Newspaper Page Text
---1,-, --, IS 43el
Saturday Pre s s.
f V""N. X T T TTT IT ft. AIT Alt A XT I P I A X 7 t C At 'I s "v t"l 1 " f-s. .
VoLUMIi IV, NuMMJR 6.
HONOLULU, HAWAIIAN ISLANDSQeTOBHR 6,. 1883.
Whole Number 162
T-e-s T -feet r"f1T3lagw-'V-"l,'TIT-nm.".'" W1" ' J'
in coi.i.tutK vv.Ticii.
Jfr. Vhnrlrn I'mnrN .Ii'dims, i'r,, on the
" Now a. redirects the college pre
jkiration we received to fit m to take
art in tlii world's ilctmtc. As one
toes on in life, esccinlly in modern
life, a few ronrhuinn arc hammered
into in by the hard logic of facts.
Among tho? conclusions 1 think I tuny
nithout much fear of contradiction
enumerate such practical,, common
sense, and common-place precepts as
that sucrficitslity is dangerous as well
as contemptible, in that it is apt to
invite defeat ; or, again, that what is
worth doing at all is worth doing well ;
or, third, that when one is civen work
to do, it is well to prepare one's self
lor that spccilic work, and not to oc
cupy one's time in acquiring informa
tion, no matter how innocent or elegant
or generally useful, which has no prob
nblc bearing on that work : or, finally
-and this 1 regard as the greatest of
nil practical precepts that every' man
should in life master some one thing,
be it great or be it small, so that there
on he may lc the highest liing autho
rity , that one thing he should know
thoroughly. I low did Harvard College- prepare
me, and my ninety-two classmates of
the year 1850 for our work 111 a life in
which we have had these homely
precepts brought close to us ? In an
swering the question it is not alto
gether easy to preserve one's gravity.
I'hc college fitted us for this active,
bustling, hard-hitting, tnany-tongucd
world, caring nothing for authority and
little for the ittst, but full of its living
thought and living issues, in dealing
with which there was no man who did
not stand in pressing and constant
need of every ossible preparation as
rcsects knowledge and exactitude and
thoroughness the poor old college
prepared us to play our parts in this
world by compelling us, directly and
indirectly, to devote the best part of
our school lives to acquiring a conies
sedly superficial knowledge of two dead
In regard to the theory of what we
call a hhcral education, there is, as I
understand it, not much room for dif
ference of opinion. There are certain
fundamental requirements, without a
mastery 01 winch no one can pursue a
specially to advantage. Uon these
common fundamentals arc grafted the
specialties the students' electives, as
we call them. 'Hie man is simply mad
who in these days takes all knowledge
for his province. He who professes tp
do so can only mean that he proiioses,
in so far as in him lies, to reduce
superficiality to a science.
Such is the theory. Now, as to the
practice ? Thirty years ago, as for
three centuries before, Greek and Iatin
were the fundamentals. The grammat
ical study of two dead languages was
the basis of all liberal education. It is
still its basis. Hut, following the
theory out, I think all will admit that,
as respects the fundamentals, the col
lege training should be compulsory and
severe. It should extend through the
whole course. 1N0 one ought to be
come a oacncior 01 arts until, upon
these fundamentals he had jiassed an
examination, the scope and thorough
ness of which should set at defiance
what is crfectly well defined as the
science ol cramming. Could the gra
duates of my time have passed such an
examination in Latin and Greek ? If
they could have done that 1 should
now see a reason in the course pursued
with us. When we were graduated we
should have acquired a training, such
as it was ; it would have amounted to
something ; and, having a bearing on
the future, it would have been of use in
it. Hut it never was for a moment
assumed that we could have iiassed
such an examination. In justice to all,
I must admit that no self-deception was
imlulgcd in on this point. Not only
wasr the knowledge of our theoretical
fundamentals to the last degree super
ficial, but nothing better was exacted.
The requirements spoke for themselves;
and the subsequent examinations never
could have deceived anyone who had
a proper conception of what real
Hut in pursuing Greek and I.atin
we had ignored our mother-tongue.
We were no more comcteru to pass a
real!)- searching examination in ling
lish literature and English comX$ition
than in the languages and literature of
Greece and Home. Wc were college
graduates; yet how many of us could
lollow out a line of sustained close
thought, expressing ourselves in clear
concise terms? The faculty of doing
this should result from a mastery of well-
selected fundamentals. The difficulty,!
was mat me lunciauicntais were not
well-fvclectcd, and that they had never
been mastered. They had liccomc a
tradition, They were studied no longer
as a means, but as an end the end
being to get into college. Accord
nj.ly, thirty ears ago, there was no
real living basis of a Harvard education.
Honest, solid, foundations were not
laid. llie surstructurc, such as it
was rested upon an empty formula.
The reason of all this I could not
understand then, though it is clear
enough to me now. J take it to Ise
airnply this : The classic tongues were
far more remote from our woild than
they had lievn from the world our
fathers lived in. They arc much more
remote from the world of today than
they were from the World of thirty
years aga The human mind ouuidc
of the rJoUters, is occupied with other
and more picking things. Kspecially
, it U occu(id with a class of thoughts
-scientific thoughts -which do not
find their nutriment in the remote just.
They aa not in yntuthy with it. Ac
coulingly the vorld turns more and
more from the clashes to those other
and living aouiics in which it alone
, find vvjiat it seeks. Students come to
college from the hearthstones of the
modern world. They ia c beenbiought
up in the new atmopherc. They are
consequently more and more di.poM.-d
to rejjuid the dead language as a mere
' .requirement to college aUn.Us.oa. TW.
reacts upon the inuitutioH, The col-
, lgc down not cliang there b, no com
MrvMikw 1 have ever iiwt, to hard, so
1 ' ' 1
unreasoning, so impenetrable, as the
conservatism of professional educators
about their methods the college docs
not change ; it only accepts the situa
tion. 'I he routine goes on, but super
ficiality is accepted as of course ; and,
so thirty years ago, as now, a surface
acquaintance with two dead languages
was the chief requirement for admission
to I larva nl ; and, to acquiring it, years
of school life were devoted.
