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s HONOLULU, HAWAIIAN ISLANDS, SEPTEMBER 22, 1883.. '
Voialmij IV, NuMIHiR 4.
Whole Numiiur 160
Ti" .Srhool'Mn'trr' fliietl:
Tlic district nchool-m.astcr was sHtinR lwhlml
his grnl lioftl-bilen tlcsk,
C lose wAlchinp; Ihc motion nf clio1ar, jntliclic
ami Rny nml gnrtcsquc.
At whisper Die half lotlle lranclie, when
Autumn' lirWt luceJcs hase come.
I.fkr dir frrqni( slurp tnnR nf it tragon,
when tteailtng a fore! tlh o'er,
KrMiumleil the feel of M pupil, whenever
the ir fret tmicheil the floor.
There little Tom Titmnj nn the front enl,
vlmsc face wm withstanding a ilrmtth,
And jolly Jacl. Cilhl Jut lehiml him, with a
rainy new moon for innulhi
There were 1h)i of the Smith Imys, a alwllnut
as If they Imrc name that cmiM hlootn,
Ami Jim Joiio, a hcaven-Willl mechanic, the
i)cM young krmc in Ihc room
itli a cminlenmcc grave a a horse's ami hi
honest c)e fueil on a pin,
Queer licnt nn a tlceply-lald project to tunnel
Joe Haw kin' kin
There were nnxioit young nnsices, drilling
Iheir ncllinK IkriU". Into their Main,
Unid-pufiltig each hilf-tthUpcietl letter like an
engine Just starting it train ;
There wa one fiercely muscular fellow, who
scowleil at the mini on hi state,
And leered at ihc innocent figure a look of un
And et hi while Iceth cloc 'together, and
gac hi thin lip a hoit twist,
As lo say, "I could whip you, confound you I
could such thing lo don'! with the fist J"
There were two knowing girl in the corner,
each one with some licauty ecil,
In a tliisicr discussing thcrolilem which one
the young master like lct.
A class in the front, with Ihc reader, were
telling, with difficult pain,
I low pciUhcd Marco llozrarit while bleeding at
nil of hi veins;
Anil a imy on the floor to lie punished, n statue
of idlcncs stood.
Making faces at all of the others, and enjpying
the scene all he could.
Around were the walls gray and dingy, w hich
cvciy old school-sanctum hath,
With many a break on their surface, where
grinned a wood-grating of lath,
A patch of thick plaster, just over the school
master's rickety chair
Seemed thrcat'ningly over him suspended, like
Damocles' sword, by a hair.
There were tracks on the desks where the
knife-blade had wandered in search of
Their tops were a duskily spattered as if they
drank ink every day.
The square Moc it puffed and it crackled,
and broke nut in red-flaming sores,
Till the great iron quadruped trembled like a
dog fierce lo rush out-o'-doois.
While snow-flake looked in at the windows ;
the gale pressed its lip to the cracks ;
And the children's hot face were streaming,
the while they were facering their liacks.
Now Marco IUitzaris had fallen, and all of
his suffrings were o'er.
And the class to their seal were retreating,
when footstep were heard at the door ;
And five of the good district fathers marched
into the room In a row,
And stood thenischea up by the fire, and
shook olT their w hltc cloaks of snow ;
And the spokesman, a grave squire of sixty,
with countenance solemnly sad,
Spoke thus, while the children all listened,
with all of the ears that they hid:
"Wc'te come here, schoolmaster, inlendin' to
cast an inquirin' eye 'round,
Conceinin' complaints that's been entered, an'
fault that has lately been found ;
To pace ofl" the m idth of your Join's, an' wit
ness what )ou'c been riWit,
An' see if It's (laying to kee) you, or whether
wed best turn e nut.
The first tlu'ng I'm bid for to mention Is, when
the claw gets up lo read,
You gie 'em too tight of a rcinin', an' touch
'em up more than they need j
You're iiictr than wise in the matter of lioldin'
the book in one han',
An' you turn a stray g in their doiu's, and tack
an odd J on theii mi1 ;
There ain't no great gofld comes of speakin'
the words so polilt, as I sec,
1'ioviding you know what the facts is, an' tell
'in off jest a they be.
An' then thers's that readin' in concert, is cen
sured from firit unto last j
It kicks up a heap of racket, when folks i a
W hatcwMUMMju readin', pros idin' things
Shan't hangJmCnn new fangled hinges," but
suing In the old-fashion way.
And the other four good distiicl fathers gave
quick the consent that was due,
And nodded obliquely, and muttcid, " Thtm
'tit i J my ftntinttiits lav."
"Then, as to jour tpcllin'; I've hcarn tell, by
them an has looked Into this,
That you turn the u out o' your laliour, an'
make the word shorter than 'us;
An' clip the t oflTo' your musick, which makes
my son Dpluhm perplexed,
An' when he iells out as he oughl'r you pass
the word on to the nest.
They say thcie's some new-grafted liooks here
lliat don i lake llicm letters along;
Hut If it is so, just depend on'l them new
grafted books Is made wrong.
You might just a well say thai Jackson didn't
kuowall they was alioul war,
As to say that spclliiiMiook Webster didn't
know what them letters was for.
And the other four good, district fathers gau
quick the consent that was due,
And scratched their heads slyly and softly, and
said, " Thtm's my ttiitimtutt toe,"
"Then aUo your 'rithmclicdoin't,a ihey arc
reHiftcd to me,
It is that you )iac left Tare an' Tiet out, an'
also the old rule o' Three;
An' likewise, brought in a new sludy, some
high steppin' scholars in please,
With saw-bucks an' ciov.es an' (wthooks, an
We ain'i got no time for such foolin' ; there
ain't no yieat good to lie reached
My lijAoe-ln' ihlMr'n up higher llun ecr
their fathers was leached."
1 And the oilier four good dUtiict fathers gae
quick lhecimw.nl that was due,
, And cocked one eye to the ceiling, and said,
" 7'ktm'j fuy xHiiiHiHtt ttu."
"AnWhcr lliitig. I limit (ufic mention, come
t Into the quiMiou todiy,
Coocixnla' suine things In the grammar you're
IMchin' our uaU: for to say.
