrAPKRs, pamphlet, almanacs, calendars, hand
iia, IIMK4IIHC1, iiiai, LK.iMiuiieii ti.uu mfier jruoiirit-
lions (not bound), 1 cent for each 4 cunce ur fraction 4
thereof. Circulars, In un&caled envelopes, 1 cent cacti.
lAKthu 01 ineaiiaiHie ot Any kind will lie received
and forwarded in the inter i.land inaili at the rate of
OHtamt anenttct. libit regulation doc not Include
the foieign mail service. All jnltr-idand parceli can be
ItooKt (.rioted pr blank), ("a nil, Kngravlngs,
Watches, Jewelry, Roots, liuIU, Cuttings. SainpIsVof''
Dry bugar or Kice, i'liotographt Medicines (Wept
Iimildt), Articles of Clothing, .Samples of Merchandise
of anv kind, and all articles not included In CL. 1 and
1 of the law of 8;3 when weighininot more Ihin four
r""""" iij'iwui vun.e i cmi an ounce or fraction, w
thereof. All Articles likely to damage the nail are 'l
strictly prohibited. r
$ Pottage, u o u
. each rate
J Limit of 3 S 8
each rate w
3 . .Wage. v v u
iC Limit of 3 3 8
each rale n
Taper, each . K X K
Registry Fee... 8 S S
Postal Cardt, each X K &
Utter., H, .. ft S 5
- ' ' " " - .
rUSTARC TO taVNTIlM KU
To the Ausir.IUn Colonlee.
loNevle.Uikl . .,,
To 'I asminU (HoUirto.riX
To Sum, vU Sais Kranchco.
To hi. Huikoloovew ,
To Cap. of (tuod lo4
To hi. Helen.
1 1 n IW irl,
11 nets fw each !
' '"at "M
. el ie fue eul si
, w tets foe .t!il
, J)iMfof mlVf
Nexsmrees, ICtc. -Tin
.... I ' o.
ih. AuJulun Colceiiee, New &td, Kill u4 L '
lie tents e.uhMr, On biol vi uher til C
"i 1 tmi vwatu Wt IfMSttWfl
TCaT th tiah CAUftfrla rssetut uj-l.l -.-i
'AkKb un U rAfra by tryi, the ia
ll. M, WllirNKV. KM fi.
Ilwouliilu. Aj" i. -. I m It tylv