Nor in my time did the mischief end
here. As a slipshod method of train
ing was accepted in those studies to
which the greatest prominence was
given, the same method was accepted
in other studies. The whole standard
was lowered. Thirty years ago I say
it after a careful search through my
memory thoroughness of training in
any real-life sense of the term was un
known in those branches of college
education with which I came in con
tact, everything was taught'as Ittin
aild Greek were taught, liven now 1
do not sec how I could have got solid,
exhaustive teaching in the clas3-room
even if I had known enough to want
it. A limp-superficiality was all-pervasive.
To the best of my recollection
the idea of hard thoroughness was not
Many of you are scientific men;
others are literary men ; some are pro
fessional men. I believe, from your
own personal experience, you will bear
me out when 1 say that, with a single
exception, there is no modern scientific
study which can be thoroughly pur
sued in any one living language, even
with the assistance of all the dead
languages that ever were spoken. The
modern languages arc thus the avenues
to modern life and living thought.
Under these circumstances, what was
the position of the college toward them
thirty years ago ? What is its position
to-day? It intervened, and practically
saitl then that its graduates should not
acquire those languages at that period
when only they could be acquired
perfectly and with ease. It occupies
the same position still. It did and docs
this none the less effectually because
indirectly. The thing came about as
it still comes about, in this way : The
college fixes the requirements for ad
mission to its course. I he schools
and the academics adapt themselves
to those requirements. The business
of those preparatory schools is to get
the boys through their examinations,
not aa means but as an end. They
are therefore all organised on one
plan. To that plan there is-no excep
tion ; nor practically can there be any
exception. The requirements for ad
mission are such that the labor of pre
paration occupies fully the boy's study
hours. He is not overworked, per
haps, but when his tasks are done he
has no more leisure than is good for
play ; and you cannot take a healthy
boy the moment he leaves school and
set him down before tutors in German
and Krcnch. If you do he will soon
cease to be a healthy boy ; and he. will
not learn German or French. Over
education is a crime against youth.
Hut Harvard College says, " We re
quire such and such things lor admis-
. -. It T7T . 1 .
sion 10 our course. nrsi anu must
emphasized among them are Iatin and
Greek. The acadamies accordingly
teach Iatin and Greek ; and they
teach it in the way to secure admission
to the college. I lence, because of this
action of the college, the schools do
not exist in this country in which my
children can learn what my experience
tells me it is all essential they should
know. They can not both be fitted
for college and taught the modern
languages. And, when I say " taught
the modern lannurges," I mean
taught them in the world's sense of
the word, and not in the college sense
of it, as practised both in my time
and now. And here let me not be
misunderstood, and confronted with
examination papers. I am talking of
really knowing something. I do not
want my children to get a smattering
knowledge of French and of German,
such a knowledge as was and now- is
given to boys of Latin and Greek ; but
I do want them to be taught to write
and speak those languages, as well as
to read them in a word so to master
them that they will thereafter be tools
always ready to the hand. This re
quires labor. It is a thing which can
not be pickedup by the way-side, ex
cept in the countries where the lan
guages arc spoken. If academics in
America are to instruct in this way they
must devote themselves to it. Hut
the college requires all that they can
well undertake to do. The college
absolutely insists on 1-atin and
Hut I now come to what in plain lan
guage I can not but call the educa
tional cam 01 mis suujcci, 1 am ioiu
that I ignore the severe intellectual
training I got in learning the Greek
grammar, and in subsequently applying
its rules; that my memory then re
ceived an education which, turned
since to other matters, has proved in
valuable to me; that accumulated cx
itcricnce shows that this training can
lie got equally well in no other way;
that, beyond all this, even my slight
contact with the Greek masterpieces
has lelt 111c with a sutitlc out unmis
takable residuum, iinpa1uble pcihaps,
but still there, and very precious; that,
in a word, I am what is called an edu
cated man, which, but for my early con
tact with Greek, I would n6t be.
It was Dr. Johnson, I Iwlieve, who
once said, " Ixt us free our minds from
cant," and all this, with not undue
bluntncss bo it said, is unadulterated
nonsense. The fact that it has Iwen
and will )ct be a thousand times re
peated can not make it anything else.
In the first place, 1 very' confidently
submit, there U no more mental train
ing in learning the Greek grammar by
heart than in leamigg by heart any
other equally dirlicult and, to a, boy,
unintelligible book. As a mere work
of memorising, Kant's "Oit.ique of
rure Kcason" would be at least as
good. In the next place, unintelligible
memorizing is at bot a most question
able educational method. For one, I
utterly disbelieve in it. It never did
hk anything but harm; and learning
by heart the Greek grammar did mc
harm a great deal of harm, While I
was doing it, the oberv ing and reflec
tive powers lay dormant ; indeed, they
were systematically suppressed. Their
exercise was resented as a sort of
impertinence. We boys stood up and
repented long rules, and yet longer lists
of exceptions to them, and it was drilled
into us that we were not there to reason,
but to rattle off something written on
the blackboard of our mind. The
faculties we had in common with the
raven were thus cultivated at the ex
pense of that apprehension and reason
which, Shakespeare tells us, make man
like the angels and God. I infer this
memory-culture is yet in vogue, for only
yesterday, as 1 sat at the commence
ment table with one of the younger and
more active of the professors of the
college, he told mc that he had no
difficulty with his students in making
them commit to memory ; they were
well trained in that. Hut when he
called on them to observe and infer,
then his troubles began. They had
never been led in such a path. It was
the old, old story a lamentation and
an ancient talc of wrong. There arc
very few of us who were educated a
generation ago who can not now stand
up, and glibly recite long extracts from
the Greek grammar ; sorry am I to say
it, but these extracts arc with most of
us all wc have left pertaining to that
language. Hut, as not-many of us fol
lowed the stage as a calling, this power
of rapidly learning a part has proved
but of questionable value. It is true,
the habit of correct verbal memorizing
will probably enable its fortunate pos
sessor to get off many an apt quotation
at the dinner-table, and far be it from
mc to detract from that much-longed-for
accomplishment ; but, after all, the
college professes to fit its students for
life rather than for its dinner-tables,
and in life a happy knack at quota
tions is in the long run an indifferent
substitute for the power of close obser
vation and of correct inference from it.