My kW U as steady as clockwork, and never
te cause for much fuar,
VM llwy cuuie home from Khool t'tttlwr
cvcoin' a ujkln' such HulT as thw bre t
'in, ' sf4w Aw,'-au' UfH,'
Aa'liy iniwiiitil bivqumIom, 'It's
Now if, 'slend o'doin'jourdiily, jini'rccarr)injilccntO seek the aid of Others ill
mailer on o
As In make the gal nay that they love ytm, it'
jut nil that I want lo know;-"
Now Jim, the yrning heaven-buill mechanic,
In the ihiik nf ihe csening before,
IIiwI wtll-nlgh unjolntcil the stmc-ptpe, tn
make It come down nn the (loot ;
And ihe '"(uircbtinging smartly hi foot down,
A a clincher to what he had said,
A joint of ihc pipe fell upon him, and lar
ruped him square on the head.
The mot flew in cloud nil alioul him, and
blotted with black all the place,
And Ihc squire and the other four fathers
were peppered with black In the face.
The frhool, ever sharp for amusement, laid
down all their cumbersome Iiook,
Anil spite of the teacher's endeavor, laughed
loud at lite Isilnrs' look.
And the squire, a he stalked lo Ihc door
way, swore mlhs of a Wolct hue ;
And Ihc four district fathers, who followed,
seemed to nay, " Tktm'i my stiilimem Itw"
Will Oirlttoii, in Iforftr't,
Thl tffrlililfllrlfr JUlprrnltttnu
The celebrated defense of clnssirnl
studies in college education delivered
al the Un-ersity of St. Andrew's, sonic
fifteen years ago, by John Stuart Mill,
produced a very powerful effect upon
the public mind, and was thought by
many to end all discussion upon the
question. Mr. Mill had a great repu
tation, which was at that time at its
height. 'He was a man of extensive
erudition, and fine mental accomplish
ments, and wasjtnibreovcr, a radical re
former, and'ra'nked high an a represen
tative of modern ideas. Not being
himself a university man, and standing
as a leading liberal, it was naturally
supposed that he would take the
modem side in the great educational
controvcrsary between th: rival claims
of the old classics and the new science.
Hut to the Stirpiisc of nearly everybody
Mr. Mill came out the ultra-defender
of the dead languages as against the
living languages and modern studies,
and went to the utmost extreme in his
vindication of the traditional supre
macy of the ancient classics.
It was recognized at the time that
tins was an an anomalous and not
fully explicable proceeding. Wc have
it on good authority that, when Mr.
Mill was inquired of as to his unex
pected course, he excused it by saying
that the scicntifiic tendencies of the
times are becoming too strong, and
require to be checked an explanation
that still needed to be explained. Had
Mr. Mill been himself less of a classicist
and more of a scientist, less a devotee
of tilt humanities and more a student
of human nature, be would have seen
that these modern scientific tendencies
are the inevitable results of a great
evolutionary process of the human
mind a movement in the direction of
higher knowledge and no more to be
withstood than the unfolding trans
formations of the natural world or the
progress of human society.
Hut it was at that time too early to
get the full explanation of Mr. Mill's
position so as to understand bis over-
whelmit.g bias in . favor of the ascend
ency of dead languages and ancient
literature in the collegiate preparation
of young men. Not until the ap
pearance of his "Autibiography" and
the publication of the " Life of James
Mill," his father, by Mr. Uain, was the
secret of the situation fully revealed.
It was of course known that James
Mill was a man of great intellectual
capacity and force, and it was believed
that the son inherited from him these
qualities in an eminent degree. . But
lames iwiu was a man who Held very
Hiiii: yiuws un iiu; siilijcci oi cuuea-
tion, believed profoundly in its omipo-
tence, and resolved to show, in the
case of his son, what it is capabie of
doing. He was, besides, an infatuated
classicist, and a passionate admirer of
the Greek language. And when we
further remember that he was an iron
willed tyrant, and would not trust his
son to other teachers, but himself be
came his tutor to manhood, we can
begin .to appreciate the kind of in
fluence to which young Mill was sub
jected. Crammed with classics in his
earliest childhood, thinking in Greek
at seven years of age, and overloaded
with intellectual acquisitions of the
highest order by his father's fanatical
pedantry, the young fellow's faculties
were kept upon the strain during the
period of his bodily growth, until he
wqs brought to the verge of insanity
before he was yet of age. His strong
mental constitution did not give way,
but it was so wared and subjugated
by his one-sided discipline that he was
the last man living from whom to ex
pect an unprejudiced judgment on the
subject of mental cultivation.
When, therefore, Mr. Mill came to
lay down the broad requirements of
nigiier education in lus St. Andrew's
discourse, he reasoned froin his own
remarkable experience, and insisted
upon the inexorable predominance of
the studies of which he had himself
lccn made the victim. He went in for
the ancient languages and the ancient
literature as supreme, and relegated to
a secondary I'cc all the great results
of modern thought. He ruled out
from his curriculum the studies of
history, of geography, of modern Urn
guages, and modern literature. i
mitting the importance of science, lie
nevertheless assigned it a subordinate
place in his scheme of education. Tak
ing nine account in nis tuqiosiiig pun
either of the limitations of the liuinan
mind, the varying grades of human
caiacity. or the actual circumstances of
human twmgs, lie drew a scheme ol
culture that had but small application
to the practical necessities of human
life. Wis ideal university was, there
fore, but a cloud-land romance. Its
course of studies, patterned on his own
comprehensive erudition, was little else
than an elaborate recipe for making
John Stuart Mills. He forcot that.
whatever may be a man's native in
tellectual power, universality must
be the eternal equivalent of sutwr
ficialky, and he wamvhiinelf a
stttkmg illustration of (his forjjptHn
tntth. His acqittiivUMce with somcc
was to supw&Ml Out he wm cow
getting ccn the scientific illustrations
needful for the exposition of his great
work on logic. We do not go too far
in saying that he lost his hold upon
the age as a philosophic thinker by
his want of command of the great
scientific results of modern inquiry,
tie had been so long and so thoroughly
steeped in the spirit of antiquity that
he was disqualified for appreciating
the grand import of modern ideas. He
was a powerful student of human affairs,
but from the antiquated point of view.