To be able to follow out a line oj
exact, .sustained thought to a given r?
suit is invaluable. It is a weapon
which all who would engage success
fully in the struggle of modern life
must sooner or later acquire, and they
arc apt to succeed just in the degree
they acquire it. In my youth wc were
supposed to acquire it through the
blundering application of a grammar
wc did not understand- The training
which ought to have been obtained in
physics and mathematics was thus
sought for long, and in vain, in Greek.
That it was not found is small cause
for wonder now. And so, looking
back from this stand-point of thirty
years later, and thinking of the game
which has now been lost or won, I
silently listen to that talk about the
" severe intellectual training," in which
a parrot-like memorizing did its best to
degrade boys to die level of learned
I come now to the fourth generation,
cutting deep into the second century.
My father had four sons. We were
all brought up on strict traditional
principles, the special family experience
being carefully ignored. Wc went to
the Latin schools, and there wasted
the best hours of our youth over the
Greek grammar hours during which
wc might have been talking French and
German and presently we went to
Harvard. When we got 'there -we
dropped Greek, and with one voice
we-have all deplored the irreparble loss
we sustained in being forced to devote
to it that time and labour which,
otherwise applied, would have produced
results now invaluable. One brother,
since a professor at Harvard, whose
work here was not without results,
wiser than the rest, went abroad after
graduation, and devoted two years to
there supplying, imperfectly and with
great labor, the more glaring deficiencies
of his college training. Since then
the post-graduate knowledge thus
acquired has been to him an indispen
sable tool ot his trade. Sharing in
the modern contempt for a superficial
learning, he has not wasted his time
over dead languages which he could
not hope thoroughly to master.
Another of the four, now a fellow of
the university, has certainly made no
effort to keep up his Greek. When,
however, his sons came forward, a fifth
generation to fit for college, looking
back over his own experience as he
watched them at their studies, his eyes
were opened. Then, in language cer
tainly not lacking in picturesque vigour
but rather profane than cither classical
or sacred, he expressed to me his
mature judgment. While he looked
with inexpressible self-contempt on
that worthless smaller of classics which
gave him the title of an educated man,
he declared that his inability to follow
modern thought in other tongues or to
meet strangers on the neutral ground
of siccch, had been and was to him a
source of life-long regret and thekecnest
mortification. In obtditnet to the stem
bthtttcf his Alma AFater, he thai rotted-
to sacrifice his thildren to the fetieh.
, , 1 ,, ,
The degree of I.UI). was recently
conferred tqion I.ord Volselcy by
Trinity College, Dublin.
Professor O. C Marsh, of Yale
College, has Ixicn chosen a member of
the Munich Academy of Sciences,
It is announced that upward of 175
students have already entered their
names for the Fall term at the Metho
dist Seminary at Montielier, Ve'rmoiit.
President Heeman has just secured
another gift of $100,000 for the institu
tion. At Johns Hopkins' University the
final examinations of the year arc con
ducted by gentlemen not connected
with the university and not acquainted
with the students, 'litis mak;s an
examination a severe tet j but the
lan is said to work welL
Professor Stephen Alexander, Pro
fessor Emeritus of Astronomy at Prince
ton, New Jersey, died June ifith. He
had been connected with the college
at Princeton since 1840, first as lro
lessor of Astronomy, ami afterward of
Astronomy and Mathematics.
The most destructive earthquake of
which any record has been preserved is
that which devastated Antioch, A. 1).
536, killing 350,000 people. That most
unfortunate of Syrian cities has been
carthquakc-visitcd many times before.
In 115 A.I),, it was nearly destroyed,
the liinpcror Trajan narrowly escaping
with his life. One of the earliest re
corded earthquakes is mentioned in the
Hiblc as happening in Syria during the
reign of Alub, 900 H.C. In the year
,V H.C.i the Judean earthquake which
happened contcinporanosusly with the
battle of Actium was said by Josephus
In have killed 10,000 persons, and 10
be greater than any then recorded.
Japan suffered from earthquake violence
m 1538, 1595, 1728 and in later years.
Unhappy Calabria has been a repealed
victim of earthquakes. It has been
visited so many times that history has
IIUl IIIUU.M.-U US UISUSll-13. 1 IIU L'illlll
quakes ol ifuSand 1783 were the most
destructive, the latter being responsible
for the destruction of fully 100,000
people. In that dreadful year five
great shocks and i).. lesser ones were
experienced, and in the following year
151 lesser ones ; 182 towns were totally
and 92 partially destroyed. The earth
quake and tidal wave which struck
Lisbon in 1755 killed 60,000 persons
in six minutes, and wounded half as
many more. The United States and
North America generally have had few
disastrous earthquakes ; Central Am
erica and the West Indies being the
most unfortunate. South America,
however, has had enough for the whole
continent. Caracas, Callao, Quito,
Mcndoza and Arica arc among the
cities and towns that have been tem
porarily at least totally destroyed,
while thousands of lesser villages have
been blotted out of existence with all
or most of their unfortunate inhabi
tants. Attntraltftn Stthxhlj,
It is now pretty well ascertained that
the government of New South Wales
does not intend to co operate in a con
tract for conveyance of mails between
Australia and California, after the
year 1883. This determination in a
measure places the entire responsi
bility of maintaining the service upon
the colony of New Zealand, subject.
however, to such aid as may be af
forded by the United States when con
gress meets in the ensuing December.
Wc arc gratified to learn that the colony
of New Zealand is outspoken in this
matter, and declares an intention to
renew the contract upon its own les
ponsibility. Such being the case, it
is the duty of the executive of that
country, which no doubt they will care
fully regard, to sec that all colonics
benefitting by the California mail and
passenger traffic shall receive benefits.
therefrom in proportion to the material
support which may be extended toward
its maintenance. This is not only just
and fair, but reasonable, and if New
South Wales, from any mistaken idea
of economy refuses to co-operate, the
New Zealand Government is certainly
not bound in any way whatever to
make Sydney the terminus of its route.
especially when by steaming from New
Zealand to Melbourne there is every
probability of increasing to a very great
extent the passenger traffic of the
line, This deviation from the present
route would no doubt influence the
contractors considerably in tendering
for the service, and is well worthy of
serious consiuernnon, especially as mc
New Zealand Government desire
economy' combined with efficiency, and
every allowance made by the contractors
will directly benefit that colony solely.
Melbourne is unquestionably the grand
centre from which all travellers from
adjacent colonies take thcr depar
ture, and should the course we now
suggest be abolished, the contractors
will very soon discover that the change
from Sydney to Melboure as a ter
minus is productive of solid pecuniaay
gain. We hope, however, that the
importance of the trade with Sydney
will justify the maintenance Uy the con
tractors of a branch line from Sydney
to Auckland. Sin Franeisto Merthant.
II Alio Slati .VimI ;.
Several brokers went uon the floor
of the New-York Stock Kxchandc yes
terday -with light colored hats upon
their heads, forgetful of the fact that
such summer-like headgear is not toler
ated by the gentle "bulls" and "bears
after September 14th. Usually the
sort of smashinS hats on "White Hat
I)ay"has been more boisterous and pro
longed in the Stock Exchange than it
was yesterday, but for an hour or so
about noon the objectionable tiles were
kept hying through the air at a lively
rate. A few old men were exempted
from the ruthless attak, but whenever
a light colored hat was caught sight of
on the head ot a young member of the
exchange it was "passed around" until
its owner could have no further use for
it. Although a score or more of hats
were thus destroyed there was no
noticeable manifestation of ill-temper'
The members of the National Petro
leum Exchange celebrated "White Hat
Day " in hilansus style. A mock pro
clamation was osted on Friday, an
nouncing that Summer hats and coats
must go," and the oil brokers who
posted the proclamation made it their
business during yesterday forenoon to
sec that all white hats and alpaca and
linen coats found on the floor of the
exchange were rendered unfit for
further use. The jollity of the occasion
was enhanced by the promptness with
which Chairman Peters fined such
mcmliers as liad their coals torn oft
for appearing in the exchange in their
shirt sleeves. The fine in each in
stance was $5. A'tni IV Times,
The trustees of Williams' College
have increased the salary of the regular
professor $joo each, and that of the
president $500, making it $.1,000,
Phonography and military drill are
to be oHcmi to the vouni; ladies of
I-ase!l Seminary. AuburniLik. Mat.
sachusuiis, at the beginning of the next,
SMITH A THURSTON, I W. O. Smith,
1 1. A. Tlil-imoN
jlfforiiry ill r.mr,
No. j MmiiAfcr StT IIoholvu'
AXTILUAM O. SMITH ft Co.,
j I. A. Tiutimov, I
t W. o. Smith.
fitnrk nml Unit J.'W.Kf lio.rr,,
Nn. 83 '.Mkkciiant Smrirr Hoioli'LU
(AiAiM'iW In ISp.)
Sujar llintMlM, lUilranl, Trlrplione ami Vr Cor
rwrullon Slock,, lloml, nml lmllr Steurltlw
llol'Olir ANB Srtln ON COUMIHIOK.
Mony loutied on Slock Scurill.
O H. DOLE,
r.'niintrfar ii( .mi- nml Xntiiru I'Hl'tlr,
Cornfr Port anii Mrrciiant StRrrTX, IIonou-li
LARENCE W. ASHPORD,
.lllnrnrii, Sollrllnr, 1.1 r.,
So. 15 KAAIItlHAHIt STRPRT HovOI.Cl.lt
UT R. CASTLE,
Attnrnrii nl Luminal .Ynfiir; I'uhllr.
AlltnJ all llie Court! of llie Klngilom.
Ailtirnrii nml Commrlnr nl T.nir.
M Fort Strkrt Hoholul
JJ O. TUCKER, M. D.,
(Uectnily of OiUinJ, California,)
ma ocrnrii an nrncr
At No. 17, Emma Street, Honotnlu, II. I,
Oppoite Ktnma Square.
Office Hour From 1 10 .1, mul from 6 to 8 l. M.
Telephone for Office ana" Resilience, No. 310.
T-RS. CUMMINGS & MARTIN
Aiirjcom nml llnmwiuitlitc' I'tiinletmii.
Orricu corner I'oktani ISrrktania Sts..
Office Hours Until 9 A.M., androin i-j.iihI 6:30-8 i-.m.
TN0. S. McGREW, M. D.
Vliyitrlmi mill .S'nrrrnii.
Horn. Strtkt Urtwfi-.n Fort and Alakka
or, ice iiotfKS;
From 7 to 10 n. m.J 1 to 4, anil 6 to 8 p. m.
ofrlf Telephone No 164
B. EMERSON, M. D.
l'ilftrlmt mill Sttrurnii.
Honolulu 11. 1
TntRMIONR NUMBKtt I.g.
Office hours from SH to loJ a. m.; i' 103 p. m.
Office ami Residence, No. 9 KuLui Mrcet, corner Fort
T M. WHITNEY. M. D., D. D. S.
Oriilnl r.iioin.i 011 furl birrrt,
Office In tlrewerV lllock, comer Hole and Fort
Streets, entrance on Hotel Street. 1
OARAH E. PIERCE M. D.,
J.nillra' nml Clillilrrn't Vhytlrlmi.
OrriCK ano RRstuENCi:. .....No. 5 School Strpkt,
(Between Fort anil Knima).
Office Hours to. jo to 11.30 A. it., and 1,30 to 3.30
K. t. telephone. No. a6i. I533m
17ILliam b. McAllister,
ICRmtiENTLV LOCATED II IIOIOLULU.