He was fit the Golden age, 1'aradise
l.osl distieusatioti of thouuht. in which
the notions of the early perfection of
mankind and the superiority or the
ancients were contrasted with the dc
gencracy of the moderns, and so com
pletely was his intellect possessed and
perverted by this view, that he was dis
abled from appreciating the immense
and epoch-making influence of the
modern doctrine of evolution.
Yet palpable as were its exaggera
tions, and preposterous as were its es
timates of the relative importance of
different kinds of knowledge, the t.
Andrew's address had an extensive and
a very injurious inllucnce. It was a
godsend for the declining classical
cause, for, although Mr. -Mill con
demned unsparingly the existing teach
ing of classics, its partisans cared noth
ing for that, so long as he conceded the
predominance of classical claims. So
his authority became a new bulwark for
the defense of established abuses. It
strengthened the hands of educational
obitrttctives, and the specious argu
ments offered for the exaltation of an
cient learning re-inforccd all its arro
gant and exclusive pretensions. The
commendations of science went for
nothing, as the magnitude of the classi'
cal claims left no room for them. Mr.
Mill labored to extend the already ex
cessive influence of dead-language stud
ies in the colleges, and the power of
Ins name was thus effectually arrayed
against the rising demands of modern
Wc have recalled this memorable
discourse of Mr. Mill at the present
time, because it is a landmark in the re
cent history of the controversy, and bc-
cansc since its publication the subject
of dead languages in the colleges has
had no such vigorous shake up as has
been given to it by Mr. Charles hrancis
Adams, Jr., in his telling address deliv
ered before the Harvard chapter of the
fraternity of the I'm Heta kappa on
June 28th. Mr. fVdams is, of course,
on the side of modern studies as
against the classics. Into the argument
as presented by Mr. Mill he does not
enter, nor does he deny the transcen
dent benefits which some allege they
have' derived from the study of dead
languages. Hut, not concerned with
its ideals, he deals with the current
classical education as a familiar fact,
and tests it by its actual fruits. His
point of view is that of common, well-to-do
people, who demand the advan
tages of a higher education, but whose
time of study is limited, and who must
pass from the college to the labors and
struggles of cvery-day life. Appealing
to experience, to bard practical results,
he finds himself compelled to condemn
the system as a failure, a defeat of the
true and highest purposes of education,
an outrageous wrong to youth, and in
its stubborn persistence against all the
dictates of common sense a scandal to
the intelligence of the age. Mr.
Adams, moreover, proves his case. We
venture to assert that no candidcrson
can read this prodaction, in connection
with that of Mill, without recognising
that, to all the intents and purposes of
the discussion, the American student
of railroads has given a crushing
answer to the English philosopher.
We are Jirst of all glad to recognise
that Mr. Adams has dealt with the sub
ject with the freedom of entire fear
lessness, and has set a much-needed
example. He has not minced matters,
but has boldly and bluntly said what a
great many others think but hesitate to
express. There is a good deal more
intense conviction upon this matter than
gets publicly uttered. Most men who
have invested in classical education,
and find that they have been sold, arc
anything but eager to acknowledge it.
Having been cheated, they prefer to
keep quiet about it. Hut Mr. Adams
told the authorities of Harvard College
to their faces that he had been vic
timized by their policy, and was there
to arraign it on that very intelligible
ground. In most explicit terms he
characterized the worthlessness of the
rundatnental studies of that school, and
which are the fundamental studies of
most other colleges. Hut little further
progress is to lie made in the way of
plain shaking when the staple of col
lege study is openly denounced ii the
halls consecrated to it, and in the con
gregated presence of jjll parties to it,
not oijly as a superstition, but as a
su(erstition of the loHyest and grossest
sort. Greek and I-atin, as pursued in
our higher institutions, he pronounced
to lie nothing less or other than a " col
lege fetich." It is among the native
African negroes that fetichism is in
most eminent vogue. A fetich is some
object, no matter whata tree, a moun
tain, a least, a bit of wood, a lion's
tail, an old bone which the besotted
native adores as liossessed of religious
potency, and to which he ascribes mar
velous or magical power. A " college
fetich" is, therefore, a study which is
looked iqion with a kind of stupid ven
eration, as catublc of exerting myte
riouis and wonderful influences uMn
the minds ot those devoted to it. The
dead-language fetich is a matter of blind
adoration. It is of but little use lo ar
gue against it of but little use to rea
sou with the fctichistic state of mind
for the peculiarity of any inveterate
superstition is that it may be riddled
witu logic through and through, and its
aimuruny uemoniraica over ana oveM large which has previously rested wholly
Wlthnilt Imrvilrmir in tlw kllnlilnt .1.... .!.! f. . . .'.. - .. .. '
"! "i ; ;"- ""b""2" "v-
gree the wytical faith in Its efticacv
Mr, Adams, therefore, confined himself
mainly to an exposure of the results of
tne ueau-ianguage superstition, as he
knew it anil .had suffered by it, in the
college which jjave liiw his education.
HlA uoinr fit Vlttf u-a lliiic SnHuio.t
- pTtHky, whtttMf 1 wwt to or not, i
must sticnk from individd.il experience.
Indeed, I have no other ground on
which to stand. I am not a scholar ; I
am not nn educator ; I am not a phi
losophcr ; but 1 submit that, in educa
tional matters, individual practical ex
perience is entitled to some weight.
Not one man in ten thousand can con
tribute an) thing to this discussion in
the way of more profound views or
deeper insight. Yet any concrete ac
tual experience, if it be only simply
and directly told, may prove a contri
bution of value, and that contribution
we nil can bring. An average college
graduate, I am here to subject the col
lege theories to tlvc practical test of an
experience in the tpssle of life." Mr.
Adams then describes how he entered
the Latin School nnd learned two gram
mars by heart, and spent Cic years in
mastering "the other rudiments of
what we arc pleased to call a liberal
cdtirntion," and then went through
Harvard College, devoting himself in
dustriously to all the regulation studies
of which Latin and Greek were funda
mental. Kntcrini' upon active life with
his college preparation, he took hold of
one of the large problems which has
forced itself upon the thought of the
present age with the following result :
" I made for myself what might per
haps be called a specialty in connection
with the development of the railroad
system. I do not hesitate to say that
I have been incaptcttatcd from proiv
erly developing my specialty by the
sins of omission and commission inci
dent to my college training. The mis
chief is done, and, so far as I am con
cerned, is Irreparable. I am only one
more sacrifice to the fetich. . Hut I do
not prtipose to be a silent sacrifice. 1
am here to-day to put the responsibility
for my failure so far as I have failed
at the door of my preparatory and col
Mr. Adams charges that this failure
is very 'far from being a thing of imagi
nation or sentiment ; but, on the con
trary, it has been not only matter-of-fact
and real, but to the last decree
humiliating. He convicts his college
of having refused to furnish him with
that modern knowledge which is indis
pensable to effective work in. modern
life ; of withholding from him the
knowledge of those living languages
which open communication with the
world of contemporary thought : of
wasting his youthful years upon dead
languages which were never learned :
of substituting a lax superficiality for
thoroughness ot attainment j of forcing
its vicious system back upon the pre
paratory schools ; and of adhering with
superstitious tenacity to an educational
policy fitted only to turn out incompe
tent smattercrs, not half taught in sub
jects of very small importance. Popu
lar cxience Monthly,
Slntr Eiliietillan In Ihe Viilleil Slnlen.
When the question of Government
aid to. state education comes up again
in Congress it must be remembered that
it is not colored ignorance' alone that is
increasing. In every Southern state the
local census shows not only an increase
in the number of colored people who
cannot read and write but also of white
people, and ji much larger propor
tionate increase in the latter case.
Take the eases of representative states.
In Virginia, in the decade between
1870 and 1SS0, the white illiterate
voters increased by 4,000, the colored
by 2,000 ; in Kentucky the white illi
terate voters increased by 1 1,000, the
colored by 5,000 ; in Tennessee the
white by 9,000, the colored by 3,000 ;
in North Carolina the white by 1 1,000,
the colored by 1 2ooo ; in South Caro
lina the white by 1,500, the colored by
22,000 ; in Georgia the white by 7,000,
the colored by 16,000 ; in Alapam the
white by 7,000, the colored by 5,000 ;
in Mississipi the. white by 3,000, the
colored by 19,000; in Texas the white
oy 10,000, tne colored by 12,000,
Take these 'states together, and we find
an increase of 60,000 white voters
who cannot read and write, and an in
crease of 96,000 colored voters. What
this teaches is plain ; that all the labor
lor education in the South has not kept
pace with, the increase of population.
There are more educated whites and
blacks, especially in the border states,
but also more illiterates. It teaches,
too, that it is time for the national
government to take hold of this prob
lem and give its aid to education, where
the people of the states arc not them
selves able to provide schools for all
their people. Nav i ork Indtpaidtnt.
. Cullryt Semite,
Amherst makes another new depar-
mis; 111 cuiiL-yc- uisctpune in me recent
organization of a "college senate."
The scheme was proposed by President
Seelyc two years ago j but it did not
meet the approval of the students till
the opening of the last term of the
year just ended, whcnall the classes
but the senior voted to accept the pro
position and elected their representa
tives. The non concurrence of the
senior class Uii not prevent the carry
ing out of the scheme, and the senate
has just organized with these men as
senators; From 1884, W. K. Parker, 1.
H. Tufts, and W, F. Wilcox; from
J885, (J. B. Gardner and J, Hininan;
from 1886, A. W. Stuart When next
year's freshman class elects its represen
tative, the-senate will have its full quota
of ten members four seniors, three
juniors, t0 sophomores and one fresh.
man. t President Seelyc is chairman of
tne noaru ami win refer to 11 though
retaining the power to veto all ques
tions, relatinc to the (liscii)iine and wel-
fare of the college, which hae hereto
fore been brought before th. faculty.
The object of lliis innovation is to
make the students more lhan-ever self.
governing, and put tijion them soine-
iiiiuu t;i me resionsii)iii(y lor tne good
order and welfare of the ' colletie at
un tiioir instructors, u,
Like the "new
system," rt is an exj)eriiet, and- will
be watrhed with interest by wany.
Mr. 1 .aupipaiwi, of fclcrbouw, was
cuiiirttvu at uic itunu iotfcryv, ot w or-
rAllMI ll.BP.nli.i.ll. .....1 I i. - ..il
m.xl,, miuMMiuwiw, ami rt lM.mi
taken honors at Camtawge,
w spite of his iftfirmity.
JMITII A THURSTON, I WjfcC). Smith,
1 l.. llll'MTO
Allornri nl l.nir,
Ni. 39 MciiAdT Srsnitr...
ILLIAM O. SMITH Jtt Co.,
I l A.TllUMTItM, I
W. (J. Smith. J
.ior.' nml llrill I'.itntr llrukm,
Mo 6S MXBCIIANT SmrST IIOKOLI'ltl
Kit.MhktJ In iSfv.)
Suttsr llantatlnn, lla'ilrtw.l, 'I rlriJione nnJ ollir Cor
rMi6n Slocks, lloiulsanil tlimlu Rtntili
llottniT ami Soui on Commission.
Monty I.nancit on Slock Sectiritirs,
O U. DOLE,
fniimrlnr nl l.mr unit S'nluru Viilillr,
ConNrii Four and MmiciiANTSriirrTS, HoNoiriu
-SLARUNCU W. ASI1POHD,
Allnriirn, Snllellni; IUr.,
Nn. 15 Kaahvmanu Strfft.
XT R. CASTLE,
Allnriitii nl l.mr nml .VoMi- Viilillr.
Attcntl nil ihe Courts of lite Klngilom.
Alliiriiit unit f'oitiiMrltir ill Imw,
Mi FniiT.SrsssT tlnNOLULf
0. TUCKER, Mr D
(Ufo-nlly of O.ltl.inil. California,)
HA OrKNPII AN OFPICF. ,
At No. 17, Emma Street, Honolnlu, II, I,
Opjiosite l'mms S,llare
Office HoursFrom l lo 3, Anil from 6 lo 8 p. M.