Office, comer ol Fort and Hotel ttrect,oter Treeloan's
Particular attention paid to rctoratton Rold filling.
Kclj ing on jjood work at reasonable cliarge to cam
the confidence of the puLlic. 1 55 6 n
A Gr ELLIS,
N'0. 71 QtfFKN SmSET IIONOLllll
Member of the Honolulu Stock and Ilond Exchange.
Is prt)ared to buy and tell Slocks and llonds in llie
open market, at the uuul rate of coinmiision.
lias inonet- to loan oil Slocks. Small margins re.
quired on lime Contracts
Will advise as to Investments when requested.
J O. HALL & SON (l."imiied)
IslrORtRU AND DLALEKS IN
llitrilirnrti mul Grnrrul MrrihnmlUr,
Corner or Kino and Fort Stxrkt 5, Honolilu
WilHainW. HaH. President and Manager
!r 5f A,1,- Secretary and '1 reasurer
"t- Jones, Jr Audilor
Directors K. O. Hall, flcurce I., Ilouc. ija
T D. RAMSAY,
(Irnmil (liner r n ml i'rorltlon Mlrnlrr.
No. 67 HuTkL Strekt, Honolulu,
Goods detiveied to customers' residences free of
f!arj!e. lust received, ex Uleanltals, a fresh line of
S.MUIIV witjiviic, aii urucrs mica wnn proinitness.
Island orders solicited.
O M. CARTER,
.tqrnt la Inkr Arkiiuirtrilymnilt to Con-
Iritrl to .iiinr.
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands,
Office at Pacific Stall Steamship Dock, Esplanade, ij
13 W. LAINE,
t'ommfsWoiirr- of Ittnlm
For the Stale of California, fur iU Hastailan Islands,
and General Agent lor the Pacific Mutual Life III
surance Company of California. 141
TN0. A. IIASSINGBR,
Agntt to Hie Arliitoirlnlamrult la t'on
Irtirli fur iMlmr.
Intoior Orrici Honolulu
JOHN II. PATY.
Xulary I'uhllr ami Cum mission uf Itrnlt,
For ll.e Slates of CaliWLi and Ntw Vwk. OrtVe
at llie lUnk of K4VU Co.
HonoiL'lu, Oaiiu, H.I. 1
P T. LENEIIAN & Co.
Sinuorlm 111..I CuhhhIhIuh Mrrrlmult,
NuuAhu Stkt, Honolulu,
Imptrlrf nuil ttralwrm In nil klmli of
Mutir lntHlj, 'alley fioosa,
Nut. let and to; Fot S.sr.v Honolulu
Furelluif, Lu . Seln( Machines, Minors tuvj
Mirror Plates, picture Frames and CWuUes wade 10
ordsr. 1 ,7 y.
CBREWEK ft COMPANY,
sfMrrf Jlf irst Mills siM(l(' si, wilafiM Agtuli
Ql'ssn Srterr, lloxoinu.
(Mtnt I', C Jones, Jr.) teestdsM ami manager 1
Joseph O, Caiirr , iresurK aiW secretary.. lbrsstti
lieu. Ctuikss K. ItMiwp taJ II. A. P, Carte, Iht
May, audsti. 1,1
Mji CmrptnUr, Mtr Mmkrr el Cuuiirrr
No.jQvN Strut lfe-Usvil-MmWul-t)
Drnlrr III Vlmlrml llrrf, frill, Mllllnu, r.lr.
No, 6 Qurrn Strsrt, Fish Market'.
Family ami Shipping ordeis carefully attended to.
I.lve block furnished to Vessels at short notice.
Vegetables of all kinds supplies! lo order.
TRli-rilnsR No. tit.
RiT S. GRINtlAUM A Co.
Imimrlrrt mul II Imlrmlr llrnlrm In Urn
MaKRR lllOCK fJURRN StRRRT, HoNOtl'll'
TWI S. GRINBAUM ft Co.
I'nrirm-illnu "nil f.'miiiiifsifnii ilrrrhmilt,
114 California St., San Francisco.
Special facilities for and Mltlcul.r attention paid to
consignments of Island prmltice.
irii'riimi'.er-, Trirrltr, .'iifnirrr, ,11ml
No. tit FortStrI-rt , HnNoit'Ltt
All orders faithluily executed. 31
T AWRENCE ft I'REETH,
Plans and F.slimales furnisheif for Wotkfl of foil
slrtutioii, Cltil KitgiurertiiH road Siirvr)inj;, Office,
corner of llatckauviil.-i and Klliuea sticels, next door
to VVfdcnnnu's brick warehouse.
p. o. Hoc 101. 116-iy
Jioiif niiif .SioeiiiiiA-rr.
Hoots and Shoes made to Onler.
No. 114 Fort St., oitositk Panthron SraniRR.
TTOLLISTER ft Co.,
ll'lmlmillr mill Itrlnll llriltiilhlM miif TVi
iirroiifse. No. jo Nnt-ANU Strtrt Honolul
I'mrtlrnt I'linnhfrn, linn flllrrn mul Cni-
No. 18 Nuuanu Strrkt Honolulu
Particular attention paid lo the hums "P of the
Springfield (las Machine. 1
TJ H. OEDING,
Exjtrrit mul Jlrntmmi,
Kreiclil, Packages, and lllEESRe delivered to and from
alliurtsof Honolulu and vicinity. Careful at
tcntion paid lo moving Furiiiture,-uilh
WAGONS LXPKUSSI.V FOR Till: PURPOSE.
Tei-phone 86 ; Residence 33$ Punchbowl street.
Office. 86 King Street. i6-u
lff PHILLIPS ft Co.
Imtmrlrrn mill Wlmtrtullr tlrnlrrm III Cliilli-
(ti. llnntM, SUnm, llntji, Jlrn'M I'nr-
ilUhhlu (Intuit, I'nnry (Uiottn, Mr.