Telcilione for Office ami KesMence, No. 310.
T"RS. CUMMINGS & MARTIN
Summit mill Uiiihii imllilr I'liiilrhtli.
OpFICKCOIINIlIt Fortanu IIbkktania St..
Office Hours-Untile, a. M., ami from i-j ami 6:30-8 P.M.
TNO. S. McGREW, M. D.
I'll Ulr In 11 nml Silriron,
lltlTFI. STRKI-T llRTWFKN FoKT ANI1 AlAKFA
From 7 to 10 a. m.; i to 4, and 6 to 8 p. m.
, lofrlf Telephone No 164
D. EMERSON, M. D.
Vhyitrlini nml Surfmit,
Trikphonk Number 149.
Office hours from ii 10 ioJ a. m.; iji to 3H p. m.
Office and Residence, So. 3 KuVui street, comer Fort
T M. WHITNEY, M. D., D. D. S.
1i-iiIiiI Humus nn l'ml Street,
Honolulu H. 1,
nrn n...'. mt . tr. t- -
blreets, entrance On Hotel Street. 1
JARAH E. PIERCE M. D,
.mile' nml Chllilreii'ii 1'lin'lelmt.
OrrtcK and Residhnck No. 5 Sihool Sthfft,
lusiween ron ana l.mmaj.
Office Hourh 10.30 to 11.30 A. M., anil 1,30 lo 3 30
V 11. Telephone. Wo. s(u. iS3-3m
illiam d. McAllister.
rrftMANFNTLV LOCATED IN HO VQ LULU.
Office, corner Hot, and Alalea Mrrct, opiwite the
V. Al. C. A. Hmlilin
Particular attention pai.l to restoration goU'iillingf.
Reljinffon gocul work nt reatonaMc, charge tog tin
the confUence of the (RiLIic 155 611
A G. ELLIS,
WO. 7a Qt'EKN STKKKT UONOULU
McmUrof tlvc Honolulu Stock ami ItumlKicliange.
Is prepared to buy and tell Stoclct and Howl in the
open mat Let, at the utual rale nf cnimnmion.
Ila money to loan 011 Stocks. Snail margin? re
quired un lime Contract.
Will advise a to Investments when requeued.
O. HALL & SON (Llmiied)
UllpltThKS ANU DEALERS IN
ltiinlirare nml lleiierul MerelmmlUe,
Corked or Kino and Fort Streets, HonoU'lu
William W. Hall
. . TrekMent ami Manager
.Secretary and 'I reaiurer
i U. Allies.
I'.C Jones, Jr. ...
Uireclors tU O. Ila
Hall, George K. Iloe. i;a
T D. RAMSAY,
(leueral Iroerr mul I'rorUlnii neuter.
No. 67 Hotru Strfet, llnsoi.t'Lii.
Gooils ilcliveieil to cuMomen' residences free of
charge, last received, en lata arriiali, a fre.li line of
Choice Gruceries. t All orders filled with promptness.
Island onlers noliiiicd. l$a-im
.liriil to take Aehmiwlrilgmrult tu Con
tract la tAiUur
IIokoli'LU, IIawaiiak Isuakps.
Office at Pacilic Mail Steaimlilp Doclc, Esptarule. 15
TO W. LAINH,
C'irllila.'u,ie of lleriU
Foe ih. State of Calirornla, for ti. Ilanaibn Mandt,
and (.eiwral Agini (or the I'aciOc Mutual I.ir. In
Mirance Company of California. 111
TNO. A. HASSINGER,
Ateul 411 lake Ackiioicle.lumenlt fa Com.
Inthriok Office... , HoNtin'tu
JOHN H. PATY,
.Voiiy I'ubllr nml Cauiuifufun of Uretl;
For lli Stales of California am! New York. OlTic.
at Ilia Haul U Illvhii & Co.
llosni I'M', Oaiiu, l, I. 1
P T. LENEHAN Co.'
Jiujuirfrr nii t'auiuilton MerekuMlt.
tivvtvv Strrit, Ilomntn.',
r YCAN JOHNSON.
Imi'urlert ami lUalert In nil klml of
jNH.fr llwHlt, t'uney Uooili,
JniMHe Until. '
No, ioj AKrt 107 Kurt Stuit...
Fiunlliuc. Ctalrk SIiilt Machinal. Xlirron anj
Mirror I'Uim, rictur. Frame, ami Cunict iiiaj. lo
UtHerut Mertantlh mut VvinmlttluM Ayrutt
Qv(M Stit, IIouU'I.V'.
Otoan-V, C, Jews, Jr., prUt and uunager!
Iaeli O. Caiter. uusum anj Mtratanr. lHieMti
How. Ckuk. it; BMfcoi ai4 II. A. K Curiu: luorv
May, auJMt.. ,
MUf Ctwtmttf, rr Mmttr tU Vnmtkw
o. Qvwk SriwT (Wk MmWu Im Wwka)
tl ILLIAM McCANDLESS
Drillrr In Ihnlrml llrrf, Vrnl, Miittnn, I'.lr,
No. 6 ytinf. SrKF,r, Fun MArntrr.
Family and SMppuif nnlers carrfntlf aitemtnt to.
Live Slock ftimislml In Vessels al short notice.
VeKetaMe of all kimls supplied to order.
Tfifpiionr ... . . . No. ft.
S. OIUNHAUM ft Co.
Imjun tri'i tintl U'httfewlr Itrtitm In Urn
Makfk'4 Hlock ... .QvitKN BrpituT, Hoimttu
JUT S. GRINIIAUM ft Co.
rnntttfithif ittul ComtnhihtH MrictttiHt,
914 CAUrpRMtA Sf.r Sam I-'iiancivo.
Sprcfol fjciliilei for nrvl tt.irttctit.tr nl lent ton cil.l to
crtinffttimriili of tstit.il ttcxItKr, t
U'ntrtititftker, trtrrtevt lUiitt'tffr ttiul
No. tit Fort SrkMtT s. HoKout'tv
Atl order Ciiilifully camitfil. 31
T AWRBNCB ft I'REKTII,
I'ltn nml Intimate fiirm.)ietl for U'ottm of Coi
M ruction, Ctil Knainrrilns ftntl Kiineiing. Office,
comer or ii.iick.iuwiLi nnd Kil.it
to WiJematm'n lrick wartliuinc
ii.iue.i fttreelt, next door
P. O, Hot 101.
Itootinml Shoe made to Order.
No. 114 Fort St., omositk Pantiifon Staiiim.
OLLISTER & Co.,
Il'iiilrmllr mill llrlnll Hlilllhl nml T
iMrrnnhti No. so Nucanii Strff.t llohoittu
OWN & PHILLIPS,
Pntcttrtit Vlttmbvrnt (Inn llltrrn ttmt Ci
j,rrin(tttx. N'O. l8 Nt'VANt SrRRRT IIONOIXUJ
I'artimlar attention paid to the htting up of the
Sprinfifn-ld fiai Machine. 1
Tf II. CEDING,
J-Jjrjtrritn nml Omfnutn,
Freight, Package, and )hggage delivered to and from
nil partt(of Honolulu and vicinity. Careful at
tent Ion ) Mid to motility Furniture, with
WAGONS KPKF.SSLY FOR THE PURPOSE.
Telephone E6; Residence 335 Puncltliowl street.
OlTice, 86 King Street. 106-ti
PHILLIPS & Co.
Import rrsi mul Wholemttr Drtttrr hi Ctotlt-
fitftf ItootMf tSftnrx, tint, Jti nf f'tir-
itihhtnff tuntnt J'uurif flooitu, iUc
No. 11 Kaami'mani' Stbriet Hokolulv
HARLES T. GULICIC,
Xutury PuMlCf Aft rut to Inh ArKiiolrtln-
mrntn In l.nhor Cntitrttrtt nml
iletivvnl HtiMtnvHH Aumt
Office in Makee'i II lock, at corner Queen and Kaafm-
nianu ttree, noiiuiuiti. a-iy
Q J. LEVEY & CO.,
Mhotesnlr mul Itrtalt flrocem.
Fort Strfi-.t , Honolllu
Fresh prorrrie and provisions of all kinds on hind and
cvcivtu icuuMitv iium i.urvjpc aim miertt.1 witicii
will he wld nt the lowet maiket rates.
t..oous (leiivereu to any jart ct lite ctty tree o charge.
I&land orders ivoliciled nnd prompt attention will I
given to the same. na.iy
ONG LEONG & CO.,
.jentt fur Mnmml Siitiur, l'nlmmi Ittee
And Kailua Rice Mantation anil Mitt.
NUUANU StFF.T COINKR MaMN
1 32-1 y
-pHHO. II. DAVIES & Co..
(Latk aniov. Green & Co.) '
Iiiimtler nml CttijiiiifvWoit Merchant.
AGENTS I OK
Lloyd's and Ihe Liieriiool Underwriters,
Uiilisli and Foreign .Ntarine liuurance Company, anil
Northern Athurantc Conipany77r I
A W. RICHARDSON & Co
Importers ami Dralrrs in
limit, Shoe, I'urnUhini flaoil, lint,
Cap, Trunk; I'alUe,
, Perfumery-and Soaps; WiJtham Walches,
Fine Jewelr)', etc,
Corker Fort anu Mfrciiant Streets, Honoli-ii'
- E. WILLIAMS,
Imioktkr ami Dealer ik
I'arnllnre of Kreru Itccrlpllon. Alio
I'pholtterer aml'Mantifai turn:
Furniture Warerooins Na 109 Fort Slrfel. Work
slwp at old stand on Hotel Slrcct. All orders pri.ui4ly
attended lo. n
JOHN T. WATERHOUSE,
1 111 purler ami Healer In (lateral Mer
elmmlhe. QubenStreet Honolulu
P I. NICHOLS,
VUll Knulneer nml Vonlnrtur for thr Con.
trurtliiu of ItnllronJ, 4
Mills, landing, 'Iron. Wouileii ami CumUnailon
lirldfcft, laducts and Su.cnslon llrldgvs
for Cane I !ura.
No io.J Fort Strfet
MRS, IXON IKJEAN I'roi.i.iits.
Nuuurr&i Hotel Strret.
Meat Serre.l at All Hour of the liny.
Special terms for regular 1-oardrrs. Th. only suita
M. prisale room In town for l-ajies.
IT IIACKFELDA Co.
(I cue rill Commlflun Ayrnl.
H , j ,
ffD. IIOFFSCHLAEGER A Co.
Importer unit VouimUloii Mrichunl.
IIokoli.lu, Oaiiu, II. I., ,
T HOPP A Co., 74 King ttrtti,
luiporlrr ami Manufacturer of Kreru
llcHcrlpllun of ISirnllurr. ,
To tiir I.APiBtt TrimmlAgs, Tassels, Ciiioi, Silk
Cord In .very shad. I'arlvr hcts requited,
cuvereJ, pMlivhed ami waiW eu,ual tu
new, Mallre.c r.-ruad. and.
cUaiKil at sliut
We are not.il
for hrj-cUn k and
T-ILLINGIIAM A Co.
tmiwrtert an J llenler tn Hanlirmre, Cut'
IVntt ami Otis, and Geucral MrrthanJU.,
No. jj ForSti"T .,. ,,.., ..Hnoihv
A W. PKIRCK Co.
! CkmmHer anil CommlfUm
HOIKHWIW, HiWAIlAR MUNIM.
Amm brlajaATt Chm. ia4 Saab l.inr.a m4 fm-
fmiunfrfM n tlrttrrttt Mrrchntuthr frmn
J'rtinrt l.'iir'""' ttrrmrttt mnl
thr Uttltrtl .HttttfM,
No, 9 MMCMANT Strrrt. lrtiroiULtf
116 and i3C-UironNM Strrrt San Francisco.