No. ii Kaahuhanu Strcrt Honolulu
-HARLES T. GULICK,
Xnlmry Public, Affrnl In Inkr Arhnoleiln-
niriili in J.iibnr Cunlriirln, mill
(Irnrmt itunlnMB Atjrnt,
Office In Makee's lllock, at corner Queen and Kaaliu.
manu streets. Honolulu. a ly
O J. LEVEY & CO.,
M'hulrutlr mill Itrlnll (Irnrrrt,
Fort Street ..IIonolllu
Fresh ETOCeries and provisions of all kinds on hand and
reveiveureciiiariy ironi Europe and America which
will lie sold at the Inwrvr mnrl.i rit
Goods delivered lo any part cf the cily free of charge.
Island orders, solicited and prompt attention will be
Kuril iu mc same. Ita.iy
"IXTONG LEONO & CO.,
Atcult fur .Mini 11 11 1 Nuiinr, l'nlnmn 'litre
And Kailua Rice Plantation and Mill.
Nuuanu Street Corner Marine
y HE0. II. DAVIES ft Co.,
(Late (anion, Gruiin & Co.)
iii'.iiicij nml Communion Mrrrlmiil:
Lloyd's and ihe Liverpool Underwriters,
Uritihh and Foreign Marine Insurance Company, and
Northern Asstiranie Comuny. ,
A W. RICHARDSON ft Co
IslrORTERS AND DEALERS IN
lloolm. Short, J-'iii'iifaiiii' (louiln, llnln,
C'lijie, Trnnl.n, VnlUr,
Perfumery and Soaps, WiJtliain Watches,
Fine Jewelry, etc,
Cornkh Fort and Mfkchant Stulkts Honolulu
- E. WILLIAMS,
ItmiRTER AMI DkAIER IN
furniture of Keeru llmrrlplluu, Alno
Vi'liolitrrri' mul Mmiufnrlurrr.
l-'lirmiitrs Wns-cn j.mn ln ,mi L.V.. Ci. 1 II. I.
ihi isssis-i si s- sssfi 1 Jli Js VTs-Se f VI IS
shop at old stand on Huttl Street. All orders iHomplly
nlln.l.l I. - -
JOHN T. WATERHOUSE,
Smimrlrr mul llenlrr In Oriirrul Mrr
rhnnilttr, QveenStreet Honolulu
rf I. NICHOLS,
CIjII f.nglnrrr mul Cunlnrtor for llie Cow
Irurllon of Itnllromlt,
Mills, landings, Iron, Woodr and (VmUnalinn
llridues, Viaducts and hupension Undoes
for Cane Flumes.
No io,K Fort Strekt Hiinoivlii
MRS. LLOX DeJKAN Proprietress
Nuuser 64 Hotel Street.
Mrnln Srrrril nl All Hour uf Ihr tMii.
Special Icims for regular boarders. Ttif only suits,
tie peis-ale room in town fur ladies.
IT HACKFELDft Co.
(Irurrnl Commission Aornl.
QlERSJ Sieeet ..
r?D. ItOFPSCIILABGDR Co.
tiujnirtrr ttHiJ Onimifssfoi, MrrrhnnU,
HosoLt'iu, Oaiiu. II, I.,
HOPP ft Co., 74 King stttct,
fmimrfere nml Manufiirlurrrt of t'rrru
s llrtrrlpilou of furniture.
To THE LalHESlTrimouiifs, Tassels, lib,., Silk
Cuvl-ln every shade lUik Sets leutillssl,
covered, luiid aim! nsaile equal 10
pew, Slaitiesses re-Made eaid
Cleaned at sLurt
We are noted for rml-cLti work and moderate
chaites. 11 j. 1
T-ILLINGHAM Co. o
tmiutrlm anil llrmltr' In llnrilirnrrtCut
Palms and Oats, and Gewral Msrl-kuisu s.
No. , FosrSmsar , ...-.Honolulu
A W. PIIRCE Co.
M'si CAeMlfr siad CummUtloit Mtr
rhamlt. Hosiolvis. Hawaiian Islanm,
Ajsstu fur srsud's Com Sa4 Boesh Ltocet 1 Per.
M. G. IRWIN A Co.
Ntiunr fnrlnri nml (ninmttnn .lreiils.
Cl.At'S IIRECKEUI. 11.(1. IRWIN.
IIONIIIULU H, I
P P. ADAMS,
.lllrffimrrr- mul fViiiiiiifasinli Mrrrlmiil,
Qusen Strret HnNoiiap
P A. SCHAEPER ft Co.
tmimrlrm nml Coniinlnitnii Mrrrlmnln,
Mrrciiant Srtpiff Iln-miuui
ILDER ft Co.
I.nmlirr, fntntn, lllh, Xulln, nml llnlt.llnn
Jlnterliiln of rrrrft I, Intl.
Cor. Fort and (jiirrnStr vHonoiulv
Ijiifmrlrrn of (Irurrnl Mrrrliunillne from
I'rnnrr, I'.nulnnil, (Irrmmiu mul
Ihr Vnllril .Miilce.
No. j Mi-rciiant Street Honolulu
si6 and 918 CALiroRNtA Street . San Francisco.
Particular attention paid to filling and shipping It.
Itnd orders. . 1
T WILLIAMS ft Co.
101 and 101 Fort Strkkt IIonoluiu
Pictures of all siest and kinds nude 10 order, and
frames of all descriptions constantly on hind. Also
Coral,, Shells mid Curiosities of the Pacific. 9
A LLEN ft ROBINSON,
llenlrr In l.iimhrr mul nil l.lml of lliitlil'
Inn Mnlrrlnln, I'utulm, Olfe, .Villi,, rlr,,
HONOIUIU, II. I.,
ACEN1S OT KCIIOONKR
Halealcala, Kulamanu, Kekatiluohl, Mary Bile",
Uil.vm.i, Panalil and Lealil.