P.trtictdir ttintinn jnid la fdHn nml M.ing I
Imd order.fl oi'jtrt, ,fcii 8?3 1
T WILLIAMS ft Co.
to ANtt 104 Fort Strtrt . ..
I'lettirMnf aII n anj kind mid 10 order! nnd
frame of ll dewrtirtlont comfantljr on hand. AIj
Coral, ShelU nnd Ciir,oitiM o( the Pacific 3
LLBN & ROBINSON,
tlrnlrm In i,itiiilrrinul nil liliitln of ililltit
lull Mnlrrlilln, 1'ilhil; lllln, Xnllt, rlr,,
HoNMUr, II. I.,
Ar.RNT or SUIOONhR
Halealcah, KnUmanu, Kelcaiiluolil, Mary Ellen,
Uitama. Paualil And Leah!.
At Rohmsmi's Wharf. i
T YONS & LEVEY,
Aiirllimrrrn nml Cniiiuilmtltm MrrrlmnUt
IIkaiif Ihnck", QtlFKN Strkkt, llovnLUM'.
Sales of Furniture, Slurti, Keal Emaie and General
Merchandise promptly attended to. Hole agent, for
American ami l.uropean merchandise. J J. i.viin.
. J. Lkv F.V.
CD. C. ROWE,
Jfnir.r nmf Sign I'liltilrr,
Papkr Hanc.kk, etc.,
No. 107 Klin Strp-kt HoNott'it'
U Kimo Street 1ltnwU'i"
Imnorter of American Icwelrs- of ererv ileicrin-
lion. (Formerly ol Sjn Francisco, California.) 50
r EWERS &-CO0KE,
(Sl'CCRSSORS TO I.IWFRS & IllCKSOM,)
Importer mul Jlenler In l.ninlier nml nit
html of llntltUna Mnlettiit.
Fort SrRRET Honolulu
iVT W. McCHESNEY & SON,
Kentlier, Utile, Tnllolt nml Coinmtloil
Agents for the Uoyal Soap Company.
No. 4a Qi'ren Street Honolulu
- C. COLEMAN,
lllnc.'Hiiitth, Miichlnl!, Carrlnfe Work,
Honolulu . .11.1
Plantation Machinery, etc. Shop on King Street,
next to Caitle & Cooke a.
Tfn, Copper ami Sheet Iron Worker,
Store ami Jtmiae.
of all kinds, Plumpers' stock anil 'metals, house furnish
ing gou.ls, chandeliers, tamps, tic
No. s Kaaiiumanu Street Honolulu
T M. OAT & Co.
Snttimtker, J'tay of all lleerlptlon
iituttt mul repatreil.
Honolulu II. 1
I-oft in A. F. Cooke's new fireproof luild.iiK. foot ol
Nuuanti Street. t 3
rinneer 'Sterna Vanity Manufactory nml
Practical Confectioner, Paltry Couk and Uaker.
Numlier 71 Hotel street, Ulween Fort and Nuuanu
f HNGLING & Co.,
Thtmmtth nml Vlumhfrn. Venltm In
Storrnt IlattyrM, Tin,
No. 5 KtttANi; Stkekt...,. w.. - ..Honolulu
T W. GIRVIN,
t'oiiiuifion MrrchitHt tml ilrutntt Draler
in Mr ihotl,
AlU'Ktf. MAl't -.11. 1
Groceries I Urdwarr, Stationery, Patent Medicine,
Pcifutnery and lUsvvare. t
TJONOLULU IRON WORKS Co.,
St mm luiyhiri, Itulttim. Snyut Mlth,
CunlrtM, Iron, II mm nml Lewi Vtthtlna,
Honoivui. ..,.. . . H. 1
Maclitnerv of evcrv dcscrlistion made to order.
Particular attention paid to Ship' lilac k tin it lung.
jou work executes on, me n.oncn nutce. i
"pHE MONTAGUE RANGE
FOR SF.1TING IN IIRICK.
1 a, i:iiLisa Jt vo..
No- S-Nl'I'ANt' STRRET-j IIonolilV
Sole agents for then. Islands. The liest cooking ap.
luraluslor Hie riantatlun, limclor ramily,
KANCF.S k FIXTITRLS siuh as
Ifoi Wuler Holler;
(Irate Har; Kir.,
Always In stock.
Kxplicii directions for selling up accnmiany very
Circijari an J J)ieti on affiliation, 133-qr
-pllOS. C. THRUM,
ltiroRIINH AND MaHUFACTURIN(1
Slatlunec, Stw A unit. I'ftulrr, fivoa.
And uuULhee ol ilia SsturiiaV.Press. ami Haivail
an Atutac m,( Annual, Mtrthant stre.t. Ileal-
cr In rin Maiionery, ll.ks, Mu.ie, luis and rancy
vjouus rori Mrcci, near limsi, iicuHiiuiu, o
A S. CLBGHORN & Co, v
Imimrtrrm nml Hrnler In (Jturrut Jfri
. Corner Quctn and Kaahutnanu Streets Honolulu.
MMjj Chumllw audCtimml$iuH Mwrrkmmtt
mpottfrtnd )uUf U Owicta! MvurundiM. i
JyT F, SURGESS,
All kio4t of Jutting pfOO4lv atteadd
1cUi4umm jVo. iu. M iJdaitauHi'k Kiucei OflW.
Suo-, JSu. I4 KlNr, hfgi1.T...,,,.,.f,,H'OtlU'
. ..Li, ,. . .... ' L 1 . 1 ii ii
I AINK ft Co. ,
luapotcr. aiid dealer. In Hr, Grain and Getwat
MlNlt'LUe.,,lt.,,.4t,...,...,4 ,, iMf.lorl.!
U 8. MtlMTYRB ft WtOTHBR,
ttrom Mil JVihI M4r.
Che. Kiikjanu l'sar Sr, ,,,,,.,.,,, H'usoLHf
No. ij l.llWA 7Ufttiiii, ,..,.,., ...HafciH.liLU
lt yLJa,!!.!!!! AkaKaBBl Ift aaff aUaW ftJi Ifeatt
Uim tiam K na. HOauX law tJLnf
P A. SCIIABPRR A Co.