At Robinvm's V harf. 1
T YONS & LEVEY,
Aurltonrrrn nml Coniltilnnlon Mrrrhnnt,
IIeavfr Block, (Jukkn Strfet, Honolulu.
Sales of(Furniti4V)r, Slock, Real Kstale nml General
Merchandise promptly attended lo. Sole agents for
American and Kuruiean merchandise. I J, I.viins,
ia8-vr 1 L. J. l.rvEV.
pD. C. ROWE,
limine nml Styii Vnlnlrr,
Pater Hanurr, etc,
No. 107 Kino Street Honolulu
s Kino Street Honolulu
Importer of American Jewelry of every descrip.
lion. (Formcilyol San Frai.cii, California.) 5u
T EWERS ft COOKE,
(Succkcsors to Lewfus &. Dickson.)
lni)orlern mul llenlrr III Lumber mul nil
I.I ml n nf Hull, lint Mnlerlntn.
Fort Strkkt Honolulu
TUT W. McCHESNEY & SON,
J.rulhrr, lllilrx, Tn'loir nml Coninilnntoi
Agents for the Uojal Soap Company.
NO. 41 Ql'KKN StREET HONOLULU
- c. COLEMAN,
lllnrllnintlli, Miirlilnlnl, Currlnue Work,
IIOMIIULU , ,...11. I
Plantation Machinery, etc. Shop oil King Street,
next to Castle tic Cooke s.
Ttu, Cftjij.rr nml .Shrtt Irou IVuil.rv,
SturrM Hint Itnufjrrit
of all VinJ, PlumLers' txk ami metal. houe fnrnKh
itijf fiool, tlianJcIn.ni, Lnnp, itc
No. 8 Kaahumanu Stkikt IIonolixu
T M. OAT & Co.
StiUumkrr, 17(( tf all ItvMrrtptlomt
uunlr titut rejmhcit,
HoNtvtL'l.U. .' , Ht 1
IeCtft lit A. K. Coole'si new fir? jtroof builvliiig. f.Kit ol
Nuuanu h'rrct. ' t&
Vtanrer Strum CdfMi JlitnH factory iiimI
HOKOLUU) ,..,. U, I,
rAcl!caI Confectioner, 1'aury D-k mt llalrr.
NumUr 71 Ilutl mikcI. Ixiwrvii I'wt nml Nuuanu
,p HNGLING & Co.,
Tin in tltn mul VltiwhrfM, thntrrm (n
Jilorr, Itmttft, Thtt
No. J Kluanu S;ulkt UuNuiuLtj
T W. GIRV1N,
ComutUtiott Jffrrifiiii tttnl Ht-nvrat it fitter
fit 7r iluutl,
Wa.U'Ki, Maii II, I
Grucrrtct, IUrJare. Suitomrty, Vatrnl MeJicIiH.
I'ttfumuy "'Hi GUwrfrt. 1
ONOLULU IKON WORKS Co.,
Aruin I'.nuiii", llnllrfn, Hutinr II III n,
Vuolerm, iron, llrunn mul Lrilil t'mtlnun,
Honolulu..... ..II. I
Machinery of every descisi i made tu order.
ParlicuLr allrntion ssid to Mdp's IfLuksiitiilmig,
Job woik executrd on llie sUiilea luillie. iu
'T'llOS. G. THRUM,
luniRTINil ano Mani'mctusinci
Slullunrr, Xrirt Auntl, I'rhttri; lloolt.
Anil publisher ut llie SATt'Riitr Press, and jum;
ssdwjiMr mmf WssWi Meitlunl street. Deal
ce lit line blalluiiery, IkjuLs, Musk, 'loys and lane)
Gouls, Fort sllsst, near Hotel. Ilceiotulii.
A S. CLBGIIORN ft Co.
Importer mul Iteulem In (Irurrnl Ji'rr-
Comer IJueeiiau.) Koahomauu Slmli, Homdi
OLLUS a Co.
JSili t'Allmlers Hli'l f'uiuiiilsaluii Mrrrhnuln
t;t Srtttvr. Huholviu, II. I..
Iinxtef s and Dealers In General MsitluitJ.se.
luri-riilrr uml Hulltler,
All llndl of Jobbuv j utomUiy ailsndeil to,
sttrprtun No. Iu, VV null's Ksprsss ODste,
Siior, Mo. l Kifcil ilMst. . .,. .....llimou'LU
I AINU Civ
Impvrtera tad stuisf U Hay, llcaio IiikI Geucrsl
Ilosoitcu , 11. 1
CMumiuiyur filler ilnmyfcirlurit,
No. ) IJLIllA SlSKST , 'fy. , MmtLvlV
1 Ualsk luiitvaiaiiii Urss U ti sate at all U
UadiM saJuusss lu lU saty Ohscis (ki Isst cUr
asseeMess W. l
DISIIOP ft Co,
I In n I, e it,
MrRtiUNT Street HoHott'Lti II, I
Draw F.stlilnjs on ,
TUB HANK OF CALIFORNIA, San Frsnto.
1 he ORI I.NTAI. HANK Cer-atli ot Undan.
And llwlr Itranches In
IIO.NOKO.Va SVDNF.Y and MEMlOURNR,
A Ntl- ,
ThvimiI it Central Hinting liiitiitest,
I E. McINTYRE ft BROTHER,
(Iroreru mul I'm! ,Hnrr.
Con, Kino anii Fort Sts IIonoiuiu
JUT US. A, M. MELLIS, "
ftiihlnniible Itrrnn mul lonk Mnkrr,
No. 104 FoSt Strsrt Honolulu
JOSEPH B. WISEMAN
llrnl f.ilnlr llruljer mul Kiniloiieiif
MfRCIIANT STRTRT HONOIIILU, II. I
Rents Rooms, Cottages, Houses, and sells and leifses
Real I. slate In all fuMsof the Klncilum. Fmplovmenl
rmiml r those seeking work in all llie various lean lies
or business connected w!h these Malntv lgal docti.
inelHl drawn. Mills Colleclrd, Hooks ami Arcottnls keH
ami general office vriek tnnisnited, I'aimruge sohciled.
Lummissions m.Hlerate. si
Q W. MACPARLANU ft Co.
liniinrlrrn nml Crmmlnnlnn Merrluinlt.
Cor. Fort and Queen STRRKT...r; IIonoiuiu
llie Glasgow and Honolulu Line of Packrls.
Ihe Vaikanl l'laiilalion.
'Ihe Sn.-rr PLviiiatlon, llilo.
Ifakalaii Plinlalion, llil.i.
Millers, 'I nil k Walson, Sugar ComMny,
llie Puuba Sheep Ranch Conliauy.
-ASTLE ft COOKE,
Aii,i,if,if uml Coimnlnnloti Mrrrhnnln,
No. 80 KinoStrret I IIonoiulu
ISIrORTERS AN1, IIRAIRRS IN
GENERAL M I-KCIIAN'DISI-:.
The Hitchcock & Company's Planlaiion.
llie Alexander eV Ilaldwiu Plantation.
K. llalsteail, or VVaiatua Plantation.
A. II. Smith cc Cumtiany, Koloa. Kauai,
J.(M. Alexander, Haiku. Maui,
'llie Haiku Sugar Comistny.
'ttie Kohala Sugar (.omiany.
, Hamaktta I'laiitalioti
llie Union Insurance Company ol San Franicsco.
.1 I..'? I';n1tlal", Life Insurance Comiany of Boston
Ihe lllake .Mauiifacturiiig Comianv of Boston.
D. .M. V eslon's Patent Cenlrifilgal MacbilH-s.
Ihe New Voik. and Honolulu IVckst Line,
1 he Merchant's Line, Honolulu ami San Francisco
Dr. James A Son's ('elebr.iie.l Meilirtn...
Wilcox & Olbb's Singer Maniifacluriiig Uunipany,
iinni .x " lll tCWIll
lmimrlrr nml Ilenler In (llnnmrnre,
Mril,len Stlrrr.l'tntril Wurr,
No. 4 Fort Strfkt. .. ., Honolulu
King's Combination Spectacles nml r.vrgUsscs,
l.iislral Wire Ware, Fancy Soap,, Picture Frames, Pis
tols, VVosleiiholms Pocket Cutlery, Powder, Shot ami
Ammunition. Clark's S.d Cottmi, Machine Oil, all
kinds uf Maslilne Needles, "Domeslk" Paier Fashions.
Sole agent of Ihe universally acknowledged Light.
Running Doinrnic Sewing Machine.
HE MONTAGUE RANGE
for sirrn.vo in brick.
a. r.xas.ixii .c , ,
No. 5 Nuuanu Srintr IIonolilu
Si.le agents for lhee Man.ls. llie best cooking a p.
inralits for Ihe llamallon, Hotel or Family,
RANOF.S i FIXTURF.S such as
Hot ll'ulrr llnllrrn,
(Imtr limn, Kir,,
Always In stock.
F.xplnil directions foe selling up' accnmliany every
Kauve. - '
Ciicultxrt ami I'rifrt on afflitaHoii, 133-ijr
T-ENNEDY ft Co.,
WkoloRislo is nil Rntail Orooss'rt,
No. 67 Hotfl nrRr.
(Campbell Firc-o.f Building.)
h'rrnh (tuoiln Vonllnunlln on Ihr H'nu,
Islaml Ibulcr always on hand.
Tnirni,.Ni: ,N'u. 140. I1,f
HE GERMANIA MARKET.
Honolulu, II. I,
llrrf, I'rul, .InII.iii, ImuiIi, I'oullrn
Constantly on Kind, and of choicest iUalily, Piek
.f ,'UM"- sic always on iwihj. INir meats
Sie all nil atul .! n I,, S .i... m.I.. sii ..j
raiilifully attended 10, aial itrliteretl iu any 1..11 of the
city. Sburi set Hotel Siis-et, Wtweeii Union and Foil
.-niseis. I4in is, KAUI'I', I'l04ltnr,
The undeisignej would most tespsrllully notify the
puMic that be las Uais.r.1 owl Mr, Fife's Imetesl in the
abuse nuikci ami that he ls-irp.ilid lufuniislilU li
Pork, VstsU rssstt
'tin maiVel alfieili, at ihe lowest latea.
J OKOKOK GRAY.
I NO. O. FOWLUR Ca,
Are jirriHtreil In furulnfi Vlmit uml Hut.
mnlrn fur titer!
With or without Cats and lAxeiwtlres, Specially
ADAPTLti IOH SUGAR PLANIATIONH.
Pcrnsaneiit Railways, an-l 1uoantMive awl rate, Trasv
lion F.n-lnes and Road laa.Asut,et .SlesiM,
l1.iolin.g au.1 fulllvallng Macldims;, 'u.
able Kniiiss fF all iuipcsseet VVHsdlnf
riiilnea .or iuskiie.
CataNigues suh Itfiiarailone. MimUU and llrfitss.
gralJu of III. al.ive J'ltnti and Mwldoety may Us sesu
at llieolfxesbfllMi undetsLtMd- W. I. nittVv .!
Jl. VV MACAKUNI,ai to., Agwasloe Jno. Yum
r-RUSHKI SIKAWIIKRHY, 'len. Cotta, sod
?K..! ??.' 1"kf l I'tatses, )vn will k4al A.
M. MI.LLIV, 104 Ftet Hmi. ,j,
i; TO SIOCK HOI.DF.Kf
'Pie annual umssust U At i'lUceviak (tseMlioa
CiHopAny wiU be bU hi lb. oe C Kievee It Css,
o, ' usMlay, C IcUr It, Llj.
'"(' P. ilMlk,J,'.AssM.
1snmei, frusssealneisins, etc., ., ssusilaasle Mm
received aud inssiiisut wilss bar . tesacwjsb ea
ej. m like sesWe uf Un, IVtsr. NtV t asilneiinii
HiasvW,AsvMa,lMt. " v-S
" o i'v a .Ml