Importer unit Cfliinnfiefmi Merchant,
MeiiA(T SrRr, Honolulu
AlILt)BR A Co.
I.nmher, t'tihit; till; Xnll, mul Hull, Hut)
Mnlerlnl of erern A fin.
Cor Fort and (JureN Srs-. .... Iforinit'Llf
p V. ADAMM,
Auctioneer mul t.'onimtflon Meiclmnt,
fj?UEN Srr HllNOIULU
ptSHOP A Co.
Mmciiant Strret . .. Honolulu. II. I
Drawr HtclianR. on
TIIK IIANK.OF CAI.IIORNIA, San TrancUco,
Messrs. M. M. ItOTIISCItll.t) k SONS, London.
IheOltlFNIAI. HANK Cororalloiiof Ixiiidjn.
Ami their Itrvtihes (n
HONGKONG, SVDNKY and MKLIIOURNE,
Transact a Gtntral lUnling tlittiittst.
IUTRS. A, M. MELLIS,
l'nhlniutlile lire nml Clonk Maker.
No. mi FortStrret Honolulu
VITM. G. IRWIN A Co.
Sunnr Factor ami Commllon AaHt.
CMUnsFRRCKRLS. RII.C IRWIN.
OSBPII H. WISEMAN
Hrtil Ktntr JlinKrr nmt Km)lnytnnt
..UONOIUMf, ll. I
Rent Room Cottace. Hotiet,nnd telli ami Iei
Real Etale in all part of the Kingdom, Employment
found for thoe keeking woiLInnll tlie vatioui Wanchei
of buMnebi -connected with tliec lland. lrt docu
inrnt drawn, Hill Collerled, liooks and ArcounK kept
nml general o(Tic wotktranvicted. Patronage nolited.
Coiumiinni moderate. 4
r W. MACFARLANli ft Co.
finpnrtrrM nml Vrmmhrnton Merrhnnt.
- VUxrtr J1U.)
Cor. FoRTnndQuKKNSrRKKT...n llONOLt'LU
lite Otacow and Honolulu Line of Parket.
John IlnY&Co.' Liverpool Line of Packets
Ihe Waikapti Plantation! ,
'Hie Spent er Plantation, Hilo.
HakaUu Plantation. HiM.
Mirlees, Tail Si 'atou, Sugar Company,
'Ihe Ptiuloa Sheep Ranch Company.
A L. SMITH,
Importer nml Dealer hi (1ttttearc,
Mertilen Sltrrr-rttttnt 11'.. rr,
No. 44 Fort Strrkt Hdnoiulu
King's Comhination Sirctaclr nnd EyexUei,
I.tlMral WlreWa'-e. Farirv Sikim. I'irltirt Jrrjrtir. I..
tolf Wosieuholm'n P,ket Cutlery, Powder, Sl" nd
Ammunition, uarfc Mmioi lrtlmt, Matfuiip Oil, all
kind of Machine Kindle, "Domestic" Paper Fahion.
Sole agent of til? universally acknowledged Light
iuiiiiihk iTviiisriiis, jcwnii; i ac nine.
Th Wlndior ReiUarBt,
1 1-n ing recently chani(ed hand.
Now aumet the responsibility of cateritiK for that
Clean and,Coiy Dining Hall.
The putlie havr already Oiown Iinof Imw they
IM'reriate the cood thine no temi,tlni?lv t.lari-fl ffnra
l he in.
One VIMl Will luflir to irinw llint Mr frranll... la
the right man In the right place.
First-Class Board by the Week,
Or Special Arrangement.
TBNNEDY A Lo.,
Wbolaaal and Ratall Qrooars,
No. 6; IIotrl Strlrt. v.
Campbell Fire-proof lluildinii )
t'rh llooit Conllnunllu on the Way,
Island Ilulter always on hand. '
Trlkfhokr No. aao. ,s, if
T"HB GERMANIA MARKBT.
llo-SOLUft', II. I,
lleef, feat. Mutton, Uimh, i'onttry
Constantly on liand. and of iluitfd mi.l.iv
Sjuvjl-ci, llolounas, etc., always on hand. Our meals
are all cut and nut un In l-Latitrn ti.l. All ..!.
faithfully attended lo, and delivered in any rt of Ik
city. Shop on Hotel Slreet, between Unkiu and Fort
Sireets. (40.6m) RAUPI', l'rolltor.
The underslneil would im4 reipeclfully notify tb.
puUic that he has bouihi out Mr. rif.'e Inured In Ih.
bos. tnarkti ami that h. is prepai.d lo furnish I Ik Uat
I, U utttia.
Park. Vaal aat ,
The market arlords, at th lowest rales.
TNO. O. FOWLER ft Ca..
LF.F.I1S, ENGLAND, ;,
Art prcfurtd to fnrttlth H anal .'
male for tUtrl ' ' '
With or without Cars, and UxMuiAnt, Sp.cUtfy
AUAI'IKU FOR SUGAR I'UNTATIONS.
I'erinaneut Railways, and Uxomuhi and r;ar, Tim-i
lion LniiKt and Koad Locomotli.t, Mteiu
I'luuihia and Cullituin alMhlnwy, IVj.
able fcmiinc. fyf all nuuutM, WiuiUit
KrncuiM 'or !m)uwa.
Caialocues will, lllurailons, M0J.U and Hmta.
graohs of the above Itanl and Mathlnery bur b. m
atlh.oluve.orib undeislnncd. W,UGKkM and
I. W. MACrAKLANKft'lOl. Akrutsfor IrwTr-V
l.r a Co.
-SASTLB ft COOKB.
rUtlppluy auii Commit! MerckmmAi,
No. KthoSfRRRT ., .,.,,.. .,Hih;lv
IMKJRIIM A0 UKAUB4 ln
TU Uitdsviisk k Cotvwar'a I
1 n. AUuu-M a, lUMwM 1
K. IUUimJ. ot WaUoa I
A. H. .auuM a ynm-VJiar, Mba. aaajl.
I 9VHHV iMHHIi
UXa. a ta,Uar
7 rlRiiii -m m
? ' i.
'j " ' . - .-